JPH08331605A - Stereoscopic display device - Google Patents

Stereoscopic display device

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Publication number
JPH08331605A
JPH08331605A JP13228295A JP13228295A JPH08331605A JP H08331605 A JPH08331605 A JP H08331605A JP 13228295 A JP13228295 A JP 13228295A JP 13228295 A JP13228295 A JP 13228295A JP H08331605 A JPH08331605 A JP H08331605A
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eye
left
right
liquid crystal
optical filter
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JP13228295A
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JP3096613B2 (en )
Inventor
Takashi Ikeda
Takeshi Masutani
Masahiro Sakata
政弘 坂田
健 増谷
貴司 池田
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Sanyo Electric Co Ltd
三洋電機株式会社
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Abstract

PURPOSE: To provide a sharp stereoscopic image even with liquid crystal having color filters in the form of longitudinal stripes by providing an optical filter for which picture elements for left eye and picture elements for right eye are alternately arranged in all rows and columns, opening parts are provided corresponding to both the picture elements and beams from both the picture elements are splitted and emitted.
CONSTITUTION: A liquid crystal panel 2 is arranged on the front surface of a planar light unit 1, and an optical filter 6 having check-shaped opening parts corresponding to the arrangement of picture elements on this panel 2 is arranged on the observer side of the liquid crystal panel 2. Concerning the liquid crystal panel 2, the color filters are arranged in the form of longitudinal stripes so as to sharply display the longitudinal lines of images. Images in R, G and B are successively displayed in the direction of columns on the panel 2 but images for right eye and left eye are alternately displayed at adjacent picture elements in both column and row directions. Respective opening parts 61 of the optical filter 6 transmit the beams from the picture elements to be watched by left and right eyes and shield parts 62 shield the beams from the picture elements to be hidden.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1996,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION 【産業上の利用分野】 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

【0001】この発明は、特殊な眼鏡を必要とせずに立体映像を鑑賞できる立体表示装置に関し、特に縦ストライプ状のカラーフィルタを用いたカラー液晶パネルを映像表示パネルとして用いた場合に鮮明な立体映像を得ることができる立体表示装置に関するものである。 [0001] This invention relates to a stereoscopic display device capable of viewing a stereoscopic image without requiring special glasses, clear stereoscopic when using a color liquid crystal panel, in particular with vertical stripes of the color filter as an image display panel it relates stereoscopic display device capable of obtaining an image.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来から特殊な眼鏡を必要とせずに立体映像を鑑賞できる装置として知られているパララックスバリア方式の立体表示装置は、図15に示すように、例えば映像表示パネルとしての液晶パネル2の観察者側に、開口部41と遮光部42とが縦ストライプ状に交互に配置されたパララックスバリア4が設けられ、平面状に発光する光源装置1から出射された光が液晶パネル2 BACKGROUND ART stereoscopic display device of a parallax barrier method conventionally known as a device capable of viewing a stereoscopic image without requiring special glasses, as shown in FIG. 15, for example, a liquid crystal as an image display panel the viewer side of the panel 2, the parallax barrier 4, which are arranged alternately in the openings 41 the light shielding portion 42 Togatate stripe is provided, the emitted light is a liquid crystal panel from the light source device 1 which emits planar 2
を透過し、この液晶パネル2に表示された映像をパララックスバリア4を介して観察する。 Transmitted through, the image displayed on the liquid crystal panel 2 is observed through the parallax barrier 4.

【0003】上記液晶パネル2上には、図16のように右目用画像と左目用画像が縦ストライプ状に交互に並んで表示され、”右”と書かれた画素列に表示される右目用映像と、”左”と書かれた画素列に表示される左目用映像をパララックスバリア4により分離して観測し、視差を生じさせることにより立体映像を得ている。 [0003] On the liquid crystal panel 2, for the right eye displayed on the pixel trains of the right eye image and the left eye image is displayed side by side alternately in a vertical stripe shape, that says "right" as in Figure 16 video, the left-eye image displayed on the pixel trains that says "left" and separately observed by the parallax barrier 4, to obtain a stereoscopic image by generating a parallax.

【0004】そして、上記パララックスバリアの1つの開口部41に2列以上の画素列を対応させた方式、いわゆる多眼式の場合には、より広い範囲で立体映像が観測できる。 [0004] Then, a method that associates the pixel columns of two or more rows into one opening 41 of the parallax barrier, in the case of the so-called multiview can observe stereoscopic images in a wider range. 図17に、4眼式の立体表示装置の構成を示す。 17 shows a configuration of a 4-eye type stereoscopic display device. この図において、液晶パネル2の画素21〜24がそれぞれ4つの視点A〜Dに対応している。 In this figure, the pixels 21-24 of the liquid crystal panel 2 corresponds to four perspectives A~D respectively.

