JPH06336113A - On-vehicle jumidifying machine - Google Patents

On-vehicle jumidifying machine

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Publication number
JPH06336113A
JPH06336113A JP5126523A JP12652393A JPH06336113A JP H06336113 A JPH06336113 A JP H06336113A JP 5126523 A JP5126523 A JP 5126523A JP 12652393 A JP12652393 A JP 12652393A JP H06336113 A JPH06336113 A JP H06336113A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
water
humidified
air
humidified chamber
plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP5126523A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Jun Umetsu
純 梅津
Original Assignee
Sawafuji Electric Co Ltd
澤藤電機株式会社
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Application filed by Sawafuji Electric Co Ltd, 澤藤電機株式会社 filed Critical Sawafuji Electric Co Ltd
Priority to JP5126523A priority Critical patent/JPH06336113A/en
Publication of JPH06336113A publication Critical patent/JPH06336113A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To prevent the leak of water on a slope and reduce cost with the compact structure by erecting a flat plate made of the high water absorptive resin material so that the lower end part exists in the water, in a sealed shaped humidified chamber, and allowing the air supplied from a blower to flow in the suction pipe of the humidified chamber and discharging the air from an exhaust pipe through between the humidified plates.
CONSTITUTION: In a sealed hollow box shaped humidified chamber 2 accommodated into a sealed box shaped body 1, together with a fan 3, a humidified plate 4 made of the high water absorptive resin material is erected so that the lower part is on the water 10 at the bottom part of the humidified chamber 2. Further, the air suction/discharge pipes 6 and 7 are installed on the upper surface of the humidified chamber 2, and the air supplied from a blower 3 is allowed to flow between a ventilating port 8, suction pipe 6, and a plurality of humidified plates 4, and discharged from a nozzle 9 through the air discharge pipe 7. Accordingly, the structure can be simplified, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced, and the leak of water on a slope can be prevented.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1994,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、自動車等の車室内の雰囲気を調整するための車載用加湿機に関するものであり、特にコンパクトであり、かつ傾斜した状態においても漏水するおそれのない車載用加湿機に関するものである。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to vehicle humidifier for adjusting the atmosphere in the passenger compartment of an automobile or the like, in particular a compact and automotive no risk of leakage even in inclined state it relates to a humidifier.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来から家庭や事務室等の室内雰囲気中の湿度を適正に保持するために加湿機が使用されている。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION humidifier in order to properly maintain the humidity in the room atmosphere of the home and office, etc. have been conventionally used. この加湿機には種々の方式があるが、例えば給水パンに水を収容し、この給水パン上に高吸水性樹脂材料からなる加湿板を間隔を置いて複数個立設し、加湿板間を流通する空気に水分を含有させる方式のものがある。 Although this humidifier has a variety of methods, for example, water pan containing water and several upright humidification plate at a distance consisting of superabsorbent polymer material onto the water pan, a humidification plates the air flowing there is a method to contain moisture.

【0003】上記方式の加湿機は、例えば集塵機、熱交換器等と共に組み込まれ、オフィス用空調機として多用されているのが通常である。 [0003] humidifier of the type, for example a dust collector, incorporated with the heat exchanger or the like, it is usual are often used as an office air conditioners. 一方家庭用若しくは小空間の事務室用としては、超音波振動により微粒状の水滴を空気中に放出する超音波式の加湿機もまた広く使用されている。 On the other hand, examples of the for office home or small space, a finely divided water droplets are also widely used ultrasonic type humidifier that released into the air by the ultrasonic vibration.

