JPH08136129A - Device for drying and processing moisture substance - Google Patents

Device for drying and processing moisture substance

Info

Publication number
JPH08136129A
JPH08136129A JP6302736A JP30273694A JPH08136129A JP H08136129 A JPH08136129 A JP H08136129A JP 6302736 A JP6302736 A JP 6302736A JP 30273694 A JP30273694 A JP 30273694A JP H08136129 A JPH08136129 A JP H08136129A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
water
drying tank
drying
containing material
stirring member
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP6302736A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Shunichi Kawagoe
竣一 河越
Takeshi Tsuchiya
武司 土屋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TOUSEI DENKI KK
Tosei Denki Corp
Original Assignee
TOUSEI DENKI KK
Tosei Denki Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TOUSEI DENKI KK, Tosei Denki Corp filed Critical TOUSEI DENKI KK
Priority to JP6302736A priority Critical patent/JPH08136129A/en
Publication of JPH08136129A publication Critical patent/JPH08136129A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE: To facilitate a moisture substance feeding operation and to perform an efficient drying processing without displacing moisture substance stored in a drying tank. CONSTITUTION: There are provided a drying tank 2 for storing moisture substance in it, a helical agitating member 10 fixed to a rotating shaft 8 arranged in a horizontal direction within the drying tank 2 so as to agitate moisture substances within the drying tank 2, and a heating device arranged in the drying tank 2 so as to heat the moisture content in the drying tank 2. At least one end inner surface of both right and left ends of the drying tank 2 is provided with a stagnation-preventive member 12 having an inclined surface 13 inclined toward the central part of the drying tank 2 as it is directed from the end outer circumference of the drying tank 2 toward the inner circumference part so as to constitute the moisture substance drying and processing device 1.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、生ゴミ等の含水物を乾
燥処理するための含水物乾燥処理装置に関し、特に、乾
燥槽内の一部箇所に含水物が滞留することなく、効率よ
く含水物の乾燥処理を行うことができるようにしたもの
である。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a water-containing material drying treatment apparatus for drying water-containing material such as garbage, and particularly, the water-containing material is not efficiently accumulated in a part of the drying tank and can be efficiently used. The water-containing material can be dried.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来の生ゴミ等の含水物の乾燥処理装置
は、上部に含水物投入口を設けた縦長状の乾燥槽を有し
ており、ボイラーで発生させた水蒸気を乾燥槽の外周に
設けた加熱室内に導入して乾燥槽の周壁を加熱したり、
電気抵抗発熱体を乾燥槽の外周に配設して加熱したり、
バーナーにより加熱した熱風を乾燥槽の外周に配設され
た熱風通路に吹き込んで加熱している。そして、乾燥槽
から発生する蒸気を凝縮器により液体と気体とに分離し
て、液体を凝縮器外へ排出するとともに、気体は熱交換
器に導いて、乾燥槽内に環流させている。
2. Description of the Related Art A conventional apparatus for drying water-containing substances such as raw garbage has a vertically long drying tank having a water-containing material inlet at the top, and steam generated by a boiler is fed to the outer periphery of the drying tank. Introduced into the heating chamber provided in to heat the peripheral wall of the drying tank,
An electric resistance heating element is placed around the outer periphery of the drying tank to heat it,
The hot air heated by the burner is blown into the hot air passage provided on the outer periphery of the drying tank to heat the air. Then, the vapor generated from the drying tank is separated into a liquid and a gas by a condenser, the liquid is discharged to the outside of the condenser, and the gas is guided to a heat exchanger and circulated in the drying tank.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかし、上記した従来
の含水物乾燥処理装置では、乾燥槽が縦長状となってお
り、この乾燥槽の上部に含水物を投入するための含水物
投入口を設けてあるため、含水物投入口が高い位置に開
口している。したがって、乾燥槽内に含水物を投入する
ためには、水を含んで重い含水物を乾燥槽の上方まで持
ち上げなければならず、含水物を乾燥槽へ投入する作業
が面倒であるという問題があった。特に、含水量が多く
重量がある含水物を乾燥槽へ投入する際や、背丈の低い
作業者が投入作業を行う際には、含水物の乾燥槽への投
入作業が極めて重労働となり、極端な場合には、含水物
を一括して投入できない場合もあった。
However, in the above-mentioned conventional water-containing material drying treatment apparatus, the drying tank is vertically long, and the water-containing material inlet for charging the water-containing material is provided at the upper part of the drying tank. Since it is provided, the water-containing material inlet is open at a high position. Therefore, in order to put the water-containing substance into the drying tank, it is necessary to lift a heavy water-containing substance containing water to the upper side of the drying tank, and there is a problem that the work of putting the water-containing substance into the drying tank is troublesome. there were. In particular, when loading a water-containing material with a large amount of water content into a drying tank, or when a worker with a short height performs the loading work, the work of loading the water-containing material into the drying tank becomes extremely heavy work, which is extremely difficult. In some cases, it may not be possible to add the water-containing substances all at once.

【0004】そこで、乾燥槽の高さを低くするため、乾
燥槽を横長状とすることが考えられるが、乾燥槽を横長
状として、乾燥槽内部に水平方向の回転軸を有する攪拌
部材を設けた場合には、含水物が攪拌部材の回転に伴っ
て乾燥槽の両端部付近に搬送されて滞留してしまい、含
水物の乾燥処理を効率よく行うことができないという問
題がある。
Therefore, in order to reduce the height of the drying tank, it is conceivable to make the drying tank horizontally long. However, the drying tank is horizontally long and a stirring member having a horizontal rotating shaft is provided inside the drying tank. In that case, there is a problem that the water-containing material is conveyed and stays in the vicinity of both ends of the drying tank as the stirring member rotates, and the water-containing material cannot be efficiently dried.

【0005】本発明は、上記した従来の技術の有する問
題点に鑑み提案されたもので、その目的とするところ
は、含水物の投入作業が容易であり、しかも乾燥槽内に
収容した含水物が偏ることなく、効率よい乾燥処理を行
うことができる含水物乾燥処理装置を提供することにあ
る。
The present invention has been proposed in view of the above-mentioned problems of the prior art. The object of the present invention is to facilitate the operation of feeding a water-containing material and to store the water-containing material in a drying tank. An object of the present invention is to provide a water-containing material drying treatment apparatus capable of performing efficient drying treatment without bias.

【0006】[0006]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記した目的を達成する
ため、請求項1記載の発明は、内部に含水物を収容する
乾燥槽と、該乾燥槽内に水平方向に設けた回転軸と、該
回転軸に取り付けて回転軸の回転に伴い上記乾燥槽内部
に収容した含水物を攪拌する、回転軸を中心とした螺旋
状の攪拌部材と、上記乾燥槽に配設されて乾燥槽内の含
水物を加熱する加熱装置とを備え、上記乾燥槽の左右両
端部の少なくとも一端部内面には、乾燥槽の端部外周側
から内周側へ向うにつれて乾燥槽の中央側へ向かって傾
斜する傾斜面を有する滞留防止部材を設けたことを特徴
とする。
In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the invention according to claim 1 has a drying tank for accommodating a water-containing substance therein, and a rotating shaft horizontally provided in the drying tank. A spiral stirring member having a rotary shaft as a center, which is attached to the rotary shaft to stir the water-containing substance contained in the drying tank as the rotary shaft rotates; A heating device for heating the water-containing material is provided, and at least one end inner surface of the left and right end portions of the drying tank is inclined toward the center side of the drying tank from the outer peripheral side of the end of the drying tank toward the inner peripheral side. It is characterized in that a retention preventing member having an inclined surface is provided.

【0007】また、請求項2記載の発明は、内部に含水
物を収容するとともに、水平方向に対して傾斜して設け
た乾燥槽と、該乾燥槽内に水平方向に対して傾斜して設
けた回転軸と、該回転軸に取り付けて回転軸の回転に伴
い上記乾燥槽内部に収容した含水物を攪拌する、回転軸
を中心とした螺旋状の攪拌部材と、上記乾燥槽に配設さ
れて乾燥槽内の含水物を加熱する加熱装置とを備えて、
含水物乾燥処理装置を構成したことを特徴とする。
Further, the invention according to claim 2 is such that a water-containing substance is housed inside and a drying tank is provided inclined with respect to the horizontal direction, and a drying tank is provided inclined with respect to the horizontal direction in the drying tank. A rotating shaft, a spiral stirring member that is attached to the rotating shaft, and that stirs the water-containing substance accommodated in the drying tank as the rotating shaft rotates; And a heating device for heating the water content in the drying tank,
It is characterized in that a water-containing material drying treatment device is configured.

【0008】また、請求項3記載の発明は、請求項1ま
たは請求項2の構成に加えて、上記乾燥槽の上部には、
含水物を投入するための含水物投入口を開設するととも
に、該含水物投入口に連通して、投入した含水物を一時
収容するための投入空間を設けたことを特徴とする。
In addition to the structure of claim 1 or claim 2, the invention according to claim 3 further comprises:
The present invention is characterized in that a water-containing material input port for inputting a water-containing material is opened, and a charging space for communicating with the water-containing material input port is provided for temporarily storing the supplied water-containing material.

【0009】また、請求項4記載の発明は、上記した請
求項3記載の構成に加えて、上記攪拌部材には、上記含
水物投入口に向かって突出する破砕突起を設けたことを
特徴とする。
Further, the invention according to claim 4 is characterized in that, in addition to the structure according to claim 3 described above, the stirring member is provided with a crushing projection projecting toward the water-containing material inlet. To do.

【0010】また、請求項5記載の発明は、上記した請
求項1から請求項4のいずれか1項に記載の構成に加え
て、上記破砕突起を設けた攪拌部材は、含水物を投入空
間に投入して、投入空間内の含水物を加熱装置により所
定時間加熱した後、回転開始させることを特徴とする。
Further, in the invention described in claim 5, in addition to the structure described in any one of claims 1 to 4, the stirring member provided with the crushing projections is a space for feeding a water-containing material. It is characterized in that the water-containing substance in the charging space is heated by a heating device for a predetermined time, and then rotation is started.

【0011】また、請求項6記載の発明は、上記した請
求項1から請求項5のいずれか1項に記載の構成に加え
て、上記攪拌部材の外周部には、攪拌部材の回転に伴っ
て乾燥槽内の含水物を掻き上げる掻き上げ部材を設けた
ことを特徴とする。
Further, according to the invention of claim 6, in addition to the structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5, the outer peripheral portion of the stirring member is accompanied by rotation of the stirring member. A scooping member for scooping up the water content in the drying tank is provided.

【0012】また、請求項7記載の発明は、上記した請
求項1から請求項6のいずれか1項に記載の構成に加え
て、上記攪拌部材は、内周側の尾根部から外周方向に向
かって開いた傾斜面を有する断面略V字状であることを
特徴とする。
In addition to the structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, the invention according to claim 7 is characterized in that the stirring member is provided in the outer peripheral direction from the ridge portion on the inner peripheral side. It is characterized in that it has a substantially V-shaped cross section having an inclined surface that opens toward the front.

