KR100541467B1 - Biological sewage and wastewater treatment method by the microclusterization of water molecules - Google Patents

Biological sewage and wastewater treatment method by the microclusterization of water molecules Download PDF

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KR100541467B1
KR100541467B1 KR1020040029286A KR20040029286A KR100541467B1 KR 100541467 B1 KR100541467 B1 KR 100541467B1 KR 1020040029286 A KR1020040029286 A KR 1020040029286A KR 20040029286 A KR20040029286 A KR 20040029286A KR 100541467 B1 KR100541467 B1 KR 100541467B1
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treatment
water
wastewater
tank
small
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KR20050103852A (en
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서희동
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서희동
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/30Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/34Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage with mechanical oscillations
    • C02F1/36Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage with mechanical oscillations ultrasonic vibrations
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • C02F1/461Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/48Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage with magnetic or electric fields
    • C02F1/481Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage with magnetic or electric fields using permanent magnets
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/48Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage with magnetic or electric fields
    • C02F1/484Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage with magnetic or electric fields using electromagnets
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/121Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering
    • C02F11/125Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering using screw filters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • C02F3/10Packings; Fillings; Grids
    • C02F3/105Characterized by the chemical composition
    • C02F3/107Inorganic materials, e.g. sand, silicates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/06Contaminated groundwater or leachate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/20Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from animal husbandry
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/32Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from the food or foodstuff industry, e.g. brewery waste waters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/48Devices for applying magnetic or electric fields
    • C02F2201/483Devices for applying magnetic or electric fields using coils

Abstract

본 발명은 하ㆍ폐수를 물 분자의 집단(集團)을 소집단(小集團)으로 처리를 하여 생물학처리가 용이하게 처리할 수 있는 방법을 제시하는 것이 목적이다.It is an object of the present invention to propose a method in which biological treatment can be easily performed by treating sewage and wastewater with small groups of water molecules.
이를 위하여 본 발명은, 하ㆍ폐수를 고형물질과 같은 이물질을 분리 제거한 다음에 정전압도전관(靜電壓導電管) 또는 자석(磁石)에 의한 자화처리(磁化處理), 정전유도처리(靜電誘導處理), 직류고전압(直流高電壓)에 의한 정전처리, 전기분해처리, 고압고주파방전불꽃처리, 마이너스 이온(Minus ion)처리, 원적외선처리, 초음파처리와 같은 물 분자의 집단(集團)을 소집단화(小集團化)하는 처리공정을 단독공정 또는 2가지이상의 공정을 조합한 처리공정에 의해서 소집단수(小集團水 ; Microclustered water)로 처리한 후에 생물학처리공정으로 보내어 고도처리를 할 수 있는 방법을 제시한다.To this end, according to the present invention, the sewage and wastewater are separated and removed, such as a solid material, followed by magnetization treatment by a constant voltage conductive tube or a magnet, and electrostatic induction treatment. ), Small groups of water molecules such as electrostatic treatment by direct current high voltage, electrolysis treatment, high-pressure high frequency discharge flame treatment, minus ion treatment, far infrared treatment, and ultrasonic treatment A method of treating microporous water with microclustered water by a single process or a combination of two or more processes, and then sending it to a biological treatment process for suggesting a method for advanced treatment. do.
하ㆍ폐수를 소집단수로 전환하면 미생물의 대사활동이 활발하게 됨으로서 생물학처리의 효율이 향상되기 때문에 이들 분야에 널리 보급될 것으로 기대된다.The conversion of sewage and wastewater into small group water is expected to be widely used in these fields because the metabolic activity of microorganisms is enhanced and the efficiency of biological treatment is improved.
하ㆍ폐수, 소집단(小集團), 소집단수(小集團水; Microclustered water), 생물학처리, 물 분자,Sewage and wastewater, small group, microclustered water, biological treatment, water molecule,

Description

물 분자의 소집단화에 의한 하ㆍ폐수의 생물학처리방법{Biological sewage and wastewater treatment method by the microclusterization of water molecules}Biological sewage and wastewater treatment method by the microclusterization of water molecules}
도 1은 물 분자의 소집단화에 의한 하ㆍ폐수의 생물학처리공정도1 is a biological treatment process diagram of sewage and wastewater by small grouping of water molecules
도 2는 정전압도전관(靜電壓導電管)에 의한 소집단수(小集團水) 처리공정도FIG. 2 is a flow chart of a small group water treatment process using a constant voltage conductive tube
도 3은 전자석의 자화에 의한 소집단수 처리공정도Figure 3 is a small group number treatment process by the magnetization of the electromagnet
도 4는 영구자석의 자화에 의한 소집단수 처리공정도Figure 4 is a small group treatment process diagram by the magnetization of a permanent magnet
도 5는 정전유도(靜電誘導)에 의한 소집단수 처리공정도5 is a small group water treatment process diagram by electrostatic induction
도 6은 직류고전압 인가에 의한 소집단수 처리공정도6 is a small group processing process diagram by applying a DC high voltage
도 7은 고주파교류전원의 전기분해에 의한 소집단수 처리공정도7 is a flow chart of small group water treatment by electrolysis of high frequency AC power.
도 8은 초음파처리에 의한 소집단수 처리공정도8 is a small group treatment process chart by ultrasonic treatment
도 9는 원적외선처리에 의한 소집단수 처리공정도Figure 9 is a small group treatment process chart by far infrared ray treatment
도 10은 초음파처리, 원적외선처리 및 전자석의 자화처리에 의한 소집단수 처리공정도10 is a flow chart of small group water treatment by ultrasonication, far infrared ray treatment and magnetization of electromagnet
도 11은 물 분자의 소집단화(小集團化)의 모형도11 is a model diagram of small grouping of water molecules
〈도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명〉<Explanation of symbols for main parts of drawing>
1 : 집수조 2 : 폐수이송펌프(Pump) 1: Collection tank 2: Waste water transfer pump
3 : 폭기조 4 : 침전조 3: aeration tank 4: sedimentation tank
5 : 오니반송펌프 6 : 미생물활성화조 5: sludge return pump 6: microorganism activation tank
7 : 미생물반응기(Bio-reactor) 8 : 충전물 7: Bio-reactor 8: Filling
9 : 미생물활성화조 순환펌프 10 : 자화장치 9: microbial activation tank circulation pump 10: magnetization device
11 : 송풍기(Air bolwer) 12 : 정전기유도전극11: Air bolwer 12: Electrostatic induction electrode
13 : 처리수조13: treatment tank
20 : 정전압제어장치(靜電壓制御裝置) 21 : 정전압도전관(靜電壓導電管)20: constant voltage control device 21: constant voltage conductive tube
22 : 코일(Coil)22: Coil
30 : 정류기 31 : 전자석(電磁石)30: rectifier 31: electromagnet
32 : 코일32: coil
40 : 비자성체배관 41 : 영구자석40: nonmagnetic piping 41: permanent magnet
42 : 자석고정충전물 43 : 자석보호막42: magnet fixed filler 43: magnet protective film
50 : 정전압발생장치(靜電壓發生裝置) 50a : 전압조정기50: constant voltage generator 50a: voltage regulator
50b : 접지(接地) 50c : 1차권선(코일)50b: Ground 50c: Primary winding (coil)
50d : 철심(Iron core) 50e : 2차권선50d: Iron core 50e: Secondary winding
51 : 정전압처리조 52 : 정전압전극망51: constant voltage treatment tank 52: constant voltage electrode network
53 : 절연체(絶緣體) 54 : 도체53: insulator 54: conductor
55 : 기초콘크리트 56 : 접지55: basic concrete 56: ground
60 : 직류고전압제어장치 61 : 양극(+)단자60: DC high voltage controller 61: positive terminal (+)
62 : 음극(-)단자 63 : 접지62: cathode (-) terminal 63: ground
64 : 전극(양극) 65 : 통수처리용기64: electrode (anode) 65: water treatment container
70 : 고주파교류발생장치(高周波交流發生裝置)70: high frequency alternator
70a : 발진기(發振器; Oscillator)70a: Oscillator
70b : 플립플릅회로(Flip-Flop Circuit)70b: Flip-Flop Circuit
70c1 & 70c2 : 저항 70d1 & 70d2 : 고주파스위치(Switch) 70c 1 & 70c 2 : Resistance 70d 1 & 70d 2 : High Frequency Switch
70e1 & 70e2 : 트랜지스터 (Transistor) 70f : 가변저항70e 1 & 70e 2 : Transistor 70f: Variable resistor
70g : 직류전원 70h1 & 70h2 : 트랜지스터70g: DC power supply 70h 1 & 70h 2 : transistor
70i : 콘덴서(Condenser) 71 : 전기분해조70i: Condenser 71: Electrolyzer
72 : 수용액(하ㆍ폐수) 73a & 73b : 인가전극72: aqueous solution (waste and wastewater) 73a & 73b: applied electrode
73c : 접지전극 74 : 접지73c: ground electrode 74: ground
80 : 초음파발생장치 81 : 초음파처리수조80: ultrasonic generator 81: ultrasonic treatment tank
82 : 초음파발생단자82: ultrasonic generator terminal
90 : 원적외선 등 91 : 원적외선처리수조90: far infrared ray, etc. 91: far infrared ray treatment tank
92 : 분무노즐(Spray nozzle) 93 : 이송펌프92: spray nozzle 93: transfer pump
본 발명은 하ㆍ폐수를 고형물질과 같은 이물질을 분리 제거한 다음에 정전압도전관(靜電壓導電管) 또는 자석(磁石)에 의한 자화처리(磁化處理), 정전유도처리( 靜電誘導處理), 직류고전압(直流高電壓)에 의한 정전처리, 전기분해처리, 고압고주파방전불꽃처리, 마이너스 이온(Minus ion)처리, 원적외선처리, 초음파처리와 같은 물 분자의 집단(集團)을 소집단화(小集團化)하는 처리공정을 단독공정 또는 2가지이상의 공정을 조합한 처리공정에 의해서 소집단수(小集團水 ; Microclustered water)로 처리한 후에 생물학처리공정으로 보내어 고도처리를 할 수 있는 방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention separates and removes foreign substances such as solid materials from sewage and wastewater, and then magnetizes them with a constant voltage conductive tube or a magnet, induces electrostatic treatment, and direct current. Small grouping of water molecules such as electrostatic treatment by high voltage, electrolysis treatment, high-pressure high frequency discharge flame treatment, minus ion treatment, far infrared treatment, and ultrasonic treatment The present invention relates to a method in which a treatment step is processed into a small group water (Microclustered water) by a single step or a combination of two or more steps, and then sent to a biological step for advanced processing.
