JPH0536425A - Alloy separator for solid electrolytic fuel cell and manufacture of the same - Google Patents

Alloy separator for solid electrolytic fuel cell and manufacture of the same

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Publication number
JPH0536425A
JPH0536425A JP3893591A JP3893591A JPH0536425A JP H0536425 A JPH0536425 A JP H0536425A JP 3893591 A JP3893591 A JP 3893591A JP 3893591 A JP3893591 A JP 3893591A JP H0536425 A JPH0536425 A JP H0536425A
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separator
fuel cell
alloy
plating
plating layer
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JP3893591A
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Japanese (ja)
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Fumio Umemura
文夫 梅村
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Tokyo Electric Power Co Inc:The
東京電力株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product
    • Y02P70/56Manufacturing of fuel cells

Abstract

PURPOSE:To economically manufacture a separator having high electric conductivity and durability by forming a separator from a heat resisting alloy material, and providing predetermined plating layers by wet plating on required surfaces of the separator, respectively. CONSTITUTION:Separators 4, 4' are formed from heat resisting alloy material, and a Ni plating layer and a LaCrO3 plating layer are provided by wet plating on the respective surfaces opposite to a fuel electrode 1 and an air electrode 2 of the separators 4, 4'. These plating layers prevent the formation of oxidized films on the opposite surfaces to the respective electrodes of the separators, and an alloy separator for solid electrolytic fuel battery economically enhanced in electric conductivity and durability is provided.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は固体電解質型燃料電池、 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention is a solid oxide fuel cell,
特に改善された固体電解質型燃料電池用合金セパレータ及びその製造方法に関する。 Particularly to an improved alloy separator and a manufacturing method thereof for a solid electrolyte type fuel cell.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来より、水素のように酸化され易いガスと、酸素のように酸化力のあるガスとを電気化学的反応プロセスを経て反応させることにより、直流電力を得るようにした各種燃料電池が開発されており、そのうちの一つにイオン性電気伝導を示す固体電解質を用いる固体電解質型燃料電池(Solid Oxide Fue Conventionally, the gas easily oxidized as hydrogen, by a gas having an oxidizing power as the oxygen is reacted via an electrochemical reaction process, various fuel so as to obtain a DC power batteries have been developed, the solid electrolyte fuel cell using a solid electrolyte showing an ionic electrical conductivity in one of which (solid Oxide Fue
l Cell)がある。 l Cell) there is. 該電池は、白金等の高価な貴金属触媒を必要とせず、エネルギー変換効率が高く、石炭化ガス等の低質燃料も使用できるなどの有利性がある。 The battery does not require an expensive noble metal catalyst such as platinum, high energy conversion efficiency, there are advantages such as low quality fuel such as coal gases it can also be used.
また、該電池は固体のみで構成されているため、他のリン酸電解質型燃料電池や熔融炭酸塩型燃料電池のように液体電解質を扱う不利点がなく、かつ800〜1000 Further, since the battery is configured only with a solid, no disadvantages of dealing with liquid electrolyte as in the other phosphoric acid electrolyte fuel cell or a molten carbonate fuel cell, and 800 to 1000
℃の高い作動温度であるためこの廃熱を利用できるなどの利点がある。 Since ℃ of a high operating temperature is advantageous, such as available waste heat.

【0003】該固体電解質型燃料電池には、平板型や円筒型のものがあり、例えば平板型の固体電解質型燃料電池の構成は、その単電池が図1に示すごとく、固体電解質(例えばZrO )板3を一対の燃料極1と空気極2 [0003] solid electrolyte type fuel cell, there is one flat plate type and cylinder type, for example construction of the solid oxide fuel cell of flat plate type, the unit cells as shown in FIG. 1, a solid electrolyte (e.g. ZrO 2) the plate 3 a pair of the fuel electrode 1 and the air electrode 2
で挟持し、更にこれらを一対の多数の長溝付きセパレータ4、4'で挟持してなり、そしてこれら単電池は直列に接続されて集合電池とされ、実用的な電力の供給を可能化する。 In sandwich, it becomes more and sandwiching them in a pair of multiple long grooves with a separator 4, 4 ', and these unit cells are collectively batteries are connected in series, to enable the supply of practical power. そしてこれら各単位電池は、単位電池間で上記直列接続のための電気的な接続機能と各電極板への反応ガス(燃料ガス及び空気)の供給通路を形成する機能とを兼ね備えた導電性のセパレータ4を介して積層されている。 The respective unit cells are among the unit cells of the electrical connection function and both conductive and function to form a supply passage of the reaction gas (fuel gas and air) to the respective electrode plates for the series connection It is laminated through the separator 4.

