JPH1024515A - Coated substrate for transparent assembly with high selectivity - Google Patents

Coated substrate for transparent assembly with high selectivity

Info

Publication number
JPH1024515A
JPH1024515A JP9031697A JP9031697A JPH1024515A JP H1024515 A JPH1024515 A JP H1024515A JP 9031697 A JP9031697 A JP 9031697A JP 9031697 A JP9031697 A JP 9031697A JP H1024515 A JPH1024515 A JP H1024515A
Authority
JP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
non
absorbent
layer
metal
according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP9031697A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Depauw Jean-Michel
Novis Yvan
イヴァン・ノヴィ
ジャン−ミシェル・デュポー
Original Assignee
Glaverbel Sa
グラヴルベル
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B17/00Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres
    • B32B17/06Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material
    • B32B17/10Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material of synthetic resin
    • B32B17/10009Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material of synthetic resin characterized by the number, the constitution or treatment of glass sheets
    • B32B17/10036Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material of synthetic resin characterized by the number, the constitution or treatment of glass sheets comprising two outer glass sheet
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B17/00Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres
    • B32B17/06Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material
    • B32B17/10Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material of synthetic resin
    • B32B17/10165Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material of synthetic resin particular functional features of the laminated glazing
    • B32B17/10339Specific parts of the laminated glazing being colored or tinted
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B17/00Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres
    • B32B17/06Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material
    • B32B17/10Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material of synthetic resin
    • B32B17/1055Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material of synthetic resin characterized by the resin layer, i.e. interlayer
    • B32B17/10761Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material of synthetic resin characterized by the resin layer, i.e. interlayer containing vinyl acetal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3613Coatings of type glass/inorganic compound/metal/inorganic compound/metal/other
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3626Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer one layer at least containing a nitride, oxynitride, boronitride or carbonitride
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3639Multilayers containing at least two functional metal layers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3644Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer the metal being silver
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3652Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer the coating stack containing at least one sacrificial layer to protect the metal from oxidation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C14/00Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
    • C23C14/06Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material characterised by the coating material
    • C23C14/0641Nitrides
    • C23C14/0652Silicon nitride
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C14/00Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
    • C23C14/06Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material characterised by the coating material
    • C23C14/08Oxides
    • C23C14/086Oxides of zinc, germanium, cadmium, indium, tin, thallium or bismuth
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C14/00Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
    • C23C14/06Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material characterised by the coating material
    • C23C14/14Metallic material, boron or silicon
    • C23C14/18Metallic material, boron or silicon on other inorganic substrates
    • C23C14/185Metallic material, boron or silicon on other inorganic substrates by cathodic sputtering
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B5/00Optical elements other than lenses
    • G02B5/20Filters
    • G02B5/208Filters for use with infra-red or ultraviolet radiation, e.g. for separating visible light from infra-red and/or ultraviolet radiation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24942Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including components having same physical characteristic in differing degree
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/26Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component, the element or component having a specified physical dimension
    • Y10T428/263Coating layer not in excess of 5 mils thick or equivalent
    • Y10T428/264Up to 3 mils
    • Y10T428/2651 mil or less

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a coated substrate for a transparent assembly of suitable high selectivity. SOLUTION: A coated sheet is used for a laminated assembly with high level luminous transmittance and low enery transmittance containing two metal layers formed of metal or metal alloy and three layers of a transparent dielectric non-absorbent 1/metal 1/a non-absorbent 2/metal 2/a non-absorbent 3 from the substrate side. The total geometric thickness of the metal layers is 16.5-22nm, and the optical thickness of a non-absorbent 1 layer is 50-56nm, and the total optical thickness of the non-absorbent layers is 220-260nm, and the thickness ratio of a non-absorbent 2 : a non-absorbent 1 is 2.1:1-2.8:1.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は被覆支持体(coated TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to coated substrates (Coated
substrate )に関し、特に高い選択性(即ち高いエネルギー透過率に対する視感透過率の比率)を有する積層集成体を与える被覆透明シートに関する。 Relates Substrate), it relates to a coated transparent sheet providing a laminated assembly having a particularly high selectivity (i.e. the ratio of high energy luminous transmittance to transmittance).

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術及び発明が解決しようとする課題】高い選択性を集成体に与える被覆支持体シートを含む積層集成体は車両の窓、とりわけ自動車及び鉄道の客車のために多く使用されるようになっている。 Laminate assemblage comprising coated substrate sheets which provide the BACKGROUND OF INVENTION Problems to be Solved high selectivity assemblies window of a vehicle, especially to be used more for automobiles and railway carriages going on. これらの使用は車両占有者を太陽光線に対して保護しながら法律規則によって規定されたような多くの場合において適当な光透過率を与える矛盾する要求を持ちかける。 These uses offer a suggestion the contradictory requirements provide appropriate light transmission in many cases as defined by law regulations while protecting the vehicle occupants against solar radiation. また、窓は車両占有者及び通行人に心地良い色を与えることが望ましい。 Further, the window it is desirable to provide a pleasant color to the vehicle occupants and passers.

【0003】被覆支持体の特性のために使用される幾つかの言葉は適切な基準によって規定された正確な意味を持つ。 [0003] Some terms used for the properties of the coated substrate have precise meanings defined by an appropriate standard. ここで使用されるものは以下のものを含み、それらのほとんどはInternational Commission on Illum Here one employed include the following, most of them International Commission on Illum
ination - Commission Internationale de l'Eclair ination - Commission Internationale de l'Eclair
age (“CIE”)によって規定されている。 It is defined by age ( "CIE").

【0004】本明細書では二つの標準光源が使用される:即ちCIEによって規定されている光源C及び光源Aである。 [0004] In this specification two standard illuminants are used: that is, the light source C and Illuminant A as defined by the CIE. 光源Cは6700Kの色温度を有する平均的な昼光を表わす。 Illuminant C represents average daylight having a color temperature of 6700K. 光源Aは約2856Kの温度でのプランク放熱器の光線を表わす。 Illuminant A represents the light rays of the Planck radiator at a temperature of about 2856K. この光源は車のヘッドランプによって放出される光を表わし、自動車のガラスパネルの光学特性を評価するために本質的に使用される。 The light source represents the light emitted by car headlamps and is essentially used to evaluate the optical properties of the glass panel of a motor vehicle.

【0005】ここで使用される“視感透過率”(TL [0005] The "luminous transmittance" is used here (TL
A)という言葉はCIEによって規定されているように光源Aの入射光束の百分率として支持体を透過した光束である。 Word A) is a light beam transmitted through the support as a percentage of the incident light beam of the light source A as defined by the CIE.

【0006】ここで使用される“エネルギー透過率” [0006] As used herein, the term "energy transmission"
(TE)という言葉はCIEによって規定されているように波長の変化なしで支持体を直接透過した全エネルギーである。 Word (TE) is the total energy transmitted through the support directly without change in wavelength as defined by the CIE. それは吸収エネルギー(AE)、即ち支持体によって吸収されるエネルギーを除外する。 It absorbed energy (AE), i.e. excluding the energy absorbed by the support.

【0007】ここで使用される“選択性”(SE)という言葉はエネルギー透過率(TE)に対する視感透過率(TLA)の比率である。 [0007] The term used herein, "selectivity" (SE) is the ratio of the luminous transmittance rate seen for energy transmission (TE) (TLA).

【0008】ここで使用される“色純度”はCIE In [0008] "color purity" as used herein CIE In
ternational Lighting Vocabulary ,1987,87 ternational Lighting Vocabulary, 1987,87
及び89頁に規定されたような光源Cで測定した励起純度に関する。 And a excitation purity measured with illuminant C as defined in 89, pp. 純度は規定された白色光源がゼロの純度を有し、純粋色が100%の純度を有する等分目盛に従って特定される。 Purity white light source defined has a purity of zero and the pure color is specified according to a linear scale having a purity of 100%. 車両の窓の場合、被覆支持体の純度は窓の外部表面を形成することになっている側から測定される。 For vehicle windows the purity of the coated substrate is measured from the side that is to form the outer surface of the window.

【0009】主波長(λ D )は被覆支持体によって反射又は透過される範囲のピーク波長である。 [0009] dominant wavelength (lambda D) is the peak wavelength in the range to be reflected or transmitted by the coated substrate.

【0010】“屈折率(refractive index )”及び“スペクトル吸収率(spectral absorption index [0010] The "refractive index (refractive index)" and "spectral absorption rate (spectral absorption index
)”という言葉はCIE International Lighting ) The term "the CIE International Lighting
Vocabulary ,1987,127、138及び139頁に規定されている。 Vocabulary, are defined in 1987,127,138 and 139 pages.

