KR100589131B1 - Construction device of underwater bridge base structure that use of barge - Google Patents

Construction device of underwater bridge base structure that use of barge Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100589131B1
KR100589131B1 KR1020060019953A KR20060019953A KR100589131B1 KR 100589131 B1 KR100589131 B1 KR 100589131B1 KR 1020060019953 A KR1020060019953 A KR 1020060019953A KR 20060019953 A KR20060019953 A KR 20060019953A KR 100589131 B1 KR100589131 B1 KR 100589131B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
barge
well
hole
underwater bridge
water
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KR1020060019953A
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Korean (ko)
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이창욱
엄태학
김병하
이인안
정광태
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벽산엔지니어링주식회사
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D23/00Caissons; Construction or placing of caissons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/28Barges or lighters
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F5/00Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes
    • E02F5/006Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes adapted for working ground under water not otherwise provided for
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2250/00Production methods
    • E02D2250/0061Production methods for working underwater
    • E02D2250/0076Drilling

Abstract

본 발명은 바지선을 이용한 수중교량 기초구조물 설치 장치에 관한 것으로서, 보다 상세하게는 수중에서 교각 기초를 시공 시 공사비를 절감할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 수질 오염을 감소시킬 수 있는 바지선을 이용한 수중교량 기초구조물 설치 장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an apparatus for installing an underwater bridge foundation structure using barges, and more particularly, to install an underwater bridge foundation structure using a barge that can reduce construction costs and reduce water pollution when constructing a pier foundation in water. Relates to a device.
본 발명의 목적은, 수심이 얕은 하천에서 토사로 가물막이를 설치하지 않고도 교각을 쉽게 설치할 수 있도록 함으로써 하천을 오염시키지 않도록 하는 바지선을 이용한 수중 교량 기초구조물 설치 장치를 제공함에 있다.SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide an underwater bridge foundation installation apparatus using a barge so that the bridge can be easily installed without installing a cloak into the soil in shallow rivers.
상기한 목적을 실현하기 위하여 본 발명은, 중앙부에 우물통(W)이 삽입될 수 있도록 삽입공(1)이 형성된 바지선(2)과, 상기한 바지선(2)의 상면 일측에 설치됨과 아울러 상기한 삽입공(1)을 통해 삽입된 우물통(W)으로부터 토사를 굴착할 수 있도록 설치된 굴착장비(3)와, 상기한 바지선(2)의 양측에 서로 대향되도록 다수가 설치되고 힌지축(4)으로 회전 자유롭도록 설치된 조절 장치(6)와, 상기한 조절장치(6)의 붐대(7) 종단에 설치되어 직선 왕복 운동하면서 수중의 바닥에 견고하게 지지되도록 구성된 고정부(8)와, 상기한 조절장치(6)를 회전시키도록 바지선(2)에 힌지(9)로 설치된 조절 실린더(10)로 구성함을 특징으로 한다.In order to achieve the above object, the present invention, the barge (2) formed with the insertion hole (1) to be inserted into the well (W) in the central portion, and is installed on one side of the upper surface of the barge (2) Excavation equipment (3) installed to excavate the soil from the well (W) inserted through one insertion hole (1), and a plurality of hinge shafts (4) are installed on both sides of the barge (2) so as to face each other. A control device 6 installed so as to be rotatable freely), a fixing part 8 installed at the end of the boom 7 of the control device 6 and configured to be firmly supported on the bottom of the water while linearly reciprocating; It is characterized by consisting of a control cylinder (10) installed as a hinge (9) on the barge (2) to rotate one adjuster (6).
바지선을 이용한 수중교량 기초구조물 설치 장치  Underwater bridge foundation structure installation device using barge

