JP6685589B2 - Non-woven filter material and air cleaner element - Google Patents

Non-woven filter material and air cleaner element Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP6685589B2
JP6685589B2 JP2015248142A JP2015248142A JP6685589B2 JP 6685589 B2 JP6685589 B2 JP 6685589B2 JP 2015248142 A JP2015248142 A JP 2015248142A JP 2015248142 A JP2015248142 A JP 2015248142A JP 6685589 B2 JP6685589 B2 JP 6685589B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
layer
fibers
fiber
fine
weight
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2015248142A
Other languages
English (en)
Other versions
JP2017113653A (ja
Inventor
水田 真介
真介 水田
翔太 梅本
翔太 梅本
Original Assignee
タイガースポリマー株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by タイガースポリマー株式会社 filed Critical タイガースポリマー株式会社
Priority to JP2015248142A priority Critical patent/JP6685589B2/ja
Publication of JP2017113653A publication Critical patent/JP2017113653A/ja
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP6685589B2 publication Critical patent/JP6685589B2/ja
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D39/00Filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D39/14Other self-supporting filtering material ; Other filtering material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D39/00Filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D39/14Other self-supporting filtering material ; Other filtering material
    • B01D39/16Other self-supporting filtering material ; Other filtering material of organic material, e.g. synthetic fibres
    • B01D39/1607Other self-supporting filtering material ; Other filtering material of organic material, e.g. synthetic fibres the material being fibrous
    • B01D39/1623Other self-supporting filtering material ; Other filtering material of organic material, e.g. synthetic fibres the material being fibrous of synthetic origin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B33/00Layered products characterised by particular properties or particular surface features, e.g. particular surface coatings; Layered products designed for particular purposes not covered by another single class
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/02Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/14Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts, e.g. denser near its faces
    • B32B5/145Variation across the thickness of the layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/22Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed
    • B32B5/24Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • B32B5/26Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer another layer next to it also being fibrous or filamentary
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/024Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened
    • F02M35/02441Materials or structure of filter elements, e.g. foams
    • F02M35/02458Materials or structure of filter elements, e.g. foams consisting of multiple layers, e.g. coarse and fine filters; Coatings; Impregnations; Wet or moistened filter elements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
    • H01M8/0662Treatment of gaseous reactants or gaseous residues, e.g. cleaning
    • H01M8/0687Reactant purification by the use of membranes or filters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2239/00Aspects relating to filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D2239/02Types of fibres, filaments or particles, self-supporting or supported materials
    • B01D2239/0216Bicomponent or multicomponent fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2239/00Aspects relating to filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D2239/06Filter cloth, e.g. knitted, woven non-woven; self-supported material
    • B01D2239/0604Arrangement of the fibres in the filtering material
    • B01D2239/0618Non-woven
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2239/00Aspects relating to filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D2239/06Filter cloth, e.g. knitted, woven non-woven; self-supported material
    • B01D2239/0604Arrangement of the fibres in the filtering material
    • B01D2239/0636Two or more types of fibres present in the filter material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2239/00Aspects relating to filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D2239/06Filter cloth, e.g. knitted, woven non-woven; self-supported material
    • B01D2239/0604Arrangement of the fibres in the filtering material
    • B01D2239/064The fibres being mixed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2239/00Aspects relating to filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D2239/06Filter cloth, e.g. knitted, woven non-woven; self-supported material
    • B01D2239/065More than one layer present in the filtering material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2239/00Aspects relating to filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D2239/12Special parameters characterising the filtering material
    • B01D2239/1233Fibre diameter
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2239/00Aspects relating to filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D2239/12Special parameters characterising the filtering material
    • B01D2239/1291Other parameters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2250/00Layers arrangement
    • B32B2250/20All layers being fibrous or filamentary
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/724Permeability to gases, adsorption
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2250/00Fuel cells for particular applications; Specific features of fuel cell system
    • H01M2250/20Fuel cells in motive systems, e.g. vehicle, ship, plane
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/40Application of hydrogen technology to transportation, e.g. using fuel cells

Description

本発明は、不織布濾過材、特に空気中の塵埃のろ過に使用される不織布濾過材、及び不織布濾過材を用いたエアクリーナエレメントに関するものである。 TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a non-woven fabric filter material, particularly a non-woven fabric filter material used for filtering dust in the air, and an air cleaner element using the non-woven fabric filter material.

不織布濾過材は、自動車等に使用される内燃機関や燃料電池等のエアクリーナなどの濾過材として、空気のろ過に使用されている。このような用途においては、多量の空気から細かな塵埃を効率的に除去することが求められる。そして、不織布濾過材には、高い清浄効率と、長期間にわたって目詰まりせずにダストを除去しうる長寿命性、及び、限られた空間で十分なろ過性能を発揮しうるコンパクト性が求められる。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Nonwoven fabric filter media are used for air filtration as filter media for internal combustion engines used in automobiles, air cleaners for fuel cells and the like. In such applications, it is required to efficiently remove fine dust from a large amount of air. Further, the non-woven fabric filtering material is required to have high cleaning efficiency, long life capable of removing dust without clogging for a long period of time, and compactness capable of exerting sufficient filtering performance in a limited space. .

特に近年では、これらエアフィルタにおいて、カーボンダストのような微粒子ダストを除去する性能の向上が求められている。カーボンダストのような微粒子ダストの除去が不十分であると、濾過材(フィルタエレメント)の下流側に配置された流量センサなどの検出装置にダストが堆積し、検出装置の出力の正確さや安定性が不十分となりうるからである。 In recent years, in particular, these air filters are required to have improved performance of removing fine particle dust such as carbon dust. If the removal of particulate dust such as carbon dust is insufficient, dust accumulates on the detection device such as the flow rate sensor located downstream of the filter material (filter element), and the accuracy and stability of the output of the detection device Is insufficient.

従来公知の不織布濾過材においては、多層からなる濾材構成であれば、カーボンダストのような微粒子ダストは、最もかさ密度が高く繊維径が小さい層で捕捉されることが多い。そのため、カーボンダストが捕捉されると濾過材の圧力損失が上昇しやすく、寿命が短くなる。特に、密層のかさ密度を高くするなどして、微粒子ダストの捕捉効率(清浄効率)を高めると、濾過材がより目詰まりしやすくなる。すなわち、不織布濾過材においては、微粒子ダストについて、清浄効率と濾過材の寿命との間にトレードオフ関係がある。 In the conventionally known non-woven fabric filter material, if the filter material has a multilayer structure, fine particle dust such as carbon dust is often captured in a layer having the highest bulk density and the smallest fiber diameter. Therefore, when the carbon dust is captured, the pressure loss of the filter medium is likely to increase and the life is shortened. In particular, if the trapping density (cleaning efficiency) of fine particle dust is increased by increasing the bulk density of the dense layer, the filter material is more likely to be clogged. That is, in the non-woven fabric filter material, there is a trade-off relationship between the cleaning efficiency and the life of the filter material for fine particle dust.

