JPH10199366A - Push-pull switch - Google Patents

Push-pull switch

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Publication number
JPH10199366A
JPH10199366A JP266297A JP266297A JPH10199366A JP H10199366 A JPH10199366 A JP H10199366A JP 266297 A JP266297 A JP 266297A JP 266297 A JP266297 A JP 266297A JP H10199366 A JPH10199366 A JP H10199366A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
case
push
operation
spring
portion
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP266297A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP3896616B2 (en
Inventor
Yasuchika Kudo
Katsuichi Minami
Takeaki Nakase
雄章 中瀬
勝一 南
保親 工藤
Original Assignee
Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
松下電器産業株式会社
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Application filed by Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd, 松下電器産業株式会社 filed Critical Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
Priority to JP00266297A priority Critical patent/JP3896616B2/en
Publication of JPH10199366A publication Critical patent/JPH10199366A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3896616B2 publication Critical patent/JP3896616B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a push-pull switch which can be used for a wide scope of voltage and current used for various sorts of electronic apparatuses, and can obtain a sufficient operation force and a stable restoring position
SOLUTION: In a case 1 in which fixed contacts 2, 3, and 4 made of a metal material are planted on the inner side wall, and a projection 1A is provided upward on the inner bottom surface, an operating body 5 holding a movable contact piece 6 made of an elastic metal material at the side surface is housed movable up and down. The lower end of a coil spring 8 inserted to the spring insertion part 5A of the operating body 5 in the condition loosing a little is made to abut to the projection 1A of the case 1, while its upper end is made to abut to the rear side 7B of a cover 7 to cover the opened part of the case 1.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1998,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、各種電子機器において、広範囲な電圧電流の切換えに使用されるプッシュプルスイッチに関するものである。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention, in various electronic apparatuses, the present invention relates to a push-pull switch used to switch a wide range of voltage and current.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来のプッシュプルスイッチについて図13および図14を用いて説明する。 It will be described with reference to FIGS. 13 and 14 for Conventional push-pull switch.

【0003】図13は従来のプッシュプルスイッチの断面図、図14は同プッシュプルスイッチのプル方向操作時の断面図であり、同図において、12は上端に操作部12Aを、下端にコの字状の操作子12Bを設けた操作体であり、13は操作部12Aをプッシュ、プルいずれの方向へも摺動可能なように支持するカバーである。 [0003] Figure 13 is a sectional view of a conventional push-pull switch, FIG. 14 is a sectional view when the pull direction operation of the push-pull switch, reference numeral 12 is an operation portion 12A to the upper end, co the lower end an operation member having a shape of the operator 12B, 13 denotes a cover which supports the operating portion 12A pushed, so pull also slidable in either direction.

【0004】また、14は互いに対向する接点部14 Further, the contact portion 14 14 facing each other
A,14Bおよび14C,14Dが上下面に設けられたスイッチ基板であり、図示していない支持体に固定され、操作体12のコの字状の操作子12Bの中央位置に配置されている。 A, 14B and 14C, 14D are switches board provided on the upper and lower surfaces is fixed to a support (not shown), it is arranged in the center position of the shaped operating element 12B of the U of the operator 12.

【0005】そして、17および18はスイッチ基板1 [0007], 17 and 18 switch substrate 1
4の両面にそれぞれ装着された略半球状の弾性ゴムキャップであり、その底部内面にはスイッチ基板14に設けた接点部14A,14B間および14C,14D間を導通するための導電ゴムからなる接触子17Aおよび18 On both sides of the 4 is substantially hemispherical elastic rubber cap attached respectively, the contact portions 14A provided on the switch board 14 on its inner bottom surface, made of conductive rubber for electrically connecting 14B and between 14C, the inter-14D contact child 17A and 18
Aが設けられている。 A is provided.

【0006】上記構成において、操作体12の操作部1 [0006] In the above structure, the operation unit 1 of the operator 12
2Aをプル方向に引くと、図14に示すように操作体1 Subtracting 2A pull direction, the operating body 1 as shown in FIG. 14
2の上方向への移動に伴って、操作子12Bの下端がスイッチ基板14の下面に装着した弾性ゴムキャップ18 Moves to an over the two directions, the elastic rubber cap 18 the lower end of the operating element 12B is mounted on the lower surface of the switch board 14
を変形させ、その底部内面に設けた接触子18Aがスイッチ基板14に設けた接点部14C,14D間を導通し、引張操作を解除すると、弾性ゴムキャップ18自体の弾性復帰力で操作体12が下方向へ移動し、図13のOFF状態に復帰する。 Deforming the contact portions 14C provided on the contactor 18A is a switch board 14 provided on its inner bottom surface, and conduction between 14D, when releasing the tension operation, operator 12 by an elastic restoring force of the elastic rubber cap 18 itself and moves downward and returns to the OFF state of FIG. 13.

