JPH0720838B2 - Lifting / disengaging device for lifting / lifting equipment - Google Patents

Lifting / disengaging device for lifting / lifting equipment

Info

Publication number
JPH0720838B2
JPH0720838B2 JP4016775A JP1677592A JPH0720838B2 JP H0720838 B2 JPH0720838 B2 JP H0720838B2 JP 4016775 A JP4016775 A JP 4016775A JP 1677592 A JP1677592 A JP 1677592A JP H0720838 B2 JPH0720838 B2 JP H0720838B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
lifting
suspension
hanging
article
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP4016775A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH0648697A (en
Inventor
秀次 大村
Original Assignee
秀次 大村
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 秀次 大村 filed Critical 秀次 大村
Priority to JP4016775A priority Critical patent/JPH0720838B2/en
Publication of JPH0648697A publication Critical patent/JPH0648697A/en
Publication of JPH0720838B2 publication Critical patent/JPH0720838B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、荷役・運搬業界等にお
いて用いる物品揚降運搬機用吊持体係脱装置に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a lifting / disengaging device for a lifting / lowering carrier for use in a material handling / transportation industry.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来、荷役・運搬業界等において、大
型,大量であったり重量を有する物品の運送・運搬には
貨物車両を用いていてたもので、この貨物車両に対する
前記物品の搬入・搬出にあっては、一般的にフォークリ
フトが利用されている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, in the cargo handling / transportation industry and the like, a freight vehicle has been used for transporting / transporting large-sized, large-volume or heavy articles. In that case, a forklift is generally used.
【0003】また、近年、粉粒体や液体等の物品は、図
に示すような、トンバックと呼ばれる包装体40に収
容され市場を流通している。
Recently, articles such as powder and granules and liquids are
It is housed in a package 40 called a ton bag as shown in FIG.
【0004】このものは、従来の30〜40Kgの物品を袋
詰めした分装袋に代わり、一度に数トンを移動できるこ
ともあって当業界では広く普及している。
[0004] This product is widely used in the industry because it can move several tons at a time, instead of the conventional dividing bag in which 30 to 40 kg of articles are packed.
【0005】そして、前記した包装体40は、前記フォー
クリフト41のフォーク等に支承させたフレーム42の吊持
部43へ、その吊下紐44が引っ掛けられて上昇し移動する
ものであって、該包装体40の脱落防止のために、運転席
で操作する比較的大きな力の油圧シリンダ45により開閉
される係止部材46を前記した吊持部43に連係させてあ
る。
The above-mentioned package 40 is one in which the hanging string 44 is hooked to the suspending portion 43 of the frame 42 supported by the fork or the like of the forklift 41, and moves upward. In order to prevent the package 40 from falling off, a locking member 46 that is opened and closed by a hydraulic cylinder 45 with a relatively large force that is operated in the driver's seat is linked to the above-mentioned hanging portion 43.
【0006】しかしながら、この装置は、前記吊持部へ
の包装体の吊下紐の掛け外しには、人手により行なわれ
るもので、前記フォークリフトのオペレータがその都度
運転席より降りて行なうか、あるいは、別の専従作業者
により行なっていたため、荷役の作業性が悪い上、運搬
にはフォークリフトのオペレータと別の専従作業者との
二人が必要となって、人手不足の折り省人化されない。
However, in this device, the hanging strap of the package is hung and unhooked from the hanging portion manually, and the operator of the forklift lifts it from the driver's seat each time, or Since it is carried out by another dedicated worker, the workability of the cargo handling is poor, and two persons, the forklift operator and another dedicated worker, are required for transportation, and labor shortage is not saved.
【0007】しかも、前記した作業を一人で行なうには
作業効率や労働衛生上好ましくないため、通常は二人以
上で行なうものであるが、前記係止部材の操作にあって
作業者の指図確認が不良であると、該油圧シリンダの誤
動作を生じやすく、まだ作業者の手が吊持部にある状態
では、油圧シリンダの操作によって開閉される前記係止
部材に指が触れて切断等の大きな災害を引き起こすこと
がある。等の様々な問題点を有するものであった。
Moreover, it is not preferable to perform the above-mentioned work by one person in terms of work efficiency and occupational health, so normally two or more people perform it. However, when the locking member is operated, the operator's instruction is confirmed. Is bad, the malfunction of the hydraulic cylinder is likely to occur, and when the operator's hand is still on the hanging portion, a finger touches the locking member opened and closed by the operation of the hydraulic cylinder to cause a large disconnection. May cause a disaster. There were various problems such as.