例えば、特許文献1には、オイルを含浸させていない複数の不織布層からなる不織布濾過材が開示され、当該不織布濾過材の空間率を、上流側の不織布層よりも下流側の不織布層が小さくなるように形成し、下流側の不織布層の空間率を85〜92%の範囲とし、下流側の不織布層を構成する繊維の平均繊度を3デシテックス以下、上流側の不織布層を構成する繊維の平均繊度を3デシテックス以上とすることが開示されている。当該不織布濾過材によれば、吸気脈動によるダスト透過が防止され、カーボンダスト清浄効率とカーボンダスト保持量を良好に維持できるとの効果が得られる。 For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a nonwoven fabric filtration material composed of a plurality of nonwoven fabric layers not impregnated with oil, and the porosity of the nonwoven fabric filtration material is smaller in the downstream side nonwoven fabric layer than in the upstream side nonwoven fabric layer. And the porosity of the downstream non-woven fabric layer in the range of 85 to 92%, the average fineness of the fibers constituting the downstream non-woven fabric layer is 3 decitex or less, It is disclosed that the average fineness is 3 decitex or more. According to the non-woven fabric filter material, dust permeation due to intake air pulsation is prevented, and an effect that the carbon dust cleaning efficiency and the carbon dust retention amount can be favorably maintained is obtained.

特開2005−349389号公報JP, 2005-349389, A

しかしながら、特許文献1の不織布濾過材によってもなお、カーボンダストのような微粒子ダストを高い清浄効率でかつ大量に捕捉することには限界があり、より高い捕捉効率とより長寿命の濾過材が求められるに至っている。 However, even with the nonwoven fabric filter medium of Patent Document 1, there is a limit to capturing a large amount of fine particle dust such as carbon dust with high cleaning efficiency, and a filter medium having higher capture efficiency and longer life is required. Has been reached.

微粒子ダストの捕捉に有利な極細繊維により不織布を構成する試みもいろいろ行われているが、汎用されるメルトブロー法で得られるような極細繊維不織布では、極細繊維が平面的に配置されてしまい、立体的構造を有する厚みのある不織布の製造は困難である。そのため、極細繊維を用いても、微粒子ダストについての清浄効率と濾過材の寿命との間のトレードオフ関係を解決することは難しかった。 Various attempts have been made to construct non-woven fabrics from ultra-fine fibers that are advantageous for capturing fine particle dust, but in ultra-fine fiber non-woven fabrics such as those obtained by the general-purpose melt blow method, the ultra-fine fibers are arranged in a plane, Of a thick non-woven fabric having a dynamic structure is difficult. Therefore, it is difficult to solve the trade-off relationship between the cleaning efficiency for fine particle dust and the life of the filter medium even when using ultrafine fibers.

本発明の目的は、微粒子ダストの捕捉性能(清浄効率)と、長寿命性をバランスよく備えうる不織布濾過材を提供することにある。また、本発明の他の目的は、自動車の内燃機関や自動車の燃料電池に供給する空気のろ過に適した不織布濾過材を提供することにある。
An object of the present invention is to provide a non-woven fabric filtration material that can have a good balance of fine particle dust capturing performance (cleaning efficiency) and long life. Another object of the present invention is to provide a nonwoven fabric filtration material suitable for filtering air supplied to an internal combustion engine of an automobile or a fuel cell of an automobile.

発明者は、鋭意検討の結果、特定の密度勾配を有する多層構造の不織布濾過材において、上流側の粗層部に、特定の太さの捲縮複合繊維と特定の細さの細繊維とをそれぞれ特定の配合量で配合すると、粗層部における微粒子ダスト捕捉性能が向上し、上記課題が解決されることを知見し、本発明を完成させた。 The inventor, as a result of diligent studies, in a nonwoven fabric filter having a multilayer structure having a specific density gradient, a crimped composite fiber of a specific thickness and a fine fiber of a specific thinness are provided in the rough layer portion on the upstream side. The present invention has been completed based on the knowledge that the fine particle dust trapping performance in the rough layer portion is improved and the above-mentioned problems are solved by mixing each in a specific blending amount.

本発明は、上流側に位置する粗層部と下流側に位置する密層部とを有する密度勾配を持った多層構造の不織布濾過材であって、前記粗層部及び密層部はドライ層であり、粗層部の空間率は90〜99%であり、密層部の空間率は80〜95%であり、粗層部の目付が、40〜200g/平方メートルであり、密層部の目付が、70〜300g/平方メートルであるとともに、前記粗層部中には、平均繊維径が15〜45μmの捲縮している複合繊維と、平均繊維径が5〜20μmであって前記複合繊維よりも繊維径の細い細繊維とが含まれており、前記捲縮している複合繊維は、コイル状もしくはスパイラル状の立体捲縮構造を有し、前記粗層部における繊維の配合割合が、複合繊維が30〜60重量%であり、細繊維が30〜70重量%であり、前記密層部は、ポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維により構成されている、不織布濾過材である(第1発明)。
The present invention is a nonwoven fabric filtration material having a multilayer structure having a density gradient having a rough layer portion located on the upstream side and a dense layer portion located on the downstream side, wherein the rough layer portion and the dense layer portion are dry layers. The porosity of the coarse layer is 90 to 99%, the porosity of the dense layer is 80 to 95%, and the basis weight of the coarse layer is 40 to 200 g / square meter. The basis weight is 70 to 300 g / square meter, and in the rough layer portion, the crimped conjugate fiber having an average fiber diameter of 15 to 45 μm and the conjugate fiber having an average fiber diameter of 5 to 20 μm A fine fiber having a smaller fiber diameter than that is contained, and the crimped composite fiber has a coiled or spiral three-dimensional crimp structure, and the blending ratio of the fiber in the rough layer portion is 30-60% by weight of composite fibers and 30-70% by weight of fine fibers The dense layer portion is a non-woven fabric filtration material composed of regular fibers made of polyethylene terephthalate resin (first invention).

第1発明においては、粗層部に含まれる細繊維には、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維が配合されていることが好ましい(第2発明)。さらに、第2発明においては、粗層部に含まれる細繊維の内、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維の配合割合が40〜80重量%であることが好ましい(第3発明)。
また、本発明は、第1発明ないし第3発明のいずれかの不織布濾過材を有する、自動車の内燃機関用もしくは自動車の燃料電池用のエアクリーナエレメントである(第4発明)。
In the first invention, it is preferable that fine fibers having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component are blended with the fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion (second invention). Further, in the second invention, it is preferable that the fine fiber having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component is contained in the coarse layer in a proportion of 40 to 80% by weight (third invention).
Further, the present invention is an air cleaner element for an internal combustion engine of an automobile or for a fuel cell of an automobile, which comprises the nonwoven fabric filtering material of any of the first to third inventions (fourth invention).

第1発明において、粗層部中に捲縮複合繊維と細繊維が特定の配合割合で配合されることにより、粗層部中に細繊維が立体的に配置されて、この立体的に配置される細繊維がカーボンダストのような微粒子ダストの捕捉性能向上に貢献する。本発明の不織布濾過材(第1発明)によれば、微粒子ダストの捕捉性能(清浄効率)と、長寿命性をバランスよく高めうるという効果が得られる。 In the first invention, the crimped composite fiber and the fine fiber are mixed in the rough layer portion in a specific mixing ratio, whereby the fine fiber is three-dimensionally arranged in the rough layer portion, and is arranged three-dimensionally. The fine fibers contribute to improving the capturing performance of fine particle dust such as carbon dust. According to the nonwoven fabric filtration material of the present invention (first invention), it is possible to obtain an effect that the fine particle dust trapping performance (cleaning efficiency) and long life can be enhanced in a well-balanced manner.