Description

바지선을 이용한 수중 교량 기초구조물 설치 장치{CONSTRUCTION DEVICE OF UNDERWATER BRIDGE BASE STRUCTURE THAT USE OF BARGE}Underwater bridge foundation structure installation device using barge {CONSTRUCTION DEVICE OF UNDERWATER BRIDGE BASE STRUCTURE THAT USE OF BARGE}
도1은 본 발명에 따른 바지선을 이용한 수중교량 기초구조물 설치 장치를 도시한 단면도,1 is a cross-sectional view showing an underwater bridge foundation structure installation apparatus using a barge according to the present invention,
도2는 도1의 사시도.Figure 2 is a perspective view of Figure 1;
* 도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호의 설명* Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawings
1: 삽입공 2: 바지선1: insertion hole 2: barge
3: 굴착장치 4: 힌지축3: Excavator 4: Hinge Shaft
5: 베어링 6: 조절장치5: bearing 6: adjuster
7: 붐대 8: 고정부7: boom 8: fixed part
9: 힌지 10: 조절실린더9: hinge 10: adjustment cylinder
W: 우물통W: well
본 발명은 바지선을 이용한 수중교량 기초구조물 설치 장치에 관한 것으로서, 보다 상세하게는 수중에서 교각 기초를 시공 시 공사비를 절감할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 수질 오염을 감소시킬 수 있는 바지선을 이용한 수중교량 기초구조물 설치 장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an apparatus for installing an underwater bridge foundation structure using barges, and more particularly, to install an underwater bridge foundation structure using a barge that can reduce construction costs and reduce water pollution when constructing a pier foundation in water. Relates to a device.
일반적으로, 하천등에 건설되는 교량 구조물은 상부 구조물과 하부 구조물로 구분할 수 있는 바, 상부 구조물은 차량등이 통행할 수 있도록 하는 바닥면인 슬라브 및 거터와, 상기한 슬라브를 지지하도록 설치된 교각 및 교각을 지지하는 부분인 기초부로 이루어진다.In general, bridge structures constructed in rivers can be divided into upper structures and lower structures. The upper structures are slabs and gutters, which are floors through which vehicles can pass, and piers and piers installed to support the slabs. It is composed of a base portion that supports.
상기한 기초부는 수심, 유속등에 따라 적절한 방법을 선정하게 되는 바, 비교적 수심이 낮은 하천에 교각을 설치할 때에는 토사로 가물막이를 축조한 상태에서 하천의 물을 차단하고 교각을 콘크리트 타설하여 건설하게 된다.The foundation is to select the appropriate method according to the depth, flow rate, etc. When the pier is installed in a river with a relatively low depth, it is constructed by blocking the water of the river and building the pier concrete with the sediment block .
상기한 가물막이는 일반적으로 토사 가물막이를 설치한 후, 그 상면에 토사가 든 마대를 적층하여 물이 흐르지 못하도록 하게 되고, 그 뒤쪽에서 배수로를 설치하여 토사를 통해 스며나오는 물을 배출하게 된다.The temporary cladding is generally installed after the earthenware cladding, to prevent the water flow by stacking the sack containing the earthenware on its upper surface, and to install the drainage from the back to discharge the water leaking through the soil.
그러나, 상기한 바와 같이 비교적 수심이 낮은 하천에서 가물막이를 설치할 때 매우 많은 양의 토사를 사용함과 아울러 토사가 든 마대를 사용하기 때문에, 토사가 물에 의해 쓸려 내려가면서 하천의 물에 섞여 하천을 오염시키는 문제점이 있다. However, as described above, when installing the clogs in a river with a relatively low depth, because a very large amount of soil is used and a sack with soil is used, the soil is swept away by the water and mixed with the water of the river. There is a problem of contamination.
따라서, 본 발명의 목적은 상기한 문제점을 해결하기 위한 것으로서, 수심이 얕은 하천에서 토사로 가물막이를 설치하지 않고도 교각을 쉽게 설치할 수 있도록 함으로써 하천을 오염시키지 않도록 하는 바지선을 이용한 수중 교량 기초구조물 설치 장치를 제공함에 있다.Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to solve the above problems, it is possible to easily install the bridge without installing a temporary barrier to the earth and sand in shallow rivers to install the underwater bridge foundation structure using a barge so as not to pollute the river In providing a device.