【0007】また、これとは逆に操作部12Aをプッシュ方向に押すと、コの字状の操作子12Bの上端がスイッチ基板14の上面に装着した弾性ゴムキャップ17を変形させ、その底部内面に設けた接触子17Aがスイッチ基板14に設けた14A,14B間を導通し、押圧操作を解除すると、上記弾性ゴムキャップ17自体の弾性復帰力で図13のOFF状態に復帰するように構成されていた。 Further, when pressing the operating portion 12A in the push direction to the contrary, the upper end of the shaped operating element 12B of the co deforms the elastic rubber cap 17 mounted on the upper surface of the switch board 14, the inner bottom surface contact 17A provided on the conductive 14A provided on the switch board 14, the inter-14B, when releasing the pressing operation, is configured to return to the OFF state in FIG. 13 by the elastic restoring force of the elastic rubber cap 17 itself which was.

【0008】 [0008]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら上記従来の構成のプッシュプルスイッチにおいては、導電ゴムの接触子17Aおよび18Aによってスイッチ基板14の接点部14Aと14Bおよび14Cと14Dの導通が行われているため、スイッチとして使用できる電圧値や電流値に制限があり、弾性ゴムキャップ17および18の弾性力によって操作および復帰位置の保持を行っているため、十分な操作力を得ることができず復帰位置の保持が不安定であるという課題があった。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION] However, in a push-pull switch of the conventional configuration, the contacts 17A and 18A of the conductive rubber conductive contact portion 14A and 14B and 14C and 14D of the switch board 14 has been performed Therefore, there is a limit to a voltage value or a current value that can be used as a switch, because a holding operation and the return position by the elastic force of the elastic rubber cap 17 and 18, it can not be obtained a sufficient operating force return position there is a problem that retention is unstable.

【0009】本発明はこのような従来の課題を解決するものであり、広い範囲の電圧電流に使用が可能で、十分な操作力が得られ安定した復帰位置を確保できるプッシュプルスイッチを提供することを目的とするものである。 [0009] The present invention has been made to solve such conventional problems, can be used in a wide range of voltage and current, provides a push-pull switch which can ensure the return position sufficient operating force is obtained stable it is an object of the present invention.

【0010】 [0010]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記課題を解決するために本発明のプッシュプルスイッチは、内部側壁に複数の金属材料製の固定接点を植設し内部底面に上方への突起部を設けたケースに、弾性金属材料製の可動接触片を側面に保持した操作体を上下動可能に収納し、この操作体のばね挿入部にやや撓んだ状態で挿入されたばねの下端がケースの突起部に、上端がケースの開放部を覆うカバーの裏面にも各々当接するように構成したものである。 Means for Solving the Problems The push-pull switch of the present invention to solve the above problems, it provided a projection upward on the inner bottom surface implanted the fixed contacts plurality of metallic materials in interior sidewall the case, the operation body that holds the movable contact piece made of an elastic metal material on the sides and vertically movable housing, the protrusion of the lower end of the spring is inserted in a slightly deflected state in the spring inserting portion of the operating body case the one in which the upper end is configured to respectively abut on the back surface of the cover that covers the open portion of the case.

【0011】これにより、広範囲の電圧電流に使用が可能で、十分な操作力と安定した復帰位置が得られるプッシュプルスイッチを得ることができる。 [0011] Thus, can be used in a wide range of voltage and current, it is possible to obtain a push-pull switch a sufficient operating force and stable return position is obtained.

【0012】 [0012]

【発明の実施の形態】本発明の請求項1に記載の発明は、内部側壁に複数の金属材料製の固定接点を植設すると共に内部底面に上方への突起部を設けた上面開放の絶縁材料製のケースと、ばね挿入部とケースから突出する操作部を有しケース内に上下動可能に収納された操作体と、操作体の側面に保持され固定接点に接離する弾性金属材料製の可動接触片と、操作体の操作部が挿通する孔を有し上記ケースの開放部を覆うカバーと、上記操作体のばね挿入部にやや撓んだ状態で挿入され下端が上記ケースの突起部に上端が上記カバーの裏面にも各々当接したばねからなる構成のプッシュプルスイッチとしたものであり、弾性金属材料製の可動接触片と金属材料製の固定接点との間で接離を行うため広範囲の電圧電流に使用が可能となり、また DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION According to a first aspect of the present invention, the insulation of the open top provided with projections upward on the inner bottom surface with implanting a plurality of metal materials made of the fixed contact inside the side wall and materials made case, the spring insertion portion and the operating body that is vertically movable housed in the case has an operating portion projecting from the case, against the fixed contact is held on the side surface of the operating body or away from resilient metal material projection and the movable contact piece, and a cover for covering the opening portion of the case has a hole which operating portion of the operating body is inserted, the lower end is inserted slightly deflected state in the spring inserting portion of the operating body of the case of upper end section is obtained by a push-pull switch configuration consisting of spring contact each to the back surface of the cover, the contact and separation between the movable contact piece and the metal material made of fixed contacts made of an elastic metallic material it is possible to use a wide range of voltage and current for performing, also やや撓んだ状態で操作体のばね挿入部に挿入したばねの下端をケースの突起部に上端をカバーの裏面に当接する構成にしているため、十分な操作力と安定した復帰位置を得ることができるという作用を有する。 Because it has configured to abut the upper end of the lower end of the inserted spring in the spring inserting portion of the operating body to the projecting portion of the case on the rear surface of the cover in a slightly deflected state, to obtain a stable return position sufficient operating force It has the effect that it is.

