KR100675601B1 - Collecting and lifting methods of manganese nodule and mining device - Google Patents

Collecting and lifting methods of manganese nodule and mining device Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100675601B1
KR100675601B1 KR1020050003971A KR20050003971A KR100675601B1 KR 100675601 B1 KR100675601 B1 KR 100675601B1 KR 1020050003971 A KR1020050003971 A KR 1020050003971A KR 20050003971 A KR20050003971 A KR 20050003971A KR 100675601 B1 KR100675601 B1 KR 100675601B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
mining
device
manganese nodules
manganese
bus
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KR1020050003971A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20050075727A (en
Inventor
박재형
박지홍
윤길수
이석환
정예나
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부경대학교 산학협력단
윤길수
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Priority to KR1020040003549A priority Critical patent/KR20040028828A/en
Priority to KR1020040003549 priority
Application filed by 부경대학교 산학협력단, 윤길수 filed Critical 부경대학교 산학협력단
Publication of KR20050075727A publication Critical patent/KR20050075727A/en
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Publication of KR100675601B1 publication Critical patent/KR100675601B1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C50/00Obtaining minerals from underwater, not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention relates to a light collecting device of a manganese nodule composed of a mining busbar, a collector and a collecting device, and a light collecting and lifting method using the device, wherein a light pipe is disposed between a light collecting tube and a light collecting bus for mining manganese nodules scattered on the sea floor. It is characterized in that the recovery of manganese nodules using a separate mesh or box-type recovery device in the absence of the state, the control between the mining bus and the condenser is possible by wired or wireless.
A condenser operated through a control ship connected from the mining bus or operated by remote control of an ultrasonic transceiver emits manganese nodules to the recovery device or sucks a small ROV (Remote Operating Vehicle) installed in the recovery device into the suction tube equipped at the end. The present invention relates to a mining device that is lifted to a mining bus by a lifting vessel or buoyancy control device after the accumulation of energy, and a condensing, lifting method, and mining device for efficiently recovering manganese nodules in the development of mineral resources such as manganese nodules in deep seabeds. Will be.
Manganese nodules, mining motherships, concentrators, recovery devices, control ships, launchers, suction pipes

Description

Collection and lifting methods of manganese nodule and mining device

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a lifting method using a conventional lifting pipe.

Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the mining device by the mesh type recovery device according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 3 is another schematic view of the mining device according to the mesh type recovery device of the present invention.

Figure 4 is a schematic diagram for lifting the net recovery device of the present invention.

5 is an enlarged view illustrating main parts of FIG. 3.

Figure 6 is a schematic diagram of firing manganese nodules in the firing device to the box-shaped recovery apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention.

7 is an enlarged view of the light collector portion of FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of sucking manganese nodules using a suction pipe in the box-type recovery device of FIG. 6; FIG.

9 is a schematic diagram of lifting a box-type recovery apparatus from a mining bus.

<Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings>

10: mining busbar 16: ultrasonic transceiver

20: condenser 30: launcher

50, 60: recovery device m: manganese nodules

The present invention relates to a manganese nodule condensing, lifting method and a mining device for mining the manganese nodules in the deep sea bottom, a separate recovery device between the mining bus and the concentrator to efficiently recover the manganese nodules collected at a constant concentration in the mining bus It relates to a manganese nodule collecting, lifting method and a mining device having a.

Manganese nodules are composed of copper, cobalt, nickel, manganese, etc., mainly manganese is the main component, and the material shape is called a 'nod'. It has a diameter of 40 ~ 60㎜ on average and is usually formed in concentric circles around the nucleus such as shark teeth, fragments of manganese nodules, and stones.

Such manganese nodules are of great industrial value, and in the late 1970s, research on mining in deep seabeds, such as Ocean Management Incorporated (OMI), is being conducted. Several methods have been proposed for mining systems. As a hydraulic lifting system successfully operated by various manganese nodule mining test by OMI and operated by various pumping devices, as shown in the schematic diagram illustrating the lifting method by the conventional lifting pipe of FIG. Mining buses and carriers (100) used for carrying out the role of the base and special equipment, a collecting device (130) for collecting manganese nodules of deep seabed, the flexible pipe (120) and the oil connected to the condenser 130 It is composed of a positive pipe and a positive pipe pump system 110 is connected to the pipe 120 and carries the manganese nodules to the mining line (100).

