JPH1061061A - Sound-insulating heat-insulating panel - Google Patents

Sound-insulating heat-insulating panel

Info

Publication number
JPH1061061A
JPH1061061A JP21963196A JP21963196A JPH1061061A JP H1061061 A JPH1061061 A JP H1061061A JP 21963196 A JP21963196 A JP 21963196A JP 21963196 A JP21963196 A JP 21963196A JP H1061061 A JPH1061061 A JP H1061061A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
material layer
heat
insulating material
panel
heat insulating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP21963196A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yasuhiro Obara
庸博 小原
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ibiden Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ibiden Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ibiden Co Ltd filed Critical Ibiden Co Ltd
Priority to JP21963196A priority Critical patent/JPH1061061A/en
Publication of JPH1061061A publication Critical patent/JPH1061061A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Landscapes

  • Building Environments (AREA)

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To interrupt various noises and vibrations in living environment by laminating a formed-resin heat-insulating material layer and a fibrous heat-insulating material layer in the internal and external directions of a room through a vibration isolating material layer. SOLUTION: A substance, in which a foaming agent is added to a foamed heat- insulating material such as urethane, is injected into frame bodies 11 formed by using wood, etc., as a material, and heated, foamed and cured, and a foamed-resin heat- insulating material layer 12 unified with the frame bodies 11 and a face material 15 is formed. A sheet-shaped vibration isolating material layer 14 composed of a styrene butadiene rubber, etc., is stuck onto the foamed-resin heat-insulating material layer 12, a fibrous heat-insulating material layer 13 such as glass wool is pasted onto the vibration isolating material layer 14, and the heat-insulating panel 10 is molded. The heat-insulating panel 10 is housed between the pipe columns 3 of a wooden building and fixed onto the pipe columns 3, and an external facing material 2 is installed on the outside of the heat-insulating panel 10 and an interior finish material 4 on the inside. Accordingly, the transmission of heat and sounds on the inside and outside of the building is prevented surely, and comfortable living environment can be acquired.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、家屋の壁、床、天
井等を構成するものとして柱、根太、梁等の間に介装し
て設けられる遮音断熱パネルに関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a sound insulating and heat insulating panel provided between columns, joists, beams, etc., for forming walls, floors, ceilings and the like of a house.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来、木造家屋の壁、床、天井等を構成
するパネルとしては、実願平4−10104号(実開平
5−71306号)の遮音断熱パネル及び特願平4−2
9498号(特開平5−263483号)の防音断熱パ
ネル等が提案されており、家屋の遮音性と断熱性とを得
る工夫がされている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, as panels constituting walls, floors, ceilings and the like of a wooden house, Japanese Patent Application No. 4-10104 (Japanese Utility Model Application No. 5-71306) discloses a sound insulating and heat insulating panel and Japanese Patent Application No. 4-2.
No. 9498 (Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 5-263483) proposes a sound-insulating and heat-insulating panel, etc., which is devised to obtain sound insulation and heat insulation of a house.

【0003】実願平4−10104号の考案は、発泡ウ
レタン等による断熱材と、グラスウール、樹脂系防音
材、発泡コンクリート等の遮音材と、合板又はプラスタ
ーボードによる内装材とを積層して有するパネルであ
る。又、特願平4−29498号の発明は、グラスウー
ル又はハニカム構造の板材からなる防音材と、パネルの
内側と外側を区画するためのプラスターボードからなる
区画板と、発泡性合成樹脂からなる断熱材とを有するパ
ネルである。
[0003] The invention of Japanese Utility Model Application No. 4-10104 is a panel having a laminate of a heat insulating material such as urethane foam, a sound insulating material such as glass wool, resin-based sound insulating material, foam concrete, and an interior material such as plywood or plaster board. It is. Also, the invention of Japanese Patent Application No. 4-29498 discloses a sound insulating material made of glass wool or a honeycomb structured plate, a partition plate made of a plaster board for dividing the inside and outside of the panel, and a heat insulating material made of a foamable synthetic resin. And a panel having:

【0004】ここで、一般に断熱材とは、熱伝導率が
0.0090w/mk以下のもの、好ましくは0.05
0w/mk以下のものをいう。
[0004] Here, a heat insulating material generally means a material having a thermal conductivity of 0.0090 w / mk or less, preferably 0.05
It refers to those of 0 w / mk or less.

【0005】[0005]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上記従
来のパネルは、基本的に断熱材と防音材とを積層してい
るのみであり、断熱効果は十分発揮しているものの、現
実には遮音効果は不十分であるという課題があった。そ
こで、その原因につき鋭意検討した結果、特に都市部の
騒音等には種々の周波数の音(振動)が含まれており、
単に防音材及び断熱材をパネル内に積層するだけでは、
現実に遮音効果を十分発揮できないということが認めら
れた。
However, the above-mentioned conventional panel basically has only a heat insulating material and a soundproofing material laminated thereon, and although the heat insulating effect is sufficiently exhibited, the sound insulating effect is actually obtained. Was insufficient. Therefore, as a result of diligent investigation into the cause, noise (vibration) of various frequencies is included in noise, especially in urban areas.
Simply stacking soundproofing and insulation in the panel,
It was recognized that the sound insulation effect could not be sufficiently exhibited in reality.

【0006】従って、本発明の目的は、優れた断熱性を
発揮するとともに、近年の住環境における種々の騒音及
び振動を効果的に遮断することができる遮音断熱パネル
を提供し、特にこの種のパネルを使用して建築される種
々の家屋における快適な住環境を提供することにある。
Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a sound insulating and heat insulating panel which exhibits excellent heat insulating properties and can effectively block various noises and vibrations in recent living environments. It is to provide a comfortable living environment in various houses constructed using panels.

