JPH1182285A - Construction method of wind power generator, climbing crane device, and maintenance using the same - Google Patents

Construction method of wind power generator, climbing crane device, and maintenance using the same

Info

Publication number
JPH1182285A
JPH1182285A JP9250354A JP25035497A JPH1182285A JP H1182285 A JPH1182285 A JP H1182285A JP 9250354 A JP9250354 A JP 9250354A JP 25035497 A JP25035497 A JP 25035497A JP H1182285 A JPH1182285 A JP H1182285A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
tower
climbing crane
wind power
power generator
crane
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP9250354A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Hideyuki Nakagawa
英之 中川
Eiji Oshida
栄二 押田
Yokichi Shibamura
陽吉 柴村
Michinori Kinugasa
倫典 衣笠
Mikito Wakamatsu
幹人 若松
Original Assignee
Nkk Corp
日本鋼管株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nkk Corp, 日本鋼管株式会社 filed Critical Nkk Corp
Priority to JP9250354A priority Critical patent/JPH1182285A/en
Publication of JPH1182285A publication Critical patent/JPH1182285A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/20Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes with supporting couples provided by walls of buildings or like structures
    • B66C23/207Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes with supporting couples provided by walls of buildings or like structures with supporting couples provided by wind turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D13/00Assembly, mounting or commissioning of wind motors; Arrangements specially adapted for transporting wind motor components
    • F03D13/10Assembly of wind motors; Arrangements for erecting wind motors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2230/00Manufacture
    • F05B2230/60Assembly methods
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2230/00Manufacture
    • F05B2230/60Assembly methods
    • F05B2230/61Assembly methods using auxiliary equipment for lifting or holding
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To construct a wind power generator at a low cost even in an isolated island or a mountainous district. SOLUTION: A climbing crane A is installed at the tower base part of a wind power generator, and a tower block is mounted and jointed on/to the tower base part with the climbing crane A. While the climbing crane A is being lifted with the tower block, the tower part of this wind power generator is constructed. A nacelle part and blades of the wind power generator are then fitted on the top of the tower with the climbing crane A.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、風力発電装置の建
設方法および建設に使用されるクライミングクレーン装
置、さらには、該クライミングクレーン装置を用いた風
力発電装置のメンテナンス方法に関する。
The present invention relates to a method for constructing a wind power generator, a climbing crane used for the construction, and a maintenance method for the wind power generator using the climbing crane.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】風力発電装置は、地面上に立設されたタ
ワーの上部にブレードと発電機が一体に取付けられた構
造であり、風の強い離島または山岳地に建設されること
が多い。
2. Description of the Related Art A wind power generator has a structure in which a blade and a generator are integrally mounted on an upper part of a tower erected on the ground, and is often constructed on a remote island or mountainous area where wind is strong.
【0003】この風力発電装置の建設方法の従来技術と
して、特開昭63−124875号公報(従来技術1)
が開示されている。
[0003] As a prior art of this method of constructing a wind power generator, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 63-124875 (prior art 1) is known.
Is disclosed.
【0004】図7(立面図)は、前記従来技術1に開示
されたに風力発電装置の建設方法で、地面G上に設けら
れた支持台100にタワー101の中間部を支点軸10
2で支持し、一方、タワー101の一端部に発電機を収
容したナセル103と、他端部に釣合い錘104を取付
け、タワー101の中間部を支点として回動装置105
の動力によりタワー101を垂直面内で矢印方向に回動
することにより、少ない動力で風力発電装置を建設する
方法である。尚、106は後工程で取付けられたブレー
ドである。
FIG. 7 (elevation view) shows a method of constructing a wind turbine generator disclosed in the prior art 1 in which an intermediate portion of a tower 101 is supported on a support base 100 provided on the ground G by a fulcrum shaft 10.
2, a nacelle 103 containing a generator at one end of the tower 101, and a counterweight 104 at the other end, and a rotating device 105 with an intermediate portion of the tower 101 as a fulcrum.
This is a method of constructing a wind power generator with less power by rotating the tower 101 in the direction of the arrow in a vertical plane by the power of the above. Reference numeral 106 denotes a blade attached in a later step.
【0005】また、他の技術として、大型クレーンを使
用してタワーを順次、下方から上方へ組み立て、上部に
発電機収容のナセルおよびブレードを取付けて建設する
方法(従来技術2)が知られている。
As another technique, there is known a method of assembling a tower by using a large crane in order from the bottom to the top and mounting a nacelle and blades accommodating a generator on an upper part (prior art 2). I have.
【0006】[0006]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、前記従
来技術1は、風力発電装置そのものが大出力になると、
ブレード寸法が大となるので、タワーの高さは、50m
以上の高さとなり、また、発電機およびブレードの重量
も大となるので、垂直面内での回動のための引き起こし
時に、タワーに過大な曲げモーメントが作用し、運転時
に作用する強度以上のタワーの構造を強固に製作する必
要があり、タワーの製作コストが必要以上に高価となる
問題がある。
However, in the prior art 1, when the wind power generator itself has a large output,
The height of the tower is 50m because the blade size is large.
