JPH09135254A - Power saving control system for local area network - Google Patents

Power saving control system for local area network

Info

Publication number
JPH09135254A
JPH09135254A JP28904095A JP28904095A JPH09135254A JP H09135254 A JPH09135254 A JP H09135254A JP 28904095 A JP28904095 A JP 28904095A JP 28904095 A JP28904095 A JP 28904095A JP H09135254 A JPH09135254 A JP H09135254A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
beacon
terminal
power
random number
terminals
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP28904095A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2708028B2 (en
Inventor
Yoshikazu Ikegami
嘉一 池上
Original Assignee
Nec Corp
日本電気株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nec Corp, 日本電気株式会社 filed Critical Nec Corp
Priority to JP28904095A priority Critical patent/JP2708028B2/en
Publication of JPH09135254A publication Critical patent/JPH09135254A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2708028B2 publication Critical patent/JP2708028B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D70/00Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To maintain a local area network for long hours though a constituting terminals include a terminal without power to spare. SOLUTION: A beacon generation part 20 generates beacons from the value of a timer outputted from a synchronizing timer part 19 at regular intervals and propagates the beacons to a frame assembling part 18. At this time, the beacon generation part 20 investigates a signal showing whether power sent from a power source part 2 is provided or not with power to spare and when it is provided, sends a signal instructing to reduce the range of a generated random number to a random number generation part 14. When the instruction from the beacon generation part 20 is inputted, the random number generation part 14 varies the range of the generated random number according to the instruction. At the time of receiving data from the frame assembling part 18, a CSMA/CA(carrier sence multiple access with collision avoidance) processing part 13 outputs the piece of data to a medium through PHY 4 according to the algorithm of CSMA/CA based on a random number from the random number generation part 14.

Description

Detailed Description of the Invention

[0001]

The present invention relates to a power saving control system for a local area network, and more particularly to a power saving control method for a local area network.

[0002]

2. Description of the Related Art Ad hoc LAN (Local Area)
a Network), each terminal has a reference time for accessing a network, and a frame called a beacon is output every certain time so that the reference time does not greatly differ between terminals. It has become.

[0003] The beacon includes a reference time of the terminal that transmitted the beacon. Each terminal captures a beacon newly output on the network, and based on the reference time in the beacon, each terminal receives its own beacon. Adjust the reference time within.

Each terminal appropriately draws a random number as a medium access control at the start of beacon transmission, performs backoff for a time proportional to the random number, and outputs a beacon from another terminal to the network during the backoff. If not, the own terminal transmits a beacon. In this case, a terminal that has acquired a beacon from the network during backoff cannot transmit a beacon until the next beacon is transmitted.

As described above, since each terminal draws a random number at the start of transmitting a beacon, terminals forming the network are given a fair opportunity to transmit a beacon. For the above ad hoc LAN, see “7.1.2.1 B
eacon Generation in Ad Ho
c Networks ”(Draft Standard)
d IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN,
Proposed P802.11-93 / 20b3,
pp. 135-137, SEPTEMBER, 199
4).

[0006]

In the above-mentioned conventional local area network, a beacon which only one of the terminals constituting the network needs to output is transmitted.
Since all terminals in the network are fairly shared, each terminal must output a beacon once every few seconds, and each terminal consumes power to output a beacon become.

[0007] In a network that is temporarily configured, most of the constituent terminals are likely to be portable terminals. Particularly, portable terminals often use batteries as power sources. Therefore, even if the beacon is output at a rate of once every several seconds, if the time for maintaining the network is long, the power consumption of the portable terminal cannot be ignored.

[0008] Therefore, an object of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned problems and to provide a local area network power saving control system capable of maintaining a network for a long time even if constituent terminals include terminals having insufficient power. Is to provide.

[0009]

A power saving control system for a local area network according to the present invention comprises a local area network in which a constituent terminal shares and outputs a beacon output by a constituent terminal for synchronizing between the terminals. A power saving control system, a detecting means for detecting whether there is a margin in the power of the own terminal, and when detecting that there is a margin in the power of the own terminal by the detecting means, compared with other constituent terminals. Control means for controlling to output the beacon with priority is provided in at least one of the constituent terminals.

