KR100675786B1 - Multi jointing arm for a pipe welding - Google Patents

Multi jointing arm for a pipe welding Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100675786B1
KR100675786B1 KR1020050064412A KR20050064412A KR100675786B1 KR 100675786 B1 KR100675786 B1 KR 100675786B1 KR 1020050064412 A KR1020050064412 A KR 1020050064412A KR 20050064412 A KR20050064412 A KR 20050064412A KR 100675786 B1 KR100675786 B1 KR 100675786B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
welding
arm
pipe
tube
fastening
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KR1020050064412A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20070009275A (en
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김석조
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김석조
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Priority to KR1020050064412A priority Critical patent/KR100675786B1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0205Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element guided by hand
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K31/00Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K31/02Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups relating to soldering or welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0276Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element for working on or in tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0282Carriages forming part of a welding unit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/053Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work aligning cylindrical work; Clamping devices therefor
    • B23K37/0538Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work aligning cylindrical work; Clamping devices therefor for rotating tubes, e.g. rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/04Tubular or hollow articles
    • B23K2101/10Pipe-lines

Abstract

본 발명은 관체 용접용 다관절 아암에 관련된다.The present invention relates to an articulated arm for tube welding.
보다 상세하게는 선단에 용접토치를 장착하여 크고 작은 관체를 용접하고자 할 때 아암의 관절각도 조절이 다각도로 원활하게 이루어지게 함으로서 각종 관체의 용접자동화가 가능하게 있게 하기 위한 것이다.In more detail, the welding angle is mounted on the tip to allow welding of large and small tubes to be smoothly made at various angles, thereby enabling automatic welding of various tubes.
구성의 특징으로는 한쌍의 받침롤러가 레일위에 일정한 간격으로 장착고정되어 모터에 의해 회전함으로서 크고 작은 관체를 안착시켰을 때 균일한 속도로 회전시킬 수 있게 한 통상의 관체 회전장치와, 상기 관체회전장치 일측에 장착되거나 위치시킨뒤 본 발명의 관체용접용 아암을 지지하는 수직포스트와, 상기 수직포스트에 장착되는 관체용접용 아암으로 이루어진다.Characteristic of the configuration is that a pair of support rollers are fixed on a rail at regular intervals, and are rotated by a motor to rotate at a uniform speed when the large and small tubular bodies are seated, and the tubular rotary apparatus It is composed of a vertical post for supporting the tubular welding arm of the present invention after being mounted or positioned on one side, and a tubular welding arm mounted to the vertical post.
상기 관체용접용 아암은 제1 및 제2 고정부재, 제1 및 제2연결부재, 용접홀더가 장착된 홀더장착부재로 구성되며, 상기 부재들은 반드시 하나씩만 구비하여 조립사용하여야만 하는 것은 아니며 구성되는 아암의 길이나 용접하고자 하는 관체에 따라 각 부재의 갯수를 선택적으로 늘려 조립하면 된다. The tube welding arm is composed of a first and a second fixing member, a first and a second connecting member, and a holder mounting member equipped with a welding holder. According to the length of the arm or the tube to be welded, the number of members may be selectively increased to assemble.
따라서 본 발명은 직경이 크고 작은 관체를 용접함에 있어서, 관체용접용 아암이 다관절로 구성되어 용접토치를 다양한 각도와 위치로 조절 가능하고, 동시에 관체이음용접이 신속정확하게 이루어질 수 있음은 물론 용접하고자 하는 부위를 설정한후 동작시키면 자동으로 용접이 이루어짐으로서 관체용접시 인력절감으로 인한 원가절감효과를 극대화시킬 수 있는 등의 특징이 따르게 된다. Accordingly, in the present invention, when welding a large and small pipe, the pipe welding arm is composed of multiple joints, and thus, the welding torch can be adjusted to various angles and positions, and at the same time, the pipe joint welding can be made quickly and accurately. If you operate after setting the part to be automatically welded is made, the characteristics of the cost reduction effect due to the reduction of manpower when welding the pipe follows.
관체용접장치, 다관절 장치, 로테이터용 용접홀더. Pipe welding device, multi joint device, rotator welding holder.

Description

관체 용접용 다관절 아암{multi jointing arm for a pipe welding}Multi jointing arm for a pipe welding
도 1은 본 발명의 일 실시예를 나타낸 사시도.1 is a perspective view showing an embodiment of the present invention.
