JPH11245894A - Small planing vessel - Google Patents

Small planing vessel

Info

Publication number
JPH11245894A
JPH11245894A JP10046707A JP4670798A JPH11245894A JP H11245894 A JPH11245894 A JP H11245894A JP 10046707 A JP10046707 A JP 10046707A JP 4670798 A JP4670798 A JP 4670798A JP H11245894 A JPH11245894 A JP H11245894A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
fuel injection
injection valve
fuel
hull
engine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP10046707A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Toshiyuki Hattori
Masayoshi Nanami
正善 名波
敏幸 服部
Original Assignee
Yamaha Motor Co Ltd
ヤマハ発動機株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yamaha Motor Co Ltd, ヤマハ発動機株式会社 filed Critical Yamaha Motor Co Ltd
Priority to JP10046707A priority Critical patent/JPH11245894A/en
Publication of JPH11245894A publication Critical patent/JPH11245894A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N13/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00
    • F01N13/12Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00 specially adapted for submerged exhausting
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N13/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00
    • F01N13/004Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00 specially adapted for marine propulsion, i.e. for receiving simultaneously engine exhaust gases and engine cooling water
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B61/00Adaptations of engines for driving vehicles or for driving propellers; Combinations of engines with gearing
    • F02B61/04Adaptations of engines for driving vehicles or for driving propellers; Combinations of engines with gearing for driving propellers
    • F02B61/045Adaptations of engines for driving vehicles or for driving propellers; Combinations of engines with gearing for driving propellers for outboard marine engines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/16Engines characterised by number of cylinders, e.g. single-cylinder engines
    • F02B75/18Multi-cylinder engines
    • F02B75/20Multi-cylinder engines with cylinders all in one line
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M69/00Low-pressure fuel-injection apparatus ; Apparatus with both continuous and intermittent injection; Apparatus injecting different types of fuel
    • F02M69/04Injectors peculiar thereto
    • F02M69/042Positioning of injectors with respect to engine, e.g. in the air intake conduit
    • F02M69/044Positioning of injectors with respect to engine, e.g. in the air intake conduit for injecting into the intake conduit downstream of an air throttle valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M69/00Low-pressure fuel-injection apparatus ; Apparatus with both continuous and intermittent injection; Apparatus injecting different types of fuel
    • F02M69/04Injectors peculiar thereto
    • F02M69/042Positioning of injectors with respect to engine, e.g. in the air intake conduit
    • F02M69/045Positioning of injectors with respect to engine, e.g. in the air intake conduit for injecting into the combustion chamber
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M69/00Low-pressure fuel-injection apparatus ; Apparatus with both continuous and intermittent injection; Apparatus injecting different types of fuel
    • F02M69/10Low-pressure fuel-injection apparatus ; Apparatus with both continuous and intermittent injection; Apparatus injecting different types of fuel peculiar to scavenged two-stroke engines, e.g. injecting into crankcase-pump chamber
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2590/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus adapted to particular use, e.g. for military applications, airplanes, submarines
    • F01N2590/02Exhaust or silencing apparatus adapted to particular use, e.g. for military applications, airplanes, submarines for marine vessels or naval applications
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2590/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus adapted to particular use, e.g. for military applications, airplanes, submarines
    • F01N2590/02Exhaust or silencing apparatus adapted to particular use, e.g. for military applications, airplanes, submarines for marine vessels or naval applications
    • F01N2590/022Exhaust or silencing apparatus adapted to particular use, e.g. for military applications, airplanes, submarines for marine vessels or naval applications for jetskis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/02Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke
    • F02B2075/022Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke having less than six strokes per cycle
    • F02B2075/027Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke having less than six strokes per cycle four
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/16Engines characterised by number of cylinders, e.g. single-cylinder engines
    • F02B75/18Multi-cylinder engines
    • F02B2075/1804Number of cylinders
    • F02B2075/1816Number of cylinders four
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B2275/00Other engines, components or details, not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F02B2275/18DOHC [Double overhead camshaft]