【0008】[0008]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】本発明は前記した問題
点を解決するためになされたもので、物品揚降運搬機に
取り付けた支持枠へ回動自在にしの字状の吊持体を軸着
し、リンクによりこの吊持体の回動と連動する外脱防止
部材を、弾機により常時は前記吊持体の開放自由端にお
ける内側または外側に当接するように設けると共に、前
記吊持体を適宜回動させる回動手段を連結させることに
より、物品の吊下紐への吊持体の係脱操作を一人で、し
かも、遠隔において行なうことができ、この作業に起因
する労働災害を可及的に減少させて安全に物品の搬入・
搬出を行なうことができる物品揚降運搬機用吊持体係脱
装置を提供することを目的としている。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in order to solve the above-mentioned problems, and it has a pivoting pendant which is pivotable to a support frame attached to an article lifter. An attachment / detachment prevention member, which is attached to the suspension and is linked to the rotation of the suspension by a link, is provided by a bullet so as to normally contact the inside or outside of the open free end of the suspension. By connecting a rotating means for rotating the device appropriately, the operation of engaging and disengaging the hanging body from the hanging string of the article can be performed by one person and remotely, and an industrial accident caused by this work can be performed. Safely carry in goods by reducing as much as possible
It is an object of the present invention to provide a lifting / disengaging device for a lifting / lowering carrier that can be carried out.
【0009】[0009]
【課題を解決するための手段】前記した目的を達成する
ための本発明の手段は、物品揚降運搬機に取り付けた支
持枠と、該支持枠へ支承軸により回動自在に取り付けた
基部を有し、かつ、物品の吊下紐を通す開口部を有する
しの字状の吊持体と、前記支持枠へ前記吊持体の前方に
位置する支軸により回動自在に取り付けたボス部を有
し、かつ、弾機により前記吊持体の開放自由端における
内側または外側に常時当接する外脱防止部材と、前記基
部と前記ボス部とを連結したリンクと、前記支承軸の後
方に設けられ、かつ、前記吊持体に連係した回動手段
と、を備えさせた物品揚降運搬機用吊持体係脱装置の構
成にある。
Means of the present invention SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION To achieve the above objects comprises a support frame attached to an article Agefu transporter, mounted rotatably by supporting shaft to the supporting frame
A U-shaped hanging body having a base portion and an opening through which the hanging string of the article is inserted, and the supporting frame is provided in front of the hanging body.
Has a boss that is rotatably attached by a supporting shaft.
And and an outer removal preventing member abuts constantly inside or outside in the open free end of the pre-tight bearing member Ri by the bullet machine, a link connecting the said base and the boss portion, after said support shaft
And a pivoting means provided on one side and linked to the suspension body , and a structure for a suspension body engagement / disengagement device for an article lifting and transporting machine.
【0010】[0010]
【作用】前記のように構成される本発明は以下に述べる
作用を奏する。物品揚降運搬機を吊り上げようとする物
品の載置位置まで移動させ、その支持枠に取り付けた吊
持体を回動手段により中立位置からその自由端側が側方
へ向くように回動させると、この吊持体の動きと連動し
て外脱防止部材も一側へ傾倒するから、吊持体の側方に
おいて開口される。
The present invention configured as described above has the following operations. When the article lifting and lowering carrier is moved to the loading position of the article to be lifted, and the lifting body attached to the support frame is rotated by the rotation means so that its free end side is directed to the side from the neutral position. Since the removal member is also tilted to one side in conjunction with the movement of the suspension body, it is opened at the side of the suspension body.
【0011】この状態において、物品揚降運搬機を移動
することにより吊持体を水平移動すると、物品の吊下紐
開口部を通過して吊持体に係止するから、該吊下紐が
係止された状態で、前記回動手段の操作により再び吊持
体を中立位置へ復帰させると、この動きに伴って、これ
に連結された外脱防止部材も回動して、吊持体の開放自
由端における内側に当接し前記開口を閉塞するから、物
品の吊下紐の外脱が阻止される。
In this state, move the material lifting and lifting machine.
When the suspension is moved horizontally by
Since it passes through the opening and is locked to the suspension body, when the suspension body is returned to the neutral position again by the operation of the rotating means in a state in which the suspension cord is locked, this movement is caused. Along with this, the detachment prevention member connected thereto also rotates and abuts on the inside of the open free end of the suspension body to close the opening, so that detachment of the hanging string of the article is prevented.