【0013】また、請求項8記載の発明は、上記した請
求項1から請求項7のいずれか1項に記載の構成に加え
て、上記攪拌部材は、正逆回転可能であることを特徴と
する。
Further, the invention according to claim 8 is characterized in that, in addition to the structure according to any one of claims 1 to 7, the agitating member is rotatable in forward and reverse directions. To do.

【0014】また、請求項9記載の発明は、上記した請
求項8記載の構成に加えて、上記乾燥槽には、上記攪拌
部材の正回転時における含水物の搬送方向とは反対側に
含水物取出口を設けるとともに、加熱乾燥処理後の含水
物を取り出す際に上記攪拌部材を逆回転させることを特
徴とする。
In addition to the structure according to claim 8 described above, the invention according to claim 9 is characterized in that in the drying tank, the water content is provided on the side opposite to the conveying direction of the water content when the stirring member is normally rotated. In addition to providing a material outlet, the stirring member is rotated in the reverse direction when the water-containing material after the heat-drying treatment is taken out.

【0015】また、請求項10記載の発明は、上記した
請求項8記載の構成に加えて、上記乾燥槽には、上記攪
拌部材の正回転時における含水物の搬送方向とは反対側
に含水物取出口を設けるとともに、上記攪拌部材は、含
水物の加熱乾燥処理後に行う冷却処理終了直前に、必ず
逆回転させることを特徴とする。
In addition to the structure of the above-mentioned claim 8, the invention of claim 10 is characterized in that in the drying tank, water is contained on the side opposite to the conveying direction of the water-containing material when the stirring member is normally rotated. In addition to providing a material outlet, the stirring member is always rotated in the reverse direction immediately before the end of the cooling treatment performed after the heat-drying treatment of the water-containing substance.

【0016】また、請求項11記載の発明は、上記した
請求項1から請求項10のいずれか1項に記載の構成に
加えて、上記攪拌部材は、回転速度を変更可能であるこ
とを特徴とする。
In addition to the structure according to any one of claims 1 to 10, the invention according to claim 11 is characterized in that the stirring member can change the rotation speed. And

【0017】[0017]

【作用】請求項1に記載した含水物乾燥処理装置におい
ては、乾燥槽内に生ゴミ等の含水物を収容し、加熱装置
により乾燥槽内を加熱しながら、回転軸を回転させると
攪拌部材も共に回転し、乾燥槽内の含水物は攪拌されな
がら加熱乾燥される。また、乾燥槽内に設けた攪拌部材
は、横方向の回転軸に取り付けた螺旋状をなしているた
め、回転軸を回転させて攪拌部材を稼働すると、スクリ
ューコンベアを稼働した場合と同様に、乾燥槽内の含水
物は左右いずれかの方向に搬送される。このとき、乾燥
槽の含水物が搬送される左右いずれかの端部内面には、
乾燥槽の端部外周側から内周側へ向うにつれて乾燥槽の
中央側へ傾斜する傾斜面を有する滞留防止部材が設けて
あるので、左右いずれかの端部に滞留した含水物は、滞
留防止部材により乾燥槽の内側に向かって押し戻され
る。したがって、加熱乾燥中の含水物が左右両端部付近
に滞留することがなく、まんべんなく加熱乾燥すること
ができる。
In the water-containing material drying treatment apparatus according to the first aspect of the present invention, a stirring member is provided when a water-containing material such as garbage is contained in the drying tank and the rotary shaft is rotated while heating the inside of the drying tank by the heating device. And the water-containing substance in the drying tank is heated and dried while being stirred. Further, since the stirring member provided in the drying tank has a spiral shape attached to the rotating shaft in the lateral direction, when the stirring member is operated by rotating the rotating shaft, as in the case of operating the screw conveyor, The water-containing material in the drying tank is transported in either the left or right direction. At this time, on the inner surface of the left or right end where the water content of the drying tank is conveyed,
The end of the drying tank is equipped with a retention prevention member that has an inclined surface that inclines toward the center of the drying tank from the outer side toward the inner side. It is pushed back toward the inside of the drying tank by the member. Therefore, the water-containing substance during heating and drying does not stay near the left and right ends, and heating and drying can be performed uniformly.

【0018】また、請求項2記載の発明では、乾燥槽を
水平方向に対して傾斜させて設けるとともに、回転軸及
び回転軸に取り付けた攪拌部材も乾燥槽の傾斜に併せて
傾斜させて設けて、含水物の加熱乾燥を行っている。し
たがって、攪拌部材により乾燥槽の上部に向かって搬送
された含水物は、傾斜上端部分にある程度の量が溜ると
重力の作用により乾燥槽の下部に向かって落下するの
で、含水物がすべて一端部に偏ることがなく、含水物を
まんべんなく加熱乾燥することができる。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, the drying tank is provided so as to be inclined with respect to the horizontal direction, and the rotating shaft and the stirring member attached to the rotating shaft are also provided so as to be inclined in accordance with the inclination of the drying tank. , The hydrous material is dried by heating. Therefore, when the water content conveyed to the upper part of the drying tank by the stirring member falls to the lower part of the drying tank due to the action of gravity when a certain amount of water is accumulated at the upper end of the slope, the water content is entirely at one end. It is possible to heat and dry the hydrated material evenly without being biased to.

【0019】また、請求項3記載の発明では、乾燥槽の
上部に開設した含水物投入開口に連通して投入空間が設
けてあり、乾燥槽内に投入された含水物は、投入空間を
通って乾燥槽内に取り込まれる。したがって、乾燥槽内
に含水物を投入する際には、投入空間内に含水物が一時
収容されるため、含水物が乾燥槽外にこぼれ落ちること
がない。
According to the third aspect of the present invention, a feed space is provided in communication with the water-containing material input opening provided in the upper portion of the drying tank, and the water-containing material input into the drying tank passes through the input space. Are taken into the drying tank. Therefore, when the water-containing material is charged into the drying tank, the water-containing material is temporarily stored in the charging space, so that the water-containing material does not spill out of the drying tank.

【0020】また、請求項4記載の発明では、投入空間
に含水物を投入すると、この含水物に破砕突起が衝接す
るので、含水物は細かくほぐされた後、乾燥槽内に取り
込まれる。特に、ビニール袋等に収容された含水物は、
ビニール袋が破砕突起により破られた後、内容物が乾燥
槽内に取り込まれる。したがって、乾燥槽内に取り込ま
れる含水物は、細かくほぐされたり、ビニール袋等から
取り出された状態で加熱乾燥されるので、塊状となった
含水物やビニール袋に収容された含水物であっても、ま
んべんなく加熱乾燥することができる。
Further, in the invention according to the fourth aspect, when the water-containing material is charged into the charging space, the crushing projections collide with the water-containing material, so that the water-containing material is finely loosened and then taken into the drying tank. Especially, the hydrated material contained in a plastic bag is
After the plastic bag is broken by the crushing protrusions, the contents are taken into the drying tank. Therefore, since the water-containing substance taken into the drying tank is finely loosened or heated and dried in a state of being taken out from the vinyl bag or the like, it is a lumpy water-containing substance or a water-containing substance stored in the vinyl bag. Also, it can be uniformly heated and dried.

【0021】また、請求項5記載の発明では、含水物を
投入空間に投入すると、加熱装置が稼働し、投入空間内
の含水物を所定時間加熱し、その後攪拌部材が回転開始
する。したがって、含水物がビニール袋に収容されてい
る場合に、投入空間内に投入されたビニール袋は加熱さ
れて軟化するため、破砕突起による破砕が容易となり、
含水物を確実にビニール袋内から取り出すことができ
る。
According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, when the water-containing substance is charged into the charging space, the heating device is operated to heat the water-containing substance in the charging space for a predetermined time, and then the stirring member starts rotating. Therefore, when the water-containing material is stored in the vinyl bag, the vinyl bag loaded into the loading space is heated and softened, so that the crushing protrusions facilitate crushing,
The water-containing substance can be reliably taken out from the plastic bag.

【0022】また、請求項6記載の発明では、攪拌部材
の外周部に設けた掻き上げ部材により、乾燥槽内の底面
部に滞留した含水物を、上方に向かって掻き上げてい
る。したがって、乾燥物の攪拌がより促進され、含水物
の加熱乾燥を効率よく行うことができる。
According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, the raking member provided on the outer peripheral portion of the stirring member scrapes upward the water-containing material accumulated on the bottom surface of the drying tank. Therefore, the stirring of the dried material is further promoted, and the water-containing material can be heated and dried efficiently.

【0023】また、請求項7記載の発明では、攪拌部材
は、内周側の尾根部から外周方向に向かって開いた傾斜
面を有する断面形状であり、乾燥槽底部の含水物を攪拌
する際には、含水物が攪拌部材内周側の尾根部を乗り越
えるので、攪拌部材により搬送され難い。したがって、
左右いずれかの端部に向かって移動する含水物の量が少
なくなるので、左右両端部に滞留する含水物の量を減ら
すことができ、含水物の加熱乾燥を効率よく行うことが
できる。
Further, in the invention according to claim 7, the stirring member has a cross-sectional shape having an inclined surface opened from the ridge portion on the inner peripheral side toward the outer peripheral direction, and when stirring the water-containing substance at the bottom of the drying tank. In this case, since the water-containing substance gets over the ridges on the inner peripheral side of the stirring member, it is difficult for the water-containing substance to be conveyed by the stirring member. Therefore,
Since the amount of the water-containing substance that moves toward either the left or right end is reduced, the amount of the water-containing substance that accumulates at the left and right ends can be reduced, and the heat-drying of the water-containing substance can be efficiently performed.

【0024】また、請求項8記載の発明では、乾燥槽内
に収容した含水物は、攪拌部材により攪拌されるが、回
転軸は正逆回転可能であるため、攪拌部材も交互に正逆
回転させることができる。したがって、スクリューコン
ベアの作用により含水物が左右いずれかの端部に向かっ
て移動したとしても、攪拌部材を交互に正逆回転させれ
ば、再び反対側の端部に向かって移動し、含水物が偏る
ことがなく、含水物をまんべんなく加熱乾燥することが
できる。
According to the eighth aspect of the present invention, the water-containing substance contained in the drying tank is agitated by the agitating member, but since the rotating shaft can rotate forward and backward, the agitating member also alternately rotates forward and backward. Can be made. Therefore, even if the water content moves toward the left or right end by the action of the screw conveyor, if the stirring member is alternately rotated forward and backward, the water content moves toward the opposite end again. It is possible to heat and dry the hydrated material evenly without unevenness.

【0025】また、請求項9記載の発明では、乾燥槽内
に投入された含水物は、攪拌部材により攪拌されるとと
もに、加熱装置により加熱されて乾燥される。そして、
所定期間の冷却処理を経た後、乾燥槽外へ取り出され
る。このとき、攪拌部材が逆回転して加熱乾燥処理後の
含水物を含水物取出口に向かって搬送する。したがっ
て、乾燥処理後の含水物の取り出しが容易となる。
According to the ninth aspect of the invention, the water-containing substance charged into the drying tank is stirred by the stirring member and heated by the heating device to be dried. And
After the cooling process for a predetermined period, it is taken out of the drying tank. At this time, the stirring member rotates in the reverse direction and conveys the water-containing material after the heat-drying treatment toward the water-containing material outlet. Therefore, it becomes easy to take out the hydrous material after the drying treatment.

