JPH05278635A - Cowl louver - Google Patents

Cowl louver

Info

Publication number
JPH05278635A
JPH05278635A JP15024591A JP15024591A JPH05278635A JP H05278635 A JPH05278635 A JP H05278635A JP 15024591 A JP15024591 A JP 15024591A JP 15024591 A JP15024591 A JP 15024591A JP H05278635 A JPH05278635 A JP H05278635A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
piece
holding
edge
protection
protective
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP15024591A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2848026B2 (en
Inventor
Kanenori Fukuda
Tetsuyoshi Ichioka
Yoshihiro Menju
Kouichi Toshinaga
徹美 市岡
幸一 年永
義博 毛受
金昇 福田
Original Assignee
Toyoda Gosei Co Ltd
Toyota Motor Corp
トヨタ自動車株式会社
豊田合成株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Toyoda Gosei Co Ltd, Toyota Motor Corp, トヨタ自動車株式会社, 豊田合成株式会社 filed Critical Toyoda Gosei Co Ltd
Priority to JP3150245A priority Critical patent/JP2848026B2/en
Publication of JPH05278635A publication Critical patent/JPH05278635A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2848026B2 publication Critical patent/JP2848026B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE:To provide a cowl louver never causing concentration of stress on a front glass even if a dispersion in dimensional precision occurs. CONSTITUTION:A protective piece 2 consisting of a soft material is inserted to an opening O between the nipping edge part 1a of a cowl louver body 1 and a nipping piece 2, and fitted to the nipping piece 2. On the suspended part 21 of the nipping piece 2, a support part 22 is formed nearly in parallel to the nipping edge part 1a. On the top end of the support part 22 is formed a protective piece guide part 23 extending on the opening O side slantingly so as to separate from the nipping edge part 1a and formed into a flat converged form to guide the insertion of the protective piece 3 into the nipping piece 2. A locking hole 24 is bored in the boundary corner part between the suspended part 21 and support part 22 of the nipping piece 2, and a hook part 24 inserted into the locking hole 24 and hooked by the suspended part 21 is formed on the locking hole 24 side of the protective piece 3. When the protective piece 3 is fitted to the nipping piece 2, the protective piece 2 is fixed in such a manner as to be unmovable in three dimensional directions to the nipping piece 2.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明はカウルルーバに関するも
のであり、特に、一側縁に設けた挾持部により自動車の
フロントガラスの下側縁部を挾持するカウルルーバに関
するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a cowl louver, and more particularly to a cowl louver which holds a lower edge of a windshield of an automobile by a holding portion provided at one side edge.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】カウルルーバは、自動車の車体のボンネ
ット後縁とフロントガラス下縁との隙間に装着されるも
ので、例えば、タルク等のフィラーを混入したポリプロ
ピレン(PP)等の硬質合成樹脂材からなるカウルルー
バ本体の一側縁(フロントガラス側)に形成した挾持縁
部の下面に、複数の断面略L字状の挾持片を一定間隔を
おいて一体形成している。そして、各挾持片は前記挾持
縁部とともに断面略コ字状の挾持部を形成するととも
に、前記挾持縁部との間でフロントガラスの下側縁部を
弾性的に挾持するようになっている。
2. Description of the Related Art A cowl louver is mounted in a gap between a rear edge of a hood of a car body and a lower edge of a windshield, and is made of a hard synthetic resin material such as polypropylene (PP) mixed with a filler such as talc. A plurality of holding pieces having a substantially L-shaped cross section are integrally formed on a lower surface of a holding edge portion formed on one side edge (on the windshield side) of the cowl louver body. Each holding piece forms a holding portion having a substantially U-shaped cross section together with the holding edge portion, and elastically holds the lower edge portion of the windshield between the holding piece and the holding edge portion. ..

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】従来のカウルルーバ
は、上記のように構成されているから、前記挾持部内に
フロントガラスの下側縁部を圧入したとき、挾持部とフ
ロントガラスとが直接接触する。この挾持部は前記カウ
ルルーバ本体と同一の硬質合成樹脂材により一体形成さ
れるため、カウルルーバが成形後に変形等して寸法精度
にバラツキが生じ、例えば、一部の挾持部の開口が小さ
くなった場合、フロントガラスの下側縁部のうち、前記
一部の挾持部が挾持する部分にのみ応力が加わることが
考えられる。この場合、フロントガラスの当該部分に前
記一部の挾持部から直接応力が集中する可能性がある。
Since the conventional cowl louver is constructed as described above, when the lower edge portion of the windshield is press-fitted into the sandwiching portion, the sandwiching portion and the windshield come into direct contact with each other. .. Since the gripping part is integrally formed of the same hard synthetic resin material as the cowl louver body, the cowl louver is deformed after molding and the dimensional accuracy varies, for example, when the opening of a part of the gripping part becomes small. It is conceivable that stress is applied only to a portion of the lower edge portion of the windshield held by the part of the holding portion. In this case, stress may be directly concentrated on the part of the windshield from the part of the pinching part.

【0004】そこで、本発明は、寸法精度のバラツキ等
が生じた場合でも、フロントガラスに割れやヒビ等の破
損が生じることがないカウルルーバの提供を課題とする
ものである。
Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a cowl louver that does not cause damage such as cracks or cracks on the windshield even when variations in dimensional accuracy occur.

【0005】[0005]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明にかかるカウルル
ーバは、カウルルーバ本体の挾持縁部と挾持片との間の
開口に軟質材からなる保護ピースを挿入して挾持片に嵌
合するとともに、挾持片及び保護ピースのいずれか一方
に、前記挾持片への前記保護ピースの挿入を案内する案
内部を形成し、前記挾持片に係止手段を形成し、前記挾
持片に保護ピースを挿入及び嵌合終了したときに前記係
止手段と係合して、前記挾持片に対し前記保護ピースを
3次元方向に移動不能に固定する係合手段を前記保護ピ
ースに形成したものである。
According to the cowl louver of the present invention, a protective piece made of a soft material is inserted into an opening between a holding edge of a cowl louver body and a holding piece to fit the holding piece. A guide portion for guiding the insertion of the protection piece into the holding piece is formed on either one of the piece and the protection piece, a locking means is formed on the holding piece, and the protection piece is inserted and fitted into the holding piece. When the engagement is completed, the protection piece is formed with an engagement means that engages with the locking means and fixes the protection piece immovably in the three-dimensional direction with respect to the holding piece.

【0006】[0006]

【作用】本発明においては、挾持片に保護ピースを嵌合
するときには、案内部が挾持片への保護ピースの挿入を
案内してその作業を容易にするとともに、挾持片に保護
ピースを嵌合終了したときに、係合手段が係止手段と自
動的に係合して、挾持片に対する保護ピースの3次元方
向の移動を規制し、挾持片からの保護ピースの離脱を防
止する。また、カウルルーバ本体の挾持縁部と挾持片と
の間にフロントガラスの下側縁部を挿入した状態では、
フロントガラスと挾持片との間に軟質材からなる保護ピ
ースが介在し、寸法精度のバラツキが生じたとき等にフ
ロントガラスに加えられる応力集中を吸収して緩和す
る。
According to the present invention, when the protection piece is fitted to the holding piece, the guide portion guides the insertion of the protection piece into the holding piece to facilitate the work, and the protection piece is fitted to the holding piece. When finished, the engaging means automatically engages with the locking means to regulate the movement of the protective piece in the three-dimensional direction with respect to the holding piece, and prevent the protective piece from being separated from the holding piece. Also, in the state where the lower edge of the windshield is inserted between the holding edge portion and the holding piece of the cowl louver body,
A protective piece made of a soft material is interposed between the windshield and the holding piece to absorb and relieve stress concentration applied to the windshield when variations in dimensional accuracy occur.

【0007】[0007]

【実施例】以下、本発明の実施例を説明する。EXAMPLES Examples of the present invention will be described below.

【0008】図1は本発明のカウルルーバの部分斜視
図、図2は本発明の第一実施例の挾持部の分解斜視図、
図3は本発明の第一実施例の挾持部において挾持片に保
護ピースを嵌合した状態を示す断面図である。
FIG. 1 is a partial perspective view of a cowl louver of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a holding portion of a first embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which a protective piece is fitted to the holding piece in the holding portion of the first embodiment of the present invention.

【0009】図において、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁
部1aの下面には、フィラー入りPP等、カウルルーバ
本体1と同一の硬質合成樹脂材からなる複数の本第一実
施例の挾持片2が一定間隔をおいて一体形成されてい
る。前記挾持片2はカウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1a
とともに断面略コ字状をなしている。即ち、挾持縁部の
下面に垂下形成された各挾持片2の垂下部21下端縁に
は、挾持縁部1aと略平行に支持部22が形成されてい
る。好ましくは、各支持部22は、挾持縁部1aとの間
でフロントガラスGを附勢して挾持するよう、前記挾持
縁部1aに向かって若干傾斜して開口O側に延びるよう
形成される。一方、前記支持部22の後端縁(開口O
側)には前記挾持縁部1aから離れるよう傾斜して開口
O側に延びる保護ピース案内部23が形成されている。
また、前記挾持片2の支持部22及び保護ピース案内部
23は、好ましくは全体として開口O側に向かって先細
となる略半楕円板状をなし、前記保護ピース案内部23
は平面先細形状とされる。更に、前記挾持片2の垂下部
21と支持部22との境界角部には、所定寸法の係止孔
24が穿設されている。なお、前記挾持片2は厚さ方向
に可撓性を有し、弾性変形して前記挾持縁部1aに対し
その支持部22を接近離間可能である。また、前記垂下
部21の後面(開口O側)の上縁には挾持片2の可撓性
を向上する溝1bが形成されている。
In the figure, on the lower surface of the holding edge 1a of the cowl louver body 1, a plurality of holding pieces 2 of the first embodiment made of the same hard synthetic resin material as that of the cowl louver body 1 such as PP containing filler are arranged at regular intervals. Are formed integrally with each other. The holding piece 2 is a holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1.
Together with this, it has a substantially U-shaped cross section. That is, at the lower end edge of the hanging portion 21 of each of the holding pieces 2 formed on the lower surface of the holding edge portion, a support portion 22 is formed substantially parallel to the holding edge portion 1a. Preferably, each of the support portions 22 is formed so as to extend toward the opening O side while being slightly inclined toward the holding edge portion 1a so as to urge and hold the windshield G with the holding edge portion 1a. .. On the other hand, the rear edge of the support portion 22 (opening O
On the side), a protective piece guide portion 23 is formed that extends toward the opening O and is inclined so as to be separated from the holding edge portion 1a.
Further, the support portion 22 and the protection piece guide portion 23 of the holding piece 2 preferably have a substantially semi-elliptical plate shape which is tapered as a whole toward the opening O side, and the protection piece guide portion 23 is provided.
Is tapered in plane. Further, a locking hole 24 having a predetermined size is formed at a boundary corner portion between the hanging portion 21 of the holding piece 2 and the support portion 22. The holding piece 2 has flexibility in the thickness direction, and is elastically deformable so that the supporting portion 22 can be moved toward and away from the holding edge portion 1a. Further, a groove 1b for improving the flexibility of the holding piece 2 is formed at the upper edge of the rear surface (on the side of the opening O) of the hanging portion 21.

【0010】一方、前記挾持片2に嵌合される保護ピー
ス3は、熱可塑性ゴム(TPR)等の軟質材にて形成さ
れて前記挾持片2より十分大きな柔軟性及び防振性を有
している。前記保護ピース3の載置部31は、前記挾持
片2の支持部22と略相似形状をなし、挾持片2への保
護ピース3の嵌合状態で、挾持片2の支持部22に密接
状態で載置されるようになっている。また、保護ピース
3の載置部31の後端縁には、前記挾持片2の保護ピー
ス案内部23に対応する形状をなし、挾持片2への保護
ピース3の嵌合状態で、挾持片2の保護ピース案内部2
3に密接状態で載置されるガラス案内部32が形成され
ている。そして、前記載置部31の前端縁(係止孔24
側)を除く載置部31及びガラス案内部32の周縁には
側壁33が垂下形成され、挾持片2への保護ピース3の
嵌合状態で、挾持片2の支持部22の周面の略全体に密
接するようになっている。更に、載置部31の前端縁に
は掛止部34が突出形成されている。前記掛止部34は
その厚さ方向に可撓性を有するとともに、掛止部34の
前端には挾持片2の係止孔24と略同一幅及び係合可能
な高さの爪34aが形成されるとともに、爪34aの上
面はテーパ面34bとされ、挾持片2への保護ピース3
の嵌合状態で、爪34aが前記係止孔24に挿着係止さ
れるようになっている。そして、前記保護ピース3を挾
持片2の保護ピース案内部23から支持部22に載置し
て挿入方向(図2中矢印方向)に摺動させると、前記掛
止部34先端の爪34aのテーパ面34bが前記係止孔
24の上縁に当接して掛止部34が弾性変形し、爪34
aが係止孔24を乗越えて係止孔24内に挿着され、挾
持片2への保護ピース3の嵌合状態で、係止孔24の上
縁における垂下部21の前面に掛止部34の爪34aが
掛止されるよう構成されている。
On the other hand, the protection piece 3 fitted to the holding piece 2 is made of a soft material such as thermoplastic rubber (TPR) and has a sufficiently large flexibility and vibration-proof property as compared with the holding piece 2. ing. The mounting portion 31 of the protection piece 3 has a shape similar to that of the support portion 22 of the holding piece 2 and is in close contact with the support portion 22 of the holding piece 2 when the protection piece 3 is fitted to the holding piece 2. It is supposed to be placed in. Further, the rear end edge of the mounting portion 31 of the protection piece 3 has a shape corresponding to the protection piece guide portion 23 of the holding piece 2, and when the protection piece 3 is fitted into the holding piece 2, the holding piece is held. Protective piece guide 2
A glass guide portion 32 that is placed in close contact with the substrate 3 is formed. Then, the front edge of the placing part 31 (the locking hole 24
The side wall 33 is formed so as to hang down on the periphery of the placing part 31 and the glass guiding part 32 except the side), and when the protection piece 3 is fitted to the holding piece 2, the peripheral surface of the supporting portion 22 of the holding piece 2 is substantially formed. It is becoming closer to the whole. Further, a hooking portion 34 is formed on the front end edge of the placing portion 31 so as to project. The hooking portion 34 has flexibility in its thickness direction, and at the front end of the hooking portion 34, a claw 34a having a width substantially the same as the engaging hole 24 of the holding piece 2 and an engageable height is formed. At the same time, the upper surface of the claw 34a is made into a tapered surface 34b, and the protection piece 3 for the holding piece 2 is provided.
In the fitted state, the claw 34a is inserted and locked in the locking hole 24. Then, when the protection piece 3 is placed on the support portion 22 from the protection piece guide portion 23 of the holding piece 2 and slid in the insertion direction (the arrow direction in FIG. 2), the claw 34a at the tip of the hooking portion 34 is moved. The tapered surface 34b comes into contact with the upper edge of the locking hole 24, and the hooking portion 34 elastically deforms.
a crosses over the locking hole 24 and is inserted into the locking hole 24, and when the protective piece 3 is fitted to the holding piece 2, the hooking part is provided on the front surface of the hanging portion 21 at the upper edge of the locking hole 24. The claw 34a of 34 is configured to be hooked.