【0013】請求項2に記載の発明は、請求項1記載の発明において、ケースへ複数の固定接点をインサート成形にて植設した構成のものであり、使用部品点数並びに組立工数を削減できるという作用を有する。 [0013] The invention described in claim 2 is the invention of claim 1, wherein a plurality of fixed contacts to the case is of configuration planted by insert molding, being able to reduce the use of parts and assembly steps It is having an effect.

【0014】請求項3に記載の発明は、請求項1または2記載の発明において、ケースとカバーで節度突起を備えた節度ばねを保持すると共に、操作体に設けるか、もしくは操作体で上記節度ばねを保持すると共に、ケースあるいはカバーに上記節度カムを設けるか、のいずれかとした構成のもので、節度ばねと節度カムによってスイッチ操作時に明確な節度感が得られるという作用を有する。 [0014] The invention according to claim 3, in the invention of claim 1 or 2, holds the detent spring having a detent projection on a case and a cover, or provided to the operation member or the detent in the operating body holds the spring, or the case or cover provided with the detent cam, be of the either as configuration, an effect that clear click feeling when the switch operation is obtained by the detent spring and detent cam.

【0015】請求項4に記載の発明は、請求項1〜3のいずれか一つに記載の発明において、ケース内部側壁の複数面に複数の固定接点を植設すると共に、複数個の可動接触片が操作体に保持された構成としたもので、複数の回路の接離が可能なプッシュプルスイッチを構成できるという作用を有する。 [0015] The invention described in claim 4 is the invention according to any one of claims 1 to 3, with implanting a plurality of fixed contacts on a plurality of surfaces of the case interior side wall, a plurality of movable contact obtained by a configuration in which strip is held in the operating body, it has the effect of contact and separation of a plurality of circuits can be configured to pull the switch possible.

【0016】請求項5に記載の発明は請求項1〜4のいずれか一つに記載の発明において、操作部の先端に係合部を設け、この係合部に操作キーを係合した構成としたもので、様々な操作形態の操作キーをこの保持部に装着することによって、多様な操作形態を可能にできるという作用を有する。 [0016] The invention according to claim 5 in the invention described in any one of claims 1 to 4, the engaging portion provided at the distal end of the operation unit, configured to engage the operation key on the engagement portion obtained by a, an effect that the operation keys of various control mode by attaching to the holding portion can allow a variety of control mode.

【0017】以下、本発明の実施の形態について、図1 [0017] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention, FIG. 1
〜図12を用いて説明する。 It will be described with reference to to 12. (実施の形態1)図1は本発明の第1の実施の形態によるプッシュプルスイッチの分解斜視図、図2は同断面図、図3は同プル方向に操作した時の断面図、図4は同プッシュ方向に操作した時の断面図であり、同図において、1は内部右側壁に金属材料製の固定接点2を、内部左側壁に金属材料製の固定接点3と4を植設し、内部底面に上方への突起部1Aを設けた上面開放の絶縁材料製のケースであり、5はばね挿入部5Aと上方にケース外部に突出する操作部5Bを有する操作体である。 Exploded perspective view of the push-pull switches (Embodiment 1) FIG. 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is the same sectional view, FIG. 3 is a sectional view when operated in the same pull direction, FIG 4 is a sectional view when operated in the same pushing direction, reference numeral 1 is inside right side wall of the fixed contact 2 made of a metal material, the fixed contact 3 of the metallic material 4 implanted therein left wall , an insulating material made of the case of open top provided with a protruding portion 1A upward on the inner bottom surface, 5 is the operating body having an operation unit 5B that protrudes outside of the case to the spring insertion portion 5A and the upper.

