JPWO2015029977A1 - Tobacco raw materials, methods for producing the same, and tobacco products - Google Patents

Tobacco raw materials, methods for producing the same, and tobacco products Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JPWO2015029977A1
JPWO2015029977A1 JP2014072244A JP2015534220A JPWO2015029977A1 JP WO2015029977 A1 JPWO2015029977 A1 JP WO2015029977A1 JP 2014072244 A JP2014072244 A JP 2014072244A JP 2015534220 A JP2015534220 A JP 2015534220A JP WO2015029977 A1 JPWO2015029977 A1 JP WO2015029977A1
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
extraction
solvent
extract
tobacco
raw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2014072244A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP6109319B2 (en
Inventor
直之 石田
直之 石田
Original Assignee
日本たばこ産業株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2013175626 priority Critical
Priority to JP2013175626 priority
Application filed by 日本たばこ産業株式会社 filed Critical 日本たばこ産業株式会社
Priority to PCT/JP2014/072244 priority patent/WO2015029977A1/en
Publication of JPWO2015029977A1 publication Critical patent/JPWO2015029977A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP6109319B2 publication Critical patent/JP6109319B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes, e.g. in liquid form
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/24Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by extraction; Tobacco extracts
    • A24B15/26Use of organic solvents for extraction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes, e.g. in liquid form
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/24Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by extraction; Tobacco extracts
    • A24B15/241Extraction of specific substances

Abstract

Tobacco raw materials with good flavor and a method for producing the same are provided. The ratio of the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using n-hexane as a solvent and the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using water as a solvent after the extraction is the weight ratio of water extract / hexane extract. Thus, a tobacco raw material that is 0 or more and 1.5 or less is provided.

Description

  The present invention relates to a tobacco raw material and a method for producing the same.

As a method of adjusting the flavor of tobacco, a technique for extracting and removing specific components from the leaf tobacco material, or once performing an extraction operation on the leaf tobacco material, obtaining an extract and an extraction residue, A technique is known in which an extraction liquid is applied to an extraction residue after a predetermined treatment or the like is performed.
As a technique for extracting and removing a specific component from a leaf tobacco material, a technique for removing a lipid component from tobacco using a mixed solvent of an aliphatic hydrocarbon and a lower alcohol is known (Patent Document 1).
Extraction of tobacco material with a solution containing a surfactant to remove the surfactant and polypeptide in the extract is a technique for performing extraction once on the leaf tobacco material and applying the extract to the extraction residue. After that, a method of adding the solution to the tobacco raw material is known (Patent Document 2).
In addition, a method of reducing nitrosamine from a tobacco material by treating a tobacco raw material using a supercritical fluid and removing nitrosamine from an extract obtained by the treatment is known (Patent Document 3).
As another technology, the flavor components contained in the tobacco material are condensed on the surface of the tobacco by immersing the tobacco material in carbon dioxide, which is a supercritical fluid under pressure, and then reducing the pressure to atmospheric pressure. The technique to make is known (patent document 4).

Japanese Patent Publication No.58-4544 Japanese National Patent Publication No. 7-505521 Japanese Patent No. 3931084 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 8-23952

Leaf tobacco materials contain many components having different polarities, and these components are roughly classified into low polarity, high polarity and bipolar components. When these components are removed by extraction, for example, when extraction is performed with a low-polarity solvent, low-polarity and bipolar components in leaf tobacco are removed.
On the other hand, when extracting with a highly polar solvent, the highly polar and bipolar component group in a leaf tobacco material is removed.
Therefore, in one extraction with a low-polarity or high-polarity solvent, in addition to the low-polarity or high-polarity component, the bipolar component group is also removed. Thereby, the influence which it has on the flavor taste of a tobacco raw material may become large.
In addition, in the case of the technique of adding the extract to the tobacco raw material after extraction, the component group obtained by one extraction contains many components, and the extract is treated with antioxidants and In addition to the components to be removed, it is considered that the components that affect the flavor change. Therefore, there is a possibility that the influence on the savory taste becomes large.

  For these reasons, the present invention has an object to provide a tobacco raw material having a good flavor and to provide a method for producing the tobacco raw material.

As a result of intensive studies by the inventor, the ratio of the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using n-hexane as a solvent and the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using water as a solvent after the extraction is It was found that a tobacco raw material having an extract weight / hexane extract weight ratio of 0 or more and 1.5 or less is excellent in flavor.
Moreover, it obtained in the 1st extraction process after the 1st extraction process which extracts a leaf tobacco material using the solvent of dielectric constant 1 or more and less than 25, and obtains an extract and an extraction residue, and a 1st extraction process The extraction residue obtained by extracting the extraction residue using a solvent having a dielectric constant of 25 or more to obtain the extraction residue, and the extraction residue obtained through the second extraction step are extracted in the first extraction step. It has been found that a manufacturing method including the step of turning back to make a tobacco raw material can solve the above problems, and the present invention has been achieved.

