JPH06146553A - Floor material - Google Patents

Floor material

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Publication number
JPH06146553A
JPH06146553A JP31776992A JP31776992A JPH06146553A JP H06146553 A JPH06146553 A JP H06146553A JP 31776992 A JP31776992 A JP 31776992A JP 31776992 A JP31776992 A JP 31776992A JP H06146553 A JPH06146553 A JP H06146553A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
fitting
flooring
projecting edge
surface
floor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP31776992A
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Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2550466B2 (en
Inventor
Hidekazu Aoki
Minoru Inoue
井上  稔
英一 青木
Original Assignee
Daiken Trade & Ind Co Ltd
大建工業株式会社
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Publication date
Application filed by Daiken Trade & Ind Co Ltd, 大建工業株式会社 filed Critical Daiken Trade & Ind Co Ltd
Priority to JP4317769A priority Critical patent/JP2550466B2/en
Publication of JPH06146553A publication Critical patent/JPH06146553A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2550466B2 publication Critical patent/JP2550466B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0517U- or C-shaped brackets and clamps

Abstract

PURPOSE: To enable execution having excellent accuracy without a stepped section and a clearance between adjacent floor materials.
CONSTITUTION: When a fitting projecting edge section 2 is formed on one side end face of a rectangular floor-material main body 1, in which an elastic material 4 is stuck onto the underside, while a fitting groove 3 having an upward opening, into which the fitting projecting edge section 2 can be inserted, is shaped to the other side end face and the fitting projecting edge sections 2 and fitting grooves 3 of the adjacent floor-material main bodies 1, 1 are fitted mutually, engaging end faces 2a formed to the front end faces of the fitting projecting edge sections 2 and engaging grooves 3a formed on one side wall surfaces of the fitting grooves 3 are connected mutually. The engaging end faces 2a and the engaging grooves 3a are connected positively by the elastic force of the elastic material 4 stuck onto the undersides of the floor-material main bodies 1 and the top faces of the floor-material main hodies 1, 1 are shaped at the same level while engaging grooves 2b shaped to the undersides of the base end sections of the fitting projecting edge sections 2 are fitted and retained to engaging projections 3b protruded at the other side ends of the fitting grooves 3, thus preventing the generation of a clearance between the floor-material main bodies 1, 1.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1994,JPO&Japio

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は簡単且つ精度よく施工し得る床材の改良に関するものである。 The present invention relates to an improvement of the flooring may construction may easily and accurately.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来から、合板などの床下地パネルやコンクリートスラブ等の床下地材上に施工する床材としては、長方形状に形成した床材主体の一側端面に雄実部を突設する一方、他側端面に該雄実部が嵌合可能な雌実部を形成している構造のものが広く知られており、施工に際しては隣接する床材の対向側端面の雌雄実部同士を互いに係合させながら床下地材上に順次敷設し、釘着或いは接着剤によって固定している。 Heretofore, as a flooring of applying the underfloor member on such subfloor panels and concrete slabs, such as plywood, projecting the Omi portion to one edge of the flooring entity formed in a rectangular shape to one, male real part to the other end surface is widely known having a structure that forms a Mesumi portion fittable, male and female real portions of the opposing end surfaces of adjacent flooring during installation while the engaging each other sequentially laid on the underfloor member, it is fixed by nails adhesive or an adhesive.

【0003】 [0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上記のような床材では、単に床材の対向側端面同士を雌雄実部によって本実接合させるように構成しているだけであるから、接合させても床材同士が床下地面に沿って互いに接離する方向に対しては何等の規制を受けることがなく、そのため、作業者の技量や施工面の精度のバラツキ等によって隣接する床材間に目隙や段差が生じ易くて精度の良い施工が困難となるという問題点があった。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION However, in the flooring as described above, merely because only configured so as to present a real joined by male and female real part of opposite end faces of the flooring, and is bonded without regulated in any way the flooring each other along the floor ground against direction toward or away from each other, therefore, the eyes between adjacent flooring by variations in operator skill and construction surface accuracy and likely to occur gap or level difference has a problem that accurate construction becomes difficult. 本発明はこのような問題点を全面的に解消し得る床材の提供を目的とするものである。 The present invention is intended to provide a flooring which can solve such problems entirely.