【0018】また、6は両端に固定接点2に弾接する可動接点6Aと固定接点3と4に弾性接離する可動接点6 Further, the elastic toward and away from the movable contact 6 6 the movable contact 6A that contacts the fixed contact 2 elastically across the fixed contact 3 to 4
Bを備え、中央部6Cが操作体5の保持部5Cに保持された可動接触片であり、7は中央に操作体5の操作部5 Includes a B, and the movable contact piece held by the holding portion 5C of the central portion 6C operating body 5, 7 operating portion 5 of the operation body 5 in the center
Bが挿通する孔7Aを有してケース1の上面開放部を覆うカバーであり、8はやや撓んだ状態で操作体5のばね挿入部5Aに挿入され、下端が操作体5のばね挿入部5 B is is a cover for covering the open top portion of the case 1 has holes 7A for inserting, 8 is inserted into the spring insertion portion 5A of the operation body 5 is slightly deflected state, the lower end of the spring inserts of the operation body 5 part 5
Aの下面5Dとケース1の突起部1Aに、上端が操作体5のばね挿入部5Aの上面5Eとカバー7の裏面7Bに各々当接したコイルばねである。 The protruding portion 1A of the lower surface 5D and the case 1 of A, a coil spring, each in contact with the back surface 7B of the upper face 5E and cover 7 of the spring insertion portion 5A of the upper operation member 5.

【0019】上記構成において、図2の状態から操作体5の操作部5Bをプル方向に引くと、図3に示すように操作体5の上方への移動に伴って、コイルばね8の上端は操作体5の上面5Eから離れてカバー7の裏面7Bのみに当接し、コイルばね8の下端がケース1の突起部1 In the above arrangement, when pulling the operating portion 5B of the operation body 5 from the state of FIG. 2 in the pull direction, along with the upward movement of the operation body 5 as shown in FIG. 3, the upper end of the coil spring 8 spaced apart from the top 5E of the operation body 5 contact only the back surface 7B of the cover 7, the protrusion 1 of the lower end of the coil spring 8 is case 1
Aから離れて操作体5の下面5Dによって圧縮されると共に、操作体5に保持された可動接触片6の可動接点6 While being compressed by the lower surface 5D of the operation body 5 away from A, the movable contact of the movable contact piece 6 held in the operating body 5 6
Aは固定接点2上を弾接摺動し、可動接点6Bが固定接点3に弾接することによって、固定接点2と固定接点3 A is resilient contact slides on the fixed contact 2, by the movable contact 6B contacts the fixed contact 3 elastically, the fixed contact 2 and the fixed contact 3
が可動接触片6を介して電気的に導通し、ON状態となる。 There electrically conductive via the movable contact piece 6, the ON state.

【0020】そして、操作部5Bのプル方向の引張操作を解除すると、コイルばね8の弾性復帰力によって図2 [0020] When releasing the tensile operation of the pull direction of the operation unit 5B, the figure by the elastic restoring force of the coil spring 8 2
の状態に復帰し、固定接点2と固定接点3は元のOFF Returned to the state, the fixed contact 2 and the fixed contact 3 original OFF
状態に戻る。 It returns to the state.

【0021】これとは逆に、図2の状態から操作体5の操作部5Bをプッシュ方向に押すと、図4に示すように操作体5の下方への移動に伴って、コイルばね8の下端は操作体5の下面5Dから離れてケース1の突起部1A [0021] Conversely, when pressing the operating portion 5B of the operation body 5 from the state of FIG. 2 in the pushing direction, with the downward movement of the operation body 5 as shown in FIG. 4, the coil spring 8 projections 1A of the lower end is spaced from the lower surface 5D of the operation body 5 case 1
のみに当接し、コイルばね8の上端がカバー7の裏面7 Only in contact with the back surface of the upper cover 7 of the coil spring 8 7
Bから離れて操作体5の上面5Eによって圧縮されると共に、操作体5に保持された可動接触片6の可動接点6 While being compressed by the upper surface 5E of the operation body 5 away from the B, the movable contact of the movable contact piece 6 held in the operating body 5 6
Aは固定接点2上を弾接摺動し、可動接点6Bが固定接点4に弾接することによって、固定接点2と固定接点4 A is resilient contact slides on the fixed contact 2, by the movable contact 6B contacts the fixed contact 4 elastically fixed contact 2 and the fixed contact 4
が可動接触片6を介して電気的に導通してON状態になり、また、操作部5Bのプッシュ方向の押圧操作を解除すると図2の状態に復帰し、固定接点2と固定接点4は元のOFF状態に戻る。 There will be ON state by electrically conductive via the movable contact piece 6, also when releasing the pressure operation of a push direction of the operation unit 5B to return to the state of FIG. 2, the fixed contact 2 and the fixed contact 4 is based on Back to the OFF state.

【0022】このように本実施の形態によれば、弾性金属材料製の可動接触片6と金属材料製の固定接点2, [0022] Thus, according to this embodiment, the movable contact piece 6 and the metal material made of the fixed contact 2 made of an elastic metallic material,
3,4との間で接離を行うために広範囲の電圧電流に使用が可能となり、また、やや撓んだ状態で操作体5のばね挿入部5Aに挿入したばね8の下端をケース1の突起部1Aに、同上端をカバー7の裏面7Bにも各々当接する構成にしているため、十分な操作力と安定した復帰位置を得ることができる。 It is possible to use a wide range of voltage and current in order to carry out and away with the 3,4, also the lower end of the spring 8 of the case 1 inserted into the spring insertion portion 5A of the operation body 5 is slightly deflected state the projections 1A, because it a configuration that each contact on the back surface 7B of the cover 7 of the same top end, it is possible to obtain a stable return position sufficient operating force.

