JPH05117966A - Method for producing fabric of pineapple fiber - Google Patents

Method for producing fabric of pineapple fiber

Info

Publication number
JPH05117966A
JPH05117966A JP30701991A JP30701991A JPH05117966A JP H05117966 A JPH05117966 A JP H05117966A JP 30701991 A JP30701991 A JP 30701991A JP 30701991 A JP30701991 A JP 30701991A JP H05117966 A JPH05117966 A JP H05117966A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
pineapple
short fibers
fibers
fabric
soluble
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP30701991A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Akira Yasugaki
彰 安垣
Hiroshi Ono
啓 小野
Original Assignee
Kanebo Ltd
鐘紡株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kanebo Ltd, 鐘紡株式会社 filed Critical Kanebo Ltd
Priority to JP30701991A priority Critical patent/JPH05117966A/en
Publication of JPH05117966A publication Critical patent/JPH05117966A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE:To obtain fabric having a few fluff on the surface of fabric and an excellent feeling of wear caused by soft handle of pineapple fibers. CONSTITUTION:Blended yarn obtained by mixing short fibers of pineapple with readily soluble short fibers in a ratio of 50:50-90:10 is woven to give woven fabric and the readily soluble fibers are dissolved and removed.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【産業上の利用分野】本発明はパイナップル繊維布帛を
製造する方法に関する。
FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a method of making pineapple fiber fabric.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】パイナップル葉を適当な手段、例えば機
械的にしごいて取り出したパイナップル繊維は、繊維素
繊維約80%とペクチン質約10%と水約10%とから
成り、外見的には約0.3dの太さのやや偏平で紡錘形
をした構成繊維要素が多数のペクチン質を介して互いに
膠着した状態に保たれるフィラメントであり、他の綿,
麻等の植物繊維とは著しく異なる。
2. Description of the Related Art Pineapple fibers obtained by squeezing pineapple leaves by a suitable means, for example, by mechanically squeezing them, consist of about 80% fibrin fiber, about 10% pectin and about 10% water, and apparently about 10%. The slightly flattened and spindle-shaped constituent fiber elements having a thickness of 0.3d are filaments which are kept in a state of being stuck to each other through a large number of pectins, and other cotton,
It is significantly different from plant fibers such as hemp.
【0003】そして、かかるパイナップル繊維を用いた
布帛は従来手工芸的に紡糸,織製を行なった後、水晒,
天日晒を行なって生産され、特にフィリッピンではピー
ニャと言う名前で高級衣料として知られていた。
A fabric using such pineapple fiber is conventionally handcrafted by spinning and weaving, and then exposed to water.
It was produced by exposing to the sun, and was especially known as high-quality clothing in the Philippines under the name Pigna.
【0004】一方、セルロース系繊維の綿と同様の方法
にてパイナップル繊維を紡績して、製織を行なう製造方
法も行なわれてきたが、実用に供される生産はほとんど
無かった。
On the other hand, although a manufacturing method has been carried out in which pineapple fibers are spun and weaved in the same manner as in the case of cellulosic fiber cotton, there is almost no practical production.
【0005】[0005]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかし、この様な従来
の方法には種々の欠点がある。例えば手工芸的な方法で
は、伝統工芸品としては価値のあるものが出来るが、晒
の白度が不充分であり、風合も硬く、毛羽の発生が多
く、色相が限定され、また用途にも限りがあり、生産性
も極めて低いという欠点がある。
However, such conventional methods have various drawbacks. For example, a handicraft method can produce something valuable as a traditional craft, but the whiteness of the bleaching is insufficient, the texture is hard, there are many fluffs, the hue is limited, and it can be used for various purposes. It has a limitation that it is very limited and its productivity is extremely low.
【0006】また、通常の綿と同様の工程にて、紡織を
実施すると生産性は向上するが、パイナップル繊維がフ
ィブリル化し易いため、布帛の表面に発生する毛羽が多
く、外観及び着用感が劣る。