발명의 목적은 하ㆍ폐수의 효율적으로 고도처리를 함은 물론이고, 분뇨나 축산폐수와 같은 고농도유기성폐수를 희석수를 사용하지 않고 법적 배출기준치 이하로 고도처리를 할 수 있는 방법을 제시하는 것이다.It is an object of the present invention to provide a method for efficiently treating advanced sewage and wastewater, as well as for treating highly concentrated organic wastewater such as manure and livestock waste below the legal emission standard without using dilution water. .
물 분자의 집단을 소집단화한 소집단수는 하ㆍ폐수처리에서 다음과 같은 특성을 가지고 있다.The small group water which has a small group of water molecules has the following characteristics in sewage and wastewater treatment.
① 미생물의 세포막에 각종 영양성분의 침투성이 향상되어 대사활동을 향상하게 함으로서 생물학처리효율을 향상시키며, 또한 잉여오니발생량을 감소시킨다.① The permeability of various nutrients to the cell membrane of microorganism is improved to improve the metabolic activity, thereby improving the biological treatment efficiency and reducing the amount of surplus sludge.
② 소집단수는 표면장력 및 점성이 떨어지면서 침전조에서 고형물질의 침강분리를 용이하게 한다.② Small group water makes surface sedimentation and viscosity less easy to settle sedimentation of solid material in sedimentation tank.
③ 산소용해효율이 향상되면서 호기성미생물의 활동을 활발하게 한다.③ As the oxygen dissolution efficiency is improved, the activity of aerobic microorganisms is enhanced.
④ 물 분자가 소집단화가 되면 수중에 용해된 유기오염물질도 소집단화 되면서 분해되어 가스화 되거나 일부는 물에 용해성이 떨어지면서 고형물질로 처리됨으로서 생물학처리공정에서 오염부하를 저감시킨다.④ When the water molecules become small grouped, organic pollutants dissolved in the water are also small grouped, decomposed and gasified, or some of them are treated as a solid substance with low solubility in water, thereby reducing the pollution load in the biological treatment process.
⑤ 산화환원전위(ORP ; Oxidation reduction potential) 값이 떨어진다.⑤ Oxidation reduction potential (ORP) value drops.
물 분자의 집단을 소집단화 하는 방법으로는 저주파 저전압 저전류를 인가하는 정전압도전관(靜電壓導電管)에 의한 처리, 전자석이나 영구자석에 의한 자화처리, 정전유도처리(靜電誘導處理), 직류고전압에 의한 정전(靜電)처리, 전기분해처리, 고전압고주파방전 불꽃처리, 마이너스 이온(Minus ion)처리, 원적외선처리, 초음파처리, 미네랄성분의 용해(Mineralization)처리 ‥·등이 있으며, 이외에도 고속충격처리와 고압처리가 있으나 특별한 경우를 제외하고는 경제적인 문제가 있어 하ㆍ폐수에 적용은 어렵다.As a method of small grouping of water molecules, treatment by constant voltage conductive tube to apply low frequency low voltage low current, magnetization treatment by electromagnet or permanent magnet, electrostatic induction treatment, direct current High voltage electrostatic treatment, electrolysis treatment, high voltage high frequency discharge flame treatment, minus ion treatment, far infrared treatment, ultrasonic treatment, mineralization treatment, etc. There are treatment and high pressure treatment, but there are economic problems except in special cases, so it is difficult to apply to sewage and wastewater.
전술한 물 분자의 소집단화 처리 중에서 정전압도전관에 의한 처리, 자석에 의한 자화처리, 정전유도처리, 직류고전압에 의한 정전처리, 원적외선처리, 초음파처리, 고속충격처리, 고압처리와 같은 물리적인 처리방법은 순간적인 처리효율은 높지만 시간이 경과하면서 대집단수(Bound water)인 원래의 물 상태로 되돌아가는 특성이 있으며, 그리고 이들의 2가지이상처리방법을 조합하여 처리하는 것이 더욱더 처리효율을 향상시키는 특성이 있으며, 미네랄성분의 용해에 의한 화학적인 처리방법은 처리효율은 낮지만 시간이 경과하여도 소집단수로 장기간 보존되는 특성이 있다.Among the above-mentioned small grouping process of water molecules, physical treatment such as treatment by constant voltage conductive tube, magnetization treatment by magnet, electrostatic induction treatment, electrostatic treatment by DC high voltage, far infrared treatment, ultrasonic treatment, high speed impact treatment, high pressure treatment The method has a high instantaneous treatment efficiency, but has a characteristic of returning to the original water state of bound water over time, and combining two or more treatment methods thereof improves the treatment efficiency even more. The chemical treatment method by dissolving mineral components has a low treatment efficiency but long-term preservation as a small group of water over time.
일본 나가사키(長崎縣)의 다치바나만(橋灣)에 인접한 가라고(唐比) 함몰습지(陷沒濕地)에 해양성규조류와 해양성동ㆍ식물이 유문암(流紋巖)질 내지는 대사이드(Dacite)질의 화산회토가 혼합 퇴적되어 부식물질(腐植物質)과 각종 미네랄(Minerals)성분이 반응하여 부식물질미네랄착염형태로 존재하는 부식토(이탄)를 펠렛트(Pellet)형태로 가공한 것과 유문암내지는 대사이드질의 부석(Pumice)을 충 전한 탑[생물반응기(bio-reactor)라 함]을 미생물배양조 내에 설치하고, 오ㆍ폐수의 활성오니처리공정에서 반송오니 일부를 공급받아 1일 이상 폭기를 하여 배양된 미생물을 폭기조로 보내어 처리를 하는 일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호에서는 처리메커니즘(Mechanism)을 폴리페놀(Polyphenol)성물질의 대사산물을 배설하는 부식화미생물이 우점적(優點的)으로 시스템(System) 내에 생육하면서 수중의 유기오염물질이 부식화반응에 의해서 처리되는 것으로 설명을 하였으나, 이를 확인하기 위해서 폭기조의 미생물을 동정(同定)하였으나 유기물질을 부식물질로 부식화하는 미생물은 거의 없었으며, 또한 잉여오니의 폴리페놀성분을 분석한 결과 135mg/kg으로 일반 활성오니공정에서 배출되는 잉여오니 중의 폴리페놀성분 162mg/kg보다 오히려 적게 존재하는 것으로 보아 수중의 유기오염물질이 부식화반응에 의해서 처리되는 것으로 설명한 것은 잘못된 것으로 판단된다.Marine diatoms, marine sexes, and plants are rippled or rippled in Kago Recession Wetlands adjacent to Tachibana Bay in Nagasaki, Japan. The volcanic ash is mixed and deposited with corrosive substances and various minerals. A tower filled with Pumice (called bio-reactor) filled with vaginal pumice is installed in a microbial culture tank, and a part of the returned sludge is supplied during the active sludge treatment process of wastewater and wastewater, followed by aeration for at least one day. In Japanese Patent Publication No. Hei 5-66199, which sends processed microorganisms to an aeration tank for treatment, the mechanism of treatment is predominantly corrosive microorganisms that excrete metabolites of polyphenolic substances. Within System While it was explained that organic pollutants in the water were treated by the corrosive reaction, they were identified as microorganisms in the aeration tank to confirm this, but few microorganisms corrode the organic substances into the corrosive substances. As a result of analyzing the polyphenolic component of sludge, it is found that 135mg / kg is less than the polyphenolic component 162mg / kg in the surplus sludge discharged from the general activated sludge process, so that organic pollutants in water are treated by the corrosion reaction. I think the explanation is wrong.
