JPH10256959A - Production and equipment for twisted pairtype induction cable - Google Patents

Production and equipment for twisted pairtype induction cable

Info

Publication number
JPH10256959A
JPH10256959A JP5885697A JP5885697A JPH10256959A JP H10256959 A JPH10256959 A JP H10256959A JP 5885697 A JP5885697 A JP 5885697A JP 5885697 A JP5885697 A JP 5885697A JP H10256959 A JPH10256959 A JP H10256959A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
insulated wire
twisting
insulated
parallel
electromagnetic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
JP5885697A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yasushi Mita
Masao Sasagawa
Tomoyuki Sugitani
恭嗣 三田
知幸 杉谷
柾男 笹川
Original Assignee
Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd
Sumitomo Wiring Syst Ltd
住友電気工業株式会社
住友電装株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd, Sumitomo Wiring Syst Ltd, 住友電気工業株式会社, 住友電装株式会社 filed Critical Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd
Priority to JP5885697A priority Critical patent/JPH10256959A/en
Publication of JPH10256959A publication Critical patent/JPH10256959A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To improve productivity and to stabilize the quality. SOLUTION: An electromagnetic field coupling part 5 where insulated electric wires 3 and 3' of an insulated electric wire pair 14A formed by insulated electric wires 3 and 3' are twisted together are partially isolated in parallel is intermittently provided in the lengthwise direction of the insulated electric wire pair 14A to produce a pair-type induction cable. In this method, insulated electric wires 3 and 3' of the insulated electric wire pair 14A are twisted together while inverting the twisting directions in the lengthwise direction, and thereafter, insulated electric wires 3 and 3' are untwisted into the parallel state in inversion parts 12 and 13, and they are isolated in parallel to provide the electromagnetic field coupling parts 5.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、撚合わせ対型誘導
ケーブルの製造方法及び設備に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a method and an apparatus for manufacturing a twisted pair type induction cable.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来、鉄道線路または道路を移動する車
両等の移動体と、地上局との間で通信を行うために、線
路または道路に沿って、誘導あるいは漏洩ケーブルと呼
ばれるケーブルを敷設し、この誘導ケーブルから適度に
漏れる電磁界を移動体に設けたアンテナに結合させて、
相互の双方向通信の送受信が行われている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, in order to communicate between a moving object such as a vehicle moving on a railway line or a road and a ground station, a cable called an inductive or leaky cable is laid along the line or the road. By coupling the electromagnetic field leaking moderately from this induction cable to the antenna provided on the moving body,
Transmission and reception of mutual bidirectional communication are performed.
【0003】また、別の用途として、誘導ケーブルから
漏れる電磁界を連続的では無く間欠的に漏れるようにし
て、その間欠的に漏れる電磁界の位置の距離を正確に予
め計測して値付けしておけば、地上局から発信した信号
に対する移動体からの反応、あるいは移動体から発信
し、誘導ケーブルを通して受信した信号の位相差等によ
り、移動体が存在する位置を地上局から正確に監視、把
握することができる。
As another application, the electromagnetic field leaking from the induction cable is intermittently leaked instead of continuously, and the distance of the position of the intermittently leaking electromagnetic field is measured in advance and valued. If this is done, the location of the mobile station can be accurately monitored from the ground station based on the response from the mobile station to the signal transmitted from the ground station or the phase difference of the signal transmitted from the mobile station and received through the induction cable. You can figure out.
【0004】このような目的から、上記のような誘導ケ
ーブルは、移動体位置検出誘導ケーブルとも呼ばれてい
る。
[0004] For such a purpose, the above-mentioned guide cable is also called a moving body position detecting guide cable.
【0005】上記誘導ケーブルは、図6(A)に示すよ
うに、導体1と絶縁2とを有する2本の絶縁電線3,
3′を一方向に撚り合わせてなる絶縁電線対4の絶縁電
線3,3′を、部分的に並列・離隔した電磁界結合部
(開口部)5を、絶縁電線対4の長さ方向に間欠的に設
けて形成している。
[0005] As shown in FIG. 6 (A), the above-mentioned induction cable comprises two insulated wires 3 having a conductor 1 and an insulation 2.
The insulated wires 3, 3 ′ of the insulated wire pair 4, which are formed by twisting 3 ′ in one direction, are partially parallel / separated into electromagnetic field coupling portions (openings) 5 in the length direction of the insulated wire pair 4. It is formed intermittently.
【0006】このようにして形成した誘導ケーブルは、
通常は撚合わせ対型誘導ケーブルと呼ばれている。
[0006] The induction cable thus formed is:
It is usually called a twisted pair type induction cable.
【0007】上記電磁界結合部5の両側の絶縁電線3,
3′に撚りの有る部分は電磁界非結合部6であり、この
電磁界非結合部6は、絶縁電線3,3′の撚りの効果に
より、電磁界の漏洩が電磁界結合部5と比較して非常に
小さくなるという特性を有する。
The insulated wires 3 on both sides of the electromagnetic field coupling portion 5
The portion having a twist at 3 'is the electromagnetic field non-coupling portion 6, and the electromagnetic field non-coupling portion 6 is compared with the electromagnetic field coupling portion 5 due to the twisting effect of the insulated wires 3, 3'. It has the characteristic of becoming very small.
【0008】上記誘導ケーブルは、図6(B)に示すよ
うに、基板7の上に配置した絶縁電線対4によって構成
された誘導対8を、形状保持と外力からの保護のための
介在物9とともに上巻きテープ10により押え巻きさ
れ、さらに、この外周に、ケーブルとしての非金属、非
磁性体(電磁界を効率良く漏洩させるため)のポリオレ
フィン、塩化ビニル等の合成樹脂等の外部保護被覆11
が施されて構成されている。
As shown in FIG. 6 (B), the above-mentioned induction cable is provided with an induction pair 8 composed of an insulated wire pair 4 arranged on a substrate 7 and an interposition member for maintaining its shape and protecting it from external force. 9 and an outer protective coating of a non-metallic or non-magnetic material (for efficient leakage of electromagnetic fields) of a polyolefin, a synthetic resin such as vinyl chloride, or the like as a cable. 11
Is configured.