【0004】一般に、電解質板3は電解質の安定化ジルコニア等の焼結体であり、燃料極(アノード)1はニツケル多孔質焼結体よりなり、空気極(カソード)2はペロブスカイト酸化物焼結体を主体とするものであって、 [0004] Generally, the electrolyte plate 3 is a sintered body such as stabilized zirconia of the electrolyte, a fuel electrode (anode) 1 is made of a nickel porous sintered body, an air electrode (cathode) 2 is a perovskite oxide sintered be those mainly composed of the body,
燃料極1とセパレータ4との間に燃料である水素が導入され、また空気極2とセパレータ4'との間に酸素、空気等が導入され、下記反応により、起電力が生成する。 Are introduced hydrogen is the fuel between the fuel electrode 1 and the separator 4, the oxygen between the air electrode 2 and the separator 4 ', the air or the like is introduced, by the following reaction, electromotive force is generated. 空気極(電解質界面での反応):O +4e→2O −2 (Reaction in electrolyte interface) cathode: O 2 + 4e → 2O -2 燃料極(電解質界面での反応):2H +2O −2 (Reaction in electrolyte interface) anode: 2H 2 + 2O -2
2H O+4e 2H 2 O + 4e

【0005】セパレータ4、4'は通常、セラミックあるいは耐熱合金で構成され、互いに直交して設けられ、 [0005] The separator 4, 4 'is normally configured with a ceramic or heat resistant alloy, provided perpendicular to each other,
該セパレータ4、4'の対向面には多数の長溝からなる燃料又は空気の通路が形成され、それらに燃料又は空気が分流供給される。 The facing surface of the separator 4, 4 'a passage of the fuel or air comprising a large number of the long groove is formed, fuel or air is diverted supplied to them. セパレータ4、4'の材質としては、LaCrO 3 、Mg添加LaCrO 3 、Sr添加La The material of the separator 4,4 ', LaCrO 3, Mg added LaCrO 3, Sr added La
CrO 3等のLaCrO 3系セラミックあるいは例えば、 LaCrO 3 system such as CrO 3 ceramics or, for example,
Fe−Cr系、Fe−Cr−Ni系、Ni−Cr系、N Fe-Cr-based, Fe-Cr-Ni system, Ni-Cr-based, N
i−Cr−Mo系、Fe−Al系、Fe−Cr−Al系等の耐熱合金の使用が試みられている。 i-Cr-Mo-based, Fe-Al system, the use of Fe-Cr-Al system, and the like of the heat-resistant alloys have been attempted.

【0006】 [0006]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】上記セパレータは、前述のごとく単位電池間で電気的な接続機能と各電極板への燃料及び空気の供給通路を形成する機能を備える必要から、良電気電導性が要求され、また空気と燃料ガスとの混合を阻止することが要求されている。 The separator The object of the invention is to solve the above-the need to have a function of forming a supply path of fuel and air to the electrical connection functions as the electrode plate between the unit cells as described above, good electrical conductivity There is required, also be prevented mixing of air and fuel gas are required. しかしながら、前記耐熱合金セパレータは、1000℃付近の高温で使用されるため、空気極側では母金属(鉄、ニッケル等)を主体とする酸化物と共に合金元素を主体とする酸化物膜(Cr 3 、Al 3 、SiO 等)の両方が形成される。 However, the heat-resistant alloy separator for use in a high temperature of around 1000 ° C., the oxide film (Cr 2 in the air electrode side of the alloy elements as a main component together with an oxide mainly mother metal (iron, nickel, etc.) both O 3, Al 2 O 3, SiO 2 , etc.) are formed. また燃料側には合金元素を主体とする酸化物(Cr 3 、Al 3 、SiO 等)の膜が形成される。 Also the fuel side film of oxide based on the alloying elements (Cr 2 O 3, Al 2 O 3, SiO 2 , etc.) are formed. その結果電気電導性が低下し、単位電池間の電気的な接続機能が損なわれてしまう。 As a result the electrical conductivity is lowered, the electrical connection function between the unit batteries is deteriorated. また、空気極側では厚い皮膜が形成されるためにセル(空気極/電解質/燃料極)を破壊してしまう。 Further, destroy the cell (cathode / electrolyte / anode) for a thick film is formed in the air electrode side.