The height is higher than the above, and the weight of the generator and the blades is also large, so that when it is caused to rotate in a vertical plane, an excessive bending moment acts on the tower, and the strength exceeds the strength that acts during operation. There is a problem that the structure of the tower needs to be firmly manufactured, and the manufacturing cost of the tower is unnecessarily high.
【0007】また、大型クレーンを使用する前記従来技
術2は、離島もしくは交通アクセスの不便な山岳地で
は、大型クレーンの搬送上の問題がある。
Further, the prior art 2 using a large crane has a problem in transporting a large crane in a remote island or in a mountainous area where traffic access is inconvenient.
【0008】本発明は、安価なコストで、設置地域に限
定されない風力発電装置の建設方法、その装置およびそ
のメンテナンス方法を提供することを目的とする。
An object of the present invention is to provide a method of constructing a wind power generator which is inexpensive and is not limited to an installation area, an apparatus thereof, and a maintenance method thereof.
【0009】[0009]
【課題を解決するための手段】前述の課題を解決する第
一の手段は、風力発電装置のタワー基部にクライミング
クレーンを取付け、前記クライミングクレーンで、次の
タワーブロックを前記タワー基部上に搭載、接合した
後、前記タワーブロックを使用して前記クライミングク
レーンを上昇させながら風力発電装置のタワー部を構築
し、その後、前記クライミングクレーンにより風力発電
装置のナセル部とブレードをタワー上部に取付けること
を特徴とする風力発電装置の建設方法である。
A first means for solving the above-mentioned problems is to mount a climbing crane on a tower base of a wind turbine generator, and to mount the next tower block on the tower base with the climbing crane. After joining, the tower block of the wind turbine generator is constructed while raising the climbing crane using the tower block, and then the nacelle part and the blade of the wind turbine generator are attached to the upper part of the tower by the climbing crane. This is a method for constructing a wind turbine generator.
【0010】前述の課題を解決する第二の手段は、風力
発電装置のタワーを把持するクランプ部と、該クランプ
部を支持する基台と、前記基台に設けられ単独または一
体に稼動する対のジブクレーンと、該基台とクランプ部
を昇降させる昇降機構と、からなる風力発電装置の建設
に用いるクライミングクレーン装置である。
[0010] A second means for solving the above-mentioned problems is a clamp for gripping a tower of a wind power generator, a base for supporting the clamp, and a pair provided on the base and operating independently or integrally. And a lifting mechanism for raising and lowering the base and the clamp unit.
【0011】前述の課題を解決する第三の手段は、請求
項2に記載のクライミングクレーン装置を、タワーをガ
イドとして該タワーの下部から上部の間で昇降させ、風
力発電装置のナセル部またはブレード等の補修、交換を
行うことを特徴とする風力発電装置のメンテナンス方法
である。
A third means for solving the above-mentioned problem is to raise and lower the climbing crane device according to claim 2 from a lower portion to an upper portion of the tower by using a tower as a guide, and a nacelle portion or a blade of a wind power generator. Repair and replacement of the wind power generator.
【0012】前記第一の手段によれば、クライミングク
レーンは、タワーブロックをガイドとして上昇し、か
つ、保有するジブクレーンにより次のタワーブロックを
吊り上げ、搭載してタワーが構築されるので、高層のタ
ワーが建設可能であり、タワーが完成したら、クライミ
ングクレーンにより、重量物であるナセルの搭載が行わ
れ、さらに、ナセルへのブレードの取付けが行われる。
According to the first means, the climbing crane is lifted up using the tower block as a guide, and the next tower block is lifted and mounted by the jib crane to hold the tower. When the tower is completed, the climbing crane mounts the heavy nacelle and mounts the blade to the nacelle.
【0013】前記第二の手段によれば、クライミングク
レーンは、クランプ部によりタワーとの係止を図りなが
ら昇降機構により上昇または下降を行う。さらに、クラ
イミングクレーンは、対のジブクレーンを基台に設けた
ので、単独または一体的に使用することにより、タワー
ブロックの搭載、或いは、ナセル部およびブレードの搭
載の使い分けが可能である。
[0013] According to the second means, the climbing crane is raised or lowered by the elevating mechanism while locking the tower with the clamp portion. Further, since the climbing crane is provided with a pair of jib cranes on the base, it is possible to mount the tower block or use the nacelle and the blade properly by using them alone or integrally.
【0014】また、クライミングクレーン自体をタワー
の外径に合わせて製作すれば良いので小型化を図ること
が可能である。
Further, since the climbing crane itself may be manufactured according to the outer diameter of the tower, it is possible to reduce the size.