【0007】[0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】以上の課題を解決するた
めに、請求項1に記載の発明の採った手段は、「家屋の
壁、床、屋根又は天井を構成する断熱パネルにおいて、
発泡樹脂断熱材層と繊維状断熱材層とが室の内外方向に
振動絶縁材層を介して積層されていることを特徴とする
遮音断熱パネル。」である。従って、断熱材層による断
熱作用に加えて、振動絶縁材層と断熱材層(特に繊維状
断熱材層)との相乗効果により従来の遮音断熱パネルで
は取り除くことができなかった種々の音及び振動も吸収
され、パネルを介した家屋内外の熱と音の伝達が確実に
防止され、快適な住環境が簡単かつ確実に提供される。
Means for Solving the Problems In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, a means according to the present invention described in claim 1 is based on "a heat insulating panel constituting a wall, floor, roof or ceiling of a house,
A sound-insulating heat-insulating panel, wherein a foamed resin heat-insulating material layer and a fibrous heat-insulating material layer are laminated inward and outward of a room via a vibration insulating material layer. ". Therefore, in addition to the heat insulating effect of the heat insulating material layer, various sounds and vibrations that cannot be removed by the conventional sound insulating and heat insulating panel due to the synergistic effect of the vibration insulating material layer and the heat insulating material layer (particularly, the fibrous heat insulating material layer). The transmission of heat and sound inside and outside the house through the panel is reliably prevented, and a comfortable living environment is provided simply and reliably.

【0008】尚、構築材料としての強度が高い発泡樹脂
断熱材と、軽量でしかもある程度の防音効果のある繊維
状断熱材との組合せにより、遮音断熱パネルとしてのバ
ランスが良く、使い勝手も良いものとなる。
The combination of a foamed resin heat insulating material having a high strength as a construction material and a fibrous heat insulating material which is lightweight and has a certain soundproof effect provides a well-balanced sound insulating panel and is easy to use. Become.

【0009】請求項2に記載の発明は、「家屋の壁、
床、屋根又は天井を構成する断熱パネルにおいて、繊維
状断熱材層が室の内外方向に振動絶縁材層を介して複数
積層されていることを特徴とする遮音断熱パネル。」で
ある。従って、断熱材層による断熱作用に加えて、振動
絶縁材層と繊維状断熱材層との相乗効果により従来の遮
音断熱パネルでは取り除くことができなかった種々の音
及び振動も吸収され、パネルを介した家屋内外の熱と音
の伝達が確実に防止され、快適な住環境が簡単かつ確実
に提供される。尚、軽量でしかもある程度の防音効果の
ある繊維状断熱材と、振動絶縁材層とを積層しているた
め、軽量でありながら全体の形状が安定しており、取扱
い上便利である。
[0009] The invention described in claim 2 is based on "a house wall,
A heat insulating panel comprising a floor, a roof, or a ceiling, wherein a plurality of fibrous heat insulating layers are laminated inward and outward of the room via a vibration insulating layer. ". Therefore, in addition to the heat insulating effect of the heat insulating material layer, various sounds and vibrations that could not be removed by the conventional sound insulating and heat insulating panel due to the synergistic effect of the vibration insulating material layer and the fibrous heat insulating material layer are absorbed, and The transmission of heat and sound inside and outside the house through the housing is reliably prevented, and a comfortable living environment is easily and reliably provided. In addition, since the fibrous heat insulating material which is lightweight and has a certain soundproofing effect and the vibration insulating material layer are laminated, the overall shape is stable while being lightweight, and it is convenient in handling.

【0010】請求項3に記載の発明は、「家屋の壁、
床、屋根又は天井を構成する断熱パネルにおいて、発泡
樹脂断熱材層が室の内外方向に振動絶縁材層を介して複
数積層されていることを特徴とする遮音断熱パネル。」
である。従って、断熱材による断熱作用に加えて、振動
絶縁材層と発泡樹脂断熱材層との相乗効果により従来の
遮音断熱パネルでは取り除くことができなかった種々の
音及び振動も吸収され、パネルを介した家屋内外の熱と
音の伝達が確実に防止され、快適な住環境が簡単かつ確
実に提供される。尚、軽量でかつ強度のある発泡樹脂断
熱材層と、振動絶縁材層とを積層しているため、軽量で
ありながら強度に優れ、家屋の耐久性の向上にも有利で
ある。
[0010] The invention described in claim 3 is based on "a house wall,
A heat insulation panel comprising a floor, a roof, or a ceiling, wherein a plurality of foamed resin insulation layers are laminated in and out of the room via a vibration insulation layer. "
It is. Therefore, in addition to the heat insulating effect of the heat insulating material, various sounds and vibrations which cannot be removed by the conventional sound insulating and heat insulating panel are absorbed by the synergistic effect of the vibration insulating material layer and the foamed resin heat insulating material layer, and the noise is transmitted through the panel. The transmission of heat and sound inside and outside the house is reliably prevented, and a comfortable living environment is easily and reliably provided. In addition, since the lightweight and strong foamed resin heat insulating material layer and the vibration insulating material layer are laminated, they are lightweight, have excellent strength, and are advantageous in improving the durability of a house.

【0011】[0011]

【発明の実施の形態】次に、本発明に係る遮音断熱パネ
ルについて、図面に従って説明する。図1及び図2は、
木造家屋の壁1を示す図であり、この壁1は、請求項1
に記載の発明に係る遮音断熱パネル10と、外装材2
と、管柱3と、内装材4とを用いて構成されている。
Next, a sound insulating and heat insulating panel according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. 1 and 2
It is a figure which shows the wall 1 of a wooden house, This wall 1 is Claim 1.
Sound insulation panel 10 and exterior material 2 according to the invention described in (1).
, A pipe column 3, and an interior material 4.