That is, the present invention is as follows.
[1] The ratio of the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using n-hexane as a solvent and the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using water as a solvent after the extraction is the water extract weight / hexane extraction. Tobacco raw materials having a weight ratio of 0 to 1.5.
[2] The total amount of the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using n-hexane as a solvent and the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using water as a solvent after the extraction is the amount of tobacco raw material before extraction. The tobacco raw material according to [1], which is 5 to 17% by weight of the weight.
[3] A first extraction step in which a leaf tobacco material is extracted using a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25 to obtain an extract and an extraction residue, and is obtained in the first extraction step after the first extraction step. The extraction residue obtained by extracting the extracted residue using a solvent having a dielectric constant of 25 or more and obtaining the extraction residue, and the extraction residue obtained through the second extraction step are extracted in the first extraction step. A method for producing a tobacco raw material, comprising a step of applying the liquid back to obtain a leaf tobacco raw material.
[4] The production method according to [3], wherein the solvent used in the first extraction step is a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 to 20, and the solvent used in the second extraction step is water.
[5] The production method according to [3] or [4], wherein the solvent used in the first extraction step is one or more selected from n-hexane, tetrahydrofuran and ethanol.
[6] A tobacco raw material obtained by the production method according to any one of [3] to [5].
[7] A tobacco product using the tobacco raw material according to [1], [2] or [6].

  The “leaf tobacco material” as used in the present specification is used for producing “tobacco raw material”, and means leaf tobacco before undergoing processing such as an extraction step. The “tobacco raw material” as used in the present specification is obtained by subjecting the “leaf tobacco material” to a treatment such as an extraction step.

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the tobacco raw material with favorable fragrance and its manufacturing method can be provided.

It is a figure which shows the sensory evaluation result of Example 3 and Comparative Example 2. It is a figure which shows the sensory evaluation result of Example 4 and Comparative Example 3. It is a figure which shows the sensory evaluation result of Example 5 and Comparative Example 4. It is a figure which shows the sensory evaluation result of Example 6 and Comparative Example 1. It is a figure which shows the sensory evaluation result of the comparative example 5 and the comparative example 6. It is a figure which shows the sensory evaluation result of the comparative example 7.

  Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to embodiments, examples, etc., but the present invention is not limited to the following embodiments, examples, etc., and can be arbitrarily set within the scope of the present invention. Can be changed and implemented.

<Production method of the present invention>
The method for producing a tobacco raw material of the present invention includes a first extraction step of extracting a leaf tobacco material using a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25 to obtain an extract and an extraction residue, and after the first extraction step, The extraction residue obtained in one extraction step is extracted using a solvent having a dielectric constant of 25 or more to obtain an extraction residue, and the extraction residue obtained through the second extraction step is And a step of turning back the extract obtained in the extraction step to obtain a leaf tobacco raw material.
The method for producing a tobacco raw material of the present invention includes, as a first extraction step, a step of extracting a leaf tobacco material using a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25 to obtain an extract and an extraction residue.
The type of the leaf tobacco material used in the present invention is not particularly limited, and examples thereof include the genus Nicotiana, and examples thereof include yellow and Burley species of Nicotiana tabacum, and Brasilia species of Nicotiana rustica.
These leaf tobacco materials should be cut into an appropriate size using an appropriate means such as a pulverizer (particle size is about 0.425 to 1.18 mm) and dried by a known method. it can.

By extracting the leaf tobacco material that has undergone the above treatment using a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25, a desired flavor component contained in the leaf tobacco material can be extracted.
As the solvent used in the first extraction step, those having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and 20 or less are more preferable.
As a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25, ethanol, isopropyl alcohol, ethyl acetate, linear or branched alkane having 5 to 10 carbon atoms, n-propyl alcohol, butanol, benzene, toluene, xylene, benzyl alcohol , Acetone, tetrahydrofuran, diethyl ether, 1,4-dioxane, chloroform and dichloromethane.
Examples of the alkane include pentane, n-hexane, cyclohexane, heptane, octane, nonane, and decane.
In the above, the aspect which does not use low molecular organic acid ester like ethyl acetate can be mentioned.
Examples of the solvent that can be preferably used among the above include ethanol, n-hexane, heptane, diethyl ether, and tetrahydrofuran.
The above-mentioned solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25 may be used alone or in combination. When a mixed solvent is used, the mixed solvent is prepared so that the dielectric constant is 1 or more and less than 25.