【0015】前記第三の手段によれば、建設装置は、タ
ワーブロックをガイドとして上昇または下降するので、
ナセル部またはブレードの交換、保守または点検に使用
することにより、風力発電装置のメンテナンスが容易に
行える。
According to the third means, since the construction apparatus moves up or down using the tower block as a guide,
Maintenance of the wind turbine generator can be easily performed by using it for replacement, maintenance or inspection of the nacelle part or blade.
【0016】[0016]
【発明の実施の形態】図1は、本発明にかかる風力発電
装置の建設に使用されるクライミングクレーン装置の斜
視図である。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a climbing crane device used for construction of a wind turbine generator according to the present invention.
【0017】Aは、本発明の風力発電装置の建設に使用
されるクライミングクレーンの全体を示し、クライミン
グクレーンAは、クランプ部1と、クランプ部1を支持
する基台2と、基台2上に設けられた機械室3と、機械
室3上に設けられたジブクレーン部4とから構成されて
いる。ジブクレーン4は、2基設けることにより、一基
当たりの規模を小型化することができ、ジブの寸法を小
とすることにより、ナセルやブレードの搭載時に干渉を
起こすことなく、取り扱いを容易とすることができる。
A indicates the entire climbing crane used for construction of the wind turbine generator of the present invention. The climbing crane A includes a clamp unit 1, a base 2 supporting the clamp unit 1, and a base 2 on the base 2. , And a jib crane unit 4 provided on the machine room 3. By providing two jib cranes 4, the size of one jib can be reduced, and by reducing the size of the jib, handling becomes easy without causing interference when mounting the nacelle or blade. be able to.
【0018】クランプ部1は、複数のセグメント体10
をリング状に組み立てたリングフレーム11を有し、複
数のセグメント体10には、油圧または空圧等の流体シ
リンダー式のクランプ12が取付けられている。クラン
プ12の先端は、風力発電装置のタワー外面を四方向か
ら当接する当部12aが各々設けられている。この当部
12aは磁石で構成してもよく、また、ブレーキまたは
ロック機構を付与したローラを用いてもよい。また、ク
ランプ12の包囲形状は、タワーの断面形状により決定
され、タワーが角断面の場合は、四角となり、円形断面
の場合は、円となる。
The clamp unit 1 includes a plurality of segment bodies 10.
Are assembled in a ring shape, and a plurality of segment bodies 10 are provided with hydraulic cylinder type or other hydraulic cylinder type clamps 12. The distal ends of the clamps 12 are provided with contact portions 12a that contact the outer surface of the tower of the wind turbine generator from four directions. The contact portion 12a may be formed of a magnet, or a roller provided with a brake or a lock mechanism may be used. The surrounding shape of the clamp 12 is determined by the cross-sectional shape of the tower. When the tower has a square cross-section, it becomes a square, and when it has a circular cross-section, it becomes a circle.
【0019】リングフレーム11は、上下2段に設けら
れており、必要により安全柵が取付けられ、その上下間
に連結材13が設けられ、タワーの上部と下部を把持す
る構造となっている。
The ring frame 11 is provided in two stages, upper and lower, where necessary, a safety fence is attached, a connecting member 13 is provided between the upper and lower portions, and the upper and lower portions of the tower are gripped.
【0020】14は、上部のリングフレーム11の上部
に配置された昇降機構のウィンチであり、後述するよ
に、タワーブロックに係止されたワイヤをウィンチ14
で巻き込み、または、繰り出すことにより、クライミン
グクレーン全体Aをタワーをガイドとして、上昇または
下降させるために設けられている。尚、昇降機構は、リ
ングフレーム11の上下間に油圧シリンダー等の流体シ
リンダーを設け、前記上下のリングフレーム11に設け
たクランプ12を交互にクランプしながら流体シリンダ
ーを伸縮させて尺取り虫式に昇降させてもよい。即ち、
下リングフレーム11のクランプ12でタワーを把持
し、上リングフレーム11のクランプ12を解除した段
階で流体シリンダーを伸長させて、上リングフレーム1
1を持ち上げ、その後、上リングフレーム11のクラン
プ12で把持し、下リングフレーム11のクランプ12
を解除して、流体シリンダーを収縮させ、下リングフレ
ーム11を持ち上げる。以上の動作を交互に繰り返すこ
とにより、クライミングクレーンAを上昇させることが
できる。また、下降の場合は、逆の工程を行えばよい。
Reference numeral 14 denotes a winch of an elevating mechanism arranged above the upper ring frame 11, and as described later, a wire locked on the tower block is used to winch the winch.