【0012】この遮音断熱パネル10は、図3に示すよ
うに、木材等を材料として形成した枠体11内に、発泡
樹脂断熱材層12と繊維状断熱材層13とが室の内外方
向に振動絶縁材層14を介して積層されることによって
構成されている。尚、前記遮音断熱パネル10の発泡樹
脂断熱材層12の外側面には、合板、パーティクルボー
ド等からなる面材15が配設され、繊維状断熱材層13
の外側面には、防水性を有する薄い面材16が貼り付け
られている。
As shown in FIG. 3, the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 10 has a foamed resin heat insulating material layer 12 and a fibrous heat insulating material layer 13 in a frame 11 formed of wood or the like in a direction toward the inside and outside of the room. It is configured by being laminated via the vibration insulating material layer 14. On the outer surface of the foamed resin heat insulating material layer 12 of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 10, a face material 15 made of plywood, particle board, or the like is provided.
A thin face member 16 having a waterproof property is adhered to an outer surface of the sheet.

【0013】前記遮音断熱パネル10の発泡樹脂断熱材
層12としては、種々のものが使用できるが、ウレタン
フォーム、ポリスチレンフォーム、フェノール樹脂フォ
ーム等の強度と断熱効果を有するものが好ましい。これ
らは、一般に、独立気泡の構造をとっており、振動吸
収、防音効果の点で顕著ではない。
As the foamed resin heat insulating material layer 12 of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 10, various materials can be used, but those having strength and heat insulating effect such as urethane foam, polystyrene foam and phenol resin foam are preferable. These generally have a closed cell structure and are not remarkable in terms of vibration absorption and soundproofing effects.

【0014】前記遮音断熱パネル10の繊維状断熱材層
13としては、種々のものが使用できるが、グラスウー
ル又はロックウール等の空気を多く含み軽量で防音断熱
効果を有するものが好ましい。
As the fibrous heat insulating material layer 13 of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 10, various materials can be used, but a material containing a large amount of air such as glass wool or rock wool and having a light and sound insulating effect is preferable.

【0015】上記断熱材層12,13の断熱材は、熱伝
導率が0.0090w/mk以下のもの、好ましくは
0.050w/mk以下のものからなる。
The heat insulating material of the heat insulating material layers 12 and 13 has a heat conductivity of 0.0090 w / mk or less, preferably 0.050 w / mk or less.

【0016】前記遮音断熱パネル10の振動絶縁材層1
4としては、粘性があり、振動吸収、防音効果に優れた
種々のものが使用できるが、アスファルト、天然ゴム、
シリコーンゴム、クロロプレンゴム、ニトリルゴム、ブ
チルゴム、スチレンゴム、ポリイソプレンゴム、スチレ
ンブタジエンゴム、ポリエステル系エラストマー、酢酸
ビニル系樹脂、アクリル酸エステル系樹脂等が好まし
い。
The vibration insulating material layer 1 of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 10
As for No. 4, various materials which are viscous and have excellent vibration absorbing and soundproofing effects can be used.
Preferred are silicone rubber, chloroprene rubber, nitrile rubber, butyl rubber, styrene rubber, polyisoprene rubber, styrene butadiene rubber, polyester elastomer, vinyl acetate resin, acrylate resin, and the like.

【0017】又、前記振動絶縁材層14の厚みは、5m
m程度が適当であるが、2〜10mm程度であってもよ
い。これらの振動絶縁材は、振動絶縁性には優れるが、
熱伝導率は0.0090w/mkより大きく、上記断熱
材とは本質的に異なり、断熱材として使用されるもので
はない。
The thickness of the vibration insulating material layer 14 is 5 m.
m is appropriate, but may be about 2 to 10 mm. These vibration insulation materials have excellent vibration insulation properties,
The thermal conductivity is greater than 0.0090 w / mk and is essentially different from the above-mentioned heat insulators and is not used as a heat insulator.

【0018】前記遮音断熱パネル10の製造方法として
は、木材等を材料として所定形状の枠体11を形成し、
面材15の上に配置し、開放面に型を配置する。(尚、
家屋の設計方針やパネルの使用場所に応じて要求される
強度に適合するように、前記枠体11には、適宜間柱1
7を配設する。)そして、上記したウレタン等の発泡断
熱材料に発泡剤(フロン等)を添加したものを注入し、
熱プレス板等を用いて加熱して発泡硬化させ、枠体11
及び面材15と一体になった発泡樹脂断熱材層12を形
成する。尚、既に発泡成形したウレタンボード等を所定
寸法に切断して枠体や面材等にはめ込み、貼着して発泡
樹脂断熱材層としてもよい。
As a method of manufacturing the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 10, a frame 11 having a predetermined shape is formed by using wood or the like as a material.
It is arranged on the face material 15 and the mold is arranged on the open surface. (still,
The frame 11 is appropriately fitted with studs 1 so as to conform to the strength required according to the design policy of the house and the place where the panel is used.
7 is arranged. ) Then, a foaming agent such as urethane or the like to which a foaming agent (such as Freon) is added is injected,
By using a hot press plate or the like to heat and foam and harden, the frame 11
And the foamed resin heat insulating material layer 12 integrated with the face material 15 is formed. The urethane board or the like which has already been foam-molded may be cut into a predetermined size, fitted into a frame, a face material, or the like, and adhered to form a foamed resin heat insulating material layer.