【0009】上記誘導ケーブルの絶縁電線対4を製造す
る設備としては、図7(A)に示すように、絶縁電線
3,3′を巻いたリール20,20′を回転供給装置2
1に取り付け、この回転供給装置21とともに各リール
20,20′を回転させながら、各リール20,20′
から繰り出した絶縁電線3,3′を電線ガイド22でガ
イドし、引出装置24のベルトで挟んで回転を止めなが
ら撚合わせダイス23から絶縁電線対4を引き出すこと
により、一方向に撚合わせた絶縁電線対4に成形して、
巻取装置25のドラムに巻き取るようになっている。
As a facility for manufacturing the insulated wire pair 4 of the above-described induction cable, as shown in FIG.
1 while rotating the reels 20, 20 'together with the rotation supply device 21, the reels 20, 20'
The insulated wires 3, 3 'drawn out from the wire are guided by the wire guide 22, and the insulated wire pair 4 is pulled out from the twisting die 23 while stopping rotation while being sandwiched by the belt of the drawer 24, so that the insulated wire is twisted in one direction. Formed into wire pair 4,
The drum is wound around the winding device 25.
【0010】この巻取装置25のドラムに巻き取られた
絶縁電線対4は、図7(B)に示すように、適当な長さ
づつドラムから引き出して、図7(C)に示すように、
絶縁電線対4の長さ方向に間欠的に、絶縁電線3,3′
の撚りを解いて並行状態とし、これを広げて並行・離隔
することにより電磁界結合部5を設けるようにしてい
る。
The insulated wire pair 4 wound on the drum of the winding device 25 is pulled out of the drum by an appropriate length as shown in FIG. 7B, and as shown in FIG. 7C. ,
Insulated wires 3, 3 'intermittently in the length direction of the pair of insulated wires 4.
The electromagnetic field coupling portion 5 is provided by untwisting the wires to form a parallel state, and expanding and paralleling / separating them.
【0011】[0011]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上記絶
縁電線対4は、絶縁電線3,3′が一方向に撚合わせら
れているから、電磁界結合部5を設けるためには、この
区間の絶縁電線3,3′の撚りを解いた後に、この区間
に与えられていた撚りを前後に移動させて、絶縁電線
3,3′を並行・離隔する必要があった。
However, the insulated wire pair 4 has the insulated wires 3, 3 'twisted in one direction. After untwisting the wires 3, 3 ', it was necessary to move the twist given to this section back and forth to separate and insulate the insulated wires 3, 3'.
【0012】即ち、絶縁電線対4の撚りピッチをP、絶
縁電線3,3′の並行区間長をnP、並行区間の撚りピ
ッチの移動を受け持つ撚りピッチの数をn′とすれば、
並行区間の撚りピッチの移動を受け持つ区間の撚りピッ
チP′は、P′=n′P/nまで小さくなるように捻り
や歪が与えられるようになる。
That is, if the twisting pitch of the insulated wire pair 4 is P, the length of the parallel section of the insulated wires 3 and 3 'is nP, and the number of twisting pitches responsible for the movement of the twisting pitch of the parallel section is n',
Twisting and distortion are applied so that the twisting pitch P ′ of the section serving to move the twisting pitch of the parallel section is reduced to P ′ = n′P / n.
【0013】このため、絶縁電線3,3′の導体1と絶
縁2の外径が太く、材質の捻り剛性が大きくなると、絶
縁電線対4に電磁界結合部5を設けるためには、大掛か
りな機械や工具を使用しても時間と労力を要する極めて
困難な作業となる。
For this reason, if the outer diameters of the conductors 1 and the insulation 2 of the insulated wires 3 and 3 ′ are large and the torsional rigidity of the material is large, providing the electromagnetic field coupling portion 5 to the insulated wire pair 4 is not large. Even with the use of machines and tools, it is an extremely difficult task requiring time and effort.
【0014】また、電磁界結合部5と電磁界非結合部6
の境界部分での絶縁電線3,3′の撚りの構成や配置等
が不均一になって、品質が安定しにくくなる。
The electromagnetic field coupling section 5 and the electromagnetic field non-coupling section 6
, The configuration and arrangement of twisting of the insulated wires 3 and 3 'at the boundary portion are not uniform, and the quality is hardly stabilized.
【0015】本発明は、上記問題を解決するためになさ
れたもので、生産性が良好で品質が安定する撚合わせ対
型誘導ケーブルの製造方法及び装置を提供することを課
題とするものである。
The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and has as its object to provide a method and apparatus for producing a twisted pair type induction cable having good productivity and stable quality. .
【0016】[0016]
【課題を解決するための手段】上記課題を解決するため
に、本発明の請求項1は、絶縁電線を撚合わせてなる絶
縁電線対の絶縁電線を、部分的に並行・離隔した電磁界
結合部を、絶縁電線対の長さ方向に間欠的に設けた撚合
わせ対型誘導ケーブルの製造方法であって、上記絶縁電
線対の絶縁電線を、長さ方向に撚り方向を反転しながら
撚合わせた後、反転部で絶縁電線の撚りを解いて並行状
態とし、これを広げて並行・離隔することにより電磁界
結合部を設けることを特徴とする撚合わせ対型誘導ケー
ブルの製造方法を提供するものである。
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides an electromagnetic field coupling in which an insulated wire of an insulated wire pair formed by twisting insulated wires is partially parallel / separated. A method for manufacturing a twisted pair type induction cable in which a portion is intermittently provided in a length direction of an insulated wire pair, wherein the insulated wires of the insulated wire pair are twisted while reversing the twist direction in the length direction. After that, an insulated wire is untwisted at a reversing portion to be in a parallel state, and the insulated wire is spread and parallel / separated to provide an electromagnetic field coupling portion, thereby providing a method for manufacturing a twisted pair type induction cable. Things.