일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호의 기술을 생활오수, 분뇨처리, 축산폐수, 식품공장배출폐수 ‥·등에 적용한 결과 일반 활성오니공정에 비해서는 처리효율이 월등히 향상되는 결과가 있었으나 경우에 따라서는 동종의 폐수처리에 적용하였으나 전혀 효과가 없는 문제점이 있어 이의 원인을 오늘날까지 규명되지 못하고 있는 실정에 있었다.As a result of applying the technology of Japanese Patent Publication No. 5-66199 to household sewage, manure treatment, livestock wastewater, food factory discharge wastewater, etc., the treatment efficiency was significantly improved compared to the general activated sludge process. Was applied to the same kind of wastewater treatment, but there was no effect at all, so the cause of this was not identified until today.
본 발명에서는 이의 원인을 규명하기 위해서 일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호의 기술을 적용한 동종의 생활오수처리에서 처리가 잘되는 경우와 처리가 잘되지 않은 경우의 원수 및 처리수의 핵자기공명(核磁氣共嗚; Nuclear magnetic resonance) 17O-NMR값을 측정한 결과 처리가 잘되는 경우는 17O-NMR값이 120Hz이하였으나 처리가 잘되지 않은 경우의 17O-NMR값은 130Hz이상임을 확인하였다.In the present invention, the nuclear magnetic resonance of raw water and treated water in the case of well-treated and poorly treated domestic sewage treatment applied to the technique of Japanese Patent Publication No. Hei 5-66199 to determine the cause thereof (核磁氣共嗚; Nuclear magnetic resonance) results when processing is well-a measure of the 17 O-NMR value was confirmed that the 17 O-NMR value of 120Hz or less yeoteuna 17 O-NMR value when the processing is not well is at least 130Hz .
이와 같은 현상으로 보아 미네랄성분을 쉽게 물에 용출하는 부식물질미네랄착염형태의 부식토펠렛트와 유문암내지는 대사이드질의 부석이 수중에 미네랄 성분을 용출하면서 물 분자의 집단이 소집단화 되면서 미생물의 생육이 활발하게 됨으로서 처리효율이 향상되는 것으로 판단된다.As a result of this phenomenon, corrosive to pellets in the form of mineral complex salts that easily elute minerals into water, and pumice-like pumice that dissolves in the rhyolite elute the minerals in water, and as a result, small groups of water molecules become active to grow microorganisms. By doing so, it is believed that the processing efficiency is improved.
본 발명은 상기와 같은 문제점을 해소하기 위해 하ㆍ폐수의 처리를 고형물질 분리 제거한 물 분자의 집단을 소집단화한 다음에 생물학처리에서 고도처리를 할 수 있는 방법을 제공하는 데 본 발명의 목적이 있는 것이다.The present invention is to provide a method that can be subjected to advanced treatment in biological treatment after the small group of water molecules in which the sewage and wastewater treatment has been removed to remove the solid matter to solve the above problems. It is.
이와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명은, 고형물질을 분리 제거한 전 처리된 하ㆍ폐수를 물 분자의 소집단화 단계, 생물학처리 단계에서는 물 분자의 소집단수로 계속 유지될 수 있도록 반송오니의 일부를 각종 미네랄성분의 공급과 영구자석이나 전자석에 의한 자화처리와 폭기조에 정전기처리를 한 공기를 공급하여 생물학처리의 효율을 향상하도록 한 것에 특징이 있다.In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a part of the returned sludge so that the treated sewage and wastewater can be maintained in a small group of water molecules and a small group of water molecules in a biological treatment step. It is characterized by improving the efficiency of biological treatment by supplying various mineral components, magnetization treatment by permanent magnet or electromagnet and supplying electrostatic treatment air to aeration tank.
이하 도면을 중심으로 본 발명의 내용을 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, the contents of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
고형물질(SS : Suspended solid)을 분리 제거한 하ㆍ폐수를 정전압제어장치(靜電壓制御裝置; 20)로부터 정전압도전관(靜電壓導電管 ; 21)의 코일(Coil ; 22)에 저전압(低電壓)을 인가하는 처리, 전자석(31)이나 영구자석(41)이 설치된 배관내부의 자계(磁界)로 하ㆍ폐수를 통과시켜 자화처리, 정전압발생장치(靜電壓發生裝置 ; 50)로부터 교류고압전류를 정전압전극망(52)에 인가하여 정전유도처리, 직류고전압발생장치(60)로부터 직류고전압을 인가하는 정전처리, 교류고주파전류에 의한 전기분해처리, 고전압고주파방전 불꽃방사처리, 마이너스 이온(Minus ion)처리, 원적외선처리, 초음파처리와 같은 물 분자의 분자집단을 소집단으로 처리하는 공정을 단독처리공정 또는 2가지이상의 처리공정을 조합하여 소집단수(小集團水 ; Microclustered water)로 처리를 한 다음에 생물학처리공정의 집수조(1)로 보낸다.Sewage and wastewater from which solid materials (SS) are separated and discharged from the constant voltage control device (20) to the coil (22) of the constant voltage conductive tube (21) are low voltage (低 電壓). ), The magnetization treatment is carried out by passing the wastewater and wastewater through a magnetic field inside the pipe in which the electromagnet 31 or the permanent magnet 41 is installed. Is applied to the constant voltage electrode network 52, electrostatic induction treatment, electrostatic treatment for applying a DC high voltage from the DC high voltage generator 60, electrolysis treatment by AC high frequency current, high voltage high frequency discharge flame radiation treatment, minus ion (Minus) Treatment of small groups of water molecules such as ion treatment, far-infrared treatment, and ultrasonic treatment with a single group or a combination of two or more processes is performed with small group water (Microclustered water). Raw It sends it to the water tank (1) of the learning process.
집수조(1)에 유입된 하ㆍ폐수는 폐수이송펌프(2)에 의해서 폭기조(3) 전단으로 보내어 송풍기(11)로부터 공기를 주입하여 폭기를 한다.The sewage and wastewater introduced into the collection tank 1 are sent to the front end of the aeration tank 3 by the wastewater transfer pump 2 to inject air from the blower 11 to aeration.
폭기조(3)의 물 분자의 집단이 소집단으로 안전하게 유지될 수 있도록 하기 위해서 송풍기(11)의 토출(吐出) 측에 정전기유도전극(靜電氣誘導電極 ; 12)을 설치하고 정전기발생장치로부터 정전기를 인가하여 이온화된 공기를 폭기조(3)에 공급한다.In order to keep the group of water molecules in the aeration tank 3 safely in small groups, an electrostatic induction electrode 12 is installed on the discharge side of the blower 11 and static electricity is discharged from the electrostatic generator. Applied and ionized air is supplied to the aeration tank 3.
폭기조(3)에서 수용성유기오염물질이 미생물의 내성호흡에 의한 CO2, H2O와 같은 간단한 무기물질로 분해되면서 미생물의 증체로 고형화되면 침전조(4)로 보내어 침전조(4) 상부로 오버프로(Overflow)하는 상등액은 처리수조(13)로 보내어 방류하며, 침전된 오니는 종 오니용으로 폭기조(3)로 반송하면서 일부 오니는 부식토 펠렛트(Pellet)와 유문암(流紋巖)질이나 대사이드(Dacite)질의 부석(Pumice)을 1 : 1∼3의 비율로 혼합 충전물(8)을 충전한 미생물반응기(7)가 내장된 미생물활성화조(6)로 보내어 1일 이상 송풍기(11)로부터 미생물반응기(7)와 미생물활성화조(6)에 공기를 공급하여 폭기를 하면 부식토펠렛트와 유문암질이나 대사이드질의 부석으로부터 미네랄성분을 공급받으면서 미생물활성화조 순환펌프(9)에 의해서 토출 측에 설치된 전자석이나 영구자석의 자화장치(10)를 순환하도록 하여 물 분자의 집단을 소집단으로 유지하면서 미생물을 활성화하여 폭기조(3)로 보내고, 잉여오니는 농축조로 보내어 농축한 다음에 탈수처리공정으로 보내어 탈수처리를 한다.In the aeration tank (3), water-soluble organic pollutants are decomposed into simple inorganic substances such as CO 2 and H 2 O by microbial resistance breathing, and when solidified by the increase of microorganisms, they are sent to the settling tank (4) and over-propelled to the top of the settling tank (4). Overflowing supernatant is sent to the treatment tank (13) and discharged. The precipitated sludge is returned to the aeration tank (3) for the species sludge, while some sludge is pelleted and rhyolite or large. Side-quality Pumice is sent to the microorganism activator 6 in which the microorganism reactor 7 filled with the mixed filler 8 in a ratio of 1 to 3 is sent from the blower 11 for at least one day. When the air is supplied to the microbial reactor 7 and the microorganism activating tank 6, the aeration is carried out by the microbial activating tank circulation pump 9 while receiving mineral components from the corrosive to pellets and the rhyolite or the sidewalls. Installed electromagnet or permanent magnet By circulating the magnetizer 10 to keep the population of water molecules in small groups to activate the microorganisms and send them to the aeration tank (3), surplus sludge is sent to the concentration tank, concentrated and then sent to the dehydration process to dehydrate.
