JPH06121911A - Air conditioner - Google Patents

Air conditioner

Info

Publication number
JPH06121911A
JPH06121911A JP4272706A JP27270692A JPH06121911A JP H06121911 A JPH06121911 A JP H06121911A JP 4272706 A JP4272706 A JP 4272706A JP 27270692 A JP27270692 A JP 27270692A JP H06121911 A JPH06121911 A JP H06121911A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
air
temperature
adsorber
ventilation passage
cooler
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP4272706A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yasuo Yamada
泰生 山田
Original Assignee
Sanden Corp
サンデン株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sanden Corp, サンデン株式会社 filed Critical Sanden Corp
Priority to JP4272706A priority Critical patent/JPH06121911A/en
Publication of JPH06121911A publication Critical patent/JPH06121911A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F3/1411Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification by absorbing or adsorbing water, e.g. using an hygroscopic desiccant
    • F24F3/1423Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification by absorbing or adsorbing water, e.g. using an hygroscopic desiccant with a moving bed of solid desiccants, e.g. a rotary wheel supporting solid desiccants
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2203/00Devices or apparatus used for air treatment
    • F24F2203/10Rotary wheel
    • F24F2203/1004Bearings or driving means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2203/00Devices or apparatus used for air treatment
    • F24F2203/10Rotary wheel
    • F24F2203/1016Rotary wheel combined with another type of cooling principle, e.g. compression cycle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2203/00Devices or apparatus used for air treatment
    • F24F2203/10Rotary wheel
    • F24F2203/1032Desiccant wheel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2203/00Devices or apparatus used for air treatment
    • F24F2203/10Rotary wheel
    • F24F2203/1056Rotary wheel comprising a reheater
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2203/00Devices or apparatus used for air treatment
    • F24F2203/10Rotary wheel
    • F24F2203/1068Rotary wheel comprising one rotor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2203/00Devices or apparatus used for air treatment
    • F24F2203/10Rotary wheel
    • F24F2203/1084Rotary wheel comprising two flow rotor segments

Abstract

PURPOSE:To provide an air conditioner where no dew condensation, is caused in a cooler to prevent the generation of miscellaneous bacteria, such as mildew. CONSTITUTION:An adsorber 7 containing an absorbent 8 is installed on the air inflow side of an evaporator 3 in an indoor air pass 1 to adsorb moisture in air sent by the absorbent 8, causing the absolute humidity of the air sent to the evaporator 3 to be lowered, permitting the dew condensation of the evaporator 3 to be prevented. And a high temperature air pass 2 is attached to the indoor air pass 1 and the adsorber 7 is located in air passes 1, 2 approximately halved and simultaneously the part located in the indoor air pass 1 and the part located in the high temperature air pass 2 are made to exchange locations with each other by turning the adsorber 7, allowing the adsorption and regeneration of the adsorbent 8 to be continuously performed.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、例えば車両,船舶,住
棟等に設置される空気調和装置に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an air conditioner installed in, for example, a vehicle, a ship, a residential building or the like.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来、この種の空気調和装置としては、
空気圧縮式等の冷却装置を備えるとともに、冷却装置の
冷却器に室内の空気を通風することにより、室内を冷房
するようにしたものが知られている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, as this type of air conditioner,
It is known that an air-compression type cooling device is provided and the inside of the room is cooled by ventilating the air in the room through a cooler of the cooling device.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】ところで、前記空気調
和装置においては、冷却器に空気が通風する際、冷却器
の温度が空気の露点温度よりも低いと空気中の水分が冷
却器に結露し、ドレン水となる。このため、運転停止時
等において冷却器に水分が付着したままになっていると
冷却器にカビ等の雑菌が発生し、これが原因で運転開始
時等に室内に悪臭が吹出して室内の人員に不快感を与え
るという問題点があった。
In the air conditioner, when air is ventilated through the cooler, if the temperature of the cooler is lower than the dew point temperature of the air, moisture in the air will condense on the cooler. , Drain water. For this reason, if moisture remains attached to the cooler when the operation is stopped etc., various bacteria such as mold will be generated in the cooler, and this will cause a bad odor to be emitted into the room at the start of operation etc. There was a problem of giving discomfort.