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To achieve stable engine operation by always injecting fuel in the direction of gravity from a fuel injection valve no matter how much a vessel body is tilted. SOLUTION: In a small planing vessel in which a fuel injection engine 3 is mounted on a hull of an approximately V-shaped cross section and a pair of right and left foot steps are arranged on both sides of a sheet extending in the longitudinal direction of a vessel body, a fuel injection valve 27 for injecting fuel into the fuel injection engine 3 is mounted at an angle such that its centerline L, as seen from the direction of the longitudinal central axis of the vessel body, is separated upward toward the upper end of the fuel injection valve 27 from a water line M when the vessel is tilted to a maximum during turning.

Description

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0001]

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a personal watercraft equipped with a fuel injection engine.

[0002]

2. Description of the Related Art A personal watercraft has a jet propulsion device that generates water of a required thrust by ejecting water sucked from a water suction opening that opens downward from a nozzle to the rear, and an engine that drives the jet propulsion device. It is considered to adopt a fuel injection engine as an engine.

[0003]

However, in a personal watercraft, the hull tilts greatly left and right when turning, and the hull tilts greatly in the front-rear direction depending on the swing angle of the nozzle. Depending on the mounting angle of the fuel injection valve for injection, fuel may be injected from the fuel injection valve against gravity, and in such a case, fuel cannot be stably injected into the engine. As a result, stable operation of the engine becomes impossible.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and has as its object to stably operate the engine by always injecting fuel from the fuel injection valve in the direction of gravity regardless of the inclination of the hull. An object of the present invention is to provide a personal watercraft that can realize the above.

[0005]

In order to achieve the above object, according to the present invention, a fuel injection engine is mounted on a hull having a substantially V-shaped cross section, and both sides of a seat extending in the longitudinal direction of the hull. In a personal watercraft having a pair of left and right foot steps, a fuel injection valve for injecting fuel into the fuel-injection engine has a center line when turning when viewed in the center line axial direction in the longitudinal direction of the hull. The fuel injection valve is mounted at an angle away from the waterline at the time of the maximum inclination toward the upper end side of the fuel injection valve. According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, the fuel injection valve is formed by injecting fuel into the waterline when the outermost edge of the fuel injected from the fuel injection valve is at the maximum inclination when turning. It is characterized in that it is mounted at an angle that leaves it upward toward the injection port of the valve.

According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a jet propulsion device for jetting water sucked from a water suction port opening downward from a nozzle to a rear side, and a fuel injection engine for driving the jet propulsion device. In a personal watercraft configured to rotate the nozzle around an axis in the hull width direction, a fuel injection valve for injecting fuel into the fuel injection engine has a center line of the nozzle in a side view of the hull. The fuel injection valve is mounted at an angle such that it is separated upward toward the upper end of the fuel injection valve with respect to any of the water lines within the swing range.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the third aspect of the present invention, the fuel injection valve is connected to any one of the outermost edges of the fuel injected from the fuel injection valve within the swing range of the nozzle. The fuel injection valve is attached at an angle away from the waterline upward toward the injection port of the fuel injection valve.

[0008]

Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

<First Embodiment> FIG. 1 is a cutaway side view of a personal watercraft according to a first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a plan view showing a main structure of the personal watercraft, and FIG. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of an essential part of the engine of the personal watercraft.

First, a schematic configuration of the personal watercraft 1 shown in FIGS. 1 to 3 will be described below.

A personal watercraft 1 according to the present embodiment has a hull 2 which is formed by joining and integrating a hull 2a having a substantially V-shaped cross section and a deck 2b mounted thereon. A four-cycle four-cylinder engine 3 as a drive source is mounted at a substantially central portion in the front-rear direction of the hull 2a. The front of the engine 3 (the direction of arrow F in FIGS. 1 and 2 is the front of the hull 2).
Is provided with a fuel tank 4, and an upper portion of the engine 3, the fuel tank 4, etc. is covered by a cowling 5,
A steering handle 6 is provided outside the cowling 5 above the engine 3.