【0026】また、請求項10記載の発明では、加熱乾
燥処理終了後の含水物は、攪拌部材を回転させることに
より攪拌されながら冷却処理されるが、この冷却処理終
了直前には、攪拌部材は必ず逆回転している。したがっ
て、冷却処理が終了した時点では、乾燥槽内の乾燥処理
後の含水物は、攪拌部材の正回転時における含水物の搬
送方向とは反対側に設けた含水物取出口方向に向かって
搬送されており、乾燥処理後の含水物の取り出しがさら
に容易となる。
According to the tenth aspect of the invention, the water-containing substance after the heat drying treatment is cooled while being stirred by rotating the stirring member. Be sure to rotate in the reverse direction. Therefore, when the cooling treatment is completed, the water-containing substance after the drying treatment in the drying tank is conveyed in the water-containing substance outlet direction provided on the side opposite to the conveyance direction of the water-containing substance during the forward rotation of the stirring member. Therefore, it becomes easier to take out the water-containing material after the drying treatment.

【0027】また、請求項11記載の発明では、乾燥槽
内に収容する含水物の種類に応じて、回転軸の回転速
度、すなわち攪拌部材の回転速度を変更して、含水物の
加熱乾燥を行うことができる。したがって、回転軸の回
転速度を、含水物の種類に応じて適切な回転速度となる
よう調節することにより、含水物の加熱乾燥をより一層
効率よく行うことができる。
In the eleventh aspect of the present invention, the heating and drying of the water-containing material is performed by changing the rotation speed of the rotary shaft, that is, the rotation speed of the stirring member according to the type of the water-containing material contained in the drying tank. It can be carried out. Therefore, by adjusting the rotation speed of the rotary shaft so as to be an appropriate rotation speed according to the type of the water-containing material, it is possible to more efficiently heat and dry the water-containing material.

【0028】[0028]

【実施例】以下、図面に基づいて本発明の一実施例を説
明する。図1は含水物乾燥処理装置の一部欠截した概略
構成図、図2は図1の含水物乾燥処理装置の正面図であ
る。
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS An embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram in which a part of the water-containing substance drying treatment device is cut away, and FIG. 2 is a front view of the water-containing substance drying treatment device in FIG.

【0029】本発明に係る含水物乾燥処理装置1は、生
ゴミ等の含水物を収容する乾燥槽2を有している。この
乾燥槽2は、軸方向をほぼ水平方向にした概略円筒体で
あり、彎曲した上面に縦方向の短尺な円筒状頭部3を設
けて、該円筒状頭部3内を含水物の投入空間4とし、該
円筒状頭部3の上面に含水物投入口5を開設し、該含水
物投入口5に蓋部材6が開閉可能に取り付けてある。し
たがって、乾燥槽2内に含水物を投入するには、蓋部材
6を開いて上部開放面の含水物投入口5から投入空間4
内に含水物を投入すればよく、投入しようとする含水物
は投入空間4内に一時的に収容されるので、含水物が含
水物投入口5外にこぼれ落ちることがない。
The water-containing material drying treatment apparatus 1 according to the present invention has a drying tank 2 for containing water-containing materials such as raw garbage. The drying tank 2 is a substantially cylindrical body having an axial direction substantially horizontal, and a short cylindrical head portion 3 in the vertical direction is provided on a curved upper surface, and a water-containing material is introduced into the cylindrical head portion 3. A space 4 is provided, a water-containing material inlet 5 is opened on the upper surface of the cylindrical head 3, and a lid member 6 is attached to the water-containing material inlet 5 so as to be openable and closable. Therefore, in order to put the water-containing material into the drying tank 2, the lid member 6 is opened and the water-containing material input port 5 on the upper open surface is used to supply the water.
It suffices to put the water-containing substance into the inside, and since the water-containing substance to be thrown in is temporarily stored in the feeding space 4, the water-containing substance does not spill out of the water-containing substance inlet 5.

【0030】なお、頭部3の上部開放面と蓋部材6との
間には、シール材(図示せず)を介在させて気密を保持
し、含水物乾燥処理装置1を運転中に、上部開放面と蓋
部材6との隙間から、大気を吸引したり、或は蒸発ガス
や悪臭が漏れないようにしている。また、乾燥槽2の内
面にはフッ素樹脂層を形成し、被乾燥物が焦げ付かない
ように処理してある。
A sealant (not shown) is interposed between the upper open surface of the head 3 and the lid member 6 to maintain airtightness, and the upper part of the water-containing material drying treatment apparatus 1 is operated during operation. Atmosphere is sucked in from the gap between the open surface and the lid member 6, or vaporized gas or odor is prevented from leaking. Further, a fluororesin layer is formed on the inner surface of the drying tank 2 so as to prevent the material to be dried from burning.

【0031】乾燥槽2内の左右両端面には、軸受7,7
が設けてあり、この軸受7,7には、ほぼ水平方向に回
転軸8が支持してある。そして、図4に示すように、回
転軸8からは、腕9を放射状に複数本設けてあり、腕9
の先端には、回転軸8を中心とした螺旋状の攪拌部材1
0を取り付けてある。また、回転軸8の一端部は、乾燥
槽の一端面から突出しており、この回転軸8の端部は、
プーリとベルトを介して攪拌モータ11に接続してい
る。なお、攪拌部材10は、外周縁が乾燥槽2の円周内
面に近接する大きさとしてある。
Bearings 7, 7 are provided on both left and right end surfaces in the drying tank 2.
The rotary shaft 8 is supported on the bearings 7 in a substantially horizontal direction. Then, as shown in FIG. 4, a plurality of arms 9 are radially provided from the rotation shaft 8,
A spiral stirring member 1 around the rotation shaft 8 is provided at the tip of the
0 is attached. Further, one end of the rotary shaft 8 projects from one end surface of the drying tank, and the end of the rotary shaft 8 is
It is connected to the stirring motor 11 via a pulley and a belt. The stirring member 10 has a size such that the outer peripheral edge thereof is close to the inner circumferential surface of the drying tank 2.

【0032】したがって、攪拌モータ11の駆動により
回転軸8が回転すると、攪拌部材10も一体となって回
転し、スクリューコンベアの原理により、攪拌部材10
が含水物を乾燥槽2内の一端から他端に向かって攪拌し
ながら移動することができる。そして、乾燥槽2内を一
端から他端に向けて移動する含水物は、回転する攪拌部
材10の摩擦によって上昇力を受けるので、掻き揚げら
れるようにしてバラバラと攪拌されながら搬送される。
また、回転軸8及び攪拌部材10の表面にはフッ素樹脂
層を形成し、被乾燥物が付着したり焦げ付かないように
処理してある。
Therefore, when the rotating shaft 8 is rotated by the drive of the stirring motor 11, the stirring member 10 is also rotated together, and the stirring member 10 is driven by the principle of the screw conveyor.
Can move the water-containing substance from one end to the other end in the drying tank 2 while stirring. Then, the water-containing substance moving from one end to the other end in the drying tank 2 receives an ascending force due to the friction of the rotating stirring member 10, so that the water-containing substance is conveyed while being stirred and scattered.
In addition, a fluororesin layer is formed on the surfaces of the rotating shaft 8 and the stirring member 10 to prevent the dried object from adhering or burning.

【0033】乾燥槽2内の左右両端部の端面には、図3
および図4に示すように、皿板状の滞留防止部材12を
設けてある。この滞留防止部材12は、乾燥槽2の端面
の周縁(外周側)から回転軸8(内周側)に向かうにつ
れて、乾燥槽2の中央側へ向かって傾斜する傾斜面13
を有する皿板状をなし、滞留防止部材12の中心部を回
転軸8が貫通している。
The end faces of the left and right ends of the drying tank 2 are shown in FIG.
Further, as shown in FIG. 4, a dish plate-shaped retention preventing member 12 is provided. The stagnation prevention member 12 inclines toward the center of the drying tank 2 from the peripheral edge (outer peripheral side) of the end surface of the drying tank 2 toward the rotating shaft 8 (inner peripheral side).
The rotary shaft 8 penetrates through the center of the retention preventing member 12.

【0034】この滞留防止部材12は、攪拌部材10の
回転に伴って含水物が搬送される側の乾燥槽2の端面に
のみ設けてもよいが、後に説明するように攪拌部材10
を正逆転させる場合には、乾燥槽2の両端面に設けるこ
とが望ましい。また、含水物は重力により落下するの
で、含水物が滞留しやすいのは、乾燥槽2の底部付近で
ある。したがって、滞留防止部材12の傾斜面13は、
乾燥槽2の下半部にのみ設けてもよい。また、滞留防止
部材12の縁部を、乾燥槽2の内側に向かって彎曲させ
て形成すれば、乾燥槽2の内周面先端と滞留防止部材1
2の傾斜面13先端との間に含水物が滞留することを防
止でき、含水物の滞留防止効果がより一層確実なものと
することができる。
The retention preventing member 12 may be provided only on the end surface of the drying tank 2 on the side where the water-containing substance is conveyed as the stirring member 10 rotates, but as will be described later, the stirring member 10 is provided.
It is desirable to provide it on both end surfaces of the drying tank 2 when reversing the above. Further, since the water-containing substance falls due to gravity, the water-containing substance easily accumulates near the bottom of the drying tank 2. Therefore, the inclined surface 13 of the retention preventing member 12 is
It may be provided only in the lower half of the drying tank 2. Further, if the edge portion of the retention preventing member 12 is formed by being curved toward the inside of the drying tank 2, the tip of the inner peripheral surface of the drying tank 2 and the retention preventing member 1
The water-containing material can be prevented from staying between the tip of the second inclined surface 13 and the effect of preventing the water-containing material from staying can be further ensured.

【0035】なお、この滞留防止部材12の傾斜面13
の角度は、前記した攪拌部材7の攪拌部材10の回転軸
8に対する捻れ角度に応じて設定することが望ましい。
即ち、攪拌部材10の端部が滞留防止部材12の傾斜面
13に沿って回転するように傾斜角度を設定する。
The inclined surface 13 of the retention preventing member 12
It is desirable to set the angle according to the twist angle of the stirring member 7 with respect to the rotating shaft 8 of the stirring member 10 described above.
That is, the inclination angle is set so that the end of the stirring member 10 rotates along the inclined surface 13 of the retention preventing member 12.