また、第2発明の不織布濾過材は、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維が配合されているため、さらに、通気性能も向上できる。さらに、第3発明のように、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維の配合量を定めると、通気性能と微粒子ダストに対する寿命をさらにバランスよく高めることができる。また、第4発明のエアクリーナエレメントは、微粒子ダストの捕捉性能(清浄効率)と、長寿命性をバランスよく高められており、自動車の内燃機関や燃料電池に好ましく使用できる。
Further, since the non-woven fabric filtering material of the second aspect of the present invention contains fine fibers having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component, the ventilation performance can be further improved. Further, as in the third aspect of the invention, when the blending amount of the core-sheath structure fine fibers containing the low melting point component is determined, the ventilation performance and the life for fine particle dust can be further enhanced in a well balanced manner. Further, the air cleaner element of the fourth aspect of the present invention has a well-balanced enhancement of fine particle dust trapping performance (cleaning efficiency) and long life, and can be preferably used for internal combustion engines of automobiles and fuel cells.

発明の第1実施形態の不織布濾過材の断面構造を示す模式図である。It is a schematic diagram which shows the cross-section of the nonwoven fabric filter material of 1st Embodiment of invention. 不織布濾過材を用いたエアクリーナエレメントの構造を示す模式図である。It is a schematic diagram which shows the structure of the air cleaner element using the nonwoven fabric filter material.

以下図面を参照しながら、自動車の内燃機関(エンジン)に供給する空気をろ過するためのエアクリーナのフィルタ材として利用可能な不織布濾過材を例として、発明の実施形態について説明する。発明は以下に示す個別の実施形態に限定されるものではなく、その形態を変更して実施することもできる。 Hereinafter, embodiments of the invention will be described with reference to the drawings, taking a nonwoven fabric filter material that can be used as a filter material of an air cleaner for filtering air supplied to an internal combustion engine of an automobile, as an example. The invention is not limited to the individual embodiments described below, and the embodiments can be modified and implemented.

図1は、発明の第1実施形態の不織布濾過材1の断面構造を示す模式図である。本実施形態の不織布濾過材はシート状の不織布であって、自動車エンジンのエアクリーナ用に供される場合には、通常、襞折りされた状態で枠に固定されたエアクリーナエレメント2として使用される。図2にエアクリーナエレメントの構造を模式的に断面図で示す。エアクリーナエレメント2は襞折りされた不織布濾過材1の周囲を枠体21で囲って一体化し、枠体21の周囲にシール部材22、22を設けて構成される。エアクリーナエレメントの具体的構成としては、公知の構成が採用でき、特に限定されない。エアクリーナエレメント2は、枠体21やシール材22を有しない構成であってもよい。 FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing a cross-sectional structure of a nonwoven fabric filter medium 1 according to the first embodiment of the invention. The nonwoven fabric filter material of the present embodiment is a sheet-shaped nonwoven fabric, and when it is used for an air cleaner of an automobile engine, it is usually used as an air cleaner element 2 fixed to a frame in a folded state. FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view showing the structure of the air cleaner element. The air cleaner element 2 is formed by surrounding the fold-folded non-woven fabric filter material 1 with a frame 21 so as to be integrated, and providing seal members 22 and 22 around the frame 21. A known configuration can be adopted as a specific configuration of the air cleaner element and is not particularly limited. The air cleaner element 2 may be configured without the frame 21 and the sealing material 22.

不織布濾過材1は、複数の不織布層を積層した多層構造の不織布濾過材である。図1に不織布濾過材が使用される際の気流の流れを矢印で示すように、本不織布濾過材においては、上流側で使われるべき層と、下流側で使われるべき層があらかじめ定められている。不織布濾過材1は、上流側に位置する粗層部11と下流側に位置する密層部12とを有する。粗層部11は、密層部12よりも、不織布層のかさ密度が低い。換言すると、粗層部11は、密層部12よりも、不織布層の空間率が高い。すなわち、不織布濾過材1は、上流側に粗層部11を有し、下流側に密層部12を有し、密度勾配を持っている。 The nonwoven fabric filter medium 1 is a nonwoven fabric filter medium having a multilayer structure in which a plurality of nonwoven fabric layers are laminated. As shown by the arrows in FIG. 1 when the non-woven filter material is used, the flow of the air flow is indicated by arrows. In this non-woven filter material, a layer to be used on the upstream side and a layer to be used on the downstream side are predetermined. There is. The nonwoven fabric filter medium 1 has a rough layer portion 11 located on the upstream side and a dense layer portion 12 located on the downstream side. The rough layer portion 11 has a lower bulk density of the nonwoven fabric layer than the dense layer portion 12. In other words, the rough layer portion 11 has a higher porosity of the nonwoven fabric layer than the dense layer portion 12. That is, the nonwoven fabric filter medium 1 has the coarse layer portion 11 on the upstream side and the dense layer portion 12 on the downstream side, and has a density gradient.

ここで不織布層の空間率とは、不織布層の単位体積当たりに占める空間体積(不織布層全体が占める体積から繊維が占める体積を除いた体積)を百分率で示した値である。不織布層が粗であるとは、空間率が大きいことを意味し、不織布層が密であるとは、空間率が小さいことを意味する。粗層部11の好ましい空間率は90〜99%程度である。また、密層部12の好ましい空間率は80〜95%程度である。本実施形態においては密層部12の空間率が93.5%とされている。 Here, the porosity of the non-woven fabric layer is a value indicating the space volume occupied per unit volume of the non-woven fabric layer (volume excluding the volume occupied by the fibers from the volume occupied by the whole non-woven fabric layer) as a percentage. The non-woven fabric layer being coarse means that the porosity is large, and the non-woven fabric layer being dense means that the porosity is small. The preferable porosity of the rough layer portion 11 is about 90 to 99%. Further, the preferable porosity of the dense layer portion 12 is about 80 to 95%. In this embodiment, the porosity of the dense layer portion 12 is 93.5%.

不織布濾過材の粗層部11と密層部12の不織布層の目付は特に限定されないが、粗層部11の目付が、40〜200g/平方メートル程度、密層部12の目付が、70〜300g/平方メートル程度であることが好ましい。本実施形態においては、粗層部11の目付が75g/平方メートル、密層部12の目付が125g/平方メートルとされている。 The basis weight of the non-woven fabric layer of the non-woven fabric filter material is not particularly limited, but the basis weight of the coarse layer part 11 is about 40 to 200 g / square meter, and the basis weight of the dense layer part 12 is 70 to 300 g. It is preferable that it is about / square meter. In the present embodiment, the basis weight of the rough layer portion 11 is 75 g / square meter and the basis weight of the dense layer portion 12 is 125 g / square meter.

