KR100468876B1 - Hot water boiler using waste as fuel - Google Patents

Hot water boiler using waste as fuel Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100468876B1
KR100468876B1 KR1019970058372A KR19970058372A KR100468876B1 KR 100468876 B1 KR100468876 B1 KR 100468876B1 KR 1019970058372 A KR1019970058372 A KR 1019970058372A KR 19970058372 A KR19970058372 A KR 19970058372A KR 100468876 B1 KR100468876 B1 KR 100468876B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
hot water
water tank
tunnel
fuel
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KR1019970058372A
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Korean (ko)
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KR19990038569A (en
Inventor
양대윤
한정원
박종진
박세춘
김범수
홍경표
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양대윤
홍경표
박세춘
김범수
한정원
박종진
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Priority to KR1019970058372A priority Critical patent/KR100468876B1/en
Publication of KR19990038569A publication Critical patent/KR19990038569A/en
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Publication of KR100468876B1 publication Critical patent/KR100468876B1/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates or heating means
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates or heating means for water heaters
    • F24H9/1832Arrangement or mounting of combustion heating means, e.g. grates or burners
    • F24H9/1845Arrangement or mounting of combustion heating means, e.g. grates or burners using solid fuel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/002Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor characterised by their grates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters, e.g. boilers, continuous-flow heaters or water-storage heaters
    • F24H1/22Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water-storage heaters, e.g. water heaters for central heating
    • F24H1/34Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water-storage heaters, e.g. water heaters for central heating with water chamber arranged adjacent to the combustion chamber or chambers, e.g. above or at side
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H2230/00Solid fuel fired boiler

Abstract

본 발명은 각종 폐기물이나 쓰레기를 연료로 사용하여 온수를 얻을수 있는 온수보일어에 관한 것으로, 황토와 마사토를 약 5 : 5의 비율로 혼합하여 조성한 재료로 터널형의 연소실을 축조하여 그 후미부에 온수조를 내장하고 온수조의 후측과 굴뚝 사이에 마무리 연소실을 만들어 터널형 연소실에서 폐기물이나 쓰레기를 태워서 발생하는 열기로 온수조를 가열하여 온수를 얻게 하고 내화물로 된 터널형 연소실을 다수의 격실로 만들어 차례차례 연결시켜 그속에 연료를 태우므로 인해 완전연소를 달성하여 매연이 없는 환경친화적인 온수보일러를 얻어 산업발전에 기여하게 한 것임. The present invention relates to a hot water boiler capable of obtaining hot water by using various wastes or wastes as fuel, and constructs a tunnel-type combustion chamber with a material formed by mixing ocher and masato in a ratio of about 5: 5. Built-in hot water tank and finishing combustion chamber between the rear side and the chimney of the hot water tank to heat the hot water tank with the heat generated by burning waste or garbage in the tunnel type combustion chamber to obtain hot water and make the tunnel type combustion chamber made of refractory into multiple compartments. By connecting fuels in sequence and burning them, they achieve complete combustion and contribute to industrial development by obtaining eco-friendly hot water boilers without smoke.

Description

폐기물을 연료로 사용하는 온수보일러 Hot water boiler using waste as fuel

본 발명은 각종 폐기물(쓰레기포함)을 연료로 사용하여 온수조를 가열할수 있고 연료가 완전 연소될수 있게 연소실을 구성한 흙가마형 온수보일러에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an earth-fired hot water boiler comprising a combustion chamber that can heat a hot water tank using various wastes (including waste) as a fuel and can completely burn fuel.

종래의 온수보일러는 오일버어너를 연소실에 장치하여 기름을 연소시키는 열기로 온수조를 가열시키는 구성이므로 연료가 완전 연소가 되지 않기 때문에 매연발생율이 높고 매연중에는 맹독성 발암물질(예:다이옥신)이 있어 환경을 오염시키고 인체에 치명적인 위해를 주게되는 결점이 있었다.Conventional hot water boilers are equipped with an oil burner in the combustion chamber to heat the hot water tank with the heat of burning oil, so the fuel is not completely burned, so the smoke generation rate is high and there is a high toxicity carcinogen (eg dioxin) during the smoke. There was a flaw that polluted the environment and caused fatal harm to the human body.