Extraction may be performed under normal temperature and normal pressure, for example, by heating to about 40 to 80 ° C. and under pressure at 1000 to 2000 psi. In addition, when the pressure is shown in the SI unit system, it is calculated by a conversion formula of 1 psi≈6894.757 Pa.
The extraction time is not particularly limited, and examples include 5 minutes to 1 hour.
Extraction may be performed once or multiple times. Moreover, you may perform extraction using the high-speed solvent extraction apparatus mentioned later.
In the first extraction step, an operation for separating the extract from the extraction residue may be provided as appropriate. For example, a method of separating the extract into an extract and an extraction residue by filtering the extract through a filter paper or sieve having an appropriate pore size can be mentioned.
The obtained extraction residue is dried by a suitable method. An example of the drying method is freeze-drying.

The extraction residue obtained through the first extraction step is further extracted using a solvent having a dielectric constant of 25 or more, so that it is not extracted in the first extraction step. Ingredients can be extracted.
The solvent having a dielectric constant of 25 or more used in the second extraction step is not particularly limited, and examples thereof include water, methanol, and a mixed solvent containing them.
In the second extraction step, as in the first extraction step, the extraction may be performed under normal temperature and normal pressure, or heated to about 40 to 80 ° C., and further extracted under pressure at 1000 to 2000 psi. You can also.
The extraction time is not particularly limited, and examples include 5 minutes to 1 hour.
Extraction may be performed once or multiple times. Moreover, you may perform extraction using the high-speed solvent extraction apparatus mentioned later.
In the first extraction step and the second extraction step, the solvent used in the second extraction step has a higher dielectric constant than the solvent used in the first extraction step, so that it is not extracted in the first extraction step. Components in the tobacco material can be extracted in the second extraction step. The extract obtained in the second extraction step does not return to the extraction residue.
In the second extraction step, unnecessary components contained in the leaf tobacco material can be removed from the extraction residue obtained in the first extraction step.
As an unnecessary component, a highly polar component can be mentioned, for example, a low molecular organic acid, ammonia, etc. are contained.
In the production method of the present invention, the order of the first extraction step and the second extraction step, that is, a solvent having a relatively low polarity is used as the solvent used in the first extraction, and the solvent used in the next extraction step is It is important to use a relatively highly polar solvent having a dielectric constant greater than that of the solvent used in one extraction step. If this order is reversed, a tobacco raw material with a good flavor cannot be obtained.

After performing the first extraction step a plurality of times, the second extraction step may be performed a plurality of times, or the first extraction step and the second extraction step are performed continuously, and then the first extraction step again. And repeating the second extraction step may be performed.
From the viewpoint of simplifying the manufacturing process, it is better that the total number of processes of the first extraction process and the second extraction process is smaller.

In the production method of the present invention, after passing through the second extraction step, the extraction residue obtained through the second extraction step is applied back to the extract obtained in the first extraction step to obtain a leaf tobacco raw material. including.
In this step, the flavor of the tobacco raw material extracted in the first extraction step is improved by applying the extract obtained in the first extraction step back to the extraction residue obtained in the second extraction step. The ingredients to make are returned to the tobacco material.
When returning the extraction liquid to the extraction residue, it is preferable that the extraction liquid spread evenly over the extraction residue from the viewpoint of maintaining the uniformity of quality as a tobacco raw material.
As for the extract obtained in the first extraction step, the extract obtained in the first step may be applied as it is, or a solution obtained by concentrating only the solvent may be applied back. Moreover, you may give a salting-out process about an extract.
Further, after the extraction liquid is applied back to the extraction residue, the solvent is removed by an appropriate method.
Thereby, the tobacco raw material of this invention is obtained.

The tobacco raw material obtained by the production method of the present invention can be used at normal temperature and at a warmed state as its usage mode, and in any usage mode, the flavor is excellent.
As an aspect used under normal temperature or heated conditions, for example, an aspect in which a 0.7 mm diameter tube is filled with leaf tobacco by the above treatment can be used.
As an aspect to be used in a heated state, for example, an aspect to be used by heating to about 40 to 70 ° C. can be exemplified.

<Tobacco raw material of the present invention>
The tobacco raw material of the present invention includes an extract obtained by extraction using n-hexane as a solvent (hereinafter also referred to as hexane extract), and an extract obtained by extraction using water as a solvent after the extraction (hereinafter referred to as hexane extract). The ratio of the weight of the water extract is 0 or more and 1.5 or less as a numerical value of water extract weight / hexane extract weight (also referred to as W / H ratio).
When the tobacco material has the W / H ratio as described above, the tobacco material has a good flavor. When the W / H ratio exceeds 1.5, that is, when the content of the water extract becomes too large, a miscellaneous taste is mixed with the flavor of the tobacco raw material.
In addition, the W / H ratio can include an aspect of 0.3 to 0.6.

  Moreover, the aspect whose total weight of the hexane extract in the tobacco raw material of this invention and a water extract is 5 to 17 weight% with respect to the weight of the tobacco raw material before extraction can be mentioned. Moreover, the aspect which is 5 to 14 weight% can be mentioned.