不織布濾過材1は、粗層部11、密層部12以外の層を有していてもよい。例えば、粗層部11よりも上流側に、プレフィルタ層を有していてもよい。あるいは、粗層部11と密層部12の間に中間層を設けてもよい。あるいは、密層部12よりも下流側に基材層13を設けてもよい。これら他の層を設けることは必須ではない。本実施形態の不織布濾過材1は、密層部12よりも下流側に基材層13が設けられており、基材層13は、主に不織布濾過材1の製造効率を高める役割で設けられている。 The nonwoven fabric filter medium 1 may have layers other than the rough layer portion 11 and the dense layer portion 12. For example, a pre-filter layer may be provided on the upstream side of the rough layer portion 11. Alternatively, an intermediate layer may be provided between the rough layer portion 11 and the dense layer portion 12. Alternatively, the base material layer 13 may be provided on the downstream side of the dense layer portion 12. Providing these other layers is not essential. The nonwoven fabric filter material 1 of the present embodiment is provided with the base material layer 13 on the downstream side of the dense layer portion 12, and the base material layer 13 is provided mainly for enhancing the production efficiency of the nonwoven fabric filter material 1. ing.

粗層部11及び密層部12は、ドライ層とされている。ドライ層とは、不織布層に実質的にオイルが含浸・塗布されていない層のことである。不織布濾過材1においては、カーボンダストのような微粒子ダストは、主に、粗層部11及び密層部12で捕捉される。いわゆるビスカスタイプのフィルタエレメントに含浸されるオイルが、これら層に含浸されていると、微粒子ダストが抜けやすいため、粗層部11及び密層部12はドライ層とされる。 The rough layer portion 11 and the dense layer portion 12 are dry layers. The dry layer is a layer in which the non-woven fabric layer is not substantially impregnated or coated with oil. In the nonwoven fabric filter medium 1, fine particle dust such as carbon dust is mainly captured by the rough layer portion 11 and the dense layer portion 12. If these layers are impregnated with oil that is impregnated in a so-called viscous type filter element, fine particle dust is likely to escape, so the rough layer portion 11 and the dense layer portion 12 are dry layers.

粗層部11や密層部12以外の層については、必ずしもドライ層である必要はなく、オイルを含浸させたビスカス層であってもよい。例えば、粗層部の上流側にビスカス層を設けてもよい。なお、不織布濾過材1の一部の層をビスカス層とする場合には、粗層部11と密層部12が確実にドライ層となるように、オイルの付着や移行を防止することが好ましい。 The layers other than the rough layer portion 11 and the dense layer portion 12 do not necessarily have to be dry layers, and may be viscous layers impregnated with oil. For example, a viscous layer may be provided on the upstream side of the rough layer portion. When a part of the nonwoven fabric filter material 1 is a viscous layer, it is preferable to prevent oil from adhering or migrating so that the rough layer portion 11 and the dense layer portion 12 are surely dry layers. .

粗層部11の構成についてより詳細に説明する。不織布濾過材1において、粗層部11は、微粒子ダストの大部分を捕捉する役割を有している。
粗層部11は、繊維の太さが異なる複数種の繊維が混紡されて構成された不織布層である。粗層部11中には、平均繊維径が15〜45μmの捲縮している複合繊維と、平均繊維径が5〜20μmであって前記複合繊維よりも繊維径の細い細繊維とが含まれている。
The structure of the rough layer portion 11 will be described in more detail. In the nonwoven fabric filter medium 1, the rough layer portion 11 has a role of capturing most of fine particle dust.
The rough layer portion 11 is a non-woven fabric layer formed by mixing and spinning a plurality of types of fibers having different fiber thicknesses. The rough layer portion 11 includes crimped composite fibers having an average fiber diameter of 15 to 45 μm and fine fibers having an average fiber diameter of 5 to 20 μm and having a smaller fiber diameter than the composite fibers. ing.

これら複合繊維と細繊維は、粗層部11の中で互いに交絡し合って立体的に配置されている。複合繊維と細繊維の交絡状態は、繊維同士の摩擦やバインダによる接着や接着性繊維(いわゆる低融点繊維など)等により維持される。また、これら複合繊維と細繊維は、長く連続した繊維であってもよいが、短い繊維であってもよい。混紡がたやすく、不織布からの繊維の脱落が少ないという観点から、好ましくは、これら繊維は30〜80mm程度の長さにされて不織布化される。 These composite fibers and fine fibers are three-dimensionally arranged in the rough layer portion 11 so as to be intertwined with each other. The entangled state of the composite fibers and the fine fibers is maintained by friction between the fibers, adhesion with a binder, adhesive fibers (so-called low melting point fibers, etc.), and the like. Further, these composite fibers and fine fibers may be long continuous fibers, but may be short fibers. From the viewpoints of easy blending and less loss of fibers from the non-woven fabric, these fibers are preferably made into a non-woven fabric with a length of about 30 to 80 mm.

ここで、繊維の平均繊維径について説明する。繊維が単一の材料・種類である場合には、平均繊維径とは、デニールやデシテックスといったその繊維の繊度と、繊維を構成する材料の密度から、繊維が円断面であるとして直接計算される繊維径のことである。平均繊維径を求めたい繊維群の繊維が複数の種類である場合や、繊維が複数の構成材料からなる場合には、それぞれの繊維や構成材料について、繊度や密度からそれぞれの平均繊維径を求めたうえで、それぞれの繊維や構成材料の配合割合に応じて平均繊維径の加重平均を取ったものを、平均繊維径として扱えばよい。また、繊維が異形断面や中空構造を有する場合には、繊維の顕微鏡写真から複数個所で繊維の幅を測定し、それら幅の算術平均を取ったものを繊維の平均繊維径として扱えばよい。 Here, the average fiber diameter of the fibers will be described. When a fiber is a single material / type, the average fiber diameter is calculated directly from the fineness of the fiber, such as denier or decitex, and the density of the materials that make up the fiber, assuming that the fiber has a circular cross section. It is the fiber diameter. If there are multiple types of fibers in the fiber group for which the average fiber diameter is desired, or if the fibers are composed of multiple constituent materials, for each fiber or constituent material, determine the respective average fiber diameter from the fineness and density. Then, a weighted average of the average fiber diameters may be treated as the average fiber diameter according to the blending ratio of each fiber or constituent material. When the fiber has an irregular cross section or a hollow structure, the width of the fiber may be measured at a plurality of locations from a micrograph of the fiber, and the arithmetic mean of the widths may be taken as the average fiber diameter of the fiber.

粗層部11に含まれる捲縮した複合繊維について説明する。複合繊維とは、材料の種類や特性が異なる複数の材料を組み合わせて構成した繊維のことである、複合繊維としては、熱収縮率の異なる樹脂を同時押出した、偏心構造やサイドバイサイド構造を有する複合繊維(いわゆるコンジュゲート繊維)や、熱収縮率の異なる繊維を組み合わせたバイコン繊維などが例示される。複合繊維は、捲縮した状態で粗層部11に配合されている。なお、複合繊維が捲縮すると、一般に、立体捲縮構造を有する捲縮形態となる。立体捲縮構造としては、コイル状・スパイラル状といった三次元的な捲縮形態が代表的であるがこれらに限定されない。また、複合繊維は中空の複合繊維であってもよい。複合繊維が中空であると、捲縮状態がより強力に維持されて好ましい。 The crimped composite fiber contained in the rough layer portion 11 will be described. A composite fiber is a fiber made by combining multiple materials with different material types and characteristics.As a composite fiber, a composite having an eccentric structure and a side-by-side structure is obtained by coextruding resins with different heat shrinkage rates. Examples thereof include fibers (so-called conjugate fibers) and bicon fibers in which fibers having different heat shrinkage rates are combined. The composite fiber is blended in the rough layer portion 11 in a crimped state. When the composite fiber is crimped, it generally has a crimped form having a three-dimensional crimped structure. The three-dimensional crimp structure is typically a three-dimensional crimp form such as a coil shape or a spiral shape, but is not limited thereto. Further, the composite fiber may be a hollow composite fiber. When the conjugate fiber is hollow, the crimped state is more strongly maintained, which is preferable.