【0004】次に自動車の車室は、特に冬季において乾燥程度が著しく、湿度が10%以下になる場合もある。 [0004] Then the cabin of an automobile, there especially remarkable about drying in winter, even if the humidity is below 10%.
従って特に長距離輸送用のトラックの運転室には、乗員の健康状態を良好に維持するために、小型かつコンパクトな加湿機が望まれている。 Especially the cab truck for long-distance transport Accordingly, in order to maintain good occupant health, small and compact humidifier is desired. このような車載用加湿機としては、超音波式のものよりも加湿板間を流通させる方式のものの方が、カルキ、雑菌の飛散がなく、過飽和水分による窓の曇りが少ない等、使用空間が狭小であると共に、視界の確保が重要である車載用加湿機としては有利である。 Such vehicle humidifier, towards the intended method of distributing humidified plates than that of the ultrasonic is chlorine, no bacteria scattering, less fogging of the window due to supersaturation moisture, use space as well as a narrow, which is advantageous as a vehicle-mounted humidifier ensuring visibility is important.

【0005】しかしながら、加湿板間に空気を流通させる方式のものにおいては、加湿能力は加湿板の表面積に依存するため、大型になり易いという欠点がある。 However, in what manner to circulate air in the humidification plates, humidifying performance is dependent on the surface area of ​​the humidifying plate, there is a disadvantage that tends to large. また加湿板の一端を水中に位置させ、他の部分を空気の流通路に位置させる必要があるため、給水パンが必要であり、オフィス用のように定置式のものは格別として、特にエンジン部の保守点検のために運転室が傾動させるように構成してあるキャブチルト型の車両を想定した場合には、給水パンの漏水を防止する手段が煩雑であり、場合によっては不可能であるという問題点がある。 The positions the end of the humidification plates in water, since the other parts it is necessary to position the flow path of the air, it is necessary to feed water pan, a particular those of stationary as for office, especially engine parts problem when the cab for maintenance and inspection assuming a Kyabuchiruto type vehicle that is configured to be tilted, the means for preventing the leakage of feed water pan is complicated and that in some cases it is not there is a point.

【0006】上記問題点を解決するために、例えば図4 [0006] In order to solve the above problems, for example, FIG. 4
および図5に示すような滴下給水式の加湿機が提案されている。 And dropping water type humidifier as shown in FIG. 5 has been proposed. 図4は正面図、図5は左側面図である。 Figure 4 is a front view, FIG. 5 is a left side view. 図4および図5において、21は加湿板であり、高吸水性樹脂材料により平板状に形成し、複数個を支持部材22を介して間隔を置いて立設する。 4 and 5, numeral 21 denotes a humidification plate, the superabsorbent polymer material formed in a plate shape, erected at intervals a plurality via a support member 22. 23は給水管であり、加湿板21の上方に配設する。 23 is a water supply pipe, is disposed above the humidifier plate 21. 給水管23の下面には小孔を穿設してあり、給水タンク24からポンプ25を介して供給した水を、加湿板21に供給し得るように構成する。 The lower surface of the water supply pipe 23 Yes and drilled small holes, was fed via a pump 25 from the water supply tank 24 of water, is configured to be able to supply to the humidifier plate 21. 26はセンサであり、加湿板21に設け、制御回路(図示せず)を介してポンプ25を間欠的に駆動し得るように構成する。 26 is a sensor, provided in the humidifier plate 21 is configured so as to intermittently drive the pump 25 via a control circuit (not shown).

【0007】上記の構成により、ファン27により空気を加湿板21間を矢印のように流通させれば、加湿板2 [0007] With the above configuration, if distributed as between humidifying plate 21 air by the fan 27 arrows, humidified plate 2
1の水分を流通空気中に含有させることができ、この空気を車室内に放出することにより、車室内を適度の湿度の雰囲気に保持できるのである。 It is possible to contain one of the water in the circulation air, by releasing the air into the passenger compartment, it can hold the passenger compartment to the atmosphere of moderate humidity. そしてセンサ26により加湿板21の含有水分を検出し、所定水分未満になると制御回路を介してポンプ25を駆動させ、給水タンク24から給水管23に供給し、加湿板21に水を滴下させるのである。 Then detecting the moisture content of the humidified board 21 by the sensor 26, to drive the pump 25 via the control circuit becomes less than the predetermined moisture supplied to the water supply pipe 23 from the water supply tank 24, since the dropping of the water for humidification plate 21 is there.