【0005】ところで、パーソナルコンピューター等のディスプレイ装置として用いられる液晶パネル2は、映像の縦線を鮮明に表示するためにカラーフィルタの配列が図18に示すような縦ストライプ状になっている。 Meanwhile, the liquid crystal panel 2 used as a display device such as a personal computer, the arrangement of the color filter has a vertical stripe shape as shown in FIG. 18 in order to clearly display the vertical lines of the image. この図において、”R”、”G”、”B”はそれぞれレッド、グリーン、ブルーのカラーフィルタが対応した画素を表す。 In this figure, "R", "G", "B" respectively represent red, green, and pixels having a color filter corresponding to blue.

【0006】この液晶パネル2を用いて立体表示を行う場合には、右目用画像と左目用画像がブラック部を挟んで縦ストライプ状に交互に並んで表示される。 [0006] When performing stereoscopic display by using the liquid crystal panel 2, the right-eye image and the left eye image are displayed side by side alternately in a vertical stripe shape across the black portion. すなわち、”右”と書かれた画素に右目用の映像が、”左”と書かれた画素に左目用の映像が表示され、上記パララックスバリア4により、左右の映像が分離される。 That is, the image for the right eye pixels that says "right" is, images for the left eye is displayed on the pixel that says "left", by the parallax barrier 4, left and right images are separated.

【0007】このような立体表示装置では、左右の目はそれぞれ図19、図20に示すように、水平方向の解像度が半分の縦ストライプ状のカラーフィルタが用いられた液晶パネル上に表示された映像と同等の映像を観察することになる。 [0007] In such a stereoscopic display apparatus, FIG. 19, respectively left and right eyes, as shown in FIG. 20, is displayed on the liquid crystal panel which is horizontal resolution vertical striped color filter half is used It will observe the same image and video. 例えば、画素ピッチが0.11mmの液晶パネルを用いたパララックスバリア方式立体表示装置の場合、左右の目はそれぞれ画素ピッチが0.22mm For example, if the pixel pitch of the parallax barrier type stereoscopic display apparatus using a liquid crystal panel of 0.11 mm, the left and right eyes respectively the pixel pitch 0.22mm
の液晶パネル上の映像を見ているのと同等になる。 It becomes equivalent to looking at a video on the liquid crystal panel of.

【0008】また、従来の特殊な眼鏡を必要とせずに立体映像を鑑賞できる別の方式として、図21のように縦ストライプ状の遮光部をもつ光学フィルタ3を液晶パネル2と光源装置1の間に配置する立体表示装置がある。 [0008] As another method capable stereoscopic perception without requiring conventional special glasses, the optical filter 3 with vertical stripe-shaped light shielding portions of the liquid crystal panel 2 and the light source device 1 as shown in FIG. 21 there are three-dimensional display device disposed between.
この方式においてもパララックスバリア方式の場合と同様に、左右の目は水平方向の解像度が半分の縦ストライプ状のカラーフィルタが用いられた液晶パネル上に表示された映像と同等の映像を観察することになる。 As with the parallax barrier system in this manner, the left and right eyes observe the same image and the displayed image in the horizontal resolution liquid crystal panel in which vertical stripes of the color filter half is used It will be.

【0009】従来のさらに別の方式として、図22のように液晶パネル2の観察者側に縦ストライプ状の遮光部をもつ光学フィルタ4を配置し、さらに液晶パネル2と光源装置1の間に縦ストライプ状の遮光部をもつ光学フィルタ3を配置する立体表示装置がある。 [0009] As a conventional still another method, between the liquid crystal panel 2 of the optical filter 4 having a vertical stripe-shaped light shielding portion is disposed at the viewer side and further the liquid crystal panel 2 and the light source device 1 as shown in FIG. 22 there are three-dimensional display device to place the optical filter 3 with vertical stripe-shaped light shielding portion. この方式においてもパララックスバリア方式の場合と同様に、左右の目は水平方向の解像度が半分の縦ストライプ状のカラーフィルタが用いられた液晶パネル上に表示された映像と同等の映像を観察することになる。 As with the parallax barrier system in this manner, the left and right eyes observe the same image and the displayed image in the horizontal resolution liquid crystal panel in which vertical stripes of the color filter half is used It will be.

【0010】 [0010]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】ところで、一般に人間の目は青色に対する感度が悪いため、上記の様な映像ではカラーフィルタの青の部分の暗さが目立ち、黒い縦縞が存在するように感じられるという問題がある。 The object of the invention is to be Solved by the way, is generally the human eye for sensitivity to blue is bad, feels like in the video, such as described above noticeable dark blue portion of the color filter, there is a black vertical stripes there is a problem in that.