Is provided for raising or lowering the entire climbing crane A by using the tower as a guide. The elevating mechanism is provided with a fluid cylinder such as a hydraulic cylinder between the upper and lower portions of the ring frame 11, and extends and contracts the fluid cylinder while alternately clamping the clamps 12 provided on the upper and lower ring frames 11, thereby moving the fluid cylinder up and down in a worm-like manner. You may. That is,
The fluid cylinder is extended at the stage where the clamp 12 of the upper ring frame 11 is released by gripping the tower with the clamp 12 of the lower ring frame 11 and
1 and then gripped by the clamps 12 of the upper ring frame 11, and clamped by the clamps 12 of the lower ring frame 11.
Is released, the fluid cylinder is contracted, and the lower ring frame 11 is lifted. By repeating the above operations alternately, the climbing crane A can be raised. In the case of descending, the reverse process may be performed.
【0021】上部のリングフレーム11を支持する基台
2上には、機械室3が設けられており、機械室3上にジ
ブクレーン4が対で(4a,4b)設けられている。
尚、4cはジブクレーン4の吊り索の先端に懸吊された
天秤で、タワーブロックまたはナセル部の搭載に使用さ
れ、4dはジブクレーン4a,4bの吊りワイヤおよび
4eはブーム角度形成用の操作ワイヤである。
A machine room 3 is provided on the base 2 supporting the upper ring frame 11, and a jib crane 4 (4a, 4b) is provided on the machine room 3 in pairs.
In addition, 4c is a balance suspended at the tip of the hanging cable of the jib crane 4, is used for mounting a tower block or a nacelle part, 4d is a hanging wire of the jib cranes 4a, 4b, and 4e is an operation wire for forming a boom angle. is there.
【0022】本発明にかかるクライミングクレーンAの
タワーへの取付けは、セグメント体10を、タワー基部
の周囲に配置し、タワーを包囲しながら組み立て、上部
および下部のリングフレーム11を完成させる。セグメ
ント体10相互の組み立てはボルト等が使用される。
When the climbing crane A according to the present invention is mounted on the tower, the segment body 10 is arranged around the base of the tower and assembled while surrounding the tower to complete the upper and lower ring frames 11. Bolts and the like are used for assembling the segment bodies 10 with each other.
【0023】次に、上部のフレーム11に基台2と機械
室3およびジブクレーン4(4a,4b)を取付ける。
Next, the base 2, the machine room 3, and the jib cranes 4 (4a, 4b) are mounted on the upper frame 11.
【0024】図2(a),(b),(c)は、本発明の
建設工程を図示した立面図である。図2(a)では、地
面G上に構築されたタワー基部5aの周囲に、クライミ
ングクレーンAを組立てて配置し、クライミングクレー
ンAにより次のタワーブロック5bを吊り上げ、前記タ
ワー基部5a上に搭載し、溶接、ボルト等により接合す
る。
FIGS. 2A, 2B and 2C are elevation views illustrating the construction process of the present invention. In FIG. 2A, a climbing crane A is assembled and arranged around a tower base 5a constructed on the ground G, and the next tower block 5b is lifted by the climbing crane A and mounted on the tower base 5a. , Welding, bolts, etc.
【0025】図2(b),(c)に示すように、前述の
昇降機構によりクライミングクレーンAを上昇させなが
ら、同様の手順でタワーブロック5c,5d…と、搭載
されたタワーブロックの上に、順次搭載し、接合する。
As shown in FIGS. 2 (b) and 2 (c), the climbing crane A is raised by the above-described lifting mechanism, and the tower blocks 5c, 5d,... , Sequentially mounted and joined.
【0026】図3は、本発明にかかるタワーの構築状況
を示した斜視図で、タワーブロック5dに、次のタワー
ブロック5eを吊り上げ、搭載しつつある状況である。
タワーブロック5eは、ジブクレーン4a,4bの天秤
4cでタワーブロック5eを吊り上げる。尚、5e1
5e2,5e4は吊り金具である。
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the construction of the tower according to the present invention, in which the next tower block 5e is being lifted and mounted on the tower block 5d.
The tower block 5e lifts the tower block 5e with the balance 4c of the jib cranes 4a, 4b. In addition, 5e 1 ,
5e 2 and 5e 4 are hanging metal fittings.
【0027】図4は、本発明にかかるクライミングクレ
ーンAの上昇状態を示した斜視図で、タワーブロック5
d上に、次のタワーブロック5eが搭載、接合された
ら、クランプ12を全てタワーブロックの把持状態から
解除し、タワーブロック5eの最上部に取付けられた吊
り金具5e1,5e2,5e3,5e4に係止したワイヤ1
4a,14b・・をウィンチ14のドラムに巻き込み、
クライミングクレーンA全体を上昇させる。
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a climbing crane A according to the present invention in an ascending state.
on d, mounted next tower block 5e, Once joined, releasing the clamp 12 from the holding state of all tower blocks, fitting 5e 1 hanging mounted on top of the tower block 5e, 5e 2, 5e 3, wire 1 locked to 5e 4
4a, 14b ... are wound around the drum of the winch 14,
Raise the entire climbing crane A.