【0004】本発明は前記問題点に鑑みてなされたもの
であり、その目的とするところは、冷却器に結露が生じ
ないようにし、カビ等の雑菌の発生を防止することので
きる空気調和装置を提供することにある。
The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object thereof is an air conditioner capable of preventing dew condensation on a cooler and preventing generation of various bacteria such as mold. To provide.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は前記目的を達成
するために、請求項1の空気調和装置は、室内側の空気
を流通する室内空気通風路と、室内空気通風路内の空気
を冷却する冷却器と、高温空気を流通する高温空気通風
路と、一部を室内空気通風路内における冷却器の空気流
入側に、他の一部を高温空気通風路内にそれぞれ位置さ
せ、室内空気通風路内に位置する部分と高温空気通風路
内に位置する部分とを交互に移動させる通気性の吸着器
と、該吸着器内に収容され室内空気通風路内の空気に接
することにより該空気中の水分を吸着し、高温空気通風
路内の高温空気によって加熱されることにより吸着した
水分を放出する吸着材とを備えている。
In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the present invention provides an air conditioner according to claim 1, wherein an indoor air ventilation passage for circulating air on the indoor side and an air inside the indoor air ventilation passage are provided. A cooler for cooling, a high-temperature air ventilation passage for circulating high-temperature air, part of which is located on the air inflow side of the cooler in the indoor air ventilation passage, and another part of which is located in the high-temperature air ventilation passage. A breathable adsorber that alternately moves a portion located in the air ventilation passage and a portion located in the high temperature air ventilation passage, and by contacting the air in the indoor air ventilation passage housed in the adsorption equipment, An adsorbent that adsorbs moisture in the air and releases the adsorbed moisture by being heated by the high temperature air in the high temperature air ventilation passage.
【0006】また、請求項2の空気調和装置は、前記冷
却器の温度を検出する冷却温度検出器と、前記吸着器を
通過した空気の露点温度を検出する露点温度検出器とを
備え、冷却温度検出器の検出温度が露点温度検出器の検
出温度まで低下したとき冷却器の温度を上昇させるよう
構成している。
An air conditioner according to a second aspect of the present invention comprises a cooling temperature detector for detecting the temperature of the cooler, and a dew point temperature detector for detecting the dew point temperature of the air passing through the adsorber. The temperature of the cooler is increased when the temperature detected by the temperature detector decreases to the temperature detected by the dew point temperature detector.
【0007】[0007]
【作用】請求項1の空気調和装置によれば、室内空気通
風路内に吸入された空気は吸着器を通過した後、冷却器
に送風される。その際、空気中の水分が吸着器の吸着材
に吸着されることから、冷却器に送風される空気の絶対
湿度が低下し、冷却器に結露が生ずることはない。ま
た、吸着器の室内空気通風路側に位置していた部分が高
温空気通風路内に移動することにより、水分を吸着した
吸着材が高温空気通風路内の空気によって加熱され、該
吸着材が水分を放出して再生される。
According to the air conditioner of the first aspect, the air sucked into the indoor air passage passes through the adsorber and is then blown to the cooler. At that time, since the moisture in the air is adsorbed by the adsorbent of the adsorber, the absolute humidity of the air blown to the cooler is reduced, and the dew condensation does not occur in the cooler. Further, by moving the portion of the adsorber located on the indoor air ventilation path side into the high temperature air ventilation path, the adsorbent that has adsorbed moisture is heated by the air in the high temperature air ventilation channel, and the adsorbent absorbs moisture. Is emitted and played.