【0017】請求項1によれば、反転部で絶縁電線の撚
りを解けば、撚りの無い並行区間が簡単に得られ、これ
を広げて並行・離隔するだけで電磁界結合部を設けるこ
とができる。
According to the first aspect, if the insulated wire is untwisted at the reversing portion, a parallel section having no twist can be easily obtained, and the electromagnetic field coupling portion can be provided simply by expanding and paralleling / separating. it can.
【0018】また、本発明の請求項2は、絶縁電線を撚
合わせてなる絶縁電線対の絶縁電線を、部分的に並行・
離隔した電磁界結合部を、絶縁電線対の長さ方向に間欠
的に設けた撚合わせ対型誘導ケーブルの製造方法であっ
て、上記絶縁電線対の絶縁電線を、長さ方向に撚り方向
を反転させ、かつ撚り方向の反転位置に撚りの無い並行
区間を形成しながら撚合わせた後、並行区間の絶縁電線
を広げて並行・離隔することにより電磁界結合部を設け
ることを特徴とする撚合わせ対型誘導ケーブルの製造方
法を提供するものである。
The present invention also provides an insulated wire pair in which insulated wires are twisted to form an insulated wire partially in parallel.
A method for manufacturing a twisted pair type induction cable in which a separated electromagnetic field coupling part is provided intermittently in the length direction of an insulated wire pair, wherein the insulated wire of the insulated wire pair is twisted in the length direction. After twisting while inverting and forming a parallel section without twist at the reversing position of the twisting direction, an insulated wire in the parallel section is spread and parallel / separated to provide an electromagnetic field coupling portion, which is characterized by twisting. It is intended to provide a method for manufacturing a mating pair type induction cable.
【0019】請求項2によれば、請求項1のように反転
部で絶縁電線の撚りを解く必要がなく、撚りの無い並行
区間を単に広げて並行・離隔するだけで電磁界結合部を
設けることができる。
According to the second aspect, there is no need to untwist the insulated wire at the reversing portion as in the first aspect, and the electromagnetic field coupling portion is provided by simply expanding the parallel sections without twist and parallel / separating them. be able to.
【0020】本発明の請求項3は、複数本の絶縁電線を
供給する供給装置と、供給された絶縁電線を長さ方向に
撚り方向を反転しながら撚合わせる交互撚り装置と、撚
合わされながら引き出される絶縁電線対を巻き取る巻取
装置とを備え、上記交互撚り装置は、撚りの反転位置に
撚りの無い並行区間が形成されるように一時停止が可能
であることを特徴とする撚合わせ対型誘導ケーブルの製
造設備を提供するものである。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a supply device for supplying a plurality of insulated wires, an alternate twisting device for twisting the supplied insulated wires while reversing the twisting direction in the length direction, and a drawing device which is drawn while being twisted. A winding device for winding a pair of insulated wires, wherein the alternating twisting device is capable of being temporarily stopped so that a parallel section without twist is formed at a twist reversal position. The purpose of the present invention is to provide equipment for manufacturing a type induction cable.
【0021】請求項3によれば、交互撚り装置を交互逆
方向に回転させるという制御だけで、請求項1のような
交互に撚合わせた絶縁電線対を簡単に成形することがで
きる。
According to the third aspect, the insulated wire pairs alternately twisted as in the first aspect can be easily formed only by controlling the alternate twisting device to rotate in the opposite direction.
【0022】また、交互撚り装置を交互逆方向に回転、
かつ一時的に停止させるという制御だけで、請求項2の
ような撚りの反転位置に撚りの無い並行区間を有する交
互に撚合わせた絶縁電線対を簡単に成形することができ
る。
Further, the alternate twisting device is rotated alternately in the opposite direction,
In addition, only by the control of temporarily stopping, it is possible to easily form an alternately twisted insulated wire pair having a parallel section having no twist at the inversion position of twist as described in claim 2.
【0023】請求項4のように、上記供給装置と交互撚
り装置との間に、上記絶縁電線が巻き付いて蓄線可能な
蓄線筒が設けられ、この蓄線筒は、回転自在に支持さ
れ、かつ入口側から出口側に向かってテーパ状に形成さ
れている構成とすることができる。
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, a storage tube is provided between the supply device and the alternate twisting device so that the insulated wire is wound around the storage device and is capable of storing power. The storage tube is rotatably supported. And it can be set as the structure formed in the taper shape from the entrance side to the exit side.
【0024】この構成であれば、蓄線筒に蓄線された絶
縁電線を入口側から出口側に向かってスムーズに移動さ
せることができる。
According to this configuration, the insulated wires stored in the storage tube can be smoothly moved from the entrance side to the exit side.
【0025】[0025]
【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面
を参照して詳細に説明する。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the drawings.
【0026】なお、図6以下の従来技術と同一構成・作
用の箇所は同一番号を付して詳細な説明は省略する。
Parts having the same structure and operation as those of the prior art shown in FIG. 6 and subsequent figures are given the same reference numerals, and detailed description is omitted.
【0027】図1(A)は第1実施形態の撚合わせ対型
誘導ケーブルの絶縁電線対14Aの製造設備である。
FIG. 1A shows a facility for manufacturing the insulated wire pair 14A of the twisted pair type induction cable according to the first embodiment.