정전압도전관처리, 전자석이나 영구자석에 의한 자화처리에 의해서 물 분자의 집단을 소집단화 하는 경우에는 수용액 중에 2가-3가철이온이 2×10-11∼2×10-13몰(Mole) 범위로 존재하는 경우에 소집단수의 처리효율이 향상되면서 장기간 보존이 되기 때문에 물 분자의 소집단화 처리공정과 미생물활성화조(6)에 2가-3가철착염용액을 2×10-11∼2×10-13몰(Mole) 범위로 소량 주입한다.In the case of small grouping of water molecules by constant voltage conductive tube treatment or magnetization by electromagnets or permanent magnets, divalent trivalent iron ions are in the range of 2 × 10 -11 to 2 × 10 -13 moles in aqueous solution. 2 is -3 gacheol complex salt solution in the sub-group of a water molecule screen process and microbial activation tank 6 since the long-term storage while, if the efficiency of the process can improve the sub-group to a 2 × 10 -11 ~2 × 10 Inject small amounts in the range of -13 moles.
분뇨, 축산폐수, 도축장폐수, 농수산물 및 식품가공공장폐수, 음식물쓰레기 탈수여액, 매립장침출수, 소각장침출폐액, 일부 화학공장 및 산업공장에서 배출하는 고농도유기성폐수의 경우는 도1의 활성오니공정과/또는 물 분자 소집단화처리공정을 다단으로 하여 처리를 한다.Manure, livestock waste, slaughterhouse wastewater, agricultural and food processing plant wastewater, food waste dewatering filtrate, landfill leachate, incinerator leachate waste, and high concentration organic wastewater discharged from some chemical and industrial plants Alternatively, the water molecule small grouping treatment step is performed in multiple stages.
그리고 물 분자의 소집단화 처리공정(방법)의 각각의 처리방법을 설명하면 다음과 같다.And each processing method of the small grouping process (method) of a water molecule is demonstrated as follows.
정전압도전관에 의한 물 분자를 소집단화 하는 경우는 정전압제어장치(30)로부터 주파수(淵波數)가 30∼250Hz인 0.5∼6V전압의 교류를 비자성체의 배관에 코일(22)을 감은 정전압도전관(21)에 0.8mA∼6mA범위로 전류를 인가한다.In the case of small grouping of water molecules by the constant voltage conductive tube, the constant voltage obtained by winding the coil 22 in a non-magnetic pipe with an alternating current of 0.5 to 6 V having a frequency of 30 to 250 Hz from the constant voltage controller 30. A current is applied to the conductive tube 21 in the range of 0.8 mA to 6 mA.
전자석의 자화처리에 의한 물 분자를 소집단화 하는 경우에는 정류기에서 0.5∼6V전압의 직류를 비자성체의 배관에 코일(32)을 감은 전자석(31)에 2mA∼10mA범위로 전류를 인가한다.In the case of small grouping of water molecules by magnetization of the electromagnet, a current of 0.5 to 6 V is applied to the electromagnet 31 wound around the coil 32 in a non-magnetic pipe in a rectifier in the range of 2 mA to 10 mA.
영구자석에 의해서 물 분자의 소집단화 하는 경우는 비자성체인 배관(40) 외부에 보자력이 높은 네오디뮴(Neodymium ; Nd) 영구자석(41)을 설치한 자화기의 자계(磁界)사이로 하·폐수(유체)를 통과시켜 자화처리를 한다.In the case of small grouping of water molecules by permanent magnets, sewage and wastewater between the magnetic fields of the magnetizer in which neodymium (Nd) permanent magnets (41) having high coercivity are provided outside the non-magnetic pipe (40) Through the fluid) to magnetize.
정전압(靜電壓)에 의한 정전유도처리에서 정전압발생장치(50)는 철심(Iron core ; 50d)을 이용한 외철형원형권선변압기(外鐵形圓形券線變壓器)의 1차 측 회로의 1차권선(50c)을 교류전원에 접속하고, 변압기의 2차 측 회로의 2차권선(50c)의 일단(一端)은 절연처리를 하고, 나머지 단을 정전압처리조(51) 내에 설치된 참숯이나 활성탄과 같은 도전성물질이 충전된 정전압전극망(52)에 연결하고, 정전압처리조(51)의 하부는 플라스틱(Plastic), 베이클라이트(Bakelite), 아크릴수지(Acrylic resin), 테플론수지(Teflon resin)와 같은 절연체(53)를 설치하고, 절연체(53)와 기초콘크리트(55) 사이에는 스테인리스 강판(Stainless steel)과 같은 도체(54)를 설치여 지하에 접지(56)처리를 한 공정의 정전압처리조(51)에 하ㆍ폐수를 유입하면서 정전압전극망(52)에 정전압발생장치(50)로부터 3,000∼4,500V(전계강도 0.3∼12KV/m)의 전압을 인가하면 교류전계 내를 물이 흐르면 정전유도처리가 일러 나면서 물 분자의 집단은 소집단의 물로 된다.In the electrostatic induction process by the constant voltage, the constant voltage generator 50 is the primary circuit of the primary side circuit of an external iron circular winding transformer using an iron core (50d). The winding 50c is connected to an alternating current power supply, one end of the secondary winding 50c of the secondary circuit of the transformer is insulated, and the other end is provided with charcoal or activated carbon installed in the constant voltage treatment tank 51. Connected to the constant voltage electrode network 52 filled with the same conductive material, and the lower portion of the constant voltage treatment tank 51, such as plastic, bakelite, acrylic resin, Teflon resin A constant voltage treatment tank of a process in which an insulator 53 is provided, and a conductor 54 such as stainless steel is installed between the insulator 53 and the foundation concrete 55 and grounded 56 is treated underground. 51 to 3,000 to 4, from the constant voltage generator 50 into the constant voltage electrode network 52 while introducing wastewater into the wastewater. When a voltage of 500 V (field strength of 0.3 to 12 KV / m) is applied, water flows through the alternating electric field, leading to electrostatic induction treatment, and the group of water molecules becomes small groups of water.
직류고전압정전수처리(直流高電壓靜電水處理)에 의한 물 분자를 소집단화하는 경우는 직류고전압제어장치(60)의 음극단자(62)는 접지처리를 하고, 양극단자(61)는 통수처리용기65) 내의 전극(64)에 2,000∼12,000V직류고전압을 인가하면서 하ㆍ폐수를 공급한다.In case of small grouping of water molecules by DC high voltage electrostatic water treatment, the negative terminal 62 of the DC high voltage control device 60 is grounded, and the positive terminal 61 is a water treatment container. Sewage and wastewater are supplied while applying a 2,000 to 12,000V direct current high voltage to the electrode 64 in 65).
고주파교류에 의한 전기분해용 고주파교류발생장치(70)는 10∼50V의 직류전원(70g)을 가변저항(70f)을 통해서 고주파스위치(70d1, 70d2)의 트랜지스터(70e1 , 70e2, 70h1, 70h2)에 가해서 직류전압을 고주파의 교류로 전환해서 인가전극(73a, 73b)에 교호적(交互的)으로 가하며, 인가전극(73a, 73b) 사이에는 콘덴서(70i)를 설치하며, 플립플릅회로(Flip-Flop circuit ; 70b)는 제1, 제2의 고주파스위치(70d1, 70d2)에 저항(70c1, 70c2)을 통해서 고주파의 절환지령(切換指令)을 가하고, 발진기(70a)는 고주파지령회로 풀립플릅회로(70b)에 30∼50KHz의 고주파신호를 가하는 고주파발진기이다.The high frequency AC generating device 70 for electrolysis by high frequency AC current has a transistor 70e 1 , 70e 2 , of the high frequency switch 70d 1 , 70d 2 through a variable resistor 70f of a DC power source 70g of 10 to 50V. 70h 1 , 70h 2 ) to convert the DC voltage into high-frequency alternating current, which is applied alternately to the applying electrodes 73a and 73b, and a capacitor 70i is provided between the applying electrodes 73a and 73b. The flip-flop circuit 70b applies a high frequency switching command to the first and second high frequency switches 70d 1 and 70d 2 through the resistors 70c 1 and 70c 2 . The oscillator 70a is a high frequency oscillator which applies a high frequency signal of 30-50 KHz to the high frequency command circuit pull-flip circuit 70b.