도 2는 도 1의 A부를 확대한 작용상태 사시도.FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an enlarged state of operation A of FIG. 1; FIG.
도 3은 도 1의 B부를 확대한 작용상태 사시도.3 is an enlarged perspective view of an operating state of the portion B of FIG.
도 4는 도 1의 C에서 본 확대 정면도.4 is an enlarged front view seen in FIG. 1C;
도 5는 본 발명의 다른 실시예를 나타낸 정면예시도로서 로테이터에 장착한 상태를 나타낸 것임.Figure 5 is a front view showing another embodiment of the present invention showing a state mounted on the rotator.
본 발명은 관체 용접용 다관절 아암에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an articulated arm for tube welding.
보다 상세하게는 직경이 크고 작은 관체를 연결용접하고자 할 때 신속간편하면서 정확하게 용접할 수 있게 할 뿐만 아니라 용접전문가가 아닌 누구라도 손쉽게 관체용접이 가능하게 하기 위한 것이다.In more detail, when connecting and welding large and small diameter pipes, it is possible not only to allow quick and easy welding, but also to enable easy pipe welding for anyone who is not a welding expert.
주지된 바와 같이 크고 작은 관체를 연결용접하기 위한 종래의 방법은, 통상 용접이음하고자 하는 관체를 일정한 속도로 저속회전하는 로테이터의 받침롤러위에 안착시킨 상태에서 작업자가 용접토치를 들고 용접부위를 용접하는 방법이 이용되 어 왔다.As is well known, a conventional method for connecting and welding a large and small pipe is generally carried out by a worker holding a welding torch and welding a welding part while the pipe to be welded is seated on a supporting roller of a rotator rotating at a low speed at a constant speed. The method has been used.
보다 구체적으로 설명하자면, 용접연결하고자 하는 두개의 관체, 또는 관체와 플렌지 등을 일차적으로 맞대어 두개의 관체 또는 관체와 플렌지가 로테이터에 안착되어 회전하는 과정에서 쉽게 분리되지 않을 정도로 두세군데 포인트용접을 한 뒤 이를 로테이터에 장착된 한쌍의 받침롤러 위에 안착시킨다음 로테이터의 상부에 위치한 가압롤러를 하강시켜 안착된 관체의 상부를 가압시킨 상태에서 롤러를 구동시키면 관체가 균일한 속도로 회전하게 되며, 이때 작업자가 용접토치로서 회전중인 관체의 용접부위를 용접하면 되었던 것이다.More specifically, two or three pipes to be welded, or pipes and flanges, are primarily faced to each other so that two or three pipes are welded to the rotator so that they are not easily separated during rotation. Then, it is seated on a pair of supporting rollers mounted on the rotator, and then the pressure roller located at the upper part of the rotator is lowered to drive the roller while pressing the upper part of the seated tube to rotate the tube at a uniform speed. Was to weld the welding part of the rotating tube as a welding torch.
그러나 위와 같은 종래의 관체용접방법은 다음과 같은 문제점이 필연적으로 따를 수 밖에 없는 등의 결함이 따랐다.However, the conventional pipe welding method as described above is accompanied by defects such as the following problems inevitably follow.
즉, 회전하는 관체에 용접을 할 때 용접토치를 손으로 일일히 들고 용접할 수 밖에 없었으므로 작업자의 컨디션이나 숙련도 등에 따라 용접부위의 비드가 균일하게 형성되지 못하게 되는 등의 결점이 따를 수 밖에 없었고, 또, 통상 용접할 때는 매우 강렬한 불꽃이 발생됨에 따라 보안경 등을 착용하고 용접하게 됨으로 관체가 정확하게 1회전을 마무리하는 시점을 육안으로 확인하면서 용접한다는 것은 사실상 곤란하며, 따라서 용접부위가 겹치게 되어 용접부위가 지저분하게 되거나 용접불량이 초래되는 경우도 허다하였던 것이다. In other words, when welding to a rotating pipe, the welding torch was forced to be held by hand, and accordingly, the bead of the welding part could not be formed uniformly according to the condition and skill of the operator. In addition, in normal welding, as a very intense spark is generated, it is difficult to weld while visually confirming when the pipe body finishes exactly one turn due to wearing a goggles and the like, and thus, welding parts overlap and are welded. In many cases, the site would be dirty or lead to poor welding.