[0010] In another power saving control system for a local area network according to the present invention, a beacon output by a constituent terminal for synchronizing between terminals is shared by the constituent terminal based on a back-off period based on a random number and output. A power saving control system for a local area network,
Detecting means for detecting whether there is enough power in the own terminal, and outputting the beacon in preference to other constituent terminals when the detecting means detects that there is enough power in the own terminal. Control means for performing such control is provided in at least one of the constituent terminals.

[0011]

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS First, the operation of the present invention will be described below.

Among terminals configuring a local area network, terminals having sufficient power supply (for example, terminals using AC power) set a random number which is a source of backoff time as small as possible, and prioritize beacon. It is configured so that it can be sent automatically. As a result, a terminal that does not have enough power, such as a terminal that uses a battery as a power source, does not have to output a beacon.

[0013] Therefore, when a terminal having a surplus power joins the network, a terminal having a surplus power outputs most of the beacons. Therefore, a beacon is hardly outputted from a terminal having a surplus power. . Therefore, the power of the output of the beacon can be reduced for a terminal with insufficient power, so that the network can be maintained for a long time even if a constituent terminal includes a terminal with insufficient power.

Next, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing the configuration of one embodiment of the present invention. In the figure, a terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention is a MAC (Medium Access Met).
hod) 1, power supply unit 2, upper processing layer 3, PHY
(PHYsical) 4.

MAC1 is an OSI (Open System)
ms Interconnection) belongs to the data link layer in the network architecture of the reference model, and mainly performs control processing for accessing a medium.

The power supply unit 2 has a function of indicating whether there is enough power, and outputs a signal indicating whether there is enough power to the MAC 1 via the signal line 120. For example, if the terminal can be driven by a commercial AC power supply and a battery, the voltage from the AC power supply is monitored by a voltage detector,
If the detected voltage is equal to or higher than a preset reference voltage, it is determined that there is enough power, and the fact
Notify. If the detected voltage is lower than the reference voltage, it is determined that there is no margin in power, and the
Notify C1.

On the other hand, when the terminal is driven only by a battery, if a terminal whose electromotive voltage drops due to power consumption such as an alkaline battery is used as a power source, the voltage from the battery is detected by a voltage detector in the same manner as described above. When the detected voltage is equal to or higher than a preset reference voltage, it is determined that there is a margin in power, and when the detected voltage is less than the reference voltage, it is determined that there is no margin in power. Notify.

The upper processing layer 3 indicates a network layer, a transport layer, a session layer, a presentation layer, and an application layer which are layers higher than the MAC1. Transmission data from the upper processing layer 3 is transmitted to the MAC 1 via the signal line 130, and received data is transmitted from the MAC 1 to the upper processing layer 3 via the signal line 102.

PHY 4 provides a means for transmitting bit strings using a physical medium as a layer below MAC 1. M
The data from AC1 is transmitted to PHY4 via signal line 103, and the data is transmitted from PHY4 to another terminal at the other end.

The received data from the PHY 4 is transmitted to the signal line 141
To MAC1. In particular, if the data transmission medium is a one-channel wireless medium or a shared-bus type such as Ethernet, P is used to indicate whether or not the medium is used.
The information is transmitted from HY4 to MAC1 via signal line 140.

The inside of the MAC 1 is roughly divided into three parts: a transmission unit, a reception unit, and a management data processing unit. First, in the transmission unit, the user packet transmission processing unit 11 performs M transmission on data input from the upper processing layer 3 via the signal line 130.
The information of the AC layer is added, and the CSM
A / CA (Carrier Sense Multip)
le Access with Collision
(Avoidance) processing unit 13.