【0008】また、請求項2の空気調和装置によれば、
請求項1の作用を有するとともに、冷却器の温度が吸着
器を通過した空気の露点温度まで低下したときには冷却
器の温度が上昇することから、冷却器の結露が確実に防
止される。
According to the air conditioner of claim 2,
In addition to the effect of the first aspect, when the temperature of the cooler drops to the dew point temperature of the air that has passed through the adsorber, the temperature of the cooler rises, so that dew condensation of the cooler is reliably prevented.
【0009】[0009]
【実施例】図1及び図2は本発明の第1の実施例を示す
もので、図1は本発明を車両用空気調和装置に適用した
例を示す概略構成図である。即ち、1は室内空気通風
路、2は高温空気通風路、3は冷却器をなす蒸発器、4
は圧縮機、5は凝縮器、6は熱交換器、7は吸着器、8
は吸着材である。
1 and 2 show a first embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram showing an example in which the present invention is applied to a vehicle air conditioner. That is, 1 is an indoor air ventilation path, 2 is a high temperature air ventilation path, 3 is an evaporator that forms a cooler, 4
Is a compressor, 5 is a condenser, 6 is a heat exchanger, 7 is an adsorber, 8
Is an adsorbent.
【0010】室内空気通風路1及び高温空気通風路2は
一体のダクト9によって形成され、各通風路1,2の間
は断熱壁10によって仕切られている。室内空気通風路
1は、図示していないが両端を車両の室内に開口してお
り、内部に設けたシロッコファン11によって室内空気
を一端から吸入し、他端から吹出すようになっている。
シロッコファン11の下流側には吸着器7の一部が配置
され、吸着器7の下流側には蒸発器3が配置されてい
る。また、シロッコファン11の上流側には断熱壁10
を介して高温空気通風路2内に連通する外気導入口12
が設けられ、室内空気通風路1側に設けたダンパ13を
開くことにより、高温空気通風路2内の外気を室内空気
通風路1内に導入できるようになっている。一方、高温
空気通風路2は、図示していないが両端を車両の外部に
開口しており、その内部に設けた送風ファン14によっ
て外気を一端から吸入し、他端から排出するようになっ
ている。送風ファン14の下流側には凝縮器5が配置さ
れるとともに、凝縮器5の下流側には熱交換器6が配置
され、熱交換器6の下流側には吸着器7の他の一部が配
置されている。
The indoor air ventilation passage 1 and the high temperature air ventilation passage 2 are formed by an integral duct 9, and the ventilation passages 1 and 2 are partitioned by a heat insulating wall 10. Although not shown in the figure, both ends of the indoor air ventilation passage 1 are open to the inside of the vehicle, and indoor air is drawn in from one end and blown out from the other end by a sirocco fan 11 provided inside.
A part of the adsorber 7 is arranged on the downstream side of the sirocco fan 11, and the evaporator 3 is arranged on the downstream side of the adsorber 7. In addition, the heat insulation wall 10 is provided on the upstream side of the sirocco fan 11.
Outside air introduction port 12 communicating with the inside of the high temperature air ventilation passage 2 via the
By opening the damper 13 provided on the indoor air ventilation passage 1 side, the outside air in the high temperature air ventilation passage 2 can be introduced into the indoor air ventilation passage 1. On the other hand, although not shown, the high temperature air ventilation passage 2 has both ends open to the outside of the vehicle, and a blower fan 14 provided therein sucks the outside air from one end and discharges it from the other end. There is. The condenser 5 is arranged on the downstream side of the blower fan 14, the heat exchanger 6 is arranged on the downstream side of the condenser 5, and another part of the adsorber 7 is arranged on the downstream side of the heat exchanger 6. Are arranged.