따라서 종래의 관체용접은 용접부위가 균일하게 형성되기 어려워 상품성이 떨어지고, 또, 용접전문인력이 필수적이므로 인건비 과다소요로 인한 원가상승이 필연적으로 따르게 되며, 용접불량이 발생될 염려가 상대적으로 높은 폐단이 따랐 던 것이다.Therefore, the conventional welded pipe is difficult to uniformly form welded parts, and thus, the commercialization is inferior, and since welding specialists are indispensable, the cost increase due to excessive labor cost is inevitably followed, and relatively high risk of welding failure occurs. This would have followed.
본 발명은 전술한 종래의 제반문제점을 감안하여 발명한 것으로, 특히, 용접토치를 지지하는 아암을 다관절구성으로 형성하여 크고 작은 관체를 맞이음 용접하거나 또는 관체에 플렌지를 용접하여 일체화시키는 등의 관체 용접할때, 용접하고자 하는 관체의 크기나 용접위치에 따라 용접토치의 위치를 자유롭게 조절할 수 있게 함으로서 자동용접이 가능하게 함과 동시에 정확한 용접이 이루어질 수 있게 하고, 동시에 용접불량을 예방하여 신뢰성을 극대화시킬 수 있는 관체용접용 다관절아암을 제공하려는데 발명의 목적이 있는 것이다.The present invention has been invented in view of the above-mentioned conventional problems, and in particular, an arm supporting a welding torch is formed in a multi-joint configuration, such as butt welding a large or small tube or a flange welded to the tube. When welding the pipe, it is possible to freely adjust the position of the welding torch according to the size of the pipe to be welded or the welding position to enable automatic welding and at the same time make accurate welding. It is an object of the invention to provide a multi-arm arm for welded tube that can be maximized.
도1~도4에서 보는 바와 같이, 관체용접용 다관절 아암(3)을 구성하되, As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the articulated arm articulated arm 3,
이는 한 쌍의 받침롤러(11)(11')가 레일(12)위에 일정한 간격으로 장착 고정되어 모터(도시하지 않음)에 의해 회전함으로서, 용접하고자 하는 크고 작은 관체(P)를 안착시켰을 때 균일한 속도로 회전시킬 수 있게 한 통상의 관체 회전장치(1)와, 상기 관체회전장치(1) 일측에 장착되거나 위치시킨 뒤, 본 발명을 장착 지지하는 수직포스트(2)와, 상기 수직포스트(2)에 장착되는 다관절 아암(3)으로 이루어진다.This is because a pair of support rollers 11 and 11 'are mounted and fixed at regular intervals on the rail 12 and rotated by a motor (not shown) to uniformly settle the large and small pipes P to be welded. A conventional tubular rotator (1) capable of rotating at a speed, a vertical post (2) mounted or supported on one side of the tubular rotator (1) and supporting the present invention, and the vertical post ( It consists of an articulated arm (3) mounted on 2).
상기 다관절 아암(3)은 제1 및 제2 고정부재(3a)(3a'), 제1 및 제2연결부재(3b)(3b'), 용접토치 등을 장착하여 사용하는 홀더브라켓트(4)를 가진 홀더장착부 재(3c)로 구성되며, 상기 부재들은 반드시 하나씩만 구비하여 조립사용하여야만 하는 것은 아니며 구성되는 다관절 아암(3)의 길이나 용접하고자 하는 관체(P)에 따라 각 부재의 갯수를 선택적으로 늘려 조립하면 된다. The articulated arm (3) is a holder bracket (4) for mounting and using first and second fixing members (3a) and (3a '), first and second connecting members (3b) and (3b'), welding torches, and the like. And the holder mounting member 3c having a), and the members are not necessarily provided with only one assembly, and each member may be formed according to the length of the articulated arm 3 or the tube P to be welded. You can optionally increase the number and assemble.
본 발명의 다관절 아암(3)에 대한 구성부품에 대해 보다 상세하게 설명하면,Referring to the components of the articulated arm 3 of the present invention in more detail,
먼저, 제1고정부재(3a)는 일단에 수직포스트(2)에 삽입 고정되는 원형링(31)이 형성되고, 타단에는 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32)가 형성되며 상기 원형링(31)과 연결부(32)사이에 우레탄고무 등의 완충부재(33)를 개재시켜 볼트 등의 체결부재(도시하지 않음)로서 체결 고정시킴으로서 구성되며, 여러부재가 결합되어 완성된 아암전체의 중량을 원활하게 지탱함과 동시에 용접과정에서 발생되는 진동이나 충격을 흡수 완충하는 작용도 원활하게 할 수 있게 한다.First, the first fixing member 3a has a circular ring 31 inserted into and fixed to the vertical post 2 at one end thereof, and a "c" type connecting portion 32 is formed at the other end thereof. It is composed by fastening and fixing as a fastening member (not shown) such as a bolt by interposing a buffer member 33 such as urethane rubber between the connecting portions 32, and smoothly supporting the weight of the completed arm by combining several members. At the same time, it can smoothly absorb and absorb vibrations and shocks generated during welding.