【0028】絶縁電線3,3′は、従来と同様にリール
20,20′にそれぞれ巻かれて供給装置31に取り付
けられる。この供給装置31は、従来とは異なって回転
はしない。
The insulated wires 3, 3 'are wound around reels 20, 20', respectively, and attached to the supply device 31, as in the prior art. The supply device 31 does not rotate unlike the conventional device.
【0029】各リール20,20′から繰り出された絶
縁電線3,3′は、電線ガイド22でガイドされて、導
入ガイド32を通り蓄線筒34の外周に巻き付いて蓄線
される。
The insulated wires 3, 3 ′ fed from the respective reels 20, 20 ′ are guided by the wire guide 22, pass through the introduction guide 32, are wound around the outer periphery of the storage tube 34, and are stored.
【0030】この蓄線筒34に巻き付いた後に巻き付き
が解除された絶縁電線3,3′は、交互撚り回転目板3
5の案内孔35a(図5参照)を通ることにより、交互
逆方向に回転が与えられ、撚合わせダイス36から引き
出された所で交互撚りが与えられ、交互に撚合わせた絶
縁電線対14に成形されて、引出装置24で引き出され
ながら巻取装置25のドラムに巻き取られるようにな
る。
The insulated wires 3, 3 ′, which have been unwound after being wound around the storage tube 34, are connected to the alternately twisted turn plate 3.
5 through the guide holes 35a (see FIG. 5), the rotation is given alternately in the opposite direction, the twist is given at the place where it is drawn from the twisting die 36, and the twisted insulated wire pairs 14 are alternately twisted. After being formed, it is wound around the drum of the winding device 25 while being drawn by the drawing device 24.
【0031】上記導入ガイド32から撚合わせダイス3
6までの間の交互撚り装置37は、図5に詳細に示すよ
うに、固定シャフト44の入口側に導入ガイド32をベ
アリング40で回転自在に支持すると共に、この固定シ
ャフト44の出口側に交互撚り回転目板35をベアリン
グ40で回転自在に支持している。
From the introduction guide 32, the twisting dies 3
6, the alternate twisting device 37 rotatably supports the introduction guide 32 on the inlet side of the fixed shaft 44 by the bearing 40 and alternately provides the guide on the outlet side of the fixed shaft 44, as shown in detail in FIG. The twist rotatable plate 35 is rotatably supported by bearings 40.
【0032】上記導入ガイド32と交互撚り回転目板3
5との間の固定シャフト44には、入口側から出口側に
向かって先細りとなるテーパ形状の蓄線筒34をベアリ
ング40,40で回転自在に支持している。
The introduction guide 32 and the alternately twisted rotatable board 3
The tapered storage tube 34 tapering from the inlet side to the outlet side is rotatably supported by bearings 40 and 40 on the fixed shaft 44 between them.
【0033】このように、蓄線筒34を回転自在とし、
かつテーパ形状にすることにより、外周に巻き付いて蓄
線される絶縁電線3,3′は、入口側から出口側に向か
ってスムーズに移動するようになる。
As described above, the storage tube 34 is made rotatable,
In addition, the tapered shape allows the insulated wires 3, 3 'wound around the outer periphery to smoothly move from the inlet side to the outlet side.
【0034】上記交互撚り回転目板35の外周の歯車部
35bに、電動機41から回転調整機構42を介して回
転される駆動歯車43が噛み合わされて、電動機41の
正転・逆転の制御で交互撚り回転目板35が交互逆方向
に回転されることにより、撚合わせダイス36から引き
出された所で絶縁電線3,3′に交互撚りが与えられ
て、交互に撚合わせた絶縁電線対14Aに成形されるよ
うになる。
A driving gear 43 rotated by a motor 41 via a rotation adjusting mechanism 42 meshes with a gear portion 35b on the outer periphery of the alternately twisted rotatable plate 35, and is alternately controlled by the forward / reverse control of the motor 41. The twisted rotation plate 35 is alternately rotated in the opposite direction, so that the insulated wires 3, 3 'are alternately twisted at a position where they are pulled out from the twisting die 36, and the insulated wire pairs 14A alternately twisted are formed. Become molded.
【0035】上記のように成形された絶縁電線対14A
は、図1(B)に詳細に示すように、絶縁電線対14A
の長さ方向に、撚り方向を反転しながら撚合わされてい
る。
The insulated wire pair 14A formed as described above
Is an insulated wire pair 14A as shown in detail in FIG.
Are twisted in the longitudinal direction while reversing the twisting direction.
【0036】即ち、撚り方向の反転部12では、右撚り
から左撚りに、次の反転部13では、左撚りから右撚
り、というように撚り方向が反転されている。
That is, in the reversing part 12 of the twisting direction, the twisting direction is reversed from right-handed to left-handed, and in the next reversing part 13, the twisting direction is reversed from left-handed to right-handed.
【0037】そして、上記絶縁電線対14Aは、図1
(C)に示すように、各反転部12,13で絶縁電線対
14Aの絶縁電線3,3′の撚りを解いて並行状態と
し、これを広げて並行・離隔することにより電磁界結合
部5が設けられるようになる。
The insulated wire pair 14A is shown in FIG.
As shown in (C), the inversion parts 12 and 13 untwist the insulated wires 3 and 3 ′ of the insulated wire pair 14 </ b> A to be in a parallel state, and expand and parallel / separate the electromagnetic field coupling part 5. Will be provided.
【0038】なお、撚りの無い電磁界結合部5と撚りの
有る電磁界非結合部6との境界部分での絶縁電線3,
3′の取り合い(配列上の干渉)を考慮すると、電磁界
結合部5での絶縁電線3,3′の離隔する方向は交互に
逆方向、即ち、移動体のアンテナと誘電対との電磁的結
合の方向が順次に逆転する場合に適していると言える
が、絶縁電線3,3′は細く柔らかくて曲げることが容
易であるから、どちらの方向に配置することも可能であ
る。
The insulated wires 3, 3 at the boundary between the untwisted electromagnetic field coupling portion 5 and the twisted electromagnetic field non-coupling portion 6
Considering the arrangement of 3 '(interference in arrangement), the direction in which the insulated wires 3 and 3' are separated from each other in the electromagnetic field coupling portion 5 is alternately opposite, that is, the electromagnetic wave between the antenna of the moving body and the dielectric pair. It can be said that it is suitable for the case where the direction of connection is reversed sequentially. However, since the insulated wires 3 and 3 'are thin and soft and can be easily bent, they can be arranged in either direction.