【0011】圧縮機4は車両のエンジンEによって回転
するようになっており、冷媒吸入側を蒸発器3に、冷媒
吐出側を凝縮器5及び膨張弁15を介して蒸発器3にそ
れぞれ接続されている。即ち、圧縮機4の回転によって
蒸発器3に低温低圧の冷媒が流入し、蒸発器3に送風さ
れた空気が冷却されるようになっている。
The compressor 4 is adapted to be rotated by an engine E of the vehicle. The refrigerant suction side is connected to the evaporator 3 and the refrigerant discharge side is connected to the evaporator 3 via the condenser 5 and the expansion valve 15. ing. That is, the low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant flows into the evaporator 3 by the rotation of the compressor 4, and the air blown to the evaporator 3 is cooled.
【0012】熱交換器6にはエンジンEの冷却水(高
温)がポンプ16によって循環するようになっており、
その放熱によって熱交換器6に送風された空気が加熱さ
れるようになっている。
The cooling water (high temperature) of the engine E is circulated in the heat exchanger 6 by the pump 16.
Due to the heat radiation, the air blown to the heat exchanger 6 is heated.
【0013】吸着器7は、図2に示すように円筒状に形
成され、その内部には吸着材8が収容されている。吸着
材8は空気中の水分を吸着する物質、例えばシリカゲル
等からなり、約70℃以上に加熱することにより吸着し
た水分を放出するようになっている。また、吸着器7の
表面には多数の通気孔7aが設けられ、各通風路1,2
内の空気が吸着器7内を通過できるようになっている。
吸着器7は断熱壁10を貫通して各通風路1,2内にそ
の略半分ずつを位置させており、その円周と矩形のダク
ト9との隙間は仕切壁9aによって閉塞されている。ま
た、吸着器7の中心軸7bにはモータ17が連結され、
モータ17によって吸着器7が回転することにより、室
内空気通風路1内に位置する部分と高温空気通風路2内
に位置する部分とが交互に移動するようになっている。
The adsorber 7 is formed in a cylindrical shape as shown in FIG. 2, and an adsorbent 8 is housed inside the adsorber 7. The adsorbent 8 is made of a substance that adsorbs moisture in the air, such as silica gel, and releases the adsorbed moisture when heated to about 70 ° C. or higher. Further, a large number of ventilation holes 7a are provided on the surface of the adsorber 7, and each of the ventilation passages 1, 2
The air inside can pass through the inside of the adsorber 7.
The adsorber 7 penetrates the heat insulating wall 10 and is located in each of the ventilation passages 1 and 2 in approximately half thereof, and the gap between the circumference and the rectangular duct 9 is closed by a partition wall 9a. A motor 17 is connected to the central shaft 7b of the adsorber 7,
When the adsorber 7 is rotated by the motor 17, the portion located inside the indoor air ventilation passage 1 and the portion located inside the high temperature air ventilation passage 2 are moved alternately.
【0014】以上の構成により、室内空気通風路1内に
吸入された空気は吸着器7を通過した後、蒸発器3に送
風され、蒸発器3によって冷却される。その際、吸着器
7に送風された空気中の水分が吸着材8に吸着されるこ
とから、蒸発器3に送風される空気の絶対湿度が低下
し、蒸発器3に結露が生ずることはない。また、吸着器
7の回転により、吸着器3の室内空気通風路1内に位置
していた部分が高温空気通風路2内に移動することか
ら、水分を吸着した吸着材8が高温空気通風路2内の高
温空気に接して加熱され、吸着材8が水分を放出して再
生される。
With the above structure, the air sucked into the indoor air ventilation passage 1 passes through the adsorber 7 and is then blown to the evaporator 3 to be cooled by the evaporator 3. At that time, since the moisture in the air blown to the adsorber 7 is adsorbed by the adsorbent 8, the absolute humidity of the air blown to the evaporator 3 is reduced, and the evaporator 3 is not condensed. . Further, due to the rotation of the adsorber 7, the portion of the adsorber 3 located in the indoor air ventilation passage 1 is moved into the high temperature air ventilation passage 2, so that the adsorbent 8 that has adsorbed the moisture has the high temperature air ventilation passage. The adsorbent 8 is regenerated by releasing moisture and being heated by being brought into contact with the high temperature air in the inside 2.
