JPH08103756A - Garbage treatment machine - Google Patents

Garbage treatment machine

Info

Publication number
JPH08103756A
JPH08103756A JP6239988A JP23998894A JPH08103756A JP H08103756 A JPH08103756 A JP H08103756A JP 6239988 A JP6239988 A JP 6239988A JP 23998894 A JP23998894 A JP 23998894A JP H08103756 A JPH08103756 A JP H08103756A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
garbage
treatment tank
blower
treatment
packing material
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
JP6239988A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Junichiro Hirata
準一郎 平田
Hiroshi Moriguchi
浩史 森口
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mitsubishi Materials Corp
Original Assignee
Mitsubishi Materials Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mitsubishi Materials Corp filed Critical Mitsubishi Materials Corp
Priority to JP6239988A priority Critical patent/JPH08103756A/en
Publication of JPH08103756A publication Critical patent/JPH08103756A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Landscapes

  • Treating Waste Gases (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To eliminate the occurrence of juice while preventing the outbreak of a malodor by greatly reducing the vol. of garbage by providing a treatment tank, a packing material, an air blower, stirring blades and the driver thereof, the heater of the treatment tank and a deodorizing device deodorizing the gas from the treatment tank. CONSTITUTION: When garbage A is charged in a treatment tank 12 and a motor 20 is rotated and a blower 26 is operated, the garbage A and a packing material 30 are stirred and mixed to disintegrate the garbage A and brought into contact with air blown in from the blower 26 and the garbage S is aerobically and biologically decomposed by bacteria of the packing material 30. If necessary, a heater 28 is operated to hold the temp. in the treatment tank to temp. suitable for biological treatment. Air containing the gaseous component produced by the biological decomposition treatment of the garbage A and moisture evaporated from the garbage A enters a bed of activated carbon 42 from an opening 38 and various malodorous components are adsorbed and an alkaline malodorous component such as ammonia is adsorbed and removed by an acidic adsorbent 44.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は生ゴミを減容するための
生ゴミ処理機に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a garbage processing machine for reducing the volume of garbage.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】生ゴミを減容すると共に有機肥料化でき
る生ゴミ処理機として、微生物の働きで生ゴミを分解さ
せるバイオ方式のものと、生ゴミを乾燥させ減容する乾
燥方式のものとがある。
2. Description of the Related Art There are two types of garbage processing machines that can reduce the amount of garbage and use it as organic fertilizer: a bio method that decomposes garbage by the action of microorganisms, and a drying method that dries the garbage to reduce its volume. There is.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】上記のバイオ方式のも
のであると、生ゴミから出る液汁を受けるための容器が
必要であり、容器内の液汁から発生する臭気がかなり強
く、住環境を悪化させるという問題がある。また、この
液汁を捨てたり、容器を洗浄する手間もかかり、メンテ
ナンスが面倒であった。
The above-mentioned bio method requires a container for receiving the sap from the garbage, and the odor generated from the sap in the container is considerably strong, which deteriorates the living environment. There is a problem to let. Further, it takes time and effort to dispose of this liquid juice and to wash the container, which makes maintenance troublesome.

【0004】上記の乾燥方式のものは、生ゴミを分解せ
ず、生ゴミを単に乾燥して減容するだけであるため、連
続的な大幅な減容はできない。
The above-mentioned drying system does not decompose raw garbage, but simply dries the raw garbage to reduce its volume, and therefore cannot continuously and significantly reduce the volume.

【0005】また、いずれのタイプの生ゴミ処理機も破
砕機能を有しておらず、硬い骨や魚の頭などは殆ど処理
できなかった。
Further, neither type of garbage disposal has a crushing function, and hard bones, fish heads, etc., could hardly be treated.

【0006】[0006]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明の生ゴミ処理機
は、生ゴミを受け入れる処理槽と、該処理槽内に収納さ
れた充填材と、該処理槽の下部に空気を吹き込むブロワ
と、該処理槽内に設けられた攪拌羽根と、該攪拌羽根の
駆動装置と、該処理槽に設けられたヒータと、該処理槽
からの気体を脱臭するための脱臭器とを備えてなるもの
である。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A raw garbage processing machine of the present invention comprises a processing tank for receiving raw garbage, a filler contained in the processing tank, and a blower for blowing air into the lower portion of the processing tank. A stirring blade provided in the treatment tank, a drive device for the stirring blade, a heater provided in the treatment tank, and a deodorizer for deodorizing gas from the treatment tank. is there.

【0007】この充填材としては、おが屑や籾殻が好適
である。
As the filler, sawdust and rice husks are suitable.