【0011】なお、前記カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部
1aの下面には、長手方向に沿ってTPRまたはゴム等
の軟質材からなる長尺状の保護シート25が接着または
粘着により貼着されている。前記カウルルーバ本体1の
挾持縁部1a、挾持縁部1aに貼着された保護シート2
5、挾持片2及び挾持片2に嵌合された保護ピース3か
ら本第一実施例の挾持部Sが構成されている。また、本
第一実施例では、前記挾持片2全体により係止手段が構
成されるとともに、前記保護ピース3全体により前記係
止手段と係合して挾持片2に対し保護ピース3を3次元
方向に移動不能とする係合手段が構成されている。
A long protective sheet 25 made of a soft material such as TPR or rubber is attached to the lower surface of the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 by adhesion or adhesion along the longitudinal direction. .. The holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and the protective sheet 2 attached to the holding edge portion 1a.
5, the holding piece 2 and the protection piece 3 fitted to the holding piece 2 constitute the holding portion S of the first embodiment. In addition, in the first embodiment, the holding piece 2 as a whole constitutes locking means, and the protection piece 3 as a whole engages with the locking means to make the protection piece 3 three-dimensional with respect to the holding piece 2. The engaging means is configured to be immovable in the direction.

【0012】上記のように構成された本第一実施例のカ
ウルルーバにおいて、保護ピース3を挾持片2に嵌合固
定するには、前記挿入方向に保護ピース3を移動し、挾
持片2の保護ピース案内部23上面に保護ピース3の掛
止部34の前端下面を当接させて挿入方向に移動案内
し、保護ピース3を開口Oから挾持縁部1aと挾持片2
との間に挿入して支持部22に載置する。このとき、前
記挾持片2の保護ピース案内部23が挾持縁部1aから
離れるよう傾斜して開口O側に延びるとともに先細形状
をなすため、保護ピース3を、開口Oから挾持片2の保
護ピース案内部23を介して支持部22へと容易に案内
して挿入載置することができる。
In the cowl louver of the first embodiment constructed as described above, in order to fit and fix the protection piece 3 to the holding piece 2, the protection piece 3 is moved in the inserting direction to protect the holding piece 2. The lower surface of the front end of the hooking portion 34 of the protection piece 3 is brought into contact with the upper surface of the piece guide portion 23 to guide the movement in the insertion direction, and the protection piece 3 is grasped from the opening O by the holding edge portion 1a and the holding piece 2.
And is placed on the support portion 22. At this time, since the protection piece guide portion 23 of the holding piece 2 extends toward the opening O side while inclining away from the holding edge portion 1a, and has a tapered shape, the protection piece 3 extends from the opening O to the protection piece of the holding piece 2. The guide portion 23 can be easily guided to the support portion 22 for insertion and placement.

【0013】そして、前記保護ピース3の載置部31を
挾持片2の支持部22に摺接させて前記挿入方向に更に
移動すると、保護ピース3の側壁33内面が挾持片2の
支持部22周面に摺接して、保護ピース3を挾持片2の
係止孔24へ移動案内し、保護ピース3の掛止部34先
端の爪34aのテーパ面34bが、係止孔24の直前位
置で挾持片2の垂下部21における係止孔24の上縁に
当接して、爪34aが係止孔24を乗越えるとともに掛
止部34がその可撓性により下側に弾性変形して係止孔
24内に挿入される。係止孔24内に挿入されると同時
に、前記掛止部34はその弾性により形状復帰し、先端
の爪34aが係止孔24の上縁における垂下部21の前
面に掛止される。
When the mounting portion 31 of the protection piece 3 is slidably contacted with the support portion 22 of the holding piece 2 and further moved in the inserting direction, the inner surface of the side wall 33 of the protection piece 3 supports the holding portion 22 of the holding piece 2. The protective piece 3 is slidably contacted with the peripheral surface to move and guide the protective piece 3 to the locking hole 24 of the holding piece 2, and the tapered surface 34b of the claw 34a at the tip of the locking portion 34 of the protective piece 3 is positioned immediately before the locking hole 24. The claw 34a moves over the locking hole 24 by contacting the upper edge of the locking hole 24 in the hanging portion 21 of the holding piece 2, and the hooking portion 34 elastically deforms downward due to its flexibility to lock. It is inserted into the hole 24. Simultaneously with being inserted into the locking hole 24, the locking portion 34 returns to its shape due to its elasticity, and the claw 34a at the tip is locked to the front surface of the hanging portion 21 at the upper edge of the locking hole 24.

【0014】この挾持片2への保護ピース3の嵌合終了
状態では、保護ピース3の掛止部34の爪34aが挾持
片2の係止孔24上縁の垂下部21の前面に掛止され、
かつ、保護ピース3の前端面が垂下部21の後面に係止
されるとともに、保護ピース3のガラス案内部32周縁
の側壁33が挾持片2の保護ピース案内部23の周面に
て係止され、挾持片2に対する保護ピース3の前後方向
の移動が規制される。また、前記保護ピース3の側壁3
3が挾持片2の支持部22の周面に係止されて支持部2
2に対する保護ピース3の左右方向の移動が規制され
る。更に、保護ピース3の掛止部34の基端部の上面が
挾持片2の係止孔24の上縁に係止されるとともに、載
置部31が支持部22を被覆してその上面に係止され、
挾持片2に対する保護ピース3の上下方向の移動が規制
される。即ち、挾持片2への保護ピース3の嵌合終了状
態で、保護ピース3は挾持片2に対し前後、左右及び上
下方向の3次元方向の移動を規制され、挾持片2に移動
不能に固定される。換言すれば、本第一実施例におい
て、前記挾持片2全体が係止手段として作用するととも
に、前記保護ピース3全体が前記係止手段と係合して保
護ピース3を3次元方向に移動不能とする係合手段とし
て作用する。
When the fitting of the protection piece 3 to the holding piece 2 is completed, the claw 34a of the hooking portion 34 of the protection piece 3 is hooked on the front surface of the hanging portion 21 at the upper edge of the locking hole 24 of the holding piece 2. Was
In addition, the front end surface of the protective piece 3 is locked to the rear surface of the hanging portion 21, and the side wall 33 of the peripheral edge of the glass guide portion 32 of the protective piece 3 is locked to the peripheral surface of the protective piece guide portion 23 of the holding piece 2. Therefore, the movement of the protective piece 3 with respect to the holding piece 2 in the front-rear direction is restricted. In addition, the side wall 3 of the protection piece 3
3 is locked to the peripheral surface of the support portion 22 of the holding piece 2 to support the support portion 2
The movement of the protective piece 3 with respect to 2 in the left-right direction is restricted. Further, the upper surface of the base end portion of the hooking portion 34 of the protection piece 3 is locked to the upper edge of the locking hole 24 of the holding piece 2, and the mounting portion 31 covers the support portion 22 to cover the upper surface thereof. Locked
The vertical movement of the protection piece 3 with respect to the holding piece 2 is restricted. That is, when the protection piece 3 is fitted to the holding piece 2, the protection piece 3 is restricted from moving in the three-dimensional directions in the front-back, left-right, and up-down directions with respect to the holding piece 2, and is fixed to the holding piece 2 immovably. To be done. In other words, in the first embodiment, the entire holding piece 2 acts as the locking means, and the entire protection piece 3 engages with the locking means so that the protection piece 3 cannot move in the three-dimensional direction. Acts as an engaging means.

【0015】また、保護ピース3を挾持片2の支持部2
2に載置して挿入方向に摺動するだけで、自動的に、保
護ピース3の掛止部34が挾持片2の係止孔24内に挿
着され、かつ、載置部31が支持部22に、側壁33が
支持部22及び保護ピース案内部23の周面に係止さ
れ、挾持片2に保護ピース3を3次元方向への移動不
能、即ち離脱不能に固定できる。したがって、挾持片2
への保護ピース3の挿入、嵌合及び固定作業が連続的に
行なわれる結果、その作業性が向上する。また、通常の
使用状態において保護ピース3が挾持片2から離脱した
り位置ずれを起こしたりすることはない。
Further, the protection piece 3 is attached to the support portion 2 of the holding piece 2.
By simply mounting it on the second slide member 2 and sliding it in the insertion direction, the hooking portion 34 of the protective piece 3 is automatically inserted into the locking hole 24 of the holding piece 2 and the mounting portion 31 is supported. The side wall 33 of the portion 22 is locked to the peripheral surfaces of the support portion 22 and the protection piece guide portion 23, so that the protection piece 3 can be fixed to the holding piece 2 so as not to move in the three-dimensional direction, that is, to be detachable. Therefore, the holding piece 2
As a result of the insertion, fitting and fixing work of the protective piece 3 to be carried out continuously, the workability thereof is improved. Further, the protective piece 3 does not separate from the holding piece 2 or shift in position during normal use.

【0016】保護ピース3を挾持片2に嵌合固定した
ら、カウルルーバ本体1の一側縁側をフロントガラスG
の下側縁に接近させて、前記挾持部Sを介してカウルル
ーバを車体の窓枠(図示略)に取付けられたフロントガ
ラスGの下側縁部に組付ける。即ち、カウルルーバの挾
持片2に固定された保護ピース3のガラス案内部32を
フロントガラスGの下側縁に当接させ、前記挾持縁部1
aと挾持片2に固定された保護ピース3との間でフロン
トガラスGを挾持するようカウルルーバを上方に押圧し
て移動する。すると、フロントガラスGの肉厚に対応し
て、前記開口Oを拡げるよう挾持片2が弾性変形して、
挾持縁部1aと保護ピース3の載置部31との間にフロ
ントガラスGの下側縁部が圧入されて挾持される。この
とき、保護ピース3のガラス案内部32が、開口Oを介
して挾持縁部1aと保護ピース3との間へ挿入されるフ
ロントガラスGを案内してその挿入を容易にする。その
結果、フロントガラスG下縁へのカウルルーバの装着作
業が容易となりその作業性が向上する。
When the protection piece 3 is fitted and fixed to the holding piece 2, one side edge of the cowl louver body 1 is attached to the windshield G.
The cowl louver is attached to the lower edge of the windshield G attached to the window frame (not shown) of the vehicle body via the holding section S so as to approach the lower edge. That is, the glass guide portion 32 of the protection piece 3 fixed to the holding piece 2 of the cowl louver is brought into contact with the lower edge of the windshield G, and the holding edge portion 1 is held.
The cowl louver is pressed upward to move the windshield G between a and the protection piece 3 fixed to the holding piece 2. Then, according to the thickness of the windshield G, the holding piece 2 elastically deforms so as to expand the opening O,
The lower edge portion of the windshield G is press-fitted between the holding edge portion 1a and the mounting portion 31 of the protective piece 3 to be held. At this time, the glass guide portion 32 of the protection piece 3 guides the windshield G inserted between the holding edge portion 1a and the protection piece 3 through the opening O to facilitate the insertion. As a result, the work of attaching the cowl louver to the lower edge of the windshield G is facilitated and the workability is improved.

【0017】また、前記硬質合成樹脂材からなる挾持片
2とフロントガラスGとの間に軟質材からなる保護ピー
ス3が介在されている。したがって、カウルルーバに寸
法精度のバラツキが生じる等して、フロントガラスGの
下側縁部のうち、一部の挾持部Sが挾持する部分にのみ
応力が加わるような場合、前記一部の挾持部Sの保護ピ
ース3が十分な柔軟性及び防振性を有し、その応力集中
を吸収して緩和し、フロントガラスGの当該部分にその
応力集中の影響が及ぶことを防止する。なお、カウルル
ーバ本体1の挾持縁部1a下面に貼着した保護シート2
5もフロントガラスGの当該部分に応力が集中するのを
緩和するが、フロントガラスGへの応力集中は、主に、
フロントガラスGに局部的に接触する挾持片2から加え
られるため、応力集中の緩和において主な役割を果すの
は保護ピース3であり、保護シート25は補助的な役割
を果す。
A protective piece 3 made of a soft material is interposed between the holding piece 2 made of the hard synthetic resin material and the windshield G. Therefore, when stress is applied only to a portion of the lower edge portion of the windshield G which is held by a part of the gripping part S due to variations in dimensional accuracy of the cowl louver, etc. The protection piece 3 of S has sufficient flexibility and vibration damping property, absorbs and relaxes the stress concentration, and prevents the relevant portion of the windshield G from being affected by the stress concentration. The protective sheet 2 attached to the lower surface of the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1
5 also alleviates the concentration of stress on the relevant part of the windshield G, but the stress concentration on the windshield G is mainly
Since it is added from the holding piece 2 that locally contacts the windshield G, the protective piece 3 plays a major role in relaxing stress concentration, and the protective sheet 25 plays an auxiliary role.

【0018】なお、フロントガラスGの下側縁部へ挾持
部Sを介してカウルルーバを取付けたら、図示しないク
リップ等の締結手段によりカウルルーバ本体1を車体に
固着する。これにより、カウルルーバが車体のボンネッ
ト後縁とフロントガラスGの下側縁との隙間に移動不能
に固定される。
When the cowl louver is attached to the lower edge of the windshield G via the gripping portion S, the cowl louver main body 1 is fixed to the vehicle body by fastening means such as a clip not shown. As a result, the cowl louver is immovably fixed in the gap between the bonnet rear edge of the vehicle body and the lower edge of the windshield G.