제 2고정부재(3a')는 후술하는 제1연결부재(3b)의 일단에 형성된 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32b) 내측에 결합되는 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32a)가 일단에 형성되고, 타단에는 짧은 삽입관(34)이 일체로 형성되며 상기 삽입관(34) 상부에 한쌍의 고정캠 지지부(35)를 돌출시킴과 동시에 상기 고정캠 지지부(35)사이에 레버(36')와 연결된 편심고정캠(36)이 작용하는 장방형의 관통구멍(37)을 형성하여 상기 삽입관(34)에 후술하는 제2연결부재(3b')를 삽입 고정시킬때 편심고정캠(36)에 의해 견고하게 고정되게 한 것이다.The second fixing member 3a 'is formed at one end of a “c” type connecting portion 32a which is coupled to an inner side of the “c” type connecting portion 32b formed at one end of the first connecting member 3b which will be described later. A short insertion tube 34 is integrally formed and protrudes a pair of fixed cam support portions 35 on the insertion tube 34, and at the same time, an eccentric fixing connected to the lever 36 'between the fixed cam support portions 35. When the cam 36 is formed with a rectangular through-hole 37 acting to fix the second connecting member 3b ', which will be described later, in the insertion tube 34, it is firmly fixed by the eccentric fixing cam 36. It was made.
제1 연결부재(3b)는 소정길이의 연결관(34b) 양측단부에 크고 작은 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32b)(32b')를 일체로 형성하고, 상기 연결부(32b)(32b')중 큰 쪽의 연결부(32b) 상단에는 다른 제1연결부재(3a)의 작은쪽 연결부(32b')를 끼워 조립후 고정 시킬 수 있도록 고정볼트(37)를 체결하기 위한 힌지구멍과 손잡이를 가진 볼트(38)를 체결하는 체결구멍을 형성한 것이다.The first connecting member 3b integrally forms large and small "c" type connecting portions 32b and 32b 'at both ends of the connecting pipe 34b of a predetermined length, and the larger of the connecting portions 32b and 32b'. A bolt having a hinge hole and a handle for fastening the fixing bolt 37 so that the small connecting portion 32b 'of the other first connecting member 3a can be fitted to the upper end of the connecting portion 32b on the side. ) Is a fastening hole for fastening.
제2 연결부재(3b')는 소정길이의 연결관(34b') 일단에 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32b)를 형성한 것이며, 상기 연결부(32b)의 일측면에는 고정볼트(37)를 체결하기 위한 힌지구멍과 손잡이를 가진 볼트(38)를 체결하는 체결구멍을 형성한다. The second connection member 3b 'is formed with a "c" type connection part 32b at one end of the connection pipe 34b' of a predetermined length, and fastening the fixing bolt 37 to one side of the connection part 32b. A fastening hole for fastening the bolt 38 having a hinge hole and a handle for forming.
홀더 장착부재(3c)는 연결관(34c)의 일단에 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32c)가 형성되고, 타단측에는 용접토치(41)를 고정시킬수 있는 홀더(42)와 함께 용접간극조절기(43)를 가진 슬라이더(44)를 압축스프링(45)과 함께 가이드봉(46)에 장착하여서된 홀더브라켓트(4)를 설치하여서 된 것이다.Holder mounting member (3c) is a "c" type connecting portion (32c) is formed at one end of the connecting pipe (34c), the welding gap regulator 43 with a holder 42 that can fix the welding torch 41 on the other end side It is to install the holder bracket (4) by mounting the slider 44 with the compression spring 45 to the guide rod 46.
상기한 제2연결부재(3b') 중 홀더장착부재(3c)가 결합장착되는 부분의 제2연결부재의 소정위치에는 하단에 자력감지용 센서를 장착한 센서봉(5)을 장착시킬 수 있는 브라켓트(6)를 장착고정시킨다.At a predetermined position of the second connection member of the portion of the second connection member 3b 'to which the holder mounting member 3c is coupled and mounted, a sensor rod 5 equipped with a magnetic sensing sensor can be mounted at a lower end thereof. Fix the bracket (6).