【0008】 [0008]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】上記構成の車載用加湿機は、オフィス用の加湿機におけるような上方が開放した給水パンを使用しない構成であるため、車両若しくは車室が傾斜した場合の漏水防止手段を設ける必要がないという利点がある反面において、下記のような問題点がある。 [0005] vehicle humidifier having the above structure, since the upper as in the humidifier for office is configured not to use the water pan is open, water leakage when the vehicle or the vehicle compartment is inclined in the other hand there is the advantage that it is not necessary to provide a preventing means, there are the following problems.

【0009】まず加湿板21に供給する水の量は、加湿板21を湿潤状態に保持することは当然であるが、余剰の水分が加湿板21から下方に滴下しない限度に制御する必要がある。 [0009] First the amount of water supplied to the humidifying plate 21, it is natural to hold the humidifying plate 21 in a wet state, it is necessary to excess moisture is controlled to limit not drip downwardly from the humidifier plate 21 . 従ってポンプ25からの給水管23への供給水量を高精度で制御する必要があり、制御回路および制御装置を必須構成要素とし、大型化およびコスト高となるという問題点がある。 Therefore it is necessary to control the supply amount of water to the water supply pipe 23 from the pump 25 with high precision, the control circuit and the control unit as essential components, there is a problem that the size and cost.

【0010】また加湿板21の湿潤状態を検出するためにセンサ26を設けているが、このセンサ26は複数個の加湿板21のうちの特定の加湿板21のみに設けられるのが通常であり、また複数個の加湿板21の湿潤状態には夫々バラツキが存在する。 [0010] While the sensor 26 is provided to detect the wet state of the humidifying plate 21, the sensor 26 that is provided only in a specific humidification plate 21 of a plurality of humidifying plate 21 be a conventional , also wet the plurality of humidifying plate 21 there are respectively variation. 従って加湿板21のあるものは供給水量が過少であることから、流通空気に対する加湿作用が不充分となることがある。 Thus some of the humidifying plate 21 since the supply amount of water is too small, sometimes humidified effect on circulation air may be insufficient. 一方供給水量が過剰であると、加湿板21から余剰の水分が滴下することとなり、車室内を汚染することとなる。 On the other hand, if the supply amount of water is excessive, the excess moisture from the humidifying plate 21 becomes dropwise, and contaminate the vehicle interior.

【0011】なお給水管23からの滴下水量を、夫々の加湿板21に対して均一に保持することも煩雑であり、 [0011] Note that the dropping water from the water supply pipe 23, it is troublesome to uniformly held against humidification plate 21 each,
供給水量にバラツキを発生させるという問題点がある。 There is a problem that cause variations in the supply amount of water.
一方上記のバラツキを解消するためには、夫々の構成部材を高精度に製作し、かつ組立に大なる工数と時間を要することとなるため、製作コストの高騰を招来するという問題点もある。 Meanwhile in order to solve the above-mentioned variations, produced a structure member each with high precision, and since it becomes possible to take a large becomes effort and time to assemble, there is also a problem that lead to soaring manufacturing costs.

【0012】本発明は、上記従来技術に存在する問題点を解決し、コンパクトであり、かつ傾斜した状態においても漏水のおそれがないと共に、低コストで製作し得る車載用加湿機を提供することを目的とするものである。 [0012] The present invention is to solve the problems existing in the prior art, it is compact, and with no risk of leakage even in inclined state, to provide a vehicle humidifier capable of manufactured at low cost the it is an object of the present invention.