【0028】図5(a),(b),(c)は、本発明に
かかる風力発電装置のナセルを搭載する状況を示す斜視
図で、タワー5が完成したら、クライミングクレーンA
をタワー5の上部に位置させ、クライミングクレーンA
により、タワー5の上部に発電機収容のナセル6を、図
5(a),(b),(c),(d)の工程で吊り上げ、
搭載する。
FIGS. 5 (a), 5 (b) and 5 (c) are perspective views showing a situation where the nacelle of the wind power generator according to the present invention is mounted.
At the top of the tower 5 and climbing crane A
As a result, the nacelle 6 accommodating the generator is lifted above the tower 5 in the steps shown in FIGS. 5 (a), 5 (b), 5 (c) and 5 (d).
Mount.
【0029】図6(a),(b)は、本発明にかかる風
力発電装置のブレードを搭載する状況を示す立面図で、
図6(b)は、図6(a)のイ矢視図である。
FIGS. 6 (a) and 6 (b) are elevation views showing a situation where the blade of the wind turbine generator according to the present invention is mounted.
FIG. 6B is a view as viewed in the direction of the arrow A in FIG.
【0030】クライミングクレーンAにより発電機収容
のナセル6が搭載されたら、次に、ブレード7を搭載す
る。ブレード7は、傾斜状に取付けられるので、クライ
ミングクレーンAから吊られたローダ4fで上部を吊
り、下部を地上のウィンチ8からのワイヤ9により角度
が決められて取付けられ、一枚のブレードが取付けられ
たら、ロータ(図示せず)を回転し、他のブレードを同
様の方法で取付ける。尚、70は同様の方法で先行して
取付けられたブレードである。
After the nacelle 6 containing the generator is mounted by the climbing crane A, the blade 7 is mounted next. Since the blade 7 is attached in an inclined manner, the upper part is suspended by a loader 4f suspended from a climbing crane A, and the lower part is attached at an angle determined by a wire 9 from a winch 8 on the ground, and one blade is attached. Once done, rotate the rotor (not shown) and attach the other blade in a similar manner. Reference numeral 70 denotes a blade previously mounted in the same manner.
【0031】本発明は、また、前述のクライミングクレ
ーンAを用い、既設の風力発電装置のメンテナンスに使
用することができる。
The present invention can be used for maintenance of an existing wind turbine generator using the above-described climbing crane A.
【0032】即ち、タワー5の下部でクライミングクレ
ーンAを組立て、タワーをガイドとして、クライミング
クレーンAを昇降させ、ジブクレーン4を使用して、ナ
セル6またはブレード7等の補修、交換を行うことがで
きる。
That is, the climbing crane A is assembled at the lower part of the tower 5, the climbing crane A is moved up and down using the tower as a guide, and the nacelle 6 or the blades 7 can be repaired or replaced using the jib crane 4. .
【0033】[0033]
【発明の効果】本発明によれば、タワーは、クライミン
グクレーン装置により組立てられ、タワーをガイドにし
ながら構築されるので、容易に高層化でき、また、タワ
ーには必要以上の荷重が作用しないので、強度を必要以
上に上げる必要がないので、安価なコストで構築でき
る。
According to the present invention, the tower is assembled by the climbing crane device and is constructed while using the tower as a guide, so that the tower can be easily raised and the tower does not receive an excessive load. Since it is not necessary to increase the strength more than necessary, it can be constructed at a low cost.
【0034】また、大型クレーンを必要としないので、
離島もしくは山岳地等の交通アクセスが不便な地域でも
容易に風力発電装置を建設することができ、強いては、
風力発電所の建設立地が広域化する利点がある。
Further, since a large crane is not required,
Wind power generators can be easily constructed even in areas where transportation access is inconvenient, such as remote islands or mountainous areas.
There is an advantage that the construction site of the wind power plant is widened.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】本発明の風力発電装置の建設に使用されるクラ
イミングクレーン装置の斜視図である。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a climbing crane device used for construction of a wind power generator according to the present invention.
【図2】(a),(b),(c)は、本発明の建設工程
を図示した立面図である。
2 (a), 2 (b) and 2 (c) are elevation views illustrating a construction process of the present invention.
【図3】本発明にかかるタワーの構築状況を示した斜視
図である。
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing a construction state of a tower according to the present invention.
【図4】本発明にかかるクライミングクレーンの上昇状
態を示した斜視図である。
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a climbing crane according to the present invention in a raised state.
【図5】(a),(b),(c)は、本発明にかかる、
風力発電装置のナセルを搭載する工程を示した斜視図で
ある。
FIGS. 5 (a), (b), and (c) are drawings according to the present invention.
It is the perspective view which showed the process of mounting the nacelle of a wind power generator.
【図6】(a)は、本発明にかかる、風力発電装置のナ
セルを搭載する状況を示した斜視図であり、(b)は、
図6(a)のイ矢視図である。
FIG. 6A is a perspective view showing a situation in which a nacelle of a wind turbine generator according to the present invention is mounted, and FIG.