In addition, before and after the hull 2, there are provided intake ducts 7, 8 for communicating the atmosphere with the inside of the hull 2.
A seat 9 extending in the longitudinal direction of the hull 2 is provided behind the steering handle 6. And FIG.
As shown in FIG. 3, a pair of left and right foot steps 2c are arranged on both sides of the seat 9 on the deck 2b of the boat body 2.

On the other hand, a jet propulsion device 10 is disposed at the rear end of the hull 2 and at the center in the width direction of the hull 2, and the jet propulsion device 10 has a water suction opening downward. The water sucked from the mouth 11 (see FIG. 1) is
2 to generate the required thrust.

The crankshaft 1 of the engine 3
A front end of an impeller shaft 14 arranged in the front-rear direction at the center in the width direction of the hull 2 is connected to a rear end of the boat body 3 by a coupling 15. The impeller shaft 14 is introduced into the jet propulsion device 10, and an impeller 16 built in the jet propulsion device 10 is attached to a rear end thereof. The nozzle 12 is connected to the steering handle 6.
The direction changes left and right by the steering operation by, and the hull 2 is turned left and right by this.

As shown in FIG. 3, four cylinders 18 are arranged in the cylinder block 17 of the engine 3 in the front-rear direction (perpendicular to the plane of FIG. 3). Are slidably fitted. Each piston 19 is connected to the crankshaft 13 via a connecting rod 20.

An intake passage 22 and an exhaust passage 23 are formed in the cylinder head 21 of the engine 3 for each cylinder, and the intake passage 22 and the exhaust passage 23 are set at appropriate timing by an intake valve 24 and an exhaust valve 25. And the required gas exchange is performed in each cylinder 18. The cylinder head 21 has an ignition plug 26
And a fuel injection valve 27 are attached to each cylinder.

As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the intake manifold 22 is provided in the intake passage 22 which is opened on the left side of the cylinder head 21 (the left side as viewed from the front of the hull 2).
The intake manifold 28 is gathered and extends rearward, and a throttle body 29 and an air flow meter 30 are connected to its ends. An intake pipe 31 disposed behind the engine 3 is connected to the air flow meter 30. The intake pipe 31 opens to the right side near the location where the intake duct 8 is provided. A resonator 32 is provided.

On the other hand, an exhaust manifold 33 is connected to an exhaust passage 23 opened on the right side surface of the cylinder head 21.
4, a right side of the engine 3 extends forward, and a catalyst 35 is provided in the middle thereof.

By the way, in the present embodiment, FIG.
As shown in the figure, an exhaust silencer 36 is disposed between the fuel tank 4 and the engine 3 at the center in the width direction of the hull 2, and the exhaust pipe 34 is connected to the exhaust silencer 36. ing. And the exhaust silencer 36
An exhaust pipe 37 made of a rubber hose, which extends to the left from the right side, is bent at a right angle, extends rearward on the left side of the engine 3, and is connected to the front surface of a water lock 38 disposed on the left rear side of the engine 3.

A flexible exhaust hose 39 rises up from the water lock 38, and as shown in FIG.
To the right side of the hull 2 across the upper part of the hull, from which it is bent and falls backward, and its exit 3
9a is open to the water (see FIG. 1).

Thus, in the engine 3 according to the present embodiment, the fuel injection valve 27 is attached to the cylinder head 21 at an angle as shown in FIG.

That is, when the center line L of the fuel injection valve 27 is turned (turned to the left, that is, the hull 2 is tilted to the left) when viewed in the axial direction of the center line in the longitudinal direction of the hull (viewed in the direction perpendicular to the paper surface of FIG. 4). The fuel injection valve 27 is attached at an angle away from the waterline M at the time of the maximum inclination (when the vehicle is turned). That is, when the draft line M at the time of the maximum inclination when turning with respect to the horizontal line H forms an angle α, the angle β formed by the center line L of the fuel injection valve 27 with the horizontal line H is larger than the angle α (α <
β) is set. It should be noted that the same setting is made when turning right.