【0008】[0008]

【作用】かかる本発明の生ゴミ処理機においては、処理
槽内に投入された生ゴミは、攪拌羽根によって充填材と
攪拌混合されると共に、処理槽の下部より吹き込まれた
空気と接触する。この充填材には好気性の微生物が付着
生息しているため、生ゴミは好気的に生物分解される。
この処理槽は、必要に応じヒータにより加温可能であ
り、寒冷期においても十分な生物分解を行なわせること
ができる。
In the garbage disposal according to the present invention, the garbage introduced into the treatment tank is agitated and mixed with the filler by the agitating blades, and comes into contact with the air blown from the lower portion of the treatment tank. Since aerobic microorganisms adhere to the filler, the garbage is biodegraded aerobically.
This treatment tank can be heated by a heater as necessary, and can perform sufficient biodegradation even in the cold season.

【0009】生物分解により発生した気体成分(CO
2 ,H2 O,NoX 及び微量臭気成分など)や、生ゴミ
から蒸発した水分を含む空気は、脱臭器により脱臭処理
された後、大気に放出される。
Gas components (CO
2 , H 2 O, No X, trace odor components, etc.) and air containing water evaporated from garbage are deodorized by a deodorizer and then released to the atmosphere.

【0010】この処理槽内の攪拌羽根を回転させること
により、生ゴミと充填材が十分に混合され、空気が生ゴ
ミあるいは充填材と十分に接触すると共に、攪拌羽根に
よって骨や魚の頭なども解砕されるようになる。
By rotating the stirring blade in this processing tank, the raw dust and the filler are sufficiently mixed, and the air is sufficiently brought into contact with the raw dust or the filler, and the stirring blade also causes bones, fish heads, etc. It will be crushed.

【0011】この充填材としては、微生物が付着し易
く、吸湿性や通気性も持ち、また安価でもあることか
ら、おが屑や籾殻が好適である。
As the filler, sawdust or rice husks are preferable because microorganisms are easily attached to the filler, hygroscopicity and air permeability, and inexpensive.

【0012】この充填材に対しては微生物を殖菌しても
良いが、生ゴミ中の微生物が充填材に自然に付着して繁
殖するので、特に微生物を生ゴミや充填材に添加しなく
てもよい。
Microorganisms may be cultivated in this filling material, but since microorganisms in raw garbage naturally adhere to the filling material and propagate, it is not necessary to add microorganisms to raw garbage or the filling material. May be.

【0013】[0013]

【実施例】以下図面を参照して実施例について説明する
が、本発明はこれに限定されるものではない。第1図は
本発明の実施例に係る生ゴミ処理機の縦断面図である。
EXAMPLES Examples will be described below with reference to the drawings, but the present invention is not limited thereto. FIG. 1 is a vertical cross-sectional view of a garbage processing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.

【0014】容器形状のハウジング10内に処理槽12
が設置されており、この処理槽12の中心部分に回転シ
ャフト14が立設されている。このシャフト14は、処
理槽12の底部中央に設けられた軸受け16により枢支
されており、該シャフト14の下端にはベベルギヤ機構
18が連設されている。このベベルギヤ機構18にはモ
ータ20が接続されており、該モータ20を駆動するこ
とにより、シャフト14から放射方向に突設された攪拌
羽根22が回転駆動される。
A processing tank 12 is provided in a container-shaped housing 10.
Is installed, and the rotating shaft 14 is erected at the center of the processing tank 12. The shaft 14 is pivotally supported by a bearing 16 provided at the center of the bottom portion of the processing tank 12, and a bevel gear mechanism 18 is continuously provided at the lower end of the shaft 14. A motor 20 is connected to the bevel gear mechanism 18, and by driving the motor 20, the stirring blade 22 protruding in the radial direction from the shaft 14 is rotationally driven.

【0015】この処理槽12内の底面近傍部分には網や
パンチングプレートなどの通気性の部材(本実施例では
網24)が設けられており、この網24の下側にブロワ
26から空気が吹き込まれるよう構成されている。
An air-permeable member (net 24 in this embodiment) such as a net or a punching plate is provided in the vicinity of the bottom of the processing tank 12, and air is blown from the blower 26 below the net 24. It is designed to be blown.

【0016】なお、処理槽12の外周面にはヒータ28
が設けられている。30は該処理槽12内に充填された
おが屑や籾殻等の充填材を示す。
A heater 28 is provided on the outer peripheral surface of the processing tank 12.
Is provided. Reference numeral 30 denotes a filling material such as sawdust and rice husk filled in the processing tank 12.