It is an arrow view of FIG. 6 (a).
【図7】従来技術1にかかる風力発電装置の建設方法を
示す立面図である。
FIG. 7 is an elevation view showing a method of constructing a wind turbine generator according to the related art 1.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
A クライミングクレーン装置 1クランプ部 10 セグメント体 11リングフレーム 12クランプ 12a当部 13連結材 14ウィンチ 2 基台 3 機械室 4(4a),4(b) ジブクレーン部 4c天秤 4d吊りワイヤ 4e操作ワイヤ 5タワー 5a,5b,5c,5d,5e,5f・・タワーブロッ
ク 6ナセル 7ブレード
A Climbing crane device 1 Clamp section 10 Segment body 11 Ring frame 12 Clamp 12a Abutment 13 Connecting material 14 Winch 2 Base 3 Machine room 4 (4a), 4 (b) Jib crane section 4c Balance 4d Suspension wire 4e Operation wire 5 Tower 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d, 5e, 5f tower block 6 nacelle 7 blades
───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (72)発明者 衣笠 倫典 東京都千代田区丸の内一丁目1番2号 日 本鋼管株式会社内 (72)発明者 若松 幹人 東京都千代田区丸の内一丁目1番2号 日 本鋼管株式会社内 ──────────────────────────────────────────────────続 き Continuing from the front page (72) Inventor Tomonori Kinugasa 1-2-1, Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Inside Nihon Kokan Co., Ltd. (72) Mikito Wakamatsu 1-2-1, Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Nihon Kokan Co., Ltd.

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 風力発電装置のタワー基部にクライミン
    グクレーンを取付け、前記クライミングクレーンで、次
    のタワーブロックを前記タワー基部上に搭載、接合した
    後、前記タワーブロックを使用して前記クライミングク
    レーンを上昇させながら風力発電装置のタワー部を構築
    し、その後、前記クライミングクレーンにより風力発電
    装置のナセル部とブレードをタワー上部に取付けること
    を特徴とする風力発電装置の建設方法。
    1. A climbing crane is attached to a tower base of a wind turbine generator, and the next tower block is mounted on the tower base with the climbing crane and joined, and then the climbing crane is raised using the tower block. A method for constructing a wind turbine generator, comprising: constructing a tower section of a wind turbine generator while causing the climbing crane to attach a nacelle part and a blade of the wind turbine generator to an upper portion of the tower.
  2. 【請求項2】 風力発電装置のタワーを把持するクラン
    プ部と、該クランプ部を支持する基台と、前記基台に設
    けられ単独または一体に稼動する対のジブクレーンと、
    該基台とクランプ部を昇降させる昇降機構と、からなる
    風力発電装置の建設に用いるクライミングクレーン装
    置。
    2. A clamp for gripping a tower of a wind turbine generator, a base for supporting the clamp, a pair of jib cranes provided on the base and operating independently or integrally,
    A climbing crane device used for construction of a wind power generator, comprising a lifting mechanism for raising and lowering the base and the clamp unit.
  3. 【請求項3】 請求項2に記載のクライミングクレーン
    装置を、タワーをガイドとして該タワーの下部から上部
    の間で昇降させ、風力発電装置のナセル部またはブレー
    ド等の補修、交換を行うことを特徴とする風力発電装置
    のメンテナンス方法。
    3. The climbing crane device according to claim 2, which is raised and lowered between a lower portion and an upper portion of the tower using the tower as a guide to repair or replace a nacelle portion or a blade of the wind power generator. Maintenance method of wind power generator.