【0011】支持体は最も典型的にはガラスの如きガラス質材料であるが、ポリカーボネート又はポリメチルメタクリレートの如き別の透明な剛性材料であることもできる。 [0011] Although the support is a glass material such as glass and most typically, can be a separate transparent rigid material such as polycarbonate or polymethyl methacrylate.

【0012】様々な理由のため(それらの多くは音又は熱の伝達の配慮又は破損時の安全に関連する)、集成体は2以上の積層シートを含む。 [0012] Various (safety related upon consideration or failure of transmission of sound or heat many of them) for the reasons, the assembly comprises two or more laminated sheets. 代表的な積層集成体はガラスの第1層、ポリビニルブチラール(PVB)の如き透明接着剤の層及びガラスの第2層を連続的に含む。 Typical lamination assemblies continuously comprises a first layer, a second layer of the layer and the glass-mentioned transparent adhesive of polyvinyl butyral (PVB) of glass. 各ガラス層の厚さは代表的には1.6〜3mmの範囲である。 The thickness of each glass layer is typically in the range of 1.6~3Mm. 被覆層の効果を無視する、集成体の平均屈折率は代表的には1.5である。 Ignoring the effect of the coating layer, the average refractive index of the assembly is typically between 1.5. 被覆は使用時に集成体の外部シートを形成するシートの内面(即ち、接着剤と接触する面)に一般に適用されるが、代わりに使用時に集成体の内部シートを形成するシートの内面に適用することもできる。 Coating the sheet forming the external sheet of the assembly during use the inner surface (i.e., surface in contact with the adhesive) is applied to the generally applied to the inner surface of the sheet forming the inner sheet of the assembly during use instead it is also possible.

【0013】積層集成体は単一ガラスシートとは異なる光学特性を有する傾向がある。 [0013] laminated assembly tends to have different optical properties than the single glass sheet. その相異は主に多重シートの使用から生じている。 The differences are mainly resulting from the use of multiple sheets. 従って積層集成体によって要求される及び達成される特性は単一ガラスシートのそれとは異なる。 Characteristics that are being and achieved required by the laminated assembly thus differs from that of the single glass sheet. それゆえ積層集成体を製造する際には特性に対する要求を達成することを確実にするように各材料、厚さ及び被覆の適切な選択をすることに注意しなければならない。 Each material to ensure achieving a request for property in manufacturing the thus laminated assembly, it should be noted that the appropriate selection of the thickness and coating.

【0014】道路車両の窓についてフロントガラスの視感透過率(TLA)の法的要求は米国では少なくとも7 [0014] At least 7 legal requirements luminous transmittance of the windshield for a window of a road vehicle (TLA) in the United States
0%であり、ヨーロッパでは少なくとも75%である。 0%, at least 75% in Europe.
太陽光線に関して、直接透過される全エネルギー(T Respect sunlight, the total energy (T being transmitted directly
E)は50%以下が好ましい。 E) is preferably 50% or less. さらなる要素は被覆支持体の色合いであり、それは心地良い外観を与えるべきである。 A further element is a tint of the coated substrate, it should give a pleasant appearance. ピンクの色相は魅力的であり、緑の色相はさらに一層そうであることがわかった。 Hues of pink is an attractive, green hue was found to be even more even more so. それは必要な高視感透過率及び低エネルギー透過率を保持しながら被覆から所望の色を達成する際に追加の問題を投げかける。 It poses an additional problem in achieving the desired color from the coating while retaining the high luminous transmission and low energy transmission required.

【0015】鉄道客車の窓に対する要求は法律によってあらゆる場合についてあまり綿密に規定されていないが、上述と同様である。 [0015] The request for the window of the railway passenger car is not very closely defined for all cases by law, but is the same as described above. 一般に視感透過率を高く、エネルギー透過率を低くする必要がある。 Generally high luminous transmission, it is necessary to lower the energy transmittance.

【0016】車両用途について反射色の純度は低いことが好ましい。 The purity of the reflected color for vehicle applications is preferably low. これは高レベルの視感透過率及び低レベルのエネルギー透過率を同時に達成することが特に困難であることがわかった。 It has been found to be particularly difficult to achieve energy transmission of high levels of luminous transmission and a low level at the same time.

【0017】透過率及び反射特性を修正するため、スタック(stack )として知られる幾つかの被覆層をガラスシートに適用することが益々好まれるようになっている。 [0017] To correct the transmission and reflection characteristics, has several coating layers, known as a stack (stack) as it is increasingly preferred to apply to the glass sheet. 先の提案はガラスに選択された特性を付与する被覆スタックとして作用するように金属及び金属酸化物層の多くの異なる組合せについてなされている。 Previous proposals have been made for many different combinations of metal and metal oxide layer to act as a coating stack to impart selected properties to the glass. 最近注意を引いた層の組合せは代表的には金属の2層で交互に適用される金属酸化物の3層からなる、いわゆる“5層”スタックである。 The combination of recent attention minus layer consists of three layers of metal oxide applied alternately with two layers of metal, typically a so-called "five-layer" stack.

【0018】米国特許4965121は支持体から順に次の層を含む車両フロントガラスのためのスタックに関する:誘電材料の第1層;特に反射性の金属材料の第2 [0018] U.S. Patent 4,965,121 relates to a stack for vehicle windshield comprising the following layers in this order from the support: a first layer of dielectric material; second particular reflective metal material
層;誘電材料の第3層;特に反射性の金属材料の第4 Layer; third layer of dielectric material; fourth particularly reflective metal material
層;及び誘電材料の第5層。 Layer; and a fifth layer of dielectric material. 誘電材料は1.7〜2.7 Dielectric material is 1.7 to 2.7
の反射率を持つことが要求される。 It is required to have a reflectance of. 第1及び第5層は実質的に同じ光学厚さを持つが、第3層の光学厚さの33 Although the first and fifth layers having substantially the same optical thickness, the optical thickness of the third layer 33
〜45%である。 It is 45%. 第2及び第4層は互いの75〜100 The second and fourth layers of each other 75-100
%の範囲の厚さを有する。 Having a thickness in the percent range. クレームされたスタックは高い光透過率及び実質的に中性の反射可視光色を与える。 The claimed stack provide reflectivity visible light color of high light transmittance and substantially neutral.

【0019】フランス特許明細書2708926−A1 [0019] French patent specification 2708926-A1
も5層スタックに関し、この場合高い選択性の組合せ(即ち、反射において快適な視覚的側面を保持しながら、できるだけ高いエネルギー透過率に対する視感透過率の比率)を車両又は建造物のガラスに付与する。 Relates five-layer stack, giving in this case a high selectivity of the combination (i.e., while retaining a pleasant visual aspect in reflection, of luminous transmittance to the highest possible energy transmittance ratio) of the glass of a vehicle or building to. 支持体から順に次の層を含むスタックによってこの目的を達成しうることを見いだしている:誘電材料の第1層;赤外反射特性を有する第1金属層;誘電材料の第2層;赤外反射特性を有する第2金属層;及び誘電材料の第3 We have found that can achieve this purpose from the support in the order by a stack comprising the following layers: a first layer of dielectric material; first metal layer having infrared reflection properties; second layer of dielectric material; infrared the third and the dielectric material; a second metal layer having reflective properties
層。 layer. 第1赤外反射層は第2赤外反射層の55〜57%の厚さを有する。 The first infrared-reflective layer having a 55 to 57% of the thickness of the second infrared-reflective layer.

【0020】 [0020]

【課題を解決するための手段】我々は被覆層が特定の厚さ限界内でかついくつかの層の各厚さにおける特定の比率を有する特定材料から形成された5層多重被覆支持体によって、本発明によって求められる光学特性の必要な組合せを実現でき、他の利点も得られることを発見した。 Means for Solving the Problems] We by five layers multiply coated support formed from a specific material coating layer has a specific ratio of the thicknesses of a particular thickness within the limits and several layers, required combination of optical properties sought by the present invention can be realized, and found that other advantages can be obtained.