【0011】この発明は、上記の事情を鑑みてなされたものであり、カラーフィルタが縦ストライプ状の液晶パネルを用いた場合でも鮮明な立体映像を得ることができる立体表示装置を提供することを目的とするものである。 [0011] The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, is to provide a stereoscopic display device capable of obtaining a clear stereoscopic image even when the color filter using a vertical stripe liquid crystal panel it is an object of the present invention.

【課題を解決するための手段】 In order to solve the problems]

【0012】この発明の第1の立体表示装置は、右目用映像を表示する右目用画素と左目用映像を表示する左目用画素をすべての行とすべての列で交互に並ぶように配置された映像表示パネルと、この映像表示パネルの観察者側に配置され、前記右目用画素と左目用画素に対応した開口部を有し、前記右目用画素と左目用画素からの光を分離し観察者側に出光する光学フィルタと、を備えてなる。 [0012] The first three-dimensional display device of the present invention have been alternately arranged left-eye pixels for displaying right-eye pixels and the left-eye image to display a right-eye video in all rows and all columns and the image display panel, this is arranged on the observer side of the image display panel, wherein a right-eye pixel and an opening corresponding to the left-eye pixels, wherein the separating the light from the right-eye pixels and the left-eye pixels observer consisting includes an optical filter that Idemitsu the side, a.

【0013】この発明の第2の立体表示装置は、平面状に発光する光源装置と、右目用映像を表示する右目用画素と左目用映像を表示する左目用画素をすべての行とすべての列で交互に並ぶように配置された光透過型映像表示パネルと、前記光源装置と映像表示パネルの間に配置され、前記右目用画素と左目用画素に対応した開口部を有し、前記光源装置からの光を分離する光学フィルタと、を備えてなる。 A second three-dimensional display device includes a light source device which emits planar, all rows and all columns left eye pixels for displaying right-eye pixels and the left-eye image to display a right-eye video of the invention a light transmissive image display panel disposed so as to be aligned alternately in the disposed between the light source unit and the image display panel has an opening corresponding to the right-eye pixels and the left-eye pixels, wherein the light source device an optical filter for separating light from, consisting comprise.

【0014】この発明の第3の立体表示装置は、平面状に発光する光源装置と、右目用映像を表示する右目用画素と左目用映像を表示する左目用画素をすべての行とすべての列で交互に並ぶように配置された光透過型映像表示パネルと、前記光源装置と映像表示パネルの間に配置され、前記右目用画素と左目用画素に対応した開口部を有し、前記光源装置からの光を分離する第2の光学フィルタと、前記映像表示パネルの観察者側に配置され、前記右目用画素と左目用画素に対応した開口部を有し、前記右目用画素と左目用画素からの光を分離し観察者側に出光する第1の光学フィルタと、を備えてなる。 A third of the three-dimensional display device includes a light source device which emits planar, all rows and all columns left eye pixels for displaying right-eye pixels and the left-eye image to display a right-eye video of the invention a light transmissive image display panel disposed so as to be aligned alternately in the disposed between the light source unit and the image display panel has an opening corresponding to the right-eye pixels and the left-eye pixels, wherein the light source device a second optical filter for separating the light from said disposed on the viewer's side of the image display panel has an opening corresponding to the right-eye pixels and the left-eye pixels, wherein the right-eye pixels and the left-eye pixels a first optical filter to the light exit to the viewer side light separated from, consisting comprise.

【0015】 [0015]

【作用】この発明によれば、使用する液晶パネルの水平方向の画素ピッチと同じ水平方向の画素ピッチをもつ液晶パネルに表示する映像と同等の映像を、左右のそれぞれの目が観察することになる。 SUMMARY OF] According to the present invention, an image equivalent to the image to be displayed on the liquid crystal panel having the same horizontal pixel pitch in the horizontal direction of the pixel pitch of the liquid crystal panel used in the respective left and right eyes to observe Become. 従って、水平方向の画素列数の減少がなく、従来のように縦縞が存在するように感じることはない。 Therefore, no horizontal pixel number of columns decrease, conventional will not feel like vertical stripes are present as.

【0016】 [0016]

【実施例】以下、この発明の実施例を図面に基づいて具体的に説明する。 EXAMPLES The following specifically described based on the embodiments of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings. 図1は、この発明の第1の実施例の立体表示装置の分解斜視図であり、平面状の光源装置1の前面に液晶パネル2が配置され、この液晶パネル2の画素配列に対応してチェック状の開口部をもつ光学フィルタ6が、液晶パネル2の観察者側に配置されている。 Figure 1 is an exploded perspective view of the stereoscopic display apparatus of the first embodiment of the present invention, the liquid crystal panel 2 is disposed in front of the flat light source device 1, corresponding to the pixel arrangement of the liquid crystal panel 2 optical filter 6 having a check-shaped opening is disposed on the viewer side of the liquid crystal panel 2.

