JPH0810585A - Condensation device using hollow yarn membrane - Google Patents

Condensation device using hollow yarn membrane

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Publication number
JPH0810585A
JPH0810585A JP17213994A JP17213994A JPH0810585A JP H0810585 A JPH0810585 A JP H0810585A JP 17213994 A JP17213994 A JP 17213994A JP 17213994 A JP17213994 A JP 17213994A JP H0810585 A JPH0810585 A JP H0810585A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
frame
hollow
hollow fiber
fiber membrane
hollow yarn
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
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JP17213994A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP3094407B2 (en
Inventor
Eiichi Ishigaki
栄一 石垣
Original Assignee
Ishigaki Mech Ind Co
石垣機工株式会社
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Application filed by Ishigaki Mech Ind Co, 石垣機工株式会社 filed Critical Ishigaki Mech Ind Co
Priority to JP06172139A priority Critical patent/JP3094407B2/en
Publication of JPH0810585A publication Critical patent/JPH0810585A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3094407B2 publication Critical patent/JP3094407B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PURPOSE:To provide a condensation device in which a condensation room to be simply sealed and released is constituted and a condensation membrane inserted in the inside can be easily regenerated and exchanged. CONSTITUTION:Casing-like frame bodies 3 are arranged in parallel movably on a pair of horizontal rods, and a hollow yarn membrane module A arranged with many hollow yarn membranes on the circumstance of an air diffusing pipe 4 is inserted into a hollow part of these frame bodies 3, and on the other hand, a take-out path of a filtrate communicated with the hollow part of the hollow yarn membrane, a feed path of high pressure air communicated with an air diffusing pipe 11, and a feed path for bubbling air having an opening toward a bundle of the hollow yarn membrane are provided in the frame body 3. The condensation room can be opened and closed by moving the frame body 3 and the hollow yarn membranes can be easily washed and exchanged.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】この発明は、中空糸膜を用いた濃縮装置の改良に関し濃縮室が簡単に構成でき、設置面積当たりの濃縮効率がよく、然も、運転操作やメンテナンスが容易な装置を提供せんとするものである。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention is a hollow fiber membrane can be easily configured enrichment chamber relates to improvements in the concentrating apparatus using, often concentrated efficiency per footprint, deer, driving operation and maintenance easy device it is intended to provide cents.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来、食品排水や下水の処理水等をセラミック膜や高分子量材で構成した中空糸膜を用いてろ過濃縮することは公知である。 Conventionally, it is known to filter it concentrated using a hollow fiber membrane constituted food wastewater and sewage processing such as water with a ceramic layer and a high molecular weight material. 特開平2−307504 JP-A-2-307504
号、特開平4−135632号は、その例であり、これらはセラミック膜よりなるろ材や、中空糸膜を密閉タンク内に吊設している。 No., JP 4-135632 is an example, these filtration media and made of a ceramic membrane, and suspended a hollow fiber membrane in the closed tank.

【0003】 [0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】然しながら、上述のような従来装置では、濃縮のために使用するろ材(ろ過膜)は、密閉タンク内に設けられており、取付けるのに手数がかかる上、目詰まりしたときの再生や交換が面倒であり、さらに、運転には高圧力を用いるため、密閉タンクも頑丈に構成しなければならず高価である。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION] However, in the conventional apparatus as described above, the filter medium used for concentration (filtration membrane) is provided in the sealed tank, on it takes labor to attach the eye a troublesome regeneration or replacement when the clogging, further, since the use of high pressure in operation, closed tank also is expensive must be robust construction.

【0004】 [0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】この発明は、上述のような課題を解決し得るものであって、その要旨とするところは、額縁上の中空の枠体を一対のガイドレール上に多数並列し、この枠体を互いに密着させることにより、濃縮室を形成することができるようにするとともに、枠体の中空部には、中空糸膜を散気管の周囲に多数集束してなる中空糸膜モジュールを並列し、その中空糸膜の中空部を枠体に設けたろ液の取出路に連通させ、一方、各枠体内には、その中空部に連通して且つ各枠体を密着させたとき、連通管を形成することができる原液の供給路と、上記散気管に連通する高圧空気路および上記中空糸膜モジュールの中空糸膜の集束部内に開口するバブリング空気の通路を設けたものである。 Means for Solving the Problems] This invention has been made capable of solving the problems as described above, and its gist, parallel many hollow frame on the frame on a pair of guide rails and, are contacted by the frame body with each other, as well as to be able to form a concentrate chamber, the hollow portion of the frame, the hollow fiber membrane formed by converging numerous around the sparge tube the hollow fiber membranes parallel modules, the hollow portion of the hollow fiber membrane in communication with the extraction path of the filtrate provided to the frame, whereas, in each frame body, when and brought into close contact with each frame communicated with the hollow portion is obtained by providing the supply path of the stock solution capable of forming a communicating pipe, the passage of the bubbling air opening to the focusing portion of the hollow fiber membrane of the high pressure air passage and the hollow fiber membrane module communicating with said diffuser tube .