Instead of simple and convenient parcel feeder, mining bus and concentrator must work 1: 1, and if the parcel damages during the operation, it will be necessary to repair for a long time. There is a problem that the unit price increases. In order to solve this inconvenience, instead of removing the positive pipe, various improvement methods of condensing and lifting manganese nodule using a modular system have been sought.

One of them is the Republic of Korea Patent Publication No. 2002-19834 'Machine Continuous Mining Method of Deep Sea Minerals' to compensate for the shortcomings of the Yanggwan Tube and Yanggwan Pump System. The initial investment is large and is of limited use for mass production.

The present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems, an object of the present invention is to recover a large amount of conveniently mined manganese nodules at a time, even if there is no positive tube existing between the mining bus and the concentrator in mining manganese nodules It is possible to provide a manganese nodule condensing, lifting method and a mining device that can move independently while freely moving in a relatively wide range compared to the case of a positive condenser.

In order to achieve the above object, the manganese nodule mining, lifting method has no positive tube between the mining busbar and the collector, and is composed of a mining busbar, a collector and a recovery device for mining the seabed mineral resources such as manganese nodules A method comprising the steps of: i) installing a collector and a recovery device at the bottom of a seabed in a mining bus; Ii) mining manganese nodules scattered on the bottom of the seabed from the collector by controlling the mining bus to the concentrator; Iv) integrating the manganese nodules mined by the light collector into a recovery device; Iii) when the manganese nodules to be salvaged are integrated in the recovery device, the step of lifting the recovery device to the mining busbar;

On the other hand, the manganese nodules mining device according to the present invention is a device for mining the marine mineral resources, such as manganese nodules, mining mother ship floating in the sea, and the manganese nodules in the deep sea under the control of the mining buses, mining And a collecting device having a launch device for firing a manganese nodule, and a collecting device that receives the manganese nodules emitted from the condenser and is collected at a constant time after being collected by the mining busbar.

In addition, the manganese nodules mining device according to the present invention is a device for mining the marine mineral resources, such as manganese nodules, and a condenser for mining the manganese nodules in the deep sea under the control of the mining mother and floating in the sea In order to suck the manganese nodules collected from the condenser, a suction pipe having a small remote operating vehicle (ROV) attached to the end is provided, and the suction tube is composed of a recovery device which is collected by the mining bus after collecting manganese nodules constantly. It features.

Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Figure 2 is a schematic view of the mining device according to the mesh type recovery apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, Figure 3 is another schematic view of the mining device according to the mesh type recovery apparatus of the present invention, Figure 4 is a net according to the present invention Figure 5 is a schematic diagram for lifting the recovery device, Figure 5 is an enlarged view of the main part of Figure 3, Figure 6 is a schematic diagram for collecting manganese nodules using a launch device in the box-shaped recovery device according to another embodiment of the present invention, Figure 7 6 is an enlarged view of the condenser portion of FIG. 6, FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of sucking manganese nodules using a suction tube in the box-type recovery apparatus of FIG. 6, and FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of lifting a box-type recovery apparatus from a mining bus.

As shown in the figure, the manganese nodules mining apparatus according to the present invention is largely floating on the sea, the mining buses 10 for controlling and controlling the light collector 20 and the recovery device (50, 60), and manganese on the surface of the deep seabed Collector 20 for mining the nodules (m) and the manganese nodules (m) collected by mining the concentrator 20 and collected at a predetermined position to collect a large amount at a time to the mining bus (10) ( 50, 60).

In the collection area of the manganese nodules (m), fingers and the like are disposed so that absolute and relative positions of the recovery apparatuses 50 and 60 and the condenser 20 can be determined, and between the mining buses 10 and the condenser 20. As shown in FIG. 2, the control line 18 may be wired by the control line 18 or wirelessly by the ultrasonic transceiver 16 as shown in FIG. 3.