【0017】図2はこの発明の立体映像表示パネルを模式的に示した拡大平面図である。 [0017] FIG. 2 is an enlarged plan view of a stereoscopic image display panel schematically illustrating the present invention. 図中の四角枠は、1つの画素に対応させている。 Square frame in the figure to correspond to one pixel. この実施例における液晶パネル2は、映像の縦線を鮮明に表示するためにカラーフィルタの配列が縦ストライプ状になっている。 Liquid crystal panel 2 in this embodiment, the color filter arrangement is in vertical stripes in order to clearly display the vertical lines of the image. この図において、”R”、”G”、”B”はそれぞれレッド、グリーン、ブルーのカラーフィルタが対応した画素を表す。 In this figure, "R", "G", "B" respectively represent red, green, and pixels having a color filter corresponding to blue.

【0018】この実施例においては、図2に示すように、液晶パネル2上の映像は、右目用映像を表示する画素と左目用映像を表示する画素が、全ての行M1、M2 [0018] In this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, the image on the liquid crystal panel 2, the pixel and pixels displaying left eye image for displaying the right-eye video, all rows M1, M2
…と全ての列N1、N2…で交互に並ぶように表示される。 ... and all of the columns N1, N2 ... in is displayed so as to be arranged alternately. この実施例では、1番目の列N1には、レッド(R)の画像が表示され、このN1列のレッドの画像は行方向の一番目M1に右目用、2番目の行M2に左目用と行方向M1、M2…に対して右目用画像と左目用画像が交互に表示される。 In this embodiment, the first column N1, displays the images of red (R), red image of N1 rows and for the left eye to a first M1 in the row direction for the right eye, the second line M2 right eye image and the left eye image are displayed alternately with respect to the row direction M1, M2 .... また、2番目の列N2には、グリーン(G)の画像が表示され、このN2列のグリーンの画像は行方向の一番目M1に左目用、2番目の行M2には右目用と行方向M1、M2…に対して左目用画像と右目用画像が交互に表示される。 Further, in the second column N2, displays the image of the green (G), and the left-eye and the second eye and the row direction in the row M2 this N2 rows of green image to a first M1 in the row direction M1, M2 ... left eye image and the right eye image to appear alternately. さらに、3番目の列N3 In addition, the third column N3
には、ブルー(B)の画像が表示され、このN3列のブルーの画像は行方向の一番目M1に右目用、2番目の行M2に左目用と行方向M1、M2…に対して右目用画像と左目用画像が交互に表示される。 The right eye is displayed blue image (B), blue images of the N3 columns for the right eye to a first M1 in the row direction, for the second in line M2 and the left-eye row direction M1, M2 ... use image and left eye image are alternately displayed. 以下、全ての行M Below, all of the rows M
1、M2…と全ての列N1、N2…で右目用映像を表示する画素と左目用映像を表示する画素が交互に並ぶように表示される。 1, M2 ... and all of the columns N1, N2 ... pixel displaying pixels and the left-eye image to display a right-eye video in is displayed so as to be aligned alternately.

【0019】従って、この液晶パネル2には列方向にレッド、グリーン、ブルーと順次画像が表示されるが、 [0019] Thus, red column direction in the liquid crystal panel 2, green, and blue sequentially image is displayed,
列、行両方向とも隣り合う画素は右目用画像と左目用画像が交互に表示される。 Column adjacent pixels even row both directions right eye image and the left eye image are displayed alternately.

【0020】図3は、液晶パネル2の前面に配置される光学フィルタを模式的に示した拡大平面図であり、この図に示すように、光学フィルタ6は液晶パネル2の右目、左眼の画素からそれぞれ出光される光を分離するために、画素形状に対応してチェック状に開口部61と遮光部62が交互に配置されている。 [0020] Figure 3 is an enlarged plan view of the optical filter shown schematically disposed on the front surface of the liquid crystal panel 2, as shown in this figure, the optical filter 6 of the liquid crystal panel 2 the right eye, the left eye to separate the light respectively Idemitsu from the pixel, the light blocking portion 62 are alternately arranged in an opening 61 in the check shape corresponding to the pixel shape. この光学フィルタ6 The optical filter 6
の1つの開口部61は液晶パネル2の2画素に対応し、 One opening 61 of corresponding two pixels of the liquid crystal panel 2,
観察者の右目(左目)からは右目用(左目用)の画素のみが見え、左目用(右目用)画素は遮光部に隠れて見えないようになっている。 From the viewer's right eye (left eye) of only the pixels for the right eye (left eye) is visible for the left eye (right eye) pixels are prevented hidden by the shading portion. この結果、観察者は左目では図4に示すように、右目では図5で示すように画面を見ることになる。 As a result, the observer as in the left eye shown in FIG. 4, will see a screen as shown in FIG. 5 is a right eye. この場合の水平方向の画素列のピッチは、 Pitch in the horizontal direction of the pixel columns in this case,
使用する液晶パネル2の画素ピッチと同じである。 Is the same as the pixel pitch of the liquid crystal panel 2 to be used. 従って水平方向の画素列数の減少がなく、従来のように縦縞が存在するように感じることはない。 Therefore no horizontal pixel number of columns decrease, conventional will not feel like vertical stripes are present as.