【0015】このように、本実施例の空気調和装置によ
れば、蒸発器3の空気流入側に吸着材8を収容した吸着
器7を設け、蒸発器3に送風される空気中の水分を吸着
材8に吸着させるようにしたので、蒸発器3に結露が生
ずることがなく、カビ等の雑菌の発生を確実に防止する
ことができる。また、室内空気通風路1に高温空気通風
路2を付設し、吸着器7を各通風路1,2内に略半分ず
つ位置させるとともに、室内空気通風路1内に位置する
部分と高温空気通風路2内に位置する部分とを交互に移
動させるよう構成したので、吸着材8の吸着及び再生を
連続的に行うことができ、実用化に際して極めて有利で
ある。
As described above, according to the air conditioner of this embodiment, the adsorber 7 accommodating the adsorbent 8 is provided on the air inflow side of the evaporator 3, and the moisture in the air blown to the evaporator 3 is removed. Since it is made to adsorb to the adsorbent 8, dew condensation does not occur on the evaporator 3, and it is possible to reliably prevent the generation of bacteria such as mold. In addition, the high temperature air ventilation passage 2 is attached to the indoor air ventilation passage 1, the adsorbers 7 are positioned in each of the ventilation passages 1 and 2 by approximately half, and the high temperature air ventilation and the portion positioned in the indoor air ventilation passage 1 are arranged. Since the portion located in the passage 2 is alternately moved, the adsorbent 8 can be continuously adsorbed and regenerated, which is extremely advantageous in practical use.
【0016】図3は本発明の第2の実施例を示すもの
で、前記第1の実施例と同等の構成部分には同一の符号
を付して示す。即ち、1は室内空気通風路、2は高温空
気通風路、3は蒸発器、4は圧縮機、5は凝縮器、6は
熱交換器、7は吸着器、8は吸着材である。
FIG. 3 shows a second embodiment of the present invention, and the same components as those of the first embodiment are designated by the same reference numerals. That is, 1 is an indoor air ventilation path, 2 is a high temperature air ventilation path, 3 is an evaporator, 4 is a compressor, 5 is a condenser, 6 is a heat exchanger, 7 is an adsorber, and 8 is an adsorbent.
【0017】本実施例では、圧縮機4の冷媒吐出側と蒸
発器3の冷媒流入側とを接続するバイパス経路18が設
けられ、バイパス経路18にはこれを開閉する電磁弁1
9が設けられている。また、室内空気通風路1内には吸
着器7を通過した空気の露点温度を検出する露点温度セ
ンサ20が設けられ、冷媒回路には蒸発器3の冷媒流入
側の冷媒温度を検出する冷媒温度センサ21が設けられ
ている。即ち、冷媒温度センサ21の検出温度が露点温
度センサ20の検出温度まで低下すると、バイパス経路
18の電磁弁19が開くよう構成されている。尚、露点
温度センサ20は露点温度検出器を、冷媒温度センサ2
1は冷却温度検出器をなす。
In this embodiment, a bypass passage 18 is provided which connects the refrigerant discharge side of the compressor 4 and the refrigerant inflow side of the evaporator 3, and the solenoid valve 1 for opening and closing the bypass passage 18 is provided.
9 is provided. In addition, a dew point temperature sensor 20 that detects the dew point temperature of the air that has passed through the adsorber 7 is provided in the indoor air ventilation passage 1, and a refrigerant temperature that detects the refrigerant temperature on the refrigerant inflow side of the evaporator 3 is provided in the refrigerant circuit. A sensor 21 is provided. That is, when the temperature detected by the refrigerant temperature sensor 21 decreases to the temperature detected by the dew point temperature sensor 20, the solenoid valve 19 of the bypass path 18 is opened. The dew point temperature sensor 20 is a dew point temperature detector, and
Reference numeral 1 constitutes a cooling temperature detector.