【0019】さらに、その断熱材層12の上に振動絶縁
材層14を構成するスチレンブタジエンゴム等よりなる
シートを貼着する。尚、前記振動絶縁材層14は、シー
ト状の振動絶縁材を貼着することにより形成する他、流
動状態の振動絶縁材を塗布することにより形成してもよ
い。
Further, a sheet made of styrene-butadiene rubber or the like constituting the vibration insulating material layer 14 is adhered on the heat insulating material layer 12. The vibration insulating material layer 14 may be formed by sticking a sheet-shaped vibration insulating material or by applying a flowing vibration insulating material.

【0020】前記発泡樹脂断熱材層12の上に振動絶縁
材層14を設けるのを一工程で行うには、前記型の内側
に振動絶縁材層14を構成するシートを固定しておき、
その型と枠体11の中に樹脂を注入すればよい。
To provide the vibration insulating material layer 14 on the foamed resin heat insulating material layer 12 in one step, a sheet constituting the vibration insulating material layer 14 is fixed inside the mold,
A resin may be injected into the mold and the frame 11.

【0021】さらに、その振動絶縁材層14の上にグラ
スウール等の繊維状断熱材層13を構成するシートを貼
着すれば、前記遮音断熱パネル10を簡単に製造でき
る。尚、パネル10内に間柱17が含まれている場合に
は、その間柱17の部分を介した音と振動の伝達を防止
すべく、間柱17の部屋側の側面に振動絶縁材層14を
設けることが好ましい。
Further, if the sheet constituting the fibrous heat insulating material layer 13 such as glass wool is adhered on the vibration insulating material layer 14, the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 10 can be easily manufactured. When the stud 17 is included in the panel 10, the vibration insulating material layer 14 is provided on the side surface of the stud 17 on the room side in order to prevent transmission of sound and vibration through the stud 17. Is preferred.

【0022】前記パネル10内には、断熱材12,13
及び振動絶縁材層14が収納されているため、工場等に
おける製造及び輸送等の取扱いが非常に容易であり、寸
法も予め正確に設定できるため、現場施工も正確かつ容
易である。
In the panel 10, heat insulating materials 12 and 13 are provided.
In addition, since the vibration insulating material layer 14 is housed, handling such as production and transportation in a factory or the like is very easy, and dimensions can be set accurately in advance, so that on-site construction is accurate and easy.

【0023】上記のように製造された遮音断熱パネル1
0は、建築現場において木造家屋の管柱3間に収納さ
れ、これら管柱3に固定される。さらに遮音断熱パネル
10の外側には外装材2が、内側(部屋側)には内壁材
4がそれぞれ取付けられる。
The sound insulation panel 1 manufactured as described above.
Numerals 0 are housed between the pillars 3 of the wooden house at the construction site and fixed to these pillars 3. Further, the exterior material 2 is attached to the outside of the sound insulation and heat insulation panel 10, and the inner wall material 4 is attached to the inside (room side).

【0024】前記遮音断熱パネル10は、屋外側に発泡
樹脂断熱材層12が配置され、部屋側に遮音効果を有す
る繊維状断熱材層13が配置されると、屋外からの騒音
がパネル10の発泡樹脂断熱材層12を伝搬した後、振
動絶縁材層14によりその振動が低減され、さらに繊維
状断熱材層13が吸音材としても作用するため、室内側
の反射音を含め遮音でき、それらの有する機能が最大限
発揮され、遮音断熱パネル10の厚さを100mm以下
で必要最小限のものとすることができる。
When the foamed resin heat insulating material layer 12 is disposed on the outdoor side and the fibrous heat insulating material layer 13 having a sound insulating effect is disposed on the room side, noise from the outside of the panel 10 is reduced. After propagating through the foamed resin heat insulating material layer 12, the vibration is reduced by the vibration insulating material layer 14, and the fibrous heat insulating material layer 13 also acts as a sound absorbing material. The function of the sound insulation panel 10 is maximized, and the thickness of the sound insulation panel 10 can be reduced to a necessary minimum of 100 mm or less.

【0025】又、遮音断熱パネル10の面材15の外面
に例えば防水性を有するシートをさらに貼付等の手段に
よって一体化し、これにより製品としての遮音断熱パネ
ル10の見栄えを良くしたり、あるいは施工時の雨や雪
等に対する防水性を確保してもよい。
Further, for example, a sheet having a waterproof property is further integrated with the outer surface of the face material 15 of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 10 by affixing or the like to thereby improve the appearance of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 10 as a product, or Water resistance to rain or snow at the time may be ensured.

【0026】上記構成された遮音断熱パネル10におい
ては、発泡樹脂断熱材層12と、繊維状断熱材層13
と、振動絶縁材層14とにより優れた断熱効果を奏する
ばかりでなく、振動絶縁材層14と断熱材層12,13
との相乗効果により従来の遮音断熱パネルでは取り除く
ことができなかった種々の周波数の音及び振動が遮断さ
れるため、全体として優れた遮音特性が得られる。
In the sound insulation panel 10 constructed as described above, the foamed resin insulation layer 12 and the fibrous insulation layer 13
In addition to the vibration insulating material layer 14 having an excellent heat insulating effect, the vibration insulating material layer 14 and the heat insulating material layers 12 and 13
The sound and vibration of various frequencies that could not be removed by the conventional sound insulating and heat insulating panel are cut off by a synergistic effect with the above, so that excellent sound insulating characteristics can be obtained as a whole.