【0021】ところで、光学フィルタ6のそれぞれの開口部61は、左右の目が見るべき画素からの光を透過し、遮光部62は隠れるべき画素からの光を遮っていればよいので、図6のようにそれぞれが離れていてもよく、また図7のようにそれぞれが重なっていてもよい。 [0021] Incidentally, each of the openings 61 of the optical filter 6 transmits the light from the pixel to look left and right eyes, because the light shielding unit 62 only needs to block the light from the pixels to hide, 6 it may be separated, respectively, as of, or may be overlapped each as shown in Figure 7.

【0022】観察位置での観察者の視点数が2より大きい多眼式の場合にもこの発明は適用される。 The number of viewpoints of the observer at the observation position even the invention in the case of greater than 2 multiview applies. 図8は4眼式の立体表示装置の場合の液晶パネル2上の映像表示である。 Figure 8 is a video display on the liquid crystal panel 2 in the case of 4-eye type stereoscopic display device. 21〜24で表されたのがそれぞれ4つの視点に対応する映像を表示する画素である。 Was expressed in 21 to 24 is a pixel displaying an image corresponding to the four viewpoints. この場合の光学フィルタ6は図9のようになる。 The optical filter 6 in this case is as shown in FIG.

【0023】液晶パネル上の映像は、例えば図10のように表示してもよい。 [0023] The image on the liquid crystal panel may be displayed as shown in FIG. 10 for example. この場合光学フィルタは、図11 In this case the optical filter 11
のようになる。 become that way.

【0024】これらの他にも画像の表示方法は考えられるが、いずれの場合も観察位置のそれぞれの視点位置から、対応する映像を表示している画素がすべて見え、その他の映像を表示する画素が隠れるように光学フィルタを形成すればよい。 The pixel is considered how to display the images In addition to these, from each viewpoint position of the observer location In either case, the pixels displaying the corresponding video is visible all, to display the other image it may be formed an optical filter so as to be hidden is.

【0025】ところで、この発明の光学フィルタ6の開口部61のピッチは以下のように算出される。 By the way, the pitch of the openings 61 of the optical filter 6 of the present invention is calculated as follows.

【0026】一般に、観察位置の視点数をN,液晶パネルの水平方向の画素ピッチをP、垂直方向のピッチをQ、観察者の眼間距離をE、光学フィルタ6の水平方向の開口ピッチをBh、光学フィルタ6の垂直方向の開口ピッチをBv、光学フィルタ6の各行における水平方向の開口ピッチをBoとすると、それぞれの関係は下記の通りになる。 [0026] Generally, the number of viewpoints of the observation position N, P in the horizontal direction of the pixel pitch of the liquid crystal panel, the pitch of the vertical direction Q, the observer's interocular distance E, the horizontal opening pitch of the optical filter 6 bh, Bv the vertical aperture pitch of the optical filter 6, when Bo horizontal aperture pitch in each row of the optical filter 6, each relationship is as follows.

【0027】 [0027]

【数1】Bo=N・P・E/(E+P) …(1) [Number 1] Bo = N · P · E / (E + P) ... (1)

【0028】 [0028]

【数2】Bh=P・E/(E+P) …(2) [Number 2] Bh = P · E / (E + P) ... (2)

【0029】 [0029]

【数3】Bv=E・Q/(E+P) …(3) [Number 3] Bv = E · Q / (E + P) ... (3)

【0030】従って、上記関係式に基づいて光学フィルタ6の水平方向の開口ピッチをBh、垂直方向の開口ピッチをBv、各行における水平方向の開口ピッチをBo [0030] Therefore, Bh in the horizontal direction of the opening pitch of the optical filter 6 based on the above relationship, the vertical aperture pitch Bv, the horizontal opening pitch in each row Bo
を求めて、光学フィルター6を形成すれば良い。 The asking may be formed of the optical filter 6.

【0031】図12の分解斜視図に示すこの発明の第2 [0031] shown in the exploded perspective view of FIG. 12 the second of the present invention
の実施例に係る立体表示装置では、チェック状の開口部51をもつ光学フィルタ5が平面状の光源装置1と液晶パネル2の間に配置される。 In the stereoscopic display apparatus according to the embodiment, the optical filter 5 having a check-shaped opening 51 is arranged between the planar light source device 1 and the liquid crystal panel 2.