【0019】このように、上記第一実施例のカウルルー
バは、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aと挾持片2と
の間の開口Oに軟質材からなる保護ピース3を挿入して
挾持片2に嵌合するとともに、前記挾持片2の垂下部2
1に支持部22を挾持縁部1aと略平行に形成して、支
持部22の先端に前記挾持縁部1aから離れるよう傾斜
して開口O側に延びるととももに平面先細形状とされて
前記挾持片2への前記保護ピース3の挿入を案内する保
護ピース案内部23を形成し、前記挾持片2の垂下部2
1と支持部22との境界角部に係止孔24を穿設すると
ともに、保護ピース3の係止孔24側に前記係止孔24
内に挿着されて垂下部21に掛止される掛止部34を形
成し、保護ピース3の側壁33を挾持片2の支持部22
及び保護ピース案内部23の周面に、保護ピース3の載
置部31及びガラス案内部32を挾持片2の垂下部、支
持部22及び保護ピース案内部23にそれぞれ係止し
て、保護ピース3を挾持片2に対し3次元方向の移動不
能に固定したものである。
As described above, in the cowl louver of the first embodiment described above, the protecting piece 3 made of a soft material is inserted into the holding piece 2 in the opening O between the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and the holding piece 2. Fitting and hanging part 2 of the holding piece 2
1, a support portion 22 is formed substantially parallel to the holding edge portion 1a, and the tip of the support portion 22 is inclined so as to separate from the holding edge portion 1a and extends toward the opening O side, and has a flat tapered shape. A protection piece guide portion 23 for guiding the insertion of the protection piece 3 into the holding piece 2 is formed, and the hanging portion 2 of the holding piece 2 is formed.
1 is provided with a locking hole 24 at the boundary corner between the support portion 22 and the locking hole 24 side of the protective piece 3.
A hooking portion 34 that is inserted into the inside and hooks on the hanging portion 21 is formed, and the side wall 33 of the protection piece 3 is supported by the support portion 22 of the holding piece 2.
On the peripheral surface of the protective piece guide portion 23, the mounting portion 31 and the glass guide portion 32 of the protective piece 3 are locked to the hanging portion of the holding piece 2, the support portion 22, and the protective piece guide portion 23, respectively, to protect the protective piece. 3 is fixed to the holding piece 2 immovably in the three-dimensional direction.

【0020】したがって、上記第一実施例は、挾持片2
に保護ピース3を嵌合するときには、保護ピース案内部
23が挾持片2への保護ピース3の挿入を案内してその
作業を容易にするため、その作業性が向上する。また、
保護ピース3を挾持片2の支持部22に載置して挿入方
向に摺動するだけで、自動的に、保護ピース3の掛止部
34が挾持片2の係止孔24内に挿着され、かつ、保護
ピース3の側壁33が挾持片2の支持部22及び保護ピ
ース案内部23周面に、保護ピース3の載置部31が挾
持片2の垂下部21、支持部22及び保護ピース案内部
23にそれぞれ係止され、挾持片2に保護ピース3を3
次元方向への移動不能、即ち離脱不能に固定できるた
め、挾持片2への保護ピース3の挿入、嵌合及び固定作
業が連続的に行なわれ、その作業性が向上するととも
に、通常の使用状態において保護ピース3が挾持片2か
ら離脱したり位置ずれを起こしたりすることはない。更
に、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aと挾持片2との
間にフロントガラスGの下側縁部を挿入した状態では、
フロントガラスGと挾持片2との間に軟質材からなる保
護ピース3が介在し、寸法精度のバラツキが生じたとき
等にフロントガラスGに加えられる応力集中を吸収して
緩和する。
Therefore, in the first embodiment, the holding piece 2 is used.
When the protective piece 3 is fitted into the protective piece 3, the protective piece guide portion 23 guides the insertion of the protective piece 3 into the holding piece 2 to facilitate the work, so that the workability is improved. Also,
Just by placing the protection piece 3 on the support portion 22 of the holding piece 2 and sliding it in the insertion direction, the hooking portion 34 of the protection piece 3 is automatically inserted into the locking hole 24 of the holding piece 2. Further, the side wall 33 of the protection piece 3 is on the peripheral surface of the support portion 22 and the protection piece guide portion 23 of the holding piece 2, and the mounting portion 31 of the protection piece 3 is the hanging portion 21, the support portion 22 and the protection piece 22 of the holding piece 2. The protection pieces 3 are attached to the holding pieces 2 by being locked to the piece guide portions 23, respectively.
Since it can be fixed so that it cannot move in the dimensional direction, that is, it cannot be removed, insertion, fitting, and fixing work of the protective piece 3 to the holding piece 2 are continuously performed, and the workability is improved and the normal use state. In the above, the protection piece 3 does not separate from the holding piece 2 or the position is not displaced. Furthermore, in the state in which the lower edge of the windshield G is inserted between the holding edge 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and the holding piece 2,
A protective piece 3 made of a soft material is interposed between the windshield G and the holding piece 2 to absorb and reduce stress concentration applied to the windshield G when variations in dimensional accuracy occur.

【0021】ところで、上記第一実施例の挾持片2の支
持部22及び保護ピース3の載置部31は略半橢円板状
に形成されているが、本発明を実施する場合には、これ
に限定されるものではなく、保護ピース案内部23がカ
ウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aから離れるよう傾斜し
て開口O側に延び、かつ平面先細形状である限りにおい
て、例えば、支持部22及び載置部31を略四角板状と
するとともに各案内部23及び32を平面略三角板状と
する等、他の形状とすることができる。
By the way, the support portion 22 of the holding piece 2 and the mounting portion 31 of the protection piece 3 of the first embodiment are formed in a substantially semi-disc shape, but in the case of implementing the present invention, The present invention is not limited to this, and as long as the protective piece guide portion 23 extends toward the opening O with an inclination so as to be separated from the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver main body 1 and has a planar tapered shape, for example, the support portion 22 and The mounting portion 31 may have a substantially square plate shape, and the guide portions 23 and 32 may have a planar substantially triangular plate shape, for example.

【0022】また、上記第一実施例においては、挾持片
2の支持部22を挾持縁部1aに向かって傾斜しながら
開口O側に延びるよう形成することが好ましいが、挾持
縁部1aと挾持片2に嵌合された保護ピース3との間で
フロントガラスGの下側縁部を弾性的に挾持できる限り
において、支持部22を挾持縁部1aと平行にする等、
他の構成とすることも可能である。特に、前記保護ピー
ス3は軟質材で形成されるため、挾持片2の支持部22
の若干の形状の相違にかかわらず、自ら弾性変形するこ
とにより挾持縁部1aとの間でフロントガラスGを挾持
可能である。
Further, in the first embodiment described above, it is preferable that the support portion 22 of the holding piece 2 is formed so as to extend toward the opening O side while being inclined toward the holding edge portion 1a, but it is held between the holding edge portion 1a and the holding edge portion 1a. As long as the lower edge of the windshield G can be elastically held between the protection piece 3 fitted to the piece 2, the support 22 is parallel to the holding edge 1a, etc.
Other configurations are possible. Particularly, since the protection piece 3 is formed of a soft material, the support portion 22 of the holding piece 2 is
Despite the slight difference in shape, the windshield G can be held between the holding edge portion 1a by elastically deforming itself.

【0023】図4は本発明の第二実施例の挾持部の分解
斜視図、図5は本発明の第二実施例の挾持部において挾
持片に保護ピースを外嵌した状態を示す斜視図である。
本第二実施例は挾持片及び保護ピースの構成において上
記第一実施例と異なる。なお、図中、第一実施例と同一
符号及び同一記号は、第一実施例の構成部分と同一また
は相当部分を示すものである。
FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of a holding portion according to a second embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing a state in which a holding piece is fitted onto a holding piece in the holding portion according to the second embodiment of the present invention. is there.
The second embodiment differs from the first embodiment in the configuration of the holding piece and the protection piece. In the figure, the same reference numerals and symbols as those in the first embodiment indicate the same or corresponding portions as those of the first embodiment.

【0024】図において、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁
部1aの下面には、カウルルーバ本体1と同一の硬質合
成樹脂材からなる複数の本第二実施例の挾持片4が一定
間隔をおいて一体形成されている。前記挾持片4はカウ
ルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aとともに断面略コ字状を
なしている。即ち、各挾持片4の垂下部41の下端縁に
は挾持縁部1aと略平行に一対の支持部42a,42b
が形成されている。両支持部42a,42bは所定間隔
を置いて互いに平行をなすよう形成されている。各支持
部42a,42bは、好ましくはカウルルーバ本体1の
挾持縁部1aに向かって若干傾斜しながら開口O側に延
びている。また、前記各支持部42a,42bの後端に
は前記カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aから離れるよ
う傾斜して開口O側に延びる保護ピース案内部43a,
43bが形成されている。そして、前記各保護ピース案
内部43a,43bの先端には外側に向かって延びる係
止爪44a,44bが形成されている。更に、前記各支
持部42a,42b上面には長手方向にリブ45a,4
5bが突設されている。前記挾持片4は厚さ方向に可撓
性を有し、弾性変形して前記挾持縁部1aに対しその支
持部42a,42bを接近離間可能である。また、各支
持部42a,42bは厚さ方向のみならず幅方向にも可
撓性を有して互いに接近離間可能である。
In the figure, a plurality of holding pieces 4 of the second embodiment made of the same hard synthetic resin material as the cowl louver body 1 are integrally formed on the lower surface of the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 at regular intervals. Has been done. The holding piece 4 and the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 have a substantially U-shaped cross section. That is, a pair of support portions 42a, 42b are provided on the lower end edge of the hanging portion 41 of each holding piece 4 substantially parallel to the holding edge portion 1a.
Are formed. Both support parts 42a and 42b are formed so as to be parallel to each other with a predetermined interval. Each of the support portions 42a and 42b preferably extends toward the opening O side while slightly inclining toward the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1. In addition, at the rear end of each of the support portions 42a and 42b, a protection piece guide portion 43a, which extends toward the opening O, is inclined so as to be separated from the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1.
43b is formed. Further, locking claws 44a and 44b extending outward are formed at the tips of the protection piece guide portions 43a and 43b. Further, ribs 45a, 4 are formed in the longitudinal direction on the upper surfaces of the support portions 42a, 42b.
5b is projected. The holding piece 4 has flexibility in the thickness direction, and is elastically deformed so that the supporting portions 42a and 42b can approach and separate from the holding edge portion 1a. In addition, each of the support portions 42a and 42b has flexibility not only in the thickness direction but also in the width direction and can approach and separate from each other.

【0025】一方、前記挾持片4に嵌合される保護ピー
ス5は、熱可塑性ゴム等にて円筒状に形成され、前記挾
持片4より十分大きな柔軟性及び防振性を有している。
前記保護ピース5は両支持部42a,42bから保護ピ
ース案内部43a,43bにかけて外嵌可能で、かつ、
それらに嵌合終了したときに、図5に示すように、支持
部42a,42b、保護ピース案内部43a,43b及
びリブ45a,45bの外形に対応して弾性変形され、
その内周面51を支持部42a,42b、保護ピース案
内部43a,43b及びリブ45a,45bに密接させ
て略四角筒状となるような内径を有している。また、保
護ピース5は、挾持片4に嵌合され支持部42a,42
bと保護ピース案内部43a,43bとの境界部分で屈
曲された状態で、挾持片4の垂下部41と係止爪44
a,44bとの間で当接保持される長さを有する。そし
て、図5に示すように、支持部42a,42bを覆う保
護ピース5の前部が載置部52とされ、保護ピース案内
部43a,43bを覆う保護ピース5の後部がガラス案
内部53とされている。前記カウルルーバ本体1の挾持
縁部1a、挾持縁部1aに貼着された保護シート25、
挾持片4及び挾持片4に外嵌された保護ピース5から本
第二実施例の挾持部Sが構成されている。また、本第二
実施例においても、前記挾持片4全体により係止手段が
構成されるとともに、前記保護ピース5全体により前記
係止手段と係合して挾持片4に対し保護ピース5を3次
元方向に移動不能とする係合手段が構成されている。
On the other hand, the protection piece 5 fitted to the holding piece 4 is formed in a cylindrical shape from thermoplastic rubber or the like, and has a sufficiently greater flexibility and vibration damping property than the holding piece 4.
The protection piece 5 can be externally fitted from both support portions 42a, 42b to the protection piece guide portions 43a, 43b, and
When the fitting is completed, as shown in FIG. 5, elastically deformed corresponding to the outer shapes of the support portions 42a and 42b, the protection piece guide portions 43a and 43b, and the ribs 45a and 45b,
The inner peripheral surface 51 has an inner diameter such that the inner peripheral surface 51 is brought into close contact with the support portions 42a and 42b, the protective piece guide portions 43a and 43b, and the ribs 45a and 45b to form a substantially rectangular tube shape. In addition, the protection piece 5 is fitted to the holding piece 4 and is supported by the support portions 42a, 42a.
b and the protection piece guide portions 43a and 43b, the hanging portion 41 and the locking claw 44 of the holding piece 4 are bent in a bent state.
It has such a length that it can be held in contact with a and 44b. Then, as shown in FIG. 5, the front portion of the protective piece 5 that covers the support portions 42a and 42b is the mounting portion 52, and the rear portion of the protective piece 5 that covers the protective piece guide portions 43a and 43b is the glass guide portion 53. Has been done. A holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver main body 1, a protective sheet 25 attached to the holding edge portion 1a,
The holding piece 4 and the protection piece 5 fitted onto the holding piece 4 constitute the holding section S of the second embodiment. Also, in the second embodiment as well, the holding means is constituted by the entire holding piece 4, and the protection piece 5 as a whole engages with the holding means to attach the protection piece 5 to the holding piece 4. The engaging means is configured to be immovable in the dimensional direction.

