JPH05239766A - Detergent for dry cleaning - Google Patents

Detergent for dry cleaning

Info

Publication number
JPH05239766A
JPH05239766A JP3490592A JP3490592A JPH05239766A JP H05239766 A JPH05239766 A JP H05239766A JP 3490592 A JP3490592 A JP 3490592A JP 3490592 A JP3490592 A JP 3490592A JP H05239766 A JPH05239766 A JP H05239766A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
r113
detergent
dry cleaning
methyl
ozonosphere
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
JP3490592A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Izumi Yamashita
泉 山下
Original Assignee
Asahi Chem Ind Co Ltd
旭化成工業株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Asahi Chem Ind Co Ltd, 旭化成工業株式会社 filed Critical Asahi Chem Ind Co Ltd
Priority to JP3490592A priority Critical patent/JPH05239766A/en
Publication of JPH05239766A publication Critical patent/JPH05239766A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06LDRY-CLEANING, WASHING OR BLEACHING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS
    • D06L1/00Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods
    • D06L1/02Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods using organic solvents

Abstract

PURPOSE: To obtain a detergent for dry cleaning, comprising a specific organic solvent as an active component and holding excellent characteristics in place of fluorocarbon R113 destroying the ozonosphere.
CONSTITUTION: The objective detergent for dry cleaning is obtained as a substitute for 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (hereinafter referred to as R113) by including ≥50wt.% 1H,6H-perfluorohexane as an active component. This detergent holds excellent characteristics possessed by the R113 and is useful as a substitute for the R113 having the high ability to destroy the ozonosphere. Organic solvents are selected from 5-15C hydrocarbons, alcohols, ketones, esters, chlorinated hydrocarbons, etc., as a preferred organic solvent to be included in combination.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1993,JPO&Japio

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明はドライクリーニング用洗浄剤に関するものである。 The present invention relates to relates to a dry cleaning detergent.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】衣類の洗浄には、洗浄力が良く乾燥性が優れている等の理由により、溶剤による洗浄(ドライクリーニング)が広く普及しているが、不燃性で毒性が低く、化学的に安定で、かつ、衣類への影響が小さい等、 The cleaning of the Related Art garments, for reasons such as the detergency is good drying properties are excellent, but washing with a solvent (dry-cleaning) has been widely used, low toxicity non-flammable, chemically stable, and the impact on the clothing is small or the like,
多くの特徴を有することから、1,1,2−トリクロロ−1,2,2−トリフルオロエタン(以下R113という)が広く使われている。 Since it has many features, 1,1,2 (hereinafter referred R113) trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane have been widely used.

【0003】 [0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】上記の如く、R113 THE INVENTION Problems to be Solved] as described above, R113
は多くの優れた特徴を有している。 Has many excellent features. しかしながら、化学的に安定で対流圏内での寿命が長く、成層圏に達してはじめて強い紫外線により分解され塩素を放出しオゾン層を破壊するため、地上に達する有害な紫外線を増加させる結果、人類を含む地球上の生態系に深刻な影響を与えることが近年指摘されている。 However, chemically stable and long life in the troposphere, to destroy the ozone layer to release chlorine is decomposed by first strong ultraviolet reaching the stratosphere, results in increased harmful ultraviolet rays reaching the earth, including the human race has been pointed out in recent years is possible to give a serious impact on the ecosystem on the planet. このため、R113等オゾン破壊能の高いフロンについて生産と消費を規制し、更に全廃するという国際的な動きが活発になっている。 For this reason, to regulate the production and consumption for the high CFC of R113 such as ozone destruction capability, an international movement that further elimination has become active. 本発明は、これらの動きに対応して、オゾン破壊能がなく、しかもR113の有する優れた特性を保持した新しいドライクリーニング用溶剤を提供するものである。 The present invention, in response to these movements, no ozone depletion potential, moreover there is provided a new dry cleaning solvent which holds the excellent characteristics possessed by R113.