상기한 목적을 실현하기 위하여 본 발명은, 중앙부에 우물통이 삽입될 수 있도록 삽입공이 형성된 바지선과, 상기한 바지선의 상면 일측에 설치됨과 아울러 상기한 삽입공을 통해 삽입된 우물통으로부터 토사를 굴착할 수 있도록 설치된 굴착장비와, 상기한 바지선의 양측에 서로 대향되도록 다수가 설치되고 힌지축으로 회전 자유롭도록 설치된 조절 장치와, 상기한 조절장치의 붐대 종단에 설치되어 직선 왕복 운동하면서 수중의 바닥에 견고하게 지지되도록 구성된 고정부와, 상기한 조절장치를 회전시키도록 바지선에 힌지로 설치된 조절 실린더로 구성함을 특징으로 한다.In order to realize the above object, the present invention, excavation of earth and sand from the barge formed with the insertion hole so that the well can be inserted into the central portion, the well is installed in the upper surface of the barge and inserted through the insertion hole. Excavation equipment installed so as to be able to face each other on both sides of the barge, the adjusting device is installed so as to rotate freely on the hinge axis, installed on the boom end of the adjusting device on the bottom of the water while linearly reciprocating It is characterized by consisting of a fixed cylinder configured to be firmly supported, and an adjustment cylinder installed by a hinge on the barge to rotate the adjustment device.
도1과 도2는 본 발명에 따른 바지선을 이용한 수중 교량 기초구조물 설치 장치를 도시한 단면도와 사시도로서, 중앙부에 우물통(W)이 삽입될 수 있도록 삽입공(1)이 형성된 바지선(2)과, 상기한 바지선(2)의 상면 일측에 설치됨과 아울러 상기한 삽입공(1)을 통해 삽입된 우물통(W)으로부터 토사를 굴착할 수 있도록 설치된 굴착장비(3)와, 상기한 바지선(2)의 양측에 서로 대향되도록 4개의 힌지축(4) 및 베어링(5)으로 회전 자유롭도록 설치된 실린더등과 같은 조절 장치(6)와, 상기한 조절장치(6)의 붐대(7) 종단에 설치되어 직선 왕복 운동하면서 수중의 바닥에 견고하게 지지되도록 구성된 고정부(8)와, 상기한 조절장치(6)를 회전시키도록 바지선(2)에 힌지(9)로 설치된 조절 실린더(10)로 구성되어 있다.1 and 2 are a cross-sectional view and a perspective view showing an underwater bridge foundation installation device using a barge according to the present invention, barge (2) formed with the insertion hole (1) to be inserted into the well (W) in the center And, the excavation equipment (3) installed on one side of the upper surface of the barge (2) and installed to excavate the soil from the well (W) inserted through the insertion hole (1), and the barge ( 2) an adjusting device 6 such as a cylinder or the like installed so as to be rotatable with four hinge shafts 4 and a bearing 5 so as to face each other, and at the end of the boom 7 of the adjusting device 6 described above. A fixed portion 8 installed to be firmly supported on the bottom of the water while being linearly reciprocating, and an adjustment cylinder 10 installed as a hinge 9 on the barge 2 to rotate the adjusting device 6 described above. Consists of.
즉, 상기한 바지선(2)이 교각의 설치 위치로 이동되면 상기한 조절장치(6)를 작동시켜서 붐대(7)를 길게 전진시킴과 아울러 붐대(7)의 종단에 설치된 고정부(8)가 하천 저면(E)에 닿도록 하여 바지선(2)을 견고하게 고정시키고, 상기한 우물통(W)을 삽입공(1)에 삽입시킴과 아울러 굴착장비(3)로 우물통(W) 내부의 토사를 손쉽게 굴착을 하게 되는 것이다.That is, when the barge (2) is moved to the installation position of the piers to operate the adjustment device (6) to advance the boom (7) long and the fixing portion (8) installed at the end of the boom (7) is The barge (2) is firmly fixed by touching the river bottom (E), and the well (W) is inserted into the insertion hole (1), and the excavating equipment (3) is used in the inside of the well (W). It is easy to excavate the soil.
상기한 바와 같은 본 발명의 작용 효과를 설명하면 하천에 교각을 설치하기 위하여 작업자가 바지선(2)을 이동시켜서 교각 설치 위치까지 이동한 후, 상기한 조절 실린더(10)를 작동시켜 붐대(7) 및 고정부(8)가 바지선(2)을 안정적으로 지지할 수 있는 각도가 되도록 한다.Referring to the operation and effect of the present invention as described above, in order to install the pier in the river, the worker moves the barge 2 to move to the pier installation position, and then operate the above-mentioned adjustment cylinder 10 to the boom 7 And the fixing part 8 to be an angle capable of stably supporting the barge (2).