【0004】 [0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記目的を達成するために、本発明の床材は、下面に一定厚みの弾性材を貼着してなる長方形状の床材主体の一側端縁に上面が床材主体と面一で且つ床材主体よりも厚みが小なる嵌合突縁部を設け、この嵌合突縁部の先端面を傾斜面や実形状等の係止端面に形成すると共に該嵌合突縁部の基端部下面に適宜深さの係止溝を設け、一方、床材主体の他側端縁に上記嵌合突縁部が嵌合可能な断面形状を有する上向き開口の嵌合溝を設けると共に該嵌合溝の一側壁面に上記係止端面と係合可能な形状を有する係合面を形成し、さらに、この嵌合溝の他側端に前記係止溝が嵌合可能な係止突起を設けた構造となっている。 Means for Solving the Problems] To achieve the above object, the floor material of the present invention, the upper surface in a rectangular shape of one side edge of the flooring principal made by sticking an elastic material having a constant thickness on the lower surface floor material mainly to the thickness and also the floor material mainly flush is provided small consisting fitting projecting edge, to form a distal end surface of the fitting projecting edge in engagement end surface such as inclined surfaces or solid shape fitting provided locking groove of appropriate depth in the base end lower surface of the engagement flange portions, whereas, upward opening the fitting projecting edge on the other side edge of the flooring mainly has a fittable sectional shape fitting groove engagement surface having the locking edge engageable with the shape formed on one side wall of the fitting groove with the provision, further, the locking groove on the other end of the fitting groove There has been a provided structure fittable locking projection.

【0005】 [0005]

【作用】上記構造を有する床材を床下地材上に敷設施工するには、先に床下地材上に貼着した床材の他側端縁に設けている上向き開口の嵌合溝に対して、次に施工する床材の一側端縁部を斜め下方に向けた状態にして該一側端縁に設けている嵌合突縁部を嵌め込み、該嵌合突縁部を嵌合溝の一側壁面に向かって押し込むようにしながら床材を徐々に伏動させると、嵌合突起部の先端係止端面が嵌合溝の一側壁面に形成している係合面に当接、係止すると共に嵌合溝の他側端に突設している係止突起に嵌合突起部の基端部下面に設けている係止溝が嵌合する。 [Action] flooring having the above structure is laid construction on the underfloor member, compared fitting groove of the upward opening is provided on the other side edge of the flooring that is attached to the underfloor member above Te, fit the fitting flange portion is provided on one side edge the by then one side edge of the flooring of applying the state of obliquely downward, the fitting groove and the fitting projecting edge When gradually Fukudo the flooring while allowing the push toward one side wall of the abutment in engagement surface distal engagement end surface of the engagement projection is formed on one side wall of the fitting groove, locking grooves are provided on the base end lower surface of the engagement projection with the engagement projection which is projected from the other end of the fitting groove with locking is fitted.

【0006】上記のような手順によって床材を順次施工すると、隣接する床材同士が係止端面と係合面との接合によって上下方向の妄動を互いに阻止しあい、且つ床材主体の下面に貼着している弾性材の弾力によってこれらの係止端面と係合面とが積極的に接合しあって全ての床材の表面が面一に連なると共に、係止突起と係止溝との嵌合によって床材間の幅方向の移動が拘束され、目隙の発生をなくすることができる。 [0006] sequentially applying a flooring by the procedure as described above, mutually blocking acting blindly vertical flooring with adjacent the junction between the locking end face and the engaging surfaces to each other, and bonded to the lower surface of the floor material mainly with all of the surface of the flooring by the elastic force of the elastic member that are wearing and these engagement end surface and the engaging surface is each other and joined positively contiguous with the flush fit between the locking projection and the locking groove movement in the width direction between the flooring is restrained by the engagement, it is possible to eliminate the occurrence of eye space. また、床材下面に貼着している一定厚みの弾性材によって床下地材に生じている微小な凹凸部が吸収され、上記係止端面と係合面との接合と相俟って段違い等の発生をなくし得る。 Further, the minute irregularities caused in the underfloor member is absorbed by the elastic material of predetermined thickness is adhered to the lower surface flooring, stepped, etc. What joint coupled with the said locking edge and the engaging surface You can eliminate the occurrence.