【0026】上記のように構成された本第二実施例のカ
ウルルーバにおいて、保護ピース5を挾持片4に嵌合固
定するには、挿入方向(図4中矢印方向)に保護ピース
5を移動し、挾持片4の保護ピース案内部43a,43
bの上面に保護ピース5の前端の内周面51を当接させ
て挿入方向に移動案内し、前記開口Oを介して保護ピー
ス5を挾持縁部1aと挾持片4との間に挿入して支持部
42a,42bから係止爪部44a,44bにかけて外
嵌する。このとき、前記挾持片4の保護ピース案内部4
3a,43bが挾持縁部1aから離れるよう傾斜して開
口O側に延びるため、前記保護ピース5を保護ピース案
内部43a,43bを介して前記開口Oから支持部42
a,42bへと容易に案内して挿入外嵌することができ
る。また、保護ピース5の外嵌に伴い、両支持部42
a,42bは保護ピース5に押圧されて互いに接近する
方向に撓んで保護ピース5の外嵌を許容する。よって、
保護ピース5を挾持片4に容易に外嵌することができ
る。
In the cowl louver of the second embodiment constructed as described above, in order to fit and fix the protective piece 5 to the holding piece 4, the protective piece 5 is moved in the insertion direction (the arrow direction in FIG. 4). , The protection piece guide portions 43a, 43 of the holding piece 4
The inner peripheral surface 51 at the front end of the protection piece 5 is brought into contact with the upper surface of b to guide the movement in the insertion direction, and the protection piece 5 is inserted between the holding edge portion 1a and the holding piece 4 through the opening O. Are externally fitted from the support portions 42a and 42b to the locking claw portions 44a and 44b. At this time, the protection piece guide portion 4 of the holding piece 4
Since 3a and 43b incline away from the holding edge portion 1a and extend toward the opening O side, the protection piece 5 is moved from the opening O to the support portion 42 through the protection piece guide portions 43a and 43b.
It is possible to easily guide to a and 42b and insert and fit externally. In addition, as the protective piece 5 is externally fitted, both support portions 42
The a and 42b are pressed by the protective piece 5 and are bent in a direction in which they approach each other to allow the protective piece 5 to be fitted. Therefore,
The protection piece 5 can be easily fitted on the holding piece 4.

【0027】そして、前記保護ピース5を挾持片4の支
持部42a,42bに沿って前記挿入方向に更に移動す
ると、保護ピース5の内周面51が挾持片4の支持部4
2a,42bに摺接して移動案内され、保護ピース5の
後端縁が係止爪44a,44bを超えて垂下部41後面
と係止爪44a,44bとの間で係止される。これによ
り、保護ピース5のうち支持部42a,42bを覆う部
分が載置部52を形成するとともに、保護ピース案内部
43a,43bを覆う部分がガラス案内部53を形成す
る。この挾持片4への保護ピース5の嵌合終了状態で
は、保護ピース5の前後両端面が挾持片4の垂下部41
と係止爪44a,44bとの間で係止保持され、挾持片
4に対する保護ピース5の前後方向の移動が規制され
る。また、前記保護ピース5の内周面51が挾持片4の
両支持部42a,42bの外側縁に係止されて挾持片4
に対する保護ピース5の左右方向の移動が規制される。
更に、保護ピース5の内周面51が挾持片4のリブ45
a,45b及び支持部42a,42b並びに保護ピース
案内部43a,43bに係止され、挾持片4に対する保
護ピース5の上下方向の移動が規制される。即ち、挾持
片4への保護ピース5の外嵌終了状態で、保護ピース5
は挾持片4に対し前後、左右及び上下方向の3次元方向
の移動を規制され、挾持片4に移動不能に固定される。
換言すれば、本第二実施例においても、前記挾持片4全
体が係止手段として作用するとともに、前記保護ピース
5全体が前記係止手段と係合して保護ピース5を3次元
方向に移動不能とする係合手段として作用する。
When the protection piece 5 is further moved in the inserting direction along the support portions 42a, 42b of the holding piece 4, the inner peripheral surface 51 of the protection piece 5 causes the support portion 4 of the holding piece 4 to move.
2a and 42b are slidably contacted and guided, and the rear end edge of the protective piece 5 exceeds the locking claws 44a and 44b and is locked between the rear surface of the hanging portion 41 and the locking claws 44a and 44b. Thus, the portion of the protective piece 5 that covers the support portions 42a and 42b forms the placing portion 52, and the portion that covers the protective piece guide portions 43a and 43b forms the glass guide portion 53. When the protection piece 5 is completely fitted to the holding piece 4, the front and rear end surfaces of the protection piece 5 have a hanging portion 41 of the holding piece 4.
And the locking claws 44a and 44b are locked and held, and the movement of the protective piece 5 with respect to the holding piece 4 in the front-rear direction is restricted. Further, the inner peripheral surface 51 of the protection piece 5 is locked to the outer edges of both supporting portions 42a, 42b of the holding piece 4 so that the holding piece 4 can be held.
The lateral movement of the protection piece 5 with respect to the is restricted.
Further, the inner peripheral surface 51 of the protection piece 5 is provided with the rib 45 of the holding piece 4.
a, 45b, the support portions 42a, 42b, and the protection piece guide portions 43a, 43b, and the vertical movement of the protection piece 5 with respect to the holding piece 4 is restricted. That is, in the state where the protection piece 5 has been fitted onto the holding piece 4, the protection piece 5
Is restricted from moving in the three-dimensional directions in the front-back, left-right, and up-down directions with respect to the holding piece 4, and is immovably fixed to the holding piece 4.
In other words, also in the second embodiment, the entire holding piece 4 acts as the locking means, and the entire protection piece 5 engages with the locking means to move the protection piece 5 in the three-dimensional direction. It acts as a disabling engagement means.

【0028】また、保護ピース5を挾持片4に外嵌して
挿入方向に移動するだけで、自動的に、保護ピース5が
挾持片4の垂下部41と係止爪44a,44bとの間に
保持固定されるとともに、両水平部42a,42b、保
護ピース案内部43a,43b及びリブ45a,45b
に係止され、挾持片4に保護ピース5を3次元方向への
移動不能、即ち離脱不能に固定できる。したがって、挾
持片4への保護ピース5の挿入、外嵌及び固定作業が連
続的に行なわれる結果、その作業性が向上する。また、
通常の使用状態において保護ピース5が挾持片4から離
脱したり位置ずれを起こしたりすることはない。
Further, the protective piece 5 is automatically fitted between the hanging portion 41 of the holding piece 4 and the locking claws 44a, 44b only by fitting the protective piece 5 onto the holding piece 4 and moving it in the inserting direction. Is fixed to the horizontal portions 42a and 42b, the protection piece guide portions 43a and 43b, and the ribs 45a and 45b.
The protection piece 5 can be fixed to the holding piece 4 so as to be immovable in the three-dimensional direction, that is, cannot be detached. Therefore, as a result of the insertion, external fitting and fixing work of the protection piece 5 to the holding piece 4 being performed continuously, the workability thereof is improved. Also,
In a normal use state, the protection piece 5 does not separate from the holding piece 4 or shift in position.

【0029】保護ピース5を挾持片4に外嵌固定した
ら、保護ピース5のガラス案内部53の上面をフロント
ガラスGの下側縁に当接させ、前記挾持縁部1aと挾持
片4に固定された保護ピース5との間でフロントガラス
Gを挾持するようカウルルーバを上方に押圧して移動す
る。すると、フロントガラスGの肉厚に対応して、前記
開口Oを拡げるよう挾持片4の両支持部42a,42b
が弾性変形して、挾持縁部1aと保護ピース5の載置部
52との間にフロントガラスGの下側縁部が圧入されて
挾持される。このとき、保護ピース5のガラス案内部5
3は、挾持片4の保護ピース案内部43a,43bに対
応して前記挾持縁部1aから離れるよう傾斜して開口O
側へ延びるため、開口Oを介して挾持縁部1aと保護ピ
ース5との間へ挿入されるフロントガラスGを案内して
その挿入を容易にする。その結果、フロントガラスG下
縁へのカウルルーバの取付作業が容易となりその作業性
が向上する。
After the protective piece 5 is fitted and fixed to the holding piece 4, the upper surface of the glass guide portion 53 of the protective piece 5 is brought into contact with the lower edge of the windshield G and fixed to the holding edge portion 1a and the holding piece 4. The cowl louver is pushed upward so as to hold the windshield G between it and the protected piece 5 thus moved. Then, both support portions 42a, 42b of the holding piece 4 are expanded so as to expand the opening O according to the thickness of the windshield G.
Elastically deforms, and the lower edge portion of the windshield G is press-fitted and held between the holding edge portion 1a and the mounting portion 52 of the protection piece 5. At this time, the glass guide portion 5 of the protection piece 5
The opening 3 is inclined so as to be separated from the holding edge portion 1a corresponding to the protection piece guide portions 43a and 43b of the holding piece 4.
Since it extends to the side, it guides the windshield G inserted between the holding edge portion 1a and the protective piece 5 through the opening O to facilitate the insertion. As a result, the work of attaching the cowl louver to the lower edge of the windshield G is facilitated and the workability thereof is improved.

【0030】また、前記硬質合成樹脂材からなる挾持片
4とフロントガラスGとの間に軟質材からなる保護ピー
ス5が介在されている。したがって、カウルルーバに寸
法精度のバラツキが生じる等して、フロントガラスGの
下側縁部のうち、一部の挾持部Sが挾持する部分にのみ
応力が加わるような場合、前記一部の挾持部Sの保護ピ
ース5が十分な柔軟性及び防振性を有してその応力集中
を吸収して緩和し、フロントガラスGの当該部分にその
応力集中の影響が及ぶことを防止する。
A protective piece 5 made of a soft material is interposed between the holding piece 4 made of the hard synthetic resin material and the windshield G. Therefore, when stress is applied only to a portion of the lower edge portion of the windshield G which is held by a part of the gripping part S due to variations in dimensional accuracy of the cowl louver, etc. The protective piece 5 of S has sufficient flexibility and vibration damping property to absorb and relax the stress concentration, and prevent the stress concentration from affecting the relevant portion of the windshield G.

【0031】このように、上記第二実施例のカウルルー
バは、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aと挾持片4と
の間の開口Oに軟質材からなる円筒状の保護ピース5を
挿入して挾持片4に外嵌するとともに、前記挾持片4の
垂下部41に一対の支持部42a,42bを挾持縁部1
aと略平行に形成して、各支持部42a,42bの先端
に前記挾持縁部1aから離れるよう傾斜して開口O側に
延び、前記挾持片4への前記保護ピース5の挿入を案内
する保護ピース案内部43a,43bを形成し、また、
各保護ピース案内部43a,43bの先端には係止爪4
4a,44bを形成して、保護ピース5の両端面を挾持
片4の垂下部41と係止爪44a,44bとの間で係止
保持するとともに、保護ピース5の内周面51を支持部
42a,42b、支持部42a,42b上面に形成され
たリブ45a,45b及び保護ピース案内部43a,4
3bで係止して、保護ピース5を挾持片4に対し3次元
方向の移動不能に固定したものである。
As described above, in the cowl louver of the second embodiment, the cylindrical protection piece 5 made of a soft material is inserted into the opening O between the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and the holding piece 4 to hold it. While being fitted onto the piece 4, a pair of supporting portions 42a and 42b are attached to the hanging portion 41 of the holding piece 4 to hold the holding edge portion 1.
It is formed substantially parallel to a and extends toward the opening O side at the tip of each of the support portions 42a and 42b so as to be separated from the holding edge portion 1a and guides the insertion of the protection piece 5 into the holding piece 4. Protective piece guide portions 43a and 43b are formed, and
A locking claw 4 is provided at the tip of each of the protection piece guide portions 43a and 43b.
4a, 44b are formed so that both end surfaces of the protective piece 5 are retained by being locked between the hanging portion 41 of the holding piece 4 and the locking claws 44a, 44b, and the inner peripheral surface 51 of the protective piece 5 is supported by the supporting portion. 42a, 42b, ribs 45a, 45b formed on the upper surfaces of the support parts 42a, 42b, and protection piece guide parts 43a, 4
The protective piece 5 is fixed to the holding piece 4 by being locked by 3b so as not to move in the three-dimensional direction.

【0032】したがって、上記第二実施例は、挾持片4
に保護ピース5を外嵌するときには、保護ピース案内部
43a,43bが挾持片4の水平部42a,42bへの
保護ピース5の外嵌を案内してその作業を容易にするた
め、その作業性が向上する。また、保護ピース5を水平
部42a,42bに外嵌して挿入方向に移動するだけ
で、自動的に、保護ピース5が挾持片4の垂下部41と
係止爪44a,44bとの間に保持固定されるととも
に、支持部42a,42b、リブ45a,45b及び保
護ピース案内部43a,43bに係止され、挾持片4に
保護ピース5を3次元方向への移動不能、即ち離脱不能
に固定できるため、挾持片4への保護ピース5の嵌合及
び固定作業が連続的に行なわれ、その作業性が向上する
とともに、通常の使用状態において保護ピース5が挾持
片4から離脱したり位置ずれを起こしたりすることはな
い。更に、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aと挾持片
4との間にフロントガラスGの下側縁部を挿入した状態
では、フロントガラスGと挾持片4との間に軟質材から
なる保護ピース5が介在し、寸法精度のバラツキが生じ
たとき等にフロントガラスGに加えられる応力集中を吸
収して緩和する。
Therefore, in the second embodiment, the holding piece 4 is used.
When the protective piece 5 is externally fitted to the above, the protective piece guide portions 43a and 43b guide the external fitting of the protective piece 5 to the horizontal portions 42a and 42b of the sandwiching piece 4 to facilitate the work, and therefore the workability is improved. Is improved. Further, the protective piece 5 is automatically fitted between the hanging portion 41 of the holding piece 4 and the locking claws 44a, 44b only by fitting the protective piece 5 onto the horizontal portions 42a, 42b and moving it in the inserting direction. The protective piece 5 is held and fixed, and is locked by the support portions 42a and 42b, the ribs 45a and 45b, and the protective piece guide portions 43a and 43b, so that the protective piece 5 cannot be moved in the three-dimensional direction, that is, cannot be detached. Therefore, the work of fitting and fixing the protection piece 5 to the holding piece 4 is continuously performed, the workability is improved, and the protection piece 5 separates from the holding piece 4 or is displaced during normal use. Will not cause. Further, when the lower edge of the windshield G is inserted between the holding edge 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and the holding piece 4, the protective piece 5 made of a soft material is placed between the windshield G and the holding piece 4. Absorbs the stress concentration applied to the windshield G when variations in dimensional accuracy occur, and relaxes.