【0005】 [0005]

【作用】この発明に係る装置は、上述のように構成してあり、各ろ枠を開枠して互いに密着させれば、その内部に多数のろ過膜を並列した大型の高圧濃縮室を形成することができる。 [Action] apparatus according to the present invention, Yes constructed as described above, lenses are contacted with each other Hirakiwaku each filter frame, forming a high-pressure concentrated chamber large in parallel a large number of filtration membrane therein can do. 従って、バブリングエヤーを送りつつろ枠内に設けた流路から濃縮すべき原液を供給すると、その原液は、濃縮室全体に分散されて多数並列した中空糸膜でろ過濃縮される。 Therefore, by supplying the stock solution to be concentrated from the flow path provided in the filtrate frame while sending Baburingueya, the stock solution is filtered and concentrated in a hollow fiber membrane in parallel number is dispersed throughout concentrating chamber. そして、ろ過分離されたろ液は、 The filtered separated filtrate,
中空糸膜の中空部から枠体内に設けた取出路を通って機外に取り出され、濃縮室内には、ろ液が分離された濃縮液が溜まる。 Is taken out of the machine through the extraction passage provided inside the frame from the hollow portion of the hollow fiber membrane, the concentration chamber, concentrate accumulates the filtrate were separated. このような運転をしてろ液の排出量が減少したときには、濃縮室の原液は充分濃縮されたものであり、同時に、中空糸膜も目詰まりしているので、ろ枠を開枠することにより濃縮液を落下させて機外に取り出すことができる。 When such by the operation emissions filtrate is decreased, a concentrated solution chamber are those well concentrated, simultaneously, since the hollow fiber membranes is also clogged, by Hirakiwaku filtrate frame it can be taken out of the apparatus to drop the concentrate. 一方、目詰まりした中空糸膜に対してはろ液取出用の流路から、逆洗流体を送ることで目詰まり物を吹き抜き目詰まりを解消することができる。 On the other hand, with respect to the hollow fiber membranes clogged it can be eliminated from the flow path for extracting filtrate, clogging punching blow clogging thereof by sending a backwash fluid.

【0006】また、これと同時に散気管から高圧空気を噴出させることによって、逆洗によって剥離したケーキおよび中空糸膜モジュール内のケーキをモジュール外に吹き払うことができ、中空糸膜を完全に再生することができる。 Further, by ejecting high pressure air from the same time diffusing pipe and which can blow off the cake peeling cake and the hollow fiber membrane module by backwashing outside module, reproduced hollow fiber membranes completely can do.

【0007】このようにして、逆洗した中空糸膜モジュール内にケーキがないので、原液の流動性がよく、濃縮されているにも拘らず、続いて濃縮作業をすることが可能である。 [0007] In this way, since there is no cake backwash the hollow fiber membrane module, the flowability of the stock solution is good, despite being concentrated, it is possible to subsequently concentrated work. 然しながら、所望の濃度に達した場合、枠体を開枠して濃縮液を取り出してもよい。 However, when it reaches the desired concentration, it may retrieve concentrate by Hirakiwaku the frame.

【0008】また、上記のように枠体を開枠したときには、中空糸膜が露出するので、散気管でブローし切れない部位のケーキを完全に除去することができる。 Further, when the Hirakiwaku the frame as described above, since the hollow fiber membranes are exposed, the cake portion which can not be blown by diffusing tube can be completely removed. このような濃縮室の開放にも濃縮室の形成にも、この発明によれば、枠体をガイドレールに沿って開閉するのみで足り、従来の高圧タンクを用いた濃縮装置に比較すれば、 To the formation of concentrating compartments to the opening of such concentrates chamber, according to the present invention, sufficient only to open and close along the frame to the guide rail, in comparison to the concentration apparatus using a conventional high-pressure tank,
製作上も操作上も安価なものである。 Operation also on the production on is also inexpensive. また、枠体数を増減することによって、所望の能力を有する装置を簡単に設置することができる。 Also, by increasing or decreasing the frame number, it is possible to easily install a device having the desired capacity. 以下、図面に基づいて、この発明を具体的に説明する。 Hereinafter, with reference to the drawings, specifically explain the present invention.