【0021】本発明によれば、支持体から非吸収剤1/ According to the present invention, the non-absorbent from the support 1 /
金属1/非吸収剤2/金属2/非吸収剤3の順序で、金属又は金属合金から形成された二つの金属層および透明誘電非吸収剤材料の三つの層を担持する透明支持体を含む、高レベルの視感透過率及び低エネルギー透過率を有する積層集成体に使用するための被覆シートであって、 In order for the metal 1 / non-absorbent 2 / metal 2 / non-absorbent 3, comprising a transparent support having thereon a three layers of two metal layers and a transparent dielectric non-absorbent material formed from a metal or metal alloy , a cover sheet for use in the laminated assembly having a luminous transmission and low energy transmission of the high level,
金属層の全幾何学的厚さが16.5〜22nmであり、 All geometrical thickness of the metal layer is 16.5~22Nm,
非吸収剤1層の光学的厚さは50〜56nmであり、非吸収剤層の全光学的厚さは220〜260nmであり、 Optical thickness of the non-absorbent 1 layer is 50~56Nm, total optical thickness of the non-absorbent layer is 220~260Nm,
非吸収剤2:非吸収剤1の厚さ比が2.1:1〜2. Nonabsorbent 2: thickness ratio of non-absorbent 1 is 2.1: 1 to 2.
8:1である被覆シートが提供される。 8: 1 is the cover sheet is provided.

【0022】本発明はさらに支持体から非吸収剤1/金属1/非吸収剤2/金属2/非吸収剤3の順序で、金属又は金属合金から形成された二つの金属層及び透明誘電非吸収剤材料の三つの層を透明支持体上に付着して含む、高レベルの視感透過率及び低エネルギー透過率を有する積層集成体に使用するための被覆シートの製造方法であって、金属層の全幾何学的厚さが16.5〜22n [0022] The present invention is further from the support at the non-absorbent 1 / metal 1 / non-absorbent 2 / metal 2 / non-absorbent 3 sequence, two metal layers and a transparent dielectric non-formed from a metal or metal alloy including by three layers of absorbent material deposited on a transparent support, a cover sheet manufacturing method for use in the laminated assembly having a luminous transmission and low energy transmission of the high-level, metal all the geometrical thickness of the layer is 16.5~22n
mであり、非吸収剤1層の光学的厚さは50〜56nm M, and the optical thickness of the non-absorbent 1 layer 50~56nm
であり、非吸収剤層の全光学的厚さは220〜260n , And the total optical thickness of the non-absorbent layer 220~260n
mであり、非吸収剤2:非吸収剤1の厚さ比が2.1: M, and non-absorbent 2: non-absorbent 1 thickness ratio of 2.1:
1〜2.8:1である製造方法を提供する。 1 to 2.8: to provide a process for the preparation of 1.

【0023】 [0023]

【発明の実施の形態】本発明に従って被覆されたクリアな支持体は少なくとも75%の視感透過率及び42%未満のエネルギー透過率の有利な組合せを有する積層集成体を与える。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention clear support coated according give a laminated assembly having an advantageous combination of at least 75% luminous transmission and energy transmission of less than 42%. ある種のクリアなガラス支持体では75% In certain of clear glass support 75%
より良い視感透過率を保持しながらエネルギー透過率を40%未満に減らすことができる。 The energy transmission can be reduced to less than 40% while maintaining a better luminous transmittance. かかる透過特性は集成体を車両フロントガラスとして大いに有利にしている。 Such transmission characteristics are greatly advantageous for assemblage as a vehicle windshield.

【0024】車両の窓に使用される全てのガラス集成体に対してさらに望まれる品質は低いエネルギー吸収であり、それは集成体のエネルギー透過及びエネルギー反射よりずっと低くすべきである。 The quality of further desired for all glass assemblies used in vehicle windows is a low energy absorption, which should be much lower than the energy transmission and energy reflection of the assembly.

【0025】また本発明による積層集成体は非吸収剤2:非吸収剤1の規定された厚さ比の下限(2.10〜 [0025] laminated assembly according to the present invention is non-absorbent 2: the lower limit of the defined thickness ratio of non-absorbent 1 (2.10~
2.40:1)にあるピンク色から上限(2.70〜 2.40: pink from the upper limit (2.70~ in the 1)
2.80:1)にある青色までの範囲の反射で快適に色味付けされた面を与える。 2.80: 1) in a reflection of the range to blue in comfortably give tinted surface. 2.45〜2.65:1の範囲の中心近くでは緑色である。 2.45 to 2.65: In the near the center of one of the range is green. 但し、非吸収剤3:非吸収剤1の厚さ比は0.85〜1.10:1の範囲である。 However, non-absorbent 3: thickness ratio of non-absorbent 1 is 0.85 to 1.10: 1. 色合いは非吸収剤3:非吸収剤1の厚さ比によっても影響されるため前述の但し書がある。 Tint nonabsorbent 3: There is the aforementioned proviso for also affected by the thickness ratio non-absorbent 1.

【0026】セリグラフィーによって適用される黒い周辺の境界を含むタイプの車両窓について狭いピンク領域が境界に隣接した反射で見える傾向がある。 The narrow pink regions for the type of vehicle window including the boundary of the black peripheral applied by serigraphy there is a tendency for visible reflection adjacent to the border. 被覆とセリグラフィの境界の間の光干渉を生じるこの領域は約10 The region generated a light interference between the boundary of the coating and serigraphy is about 10
%ずつ酸化物層厚さを増加することによって避けることができる。 % By oxide layer thickness can be avoided by increasing the.

【0027】中心の緑領域(2.45〜2.65:1) [0027] The center of the green area (2.45 to 2.65: 1)
内の非吸収剤2:非吸収剤1の比の所定値及び規定された範囲(0.85〜1.10:1)内の非吸収剤3:非吸収剤1の比の所定値について積層集成体の主波長は金属1層の厚さが金属2層のそれに対して増加するときに増加する(即ち、色が黄色の方に移動する)。 Nonabsorbent 2 of the: a predetermined value and the specified range of the ratio of non-absorbent 1 (0.85 to 1.10: 1) non-absorbent 3: laminate for a given value of the ratio of non-absorbent 1 the main wavelength of the assembly is increased when the thickness of the metal 1 layer increases relative to that of the metal 2 layer (i.e., the color moves towards yellow).

【0028】従って本発明は高視感透過率及び低エネルギー透過率に対する要求を満足すると同時に車両の窓に現在好まれている緑色を容易に与える利点を提供する。 [0028] Accordingly, the present invention provides the advantage of easily giving the green to the are favored at the same time a vehicle window currently satisfy the demand for high luminous transmission and low energy transmission.

【0029】クリアな支持体材料の使用は車両フロントガラス集成体に対して75%視感透過率の要求されるヨーロッパ基準を達成するために必要であるが、本発明はそれ自体着色された少なくとも一つの支持体シートの使用をその範囲内で含む。 [0029] While the use of clear substrate material is necessary to achieve the required European standard of 75% luminous transmission for vehicle windshield assemblies, the invention has been per se coloring least It includes one use of the support sheet within the range. 例えば、米国においてフロントガラスについて特定化された70%のわずかに低い視感透過率に対して、少なくとも一つの着色ガラスシートを含む本発明による集成体は37%未満までエネルギー透過率を減らすことができる。 For example, the windshield against particularized 70% slightly lower luminous transmittance in the United States, the assembly according to the invention comprising at least one colored glass sheet can reduce the energy transmission to less than 37% it can. これらの集成体は道路車両のフロントサイドウィンドウとして使用するために良く適している。 These assemblies are well suited for use as a front side window of a road vehicle. 車両のリアサイド及びバックウィンドウでの用途に対して、少なくとも一つの着色ガラスシートを含む本発明による集成体は少なくとも30%の視感透過率及び25%未満のエネルギー透過率の組合せを与える。 For applications in rear side and back windows of the vehicle, giving a combination of the assembly of at least 30% luminous transmission and energy transmission of less than 25% according to the invention comprising at least one colored glass sheet.

【0030】さらに本発明による集成体は入射光の10 [0030] 10 further assembly according to the invention of the incident light
%の最大反射率とともに低レベルの視感反射率を与える。 % Maximum reflectance with giving a luminous reflectance of the low level. かかる低レベルの反射率は車両及び建築用途の両方に対して特に利益がある。 Reflectance of such low levels is particularly benefit to both the vehicle and architectural applications. 高レベルの反射光は観察者にとって不快であり、道路車両の窓の場合には他の車両の運転者に危険を引き起こす原因となりうる。 The reflected light of the high level is uncomfortable for the viewer, in the case of a window of a road vehicle can be a cause of danger to drivers of other vehicles.