붐대(7) 및 고정부(8)의 각도 조절이 완료되면 상기한 조절장치(6)를 작동시켜서 붐대(7)가 하천의 지면(E)에 닿을 수 있도록 전진시키게 되는 바, 상기한 붐대(7)가 전진하여 붐대(7)의 종단에 설치된 고정부(8)가 하천 지면(E)에 밀착되면 고정부(8)가 하천 지면으로 일정 깊이 파고 들도록 강하게 가압하게 된다.When the angle adjustment of the boom 7 and the fixing part 8 is completed, the above-mentioned boom 7 is moved to the ground (E) of the river by operating the above-mentioned adjusting device (6). When 7) is advanced and the fixing part 8 installed at the end of the boom 7 is in close contact with the river surface E, the fixing part 8 is strongly pressed to dig into the river surface to a certain depth.
고정부(8)가 하천 지면(E)에 고정되면 해상 크레인등으로 우물통(W)을 운반하여 바지선(2)의 삽입공(1)으로 우물통(W)을 삽입시키게 되는 바, 상기한 우물통(W)이 삽입공(1)으로 삽입되면서 하천 지면(E)으로 삽입되도록 하다.When the fixing part 8 is fixed to the river surface E, the well tank W is transported by an offshore crane to insert the well W into the insertion hole 1 of the barge 2. The well (W) is inserted into the river (E) while being inserted into the insertion hole (1).
우물통(W)이 하천 지면(E)으로 삽입되면 배수펌프등을 통해 우물통(W) 내부의 물을 제거한 후, 굴착장치(3)로 우물통(W) 내부의 토사를 퍼내게 된다.When the well (W) is inserted into the river ground (E), after removing the water in the well (W) through the drainage pump, etc., the earth and sand inside the well (W) is excavated by the excavation device (3).
우물통(W) 내부의 토사를 일정한 깊이로 퍼낸 후에는 작업자가 우물통(W) 내부로 들어가서 교각을 만들기 위한 거푸집을 제작하고, 여기에 콘크리트를 타설하여 교각을 제작하게 된다.After dumping the soil inside the well (W) to a certain depth, the worker enters the inside of the well (W) to form a formwork for making a pier, and then cast concrete to produce a pier.
이때, 상기한 우물통(W) 내부에서 토사의 굴착이 이루어지기 때문에, 하천의 물이 토사에 의해 오염되지 않게 된다.At this time, because the excavation of the earth and sand is made in the well (W), the water in the river is not contaminated by the soil.
또한, 상기한 우물통(W)이 바지선(2)에 형성된 삽입공(1)에 의해 지지되어 있기 때문에, 작업자가 안전하게 우물통(W) 내부에서 작업을 할 수 있게 되고, 종래와 같이 토사로 가물막이를 설치하지 않고, 바지선(2)과 우물통(W)만을 운반하면 되기 때문에 매우 신속하게 교각 설치 작업을 진행할 수 있게 되는 것이다.In addition, since the above-mentioned well (W) is supported by the insertion hole (1) formed in the barge (2), the operator can safely work inside the well (W), and the earth It is possible to proceed with the pier installation work very quickly because only the barge (2) and the well (W) need to be transported without installing the barrier.
교각이 양생 완료되면 상기한 우물통(W)을 크레인등으로 들어올려서 삽입공(1)에서 이탈시킨 후, 조절장치(3)를 작동시켜 붐대(7) 및 고정부(8)가 하천 지면(E)에서 이격되도록 함과 아울러 조절 실린더(10)로 조절장치(3)를 회전시켜 바지선(2)이 움직일 수 있도록 한다.When the pier is cured, lift the above-mentioned well (W) with a crane or the like to separate from the insertion hole (1), and then operate the adjusting device (3) to the boom stand (7) and the fixing part (8) on the river surface ( In addition to spaced apart from the E) to adjust the cylinder (3) by rotating the adjusting device (3) to allow the barge (2) to move.
상기한 바지선(2)이 움직일 수 있게 되면, 다음 교각 설치 위치로 이동시키고 동일한 순서로 작업을 진행하게 되는 것이다.When the barge 2 can be moved, it will move to the next pier installation position and work in the same order.
이상과 같이 본 발명은 바지선에 우물통이 삽입될 수 있는 삽입공을 형성한 후 여기에 우물통을 삽입시켜 하천 지면에 고정시키고 바지선에 설치된 굴착장치로 토사를 퍼냄으로써, 매우 단순하게 교각의 설치 작업을 진행할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 토사가 하천의 물에 흘러나가지 않게 되어 하천의 오염을 방지할 수 있는 잇점이 있는 것이다.As described above, the present invention forms an insertion hole into which a well can be inserted into a barge, and then inserts a well into the barge to fix the ground to the river ground, and to dig out the soil by an excavation device installed on the barge, thereby installing the pier very simply. Not only can the work be carried out, but the soil is not allowed to flow into the river water, which has the advantage of preventing the pollution of the river.