고주파교류전원에 의한 하ㆍ폐수의 물 분자 집단을 소집단화 하는 경우는 하ㆍ폐수를 전기분해조(71)에 주입하면서 인가전극(73a, 73b)에 고주파교류발생장치(70)로부터 10∼50V의 30∼50KHz의 고주파교류를 인가하면 물은 전기분해가 일어나면서 소집단수로 전환되며, 접지전극(73c)은 그라운드(Ground)에 접지(74)처리를 한다.When small groups of water molecules of sewage and wastewater by the high frequency AC power supply are sub-populated, 10 to 50 V from the high frequency alternating current generator 70 is applied to the application electrodes 73a and 73b while the sewage and wastewater are injected into the electrolysis tank 71. When high frequency alternating current of 30 to 50KHz is applied, water is converted into a small group number while electrolysis occurs, and the ground electrode 73c is subjected to the ground 74 on the ground.
전기분해조(71)에 사용하는 인가전극(73a, 73b) 및 접지전극(73c)의 재질은 내식성이 우수한 티타늄 판(Titanium Plate)에 TiO2 및 RuO2를 코팅(Coating)한 DSE(Dimensionally stable electrode)를 사용한다.The materials of the application electrodes 73a and 73b and the ground electrode 73c used in the electrolytic bath 71 are DSE (Dimensionally stable) coated with TiO 2 and RuO 2 on a titanium plate having excellent corrosion resistance. electrode).
초음파에 의한 물 분자집단의 소집단화는 하ㆍ폐수를 초음파처리수조(81)에 주입하면서 초음파발생장치(80)로부터 초음파발생단자(82)에 초음파를 인가하면 물 분자의 집단은 소집단의 물로 된다.The small grouping of the water molecule group by the ultrasonic wave is applied to the ultrasonic wave generating terminal 82 from the ultrasonic wave generator 80 while the sewage and wastewater are injected into the ultrasonic treatment tank 81, and the group of water molecules becomes the small group of water. .
원적외선에 의한 물 분자집단의 소집단화는 하ㆍ폐수를 원적외선처리수조(91)의 상부에서 분무노즐(92)을 통해서 분무하면서 원적외선 등(90)에서 원적외선을 방사하면 물 분자의 집단은 소집단의 물로 된다.The small grouping of the water molecular group by far infrared rays is when the sewage and waste water are sprayed through the spray nozzle 92 at the upper part of the far infrared ray treatment tank 91 and the far infrared rays are emitted from the far infrared light 90, so that the group of water molecules is transferred to the water of the small group. do.
고전압고주파방전 불꽃방사처리에 의한 물 분자집단의 소집단화는 고주파고전압을 고주파공진코일인 테슬라코일(Tesla coil)에 인가하여 방전전극에서 발생되는 불꽃을 하ㆍ폐수에 조사(照射)하면 물 분자의 집단은 소집단의 물로 된다.Small grouping of water molecules by high voltage high frequency discharge spark radiation treatment is applied to Tesla coil, a high frequency resonant coil, to irradiate the sewage and wastewater with sparks from discharge electrodes. The group is made up of small groups of water.
마이너스 이온(Minus ion) 발생방법으로는 방전극(放電極)과 대향전극(對向電極) 사이에 직류 또는 교류 고전압을 인가하는 방전방법(成電方法), 방사선물질을 이용하는 방법, 자외선을 조사하는 방법, 고전압 펄스(Pulse)로 전자를 발생하여 전자를 방사하는 방법, 분사수(噴射水)를 금속판에 충돌시키거나 고압수를 분무노즐(Nozzle)로 분무하여 미세수적(微細水滴)을 만들어 공기와 접촉하도록 하는 레나드 효과(Lenard effect)에 의한 물 입자를 파쇄(破碎)하는 방법, 코로나방전(Corona discharge)에 서 발생되는 전자를 물과 충돌ㆍ대전(帶電)하는 방법 ‥·등 다양한 방법이 있으나 본 발명에서는 어느 특정방법으로 제한하지는 않으며, 보다 효과적인 처리를 하기 위해서는 이들 방법 중에서 2가지이상 방법을 조합하여 처리하는 것이 바람직하다.As a method of generating negative ions, a discharge method for applying a direct current or alternating current high voltage between a discharge electrode and a counter electrode, a method using a radiation substance, and a method of irradiating ultraviolet rays Method, a method of emitting electrons by generating electrons with a high voltage pulse, impinging jet water on a metal plate or spraying high pressure water with a spray nozzle to form micro droplets and There are various methods such as crushing water particles due to the Lennard effect, which causes them to come into contact with them, and colliding and charging electrons generated from a corona discharge with water. However, the present invention is not limited to any particular method, and in order to perform more effective treatment, it is preferable to combine two or more of these methods.
그리고 물 분자집단의 소집단화 효율을 보다 향상하기 위해서는 도10에서와 같이 원적외선처리, 초음파처리 및 전자석에 의한 자화처리와 같이 2가지 이상의 소집단수 처리공정을 상호 조합하여 처리하는 것이 좋다.In addition, in order to further improve the small grouping efficiency of the water molecular group, as shown in FIG. 10, it is preferable to combine two or more small group water treatment processes such as far-infrared treatment, ultrasonic treatment, and magnetization treatment by electromagnet.
다시 말해서 전술한 정전압제어장치(20)로부터 정전압도전관(21)의 코일(22)에 저전압(底電壓)을 인가하는 처리, 전자석(31)이나 영구자석(41)에 의한 자화처리, 정전압발생장치(50)로부터 교류고압전류를 정전압전극망(52)에 인가하여 정전유도처리, 직류고전압발생장치(60)로부터 직류고전압을 인가하는 정전처리, 교류고주파전류에 의한 전기분해처리, 고전압고주파방전 불꽃방사처리, 마이너스이온처리, 원적외선처리, 초음파처리와 같은 물 분자의 분자집단을 소집단으로 처리하는 공정에서 2가지이상의 처리공정을 상호 조합하여 처리하는 것이 소집단수 생성효율이 향상될 수 있기 때문에 전술한 물 분자의 처리공정을 2가지이상의 공정을 조합하여 처리를 하는 것이 바람직하다.In other words, a process of applying a low voltage to the coil 22 of the constant voltage conductive tube 21 from the above-described constant voltage control device 20, magnetization processing by the electromagnet 31 or the permanent magnet 41, and generation of constant voltage Electrostatic induction treatment by applying AC high voltage current from the device 50 to the constant voltage electrode network 52, electrostatic treatment applying DC high voltage from the DC high voltage generator 60, electrolysis processing by AC high frequency current, high voltage high frequency discharge In the process of treating small groups of water molecules such as flame-radiation, negative ion treatment, far-infrared treatment, and ultrasonic treatment in small groups, a combination of two or more treatment processes may improve the efficiency of small group generation. It is preferable to perform the treatment of one water molecule in combination of two or more processes.
[실시 예1]Example 1
S사의 사옥의 화장실에서 배출되는 생활오수 350톤/일과 식당에서 배출되는 주방폐수 약100톤/일을 1차 스크린(Screen)에서 고형물질을 제거한 후에 활성오니 처리공정에 의해서 처리하는 것을 전술한 일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호의 개발사인 A사와 본 특허의 발명자가 일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호의 처리공정(자연정화법이라고 함)으로 개조하여 처리한 결과 다음과 같이 일반 활성오니처리에 비해서 처리효율이 월등히 향상되었다.In Japan, the treatment of 350 tons / day of sewage discharged from the toilet of S company's office and about 100 tons / day of kitchen wastewater discharged from a restaurant is carried out by the activated sludge treatment process after removing the solid matter from the primary screen. A company, the developer of Patent Publication No. Hei 5-66199, and the inventor of this patent were converted to the treatment process of Japanese Patent Publication No. Hei 5-66199 (called a natural purification method) and treated as follows. Compared with the treatment, the processing efficiency is greatly improved.