【0007】 [0007]

【実施例】次に、本発明の実施例を説明すると、1は一定幅と長さを有する長方形状の床材主体で、合板、パーティクルボード、MDF等の材料から形成されてあり、 EXAMPLES Next, a description will be given of an embodiment of the present invention, 1 is a rectangular flooring entity having a certain width and length, plywood, particle board, Yes is formed of a material MDF, etc.,
その長辺側である一側端縁に上面が床材主体1の上面と面一で且つ床材主体1の厚みよりも薄い嵌合突縁部2を全長に亘って一体に形成していると共に、他側端縁には該嵌合突縁部2を反転させた断面形状を有して嵌合突縁部2が嵌合可能な上向き開口の嵌合溝3を一体に設けてある。 It is formed integrally over the entire length of the thin fitting projecting edge 2 than its long side a and the flooring body 1 Thickness top at one end edge of the upper surface flush flooring body 1 is together, the other side edge is provided integrally fitting projecting edge 2 of the fitting groove 3 can be fitted upward opening having a sectional shape obtained by inverting the fitting projecting edge 2.

【0008】上記嵌合突縁部2は、その先端面を雌実からなる係止端面2aに形成していると共に、床材主体1の一側端面側における基端部には下面から上面近傍部に達する一定幅を有する係止溝2bを全長に亘って形成してある。 [0008] The fitting projecting edge 2, with forms the engaging end surface 2a made its front end face from Mesumi, near the upper surface from the lower surface to the proximal end portion of the one edge side of the floor material mainly 1 the locking groove 2b having a constant width to reach the part is formed over the entire length. 一方、嵌合溝3は深さが嵌合突縁部2の厚みに等しく形成されていると共に、一側壁面を嵌合突縁部2の先端係止端面2aに嵌合可能な雄実からなる係合面3aに形成してあり、さらに他側端には上記係止溝2bが嵌合可能な係止突起3bを設けてある。 On the other hand, the fitting groove 3 together with depth are formed equal to the thickness of the fitting flange portion 2, a mateable Omi one side wall to the tip engaging the end face 2a of the fitting projecting edge 2 Yes it formed in comprising engagement surface 3a, yet on the other end the locking groove 2b is provided a matable locking projection 3b. この係止突起3bは、その肉厚を係止溝2bよりも僅かに薄く形成されていると共に、該係止突起3bの内側面によって嵌合溝3の他側壁面を形成しているものである。 The locking projection 3b is its thickness with being slightly thinner than locking groove 2b, those forming the other side wall of the fitting groove 3 by the inner surface of the engaging projection 3b is there.

【0009】4は床材主体1の下面に一体に貼着した一定厚みを有するゴム、弾性樹脂シート等よりなる弾性材で、上記嵌合突縁部2の基端部に設けている係止溝2bの開口端縁から上記嵌合溝3の下面に亘って全面的に貼着されているものである。 [0009] 4 rubber having a constant thickness and adhered integrally on the lower surface of the floor material body 1, an elastic member made of an elastic resin sheet, a locking are provided at a base end portion of the fitting projecting edge 2 it is those totally stuck over the lower surface of the fitting groove 3 from an opening edge of the groove 2b. 5は床材主体1の上面に貼着した化粧単板、樹脂シート等よりなる表面化粧材で、上記嵌合突縁部2の上面から嵌合溝3の開口内端縁に亘って全面的に貼着されているものである。 5 decorative veneer that adhered to the upper surface of the floor material body 1, the surface decorative material made of a resin sheet or the like, entirely across the opening edge of the fitting groove 3 from the upper surface of the fitting projecting edge 2 those which are adhered to.