The condenser 20 collects manganese nodules (m) and collects them in a predetermined place. The terrain information is input, and the remote control camera 22 is freely controlled in front, rear, left, and right directions.

In addition, the light collector 20 may be provided with a launch device 30 for sending the manganese nodules (m) mined to the recovery device (50, 60). The light collector 20 having the launch device 30 is equipped with a bucket 24 for collecting manganese nodules (m) mined in the front, and a tube for sucking manganese nodules (m) below the bucket (24). 32 is connected to the condenser 20, and the manganese nodules (m) sucked in are passed through the pump 34 through the launcher 30 to fly to the recovery device (50, 60). Reference numeral 36 is a lever for supporting and manipulating the bucket 24.

The launch device 30 is remotely controlled in length and angle, the remote control camera 22 is attached to the end, and the remote control camera 22 is attached to the front and rear of the condenser 20. The light collector 20 is controlled by a signal from the control line 18 or the ultrasonic transceiver 16.

The recovery devices 50 and 60 have an arbitrary shape capable of containing manganese nodules (m), and are formed in a net shape in which water can be easily entered and exited, or a box shape having entrance and exit holes in which water is freely admitted in and out.

As shown in FIG. 5, the mesh retrieval device 50 has a frame 56, such as a soccer goal, and an inlet is opened to collect the manganese nodules m fired in the net 52. The remote control camera 22 is mounted on the upper part of the frame 56 and sends the photographing state of the condenser 20 to the mining bus 10, and the lifting line 42 is coupled to both sides of the frame 56. The salvage line 42 has a number of buoys 44.

The lower end of the mesh recovery device 50 is provided with wheels 54 that can be moved back and forth. Since the wheels 54 are attached, the distance from the light collector 20 can be finely controlled, and also serves as a weight and can be remotely controlled.

When the manganese nodules (m) mined in the mesh recovery device 50 is filled, as shown in FIG. 4, the lifting vessel 42 coupled to the mesh recovery device 50 in the mining busbar 10 is provided. By pulling the salvage recovery device 50, which is lifted to the winch 14 through the frame trolley 12 installed at the rear of the mining bus (10).

Box-type recovery device 60, which is another embodiment of recovery devices 50 and 60, has a body 62 having an inner space that can contain mined manganese nodules m, as shown in FIGS. ) And a lid 64 that can cover the upper portion of the body 62, the bottom surface of the body 62 is formed in the entrance and exit hole (not shown) freely in and out of the sea water, the lower portion of the box The mold recovery device 60 is formed with an underlay frame 66 that can be properly seated on the sea bottom.

The lid 64 is provided with a remote control camera 22 for monitoring the light collector 20, and is provided with an ultrasonic transceiver 68.

The box-type recovery device 60 accumulates manganese nodules (m) fired from the firing device 30 of the condenser 20, and when closed, closes the lid 64 and lifts the vessel like the net recovery device 50. A buoyancy control device 70, such as a hydrogen generating device or a compressed air filled with compressed air, may be installed by using the 42 as a mining busbar 10 and may be used to operate the buoyancy control device 70. It can also float to the mining bus bar 10 by making it float at sea. That is, when the box-type recovery device 60 is full of manganese nodules (m), the lid 64 is closed and the compressed air is discharged by freezing or operating by a hydrogen generator, and then lifted by the mining busbar 10. It is. Operation of the buoyancy control device 70 is possible by the signal of the ultrasonic transceiver 68 provided in the lid.

And unlike the net recovery device 50, the box-type recovery device 60, as shown in Figure 8, a small remote operating vehicle (ROV) 72 that can be remotely controlled at the end to suck the manganese nodules (m) Even if the attached suction tube 74 is not provided with the launching device 30 in the collector 20 as described above, the manganese nodules m collected by the collector 20 using the suction tube 74 are collected in the box. The manganese nodules (m) can be accumulated by suction by the mold recovery device 60.

The small ROV 72 is capable of front and rear, left and right, up and down movement and has a pump, so that the manganese nodules mined by the condenser 20 are sucked with water and the manganese nodules m are collected through the suction tube 74. To 60.