【0007】そこで、これら膜の形成を阻止して電気電導性の低下を回避するため、溶射法やスラリーコーティング法等により、LaCrO 3系、LaMnO 3系、La [0007] In order to avoid reduction in electrical conductivity to prevent the formation of these films, the thermal spraying method or a slurry coating method or the like, LaCrO 3 system, LaMnO 3 system, La
CoO 3系のコーティングを施すことが検討されたが、 Although it has been studied to apply the CoO 3-based coating of,
これらの方法では緻密な膜の形成が困難であり、セパレータの酸化防止にはあまり役立たなかった。 It is difficult to form a dense film by these methods, did not help much to the prevention of oxidation of the separator.

【0008】 [0008]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明者は上記セパレータの電気的な接続機能の低下を阻止すべく、研究の結果、セパレータにある種の金属又は金属酸化物を湿式メッキすることにより、セパレータの酸化防止に役立ち、 The present inventors Means for Solving the Problems] The order to prevent the decrease in electrical connection function of the separator, the results of research, by a wet plating certain metal or metal oxide in the separator, the separator help prevent oxidation,
かつ電気的な接続機能の低下も阻止できることを見いだした。 And found that also decrease in the electrical connection function can be prevented. すなわち本発明は、固体電解質と燃料極と空気極と、そしてセパレータからなる固体電解質型燃料電池のセパレータにおいて、セパレータ4,4'を耐熱合金で構成し、かつ該セパレータの燃料極1面側にはニッケルメッキ層4aを、また空気極2面側にはLaCrO 3系メッキ層4bを湿式法を適用することにより設けてなることを特徴とする固体電解質型燃料電池用合金セパレータ、及び固体電解質と燃料極と空気極と、そしてセパレータとを備えてなる固体電解質型燃料電池のセパレータの製造方法において、セパレータを耐熱合金で構成し、 That is, the present invention includes a solid electrolyte and a fuel electrode and an air electrode, and in the separator of the solid oxide fuel cell comprising a separator, and the separator 4, 4 'with heat-resistant alloy, and the fuel electrode 1 side of the separator the nickel plating layer 4a is also a solid oxide fuel cell alloy separator and solid electrolyte in the air electrode 2 face side, characterized by comprising providing by applying a wet method LaCrO 3 based plating layer 4b a fuel electrode and an air electrode, and method of manufacturing a separator for a solid oxide fuel cell comprising a separator, and the separator in heat resistant alloy,
かつ該セパレータの燃料極面側に湿式メッキ法でニッケルメッキ層を設け、また空気極面側には湿式法で電析させたLaCr系メッキ層を酸化処理してLaCrO 3系メッキ層を設けてセパレータを製造することを特徴とする固体電解質型燃料電池用合金セパレータの製造方法である。 And a nickel plating layer formed by a wet plating method on the fuel electrode side of the separator, and the cathode side provided LaCrO 3 based plating layer by oxidizing the LaCr based plating layer formed by electrolytic deposition by a wet process it is a manufacturing method of the alloy separator for a solid electrolyte type fuel cell, characterized in that to produce a separator.

【0009】本発明において、耐熱合金としては、Fe [0009] In the present invention, the heat-resistant alloy, Fe
−Cr系、Fe−Cr−Ni系、Ni−Cr系、Ni− -Cr-based, Fe-Cr-Ni-based, Ni-Cr system, Ni-
Cr−Mo系、Fe−Al系又はFe−Cr−Al系等が挙げられる。 Cr-Mo-based, Fe-Al-based or Fe-Cr-Al-based and the like. メッキ層として、燃料極1面側にNiメッキ層4aを施した理由は、耐熱合金元素が酸化され、 As the plating layer, the reason for applying Ni plated layer 4a to the fuel electrode 1 surface side, heat-resistant alloy elements are oxidized,
Cr 3やAl 3等の高抵抗皮膜が形成されないようにするためであり、また空気極2面側にLaCrO 3 Cr 2 O 3, Al 2 high resistance film of O 3, is for so as not formed, also LaCrO 3 to air electrode 2 face side
層4bを形成させた理由は、LaCr 3は電気伝導性が良好で、かつ耐酸化性にも優れ、Cr 3やAl Reason to form a layer 4b is, LaCr 2 O 3 has excellent electrical conductivity, and excellent oxidation resistance, Cr 2 O 3 and Al
3等の高抵抗皮膜の形成を防止するからである。 This is because to prevent the formation of a high resistive film such as 2 O 3.

