JPH07229226A - Opening and shutting roof structure - Google Patents

Opening and shutting roof structure

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Publication number
JPH07229226A
JPH07229226A JP2224794A JP2224794A JPH07229226A JP H07229226 A JPH07229226 A JP H07229226A JP 2224794 A JP2224794 A JP 2224794A JP 2224794 A JP2224794 A JP 2224794A JP H07229226 A JPH07229226 A JP H07229226A
Authority
JP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
roof
semi
semicircular
circular
roofs
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2224794A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Toru Aoyanagi
Yoshio Yamada
義雄 山田
徹 青柳
Original Assignee
Ohbayashi Corp
株式会社大林組
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To make it possible to rotate two divided semi-circular roofs respectively and to enable the semi-circular roofs to open in any position by relatively rotating them in a state to rotate both of them as a whole.
CONSTITUTION: The upper side of a ring-shaped wall 10 surrounding the circumference in the shape of a circle is covered with first and second semi-circular roofs 12 and 14 in the shape of a dome. The first semi-circular roof 12 has a diameter smaller than that of the second semi-circular roof 14, and it is possible that the first semi-circular roof 12 is slipped to the underside of the second semi-circular roof 14. The circumferences of the first and second semi-circular roofs 12 and 14 are borne on inside and outside tracks 16 and 18 constructed along the inside of the ring-shaped wall 10 through driving trucks 20 and 22 so that they are capable of rolling. The inside and outside tracks 16 and 18 are arranged to the insides of two recesses 24 and 26 formed concentrically in the ring-shaped wall 12.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1995,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、2枚の半円状屋根を相対的に回転させることにより、屋根部分を開閉可能とした開閉式屋根構造に関する。 The present invention relates, by relatively rotating the two semicircular roof, about the retractable roof structure openable roof part.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】この種の開閉式屋根構造は大型競技場のドーム屋根等に用いられ、例えば、特開平2−8543 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Retractable roof construction of this type is used for the dome roof or the like of a large stadium, for example, JP-A-2-8543
8号公報(E04B 1/342)に開示されたものがある。 It is disclosed in 8 JP (E04B 1/342). 即ち、かかる従来の開閉式屋根構造はドーム状屋根を二分割した扇形の屋根ブロック(半円状屋根)のうち、一方の半円状屋根を固定とし、他方の半円状屋根をドーム中央部を中心として回転できるようにしてある。 That is, such a conventional retractable roof structure out of the two-divided fan-shaped roof block domed roof (semicircular roof), one of the semicircular roof fixed, dome central portion and the other of the semicircular roof It is to be rotated around a.
そして、可動側の半円状屋根を回転させることにより、 Then, by rotating the semicircular roof movable,
ドーム状屋根の開閉が行われるようになっている。 So that the opening and closing of the dome-shaped roof is performed.

【0003】 [0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、かかる従来の開閉式屋根構造にあっては、二分割した一方の半円状屋根が固定されるため、屋根の開口方向が常に一定方向に決定されてしまう。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION However, in the such a conventional retractable roof structure, two for split one semicircular roof is fixed, and the opening direction of the roof is always determined in a predetermined direction put away. このため、屋根を開放した状態で太陽光を採光したい場合とか、逆に遮光したい場合に、その全てを満足することができない。 Therefore or if you do not want to be lighting sunlight in the open state of the roof, if you want to shading Conversely, it is impossible to satisfy all of them. また、同様に開口した状態で風を遮る場合にも、風向きによっては出来なくなってしまうという課題があった。 Also in the same manner, when blocking the wind open state, there is a problem that it becomes impossible in some wind. そこで、本発明はかかる従来の課題に鑑みて、二分割した半円状屋根をそれぞれ回転可能とし、双方の半円状屋根を全体的に回転した状態でそれぞれを相対回転することにより、任意位置で開口することができる開閉式屋根構造を提供することを目的とする。 The present invention is in view of the conventional problems relating, by relative rotation of the respective two divided semicircular roof rotatable respectively, and in a state of overall rotation both semicircular roof, an arbitrary position and to provide a retractable roof structure capable of opening in.