The fuel injection valve 27 injects fuel toward the intake passage 22 at a predetermined spray angle so as to inject fuel into an area inside the outermost edge N of the fuel. Then, the fuel injection valve 27 is directed toward the injection port of the fuel injection valve 27 with respect to the waterline M when the outermost edge N of the fuel to be injected is at the maximum inclination when turning, as viewed in the centerline axial direction in the boat body longitudinal direction. It is attached at an angle that separates upward. In other words, the angles γ and δ that the outermost edge N of the fuel makes with the horizontal line H are larger than the angle α that the draft line M makes with the horizontal line H when the inclination is maximum (α <γ <δ).
The angles α, β, γ, and δ have a magnitude relationship of α <γ <β <δ. That is, the direction of injection of all the fuel injected from the fuel injection valve 27 is such a direction as to move upward toward the injection port of the fuel injection valve 27 with respect to the waterline M when viewed in the centerline axial direction in the longitudinal direction of the hull. It has become.

In the engine 3, fresh air is sucked from the intake pipe 31 by the negative pressure generated in the cylinder that has shifted to the intake stroke, and this fresh air passes through the air flow meter 30 and the throttle body 29. And intake manifold 28
From the intake passage 22 of the cylinder head 21 toward the combustion chamber S.

On the other hand, a predetermined amount of fuel is injected from the injection port of the fuel injection valve 27 toward the intake passage 22 at an appropriate timing, and the injected fuel is mixed with fresh air flowing through the intake passage 22 to form a predetermined empty space. A fuel-fuel mixture is formed. When the intake valve 24 is opened, the air-fuel mixture
After being compressed by the piston 19, it is ignited and burned by the spark plug 26.

The high-temperature and high-pressure exhaust gas generated by the combustion of the air-fuel mixture blows out to the exhaust passage 23 when the exhaust valve 25 is opened, and is purified by the catalyst 35 in the process of flowing from the exhaust manifold 33 to the exhaust pipe 34. The sound is silenced by passing through the silencer 36, and flows through the exhaust pipe 37, the water lock 38 and the exhaust hose 39 sequentially, and the exhaust outlet 39
a is discharged into water.

As described above, in the engine 3 according to the present embodiment, as described above, the fuel injection valve 27 has the center line L whose water line is at the maximum inclination when turning when viewed in the center line axial direction in the longitudinal direction of the hull. The outermost edge N of the fuel injected toward the intake passage 22 from the fuel injection valve 27 at an angle away from M toward the upper end side of the fuel injection valve 27 and upward. Since the hull 2 is attached to the waterline M at the time of the maximum inclination when turning so as to be separated upward toward the injection port of the fuel injection valve 27, All the fuel from the fuel injection valve 27 is always injected in the direction of gravity, and as a result, a required amount of fuel is always supplied to the engine 3 stably, and the engine 3 can be operated stably.

Here, the waterline M at the time of the maximum inclination when the personal watercraft 1 turns will be described with reference to FIG.

The waterline M at the time of the maximum inclination when turning is
In the cross section of the hull 2 in the width direction, the center O of the hull width direction substantially at the bottom
And a chine (intersection point between the hull plate and the ship side plate) P, and the draft line M at the time of the maximum inclination at the time of turning when the sponge 50 is attached to the ship side plate is a cross section of the hull 2 in the width direction. It is a straight line connecting the center O of the hull width direction substantially at the bottom of the hull and the edge Q of the sponson 50 (the outer edge of the sponson 50, which is in contact with the water surface during turning to suppress the further inclination of the hull 2). In addition, in FIG. 3, M 'shows the draft line at the time of straight running.

Second Embodiment Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

FIG. 5 is a cutaway side view of the personal watercraft according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention, FIG. 6 is a side sectional view of the engine, and FIG. 7 is a partial front sectional view of the engine. The same elements as those shown in FIGS. 1 to 4 are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof will be omitted below.