【0036】この様な滞留防止部材12を内部の左右端
部の端面に設けた乾燥槽2においては、攪拌部材10の
回転により含水物が一端に向かって搬送されると、この
搬送されてきた含水物が滞留防止部材12の下部の傾斜
面13に押圧される。この傾斜面13は下方よりも上方
が搬送方向とは反対側に突出している、即ちオーバーハ
ングした面なので、この面に押圧された含水物は、図3
中矢印で示すように乾燥槽2の内側に向かって押し戻さ
れる。
In the drying tank 2 in which such a retention preventing member 12 is provided on the end surfaces of the left and right ends inside, when the water-containing substance is conveyed toward one end by the rotation of the stirring member 10, it has been conveyed. The water content is pressed against the inclined surface 13 below the retention member 12. Since the upper surface of the inclined surface 13 is projected to the side opposite to the conveying direction from the lower side, that is, the surface is overhung, the water-containing substance pressed against this surface is shown in FIG.
It is pushed back toward the inside of the drying tank 2 as indicated by the middle arrow.

【0037】また、攪拌部材12が正回転した場合にお
ける、攪拌部材12による含水物の搬送方向とは反対側
の乾燥槽2の一方の端面下部には、乾燥処理後の含水物
を取り出すための含水物取出口14が開設してあり、こ
の含水物取出口14には、開閉可能な開閉蓋15が取り
付けてある。したがって、乾燥槽2内の含水物の乾燥処
理が終了すると、開閉蓋15を開いて、乾燥槽2内の乾
燥処理後の含水物(被乾燥物)を取り出すことができ
る。
When the agitating member 12 is rotated in the forward direction, a portion of the drying tank 2 on the opposite side of the conveying direction of the agitating member 12 from the conveying direction is provided below the one end surface thereof for taking out the hydrous substance after the drying treatment. A water-containing material outlet 14 is opened, and an openable / closable lid 15 is attached to the water-containing material outlet 14. Therefore, when the drying treatment of the water-containing substance in the drying tank 2 is completed, the opening / closing lid 15 can be opened to take out the water-containing substance (the substance to be dried) after the drying treatment in the drying tank 2.

【0038】また、乾燥槽2の外周には、乾燥槽2の下
半を取り囲むようにして、乾燥槽2と一体に加熱ジャケ
ット20を設けてある。この加熱ジャケット20は、内
部に加熱オイルを循環させて、乾燥槽2の壁面の下半部
分を均一に加熱するための装置で、図5に示すように、
加熱オイル入口21と加熱オイル出口22との間を接続
する加熱オイル循環路23の途中に、加熱オイルを収容
する加熱オイルタンク24と、加熱オイル循環路23内
に加熱オイルを循環させる加熱オイル循環ポンプ25と
が設けてある。
On the outer circumference of the drying tank 2, a heating jacket 20 is provided integrally with the drying tank 2 so as to surround the lower half of the drying tank 2. This heating jacket 20 is a device for circulating the heating oil inside to uniformly heat the lower half of the wall surface of the drying tank 2, and as shown in FIG.
A heating oil circulation path 23 connecting the heating oil inlet 21 and the heating oil outlet 22 is provided with a heating oil tank 24 for storing the heating oil and a heating oil circulation for circulating the heating oil in the heating oil circulation path 23. A pump 25 is provided.

【0039】上記した加熱オイルタンク24内には、電
気ヒータ26が設けてあり、この電気ヒータ26により
加熱オイルタンク24内の加熱オイルを加熱する。ま
た、加熱オイルタンク24内には、加熱オイルタンク2
4内の加熱オイル温度を測定するための温度測定器27
が設けてあり、この温度測定器27からの検出出力に基
づいて電気的制御装置が乾燥工程中に電気ヒータ26を
オン・オフして、加熱オイルの温度を調整する。なお、
温度測定器27は、必ずしも加熱オイルタンク24内に
設ける必要はなく、加熱オイルの温度を測定できれば加
熱オイル循環路23のどの位置に設けてもよい。また、
温度測定器27を設けずに、電気ヒータ26に内蔵した
サーモスタットを用いて、電気ヒータ26のオン・オフ
を制御してもよい。
An electric heater 26 is provided in the heating oil tank 24, and the heating oil in the heating oil tank 24 is heated by the electric heater 26. In addition, in the heating oil tank 24, the heating oil tank 2
Temperature measuring device 27 for measuring the heating oil temperature in
Based on the detection output from the temperature measuring device 27, the electric control device turns on / off the electric heater 26 during the drying process to adjust the temperature of the heating oil. In addition,
The temperature measuring device 27 does not necessarily have to be provided in the heating oil tank 24, and may be provided at any position in the heating oil circulation path 23 as long as the temperature of the heating oil can be measured. Also,
Instead of providing the temperature measuring device 27, a thermostat built in the electric heater 26 may be used to control ON / OFF of the electric heater 26.

【0040】加熱オイルタンク24内で電気ヒータ26
により加熱された加熱オイルは、加熱オイル循環ポンプ
25により加熱オイル入口21から加熱ジャケット20
内に送出され、乾燥槽2の壁面を加熱する。そして、乾
燥槽2を加熱後の加熱オイルは、加熱オイル出口22か
ら加熱オイル循環路23に排出され、加熱オイルタンク
24内に戻る。
An electric heater 26 is provided in the heating oil tank 24.
The heating oil heated by the heating oil circulation pump 25 is supplied from the heating oil inlet 21 to the heating jacket 20.
And is heated inside to heat the wall surface of the drying tank 2. Then, the heating oil after heating the drying tank 2 is discharged from the heating oil outlet 22 to the heating oil circulation path 23, and returns to the inside of the heating oil tank 24.

【0041】上記した加熱ジャケット20と、加熱オイ
ル循環路23と、加熱オイルタンク24と、加熱オイル
循環ポンプ25と、電気ヒータ26と、温度測定器27
とが加熱装置として機能する。
The above-mentioned heating jacket 20, heating oil circulation path 23, heating oil tank 24, heating oil circulation pump 25, electric heater 26, and temperature measuring device 27.
And function as a heating device.

【0042】さらに、上記した蓋部材6の内部には、他
の加熱装置として機能する遠赤外線ヒータ28を下向き
に取り付けてある。この遠赤外線ヒータ28を設ける部
位は、蓋部材6に限定されるものではなく、乾燥槽2の
上部であることが望ましく、例えば、図2に示すように
乾燥槽2の外周面の上半部分に、内部に向けて取り付け
てもよい。
Further, a far infrared heater 28, which functions as another heating device, is attached inside the lid member 6 downward. The portion where the far-infrared heater 28 is provided is not limited to the lid member 6, and is preferably the upper portion of the drying tank 2. For example, as shown in FIG. Alternatively, it may be attached toward the inside.

【0043】上記した加熱ジャケット20等及び遠赤外
線ヒータ28から構成される加熱装置により含水物を加
熱すると、蒸発ガスが発生する。この蒸発ガスは、乾燥
槽2の円筒状頭部3の側面設けた蒸発ガス出口29から
乾燥槽2の外部に導かれる。そして、後に詳述するよう
に、蒸発ガス出口29に連通接続した排出装置30によ
り、蒸発ガスが液化され含水物乾燥処理装置1の外部に
排出される。
When the water-containing material is heated by the heating device composed of the above heating jacket 20 and the far infrared heater 28, vaporized gas is generated. This evaporative gas is guided to the outside of the drying tank 2 through an evaporative gas outlet 29 provided on the side surface of the cylindrical head 3 of the drying tank 2. Then, as will be described in detail later, the evaporative gas is liquefied by the evacuation device 30 that is connected to the evaporative gas outlet 29 and is discharged to the outside of the water-containing material drying treatment device 1.

【0044】図6に攪拌部材の他の実施例を示してあ
る。この攪拌部材40は、回転軸8を中心とした螺旋状
をなすとともに、外周縁部から平板状の掻き上げ部材4
1を間隔をおいて突設したものである。そして、攪拌部
材40を回転させると、掻き上げ部材41により乾燥槽
2の底部にある含水物を乾燥槽2の上方に向かって掻き
上げることができる。したがって、乾燥槽2内を一端か
ら他端に向けて攪拌しながら移動する含水物は、掻き上
げ部材41により上方に向かって掻き上げられるので、
含水物の攪拌がより一層促進される。尚、掻き上げ部材
41の形状は、平板状に限らず、含水物を掻き上げられ
ればどのような形状でもよい。
FIG. 6 shows another embodiment of the stirring member. The stirring member 40 has a spiral shape around the rotary shaft 8 and has a flat plate-shaped scraping member 4 from the outer peripheral edge portion.
1 is projected at a distance. Then, when the stirring member 40 is rotated, the raking member 41 can scrape up the water-containing substance at the bottom of the drying tank 2 toward above the drying tank 2. Therefore, the water-containing substance that moves while stirring in the drying tank 2 from one end to the other end is scraped upward by the scraping member 41,
Agitation of the water-containing material is further promoted. The shape of the scraping member 41 is not limited to the flat plate shape, and may be any shape as long as the water-containing material can be scraped up.

【0045】図7、図8に攪拌部材のさらに他の実施例
を示してある。この攪拌部材42は、回転軸8を中心と
した螺旋状をなすとともに、内周側の尾根部43から外
周方向に向かって開いた傾斜面44,44を有する断面
略V字状となるように形成してある。攪拌部材42をこ
のような形状に形成すると、乾燥槽2底部の含水物を攪
拌する際に、含水物は攪拌部材42の回転前方側の傾斜
面44に沿って上昇し、攪拌部材42内周側の尾根部4
3を乗り越えて、回転後方側の傾斜面44に沿って下降
する。したがって、含水物が左右いずれかの端部に向か
って移動し難いので、乾燥槽2の両端部に滞留する含水
物の量を減少させることができる。
7 and 8 show still another embodiment of the stirring member. The stirring member 42 is formed in a spiral shape around the rotating shaft 8 and has a substantially V-shaped cross section having inclined surfaces 44, 44 opened from the inner peripheral ridge portion 43 toward the outer peripheral direction. Has been formed. When the stirring member 42 is formed in such a shape, when stirring the water-containing substance at the bottom of the drying tank 2, the water-containing substance rises along the inclined surface 44 on the rotation front side of the stirring member 42, and the inner circumference of the stirring member 42 is increased. Side ridge 4
After going over 3, it descends along the inclined surface 44 on the rotation rear side. Therefore, since it is difficult for the water-containing material to move toward either the left or right end, it is possible to reduce the amount of the water-containing material that accumulates at both ends of the drying tank 2.

【0046】また、上記した回転軸8は、所定間隔で正
転と逆転を繰り返すように制御されている。したがっ
て、攪拌部材10(40,42)も所定間隔で正転と逆
転を繰り返し、乾燥槽2内を一端から他端に移動した含
水物は、再び他端から一端に向かって攪拌されながら戻
される。このため、被乾燥物である含水物が乾燥槽2内
の一方の端部に偏ってしまうことがない。
The rotating shaft 8 is controlled so as to repeat normal rotation and reverse rotation at predetermined intervals. Therefore, the stirring member 10 (40, 42) also repeats normal rotation and reverse rotation at predetermined intervals, and the water-containing substance that has moved in the drying tank 2 from one end to the other end is returned while being stirred from the other end toward the one end again. . Therefore, the water-containing substance that is the substance to be dried is not biased toward one end of the drying tank 2.