【0012】そして、揚降運搬機により希望位置へ物品
を運搬すれば、該物品を着地させると共に、回動手段を
操作して中立位置からその自由端側が側方へ向くように
回動させると、この吊持体の動きと連動して外脱防止部
材も一側へ傾倒するから、吊持体の側方において開口さ
れるので、前記同様に揚降運搬機を移動することにより
吊持体を水平移動すると、吊下紐が該吊持体の開口部を
り抜けて物品の吊下紐が離脱する。また、回動手段を
支承軸の後方に設けることにより、開口部の前方に吊り
下げ紐が通過するための空間を確保した。また、吊下紐
を吊持体に係止する際と外す際のいずれの場合も、回動
手段の動力で吊持体を回動するから、吊持体の自重によ
る負荷の殆どは回動手段に加わり、外脱防止部材にこの
負荷が加わることは無い。
When the article is carried to the desired position by the hoisting and carrying machine, the article is landed, and the turning means is operated to turn the free end sideways from the neutral position to the side. since tilted out de-preventing member is also one side in conjunction with the movement of the lifting body, since it is open at the side of the lifting member, by moving the same manner Agefu transporter
When the hanger is moved horizontally , the hanging strap will move the opening of the hanger.
Hanging under the string of the article leaves missing Ri through. In addition, the rotation means
By installing it behind the bearing shaft, it can be suspended in front of the opening.
We secured a space for the hanging string to pass through. Also, hanging strings
Rotate both when locking and unscrewing the suspension
Since the suspension is rotated by the power of the means, it is possible to use the weight of the suspension itself.
Most of the load that is applied is applied to the rotation means and
No load is applied.
【0013】[0013]
【実施例】次に本発明に関する物品揚降運搬機用吊持体
係脱装置の一実施例を図面に基づいて説明する。図1〜
図4においてAは物品揚降運搬機用吊持体係脱装置で、
物品揚降運搬機b、例えば、慣用のフォークリフトやホ
イスト,クレーン等により、物品を所定位置へ移動・運
搬する際に使用するものであって、支持枠1と、該支持
枠1へ軸着した吊持体2と、外脱防止部材3と、前記吊
持体2と外脱防止部材3とに連結したリンク4と、支承
軸11の後方、例えば吊持体2と物品揚降運搬機bとの
間に設けられ、かつ、前記吊持体2に連係した回動手段
5とにより基本的に構成される。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT An embodiment of a lifting / disengaging device for a lifting / lifting carrier according to the present invention will now be described with reference to the drawings. Figure 1
In FIG. 4, A is a lifting body disengagement device for an article lifting and transporting machine,
It is used for moving and transporting an article to a predetermined position by means of an article lifting and transporting machine b, for example, a conventional forklift, hoist, crane, etc., and is attached to the support frame 1 and the support frame 1 by a shaft. Suspension body 2, detachment prevention member 3, link 4 connected to said suspension body 2 and detachment prevention member 3, and support
Behind the shaft 11, for example, between the lifting body 2 and the article lifting / lowering carrier b.
Basically, it is provided with a rotating means 5 which is provided between and is linked to the suspension body 2.
【0014】なお、前記した物品は、図4に示すよう
な、包装体wに所定量、例えば、1〜2トンが収容され
ているもので、その周側の帯体より延設された無端状の
吊下紐6が複数本上側へ向かってたるみをもたせて設け
てある。
The above-mentioned article is a package w containing a predetermined amount, for example, 1 to 2 tons, as shown in FIG. A plurality of hanging strings 6 are provided with a slack toward the upper side.
【0015】そして、前記した支持枠1は、物品揚降運
搬機b、例えば、フォークリフトの前側に突設されるフ
ォーク7へ、抜き差し自在または固着により支承させた
堅牢なフレーム8における上側梁部9に固着してある。
The support frame 1 is supported by an article lifting / lifting carrier b, for example, a fork 7 projecting from the front side of a forklift, and the upper beam portion 9 of a robust frame 8 is supported by being detachable or fixed. It is stuck to.
【0016】前記した吊持体2は、金属製のしの字状に
形成して、その基部10を前記支持枠1へ支承軸11により
回動自在に枢着してあって、その回動の中立位置時に前
記包装体wの吊下紐6が掛けられ、前記フォークリフト
bにおけるフォーク7の上昇に伴って吊り上げられる。
The above-mentioned suspension body 2 is formed in the shape of a metal rod, and its base 10 is rotatably attached to the support frame 1 by means of a support shaft 11. The hanging string 6 of the package w is hung at the neutral position of the package w and is lifted as the fork 7 of the forklift b is lifted.