【0009】 [0009]

【実施例】図1は、この発明に係る濃縮装置の概略の側面図であり、図中、符号1は左右に配設したフレーム、 DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 is a side view of a schematic of a concentrator according to the present invention, in the figure, a frame code 1 which is disposed on the left and right,
2は、このフレーム管に橋架した一対のガイドレール、 2, a pair of guide rails bridge the frame tube,
3は、ガイドレール2上に移動自在に配列した枠体である。 3 is a frame body which is movably arranged on the guide rails 2. 符号4は、枠体3を締め付けるための可動ヘッド、 Reference numeral 4, the movable head for tightening the frame member 3,
5は固定ヘッド、6は可動ヘッド4に一体に設けた締付シリンダー、7は枠体3の開枠装置であり、その上部に洗浄ノズル7aを備えており、チェーン8でレール9上を移動できるようにしてある。 5 fixed head, clamping cylinder provided integrally with the movable head 4 6, 7 are Hirakiwaku apparatus frame 3 is provided with a washing nozzle 7a on top, moving on the rails 9 in the chain 8 It is to be so.

【0010】次に、この発明に係る濃縮部の構成を図2 [0010] Next, FIG. 2 the structure of a rectifying section according to the present invention
および図3に基づいて説明する。 And it will be described with reference to FIG. 図2は、この発明に用いる中空糸膜モジュールを示し、符号10は中空糸膜であって、散気管11の周囲に多数配列してあって、その下端は止金12で盲状に集束され、その上端は止金13 Figure 2 shows a hollow fiber membrane module for use in the present invention, reference numeral 10 denotes a hollow fiber membrane, with each other and arrayed around the aeration tube 11, its lower end is focused in the blind shape in clasp 12 , the upper end of the clasp 13
で集束されてろ液室14に開口するようにしてある。 In a focused are so as to open to the filtrate chamber 14. 符号15は、散気空気の供給管、16は、バブリングエヤーの噴出ノズルであり、その上端の開口が中空糸膜10 Reference numeral 15, the supply pipe of the aeration air, 16 is a jet nozzle of Baburingueya, the hollow fiber membrane 10 is opened in the upper end
の集束内に向けて開口させてある。 They are allowed to open toward the inside of the focusing. 尚、図2において符号17は、補強リングであり、散気管10からのエヤーで中空糸膜10が大きく撓んで破損するのを防止するためのものである。 Incidentally, reference numeral 17 in FIG. 2 is a reinforcing ring is intended to prevent the hollow fiber membranes 10 in Eya from the trachea 10 diffusing corruption deflected greatly.

【0011】図3は、上述のように構成した中空糸膜モジュールAを枠体3内に配列した状態を示し、散気管1 [0011] Figure 3 shows a state in which an array of hollow fiber membrane module A configured as described above in the frame 3, diffuser tube 1
1の上端は、枠体3内に設けた散気空気の供給路18に連結されて高圧空気源に連結され、散気管11の下端は、バブリングエヤーの噴出ノズル16内に臨ませてある。 1 at the upper end, is connected to the supply passage 18 of the diffuser air provided in the frame 3 is connected to a high pressure air source, the lower end of the aeration tube 11, there is to face the ejection nozzle 16 of Baburingueya. 尚、図3において符号19は、原液の供給路を示し、枠体3を合着したとき、各枠体3の供給路19が結合されて一本の管路を形成するようにしてある。 Incidentally, reference numeral 19 in FIG. 3 shows a supply path of the stock solution, when bonding the frame body 3, it is so as to form a single conduit coupled supply path 19 of each frame 3. 20はろ液の取出管を示す。 It shows the take-out tube 20 halo liquid.

【0012】この発明に係る装置は、上述のように構成してあり、締付シリンダ6により枠体3を閉枠して締め付けると、多数の中空糸膜モジュールAを内蔵した強固な濃縮室を形成することができる。 [0012] device according to the present invention, Yes constructed as described above, when tightened by 閉枠 the frame 3 by clamping cylinder 6, a solid concentrate chamber with a built-in multiple hollow fiber membrane module A it can be formed. したがって、この濃縮室に供給路19から原液を供給すると、その液分が中空糸膜10によって分離され、取出管20から機外に取り出され、濃縮室内に液分が分離された濃縮液を得ることができる。 Therefore, when supplying the stock solution from the supply passage 19 to the concentrating chamber, the liquid component is separated by the hollow fiber membrane 10 is withdrawn outside the apparatus from the take-out tube 20, to obtain a concentrate liquid fraction is separated into concentrated compartment be able to.