상기 센서봉(5)과 용접토치(41), 그리고 받침롤러 구동용 모터(도시하지 않음)는 콘트롤박스(7)에 의해 콘트롤되도록 구성하여 관체용접시 센서봉(5)이 용접시작점을 감지하는 순간 모터와 용접토치(41)가 동시에 작동하여 균일한 속도로 관체를 회전시킴과 동시에 용접이 이루어지게 한다.The sensor rod 5, the welding torch 41, and the support roller driving motor (not shown) are configured to be controlled by the control box 7 so that the sensor rod 5 detects the welding starting point when the tube is welded. The instantaneous motor and the welding torch 41 operate at the same time to rotate the tube at a uniform speed and at the same time make the welding.
본 발명의 다른 실시예를 나타낸 도5는 로테이터에 적용설치한 상태를 나타낸 예시도로서, 이는 본 발명의 다관절아암(3)을 구성하는 다른 부재는 모두 전술한 바와 동일하게 형성하고, 단지 제1고정부재(3a)의 연결부(32)에 완충부재(33)를 개재시킨 플렌지를 형성하여, 상기 플렌지를 완충부재 로테이터(10)의 상부 프레임 (10')측면에 고정설치하면 되는 것이다.5 shows another embodiment of the present invention, which is an exemplary view showing a state in which the rotator is applied and installed. The other members constituting the articulated arm 3 of the present invention are all formed in the same manner as described above. The flange 32 having the buffer member 33 interposed therebetween may be formed in the connecting portion 32 of the fixing member 3a, and the flange may be fixed to the side of the upper frame 10 'of the buffer member rotator 10.
상기와 같이 구성된 다관절아암(3)은 도 5에서 보는 바와 같이 로테이터의 상부프레임(10')의 양측면 소정위치에 각각 설치하여 관체의 양측부를 동시에 용접할 수도 있고, 경우에 따라 본 발명의 다관절아암(3)을 1~6대로 선택설치하여 관체 용접시 1~6곳의 동시용접이 가능하게 할 수도 있으며, 이러한 용접개소의 수량에 따른 변경은 본 발명의 다관절아암(3)을 로테이터에 몇대 설치하여 사용하느냐에 따라 달라지므로 이에 따라 용접개소의 변화는 당연히 본 발명의 권리범위에 속한다 하겠다.As shown in FIG. 5, the articulated arm 3 configured as described above may be installed at predetermined positions on both sides of the upper frame 10 'of the rotator to weld both sides of the tube at the same time. The joint arm (3) may be selected and installed as one to six to enable simultaneous welding of one to six places when welding the tube, the change according to the number of such welding location is a rotator to the articulated arm (3) of the present invention Since it depends on how many installations you use, accordingly the change in welding location will naturally belong to the scope of the present invention.
이와 같이 본 발명의 다관절 아암(3)은 제1 및 제2 연결부재(3a)(3a')와 제1 및 제2 연결부재(3b)(3b') 및 홀더장착부재(3c)를 유기적으로 조립시켜 관체용접용 다관절아암을 구성함으로서 포스트(2) 또는 로테이터(10)에 장착하여 사용할 때 용접하고자 하는 관체(P)의 크기와 용접부위에 따라 각 관절부위를 다양한 각도로 변환 또는 조절할 수 있게 된다.As described above, the articulated arm 3 of the present invention organically includes the first and second connection members 3a and 3a ', the first and second connection members 3b and 3b', and the holder mounting member 3c. By assembling the joints to form a multi-arm arm for welding, the joints can be converted or adjusted at various angles according to the size of the pipe (P) to be welded and the welded area when mounted on the post (2) or rotator (10). Will be.