複合繊維に使用される材料は、典型的には化学繊維材料が用いられるが、天然繊維と化学繊維を複合したものであってもよい。化学繊維の材料としては、典型的には、ポリエチレンテレフタレート(PET)樹脂のようなポリエステル樹脂、ナイロン6のようなポリアミド樹樹脂、ポリアクリロニトリル樹脂のようなアクリル樹脂、ポリプロピレン樹脂のようなポリオレフィン樹脂が使用できる。 The material used for the composite fiber is typically a chemical fiber material, but may be a composite of natural fiber and chemical fiber. As a material of the chemical fiber, typically, a polyester resin such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resin, a polyamide resin such as nylon 6, an acrylic resin such as polyacrylonitrile resin, and a polyolefin resin such as polypropylene resin are used. Can be used.

本実施形態においては、捲縮した複合繊維として、ポリエステル樹脂とポリエステル系樹脂とをサイドバイサイド構造で複合化した複合繊維に対し、熱処理により捲縮を加えた、平均繊維径26.8μmの複合繊維が用いられている。 In the present embodiment, as the crimped conjugate fiber, a conjugate fiber having an average fiber diameter of 26.8 μm obtained by crimping by heat treatment to a conjugate fiber obtained by compositing a polyester resin and a polyester resin in a side-by-side structure is used. It is used.

粗層部11に含まれる細繊維について説明する。細繊維が粗層部に混紡されて配合されることにより、細繊維の表面に微粒子ダストが吸着し、粗層部11で微粒子ダストを効果的に捕捉することが可能となる。微粒子ダストを効率的に捕捉するために、粗層部11に含まれる細繊維の平均繊維径が5〜20μmとされ、かつ、細繊維の繊維径は、上述した複合繊維の繊維径よりも、細くされている。かかる構成により、粗層部11においては、捲縮した複合繊維により、かさ高の粗層部の立体構造が維持され、細繊維により微粒子ダストが捕捉される。 The fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion 11 will be described. By mixing and mixing the fine fibers in the coarse layer portion, fine particle dust is adsorbed on the surface of the fine fibers, and the fine particle dust can be effectively captured in the coarse layer portion 11. In order to efficiently capture the fine particle dust, the average fiber diameter of the fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion 11 is set to 5 to 20 μm, and the fiber diameter of the fine fibers is larger than the fiber diameter of the above-described composite fibers. It is thin. With this configuration, in the rough layer portion 11, the three-dimensional structure of the bulky rough layer portion is maintained by the crimped composite fibers, and the fine fibers capture the fine particle dust.

粗層部11に含まれる細繊維としては、天然繊維でもよいが、合成繊維が好ましく使用される。合成繊維としては、例えばPET(ポリエチレンテフタレート)、PBT(ポリブチレンテレフタレート)及びPTT(ポリトリメチレンテレフタレート)のようなポリエステル、PP(ポリプロピレン)及びPE(ポリエチレン)のようなポリオレフィン、6−ナイロン及び66−ナイロンのようなPA(ポリアミド)、ポリアクリルなどの樹脂原料から製造された繊維や、レーヨン繊維などをあげることができる。これら合成繊維は、単独で、もしくは他の繊維と一緒に粗層部11に混紡される。サーマルボンド法が利用できるように、粗層部11に含まれる細繊維として、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維(高融点成分を芯として低融点成分を鞘とした、いわゆる低融点繊維)を含ませてもよい。また、粗層部11に含まれる細繊維に対し、エレクトレット処理や撥油処理を施して、微粒子ダストの捕捉性能を高めてもよい。 The fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion 11 may be natural fibers, but synthetic fibers are preferably used. Examples of synthetic fibers include polyesters such as PET (polyethylene terephthalate), PBT (polybutylene terephthalate) and PTT (polytrimethylene terephthalate), polyolefins such as PP (polypropylene) and PE (polyethylene), 6-nylon and Fibers manufactured from resin raw materials such as PA (polyamide) such as 66-nylon and polyacryl, rayon fibers and the like can be mentioned. These synthetic fibers are spun alone or together with other fibers into the coarse layer portion 11. As the fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion 11 so that the thermal bonding method can be used, a fine fiber having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component (so-called low melting point fiber having a high melting point component as a core and a low melting point component as a sheath). ) May be included. Further, the fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion 11 may be subjected to electret treatment or oil repellent treatment to improve the fine particle dust capturing performance.

本実施形態においては、粗層部11に含まれる細繊維として、平均繊維径11.6μmのレギュラーPET繊維と、平均繊維径14.3μmの低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造のPET繊維が用いられている。 In the present embodiment, as the fine fibers included in the rough layer portion 11, regular PET fibers having an average fiber diameter of 11.6 μm and PET fibers having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component having an average fiber diameter of 14.3 μm are used. ing.

不織布濾過材1において、粗層部11における繊維の配合割合は、複合繊維が30〜60重量%であり、細繊維が30〜70重量%とされる。複合繊維が30重量%以上であり、かつ、細繊維が70重量%以下であることにより、粗層部11において、細繊維がつぶれた平面的配置になってしまうことなく、立体的に配置される。また、細繊維が30重量%以上であることにより、粗層部において多量の微粒子ダストを捕捉することが可能となる。粗層部11における繊維の配合割合は、複合繊維が40〜50重量%であり、細繊維が40〜60重量%とされることが好ましい。 In the nonwoven fabric filter medium 1, the compounding ratio of the fibers in the rough layer portion 11 is 30 to 60% by weight of the composite fibers and 30 to 70% by weight of the fine fibers. Since the composite fibers are 30% by weight or more and the fine fibers are 70% by weight or less, the fine fibers are three-dimensionally arranged in the rough layer portion 11 without being flatly arranged. It Further, when the fine fibers are 30% by weight or more, a large amount of fine particle dust can be captured in the rough layer portion. The compounding ratio of the fibers in the rough layer portion 11 is preferably 40 to 50% by weight of the composite fibers and 40 to 60% by weight of the fine fibers.

粗層部11に含まれる細繊維として、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維が配合される場合には、粗層部11に含まれる細繊維の内、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維の配合割合が40〜80重量%であることが好ましく、50〜70重量%であることが特に好ましい。配合割合が40%以上であれば、粗層部を構成する繊維の立体的配置がより良好に維持され、配合割合が80%以下であれば、粗層部全体にわたって細繊維が均一に分散しやすくなって好ましい。 When fine fibers having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component are blended as fine fibers contained in the rough layer part 11, of the fine fibers contained in the rough layer part 11, a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component is included. The mixing ratio of the fine fibers is preferably 40 to 80% by weight, and particularly preferably 50 to 70% by weight. If the blending ratio is 40% or more, the three-dimensional arrangement of the fibers forming the rough layer portion is better maintained, and if the blending ratio is 80% or less, the fine fibers are uniformly dispersed throughout the rough layer portion. It is easy and preferable.