【0013】 [0013]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記目的を達成するために、本発明においては、底部に水を収容可能かつ密閉状に形成した加湿チャンバー内に、高吸水性樹脂材料からなり平板状に形成した複数個の加湿板を、それらの下端部が前記水中に位置するように間隔を置いて立設し、前記加湿チャンバーの上面に吸気管および排気管をそれらの下端部が加湿チャンバー内に突出するように設け、送風機からの空気が吸気管から加湿板間を経由して排気管に流通するように構成する、という技術的手段を採用した。 To achieve the above object, according to the solution to ## in the present invention, water formed in the housing possible and closed like the formed humidified chamber to the bottom, in a plate shape made of a super absorbent polymer material projecting a plurality of humidifying plate which is, upright at intervals such that their lower ends are positioned in the water, the intake pipe and the exhaust pipe is humidified chamber their lower ends to the upper surface of the humidification chamber to so provided, the air from the blower is configured to flow into the exhaust pipe via the humidifying plates from the intake pipe, adopting the technical means of.

【0014】 [0014]

【作用】上記の構成により、加湿板の下端部は常時水中に位置するから、毛細管作用によって適量の水分を吸い上げるから、その表面を湿潤状態に保持することができ、かつ複数個の加湿板間における上記湿潤状態は均一に保持され、バラツキが解消される。 [Action] With the above configuration, since the lower end of the humidifying plate is positioned always water, since drawing up the proper amount of moisture by capillary action, it is possible to hold the surface in a wet state, and a plurality of humidifying plates the wet state in is kept uniform, the variation is eliminated. 一方吸気管および排気管の下端部は加湿チャンバー内に突出するように形成されているため、車両若しくは車室が傾斜状態となった場合においても、加湿チャンバー内に収容した水が外部に漏水するという非所望な事態の発生を防止することができるのである。 On the other hand, since the lower end portion of the intake pipe and an exhaust pipe is formed so as to protrude a humidified chamber, when the vehicle or the vehicle compartment becomes inclined state also, the water contained in a humidified chamber to leak to the outside it is possible to prevent the occurrence of undesired situation that.

【0015】 [0015]

【実施例】図1は本発明の実施例を示す要部断面説明図、図2は図1における加湿チャンバーの例を示す要部断面平面図である。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 is a fragmentary sectional view showing an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a fragmentary cross-sectional plan view showing an example of a humidification chamber in FIG. 図1および図2において、1は本体であり、中空の密閉箱状に形成し、加湿チャンバー2および送風用のファン2を収容する。 1 and 2, 1 is a main body, and formed in a hollow sealed box-shaped, for accommodating the humidification chamber 2 and blower fan 2. 加湿チャンバー2 Humidification chamber 2
は、例えば直方体状の密閉中空箱状に形成し、底部に水10を収容すると共に、高吸水性樹脂材料からなり平板状に形成した複数個の加湿板4を平行に立設する。 It is, for example, formed in a rectangular parallelepiped shape of the closed hollow box shape, with containing water 10 at the bottom, parallel to upright a plurality of humidifying plate 4 formed in a plate shape made of a super absorbent polymer material.

【0016】なお加湿板4はジグザグ状に配設し、加湿板4、4間に空気流通路5を形成すると共に、それらの下端部が水10中に位置するように形成する。 [0016] Note that the humidification plate 4 is arranged in a zigzag pattern, to form the air flow passage 5 between the humidifier plate 4,4, formed such that their lower ends are positioned in the water 10. 次に6、 Then 6,
7は各々吸気管および排気管であり、前記加湿チャンバー2の上面に設けると共に、それらの下端部が加湿チャンバー2内に突出するように形成する。 7 are each intake pipe and the exhaust pipe, is provided on the upper surface of the humidification chamber 2, their lower portions is formed so as to protrude in a humidified chamber 2. なお吸気管6にはファン2の排気口8を接続し、排気管7にはノズル9 Note the intake pipe 6 connecting the outlet 8 of the fan 2, the exhaust pipe 7 nozzles 9
を着脱可能に接続する。 Removably connecting. 11、12は仕切板である。 11, 12 is a partition plate.