【0004】 [0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】かかる目的を達成するために本発明は、外周を囲繞する環状壁体の上側を覆うドーム状屋根を二分割して2枚の半円状屋根で構成し、一方の半円状屋根を他方の半円状屋根の下側に潜り込ませるように小径に形成すると共に、前記環状壁体に沿って同心円状に複線の内,外軌道を敷設し、内軌道に一方の半円状屋根を、かつ、外軌道に他方の半円状屋根をそれぞれ台車を介して移動可能に設置し、両方の半円状屋根をドーム状屋根の頂部を中心にそれぞれ回転可能に構成する。 To accomplish the [SUMMARY OF Such object is a dome-shaped roof covering the upper side of the annular wall surrounding the periphery bisected and constituted by two semicircular roof, one semicircular roof while a smaller diameter such that sink into the lower side of the other semicircular roof of the double track concentrically along said annular wall, laying out track, the inner raceway one semicircular roof, and the other semicircular roof installed movably via respective carriage outside the track, both semicircular roof respectively rotatably around a top portion of the dome-shaped roof Configure.

【0005】 [0005]

【作用】以上の構成により本発明の開閉式屋根構造にあっては、2枚の半円状屋根がそれぞれ台車を介して内, In the open roof construction of the present invention the configuration of the above [action], the inner two semicircular roof via the bogie respectively,
外軌道を転動するようになっているため、これら半円状屋根を相対回転することにより屋根を開閉することができると共に、両方の半円状屋根を全体的に回転することにより、屋根の開口部を任意位置に設定することができる。 Since adapted to roll on the outer track, it is possible to open and close the roof by relative rotation of these semicircular roof by totally rotate both semicircular roof, roof the opening can be set to an arbitrary position.

【0006】 [0006]

【実施例】以下、本発明の実施例を添付図面を参照して詳細に説明する。 EXAMPLES Hereinafter, the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings will be described in detail. 図1から図4は本発明にかかる開閉式屋根構造の一実施例を示し、図1は屋根構造全体の平面図、図2は屋根構造全体の正面図、図3は半円状屋根を支持する台車の取付状態を示す拡大図、図4は台車の拡大斜視図である。 Figures 1 4 show an embodiment of a retractable roof structure according to the present invention, FIG. 1 is a plan view of the entire roof structure, Fig. 2 is a front view of the entire roof structure, Fig. 3 supports the semicircular roof enlarged view showing a mounting state of the carriage of FIG. 4 is an enlarged perspective view of the cart.

【0007】即ち、本実施例の開閉式屋根構造にあっては図1,図2に示すように、外周を円形状に囲繞する環状壁体10の上側を、2枚の第1,第2半円状屋根1 [0007] That is, in the open roof construction of the embodiment 1, as shown in FIG. 2, the upper annular wall 10 which surrounds the outer circumference into a circular shape, the first two, the second semi-circular roof 1
2,14によってドーム状に覆うようになっている。 So that the cover in a dome shape by 2,14. 第1半円状屋根12は第2半円状屋根14より小径に形成され、第2半円状屋根14の下側に第1半円状屋根12 The first semicircular roof 12 is formed smaller in diameter than the second semicircular roof 14, a first semi-circular roof 12 on the lower side of the second semicircular roof 14
が潜り込むことができるようになっている。 So that the can slips. また、前記第1,第2半円状屋根12,14の外周部は、前記環状壁体10の内側に沿って敷設された内,外軌道16,1 The first, outer peripheral portion of the second semicircular roof 12 and 14, among which are laid along the inside of the annular wall 10, outer raceway 16,1
8に駆動台車20,22を介して転動可能に支持される。 8 is rollably supported by a drive carriage 20, 22.

【0008】前記内,外軌道16,18は図3に示すように、前記環状壁体10に同心円状に形成された2条の凹部24,26内に配置され、それぞれは凹部24,2 [0008] the inner, outer track 16 and 18 as shown in FIG. 3, the annularly wall 10 arranged concentrically formed two rows of recesses 24 and 26, recesses respectively 24,2
6の底面24a,26aに敷設される2本の床面レール16a,16aおよび18a,18aと、前記凹部2 6 of the bottom surface 24a, 2 pieces of floor rails 16a are laid in 26a, 16a and 18a, and 18a, the recess 2
4,26の外側壁24b,26bの内側に敷設される壁面レール16bおよび18bとで構成される。 4,26 of the outer wall 24b, constituted by the wall rail 16b and 18b are laid on the inside of 26b.