本実施形態においては、粗層部11に含まれる捲縮した複合繊維が45重量%、粗層部11に含まれる細繊維としてのレギュラーPET繊維が20重量%、粗層部11に含まれる細繊維としての低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造のPET繊維が30重量%含まれており、その他に、粗層部11には、平均繊維径24.7μmのレギュラーPET繊維が5重量%含まれている。 In the present embodiment, the crimped composite fiber contained in the rough layer portion 11 is 45% by weight, the regular PET fiber as the fine fiber contained in the rough layer portion 11 is 20% by weight, and the fine PET fiber contained in the coarse layer portion 11 is thin. 30% by weight of PET fiber having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component as a fiber is contained, and in addition, the coarse layer portion 11 contains 5% by weight of regular PET fiber having an average fiber diameter of 24.7 μm. There is.

密層部12の構成についてより詳細に説明する。不織布濾過材1において、密層部12は、粗層部11を通過してきた微粒子ダストを捕捉する役割を有している。
かかる役割を考慮して、密層部12は微粒子ダストの捕捉に適した構成を採用することが好ましい。例えば、密層部12を構成する繊維として、平均繊維径が5〜30μmのものが好ましく、5〜20μmのものが特に好ましい。また、密層部を構成する繊維の材料は、粗層部11に含まれる細繊維と同様の材質の繊維が使用できる。また、密層部の繊維配置構造がつぶれてしまわないように、もっと太い繊維を混ぜてもよい。
なお、密層部12を細い繊維で構成し、かさ密度を大きく(空間率を小さく)すれば、微粒子ダストの捕捉効率(清浄効率)を高めることはできるが、一方で、密層部が微粒子ダストによって目詰まりしやすくなり、濾過材の寿命が短くなりやすい。
The configuration of the dense layer portion 12 will be described in more detail. In the nonwoven fabric filter material 1, the dense layer portion 12 has a role of capturing the fine particle dust that has passed through the rough layer portion 11.
In consideration of such a role, it is preferable that the dense layer portion 12 has a configuration suitable for capturing fine particle dust. For example, as the fibers constituting the dense layer portion 12, those having an average fiber diameter of 5 to 30 μm are preferable, and those having an average fiber diameter of 5 to 20 μm are particularly preferable. Further, as the material of the fibers forming the dense layer portion, the fiber having the same material as the fine fibers included in the rough layer portion 11 can be used. Further, thicker fibers may be mixed so that the fiber arrangement structure in the dense layer portion is not crushed.
It should be noted that if the dense layer portion 12 is made of thin fibers and the bulk density is increased (porosity is reduced), the trapping efficiency (cleaning efficiency) of fine particle dust can be increased, while the dense layer portion is fine particles. Dust easily causes clogging, and the life of the filter medium tends to be shortened.

本実施形態においては、密層部12には、平均繊維径17.5μmのレギュラーPET繊維が40重量%、平均繊維径11.6μmのレギュラーPET繊維が60重量%含まれている。 In this embodiment, the dense layer portion 12 contains 40% by weight of regular PET fibers having an average fiber diameter of 17.5 μm and 60% by weight of regular PET fibers having an average fiber diameter of 11.6 μm.

第1実施形態の不織布濾過材1の製造方法について、説明する。不織布濾過材1は、粗層部11、密層部12、基材層13になるべきそれぞれの繊維集合体(ウェブあるいは不織布)を積層させる第1の工程と、その積層体にニードルパンチや水流交絡処理や熱処理やバインダ処理を施して一体化する第2の工程を含む、不織布製造方法により製造される。この製造方法は公知である。 A method for manufacturing the nonwoven fabric filter medium 1 of the first embodiment will be described. The non-woven fabric filter material 1 comprises a first step of laminating the respective fiber aggregates (web or non-woven fabric) to be the rough layer portion 11, the dense layer portion 12, and the base material layer 13, and needle punching or water flow to the laminated body. It is manufactured by a nonwoven fabric manufacturing method including a second step of performing integration by performing entanglement treatment, heat treatment, and binder treatment. This manufacturing method is known.

第1の工程においては、まず、粗層部を構成する原料繊維を開繊・混紡し、軽量・給綿工程を経て粗層部となるべきウェブを得る。同様に、密層部を構成する原料繊維を開繊・混紡し、軽量・給綿工程を経て密層部となるべきウェブを得る。基材層としては、ウェブから製造してもよいが、あらかじめ製作しておいたスパンボンド不織布を用いることもできる。次いで、基材層となるスパンボンド不織布の上に、密層部となるべきウェブおよび、粗層部となるべきウェブをこの順序で積層する。以上が第1工程である。 In the first step, first, raw material fibers constituting the rough layer portion are opened and mixed-spun, and a web to be the rough layer portion is obtained through a light weight / cotton feeding step. Similarly, the raw material fibers constituting the dense layer portion are opened and mixed to obtain a web which should be a dense layer portion through a lightweight and cotton feeding process. The base material layer may be produced from a web, but it is also possible to use a spunbonded nonwoven fabric produced in advance. Next, a web to be a dense layer portion and a web to be a rough layer portion are laminated in this order on the spunbonded nonwoven fabric to be the base material layer. The above is the first step.

次いで、得られた積層体をニードルパンチ工程に供し、各層が所定の空間率となるように制御しながら一体化する。ニードルパンチ工程に引き続き、バインダー液に浸漬し、熱処理して、繊維の交点部分を固定することが好ましい(第2工程)。この一体化工程を経ることで、不織布濾過材1が得られる。なお、粗層部11に含まれる捲縮した複合繊維を捲縮するタイミングについては、特に限定されない。複合繊維の捲縮を、第1の工程の開繊・混紡工程に先立ってあるいは並行して行ってもよいし、第2工程におけるニードルパンチ工程や熱処理工程の中で複合繊維が捲縮するようにしてもよい。 Next, the obtained laminated body is subjected to a needle punching step, and is integrated while controlling each layer to have a predetermined porosity. Subsequent to the needle punching step, it is preferable to immerse in a binder solution and heat-treat to fix the intersections of the fibers (second step). The nonwoven fabric filtration material 1 is obtained by going through this integration step. The timing of crimping the crimped composite fiber contained in the rough layer portion 11 is not particularly limited. The crimping of the composite fiber may be performed prior to or in parallel with the fiber-opening / blending step of the first step, or the composite fiber may be crimped during the needle punching step or the heat treatment step of the second step. You may

上記実施形態の不織布濾過材1の作用および効果について説明する。
不織布濾過材1においては、粗層部11がドライ層であり、粗層部11中には、平均繊維径が15〜45μmの捲縮している複合繊維と、平均繊維径が5〜20μmであって前記複合繊維よりも繊維径の細い細繊維とが含まれており、粗層部11における繊維の配合割合が、複合繊維が30〜60重量%であり、細繊維が30〜70重量%である構成であることにより、粗層部11により、カーボンダストのような微粒子ダストを高い捕捉効率(清浄効率)で、大量に捕捉することができる。
The operation and effect of the nonwoven fabric filtration material 1 of the above embodiment will be described.
In the nonwoven fabric filter medium 1, the rough layer portion 11 is a dry layer, and the rough layer portion 11 has a crimped composite fiber having an average fiber diameter of 15 to 45 μm and an average fiber diameter of 5 to 20 μm. There is a fine fiber having a smaller fiber diameter than the composite fiber, and the compounding ratio of the fiber in the rough layer portion 11 is 30 to 60% by weight of the composite fiber and 30 to 70% by weight of the fine fiber. With such a configuration, the coarse layer portion 11 can capture a large amount of fine particle dust such as carbon dust with high capturing efficiency (cleaning efficiency).