The CSMA / CA processing unit 13 is the data transferred from the user packet transmission processing unit 11 or the frame assembling unit 1 transmitted through the signal line 109.
8 is received via the signal line 103 according to the CSMA / CA algorithm.
Tell HY4. In this case, the data from the frame assembling unit 18 is exchanged with another terminal (not shown) inside the MAC1.
This is data for managing the interval between "1" and "1".

The algorithm of CSMA / CA is that each terminal draws a random number when the output of data on the medium is likely to collide, and if the medium is not used while waiting for data output for a time proportional to the random number, the medium is used. Is an algorithm that accesses The period during which the random number is subtracted and waited is called a back-off period.

The CSMA / CA processing unit 13 has a PHY to check the use state of the medium for data transfer.
4 transmits information indicating the use state of the medium through a signal line 140.

Further, the CSMA / CA processing unit 13
The random number for executing the SMA / CA algorithm is
It is input from the random number generation unit 14 via the signal line 104.
Upon receiving an instruction from the beacon generator 20 via the signal line 111, the random number generator 14 varies the range of random numbers generated according to the instruction.

Next, in the receiving section, the data received by the PHY 4 is transmitted to the packet selector 1 via the signal line 141.
It is conveyed to 5. The packet selector 15 determines whether the received data is data to be processed in the MAC 1 or data to be processed in the upper processing layer 3.

When the packet selector 15 determines that the received data is management data to be processed in the MAC 1, the packet selector 15 transmits the management data to the frame analyzer 16 via the signal line 105. The frame analyzer 16 receives the data from the packet selector 15 and stores the data in the other management frame processor 1.
7 is to be sent to the signal line 10
7 to the other management frame processing unit 17, and the data from the packet selector 15 is transmitted to the synchronization timer processing unit 19.
If it is data (mainly a beacon) to be transmitted to the synchronization timer processing unit 19, the data is transmitted to the synchronization timer processing unit 19 through the signal line 107.

When the packet selector 15 determines that the received data is data to be processed by the upper processing layer 3, the packet selector 15 transmits the data to the user packet reception processing unit 12 via the signal line 106. The user packet reception processing unit 12 converts the data from the packet selector 15 into data in a format that can be processed by the upper processing layer 3, and transmits the converted data to the upper processing layer 3 via the signal line 102.

The management data processing section includes a management frame processing section 17 for managing management information for authentication between terminals and data encryption, and the like, and a synchronization timer processing section 19.
The other management frame processing unit 17 manages the inside of the MAC 1 based on the management data from the frame analysis unit 16, and manages the response to a request from another terminal and the management information of the own terminal to notify the other terminal of the management information. The information is transmitted to the frame assembling section 18 through the signal line 108.

When the frame assembling unit 18 receives data from the other management frame processing unit 17 through the signal line 108 and receives data from the beacon generation unit 20 through the signal line 112, it adds information as a MAC unit to the data. , CSMA / CA through signal line 109
Notify the processing unit 13.

The synchronization timer unit 19 has a timer for synchronizing terminals (not shown) constituting a network. Since this timer is counted by the local oscillator of each terminal, the timer is shifted between the terminals.

Therefore, in order to synchronize the timer between the terminals, it is necessary for any one of the terminals to output the timer value on the beacon at regular intervals and output the value of the timer. To the beacon generator 20 via the signal line 110.

The beacon generator 20 generates a beacon at regular intervals from the value of the timer output from the synchronization timer 19,
The beacon is transmitted to the frame assembling unit 18 through the signal line 112.

At this time, the beacon generator 20
The signal indicating whether or not there is a margin in the electric power sent from the signal line 120 from the signal line 120 is checked through the signal line 111 to instruct a signal to reduce the range of the generated random numbers if the electric power has a margin. Tell 14.

When the beacon generator 20 receives a beacon from the frame analyzer 16 via the signal line 107,
The value of the timer is adjusted based on the time information included in the beacon, and synchronization is established between the terminals constituting the network.

FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing the configuration of the random number generator 14 of FIG. In the figure, a random number generator 14 generates a random number from 1 to 255 using an m-sequence.
1 and a divider 47 for obtaining the remainder of 4 in which the range of random numbers generated in accordance with the signal indicating the instruction from the beacon generation unit 20 input through the signal line 111 is determined.

The random number generator 41 includes an oscillator 42, a shift register 43 including eight flip-flops (F),
The exclusive OR circuit 44 to 46,
7 is configured to include AND circuits 48 to 53.

A clock generated by the oscillator 42 is supplied to each flip-flop of the shift register 43, and a shift operation is performed based on the clock. Shift register 43
The first stage flip-flop receives the output of the exclusive OR circuit 44, sends its value to the next stage, and outputs the value to the divider 47.

The flip-flop in the second stage of the shift register 43 receives the value of the flip-flop in the first stage, sends the value to the next stage, and outputs the value to the exclusive OR circuit 4.
4 and a divider 47.

The third-stage flip-flop of the shift register 43 receives the value of the second-stage flip-flop, sends the value to the next stage, and outputs the value to the exclusive OR circuit 4.
5 and a divider 47.

The fourth stage flip-flop of the shift register 43 receives the value of the third stage flip-flop, sends the value to the next stage, and outputs the value to the exclusive OR circuit 4.
6 and a divider 47.

The fifth stage flip-flop of the shift register 43 receives the value of the fourth stage flip-flop, sends the value to the next stage, and outputs the value to the divider 47. The flip-flop in the sixth stage of the shift register 43 receives the value of the flip-flop in the fifth stage, sends the value to the next stage, and outputs the value to the divider 47.

The seventh-stage flip-flop of the shift register 43 inputs the value of the sixth-stage flip-flop, sends the value to the next stage, and outputs the value to the divider 47. The eighth stage flip-flop of the shift register 43 receives the value of the seventh stage flip-flop, sends the value to the next stage, and outputs the value to the exclusive OR circuit 46 and the divider 47.

The exclusive OR circuit 44 includes a shift register 4
The exclusive OR operation of the output of the second-stage flip-flop 3 and the output of the exclusive-OR circuit 45 is performed, and the operation result is output to the first-stage flip-flop of the shift register 43.

The exclusive OR circuit 45 includes the shift register 4
The exclusive-OR operation is performed on the output of the third-stage flip-flop 3 and the output of the exclusive-OR circuit 46, and the result is output to the exclusive-OR circuit 44.

The exclusive OR circuit 46 includes the shift register 4
The exclusive-OR operation of the output of the third-stage flip-flop 3 and the output of the eighth-stage flip-flop of the shift register 43 is performed, and the operation result is output to the exclusive-OR circuit 45.

The divider 47 outputs the outputs of the first-stage and second-stage flip-flops of the shift register 43 as they are to the outside. The AND circuit 48 of the divider 47 performs an AND operation on the signal indicating the instruction from the beacon generator 20 and the output of the third flip-flop of the shift register 43, and outputs the operation result to the outside. .

The AND circuit 49 performs an AND operation on a signal indicating an instruction from the beacon generator 20 and the output of the fourth flip-flop of the shift register 43, and outputs the operation result to the outside.

The AND circuit 50 performs an AND operation on a signal indicating an instruction from the beacon generator 20 and the output of the fifth flip-flop of the shift register 43, and outputs the operation result to the outside.

The AND circuit 51 performs an AND operation on a signal indicating an instruction from the beacon generator 20 and the output of the sixth flip-flop of the shift register 43, and outputs the operation result to the outside.

The AND circuit 52 performs an AND operation on the signal indicating the instruction from the beacon generator 20 and the output of the seventh flip-flop of the shift register 43, and outputs the operation result to the outside.

The AND circuit 53 performs an AND operation on the signal indicating the instruction from the beacon generator 20 and the output of the eighth flip-flop of the shift register 43, and outputs the operation result to the outside.