【0018】ところで、室内空気通風路1内の空気は吸
着器7を通過することにより絶対湿度が大きく低下する
が、完全な乾燥空気ではないため、蒸発器3の温度が極
端に低いと蒸発器3に結露を生ずる。そこで、本実施例
では、冷媒温度センサ21の検出温度が露点温度センサ
20の検出温度まで低下した場合、バイパス経路18の
電磁弁19が開き、圧縮機4の冷媒吐出側の高温冷媒が
バイパス経路18を通じて蒸発器3の冷媒流入側に流入
することから、蒸発器3に流入する冷媒の温度が上昇
し、蒸発器3の温度が露点温度センサ20の検出温度よ
りも高く保持される。従って、蒸発器3の結露を確実に
防止することができる。
By the way, the absolute humidity of the air in the indoor air passage 1 is greatly reduced by passing through the adsorber 7. However, since it is not completely dry air, if the temperature of the evaporator 3 is extremely low, the evaporator is very low. Condensation occurs on 3. Therefore, in the present embodiment, when the temperature detected by the refrigerant temperature sensor 21 decreases to the temperature detected by the dew-point temperature sensor 20, the solenoid valve 19 of the bypass path 18 opens and the high-temperature refrigerant on the refrigerant discharge side of the compressor 4 passes through the bypass path. Since it flows into the refrigerant inflow side of the evaporator 3 through 18, the temperature of the refrigerant flowing into the evaporator 3 rises, and the temperature of the evaporator 3 is kept higher than the temperature detected by the dew point temperature sensor 20. Therefore, dew condensation on the evaporator 3 can be reliably prevented.
【0019】図4は本発明の第3の実施例を示すもの
で、前記第1及び第2実施例と同等の構成部分には同一
の符号を付して示す。即ち、1は室内空気通風路、2は
高温空気通風路、4は圧縮機、5は凝縮器、6は熱交換
器、7は吸着器、8は吸着材、20は露点温度センサで
ある。
FIG. 4 shows a third embodiment of the present invention, in which the same components as those in the first and second embodiments are designated by the same reference numerals. That is, 1 is an indoor air ventilation path, 2 is a high temperature air ventilation path, 4 is a compressor, 5 is a condenser, 6 is a heat exchanger, 7 is an adsorber, 8 is an adsorbent, and 20 is a dew point temperature sensor.
【0020】本実施例では、水,ブライン等の冷却水を
収容する冷却槽22を備え、冷却槽22内の冷却水をポ
ンプ23によって室内空気通風路1内の空気熱交換器2
4に循環するようになっている。冷媒回路には冷却槽2
2内に配置された蒸発コイル25が設けられ、圧縮機4
の回転によって蒸発コイル25に低温冷媒を流入させる
ことにより、冷却槽22内の冷却水を冷却するようにな
っている。また、空気熱交換器24の冷却水流入側には
冷却水の温度を検出する冷却水温度センサ26が設けら
れ、冷却水温度センサ26の検出温度が露点温度センサ
20の検出温度まで低下すると、圧縮機4の駆動が停止
するよう構成されている。尚、空気熱交換器24は冷却
器を、冷却水温度センサ26は冷却温度検出器をなす。
In this embodiment, a cooling tank 22 for containing cooling water such as water and brine is provided, and the cooling water in the cooling tank 22 is pumped by the pump 23 to the air heat exchanger 2 in the indoor air ventilation passage 1.
It circulates to 4. Cooling tank 2 in the refrigerant circuit
2 is provided with the evaporation coil 25, and the compressor 4
The cooling water in the cooling tank 22 is cooled by causing a low-temperature refrigerant to flow into the evaporation coil 25 by the rotation of. Further, a cooling water temperature sensor 26 for detecting the temperature of the cooling water is provided on the cooling water inflow side of the air heat exchanger 24, and when the detection temperature of the cooling water temperature sensor 26 decreases to the detection temperature of the dew point temperature sensor 20, The drive of the compressor 4 is stopped. The air heat exchanger 24 functions as a cooler, and the cooling water temperature sensor 26 functions as a cooling temperature detector.