【0047】上記した回転軸8の回転方向の制御を、図
10に示したタイムチャートに基づき、さらに詳しく説
明する。乾燥槽2内に含水物を収容して、含水物乾燥処
理装置1の運転が開始されると、攪拌モータ11が正逆
転を交互に繰り返し、回転軸8及び回転軸8に取り付け
た攪拌部材10(40,42)が正逆転を交互に繰り返
す。また、正回転と逆回転との間では、攪拌モータ11
は一時停止する。攪拌モータ11の運転は、加熱乾燥処
理が終了して、冷却処理が行われている間も継続され、
攪拌部材10(40,42)により含水物を攪拌して、
含水物の冷却が促進される。
The control of the rotation direction of the rotary shaft 8 will be described in more detail with reference to the time chart shown in FIG. When the water-containing substance is accommodated in the drying tank 2 and the operation of the water-containing substance drying treatment apparatus 1 is started, the stirring motor 11 alternately repeats forward and reverse rotations, and the rotating shaft 8 and the stirring member 10 attached to the rotating shaft 8. (40, 42) alternates forward and reverse. In addition, between the forward rotation and the reverse rotation, the stirring motor 11
Pauses. The operation of the stirring motor 11 is continued while the heating / drying process is completed and the cooling process is performed.
Stir the water-containing substance with the stirring member 10 (40, 42),
Cooling of hydrates is promoted.

【0048】そして、一旦、攪拌モータ11を停止して
攪拌部材10(40,42)の回転を停止させた後、含
水物の取出作業を開始すると、攪拌モータ11を逆転さ
せて、含水物を含水物取出口14に向かって搬送する。
Then, once the stirring motor 11 is stopped and the rotation of the stirring member 10 (40, 42) is stopped, when the work of extracting the water-containing substance is started, the stirring motor 11 is reversed to remove the water-containing substance. It is conveyed toward the water-containing material outlet 14.

【0049】また、冷却終了直前には、必ず攪拌モータ
11が逆転するように制御して、含水物の取出作業以前
に、乾燥槽2内の含水物を含水物取出口14に向かって
搬送するようにすれば、含水物の取出作業がより一層容
易となる。
Immediately before the end of cooling, the stirring motor 11 is controlled so as to always rotate in the reverse direction so that the water-containing substance in the drying tank 2 is conveyed toward the water-containing substance outlet 14 before the water-containing substance is taken out. By doing so, the work of extracting the water-containing material becomes even easier.

【0050】さらに、本実施例では、攪拌モータ11の
回転速度を変更可能としている。攪拌モータ11の回転
速度を変更するには、可変抵抗器等を用いて、攪拌モー
タ11に供給する電力を制御すればよい。例えば、含水
率の高い含水物では攪拌速度を速めに調節し、反対に含
水率の低い含水物では攪拌速度を遅めに調節する等の制
御を行うのである。本実施例において、攪拌モータ11
の回転速度を制御することにより、攪拌部材10(4
0,42)の周速を、約80m/min〜140m/m
inの範囲で変化させることができる。
Further, in this embodiment, the rotation speed of the stirring motor 11 can be changed. In order to change the rotation speed of the stirring motor 11, the electric power supplied to the stirring motor 11 may be controlled using a variable resistor or the like. For example, control is performed such that the stirring speed is adjusted faster for a water-containing substance having a high water content, and conversely, the stirring speed is adjusted for a water-containing substance having a low water content. In the present embodiment, the stirring motor 11
By controlling the rotation speed of the stirring member 10 (4
0,42) peripheral speed of about 80 m / min to 140 m / m
It can be changed within the range of in.

【0051】このようにして、乾燥槽2内に収容する含
水物の種類に応じて、攪拌モータ11の回転速度、すな
わち攪拌部材10(40,42)の回転速度が適切な回
転速度となるよう調節を行えば、含水物の攪拌がより一
層確実なものとなる。
In this way, the rotation speed of the stirring motor 11, that is, the rotation speed of the stirring member 10 (40, 42) is set to an appropriate rotation speed according to the type of the water-containing substance contained in the drying tank 2. If the adjustment is carried out, the stirring of the water-containing substance becomes more reliable.

【0052】また、図1に示すように、投入空間4に対
向する攪拌部材10の外周部には、投入空間4に向かっ
て突出する破砕突起45…が設けてある。この破砕突起
45の先端には、刃部、爪状の突起、鉤状の突起等を設
けてあり、この刃部、爪状の突起、鉤状の突起により、
投入空間4に投入された含水物を収容したビニール袋を
破いて、含水物を取り出したり、塊状の含水物を細かく
破砕したりする。尚、上記した実施例では、破砕突起4
5を攪拌部材10の外周部に設けたが、破砕突起45を
直接、回転軸8から突設してもよい。
Further, as shown in FIG. 1, crushing projections 45, which project toward the charging space 4, are provided on the outer peripheral portion of the stirring member 10 facing the charging space 4. A blade portion, a claw-shaped protrusion, a hook-shaped protrusion, and the like are provided at the tip of the crushing protrusion 45, and the blade portion, the claw-shaped protrusion, and the hook-shaped protrusion allow
The plastic bag containing the water-containing material charged in the charging space 4 is ruptured, the water-containing material is taken out, or the lumpy water-containing material is finely crushed. In the above-mentioned embodiment, the crushing protrusion 4
Although 5 is provided on the outer peripheral portion of the stirring member 10, the crushing protrusions 45 may be provided directly from the rotary shaft 8.

【0053】また、投入空間4内に含水物を収容したビ
ニール袋を投入した際に、直ちに攪拌モータ11を駆動
して攪拌部材10を回転させるのではなく、所定時間だ
け、遠赤外線ヒータ28に通電して加熱し、ビニール袋
を熱により軟化させた後、攪拌モータ11を駆動して攪
拌部材10を回転させるように、攪拌モータ11等の駆
動を制御することが望ましい。このように攪拌モータ1
1等の駆動を制御すると、攪拌部材10に設けた破砕突
起45によるビニール袋の破砕がさらに容易となり、ビ
ニール袋から確実に含水物を取り出すことができるの
で、含水物の加熱乾燥処理がより一層確実となる。
When the vinyl bag containing the water-containing material is put into the charging space 4, the stirring motor 11 is not immediately driven to rotate the stirring member 10, but the far infrared heater 28 is operated for a predetermined time. It is desirable to control the drive of the stirring motor 11 or the like so as to drive the stirring motor 11 to rotate the stirring member 10 after the vinyl bag is softened by heat by energizing and heating. In this way, the stirring motor 1
By controlling the driving of No. 1 etc., the crushing protrusions 45 provided on the stirring member 10 can more easily crush the vinyl bag, and the water-containing substance can be reliably taken out from the vinyl bag. Be certain.

【0054】上記した攪拌モータ11や加熱装置等の制
御は、含水物乾燥処理装置1の適宜箇所等に設けた電気
的制御装置により制御される。この電気的制御装置は、
例えば、マイクロコンピュータやこれに付随する各機器
により構成されている。
The above-mentioned control of the stirring motor 11 and the heating device is controlled by an electric control device provided at an appropriate place of the hydrous material drying treatment device 1. This electrical control device
For example, it is composed of a microcomputer and devices associated with it.

【0055】図5に示すように、乾燥槽2の円筒状頭部
3の側面設けた蒸発ガス出口29には、蒸発ガスを液化
して排出するための排出装置30が連通接続してある。
As shown in FIG. 5, an evacuation gas outlet 29 provided on the side surface of the cylindrical head 3 of the drying tank 2 is connected to an evacuation device 30 for liquefying and discharging the evaporative gas.

【0056】この排出装置30は、蒸発ガス出口29に
蒸発ガス排出パイプ50を介して連通接続したコンデン
サー51と、このコンデンサー51の下流側に連通接続
した真空発生装置52とからなる。
The discharge device 30 comprises a condenser 51 connected to the evaporative gas outlet 29 via an evaporative gas exhaust pipe 50, and a vacuum generator 52 connected to the downstream side of the condenser 51.

【0057】上記したコンデンサー51は、内部に設け
た螺旋状の熱交換部53を有し、この熱交換部53に冷
却水を通すことにより蒸発ガスを冷却して液化する装置
である。
The condenser 51 has a spiral heat exchange portion 53 provided therein, and is a device for cooling and liquefying evaporative gas by passing cooling water through the heat exchange portion 53.

【0058】乾燥槽2内で発生した蒸発ガスは、蒸発ガ
ス出口29からコンデンサー51内に導かれ、冷却され
て液体分が回収される。そして、コンデンサー51で冷
却液化された液体分は、コンデンサー51の下部に連通
接続した回収液体排出路54を介して、真空発生装置5
2の一構成要素であるエゼクター55に導かれる。
The evaporative gas generated in the drying tank 2 is introduced from the evaporative gas outlet 29 into the condenser 51, cooled and the liquid component is recovered. Then, the liquid component cooled and liquefied by the condenser 51 is evacuated to the vacuum generation device 5 via the recovery liquid discharge passage 54 which is connected to the lower portion of the condenser 51.
It is guided to the ejector 55 which is one component of No. 2.

【0059】エゼクター55は、回収液体循環タンク5
6の出口57側と入口58側を接続する回収液体循環路
59の途中に設けられており、回収液体循環ポンプ60
により圧送された回収液体がノズル部61を通過する際
に発生する負圧により、連通しているコンデンサー51
内及び、コンデンサー51に連通している乾燥槽2内を
減圧するものである。したがって、流路断面積が小さく
なったエゼクター55のノズル部61の途中に開口する
吸引口62がコンデンサー51の下部に連通接続した回
収液体排出路54の先端部に連通接続し、コンデンサー
51及びコンデンサー51に連通接続した乾燥槽2内を
減圧している。
The ejector 55 is the recovery liquid circulation tank 5
6 is provided in the middle of a recovered liquid circulation path 59 that connects the outlet 57 side and the inlet 58 side of the recovered liquid circulation pump 60.
By the negative pressure generated when the recovered liquid pressure-fed by the nozzle passes through the nozzle portion 61, the condenser 51 communicating with
The pressure inside the drying tank 2 communicating with the condenser 51 is reduced. Therefore, the suction port 62 opened in the middle of the nozzle portion 61 of the ejector 55 having a reduced flow passage cross-sectional area is communicatively connected to the tip of the recovery liquid discharge passage 54 that is communicatively connected to the lower portion of the condenser 51, and the condenser 51 and the condenser are connected. The inside of the drying tank 2 connected to 51 is decompressed.