Therefore, when the signal indicating the instruction from the beacon generator 20 becomes “1” when there is not enough power, the random number generator 14 outputs the value (8-bit value) of each flip-flop of the shift register 43. Is output, so
Generate a random number from 1 to 255.

On the other hand, when the signal indicating the instruction from the beacon generation unit 20 becomes “0” when there is sufficient power, the random number generation unit 14 causes the first stage and second stage flip-flops of the shift register 43. Since it is only the value of the group (2-bit value), a random number from 0 to 3 is generated.

Therefore, if the power supply section 2 has a sufficient power, the random number generation section 14 generates a random number from 0 to 3, that is, the range of the generated random number becomes small.
The beacon generated by the beacon generator 20 is transmitted in a shorter backoff period than other terminals.

FIG. 3 is a diagram showing an example of beacon output according to one embodiment of the present invention. The figure shows the operation of outputting a beacon from each of the terminals a to c when a network is configured with terminals a and b having no power margin and a terminal c having margin power. Each of the terminals a to c has a configuration as shown in FIG.

Each of the terminals a to c tries to output a beacon at fixed time intervals, but the terminal c, which has a margin of power, has a margin of power of the power supply unit 2. Is limited to small.

Therefore, before the terminals a and b try to generate a beacon, the beacon from the terminal c is first output on the medium, so that the terminals a and b do not generate a beacon. As a result, the terminals a and b that cannot afford power
Thus, power consumption due to generation of a beacon can be prevented.

As described above, when the power supply unit 2 detects that the power of its own terminal has a margin, it outputs the beacon with priority over the other terminals, so that the terminals forming the local area network By adding a terminal having a sufficient power to the inside, it is possible to suppress the power consumption by the output of the beacon in the other terminals having a small power.

As a result, it is possible to extend the use time even for a terminal having insufficient power, so that it is possible to maintain the local area network for a long time even if the constituent terminals include terminals having insufficient power. Become.

[0061]

As described above, according to the present invention, in a local area network in which the constituent terminals share and output a beacon that is output by the constituent terminals for synchronizing between the terminals, there is a margin for the power of the own terminal. Control to output a beacon with higher priority than other constituent terminals when it is detected that a local area network is maintained for a long time even if constituent terminals include terminals with insufficient power. There is an effect that can be.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing the configuration of an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration of a random number generation unit in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a diagram showing an example of beacon output according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[Explanation of symbols]

 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 MAC 2 Power supply part 3 Upper processing layer 4 PHY 13 CSMA / CA processing part 14 Random number generation part 16 Frame analysis part 18 Frame assembling part 19 Synchronization timer processing part 20 Beacon generation part

Claims (3)

[Claims]
1. A power saving control system for a local area network in which a constituent terminal shares and outputs a beacon output by a constituent terminal for synchronizing between the terminals, wherein the power of the terminal is sufficient. Detecting means for detecting whether or not there is a margin in the power of the own terminal by the detecting means, and control means for controlling to output the beacon in preference to other constituent terminals when the detecting means has the margin. A power saving control system provided in at least one of the terminals.
2. A local area network power saving control system in which a constituent terminal shares and outputs a beacon output by a constituent terminal for synchronization between terminals based on a back-off period based on a random number. Detecting means for detecting whether there is enough power in the terminal, and outputting the beacon with priority over other constituent terminals when the detecting means detects that there is enough power in the terminal itself. A power saving control system, comprising: a control unit for controlling at least one of the constituent terminals.
3. The apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the control means includes means for controlling the back-off period to be shorter when the detecting means detects that the terminal has sufficient power. Power saving control system.
JP28904095A 1995-11-08 1995-11-08 Power saving control system for local area network Expired - Fee Related JP2708028B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP28904095A JP2708028B2 (en) 1995-11-08 1995-11-08 Power saving control system for local area network

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP28904095A JP2708028B2 (en) 1995-11-08 1995-11-08 Power saving control system for local area network

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH09135254A true JPH09135254A (en) 1997-05-20
JP2708028B2 JP2708028B2 (en) 1998-02-04

Family

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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