본 발명은 이러한 종래의 결점을 시정하기 위해 개발한 온수보일러로서 황토와 마사토를 대략 5 : 5정도의 비율로 혼합한 조성물로 터널형으로된 연소실을 축조하고 연소실 후방 터널내에 온수조를 장치하여 연소실에서 연소되는 폐기물이 연소되면서 연소실의 온도를 고온으로 유지시켜 그 열기로 온수조가 가열되어 온수를 얻을수 있고 터널형 연소실의 구성으로 연소실 내에서의 완전 연소가 이루어지게 하므로서 매연이 발생되지 않고 찌꺼기의 발생량이 극소한 보일러를 얻어 환경친화적인 온수보일러가 되게한 것이다.The present invention is a hot water boiler developed to correct the above-mentioned shortcomings, and constructs a tunnel-type combustion chamber with a mixture of ocher and masato in a ratio of about 5: 5, and installs a hot water tank in the combustion chamber rear tunnel. Waste is combusted in the combustion chamber to keep the temperature of the combustion chamber at a high temperature, the hot water tank is heated by its heat to obtain hot water, and the combustion of the waste in the combustion chamber by the complete combustion in the combustion chamber configuration of the tunnel-type combustion chamber This tiny boiler was obtained to become an environmentally friendly hot water boiler.

이를 도면에 의거 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.This will be described in detail based on the drawings.

도 1에서 도 5까지는 본 발명의 온수보일러가 그림으로 예시되어 있다.1 to 5 are illustrated in the figure the hot water boiler of the present invention.

즉, 본 발명의 온수보일러는 온수조(1)가 장치된 전방으로 황토흙과 마사토를 대략 5 : 5정도의 비율로 혼합한 조성물로 벽과 천정을 구축한 터널형태의 연소실(2)을 구성하여 터널형 연소실의 최선단에 1차연소실(201)을 만들고 1차연소실(201)에서 내측으로 향해 일정간격에 구획벽(202)을 형성하여 적어도 3개이상 7개정도의 구획된 고온연소실(3)을 차례로 형성시켜 각 고온연소실은 구획벽 가운데에 형성한 통공부(203)로 연통되게 한 다음 고온연소실(3)과 온수조의 연소실(101) 내에 내화물로 만든 연소보조물(4) 다수를 배치하고 온수조(1)의 후측과 굴뚝(6) 사이에 마무리 연소실(5)을 형성하며 온수조(1)에는 연소실(2) 외측에 장치된 온수탱크(7)의 물이 급수관(8)과 토출관(9)을 통해 연통되어 온수탱크로 대류되게한 구성이다.That is, the hot water boiler of the present invention comprises a tunnel-type combustion chamber 2 in which walls and ceilings are constructed of a mixture of ocher soil and masato in a ratio of about 5: 5 to the front where the hot water tank 1 is installed. The primary combustion chamber 201 at the top of the tunnel-type combustion chamber, and the partition wall 202 is formed at a predetermined distance from the primary combustion chamber 201 toward the inner side so that at least three to seven high-temperature combustion chambers ( 3) are formed in turn so that each high temperature combustion chamber communicates with the through hole 203 formed in the middle of the partition wall, and then a plurality of combustion aids 4 made of refractory materials are disposed in the high temperature combustion chamber 3 and the combustion chamber 101 of the hot water tank. And a finishing combustion chamber 5 is formed between the rear side of the hot water tank 1 and the chimney 6. In the hot water tank 1, the water of the hot water tank 7 installed outside the combustion chamber 2 is supplied with the water supply pipe 8. It communicates with the discharge pipe 9, and it is the structure which made it convex to hot water tank.

미설명 부호 2a,6a는 개폐문이다.Reference numerals 2a and 6a are open and closed doors.

이와같이된 본 발명은 각종 폐기물 또는 쓰레기를 연료로 준비하고 1차연소실(201)에서 장작과 같은 비공해물질의 땔감을 연소시켜 1차연소실(201)을 가열하면 연소실 외벽이 내화물로된 것이기 때문에 1차연소실에서 연소되는 연료의 열기가 터널형으로된 연소실을 거쳐 굴뚝으로 배출되면서 l차연소실의 열기를 고조시키고 이와 연통된 고온연소실도 차례로 가열되어 전체연소실 내부가 고온을 유지하게 되어 터널내부의 온도가 1000℃이상 오르게 된다.According to the present invention, various wastes or wastes are prepared as fuels, and the primary combustion chamber 201 is heated by burning firewood of non-polluting substances such as firewood in the primary combustion chamber 201 because the outer wall of the combustion chamber is made of refractory material. As the heat of fuel combusted in the combustion chamber is discharged to the chimney through the tunnel-shaped combustion chamber, the heat of the combustion chamber is increased and the high temperature combustion chamber connected to it is also heated in order to maintain the high temperature inside the entire combustion chamber. Will rise above 1000 ℃.

이때, 땔감 연소를 중지시키고 준비된 폐기물이나 쓰레기를 투입하여 1차연소실에 투입하여 연소시케 되는데 마른 쓰레기는 일정 크기로 절단하고 젖은 쓰레기는 압축하여 수분을 제거한후 일정크기로 만든 것을 연소실에 투입하게된다.At this time, fire burning is stopped and the prepared waste or trash is put into the primary combustion chamber for combustion. The dry trash is cut to a certain size, and the wet trash is compressed to remove moisture and put into a combustion chamber of a certain size. do.