【0031】ある場合には被覆はガラス形成段階中に例えばフロートガラスチャンバー内又は後の平板ガラスに適用することが最も都合が良い。 [0031] The coating is most convenient to apply the flat glass after eg the float glass chamber or in the glass formation stage in some cases. 車両の車体構造の形状によって決定される形状に一般に曲げる必要のある車両窓パネルに対して、被覆は支持体が要求される形と大きさに形成され曲げられる前又は後のいずれにも適用することができる。 The vehicle window panels which must be bent generally into a shape determined by the shape of the bodywork of a vehicle, the coating is applied either before or after being bent is formed in the shape and size of the support is required be able to. 平らな間に被覆され次いで曲げて形づくられる車両窓パネルに対して、曲げる動作が被覆に危害を与えないことを確実にするように注意しなければならない。 The vehicle window panels which are shaped coated then bent between flat bend operation must be careful to ensure that no harm to the coating. 前記注意は被覆が曲げる動作により一層耐えうるようにするため被覆組成又は構造をわずかに変えることも含む。 The note also includes altering slightly the coating composition or structure so that can more tolerated by operation covering bends.

【0032】本発明の各層の厚さが小さいことは層を適用するのにかかる時間が短くなること及び各材料の経済的使用の両方の点で操作上の利益を与える。 The thickness of each layer of the present invention is small benefit operational in terms of both economic use of it and the material time taken to apply the layers is shortened.

【0033】金属層の全幾何学的厚さは16.5〜20 [0033] The total geometrical thickness of the metal layer from 16.5 to 20
nmであることが好ましい。 It is preferable that the nm.

【0034】被覆は積層集成体の内部表面を形成する支持体シートの面に適用することが好ましい。 The coating is preferably applied to the surface of the substrate sheet to form an internal surface of the laminated assembly.

【0035】金属層はプラチナ又はパラジウムと銀の合金の如き銀合金又は銀を含む。 The metal layer comprises a silver alloy or silver, such as platinum or palladium and silver alloy.

【0036】ここで使用される“非吸収剤材料”という言葉は可視スペクトル(380〜780nm)の全体にわたるスペクトル吸収率[k(λ)]の値より大きい屈折率[n(λ)]を有する材料に関する。 [0036] having a case with the word "non-absorbent material" is used throughout the spectral absorption of the visible spectrum (380~780nm) [k (λ)] value is greater than the refractive index of [n (λ)] about the material. 本発明の非吸収剤材料はスペクトル吸収率の10倍より大きな屈折率を有することが有利である。 Nonabsorbent material of the present invention advantageously has a refractive index greater than 10 times the spectral absorption index.

【0037】好ましくは非吸収剤材料は1.85〜2. [0037] Preferably, the non-absorbent material is from 1.85 to 2.
2、有利には1.9〜2.1の550nmで測定された屈折率を有する。 2, preferably has a refractive index measured at 550nm of 1.9 to 2.1.

【0038】好適な非吸収剤材料は酸化錫(SnO 2 [0038] Suitable non-absorbent materials tin oxide (SnO 2)
及び酸化亜鉛(ZnO)の如き酸化物、窒化ケイ素(S And such oxides of zinc oxide (ZnO), silicon nitride (S
34 )の如き窒化物又はそれらの混合物又は錫酸亜鉛(Zn 2 SnO 4 )の如き非吸収剤材料の錯体を含む。 i including 3 N 4) complexes of such nitride or nonabsorbent materials, such as mixtures or zinc stannate (Zn 2 SnO 4) of. 酸化亜鉛はその高い付着率、その屈折率−それは本発明の条件に良く適している−及び銀層の不動化(pass Zinc oxide its high deposition rate, its refractive index - which is well suited to the conditions of the present invention - and immobilization of the silver layer (pass
ivation )に対するその有益な効果のため特に好ましい材料である。 A particularly preferred material because of its beneficial effects on ivation).

【0039】それぞれの完成した非吸収剤層はこれらの材料を1以上含むことができ、それぞれの層は互いに異なる組成の連続補助層から形成された複合層、例えば酸化錫の如き別の非吸収剤材料の1以上の層によって2以上の下層に分離された酸化亜鉛層であることができる。 [0039] Each of the finished non-absorbent layer can contain these materials 1 or more, a composite layer formed of successive auxiliary layers of the respective layers are different from each other compositions, for example, another non-absorbent, such as tin oxide it can be agents zinc oxide layer which is divided into two or more lower layer by one or more layers of material.
下層は同時に及び/又は連続的に付着させてもよい。 The lower layer may be simultaneously and / or sequentially deposited. 層中の金属及び酸素又は窒素が必ずしも化学量論的割合で存在しなくてもよい。 Metal and oxygen or nitrogen in the layer may not necessarily be present in stoichiometric proportions.

【0040】酸化錫及び酸化亜鉛の組合せは一般に混合であろうと連続下層であろうと有利である。 The combination of tin oxide and zinc oxide is advantageously between will generally be mixed with would be continuous lower layer. これはそれらが極めて近い屈折率を有する効果である。 This is an effect having them very close refractive index.

【0041】本発明による被覆支持体はさらに非吸収剤層の一部として、各金属層と接触し、かつ上に与えられた(即ち、続いて付着された)犠牲材料の薄い層を含む。 [0041] As part of the coated substrate further nonabsorbent layer according to the present invention, including contact with each metal layer, and given above (i.e., followed by being deposited) thin layer of sacrificial material. 犠牲材料の目的は次の非吸収剤層の付着中銀又は銀合金を保護することである。 The purpose of the sacrificial material is to protect the attachment in the silver or silver alloy of the following non-absorbent layer. 好適な犠牲材料はチタン及び亜鉛を含む。 Suitable sacrificial materials include titanium and zinc. チタンはその酸化容易性のために一般に好まれる。 Titanium is generally preferred because of its oxidation ease.

【0042】犠牲材料の全光学的厚さ、即ち各非吸収剤層における犠牲材料層の合計は15nm以下にすべきである。 The total optical thickness of the sacrificial material, i.e. the total of the sacrificial material layer in each non-absorbent layer should be 15nm or less. 被覆プロセスが実質的に完了したとき、犠牲材料の全体は酸化物の形で存在する。 When the coating process is substantially complete, the whole of the sacrificial material is present in the form of oxides.

【0043】被覆層は陰極スパッタリングによって適用することが好ましい。 The coating layer is preferably applied by cathode sputtering. これは適切なマグネトロンスパッタリング源を含み、入口及び出口ガスロック、支持体のためのコンベヤー、電力源、スパッタリングガス入口及び排気出口を設けた処理チャンバー中に支持体を導入することによって行なっても良い。 This includes appropriate magnetron sputtering source, inlet and outlet gas lock, a conveyor for the support, power supply, may be performed by introducing the support in a process chamber in which a sputtering gas inlet and an exhaust outlet . 支持体は活性化されたスパッタリング源を通って輸送され、適切な雰囲気(酸化物被覆の場合には酸素ガス)によって冷間スパッタリングされ、支持体上に所望層を与える。 Support is transported through the sputtering source which is activated, an appropriate atmosphere (in the case of an oxide coating oxygen gas) is cold sputtered by, giving the desired layer on the support. その方法を各被覆層のために繰り返す。 Repeat the method for each coating layer.

【0044】この方法を使用するとき、非吸収剤酸化物層の連続付着中に酸化に対して金属層を保護するためには犠牲材料の使用が大いに望まれる。 [0044] When using this method, in order to protect the metal layer against oxidation during the continuous application of a non-absorbent oxide layer using the sacrificial material is highly desirable. しかしながら、もし非吸収剤材料が酸化物よりむしろ窒化物であるなら、 However, if non-absorbent material is a nitride rather than an oxide,
層は窒素の雰囲気で付着され、犠牲材料の層は要求されない。 Layer is deposited in an atmosphere of nitrogen, a layer of sacrificial material is not required.

【0045】窒化ケイ素は例えばアルミニウム、ニッケル、硼素、リン及び/又は錫でドープされたケイ素の陰極を使用して付着されるので、ドーパント元素を非吸収剤材料層に存在させてもよい。 [0045] Silicon nitride such as aluminum, nickel, boron, since it is deposited using a cathode of silicon which is doped with phosphorus and / or tin, may be present dopant element to a non-absorbent material layer.

【0046】被覆層は製品の光学特性を大きく変更することなく被覆を遮蔽する薄い(2〜5nm)保護層によって完成させてもよい。 The coating layer may be completed by a thin (2 to 5 nm) protective layer which shields the coating without significantly changing the optical properties of the product. そうでなければ第3非吸収剤層は通常露光された層であるだろう。 The third non-absorbent layer otherwise is would be a layer that is normal exposure. 薄い露光された保護付加層のための好適な材料はケイ素の酸化物、窒化物及び酸窒化物である。 Suitable materials for the thin exposed protective additional layer are oxides of silicon, nitrides and oxynitrides. シリカ(SiO 2 )は一般に好ましい材料である。 Silica (SiO 2) it is a generally preferred material. この層は改良された化学的及び/又は機械的耐久性を有し、その光学的特性においてほとんど又は全く変化がない被覆支持体を与える。 This layer has a chemical and / or mechanical durability is improved, giving little or no change no coated support in its optical properties.