JP9250354A 1997-09-16 1997-09-16 Construction method of wind power generator, climbing crane device, and maintenance using the same Pending JPH1182285A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP9250354A JPH1182285A (en) 1997-09-16 1997-09-16 Construction method of wind power generator, climbing crane device, and maintenance using the same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP9250354A JPH1182285A (en) 1997-09-16 1997-09-16 Construction method of wind power generator, climbing crane device, and maintenance using the same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH1182285A true JPH1182285A (en) 1999-03-26

Family

ID=17206679

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP9250354A Pending JPH1182285A (en) 1997-09-16 1997-09-16 Construction method of wind power generator, climbing crane device, and maintenance using the same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH1182285A (en)

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WO2001094249A1 (en) * 2000-06-06 2001-12-13 Demag Mobile Cranes Gmbh Method and device for mounting a wind turbine
WO2003100249A1 (en) * 2002-05-27 2003-12-04 Vestas Wind Systems A/S Methods of handling wind turbine blades and mounting said blades on a wind turbine, system and gripping unit for handling a wind turbine blade
WO2003100248A1 (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-12-04 Boreas Consultants Limited Method and crane for installing, maintaining and decommission ing wind turbines
EP1350953A3 (en) * 2002-03-26 2003-12-10 Manuel Torres Martinez Crane for the assembly of wind turbines and assembly procedure
WO2004009993A1 (en) * 2002-07-24 2004-01-29 Sunpower Co., Ltd. Wind power generator and method for consturcting wind power generator
WO2004070203A3 (en) * 2003-02-10 2005-03-03 Aloys Wobben Method for mounting rotor blades and rotor blade for a wind turbine
ES2234392A1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2005-06-16 Manuel Torres Martinez Method for mounting tower of wind turbine, involves operating crane on toothed rack of tranches through drive gear sprocket, and assembling longitudinal pillars and plates in tool assembly
EP1808600A1 (en) * 2004-07-23 2007-07-18 Gamesa Innovation And Technology, S.L. Movable independent crane system used temporarily for moving or replacing components and mounting wind generators
US7296974B2 (en) * 2002-02-14 2007-11-20 Aloys Wobben Wind energy turbine
EP1857670A1 (en) 2006-05-20 2007-11-21 W2E Wind to Energy GmbH Method and system for erecting a wind turbine tower consisting of tower segments
FR2903739A1 (en) * 2006-07-12 2008-01-18 Eole Overseas Company Ltd Rotor and nacelle disassembling device for windmill, has blocking units with plates equipped with holes that are aligned one to another when support come across top of mast, where units, holes and rods allows assembly in top of mast
US7708523B2 (en) 2004-05-10 2010-05-04 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Wind turbine blade assembly and method of installing the same on tower
WO2011031577A2 (en) 2009-09-09 2011-03-17 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Method and apparatus for wind turbine erection
CN101993020A (en) * 2009-08-04 2011-03-30 通用电气公司 Tower climbing and servicing device
CN102126689A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-07-20 广东力特工程机械有限公司 Automatic climbing machine for wind driven generator tower
US8245458B2 (en) 2011-05-17 2012-08-21 General Electric Company Wind turbine with tower support system and associated method of construction
EP2402278B1 (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-11-21 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement for lifting a tower wall portion of a wind turbine and method for lifting a tower wall portion of a wind turbine
CN103342296A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-09 中国水利水电第十工程局有限公司 Adhering self-elevating-type tower crane for hoisting wind power equipment
GB2466863B (en) * 2008-11-28 2014-04-09 Matthew James Harold Rawlings An apparatus and method for erecting wind turbines
CN104477788A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-04-01 青岛中天斯壮科技有限公司 Spanning self-climbing type translational crane of wind power generation tower
WO2015051926A1 (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-16 Tower Dynamics Llc Support device and methods for improving and constructing a support device
US9027243B2 (en) 2012-10-23 2015-05-12 General Electric Company Method and system for replacing a single wind turbine blade
ES2540790A1 (en) * 2014-01-11 2015-07-13 Cástor CASAS TOJO System of self-adjusting and self-adjusting cranes for wind turbines (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
NL1040731A (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-11-09 Ale Heavylift B V The method and structures for the placement of an extension member on a hefeilandpoot
US9745953B2 (en) 2012-10-23 2017-08-29 General Electric Company Method and system for replacing a single wind turbine blade
WO2017202841A1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-11-30 Wobben Properties Gmbh Climbing device for carrying out a movement relative to a tower and method for producing a tower
EP3284947A1 (en) * 2016-08-18 2018-02-21 Skywind GmbH Wind turbine and method for the assembly of the wind power plant
WO2018132010A1 (en) * 2017-01-16 2018-07-19 Mammoet Holding B.V. Method for onshore or offshore erecting an upstanding construction
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WO2001094249A1 (en) * 2000-06-06 2001-12-13 Demag Mobile Cranes Gmbh Method and device for mounting a wind turbine
US7296974B2 (en) * 2002-02-14 2007-11-20 Aloys Wobben Wind energy turbine
EP1350953A3 (en) * 2002-03-26 2003-12-10 Manuel Torres Martinez Crane for the assembly of wind turbines and assembly procedure
ES2206014A1 (en) * 2002-03-26 2004-05-01 Manuel Torres Martinez Crane for the assembly of wind turbines and assembly procedure