【0013】次に、このような濃縮作業を継続して、取出管20からの分離液の排出が減少したときには、各枠体3を開枠することによって、濃縮室を開放することができ、内部の濃縮液を落下させ、これをトレイ等で受けることによって回収することができる。 [0013] Then, to continue such concentrated work, when the discharge of the separated liquid from the take-out pipe 20 is decreased, by Hirakiwaku each frame 3, it is possible to open the concentrating compartment, to drop the internal concentrate, which can be recovered by receiving in trays. その後、図1のように、開枠装置7に洗浄管7aを設けておけば、枠体3のシール面や中空糸膜10の外周面に付着した固形物までも洗い落とすことができる。 Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 1, if the cleaning tube 7a provided Hirakiwaku device 7, it can be washed off well until the solids adhering to the outer peripheral surface of the sealing surfaces and the hollow fiber membranes 10 of the frame 3.

【0014】また、この発明では、分離液量が少なくなったとき(ろ過膜が目詰まりしたとき)必ずしも枠体3 Further, in this invention, when the separated liquid volume is low (when the filtration membrane was clogged) always frame 3
を開枠することなく、閉枠した状態で取出管20側から高圧流体(高圧空気等)を圧入することで、中空糸膜1 The without Hirakiwaku, by press-fitting the high-pressure fluid (high pressure air, etc.) from the take-out pipe 20 side while 閉枠, hollow fiber membranes 1
0の目詰まりを吹き抜いて再生することができる。 And pulled blow 0 of clogging can be reproduced. このとき、吹き抜いた固形物を含む濃縮液は、原液の供給路19から機外に取り出すことができるものである。 In this case, the concentrate containing the solids pulled blow, in which can be extracted from the supply passage 19 of the stock solution to the outside of the apparatus. このとき、散気管11から高圧空気を噴出させることによって、上述の逆洗流体によって剥離したケーキを中空糸膜の集束外に吹き抜くことができ、次段の運転時に管束内における原液の流動を円滑にして濃縮効率を高めることができる。 At this time, by ejecting high pressure air from the aeration tube 11, it is possible to blow through the cake was peeled by backwash fluid above the focusing outside the hollow fiber membranes, the flow of stock in the tube bundle during the next stage of operation smoothly to be able to enhance the concentration efficiency.

【0015】さらに、この発明では、中空糸膜10が目詰まりしたときにこれを更新するに当たって、枠体3を開枠するとともに、逆洗流体を送ることによって中空糸膜10を内外から同時に洗浄再生することも可能である。 Furthermore, in this invention, the cleaning when the hollow fiber membranes 10 updates this when clogged, the frame 3 as well as Hirakiwaku, simultaneously hollow fiber membranes 10 by sending a backwash fluid from inside and outside it is also possible to play. 尚、図1に示すものでは、枠体3を一枚宛開枠するようにしているが、多数の枠体を同時に開枠するようにしたものにも適用できるは勿論である。 Incidentally, what is the shown in FIG. 1, but so as to one destined Hirakiwaku the frame 3, can be applied to that so as to Hirakiwaku multiple frame simultaneously of course.

【0016】 [0016]

【発明の効果】以上の説明で明らかなように、この発明に係る濃縮装置は、高圧力に耐える構造を必要とする濃縮室を極めて簡便に構成できるとともに、その濃縮室に多数の中空糸膜を並列してろ過面積の広い効率の高い濃縮装置を形成でき、然も、枠体数を増減するのみで簡単にその大きさを調整でき、さらに、中空糸膜が目詰まりしたときには、逆洗流体と散気管からの空気で中空糸膜を内外から洗浄して完全に洗浄できるとともに、さらに、枠体を開枠することによって中空糸膜を濃縮室から取り出した状態とすることができるので、ろ過膜の点検やメンテナンス等が容易にできるものである。 As apparent from the above description, concentrator according to the invention, with the concentrating compartment which requires a structure to withstand high pressure can very easily configure a number of hollow fiber membranes to the concentrate chamber the can form a highly concentrated system wide efficiency filtering area in parallel, deer, can be adjusted only by simply its size to increase or decrease the frame number, further, when the hollow fiber membrane becomes clogged, backwash with fully cleaned by washing the hollow fiber membrane from the inside and outside air from diffusing pipe and the fluid, further, it is possible to state that taking out a hollow fiber membrane from the concentrate chamber by Hirakiwaku the frame, inspection and maintenance, etc. of the filtration membrane is one that can be easily.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】この発明を施した濃縮機の概略の側面図である。 1 is a side view of a schematic of a concentrator which has been subjected to the invention.

