JPH05236602A - Safety device for electric automobile - Google Patents

Safety device for electric automobile

Info

Publication number
JPH05236602A
JPH05236602A JP4037588A JP3758892A JPH05236602A JP H05236602 A JPH05236602 A JP H05236602A JP 4037588 A JP4037588 A JP 4037588A JP 3758892 A JP3758892 A JP 3758892A JP H05236602 A JPH05236602 A JP H05236602A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
vehicle
safety device
electric
battery
motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP4037588A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Masatake Nakajima
正剛 中島
Original Assignee
Mitsubishi Electric Corp
三菱電機株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mitsubishi Electric Corp, 三菱電機株式会社 filed Critical Mitsubishi Electric Corp
Priority to JP4037588A priority Critical patent/JPH05236602A/en
Publication of JPH05236602A publication Critical patent/JPH05236602A/en
Application status is Granted legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/04Cutting off the power supply under fault conditions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/0007Measures or means for preventing or attenuating collisions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0069Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to the isolation, e.g. ground fault or leak current
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • B60L50/51Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells characterised by AC-motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60TVEHICLE BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF; BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF, IN GENERAL; ARRANGEMENT OF BRAKING ELEMENTS ON VEHICLES IN GENERAL; PORTABLE DEVICES FOR PREVENTING UNWANTED MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES; VEHICLE MODIFICATIONS TO FACILITATE COOLING OF BRAKES
    • B60T8/00Arrangements for adjusting wheel-braking force to meet varying vehicular or ground-surface conditions, e.g. limiting or varying distribution of braking force
    • B60T8/32Arrangements for adjusting wheel-braking force to meet varying vehicular or ground-surface conditions, e.g. limiting or varying distribution of braking force responsive to a speed condition, e.g. acceleration or deceleration
    • B60T8/88Arrangements for adjusting wheel-braking force to meet varying vehicular or ground-surface conditions, e.g. limiting or varying distribution of braking force responsive to a speed condition, e.g. acceleration or deceleration with failure responsive means, i.e. means for detecting and indicating faulty operation of the speed responsive control means
    • B60T8/885Arrangements for adjusting wheel-braking force to meet varying vehicular or ground-surface conditions, e.g. limiting or varying distribution of braking force responsive to a speed condition, e.g. acceleration or deceleration with failure responsive means, i.e. means for detecting and indicating faulty operation of the speed responsive control means using electrical circuitry
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/40DC to AC converters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60TVEHICLE BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF; BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF, IN GENERAL; ARRANGEMENT OF BRAKING ELEMENTS ON VEHICLES IN GENERAL; PORTABLE DEVICES FOR PREVENTING UNWANTED MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES; VEHICLE MODIFICATIONS TO FACILITATE COOLING OF BRAKES
    • B60T2270/00Further aspects of brake control systems not otherwise provided for
    • B60T2270/40Failsafe aspects of brake control systems
    • B60T2270/415Short-circuit, open circuit failure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • Y02T10/7208Electric power conversion within the vehicle
    • Y02T10/7241DC to AC or AC to DC power conversion

Abstract

PURPOSE:To obtain a safety device for electric automobile through which runaway of vehicle can be prevented upon occurrence of collision. CONSTITUTION:An acceleration sensor 6 detects acceleration upon occurrence of collision and outputs an electric signal for actuating a circuit breaker to disconnect a battery 1 from a controller 3. Consequently, current supply from the battery 1 through the controller 3 to a motor 4 is interrupted and the vehicle is stopped.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】この発明は電気推進力により走行する電気自動車の安全装置に関するものである。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a safety device for an electric vehicle that runs by the electric propulsion.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】図2は従来の電気自動車の電気推進系統の電力回路を示し、図2において、1は電気自動車の駆動用電源としてのバッテリ、2はこの電力回路の短絡事故防止用のヒューズ、3はバッテリ1からの電流の制御をする制御装置、4は制御装置3によって駆動制御される電動機であり、図示しない車両の駆動装置に連結されている。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Figure 2 shows a power circuit of an electric propulsion system of the conventional electric vehicle, in FIG. 2, 1 denotes a battery as a power source for driving an electric vehicle, the second fuse for preventing short circuit of the power circuit , 3 the control device for the control of the current from the battery 1, 4 is an electric motor which is driven and controlled by the control device 3 is connected to a driving device (not shown) of the vehicle.