【0010】このように構成した床材を床下地材A上に施工する手順を述べると、まず、図3に示すように、床材の貼り始め部に、床材主体1の嵌合突縁部2の下面側空間を埋めることができる断面形状を有する際根太Bを固定したのち、この際根太B上に床材主体1の嵌合突縁部2を上載させながら該床材主体1を床下地材A上に敷設する。 [0010] To describe the steps of applying the thus constructed floor material underfloor member on A, first, as shown in FIG. 3, the paste start portion of the flooring, fitting the flooring body 1 projecting edge After fixing the joist B when having a sectional shape that can fill the lower surface side space parts 2, a floor material body 1 while Ueno fitting projecting edge 2 of the floor material body 1 on the time joists B laying the underfloor member on the A. なお、床下地材A上に対する床材主体1の固定は、該床材主体1の下面を適宜な接着剤によって貼着されるが、嵌合溝3の内底面から床下地材Aに釘を打ち込むことによって行ってもよい。 Incidentally, the fixed bed material body 1 with respect to the upper underfloor member A is is bonded by a suitable adhesive lower surface of the floor material body 1, the nails underfloor member A from the inner bottom surface of the fitting groove 3 it may be performed by implanting.

【0011】こうして、際根太Bに沿って複数枚の床材主体1を直列状に施工したのち、該床材列に次の列の床材を敷設する。 [0011] Thus, after construction flooring body 1 of a plurality in series fashion along the joists B time, laying flooring of the next column to the floor material column. この施工手順は、図4に示すように、床材主体1をその嵌合突縁部2側が下向きに傾斜した状態にして該嵌合突縁部2を既に敷設した床材主体1の嵌合溝3内に嵌め込み、次いで、嵌合突縁部2を嵌合溝3の係合面3a側に向かって押し進めながら床材主体1を徐々に水平状態となる方向に伏動させて該床材主体1の嵌合突縁部2の先端係止端面2aを嵌合溝3の係合面3aに当接、係止させると共に嵌合溝3の他側端に突出している係止突起3bに嵌合突縁部2の基端部下面に設けている係止溝2bを嵌合させる。 This construction process, as shown in FIG. 4, the floor material mainly 1 flooring body 1 its fitting projecting edge 2 side already laid fitting projecting edge 2 in the state of being inclined downward fitting fitted in the groove 3, then gradually Fukudo in a direction in which a horizontal state flooring body 1 while pushed toward the fitting projecting edge 2 to the engagement surface 3a side of the fitting groove 3 floor material contact tip engaging the end face 2a of the fitting flange portion 2 of the body 1 to the engagement surface 3a of the fitting groove 3, the locking projection 3b projecting to the other side edge of the fitting groove 3 with engaged the locking groove 2b provided for the base end lower surface of the fitting projecting edge 2 fitted to.

【0012】このようにして先に敷設した床材主体1に次に敷設すべき床材主体1を連結させると、両床材主体1、1は、嵌合突縁部2の先端係止端面2aと嵌合溝3の係合面3aとの接合によって上下方向への妄動が規制されて表面化粧材5、5が面一に連らなると共に、係止溝3b [0012] In this manner and then coupling the flooring body 1 to be laid on a floor material body 1 which is laid above with both flooring mainly 1,1, tip engagement end surface of the fitting projecting edge 2 2a and a surface decorative material 5, 5 acting blindly is restricted in the vertical direction by the joining of the engagement surface 3a of the fitting groove 3 together with becomes communicates et flush locking groove 3b
と係止突起3bとの嵌合によって幅方向、即ち、互いに離間する方向への移動が拘束され、従って、両床材主体1、1間に目隙が生じることなく精度のよい施工が可能となるものである。 The width direction by the fitting of the locking projection 3b, i.e., is constrained to move in the direction away from each other, therefore, possible good construction accuracy without Mesuki between the two floor members mainly 1,1 occurs it become one. また、床材主体1の下面に貼着している弾性材4によって床下地材Aの表面の微小な凹凸部が吸収される共に係止端面2aに対して係合面3aを該弾性材4の弾力によって積極的に押し付けて段違いが生じるのを防止し得るものである。 Furthermore, floor material body 1 of the elastic member 4 to the engagement surface 3a of the elastic member 4 that is attached to the lower surface with respect to both the locking end face 2a minute irregularities of the surface of the underfloor member A is absorbed actively pressed by the elasticity as it is capable of preventing the stepped from occurring.