【0047】本発明の積層集成体を含むガラスパネルは例えば車両のためのフロントガラス又は二重ガラスユニットのように単一又は多重ガラスユニットを設置してもよい。 [0047] may be installed single or multiple glazing unit as front glass or double-glazed units for glass panels, for example a vehicle comprising a laminated assembly of the present invention.

【0048】車両のための多重ガラスユニットのある型式は1枚の透明ガラス質材料のシートと面対面で間隔をあけられて位置し、積層集成体とシートの間で周辺に延びるスペーサーによって境界を定められたガス空間を有する、本発明による積層集成体を含む。 [0048] The multi-type with a glass unit is located spaced at sheet face-to-face in a piece of transparent glass material, bounded by a spacer extending around between the laminated assembly and the seat for the vehicle having a defined gas space, includes a stack assembly according to the present invention. このユニットでは被覆面はガス空間に向いている。 Coated surface in this unit is directed to the gas space.

【0049】積層ガラスユニットはポリマー接着剤材料の中間フィルムの助けにより相互に固定された透明ガラス質材料の少なくとも2枚を有することができ、この場合シートの少なくとも1枚は本発明による被覆支持体であり、被覆表面はポリマー接着剤の方に向いている。 The laminated glass unit may have at least two transparent vitreous material secured to each other by the aid of an intermediate film of polymer adhesive material, coated substrate according to at least one the present invention in this case sheet , and the coated surface is directed towards the polymer adhesive. 被覆支持体がかかる構造において使用される場合、上述のような薄い保護層の使用は被覆を遮蔽し被覆の離層を防ぐために望ましい。 If coated substrate is used in such a structure, the use of thin protective layer as described above desirable to prevent delamination of the shield the coating coating.

【0050】 [0050]

【実施例】本発明は以下の限定されない実施例を参照してより詳細に説明されるだろう。 EXAMPLES The present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the examples the following non-limiting.

【0051】ここで実施例で引用される被覆支持体の特性は2.1mmの厚さを有する通常のソーダライムガラスのシート、前記シート上の被覆、0.76mmの厚さを有するポリビニルブチラール(pvb)接着剤の層及び2.1mmの厚さを有する通常のソーダライムガラスの第2シートをこの順序で含む積層集成体に基づいて測定された。 [0051] Here, a sheet of ordinary soda-lime glass having a thickness of the coating properties of the support 2.1mm quoted example, coating on the sheet, polyvinyl butyral having a thickness of 0.76 mm ( pvb) as measured in accordance with a second sheet of ordinary soda-lime glass having a thickness of layers and 2.1mm of adhesive laminate assemblage comprising in this order.

【0052】 実施例 1−10二つの蒸着チャンバー(0.3Paの圧力)、支持体のためのコンベヤ、電力源及びガス入口ロックを含むオンライン蒸着装置に2.1mmガラスの支持体シートのサンプルを通過させた。 [0052] Example 1-10 Two deposition chamber (pressure 0.3 Pa), a conveyor for the support, a sample of the support sheet of 2.1mm glass online deposition apparatus including a power source and gas inlet lock It was passed through. 各蒸着チャンバーはマグネトロンスパッタリング陰極、スパッタリングガス入口及び排気出口を含み、蒸着は陰極下で支持体試料を数回通過させることによって達成された。 Each deposition chamber includes a magnetron sputtering cathode, the sputtering gas inlets and an exhaust outlet, deposition being achieved by passing several times support the sample under the cathode.

【0053】第1チャンバーは亜鉛及び錫から形成されたターゲットを備えた陰極を含み、酸化亜鉛及び酸化錫の非吸収剤層の酸素雰囲気における蒸着のために使用した。 [0053] The first chamber includes a cathode having a target formed of zinc and tin, it was used for the deposition in an oxygen atmosphere of non-absorbent layers of zinc oxide and tin oxide. 第2チャンバーは銀陰極及びチタン陰極を含み、不活性(アルゴン)雰囲気におけるこれらの金属の蒸着のために使用した。 The second chamber includes a silver cathode and a titanium cathode was used for the deposition of these metals in an inert (argon) atmosphere. チタンは犠牲層の蒸着のために必要とされる。 Titanium is required for the deposition of a sacrificial layer. 各支持体試料は被覆層の所望の順位及び厚さを得るために数回の往復通過に供した。 Each support sample was subjected to a reciprocating pass several times in order to obtain the desired order and thickness of the coating layer.

【0054】支持体として使用されたガラスは2.1m [0054] glass, which is used as the support 2.1m
mの厚さ及び以下に示すような特性を有するソーダライムガラスであった: m was soda lime glass having the characteristics shown in thickness and the following:

【表1】 [Table 1]

【0055】それぞれの場合において支持体に以下のものが適用される: − 酸化亜鉛及び酸化錫の第1非吸収剤層(Ox− [0055] As the followings to the support in each case applied: - the first non-absorbent layer of zinc oxide and tin oxide (ox-
1)、 − 第1銀層金属(Ag−1)、 − 酸化亜鉛、酸化錫及び酸化チタンの第2非吸収剤層(Ox−2)(最後のものは7.5nmの光学的厚さを有し、第1銀金属層(Ag−1)と接触している)、 − 第2銀層(Ag−2)、 − 酸化亜鉛、酸化錫及び酸化チタンの第3非吸収剤層(Ox−3)(最後のものは7.5nmの光学的厚さを有し、第2銀金属層(Ag−2)と接触している)。 1), - first silver layer metal (Ag-1), - zinc oxide, the second non-absorbent layer (Ox-2) (the last one is the optical thickness of 7.5nm of tin oxide and titanium oxide a first silver metal layer is in contact (Ag-1) and), - a second silver layer (Ag-2), - zinc oxide, third non-absorbent layer of tin oxide and titanium oxide (ox- 3) (the last one has an optical thickness of 7.5 nm, a second silver metal layer (Ag-2) is in contact with).

【0056】そのように被覆されたシートは被覆シート、ポリビニルブチラール接着剤の層及び2.1mmガラスの第2シートの前記積層集成体を含む積層パネルに形成される。 [0056] Such coated sheets are formed into laminated panels comprising the coated sheet, the laminated assembly of the second sheet layer and 2.1mm glass polyvinyl butyral adhesive. 実施例1〜7では両シートはクリアガラス(タイプI)であった。 Both sheets in Examples 1 to 7 were clear glass (type I). 実施例8〜10では少なくとも一つのシートはカラーガラス(タイプII,III ,又はI Examples 8-10 In at least one sheet color glass (type II, III, or I
V)であった。 It was V).

【0057】被覆シートの銀層(Ag−1及びAg− [0057] silver layer of the cover sheet (Ag-1 and Ag-
2)及び非吸収剤(Ox−1,Ox−2及びOx−3) 2) and non absorbent (Ox-1, Ox-2 and Ox-3)
のそれぞれのさらなる詳細及びそれらによって形成された被覆スタックの結果として生じる特性は添付の表に示されている。 Properties resulting from further details and coating stack formed by their respective of which are illustrated in the accompanying table.

【0058】表Aは被覆スタックの非吸収剤層の構成材料及びそれらの幾何学的厚さを示している。 [0058] Table A shows the constituent materials and the geometrical thickness of their non-absorbent layer of the coating stack. 実施例1〜 Example 1
4及び8〜10は等しい厚さのSnO 2及びZnOを含むOx−1層を与えている。 4 and 8-10 have given Ox-1 layer comprising SnO 2 and ZnO of equal thicknesses. 実施例5〜7は10nmのSnO 2を常に含むOx−1層を与え、前記層の厚さの残りはZnOである。 Examples 5-7 gave Ox-1 layer always comprising a SnO 2 of 10 nm, the remaining thickness of the layer is ZnO. それぞれの実施例のOx−2層はTiO 2 /ZnO/SnO 2 /ZnO/SnO 2 /Zn The Ox-2 layer of each example TiO 2 / ZnO / SnO 2 / ZnO / SnO 2 / Zn
Oの連続から作られ、ZnOの両極端の下層の厚さはS O made from continuous, the thickness of the lower layer of ZnO extremes S
nO 2の二つの下層とともに同じであり、これらの厚さはZnOの中央の下層のそれの約半分である。 is the same with the two lower nO 2, these thicknesses are about half that of the underlying central ZnO. それぞれの実施例のOx−3層は2.5nmのTiO 2及び10 TiO 2 and 10 of the Ox-3 layer 2.5nm of each example
〜13nmのSnO 2を含み、前記層の厚さの残りはZ Comprises SnO 2 of ~13Nm, the remaining thickness of the layer is Z
nOである。 It is nO.