WO2003100249A1 (en) * 2002-05-27 2003-12-04 Vestas Wind Systems A/S Methods of handling wind turbine blades and mounting said blades on a wind turbine, system and gripping unit for handling a wind turbine blade
US7207777B2 (en) 2002-05-27 2007-04-24 Vesta Wind Systems A/S Methods of handling wind turbine blades and mounting said blades on a wind turbine, system and gripping unit for handling a wind turbine blade
WO2003100248A1 (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-12-04 Boreas Consultants Limited Method and crane for installing, maintaining and decommission ing wind turbines
CN100402841C (en) * 2002-07-24 2008-07-16 金原士朗 Wind power generator and method for constructing wind power generator
WO2004009993A1 (en) * 2002-07-24 2004-01-29 Sunpower Co., Ltd. Wind power generator and method for consturcting wind power generator
WO2004070203A3 (en) * 2003-02-10 2005-03-03 Aloys Wobben Method for mounting rotor blades and rotor blade for a wind turbine
US7353603B2 (en) 2003-02-10 2008-04-08 Aloys Wobben Method for mounting rotor blades to a rotor hub of a wind power installation
KR100751383B1 (en) 2003-02-10 2007-08-22 알로이즈 우벤 Method for mounting rotor blades and a rotor blade for a wind turbine
EP2273101A1 (en) * 2003-02-10 2011-01-12 Aloys Wobben Assembly process for rotorblades of a wind turbine
ES2234392A1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2005-06-16 Manuel Torres Martinez Method for mounting tower of wind turbine, involves operating crane on toothed rack of tranches through drive gear sprocket, and assembling longitudinal pillars and plates in tool assembly
US7708523B2 (en) 2004-05-10 2010-05-04 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Wind turbine blade assembly and method of installing the same on tower
US7748547B2 (en) * 2004-07-23 2010-07-06 Gamesa Innovation & Technology, S.L. Movable independent crane system used temporarily for moving or replacing components and mounting wind generators
EP1808600A4 (en) * 2004-07-23 2010-07-14 Gamesa Innovation And Technolo Movable independent crane system used temporarily for moving or replacing components and mounting wind generators
EP1808600A1 (en) * 2004-07-23 2007-07-18 Gamesa Innovation And Technology, S.L. Movable independent crane system used temporarily for moving or replacing components and mounting wind generators
EP1857670A1 (en) 2006-05-20 2007-11-21 W2E Wind to Energy GmbH Method and system for erecting a wind turbine tower consisting of tower segments
WO2008059118A1 (en) * 2006-07-12 2008-05-22 Eole Overseas Company Limited Device and method for rapidly dismantling the rotor and the nacelle from a wind turbine mast, and wind turbine provided with such device
FR2903739A1 (en) * 2006-07-12 2008-01-18 Eole Overseas Company Ltd Rotor and nacelle disassembling device for windmill, has blocking units with plates equipped with holes that are aligned one to another when support come across top of mast, where units, holes and rods allows assembly in top of mast
GB2466863B (en) * 2008-11-28 2014-04-09 Matthew James Harold Rawlings An apparatus and method for erecting wind turbines
CN101993020A (en) * 2009-08-04 2011-03-30 通用电气公司 Tower climbing and servicing device
EP2281770A3 (en) * 2009-08-04 2012-07-18 General Electric Company Tower climbing and servicing device
EP2475883A4 (en) * 2009-09-09 2017-10-18 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Method and apparatus for wind turbine erection
WO2011031577A2 (en) 2009-09-09 2011-03-17 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Method and apparatus for wind turbine erection
EP2402278B1 (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-11-21 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement for lifting a tower wall portion of a wind turbine and method for lifting a tower wall portion of a wind turbine
CN102126689A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-07-20 广东力特工程机械有限公司 Automatic climbing machine for wind driven generator tower
US8245458B2 (en) 2011-05-17 2012-08-21 General Electric Company Wind turbine with tower support system and associated method of construction
US9027243B2 (en) 2012-10-23 2015-05-12 General Electric Company Method and system for replacing a single wind turbine blade
US9745953B2 (en) 2012-10-23 2017-08-29 General Electric Company Method and system for replacing a single wind turbine blade
CN103342296A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-09 中国水利水电第十工程局有限公司 Adhering self-elevating-type tower crane for hoisting wind power equipment
WO2015051926A1 (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-16 Tower Dynamics Llc Support device and methods for improving and constructing a support device
ES2540790A1 (en) * 2014-01-11 2015-07-13 Cástor CASAS TOJO System of self-adjusting and self-adjusting cranes for wind turbines (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
NL1040731A (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-11-09 Ale Heavylift B V The method and structures for the placement of an extension member on a hefeilandpoot
CN104477788A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-04-01 青岛中天斯壮科技有限公司 Spanning self-climbing type translational crane of wind power generation tower
RU2708298C1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2019-12-05 Воббен Пропертиз Гмбх Lifting device for movement relative to tower and method of tower erection
US11085200B2 (en) 2016-05-27 2021-08-10 Wobben Properties Gmbh Climbing device for carrying out a movement relative to a tower and method for producing a tower
WO2017202841A1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-11-30 Wobben Properties Gmbh Climbing device for carrying out a movement relative to a tower and method for producing a tower
EP3284947A1 (en) * 2016-08-18 2018-02-21 Skywind GmbH Wind turbine and method for the assembly of the wind power plant
WO2018132010A1 (en) * 2017-01-16 2018-07-19 Mammoet Holding B.V. Method for onshore or offshore erecting an upstanding construction
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