【0013】上記手順によって既に敷設した床材列の床材主体1に次の列を構成する床材主体1を床下地材A上に順次貼着施工したのち、図5に示すように、第3列目の床材主体1を施工し、この作業を繰り返し行って床下地材A上に多数の床材列からなる床を形成するものである。 [0013] After construction already laid the flooring floor material body 1 sequentially adhering to the underfloor member on A constituting the flooring material body 1 for the next row of columns by the above procedure, as shown in FIG. 5, the third column and applying a floor material body 1, and forms a large number of bed of flooring column to the underfloor member on the a by repeating this operation. なお、施工中においては、先に施工した床材列の嵌合溝3に対して次に施工する床材主体1の嵌合突縁部2 Incidentally, during construction, flooring body 1 of the fitting projecting edge 2 to be next construction against groove 3 of flooring column was constructed previously
を嵌め込んだ状態で長さ方向に摺動させながら床材主体1の長さ方向のズレを調整することができる。 While sliding in the longitudinal direction while fitting the can adjust the offset in the length direction of the floor material body 1. 又、床の施工後、床周辺部を幅木や釘等で抑えることにより床下地材A上に完全に固定することができる。 Moreover, after bed construction can be completely fixed onto the underfloor member A by suppressing the floor periphery in skirting or nails.

【0014】図6は床材主体1に設けている嵌合溝3の変形例を示すもので、上記実施例においては、床材主体1の他端部を適宜な掘削工具によって嵌合溝3に形成しているが、この変形例においては床材主体1と同一長さを有するコ字型材13によって形成してなるものである。 [0014] Figure 6 shows a modification of the fitting groove 3 provided for the floor material body 1, in the above embodiment, the fitting groove 3 and the other end of the floor material body 1 by a suitable drilling tool While formed, in this modification is made by forming the U-shaped member 13 having a floor material body 1 and the same length.
即ち、コ字型材13は図7に示すように、断面上向きコ字に形成された弾性を有する合成樹脂成形体、又は弾性体を裏面に積層した硬質樹脂や金属成形体よりなり、その一側端縁に上方に向かって突設している立ち上がり片13 That is, U-shaped member 13, as shown in FIG. 7, the synthetic resin molded article having an elastic formed section upward U or elastic body made of a hard resin or metal molded article obtained by laminating on the back, one side thereof rising and projecting upward into the edge piece 13
a を床材主体1の他側端部下面に刻設している細溝1a内に嵌入して該コ字型材13の他側部を床材主体1の幅方向に突出させた状態で取付け、このコ字型材13の他側端縁に上方に向かって突設している立ち上がり片を係止突起 Install the a in a state where the other side is protruded in the width direction of the floor material body 1 of fitted into narrow grooves 1a in that engraved on the other end lower surface of the floor material body 1 the U-shaped member 13 , the locking projection of the rising pieces are projecting upward in the other side edge of the U-shaped member 13
3bに形成していると共に、この係止突起3bと床材主体1 Together are formed in 3b, the locking projection 3b and flooring mainly 1
の他側端面に形成している係合面3a間を嵌合溝3に形成しているものである。 Between the engagement surface 3a of the forming the other end face in which are formed a fitting groove 3. なお、上記コ字型材13はその下面が弾性材4の下面と面一となるように取付けられてある。 Incidentally, the U-shaped member 13 is a lower surface are mounted such that the lower surface flush with the elastic member 4. また、このコ字型材13の溝底部及び上記係止突起3b Further, the groove bottom portion and the locking projection 3b of the U-shaped member 13
は連続させることなく、図8に示すように、断続的に形成したものであってもよい。 Without continuous, as shown in FIG. 8, it may be obtained by intermittently formed.