1) 유입수의 조건1) Conditions of influent
유량 : 400 ∼ 500톤/일Flow rate: 400 to 500 tons / day
BOD5 : 300 ∼ 350mg/ℓBOD 5 : 300 to 350 mg / l
SS : 400 ∼ 500mg/ℓSS: 400 to 500 mg / l
2) 시설조건2) Facility condition
집수조 용량 : 232㎥Sink capacity: 232㎥
폭기조 : 155㎥ ×2개조Aeration tank: 155㎥ × 2
침전조 : 8,000mmW ×8,000mmL ×2,900mmHSedimentation tank: 8,000mmW × 8,000mmL × 2,900mmH
배양조(본 발명에서는 미생물활성화조라 함) : 57㎥Culture tank (in the present invention, called microorganism activation tank): 57㎥
배양조에 설치된 생물반응기에 충전된 충전물의 종류와 양 : 부식토 펠렛트(Pellet) 20kg, 유문암(流紋巖)질의 부석(Pumice) 40kgType and quantity of fillings in the bioreactor installed in the culture tank: 20kg of humus pellet, 40kg of rhyolite pumice
3) 운전조건3) Operation condition
폭기조의 MLSS농도 : 5,700mg/ℓMLSS concentration in aeration tank: 5,700mg / ℓ
침전조의 침전오니 반송유량 : 집수조로 30%, 폭기조로 50%, 배양조로 20%(유입유량기준)Settling sludge return to settling tank: 30% with collection tank, 50% with aeration tank, 20% with culture tank (inflow flow standard)
폭기조의 용존산소(DO) 농도 : 1.5 ∼ 2.5mg/ℓDissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the aeration tank: 1.5 to 2.5 mg / l
4) 처리수의 수질4) Water quality of treated water
일반 활성오니처리공정을 일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호의 처리공정으로 개 조하여 처리한 결과 처리수의 수질은 다음 표1의 내용과 같다.The water quality of the treated water is as shown in Table 1 as a result of the general activated sludge treatment process modified to the treatment process of JP-A-5-66199.
표1 활성오니 처리공정과 평(平)5-66199호의 처리공정의 처리수의 비교표Table 1 Comparative table of treated sludge treatment process and treated water of Pyeong 5-66199 treatment process
Figure 112004506629400-pat00015
Figure 112004506629400-pat00015
그리고 P아파트에서 배출되는 생활오수 300 ∼ 350톤/일을 일반 활성오니처리공정에 의해서 처리하는 곳에 일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호의 처리공정으로 개조하여 S사의 사옥에서 배출되는 생활오수와 거의 동일한 운전조건으로 처리한 결과 처리효율이 크게 향상되지 못하는 문제점이 야기되었다.In addition, the domestic wastewater discharged from the P apartment is converted to the treatment process of Japanese Patent Publication No. 5-66199 where the wastewater from 300 to 350 tons / day is treated by the general activated sludge treatment process. As a result of the treatment under almost the same operating conditions, a problem arises in that the treatment efficiency is not greatly improved.
본 발명에서는 이의 원인을 규명하기 위해서 일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호의 처리공정에서 처리 메커니즘( Mechanisms)으로 설명하는 수중의 수용성유기 오염물질이 부식화반응에 의해서 물에 불용성유기물질인 부식전구물질(腐植前驅物質)로 전환되어 처리되는 것을 확인하기 위해서 폭기조에서 부식물질을 생성하는 폴리페놀(Polyphenol)성화합물을 대사산물로 배설하는 미생물의 종류와 폴리페놀성화합물의 존재 여부를 확인한 결과 거의 존재하지 않은 것을 확인하였으며, 따라서 일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호의 처리공정의 처리메커니즘의 설명이 잘못 되었음을 확인하였다.In the present invention, in order to determine the cause of this, the water-soluble organic contaminants described in Mechanisms in the treatment process of Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. Hei 5-66199 are corrosion insoluble organic substances in water by the corrosion reaction. In order to confirm that it is converted to a precursor and processed, the result of confirming the types of microorganisms and the presence of polyphenolic compounds that excrete polyphenolic compounds that generate corrosive substances in the aeration tank as metabolites It was confirmed that almost none existed, and therefore, it was confirmed that the description of the treatment mechanism of the treatment step of Japanese Patent Application Laid-open No. Hei 5-66199 was wrong.
그러나 S사의 사옥에서 배출되는 생활오수처리에서와 같이 경우에 따라서는 일본특허공보 평(平)5-66199호의 처리공정이 일반 활성오니처리공정에 비해서 처리효율이 월등히 향상되기 때문에 이의 원인을 파악하기 위해서 S사의 사옥에서 배출 되는 생활오수와 P아파트에서 배출되는 생활오수의 원수 및 각 공정에서 물의 핵자기공명(核磁氣共鳴 ; Nuclear magnetic resonance) 17O-NMR값을 측정한 결과는 다음 표2의 내용과 같으며, 원수 및 각 공정의 핵자기공명 17O-NMR값이 적은 물 분자의 집단이 소집단수(小集團水)로 처리되는 경우에는 처리효율이 향상 되는 것을 확인하였다.In some cases, however, the treatment process of Japanese Patent Publication No. 5-66199 improves the treatment efficiency significantly compared to the general activated sludge treatment process, as in domestic sewage treatment discharged from the company building. water nuclear magnetic resonance in the sewage and the sewage raw water, and the respective steps of the life discharged from P apartment discharged from the S's office to (核磁氣共鳴; nuclear magnetic resonance ) results of measuring the 17 O-NMR values are indicated in Table 2 As described above, it was confirmed that the treatment efficiency was improved when the raw water and the group of water molecules having low nuclear magnetic resonance 17 O-NMR values of each process were treated with small group water.
표2 물 분자의 핵자기공명 17O-NMR값의 측정치(단위 : Hz)Table 2 Measurement of nuclear magnetic resonance 17 O-NMR value of water molecule (unit: Hz)
Figure 112004506629400-pat00016
Figure 112004506629400-pat00016
그래서 본 발명에서는 P아파트에서 배출되는 생활오수를 스크린에서 고형물질을 제거한 후에 표준 활성오니처리방법에 부식토펠렛트 20kg과 부석 40kg의 충전물(8)을 충전한 생물반응기(7)가 내장된 미생물활성화조(6)를 설치하여 반송오니 20%를 공급하여 1일정도 송풍기(11)로부터 공기를 공급하여 폭기를 하면서 활성화된 미생물을 폭기조(3)로 보내어 운전하고 있는 처리공정에 도1에서 물 분자의 소집단화 처리공정을 도5의 정전유도처리(靜電誘導處理)와 도2의 정전압도전관처리(靜電壓導電管處理)에 의해서 물 분자를 소집단수(Micro-clustered water)로 처리한 다음에 활성오니공정으로 보내어 처리한 운전조건 및 결과는 다음과 같다.Thus, in the present invention, after removing the solid matter from the screen of the living sewage discharged from the P apartment, the bioreactor 7 containing the bioreactor 7 filled with 20 kg of corrosive to pellets and 40 kg of pumice is added to the standard activated sludge treatment method. A tank (6) is provided and 20% of the returned sludge is supplied, air is supplied from the blower (11) for about one day, and the activated microorganisms are sent to the aeration tank (3) during aeration to operate the water molecules in FIG. The small grouping treatment step is performed by treating the water molecules with micro-clustered water by the electrostatic induction treatment of FIG. 5 and the constant voltage conduction tube treatment of FIG. Operation conditions and results sent to the activated sludge process are as follows.
1) 유입수의 조건1) Conditions of influent
유량 : 300 ∼ 350톤/일Flow rate: 300 to 350 tons / day
BOD5 : 200 ∼ 250mg/ℓBOD 5 : 200 to 250 mg / l
SS : 300 ∼ 350mg/ℓSS: 300 to 350 mg / l
2) 물 분자의 소집단화 처리공정의 조건2) Condition of small grouping process of water molecules
물 분자의 소집단화 처리방법 : 도5의 공정에 의한 정전유도처리를 한 후에 도2의 정전압도전관처리Small grouping treatment method of water molecules: The electrostatic induction treatment by the process of FIG.
정전유도처리의 조건 : 도5의 정전압처리조(51)의 용량 60㎥에 참숯을 충전한 정전압전극망(52)을 설치하고, 정전압발생장치(50)에서 4,000 ∼ 4,500V의 전압과 0.5 ∼ 1.2A의 교류전류를 인가Condition of electrostatic induction treatment: A constant voltage electrode network 52 filled with true charcoal is installed in a capacity of 60 m 3 of the constant voltage treatment tank 51 shown in FIG. 5, and the voltage of 4,000 to 4,500 V and 0.5 to AC current of 1.2A is applied
정전압도전관의 조건 : 도2의 정전압도전관(21)의 코일(22)에 정전압제어장치(20)로부터 전압 1V, 주파수 100Hz, 전류 3mA를 인가Condition of the constant voltage conductor: A voltage of 1 V, a frequency of 100 Hz, and a current of 3 mA are applied from the constant voltage controller 20 to the coil 22 of the constant voltage conductor 21 of FIG.