【0033】図6は本発明の第三実施例の挾持部の分解
斜視図、図7は本発明の第三実施例の挾持部において挾
持片に保護ピースを嵌合した状態を示す断面図である。
本第三実施例は挾持片及び保護ピースの構成において上
記第一及び第二実施例と異なる。なお、図中、第一実施
例と同一符号及び同一記号は、第一実施例の構成部分と
同一または相当部分を示すものである。
FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view of a holding portion of a third embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 7 is a sectional view showing a state in which a holding piece is fitted with a protection piece in the holding portion of the third embodiment of the present invention. is there.
The third embodiment differs from the first and second embodiments in the structure of the holding piece and the protection piece. In the figure, the same reference numerals and symbols as those in the first embodiment indicate the same or corresponding portions as those of the first embodiment.

【0034】図において、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁
部1aの下面には、カウルルーバ本体1と同一の硬質合
成樹脂材からなる複数の本第三実施例の挾持片6が一定
間隔をおいて一体形成されている。前記挾持片6はカウ
ルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aとともに断面略コ字状を
なしている。即ち、各挾持片6の垂下部61には咳挾持
縁部1aと略平行に略四角板状の支持部62が形成さ
れ、支持部62の前端の上下両面には幅方向に沿って係
止溝63a,63bが形成されている。また、支持部6
2の係止溝63a,63b以外の部分の左右両側には係
止壁64a,64bが上下両面から突出形成されてい
る。そして、両係止壁64a,64b間の支持部62は
開口Oに向かって縮径する断面略台形状をなし、その上
面が前記カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aから離れる
よう傾斜して開口O側に延びている。即ち、本第三実施
例では、支持部62が保護ピース案内部として兼用され
ている。なお、前記挾持片6は厚さ方向に可撓性を有
し、弾性変形してその支持部62を前記挾持縁部1aに
対し接近離間可能である。
In the figure, a plurality of holding pieces 6 of the third embodiment made of the same hard synthetic resin material as the cowl louver body 1 are integrally formed on the lower surface of the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 at regular intervals. Has been done. The holding piece 6 and the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 have a substantially U-shaped cross section. That is, a substantially square plate-shaped support portion 62 is formed on the hanging portion 61 of each holding piece 6 substantially parallel to the cough holding edge portion 1a, and is locked on both upper and lower surfaces of the front end of the support portion 62 along the width direction. Grooves 63a and 63b are formed. Also, the support portion 6
Locking walls 64a and 64b are formed on both the left and right sides of the portion other than the two locking grooves 63a and 63b so as to project from both upper and lower surfaces. The supporting portion 62 between the locking walls 64a and 64b has a substantially trapezoidal cross section whose diameter decreases toward the opening O, and the upper surface of the supporting wall 62 is inclined so that the upper surface of the supporting wall 62 is separated from the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1. Extending to the side. That is, in the third embodiment, the support portion 62 is also used as the protection piece guide portion. The holding piece 6 has flexibility in the thickness direction, and is elastically deformable so that the support portion 62 can approach and separate from the holding edge portion 1a.

【0035】一方、前記挾持片6に嵌合される保護ピー
ス7は、熱可塑性ゴム等の軟質材にて形成されて、前記
挾持片6より十分大きな柔軟性及び防振性を有してい
る。前記保護ピース7は、上下一対の略四角板状の載置
部71a,71bの後端を接続部72で一体的に連結し
た断面略U字クリップ状をなし、各載置部71a,71
bの前端縁には、挾持片6への保護ピース7の嵌合状態
で、前記係止溝63a,63b内に挿着係止される掛止
鍵部73a,73bが互いに対向して突設されている。
また、各載置部71a,71bは、挾持片6への保護ピ
ース7の嵌合状態で、前記挾持片6の支持部62に挾持
状態で密接されるとともに、前記両係止壁64a,64
b間に係止保持されるようになっている。更に、保護ピ
ース7の上側の載置部71aの後端縁から接続部72に
わたる上面は、前記挾持縁部1aから離れるよう傾斜し
て開口O側へ延びるガラス案内面74を形成している。
そして、前記保護ピース7を両載置部71a,71bに
より挾持片6の支持部62を挾むよう挿入方向(図6中
矢印方向)に摺動させると、載置部71a,71b前端
の係止鍵部73a,73bが前記支持部62前端の係止
溝63a,63b内に挿着掛止されるよう構成されてい
る。
On the other hand, the protection piece 7 fitted to the holding piece 6 is made of a soft material such as thermoplastic rubber and has a sufficiently larger flexibility and vibration damping property than the holding piece 6. .. The protection piece 7 has a substantially U-shaped cross section in which rear ends of a pair of upper and lower substantially square plate-shaped mounting portions 71a and 71b are integrally connected by a connecting portion 72.
Locking key portions 73a and 73b, which are inserted and locked in the locking grooves 63a and 63b in a fitted state of the protection piece 7 to the holding piece 6, are provided at the front end edge of b so as to face each other. Has been done.
In addition, the mounting portions 71a and 71b are closely contacted with the support portion 62 of the holding piece 6 in the holding state while the protection piece 7 is fitted to the holding piece 6, and the locking walls 64a and 64 are provided.
It is designed such that it is locked and held between b. Further, the upper surface extending from the rear end edge of the mounting portion 71a on the upper side of the protective piece 7 to the connecting portion 72 forms a glass guide surface 74 which is inclined to be separated from the holding edge portion 1a and extends toward the opening O side.
When the protection piece 7 is slid in the insertion direction (the direction of the arrow in FIG. 6) so that the support portion 62 of the holding piece 6 is sandwiched by the two mounting portions 71a and 71b, the front ends of the mounting portions 71a and 71b are locked. The key portions 73a and 73b are configured to be inserted and locked in the locking grooves 63a and 63b at the front end of the support portion 62.

【0036】なお、前記挾持片6の支持部62上面が保
護ピース案内部を兼用して、前記挾持縁部1aから離れ
るよう傾斜して開口O側に延びるため、好ましくは、挾
持片6への保護ピース7の嵌合状態で、前記保護ピース
6の上側の載置部71aのうち前記ガラス案内面74を
除く上面が、全体としてカウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部
1aに向かって若干傾斜するよう、前記保護ピース7は
接続部72側を肉厚とした断面形状に形成される。しか
し、挾持縁部1aと挾持片6に嵌合された保護ピース7
との間でフロントガラスGの下側縁部を弾性的に挾持で
きる限りにおいて、保護ピース7を全体的に均一な肉厚
とする等、他の構成とすることも可能である。特に、前
記保護ピース7は軟質材で形成されるため、その断面形
状の多少の相違にかかわらず、自ら弾性変形することに
より挾持縁部1aとの間でフロントガラスGを挾持可能
である。
Since the upper surface of the support portion 62 of the holding piece 6 also serves as a protection piece guide portion and extends toward the opening O with an inclination away from the holding edge portion 1a, it is preferable that the holding piece 6 is supported. In the fitted state of the protective piece 7, the upper surface of the upper mounting portion 71a of the protective piece 6 excluding the glass guide surface 74 is slightly inclined as a whole toward the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver main body 1. The protection piece 7 is formed in a cross-sectional shape with the connecting portion 72 side being thick. However, the protection piece 7 fitted to the holding edge 1a and the holding piece 6
As long as the lower edge portion of the windshield G can be elastically held between the protective member 7 and the protective member 7, it is possible to adopt other configurations such as making the protective piece 7 have a uniform thickness as a whole. In particular, since the protective piece 7 is made of a soft material, it can elastically deform itself to hold the windshield G between the holding edge portion 1a regardless of the difference in cross-sectional shape.

【0037】前記カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1a、
挾持縁部1aに貼着された保護シート25、挾持片6及
び挾持片6に嵌合された保護ピース7から本第三実施例
の挾持部Sが構成されている。また、本第三実施例にお
いても、前記挾持片6全体により係止手段が構成される
とともに、前記保護ピース7全体により前記係止手段と
係合して挾持片6に対し保護ピース7を3次元方向に移
動不能とする係合手段が構成されている。
The holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1,
The holding sheet S attached to the holding edge portion 1a, the holding piece 6 and the protection piece 7 fitted to the holding piece 6 constitute the holding portion S of the third embodiment. Also, in the third embodiment as well, the holding means is constituted by the entire holding piece 6, and the protection piece 7 is fitted to the holding means 6 so that the protection piece 7 is attached to the holding piece 6. The engaging means is configured to be immovable in the dimensional direction.

【0038】上記のように構成された本第三実施例のカ
ウルルーバにおいて、保護ピース7を挾持片6に嵌合固
定するには、挿入方向に保護ピース7を移動し、挾持片
6の支持部62の後端縁の上下両面に、保護ピース7の
両掛止鍵部73a,73bを当接させて支持部62を挾
持し、前記支持部62を介して挿入方向に移動案内す
る。すると、保護ピース7の両載置部71a,71bは
挾持片6の支持部62への挿入に伴ない支持部62の肉
厚に対応して拡がるよう弾性変形する。その後、前記開
口Oを介して保護ピース7を挾持縁部1aと挾持片6と
の間に挿入していく。このとき、前記挾持片6の保護ピ
ース案内部を兼用する支持部62の上面が挾持縁部1a
から離れるよう傾斜して開口O側に延びるため、前記保
護ピース7を支持部62上面を介して前記開口Oから支
持部62へと容易に案内して挿入することができる。
In the cowl louver of the third embodiment constructed as described above, in order to fit and fix the protection piece 7 to the holding piece 6, the protection piece 7 is moved in the inserting direction to support the holding piece 6. Both locking key portions 73a and 73b of the protective piece 7 are brought into contact with the upper and lower surfaces of the rear end edge of the support 62 to hold the support portion 62, and the support portion 62 is guided to move in the insertion direction. Then, both the mounting portions 71a and 71b of the protection piece 7 elastically deform so as to expand corresponding to the thickness of the support portion 62 as the holding piece 6 is inserted into the support portion 62. After that, the protection piece 7 is inserted between the holding edge portion 1a and the holding piece 6 through the opening O. At this time, the upper surface of the support portion 62 that also serves as the protection piece guide portion of the holding piece 6 has the holding edge portion 1a.
The protective piece 7 can be easily guided and inserted from the opening O into the support portion 62 through the upper surface of the support portion 62 because the protection piece 7 is inclined to extend away from the opening O side.

【0039】そして、前記保護ピース7の両掛止鍵部7
3a,73bを挾持片6の支持部62の上下両面に摺接
させて前記挿入方向に更に移動すると、保護ピース7の
各載置部71a,71bの左右両側面が挾持片6の係止
壁64a,64bの内側面に摺接して、保護ピース7を
前記係止溝63a,63bへ移動案内する。そして、保
護ピース7の掛止鍵部73a,73bが挾持片6の係止
溝63a,63bの位置に来ると、前記両載置部71
a,71bはその弾性により形状復帰し、掛止鍵部73
a,73bが係止溝63a,63b内に挿着されて係止
保持され、挾持片6への保護ピース7の嵌合が終了す
る。
Then, both lock key portions 7 of the protection piece 7
When 3a and 73b are brought into sliding contact with the upper and lower surfaces of the support portion 62 of the holding piece 6 and further moved in the inserting direction, the left and right side surfaces of the respective mounting portions 71a and 71b of the protective piece 7 are locking walls of the holding piece 6. The protective piece 7 is slidably contacted with the inner side surfaces of 64a and 64b to guide the protection piece 7 to the locking grooves 63a and 63b. Then, when the locking key portions 73a, 73b of the protection piece 7 come to the positions of the locking grooves 63a, 63b of the holding piece 6, the both mounting portions 71 are placed.
The elasticity of a and 71b restores the shape thereof, and the latch key portion 73
The a and 73b are inserted into the locking grooves 63a and 63b and locked and held, and the fitting of the protective piece 7 to the holding piece 6 is completed.

【0040】この挾持片6への保護ピース7の嵌合終了
状態では、保護ピース7の掛止鍵部73a,73bが挾
持片6の係止溝63a,63b内に掛止されて、挾持片
6に対する保護ピース7の前後方向の移動が規制され
る。また、保護ピース7の載置部71a,71bが挾持
片6の係止壁64a,64b間に係止されて、挾持片6
に対する保護ピース7の左右方向の移動が規制される。
更に、保護ピース7の両載置部71a,71bが挾持片
6の支持部62を挾持する形で支持部62に係止され、
挾持片6に対する保護ピース7の上下方向の移動が規制
される。即ち、挾持片6への保護ピース7の嵌合終了状
態で、保護ピース7は挾持片6に対し前後、左右及び上
下方向の3次元方向の移動を規制され、挾持片6に移動
不能に固定される。換言すれば、本第三実施例において
も、前記挾持片6全体が係止手段として作用するととも
に、前記保護ピース7全体が前記係止手段と係合して保
護ピース7を3次元方向に移動不能とする係合手段とし
て作用する。
When the fitting of the protection piece 7 to the holding piece 6 is completed, the locking key portions 73a and 73b of the protection piece 7 are locked in the locking grooves 63a and 63b of the holding piece 6 to hold the holding piece. Movement of the protective piece 7 with respect to 6 in the front-back direction is restricted. Further, the mounting portions 71a and 71b of the protection piece 7 are locked between the locking walls 64a and 64b of the holding piece 6 to hold the holding piece 6 in place.
The lateral movement of the protection piece 7 with respect to the is restricted.
Further, both mounting portions 71a and 71b of the protection piece 7 are locked to the support portion 62 so as to hold the support portion 62 of the holding piece 6,
The vertical movement of the protection piece 7 with respect to the holding piece 6 is restricted. That is, when the protection piece 7 is fitted to the holding piece 6, the movement of the protection piece 7 in the three-dimensional directions of the front-back, left-right and up-down directions is restricted with respect to the holding piece 6, and the protection piece 7 is immovably fixed to the holding piece 6. To be done. In other words, also in the third embodiment, the entire holding piece 6 acts as the locking means, and the entire protection piece 7 engages with the locking means to move the protection piece 7 in the three-dimensional direction. It acts as a disabling engagement means.