  In order to manufacture the tobacco raw material having the above W / H ratio, for example, the above-described method for manufacturing a tobacco raw material of the present invention can be used.

  In addition, the following method is used about the measuring method of the amount of extract obtained by extraction using n-hexane in a tobacco raw material as a solvent, and the amount of extract obtained by subsequent extraction using water as a solvent. Specifically, using a high-speed solvent extraction device (DIONEX, ASE 200), prepare a cell filled with a sample by putting a volume of 22 ml into a pressure-resistant metal extraction cell and a tobacco raw material at 1.0 g / cell. To do. The cell is provided in the high-speed solvent extraction apparatus, and extraction is performed under the conditions shown in the following table.

  In the above extraction, the extract is transferred to a glass vial dedicated to the apparatus, but this is recovered after extraction and used for measurement of the amount of extraction (see below for methods). Solvent extraction is one cycle of solvent pressure filling, warming, standing, purging (transferring solvent to Vial), and solvent pressure filling again, and in the case of n-hexane, 3 cycles are repeated, The total liquid volume obtained from one cell is collected in one Vial. In the case of subsequent water extraction, a total of 9 cycles are repeated, and the total liquid amount obtained from the 3 cycles is collected in one Vial, and a total of 3 Vials can be obtained from one cell.

About the measurement of n-hexane extract amount, it carries out with the following method.
Transfer 1 vial / cell of n-hexane extract to a 100 ml eggplant flask weighed in advance using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, ethanol, wash the vial, and collect all the extract in the eggplant flask. . The eggplant flask is concentrated under reduced pressure using a rotary evaporator, and further dried for 3 hours at room temperature and under reduced pressure using a reduced pressure oil pump. For concentration, a rotary evaporator with a trap ball is used, and the liquid temperature in the water tank is set to 25 ° C. or lower. The weight of the eggplant flask after drying is measured, and the difference is defined as the amount of n-hexane extract.

The water extract amount is measured by the following method.
3 vials / cell of water extract is transferred to a pre-weighed 500 ml common combined eggplant flask for lyophilization using ultrapure water, and the vial is further washed to collect all the extract in the eggplant flask. The eggplant flask is frozen in the preliminary freezing tank of the freeze-drying apparatus, and then connected to the freeze-drying apparatus and dried. The weight of the eggplant flask after drying is measured, and the difference is defined as the water extract yield.

Examples The present invention will be described more specifically with reference to examples. However, the present invention is not limited to the description of the following examples unless it exceeds the gist.
EXAMPLES Hereinafter, the present invention will be described more specifically with reference to examples. However, the present invention is not limited to the description of the following examples unless it exceeds the gist.

<Example 1>
Leaf tobacco material (domestic burley seed) was pulverized with a pulverizer.
The crusher used was a sample mill SK-M10 manufactured by Kyoritsu Riko Co., Ltd.
Subsequent sieving provided a crushed leaf tobacco material having a particle size of 0.425 mm to 1.18 mm. 2 g of this pulverized leaf tobacco material was accurately weighed and filled into a metal cell.
The voids formed during filling were filled with stainless steel beads. The cell used was a 22 mL extraction cell manufactured by DIONEX, and the beads used a particle size of 2.2 mm from Central Science Trade. A high-speed solvent extractor was used to feed the solvent into the cell and extract the ground tobacco material.
As the extractor, DIONEX Co., Ltd. high-speed solvent extraction device ASE-200 was used.
For extraction, a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25, such as n-hexane (dielectric constant: 2) or ethanol (dielectric constant: 24) was used.

In the extraction using the above-described extractor using these solvents, the procedure was such that the cell was first filled with the solvent, heated, allowed to stand, and the solvent in the cell was pushed out three times. The temperature at the time of heating and the pressure condition at the time of standing were as follows for each solvent.
n-hexane: 70 ° C., 2000 psi
Ethanol: 80 ° C, 2000 psi
The obtained extract with the above solvent was about 40 mL, but was concentrated by using an evaporator, and was dissolved in suspension so as to be 6.25 mL using the same solvent used for extraction. Subsequently, extraction was performed with water as a solvent (dielectric constant: 80). At the time of extraction, the same procedure as extraction with a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25 is used. In the extraction with less than the solvent, the cycle was 3 times, but the extraction with water was changed to 9 cycles. The total amount of the extract was approximately 120 mL.
The extraction residue remaining in the cell after extraction was collected without being left behind, and pre-frozen and then subjected to lyophilization. For pre-freezing and freeze-drying, FREEZE DRYER FD-81 manufactured by EYELA was used.
The tobacco raw material of the present invention was obtained by uniformly applying the total amount of the extract with the low polarity solvent prepared above to the extraction residue after drying.
The solvent used in each example is as follows.
Example using n-hexane: Example 1
Example using ethanol: Example 2
Moreover, the example using the tobacco raw material obtained by using methanol (dielectric constant: 33) as a solvent at the 1st extraction process was made into the comparative example 1.