【0032】この場合、図13のように各画素の映像2 [0032] In this case, video 2 of each pixel as shown in FIG. 13
1〜24の並びは、第1の実施例の場合と逆の配置になるが、光学フィルタ5の外観は前記第1の実施例と同じである。 Sequence of 1 to 24, which is opposite the placement in the first embodiment, the appearance of the optical filter 5 is the same as the first embodiment.

【0033】第2の実施例のように構成した立体表示装置は一般に、観察位置の視点数をN、液晶パネルの水平方向の画素ピッチをP、垂直方向のピッチをQ、観察者の眼間距離をE、光学フィルタ5の水平方向の開口ピッチをBh、光学フィルタの垂直方向の開口ピッチをB [0033] Configuration stereoscopic display device is generally as in the second embodiment, the number of viewpoints of the observation position N, P in the horizontal direction of the pixel pitch of the liquid crystal panel, the pitch of the vertical direction Q, between the observer's eyes distance E, Bh in the horizontal direction of the opening pitch of the optical filter 5, a vertical direction of the opening pitch of the optical filter B
v、光学フィルタ5の各行における水平方向の開口ピッチをBoとすると、それぞれの関係は次の通りになる。 v, when the Bo horizontal aperture pitch in each row of the optical filter 5, each of the relations become as follows.

【0034】 [0034]

【数4】Bo=N・P・E/(E−P) …(4) [Number 4] Bo = N · P · E / (E-P) ... (4)

【0035】 [0035]

【数5】Bh=P・E/(E−P) …(5) [Number 5] Bh = P · E / (E-P) ... (5)

【0036】 [0036]

【数6】Bh=E・Q/(E−P) …(6) [6] Bh = E · Q / (E-P) ... (6)

【0037】従って、上記関係式に基づいて光学フィルタ5の水平方向の開口ピッチをBh、垂直方向の開口ピッチをBv、各行における水平方向の開口ピッチをBo [0037] Therefore, Bh in the horizontal direction of the opening pitch of the optical filter 5 based on the above relationship, the vertical aperture pitch Bv, the horizontal opening pitch in each row Bo
を求めて、光学フィルター5を形成すれば良い。 The seeking, may be formed an optical filter 5.

【0038】この実施例のその他の構成、作用ないし効果は上記の第1の実施例のそれらと同様であるので、重複を避けるためにこれらの説明は省略する。 [0038] Other configurations of this embodiment, since the action and effects are similar to those of the first embodiment described above, these descriptions to avoid duplication omitted.

【0039】図14の分解斜視図に示すこの発明の第3 The third of the present invention shown in the exploded perspective view of FIG. 14
の実施例に係る立体表示装置では、チェック状の開口部を持つ光学フィルタ6を液晶パネル2の観察者側に配置し、さらにチェック状の開口部を持つ光学フィルタ5を光源装置1と液晶パネル2の間に配置したものである。 Carried out in the three-dimensional display apparatus according to the embodiment, the check-shaped optical filter 6 having an opening disposed on the viewer side of the liquid crystal panel 2, further check light source device 1 of the optical filter 5 having an opening of a liquid crystal panel in which it arranged between the two.

【0040】液晶パネル2の観察者側に配置される光学フィルタ6の開口ピッチは(数式1)〜(数式3)により算出される。 The opening pitch of the optical filter 6 arranged on the viewer side of the liquid crystal panel 2 is calculated by (Equation 1) - (Equation 3). また、光源装置1と液晶パネル2の間に配置される光学フィルタ5の開口ピッチは(数式4)〜 The opening pitch of the optical filter 5 is disposed between the light source device 1 and the liquid crystal panel 2 (Equation 4) -
(数式6)により算出される。 It is calculated by (Equation 6).

【0041】この実施例のその他の構成、作用ないし効果は上記の第1の実施例のそれらと同様であるので、重複を避けるためにこれらの説明は省略する。 [0041] Other configurations of this embodiment, since the action and effects are similar to those of the first embodiment described above, these descriptions to avoid duplication will be omitted.

【0042】上述した各実施例において、液晶パネル2 [0042] In each embodiment described above, the liquid crystal panel 2
と光源装置1の間に配置される光学フィルタ5は、遮光部52をアルミニウムや銀、白塗料のような反射率の高い素材で形成してもよい。 An optical filter 5 is disposed between the light source device 1, the aluminum or silver shielding portion 52 may be formed with material having high reflectivity, such as white paint. また遮光部52の光源装置1 The light source device 1 of the light shielding portion 52
側をアルミニウムや銀、白塗料のような反射率の高い素材で形成し、液晶パネル2側をクロムや酸化クロム、黒塗料のような反射率の低い素材で形成してもよい。 Side aluminum or silver, formed with high reflectivity, such as white paint material, the liquid crystal panel 2 side as chromium or chromium oxide, may be formed by a low material reflectivity such as black paint. このような光学フィルタ5を用いると、光源装置1から発せられて遮光部52に当たった光が反射されて光源装置1 With such an optical filter 5, is emitted from the light source device 1 is reflected light impinging on the light shielding unit 52 light source apparatus 1
側に戻り、光源装置1のケースに当たり再び反射する。 Returning to side, again reflecting Upon light source device 1 of the case.
このような反射を繰り返し、ついには光学フィルタ5の開口部51を光が通過する。 Repeating such reflection, finally the opening 51 of the optical filter 5 is the light passes. この作用により光の利用効率が上がる。 The utilization efficiency of light is enhanced by this action.