【0059】表Bは実施例1〜7についての層のそれぞれの光学的厚さ、非吸収剤層の全光学的厚さ(Ox−1 [0059] Table B each optical thickness of the layers of Examples 1 to 7, the total optical thickness of the non-absorbent layer of (Ox-1
+Ox−2+Ox−3)、第1及び第2非吸収剤層の光学的厚さの比率(Ox−2:Ox−1)、第1及び第3 + Ox-2 + Ox-3), the optical thickness ratio of first and second non-absorbent layer (Ox-2: Ox-1), the first and third
非吸収剤層の光学的厚さの比率(Ox−3:Ox− The ratio of the optical thickness of the non-absorbent layer (Ox-3: Ox-
1)、及び生じた積層パネルについての光源Aの視感透過率(TLA)、エネルギー透過率(TE)、主波長λ 1), and the resulting luminous transmittance of illuminant A of the laminated panels (TLA), the energy transmission factor (TE), the dominant wavelength λ
D 、純度及び生じた色相を示している。 D, and shows the purity and the resulting color. 表Cは実施例8 Table C Example 8
〜10に対する以外は表Bと同じデータを示しており、 Except for the 10 shows the same data as Table B,
さらに使用されたガラスのタイプを示している。 It shows a further type of glass used.

【0060】実施例1〜7のパネルは車両のフロントガラスとして使用するのに良く適している。 [0060] panels of Examples 1 to 7 are well suited for use as a windscreen of the vehicle. 実施例8のパネルは車両のフロントサイドウィンドウとして使用するのに良く適し、実施例9及び10のそれは車両のリアウィンドウ又はリアサイドウィンドウとして使用するのに良く適している。 Panel of Example 8 well suited for use as a front side window of the vehicle and that of Example 9 and 10 are well suited for use as a rear window or rear side window of the vehicle.

【0061】 [0061]

【表2】 [Table 2]

【0062】 [0062]

【表3】 [Table 3]

【0063】 [0063]

【表4】 [Table 4]