【0039】図2(A)(B)に示した絶縁電線対14
Aは、図1(B)(C)に示した絶縁電線対4と比べ
て、反転部13では電磁界非結合部6を設け、反転部1
2では電磁界結合部5を設けたものである。
The pair of insulated wires 14 shown in FIGS.
A is different from the insulated wire pair 4 shown in FIGS. 1B and 1C in that the inversion section 13 is provided with the electromagnetic field non-coupling section 6 and the inversion section 1
2, the electromagnetic field coupling unit 5 is provided.
【0040】この場合、電磁界結合部5と電磁界非結合
部6との境界部分での絶縁電線3,3′の取り合い(配
列上の干渉)からは、電磁界結合部5での絶縁電線3,
3′の離隔する方向は同じ方向となるが、上述したよう
に、絶縁電線3,3′は容易に曲げることができるか
ら、どちらの方向に配置することも可能である。
In this case, the insulated wires 3 and 3 'at the boundary between the electromagnetic field coupling portion 5 and the electromagnetic field non-coupling portion 6 (interference in arrangement) indicate that 3,
The direction in which the wires 3 'are separated is the same direction. However, as described above, the insulated wires 3, 3' can be easily bent, so that they can be arranged in either direction.
【0041】また、電磁界非結合部6の中間に撚りの反
転部13が有ることから、隣り合う反転部12,12で
絶縁電線3,3′を並行・離隔して電磁界結合部5,5
をそれぞれ設けた後、両反転部12,12の間の反転部
13を、両反転部12,12の撚りが締まる(撚りピッ
チが短くなる)方向に撚りを加えることにより、電磁界
結合部5を電磁界非結合部6との境界部分での絶縁電線
3,3′の弛みを吸収して絞り込むことができるという
作業上の利点がある。
Further, since the twisted inversion portion 13 is provided in the middle of the electromagnetic field non-coupling portion 6, the insulated wires 3, 3 'are parallel / separated by the adjacent inversion portions 12, 12, and the electromagnetic field coupling portions 5, 5 are separated. 5
Is provided, the reversing portion 13 between the reversing portions 12, 12 is twisted in a direction in which the twisting of the reversing portions 12, 12 is tightened (twist pitch is shortened), so that the electromagnetic field coupling portion 5 is formed. There is an operational advantage that the slack of the insulated wires 3, 3 'at the boundary with the electromagnetic field non-coupling portion 6 can be absorbed and narrowed down.
【0042】上記絶縁電線対14Aは、絶縁電線3,
3′を交互に撚合わせたものであれば、反転部12,1
3を中心に絶縁電線3,3′の撚りを解けば、撚りの無
い並行区間(反転部12,13)が簡単に得られ、従来
のように、並行区間の撚りを前後に移動させる必要もな
くなる。
The pair of insulated wires 14A is composed of insulated wires 3,
If the 3's are alternately twisted, the reversing parts 12, 1
By untwisting the insulated wires 3 and 3 'around the center 3, a parallel section (reversal parts 12, 13) without twist can be easily obtained, and it is necessary to move the twist of the parallel section back and forth as in the conventional case. Disappears.
【0043】即ち、絶縁電線対14Aの交互撚りピッチ
をP、絶縁電線3,3′の並行区間長をnPとすれば、
交互撚りの反転部12,13を中心に撚りを解く撚り戻
しの回数Nは、N=n/2、つまり1回の撚り戻して2
Pの並行区間が得られるようになる。
That is, if the alternate twist pitch of the insulated wire pair 14A is P and the parallel section length of the insulated wires 3, 3 'is nP,
The number of times N of untwisting for untwisting around the inversion parts 12 and 13 of the alternate twist is N = n / 2, that is, 2 times after one untwist.
A parallel section of P can be obtained.
【0044】図3(A)は第2実施形態の撚合わせ対型
誘導ケーブルの絶縁電線対14Bの製造設備であり、基
本的には図1(A)の第1実施形態の製造設備と同じ構
造であるが、第1実施形態のように、交互撚り回転目板
35を交互逆方向に回転させるだけでなく、図3(B)
のように正方向に回転させて、図3(D)のように逆方
向に回転させる前に、図3(C)のように回転を停止さ
せて、電磁界結合部5を設けるのに必要な区間12′,
13′だけ絶縁電線対14Bの絶縁電線3,3′を撚ら
ないで並行に引出装置24により引き出して、その後に
図3(D)のように逆方向に回転させるように制御され
る。
FIG. 3 (A) shows a facility for manufacturing the insulated wire pair 14B of the twisted pair type induction cable of the second embodiment, which is basically the same as the manufacturing facility of the first embodiment of FIG. 1 (A). Although the structure is different from that of the first embodiment, not only the alternately twisted rotatable plate 35 is rotated in the opposite direction but also as shown in FIG.
It is necessary to stop the rotation as shown in FIG. 3 (C) and to provide the electromagnetic field coupling portion 5 before rotating in the forward direction as shown in FIG. Section 12 ',
The insulated wires 3, 3 'of the insulated wire pair 14B by 13' are drawn out in parallel by the drawer 24 without twisting, and then controlled to rotate in the opposite direction as shown in FIG. 3 (D).