【0023】更に、あらかじめばね挿入部5Aにコイルばね8を挿入して可動接触片6を保持させた操作体5 Furthermore, it was holding the movable contact piece 6 by inserting the coil springs 8 to advance the spring insertion portion 5A operation body 5
を、固定接点2,3,4をインサート成形したケース1 The case 1 to the fixed contacts 2, 3, 4 is insert-molded
に収納し、これをカバー7で覆うように構成すれば、ケース1を基として他の部品を順次積立てていく組立が可能となり、容易に同スイッチの自動組立化を図ることができるものである。 Housed in, be configured this to cover with a cover 7, assembled becomes possible to sequentially funded other components of the case 1 as a group, are those that can be easily achieve automated assembly of the switch .

【0024】(実施の形態2)図5は本発明の第2の実施の形態によるプッシュプルスイッチの分解斜視図、図6は同断面図、図7は同プル方向に操作時の断面図、図8は同プッシュ方向に操作時の断面図であり、同図において、ケース1の内部底面およびカバー7の裏面には保持部1Bと7Cが設けられ、この間に節度突起9Aを備えたU字状の節度ばね9の支持部9Bが保持されると共に、操作体5の側面にはこの節度ばね9の節度突起9A The exploded perspective view of a push-pull switch according to the second embodiment (Embodiment 2) FIG. 5 is the invention, FIG. 6 is the same sectional view, FIG. 7 is a sectional view at the time of operation in the same pull direction, Figure 8 is a sectional view at the time of operation in the same pushing direction, in the drawing, the back surface of the inner bottom surface and the cover 7 of the casing 1 is provided holding portions 1B and 7C, U-shaped with a detent protrusion 9A during which together with the support portion 9B shaped for node spring 9 is held, on the side of the operation body 5 detent protrusion 9A of the detent spring 9
と係合して節度作用を発生する節度カム5F,5Gが設けられている。 Engages detent cam 5F for generating a click action, 5G are provided with.

【0025】上記構成において、図6の状態から操作体5の操作部5Bをプル方向に引くと、図7に示すように操作体5の上方への移動に伴って、節度カム5Gが節度ばね9を支持部9Bを支点として撓ませた後、節度カム5Gが節度突起9Aを越えると撓んだ節度ばね9が弾性力により元の状態に戻ることによって、プル方向の操作の節度感を得ることができる。 [0025] In the above arrangement, when pulling the operating portion 5B of the operation body 5 from the state of FIG. 6 in the pull direction, along with the upward movement of the operation body 5 as shown in FIG. 7, the detent cam 5G are detent spring after 9 to deflect the support part 9B as a fulcrum, the detent spring 9 which detent cam 5G is bent exceeds moderation protrusion 9A is by returning to the original state by the elastic force to obtain the crisp feel of the pull direction of the operation be able to.

【0026】これとは逆に図6の状態から操作体5の操作部5Bをプッシュ方向に押すと、図8に示すように操作体5の下方への移動に伴って、節度カム5Fが節度ばね9を支持部9Bを支点として撓ませた後、節度カム5 [0026] Pressing from the state of FIG. 6 in the reverse operation unit 5B of the operation body 5 in the pushing direction to this, along with the downward movement of the operation body 5 as shown in FIG. 8, the detent cam 5F is moderation after the spring 9 deflects the support portion 9B as a fulcrum, detent cam 5
Fが節度突起9Aを越えると撓んだ節度ばね9が弾性力により元の状態に戻ることによって、プル方向の操作と同様にプッシュ方向の操作の節度感を得ることができる。 F is by returning to the original state by the deflected detent spring 9 elastic force exceeds the detent projections 9A, can be similar to the pull direction of the operating obtain click feeling of the push direction operation.

【0027】尚、プル方向或いはプッシュ方向操作時の、操作体5の移動に伴うばね8の動作や、操作体5に保持された可動接触片6による固定接点2と固定接点3 [0027] Incidentally, when the pull direction or pushing direction operation, operation and the spring 8 due to the movement of the operation body 5, the operation body 5 fixed contact 2 and the fixed contact 3 by the movable contact piece 6 held in
や4の電気的接離については、実施の形態1と同様である。 The electrical connection and disconnection of and 4, are the same as in the first embodiment.