【0004】 [0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は、上記目的を達成するための新しいドライクリーニング用溶剤を提供するものである。 The present invention SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION is to provide a new dry cleaning solvent to achieve the above object. すなわち、本発明は1H,6H−パーフルオロヘキサンを有効成分として含むドライクリーニング用洗浄剤である。 That is, the present invention is 1H, a cleaning agent for dry cleaning comprising as an active ingredient a 6H- perfluorohexane. 以下、本発明を説明する。 The present invention will be described.

【0005】本発明のドライクリーニング用溶剤には有効成分として50重量%以上の1H,6H−パーフルオロヘキサンを含むことが好ましい。 [0005] 50 wt% or more of 1H, as an active ingredient in a solvent for dry cleaning of the present invention preferably contains a 6H- perfluorohexane. さらに好ましくは7 More preferably 7
0重量%以上である。 0% by weight to more. 本発明のドライクリーニング用溶剤には、必要に応じて、炭化水素類、アルコール類、ケトン類、エーテル類、エステル類、塩素化炭化水素等の有機溶剤から選ばれる少なくとも1種を含有させることができる。 Dry cleaning solvent of the present invention may optionally, hydrocarbons, alcohols, ketones, ethers, esters, be at least one selected from organic solvents such as chlorinated hydrocarbons it can. これらの有機溶剤の添加量は50重量%未満が好ましいが、共沸組成が存在する時はその近辺で使用することが好ましい。 The addition amount of the organic solvent is preferably less than 50 wt%, but when the azeotropic composition is present it is preferably used in the vicinity thereof.

【0006】炭化水素類としては、炭素数5〜15の鎖状又は環状の飽和又は不飽和炭化水素類が好ましく、例えば、n−ペンタン、2−メチルブタン、n−ヘキサン、2−メチルペンタン、2,2−ジメチルブタン、 [0006] As the hydrocarbons, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbons chain or cyclic having 5 to 15 carbon atoms are preferred, for example, n- pentane, 2-methylbutane, n- hexane, 2-methylpentane, 2 , 2-dimethyl butane,
2,3−ジメチルブタン、n−ヘプタン、2−メチルヘキサン、3−メチルヘキサン、2,3−ジメチルペンタン、2,4−ジメチルペンタン、n−オクタン、2, 2,3-dimethylbutane, n- heptane, 2-methyl hexane, 3-methyl hexane, 2,3-dimethyl pentane, 2,4-dimethyl pentane, n- octane, 2,
2,3−トリメチルペンタン、イソオクタン、n−ノナン、2,2,5−トリメチルヘキサン、デカン、ドデカン、1−ペンテン、2−ペンテン、1−ヘキセン、1− 2,3-trimethylpentane, isooctane, n- nonane, 2,2,5-trimethyl hexane, decane, dodecane, 1-pentene, 2-pentene, 1-hexene, 1-
ヘプテン、1−ノネン、1−デセン、シクロペンタン、 Heptene, 1-nonene, 1-decene, cyclopentane,
メチルシクロペンタン、シクロヘキサン、メチルシクロヘキサン、エチルシクロヘキサン、パラメンタン、シクロヘキセン、α−ピネン、ジペンテン、デカリン、石油エーテル、石油ベンジン、リグロイン、ガソリン、灯油等が挙げられる。 Methylcyclopentane, cyclohexane, methylcyclohexane, ethylcyclohexane, Paramentan, cyclohexene, alpha-pinene, dipentene, decalin, petroleum ether, petroleum benzine, ligroin, gasoline, kerosene, and the like.