In the personal watercraft 1 according to the present embodiment, a two-stroke two-cylinder engine 3 as a driving source is mounted substantially at the center of the hull 2 in the front-rear direction, and details of the engine 3 are shown in FIG. And in FIG.

Here, the configuration of the engine 3 will be described with reference to FIGS.

As shown in FIG. 6, two cylinders 18 are provided in the cylinder block 17 of the engine 3 in the front-rear direction (FIG. 6).
, The front in the direction of arrow F) is arranged side by side, and a piston 19 is fitted to each cylinder 18 so as to be vertically slidable. Each piston 19 is connected to the crankshaft 13 via a connecting rod 20. The ignition plug 26 and the fuel injection valve 27 are provided in the cylinder head 21 of each cylinder.
Are attached.

A flywheel magneto 40 is attached to the front end of the crankshaft 13, and a drive pulley 41 is attached to the rear end.

The engine 3 is a fuel injection engine, and the fuel injection valve 2 is provided in the combustion chamber S of each cylinder.
7 directly injects fuel.

Here, the schematic structure and operation of the fuel injection device will be described with reference to FIG.

As shown, a stay 21a is formed integrally with the cylinder head 21 of the engine 3, and a cam-driven fuel pump 42 is mounted on an end extending rearward of the stay 21a. I have. This fuel pump 42
A drive unit 43 is attached to the lower part of the drive shaft 43. The drive unit 43 is provided with a drive shaft 45 rotatably supported by a pair of front and rear bearings 44, and a fuel pump 42 is provided between the drive shafts 45. A cam 46 for driving is provided. A small-diameter drive pulley 47 is connected to the front end of the drive shaft 45, and an endless timing belt 48 is connected to the drive pulley 47 and the drive pulley 41.
Is wound.

The fuel injection valve 27 mounted on the cylinder head 21 of the engine 3 and the fuel pump 42 are connected by a fuel pipe 49.

Thus, the personal watercraft 1 according to the present embodiment
When the jet propulsion device 10 is driven by the engine 3, the impeller 1 in the jet propulsion device 10
The personal watercraft 1 sails by the thrust generated by the rotation of the rotation of the engine 6, but the rotation of the crankshaft 13 of the engine 3 is increased through the drive pulley 41, the timing belt 48 and the drive pulley 47 to drive the fuel pump 42. The power is transmitted to the drive shaft 45 of the portion 43.

Then, the cam 46 provided on the drive shaft 45
The fuel pump 42 is driven by the
(See FIG. 5) The fuel supplied from the fuel pump 42 to the fuel pump 42 is boosted to a predetermined pressure by the fuel pump 42, and this fuel is supplied to each fuel injection valve 27 through a fuel pipe 49, and from each fuel injection valve 27 The fuel is injected into each cylinder at an appropriate timing and is supplied to the combustion in the combustion chamber S.

The jet propulsion device 10 shown in FIG.
The nozzle 12 attached to the rear portion is configured to rotate around an axis 50 in the width direction of the hull 2 (an axis in a direction perpendicular to the paper surface of FIG. 5), with the addition of a vertical axis (not shown). The hull 2 is tilted in the front-rear direction by performing a trim operation for swinging the nozzle 12 up and down around the axis 50 within the range of the angle θ.

FIG. 6 shows the angles of the water lines M1 and M2 of the hull 2 at the time of trim down and at the time of trim up in the sliding state, respectively (the actual water line is located near the seat as shown in FIG. 5). However, each fuel injection valve 27 has a center line L with respect to any of the draft lines within the swing range (angle θ) of the nozzle 12 in a hull side view (viewed in a direction perpendicular to the paper surface of FIG. 6). The fuel injection valve 27 is attached to the cylinder head 21 at an angle such that the fuel injection valve 27 moves upward toward the upper end.