【0027】従って、この遮音断熱パネル10を壁に使
用した家屋においては、十分な遮音性と断熱性とが得ら
れ、快適な住環境が構成される。尚、この遮音断熱パネ
ル10を壁以外の他の場所(床、天井又は屋根等)に使
用した家屋においても、十分な遮音性と断熱性とが得ら
れ、快適な住環境が構成される。ここで、遮音断熱パネ
ル10は、その使用場所や家屋の設計方針に応じて枠体
11、間柱17、断熱材層12,13、振動絶縁材層1
4及び面材15,16等の寸法、材質、数量等が適宜変
更されることは勿論である。
Therefore, in a house using the sound insulation and heat insulation panel 10 for a wall, sufficient sound insulation and heat insulation are obtained, and a comfortable living environment is constructed. Even in a house where the sound insulation panel 10 is used in a place other than a wall (floor, ceiling, roof, or the like), sufficient sound insulation and heat insulation are obtained, and a comfortable living environment is configured. Here, the sound-insulating and heat-insulating panel 10 has a frame 11, studs 17, heat-insulating material layers 12 and 13, and a vibration-insulating material layer 1 according to the place of use and the design policy of the house.
Needless to say, dimensions, materials, quantities, etc. of the 4 and the face materials 15, 16 are appropriately changed.

【0028】図4及び図5は、枠体11を省略した遮音
断熱パネルの他の実施例を示し、この遮音断熱パネル2
0は、合板等からなる面材15の上にウレタン発泡体等
からなる発泡樹脂断熱材層12、クロロプレンゴム等か
らなる振動絶縁材層14及びグラスウール等の繊維状断
熱材層13を備えている。そして、この遮音断熱パネル
20は、図5に示すように土台5と梁6との間に取付固
定されている。
FIGS. 4 and 5 show another embodiment of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel in which the frame 11 is omitted.
No. 0 is provided with a foamed resin heat insulating material layer 12 made of urethane foam or the like, a vibration insulating material layer 14 made of chloroprene rubber or the like, and a fibrous heat insulating material layer 13 made of glass wool or the like on a face material 15 made of plywood or the like. . The sound insulation and heat insulation panel 20 is attached and fixed between the base 5 and the beam 6 as shown in FIG.

【0029】この遮音断熱パネル20の製造方法は、前
記枠体11の代わりとなる型を用いてウレタン樹脂等を
発泡硬化させればよい。
The method for manufacturing the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 20 may be such that urethane resin or the like is foamed and cured using a mold instead of the frame 11.

【0030】次に、請求項2に記載の発明に係る遮音断
熱パネル30の実施例について図6に従って説明する。
この遮音断熱パネル30は、前記遮音断熱パネル10と
同様に枠体31内に、グラスウール等の繊維状断熱材層
33が室の内外方向に振動絶縁材層34を介して複数積
層されている。そして前記断熱材層33の両外側面に
は、合板等からなる面材35が配設されている。
Next, an embodiment of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 30 according to the second aspect of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.
In the sound insulation panel 30, a plurality of fibrous insulation layers 33 such as glass wool are laminated in a frame 31 in the same manner as the sound insulation panel 10 through a vibration insulation layer 34 in and out of the chamber. On both outer surfaces of the heat insulating material layer 33, face materials 35 made of plywood or the like are provided.

【0031】前記遮音断熱パネル30を製造するには、
木材等を組み合わせた枠体31の一側面に面材35を固
定し、その面材35の内側に断熱材と振動絶縁材とを順
次貼着して積層し、最後に反対側の面材35を貼着すれ
ばよい。尚、本実施例では2つの繊維状断熱材層33と
1つの振動絶縁材層34を積層しているが、必要に応じ
て何層にも増やしてもよい。
To manufacture the sound insulation panel 30,
A face material 35 is fixed to one side surface of the frame 31 made of a combination of wood and the like, and a heat insulating material and a vibration insulating material are sequentially adhered and laminated inside the face material 35, and finally, the face material 35 on the opposite side is fixed. Should be stuck. In the present embodiment, two fibrous heat insulating material layers 33 and one vibration insulating material layer 34 are laminated, but may be increased as many as necessary.

【0032】本実施例の遮音断熱パネル30は、屋根パ
ネルとして使用される場合、垂木7と垂木7の間に固定
され、その上に防水シート38、瓦39等が配設され
る。
When used as a roof panel, the sound-insulating and heat-insulating panel 30 of this embodiment is fixed between rafters 7 and a waterproof sheet 38, a tile 39 and the like are disposed thereon.

【0033】この遮音断熱パネル30を使用した家屋に
おいては、繊維状断熱材層33と、振動絶縁材層34と
により優れた断熱効果を奏するばかりでなく、振動絶縁
材層34と断熱材層33との相乗効果により従来の遮音
断熱パネルでは取り除くことができなかった種々の周波
数の音及び振動が遮断されるため、全体として優れた遮
音特性が得られる。
In a house using the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 30, not only the fibrous heat insulating material layer 33 and the vibration insulating material layer 34 provide an excellent heat insulating effect, but also the vibration insulating material layer 34 and the heat insulating material layer 33. The sound and vibration of various frequencies that could not be removed by the conventional sound insulating and heat insulating panel are cut off by a synergistic effect with the above, so that excellent sound insulating characteristics can be obtained as a whole.

【0034】又、非常に軽量な繊維状断熱材層33と、
振動絶縁材層34とを複数積層しているため、軽量であ
り、特に屋根部の軽量化に有利である。
Further, a very lightweight fibrous heat insulating material layer 33,
Since a plurality of vibration insulating material layers 34 are stacked, the weight is light, and it is particularly advantageous for reducing the weight of the roof.

【0035】次に、請求項3に記載の発明に係る遮音断
熱パネル40の実施例について図7に従って説明する。
この遮音断熱パネル40は、前記遮音断熱パネル30と
同様に枠体41内に、ウレタン発泡体等からなる発泡樹
脂断熱材層42が室の内外方向に振動絶縁材層44を介
して複数積層されている。そして前記断熱材層32の両
外側面には、合板等からなる面材45が配設されてい
る。
Next, an embodiment of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 40 according to the third aspect of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.
In the sound insulation panel 40, a plurality of foamed resin insulation layers 42 made of a urethane foam or the like are laminated in a frame 41 in the same manner as the sound insulation panel 30 via a vibration insulation layer 44 in and out of the chamber. ing. On both outer surfaces of the heat insulating material layer 32, surface materials 45 made of plywood or the like are provided.