【0009】一方、前記駆動台車20,22は図3,図4に示すように、前記床面レール16a,16aおよび18a,18aを転動する垂直車輪20a,20aおよび22a,22aと、前記壁面レール16bおよび18 On the other hand, the drive carriage 20 and 22 3, as shown in FIG. 4, a vertical wheel 20a, 20a and 22a, 22a that rolls the floor rails 16a, 16a and 18a, 18a, the wall rail 16b and 18
bを転動する水平車輪20bおよび22bとを備えて構成される。 b constructed and a horizontal wheel 20b and 22b rolling. 前記垂直車輪20a,22aは垂直に配置される芯軸28,30によって支持されると共に、前記水平車輪20b,22bは側圧力支保台枠32,34によって支持される。 Said vertical wheels 20a, 22a together with being supported by the core shaft 28, 30 which are arranged vertically, the horizontal wheels 20b, 22b are supported by the side pressure 支保 underframe 32. 尚、前記垂直車輪20a,22aは滑り材36,38を介して取付けられると共に、この垂直車輪20a,22aに図外の駆動装置(例えば、電動モータ等)を介して回転駆動力が伝達される。 Incidentally, the vertical wheel 20a, with 22a is mounted via the skids 36, 38, the rotational driving force is transmitted through the vertical wheel 20a, a drive device, not shown in 22a (for example, electric motors, etc.) .

【0010】以上の構成により本実施例の開閉式屋根構造にあっては、第1,第2半円状屋根12,14両方が、駆動台車20,22を介して環状壁体10の凹部2 [0010] In the open roof construction of the embodiment With the above structure, first, both the second semicircular roof 12 and 14, the recess 2 of the annular wall 10 through the drive carriage 20, 22
4,26に敷設された内,外軌道16,18を移動するようになっており、これら第1,第2半円状屋根12, 4,26 Among laid in, being adapted to move the outer track 16 and 18, these first, second semicircular roof 12,
14の一方を停止した状態で他方を移動することにより、第1,第2半円状屋根12,14は相対回転して屋根を開放または閉止することができる。 By moving the other in a state of stopping one of the 14, first, second semicircular roof 12, 14 can be opened or closed roof relative rotation. そして、屋根を開放する際に前記第1,第2半円状屋根12,14を全体的に一体として回転することにより、開放部分を任意位置に設定することができる。 Then, by rotating the whole together said first, second semicircular roof 12 when opening the roof, it is possible to set the opening portion at any position.

【0011】従って、太陽の位置に応じて第1,第2半円状屋根12,14を一体に回転することにより、外気を取り入れつつ太陽光の採光または太陽光の遮光を自由に行うことができる。 Accordingly, first in accordance with the position of the sun, by rotating integrally with the second semicircular roof 12, it is free to do shading daylight or sunlight sunlight while incorporating ambient air it can. また、開放状態で風を遮断する場合には、風向きに応じて閉止側を移動することにより、 Further, in the case of blocking the wind in the open state, by moving the closing side in accordance with the wind direction,
風が導入されるのを効果的に遮ることができる。 Can be blocked from the wind is introduced effectively.

【0012】ところで、前記駆動台車20,22には垂直車輪20a,22aと水平車輪20b,22bとが設けられ、垂直車輪20a,22aが床面レール16a, By the way, the vertical wheel 20a to the driving carriage 20, 22, 22a and a horizontal wheel 20b, 22b and is provided, the vertical wheel 20a, 22a floor surface rails 16a,
18aに当接することにより、これら垂直車輪20a, By contacting the 18a, these vertical wheels 20a,
22aと床面レール16a,18aとの間で半円状屋根12,14の荷重を支持することができる。 22a and the floor rails 16a, it is possible to support the load of the semi-circular roof 12 between 18a. また、前記水平車輪20b,22bが壁面レール16b,18bに当接することにより、これら水平車輪20b,22bと壁面レール16b,18bとの間で半円状屋根12,1 Further, the horizontal wheels 20b, 22b is a wall rail 16b, by contacting the 18b, semicircular roof 12,1 between these horizontal wheels 20b, 22b and the wall rail 16b, and 18b
4が回転する際の側圧を支持するようになっている。 4 is adapted to support the lateral pressure at the time of rotation. 従って、半円状屋根12,14が回転される際、前記水平車輪20b,22bが壁面レール16b,18bに追従して回転案内されるため、結果的に環状壁体10の中心、つまりドーム状屋根の頂部中心Oを中心としてそれぞれの半円状屋根12,14は回転される。 Thus, when the semicircular roof 12 is rotated, the horizontal wheel 20b, because 22b is a wall rail 16b, is rotated guided to follow the 18b, the center of the resulting annular wall 10, i.e. domed each semicircular roof 12 around the top of the center O of the roof is rotated.