Each fuel injection valve 27 injects fuel into the combustion chamber S at a predetermined spray angle so as to inject fuel into a range inside the outermost edge N1 of the fuel. The fuel injection valve 27 is provided at the outermost edge N of the fuel when viewed from the side of the hull.
1 is attached to the cylinder head 21 at an angle such that it is separated upwards toward the injection port of the fuel injection valve 27 with respect to any waterline within the swing range (angle θ) of the nozzle 12. That is, the injection direction of all the fuel injected from the fuel injection valve 27 is the nozzle 12 in the hull side view.
The direction is such that any waterline within the swing range is separated upward toward the injection port of the fuel injection valve 27.

Further, as shown in FIG.
The attachment angle when viewed in the direction of the center line axis in the longitudinal direction of the hull (as viewed in the direction perpendicular to the paper surface of FIG. 7) is set in the same manner as in the first embodiment. That is, angles α, β, which the waterline M at the time of the maximum inclination when turning left, the center line L of the fuel injection valve 27, and the outermost edge N of the fuel injected from the fuel injection valve 27 make with the horizontal line H, respectively. A magnitude relationship of α <γ <β <δ holds between γ and δ. It should be noted that the same setting is made when turning right.

As described above, in the engine 3 according to the present embodiment, each fuel injection valve 27 has its center line L at any waterline within the swing range (angle θ) of the nozzle 12 when viewed from the side of the hull. Also, the angle is such that the upper end of the fuel injection valve 27 is separated upward, and the outermost edge N1 of the fuel injected from the fuel injection valve 27 is in the swing range (angle θ) of the nozzle 12. No matter how much the watercraft is tilted forward or backward by the trim operation, the fuel injection valve is mounted at an angle such that it is separated upward from the water injection line of the fuel injection valve 27 with respect to any of the water lines. Valve 2
7, fuel can always be injected in the direction of gravity.

Further, as in the first embodiment, the fuel can always be injected from the fuel injection valve 27 in the direction of gravity regardless of how the hull 2 is tilted left and right when turning.

Therefore, also in the present embodiment, a required amount of fuel is always supplied to the engine 3 stably, and as a result, no matter how the hull 2 is tilted back and forth and left and right, the fuel injection valve 27 All of the fuel is always injected in the direction of gravity, and stable operation of the engine 3 can be realized.

[0049]

As is apparent from the above description, according to the present invention, a fuel injection valve for injecting fuel into a fuel injection type engine has a center line viewed in the center line axial direction in the longitudinal direction of the hull. The fuel injection valve is attached at an angle away from the draft line at the time of the maximum inclination during turning toward the upper end side of the fuel injection valve, or the center line of which is within the swing range of the nozzle in side view of the hull. The engine is mounted at an angle away from the waterline so as to move upward toward the upper end of the fuel injection valve. The effect of being able to realize a proper operation is obtained.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is a cutaway side view of a personal watercraft according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a plan view showing a main configuration of the personal watercraft according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.

FIG. 3 is a cutaway rear view of the personal watercraft according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a main part of the engine of the personal watercraft according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a side sectional view of the personal watercraft according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention.

FIG. 6 is a side sectional view of the engine of the personal watercraft according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention.

FIG. 7 is a front sectional view of the engine of the personal watercraft according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention.

[Explanation of symbols]

 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Small personal watercraft 2 Hull 2a Hull 2b Deck 2c Footstep 3 Fuel injection engine 9 Seat 10 Jet propulsion 11 Water suction port 12 Nozzle 27 Fuel injection valve 50 Axis of hull width direction L Centerline of fuel injection valve M , M1, M2 Waterline N Outermost edge of fuel

Claims (4)