特許文献1に開示されるような従来の多層構造不織布においては、上流側の粗層部は、JIS−8種ダストのような比較的粗いダストを多量に捕捉することを狙っており、上流側粗層部で微粒子ダストを捕捉しようという技術思想はなかった。また、従来の多層構造不織布においては、微粒子ダストの捕捉は、もっぱら、細い繊維により構成される密層側で行われていた。しかしながら、密層部を構成する細い繊維では、濾過材を通過する気流に抵抗しながら、繊維の立体配置や高い空間率を維持することは困難であり、密層部においては繊維の配置がつぶれた平面的な繊維配置構造となりがちであった。そのため、従来技術においては、微粒子ダストの捕捉効率を高めると、すぐに目詰まりしてしまい、微粒子ダストに対する捕捉効率(清浄効率)と、高寿命を両立しがたいという困難があった。 In the conventional multilayer structured non-woven fabric as disclosed in Patent Document 1, the coarse layer portion on the upstream side aims to capture a large amount of relatively coarse dust such as JIS-8 type dust, and the upstream side There was no technical idea to capture fine particle dust in the rough layer portion. Further, in the conventional multi-layered nonwoven fabric, the trapping of fine particle dust has been exclusively performed on the dense layer side composed of fine fibers. However, it is difficult to maintain the three-dimensional arrangement of fibers and a high porosity while resisting the air flow passing through the filter medium with the thin fibers forming the dense layer portion, and the arrangement of the fibers is collapsed in the dense layer portion. It tends to have a flat fiber arrangement structure. Therefore, in the prior art, if the trapping efficiency of the fine particle dust is increased, it is immediately clogged, and it is difficult to achieve both trapping efficiency (cleaning efficiency) for the fine particle dust and long life.

上記実施形態の不織布濾過材1においては、粗層部中に、比較的太い捲縮した複合繊維と比較的細い細繊維とを配合し、捲縮した複合繊維により、粗層部の立体的な繊維の配置を維持しながら、細繊維によって微粒子ダストを高い効率でかつ大量に捕捉することができる。かかる高効率かつ、大量の微粒子ダストの捕捉が可能となるよう、粗層部11における繊維の配合割合が、特定の太さの複合繊維が30〜60重量%であり、特定の太さの細繊維が30〜70重量%である構成であるようにされている。 In the nonwoven fabric filter material 1 of the above-described embodiment, the coarse layer portion is blended with the relatively thick crimped composite fiber and the relatively thin fine fiber, and the crimped composite fiber provides a three-dimensional appearance of the coarse layer portion. The fine fibers can capture a large amount of fine particle dust with high efficiency while maintaining the arrangement of the fibers. In order to capture such a large amount of fine particle dust with high efficiency, the blending ratio of fibers in the rough layer portion 11 is 30 to 60% by weight of the composite fiber having a specific thickness, and the fine fiber having a specific thickness is fine. The composition is such that the fiber is 30 to 70% by weight.

特に、粗層部11において、捲縮した複合繊維と、細繊維を組み合わせることにより、細繊維の立体的配置が効果的に実現される。捲縮した複合繊維は、いわゆるコイル状やスパイラル状の立体捲縮形態に捲縮することが多く、そのような立体捲縮した構造に細繊維が引っかかって交絡し、細繊維の立体構造がつぶれにくくなるからである。細繊維の立体的配置が効果的に実現されることにより、粗層部11の全体において、微粒子ダストが細繊維に吸着されることになり、粗層部11における微粒子ダストの体積濾過が実現され、微粒子ダストを高い捕捉効率で捕捉しながらも、長寿命を実現することが可能となる。 In particular, in the rough layer portion 11, by combining the crimped composite fiber and the fine fiber, the three-dimensional arrangement of the fine fiber is effectively realized. The crimped conjugate fiber is often crimped into a so-called coil-shaped or spiral-shaped three-dimensional crimped form, and the fine fibers are caught and entangled in such a three-dimensionally crimped structure, and the three-dimensional structure of the fine fibers is crushed. Because it becomes difficult. By effectively realizing the three-dimensional arrangement of the fine fibers, the fine particle dust is adsorbed by the fine fibers in the entire rough layer portion 11, and volume filtration of the fine particle dust in the rough layer portion 11 is realized. It is possible to realize a long life while capturing the fine particle dust with high capturing efficiency.

さらに、粗層部11に配合される細繊維に、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維が配合されていると、芯鞘繊維を熱処理することにより、低融点成分を溶かして、粗層部における繊維の交点を固定することができる。これにより、気流により粗層部に含まれる細繊維の立体配置がつぶれてしまうことが抑制されるので、不織布濾過材の通気性能が高められる(すなわち濾過材の通気抵抗が下がる)。 Further, when the fine fibers having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component are mixed with the fine fibers mixed in the rough layer portion 11, the low melting point component is melted by heat-treating the core-sheath fiber to form a rough layer. The intersection of the fibers in the section can be fixed. As a result, the three-dimensional arrangement of the fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion is suppressed from being collapsed by the air flow, so that the ventilation performance of the nonwoven fabric filtration material is improved (that is, the ventilation resistance of the filtration material is lowered).

さらに、粗層部に含まれる細繊維の内、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維の配合割合が40〜80重量%となるように配合すれば、配合割合が40%以上であることにより、粗層部を構成する繊維の立体的配置がより良好に維持されやすく、配合割合が80%以下であることにより、粗層部全体にわたって細繊維が均一に分散しやすくなって、通気性能と微粒子ダストに対する寿命をさらにバランスよく高め、両立することができる。 Furthermore, if the proportion of fine fibers having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component among the fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion is 40 to 80% by weight, the proportion is 40% or more. As a result, the three-dimensional arrangement of the fibers constituting the rough layer portion can be better maintained, and the blending ratio of 80% or less facilitates the fine fibers to be uniformly dispersed throughout the rough layer portion, thereby improving the ventilation performance. It is possible to further improve the life of the fine particle dust in a well-balanced manner.