【0041】また、保護ピース7を両載置部71a,7
1bにより挾持片6の支持部62を挾むよう挿入方向に
摺動するだけで、自動的に、保護ピース7の掛止鍵部7
3a,73bが挾持片6の係止溝63a,63b内に挿
着され、かつ、載置部71a,71bが係止壁64a,
64b間及び案内部62に係止され、挾持片6に保護ピ
ース7を3次元方向への移動不能、即ち離脱不能に固定
できる。したがって、挾持片6への保護ピース7の挿
入、嵌合及び固定作業が連続的に行なわれる結果、その
作業性が向上する。また、通常の使用状態において保護
ピース7が挾持片6から離脱したり位置ずれを起こした
りすることはない。
Further, the protection piece 7 is attached to both the mounting portions 71a, 7a.
By simply sliding the support portion 62 of the holding piece 6 in the insertion direction by 1b, the locking key portion 7 of the protection piece 7 is automatically moved.
3a and 73b are inserted into the engagement grooves 63a and 63b of the holding piece 6, and the mounting portions 71a and 71b are attached to the engagement walls 64a and
The protection piece 7 can be fixed to the holding piece 6 so as not to move in the three-dimensional direction, that is, to be detachable, by being locked between 64b and the guide portion 62. Therefore, as a result of the work of inserting, fitting and fixing the protection piece 7 into the holding piece 6 continuously, the workability thereof is improved. In addition, the protective piece 7 will not be disengaged from the holding piece 6 or will not be displaced during normal use.

【0042】保護ピース7を挾持片6に嵌合固定した
ら、保護ピース7のガラス案内面74をフロントガラス
Gの下側縁に当接させ、前記挾持縁部1aと挾持片6に
固定された保護ピース7との間でフロントガラスGを挾
持するようカウルルーバを上方に押圧して移動する。す
ると、フロントガラスGの肉厚に対応して、前記開口O
を拡げるよう挾持片6が弾性変形して、挾持縁部1aと
保護ピース7の上側の載置部71aとの間にフロントガ
ラスGの下側縁部が圧入されて挾持される。このとき、
保護ピース7のガラス案内面74が、開口Oを介して挾
持縁部1aと保護ピース7との間へ挿入されるフロント
ガラスGを案内してその挿入を容易にする。その結果、
フロントガラスG下縁へのカウルルーバの装着作業が容
易となりその作業性が向上する。
After the protection piece 7 is fitted and fixed to the holding piece 6, the glass guide surface 74 of the protection piece 7 is brought into contact with the lower edge of the windshield G and fixed to the holding edge portion 1a and the holding piece 6. The cowl louver is pushed upward to move the windshield G between the protection piece 7 and the protection piece 7. Then, according to the thickness of the windshield G, the opening O
The holding piece 6 is elastically deformed so as to expand, and the lower edge portion of the windshield G is press-fitted and held between the holding edge portion 1a and the upper mounting portion 71a of the protection piece 7. At this time,
The glass guide surface 74 of the protection piece 7 guides the windshield G inserted between the holding edge 1a and the protection piece 7 through the opening O to facilitate the insertion. as a result,
The work of attaching the cowl louver to the lower edge of the windshield G is facilitated and the workability thereof is improved.

【0043】また、前記硬質の合成樹脂材からなる挾持
片6とフロントガラスGとの間に軟質材からなる保護ピ
ース7が介在されている。したがって、カウルルーバに
寸法精度のバラツキが生じる等して、フロントガラスG
の下側縁部のうち、一部の挾持部Sが挾持する部分にの
み応力が加わるような場合、前記一部の挾持部Sの保護
ピース7が十分な柔軟性及び防振性を有してその応力集
中を吸収して緩和し、フロントガラスGの当該部分にそ
の応力集中の影響が及ぶことを防止する。
A protective piece 7 made of a soft material is interposed between the holding piece 6 made of the hard synthetic resin material and the windshield G. Therefore, due to variations in dimensional accuracy of the cowl louver, the windshield G
When stress is applied only to a portion of the lower side edge portion where the holding portion S holds, the protection piece 7 of the holding portion S has sufficient flexibility and vibration resistance. The stress concentration is absorbed and relaxed, and the influence of the stress concentration on the relevant portion of the windshield G is prevented.

【0044】このように、上記第三実施例のカウルルー
バは、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aと挾持片6と
の間の開口Oに軟質材からなる保護ピース7を挿入して
挾持片6に嵌合するとともに、前記挾持片6の垂下部6
1に支持部62を挾持縁部1aと略平行に形成し、支持
部62の上面を前記挾持縁部1aから離れるよう傾斜し
て開口O側に延びるよう形成して、前記挾持片6への前
記保護ピース7の挿入を案内する保護ピース案内部とし
て兼用し、前記挾持片6の支持部62の前端の上下両面
に左右方向に沿って係止溝63a,63bを形成し、支
持部62の左右両側に係止壁64a,64bを上下両面
に突設し、保護ピース7を上下一対の載置部71a,7
1b後端を接続部72で連結して断面略U字状とすると
ともに、その前端に前記係止溝63a,63b内に挿着
される掛止鍵部73a,73bを対向して突設し、保護
ピース7の載置部71a,71bを挾持片6の係止壁6
4a,64b間及び支持部62に係止して、保護ピース
7を挾持片6に対し3次元方向の移動不能に固定したも
のである。
As described above, in the cowl louver of the third embodiment, the protective piece 7 made of a soft material is inserted into the holding piece 6 into the opening O between the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and the holding piece 6. Fitting and hanging part 6 of the holding piece 6
1, a support portion 62 is formed substantially parallel to the holding edge portion 1a, and an upper surface of the support portion 62 is formed so as to extend toward the opening O side while being inclined away from the holding edge portion 1a. It also serves as a protection piece guide portion for guiding the insertion of the protection piece 7, and locking grooves 63a and 63b are formed in the left and right sides of the front end of the support portion 62 of the holding piece 6 along the left-right direction. Locking walls 64a, 64b are provided on both the left and right sides so as to project on the upper and lower surfaces, and the protection piece 7 is provided with a pair of upper and lower mounting portions 71a, 7b.
The rear end of 1b is connected by a connecting portion 72 to have a substantially U-shaped cross section, and locking key portions 73a and 73b inserted into the locking grooves 63a and 63b are provided at the front end thereof so as to face each other. , The mounting portions 71a and 71b of the protection piece 7 on the retaining wall 6 of the holding piece 6.
The protection piece 7 is fixed to the holding piece 6 so as to be immovable in the three-dimensional direction by being locked between the 4a and 64b and the support portion 62.

【0045】したがって、上記第三実施例は、挾持片6
に保護ピース7を嵌合するときには、支持部62の上面
が挾持片6への保護ピース7の挿入を案内してその作業
を容易にするため、その作業性が向上する。また、保護
ピース7を両載置部71a,71bにより挾持片6の支
持部62を挾むように挿入方向に摺動するだけで、自動
的に、保護ピース7の掛止鍵部73a,73bが挾持片
6の係止溝63a,63b内に挿着され、かつ、載置部
71a,71bが係止壁63a,63b間及び支持部6
2に係止され、挾持片6に保護ピース7を3次元方向へ
の移動不能、即ち離脱不能に固定できる。したがって、
挾持片6への保護ピース7の挿入、嵌合及び固定作業が
連続的に行なわれ、その作業性が向上するとともに、通
常の使用状態において保護ピース7が挾持片6から離脱
したり位置ずれを起こしたりすることはない。更に、カ
ウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aと挾持片6との間にフ
ロントガラスGの下側縁部を挿入した状態では、フロン
トガラスGと挾持片6の間に軟質材からなる保護ピース
7が介在し、寸法精度のバラツキが生じたとき等にフロ
ントガラスGに加えられる応力集中を吸収して緩和す
る。
Therefore, in the third embodiment, the holding piece 6 is used.
When the protection piece 7 is fitted to the support piece 62, the upper surface of the support portion 62 guides the insertion of the protection piece 7 into the holding piece 6 to facilitate the work, so that the workability is improved. Further, by sliding the protection piece 7 in the insertion direction so as to sandwich the support portion 62 of the holding piece 6 by both the mounting portions 71a and 71b, the locking key portions 73a and 73b of the protection piece 7 are automatically held. The mounting portions 71a and 71b are inserted into the locking grooves 63a and 63b of the piece 6, and the mounting portions 71a and 71b are disposed between the locking walls 63a and 63b and the support portion 6.
The protection piece 7 can be fixed to the holding piece 6 so as not to move in the three-dimensional direction, that is, to be detachable. Therefore,
Insertion, fitting, and fixing work of the protection piece 7 to the holding piece 6 are continuously performed, and the workability is improved, and the protection piece 7 is disengaged from the holding piece 6 or is displaced during normal use. It does not wake up. Further, when the lower edge of the windshield G is inserted between the holding edge 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and the holding piece 6, the protective piece 7 made of a soft material is placed between the windshield G and the holding piece 6. By interposing, stress concentration applied to the windshield G is absorbed and relieved when variations in dimensional accuracy occur.

【0046】ところで、上記第三実施例では、前記挾持
片6の支持部62の上下両面の前端に係止溝63a,6
3bを形成するとともに、支持部62の左右両側に係止
壁64a,64bを上下両面から突出するよう形成した
が、支持部62の上面または下面の一方において、前端
に係止溝を、左右両側に係止壁を形成することも可能で
ある。
By the way, in the third embodiment, the engaging grooves 63a, 6 are formed at the front ends of the upper and lower surfaces of the supporting portion 62 of the holding piece 6.
3b is formed, and locking walls 64a and 64b are formed on both left and right sides of the support portion 62 so as to project from both upper and lower surfaces. It is also possible to form a locking wall in the.

【0047】図8は本発明の第四実施例の挾持部の分解
斜視図、図9は本発明の第四実施例の挾持部において挾
持片に保護ピースを嵌合した状態を示す断面図である。
本第四実施例は挾持片及び保護ピースの構成において上
記第一乃至第三実施例と異なる。なお、図中、第一実施
例と同一符号及び同一記号は、第一実施例の構成部分と
同一または相当部分を示すものである。
FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view of the holding portion of the fourth embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 9 is a sectional view showing a state in which a holding piece is fitted with a protective piece in the holding portion of the fourth embodiment of the present invention. is there.
The fourth embodiment differs from the first to third embodiments in the configuration of the holding piece and the protection piece. In the figure, the same reference numerals and symbols as those in the first embodiment indicate the same or corresponding portions as those of the first embodiment.

【0048】図において、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁
部1aの下面には、カウルルーバ本体1と同一の硬質合
成樹脂材からなる複数の本第四実施例の挾持片8が一定
間隔をおいて一体形成されている。前記挾持片8はカウ
ルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aとともに断面略コ字状を
なしている。即ち、各挾持片8の垂下部81には前記挾
持縁部1aと略平行に略四角板状の支持部82が形成さ
れている。また、支持部82の後端縁の左右両角部には
一対の係止突部83a,83bが突設され、その間に収
容凹部84を形成している。更に、挾持片8の垂下部8
1の下端縁には所定寸法の係止孔85が穿設されてい
る。なお、支持部82は、好ましくはカウルルーバ本体
1の挾持縁部1aに向かって若干傾斜して開口O側に延
びている。また、前記挾持片8は厚さ方向に可撓性を有
し、弾性変形してその支持部82を挾持縁部1aに対し
接近離間可能である。
In the figure, a plurality of holding pieces 8 of the fourth embodiment made of the same hard synthetic resin material as that of the cowl louver body 1 are integrally formed on the lower surface of the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 at regular intervals. Has been done. The holding piece 8 and the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 have a substantially U-shaped cross section. That is, a substantially square plate-shaped support portion 82 is formed on the hanging portion 81 of each holding piece 8 substantially parallel to the holding edge portion 1a. Further, a pair of locking projections 83a and 83b are provided at both left and right corners of the rear end edge of the support portion 82, and a housing recess 84 is formed between them. Furthermore, the hanging part 8 of the holding piece 8
A locking hole 85 having a predetermined size is formed at the lower end edge of 1. The support portion 82 preferably extends slightly toward the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and extends toward the opening O side. Further, the holding piece 8 has flexibility in the thickness direction, and is elastically deformable so that the supporting portion 82 can be moved toward and away from the holding edge portion 1a.

【0049】一方、前記挾持片8に嵌合される保護ピー
ス9は、熱可塑性ゴム等の軟質材にて形成されて、前記
挾持片8より十分大きな柔軟性及び防振性を有してい
る。前記保護ピース9は、上下一対の略四角板状の載置
部91a,91bの後端を接続部92で一体的に連結し
た断面略U字クリップ状をなしている。下側の載置部9
1bの前端部には、上側の載置部91aより前方に突出
するとともに、下方に傾斜して延びる保護ピース案内部
93が形成されている。また、上側の載置部91aの前
端縁には掛止部94が突出形成されている。前記掛止部
94はその厚さ方向に可撓性を有するとともに、掛止部
94の前端には挾持片8の係止孔85と略同一幅及び係
合可能な高さの爪94aが形成されるとともに、爪94
aの上面はテーパ面94bとされ、挾持片8への保護ピ
ース9の嵌合状態で、爪94aが前記係止孔85に挿着
係止されるようになっている。そして、挾持片8への保
護ピース9の嵌合状態で、両載置部91a,91bが前
記挾持片8の支持部82を挾持するとともに、接続部9
2が前記両係止突部83a,83b間の収容凹部84内
に係止保持されるようになっている。更に、前記保護ピ
ース9を両載置部91a,91bにより挾持片8の支持
部82を挾むよう挿入方向(図8中矢印方向)に摺動さ
せると、前記掛止部94先端の爪94aのテーパ面94
bが前記係止孔85の上縁に当接して掛止部94が弾性
変形し、爪94aが係止孔85を乗越えて係止孔85内
に挿着され、挾持片8への保護ピース9の嵌合状態で、
係止孔85の上縁における垂下部81の前面に掛止部9
4の爪94aが掛止されるよう構成されている。なお、
保護ピース9の上側の載置部91aの後端縁から接続部
92にわたる上面は、前記挾持縁部1aから離れるよう
傾斜して開口O側へ延びるガラス案内面95を形成して
いる。
On the other hand, the protection piece 9 fitted to the holding piece 8 is made of a soft material such as thermoplastic rubber and has a sufficiently greater flexibility and vibration damping property than the holding piece 8. .. The protection piece 9 has a substantially U-shaped cross section in which rear ends of a pair of upper and lower substantially square plate-shaped mounting portions 91a and 91b are integrally connected by a connecting portion 92. Lower mount 9
A protection piece guide portion 93 is formed at the front end portion of 1b so as to project forward from the upper mounting portion 91a and extend while being inclined downward. Further, a hooking portion 94 is formed so as to project on the front end edge of the upper placing portion 91a. The hooking portion 94 has flexibility in its thickness direction, and a pawl 94a having a width substantially the same as and engaging with the locking hole 85 of the holding piece 8 is formed at the front end of the hooking portion 94. With the nail 94
The upper surface of a is a tapered surface 94b, and the claw 94a is inserted and locked in the locking hole 85 when the protection piece 9 is fitted to the holding piece 8. Then, in the fitted state of the protection piece 9 to the holding piece 8, both the mounting portions 91a and 91b hold the supporting portion 82 of the holding piece 8 and the connecting portion 9
2 is locked and held in the accommodation recess 84 between the locking projections 83a and 83b. Further, when the protective piece 9 is slid in the insertion direction (the direction of the arrow in FIG. 8) so as to sandwich the support portion 82 of the holding piece 8 by both the mounting portions 91a and 91b, the claw 94a at the tip of the hooking portion 94 is moved. Taper surface 94
b is brought into contact with the upper edge of the locking hole 85 and the hooking portion 94 is elastically deformed, and the claw 94a moves over the locking hole 85 and is inserted into the locking hole 85 to protect the holding piece 8. In the mated state of 9,
The hook portion 9 is provided on the front surface of the hanging portion 81 at the upper edge of the locking hole 85.
The four claws 94a are configured to be hooked. In addition,
The upper surface of the protective piece 9 extending from the rear end edge of the upper mounting portion 91a to the connecting portion 92 forms a glass guide surface 95 that extends toward the opening O while being inclined away from the holding edge portion 1a.