【0010】上記本発明において、メッキ層の厚さは3 [0010] In the present invention, the thickness of the plating layer 3
〜30μmが好ましく、そのメッキ法は湿式電気メッキ法により燃料極側にはニッケルメッキを形成する。 ~30μm preferably, the plating method on the fuel electrode side by wet electroplating method to form a nickel plating. また空気極側のLaCrO 3層はLaCrメッキを施した後に実運転酸化処理を行うことにより形成することができる。 The LaCrO 3 layers of the air electrode side may be formed by performing actual operation oxidation process after performing LaCr plating. メッキ層の厚さが3μmより薄いと、酸化防止の効果が薄く、また30μmを越えると電気抵抗が増大することになる。 If the thickness of the plating layer is less than 3 [mu] m, thin effect of anti-oxidation and so that the electrical resistance increases exceeds 30 [mu] m. よって厚さは3〜30μmで、電気的な接続機能の低下を充分に阻止することができる。 Thus the thickness is 3 to 30 .mu.m, it is possible to sufficiently prevent the decrease in electrical connection function.

【0011】なお、上記ニッケルメッキの代わりにコバルトメッキを施しても良結果が得られる。 [0011] Incidentally, good results be subjected to cobalt plating in place of the nickel plating is obtained. LaCrO 3 LaCrO 3
系としては、LaCrO 3のほか、La The system, in addition to the LaCrO 3, La 0. Mg 9 Mg 0.
CrO 3 、La 1 CrO 3, La 0. Sr 9 Sr 0. CrO 3等が好ましく、同様に湿式メッキ法で形成できる。 Preferably such 1 CrO 3, can be similarly formed by a wet plating method.

【0012】セパレータの断面構造としては、例えば図2の(A)に示すごとき、燃料極面側と空気極面側の各長溝を表裏に設けてなる一体型、また図2の(B)に図示するごとき、燃料極側部材と空気極側部材の中間に耐熱合金をサンドウィッチに挟持した3分割型、さらに図2(C)に示す燃料極面側薄板と、空気極面側薄板とで構成する2分割型等が挙げられる。 [0012] The sectional structure of the separator, for example, such shown in FIG. 2 (A), the fuel electrode side and the integral formed by providing each long groove of the air electrode side in the front and back, also in FIG. 2 (B) such illustrated, the fuel electrode side member and the intermediate divided into three types which sandwiches resistant alloy sandwich air electrode side member, and a fuel pole face side sheet further shown in FIG. 2 (C), composed of a cathode face side sheet 2 split such that the like. なお、図中4aはN In the figure, 4a is N
iメッキ層、4bはLaCrO 3メッキ層を表す。 i-plated layer, 4b represents LaCrO 3 plating layer.

【0013】 [0013]

【実施例】以下に本発明を実施例によって詳細に説明する。 EXAMPLES The present invention will be described examples in detail below. 合金セパレータとして、Ni−Cr−Mo合金を使用し、燃料極側の面にNi層を、空気極側の面にLaC As alloy separator, using a Ni-Cr-Mo alloy, an Ni layer on the surface of the fuel electrode side, the surface of the air electrode side LaC
rO 3層を被覆した。 It was coated and rO 3 layers. Ni層は、硫酸ニッケル(NiS Ni layer, nickel sulfate (NiS
4・6H O)浴を用い、2〜10A/dm の電流密度で、厚さ20〜30μmに電析させた。 Using O 4 · 6H 2 O) bath at a current density of 2~10A / dm 2, it was electrodeposited to a thickness of 20 to 30 [mu] m. LaCrO LaCrO
3層は[(NH 4 Cr +La(NO 33 ]浴を用い、定電位(−2.0V〜−1.5VvsSCE)電析で、La/Crモル比1の数μmの厚さの皮膜を形成した後、700℃〜1000℃の空気中酸化処理でLa 3 layers using [(NH 4) 2 Cr 2 O 7 + La (NO 3) 3] bath, at a constant potential (-2.0V~-1.5VvsSCE) electrodeposition, the number of La / Cr molar ratio 1 [mu] m after forming a film having a thickness of, La in air oxidation of 700 ° C. to 1000 ° C.
CrO 3層にした。 It was to CrO 3 layers.

【0014】こうして得られた合金セパレータを固体電解質型燃料電池に使用したときの出力特性の経時変化を図3に示した。 [0014] The time course of the output characteristics when used in a solid oxide fuel cell the alloy separator thus obtained are shown in FIG. また同図にはメッキ層を設けていない合金セパレータを使用したときの出力特性の経時変化も示した。 Also in the figure also shows changes over time in the output characteristics when an alloy separator not provided with the plating layer. 同図からみて、メッキを施していない合金セパレータを使用した場合に比較して、本実施例のメッキ処理をした合金セパレータの場合のほうが、長時間運転による性能低下の程度が少ないことが解る。 As viewed from the figure, as compared with the case of using the alloy separators not subjected to plating, towards the case of the alloy separator in which the plating of the present embodiment, it can be seen that a small degree of degradation due to long-term operation. 運転後の合金セパレータを観察すると、実施例のメッキ処理したセパレータはあまり変化していないが、無処理のものには厚い酸化皮膜が形成されていた。 Observing the alloy separator after the operation, the separator is plated Example is not changed much, the thick oxide film to that of the untreated were formed. 実施例のメッキ処理材の性能低下が少ない理由は、酸化膜の形成が抑制され、電気抵抗の増加が少なかったためである。 Why degradation is less plating material of Example, the formation of oxide film is suppressed, because the increase in electrical resistance was less.