【0060】また、回収液体中には硫化水素、メチルメ
ルカプタン、硫化メチル、アンモニア、トリメチルアミ
ン、アルコール類、エステル類などの悪臭成分が含まれ
ており、この回収液体をそのまま装置外部に排出する
と、悪臭成分が再び蒸散して環境汚染等の原因となる。
このため、回収液体循環タンク56内に装脱可能な脱臭
フィルター63を設け、回収液体中の悪臭成分を除去し
ている。また、回収液体循環タンク56には、脱臭フィ
ルター63の下流側に、脱臭後の回収液体を外部に排出
するための回収液体排出口64を設けてある。そして、
悪臭成分を除去した後の回収液体の一部を回収液体排出
口64から装置外部に排出するとともに、回収液体循環
ポンプ60により回収液体を回収液体循環路59内に循
環させている。
Further, the recovered liquid contains malodorous components such as hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, methyl sulfide, ammonia, trimethylamine, alcohols and esters, and if this recovered liquid is directly discharged to the outside of the apparatus, it will be malodorous. The components evaporate again and cause environmental pollution.
For this reason, a removable deodorizing filter 63 is provided in the recovery liquid circulation tank 56 to remove the malodorous components in the recovery liquid. Further, the recovered liquid circulation tank 56 is provided with a recovered liquid discharge port 64 for discharging the recovered liquid after deodorization to the outside, on the downstream side of the deodorizing filter 63. And
A part of the recovered liquid after removing the malodorous component is discharged to the outside of the apparatus through the recovered liquid outlet 64, and the recovered liquid circulation pump 60 circulates the recovered liquid in the recovered liquid circulation path 59.

【0061】上記した脱臭フィルター63は、例えば、
活性炭とゼオライトを含有して装脱可能な脱臭エレメン
トからなり、活性炭およびゼオライトの作用により悪臭
成分を吸着除去することができる。活性炭は、水分が存
在していても、他の成分を選択的に吸着しようとする特
性をもっており、したがって、回収液体中に含有してい
る悪臭成分を吸着除去する素材として適する。
The deodorizing filter 63 described above is, for example,
It consists of a deodorizing element containing activated carbon and zeolite that can be loaded and unloaded, and it is possible to adsorb and remove malodorous components by the action of activated carbon and zeolite. Activated carbon has the property of selectively adsorbing other components even in the presence of water, and is therefore suitable as a material for adsorbing and removing the malodorous components contained in the recovered liquid.

【0062】また、本実施例では、図9に示すように、
蓋部材6を当該蓋部材6の中心から外れた位置で支持す
る支持軸70を設けるとともに、該支持軸70を上下動
および回動可能な状態で止着し、蓋部材6を支持軸70
を中心にして水平方向に移動することにより含水物投入
口5を大きく開放できるようにしてある。
Further, in this embodiment, as shown in FIG.
A support shaft 70 for supporting the lid member 6 at a position deviated from the center of the lid member 6 is provided, and the support shaft 70 is fixed in a vertically movable and rotatable state so that the lid member 6 is supported.
The water-containing material inlet 5 can be largely opened by moving in the horizontal direction with respect to.

【0063】図11、図12に基づき、含水物乾燥処理
装置の他の実施例を説明する。尚、上記した実施例と同
様の部材には同一の符号を付して、説明を省略する。
Another embodiment of the water-containing material drying treatment apparatus will be described with reference to FIGS. The same members as those in the above-described embodiment are designated by the same reference numerals and the description thereof will be omitted.

【0064】この含水物乾燥処理装置80は、含水物取
出口14が傾斜下端に位置するように、乾燥槽81を水
平方向に対して傾斜させて設けたものであり、乾燥槽8
1内の回転軸8も乾燥槽81の傾斜角度に対応させて、
即ち乾燥槽81の軸方向と平行となるよう、傾斜させて
設けてある。その他の部材の配置等は、上記した実施例
と同様となっている。
In the water-containing material drying treatment apparatus 80, a drying tank 81 is provided so as to be inclined with respect to the horizontal direction so that the water-containing material outlet 14 is located at the lower end of the inclination.
The rotary shaft 8 in 1 also corresponds to the inclination angle of the drying tank 81,
That is, it is provided so as to be parallel to the axial direction of the drying tank 81. The arrangement of other members and the like are the same as those in the above-described embodiment.

【0065】この含水物乾燥処理装置80では、含水物
投入口5から投入された含水物82は、投入空間4を通
過して乾燥槽81内に収容される。そして、乾燥槽81
が傾斜して設けられているので、乾燥槽81内に投入し
た含水物82は、傾斜上端側よりも傾斜下端側により多
く溜まる。ここで、攪拌モータ11を駆動して回転軸8
を回転させると、攪拌部材10が回転し、乾燥槽81内
の含水物82を攪拌する。このときの攪拌部材10の回
転方向は、攪拌部材10により含水物82を傾斜上端に
向かって搬送する方向としてある。
In the water-containing material drying treatment apparatus 80, the water-containing material 82 charged from the water-containing material inlet 5 passes through the charging space 4 and is accommodated in the drying tank 81. And the drying tank 81
Is inclined, so that the water-containing substance 82 charged in the drying tank 81 is accumulated more on the inclined lower end side than on the inclined upper end side. Here, the stirring motor 11 is driven to drive the rotating shaft 8
When is rotated, the stirring member 10 is rotated to stir the water-containing substance 82 in the drying tank 81. The rotation direction of the stirring member 10 at this time is a direction in which the water-containing substance 82 is conveyed toward the upper end of the slope by the stirring member 10.

【0066】したがって、乾燥槽81内の含水物82
は、攪拌部材10により攪拌されながら乾燥槽81の傾
斜上端に向かって移動し、傾斜上端に至った含水物82
は、重力の作用により、乾燥槽81の傾斜下端側に向か
って落下する。
Therefore, the water-containing substance 82 in the drying tank 81
Is moved toward the upper end of the inclination of the drying tank 81 while being agitated by the agitating member 10 and reaches the upper end of the inclination.
Falls due to the action of gravity toward the inclined lower end side of the drying tank 81.

【0067】この状態で、加熱装置の一構成要素である
ジャケット20により乾燥槽81を加熱すると、含水物
82をまんべんなく加熱乾燥することができる。また、
上記した実施例と同様に、蓋部材6の内部等に遠赤外線
ヒータ30を設けて、乾燥槽81の上部から加熱を行う
ようにしてもよい。
In this state, when the drying tank 81 is heated by the jacket 20 which is one component of the heating device, the water-containing material 82 can be uniformly heated and dried. Also,
Similar to the above-described embodiment, the far-infrared heater 30 may be provided inside the lid member 6 or the like to heat from the upper portion of the drying tank 81.

【0068】そして、含水物82の加熱乾燥及び冷却処
理が終了すると、攪拌モータ11を逆転させて、攪拌部
材10の回転方向を変更し、含水物82を乾燥槽81の
傾斜下端に設けた含水物取出口14に向かって移動させ
る。このとき、重力の作用とあいまって、含水物をたや
すく乾燥槽81の傾斜下端に落下させることができる。
このように、本実施例においても、上記した実施例と同
様に、冷却終了直前には、必ず攪拌モータ11が逆転す
るように制御して、乾燥槽81内の含水物82を含水物
取出口14に向かって搬送するようにすれば、加熱乾燥
後の含水物82の取出作業がより一層容易となる。
When the heat-drying and cooling treatment of the water-containing substance 82 is completed, the stirring motor 11 is reversed to change the rotation direction of the stirring member 10 so that the water-containing substance 82 is provided at the lower end of the inclination of the drying tank 81. It is moved toward the article outlet 14. At this time, the water content can be easily dropped to the lower end of the slope of the drying tank 81 in combination with the action of gravity.
Thus, also in the present embodiment, as in the above-described embodiments, the stirring motor 11 is controlled so as to always rotate in the reverse direction immediately before the end of cooling, and the water-containing substance 82 in the drying tank 81 is removed from the water-containing substance outlet. If it is conveyed toward 14, the work of taking out the water-containing material 82 after heating and drying becomes much easier.

【0069】なお、流動性が良好な含水物82を加熱乾
燥する場合には、含水物82の加熱乾燥及び冷却処理中
には、含水物82を乾燥槽81の傾斜下端に搬送する必
要はないので、攪拌モータ11の回転方向は、含水物8
2を傾斜上端に向かって搬送する正方向の回転のみとし
てもよい。
When the water-containing material 82 having a good fluidity is dried by heating, it is not necessary to convey the water-containing material 82 to the lower end of the inclination of the drying tank 81 during the heat-drying and cooling treatment of the water-containing material 82. Therefore, the rotation direction of the stirring motor 11 is 8
2 may be rotated only in the forward direction so that it is conveyed toward the upper end of the slope.

【0070】また、本発明に係る含水物乾燥処理装置
1,80で処理できる含水物は、生ゴミの他、豆腐の絞
り滓である「おから」、魚の頭や内臓、海老・蟹の殻等
の食品廃棄物であってもよい。これらの乾燥後の含水物
は広い用途を有しており、例えば、「おから」は加工食
料品の原料或は家畜の飼料として、魚の頭や内臓は肥料
として利用することができ、また、海老・蟹の殻には
「キチン・キトサン」が含有されており、人工皮膚、縫
合糸等の医療材料や、食品添加物等として広く利用する
ことができる。
The hydrates which can be treated by the hydrate-drying apparatus 1 or 80 according to the present invention include not only raw garbage but also "okara" which is a slag of tofu, fish heads and internal organs, shrimp and crab shells. May be food waste. These hydrated materials after drying have a wide range of uses, for example, "Okara" can be used as a raw material for processed foods or feed for livestock, and fish heads and internal organs can be used as fertilizers. The shrimp / crab shell contains "chitin / chitosan" and can be widely used as a medical material such as artificial skin and sutures, and a food additive.

【0071】[0071]

【発明の効果】本発明は、上記した構成からなるので、
以下に説明する効果を奏することができる。請求項1に
記載した発明では、乾燥槽がいわゆる横型で装置全体の
高さを抑えることができ、投入口も低い位置に開口する
ことが可能である。したがって、水を含んで重い含水物
を投入する際にも高く持ち上げる必要がなくなり、労働
条件を改善することができ、特に背丈の低い作業者にと
っては作業の負担が著しく軽減される。
Since the present invention has the above-mentioned constitution,
The following effects can be obtained. In the invention described in claim 1, since the drying tank is a so-called horizontal type, the height of the entire apparatus can be suppressed, and the charging port can be opened at a low position. Therefore, it is not necessary to lift it high even when a heavy water-containing substance containing water is added, working conditions can be improved, and the work load is remarkably reduced, especially for a worker with a short height.

【0072】そして、乾燥槽内に生ゴミ等の含水物を収
容し、加熱装置により乾燥槽内を加熱しながら、回転軸
を回転させると、回転軸に取り付けた攪拌部材も回転
し、乾燥槽内の含水物は左右いずれかの方向に搬送され
る。このとき、乾燥槽の含水物が搬送される左右いずれ
かの端部内面には、乾燥槽の端部外周側から内周側へ向
うにつれて乾燥槽の中央側へ傾斜する傾斜面を有する滞
留防止部材が設けてあるので、左右いずれかの端部に搬
送された含水物は、滞留防止部材により乾燥槽の内側に
向かって押し戻される。したがって、加熱乾燥中の含水
物が左右両端部付近に滞留することがなく、まんべんな
く加熱乾燥することができる。
Then, when a water-containing material such as raw garbage is stored in the drying tank and the rotating shaft is rotated while heating the inside of the drying tank by the heating device, the stirring member attached to the rotating shaft is also rotated, and the drying tank is rotated. The water content inside is conveyed in either the left or right direction. At this time, the inside of the left or right end of the drying tank where the water-containing material is conveyed has an inclined surface that is inclined toward the center of the drying tank as it goes from the outer peripheral side to the inner peripheral side of the drying tank. Since the member is provided, the water-containing material conveyed to either the left or right end is pushed back toward the inside of the drying tank by the retention preventing member. Therefore, the water-containing substance during heating and drying does not stay near the left and right ends, and heating and drying can be performed uniformly.