【0017】上記の構成により、ファン2を駆動して空気を排気口8および吸気管6を経由して加湿チャンバー2内に送風すると、この空気は加湿板4、4間に形成されたジグザグ状の空気流通路5を、図2において矢印に示すように流通し、排気管7およびノズル9から放出される。 [0017] With the above configuration, when driving the fan 2 via an exhaust port 8 and the intake pipe 6 air blowing humidified chamber 2, the air is zigzag formed between humidification plate 4,4 the air flow path 5, flows as indicated by the arrow in FIG. 2, is released from the exhaust pipe 7 and the nozzle 9. 一方複数個の加湿板4はそれらの下端部が水中に位置するように形成されているから、毛細管作用によって適量の水分を吸い上げ、その表面を湿潤状態に保持している。 On the other hand because a plurality of humidifying plate 4 is formed such that their lower ends are positioned in the water, sucked up a suitable amount of moisture by capillary action, it holds the surface moist. 従って空気流通路5を流通する空気中に水分を含有させることができ、ノズル9から放出することにより、車室内を適度の湿度の雰囲気に保持できるのである。 Therefore it is possible to contain the water in the air flowing through the air flow passage 5, by releasing the nozzle 9, it can hold the passenger compartment to the atmosphere of moderate humidity.

【0018】次に車両若しくは車室が傾斜した場合の漏水防止作用について記述する。 [0018] Next describes leakage prevention effect when the vehicle or the cabin is tilted. 車両が急坂路を走行する場合、若しくはキャブチルト型の車両を保守点検する場合等においては、車室が傾斜状態となり、当然に加湿チャンバー2も傾斜状態となるが、本発明においては、吸気管6および排気管7の下端部が加湿チャンバー2内に突出するように形成されているため、水10は加湿チャンバー2から漏水することはないのである。 If the vehicle is traveling on a steep slope or in the case or the like for maintenance of Kyabuchiruto type vehicle, passenger compartment becomes inclined state, but naturally moist chamber 2 is also inclined state, in the present invention, the intake pipe 6 and the lower end portion of the exhaust pipe 7 is formed so as to protrude in a humidified chamber 2, the water 10 is to never be leakage from the humidifying chamber 2.

【0019】図3は上記漏水防止作用を説明する図であり、(a) は水平状態、(b) は90°傾斜した状態、(c) FIG. 3 is a diagram for explaining the leakage prevention effect, (a) a horizontal state, the (b) is 90 ° inclined state, (c)
は上下反転した状態を示し、同一部分は前記図1および図2と同一の参照符号で示す。 Shows a state where the vertically inverted, parts are indicated by the same reference numerals as FIGS. 1 and 2. すなわち加湿チャンバー2は密閉箱状に形成してあるから、図3(a) に示す水平状態においては当然に漏水することはないが、図3(b) That because the humidification chamber 2 is formed in a sealed box shape, but is not able to leak naturally in a horizontal state shown in FIG. 3 (a), FIG. 3 (b)
に示すように90°傾斜した状態においても、水位が水平状態におけるh 1からh 2に上昇するのみで、漏水することはない。 Even in a state where the 90 ° inclined as shown, only the water level rises from h 1 in the horizontal state to the h 2, it is not to be leakage.

【0020】上記の場合において、水10の量をVとし、加湿チャンバー2の底面積および側面積を各々A 1 、A 2とすると、V=A 11 =A 22であるから、h 2 =(A 1 /A 2 )h 1となり、図3(b) に示すように水位が僅かに上昇するのみである。 [0020] In the above case, the amount of water 10 is V, the bottom area and side area of the humidification chamber 2 respectively and A 1, A 2, since it is V = A 1 h 1 = A 2 h 2, h 2 = (a 1 / a 2) h 1 , and the only water level rises slightly as shown in FIG. 3 (b). そして吸気管6および排気管7は何れもその下端部が加湿チャンバー2内に突出するように形成してあるから、水10の水面が揺動しても水10が吸気管6おらび排気管7内に漏水することはないのである。 And because even the lower end either the intake pipe 6 and exhaust pipe 7 is formed so as to protrude in a humidified chamber 2, the water 10 even water swings water 10 intake pipe 6 Orabi exhaust pipe it is not able to water leakage in the 7. なお吸気管6および排気管7 Incidentally intake pipe 6 and exhaust pipe 7
の加湿チャンバー2内への突出寸法を収容水量を勘案して適宜選定することにより、加湿チャンバー2を図3 By appropriately applied while considering accommodating water the projecting dimension of the humidification chamber 2 selection, Figure 3 a humidified chamber 2
(c) のように上下反転させた状態にしても水10の漏水を防止できる。 Even in the state of being turned upside down as (c) it can prevent leakage of water 10.