【0015】 [0015]

【発明の効果】上述のとおり、本発明の合金セパレータは低コストで電気的な接続機能の低下のないものであり、該セパレータを有する固体電解質型燃料電池は連続使用による性能低下のない優れものとなる。 [Effect of the Invention] As described above, the alloy separator of the present invention has no reduction in electrical connection functions at low cost, solid oxide fuel cell having the separator is the excellent without performance degradation due to continuous use to become.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】固体電解質型燃料電池の単電池の分解斜視説明図。 Figure 1 is an exploded perspective view of a unit cell of a solid oxide fuel cell.

【図2】本発明実施例の平板型固体電解質型燃料電池の各種セパレータの断面構造図。 [2] The present invention cross-sectional view of a variety of separator plate type solid electrolyte fuel cell of Example.

【図3】実施例の合金セパレータ及びメッキ処理を施していない合金セパレータを固体電解質型燃料電池に使用したときの出力特性の経時変化を示すグラフ図。 Figure 3 is a graph showing a change with time of the output characteristics when the alloy separator not subjected to alloy separator and plating process in Example were used in a solid oxide fuel cell.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1:燃料極, 2:空気極, 3:固体電解質板, 4,4':セパレータ, 4a:Niメッキ層, 4b:LaCrO 3メッキ層 1: anode, 2: air electrode, 3: a solid electrolyte plate, 4,4 ': Separator, 4a: Ni plating layer, 4b: LaCrO 3 coating layer

Claims (1)

  1. 【特許請求の範囲】 【請求項1】 固体電解質と燃料極と空気極と、そしてセパレータとを備えてなる固体電解質型燃料電池のセパレータにおいて、セパレータを耐熱合金で構成し、かつ該セパレータの燃料極面側にはニッケルメッキ層を、また空気極面側にはLaCrO 3系メッキ層を湿式メッキ処理で設けてなることを特徴とする固体電解質型燃料電池用合金セパレータ。 Claims 1. A solid electrolyte and the fuel electrode and the air electrode, and in the separator of the solid oxide fuel cell comprising a separator, and the separator in heat resistant alloy, and the fuel of the separator the nickel plating layer on the pole face side, an alloy separator for a solid oxide fuel cell characterized by comprising providing a LaCrO 3 based plating layer by a wet plating process on the air electrode side. 【請求項2】 メッキ層の厚さが3〜30μmであることを特徴とする請求項1記載の固体電解質型燃料電池用合金セパレータ。 2. A method according to claim 1 solid oxide fuel cell alloy separator, wherein a thickness of the plating layer is 3 to 30 .mu.m. 【請求項3】 固体電解質と燃料極と空気極と、そしてセパレータとを備えてなる固体電解質型燃料電池のセパレータの製造方法において、セパレータを耐熱合金で構成し、かつ該セパレータの燃料極面側に湿式メッキ法でニッケルメッキ層を設け、また空気極面側には湿式法で電析させたLaCr系メッキ層を酸化処理してLaCr 3. A solid electrolyte and fuel electrode and an air electrode, and method of manufacturing a separator for a solid oxide fuel cell comprising a separator, and the separator in heat resistant alloy, and the fuel pole face side of the separator the nickel plating layer provided in a wet plating method, also by oxidizing the LaCr based plating layer formed by electrolytic deposition by a wet method in the air electrode side in the LaCr
    3系メッキ層を設けてセパレータを製造することを特徴とする固体電解質型燃料電池用合金セパレータの製造方法。 Solid oxide fuel cell manufacturing method of the alloy separator, characterized in that the O 3 based plating layer is provided to produce a separator.
JP3893591A 1991-02-12 1991-02-12 Alloy separator for solid electrolytic fuel cell and manufacture of the same Pending JPH0536425A (en)

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JP3893591A JPH0536425A (en) 1991-02-12 1991-02-12 Alloy separator for solid electrolytic fuel cell and manufacture of the same

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JP3893591A JPH0536425A (en) 1991-02-12 1991-02-12 Alloy separator for solid electrolytic fuel cell and manufacture of the same

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JPH0536425A true true JPH0536425A (en) 1993-02-12

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