[0006] Further, if the weaving is carried out in the same process as the ordinary cotton, the productivity is improved, but since the pineapple fibers are easily fibrillated, many fluffs are generated on the surface of the cloth, and the appearance and the wearing feeling are inferior. ..
【0007】本発明の製造方法は前記問題点を解決する
ものであって、従来行なわれているパイナップル繊維布
帛の製造方法に比べ、布帛の表面の毛羽が少なくしかも
パイナップル繊維のソフトな風合による良好な着用感を
有した布帛を生産性良く製造する方法を提供することに
ある。
The manufacturing method of the present invention solves the above-mentioned problems, and has less fluff on the surface of the cloth than the conventional manufacturing method of the pineapple fiber cloth, and the soft texture of the pineapple fiber It is an object of the present invention to provide a method for producing a fabric having a good wearing feeling with high productivity.
【0008】[0008]
【課題を解決するための手段】上述の目的は、パイナッ
プル短繊維と易溶解性短繊維を、50:50〜90:1
0の割合で混紡した混紡糸を用いて布帛を製織し、しか
る後上記易溶解性短繊維を溶解除去することを特徴とす
るパイナップル繊維布帛の製造方法により達成される。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The above-mentioned object is to make pineapple short fibers and easily soluble short fibers 50:50 to 90: 1.
This is achieved by a method for producing a pineapple fiber fabric, which is characterized in that a fabric is woven using a blended yarn mixed in a proportion of 0, and then the easily soluble short fibers are dissolved and removed.
【0009】以下、本発明を詳細に説明する。The present invention will be described in detail below.
【0010】本発明で云うパイナップル短繊維とは、パ
イナップルの葉を原料とするパイナップル繊維を20〜
50mm程度の繊維長に短繊維化したものを云う。
The pineapple short fibers referred to in the present invention are 20 to 20 pineapple fibers made from pineapple leaves.
It refers to a short fiber having a fiber length of about 50 mm.
【0011】本発明で云う易溶解性短繊維とは、特定の
薬剤例えば水,水酸化ナトリウム等で処理されたときに
容易に溶解除去される短繊維を云う。かかる易溶解性短
繊維としてはポリビニルアルコール系短繊維(例えば水
溶性ビニロン短繊維),常圧可染ポリエステル系短繊維
等が挙げられるが、ポリビニルアルコール系短繊維が好
ましい。かかる、易溶解性短繊維の繊維長は用いるパイ
ナップル短繊維の繊維長と略々同一が好ましく、また、
繊度は溶解除去しやすくするため、細繊度のものが好ま
しい。
The easily soluble short fibers referred to in the present invention are short fibers which are easily dissolved and removed when treated with a specific chemical such as water or sodium hydroxide. Examples of such easily soluble short fibers include polyvinyl alcohol short fibers (eg, water-soluble vinylon short fibers), atmospheric pressure dyeable polyester short fibers, and the like, but polyvinyl alcohol short fibers are preferable. Such a fiber length of the easily soluble short fibers is preferably substantially the same as the fiber length of the pineapple short fibers used,
The fineness is preferably fine so that it can be easily dissolved and removed.
【0012】本発明で云う混紡糸とは、パイナップル短
繊維と易溶解性短繊維が略々均一に混紡された状態のも
のを云う。
The blended yarn as referred to in the present invention means a state in which pineapple short fibers and easily soluble short fibers are substantially uniformly mixed and spun.
【0013】上記のパイナップル短繊維と易溶解性短繊
維は50:50〜90:10の割合で含まれていなけれ
ばならない。パイナップル短繊維が50重量%未満の時
は易溶解性短繊維を溶解除去した後の布帛の強力が弱く
なり、またパイナップル短繊維が90重量%を超えると
紡績の際に糸の構成本数が足りぬ為糸のからみが少なく
糸強力が不足して紡績不能になったり、得られた布帛の
表面に毛羽が発生し好ましくない。
The above pineapple short fibers and the easily soluble short fibers must be contained in a ratio of 50:50 to 90:10. When the amount of pineapple short fibers is less than 50% by weight, the strength of the fabric after dissolving and removing easily soluble short fibers becomes weak, and when the amount of pineapple short fibers exceeds 90% by weight, the number of yarns is insufficient during spinning. Since the yarn has less entanglement, the yarn strength is insufficient, spinning becomes impossible, and fluff occurs on the surface of the obtained fabric, which is not preferable.
【0014】そして、かかる混紡糸を用いて布帛を製織
した後、易溶解性短繊維を溶解除去しうる方法で溶解し
てパイナップル短繊維からのみなる布帛を製造するので
ある。