이렇게 가열된 연소실에 쓰레기를 투입하면 연소실 내부의 열기에 의하여 투입된 쓰레기가 즉각 연소하게 되고 연기와 끄으름이 터널형으로된 고온 연소실을 차례로 거치면서 굴뚝으로 빠저나가게 되므로 계속 연소되어 굴뚝에 도달할 즈음에는 완전하게 연소가 종료된 상태가 된다.When garbage is put into the heated combustion chamber, the waste injected by the heat inside the combustion chamber is immediately burned, and smoke and nodule pass through the high-temperature combustion chamber made of tunnel-type one after another. The combustion is completely completed.

그리고 각 연소실에는 쓰레기를 연소시키는 열기에 의하여 계속 가열이 되고 계속 열기가 상승하여 1000℃이상 1700℃정도의 고온을 유지할수 있도록 되기 때문에 쓰레기의 종류에 구애받지 않고 완전한 연소를 시키게 된다.And each combustion chamber is continuously heated by the heat that burns the waste, and the heat continues to rise to maintain a high temperature of about 1000 ℃ to 1700 ℃, so that regardless of the type of garbage is completely burned.

또한, 고온 연소실에는 내화물로된 연소보조물(4)이 배치되어 연소실의 폐열을 받아 가열된 상태를 유지하기 때문에 고온연소실의 열기를 더욱 고조시킬뿐 아니라 그 사이로 통과하는 피연소물을 완전연소시키는 보조작용을 하게된다.In addition, in the high-temperature combustion chamber, a combustion aid 4 made of refractory is disposed and maintained in a heated state by receiving waste heat of the combustion chamber, thereby further enhancing the heat of the high-temperature combustion chamber and assisting in the complete combustion of the combustion products passing therebetween. Will be

그리고, 본 발명의 연소실은 측벽과 천정이 황토와 마사토를 5 : 5의 비율로 혼합한 내화물로 구축되어 있기 때문에 열기가 고조되면 마사토가 용융하여 유리와 같은 피막을 형성하기 때문에 터널내부의 열기가 외부로 방출허실되는 것을 막아주므로 연소물을 연소시키는 동안은 계속하여 고온의 열기를 유지할수 있고 이러한 연소열기로 인해 유독성 매연발생물질까지 완전히 연소되어 독성물질이 방출되지 않게되며 터널형 연소실 내부에 온수조(1)가 장치되어 효과적으로 가열되기 때문에 완벽한 가열이 이루어저 신속하게 온수를 얻을 수 있고 마무리 연소실(5)이 있어서 한 번더 연소를 시키기 때문에 매연이 전혀 나오지 않는 효과를 얻게되는 것이다.In the combustion chamber of the present invention, since the sidewalls and the ceiling are made of refractory material in which the loess and masato are mixed at a ratio of 5: 5, when the heat builds up, the heat inside the tunnel is formed by melting the masato to form a film like glass. As it prevents the discharge to the outside, it can keep hot heat continuously while burning the combusted products, and the combustion heat completely burns the toxic fumes and prevents the toxic substances being released and the hot water tank inside the tunnel type combustion chamber. Since (1) is installed and effectively heated, it is possible to obtain hot water promptly by perfect heating, and to have a finish combustion chamber (5) to burn one more time, so that the smoke does not come out at all.

따라서 연소실(2)에 투입되는 피연소물은 1차연소실(201)에서 열기를 높힐때까지 양질의 연료를 태워 연소실의 열기를 고조시키지만 일단 연소실의 열기가 1000℃이상 올라가면 어떠한 종류의 연료를 주입하여도 완전하게 연소가 이루어져 매연이 외부로 나오지 않기 때문에 다이옥신과 같은 맹독성물질이 공기중에 배출될 염려가 없으며 연소실 내에서의 완전 연소작용으로 연소찌꺼기도 크게 남지 않는 연소가 가능케 된다.Therefore, the to-be-injected material injected into the combustion chamber 2 burns high quality fuel until it heats up in the primary combustion chamber 201, and heats up the combustion chamber, but once the combustion chamber heat rises more than 1000 degreeC, it injects some kind of fuel. In addition, since the combustion is completely completed, soot does not come out, there is no fear of toxic substances such as dioxins being released into the air, and the combustion is possible without a large amount of combustion residues by the complete combustion in the combustion chamber.