이와 같이 구성된 본 발명은 관체와 관체, 또는 관체와 플렌지 등을 연결용접하고자 할 때, 먼저 관체(P)를 관체회전장치(1)에 장착된 한 쌍의 받침롤러(11)(11') 위에 안착시키고, 관체(P)의 용접부 일측에는 센서봉(5)의 센서가 감지할 수 있는 자석(55)을 부착시킨뒤 콘트롤박스를 조작하면 모터(도시하지 않음)가 구동하여 관체(P)를 회전시킴과 동시에 용접이 이루어지게 되며, 관체(P)가 정확하게 1회전한 후에는 센서봉(5)이 1회전하여 돌아온 자석(55)을 다시 감지하게 됨으로서 용접이 멈추게 되는 것이다.In the present invention configured as described above, when connecting and welding a tube and a tube, or a tube and a flange, the tube P is first mounted on a pair of support rollers 11 and 11 'mounted on the tube rotating apparatus 1. It is seated, and a magnet 55 which can be detected by the sensor of the sensor rod 5 is attached to one side of the welded portion of the tube P, and then, when the control box is operated, a motor (not shown) is driven to drive the tube P. The welding is made at the same time as the rotation, and after the pipe P is rotated exactly one time, the welding rod is stopped by detecting the magnet 55 returned by the sensor rod 5 by one rotation.
특히, 본 발명은 수직포스트(2)(또는 로테이터)에 다관절아암을 조립설치하되, 상기 다관절아암은 수직포스트(2) 또는 로테이터에 결합고정시키는 제1고정부재의 연결부(32)에 제1 연결부재(3b)의 연결부(32b')를 끼운 뒤 고정볼트(37)를 이용하여 체결조립시키고, 이어서 상기 제1연결부재(3b)의 연결부(32b)에는 용접하고자 하는 관체(P)의 크기 및 특성에 따라 제2고정부재(3a')를 조립시키거나 또는 다른 제1연결부재(3b)를 조립연결시키며, 이때 제2고정부재(3a')를 조립시켰을 경우에는 일단에만 연결부(32b)가 형성된 제2 연결부재(3b')의 연결관(34b')을 삽입관(34)에 끼워 레버(36')로서 편심고정캠(36)을 회전시켜 조립고정시키되 연결부(32b)의 방향을 먼저 설정한 다음 조립고정시키면 된다.In particular, the present invention is assembled to the articulated arm in the vertical post (2) (or rotator), the articulated arm is made in the connecting portion 32 of the first fixing member to be fixed to the vertical post (2) or rotator 1 After inserting the connecting portion (32b ') of the connecting member (3b) is fastened and assembled using a fixing bolt 37, and then to the connecting portion (32b) of the first connecting member (3b) of the pipe (P) to be welded Assemble the second fixing member 3a 'or other first connecting member 3b according to the size and characteristics, and in this case, when the second fixing member 3a' is assembled, the connecting portion 32b only at one end. The coupling pipe 34b 'of the second connecting member 3b' formed with the insertion pipe 34 to rotate and assemble the eccentric fixing cam 36 as the lever 36 ', and then, the direction of the connecting portion 32b. Set first and then fix the assembly.
다시 말하면, 앞에서 잠깐 설명한 바와 같이 본 발명의 다관절 아암(3)은 제1 및 제2 연결부재(3a)(3a')와 제1 및 제2 연결부재(3b)(3b') 그리고 홀더장착부재(3c)를 유기적으로 조립시켜 관체용접용 다관절아암을 구성하는 것으로서, 상기 조립부재의 종류 및 갯수의 구비는 용접하고자 하는 관체의 크기나 형태 등을 감안하여 구비한 뒤 조립하면 된다는 것이다.In other words, as described briefly above, the articulated arm 3 of the present invention includes the first and second connecting members 3a and 3a ', the first and second connecting members 3b and 3b', and holder holders. The assembly 3 of the joints is configured to organically assemble a multi-joint arm for welding the tube. The type and number of the assembly members may be assembled in consideration of the size and shape of the tube to be welded.
특히, 본 발명은 제1 및 제2고정부재(3a)(3a')와 제1 및 제2 연결부재(3b)(3b'), 그리고 홀더장착부재(3c) 각각의 구성이 서로 조립하였을 경우 다양한 각도로 조절이 가능한 관절구조로 되게끔 연결부(32,32a,32b,32b'32c)가 형성되어 있고, 각 관절의 각도가 조절된 뒤에는 볼트(38)로서 체결고정시켜 사용중에 각도변형이 발생되지 않도록 구성함으로서 용접하고자 하는 관체의 형상, 크기, 용접부위 등에 따라 얼마든지 관절부를 조절하여 설치함으로서 다양한 형상과 크기의 관 체용접을 매우 안정적으로 할 수 있는 것이다. Particularly, in the present invention, when the first and second fixing members 3a and 3a ', the first and second connecting members 3b and 3b', and the holder mounting member 3c are assembled, Joints 32, 32a, 32b, and 32b'32c are formed to have a joint structure that can be adjusted at various angles, and after the angle of each joint is adjusted, fastening with bolts 38 causes angle deformation during use. By constructing so as not to adjust the joints as much as possible depending on the shape, size, welding site, etc. of the pipe to be welded can weld the pipe of various shapes and sizes very stable.