Claims (38)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 支持体から非吸収剤1/金属1/非吸収剤2/金属2/非吸収剤3の順序で、金属又は金属合金から形成された二つの金属層および透明誘電非吸収剤材料の三つの層を担持する透明支持体を含む、高レベルの視感透過率及び低エネルギー透過率を有する積層集成体に使用するための被覆シートであって、金属層の全幾何学的厚さが16.5〜22nmであり、非吸収剤1層の光学的厚さは50〜56nmであり、非吸収剤層の全光学的厚さは220〜260nmであり、非吸収剤2:非吸収剤1の厚さ比が2.1:1〜2.8:1である被覆シート。 [Claim 1] in order from the support non-absorbent 1 / metal 1 / non-absorbent 2 / metal 2 / non-absorbent 3, two metal layers formed from a metal or metal alloy and a transparent dielectric non-absorbent comprising a transparent support having thereon a three layers of material, a covering sheet for use in the laminated assembly having a luminous transmission and low energy transmission of the high level, the total geometrical thickness of the metal layer a Saga 16.5~22Nm, optical thickness of the non-absorbent 1 layer is 50~56Nm, total optical thickness of the non-absorbent layer is 220~260Nm, nonabsorbent 2: non the thickness ratio of the absorbent 1 is 2.1: 1 to 2.8: 1 is the cover sheet.
  2. 【請求項2】 2.10〜2.40:1の非吸収剤2: 2. The method of claim 1] 2.10 to 2.40: 1 non-absorbent 2:
    非吸収剤1の厚さ比を有する請求項1記載の被覆シート。 Cover sheet of claim 1 having a thickness ratio of non-absorbent 1.
  3. 【請求項3】 2.45〜2.65:1の非吸収剤2: Wherein from 2.45 to 2.65: 1 non-absorbent 2:
    非吸収剤1の厚さ比を有し、0.85〜1.10:1の非吸収剤3:非吸収剤1の厚さ比を有する請求項1記載の被覆シート。 Have a thickness ratio of non-absorbent 1, from 0.85 to 1.10: 1 non-absorbent 3: cover sheet of claim 1 having a thickness ratio of non-absorbent 1.
  4. 【請求項4】 非吸収剤2:非吸収剤1の厚さ比が2. 4. A non-absorbent 2: thickness ratio of non-absorbent 1 is 2.
    70:1〜2.80:1である請求項1記載の被覆シート。 70: 1 to 2.80: cover sheet of claim 1 wherein the 1.
  5. 【請求項5】 金属層の全幾何学的厚さが16.5〜2 All geometric thickness of 5. metal layer is from 16.5 to 2
    0nmである請求項1〜請求項4のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 Covering sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 4 is 0 nm.
  6. 【請求項6】 支持体シートがそれ自体着色されている請求項1〜5のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 6. The support cover sheet of the sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 5 which is itself colored.
  7. 【請求項7】 支持体シートが透明である請求項1〜5 7. The base sheet is transparent claims 1-5
    のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 Covering sheet according to any one of.
  8. 【請求項8】 金属層が銀又はプラチナ又はパラジウムと銀の合金を含む請求項1〜7のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 8. A coated sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 7 metal layer comprises silver or platinum or palladium and silver alloy.
  9. 【請求項9】 非吸収剤層材料がスペクトル吸収率の1 9. 1 nonabsorbent layer material spectral absorptance
    0倍より大きな屈折率を有する請求項1〜8のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 Covering sheet according to any one of claims 1-8 having a refractive index greater than 0 times.
  10. 【請求項10】 非吸収剤層材料が550nmで1.8 10. 1.8 nonabsorbent layer material 550nm
    5〜2.2の屈折率を有する請求項1〜9のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 Covering sheet according to any one of claims 1-9 having a refractive index of from 5 to 2.2.
  11. 【請求項11】 非吸収剤材料が1以上の酸化錫(Sn 11. nonabsorbent material 1 or more tin oxide (Sn
    2 )、酸化亜鉛(ZnO)、窒化ケイ素(Si 3 O 2), zinc oxide (ZnO), silicon nitride (Si 3 N
    4 )及び錫酸亜鉛(Zn 2 SnO 4 )を含む請求項1〜 4) and claim 1 comprising zinc stannate (Zn 2 SnO 4)
    10のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 10 covering sheet according to any one of.
  12. 【請求項12】 各非吸収剤層が1以上の非吸収剤材料を含む請求項1〜11のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 12. A coated sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 11 each nonabsorbent layer comprises one or more non-absorbent material.
  13. 【請求項13】 各非吸収剤層が酸化錫及び酸化亜鉛を含む請求項12記載の被覆シート。 13. The coating sheet according to claim 12, wherein each non-absorbent layer comprises tin oxide and zinc oxide.
  14. 【請求項14】 各非吸収剤層が互いに異なる組成の連続補助層(successive subsidiary layers)から形成された複合層である請求項12又は13記載の被覆シート。 14. A coated sheet according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the composite layer formed from a continuous auxiliary layer of each non-absorbent layer are different from each other compositions (successive subsidiary layers).
  15. 【請求項15】 非吸収剤層の一部として、各金属層と接触しかつ上に設けられた犠牲材料(sacrificial mat 15. As part of the non-absorbent layer, sacrificial material provided on One only contact with the metal layer (Sacrificial: mat
    erial )の薄い層を含む請求項1〜14のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 Covering sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 14 including a thin layer of erial).
  16. 【請求項16】 犠牲材料がチタン及び亜鉛から選択される請求項15記載の被覆シート。 Coated sheet of claim 15 wherein 16. A sacrificial material is selected from titanium and zinc.
  17. 【請求項17】 犠牲材料の全光学的厚さが15nm以下である請求項15又は16記載の被覆シート。 17. The coating sheet according to claim 15 or 16, wherein the total optical thickness of the sacrificial material is 15nm or less.
  18. 【請求項18】 1以上のケイ素の酸化物、窒化物及び酸窒化物(oxynitrides )の薄い(2〜5nm)外部保護層をさらに含む請求項1〜17のいずれか記載の被覆シート。 18. One or more oxides of silicon, covering sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 17, further comprising a thin nitride and oxynitride of (oxynitrides) (2~5nm) outer protective layer.
  19. 【請求項19】 被覆が積層集成体の内部表面を形成する支持体シートの面に適用される請求項1〜18のいずれか記載の被覆シートを含む積層集成体。 19. The laminated assembly coating comprises a coating sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 18 is applied to the surface of the substrate sheet to form an internal surface of the laminated assembly.
  20. 【請求項20】 少なくとも75%の視感透過率及び4 20. at least 75% luminous transmittance and 4
    2%未満のエネルギー透過率を与える請求項19記載の積層集成体。 Laminate assembly of claim 19 wherein the providing energy transmission of less than 2%.
  21. 【請求項21】 40%未満のエネルギー透過率を与える請求項20記載の積層集成体。 21. The laminated assembly according to claim 20, wherein providing the energy transmission of less than 40%.
  22. 【請求項22】 少なくとも70%の視感透過率及び3 22. at least 70% luminous transmittance and 3
    7%未満のエネルギー透過率を与える請求項19記載の積層集成体。 Laminate assembly of claim 19 wherein the providing energy transmission of less than 7%.
  23. 【請求項23】 請求項20〜22のいずれか記載の積層集成体を含む車両フロントガラス。 23. A vehicle windshield comprising a laminated assembly according to any one of claims 20 to 22.
  24. 【請求項24】 少なくとも30%の視感透過率及び2 24. at least 30% luminous transmittance and 2
    5%未満のエネルギー透過率を与える請求項19記載の積層集成体。 Laminate assembly of claim 19 wherein the providing energy transmission of less than 5%.
  25. 【請求項25】 請求項19〜24のいずれか記載の積層集成体を含む二重ガラスパネル。 25. The dual glass panel comprising a laminated assembly according to any one of claims 19 to 24.
  26. 【請求項26】 1枚の透明ガラス材料と面対面で間隔をあけた関係で設けられ、前記集成体とシートの間で、 26. provided in spaced relation in one transparent glass material face-to-face, between the assembly and the seat,
    周囲に延びるスペーサーによって境界を定められたガス空間を有する請求項25記載の積層集成体を含む二重ガラスパネル。 Double glazing panels comprising the laminated assembly according to claim 25 having a gas space bounded by spacers extending around.
  27. 【請求項27】 支持体から非吸収剤1/金属1/非吸収剤2/金属2/非吸収剤3の順序で、金属又は金属合金から形成された二つの金属層及び透明誘電非吸収剤材料の三つの層を透明支持体上に付着して含む、高レベルの視感透過率及び低エネルギー透過率を有する積層集成体に使用するための被覆シートの製造方法であって、金属層の全幾何学的厚さが16.5〜22nmであり、非吸収剤1層の光学的厚さは50〜56nmであり、非吸収剤層の全光学的厚さは220〜260nmであり、非吸収剤2:非吸収剤1の厚さ比が2.1:1〜2.8: 27. In order from the support non-absorbent 1 / metal 1 / non-absorbent 2 / metal 2 / non-absorbent 3, two metal layers are formed from a metal or metal alloy and a transparent dielectric non-absorbent comprises three layers of material deposited on a transparent support, a process for the preparation of the cover sheet for use in the laminated assembly having a luminous transmission and low energy transmission of the high level, the metal layer All geometric thickness is 16.5~22Nm, optical thickness of the non-absorbent 1 layer is 50~56Nm, total optical thickness of the non-absorbent layer is 220~260Nm, non absorbent 2: non-absorbent 1 thickness ratio of 2.1: 1 to 2.8:
    1である製造方法。 1 a is a manufacturing method.
  28. 【請求項28】 非吸収剤材料が1以上の酸化錫(Sn 28. nonabsorbent material 1 or more tin oxide (Sn
    2 )、酸化亜鉛(ZnO)、窒化ケイ素(Si 3 O 2), zinc oxide (ZnO), silicon nitride (Si 3 N
    4 )及び錫酸亜鉛(Zn 2 SnO 4 )を含む請求項27 Claim 27 including a 4) and zinc stannate (Zn 2 SnO 4)
    記載の方法。 The method described.
  29. 【請求項29】 各非吸収剤層が互いに異なる組成の連続補助層から形成された複合層である請求項27又は2 29. is a composite layer formed of successive auxiliary layers of each non-absorbent layer are different from each other compositions according to claim 27 or 2
    8記載の方法。 The method of 8, wherein.
  30. 【請求項30】 非吸収剤層内の補助層が同時に付着されている請求項29記載の方法。 30. A method according to claim 29, wherein the auxiliary layer of non-absorbent layer are deposited simultaneously.
  31. 【請求項31】 非吸収剤層の一部として犠牲材料の薄い層が上に適用され、各金属層と接触している請求項2 31. A thin layer of sacrificial material is applied on a part of the non-absorbent layer, according to claim 2 in contact with each metal layer
    7〜30のいずれか記載の方法。 The method according to any one of 7 to 30.
  32. 【請求項32】 金属層が銀又はプラチナ又はパラジウムと銀の合金を含む請求項27〜31のいずれか記載の方法。 32. A method according to claim 27 to 31 including a metal layer is silver or platinum or palladium and silver alloy.
  33. 【請求項33】 1以上のケイ素の酸化物、窒化物及び酸窒化物の薄い(2〜5nm)保護層が非吸収剤層3に適用されている請求項27〜32のいずれか記載の方法。 33. One or more oxides of silicon, thin nitride and oxynitride (2 to 5 nm) method of any of the protective layer according to claim 27 to 32 that is applied to the non-absorbent layer 3 .
  34. 【請求項34】 被覆層が陰極スパッタリングによって適用される請求項27〜33のいずれか記載の方法。 34. A method according to any of claims 27 to 33 in which the coating layer is applied by cathode sputtering.
  35. 【請求項35】 少なくとも75%の視感透過率及び4 35. at least 75% luminous transmittance and 4
    2%未満のエネルギー透過率を有する積層集成体を与える請求項27〜34のいずれか記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 27 to 34 to give a laminated assembly with energy transmission of less than 2%.
  36. 【請求項36】 40%未満のエネルギー透過率を有する積層集成体を与える請求項35記載の方法。 36. The method of claim 35 wherein providing a laminated assembly with energy transmission of less than 40%.
  37. 【請求項37】 少なくとも70%の視感透過率及び3 37. The at least 70% luminous transmittance and 3
    7%未満のエネルギー透過率を有する積層集成体を与える請求項27〜34のいずれか記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 27 to 34 to give a laminated assembly with energy transmission of less than 7%.
  38. 【請求項38】 少なくとも30%の視感透過率及び2 38. at least 30% luminous transmittance and 2
    5%未満のエネルギー透過率を有する積層集成体を与える請求項27〜34のいずれか記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 27 to 34 to give a laminated assembly with energy transmission of less than 5%.
JP9031697A 1996-03-26 1997-03-24 Coated substrate for transparent assembly with high selectivity Pending JPH1024515A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9606281.5 1996-03-26
GB9606281A GB9606281D0 (en) 1996-03-26 1996-03-26 Coated substrate for a transparent assembly with high selectivity

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH1024515A true true JPH1024515A (en) 1998-01-27

Family

ID=10790996

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP9031697A Pending JPH1024515A (en) 1996-03-26 1997-03-24 Coated substrate for transparent assembly with high selectivity

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US6090481A (en)
JP (1) JPH1024515A (en)
BE (1) BE1011440A3 (en)
DE (1) DE19712527B4 (en)
ES (1) ES2134717B1 (en)
FR (1) FR2746791B1 (en)
GB (2) GB9606281D0 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003526732A (en) * 1998-05-08 2003-09-09 ピーピージー・インダストリーズ・オハイオ・インコーポレイテッド Zinc - sputter target of tin alloy