【0050】前記カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1a、
挾持縁部1aに貼着された保護シート25、挾持片8及
び挾持片8に嵌合された保護ピース9から本第四実施例
の挾持部Sが構成されている。また、本第四実施例にお
いても、前記挾持片8全体により係止手段が構成される
とともに、前記保護ピース9全体により前記係止手段と
係合して挾持片8に対し保護ピース9を3次元方向に移
動不能とする係合手段が構成されている。
The holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1,
The holding sheet S attached to the holding edge portion 1a, the holding piece 8 and the protection piece 9 fitted to the holding piece 8 constitute the holding portion S of the fourth embodiment. Also, in the fourth embodiment as well, locking means is constituted by the entire holding piece 8 and the protection piece 9 is engaged with the locking means as a whole so that the protection piece 9 is attached to the holding piece 8. The engaging means is configured to be immovable in the dimensional direction.

【0051】上記のように構成された本第四実施例のカ
ウルルーバにおいて、保護ピース9を挾持片8に嵌合固
定するには、挿入方向に保護ピース9を移動し、挾持片
8の支持部82の後端縁の下面に、保護ピース9の保護
ピース案内部93を当接させて挿入方向に移動案内し、
前記開口Oを介して保護ピース9を挾持縁部1aと挾持
片8との間に挿入していく。このとき、前記保護ピース
9の保護ピース案内部93が下方に傾斜して延びるた
め、前記保護ピース9を保護ピース案内部93を介して
前記開口Oから挾持片8の支持部82へと容易に案内し
て挿入することができる。
In the cowl louver of the fourth embodiment constructed as described above, in order to fit and secure the protection piece 9 to the holding piece 8, the protection piece 9 is moved in the inserting direction to support the holding piece 8. The protective piece guide portion 93 of the protective piece 9 is brought into contact with the lower surface of the rear edge of the 82 to guide the movement in the insertion direction,
The protection piece 9 is inserted between the holding edge portion 1a and the holding piece 8 through the opening O. At this time, since the protection piece guide portion 93 of the protection piece 9 is inclined and extends downward, the protection piece 9 can be easily moved from the opening O to the support portion 82 of the holding piece 8 via the protection piece guide portion 93. Can be guided and inserted.

【0052】そして、前記保護ピース9の載置部91
a,91bを挾持片8の支持部82の上下両面に摺接さ
せて前記挿入方向に更に移動すると、保護ピース9の掛
止部94の爪94aのテーパ面94bが、挾持片8の係
止孔85の直前位置で係止孔85の上縁に当接して、爪
94aが係止孔85を乗越えるとともに掛止部94がそ
の可撓性により下側に弾性変形して係止孔85内に挿入
される。係止孔85内に挿入されると同時に、前記掛止
部94はその弾性により形状復帰し、先端の爪94aが
係止孔85の上縁における垂下部81の前面に掛止され
る。
Then, the mounting portion 91 of the protection piece 9
When a and 91b are slidably brought into contact with the upper and lower surfaces of the support portion 82 of the holding piece 8 and further moved in the insertion direction, the tapered surface 94b of the claw 94a of the hooking portion 94 of the protection piece 9 causes the holding piece 8 to be locked. The claw 94a rides on the upper edge of the locking hole 85 immediately before the hole 85, the claw 94a moves over the locking hole 85, and the hooking portion 94 is elastically deformed downward due to its flexibility and the locking hole 85 is formed. Inserted inside. At the same time as being inserted into the locking hole 85, the hooking portion 94 returns to its shape due to its elasticity, and the claw 94a at the tip is hooked on the front surface of the hanging portion 81 at the upper edge of the locking hole 85.

【0053】この挾持片8への保護ピース9の嵌合終了
状態では、保護ピース9の掛止部94の爪94aが挾持
片8の係止孔85上縁の垂下部81の前面に掛止され、
かつ、保護ピース9の上側の載置部91aが垂下部81
に係止されるとともに、保護ピース9の接続部92が挾
持片8の係止突部83a,83b間の収容凹部84内に
係止され、挾持片8に対する保護ピース9の前後方向の
移動が規制される。また、前記保護ピース9の接続部9
2が挾持片8の両係止突部83a,83b間に係止され
て挾持片8に対する保護ピース9の左右方向の移動が規
制される。更に、前記保護ピース9の両載置部91a,
91bが挾持片8の支持部82を挾持して係止され、挾
持片8に対する保護ピース9の上下方向の移動が規制さ
れる。即ち、挾持片8への保護ピース9の嵌合終了状態
で、保護ピース9は挾持片8に対し前後、左右及び上下
方向の3次元方向の移動を規制され、挾持片8に移動不
能に固定される。換言すれば、本第四実施例において
も、前記挾持片8全体が係止手段として作用するととも
に、前記保護ピース9全体が前記係止手段と係合して保
護ピース9を3次元方向に移動不能とする係合手段とし
て作用する。
When the protection piece 9 is completely fitted into the holding piece 8, the claw 94a of the hooking portion 94 of the protection piece 9 is hooked on the front surface of the hanging portion 81 of the upper edge of the locking hole 85 of the holding piece 8. Was
In addition, the mounting portion 91a on the upper side of the protection piece 9 is the hanging portion 81.
And the connecting portion 92 of the protective piece 9 is locked in the accommodating concave portion 84 between the locking projections 83a and 83b of the holding piece 8, so that the protective piece 9 can be moved in the front-back direction with respect to the holding piece 8. Regulated. Further, the connection portion 9 of the protection piece 9
2 is locked between both locking projections 83a and 83b of the holding piece 8 to restrict the lateral movement of the protective piece 9 with respect to the holding piece 8. Further, both mounting portions 91a of the protection piece 9,
91b holds and holds the support portion 82 of the holding piece 8 and restricts the vertical movement of the protective piece 9 with respect to the holding piece 8. That is, in the state where the protection piece 9 is fitted to the holding piece 8, the movement of the protection piece 9 in the three-dimensional directions of the front-back, left-right and up-down directions is restricted with respect to the holding piece 8 and fixed to the holding piece 8 immovably. To be done. In other words, also in the fourth embodiment, the entire holding piece 8 acts as the locking means, and the entire protection piece 9 engages with the locking means to move the protection piece 9 in the three-dimensional direction. It acts as a disabling engagement means.

【0054】また、前記保護ピース9を両載置部91
a,91b間に挾持片8の支持部82を挾むよう挿入方
向に摺動するだけで、自動的に、保護ピース9の掛止部
94の爪94aが挾持片8の係止孔85内に挿着され、
かつ、載置部91a,91bが支持部82に、接続部9
2が両係止突部83a,83b間及び収容凹部84内に
係止され、挾持片8に保護ピース9を3次元方向への移
動不能、即ち離脱不能に固定できる。したがって、挾持
片8への保護ピース9の挿入、嵌合及び固定作業が連続
的に行なわれる結果、その作業性が向上する。また、通
常の使用状態において保護ピース9が挾持片8から離脱
したり位置ずれを起こしたりすることはない。
In addition, the protection pieces 9 are placed on both mounting portions 91.
By simply sliding the support portion 82 of the holding piece 8 between a and 91b in the insertion direction, the claw 94a of the hooking portion 94 of the protection piece 9 is automatically inserted into the locking hole 85 of the holding piece 8. Inserted,
Moreover, the mounting portions 91a and 91b are connected to the support portion 82 and the connection portion 9
2 is locked between both the locking projections 83a and 83b and in the housing recess 84, so that the protection piece 9 can be fixed to the holding piece 8 so that it cannot be moved in the three-dimensional direction, that is, cannot be separated. Therefore, as a result of the work of inserting, fitting and fixing the protection piece 9 into the holding piece 8 continuously, the workability thereof is improved. In addition, the protective piece 9 does not separate from the holding piece 8 or move out of position during normal use.

【0055】保護ピース9を挾持片8に嵌合固定した
ら、保護ピース9のガラス案内面95をフロントガラス
Gの下側縁に当接させ、前記挾持縁部1aと挾持片8に
固定された保護ピース9との間でフロントガラスGを挾
持するようカウルルーバを上方に押圧して移動する。す
ると、フロントガラスGの肉厚に対応して、前記開口O
を拡げるよう挾持片8の支持部82が弾性変形して、挾
持縁部1aと保護ピース9の上側の載置部91aとの間
にフロントガラスGの下側縁部が圧入されて挾持され
る。このとき、保護ピース9の保護ピース案内部93
が、開口Oを介して挾持縁部1aと保護ピース9との間
へ挿入されるフロントガラスGを案内してその挿入を容
易にする。その結果、フロントガラスG下縁へのカウル
ルーバの装着作業が容易となりその作業性が向上する。
When the protective piece 9 is fitted and fixed to the holding piece 8, the glass guide surface 95 of the protective piece 9 is brought into contact with the lower edge of the windshield G and fixed to the holding edge portion 1a and the holding piece 8. The cowl louver is pushed upward so as to hold the windshield G with the protection piece 9 and moved. Then, according to the thickness of the windshield G, the opening O
The supporting portion 82 of the holding piece 8 is elastically deformed so as to widen, and the lower edge portion of the windshield G is press-fitted and held between the holding edge portion 1a and the upper mounting portion 91a of the protection piece 9. .. At this time, the protective piece guide portion 93 of the protective piece 9
Guides the windshield G inserted between the holding edge portion 1a and the protective piece 9 through the opening O to facilitate the insertion. As a result, the work of attaching the cowl louver to the lower edge of the windshield G is facilitated and the workability is improved.

【0056】また、前記硬質の合成樹脂材からなる挾持
片8とフロントガラスGとの間に軟質材からなる保護ピ
ース9が介在されている。したがって、カウルルーバに
製品寸法のバラツキが生じる等して、フロントガラスG
の下側縁部のうち、一部の挾持部Sが挾持する部分にの
み応力が加わるような場合、前記一部の挾持部Sの保護
ピース9が十分な柔軟性及び防振性を有してその応力集
中を吸収して緩和し、フロントガラスGの当該部分にそ
の応力集中の影響が及ぶことを防止する。
A protective piece 9 made of a soft material is interposed between the holding piece 8 made of the hard synthetic resin material and the windshield G. Therefore, due to variations in the product dimensions of the cowl louver, the windshield G
In the case where a stress is applied only to a portion of the lower edge portion where the holding portion S holds, the protection piece 9 of the holding portion S has sufficient flexibility and vibration resistance. The stress concentration is absorbed and relaxed, and the influence of the stress concentration on the relevant portion of the windshield G is prevented.

【0057】このように、上記第四実施例のカウルルー
バは、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aと挾持片8と
の間の開口Oに軟質材からなる保護ピース9を挿入して
挾持片に嵌合するとともに、保護ピース9を上下一対の
載置部91a,91b後端を接続部92で連結して断面
略U字状とし、前記保護ピース9の下側の載置部91b
の前端に下方に向かって傾斜して前記挾持片8への前記
保護ピース9の挿入を案内する保護ピース案内部93を
形成し、前記挾持片8の垂下部81に支持部82を挾持
縁部1aと略平行に形成して、前記挾持片8の垂下部8
1の下端縁に係止孔85を穿設するとともに、保護ピー
ス9の前端縁に前記挾持片8の係止孔85内に挿着され
て垂下部81の係止孔85上縁に掛止される掛止部94
を形成し、保護ピース9の両載置部91a,91bを挾
持片8の支持部82に、接続部92を係止突部83a,
83b間及び収容凹部84内に係止して、保護ピース9
を挾持片8に対し3次元方向の移動不能に固定したもの
である。
As described above, in the cowl louver of the fourth embodiment, the protective piece 9 made of a soft material is inserted into the opening O between the holding edge portion 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and the holding piece 8 to fit the holding piece. In addition, the protection piece 9 has a pair of upper and lower mounting portions 91a and 91b whose rear ends are connected by a connecting portion 92 to have a substantially U-shaped cross section, and the mounting portion 91b below the protective piece 9 is connected.
A protection piece guide portion 93 that guides the insertion of the protection piece 9 into the holding piece 8 is formed at the front end of the holding piece 8 and a supporting portion 82 is provided in a hanging portion 81 of the holding piece 8. 1a, formed substantially parallel to each other, and the hanging portion 8 of the holding piece 8
1 has a locking hole 85 formed at the lower end edge thereof, and is inserted into the locking hole 85 of the holding piece 8 at the front end edge of the protective piece 9 so as to be hooked at the upper edge of the locking hole 85 of the hanging portion 81. Hook 94
The mounting portions 91a and 91b of the protection piece 9 are connected to the support portion 82 of the holding piece 8 and the connection portion 92 is connected to the locking projection 83a.
The protective piece 9 is locked between the 83b and the accommodation recess 84.
Is fixed to the holding piece 8 so as not to move in the three-dimensional direction.