【0036】前記遮音断熱パネル40を製造するには、
木材等を組み合わせて枠体41を設け、その枠体41の
一側面に面材45を固定し、前記遮音断熱パネル10の
製造方法として説明した如く、型を用いてウレタン等の
発泡樹脂断熱材料に発泡剤を添加したものを注入し、発
泡硬化させればよい。
In order to manufacture the sound insulation panel 40,
A frame body 41 is provided by combining wood and the like, and a face material 45 is fixed to one side surface of the frame body 41, and a foamed resin heat insulating material such as urethane is formed by using a mold as described as a method of manufacturing the sound insulation panel 10. What is necessary is just to inject what added the foaming agent to the mixture, and to foam-harden.

【0037】本実施例では2つの発泡樹脂断熱材層42
と1つの振動絶縁材層44を積層しているが、この数は
必要に応じて増やしてもよい。
In this embodiment, the two foamed resin insulation layers 42
And one vibration insulating layer 44 is laminated, but this number may be increased as necessary.

【0038】本実施例の遮音断熱パネル40は、床パネ
ルとして使用される場合、根太8と根太8の間に固定さ
れる。
When used as a floor panel, the sound insulation and heat insulation panel 40 of this embodiment is fixed between joists 8.

【0039】この遮音断熱パネル40を使用した家屋に
おいては、発泡樹脂断熱材層42と、振動絶縁材層44
とにより優れた断熱効果を奏するばかりでなく、振動絶
縁材層44と断熱材層42との相乗効果により従来の遮
音断熱パネルでは取り除くことができなかった種々の周
波数の音及び振動が遮断されるため、全体として優れた
遮音特性が得られる。
In a house using the sound insulation panel 40, a foamed resin insulation layer 42 and a vibration insulation layer 44
In addition to providing a more excellent heat insulating effect, the synergistic effect of the vibration insulating material layer 44 and the heat insulating material layer 42 blocks sounds and vibrations of various frequencies that could not be removed by the conventional sound insulating and heat insulating panel. Therefore, excellent sound insulation characteristics can be obtained as a whole.

【0040】又、軽量でありながら強度のある発泡樹脂
断熱材層42と、振動絶縁材層44とを複数積層してい
るため、軽量でかつ強度にも優れ、家屋の耐久性の向上
にも有利である。
Further, since a plurality of lightweight and strong foamed resin heat insulating material layers 42 and vibration insulating material layers 44 are laminated, they are light in weight and excellent in strength, and can also improve the durability of a house. It is advantageous.

【0041】尚、この遮音断熱パネル40の変形例とし
て、図8に示すように枠材51の両側に面材55を配置
し、その枠材51と面材55とによって構成される空間
内に発泡樹脂断熱材又は繊維状断熱材からなる断熱材層
52,53を振動絶縁材層54を介して積層したものを
配置した遮音断熱パネル50として実施し、2階(3
階)部分の床パネルとして使用してもよく、前記と同様
の効果が得られる。
As a modified example of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel 40, face members 55 are arranged on both sides of a frame member 51 as shown in FIG. The sound insulation panel 50 in which heat insulation layers 52 and 53 made of foamed resin insulation material or fibrous heat insulation material are laminated via a vibration insulation material layer 54 is arranged.
It may be used as a floor panel of the (floor) portion, and the same effects as above can be obtained.

【0042】さらに、前記遮音断熱パネル20,30,
40,50は、それぞれ上記実施例にて説明した以外の
場所(壁、床、天井又は屋根等)に使用してもよく、家
屋における十分な遮音性と断熱性とが得られ、快適な住
環境が構成される。前記遮音断熱パネル20,30,4
0,50は、その使用場所や家屋の設計方針に応じて枠
体、断熱材層、振動絶縁材層及び面材等の寸法、材質、
数量、構造等が適宜変更されることは勿論である。
Further, the sound insulation and heat insulation panels 20, 30,
40 and 50 may be used in places (walls, floors, ceilings, roofs, etc.) other than those described in the above embodiments, and provide sufficient sound insulation and heat insulation in a house to provide comfortable housing. The environment is configured. The sound insulation and heat insulation panels 20, 30, 4
0,50 are dimensions, materials, such as a frame, a heat insulating material layer, a vibration insulating material layer, and a face material according to the place of use and a design policy of a house.
It goes without saying that the quantity, structure, and the like are appropriately changed.

【0043】尚、吸音効果を発泡樹脂断熱材層12,4
2,52に担わせるためには、その層のセル構造は、あ
る程度断熱効果を犠牲にして連通気泡(オープンポア)
であることが望ましい。これは特に断熱材層として発泡
樹脂断熱材層のみを使用する場合に少なくとも1つの層
を連通気泡とすると有効である。
It should be noted that the sound-absorbing effect is improved by using the foamed resin insulation layers 12 and 4.
In order for the cells to be supported by the cells 2 and 52, the cell structure of the layer must have some open cells (open pores) at the expense of some heat insulation effect.
It is desirable that This is particularly effective when at least one layer is made to be a communicating cell when only the foamed resin heat insulating material layer is used as the heat insulating material layer.

【0044】[0044]

【発明の効果】以上説明した通り、本発明においては、
住宅用の床、壁または天井を構成するパネルであって、
十分な断熱性を有していることは勿論、防音・遮音特性
をも有した遮音断熱パネルを簡単な構成によって提供す
ることができる。
As described above, in the present invention,
A panel constituting a floor, wall or ceiling for a house,
It is possible to provide a sound-insulating and heat-insulating panel having a sufficient structure as well as having sufficient heat-insulating properties as well as sound-insulating and sound-insulating properties.