Families Citing this family (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6495251B1 (en) * 1997-06-20 2002-12-17 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Silicon oxynitride protective coatings
US6833194B1 (en) 1998-05-12 2004-12-21 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Protective layers for sputter coated article
EP1194385B9 (en) * 1999-06-16 2012-02-29 PPG Industries Ohio, Inc. Protective layers for sputter coated article
US6398925B1 (en) * 1998-12-18 2002-06-04 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Methods and apparatus for producing silver based low emissivity coatings without the use of metal primer layers and articles produced thereby
US6699585B2 (en) * 1998-12-18 2004-03-02 Asahi Glass Company, Limited Glazing panel
US6353501B1 (en) * 1999-01-21 2002-03-05 Viratec Thin Films, Inc. Display panel filter connection to a display panel
JP3477148B2 (en) * 1999-12-02 2003-12-10 カーディナル・シージー・カンパニー Tarnish-resistant transparent film laminate
EP1754691B1 (en) * 1999-12-02 2009-02-11 Cardinal CG Company Haze-resistant transparent film stacks
FR2821349A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2002-08-30 Saint Gobain Vitrage transparent substrate having metallic elements and use of such a substrate
US6445503B1 (en) * 2000-07-10 2002-09-03 Guardian Industries Corp. High durable, low-E, heat treatable layer coating system
US7344782B2 (en) * 2000-07-10 2008-03-18 Guardian Industries Corp. Coated article with low-E coating including IR reflecting layer(s) and corresponding method
US7879448B2 (en) * 2000-07-11 2011-02-01 Guardian Industires Corp. Coated article with low-E coating including IR reflecting layer(s) and corresponding method
US6576349B2 (en) * 2000-07-10 2003-06-10 Guardian Industries Corp. Heat treatable low-E coated articles and methods of making same
WO2002026488A1 (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-04-04 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd. Transparent laminate having low emissivity
US6887575B2 (en) * 2001-10-17 2005-05-03 Guardian Industries Corp. Heat treatable coated article with zinc oxide inclusive contact layer(s)
DE60336634D1 (en) * 2002-02-11 2011-05-19 Ppg Ind Ohio Inc Solar control coating
US6919133B2 (en) 2002-03-01 2005-07-19 Cardinal Cg Company Thin film coating having transparent base layer
DE60309441T2 (en) * 2002-03-01 2007-09-20 Cardinal Cg Co., Eden Prairie Thin film coating with a transparent primer layer
US7105220B2 (en) 2003-01-29 2006-09-12 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Coated article having a sealed layered edge to impede corrosion of a coating at the edge and method of making same
US7087309B2 (en) * 2003-08-22 2006-08-08 Centre Luxembourgeois De Recherches Pour Le Verre Et La Ceramique S.A. (C.R.V.C.) Coated article with tin oxide, silicon nitride and/or zinc oxide under IR reflecting layer and corresponding method
US7081302B2 (en) * 2004-02-27 2006-07-25 Centre Luxembourgeois De Recherches Pour Le Verre Et La Ceramique S.A. (C.R.V.C.) Coated article with low-E coating including tin oxide interlayer
US7462398B2 (en) * 2004-02-27 2008-12-09 Centre Luxembourgeois De Recherches Pour Le Verre Et La Ceramique S.A. (C.R.V.C.) Coated article with zinc oxide over IR reflecting layer and corresponding method
US7150916B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2006-12-19 Centre Luxembourg De Recherches Pour Le Verre Et La Ceramique S.A. (C.R.V.C.) Coated article with low-E coating including tin oxide interlayer for high bend applications
US7217460B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2007-05-15 Guardian Industries Corp. Coated article with low-E coating including tin oxide interlayer
BE1016060A3 (en) 2004-05-28 2006-02-07 Glaverbel Automotive glass roof.
DE602006012817D1 (en) 2005-03-31 2010-04-22 Cardinal Cg Co Anti-tarnish-resistant coatings with a low emissivity
DE202005021791U1 (en) * 2005-04-09 2010-03-11 Saint-Gobain Sekurit Deutschland Gmbh & Co. Kg laminated pane
US7335421B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2008-02-26 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Heatable windshield
US7342716B2 (en) 2005-10-11 2008-03-11 Cardinal Cg Company Multiple cavity low-emissivity coatings
US7572511B2 (en) * 2005-10-11 2009-08-11 Cardinal Cg Company High infrared reflection coatings
US7339728B2 (en) * 2005-10-11 2008-03-04 Cardinal Cg Company Low-emissivity coatings having high visible transmission and low solar heat gain coefficient
US8281617B2 (en) * 2009-05-22 2012-10-09 Centre Luxembourgeois De Recherches Pour Le Verre Et La Ceramique S.A. (C.R.V.C.) Coated article with low-E coating having zinc stannate based layer between IR reflecting layers for reduced mottling and corresponding method
US20110024284A1 (en) * 2009-07-31 2011-02-03 Centre Luxembourgeois De Recherches Pour Le Verre Et La Ceramique S.A. (C.R.V.C.) Sputtering apparatus including cathode with rotatable targets, and related methods
US10040719B2 (en) 2012-01-17 2018-08-07 Cardinal Cg Company Low solar transmittance coatings

Family Cites Families (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2256441C3 (en) * 1972-11-17 1978-06-22 Flachglas Ag Delog-Detag, 8510 Fuerth
GB2101186A (en) * 1981-07-02 1983-01-12 Glaverbel Solar control panel
US5332888A (en) * 1986-08-20 1994-07-26 Libbey-Owens-Ford Co. Sputtered multi-layer color compatible solar control coating
US4859532A (en) * 1986-11-27 1989-08-22 Asahi Glass Company Ltd. Transparent laminated product
JPH0832436B2 (en) * 1986-11-27 1996-03-29 旭硝子株式会社 Transparent conductive laminate
US4965121A (en) * 1988-09-01 1990-10-23 The Boc Group, Inc. Solar control layered coating for glass windows
DE69122046T2 (en) * 1990-11-29 1997-02-06 Asahi Glass Co Ltd Coating with low emitting
US5229881A (en) * 1992-06-10 1993-07-20 Tempglass Eastern, Inc. Low transmission low emissivity glass window and method of manufacture
GB9313416D0 (en) * 1993-06-29 1993-08-11 Glaverbel Transaparent solar control glazing panels
FR2708926B1 (en) * 1993-08-12 1995-10-20 Saint Gobain Vitrage Int transparent substrates provided with a stack of thin layers, the application of thermal insulation glazing and / or sun protection.
CA2129488C (en) * 1993-08-12 2004-11-23 Olivier Guiselin Transparent substrates with multilayer coatings, and their application to thermal insulation and sunshading
FR2710333B1 (en) * 1993-09-23 1995-11-10 Saint Gobain Vitrage Int Transparent substrate provided with a stack of thin layers acting on solar radiation and / or infrared.
EP0758306B2 (en) * 1994-05-03 2005-03-23 Cardinal Ig Company Transparent article having protective silicon nitride film
GB9417112D0 (en) * 1994-08-24 1994-10-12 Glaverbel Coated substrate and process for its formation
FR2725978B1 (en) * 1994-10-25 1996-11-29 Saint Gobain Vitrage Transparent substrate provided with a stack of layers of silver, application to the heating laminated glazing
GB9508543D0 (en) * 1995-04-27 1995-06-14 Glaverbel Coated substrate having high luminous transmission, low solar factor and neutral aspect in reflection

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003526732A (en) * 1998-05-08 2003-09-09 ピーピージー・インダストリーズ・オハイオ・インコーポレイテッド Zinc - sputter target of tin alloy

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US6090481A (en) 2000-07-18 grant
GB9606281D0 (en) 1996-05-29 application
ES2134717B1 (en) 2000-05-01 grant
DE19712527B4 (en) 2008-07-31 grant
FR2746791B1 (en) 1999-11-12 grant
DE19712527A1 (en) 1997-11-06 application
FR2746791A1 (en) 1997-10-03 application
GB9705499D0 (en) 1997-05-07 application
GB2311540A (en) 1997-10-01 application
GB2311540B (en) 2000-08-23 grant
BE1011440A3 (en) 1999-09-07 grant
ES2134717A1 (en) 1999-10-01 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3597050A (en) Transparent article having modified radiation-transmitting properties
US5318830A (en) Glass pane with reflectance reducing coating
US6287675B1 (en) Transparent substrate provided with a stack of thin layers
US5891556A (en) Transparent substrate with antireflection coating
US5496621A (en) Glass pane with reflectance reducing coating and combiner of head-up display system
US20010031365A1 (en) Transparent substrate with an antireflection, low-emissivity or solar-protection coating
US5153054A (en) Coated glazing material
US4101705A (en) Neutral bronze glazings
US6562490B2 (en) Glazing panel
US4855186A (en) Coated plastic film and plastic laminate prepared therefrom
US20070020465A1 (en) Heatable windshield
US6416194B1 (en) Thermostable back-surface mirrors
US5061568A (en) Solar screening assembly
EP0436741A1 (en) DC sputtering method and target for producing films based on silicon dioxide
US4190452A (en) Neutral bronze glazings
US5780149A (en) Glass article having a solar control coating
US20030180547A1 (en) Solar control coating
US5332888A (en) Sputtered multi-layer color compatible solar control coating
US4943484A (en) Solar control glass assembly and method of making same
US4510190A (en) Transparent, heat-insulating coating for a transparent substrate
US4965121A (en) Solar control layered coating for glass windows
US6924037B1 (en) Transparent substrate comprising an antiglare coating
US5595825A (en) Transparent substrate provided with a stack of thin films acting on solar and/or infrared radiation
US20070188871A1 (en) Transparent substrate comprising an antireflection coating
US4943140A (en) Optical element for a vehicle windshield