【0017】前記した外脱防止部材3は、前記吊持体2
の中立位置時において該吊持体2の開放自由端2a側にお
ける内側へその外端部が当接して、吊持体2に掛けられ
た前記包装体wの吊下紐6の外脱を防止するものであっ
て、ボス部12を有するレバー状に形成して前記支持枠1
へ支軸13により回動自在に取り付けてある。
The detachment prevention member 3 described above is the same as the suspension 2 described above.
At the neutral position of the suspension body 2, the outer end portion of the suspension body 2 is in contact with the inner side of the open free end 2a side of the suspension body 2 to prevent the hanging string 6 of the packaging body w hung on the suspension body 2 from coming out. The support frame 1 is formed into a lever shape having a boss portion 12.
It is rotatably attached to the shaft by a support shaft 13.
【0018】そして、この外脱防止部材3は、吊持体2
における基部10より突設した突片14と前記ボス部12の操
作片15とに懸張したコイルスプリング等の弾機16によ
り、前記したように吊持体2の開放自由端2a側へ押圧的
に当接するものであって、包装体wの吊下紐6の掛け入
れには、前記弾機16の押圧力に抗して該外脱防止部材3
を押すと回動して、その開口部2bが開放される。
The detachment prevention member 3 is used for the suspension 2
The projecting piece 14 projecting from the base portion 10 and the operating piece 15 of the boss portion 12 are urged to the open free end 2a side of the hanging body 2 by the ammunition machine 16 such as a coil spring. When the hanging string 6 of the package w is to be hooked, the detachment preventing member 3 is resisted against the pressing force of the ammunition machine 16.
When is pressed, it rotates to open the opening 2b.
【0019】なお、この外脱防止部材3は、図示してな
いが、吊持体2の開放自由端2aにおける外側に当接させ
て、回動手段5による吊持体2の回動時は、該外脱防止
部材3を上方へ退避し吊持体2の開口2bを開放させるこ
ともある。
Although not shown, the detachment preventing member 3 is brought into contact with the outer side of the open free end 2a of the hanging body 2 to rotate the hanging body 2 by the rotating means 5. The outer removal preventing member 3 may be retracted upward to open the opening 2b of the suspension 2.
【0020】前記したリンク4は、前記吊持体2の基部
10に突設させた突片14と外脱防止部材3におけるボス部
12の操作片15とに連結して、回動される前記吊持体2の
動きに伴って前記外脱防止部材3を同調回動させること
により、吊持体2の開口部2bが側方へ向いたとき、該外
脱防止部材3が傾倒しこれによる該開口部2bの閉塞を解
除して、包装体wにおける吊下紐6の係脱を容易に行な
えるようにするものである。
The above-mentioned link 4 is the base of the suspension 2.
Protrusions 14 projecting from 10 and the boss portion of the detachment prevention member 3
The opening 2b of the hanging body 2 is laterally connected to the operation piece 15 by rotating the hanging member 2 in synchronization with the movement of the hanging body 2. When it is turned to, the detachment preventing member 3 tilts to release the closure of the opening 2b due to this, so that the hanging string 6 in the package w can be easily engaged and disengaged.
【0021】そして、その構成は、その一端を自在接手
17を介して吊持体2の突片14へ固着し、また、他端に設
けた長孔18内へ前記外脱防止部材3における操作片15の
係止ピン19を係合させてあって、中間部には、このリン
ク4の長さを適宜調整するねじ等の調整部材20を備えて
いるものであり、吊持体2の中立位置においての開放自
由端2a側への押圧時には、前記長孔18を操作片15の係止
ピン19が移動することで、所定の押圧力が得られて該外
脱防止部材3の妄動がないものである。
The construction is such that one end is a flexible joint.
It is fixed to the projecting piece 14 of the suspension body 2 via 17 and the locking pin 19 of the operation piece 15 of the removal preventing member 3 is engaged in the elongated hole 18 provided at the other end. The intermediate portion is provided with an adjusting member 20 such as a screw for appropriately adjusting the length of the link 4, and when the lifting body 2 is pressed toward the open free end 2a at the neutral position, By moving the locking pin 19 of the operation piece 15 through the long hole 18, a predetermined pressing force is obtained and the detachment prevention member 3 does not move.