【0021】即ち、冷却水温度センサ26の検出温度が
露点温度センサ20の検出温度まで低下した場合、圧縮
機4の駆動が停止することから、冷却槽22内の冷却水
の温度が上昇し、空気熱交換器24の温度が露点温度セ
ンサ20の検出温度よりも高く保持される。従って、前
記第2の実施例と同様、空気熱交換器24の結露を確実
に防止することができる。
That is, when the temperature detected by the cooling water temperature sensor 26 is lowered to the temperature detected by the dew point temperature sensor 20, the driving of the compressor 4 is stopped, so that the temperature of the cooling water in the cooling tank 22 rises, The temperature of the air heat exchanger 24 is kept higher than the temperature detected by the dew point temperature sensor 20. Therefore, similarly to the second embodiment, it is possible to reliably prevent the dew condensation of the air heat exchanger 24.
【0022】[0022]
【発明の効果】以上説明したように、請求項1の空気調
和装置によれば、冷却器に結露が生ずることがないの
で、カビ等の雑菌の発生を確実に防止することができ
る。また、吸着材の吸着及び再生を連続的に行うことが
できるので、実用化に際して極めて有利である。
As described above, according to the air conditioner of the first aspect, dew condensation does not occur in the cooler, so that it is possible to reliably prevent the generation of bacteria such as mold. Further, since the adsorbent can be adsorbed and regenerated continuously, it is extremely advantageous in practical use.
【0023】また、請求項2の空気調和装置によれば、
請求項1の効果を達成し得るとともに、冷却器の結露を
より確実に防止することができる。
According to the air conditioner of claim 2,
The effect of claim 1 can be achieved, and dew condensation of the cooler can be prevented more reliably.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】本発明の第1の実施例を示す空気調和装置の概
略構成図
FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an air conditioner showing a first embodiment of the present invention.
【図2】図1のA−A線方向矢視断面図FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along line AA of FIG.
【図3】本発明の第2の実施例を示す空気調和装置の概
略構成図
FIG. 3 is a schematic configuration diagram of an air conditioner showing a second embodiment of the present invention.
【図4】本発明の第3の実施例を示す空気調和装置の概
略構成図
FIG. 4 is a schematic configuration diagram of an air conditioner showing a third embodiment of the present invention.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1…室内空気通風路、2…高温空気通風路、3…蒸発
器、7…吸着器、7a…通気孔、8…吸着材、20…露
点温度センサ、21…冷媒温度センサ、24…空気熱交
換器、26…冷却水温度センサ。
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Indoor air ventilation path, 2 ... High temperature air ventilation path, 3 ... Evaporator, 7 ... Adsorber, 7a ... Vent hole, 8 ... Adsorbent, 20 ... Dew point temperature sensor, 21 ... Refrigerant temperature sensor, 24 ... Air heat Exchanger, 26 ... Cooling water temperature sensor.

Claims (2)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 室内側の空気を流通する室内空気通風路
    と、 室内空気通風路内の空気を冷却する冷却器と、 高温空気を流通する高温空気通風路と、 一部を室内空気通風路内における冷却器の空気流入側
    に、他の一部を高温空気通風路内にそれぞれ位置させ、
    室内空気通風路内に位置する部分と高温空気通風路内に
    位置する部分とを交互に移動させる通気性の吸着器と、 該吸着器内に収容され室内空気通風路内の空気に接する
    ことにより該空気中の水分を吸着し、高温空気通風路内
    の高温空気によって加熱されることにより吸着した水分
    を放出する吸着材とを備えたことを特徴とする空気調和
    装置。
    1. An indoor air ventilation passage for circulating air on the indoor side, a cooler for cooling the air in the indoor air ventilation passage, a high temperature air ventilation passage for circulating high temperature air, and a part of the indoor air ventilation passage. On the air inflow side of the cooler inside, other parts are respectively located in the hot air ventilation passage,
    A breathable adsorber that alternately moves a portion located in the indoor air ventilation passage and a portion located in the high temperature air ventilation passage, and by contacting the air contained in the adsorber with the air in the indoor air ventilation passage. An air conditioner, comprising: an adsorbent that adsorbs moisture in the air and releases the adsorbed moisture by being heated by the hot air in the hot air ventilation passage.