Then, after the cloth is woven using the blended yarn, it is melted by a method capable of dissolving and removing the easily soluble short fibers to manufacture a cloth made of only pineapple short fibers.
【0014】[0014]
【作用】本発明は上記の様に構成したので、パイナップ
ル短繊維を紡織する際に、易溶解性短繊維が保護層とし
て働き、スレ等によりパイナップル繊維がフィブリル化
することが防止でき、結果として毛羽の発生が抑制され
るようになる。また易溶解性短繊維は容易に溶解除去し
うるので、パイナップル繊維特有のソフトな風合が損な
われないのである。
EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION Since the present invention is constituted as described above, when the pineapple short fibers are spun and weaved, the easily soluble short fibers act as a protective layer, and it is possible to prevent the pineapple fibers from becoming fibrillated due to threads or the like. The generation of fluff is suppressed. In addition, since the easily soluble short fibers can be easily dissolved and removed, the soft texture peculiar to pineapple fibers is not impaired.
【0015】[0015]
【実施例】以下、本発明を実施例に基づき詳細に説明す
る。
EXAMPLES The present invention will be described in detail below based on examples.
【0016】実施例1 パイナップル短繊維(10〜45d,平均繊維長20〜
50mm)70重量%と水溶性ビニロン短繊維(3d,
平均繊維長30mm)30重量%をスライバーの状態で
混紡し、粗紡機,精紡機に通して9番手(英式綿番手)
の混紡糸を製造し、この混紡糸を経糸及び緯糸に用い経
糸密度47本/吋,緯糸密度41本/吋の平織物を製織
した。その後95℃の温水中で30分かけて水溶性ビニ
ロン短繊維を溶解除去してパイナップル短繊維100%
からなる実施例1の製品を得た。
Example 1 Pineapple short fibers (10-45 d, average fiber length 20-)
50 mm) 70% by weight and water-soluble vinylon short fibers (3d,
Average fiber length 30 mm) 30% by weight is mixed and spun in a sliver state, and passed through a roving machine and a spinning machine to be 9th (English cotton count).
Of the warp yarn and weft yarn, and a plain woven fabric having a warp density of 47 / inch and a weft density of 41 / inch was woven. Then, the water-soluble vinylon short fibers are dissolved and removed in warm water at 95 ° C for 30 minutes to remove 100% pineapple short fibers.
The product of Example 1 consisting of
【0017】比較例1 実施例1と同様のパイナップル短繊維40重量%と実施
例1と同様の水溶性ビニロン短繊維60重量%を用い、
実施例1と同様の方法で紡績し、次いで平織物を製織
し、その後水溶性ビニロン短繊維を溶解除去してパイナ
ップル短繊維100%からなる比較例1の製品を得た。
得られた製品は強力が弱く、実用に供すことができない
ものであった。
Comparative Example 1 Using 40% by weight of pineapple short fibers similar to those of Example 1 and 60% by weight of water-soluble vinylon short fibers similar to those of Example 1,
The product was spun in the same manner as in Example 1, then a plain woven fabric was woven, and then the water-soluble vinylon short fibers were dissolved and removed to obtain a product of Comparative Example 1 consisting of 100% pineapple short fibers.
The obtained product was weak in strength and could not be put to practical use.
【0018】比較例2 実施例1と同様のパイナップル短繊維95重量%と実施
例1と同様の水溶性ビニロン短繊維5重量%を用い、実
施例1と同様の方法で紡績し、次いで平織物を製織し、
その後水溶性ビニロン短繊維を溶解除去してパイナップ
ル短繊維100%からなる比較例2の製品を得た。得ら
れた製品は毛羽の発生が多く、実用に供することができ
ないものであった。
Comparative Example 2 Using 95% by weight of pineapple short fibers similar to those in Example 1 and 5% by weight of water-soluble vinylon short fibers similar to those in Example 1, spinning was carried out in the same manner as in Example 1 and then plain weave. Weaving
Then, the water-soluble vinylon short fibers were dissolved and removed to obtain a product of Comparative Example 2 consisting of 100% pineapple short fibers. The obtained product had many fluffs and could not be put to practical use.
【0019】[0019]
【発明の効果】以上詳述したように、本発明方法によれ
ば、パイナップル繊維からなる布帛が容易に得られ、生
産性の向上という効果を奏する。また得られた布帛は表
面の毛羽がなく外観が良好で、しかもパイナップル繊維
特有のソフトな風合を有し、カジュアル用途等として頗
る有用である。
As described in detail above, according to the method of the present invention, a cloth made of pineapple fibers can be easily obtained, and the productivity can be improved. Further, the obtained cloth has no fluff on the surface, has a good appearance, and has a soft texture peculiar to pineapple fiber, which is very useful for casual use and the like.