【0003】次に、動作について説明する。 [0003] Next, a description will be given of the operation. バッテリ1 Battery 1
より供給された電流はヒューズ2を通り、制御装置3に流れ込む。 More applied current passes through the fuse 2, it flows into the control unit 3. そして、制御装置3により制御されたこの電流は電動機4を駆動する。 Then, the current controlled by the control unit 3 drives the motor 4. その駆動力は電動機4に連結された図示しない車両の駆動装置を駆動する。 Its driving force driving the driving device of a vehicle (not shown) connected to the electric motor 4. 電力回路短絡時には、大電流がヒューズ2に流れ込み、ヒューズ2が溶断することにより電力回路の電流を遮断して安全が保たれる。 During power short circuit, a large current flows into the fuse 2, the safety is maintained by blocking the current of the power circuit by fuse 2 is blown.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】従来の電気自動車の安全装置は、ヒューズ2のみであるため、車両の衝突事故が発生した場合には、電力回路の短絡が起こらない限り、電力回路を遮断することがなく、運転者や車両の状態と関係なく電動機4への電流供給をし続け、車両を暴走させるなどの問題点があった。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The safety device of a conventional electric vehicle, since only the fuse 2, when a collision accident of the vehicle occurs, as long as the short circuit power circuit does not occur, to cut off the power circuit it is no, continue the current supply to the driver or state regardless motor 4 of the vehicle, there is a problem such as to runaway vehicle.

【0005】この発明は上記のような問題点を解決するためになされたもので、車両の衝突事故発生時に確実に駆動用電源を断路させ、車両の暴走を防止することのできる電気自動車の安全装置を得る事を目的とする。 [0005] The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, to disconnection reliably driving power source at the time of a collision accident of the vehicle, the safety of an electric vehicle capable of preventing a runaway of the vehicle for the purpose of obtaining the equipment.

【0006】 [0006]

【課題を解決するための手段】この発明の電気自動車の安全装置は、車両衝突事故時に発生する加速度に応動して駆動用電源を断路するスイッチ手段を設けたものである。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The safety device for an electric vehicle of the invention, is provided with a switching means for disconnecting the drive power supply in response to acceleration generated during a vehicle collision.

【0007】 [0007]

【作用】この発明における電気自動車の安全装置は、車両の衝突事故発生時に発生する加速度に応動してスイッチ手段が駆動用電源を断路し、電動機への電力供給を止めて車両の暴走を防止する。 [Action] safety apparatus for an electric vehicle in the present invention, in response to acceleration generated at the time of a collision accident of the vehicle switch means is disconnecting the drive power source, to stop the power supply to the motor to prevent the runaway of the vehicle .

【0008】 [0008]

【実施例】実施例1. EXAMPLE 1. 図1おいて、符号1〜4の構成要素は従来装置と同じ構成要素であるので、その説明を省略し、5はバッテリ1と制御装置3の間に接続された遮断器、6は車両衝突事故時に発生する加速度を検出して遮断器5に電気信号を与える加速度センサである。 Figure 1 Oite, since the components of the code 1-4 is the same components as the conventional apparatus, the description is omitted, 5 connected circuit breaker between the battery 1 and the control unit 3, 6 vehicle collision an acceleration sensor providing an electrical signal to the circuit breaker 5 to detect the acceleration generated at the time of an accident.

【0009】次に、図1を参照して実施例1の動作について説明する。 [0009] Next, the operation of the first embodiment with reference to FIG. バッテリ1より供給された電流が、ヒューズ2と遮断器5を通り、制御装置3に流れ込む。 Current supplied from the battery 1 passes through the circuit breaker 5 and the fuse 2, flows into the control unit 3. 制御装置3により制御されたこの電流は電動機4に流れて電動機4を駆動する。 The current controlled by the control unit 3 drives the motor 4 flows to the motor 4. これにより、電動機4に連結された図示しない電気自動車の駆動装置を駆動する。 Thus, driving the drive apparatus for an electric vehicle (not shown) connected to the electric motor 4.

【0010】電力回路短絡時には大電流がヒューズ2に流れ込み、ヒューズ2が溶断することにより電力回路を遮断する。 [0010] a large current flows into the fuse 2 when the power circuit short, the fuse 2 is cut off the power circuit by blowing. また、車両の衝突事故発生時には、この衝突事故により発生した加速度を加速度センサ6が検出して電気信号を遮断器5に与える。 Further, at the time of a collision accident of the vehicle, giving an acceleration generated by the collision accident breaker 5 an electrical signal by detecting the acceleration sensor 6. これにより、遮断器5が動作してバッテリ1を断路する。 Thus, the breaker 5 is disconnecting the battery 1 operates. この断路により、制御装置3および電動機4にバッテリ1から電流が供給されず、電気自動車は停止状態となる。 This disconnection, the control device 3 and the current from the battery 1 is not supplied to the motor 4, the electric vehicle is stopped.