【0045】なお、交互撚り回転目板35は、逆方向か
ら正方向に回転させる前にも、回転を停止させて電磁界
結合部5を設けるのに必要な区間12′,13′だけ絶
縁電線対14Bの絶縁電線3,3′を撚らないで並行に
引き出すようにする。
It is to be noted that, even before the alternately twisted rotation plate 35 is rotated from the reverse direction to the forward direction, the rotation is stopped and only the sections 12 ′ and 13 ′ required for providing the electromagnetic field coupling portion 5 are insulated wires. The insulated wires 3, 3 'of the pair 14B are drawn out in parallel without twisting.
【0046】このようにして、撚りの反転位置に撚りの
無い並行区間12′,13′を有する交互に撚合わせた
絶縁電線対14Bに成形されるようになる。
In this way, the twisted insulated wire pairs 14B having the untwisted parallel sections 12 'and 13' at the twist reversal positions are formed.
【0047】上記のように成形された絶縁電線対14B
は、図4(A)に詳細に示すように、絶縁電線対14B
の長さ方向に、撚り方向の反転位置に撚りの無い並行区
間12′,13′が設けられた、交互撚りと並行区間1
2′,13′を複合させたものである。
The insulated wire pair 14B formed as described above
Is a pair of insulated wire pairs 14B as shown in detail in FIG.
In the length direction, there are provided parallel sections 12 ′ and 13 ′ having no twist at the reversal position of the twist direction.
2 'and 13' are combined.
【0048】そして、上記絶縁電線対14Bは、図4
(B)に示すように、各並行区間12′,13′では絶
縁電線3,3′は予め並行状態であるから、これを単に
広げて並行・離隔することにより電磁界結合部5が設け
られるようになる。
Then, the insulated wire pair 14B is
As shown in (B), in each of the parallel sections 12 'and 13', the insulated wires 3 and 3 'are in a parallel state in advance, so that the electromagnetic field coupling section 5 is provided simply by expanding and paralleling / separating. Become like
【0049】上記絶縁電線対14Bは、並行区間1
2′,13′が予め形成されているから、第1実施形態
の絶縁電線対14Aのように、絶縁電線3,3′の撚り
を解いて並行状態とする作業が不要となり、単に並行・
離隔するだけの簡単な作業だけでよくなる。
The insulated wire pair 14B is connected to the parallel section 1
Since the 2 'and 13' are formed in advance, the operation of untwisting the insulated wires 3 and 3 'to make them in a parallel state as in the insulated wire pair 14A of the first embodiment is not required.
Only a simple task of separation is enough.
【0050】上記絶縁電線対14Bのように、交互撚り
と並行区間12′,13′を複合させたものであれば、
並行区間長はnPとすればよい。
As in the case of the above-mentioned insulated wire pair 14B, if alternate twisting and parallel sections 12 'and 13' are combined,
The parallel section length may be nP.
【0051】ここで、絶縁電線対14Bとしての並行区
間長nPは、誘電対としての必要な結合部の区間長Lo
に、絶縁電線3,3′の離隔距離wの2倍を加えたnP
≒Lo+2wになるから、交互撚りの場合の反転間隔
(周期)は、並行区間長と離隔距離を考慮して設定して
おく必要がある。
Here, the parallel section length nP as the insulated wire pair 14B is equal to the section length Lo of the coupling portion required as the dielectric pair.
And twice the separation distance w between the insulated wires 3, 3 '.
Since に な る Lo + 2w, it is necessary to set the reversal interval (period) in the case of the alternate twist in consideration of the parallel section length and the separation distance.
【0052】[0052]
【発明の効果】以上の説明からも明らかなように、本発
明の請求項1の製造方法は、絶縁電線対の絶縁電線を、
長さ方向に撚り方向を反転しながら撚合わせた後、反転
部で絶縁電線の撚りを解いて並行状態とし、これを広げ
て並行・離隔することにより電磁界結合部を設けるよう
にしたから、反転部で絶縁電線の撚りを解けば、撚りの
無い並行区間が簡単に得られ、これを広げて並行・離隔
するだけで電磁界結合部を設けることができるので、従
来のように大掛かりな機械や工具を使用しなくても、短
時間で、軽労力で作業ができるようになり、生産性が向
上するようになる。
As is apparent from the above description, the manufacturing method according to the first aspect of the present invention provides a method for manufacturing an insulated wire of a pair of insulated wires.
After twisting while reversing the twisting direction in the length direction, the insulated wire was untwisted at the reversing part to be in a parallel state, and this was expanded and parallel / separated to provide the electromagnetic field coupling part, By untwisting the insulated wire at the reversing part, a parallel section without twist can be easily obtained, and an electromagnetic field coupling part can be provided simply by expanding and paralleling / separating it. Even without using tools or tools, work can be performed in a short time and with light labor, and productivity can be improved.
【0053】また、従来のように並行区間の撚りを前後
に移動させる必要がないから、電磁界結合部と電磁界非
結合部の境界部分での絶縁電線対の撚りの構成や配置等
が均一になって、品質も安定するようになる。
Further, since it is not necessary to move the twist in the parallel section back and forth as in the prior art, the configuration and arrangement of twisting of the insulated wire pair at the boundary between the electromagnetic field coupling portion and the electromagnetic field non-coupling portion are uniform. And the quality will be stable.