【0043】また、この発明の光学フィルタ5、6は、 [0043] In addition, the optical filters 5 and 6 of the present invention,
例えばガラス基板上に塗布した感光剤の遮光部となる部分にレーザを照射して黒化し、黒化していない部分の感光剤を取り除くことで製造することができる。 For example, the portion made of a light shielding portion of the photosensitive agent applied on a glass substrate with a laser by irradiating blackened, can be produced by removing the photosensitive agent of the portion not blackened.

【0044】さらに、この発明の光学フィルタ5、6 [0044] In addition, the optical filters 5 and 6 of the present invention
は、スクリーン印刷やオフセット印刷等の印刷技術を用いて製造することもできる。 It can also be produced using printing techniques as screen printing or offset printing.

【0045】また、この発明の光学フィルタ5、6は、 [0045] In addition, the optical filters 5 and 6 of the present invention,
ガラス基板上にアルミニウムと酸化クロムを蒸着し、エッチングにより形成することで製造することもできる。 The aluminum and chromium oxide is deposited on a glass substrate, it can also be produced by forming by etching.

【0046】さらに、この発明の光学フィルタ5、6 [0046] In addition, the optical filters 5 and 6 of the present invention
は、ガラス基板上にニッケルと酸化クロムの遮光部を電着により形成することで製造することもできる。 It can also be prepared by forming a electrodeposition shielding portion of the nickel and chromium oxide on a glass substrate.

【0047】なお、上述した各実施例は、表示装置として液晶パネルを用いているが、液晶パネル以外に、CR [0047] Incidentally, the above-described embodiments, although a liquid crystal panel as a display device, in addition to the liquid crystal panel, CR
Tなどのよう発光型の表示装置を用いても同様の効果が得られる。 Similar effects by using a light-emitting display device such as T is obtained.

【0048】 [0048]

【発明の効果】以上説明したように、この発明によれば、液晶パネルのカラーフィルタが縦ストライプである場合に、左右の目は、画素列のピッチが、使用する液晶パネルの画素ピッチと同じである液晶パネルに表示する映像と同等の映像を観察することになる。 As described in the foregoing, according to the present invention, in the case of the liquid crystal panel color filters are vertical stripe, the right and left eyes, the pitch of the pixel columns, the same as the pixel pitch of the liquid crystal panel used It will observe an image equivalent to the image to be displayed on the liquid crystal panel is. 従って、水平方向の画素列数の減少がなく、感じられる縦縞は、使用する液晶パネルで感じられる縦縞と同等になる。 Therefore, no horizontal pixel number of columns decreases, it felt vertical stripes becomes equivalent to the vertical stripes to be felt in the liquid crystal panel used.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】この発明の第1の実施例を示す分解斜視図である。 1 is an exploded perspective view showing a first embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】この発明における液晶パネル上の映像表示を表す平面図である。 2 is a plan view showing an image display on the liquid crystal panel in the present invention.

【図3】この発明における光学フィルタの外観を表す平面図である。 3 is a plan view illustrating an appearance of the optical filter in the present invention.

【図4】この発明において左目が観察する映像を表す模式図である。 4 is a schematic diagram showing an image of the left eye observed in this invention.

【図5】この発明において右目が観察する映像を表す模式図である。 5 is a schematic diagram showing an image right eye is observed in the present invention.

【図6】この発明における別の光学フィルタの外観を表す平面図である。 6 is a plan view illustrating an appearance of another optical filter in the present invention.

【図7】この発明における更に別の光学フィルタの外観を表す平面図である。 7 is a plan view illustrating still another appearance of the optical filter in the present invention.

【図8】この発明の多眼式における液晶パネル上の映像表示を表す平面図である。 8 is a plan view showing an image display on the liquid crystal panel in the multiview system of the present invention.

【図9】この発明の多眼式における光学フィルタの外観を表す平面図である。 9 is a plan view illustrating an appearance of an optical filter in multiview of the present invention.

【図10】この発明の多眼式における別の液晶パネル上の映像表示を表す平面図である。 10 is a plan view showing an image display on another liquid crystal panel in the multiview system of the present invention.