【0022】前記した回動手段5は、吊持体2を回動さ
せてその開口部2bを側方へ向け、包装体wの吊下紐6の
掛け外しを容易にさせるものである。
The above-mentioned rotating means 5 rotates the suspending body 2 so that the opening 2b thereof is directed to the side and facilitates hanging of the hanging string 6 of the package w.
【0023】そして、その構成は、図1および図4に示
すように、吊持体2の後側に付設した係止部50と、前
記フレーム8とに連係させた油圧等の流体シリンダ21
を用いるもので、その基部を前記フレーム8へ揺動自在
に取り付け、ロッド22の先端を前記係止部50へ軸着
して、該シリンダ21操作によるロッド22の進退によ
り回動させる。
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 4, the structure is such that a hydraulic cylinder 21 such as a hydraulic pressure which is linked to the engaging portion 50 attached to the rear side of the suspension 2 and the frame 8.
The base portion of the rod 22 is swingably attached to the frame 8, the tip of the rod 22 is pivotally attached to the locking portion 50 , and the rod 22 is moved forward and backward by operating the cylinder 21 to rotate the rod 22.
【0024】更に、図5に示す場合は、吊持体2の支承
軸11を前記支持枠1の側方へ突出させてレバー23を軸着
し、該レバー23へ前記同様に油圧等の流体シリンダ21を
連係させて、そのロッド22の進退により回動させる。
Further, in the case shown in FIG. 5, the supporting shaft 11 of the suspension 2 is projected to the side of the support frame 1 to pivotally mount the lever 23, and a fluid such as hydraulic pressure is attached to the lever 23 as described above. The cylinder 21 is linked, and the rod 22 is moved forward and backward to rotate.
【0025】また、図6に示す場合は、前記係止部20へ
ワイヤ等の牽引索24を連係させて該牽引索24の操作によ
り回動させるもので、この牽引索24にモータや流体シリ
ンダ等の駆動手段(図示せず)を連係させて自動的に行
なうか、あるいは、手動により行なうかするものであ
る。
Further, in the case shown in FIG. 6, a tow cable 24 such as a wire is linked to the locking portion 20 and is rotated by the operation of the tow cable 24. The driving means (not shown) such as the above is linked to perform automatically or manually.
【0026】[0026]
【0027】[0027]
【0028】更にまた、図示してないが、前記支承軸11
へ油圧または電動モータを連結させて吊持体2の回動操
作を行うこともある。
Further, although not shown, the bearing shaft 11
A hydraulic operation or an electric motor may be connected to the suspension body 2 to rotate the suspension body 2.
【0029】なお、図1および図2において25は、吊持
体2における基部10に設けたストッパーで、支持枠1に
設けた受杆26に当接することにより、垂下した吊持体2
の中立位置を保持させるものである。
In FIGS. 1 and 2, reference numeral 25 denotes a stopper provided on the base portion 10 of the suspension body 2, which is suspended by contacting with a receiving rod 26 provided on the support frame 1.
It keeps the neutral position.
【0030】また、同図において27は、前記した吊持体
2の回動時にその回動量を規制する止杆で、この吊持体
2の後側部がこれに当接したとき該吊持体2の回動が阻
止される。
Further, in the figure, 27 is a stop rod which regulates the amount of rotation of the suspension 2 when it is rotated, and when the rear side portion of the suspension 2 comes into contact with this, the suspension is held. The rotation of the body 2 is prevented.
【0031】なお、前記した外脱防止部材3は、図示し
てないが、吊持体2における開口部2bの近傍において、
該吊持体2へばね等の付勢手段を連係させた構成も採用
できるもので、この場合も、前記吊持体2の回動に伴っ
て該外脱防止部材3の回動を行ないこの開口部2bを開放
させるものである。
Although not shown, the above-mentioned detachment preventing member 3 is provided in the vicinity of the opening 2b of the suspension 2.
A configuration in which a biasing means such as a spring is linked to the suspension body 2 can also be adopted, and in this case also, the external removal preventing member 3 is rotated in accordance with the rotation of the suspension body 2. The opening 2b is opened.
【0032】次に、前記した本発明実施例装置の作用を
図1,図2および図4を参照して説明する。
Next, the operation of the above-described apparatus according to the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1, 2 and 4.
【0033】物品揚降運搬機bは慣用のフォークリフト
を使用し、吊下紐6を備えた包装体w内に粒状物を1.00
0 Kgを収容してこれを搬送したもので、そのフォーク7
へフレーム8を取り付けて、このフォーク7の昇降によ
り該フレーム8の上部梁部9が上下できるように設置し
た。
A conventional forklift is used as the article lifting and transporting machine b, and a granular material is 1.00 in a package w having a hanging string 6.