【0073】また、請求項2記載の発明では、乾燥槽を
水平方向に対して傾斜させて設けるとともに、回転軸及
び攪拌部材も乾燥槽の傾斜に応じて水平方向に対して傾
斜させて設けて、含水物の加熱乾燥を行っている。した
がって、攪拌部材により乾燥槽の上部に向かって搬送さ
れた含水物は、重力により乾燥槽の下部に向かって落下
するので、全ての含水物が一端部に偏ることがなく、含
水物をまんべんなく加熱乾燥することができる。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, the drying tank is provided so as to be inclined with respect to the horizontal direction, and the rotating shaft and the stirring member are provided so as to be inclined with respect to the horizontal direction according to the inclination of the drying tank. , The hydrous material is dried by heating. Therefore, since the water-containing material conveyed toward the upper part of the drying tank by the stirring member drops toward the lower part of the drying tank due to gravity, all the water-containing material is not biased toward one end and the water-containing material is heated uniformly. Can be dried.

【0074】また、請求項3記載の発明では、乾燥槽の
上部に開設した含水物投入開口に連通して投入空間が設
けてあり、乾燥槽内に投入された含水物は、投入空間を
通って乾燥槽内に取り込まれる。したがって、乾燥槽内
に含水物を投入する際には、投入空間内に含水物が一時
収容されるため、たとえ攪拌部材が回転していたとして
も、含水物が乾燥槽外にこぼれ落ちることがなく、確実
に乾燥槽内に含水物を投入することができる。
According to the third aspect of the present invention, a feed space is provided in communication with the water-containing material charging opening provided in the upper part of the drying tank, and the water-containing material charged into the drying tank passes through the charging space. Are taken into the drying tank. Therefore, when the water-containing material is charged into the drying tank, the water-containing material is temporarily stored in the charging space, so that the water-containing material may spill out of the drying tank even if the stirring member is rotated. Without, the water-containing substance can be surely put into the drying tank.

【0075】また、請求項4記載の発明では、投入空間
に投入された含水物は、破砕突起により細かくほぐされ
たり、ビニール袋が破かれたりした後、乾燥槽内に取り
込まれる。したがって、乾燥槽内に取り込まれる含水物
は、細かくほぐされたり、ビニール袋等から取り出され
た状態で加熱乾燥されるので、塊状となった含水物やビ
ニール袋に収容された含水物であっても、まんべんなく
加熱乾燥することができる。
Further, in the invention according to claim 4, the water-containing substance charged in the charging space is finely loosened by the crushing protrusions or the vinyl bag is crushed and then taken into the drying tank. Therefore, since the water-containing substance taken into the drying tank is finely loosened or heated and dried in a state of being taken out from the vinyl bag or the like, it is a lumpy water-containing substance or a water-containing substance stored in the vinyl bag. Also, it can be uniformly heated and dried.

【0076】また、請求項5記載の発明では、含水物を
投入空間に投入すると、加熱装置が稼働して含水物を所
定時間加熱した後、攪拌部材が回転を開始する。したが
って、特に、含水物がビニール袋等に収容されている場
合には、投入空間内に投入されたビニール袋は加熱され
て軟化するため、破砕突起による破砕が容易となり、含
水物を確実にビニール袋内から取り出すことができる。
According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, when the water-containing substance is charged into the charging space, the heating device operates to heat the water-containing substance for a predetermined time, and then the stirring member starts rotating. Therefore, especially when the water-containing material is contained in a vinyl bag or the like, the vinyl bag loaded in the charging space is heated and softened, so that the water-containing material can be crushed easily by the crushing protrusions. It can be taken out from the bag.

【0077】また、請求項6記載の発明では、攪拌部材
の外周部に設けた掻き上げ部材により、乾燥槽内の底面
部に滞留した含水物を、上方に向かって掻き上げてい
る。したがって、乾燥物の攪拌がより促進され、含水物
の加熱乾燥を効率よく行うことができる。
According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, the raking member provided on the outer peripheral portion of the stirring member scrapes upward the water-containing substance accumulated on the bottom surface of the drying tank. Therefore, the stirring of the dried material is further promoted, and the water-containing material can be heated and dried efficiently.

【0078】また、請求項7記載の発明では、攪拌部材
により乾燥槽底部の含水物を攪拌する際には、含水物が
攪拌部材内周側の断面略V字状の尾根部を乗り越えるの
で、含水物が攪拌部材により搬送され難い。したがっ
て、左右いずれかの端部に向かって移動する含水物の量
が減少し、左右両端部に滞留する含水物の量を減らすこ
とができるので、含水物の加熱乾燥を効率よく行うこと
ができる。
Further, in the invention according to claim 7, when the water-containing substance at the bottom of the drying tank is stirred by the stirring member, the water-containing substance passes over the ridge portion having a substantially V-shaped cross section on the inner peripheral side of the stirring member. It is difficult for the water-containing substance to be conveyed by the stirring member. Therefore, the amount of the hydrated substance that moves toward the left or right end is reduced, and the amount of the hydrated substance that accumulates at the left and right ends can be reduced, so that the heating and drying of the hydrated substance can be efficiently performed. .

【0079】また、請求項8記載の発明では、乾燥槽内
に収容した含水物は、攪拌部材が交互に正逆回転するこ
とにより攪拌される。したがって、スクリューコンベア
の作用により含水物が左右いずれかの端部に向かって移
動したとしても、この含水物は、攪拌部材の逆転により
再び反対側の端部に向かって移動し、含水物が乾燥槽の
一端部に偏ることがなく、含水物をまんべんなく加熱乾
燥することができる。
According to the eighth aspect of the present invention, the water-containing substance contained in the drying tank is agitated by alternately rotating the agitating member forward and backward. Therefore, even if the water content moves toward the left or right end due to the action of the screw conveyor, this water content moves toward the opposite end again due to the reverse rotation of the stirring member, and the water content dries. The water-containing substance can be uniformly heated and dried without being biased to one end of the tank.

【0080】また、請求項9記載の発明では、含水物の
加熱乾燥後の最終処理過程である冷却処理の終了直前に
は、攪拌部材は必ず逆回転している。したがって、冷却
処理が終了して乾燥槽内から含水物を取り出す時点で
は、乾燥槽内の乾燥処理後の含水物は、攪拌部材の正回
転時における含水物の搬送方向とは反対側に設けた含水
物取出口方向に向かって搬送されており、乾燥処理後の
含水物の取り出しが容易となる。
In the ninth aspect of the invention, the stirring member is always rotated in the reverse direction immediately before the end of the cooling treatment, which is the final treatment process after heating and drying the water-containing material. Therefore, at the time when the cooling treatment is completed and the water-containing substance is taken out from the drying tank, the water-containing substance after the drying treatment in the drying tank is provided on the side opposite to the conveying direction of the water-containing substance during the forward rotation of the stirring member. The water-containing material is conveyed in the direction of the water-containing material outlet, so that the water-containing material can be easily taken out after the drying treatment.

【0081】また、請求項10記載の発明では、乾燥槽
内に投入された含水物は、攪拌部材により攪拌されると
ともに、加熱装置により加熱されて乾燥される。そし
て、所定期間の冷却処理を経た後に乾燥槽の外へ取り出
される。このとき、攪拌部材が逆回転して加熱乾燥処理
後の含水物を含水物取出口に向かって搬送する。
According to the tenth aspect of the invention, the water-containing material charged into the drying tank is stirred by the stirring member and heated by the heating device to be dried. Then, after passing through a cooling process for a predetermined period, it is taken out of the drying tank. At this time, the stirring member rotates in the reverse direction and conveys the water-containing material after the heat-drying treatment toward the water-containing material outlet.

【0082】また、請求項11記載の発明では、攪拌部
材の回転速度を変更することができるので、乾燥槽内に
収容する含水物の種類に応じて適切な回転速度となるよ
う、攪拌部材の回転速度を調節して、含水物の加熱乾燥
を行うことができる。したがって、含水物の種類に応じ
て加熱乾燥をより一層効率よく行うことができる。
According to the eleventh aspect of the present invention, since the rotation speed of the stirring member can be changed, the rotation speed of the stirring member can be adjusted so that the rotation speed is appropriate according to the type of the water-containing substance contained in the drying tank. It is possible to heat-dry the hydrous material by adjusting the rotation speed. Therefore, the heating and drying can be performed more efficiently depending on the type of hydrous material.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】本発明に係る含水物乾燥処理装置の一部欠截し
た概略側面図である。
FIG. 1 is a schematic side view in which a water-containing material drying treatment apparatus according to the present invention is partially cut away.

【図2】本発明に係る含水物乾燥処理装置の正面図であ
る。
FIG. 2 is a front view of the hydrous material drying treatment apparatus according to the present invention.

【図3】乾燥槽の一端の断面図である。FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of one end of a drying tank.

【図4】攪拌部材の斜視図である。FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a stirring member.

【図5】含水物乾燥処理装置の概略構成図である。FIG. 5 is a schematic configuration diagram of a hydrous material drying treatment apparatus.

【図6】攪拌部材の他の実施例の乾燥槽の一部を示す断
面図である。
FIG. 6 is a sectional view showing a part of a drying tank of another embodiment of the stirring member.

【図7】攪拌部材のさらに他の実施例を示す斜視図であ
る。
FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing still another embodiment of the stirring member.

【図8】図7に示した攪拌部材の断面形状を示す斜視図
である。
8 is a perspective view showing a cross-sectional shape of the stirring member shown in FIG.

【図9】蓋部材を回動した状態を示す含水物乾燥処理装
置の平面図である。
FIG. 9 is a plan view of the water-containing material drying treatment apparatus showing a state in which the lid member is rotated.

【図10】含水物乾燥処理装置における含水物の処理工
程を示したタイムチャート図である。
FIG. 10 is a time chart diagram showing a treatment process of a water-containing substance in a water-containing substance drying treatment device.

【図11】含水物乾燥処理装置の他の実施例の一部欠截
した概略側面図である。
FIG. 11 is a partially cutaway schematic side view of another embodiment of the water-containing material drying treatment apparatus.