【0015】図9は、床材主体1における雌雄実2a、2b [0015] Figure 9 is a sex real 2a in the bed material mainly 1, 2b
を、先端面を上面から下面に向かって突出方向に傾斜する係止端面21a と、該係止端面21a と略同一角度でもって上端から下端に向かって床材主体1に食い込む方向に傾斜した係合面31a とに形成してなるもので、これらの係止端面21a と係合面31a とを互いに面接触状態で係合する傾斜面に形成したものである。 It was inclined distal end surface and the engaging end surface 21a which is inclined to the projecting direction from the upper surface to the lower surface, towards the bottom from the top with substantially the same angle as the locking end face 21a in a direction bite into the floor material body 1 engaged those obtained by forming on a mating surface 31a, is obtained by forming the inclined surface for engaging and these engaging end face 21a and the engagement surface 31a in surface contact with each other. 又、別な変形例としては、雌雄実部2a、3aを夫々嵌合突縁部2の先端面中央部と嵌合溝3の内側壁面中央部とに形成することなく、 Also, as another modification, without forming into an inner wall surface central portion of the male and female real part 2a, the distal end face central portion of the 3a respectively engaging projecting edge 2 and the fitting groove 3,
図10に示すように、夫々の下端部に雌雄実部22a 、23a As shown in FIG. 10, each of the lower end portion to the male and female real part 22a, 23a
を形成しておいてもよい。 It may be formed a.

【0016】また、嵌合溝3を形成する上記コ字型材13 Further, the U-shaped member to form a fitting groove 3 13
としては、上記図10に示すように、横F字型の型材33を使用し、その水平片部の下面を床材主体1の下面から他側方に延出させた弾性材4に隣接して貼着、一体化させる一方、垂直片部によって嵌合溝3の他側壁面を形成した係止突起3bを形成している。 As, as shown in FIG. 10, using the horizontal F-shaped mold member 33, adjacent the lower surface of the horizontal plate portion on other side elastic member 4 which is extended from the lower surface of the floor material mainly 1 Te stuck, while to integrate, to form a locking projection 3b formed with the other side wall of the fitting groove 3 by the vertical piece. この場合、床材主体1に当接した突起33a に弾性作用を付与しておくと、隣接する床材主体1の嵌合突縁部2との当接面で弾性的に連結され、隙間防止や床鳴り防止、寸法変化の吸収等の効果があり、好ましい。 In this case, the keep impart elastic action on the floor material body 1 in contact with the projection 33a, it is elastically connected with the abutment surface of the fitting flange portion 2 of the floor material body 1 adjacent the gap prevents and floor whine prevention, there is the effect of absorption such dimensional changes, preferred. 又、このような弾性部材としては、 Further, as such a resilient member,
図11に示すように、図6における嵌合溝3の係止係合面 As shown in FIG. 11, Kakaritomegakarigomen the fitting groove 3 in FIG. 6
3aの凹所に別体の弾性材13b を設けておいてもよい。 The recess 3a may be provided with elastic members 13b of the separate.

【0017】次に、図12、13は別な実施例を示すもので、前述の実施例では長方形の床材であったが、この実施例においては4周に雌雄実1a、1b、1c、1dを有する短冊形の床材主体1の長辺側の対向雌雄実を嵌着させて雁行状に配し、裏面に弾性材4a、4bを貼着していると共に、両端部の床材主体1の裏面長手方向において、一端側には係止溝2bを他端側にはコ字型材13の起立端部が嵌入する細孔1aが設けられ、弾性材4a、4bはその中間に亘って配されてなるものである。 Next, 12 and 13 shows another embodiment, in the above-mentioned embodiments were flooring rectangular, male and female real 1a to 4 weeks in this embodiment, 1b, 1c, 1d is fitted the opposite sex real long side of the floor material body 1 of rectangular shape having a arranged in echelon shape, elastic material 4a on the back surface, with which adhered to 4b, flooring entities both ends in one of the back longitudinal one end pores 1a of standing end is fitted in the U-shaped member 13 at the other end a locking groove 2b is provided in the elastic member 4a, 4b is over its intermediate one in which disposed are composed. 本実施例では嵌合突縁部が設けられていない床材同士の縦継部が階段状に形成されていて順次実結合されるので、目すきや浮き上がりが生じにくいという利点がある。 Since TateTsugi of the bed material between the fitting flange portion is not provided in this embodiment are sequentially actual bond be formed stepwise, there is an advantage that is less likely to occur lifting eyes sukiya.