  For the tobacco raw materials of Examples 1 and 2 and Comparative Example 1, the ammonia content was measured. The content of ammonia in the tobacco raw material was measured according to the following procedure.

<Ammonia analysis>
Untreated raw material (180 mg) or treated raw material (weight when treated with 180 mg of untreated raw material) was subjected to osmotic extraction with 5 mL of pure water for 30 minutes. The extract was then filtered through a 10 KDa ultrafiltration membrane. The filtrate was analyzed by capillary electrophoresis chromatography manufactured by Agilent Technologies. Absorbance was set at a wavelength of 280 nm, and ammonia was quantified as ammonium ions using a standard solution in which an aqueous ammonium chloride solution was diluted to an appropriate concentration.
Table 2 shows the result of converting the quantified value per raw material weight. Note that. About the processing raw material, it converted using the raw material weight at the time of non-processing. (To eliminate the effects due to the difference in weight loss due to processing.)

  From the results of Table 2 above, a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25 is used in the first extraction step, and after passing through the second extraction step, the extract obtained in the first extraction step is applied to the extraction residue. In the case of returning, it was found that a large amount of ammonia was selectively removed as compared with the case where a solvent having a dielectric constant of 25 or more was used in the first extraction step.

<Sensory evaluation>
Tobacco raw materials obtained by the production method of the present invention were prepared under the same conditions as in Example 1 (Example 3), and the operation of applying back the extract obtained through the first extraction step in Example 1 Example 4 obtained by performing the same operation except that Brazilian yellow seed was used as a leaf tobacco material in Comparative Example 2 and Example 1 obtained by performing only (no second extraction step), In Example 4, the same leaf tobacco material and operation as in Comparative Example 3 and Example 3 obtained by performing only the operation of applying back the extract obtained through the first extraction step (no second extraction step) The following sensory evaluation was performed on Example 5 obtained through the above and Comparative Example 4 obtained through the same leaf tobacco material and operation as in Comparative Example 2. In the sensory evaluation, the following operations were performed.

(Examples 3 and 4 and Comparative Examples 2 and 3)
Crude and sieved raw material (particle size 0.425 mm to 1.18 mm) and each tobacco raw material (Examples 3, 4 and Comparative Examples 2 and 3) were made into quartz tubes (outer diameter 9 mm × inner diameter 7 mm × length). 55 mm).
The amount of filling is 180 mg when there is no removal of the untreated raw material and the extract, and in the case of the treated raw material including removal of the extract in the process, 109 mg (180 mg The raw material weight obtained when this raw material was processed. Both ends of the quartz tube were sealed with a stainless steel net so that the sample did not scatter during evaluation involving suction. About these quartz tubes, it heated at 60 degreeC, and it attracted | sucked from the end of the quartz tube, and investigated the result compared with the raw material.

<Method of sensory evaluation>
The criteria for sensory evaluation (change in sucking response) are as follows. The rate of change was judged by a seven-step evaluation expressed by the following word compared to untreated raw materials. The number of subjects was 10 in all evaluations. About the evaluation result, the significance of the sensory evaluation result difference by a processing method was determined using the least significant difference method (LSD). The results are shown in FIGS.
(1) Very strong: +3
(2) Strengthened: +2
(3) Slightly stronger: +1
(4) No change: ± 0
(5) Slightly weakened: -1
(6) It became weak: -2
(7) Very weak: -3

From the results shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the test by the least significant difference method showed a significant difference of 95% between the example and the comparative example, and the effect of the production method of the present invention was observed.
From this, it was found that the tobacco raw material obtained by the production method of the present invention has an excellent flavor regardless of the difference in the variety of leaf tobacco materials such as domestic Burley species and Brazilian yellow species.

(Example 5 and Comparative Example 4)
Filled plastic tube (outer diameter 9 mm x inner diameter 7 mm x length 110 mm) with crushed and sieved raw material (particle size 0.425 mm to 1.18 mm) and each tobacco material (Example 5 and Comparative Example 4) did.
The filling amount is 360 mg when there is no removal of the untreated raw material and the extract, and in the case of the treated raw material including the removal of the extract in the process, 218 mg (360 mg) is taken into account the weight reduction due to not applying the water extract. The raw material weight obtained when this raw material was processed. Both ends of the plastic tube were sealed with a non-woven mesh so that the sample did not scatter during evaluation with suction. The plastic tube was sucked from one end of the plastic tube at room temperature, and the result compared with the untreated raw material was investigated. The results are shown in FIG.

  Similar to Examples 3 and 4 and Comparative Examples 2 and 3, Example 5 and Comparative Example 4 were also evaluated. As a result, in the test by the least significant difference method, there was a 95% significant difference between Example 5 and Comparative Example 4, and the effect of the production method of the present invention was observed.