【図11】この発明の多眼式における別の光学フィルタの外観を表す平面図である。 11 is a plan view illustrating an appearance of another optical filter in multiview of the present invention.

【図12】この発明の第2の実施例を示す分解斜視図である。 12 is an exploded perspective view showing a second embodiment of the present invention.

【図13】この発明の第2の実施例における液晶パネル上の映像表示を表す平面図である。 13 is a plan view showing an image display on the liquid crystal panel in the second embodiment of the present invention.

【図14】この発明の第3の実施例を示す分解斜視図である。 14 is an exploded perspective view showing a third embodiment of the present invention.

【図15】従来方式の原理を示す模式図である。 15 is a schematic diagram showing the principle of a conventional method.

【図16】従来方式における液晶パネル上の映像表示を表す平面図である。 16 is a plan view showing an image display on the liquid crystal panel in a conventional manner.

【図17】従来方式の多眼式の原理を示す模式図である。 17 is a schematic diagram showing the principle of a multiview system of the conventional system.

【図18】従来方式における液晶パネル上の映像表示を表す平面図である。 18 is a plan view showing an image display on the liquid crystal panel in a conventional manner.

【図19】従来方式において左目が観察する映像を表す模式図である。 19 is a schematic diagram showing an image left eye is observed in the conventional method.

【図20】従来方式において右目が観察する映像を表す模式図である。 Figure 20 is a schematic diagram showing an image right eye is observed in the conventional method.

【図21】別の従来方式の原理を示す模式図である。 It is a schematic diagram showing the principle of Figure 21 Another conventional method.

【図22】更に別の従来方式の原理を示す模式図である。 FIG. 22 is a further schematic view showing the principle of another conventional method.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 光源装置 2 液晶パネル 3 従来のパララックスバリア 4 従来の光学フィルタ 5 液晶パネルと光源装置の間に配置される光学フィルタ 6 観察者側に配置される光学フィルタ 1 light source device 2 liquid crystal panel 3 optical filter placed in the optical filter 6 observer side disposed between the conventional parallax barrier 4 conventional optical filter 5 liquid crystal panel and the light source device

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl. 6識別記号 庁内整理番号 FI 技術表示箇所 H04N 5/66 102 H04N 5/66 102A ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── front page continued (51) Int.Cl. 6 in identification symbol Agency Docket No. FI art display portion H04N 5/66 102 H04N 5/66 102A

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 右目用映像を表示する右目用画素と左目用映像を表示する左目用画素をすべての行とすべての列で交互に並ぶように配置された映像表示パネルと、この映像表示パネルの観察者側に配置され、前記右目用画素と左目用画素に対応した開口部を有し、前記右目用画素と左目用画素からの光を分離し観察者側に出光する光学フィルタと、を備えてなる立体表示装置。 1. A video display panel which is alternately arranged in all rows and all columns left eye pixels for displaying right-eye pixels and the left-eye image to display a right-eye video, the image display panel of being disposed on the viewer's side, the has a right-eye pixel and an opening corresponding to the left eye pixels and an optical filter for light output to the observer side of light separated from the right-eye pixels and the left-eye pixels, the stereoscopic display device including.
  2. 【請求項2】 平面状に発光する光源装置と、右目用映像を表示する右目用画素と左目用映像を表示する左目用画素をすべての行とすべての列で交互に並ぶように配置された光透過型映像表示パネルと、前記光源装置と映像表示パネルの間に配置され、前記右目用画素と左目用画素に対応した開口部を有し、前記光源装置からの光を分離する光学フィルタと、からなり、前記映像表示パネルの右目用画素を透過した光と左目用画素を透過した光とが分離された状態で観察者側に出光される立体表示装置。 2. A light source device which emits planar, are alternately arranged left-eye pixels for displaying right-eye pixels and the left-eye image to display a right-eye video in all rows and all columns a light transmissive image display panel, wherein disposed between the light source unit and the image display panel has an opening corresponding to the right-eye pixels and left-eye pixels, an optical filter for separating the light from said light source device from it, the stereoscopic display device and a light exiting toward the viewer side in a state of being separated transmitted light and left-eye pixels transmitted through the right eye pixels of the image display panel.
  3. 【請求項3】 前記映像表示パネルの観察者側に、映像表示パネルの右目用画素と左目用画素に対応した開口部を有する第2の光学フィルタを配置したことを特徴とする請求項2に記載の立体表示装置。 To 3. A viewer side of the display panel, to claim 2, characterized in that a second optical filter having an opening corresponding to the right eye pixels and left-eye pixels of the display panel stereoscopic display device according.
JP13228295A 1995-05-30 1995-05-30 Stereoscopic display device Expired - Lifetime JP3096613B2 (en)

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