Claims (1)

  1. 중앙부에 우물통이 삽입될 수 있도록 삽입공이 형성된 바지선과, 상기한 바지선의 상면 일측에 설치됨과 아울러 상기한 삽입공을 통해 삽입된 우물통으로부터 토사를 굴착할 수 있도록 설치된 굴착장비와, 상기한 바지선의 양측에 서로 대향되도록 다수가 설치되고 힌지축으로 회전 자유롭도록 설치된 조절 장치와, 상기한 조절장치의 붐대 종단에 설치되어 직선 왕복 운동하면서 수중의 바닥에 견고하게 지지되도록 구성된 고정부와, 상기한 조절장치를 회전시키도록 바지선에 힌지로 설치된 조절 실린더로 구성함을 특징으로 하는 바지선을 이용한 수중 교량 기초구조물 설치 장치.A barge having an insertion hole formed so that the well can be inserted into the center portion, an excavation equipment installed on one side of the upper surface of the barge and drilling the earth and sand from the well inserted through the insertion hole, and the barge described above. And a plurality of adjusting devices installed on both sides of the control unit so as to be opposite to each other and rotatably connected to the hinge shaft, and fixed parts installed at the boom end of the adjusting device so as to be firmly supported on the bottom of the water while linearly reciprocating. Underwater bridge foundation installation device using a barge, characterized in that consisting of a control cylinder installed hinged to the barge to rotate the control device.
KR1020060019953A 2006-03-02 2006-03-02 Construction device of underwater bridge base structure that use of barge KR100589131B1 (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20190031822A (en) 2017-09-18 2019-03-27 강성수 Underwater ground excavator for underwater pier foundation

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US4054034A (en) 1976-07-01 1977-10-18 Robert Warren Hyre Method for casting concrete tanks in water
JPS58106029A (en) 1981-12-17 1983-06-24 Doki Senpaku Koji Kk Multi-purpose working barge
JPS59179483A (en) 1983-03-30 1984-10-12 Toshio Matsuda Barge moving device by means of moving spud platform
JPS63308117A (en) 1987-06-08 1988-12-15 Hiroshi Kinukawa Submerging method of open caisson
JPH09302711A (en) * 1996-05-16 1997-11-25 Hayamizugumi:Kk Sludge recovery apparatus
KR0157675B1 (en) * 1995-04-25 1999-02-18 윤길수 Crane barge ship
KR200267057Y1 (en) 2001-12-19 2002-03-06 주식회사 다우컨설턴트 Centering apparatus of steel cassion for bridge foundation
KR100402438B1 (en) 2001-05-23 2003-10-22 주식회사유신코퍼레이션 An basement excavation apparatus of pier basis for a bridge

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4054034A (en) 1976-07-01 1977-10-18 Robert Warren Hyre Method for casting concrete tanks in water
JPS58106029A (en) 1981-12-17 1983-06-24 Doki Senpaku Koji Kk Multi-purpose working barge
JPS59179483A (en) 1983-03-30 1984-10-12 Toshio Matsuda Barge moving device by means of moving spud platform
JPS63308117A (en) 1987-06-08 1988-12-15 Hiroshi Kinukawa Submerging method of open caisson
KR0157675B1 (en) * 1995-04-25 1999-02-18 윤길수 Crane barge ship
JPH09302711A (en) * 1996-05-16 1997-11-25 Hayamizugumi:Kk Sludge recovery apparatus
KR100402438B1 (en) 2001-05-23 2003-10-22 주식회사유신코퍼레이션 An basement excavation apparatus of pier basis for a bridge
KR200267057Y1 (en) 2001-12-19 2002-03-06 주식회사 다우컨설턴트 Centering apparatus of steel cassion for bridge foundation

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20190031822A (en) 2017-09-18 2019-03-27 강성수 Underwater ground excavator for underwater pier foundation

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