  2. 【請求項2】 前記冷却器の温度を検出する冷却温度検
    出器と、 前記吸着器を通過した空気の露点温度を検出する露点温
    度検出器とを備え、 冷却温度検出器の検出温度が露点温度検出器の検出温度
    まで低下したとき冷却器の温度を上昇させるよう構成し
    たことを特徴とする請求項1記載の空気調和装置。
    2. A cooling temperature detector for detecting the temperature of the cooler, and a dew point temperature detector for detecting the dew point temperature of air passing through the adsorber, wherein the detected temperature of the cooling temperature detector is the dew point temperature. The air conditioner according to claim 1, wherein the temperature of the cooler is increased when the temperature is lowered to the temperature detected by the detector.
JP4272706A 1992-10-12 1992-10-12 Air conditioner Pending JPH06121911A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP4272706A JPH06121911A (en) 1992-10-12 1992-10-12 Air conditioner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP4272706A JPH06121911A (en) 1992-10-12 1992-10-12 Air conditioner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH06121911A true JPH06121911A (en) 1994-05-06

Family

ID=17517655

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP4272706A Pending JPH06121911A (en) 1992-10-12 1992-10-12 Air conditioner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH06121911A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008070060A (en) * 2006-09-14 2008-03-27 Mayekawa Mfg Co Ltd Treated air temperature control method and controller for desiccant air conditioner
JP2009208001A (en) * 2008-03-04 2009-09-17 Hitachi Plant Technologies Ltd Dehumidifier, control method of dehumidifier, and air conditioning system
JP2010253411A (en) * 2009-04-27 2010-11-11 Panasonic Corp Dehumidifying apparatus
CN103090480A (en) * 2011-11-01 2013-05-08 勤益科技大学 Active window type energy conversion and air exchange device
CN103090481A (en) * 2011-11-01 2013-05-08 勤益科技大学 Building energy conversion and air exchange device
CN103090479A (en) * 2011-11-01 2013-05-08 勤益科技大学 Passive window type energy conversion and air exchange device
CN103363796A (en) * 2012-04-10 2013-10-23 多乐空气处理设备(苏州)有限公司 Semi-natural refrigeration and low-temperature dehumidification method and system
JP2017020715A (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-01-26 ダイダン株式会社 Waste heat utilizing type dehumidifying system

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008070060A (en) * 2006-09-14 2008-03-27 Mayekawa Mfg Co Ltd Treated air temperature control method and controller for desiccant air conditioner
JP2009208001A (en) * 2008-03-04 2009-09-17 Hitachi Plant Technologies Ltd Dehumidifier, control method of dehumidifier, and air conditioning system
JP2010253411A (en) * 2009-04-27 2010-11-11 Panasonic Corp Dehumidifying apparatus
CN103090480A (en) * 2011-11-01 2013-05-08 勤益科技大学 Active window type energy conversion and air exchange device
CN103090481A (en) * 2011-11-01 2013-05-08 勤益科技大学 Building energy conversion and air exchange device
CN103090479A (en) * 2011-11-01 2013-05-08 勤益科技大学 Passive window type energy conversion and air exchange device
CN103363796A (en) * 2012-04-10 2013-10-23 多乐空气处理设备(苏州)有限公司 Semi-natural refrigeration and low-temperature dehumidification method and system
JP2017020715A (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-01-26 ダイダン株式会社 Waste heat utilizing type dehumidifying system

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