【0011】実施例2. [0011] Example 2. 実施例1ではスイッチ手段として加速度センサを備えた遮断器を用いたが、これに代えて加速度センサを備えた断路器を用いても、上記実施例と同様の効果を奏する。 It was used breaker including an acceleration sensor as a switching means in the first embodiment, even with a disconnector including an acceleration sensor instead of this, the same effects as the above embodiment.

【0012】実施例3. [0012] Example 3. この他に、スイッチ手段として加速度センサを備えた他の開閉装置を用いても、上記実施例と同様の効果を奏する。 In addition, even using the other closing device including an acceleration sensor as a switch means, the same effects as the above embodiment.

【0013】実施例4. [0013] Example 4. また、上記実施例では電気自動車の電力回路中において安全装置の説明をしたが、電気自動車の他の電気回路中で安全装置を構成してもよい。 Further, in the above embodiment, the description of the safety device in the power circuit of the electric vehicle may be configured with a safety device in other electric circuit of the electric vehicle.

【0014】実施例5. [0014] Example 5. また、上記実施例では加速度センサを例えば遮断器のみに接続したが、アンチスキッドブレーキシステム(ABS)、エアバッグシステムやトルクコントロールシステム等の装置にも接続して共用できるように構成してもよい。 Although connecting the acceleration sensor, for example only the breaker in the above embodiments, the anti-skid braking system (ABS), may be configured to be shared by connecting to a device such as an air bag system and torque control system .

【0015】 [0015]

【発明の効果】以上のように、この発明によれば、車両衝突事故発生時の加速度に応動して駆動用電源を断路するスイッチ手段を設けるように構成したので、車両衝突事故発生時に車両の暴走を防止できる効果がある。 As it is evident from the foregoing description, according to the present invention, since it is configured to provide a switching means for disconnecting the drive power supply in response to acceleration of a vehicle collision accident of the vehicle at the time of vehicle collision accident there is an effect that can prevent a runaway.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】この発明の一実施例による電気自動車の安全装置を接続した電力回路の系統を示す図である。 1 is a diagram showing a system of a power circuit connected to the safety device of an electric vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】従来装置を接続した電力回路の系統を示す図である。 2 is a diagram showing a system of a power circuit connected to a conventional device.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 バッテリ(駆動用電源) 3 制御装置 4 電動機 5 遮断器 6 加速度センサ (5,6) スイッチ手段 1 battery (drive power supply) 3 controller 4 motor 5 breaker 6 acceleration sensor (5, 6) switch means

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 車両の駆動用電源と、上記車両の駆動装置に連結された電動機と、上記駆動用電源からの電流を制御して上記電動機の駆動力を制御する制御装置を備えた電気自動車において、上記車両の衝突事故発生時に発生する加速度に応動して上記駆動用電源を断路するスイッチ手段を備えた事を特徴とする電気自動車の安全装置。 And 1. A power drive of the vehicle, an electric vehicle equipped with electrical motors connected to the drive apparatus for a vehicle, and controls the current from the driving power source control unit for controlling the driving force of the electric motor in the safety apparatus for an electric vehicle characterized by in response to acceleration generated at the time of a collision accident of the vehicle that has a switch means for disconnecting the power supply the drive.
JP4037588A 1992-02-25 1992-02-25 Safety device for electric automobile Granted JPH05236602A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP4037588A JPH05236602A (en) 1992-02-25 1992-02-25 Safety device for electric automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP4037588A JPH05236602A (en) 1992-02-25 1992-02-25 Safety device for electric automobile
DE4305819A DE4305819A1 (en) 1992-02-25 1993-02-25
GB9303819A GB2265240A (en) 1992-02-25 1993-02-25 A safety apparatus for an electric vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH05236602A true JPH05236602A (en) 1993-09-10

Family

ID=12501700

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP4037588A Granted JPH05236602A (en) 1992-02-25 1992-02-25 Safety device for electric automobile

Country Status (3)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH05236602A (en)
DE (1) DE4305819A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2265240A (en)

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GB9303819D0 (en) 1993-04-14
GB2265240A (en) 1993-09-22
DE4305819A1 (en) 1993-09-02

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