상술한 바와 같이 발명은 직경이 크고 작은 관체(P)를 용접함에 있어서, 다관절로 구성되어 용접하고자 하는 관체의 형상과 크기에 따라 용접토치(41)를 다양한 각도와 위치로 조절할수 있는 다관절 아암(3)을 제공함으로서 관체이음용접이 신속정확하게 이루어질 수 있음은 물론, 용접하고자 하는 부위를 설정한후 동작시키면 자동으로 용접이 이루어짐으로서 관체용접시 인력절감으로 인한 원가절감효과를 극대화시킬 수 있는 등의 특징이 따르는 매우 유용한 발명인 것이다. As described above, in the invention, when welding a large and small pipe (P), the multi-joint consists of multi-joints and the multi-joints capable of adjusting the welding torch 41 to various angles and positions according to the shape and size of the pipe to be welded. By providing the arm (3), pipe joint welding can be done quickly and accurately, and the welding is automatically performed when operating after setting the part to be welded, which can maximize the cost saving effect due to the reduction of manpower during welding. It is a very useful invention with following features.

Claims (4)

  1. 한 쌍의 받침롤러(11)(11')가 레일(12)위에 일정한 간격으로 장착 고정되어 모터(도시하지 않음)에 의해 회전함으로서, 용접하고자 하는 크고 작은 관체(P)를 안착시켰을 때 균일한 속도로 회전시킬 수 있게 한 통상의 관체 회전장치(1)와, 상기 관체회전장치(1) 일측에 장착되거나 위치시킨 뒤, 본 발명을 장착 지지하는 수직포스트(2)와, 상기 수직포스트(2)에 장착되는 다관절 아암(3)으로 구성하되,A pair of support rollers 11 and 11 'are mounted and fixed at regular intervals on the rail 12 and rotated by a motor (not shown), so that when the large and small pipes P to be welded are seated, A conventional tubular rotator (1) capable of rotating at a speed, a vertical post (2) mounted or supported on one side of the tubular rotator (1), and supporting the present invention, and the vertical post (2). ) Consists of articulated arm (3)
    상기 다관절 아암(3)은 제1 및 제2 고정부재(3a)(3a'), 제1 및 제2연결부재(3b)(3b'), 용접토치 등을 장착하여 사용하는 홀더브라켓트(4)를 가진 홀더장착부재(3c)로 구성하여, 관체의 크기, 형상 등에 따라 선택적으로 조립사용함을 특징으로 하는 관체 용접용 다관절 아암.The articulated arm (3) is a holder bracket (4) for mounting and using first and second fixing members (3a) and (3a '), first and second connecting members (3b) and (3b'), welding torches, and the like. A multi-arm arm for welding a welded body, comprising a holder mounting member (3c) having a) and selectively assembled and used according to the size, shape, etc. of the pipe.