【0018】 [0018]

【発明の効果】以上のように本発明の床材によれば、床材主体の一側端縁に先端面を係止端面に形成し且つ基端部下面に係止溝を設けている嵌合突縁部を一体に設ける一方、該床材主体の他側端縁に上記嵌合突縁部が嵌合可能な嵌合溝を設けると共にこの嵌合溝の一側壁面を上記係止端面が係合可能な係合面に、他側壁部を前記係止溝が嵌合可能な係止突起に形成しているので、床下地材上に施工する場合、先に貼着した床材の嵌合溝に次に貼着する床材の嵌合突縁部を嵌め込むと、嵌合突縁部の係止端面と嵌合溝の係合面とが互いに係止して床材の浮き上がりを防止し得る上に、床材主体の下面には弾性材を貼着しているので、該弾性材によって床下地に生じている微小な凹凸部を吸収させることができると共にその弾性力によって上記嵌 According to the floor material of the present invention as described above, according to the present invention, fitting is provided with a locking groove on and proximal a lower surface formed in the locking end face of the distal end face on one side edge of the flooring principal while providing the engagement flange portion integrally, the locking end face of the one side wall surface of the fitting groove with the fitting projecting edge on the other side edge of the bed material entity providing the fittable groove to but engageable engagement surfaces, since the other side wall portion the locking grooves are formed on the fittable locking projection, when applied over the underfloor member, the flooring was stuck above then when fitting the fitting projecting edge of the flooring of attaching the fitting groove, floating flooring and engagement end surface of the fitting projecting edge and groove engagement surfaces are engaged with each other on capable of preventing, since the lower surface of the flooring entity is adhered an elastic material, said by its elastic force it is possible to absorb fine irregularities caused in the subfloor by elastic material fit 突縁部の係止端面が嵌合溝の係合面に積極的に押し付けられ、隣接する床材同士をその上面が互いに面一となるように精度よく接合させることができるものである。 Engaging end surface of the flange portion is positively pressed against the engaging surface of the fitting groove, so that the upper surface of the flooring with adjacent flush with one another in which can be accurately joined.

【0019】さらに、嵌合突縁部の基端部下面に設けている嵌合溝が先に貼着している床材主体の他側端縁に突設している係止突起に嵌合、係止して床材同士の幅方向のズレの発生を確実に防止し、目隙が生じるのをなくすることができるものである。 Furthermore, fitting the engaging protrusion fitting groove provided for the base end lower surface of the fitting flange portion is projected from the other side edge of the flooring principals that are stuck to the previously , engagement locks the occurrence of misalignment in the width direction of the flooring between reliably prevented, in which can be eliminated from the eye gap occurs. このように、先に貼着して床材の嵌合溝に次に貼着する床材の嵌合突縁部を嵌め込むという簡単な操作によって、床材の幅方向の移動を係止溝と係止突起との係合によって拘束することができ、 Thus, the locking groove by a simple operation of fitting the fitting projecting edge of the flooring material and then stuck stuck above in the fitting groove in the flooring, the movement in the width direction of the flooring and it can be restrained by the engagement between the locking projection,
厚さ方向の段違いの発生は床材主体の下面に貼着している弾性材の弾力による係止端面と係合面との係合で防止でき、従って、床下地材に多少の不陸や施工技術にバラツキがあってもそれを吸収して精度のよい床施工が可能となるものである。 Occurrence of the thickness direction staggered is prevented by engagement between the engaging end surface and the engagement surface by elastic force of the elastic material is affixed to the lower surface of the floor material mainly therefore Ya slight uneven surface to the underfloor member even if there are variations in the construction technology to absorb it is made possible accurate floor construction. 又、本発明によると、釘や接着剤を用いて固定しなくても、安定した床仕上げ面が形成でき、熟練を要することなく施工性を向上させることができる。 Further, according to the present invention, without fixing with nails or adhesive, stable able floor finish surface forming, it is possible to improve the workability without requiring skill.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明床材の斜視図、 [1] The present invention perspective view of the floor material,