2가-3가구연산철착염 공급량 : 철 함량이 16.5%함유된 구연산철착염 1%수용액 5CC/일을 원수에 공급Supply of dihydric-3 ferric citrate complex supply: 1 cc of ferric citrate salt containing 16.5% iron, 5CC / day
3) 활성오니처리 공정의 시설조건3) Facility condition of activated sludge treatment process
집수조 용량 : 180㎥Sink capacity: 180㎥
폭기조 : 144㎥ ×2개조Aeration tank: 144㎥ × 2
침전조 : 6,000mmW ×6,000mmL ×4,000mmHSedimentation tank: 6,000mmW × 6,000mmL × 4,000mmH
미생물활성화조 : 36㎥Microorganism Activation Tank: 36㎥
미생물활성화조에 설치된 생물반응기에 충전된 충전물의 종류와 양 : 부식토 펠렛트(Pellet) 20kg와 유문암(流紋巖)질의 부석(Pumice) 40kgType and quantity of fillings in the bioreactor installed in the microbial activation tank: 20kg of humus pellets and 40kg of rhyolite pumice
미생물활성화조 순환펌프 용량 : 8㎥/시간Microbial activation tank circulation pump capacity: 8㎥ / hour
자화장치(10)의 자석의 자속밀도 및 종류 : 12T(Tesla)의 Nd-Fe-B자석 Magnetic flux density and type of magnet of magnetizer 10: 12T (Tesla) Nd-Fe-B magnet
송풍기(11) 토출 측의 정전유도전극(12)에 정전발생기에서 인가전압 : 6KVVoltage applied to the electrostatic induction electrode 12 on the discharge side of the blower 11 in the electrostatic generator: 6KV
4) 운전조건4) Operating condition
폭기조의 MLSS농도 : 3,000 ∼ 4,000mg/ℓMLSS concentration in aeration tank: 3,000 to 4,000 mg / ℓ
반송유량 : 집수조로 30%, 폭기조로 50%, 배양조로 20%(유입유량기준)Return flow rate: 30% with collection tank, 50% with aeration tank, 20% with culture tank (inflow flow standard)
폭기조의 용존산소(DO) 농도 : 1.5 ∼ 2.5mg/ℓDissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the aeration tank: 1.5 to 2.5 mg / l
5) 처리수의 수질5) Water quality of treated water
물 분자의 소집단화처리를 하지 않은 공정에서 처리수와 물 분자의 소집단화처리공정을 병행한 공청에서 처리수의 수질은 다음 표3의 내용과 같다.The water quality of the treated water in the public offices in which the treated water and the small molecules of the water molecules are treated in the process without the small groups of water molecules is shown in Table 3 below.
표3 물 분자의 소집단화 처리를 하지 않은 공정과Table 3 Process without subgrouping of water molecules
처리를 한 공정의 처리수의 수질분석결과Water quality analysis result of treated water of treated process
Figure 112004506629400-pat00017
Figure 112004506629400-pat00017
[실시 예2]Example 2
양돈농가의 슬러리(Slurry)돈사에서 배출되는 축산폐수를 스크루필터(Screwfilter)로 탈수 처리한 탈수여액 15톤/일을 3단 활성오니처리에 의해서 처리하는 공정에 탈수여액을 도7의 고주파교류전원에 의한 전기분해처리 후에 도2의 정전압도전관에 의해서 물 분자의 집단을 소집단화처리를 한 다음에 1단의 활성오니처리공정에는 부식토펠렛트 30kg과 유문암질 부석 60kg을 충전한 미생물반응기(7)를 30㎥미생물활성화조(6)에 설치를 하고, 2단의 활성오니처리공정에는 부식토펠렛트 20kg과 유문암질 부석 40kg을 충전한 미생물반응기(7)를 15㎥미생물활성화조(6)에 설치하고, 송풍기(11) 토출 측에는 정전기 유도전극(12)에 전자발생기로부터 6KV의 전압을 인가하면서 처리한 결과는 표4의 내용과 같다.The high-frequency AC power supply shown in FIG. 7 is used to process the livestock wastewater discharged from the sludge pigs from pig farms. After the electrolysis treatment, the group of water molecules were subjected to the small grouping of the water molecules by the constant voltage conductive tube of FIG. 2, and in the first stage of the activated sludge treatment process, a microorganism reactor filled with 30 kg of corrosive to pellets and 60 kg of pyloric pumice stone (7 ) Was installed in a 30m3 microorganism activation tank (6), and in a two-stage activated sludge treatment process, a microbial reactor (7) filled with 20 kg of corrosive toe pellets and 40 kg of pylori rock was placed in a 15m3 microorganism activation tank (6). On the discharge side of the blower 11, the result of processing while applying a voltage of 6 KV from the electron generator to the electrostatic induction electrode 12 is shown in Table 4.
1단과 2단의 미생물활성화조(6)에는 8㎥/시간의 순환펌프(9)의 토출 측에 자속밀도가 12T(Tesla)인 Nd-Fe-B자석을 설치하여 순환하였다.In the first and second stage microbial activation tanks 6, a Nd-Fe-B magnet having a magnetic flux density of 12T (Tesla) was installed and circulated on the discharge side of the circulation pump 9 having 8 m 3 / hour.
3단계 활성오니처리공정의 폭기조 및 침전조의 크기와 운전조건은 다음과 같다.The size and operating conditions of aeration tank and sedimentation tank of the 3 stage activated sludge treatment process are as follows.
1) 유입수의 조건1) Conditions of influent
유량 : 15톤/일Flow rate: 15 tons / day
BOD5 : 평균 24,600mg/ℓBOD 5 : Average 24,600 mg / ℓ
CODMn : 평균 12,700mg/ℓCOD Mn : Average 12,700mg / ℓ
SS : 80,200mg/ℓSS: 80,200 mg / ℓ
2) 물 분자의 소집단화 처리공정의 조건2) Condition of small grouping process of water molecules
물 분자의 소집단화 처리방법 : 도7의 고주파교류전원에 의한 전기분해처리후에 도2의 정전압도전관처리Method of small grouping of water molecules: Treatment of constant voltage conductor of FIG. 2 after electrolysis by high frequency AC power supply of FIG.
정전유도처리의 조건 : 도7의 전기분해조(71)에 고주파교류발생장치(70)로부터 전압 15V, 주파수 40KHz, 전류 500mA를 인가.Conditions for electrostatic induction: A voltage of 15V, a frequency of 40 KHz, and a current of 500 mA are applied from the high frequency AC generator 70 to the electrolysis tank 71 of FIG.
정전압도전관의 조건 : 도2의 정전압도전관(21)의 코일(22)에 정전압제어장치(20)로부터 전압 1.2V, 주파수 100Hz, 전류 4mA를 인가.Condition of the constant voltage conductor: A voltage of 1.2 V, a frequency of 100 Hz, and a current of 4 mA were applied from the constant voltage controller 20 to the coil 22 of the constant voltage conductor 21 of FIG.
2가-3가구연산철착염 공급량 : 철 함량이 16.5%함유된 구연산철착염 1%수용액 2.5CC/일을 원수에 공급Supply of dihydric-3 ferric citrate complex: 2.5 cc / day of 1% aqueous solution of ferric citrate with 16.5% iron content to raw water
3) 활성오니처리 공정의 시설조건3) Facility condition of activated sludge treatment process
집수조 용량 : 30㎥Sink capacity: 30㎥
폭기조 : 64㎥ ×4개조Aeration tank: 64㎥ × 4 pieces
침전조 : 4,000mmW ×4,000mmL ×4,000mmHSedimentation tank: 4,000mmW × 4,000mmL × 4,000mmH
미생물활성화조 : 1차 활성오니공정30㎥, 1차 활성오니공정15㎥, 3차 활성오니공정에는 설치하지 않았음.Microbial activation tank: It is not installed in the first activated sludge process 30㎥, the first activated sludge process 15㎥ and the third activated sludge process.
미생물활성화조에 설치된 생물반응기에 충전된 충전물의 종류와 양 : 1차 활성오니공정의 생물반응기에는 부식토펠렛트 30kg와 유문암질의 부석 60kg을 설치하고, 2차 활성오니공정의 생물반응기에는 부식토펠렛트 20kg와 유문암질의 부석 40kg을 설치함.Type and quantity of fillings in the bioreactor installed in the microbial activation tank: 30kg of corrosive toe pellets and 60kg of pyrites are installed in the bioreactor of the first activated sludge process, and 20kg of corroded to pellets to the bioreactor of the second activated sludge process. And 40kg of pyloric pumice stones.