Fork 7 that contains 0 kg and is transported.
The frame 8 was attached to the frame 8 so that the upper beam portion 9 of the frame 8 could be moved up and down by raising and lowering the fork 7.
【0034】そして、このフォークリフトbを吊り上げ
ようとする前記包装体wの載置位置まで移動させ、流体
シリンダ21における回動手段5を操作して、吊持体2を
垂下した中立位置からその自由端2a側が側方へ向くよう
に回動させると、この吊持体2の動きと連動してリンク
4により連結された外脱防止部材3も一側へ傾倒するか
ら、この吊持体2の前側において開口2bされた。
Then, the forklift b is moved to the mounting position of the package w to be lifted, and the rotating means 5 in the fluid cylinder 21 is operated to freely move it from the neutral position where the suspension 2 is suspended. When the end 2a side is rotated so as to be directed to the side, the detachment prevention member 3 connected by the link 4 is also tilted to one side in conjunction with the movement of the suspension body 2, so that the suspension body 2 The opening 2b was formed on the front side.
【0035】したがって、この状態でフォークリフトb
を少し前進させると、包装体wの吊下紐6へ前記吊持体
2の開口部2bが挿入され、該吊下紐6が係止された。
Therefore, in this state, the forklift b
When it was moved forward a little, the opening 2b of the hanging body 2 was inserted into the hanging string 6 of the package w, and the hanging string 6 was locked.
【0036】更に、前記回動手段5を操作して再び吊持
体2を垂下状態の中立位置へ復帰させると、この動きに
伴って、これに連結された外脱防止部材3も回動して、
吊持体2の開放自由端2aにおける内側に当接し前記開口
部2bを閉塞するもので、このとき、前記外脱防止部材3
の回動は、この開放自由端2aに当接していてその回動が
阻止されている。
Further, when the rotating means 5 is operated to return the suspending body 2 to the neutral position in the suspended state again, the detachment preventing member 3 connected thereto is also rotated in accordance with this movement. hand,
The suspension 2 comes into contact with the inside of the open free end 2a and closes the opening 2b. At this time, the detachment prevention member 3
The rotation of is abutting on the open free end 2a, and the rotation is blocked.
【0037】一方、吊持体2の回動はまだ続いており、
これに伴って、リンク4の移動も行なわれているが、該
リンク4の他端に設けた長孔18に係合する係止ピン19
は、該長孔18に沿って移動し外脱防止部材3への過剰な
押圧力を吸収しているもので、該外脱防止部材3は、こ
れに連係された弾機16により所定圧により当接保持され
て包装体wの吊下紐6の外脱が阻止された。
On the other hand, the rotation of the suspension 2 is still continuing,
Along with this, the link 4 is also moved, but a locking pin 19 that engages with a long hole 18 provided at the other end of the link 4
Is a member that moves along the elongated hole 18 and absorbs an excessive pressing force applied to the outside removal preventing member 3, and the outside removal preventing member 3 is applied with a predetermined pressure by an ammunition machine 16 linked thereto. The suspension cord 6 held by contact was prevented from detaching from the hanging string 6 of the package w.
【0038】そして、フォークリフトbのフォーク7を
上昇させて、希望位置へ該包装体wを運搬し、フォーク
7を降下させて該包装体wを着地させると共に、回動手
段5を操作して垂下している中立位置からその自由端2a
側が側方へ向くように吊持体2を回動させると、この吊
持体2の動きとリンク4により連動して外脱防止部材3
を前側へ傾倒させるから、吊持体2の前側において開口
2bされるので、フォークリフトbを後退させると、該吊
持体2の開口2bより抜けて包装体wの吊下紐6が離脱し
た。
Then, the fork 7 of the forklift b is raised to convey the package w to a desired position, the fork 7 is lowered to land the package w, and the rotating means 5 is operated to hang down. From its neutral position to its free end 2a
When the suspending body 2 is turned so that the side faces sideways, the movement of the suspending body 2 is linked with the movement of the suspending body 2 by the link 4 and the detachment prevention member 3
Is tilted to the front side, the opening is made at the front side of the suspension body 2.
When the forklift b is moved backward, it is pulled out from the opening 2b of the suspension 2 and the hanging string 6 of the package w is detached.