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 パイナップル短繊維と易溶解性短繊維
    を、50:50〜90:10の割合で混紡した混紡糸を
    用いて布帛を製織し、しかる後上記易溶解性短繊維を溶
    解除去することを特徴とするパイナップル繊維布帛の製
    造方法。
    1. A fabric is woven using a mixed yarn obtained by mixing pineapple short fibers and easily soluble short fibers in a ratio of 50:50 to 90:10, and then the easily soluble short fibers are dissolved and removed. A method for producing a pineapple fiber cloth, comprising:
JP30701991A 1991-10-24 1991-10-24 Method for producing fabric of pineapple fiber Pending JPH05117966A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP30701991A JPH05117966A (en) 1991-10-24 1991-10-24 Method for producing fabric of pineapple fiber

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP30701991A JPH05117966A (en) 1991-10-24 1991-10-24 Method for producing fabric of pineapple fiber

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH05117966A true JPH05117966A (en) 1993-05-14

Family

ID=17964048

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP30701991A Pending JPH05117966A (en) 1991-10-24 1991-10-24 Method for producing fabric of pineapple fiber

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH05117966A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH083869A (en) * 1994-06-16 1996-01-09 Daito Kosan:Kk Processing of yarn composed of cellulosic fiber
JP2010529314A (en) * 2007-06-18 2010-08-26 フナン ファーサン ズージュー シダー シーオー エルティーディー Ultra-high fineness ramie fabric and method for producing the fabric
EP2434035A1 (en) * 2010-09-24 2012-03-28 Trident Limited Fabric/ yarn with homogenous porous structure and process of manufacturing fabric with homogenous pores
CN103393228A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-11-20 常熟市恒沁制衣有限责任公司 Knee-protection and warm-keeping trousers
CN104060379A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-24 江苏东源纺织科技实业有限公司 Production process of natural health-care anti-bacterial knitted fabric
CN110804790A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-02-18 江苏新凯盛企业发展有限公司 Anti-snagging anti-pilling weft-knitted single-side comfortable cotton velvet process

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH083869A (en) * 1994-06-16 1996-01-09 Daito Kosan:Kk Processing of yarn composed of cellulosic fiber
JP2010529314A (en) * 2007-06-18 2010-08-26 フナン ファーサン ズージュー シダー シーオー エルティーディー Ultra-high fineness ramie fabric and method for producing the fabric
EP2434035A1 (en) * 2010-09-24 2012-03-28 Trident Limited Fabric/ yarn with homogenous porous structure and process of manufacturing fabric with homogenous pores
US10196763B2 (en) 2010-09-24 2019-02-05 Trident Limited Air rich yarn and fabric and its method of manufacturing
CN103393228A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-11-20 常熟市恒沁制衣有限责任公司 Knee-protection and warm-keeping trousers
CN104060379A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-24 江苏东源纺织科技实业有限公司 Production process of natural health-care anti-bacterial knitted fabric
CN110804790A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-02-18 江苏新凯盛企业发展有限公司 Anti-snagging anti-pilling weft-knitted single-side comfortable cotton velvet process

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