【0054】また、本発明の請求項2の製造方法は、絶
縁電線対の絶縁電線を、長さ方向に撚り方向を反転さ
せ、かつ撚り方向の反転位置に撚りの無い並行区間を形
成しながら撚合わせた後、並行区間の絶縁電線を単に広
げて並行・離隔することにより電磁界結合部を設けよう
にしたから、請求項1のように反転部で絶縁電線の撚り
を解く必要がなく、撚りの無い並行区間を広げて並行・
離隔するだけで電磁界結合部を設けることができるの
で、請求項1の効果に対して、より短時間で、より軽労
力で作業ができるようになり、生産性がより向上すると
共に、品質もより安定するようになる。
Further, in the manufacturing method according to the second aspect of the present invention, the insulated wires of the insulated wire pair are formed by reversing the twist direction in the length direction and forming a parallel section without twist at the reversal position of the twist direction. After twisting, the insulated wires in the parallel section were simply spread and parallel / separated so as to provide the electromagnetic field coupling part. Therefore, there is no need to untwist the insulated wire at the reversing part as in claim 1, Expand parallel sections without twisting
Since the electromagnetic field coupling portion can be provided only by separating, it is possible to perform the operation in a shorter time and with lighter labor, and to improve the productivity and the quality in addition to the effects of the first aspect. Become more stable.
【0055】本発明の請求項3の製造設備は、交互撚り
装置を交互逆方向に回転させるという制御だけで、請求
項1のような交互に撚合わせた絶縁電線対を簡単に成形
できるようになる。
The manufacturing equipment according to the third aspect of the present invention enables the alternate twisted insulated wire pair as described in the first aspect to be easily formed only by controlling the alternate twisting device to rotate in the opposite direction. Become.
【0056】また、交互撚り装置を交互逆方向に回転、
かつ一時的に停止させるという制御だけで、請求項2の
ような撚りの反転位置に撚りの無い並行区間を有する交
互に撚合わせた絶縁電線対を簡単に成形できるようにな
る。
Further, the alternate twisting device is rotated alternately in the opposite direction.
In addition, only by the control of temporarily stopping, it is possible to easily form an alternately twisted insulated wire pair having a parallel section having no twist at the twist reversal position.
【0057】さらに、請求項4のように、供給装置と交
互撚り装置との間に、絶縁電線が巻き付いて蓄線可能な
蓄線筒を設け、この蓄線筒を回転自在に支持し、かつ入
口側から出口側に向かってテーパ状に形成することによ
り、蓄線筒に蓄線された絶縁電線を入口側から出口側に
向かってスムーズに移動させることができるようにな
る。
Further, as described in claim 4, a storage tube is provided between the supply device and the alternately twisting device, the storage tube being capable of storing a wire by winding an insulated wire, and the storage tube is rotatably supported. By forming the tapered shape from the entrance side to the exit side, the insulated wire stored in the storage tube can be smoothly moved from the entrance side to the exit side.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】 (A)は本発明の第1実施形態の製造設備の
システム図、(B)は(A)の製造設備で成形した絶縁
電線対の模式図、(C)は(B)の絶縁電線対に電磁界
結合部を形成した誘導ケーブルの模式図である。
1A is a system diagram of a manufacturing facility according to a first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 1B is a schematic diagram of an insulated wire pair formed by the manufacturing facility of FIG. 1A, and FIG. It is a schematic diagram of the induction cable which formed the electromagnetic field coupling part in the insulated wire pair.
【図2】 (A)は変形例の絶縁電線対の模式図、
(B)は(A)の絶縁電線対に電磁界結合部を形成した
誘導ケーブルの模式図である。
FIG. 2A is a schematic diagram of a pair of insulated wires according to a modified example,
(B) is a schematic diagram of an induction cable in which an electromagnetic field coupling portion is formed in the insulated wire pair of (A).
【図3】 (A)は第2実施形態の製造設備のシステム
図、(B)は交互撚り回転目板を正方向に回転させたと
きの要部システム図、(C)は交互撚り回転目板を一時
停止させたときの要部システム図、(D)は交互撚り回
転目板を逆方向に回転させたときの要部システム図であ
る。
FIG. 3A is a system diagram of a manufacturing facility according to a second embodiment, FIG. 3B is a main part system diagram when an alternately twisted rotatable plate is rotated in a forward direction, and FIG. FIG. 4D is a main part system diagram when the plate is temporarily stopped, and FIG. 4D is a main part system diagram when the alternately twisted rotatable plate is rotated in the opposite direction.
【図4】 (A)は図3(A)の製造設備で成形した絶
縁電線対の模式図、(B)は(A)の絶縁電線対に電磁
界結合部を形成した誘導ケーブルの模式図である。
4 (A) is a schematic view of an insulated wire pair formed by the manufacturing equipment of FIG. 3 (A), and FIG. 4 (B) is a schematic view of an induction cable in which an electromagnetic field coupling portion is formed on the insulated wire pair of FIG. 3 (A). It is.
【図5】 製造設備の蓄線筒部分の拡大断面図である。FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of a wire storage tube portion of the manufacturing facility.
【図6】 (A)は誘導ケーブルの平面図、(B)は誘
導ケーブルの外部保護被覆を含む断面図である。
FIG. 6A is a plan view of an induction cable, and FIG. 6B is a cross-sectional view of the induction cable including an outer protective coating.
【図7】 (A)は従来の製造設備のシステム図、
(B)は(A)の製造設備で成形した絶縁電線対の模式
図、(C)は(B)の絶縁電線対に電磁界結合部を形成
した誘導ケーブルの模式図である。
FIG. 7A is a system diagram of a conventional manufacturing facility,
(B) is a schematic diagram of an insulated wire pair formed by the manufacturing facility of (A), and (C) is a schematic diagram of an induction cable in which an electromagnetic field coupling portion is formed on the insulated wire pair of (B).
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
3,3′ 絶縁電線 5 電磁界結合部 6 電磁界非結合部 12,13 反転部 12′,13′ 並行区間 14A,14B 絶縁電線対 23 撚合わせダイス 24 引出装置 25 巻取装置 31 供給装置 34 蓄線筒 35 交互撚り回転目板 36 撚合わせダイス 37 交互撚り装置 3, 3 'insulated wire 5 electromagnetic field coupling part 6 electromagnetic field non-coupling part 12, 13 inversion part 12', 13 'parallel section 14A, 14B insulated wire pair 23 twisting die 24 draw-out device 25 winding device 31 supply device 34 Storage tube 35 Alternating twist rotary plate 36 Twisting die 37 Alternating twisting device
───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (72)発明者 三田 恭嗣 大阪市此花区島屋1−1−3 住友電気工 業株式会社内 ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuing from the front page (72) Inventor Koji Mita 1-1-3 Shimaya, Konohana-ku, Osaka City Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.