  2. 제1항에 있어서, The method of claim 1,
    제1고정부재(3a)는 일단에 수직포스트(2)에 삽입 고정되는 원형링(31)이 형성되고, 타단에는 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32)가 형성되며 상기 원형링(31)과 연결부(32)사이에 우레탄고무 등의 완충부재(33)를 개재시켜 볼트 등의 체결부재(도시하지 않음)로서 체결 고정시켜 형성하고,The first fixing member 3a has a circular ring 31 inserted into and fixed to the vertical post 2 at one end thereof, and a "c" type connecting portion 32 is formed at the other end thereof, and the circular ring 31 and the connecting portion ( 32 is formed by fastening and fixing as a fastening member (not shown), such as a bolt, with a buffer member 33 such as urethane rubber interposed therebetween,
    제 2고정부재(3a')는 후술하는 제1연결부재(3b)의 일단에 형성된 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32b) 내측에 결합되는 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32a)가 일단에 형성되고, 타단에는 짧은 삽입관(34)이 일체로 형성되며 상기 삽입관(34) 상부에 한쌍의 고정캠 지지부(35) 를 돌출시킴과 동시에 상기 고정캠 지지부(35)사이에 레버(36')와 연결된 편심고정캠(36)이 작용하는 장방형의 관통구멍(37)을 형성하여 상기 삽입관(34)에 후술하는 제2연결부재(3b')를 삽입 고정시킬때 편심고정캠(36)에 의해 견고하게 고정되게 한 것이며,The second fixing member 3a 'is formed at one end of a “c” type connecting portion 32a which is coupled to an inner side of the “c” type connecting portion 32b formed at one end of the first connecting member 3b which will be described later. A short insertion tube 34 is integrally formed and protrudes a pair of fixed cam support portions 35 on the insertion tube 34, and at the same time, an eccentric fixation connected to the lever 36 'between the fixed cam support portions 35. When the cam 36 is formed with a rectangular through-hole 37 acting to fix the second connecting member 3b ', which will be described later, in the insertion tube 34, it is firmly fixed by the eccentric fixing cam 36. To make it possible,
    제1 연결부재(3b)는 소정길이의 연결관(34b) 양측단부에 크고 작은 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32b)(32b')를 일체로 형성하고, 상기 연결부(32b)(32b')중 큰 쪽의 연결부(32b) 상단에는 다른 제1연결부재(3a)의 작은쪽 연결부(32b')를 끼워 조립후 고정시킬 수 있도록 고정볼트(37)를 체결하기 위한 힌지구멍과 손잡이를 가진 볼트(38)를 체결하는 체결구멍을 형성한 것이고.The first connecting member 3b integrally forms large and small "c" type connecting portions 32b and 32b 'at both ends of the connecting pipe 34b of a predetermined length, and the larger of the connecting portions 32b and 32b'. A bolt having a hinge hole and a handle for fastening the fixing bolt 37 so that the small connecting portion 32b 'of the other first connecting member 3a can be inserted and fixed on the upper side of the connecting portion 32b. ) To form a fastening hole for fastening.
    제2 연결부재(3b')는 소정길이의 연결관(34b') 일단에 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32b)를 형성한 것이며, 상기 연결부(32b)의 일측면에는 고정볼트(37)를 체결하기 위한 힌지구멍과 손잡이를 가진 볼트(38)를 체결하는 체결구멍을 형성한 것이며, The second connection member 3b 'is formed with a "c" type connection part 32b at one end of the connection pipe 34b' of a predetermined length, and fastening the fixing bolt 37 to one side of the connection part 32b. To form a fastening hole for fastening the bolt 38 having a hinge hole and a handle for
    홀더 장착부재(3c)는 연결관(34c)의 일단에 "ㄷ"형 연결부(32c)가 형성되고, 타단측에는 용접토치(41)를 고정시킬수 있는 홀더(42)와 함께 용접간극조절기(43)를 가진 슬라이더(44)를 압축스프링(45)과 함께 가이드봉(46)에 장착하여서된 홀더브라켓트(4)를 설치하여 형성함을 특징으로 하는 관체 용접용 다관절 아암.Holder mounting member (3c) is a "c" type connecting portion (32c) is formed at one end of the connecting pipe (34c), the welding gap regulator 43 with a holder 42 that can fix the welding torch 41 on the other end side Multi-arm arm for welding the weld body, characterized in that formed by installing the holder bracket (4) attached to the guide rod 46 with the slider 44 having a compression spring (45).
  3. 제1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    다관절아암(3)을 통상의 로테이터(10) 상부 프레임(10') 양측에 각각 설치구성함을 특징으로 하는 관체용접용 다관절 아암. A multi-arm arm for welded joints, characterized in that the articulated arm (3) is installed on both sides of the upper frame (10 ') of the ordinary rotator (10).
  4. 제1항 또는 3항에 있어서, The method of claim 1 or 3,
    상기한 다관절아암(3)의 소정위치에 하단에 자력감지용 센서를 가진 센서봉(5)을 장착시키되, 높낮이 조절이 가능하게 하여 장착시키고, 용접하고자 하는 관체(P)에 자석을 부착시켜 센서봉(5)이 관체(P)의 1회전을 정확하게 감지할 수 있게 함을 특징으로 하는 관체용접용 다관절 아암.Mount a sensor rod 5 having a sensor for detecting magnetic force at a lower end at a predetermined position of the articulated arm 3, allowing height adjustment and mounting, and attaching a magnet to the tube P to be welded. The articulated arm according to claim 5, wherein the sensor rod (5) can accurately detect one rotation of the tube (P).
KR1020050064412A 2005-07-15 2005-07-15 Multi jointing arm for a pipe welding KR100675786B1 (en)

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