【0017】このハウジング10の上側に蓋32が設け
られている。本実施例では、蓋32はヒンジ34によっ
てハウジング10に枢着され、矢印θの如く把手36を
把んで開閉可能とされている。ただし、本実施例では、
蓋32をハウジング10から取り外すように構成しても
良いことは明らかである。
A lid 32 is provided on the upper side of the housing 10. In this embodiment, the lid 32 is pivotally attached to the housing 10 by a hinge 34 and can be opened and closed by grasping a handle 36 as indicated by an arrow θ. However, in this embodiment,
Obviously, the lid 32 may be arranged to be removed from the housing 10.

【0018】この蓋32内の底面には、処理槽12から
の空気を受け入れる開口38が設けられると共に、蓋3
2の上面部分には排気口40が設けられている。開口3
8と排気口40との間の気体通路に活性炭42と酸性吸
着材44とが充填されている。
An opening 38 for receiving air from the processing tank 12 is provided on the bottom surface of the lid 32, and the lid 3 is provided.
An exhaust port 40 is provided on the upper surface of 2. Opening 3
8 and the exhaust port 40 are filled with activated carbon 42 and an acidic adsorbent 44 in a gas passage.

【0019】このように構成された生ゴミ処理機を用い
て生ゴミの処理を行なうには、蓋32を開け、処理槽1
2内に生ゴミAを投入する。そして、モータ20を回転
させると共に、ブロワ26を作動させる。これにより、
攪拌羽根22が回転され、生ゴミAと充填材30とが攪
拌混合され、かつ生ゴミが攪拌羽根22と接触すること
により該生ゴミが解砕される。この生ゴミA及び充填材
30は、ブロワ26から吹き込まれる空気と接触する。
そして、充填材30に付着棲息していた微生物が生ゴミ
を好気的に生物分解する。さらに、必要に応じヒータ2
8を作動させ、処理槽12内の温度をこの生物処理に適
した温度に維持する。
In order to dispose of garbage by using the garbage disposer thus constructed, the lid 32 is opened and the treatment tank 1 is treated.
Put garbage A into 2. Then, the motor 20 is rotated and the blower 26 is operated. This allows
The stirring blade 22 is rotated, the raw garbage A and the filler 30 are stirred and mixed, and the raw garbage comes into contact with the stirring blade 22 to crush the raw garbage. The garbage A and the filler 30 come into contact with the air blown from the blower 26.
Then, the microorganisms attached and inhabiting the filler 30 aerobically biodegrade the garbage. Further, if necessary, the heater 2
8 is operated to maintain the temperature in the treatment tank 12 at a temperature suitable for this biological treatment.

【0020】生ゴミの生物分解処理により発生した気体
成分や、生ゴミから蒸発した水分を含む空気は、開口3
8から活性炭42、酸性吸着材44、排気口40を通っ
て大気に放出される。活性炭42により種々の臭気成分
が吸着されると共に、酸性吸着材44ではアンモニア系
などアルカリ系臭気成分が吸着除去される。
The gas component generated by the biodegradation treatment of the garbage and the air containing the water evaporated from the garbage are discharged through the opening 3
8 is discharged to the atmosphere through the activated carbon 42, the acidic adsorbent 44, and the exhaust port 40. While various odorous components are adsorbed by the activated carbon 42, alkaline odorous components such as ammonia are adsorbed and removed by the acidic adsorbent 44.

【0021】上記の通り、本実施例の生ゴミ処理機で
は、生ゴミが生物分解処理されるため、生ゴミAが著し
く減容される。また、ブロワ26から空気を吹き込みな
がら好気的に生物処理するため、生ゴミに含まれていた
水分や、生物分解処理により発生した水分は、蒸気とな
って開口38、排気口40を介して生ゴミ処理機外に放
出される。従って、この生ゴミ処理機によると、液汁が
発生することがない。このため、液汁からの臭気発生が
ないと共に、液汁の処理の手間が省ける。
As described above, in the garbage treating machine of this embodiment, the garbage is biodegraded, so that the garbage A is significantly reduced in volume. Further, since the biological treatment is performed aerobically while blowing air from the blower 26, the moisture contained in the garbage and the moisture generated by the biodegradation process become vapor through the opening 38 and the exhaust port 40. It is discharged outside the garbage processing machine. Therefore, according to this garbage processing machine, no juice is generated. Therefore, no odor is generated from the juice, and the trouble of processing the juice can be saved.

【0022】なお、上記の酸性吸着材44としては、有
機酸を担持したゼオライトなどが好適である。また、処
理槽12内の温度は50℃程度とするのが好適である。
図示はしないが、本発明では、処理槽12内の温度をセ
ンサで検知し、処理槽12内の温度が所定温度となるよ
うにヒータ28の温度制御を行なうのが好適である。
As the acidic adsorbent 44, zeolite carrying an organic acid is suitable. Further, it is preferable that the temperature in the processing tank 12 is about 50 ° C.
Although not shown, in the present invention, it is preferable to detect the temperature inside the processing tank 12 with a sensor and control the temperature of the heater 28 so that the temperature inside the processing tank 12 reaches a predetermined temperature.