【0045】特に、請求項1に記載の発明においては、
断熱材層による断熱作用に加えて、振動絶縁材層と断熱
材層(特に繊維状断熱材層)との相乗効果により従来の
遮音断熱パネルでは取り除くことができなかった種々の
音及び振動も吸収でき、パネルを介した家屋内外の熱と
音の伝達を確実に防止でき、快適な住環境を簡単かつ確
実に提供できる。
Particularly, in the first aspect of the present invention,
In addition to the heat insulating effect of the heat insulating material layer, various sounds and vibrations that could not be removed by the conventional sound insulating and heat insulating panel due to the synergistic effect of the vibration insulating material layer and the heat insulating material layer (especially the fibrous heat insulating material layer) are also absorbed. Thus, the transmission of heat and sound inside and outside the house through the panel can be reliably prevented, and a comfortable living environment can be easily and reliably provided.

【0046】尚、構築材料としての強度が高い発泡樹脂
断熱材と、軽量でしかもある程度の防音効果のある繊維
状断熱材との組合せにより、遮音断熱パネルとしてのバ
ランスが良く、使い勝手も良いものとなる。
The combination of a foamed resin heat insulating material having high strength as a construction material and a fibrous heat insulating material which is lightweight and has a certain soundproof effect provides a good balance as a sound insulating and heat insulating panel and is easy to use. Become.

【0047】請求項2に記載の発明においては、断熱材
層による断熱作用に加えて、振動絶縁材層と繊維状断熱
材層との相乗効果により従来の遮音断熱パネルでは取り
除くことができなかった種々の音及び振動も吸収でき、
パネルを介した家屋内外の熱と音の伝達を確実に防止で
き、快適な住環境を簡単かつ確実に提供できる。尚、軽
量でしかもある程度の防音効果のある繊維状断熱材と、
振動絶縁材層とを積層しているため、軽量でありながら
全体の形状が安定しており、取扱い上便利である。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, in addition to the heat insulating effect of the heat insulating material layer, the conventional sound insulating and heat insulating panel cannot be removed due to the synergistic effect of the vibration insulating material layer and the fibrous heat insulating material layer. It can absorb various sounds and vibrations,
The transmission of heat and sound inside and outside the house through the panel can be reliably prevented, and a comfortable living environment can be easily and reliably provided. In addition, a fibrous heat insulating material that is lightweight and has a certain degree of soundproofing effect,
Since the vibration insulating material layer is laminated, the overall shape is stable while being lightweight, and it is convenient for handling.

【0048】請求項3に記載の発明においては、断熱材
による断熱作用に加えて、振動絶縁材層と発泡樹脂断熱
材層との相乗効果により従来の遮音断熱パネルでは取り
除くことができなかった種々の音及び振動も吸収でき、
パネルを介した家屋内外の熱と音の伝達を確実に防止で
き、快適な住環境を簡単かつ確実に提供できる。尚、軽
量でかつ強度のある発泡樹脂断熱材層と、振動絶縁材層
とを積層しているため、軽量でありながら強度に優れ、
家屋の耐久性の向上にも有利である。
According to the third aspect of the present invention, in addition to the heat insulating effect of the heat insulating material, the synergistic effect of the vibration insulating material layer and the foamed resin heat insulating material layer makes it impossible to remove various sound insulating and heat insulating panels which cannot be removed by the conventional sound insulating and heat insulating panel. Can absorb the sound and vibration of
The transmission of heat and sound inside and outside the house through the panel can be reliably prevented, and a comfortable living environment can be easily and reliably provided. In addition, since the lightweight and strong foamed resin insulation material layer and the vibration insulation material layer are laminated, the strength is excellent while being lightweight.
It is also advantageous for improving the durability of houses.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】 本発明の遮音断熱パネルを壁の構造材として
適用した例を示す部分破断斜視図である。
FIG. 1 is a partially broken perspective view showing an example in which a sound insulating and heat insulating panel of the present invention is applied as a structural material of a wall.

【図2】 本発明の遮音断熱パネルを壁の構造材として
適用した例を示す壁の部分断面図である。
FIG. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view of a wall showing an example in which the sound insulation panel of the present invention is applied as a structural material of the wall.

【図3】 本発明の遮音断熱パネルの斜視図である。FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel of the present invention.

【図4】 本発明の遮音断熱パネルの他の実施例を示す
図であり、(a)はパネルの正面図、(b)はパネルの
側面図、(c)はパネルの底面図である。
FIG. 4 is a view showing another embodiment of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel of the present invention, wherein (a) is a front view of the panel, (b) is a side view of the panel, and (c) is a bottom view of the panel.

【図5】 本発明の遮音断熱パネルの断面図である。FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the sound insulating and heat insulating panel of the present invention.

【図6】 本発明の遮音断熱パネルを屋根材として適用
した例を示す断面図である。
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing an example in which the sound insulating and heat insulating panel of the present invention is applied as a roof material.

【図7】 本発明の遮音断熱パネルを床材として適用し
た例を示す断面図である。
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view showing an example in which the sound insulation panel of the present invention is applied as a floor material.

【図8】 本発明の遮音断熱パネルを2階(3階)の床
材として適用した例を示す斜視図である。
FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing an example in which the sound insulating and heat insulating panel of the present invention is applied as a floor material on the second floor (third floor).