미생물활성화조 순환펌프의 용량 : 8㎥/시간Capacity of microbial activation tank circulation pump: 8㎥ / hour
자화장치(10)의 자석의 자속밀도 및 종류 : 12T(Tesla)의 Nd-Fc-B자석
송풍기(11) 토출 측의 정전유도전극(12)에 정전발생기에서 인가전압 : 6KV
Magnetic flux density and type of magnet of magnetizer 10: Nd-Fc-B magnet of 12T (Tesla)
Voltage applied to the electrostatic induction electrode 12 on the discharge side of the blower 11 in the electrostatic generator: 6KV
4) 운전조건4) Operating condition
폭기조의 MLSS농도 : 3,000 ∼ 4,000mg/ℓMLSS concentration in aeration tank: 3,000 to 4,000 mg / ℓ
반송유량 : 집수조로 50%, 폭기조로 100%, 배양조로 100%(유입유량기준)Return flow rate: 50% with collection tank, 100% with aeration tank, 100% with culture tank (inflow flow standard)
폭기조의 용존산소(DO) 농도 : 1.2 ∼ 2.0mg/ℓDissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the aeration tank: 1.2 to 2.0 mg / l
5) 처리수의 수질5) Water quality of treated water
3단 활성오니처리공정에서 처리한 처리수와 물 분자의 소집단화처리를 병행한 공정에서 처리수의 수질은 다음 표4의 내용과 같다.The water quality of the treated water in the three-stage activated sludge treatment process and the small group treatment of water molecules are shown in Table 4 below.
표4 축산폐수의 처리결과Table 4 Treatment Result of Livestock Wastewater
Figure 112004506629400-pat00018
Figure 112004506629400-pat00018
이상에서 상술한 바와 같이 본 발명은, 하ㆍ폐수의 생물학처리공정에서 물 분자의 집단을 소집단화처리를 병행하여 처리를 하면 미생물의 대사활동이 활발하므로 처리효율이 월등히 향상될 수 있기 때문에 이들 분야에 널리 보급될 것으로 전망 된다As described above, the present invention, if the group of water molecules in the biological treatment process of sewage and wastewater is treated in parallel with the small group treatment, since the metabolic activity of the microorganism is active, the treatment efficiency can be significantly improved in these fields. Is expected to become widespread in

Claims (2)

  1. 고형물질(SS : Suspended solid)을 분리 제거한 하ㆍ폐수를 정전압제어장치(靜電壓制御裝置 ; 20)로부터 정전압도전관(靜電壓導電管; 21)의 코일(Coil ; 22)에 저전압(低電壓)을 인가하는 처리, 전자석(31)이나 영구자석(41)이 설치된 배관내부의 자계(磁界)로 하ㆍ폐수를 통과시키는 자화처리, 정전압발생장치(靜電壓發生裝置 ; 50)로부터 교류고압전류를 정전압전극망(52)에 인가하는 정전유도처리, 직류고전압발생장치(60)로부터 직류고전압을 인가하는 정전처리, 교류고주파전류에 의한 전기분해처리, 고전압고주파방전 불꽃방사처리, 마이너스 이온(Minus ion)처리, 원적외선처리, 초음파처리와 같은 물 분자의 분자집단을 소집단으로 처리하는 공정을 단독공정 또는 2가지이상의 공정을 조합하여 소집단수(小集團水 ; Microclustered water)로 처리를 한 다음에 생물학처리공정의 집수조(1)로 보내어 폐수이송펌프(2)에 의해서 폭기조(3)로 보내어 송풍기(11)의 토출(吐出) 측에 정전기유도전극(靜電氣誘導電極; 12)을 설치하고 정전기발생장치로부터 정전기를 인가하여 이온화된 공기를 폭기조(3)에 공급하여 폭기를 하면서 수용성유기오염물질이 미생물의 내성호흡에 의한 CO2, H2O와 같은 간단한 무기물질로 분해되면서 미생물의 증체로 고형화되면 침전조(4)로 보내어 침전조(4) 상부로 오버프로(Overflow)하는 상등액은 처리수조(13)로 보내어 방류하며, 침전된 오니는 종 오니용으로 폭기조(3)로 반송하면서 일부오니는 부식토펠렛트(Pellet)와 유문암(流紋巖)질이나 대사이드(Dacite)질의 부석(Pumice)을 1 : 1 ∼ 3의 비율로 혼합한 충전물(8)을 충전한 미생물반응기(7)가 내장된 미생물활성화조(6)로 보내어 1일 이상 송풍기(11)로부터 미생물반응기(7)와 미생물활성화조(6)에 공기를 공급하여 폭기를 하면 부식토펠렛트와 유문암질이나 대사이드질의 부석으로부터 미네랄성분을 공급받으면서 미생물활성화조 순환펌프(9)에 의해서 토출 측에 설치된 전자석이나 영구자석의 자화장치(10)를 순환하도록 하여 물분자의 집단을 소집단으로 유지하면서 미생물을 활성화하여 폭기조(3)로 보내고, 물 분자의 소집단화 처리공정과 미생물활성화조(6)에 2가-3가철착염용액을 2×10-11∼2×10-13몰(Mole) 범위로 주입하며, 잉여오니는 농축조로 보내어 농축한 다음에 탈수처리공정으로 보내어 탈수처리를 하는 공정에 의해서 처리하는 방법.The sewage and wastewater from which solid matter (SS) is separated and discharged from the constant voltage control device (20) to the coil (22) of the constant voltage conductive pipe (21) is low voltage (低 電壓). ), A magnetization process through which wastewater and waste water pass through a magnetic field inside a pipe in which an electromagnet 31 or a permanent magnet 41 is installed, and an alternating voltage current from a constant voltage generator (50). Is applied to the constant voltage electrode network 52, an electrostatic treatment is applied to the DC high voltage generator 60, electrolytic treatment by the AC high frequency current, high voltage high frequency discharge flame radiation treatment, minus ion (Minus Small group treatment of molecular groups of water molecules such as ion treatment, far-infrared treatment, and ultrasonic treatment is performed by a single process or a combination of two or more processes with microclustered water, followed by biology. wife It is sent to the collection tank 1 of the process and sent to the aeration tank 3 by the waste water transfer pump 2, and an electrostatic induction electrode 12 is installed on the discharge side of the blower 11, and an electrostatic generator When the water is solidified by the growth of microorganisms while supplying ionized air to the aeration tank (3) and aeration while decomposing water-soluble organic pollutants into simple inorganic substances such as CO 2 and H 2 O by microbial resistance breathing. The supernatant that overflows to the settling tank (4) and overflows to the top of the settling tank (4) is sent to the treated water tank (13) and discharged, and the precipitated sludge is returned to the aeration tank (3) for species sludge, while some sludge is corroded to pellets. Microorganisms with a built-in microorganism reactor (7) filled with a filler (8) containing a mixture of pellets, rhyolites, and saccharite in a ratio of 1: 1 to 3. Send to the activation tank (6) for more than one day from the blower (11) When the air is supplied to the bioreactor 7 and the microorganism activator 6, the aeration is carried out by the microbial activator circulating pump 9 while supplying mineral components from the corrosive to pellets and the pyrites or the pumice stones. By circulating the magnetization device 10 of the installed electromagnets or permanent magnets, microorganisms are activated and sent to the aeration tank (3) while maintaining the population of water molecules in small groups, and the small grouping process of water molecules and the microorganism activation tank (6). The divalent trivalent ferric salt solution is injected in the range of 2 × 10 -11 to 2 × 10 -13 moles, and the surplus sludge is sent to a concentration tank, concentrated, and then sent to a dehydration process for dehydration. How to deal.
  2. 제 1항에 있어서, 분뇨, 축산폐수, 도축장폐수, 농수산물 및 식품가공공장폐수, 음식물쓰레기탈수여액, 매립장침출수, 소각장침출폐액, 일부 화학공장 및 산업공장의 고농도 폐수와 같은 고농도유기성폐수의 경우는 활성오니공정과/또는 물 분자 소집단화 처리공정을 다단으로 하여 처리하는 방법.The method of claim 1, wherein high concentration organic wastewater such as manure, livestock wastewater, slaughterhouse wastewater, agricultural and food processing plant wastewater, food waste dewatering liquid, landfill leachate, incineration plant leachate, and high concentration wastewater in some chemical and industrial plants A method of treating the activated sludge process and / or the water molecular small grouping treatment process in multiple stages.
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KR101047866B1 (en) * 2008-10-02 2011-07-14 서희동 How to Treat Organic Wastewater Using Seawater from Seawater
CN102936077A (en) * 2011-08-15 2013-02-20 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Treatment method of polyacrylonitrile fiber production sewage
EP3109203A4 (en) * 2014-03-28 2017-09-13 Daikin Industries, Ltd. Submerged discharge device
US10087091B2 (en) 2014-03-28 2018-10-02 Daikin Industries, Ltd. Submerged discharge device

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