【図2】同じく、中空糸膜モジュールの縦断面図である。 [Figure 2] Similarly, a longitudinal sectional view of a hollow fiber membrane module.

【図3】同じく、枠体の正面図で一部を切開して示している。 [3] also shows incised part front view of the frame.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

2 ガイドレール 3 枠体 10 中空糸膜 11 散気管 16 バブリングエヤーの噴出ノズル 19 原液の供給路 20 ろ液の取出管 A 中空糸膜モジュール 2 guide rail 3 frame 10 take-out tube A hollow fiber membrane module of hollow fiber membranes 11 distributed supply passage 20 filtrate of the ejection nozzle 19 stock solution of the trachea 16 Baburingueya

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 額縁状の中空の枠体3を一対のガイドレール2上に多数並列し、この枠体3を互いに密着させることにより濃縮室を形成することができるようにするとともに、枠体3の中空部には、中空糸膜10を散気管1 1. A picture frame-like hollow frame member 3 in parallel a number on a pair of guide rails 2, as well as to be able to form a concentrate chamber are contacted by the frame 3 to each other, the frame the hollow portion of the 3, tracheal 1 diffusing hollow fiber membranes 10
    1の周囲に多数集束してなる中空糸膜モジュールAを並列し、その中空糸膜10の中空部を枠体3に設けたろ液の取出路20に連通させ、一方、各枠体3内には、その中空部に連通して且つ各枠体3を密着させたとき、連通管を形成する原液の供給路19と、上記散気管11に連通する高圧空気路および上記中空糸膜モジュールの中空糸膜10の集束部内に開口するバブリング空気の通路1 The hollow fiber membrane module A formed by converging numerous around 1 in parallel, in communication with the takeout path 20 of the filtrate provided a hollow portion in the frame 3 of the hollow fiber membrane 10, whereas, in the frame 3 , the hollow portion and communicating when brought into close contact with Kakuwakutai 3, a supply passage 19 of the stock solution to form a communicating pipe, hollow high-pressure air passage and the hollow fiber membrane module communicating with the diffusing pipe 11 passage of bubbling air opening to the focusing portion of the fiber membrane 10 1
    6を設けてなる中空糸膜を用いた濃縮装置。 Concentrating apparatus using a hollow fiber membrane formed by providing a 6.
JP06172139A 1994-06-29 1994-06-29 Concentrating apparatus using the hollow fiber membranes Expired - Fee Related JP3094407B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP06172139A JP3094407B2 (en) 1994-06-29 1994-06-29 Concentrating apparatus using the hollow fiber membranes

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP06172139A JP3094407B2 (en) 1994-06-29 1994-06-29 Concentrating apparatus using the hollow fiber membranes

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0810585A true JPH0810585A (en) 1996-01-16
JP3094407B2 JP3094407B2 (en) 2000-10-03

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WO1998028066A1 (en) * 1996-12-20 1998-07-02 Usf Filtration And Separations Group, Inc. Scouring method
US6156200A (en) * 1998-12-08 2000-12-05 Usf Filtration & Separations Group, Inc. Gas-scrubbed hollow fiber membrane module
US6682652B2 (en) 1995-08-11 2004-01-27 Zenon Environmental Inc. Apparatus for withdrawing permeate using an immersed vertical skein of hollow fiber membranes
USRE39294E1 (en) 1995-08-11 2006-09-19 Zenon Environmental Inc. Vertical skein of hollow fiber membranes and method of maintaining clean fiber surfaces while filtering a substrate to withdraw a permeate
US8840783B2 (en) 2007-05-29 2014-09-23 Evoqua Water Technologies Llc Water treatment membrane cleaning with pulsed airlift pump
US8894858B1 (en) 2005-08-22 2014-11-25 Evoqua Water Technologies Llc Method and assembly for water filtration using a tube manifold to minimize backwash
US8956464B2 (en) 2009-06-11 2015-02-17 Evoqua Water Technologies Llc Method of cleaning membranes
US9023206B2 (en) 2008-07-24 2015-05-05 Evoqua Water Technologies Llc Frame system for membrane filtration modules
US9022224B2 (en) 2010-09-24 2015-05-05 Evoqua Water Technologies Llc Fluid control manifold for membrane filtration system
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