【0039】この間、包装体wの吊下紐6あるいは吊持
体2には人手は全く触れず、また、その操作もフォーク
リフトb内の運転席において行なわれたため、安全に包
装体wの搬送作業ができた。また、回動手段5を吊持体
2の開口部2bよりも後方に設けることにより、開口部
2bの前方に吊下紐6が通過するための空間を確保し
た。従って、開口部2bを開放した状態でフォークリフ
トbを前進すると、吊下紐6が空間を円滑に通過すると
ともに、開口部2bを経て吊持体2に係り、吊下紐6の
係止作業を正確、かつ、迅速に行うことができる。
に、吊下紐6を吊持体2に係止する際と外す際のいずれ
の場合も、回動手段5の動力で吊持体2を回動するか
ら、吊持体2の自重による負荷の殆どは回動手段5に加
わり、外脱防止部材3にこの負荷が加わることは無い。
従って、外脱防止部材3の形態が維持されて開口部2b
の開閉を確実に行うことができ、吊下紐6に対する外脱
防止機能を確保できる。
During this period, the hanging strap 6 or the hanging body 2 of the package w is not touched by any human hands, and the operation is performed at the driver's seat in the forklift b, so that the package w can be safely transported. I was able to. In addition, the rotating means 5 is a suspension body.
By providing it behind the second opening 2b, the opening
Secure a space in front of 2b for the hanging string 6 to pass through.
It was Therefore, with the opening 2b open, the fork riff
When the suspension string 6 smoothly passes through the space when the toe b is advanced.
Both are engaged with the suspension 2 through the opening 2b, and
The locking work can be performed accurately and quickly. Change
Either when the hanging string 6 is locked to the hanging body 2 or when it is removed.
In the case of, whether the suspension body 2 is rotated by the power of the rotation means 5
Most of the load due to the weight of the suspension 2 is applied to the rotating means 5.
On the other hand, this load is not applied to the removal preventing member 3.
Therefore, the shape of the removal preventing member 3 is maintained and the opening 2b is maintained.
Can be securely opened and closed, and the hanging string 6
The prevention function can be secured.
【0040】[0040]
【発明の効果】前述したように本発明の物品揚降運搬機
用吊持体係脱装置は、物品揚降運搬機に取り付けた支持
枠へ回動自在にしの字状の吊持体を軸着し、リンクによ
りこの吊持体の回動と連動する外脱防止部材を、弾機に
より常時は前記吊持体の開放自由端における内側または
外側に当接するように設けると共に、前記吊持体を適宜
回動させる回動手段を連結させることにより、吊持体を
水平移動度して物品の吊下紐への吊持体の係脱操作を最
小の一人で行えて省人化が図れる。
As described above, the lifting / disengaging device for a lifting / lowering carrier of the present invention has a shaft-like lifting body which is pivotable to a support frame attached to the lifting / lifting carrier. And a detachment prevention member that is linked to the rotation of the suspension body by a link, and is normally attached to the inside of the open free end of the suspension body by a bullet or
The suspension body is provided so as to come into contact with the outside, and the suspension body is connected to a rotating means for appropriately rotating the suspension body.
It is possible to save manpower by moving horizontally and engaging and disengaging the hanging body from the hanging string of articles by a minimum of one person.
【0041】しかも、この作業は、物品位置より離れた
遠隔において行なうことができるので、該作業に起因す
る労働災害を可及的に減少させて安全に物品の搬入・搬
出を行なうことができる。また、回動手段を支承軸の後
方に設けることにより、開口部の前方に吊下紐が通過す
るための空間を確保した。従って、開口部を開放した状
態で物品揚降運搬機を前進すると、吊下紐が空間を円滑
に通過するとともに、開口部を経て吊持体に係り、吊下
紐の係止作業を正確、かつ、迅速に行うことができる。
更に、吊下紐を吊持体に係止する際と外す際のいずれの
場合も、回動手段の動力で吊持体を回動するから、吊持
体の自重による負荷の殆どは回動手段に加わり、外脱防
止部材にこの負荷が加わることは無い。従って、外脱防
止部材の形態が維持されて開口部の開閉を確実に行うこ
とができ、吊下紐に対する外脱防止機能を確保できる。
等の格別な効果を奏するものである。
Moreover, since this work can be carried out remotely from the position of the article, it is possible to carry out and carry in the article safely while reducing the occupational accidents caused by the work as much as possible. Also, turn the rotation means behind the bearing shaft.
By installing it on one side, the hanging string will pass in front of the opening.
I secured a space for it. Therefore, the condition that the opening is opened
When moving the material hoisting machine forward in the state, the hanging string smooths the space.