이로인해 본 발명의 보일러는 에너지 이용률을 최대로 높일수 있고 환경오염을 방지할수 있어 환경친화적인 보일러를 얻을수 있어 가격이 저렴하면서도 내구적인 대용량의 온수보일러를 염가로 공급할수 있기 때문에 대용량의 온수를 공급할수 있고 폐기물을 보일러연료로 사용하여 완전히 소각시키므로 별도의 소각장치가 없어도 되므로 일거양득의 이점을 얻을수 있는 장점이 있는 것이다.As a result, the boiler of the present invention can maximize energy utilization and prevent environmental pollution, thereby obtaining an environmentally friendly boiler, which can supply a large amount of hot water at a low price and provide a durable and large capacity hot water boiler at a low cost. And since the waste is completely incinerated by using the boiler fuel, there is no need for a separate incineration device, which is advantageous in that it can obtain the advantages of daily profit.

도 1은 본 발명의 일부파절 사시도1 is a partially broken perspective view of the present invention

도 2는 본 발명의 연료투입부측 단면도2 is a cross-sectional view of the fuel input side of the present invention.

도 3은 도 2의 횡단면도3 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 2

도 4는 본 발명의 온수조 종단 정면도Figure 4 is a front view of the hot water tank terminal of the present invention

도 5는 본 발명 온수조 종단 측면도이다.Figure 5 is a longitudinal side view of the present invention hot water tank.

* 도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명* Explanation of symbols for main parts of the drawings

1 : 온수조 2 : 연소실1: hot water tank 2: combustion chamber

201 : 1차연소실 202 : 구획벽201: primary combustion chamber 202: partition wall

203 : 통공부 3 : 고온연소실203: through hole 3: high temperature combustion chamber

4 : 연소보조물 5 : 연소실4: combustion aid 5: combustion chamber

6 : 굴뚝 7 : 온수탱크6: chimney 7: hot water tank

8 : 급수관 9 : 토출관8: water supply pipe 9: discharge pipe

Claims (1)

온수조(1)가 장치된 전방으로 황토흙과 마사토를 대략 5 : 5정도의 비율로 혼합한 조성물로 벽과 천정을 구축한 터널형태의 연소실(2)을 구성하여 터널형 연소실의 최선단에는 1차연소실(201)을 만들고 1차연소실(201)에서 내측으로 향해 일정간격에 구획벽(202)을 형성하여 적어도 3개이상 7개정도의 구획된 고온연소실(3)을 형성시켜 각 고온연소실은 구획벽 가운데에 형성한 통공부(203)로 연통되게 한 다음 고온연소실(3)과 온수조(1)의 연소실(101)에 내화물로 만든 연소보조물(4) 다수를 배치하고 온수조(1)의 후측과 굴뚝(6) 사이에 마무리 연소실(5)을 형성하며 온수조(1)에는 연소실(2) 외측에 장치된 온수탱크(7)의 물이 급수관(8)과 토출관(9)을 통해 연통되어 온수탱크로 대류되게한 폐기물을 연료로 사용하는 온수보일러.The front of the tunnel-type combustion chamber is formed by constructing a tunnel-type combustion chamber 2 having walls and ceilings composed of a mixture of clay soil and masato in a ratio of about 5: 5 to the front where the hot water tank 1 is installed. Each primary combustion chamber is formed by forming the primary combustion chamber 201 and forming partition walls 202 at a predetermined distance from the primary combustion chamber 201 to the inside to form at least three or more partitioned high temperature combustion chambers 3. Is connected to the through hole 203 formed in the middle of the partition wall, and then, a plurality of combustion aids 4 made of refractory materials are disposed in the combustion chamber 101 of the high temperature combustion chamber 3 and the hot water tank 1, and the hot water tank 1 The final combustion chamber (5) is formed between the rear side and the chimney (6), and in the hot water tank (1), the water of the hot water tank (7) installed outside the combustion chamber (2) is supplied with the water supply pipe (8) and the discharge pipe (9). A hot water boiler that uses waste fuel that is communicated through the convection to a hot water tank.
KR1019970058372A 1997-11-01 1997-11-01 Hot water boiler using waste as fuel KR100468876B1 (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0225618A (en) * 1988-07-14 1990-01-29 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Refuse incinerator
KR940002213U (en) * 1992-06-09 1994-01-03 대우전자 주식회사 Spot protection circuit of cathode ray tube
JPH0650303A (en) * 1992-07-31 1994-02-22 Shimizu Giken:Kk Multipoint locating device
KR19990013203A (en) * 1997-07-30 1999-02-25 유용숙 Garbage incinerator
KR19990017555A (en) * 1997-08-25 1999-03-15 유용숙 Garbage incinerator

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0225618A (en) * 1988-07-14 1990-01-29 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Refuse incinerator
KR940002213U (en) * 1992-06-09 1994-01-03 대우전자 주식회사 Spot protection circuit of cathode ray tube
JPH0650303A (en) * 1992-07-31 1994-02-22 Shimizu Giken:Kk Multipoint locating device
KR19990013203A (en) * 1997-07-30 1999-02-25 유용숙 Garbage incinerator
KR19990017555A (en) * 1997-08-25 1999-03-15 유용숙 Garbage incinerator

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