The manganese nodule condensing and lifting method of the manganese nodule mining device according to the present invention configured as described above will be described in detail.

In a method for mining a seabed mineral resource such as manganese nodules consisting of a mining bus 10, a concentrator 20 and recovery devices 50, 60, a light pipe between the mining bus 10 and the concentrator 20 There is no manganese nodule condensing, lifting method using the recovery device (50, 60) that can be collected to the mining bus 10 by collecting a certain amount of manganese nodue (m) mined by the condenser 20 is as follows. .

(1) In the mining bus bar 10, recovery devices 50 and 60 are installed at the bottom of the seabed by a lifting line 42 with buoys 44 attached thereto.

(2) a maneuvering line 18 is connected from the mining bus 10 to the concentrator 20, and manganese nodules scattered on the bottom of the sea floor by remotely controlling the mining bus 10 through the maneuvering line 18 ( m) is collected by the condenser 20 and collected in the bucket 24. In this process, an ultrasonic transceiver 38 may be provided on the mining bus 10 and the concentrator 20 without the control line 18 to control the concentrator.

(3) The manganese nodules m collected in the bucket 24 from the condenser 20 are fired to the recovery apparatuses 50 and 60 using the firing apparatus 30. As such, the manganese nodules m may be collected in the recovery apparatuses 50 and 60 by using the launching device 30. When the suction tube 74 is provided in the recovery apparatuses 50 and 60, the suction tube 74 may be formed. Manganese nodules (m) can also be collected.

(4) The condenser repeats the processes of (2) and (3) to integrate manganese nodules (m) in the recovery devices (50, 60).

(5) The whole operation of the condenser 20 is monitored by the mining bus 10 using the remote control camera 22 attached to the upper part of the recovery apparatus 50, 60.

(6) When the manganese nodules m are filled in the recovery devices 50 and 60, the recovery device is lifted by the mining bus using a lifting wire 42, wherein the frame trolley attached to the rear of the mining bus 10 12) to winch 14 through.

Here, the box-type recovery device 60 operates a buoyancy control device 70 such as a hydrogen generator or a compressed air cylinder instead of the lifting to the mining busbar 10 by the lifting line 42, so that the box-type recovery device ( 60) can be lifted freely by sea.

(7) After the salvaged manganese nodules m are recovered to the mining busbar 10, the manganese nodules are recovered by lowering the recovery devices 50 and 60 back to the bottom of the sea floor as in (1).

(8) After the mining of the manganese nodules (m) in the mining area is completed, the condenser 20 and the recovery device (50, 60) are both injured and moved to another area to continue the work.

As described above, the manganese nodule condensing, lifting method, and the mining device according to the present invention can be independently operated by the mining busbar, the collector and the collecting device, so that the work effect is high and the maintenance is convenient in the rough sea work, and It is effective to concentrate and lift manganese nodules.

In addition, the manganese nodule condensing, lifting method and the mining device according to the present invention adopts a method of lifting a large amount of manganese nodule at a time, if the concentrator remotely controlled in a separate recovery device to collect a large amount of manganese nodules, The concentrator at the bottom of the sea floor is economical and convenient because it can move independently in a relatively short range compared to the case of the positive light pipe, and can independently move, thus improving the performance of collecting manganese nodules and moving them to the mining site.

Claims (6)

  1. delete
  2. delete
  3. In the apparatus for mining the marine mineral resources such as manganese nodules,
    Mining motherships floating at sea;
    A condenser for mining manganese nodules in the deep sea under the control of the mining bus;
    A suction device provided with a small remote operating vehicle (ROV) attached to the end of the manganese nodules collected from the condenser, and collecting manganese nodules with the suction tube and then lifted to the mining bus; Manganese nodule mining device, characterized in that configured.
  4. The method of claim 3,
    The manganese nodules mining device, characterized in that the mining bus and the concentrator are controlled by wireless or wired.
  5. The method of claim 3, wherein the recovery device,
    Manganese nodule mining device, characterized in that consisting of a net that can be freely circulated water.
  6. The method of claim 3, wherein the recovery device,
    An entrance and exit hole through which water can freely flow is formed on a bottom surface of a body in which a space portion for containing manganese nodules is formed, and the manganese nodules mining device, characterized in that the lid is configured to cover the body.
KR1020050003971A 2004-01-17 2005-01-15 Collecting and lifting methods of manganese nodule and mining device KR100675601B1 (en)