Passing through, and engaging with the suspension through the opening,
It is possible to perform the string locking operation accurately and quickly.
Furthermore, whether the hanging string is locked to the suspension or released.
Even in the case where the suspension is rotated by the power of the rotation means,
Most of the load due to the weight of the body is added to the rotating means,
This load is not applied to the stop member. Therefore, external protection
The shape of the stop member is maintained to ensure the opening and closing of the opening.
It is possible to secure the function of preventing hanging strings from coming off.
It has special effects such as.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】本発明に関する物品揚降運搬機用吊持体係脱装
置の一実施例を示す縦断側面図である。
FIG. 1 is a vertical cross-sectional side view showing an embodiment of a lifting / disengaging device for a lifting body for an article lifting / transporting machine according to the present invention.
【図2】図1における吊持体を傾倒させた状態を示す縦
断側面図である。
FIG. 2 is a vertical cross-sectional side view showing a state in which the suspension body in FIG. 1 is tilted.
【図3】図1における底面図である。FIG. 3 is a bottom view of FIG.
【図4】図1における物品揚降運搬機用への取付状態を
示す説明図である。
FIG. 4 is an explanatory view showing a mounting state for the article lifting / lowering carrier in FIG. 1.
【図5】図1における回動手段の他の例を示す面図で
ある。
5 is a bottom view showing another example of the rotation means in FIG.
【図6】図1における回動手段の更に他の例を示す側面
図である。
FIG. 6 is a side view showing still another example of the rotating means in FIG.
【図7】従来の物品揚降運搬機用吊持装置を示す説明図
である。
FIG. 7 is an explanatory view showing a conventional lifting device for an article lifting and transporting machine .
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
b 物品揚降運搬機 1 支持枠 2 吊持体 2a 開放自由端 3 外脱防止部材 4 リンク 5 回動手段 16 弾機 b Lifting / transporting equipment 1 Support frame 2 Suspended body 2a Open free end 3 Removal prevention member 4 Link 5 Rotating means 16 Ammunition

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 物品揚降運搬機に取り付けた支持枠と、
    該支持枠へ支承軸により回動自在に取り付けた基部を有
    し、かつ、物品の吊下紐を通す開口部を有するしの字状
    の吊持体と、前記支持枠へ前記吊持体の前方に位置する
    支軸により回動自在に取り付けたボス部を有し、かつ、
    弾機により前記吊持体の開放自由端における内側または
    外側に常時当接する外脱防止部材と、前記基部と前記ボ
    ス部とを連結したリンクと、前記支承軸の後方に設けら
    れ、かつ、前記吊持体に連係した回動手段とを備えさせ
    たことを特徴とする物品揚降運搬機用吊持体係脱装置。
    1. A support frame mounted on an article lifting and transporting machine,
    It has a base that is rotatably attached to the support frame by a bearing shaft.
    And a hanging -shaped hanging body having an opening through which a hanging string of an article passes , and the supporting frame is located in front of the hanging body.
    It has a boss that is rotatably attached by a spindle , and
    An outer removal preventing member abuts constantly inside or outside in the open free end of the pre-tight bearing member Ri by the bullet machine, the base and the ball
    A link connecting the scan unit, et provided behind the support shaft
    And a lifting means associated with the lifting body , wherein the lifting and lowering device disengagement apparatus for an article lifting and transporting machine is provided.
JP4016775A 1992-01-31 1992-01-31 Lifting / disengaging device for lifting / lifting equipment Expired - Fee Related JPH0720838B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP4016775A JPH0720838B2 (en) 1992-01-31 1992-01-31 Lifting / disengaging device for lifting / lifting equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP4016775A JPH0720838B2 (en) 1992-01-31 1992-01-31 Lifting / disengaging device for lifting / lifting equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0648697A JPH0648697A (en) 1994-02-22
JPH0720838B2 true JPH0720838B2 (en) 1995-03-08

Family

ID=11925581

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP4016775A Expired - Fee Related JPH0720838B2 (en) 1992-01-31 1992-01-31 Lifting / disengaging device for lifting / lifting equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH0720838B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101682661B1 (en) * 2014-12-16 2016-12-06 한국해양과학기술원 Work apparatus of assistant hook for heavy lift and management method of the same
KR101686202B1 (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-13 주식회사 율촌 A safety hook for hoist with automatic device of open and shut

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57166287A (en) * 1981-04-02 1982-10-13 Riyuutarou Yoritomi Hook for cargo-handling machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH0648697A (en) 1994-02-22

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