【0028】このように本実施の形態によれば、節度ばね9と節度カム5Fと5Gを設けることによって、プル方向或いはプッシュ方向操作時の明確な節度感を得ることができる。 According to this embodiment, by providing the detent spring 9 and moderation cam 5F and 5G, it is possible to obtain a clear click feeling during the pull direction or pushing direction operation.

【0029】また、上記の説明では、ケース1およびカバー7によって節度ばね9を保持し、操作体5にこの節度ばね9の節度突起9Aと係合する節度カム5Fと5G [0029] In the above description, holds the detent spring 9 by the case 1 and the cover 7, the operation body 5 detent cam 5F and 5G to be engaged with the detent protrusion 9A of the detent spring 9
を設けた構成としたが、操作体5によって節度ばね9を保持し、この節度ばね9の節度突起9Aと係合する節度カム5Fと5Gを、ケース1或いはカバー7に設ける構成としても同様の効果が得られることは勿論である。 The it is configured provided to retain the detent spring 9 by the operating body 5, the moderation cam 5F and 5G to be engaged with the detent protrusion 9A of the detent spring 9, the same be provided in the case 1 or the cover 7 it is a matter of course that the effect can be obtained.

【0030】(実施の形態3)図9は本発明の第3の実施の形態によるプッシュプルスイッチの分解斜視図、図10は同プル方向に操作時の断面図であり、同図において、ケース1の内部右側壁には固定接点2A,3A,4 [0030] (Embodiment 3) FIG. 9 is a third exploded perspective view of a push-pull switch according to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 10 is a sectional view at the time of operation in the same pull direction, in this figure, the case 1 fixed contact 2A inside right side wall, 3A, 4
Aが、これと対向する内部左側壁には固定接点2B,3 A is the fixed contacts 2B in the inside left side wall facing the, 3
B,4Bが各々植設されると共に、操作体5の右側面には一端に可動接点10Aと10Bを備えたU字状の可動接触片10の他端根元部が保持され、左側面には同様に可動接点11Aと11Bを備えた可動接触片11が保持されている。 B, with 4B are respectively implanted, the other end root portion of the movable contact piece 10 of the right side surface shape of the U-shaped having a movable contact 10A and 10B at one end the operation body 5 is held on the left side surface movable contact piece 11 having a movable contact 11A and 11B are held in the same manner.

【0031】上記構成において、操作体5の操作部5B [0031] In the above structure, the operation unit 5B of the operation body 5
をプル方向に引くと、図10に示すように操作体5の上方への移動に伴って、操作体5に保持された可動接触片10と11の可動接点10A,11Aが固定接点2A, The pull in the pull direction, along with the upward movement of the operation body 5 as shown in FIG. 10, the movable contact 10A of the movable contact piece 10 held in operation body 5 11, 11A are fixed contacts 2A,
2B上を弾接摺動し、可動接点10B,11Bが固定接点3A,3Bに弾接することによって、固定接点2Aと3Aおよび固定接点2Bと3Bが各々可動接触片10と11を介して電気的に導通し、ON状態となる。 On 2B and elastic contact sliding, electrically movable contact 10B, 11B are stationary contact 3A, by elastically contacting the 3B, the fixed contacts 2A and 3A and the fixed contact 2B and 3B via the movable contact piece 10 and 11 respectively conductive to become oN state.

【0032】また、操作部5Bをプッシュ方向に押すと操作体5の下方への移動に伴って、可動接触片10と1 Further, with the movement of the the lower operating body 5 presses the operation unit 5B in the pushing direction, the movable contact piece 10 1
1の可動接点10A,11Aが固定接点2A,2B上を弾接摺動すると共に、可動接点10B,11Bが固定接点4A,4Bに弾接することによって、固定接点2Aと4Aおよび固定接点2Bと4Bが各々可動接触片10と11を介して電気的に導通し、ON状態となる。 1 of the movable contact 10A, 11A are fixed contacts 2A, the upper 2B as well as elastic contact sliding, the movable contact 10B, 11B are fixed contacts 4A, by elastically contacting the 4B, the fixed contacts 2A and 4A and the fixed contact 2B and 4B There electrically conductive via respective movable contact pieces 10 and 11, the ON state.

【0033】尚、プル方向或いはプッシュ方向操作時の、操作体5の移動に伴うばね8の動作については、実施の形態1と同様である。 [0033] Incidentally, when the pull direction or pushing direction operation, for the operation of the spring 8 due to the movement of the operation body 5, is similar to that of the first embodiment.

【0034】このように本実施の形態によれば、ケース内部側壁の複数面に複数の固定接点を植設し、操作体5 According to the present embodiment, implanted a plurality of fixed contacts on a plurality of surfaces of the case interior side wall, the operation body 5
にも複数の可動接触片10,11を備えることにより、 By providing a plurality of movable contact pieces 10, 11 also,
複数の回路の接離が可能なプッシュプルスイッチを構成することができる。 It can and away of the plurality of circuits constituting the push-pull switch possible.