【図12】図11に示した含水物乾燥処理装置の正面図
である。
12 is a front view of the water-containing substance drying treatment apparatus shown in FIG.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 含水物処理装置 2 乾燥槽 3 円筒状頭部 4 投入空間 5 含水物投入口 6 蓋部材 7 軸受 8 回転軸 9 腕 10 攪拌部材 11 攪拌モータ 12 滞留防止部材 13 傾斜面 14 開閉蓋 20 ジャケット 21 加熱オイル入口 22 加熱オイル出口 23 加熱オイル循環路 24 加熱オイルタンク 25 加熱オイル循環ポンプ 26 電気ヒータ 27 温度測定器 28 遠赤外線ヒータ 29 蒸発ガス出口 30 排出装置 40 攪拌部材(第2実施例) 41 掻き上げ部材 42 攪拌部材(第3実施例) 43 尾根部 44 傾斜面 45 破砕突起 50 蒸発ガス排出パイプ 51 コンデンサー 52 真空発生装置 53 熱交換部 54 回収液体排出路 55 エゼクター 56 回収液体循環タンク 57 回収液体出口 58 回収液体入口 59 回収液体循環路 60 回収液体循環ポンプ 61 ノズル部 62 吸引口 63 脱臭フィルター 64 回収液体排出口 70 支持軸 80 含水物乾燥処理装置 81 乾燥槽 82 含水物 1 Water-containing material treatment device 2 Drying tank 3 Cylindrical head 4 Input space 5 Water-containing material input port 6 Lid member 7 Bearing 8 Rotating shaft 9 Arm 10 Stirring member 11 Stirring motor 12 Stabilization prevention member 13 Inclined surface 14 Opening / closing lid 20 Jacket 21 Heating oil inlet 22 Heating oil outlet 23 Heating oil circulation path 24 Heating oil tank 25 Heating oil circulation pump 26 Electric heater 27 Temperature measuring instrument 28 Far-infrared heater 29 Evaporative gas outlet 30 Discharging device 40 Stirring member (second embodiment) 41 Scratching Lifting member 42 Stirring member (third embodiment) 43 Ridge portion 44 Sloping surface 45 Crushing protrusion 50 Evaporative gas discharge pipe 51 Condenser 52 Vacuum generator 53 Heat exchange unit 54 Recovered liquid discharge passage 55 Ejector 56 Recovered liquid circulation tank 57 Recovered liquid Outlet 58 Recovery liquid inlet 59 Recovery liquid circulation path 60 Yield liquid circulation pump 61 nozzle unit 62 suction port 63 deodorizing filter 64 collecting the liquid outlet 70 support shaft 80 hydrate drying apparatus 81 drying chamber 82 hydrate

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl.6 識別記号 庁内整理番号 FI 技術表示箇所 B09B 3/00 5/00 F26B 3/30 13/00 A 25/00 A 25/04 25/12 B B09B 5/00 P ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of the front page (51) Int.Cl. 6 Identification code Internal reference number FI Technical display location B09B 3/00 5/00 F26B 3/30 13/00 A 25/00 A 25/04 25/12 B B09B 5/00 P

Claims (11)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 内部に含水物を収容する乾燥槽と、 該乾燥槽内にほぼ水平方向に設けた回転軸と、 該回転軸に取り付けて回転軸の回転に伴い上記乾燥槽内
部に収容した含水物を攪拌する、回転軸を中心とした螺
旋状の攪拌部材と、 上記乾燥槽に配設されて乾燥槽内の含水物を加熱する加
熱装置とを備え、 上記乾燥槽の左右両端部の少なくとも一端部内面には、
乾燥槽の端部外周側から内周側へ向うにつれて乾燥槽の
中央側へ向かって傾斜する傾斜面を有する滞留防止部材
を設けたことを特徴とする含水物乾燥処理装置。
1. A drying tank for containing a water-containing substance therein, a rotary shaft provided in the drying tank in a substantially horizontal direction, and a rotary shaft attached to the rotary shaft and housed in the dry tank as the rotary shaft rotates. A spiral stirring member around the rotating shaft for stirring the water-containing material, and a heating device disposed in the drying tank for heating the water-containing material in the drying tank are provided, and the left and right end portions of the drying tank are provided. At least one end inner surface,
A water-containing material drying treatment apparatus comprising: a retention preventing member having an inclined surface that is inclined toward the center side of the drying tank from the outer peripheral side of the end of the drying tank toward the inner peripheral side.
【請求項2】 内部に含水物を収容するとともに、水平
方向に対して傾斜して設けた乾燥槽と、 該乾燥槽内に、乾燥槽の傾斜に対応させて傾斜して設け
た回転軸と、 該回転軸に取り付けて回転軸の回転に伴い上記乾燥槽内
部に収容した含水物を攪拌する、回転軸を中心とした螺
旋状の攪拌部材と、 上記乾燥槽に配設されて乾燥槽内の含水物を加熱する加
熱装置と、 を備えたことを特徴とする含水物乾燥処理装置。
2. A drying tank for accommodating a water-containing substance therein, which is inclined with respect to the horizontal direction, and a rotary shaft which is inclined in the drying tank so as to correspond to the inclination of the drying tank. A spiral stirring member having a rotary shaft as a center, which is attached to the rotating shaft to stir the water-containing substance contained in the drying tank as the rotating shaft rotates; And a heating device for heating the water-containing material, and a water-containing material drying treatment device.
【請求項3】 上記乾燥槽の上部には、含水物を投入す
るための含水物投入口を開設するとともに、該含水物投
入口に連通して、投入した含水物を一時収容するための
投入空間を設けたことを特徴とする請求項1または請求
項2に記載の含水物乾燥処理装置。
3. An upper part of the drying tank is provided with a water-containing material input port for inputting a water-containing material, and is connected to the water-containing material input port so as to temporarily store the supplied water-containing material. The water-containing substance drying treatment apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a space is provided.
【請求項4】 上記攪拌部材には、上記含水物投入口に
向かって突出する破砕突起を設けたことを特徴とする請
求項3記載の含水物乾燥処理装置。
4. The water-containing material drying treatment apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the stirring member is provided with a crushing protrusion protruding toward the water-containing material inlet.
【請求項5】 上記破砕突起を設けた攪拌部材は、含水
物を投入空間に投入して、投入空間内の含水物を加熱装
置により所定時間加熱した後、回転開始させることを特
徴とする請求項4記載の含水物乾燥処理装置。
5. The stirring member provided with the crushing projections is characterized in that a water-containing material is charged into a charging space, the water-containing material in the charging space is heated by a heating device for a predetermined time, and then rotation is started. Item 4. A hydrous material drying treatment apparatus according to item 4.
【請求項6】 上記攪拌部材の外周部には、攪拌部材の
回転に伴って乾燥槽内の含水物を掻き上げる掻き上げ部
材を設けたことを特徴とする請求項1から請求項5のい
ずれかに記載の含水物乾燥処理装置。
6. The scraping member for scraping up the water content in the drying tank as the stirring member rotates is provided on the outer peripheral portion of the stirring member. The water-containing material drying treatment apparatus according to claim 1.
【請求項7】 上記攪拌部材は、内周側の尾根部から外
周方向に向かって開いた傾斜面を有する断面形状である
ことを特徴とする請求項1から請求項6のいずれかに記
載の含水物乾燥処理装置。
7. The stirring member according to claim 1, wherein the stirring member has a cross-sectional shape having an inclined surface opened from the ridge portion on the inner peripheral side toward the outer peripheral direction. Water-containing drying equipment.
【請求項8】 上記攪拌部材は、正逆回転可能であるこ
とを特徴とする請求項1から請求項7のいずれかに記載
の含水物乾燥処理装置。
8. The water-containing substance drying treatment apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the stirring member is capable of rotating in forward and reverse directions.
【請求項9】 上記乾燥槽には、上記攪拌部材の正回転
時における含水物の搬送方向とは反対側に含水物取出口
を設けるとともに、加熱乾燥処理後の含水物を取り出す
際に上記攪拌部材を逆回転させることを特徴とする請求
項8に記載の含水物乾燥処理装置。
9. The drying tank is provided with a water-containing material outlet on the side opposite to the conveying direction of the water-containing material during normal rotation of the stirring member, and the stirring is performed when the water-containing material after heat-drying treatment is taken out. The water-containing material drying treatment apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the member is rotated in the reverse direction.
【請求項10】 上記乾燥槽には、上記攪拌部材の正回
転時における含水物の搬送方向とは反対側に含水物取出
口を設けるとともに、上記攪拌部材は、含水物の加熱乾
燥処理後に行う冷却処理終了直前に逆回転させることを
特徴とする請求項8に記載の含水物乾燥処理装置。
10. The drying tank is provided with a water-containing substance outlet on the side opposite to the conveying direction of the water-containing substance when the stirring member is normally rotated, and the stirring member is provided after the heat-drying treatment of the water-containing substance. 9. The water-containing substance drying treatment apparatus according to claim 8, which is rotated in the reverse direction immediately before the end of the cooling treatment.
【請求項11】 上記攪拌部材は、回転速度を変更可能
であることを特徴とする請求項1から請求項10のいず
れかに記載の含水物乾燥処理装置。
11. The water-containing substance drying treatment apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the stirring member can change a rotation speed.
JP6302736A 1994-11-14 1994-11-14 Device for drying and processing moisture substance Pending JPH08136129A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6302736A JPH08136129A (en) 1994-11-14 1994-11-14 Device for drying and processing moisture substance

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6302736A JPH08136129A (en) 1994-11-14 1994-11-14 Device for drying and processing moisture substance

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH08136129A true JPH08136129A (en) 1996-05-31

Family

ID=17912541

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP6302736A Pending JPH08136129A (en) 1994-11-14 1994-11-14 Device for drying and processing moisture substance

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH08136129A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010029558A (en) * 2000-01-25 2001-04-06 오상기 Self Fermented Feed Maker
KR20040019667A (en) * 2002-08-28 2004-03-06 도영기 A processing tank of fermentation and drying device for edible waste material
JP2008064345A (en) * 2006-09-05 2008-03-21 Miike Iron Works Co Ltd Drying device
JP2008281264A (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-20 Kiyomi Yoshimura Drying treatment device and method of hydrous waste
JP2009172592A (en) * 2007-12-31 2009-08-06 Woongjin Coway Co Ltd Drying oven for garbage disposer
CN108413743A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-08-17 朱柏艳 A kind of drying cotton device with mirror image internal structure

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010029558A (en) * 2000-01-25 2001-04-06 오상기 Self Fermented Feed Maker
KR20040019667A (en) * 2002-08-28 2004-03-06 도영기 A processing tank of fermentation and drying device for edible waste material
JP2008064345A (en) * 2006-09-05 2008-03-21 Miike Iron Works Co Ltd Drying device
JP4690273B2 (en) * 2006-09-05 2011-06-01 株式会社御池鐵工所 Drying equipment
JP2008281264A (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-20 Kiyomi Yoshimura Drying treatment device and method of hydrous waste
JP2009172592A (en) * 2007-12-31 2009-08-06 Woongjin Coway Co Ltd Drying oven for garbage disposer
CN108413743A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-08-17 朱柏艳 A kind of drying cotton device with mirror image internal structure

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