【0021】 [0021]

【発明の効果】本発明は以上記述のような構成および作用であるから、下記の効果を奏し得る。 Since the present invention is a construction and operation as described above can achieve the following effects. (1) 加湿チャンバーに格別の漏水防止手段を施さなくても、漏水を防止することができるため、装置全体の構造が簡単になる。 (1) be in a humidified chamber without performing a special leakage prevention means, it is possible to prevent water leakage, the structure of the entire apparatus is simplified. (2) 排気管から直接給水することができるため、給水ポンプ、バルブ類および制御回路等の付属構成部材が不要となり、製作コストを低減させ得る。 (2) it is possible to feed water directly from the exhaust pipe, the water supply pump, accessory components such as valves and control circuit is not required, can reduce the manufacturing cost. (3) 加湿チャンバーを傾斜させても漏水を完全に防止できるため、例えばキャブチルト型のような車両にも使用できる。 (3) for the water leakage even when the humidification chamber is inclined can be completely prevented, it can be used in a vehicle such as Kyabuchiruto type.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明の実施例を示す要部断面説明図である。 1 is a cross-section showing a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】図1における加湿チャンバーの例を示す要部断面平面図である。 Figure 2 is a fragmentary cross-sectional plan view showing an example of a humidification chamber in FIG.

【図3】本発明の実施例における漏水防止作用を説明する図であり、(a) は水平状態、(b) は90°傾斜した状態、(c) は上下反転した状態を示す。 [Figure 3] is a view for explaining the leakage prevention effect in the embodiment of the invention, (a) shows a horizontal state, (b) is 90 ° inclined state, (c) state that upside down.

【図4】従来の滴下給水式の加湿機の例を示す要部正面図である。 4 is a partial front view showing an example of a conventional drip water type humidifier.

【図5】従来の滴下給水式の加湿機の例を示す要部左側面図である。 5 is a main portion left side view showing an example of a conventional drip water type humidifier.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

2 加湿チャンバー 4 加湿板 6 吸気管 7 排気管 2 humidified chamber 4 humidifying plate 6 inlet pipe 7 an exhaust pipe

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 底部に水を収容可能かつ密閉状に形成した加湿チャンバー内に、高吸水性樹脂材料からなり平板状に形成した複数個の加湿板を、それらの下端部が前記水中に位置するように間隔を置いて立設し、前記加湿チャンバーの上面に吸気管および排気管をそれらの下端部が加湿チャンバー内に突出するように設け、送風機からの空気が吸気管から加湿板間を経由して排気管に流通するように構成したことを特徴とする車載用加湿機。 To 1. A can be accommodated in the bottom of the water and closed like the formed humidified chamber, a plurality of humidifying plate which is formed in a plate shape made of a super absorbent polymer material, located in the water is their lower portion erected at intervals to provided an intake pipe and an exhaust pipe on the upper surface of the humidification chamber as the lower end thereof projects into a humidified chamber, the air from the blower humidification plates from the intake pipe automotive humidifier, characterized by being configured such that flow into the exhaust pipe via.
JP5126523A 1993-05-28 1993-05-28 On-vehicle jumidifying machine Pending JPH06336113A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5126523A JPH06336113A (en) 1993-05-28 1993-05-28 On-vehicle jumidifying machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5126523A JPH06336113A (en) 1993-05-28 1993-05-28 On-vehicle jumidifying machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH06336113A true JPH06336113A (en) 1994-12-06

Family

ID=14937319

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP5126523A Pending JPH06336113A (en) 1993-05-28 1993-05-28 On-vehicle jumidifying machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH06336113A (en)

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