[Claims]
1. A personal watercraft in which a fuel injection engine is mounted on a hull having a substantially V-shaped cross section, and a pair of left and right foot steps are disposed on both sides of a seat extending in the longitudinal direction of the hull. The fuel injection valve for injecting fuel into the type engine is raised upward toward the upper end side of the fuel injection valve with respect to the waterline at the time of the maximum inclination when turning when the center line is viewed in the center line axial direction in the longitudinal direction of the hull. A personal watercraft characterized by being mounted at an angle away from it.
2. The fuel injection valve according to claim 1, wherein the outermost edge of the fuel injected from the fuel injection valve is separated from the waterline at the time of the maximum inclination when turning toward the injection port of the fuel injection valve. 2. The personal watercraft according to claim 1, wherein the personal watercraft is mounted at an appropriate angle.
3. A jet propulsion device for jetting water sucked from a water suction port opened downward and jetting rearward from a nozzle, and a fuel injection engine for driving the jet propulsion device. In a personal watercraft configured to rotate about an axis in a direction, a fuel injection valve for injecting fuel into the fuel injection engine may have any center line within a swing range of the nozzle in a side view of the hull. A personal watercraft according to claim 1, wherein said watercraft is mounted at an angle so as to be separated upward toward the upper end side of said fuel injection valve.
4. The fuel injection valve according to claim 1, wherein an outermost edge of fuel injected from the fuel injection valve is directed toward an injection port of the fuel injection valve with respect to any waterline within a swing range of the nozzle. The personal watercraft according to claim 3, wherein the personal watercraft is attached at an angle so as to be separated upward.
JP10046707A 1998-02-27 1998-02-27 Small planing vessel Pending JPH11245894A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10046707A JPH11245894A (en) 1998-02-27 1998-02-27 Small planing vessel

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10046707A JPH11245894A (en) 1998-02-27 1998-02-27 Small planing vessel
US09/260,327 US6322409B1 (en) 1998-02-27 1999-03-01 Injection system for personal watercraft

Publications (1)

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JPH11245894A true JPH11245894A (en) 1999-09-14

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JP10046707A Pending JPH11245894A (en) 1998-02-27 1998-02-27 Small planing vessel

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US (1) US6322409B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH11245894A (en)

Cited By (2)

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EP1491762A2 (en) 2003-06-23 2004-12-29 HONDA MOTOR CO., Ltd. Layout structure of a fuel injection device in a motorcycle
JP2011025927A (en) * 2010-10-27 2011-02-10 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Water jet propulsion boat

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US6561297B2 (en) 2000-09-06 2003-05-13 Suzuki Motor Corporation Snowmobile four-cycle engine arrangement
JP2002242690A (en) 2001-02-15 2002-08-28 Sanshin Ind Co Ltd Water jet propulsion boat
JP2003118694A (en) * 2001-10-18 2003-04-23 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Device for preventing water intrusion to marine engine exhaust system
TWI243874B (en) * 2002-10-25 2005-11-21 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Motorcycle
US6863582B1 (en) * 2003-07-15 2005-03-08 Polaris Industries Inc. Air ventilation system for a watercraft
JP2007069744A (en) * 2005-09-07 2007-03-22 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Small planing boat
US7238072B1 (en) * 2006-03-16 2007-07-03 Brunswick Corporation Mounting system for a marine engine

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US4768983A (en) * 1987-03-03 1988-09-06 Smith Allen J Power drive assembly for outboard engines
DE4219955B4 (en) * 1992-06-18 2007-01-04 Fa. Andreas Stihl Two-stroke internal combustion engine for engine chainsaws
JPH08232742A (en) * 1995-02-28 1996-09-10 Sanshin Ind Co Ltd Operation control device for cylinder injection type two-cycle engine
US5762040A (en) * 1997-02-04 1998-06-09 Brunswick Corporation Cylinder wall fuel injection system for loop-scavenged, two-cycle internal combustion engine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1491762A2 (en) 2003-06-23 2004-12-29 HONDA MOTOR CO., Ltd. Layout structure of a fuel injection device in a motorcycle
US7588009B2 (en) 2003-06-23 2009-09-15 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Layout structure of a fuel injection device in a motor cycle
JP2011025927A (en) * 2010-10-27 2011-02-10 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Water jet propulsion boat

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