【0035】(実施の形態4)図11は本発明の第4の実施の形態によるプッシュプルスイッチと操作キーを分離した斜視図、図12は同操作キーをシーソ動作させる場合の部分断面図であり、同図において、プッシュプルスイッチの操作体5の操作部5B先端には突起状の係合部5Hが設けられている。 The fourth perspective view of separation of the push-pull switch and the operation key according to the embodiment of the FIG. 11 the present invention (Embodiment 4) FIG. 12 is a partial cross-sectional view of the case of a seesaw operation the same operation key There, in the figure, the projection shaped engagement portion 5H is provided in the operation unit 5B distal end of the operating member 5 of the push-pull switch.

【0036】そして、この係合部5Hは、プッシュプルスイッチの上方に配置され上面に操作面20Aと20B [0036] Then, the engaging portion 5H includes an operation surface 20A on the upper surface is arranged above the push-pull switch 20B
を有する操作キー20の、操作面20Bの下面に設けたガイド部20Cのガイド孔20Dに揺動可能に挿通されており、また、操作キー20は支持体(図示せず)に支持部20Eが回動可能に支持されている。 Operation keys 20 having, are inserted to be swingable guide hole 20D of the guide portion 20C which is provided on the lower surface of the operation surface 20B, also, the operation key 20 has supporting portions 20E to a support (not shown) It is rotatably supported.

【0037】上記構成において、操作キー20の操作面20Aを下方へ押すと、図12に点線で示すように、操作キー20は支持部20Eを中心に回動するため、ガイド孔20Dに係合部5Hが挿通された操作体5の操作部5Bが上方に引張られ、プッシュプルスイッチはプル方向に動作し、また、操作面20Bを下方へ押すと、操作キー20は上記とは逆に回動し、操作部5Bの係合部5 [0037] In the above configuration, when pressing the operation surface 20A of the operation key 20 downward, as shown by a dotted line in FIG. 12, since the operation key 20 to rotate about the supporting portion 20E, engaging the guide hole 20D operation unit 5B of the operation body 5 parts 5H is inserted is pulled upward, the push-pull switch operates in the pull direction, pressing the operation surface 20B downward, the operation key 20 times contrary to the above dynamic and, the engaging portion of the operation unit 5B 5
Hが下方へ押され、プッシュプルスイッチはプッシュ方向に動作する。 H is pressed downward, the push-pull switch is operated in the pushing direction.

【0038】このように本実施の形態によれば、別途装着される操作キー20と係合する係合部5Hを操作部5 [0038] According to the present embodiment, the operation unit 5 to the engaging portion 5H for engaging the operation key 20 to be separately mounted
Bの先端に設けることによって、プッシュプルスイッチを別の操作形態であるシーソ操作に容易に用いることができるものである。 By providing the distal end of the B, and those which can readily employ push-pull switch in the seesaw operation is another operation mode.

【0039】尚、上記の説明では、シーソ操作の場合について説明したが、様々な操作キーをこの係合部に装着することによって、レバー操作やスライド操作等の多様な操作形態を構成することが可能であることは勿論である。 [0039] In the above description, the description has been given of the see-saw operation, by mounting the various operation keys on the engagement portion, it is possible to configure the various control mode, such as a lever operation or sliding operation possible is it is a matter of course.

【0040】 [0040]

【発明の効果】以上のように本発明によれば、広範囲の電圧電流に使用が可能で、十分な操作力と安定した復帰位置が得られるプッシュプルスイッチを得ることができるという有利な効果が得られる。 According to the present invention as described above, according to the present invention, an advantageous effect that a wide range of possible uses in the voltage and current, it is possible to obtain a push-pull switch a sufficient operating force and stable return position is obtained can get.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明の第1の実施の形態によるプッシュプルスイッチの分解斜視図 Exploded perspective view of the push-pull switch according to a first embodiment of the invention; FIG

【図2】同断面図 FIG. 2 is the same cross-sectional view

【図3】同プル方向操作時の断面図 FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view at the time of the pull direction operation

【図4】同プッシュ方向操作時の断面図 4 is a cross-sectional view of when the pushing direction operation

【図5】本発明の第2の実施の形態によるプッシュプルスイッチの分解斜視図 Figure 5 is an exploded perspective view of a push-pull switch according to a second embodiment of the present invention

【図6】同断面図 [6] the same cross-sectional view

【図7】同プル方向操作時の断面図 FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view at the time of the pull direction operation

【図8】同プッシュ方向操作時の断面図 Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view at the time of the pushing direction operation

【図9】本発明の第3の実施の形態によるプッシュプルスイッチの分解斜視図 [9] Third exploded perspective view of a push-pull switch according to an embodiment of the present invention

【図10】同プル方向操作時の断面図 FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view at the time of the pull direction operation