Claims (4)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 絶縁電線を撚合わせてなる絶縁電線対の
    絶縁電線を、部分的に並行・離隔した電磁界結合部を、
    絶縁電線対の長さ方向に間欠的に設けた撚合わせ対型誘
    導ケーブルの製造方法であって、 上記絶縁電線対の絶縁電線を、長さ方向に撚り方向を反
    転しながら撚合わせた後、反転部で絶縁電線の撚りを解
    いて並行状態とし、これを広げて並行・離隔することに
    より電磁界結合部を設けることを特徴とする撚合わせ対
    型誘導ケーブルの製造方法。
    An insulated wire of an insulated wire pair formed by twisting insulated wires is connected to an electromagnetic field coupling part which is partially parallel and separated from the insulated wire.
    A method for producing a twisted pair type induction cable provided intermittently in the length direction of an insulated wire pair, comprising twisting the insulated wires of the insulated wire pair while reversing the twisting direction in the length direction. A method for manufacturing a twisted pair type induction cable, characterized in that an insulated wire is untwisted in a reversing part to be in a parallel state, and this is spread and parallel / separated to provide an electromagnetic field coupling part.
  2. 【請求項2】 絶縁電線を撚合わせてなる絶縁電線対の
    絶縁電線を、部分的に並行・離隔した電磁界結合部を、
    絶縁電線対の長さ方向に間欠的に設けた撚合わせ対型誘
    導ケーブルの製造方法であって、 上記絶縁電線対の絶縁電線を、長さ方向に撚り方向を反
    転させ、かつ撚り方向の反転位置に撚りの無い並行区間
    を形成しながら撚合わせた後、並行区間の絶縁電線を広
    げて並行・離隔することにより電磁界結合部を設けるこ
    とを特徴とする撚合わせ対型誘導ケーブルの製造方法。
    2. An insulated wire of an insulated wire pair formed by twisting insulated wires, an electromagnetic field coupling part which is partially parallel and separated from the insulated wire,
    A method for manufacturing a twisted pair type induction cable provided intermittently in the length direction of an insulated wire pair, wherein the insulated wire of the insulated wire pair is inverted in the length direction in the twist direction, and the inversion of the twist direction is performed. A method for manufacturing a twisted pair type induction cable, comprising: providing an electromagnetic field coupling portion by twisting while forming a parallel section having no twist at a position, and then expanding and paralleling and separating the insulated wires in the parallel section. .
  3. 【請求項3】 複数本の絶縁電線を供給する供給装置
    と、供給された絶縁電線を長さ方向に撚り方向を反転し
    ながら撚合わせる交互撚り装置と、撚合わされながら引
    き出される絶縁電線対を巻き取る巻取装置とを備え、上
    記交互撚り装置は、撚りの反転位置に撚りの無い並行区
    間が形成されるように一時停止が可能であることを特徴
    とする撚合わせ対型誘導ケーブルの製造設備。
    3. A supply device for supplying a plurality of insulated wires, an alternate twisting device for twisting the supplied insulated wires in a longitudinal direction while reversing the twisting direction, and winding a pair of insulated wires drawn out while being twisted. A take-up device, and the alternate twisting device is capable of temporarily stopping so that a parallel section without twist is formed at a reversal position of twist, and a facility for manufacturing a twisted pair type induction cable. .
  4. 【請求項4】 上記供給装置と交互撚り装置との間に、
    上記絶縁電線が巻き付いて蓄線可能な蓄線筒が設けら
    れ、この蓄線筒は、回転自在に支持され、かつ入口側か
    ら出口側に向かってテーパ状に形成されている請求項3
    に記載の撚合わせ対型誘導ケーブルの製造設備。
    4. Between the supply device and the alternate twisting device,
    4. A storage tube which is wound around the insulated wire and is capable of storing power, wherein the storage tube is rotatably supported and is formed in a tapered shape from an inlet side to an outlet side.
    2. A facility for manufacturing a twisted pair type induction cable according to item 1.
JP5885697A 1997-03-13 1997-03-13 Production and equipment for twisted pairtype induction cable Withdrawn JPH10256959A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5885697A JPH10256959A (en) 1997-03-13 1997-03-13 Production and equipment for twisted pairtype induction cable

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5885697A JPH10256959A (en) 1997-03-13 1997-03-13 Production and equipment for twisted pairtype induction cable

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH10256959A true JPH10256959A (en) 1998-09-25

Family

ID=13096349

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP5885697A Withdrawn JPH10256959A (en) 1997-03-13 1997-03-13 Production and equipment for twisted pairtype induction cable

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH10256959A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009231157A (en) * 2008-03-25 2009-10-08 Yazaki Corp Twisted wire and twisted wire manufacturing method
WO2013011686A1 (en) * 2011-07-21 2013-01-24 株式会社デンソー Vehicle power line communication system and transmitter

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009231157A (en) * 2008-03-25 2009-10-08 Yazaki Corp Twisted wire and twisted wire manufacturing method
WO2013011686A1 (en) * 2011-07-21 2013-01-24 株式会社デンソー Vehicle power line communication system and transmitter
JP2013026831A (en) * 2011-07-21 2013-02-04 Nippon Soken Inc Vehicle power line communication system and transmitter
US9520916B2 (en) 2011-07-21 2016-12-13 Denso Corporation Vehicular power line communication system and transmitter

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