【0013】 [0013]

【発明の効果】以上説明したように本発明にかかる開閉式屋根構造にあっては、2枚の半円状屋根がそれぞれ台車を介して内,外軌道を転動するようになっているため、これら半円状屋根を相対回転することにより屋根を開閉することができると共に、両方の半円状屋根を全体的に回転することにより、屋根の開口部を任意位置に設定することができ、太陽光の採光または遮光を任意に行うことができると共に、風の遮りを自由に行うことができるという各種優れた効果を奏する。 In the retractable roof structure according to the present invention described above, according to the present invention, the inner two semicircular roof via the bogie respectively, since adapted to roll on the outer track , it is possible to open and close the roof by relative rotation of these semicircular roof by totally rotate both semicircular roof, it is possible to set the opening of the roof at any position, it is possible to perform the lighting or shading of sunlight optionally exhibits various excellent effect that it is possible to perform the interception of the wind freely.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明の開閉式屋根構造の一実施例を示す屋根構造全体の平面図である。 1 is a plan view of the entire roof construction showing an embodiment of a retractable roof structure of the present invention.

【図2】本発明の一実施例を示す屋根構造全体の正面図である。 2 is a front view of the entire roof construction showing an embodiment of the present invention.

【図3】本発明の一実施例を示す半円状屋根を支持する台車の取付状態の拡大図である。 3 is an enlarged view of a mounting state of the carriage for supporting the semi-circular roof showing an embodiment of the present invention.

【図4】本発明の一実施例を示す台車の拡大斜視図である。 4 is an enlarged perspective view of a truck showing an embodiment of the present invention.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

10 環状壁体 12,14 半円状屋根 16 内軌道 18 外軌道 20,22 駆動台車 10 annular walls 12 and 14 semi-circular roof 16 track 18 outside track 20 and 22 drive the truck

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 外周を囲繞する環状壁体の上側を覆うドーム状屋根を二分割して2枚の半円状屋根で構成し、一方の半円状屋根を他方の半円状屋根の下側に潜り込ませるように小径に形成すると共に、前記環状壁体に沿って同心円状に複線の内,外軌道を敷設し、内軌道に一方の半円状屋根を、かつ、外軌道に他方の半円状屋根をそれぞれ台車を介して移動可能に設置し、両方の半円状屋根をドーム状屋根の頂部を中心にそれぞれ回転可能としたことを特徴とする開閉式屋根構造。 1. A dome-shaped roof covering the upper side of the annular wall surrounding the periphery bisected and constituted by two semicircular roof, under the other semicircular roof one semicircular roof while a smaller diameter such that sink into the side, of the double track concentrically along said annular wall, laying out track, one of the semicircular roof inner raceway and the outer raceway other retractable roof structure, characterized in that the semicircular roof installed movably through respective bogie, both semicircular roof and rotatable respectively around the top portion of the dome-shaped roof.
JP2224794A 1994-02-21 1994-02-21 Opening and shutting roof structure Pending JPH07229226A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2224794A JPH07229226A (en) 1994-02-21 1994-02-21 Opening and shutting roof structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2224794A JPH07229226A (en) 1994-02-21 1994-02-21 Opening and shutting roof structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH07229226A true true JPH07229226A (en) 1995-08-29

Family

ID=12077471

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2224794A Pending JPH07229226A (en) 1994-02-21 1994-02-21 Opening and shutting roof structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH07229226A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2136510A1 (en) * 1996-08-20 1999-11-16 Waagner Biro Ag Roof, which may be opened, for large enclosures with a circular ground plan
WO2012073061A1 (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-06-07 Qatar Football Association Revolving roof for an indoor/outdoor stadium
US8215066B2 (en) 2010-11-29 2012-07-10 Qatar Football Association Multi-layer, revolving stadium roof
US8336261B2 (en) 2010-11-29 2012-12-25 Qatar Football Association Revolving roof for an indoor/outdoor stadium
US8387315B2 (en) 2010-11-29 2013-03-05 Qatar Football Association Microclimate cooling system for an indoor/outdoor stadium
US8555557B2 (en) 2010-11-29 2013-10-15 Qatar Football Association Indoor/outdoor stadium system for energy use reduction

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2136510A1 (en) * 1996-08-20 1999-11-16 Waagner Biro Ag Roof, which may be opened, for large enclosures with a circular ground plan
WO2012073061A1 (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-06-07 Qatar Football Association Revolving roof for an indoor/outdoor stadium
US8215066B2 (en) 2010-11-29 2012-07-10 Qatar Football Association Multi-layer, revolving stadium roof
US8336261B2 (en) 2010-11-29 2012-12-25 Qatar Football Association Revolving roof for an indoor/outdoor stadium
US8387315B2 (en) 2010-11-29 2013-03-05 Qatar Football Association Microclimate cooling system for an indoor/outdoor stadium
US8555557B2 (en) 2010-11-29 2013-10-15 Qatar Football Association Indoor/outdoor stadium system for energy use reduction

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