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 壁 2 外装材 3 管柱 4 内装材 5 土台 6 梁 7 垂木 8 根太 10,20,30,40,50 遮音断熱パネル 11,31,41,51 枠体 12,42,52 発泡樹脂断熱材層 13,33,53 繊維状断熱材層 14,34,44,54 振動絶縁材層 15,16,35,45,55 面材 Reference Signs List 1 wall 2 exterior material 3 tube pillar 4 interior material 5 base 6 beam 7 rafter 8 joist 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 sound insulation panel 11, 31, 41, 51 frame body 12, 42, 52 foam resin insulation layer 13, 33, 53 Fibrous heat insulating material layer 14, 34, 44, 54 Vibration insulating material layer 15, 16, 35, 45, 55 Face material

Claims (3)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 家屋の壁、床、屋根又は天井を構成する
断熱パネルにおいて、発泡樹脂断熱材層と繊維状断熱材
層とが室の内外方向に振動絶縁材層を介して積層されて
いることを特徴とする遮音断熱パネル。
In a heat insulating panel constituting a wall, a floor, a roof or a ceiling of a house, a foamed resin heat insulating material layer and a fibrous heat insulating material layer are laminated in and out of a room via a vibration insulating material layer. A sound insulation and heat insulation panel characterized by the above.
【請求項2】 家屋の壁、床、屋根又は天井を構成する
断熱パネルにおいて、繊維状断熱材層が室の内外方向に
振動絶縁材層を介して複数積層されていることを特徴と
する遮音断熱パネル。
2. A heat insulating panel constituting a wall, a floor, a roof or a ceiling of a house, wherein a plurality of fibrous heat insulating layers are laminated in and out of the room via a vibration insulating layer. Insulation panel.
【請求項3】 家屋の壁、床、屋根又は天井を構成する
断熱パネルにおいて、発泡樹脂断熱材層が室の内外方向
に振動絶縁材層を介して複数積層されていることを特徴
とする遮音断熱パネル。
3. A sound insulating panel constituting a wall, floor, roof or ceiling of a house, wherein a plurality of foamed resin heat insulating layers are laminated inward and outward of the room via a vibration insulating material layer. Insulation panel.
JP21963196A 1996-08-21 1996-08-21 Sound-insulating heat-insulating panel Pending JPH1061061A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP21963196A JPH1061061A (en) 1996-08-21 1996-08-21 Sound-insulating heat-insulating panel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP21963196A JPH1061061A (en) 1996-08-21 1996-08-21 Sound-insulating heat-insulating panel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH1061061A true JPH1061061A (en) 1998-03-03

Family

ID=16738562

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP21963196A Pending JPH1061061A (en) 1996-08-21 1996-08-21 Sound-insulating heat-insulating panel

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH1061061A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1683617A3 (en) * 2005-01-21 2007-08-01 Biomedy Limited Manufacture of structural panels
JP2012219550A (en) * 2011-04-12 2012-11-12 Toyota Home Kk Heat-insulated structure of building
JP2015042840A (en) * 2010-09-09 2015-03-05 七王工業株式会社 Sound insulation floor component, and sound insulation floor structure
GB2520262A (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-05-20 Pemberton Leisure Homes Ltd Acoustic and thermal insulation method for walls of static caravans, residential park homes and leisure homes
JP2015517039A (en) * 2012-04-04 2015-06-18 テクニウッド アンテルナシオナルTechniwood International Improved multi-ply panel

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1683617A3 (en) * 2005-01-21 2007-08-01 Biomedy Limited Manufacture of structural panels
JP2015042840A (en) * 2010-09-09 2015-03-05 七王工業株式会社 Sound insulation floor component, and sound insulation floor structure
JP2012219550A (en) * 2011-04-12 2012-11-12 Toyota Home Kk Heat-insulated structure of building
JP2015517039A (en) * 2012-04-04 2015-06-18 テクニウッド アンテルナシオナルTechniwood International Improved multi-ply panel
GB2520262A (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-05-20 Pemberton Leisure Homes Ltd Acoustic and thermal insulation method for walls of static caravans, residential park homes and leisure homes
GB2520262B (en) * 2013-11-12 2018-09-12 Pemberton Leisure Homes Ltd Acoustic and thermal insulation apparatus for walls of static caravans, residential park homes and leisure homes

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JPH1061061A (en) Sound-insulating heat-insulating panel
JP2007126828A (en) Heat insulating panel, and exterior wall structure using it
JP4017462B2 (en) Thermal insulation structure of outer wall
JP2003049497A (en) Heat insulating panel, heat insulating structure using it, and its construction method
JP2000234402A (en) Wall panel structure
KR20040020608A (en) Floor structure of building
JPH1037350A (en) Steel house wall structure
JPH0720248Y2 (en) Sound insulation structure of buildings
JPH0637140Y2 (en) Insulation soundproof board
JP2532472Y2 (en) Insulated sound absorbing material
JPS634114Y2 (en)
JPS628251Y2 (en)
JPH0138184Y2 (en)
JPH066519U (en) Wall structure
KR20130061340A (en) Wall member having enhanced tightness
JPH07113276A (en) Architectural and functional panel and application, architectural member and functional member thereof
JPS597451Y2 (en) Wall structure in wooden buildings
JPH07145643A (en) External heat insulation method in wooden residence
JPH05263483A (en) Soundproof heat insulation panel
JPH11280171A (en) Panel for structure and building with ventilating layer
JPH0330485Y2 (en)
JP2015007351A (en) Earthquake resistant heat insulating panel structure and heat insulating structure and external earthquake resistant heat insulating structure using the same structure
JP2001132133A (en) Sound and heat insulating panel
JPH0583115U (en) Insulation panel
JPH0949274A (en) Roof truss panel

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20050722

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20050801

A02 Decision of refusal

Effective date: 20051128

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A02