【0023】[0023]

【発明の効果】以上の通り、本発明の生ゴミ処理機によ
ると、生ゴミが効率良く好気的に生物分解処理されるた
め、生ゴミを大幅に減容することができる。また、ブロ
ワから空気を吹き込みながら生ゴミの処理を行なうた
め、液汁の発生がなく、液汁からの臭気も発生しない。
また、液汁を受けるためのタンクが不要であり、タンク
の洗浄の手間も省ける。
As described above, according to the garbage treating machine of the present invention, the garbage can be efficiently and aerobically biodegraded, so that the garbage can be greatly reduced in volume. Further, since the garbage is treated while blowing air from the blower, no juice is generated and no odor is generated from the juice.
In addition, the tank for receiving the juice is not required, and the trouble of cleaning the tank can be saved.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】実施例に係る生ゴミ処理機の縦断面図である。FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view of a garbage disposal according to an embodiment.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

12 処理槽 20 モータ 22 攪拌羽根 24 網 26 ブロワ 28 ヒータ 30 充填材 32 蓋 42 活性炭 44 酸性吸着材 12 Treatment Tank 20 Motor 22 Stirring Blade 24 Net 26 Blower 28 Heater 30 Filler 32 Lid 42 Activated Carbon 44 Acid Adsorbent

フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl.6 識別記号 庁内整理番号 FI 技術表示箇所 B01D 53/81 C05F 9/02 D 7537−4H B01D 53/34 116 A Continuation of the front page (51) Int.Cl. 6 Identification code Office reference number FI Technical display location B01D 53/81 C05F 9/02 D 7537-4H B01D 53/34 116 A

Claims (2)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 生ゴミを受け入れる処理槽と、該処理槽
内に収納された充填材と、該処理槽の下部に空気を吹き
込むブロワと、該処理槽内に設けられた攪拌羽根と、該
攪拌羽根の駆動装置と、該処理槽に設けられたヒータ
と、該処理槽からの気体を脱臭するための脱臭器とを備
えてなる生ゴミ処理機。
1. A treatment tank for receiving garbage, a filler contained in the treatment tank, a blower for blowing air into the lower portion of the treatment tank, a stirring blade provided in the treatment tank, and An apparatus for treating food waste, comprising a drive device for stirring blades, a heater provided in the treatment tank, and a deodorizer for deodorizing gas from the treatment tank.
【請求項2】 請求項1において、前記充填材はおが屑
又は籾殻であることを特徴とする生ゴミ処理機。
2. The raw garbage processing machine according to claim 1, wherein the filler is sawdust or rice husk.
JP6239988A 1994-10-04 1994-10-04 Garbage treatment machine Withdrawn JPH08103756A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6239988A JPH08103756A (en) 1994-10-04 1994-10-04 Garbage treatment machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6239988A JPH08103756A (en) 1994-10-04 1994-10-04 Garbage treatment machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH08103756A true JPH08103756A (en) 1996-04-23

Family

ID=17052812

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP6239988A Withdrawn JPH08103756A (en) 1994-10-04 1994-10-04 Garbage treatment machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH08103756A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3032691U (en) * 1996-06-21 1996-12-24 信夫 西本 Garbage disposal tool
JP2003062546A (en) * 2001-08-23 2003-03-04 System Kaihatsu Kk Household garbage treatment device
JP2010264447A (en) * 1996-09-11 2010-11-25 Herhof Verwaltungs Gmbh Process for biological-thermal treatment of refuse
CN102620070A (en) * 2011-01-27 2012-08-01 诺马德国有限责任公司 Clamping element
JP2014136070A (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-07-28 Menicon Co Ltd Deodorant for use in spraying surface of organic waste, and deodorization method using the same
CN105486800A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-04-13 袁秀芹 Fiber analyzer

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3032691U (en) * 1996-06-21 1996-12-24 信夫 西本 Garbage disposal tool
JP2010264447A (en) * 1996-09-11 2010-11-25 Herhof Verwaltungs Gmbh Process for biological-thermal treatment of refuse
JP2003062546A (en) * 2001-08-23 2003-03-04 System Kaihatsu Kk Household garbage treatment device
CN102620070A (en) * 2011-01-27 2012-08-01 诺马德国有限责任公司 Clamping element
JP2014136070A (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-07-28 Menicon Co Ltd Deodorant for use in spraying surface of organic waste, and deodorization method using the same
CN105486800A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-04-13 袁秀芹 Fiber analyzer

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