<Example 6>
A tobacco raw material was produced by the same procedure as in Example 1 except that tetrahydrofuran (dielectric constant: 8) was used as the solvent used for extraction in the first extraction step.

The tobacco raw material of Example 6 (104.94 mg) and the tobacco raw material prepared in Comparative Example 1 (using methanol as the solvent used for extraction in the first extraction step) (134.55 mg) (134.55 mg) And sensory evaluation (change in sucking response) was performed by the same method as Comparative Examples 2 and 3.
The results are shown in FIG.

<Comparative Examples 5 and 6>
The domestic burley leaf tobacco material is pulverized in the same manner as in Example 1 and the first extraction step is not performed, only the second extraction step is performed (only extraction with water is performed), and the second extraction step is performed. The tobacco raw material of Comparative Example 5 was produced by applying the extract obtained by the above to the extraction residue.
In addition, domestically produced Burley leaf tobacco material was pulverized in the same manner as in Example 1. First, the second extraction step (extraction with water) was performed, and then the first extraction step (extraction with n-hexane) was performed. After that, the tobacco raw material was produced in Comparative Example 6 by applying only the extract obtained by performing extraction with water to the extraction residue.
The tobacco raw materials of Comparative Examples 5 and 6 were subjected to sensory evaluation (change in sucking response) in the same manner as described above. The weight of the tobacco raw material of Comparative Example 5 used for sensory evaluation was 180 mg, and the weight of the tobacco raw material of Comparative Example 6 was 172.9 mg.
The results are shown in FIG.

<Comparative Example 7>
The domestic burley leaf tobacco material is pulverized in the same manner as in Example 1, the second extraction step is performed first (the extraction with water is performed first), and then the first extraction step is performed (n− The tobacco raw material of Comparative Example 7 was produced by applying the obtained extract (only n-hexane extract) to the extraction residue after extraction with hexane.
The tobacco raw material of Comparative Example 7 was subjected to sensory evaluation (change in sucking response) in the same manner as in Examples 3 and 4 and Comparative Examples 2 and 3. The weight of the tobacco raw material of Comparative Example 7 used for sensory evaluation was 83.86 g.
The results are shown in FIG.

<W / H ratio of each tobacco material>
Example 1 (using n-hexane in the first extraction step), Example 2 (using ethanol in the first extraction step) and Example 6 (using tetrahydrofuran in the first step) ), W / H ratio of each tobacco raw material of Comparative Example 1 (using methanol in the first step) was measured. For reference, the W / H ratio was also measured as a reference example for untreated tobacco raw materials (Burley species).
The measuring method is as described above.
The sample used for extraction was filled in the following procedure.
Pure filter paper was set in an extraction cell made of pressure-resistant metal and filled with 10 g of stainless steel balls that had been washed and weighed in advance. Next, for each tobacco raw material of Examples 1, 2, 6, Comparative Example 1 and Reference Example, 1.0 g / cell was weighed on a medicine wrap with an upper pan balance, and an appropriate auxiliary tool such as a powder funnel was used. Then, the weighed sample was put in a 22 ml cell prepared with filter paper / stainless sphere previously prepared, and the sample remaining on the medicine-wrapped paper was added to the cell by wiping with the stainless sphere several times. Further, the gap is filled with a stainless ball to the top of the cell to fill it. When it was full, the upper part of the cell was sealed, hitting it on the desk to fill the gaps, and filled with stainless steel balls.
Next, extraction with n-hexane and water (MilliQ water) was performed for 3 cycles and 9 cycles under the conditions shown in Table 1, and the weight of the extract extracted with each solvent was determined. The measurement is performed twice for each tobacco raw material, and the weight of the extract shows the average value.
Further, from the obtained extract weight, the W / H ratio and the ratio of the extract weight to the tobacco raw material before the extraction treatment were determined. The results are shown in Table 3.

The devices, solvents, and articles actually used are as follows.
<Device used>
High-speed solvent extraction system (DIONEX, ASE200)
Top balance (METTLER PM2500)
Freeze-drying equipment with pre-freezing tank (Tokyo Science Machinery Co., Ltd., FD-81)
Depressurized oil pump (ULVAC KIKO Inc./ULVAC GCD-051X)
<Solvent used>
n-Hexane (Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd., for high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC))
Water (MilliQ water by Nihon Millipore Co., Ltd.)
Ethyl acetate (for Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd., high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC))
Ethanol (for Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd., high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC))
* Ethyl acetate and ethanol are used when transferring n-hexane extract into eggplant flask.
Medicine wrapping paper 10 centimeters square common eggplant flask / 100ml (Shibata Kagaku Co., Ltd.)
Commonly-mixed eggplant flask for freeze-drying / 500ml (EYELA Co., Ltd.)
Pressure-resistant metal extraction cell 22 mL (DIONEX Co., Ltd.)
Pure filter paper for extraction cell (DIONEX Co., Ltd.)
Stainless steel ball particle size 2.3 mm (Central Science Trade Co., Ltd.)