【0007】アルコール類としては、例えば、メタノール、エタノール、1−プロパノール、イソプロパノール、1−ブタノール、2−ブタノール、イソブタノール、t−ブタノール、1−ペンタノール、2−ペンタノール、3−ペンタノール、2−メチル−1−ブタノール、イソペンチルアルコール、t−ペンチルアルコール、3−メチル−2−ブタノール、ネオペンチルアルコール、1−ヘキサノール、2−メチル−1−ペンタノール、4−メチル−2−ペンタノール、2−エチル−1− [0007] As the alcohols, such as methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, isopropanol, 1-butanol, 2-butanol, isobutanol, t-butanol, 1-pentanol, 2-pentanol, 3-pentanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, isopentyl alcohol, t-pentyl alcohol, 3-methyl-2-butanol, neopentyl alcohol, 1-hexanol, 2-methyl-1-pentanol, 4-methyl-2-pentanol , 2-ethyl-1
ブタノール、1−ヘプタノール、2−ヘプタノール、3 Butanol, 1-heptanol, 2-heptanol, 3
−ヘプタノール、1−オクタノール、2−オクタノール、2−エチル−1−ヘキサノール、1−ノナノール、 - heptanol, 1-octanol, 2-octanol, 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, 1-nonanol,
1−デカノール、1−ウンデカノール、1−ドデカノール、シクロヘキサノール、メチルシクロヘキサノール、 1-decanol, 1-undecanol, 1-dodecanol, cyclohexanol, methyl cyclohexanol,
エチレングリコール、プロピレングリコール等が挙げられる。 Ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, and the like.

【0008】ケトン類としては、例えば、アセトン、メチルエチルケトン、2−ペンタノン、2−ヘキサノン、 [0008] Examples of the ketones include acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, 2-pentanone, 2-hexanone,
メチルイソブチルケトン、2−ヘプタノン、4−ヘプタノン、ジイソブチルケトン、ホロン、イソホロン、シクロヘキサノン、メチルシクロヘキサノン等が挙げられる。 Methyl isobutyl ketone, 2-heptanone, 4-heptanone, diisobutyl ketone, phorone, isophorone, cyclohexanone, and methyl cyclohexanone. エーテル類としては、例えば、ジエチルエーテル、 The ethers such as diethyl ether,
ジプロピルエーテル、ジイソプロピルエーテル、ジブチルエーテル、テトラヒドロフラン等が挙げられる。 Dipropyl ether, diisopropyl ether, dibutyl ether, tetrahydrofuran and the like.

【0009】エステル類としては、例えば、ギ酸メチル、ギ酸エチル、ギ酸プロピル、ギ酸ブチル、ギ酸ペンチル、酢酸メチル、酢酸エチル、酢酸プロピル、酢酸イソプロピル、酢酸ブチル、酢酸ペンチル、酢酸イソペンチル、3−メトキシブチルアセテート、酢酸sec−ヘキシル、2−エチルブチルアセテート、2−エチルヘキシルアセテート、酢酸シクロヘキシル、プロピオン酸メチル、プロピオン酸エチル、プロピオン酸ブチル、プロピオン酸イソペンチル、酢酸メチル、酢酸エチル、イソ吉草酸エチル、γ−ブチロラクトン等が挙げられる。 [0009] Examples of the esters include methyl formate, ethyl formate, propyl formate, butyl formate, pentyl formate, methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, propyl acetate, isopropyl acetate, butyl acetate, pentyl acetate, isopentyl acetate, 3-methoxybutyl acetate, acetic acid sec- hexyl, 2-ethylbutyl acetate, 2-ethylhexyl acetate, cyclohexyl acetate, methyl propionate, ethyl propionate, butyl propionate, isopentyl propionate, methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, ethyl isovalerate, .gamma. butyrolactone, and the like.

【0010】塩素化炭化水素類としては、例えば、塩化メチレン、1,1−ジクロルエタン、1,2−ジクロルエタン、1,1−ジクロルエチレン、1,2−ジクロルエチレン、トリクロルエチレン、テトラクロルエチレン等が挙げられる。 [0010] As the chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as methylene chloride, 1,1-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethylene, 1,2-dichloroethylene, trichlorethylene, tetrachlorethylene etc. the. 本発明の洗浄剤には、必要に応じて各種助剤、例えば、界面活性剤、静電気防止剤等を添加することができる。 The cleaning agent of the present invention, various additives as the case requires, for example, may be added a surfactant, an antistatic agent and the like.