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KR1020040003549A KR20040028828A (en) 2004-01-17 2004-01-17 Collecting and lifting methods and recovery facilities for Maganese nodule
KR1020040003549 2004-01-17

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KR100675601B1 true KR100675601B1 (en) 2007-01-30

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2466275C1 (en) * 2011-05-05 2012-11-10 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Санкт-Петербургский государственный горный университет" Complex for mining and processing of solid minerals
WO2014069803A1 (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-05-08 한국해양과학기술원 Bi-directional manganese nodule light gathering equipment

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KR100796065B1 (en) * 2007-01-19 2008-01-21 대우조선해양 주식회사 Treatment method for seabed resources in the deep sea mining vessel
KR101048040B1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2011-07-13 한국지질자원연구원 Dimple-shaped light pipe for collecting deep sea mineral resources
KR101930377B1 (en) 2011-06-17 2018-12-18 노틸러스 미네랄즈 퍼시픽 피티 리미티드 System and method for seafloor stockpiling
WO2012171075A1 (en) * 2011-06-17 2012-12-20 Nautilus Minerals Pacific Pty Ltd Apparatus and method for seafloor stockpiling
NL2007488C2 (en) * 2011-09-28 2013-04-02 Ihc Holland Ie Bv Cutting device.
KR101977948B1 (en) * 2012-11-27 2019-05-13 대우조선해양 주식회사 Air buoyancy type lifting system and lifting method
WO2014098913A1 (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-06-26 Neptune Minerals, Inc. Subsea mining system and method
KR101348112B1 (en) * 2013-10-16 2014-01-09 한국해양과학기술원 Gathering part structure of collecting robot for collecting deep-seabed manganese nodules using coanda effect
KR102019150B1 (en) * 2014-05-19 2019-11-04 노틸러스 미네랄스 싱가포르 피티이 엘티디 Decoupled seafloor mining system
CN105510084B (en) * 2015-12-28 2019-03-29 广西壮族自治区海洋环境监测中心站 Simple stocked anchor formula shallow water surface sediment sampler

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JPH02101289A (en) * 1988-10-08 1990-04-13 Sukegawa Electric Co Ltd Magnetic grain lump collecting device
JPH0369795A (en) * 1989-08-09 1991-03-26 Sakagami Masao Bucket for underwater work
JPH06173570A (en) * 1992-12-02 1994-06-21 Power Reactor & Nuclear Fuel Dev Corp Sea bottom mineral resource mining system
JPH11117658A (en) 1997-10-17 1999-04-27 Takashi Uesugi Sea bottom excavating device and method
JP2001303881A (en) 2000-04-20 2001-10-31 Cf Wire Rope:Kk Method, cable body and device for lifting manganese nodule

Patent Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02101289A (en) * 1988-10-08 1990-04-13 Sukegawa Electric Co Ltd Magnetic grain lump collecting device
JPH0369795A (en) * 1989-08-09 1991-03-26 Sakagami Masao Bucket for underwater work
JPH06173570A (en) * 1992-12-02 1994-06-21 Power Reactor & Nuclear Fuel Dev Corp Sea bottom mineral resource mining system
JPH11117658A (en) 1997-10-17 1999-04-27 Takashi Uesugi Sea bottom excavating device and method
JP2001303881A (en) 2000-04-20 2001-10-31 Cf Wire Rope:Kk Method, cable body and device for lifting manganese nodule

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2466275C1 (en) * 2011-05-05 2012-11-10 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Санкт-Петербургский государственный горный университет" Complex for mining and processing of solid minerals
WO2014069803A1 (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-05-08 한국해양과학기술원 Bi-directional manganese nodule light gathering equipment
US9574445B2 (en) 2012-10-30 2017-02-21 Korea Instutite of Ocean Science & Technology Apparatus for bi-directionally mining manganese nodule

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KR20040028828A (en) 2004-04-03
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