Claims (7)

  1.   The ratio of the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using n-hexane as a solvent and the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using water as a solvent after the extraction is the weight ratio of water extract / hexane extract. The tobacco raw material is 0 or more and 1.5 or less.
  2.   The total amount of the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using n-hexane as a solvent and the weight of the extract obtained by extraction using water as a solvent after the extraction is 5% of the weight of the tobacco raw material before extraction. The tobacco raw material according to claim 1, which is ˜17% by weight.
  3.   A first extraction step of extracting leaf tobacco material using a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 or more and less than 25 to obtain an extract and an extraction residue; and an extraction residue obtained in the first extraction step after the first extraction step The extraction liquid obtained in the first extraction step is applied to the second extraction step in which the extraction residue is obtained by extraction with a solvent having a dielectric constant of 25 or more, and the extraction residue obtained through the second extraction step. A method for producing a tobacco raw material, comprising the step of returning the raw material to obtain a tobacco leaf raw material.
  4.   The production method according to claim 3, wherein the solvent used in the first extraction step is a solvent having a dielectric constant of 1 to 20, and the solvent used in the second extraction step is water.
  5.   The production method according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the solvent used in the first extraction step is one or more selected from n-hexane, tetrahydrofuran and ethanol.
  6.   The tobacco raw material obtained by the manufacturing method as described in any one of Claims 3-5.
  7.   A tobacco product using the tobacco raw material according to claim 1, 2 or 6.
JP2015534220A 2013-08-27 2014-08-26 Tobacco raw materials, methods for producing the same, and tobacco products Active JP6109319B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2013175626 2013-08-27
JP2013175626 2013-08-27
PCT/JP2014/072244 WO2015029977A1 (en) 2013-08-27 2014-08-26 Tobacco raw material, method for manufacturing same, and tobacco product

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPWO2015029977A1 true JPWO2015029977A1 (en) 2017-03-02
JP6109319B2 JP6109319B2 (en) 2017-04-05

Family

ID=52586534

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2015534220A Active JP6109319B2 (en) 2013-08-27 2014-08-26 Tobacco raw materials, methods for producing the same, and tobacco products

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US20160100626A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2989907A4 (en)
JP (1) JP6109319B2 (en)
CN (1) CN105451580B (en)
TW (1) TW201511695A (en)
WO (1) WO2015029977A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106509972B (en) * 2016-11-25 2018-08-03 福建中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of composition and the method for preparing tobacco extract using the composition
CN106723316B (en) * 2016-12-26 2018-06-22 福建中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of composition and the method that tobacco extract is prepared using the composition
CN106723312B (en) * 2016-12-26 2018-08-10 福建中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of composition and the method for preparing tobacco extract using the composition
CN106617257B (en) * 2016-12-26 2018-06-22 福建中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of composition and the method that tobacco extract is prepared using the composition
CN106509979B (en) * 2016-12-26 2018-10-23 福建中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of composition and the method for preparing tobacco extract using the composition
GB201707758D0 (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-06-28 British American Tobacco (Investments) Ltd Ground tobacco composition
CN111511224A (en) 2017-12-27 2020-08-07 日本烟草产业株式会社 Tobacco extract, method for producing tobacco extract, and non-combustion flavor extractor using tobacco extract

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS521098A (en) * 1975-06-19 1977-01-06 Amf Inc Method of treating tobacco
JPH057485A (en) * 1990-02-23 1993-01-19 R J Reynolds Tobacco Co Tobacco processing method
JP2011010656A (en) * 1998-07-08 2011-01-20 Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd Use of phenol oxidizing enzyme in treatment of tobacco
JP2011526202A (en) * 2008-06-27 2011-10-06 ブリティッシュ アメリカン タバコ (インヴェストメンツ) リミテッドBritish American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Method for removing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Family Cites Families (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL267C (en) *
GB1489761A (en) 1974-03-08 1977-10-26 Amf Inc Process of treating tobacco
US4200113A (en) * 1975-06-19 1980-04-29 Amf Incorporated Lipid removal from tobacco
US4244381A (en) * 1978-08-02 1981-01-13 Philip Morris Incorporated Upgraded tobacco stem material and its method of preparation
US5311886A (en) 1991-12-31 1994-05-17 Imasco Limited Tobacco extract treatment with insoluble adsorbent
JPH0823952A (en) 1994-07-15 1996-01-30 Japan Tobacco Inc Improvement of aroma and flavor of leaf tobacco raw material and leaf tobacco raw material improved in aroma and flavor
CA2400408C (en) 2000-03-10 2008-12-30 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Tobacco treatment
ITMI20031442A1 (en) * 2003-07-15 2005-01-16 Valentino Mercati Procedure for obtaining tobacco leaves to standardized content of nicotine and / or improved combustibility '
CN101420873B (en) * 2006-04-14 2012-06-27 日本烟草产业株式会社 Apparatus for producing flavor for swelling tobacco material and method of producing the same
US8073778B2 (en) * 2008-09-11 2011-12-06 Linden Research, Inc. Scalable distributed transaction manager for multi-host transactions
US20120211016A1 (en) * 2011-02-18 2012-08-23 Byrd Jr Medwick Vaughan Plastic from tobacco biomass
CN102488318A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-06-13 安徽中烟工业有限责任公司 Preparation method for aired tobacco extracts and essential oil
CN102871212B (en) * 2012-10-08 2014-10-08 安徽中烟工业有限责任公司 Method for producing paper-making reconstituted tobacco
CN103126062B (en) * 2013-03-04 2015-07-29 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 One grows tobacco composition extracting method
CN103908016B (en) * 2014-03-31 2017-01-11 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Tobacco harm reduction processing solvent and method for reducing HCN (hydrogen cyanide) in mainstream cigarette smoke