【0011】本発明の1H,6H−パーフルオロヘキサンは、例えば、「フッ素の化合物」(講談社出版)94 [0011] 1H of the present invention, 6H-perfluoro-hexane, for example, "a compound of fluorine" (Kodansha) 94
ページ記載の方法により合成することができる。 It can be synthesized by the method described on page.

【0012】 [0012]

【実施例】次に、本発明の実施例を示すが、本発明は以下の例に限定されるものではない。 EXAMPLES Next, Examples of the present invention, the present invention is not limited to the following examples.

【0013】 [0013]

【実施例1】上島製作所製洗浄テスト機を用い、テストファブリック社製のカーボン汚染布(ウール)を23℃ [Example 1] using the Ueshima Seisakusho Co. cleaning test machine, test fabric manufactured by carbon pollution cloth (wool) 23 ℃
下、10分間洗浄し、洗浄効果を目視判定した結果を表1に示す。 Lower, washed 10 minutes, indicating the result of judgment visually cleaning effect in Table 1.

【0014】 [0014]

【表1】 [Table 1]

【0015】 [0015]

【発明の効果】実施例から明らかなように、本発明の溶剤は、オゾン層破壊能の高いR113に代わるドライクリーニング用洗浄剤として有用である。 As is apparent from the examples according to the present invention, the solvent of the present invention is useful as a cleaning agent for dry cleaning in place of high ozone depletion capability R113.

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 1H,6H−パーフルオロヘキサンを有効成分として含むドライクリーニング用洗浄剤。 1. A 1H, detergent for dry cleaning comprising as an active ingredient a 6H- perfluorohexane.
JP3490592A 1992-02-21 1992-02-21 Detergent for dry cleaning Withdrawn JPH05239766A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP3490592A JPH05239766A (en) 1992-02-21 1992-02-21 Detergent for dry cleaning

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP3490592A JPH05239766A (en) 1992-02-21 1992-02-21 Detergent for dry cleaning

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH05239766A true JPH05239766A (en) 1993-09-17

Family

ID=12427208

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP3490592A Withdrawn JPH05239766A (en) 1992-02-21 1992-02-21 Detergent for dry cleaning

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH05239766A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06158531A (en) * 1992-11-10 1994-06-07 Hakuyoushiya:Kk Washing method
US6564591B2 (en) 2000-07-21 2003-05-20 Procter & Gamble Company Methods and apparatus for particulate removal from fabrics
US6706076B2 (en) 2000-06-05 2004-03-16 Procter & Gamble Company Process for separating lipophilic fluid containing emulsions with electric coalescence
US6706677B2 (en) 2000-06-05 2004-03-16 Procter & Gamble Company Bleaching in conjunction with a lipophilic fluid cleaning regimen
US6930079B2 (en) 2000-06-05 2005-08-16 Procter & Gamble Company Process for treating a lipophilic fluid

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06158531A (en) * 1992-11-10 1994-06-07 Hakuyoushiya:Kk Washing method
US6706076B2 (en) 2000-06-05 2004-03-16 Procter & Gamble Company Process for separating lipophilic fluid containing emulsions with electric coalescence
US6706677B2 (en) 2000-06-05 2004-03-16 Procter & Gamble Company Bleaching in conjunction with a lipophilic fluid cleaning regimen
US6930079B2 (en) 2000-06-05 2005-08-16 Procter & Gamble Company Process for treating a lipophilic fluid
US6998377B2 (en) 2000-06-05 2006-02-14 Procter & Gamble Company Process for treating a lipophilic fluid
US6564591B2 (en) 2000-07-21 2003-05-20 Procter & Gamble Company Methods and apparatus for particulate removal from fabrics

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Legal Events

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A300 Withdrawal of application because of no request for examination

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Effective date: 19990518