【0058】したがって、上記第四実施例は、挾持片8
に保護ピース9を嵌合するときには、保護ピース案内部
93が挾持片8への保護ピース9の挿入を案内してその
作業を容易にするため、その作業性が向上する。また、
保護ピース9を挾持片8の支持部82を挾持するように
挿入方向に摺動するだけで、自動的に、保護ピース9の
掛止部94の爪94aが挾持片8の係止孔85内に挿着
され、かつ、載置部91a,91bが支持部82に、接
続部92が係止突部83a,83b間及び収容凹部84
内に係止される。したがって、挾持片8に保護ピース9
を3次元方向への移動不能、即ち離脱不能に固定できる
ため、挾持片8への保護ピース9の挿入、嵌合及び固定
作業が連続的に行なわれ、その作業性が向上するととも
に、通常の使用状態において保護ピース9が挾持片8か
ら離脱したり位置ずれを起こしたりすることはない。更
に、カウルルーバ本体1の挾持縁部1aと挾持片8との
間にフロントガラスGの下側縁部を挿入した状態では、
フロントガラスGと挾持片8との間に軟質材からなる保
護ピース9が介在し、寸法精度のバラツキが生じたとき
等にフロントガラスGに加えられる応力集中を吸収して
緩和する。
Therefore, in the fourth embodiment, the holding piece 8 is used.
When the protective piece 9 is fitted to the protective piece guide portion 93, the protective piece guide portion 93 guides the insertion of the protective piece 9 into the holding piece 8 to facilitate the work, so that the workability is improved. Also,
By simply sliding the protection piece 9 in the inserting direction so as to hold the support portion 82 of the holding piece 8, the claw 94a of the hooking portion 94 of the protection piece 9 is automatically inserted into the locking hole 85 of the holding piece 8. The mounting portions 91a and 91b are attached to the support portion 82, the connection portion 92 is disposed between the locking projections 83a and 83b, and the housing recess 84.
Locked inside. Therefore, the holding piece 8 and the protection piece 9
Can be fixed immovably in the three-dimensional direction, that is, cannot be detached, so that the work of inserting, fitting and fixing the protective piece 9 to the holding piece 8 is continuously performed, and the workability is improved and In the use state, the protection piece 9 does not separate from the holding piece 8 or shift in position. Furthermore, in the state where the lower edge of the windshield G is inserted between the holding edge 1a of the cowl louver body 1 and the holding piece 8,
A protective piece 9 made of a soft material is interposed between the windshield G and the holding piece 8 to absorb and reduce stress concentration applied to the windshield G when variations in dimensional accuracy occur.

【0059】[0059]

【発明の効果】以上のように、本発明のカウルルーバ
は、カウルルーバ本体の挾持縁部と挾持片との間の開口
に軟質材からなる保護ピースを挿入して挾持片に嵌合す
るとともに、挾持片及び保護ピースのいずれか一方に、
前記挾持片への前記保護ピースの挿入を案内する案内部
を形成し、前記挾持片に係止手段を形成し、前記挾持片
に保護ピースを挿入及び嵌合終了したときに前記係止手
段と係合して、前記挾持片に対し前記保護ピースを3次
元方向に移動不能に固定する係合手段を前記保護ピース
に形成したものであるであるから、挾持片に保護ピース
を嵌合するときには、案内部が挾持片への保護ピースの
挿入を案内してその作業を容易にするとともに、挾持片
に保護ピースを嵌合終了したときに、係合手段が係止手
段と自動的に係合して、挾持片に対する保護ピースの3
次元方向の移動を規制し、挾持片からの保護ピースの離
脱を防止する。また、カウルルーバ本体の挾持縁部と挾
持片との間にフロントガラスの下側縁部を挿入した状態
では、フロントガラスと挾持片との間に軟質材からなる
保護ピースが介在しているので、寸法精度のバラツキ等
が生じた場合でも、フロントガラスに加えられる応力集
中を吸収して緩和できる。
As described above, according to the cowl louver of the present invention, the protective piece made of a soft material is inserted into the opening between the holding edge portion and the holding piece of the cowl louver body to fit the holding piece. Either one of the piece and the protective piece,
A guide portion is formed to guide the insertion of the protection piece into the holding piece, a locking means is formed in the holding piece, and the locking means is formed when the protection piece is inserted and fitted in the holding piece. Since the protective piece is formed with engaging means for engaging and fixing the protection piece to the holding piece so as not to move in the three-dimensional direction, when the protection piece is fitted to the holding piece. , The guide part guides the insertion of the protection piece into the holding piece to facilitate the work, and when the protection piece is fitted to the holding piece, the engagement means automatically engages with the locking means. Then, 3 of the protection piece against the holding piece
It regulates the movement in the dimensional direction and prevents the protective piece from coming off the holding piece. Also, in the state where the lower edge of the windshield is inserted between the holding edge portion and the holding piece of the cowl louver body, since the protective piece made of a soft material is interposed between the windshield and the holding piece, Even if the dimensional accuracy varies, the stress concentration applied to the windshield can be absorbed and alleviated.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】図1は本発明の第一実施例のカウルルーバの部
分斜視図である。
FIG. 1 is a partial perspective view of a cowl louver according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】図2は本発明の第一実施例の挾持部の分解斜視
図である。
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a holding portion according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

【図3】図3は本発明の第一実施例の挾持部において挾
持片に保護ピースを嵌合した状態を示す断面図である。
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which a protective piece is fitted to the holding piece in the holding portion of the first embodiment of the present invention.

【図4】図4は本発明の第二実施例の挾持部の分解斜視
図である。
FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of a holding portion according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

【図5】図5は本発明の第二実施例の挾持部において挾
持片に保護ピースを外嵌した状態を示す斜視図である。
FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing a state in which a protective piece is externally fitted to a holding piece in a holding portion of a second embodiment of the present invention.

【図6】図6は本発明の第三実施例の挾持部の分解斜視
図である。
FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view of a holding portion according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

【図7】図7は本発明の第三実施例の挾持部において挾
持片に保護ピースを嵌合した状態を示す断面図である。
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which a protection piece is fitted to a holding piece in a holding portion of a third embodiment of the present invention.

【図8】図8は本発明の第四実施例の挾持部の分解斜視
図である。
FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view of a holding portion according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

【図9】図9は本発明の第四実施例の挾持部において挾
持片に保護ピースを嵌合した状態を示す断面図である。
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which a protective piece is fitted to a holding piece in a holding portion of a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

【符号の説明】 1 カウルルーバ本体 1a 挾持縁部 2 挾持片(係止手段) 3 保護ピース(係合手段) 4 挾持片(係止手段) 5 保護ピース(係合手段) 6 挾持片(係止手段) 7 保護ピース(係合手段) 8 挾持片(係止手段) 9 保護ピース(係合手段) 23 保護ピース案内部(案内部) 43a 保護ピース案内部(案内部) 43b 保護ピース案内部(案内部) 62 支持部(案内部) 93 保護ピース案内部 O 開口[Explanation of Codes] 1 Cowl louver body 1a Holding edge 2 Holding piece (locking means) 3 Protective piece (engaging means) 4 Holding piece (locking means) 5 Protective piece (engaging means) 6 Holding piece (locking) 7) Protective piece (engaging means) 8 Clamping piece (locking means) 9 Protective piece (engaging means) 23 Protective piece guide part (guide part) 43a Protective piece guide part (guide part) 43b Protective piece guide part ( Guide part) 62 Support part (guide part) 93 Protective piece guide part O Open

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (72)発明者 市岡 徹美 愛知県西春日井郡春日町大字落合字長畑1 番地 豊田合成株式会社内 (72)発明者 毛受 義博 愛知県西春日井郡春日町大字落合字長畑1 番地 豊田合成株式会社内 (72)発明者 福田 金昇 愛知県豊田市トヨタ町1番地 トヨタ自動 車株式会社内 ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of the front page (72) Inventor Tetsumi Ichioka, Nagasaki, Kasuga-cho, Nishikasugai-gun, Aichi No. 1 Nagahata, Ochiai Gosei Co., Ltd. No. 1 in Toyota Gosei Co., Ltd. (72) Inventor Kinnobu Fukuda No. 1 Toyota-cho, Toyota-shi, Aichi Toyota Motor Co., Ltd.

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 一側縁に挾持縁部を有するカウルルーバ
    本体と、 前記カウルルーバ本体の挾持縁部に対向して一体形成さ
    れ、前記挾持縁部との間に開口を形成する挾持片と、 前記開口内に挿入されるとともに前記挾持片に嵌合され
    る軟質材からなる保護ピースと、 前記挾持片及び保護ピースのいずれか一方に形成され、
    前記挾持片への前記保護ピースの挿入を案内する案内部
    と、 前記挾持片に形成された係止手段と、 前記保護ピースに形成され、前記挾持片に保護ピースを
    挿入及び嵌合終了したときに前記係止手段と係合し、前
    記挾持片に対し前記保護ピースを3次元方向に移動不能
    に固定する係合手段とを具備することを特徴とするカウ
    ルルーバ。
    1. A cowl louver body having a holding edge portion on one side edge, and a holding piece integrally formed to face the holding edge portion of the cowl louver body and forming an opening between the holding edge portion and the holding edge portion. A protection piece made of a soft material that is inserted into the opening and fitted to the holding piece, and is formed on either one of the holding piece and the protection piece,
    A guide part for guiding the insertion of the protection piece into the holding piece, a locking means formed in the holding piece, and a protection piece formed in the protection piece, when the protection piece has been inserted and fitted to the holding piece. A cowl louver, further comprising: engagement means that engages with the locking means and fixes the protection piece immovably in the three-dimensional direction with respect to the holding piece.
JP3150245A 1991-06-21 1991-06-21 Cowl louver Expired - Fee Related JP2848026B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP3150245A JP2848026B2 (en) 1991-06-21 1991-06-21 Cowl louver

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP3150245A JP2848026B2 (en) 1991-06-21 1991-06-21 Cowl louver

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH05278635A true JPH05278635A (en) 1993-10-26
JP2848026B2 JP2848026B2 (en) 1999-01-20

Family

ID=15492737

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP3150245A Expired - Fee Related JP2848026B2 (en) 1991-06-21 1991-06-21 Cowl louver

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2848026B2 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6213541B1 (en) * 1999-08-20 2001-04-10 Textron Automotive Company Cowl assembly
KR100324696B1 (en) * 1999-12-31 2002-02-27 이계안 Cowl top cover for vehicle
US6520566B2 (en) * 2000-11-23 2003-02-18 Hyundai Motor Company Structure coupling a crash pad assembly and a cowl pad assembly of a vehicle
KR100428388B1 (en) * 2001-07-21 2004-04-28 현대자동차주식회사 Cowl top cover upper end support means of automobile
KR100661286B1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2006-12-26 (주)세원이엔아이 Automotive cowl top cover structure
JP2007145167A (en) * 2005-11-28 2007-06-14 Nippon Plast Co Ltd Seal structure of cowl top cover
JP2009143530A (en) * 2007-12-14 2009-07-02 Hyundai Motor Co Ltd Assembling type cowl top cover
GB2467230B (en) * 2009-01-23 2011-02-23 Nihon Plast Co Ltd Structure of mounting cowl top cover

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS538627U (en) * 1976-07-07 1978-01-25

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS538627U (en) * 1976-07-07 1978-01-25

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6213541B1 (en) * 1999-08-20 2001-04-10 Textron Automotive Company Cowl assembly
KR100324696B1 (en) * 1999-12-31 2002-02-27 이계안 Cowl top cover for vehicle
US6520566B2 (en) * 2000-11-23 2003-02-18 Hyundai Motor Company Structure coupling a crash pad assembly and a cowl pad assembly of a vehicle
KR100428388B1 (en) * 2001-07-21 2004-04-28 현대자동차주식회사 Cowl top cover upper end support means of automobile
JP2007145167A (en) * 2005-11-28 2007-06-14 Nippon Plast Co Ltd Seal structure of cowl top cover
JP4684088B2 (en) * 2005-11-28 2011-05-18 日本プラスト株式会社 Cowl top cover seal structure
KR100661286B1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2006-12-26 (주)세원이엔아이 Automotive cowl top cover structure
JP2009143530A (en) * 2007-12-14 2009-07-02 Hyundai Motor Co Ltd Assembling type cowl top cover
GB2467230B (en) * 2009-01-23 2011-02-23 Nihon Plast Co Ltd Structure of mounting cowl top cover

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2848026B2 (en) 1999-01-20

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP0795090B1 (en) Mounting clip
US4696128A (en) Device for securing molding of automobile door
JP4870488B2 (en) High fixing strength fixture
US5636891A (en) Adjustable fastener
CA1292261C (en) Glass window for motor vehicles
US5390876A (en) Holder for fixing wiring harness and the like to automobile body
US6141837A (en) EDIAS clip for securing an interior molding to a vehicle frame
US6592164B2 (en) Automotive exterior member mounting construction and automobile
CA2036802C (en) Grill fitting structure of an automobile
JP2005016718A (en) Insert molding seal plate fastener of metal/plastic
US7222906B2 (en) Mounting structure for console
KR100374164B1 (en) Sun Visor Clip Assemblies and Rivet Type Fasteners
KR100808846B1 (en) Fixing clip for interior part of automobile
JP4156000B2 (en) Article seal structure
US5951094A (en) Arm rest for a vehicle
US4840001A (en) Device for mounting window pane
US8043038B2 (en) Anchor
US6176660B1 (en) Releasable fastener with lateral stabilizing brace members and latch legs carrying fastener insertion guide
GB2436217A (en) A retaining component for securing two elements
JP3555292B2 (en) Vehicle armrest
US5367751A (en) Panel locator and attachment apparatus
JP4005591B2 (en) Bumper face fastening structure
JP2015209075A (en) Vehicle seat
US20080141501A1 (en) Clip
US4278286A (en) Device for mounting the molding of a bonded type windshield

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
LAPS Cancellation because of no payment of annual fees