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS521098A (en) * 1975-06-19 1977-01-06 Amf Inc Method of treating tobacco
JPH057485A (en) * 1990-02-23 1993-01-19 R J Reynolds Tobacco Co Tobacco processing method
JP2011010656A (en) * 1998-07-08 2011-01-20 Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd Use of phenol oxidizing enzyme in treatment of tobacco
JP2011526202A (en) * 2008-06-27 2011-10-06 ブリティッシュ アメリカン タバコ (インヴェストメンツ) リミテッドBritish American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Method for removing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105451580A (en) 2016-03-30
US20160100626A1 (en) 2016-04-14
WO2015029977A1 (en) 2015-03-05
CN105451580B (en) 2019-03-08
JP6109319B2 (en) 2017-04-05
TW201511695A (en) 2015-04-01
EP2989907A4 (en) 2017-01-11
EP2989907A1 (en) 2016-03-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Gavahian et al. Extraction of essential oils from Mentha piperita using advanced techniques: Microwave versus ohmic assisted hydrodistillation
Passos et al. Ionic liquid solutions as extractive solvents for value-added compounds from biomass
Fiori et al. Supercritical CO2 extraction of oil from seeds of six grape cultivars: Modeling of mass transfer kinetics and evaluation of lipid profiles and tocol contents
CN1691954B (en) Extraction of pharmaceutically active cannabinoids from plant materials
Xynos et al. Development of a green extraction procedure with super/subcritical fluids to produce extracts enriched in oleuropein from olive leaves
Li et al. Extraction of Cuminum cyminum essential oil by combination technology of organic solvent with low boiling point and steam distillation
Onsekizoglu et al. Clarification and the concentration of apple juice using membrane processes: A comparative quality assessment
Cheigh et al. Enhanced extraction of flavanones hesperidin and narirutin from Citrus unshiu peel using subcritical water
Herrero et al. Green processes for the extraction of bioactives from Rosemary: Chemical and functional characterization via ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and in-vitro assays
US9199960B2 (en) Method and apparatus for processing herbaceous plant materials including the cannabis plant
Meterc et al. Drying of aqueous green tea extracts using a supercritical fluid spray process
Marqués et al. Supercritical antisolvent extraction of antioxidants from grape seeds after vinification
Solana et al. A comparison between supercritical fluid and pressurized liquid extraction methods for obtaining phenolic compounds from Asparagus officinalis L
EP1920777B1 (en) Extraction method for the fractioned preparation and separation of plant ingredients and use thereof
Yilmaz et al. Extraction and identification of proanthocyanidins from grape seed (Vitis Vinifera) using supercritical carbon dioxide
EP1430073B1 (en) Solvent extraction process
CN105053174B (en) A kind of Preparation method and use of plant source composite preservative
JP2009525863A (en) Near critical fluid extraction method
Bermejo et al. Effect of cosolvents (ethyl lactate, ethyl acetate and ethanol) on the supercritical CO2 extraction of caffeine from green tea
US9572849B2 (en) Recovery of residual plant components after distillation of essential oils
İçen et al. Effect of ethanol content on supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of caffeine from tea stalk and fiber wastes
ES2390821T3 (en) Method for preparing a coffee extract, and the extract to be obtained with it
Li et al. Response surface optimization of supercritical fluid extraction of kaempferol glycosides from tea seed cake
Viganó et al. Pressurized liquids extraction as an alternative process to readily obtain bioactive compounds from passion fruit rinds
Viganó et al. Sequential high pressure extractions applied to recover piceatannol and scirpusin B from passion fruit bagasse

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20170207

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20170307

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 6109319

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250