【図2】その拡大断面図、 FIG. 2 is the enlarged cross-sectional view,

【図3】一列目の床材施工状態を示す簡略断面図、 Figure 3 is a simplified cross-sectional view showing a flooring construction state of the first row,

【図4】二列目の床材施工状態を示す簡略断面図、 Figure 4 is a simplified cross-sectional view showing a flooring construction state of the second row,

【図5】三列目の床材施工状態を示す簡略断面図、 Figure 5 is a simplified cross-sectional view showing a flooring construction state of the third row,

【図6】嵌合溝の別な実施例を示す断面図、 6 is a sectional view showing another embodiment of the fitting groove,

【図7】そのコ字型材の一部斜視図、 [7] partial perspective view of the U-shaped member,

【図8】そのコ字型材の変形例を示す斜視図、 8 is a perspective view showing a modification of the U-shaped member,

【図9】係止端面と係合面との別な形状を示す断面図、 Figure 9 is a cross-sectional view showing another shape of the locking edge and the engagement surface,

【図10】コ字型材の変形例を示す断面図、 Figure 10 is a sectional view showing a modification of the U-shaped member,

【図11】弾性体の別な構造を示す断面図、 FIG. 11 is a sectional view showing another structure of the elastic body,

【図12】本発明床材の別な実施例を示す裏面図、 [12] back view showing another embodiment of the present invention flooring,

【図13】そのAーA線断面図。 [13] The A-A line cross-sectional view.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 床材主体 2 嵌合突縁部 2a 係止端面 2b 係止溝 3 嵌合溝 3a 係合面 3b 係止突起 4 弾性材 1 flooring mainly second fitting projecting edge 2a engaging end surface 2b locking groove 3 fitting groove 3a engagement surface 3b locking projection 4 elastic member

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 下面に一定厚みの弾性材を貼着してなる長方形状の床材主体の一側端縁に上面が床材主体と面一で且つ床材主体よりも厚みが小なる嵌合突縁部を設け、 1. A fitting thicker than and flooring mainly rectangular upper surface on one side edge of the flooring principal in flooring mainly flush made by sticking an elastic material having a constant thickness on the lower surface is small the engagement flange portion is provided,
    この嵌合突縁部の先端面を傾斜面や実形状等の係止端面に形成すると共に該嵌合突縁部の基端部下面に適宜深さの係止溝を設け、一方、床材主体の他側端縁に上記嵌合突縁部が嵌合可能な断面形状を有する上向き開口の嵌合溝を設けると共に該嵌合溝の一側壁面に上記係止端面と係合可能な形状を有する係合面を形成し、さらに、この嵌合溝の他側端に前記係止溝が嵌合可能な係止突起を設けていることを特徴とする床材。 It provided the engagement groove of appropriate depth in the base end lower surface of the fitting projecting edge to form a distal end surface of the fitting projecting edge in engagement end surface such as inclined surfaces or solid shape, whereas, flooring the engagement end surface shape that can engage one side wall of the fitting groove with the fitting projecting edge on the other side edge of the principal provided fitting groove of the upward opening having a fittable sectional shape forming an engagement surface having a further, flooring, characterized in that the locking groove is provided can fit the locking projection on the other end of the fitting groove.
JP4317769A 1992-11-02 1992-11-02 Flooring Expired - Fee Related JP2550466B2 (en)

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JP2550466B2 JP2550466B2 (en) 1996-11-06

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