【図11】本発明の第4の実施の形態によるプッシュプルスイッチの分離斜視図 [11] Fourth exploded perspective view of a push-pull switch according to an embodiment of the present invention

【図12】同動作説明図 [12] same operation explanatory diagram

【図13】従来のプッシュプルスイッチの断面図 Figure 13 is a cross-sectional view of a conventional push-pull switch

【図14】同プル方向操作時の断面図 FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view at the time of the pull direction operation

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 ケース 1A 突起部 1B 保持部 2,2A,2B 固定接点 3,3A,3B 固定接点 4,4A,4B 固定接点 5 操作体 5A ばね挿入部 5B 操作部 5C 保持部 5D ばね挿入部下面 5E ばね挿入部上面 5F,5G 節度カム 5H 係合部 6 可動接触片 6A,6B 可動接点 6C 中央部 7 カバー 7A 孔 7B 裏面 7C 保持部 8 コイルばね 9 節度ばね 9A 節度突起 9B 支持部 10 可動接触片 10A,10B 可動接点 11 可動接触片 11A,11B 可動接点 20 操作キー 20A,20B 操作面 20C ガイド部 20D ガイド孔 20E 支持部 1 case 1A protrusion 1B holder 2, 2A, 2B fixed contact 3, 3A, 3B fixed contact 4, 4A, 4B fixed contact 5 operating body 5A spring insertion portion 5B operation portion 5C holding portion 5D spring insert lower surface 5E spring inserted part top 5F, 5G detent cam 5H engaging portion 6 movable contact piece 6A, 6B movable contact 6C central portion 7 cover 7A hole 7B backside 7C holder 8 coil spring 9 detent spring 9A detent projection 9B support 10 movable contact piece 10A, 10B movable contact 11 movable contact piece 11A, 11B movable contact 20 operation keys 20A, 20B operation surface 20C guide portion 20D guide hole 20E supporting portion

Claims (5)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 内部側壁に複数の金属材料製の固定接点を植設すると共に内部底面に上方への突起部を設けた上面開放の絶縁材料製のケースと、ばね挿入部とケースから突出する操作部を有しケース内に上下動可能に収納された操作体と、操作体の側面に保持され固定接点に接離する弾性金属材料製の可動接触片と、操作体の操作部が挿通する孔を有し上記ケースの開放部を覆うカバーと、 And 1. A top opening of the insulating material made case provided with projections upward on the inner bottom surface with implanting the fixed contacts plurality of metallic material inside the side wall, projecting from the spring insertion unit and the case operating element and the operating body that is vertically movable accommodated in the case has an operation member movable contact piece made of is held in stationary contact to the side surface of the toward and away from the elastic metal material, the operating portion of the operating body is inserted a cover for covering the opening portion of the case has a hole,
    上記操作体のばね挿入部にやや撓んだ状態で挿入され、 Is inserted in a slightly deflected state in the spring inserting portion of the operating body,
    下端が上記ケースの突起部に上端が上記カバーの裏面にも各々当接したばねからなるプッシュプルスイッチ。 Push-pull switch its lower end a spring the upper end to the protrusion of the case are in contact with those respective to the back surface of the cover.
  2. 【請求項2】 ケースへ複数の固定接点をインサート成形にて植設した請求項1記載のプッシュプルスイッチ。 2. A push-pull switch according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of fixed contacts into the case planted by insert molding.
  3. 【請求項3】 ケースとカバーで節度突起を備えた節度ばねを保持すると共に、この節度突起と係合して節度作用を行う節度カムを操作体に設けるか、もしくは操作体で上記節度ばねを保持すると共に、ケースあるいはカバーに上記節度カムを設けるか、のいずれかとした請求項1または2記載のプッシュプルスイッチ。 In 3. Case and the cover holds the detent spring having a detent projection, or provided with a detent cam which performs this moderation projection engaged with detent action on the operating member or the detent spring in the operating body holds, the case or cover providing the moderation cam or push-pull switch according to claim 1 or 2, wherein was either.
  4. 【請求項4】 ケース内部側壁の複数面に複数の固定接点を植設すると共に、複数個の可動接触片が操作体に保持された請求項1〜3のいずれか一つに記載のプッシュプルスイッチ。 With wherein implanting a plurality of fixed contacts on a plurality of surfaces of the case interior side wall, a push-pull as claimed in claim 1, the plurality of movable contact piece is held in the operating body switch.
  5. 【請求項5】 操作部の先端に係合部を設け、この係合部に操作キーを係合した請求項1〜4のいずれか一つに記載のプッシュプルスイッチ。 5. The engaging portion provided at the distal end of the operation portion, a push-pull switch according to any one of claims 1 to 4 engaging the operating keys to the engagement portion.
JP00266297A 1997-01-10 1997-01-10 Push-pull switch Expired - Fee Related JP3896616B2 (en)

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