また、上記不織布濾過材1は、自動車の内燃機関に供給する空気を濾過するエアクリーナや、自動車の燃料電池に供給する空気を濾過するエアクリーナに好適に用いることができる。これらエアクリーナにおいては、エアクリーナエレメントをコンパクトに実現する必要があることから、空気用フィルタ素材としては、比較的高い通過流速で濾過材が使用されることになり、濾過材に求められる性能が特に厳しいものとなりがちである。上記不織布濾過材1は、このような厳しい性能が要求される用途においても、微粒子ダストを高い効率でかつ大量に捕捉することが可能であり、これら用途のエアクリーナエレメントに使用できる。 Further, the non-woven fabric filter material 1 can be suitably used for an air cleaner for filtering air supplied to an internal combustion engine of an automobile and an air cleaner for filtering air supplied to a fuel cell of an automobile. In these air cleaners, since it is necessary to realize the air cleaner element compactly, a filter medium is used at a relatively high passage velocity as a filter material for air, and the performance required for the filter medium is particularly severe. It tends to be a thing. The non-woven fabric filter medium 1 can capture a large amount of fine particle dust with high efficiency even in applications where such strict performance is required, and can be used as an air cleaner element for these applications.

以下、本発明の実施例を説明する。なお、本発明はこれらの実施例によって限定されるものではない。
また、以下に示す実施例や比較例において、いずれの例における濾過材も、相違する旨の記載のない繊維の材質や厚みや目付け量、積層された層の間の密度勾配等の構成は、実質的に同じであり、試験に供する際に成形したフィルタエレメントの形状や襞折りの仕様も同一としている。実施例及び比較例の繊維構成や性能評価結果を表1に示す。
Examples of the present invention will be described below. The present invention is not limited to these examples.
Further, in the examples and comparative examples shown below, the filter medium in any of the examples, the material such as the thickness of the fiber and the weight not having a statement that there is a difference, the weight, the configuration of the density gradient between the stacked layers, etc., They are substantially the same, and the shape of the filter element formed when used in the test and the specifications of the folds are also the same. Table 1 shows the fiber configurations and performance evaluation results of Examples and Comparative Examples.

(実施例1)
実施例1は、上記第1実施形態として説明した不織布濾過材1である。粗層部11の目付は75g/平方メートル、空間率は96。6%である。密層部12の目付は125g/平方メートル、空間率は93.5%である。基材層13には目付は15g/平方メートルのスパンボンド不織布を用いた。
粗層部11の繊維構成は、平均繊維径26.8μm(繊度7.8デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製の複合繊維を捲縮した繊維が45重量%、平均繊維径24.7μm(繊度6.6デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維(R−PET:複合繊維でない通常のPET繊維)が5重量%、細繊維としての平均繊維径11.6μm(繊度1.45デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維(R−PET:芯鞘繊維でない通常のPET繊維)が20重量%、細繊維としての平均繊維径14.3μm(繊度2.2デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製の低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の繊維(L−PET)が30重量%である。したがって、粗層部11に含まれる細繊維の内、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維(L−PET)の配合割合は60重量%である。
密層部12の繊維構成は、平均繊維径17.5μm(繊度3.3デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維が40重量%、平均繊維径11.6μm(繊度1.45デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維が60重量%である。なお、密層部には40g/平方メートルのバインダ処理を施している。
(Example 1)
Example 1 is the nonwoven fabric filter material 1 described as the first embodiment. The coarse layer portion 11 has a basis weight of 75 g / square meter and a porosity of 96.6%. The dense layer portion 12 has a basis weight of 125 g / square meter and a porosity of 93.5%. A spunbonded nonwoven fabric having a basis weight of 15 g / square meter was used for the base material layer 13.
Regarding the fiber constitution of the rough layer portion 11, 45% by weight of fibers obtained by crimping the composite fiber made of polyethylene terephthalate resin having an average fiber diameter of 26.8 μm (fineness of 7.8 decitex) and an average fiber diameter of 24.7 μm (fineness of 6. Polyethylene terephthalate resin having 6 decitex) 5% by weight of regular fibers (R-PET: ordinary PET fiber which is not a composite fiber) made of polyethylene terephthalate resin, and having an average fiber diameter of 11.6 μm (fineness 1.45 decitex) as fine fibers. 20% by weight of regular fibers (R-PET: ordinary PET fibers that are not core-sheath fibers) made of polyethylene terephthalate resin having an average fiber diameter of 14.3 μm (fineness of 2.2 decitex) as fine fibers and having a low melting point component. The content of the core-sheath structure fiber (L-PET) is 30% by weight. Therefore, of the fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion 11, the compounding ratio of the core-sheath structure fine fibers (L-PET) containing the low melting point component is 60% by weight.
The dense layer portion 12 has a fiber structure of 40% by weight of regular fibers made of polyethylene terephthalate resin having an average fiber diameter of 17.5 μm (fineness of 3.3 decitex) and polyethylene having an average fiber diameter of 11.6 μm (fineness of 1.45 decitex). 60% by weight of regular fibers made of terephthalate resin. The dense layer portion is treated with a binder of 40 g / square meter.

(実施例2)
粗層部における細繊維の配合を、平均繊維径11.6μm(繊度1.45デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維が50重量%、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の繊維(L−PET)は無し、に変更し、他は同様である不織布濾過材を実施例2とした。
(Example 2)
50% by weight of regular fibers made of polyethylene terephthalate resin having an average fiber diameter of 11.6 μm (fineness 1.45 decitex) and a core-sheath structure fiber containing a low melting point component (L-PET) Example 2 was a non-woven fabric filter material that was changed to “No” and the same as above.

(実施例3)
粗層部における細繊維の配合を、細繊維としての平均繊維径11.6μm(繊度1.45デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維が35重量%、細繊維としての平均繊維径14.3μm(繊度2.2デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製の低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の繊維が15重量%、に変更し、他は同様である不織布濾過材を実施例3とした。
(Example 3)
The blending of the fine fibers in the rough layer portion is 35% by weight of regular fibers made of polyethylene terephthalate resin having an average fiber diameter of 11.6 μm (fineness 1.45 decitex) as fine fibers, and an average fiber diameter of 14.3 μm as fine fibers. Example 3 was a non-woven fabric filtering material which was the same except that the fiber having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component made of polyethylene terephthalate resin having a fineness of 2.2 decitex was 15% by weight.

(比較例1)
粗層部を、平均繊維径24.7μm(繊度6.6デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維を100重量%で構成し、他は実施例1と同様である不織布濾過材を比較例1とした。
(Comparative Example 1)
A non-woven fabric filter material which is the same as in Example 1 except that the coarse layer portion is constituted by 100% by weight of regular fibers made of polyethylene terephthalate resin having an average fiber diameter of 24.7 μm (fineness of 6.6 decitex), and Comparative Example 1 And

(比較例2)
粗層部を、平均繊維径26.8μm(繊度7.8デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製の複合繊維を捲縮した繊維を100重量%で構成し、他は実施例1と同様である不織布濾過材を比較例2とした。
(Comparative example 2)
The rough layer portion is composed of 100% by weight of crimped composite fiber made of polyethylene terephthalate resin having an average fiber diameter of 26.8 μm (fineness of 7.8 decitex), and the same as in Example 1 except for the non-woven fabric filtration. The material was Comparative Example 2.

(比較例3)
粗層部を、平均繊維径24.7μm(繊度6.6デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維を50重量%、細繊維としての平均繊維径11.6μm(繊度1.45デシテックス)のポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維を50重量%で構成し、他は実施例1と同様である不織布濾過材を比較例3とした。
(Comparative example 3)
50% by weight of regular fibers made of polyethylene terephthalate resin having an average fiber diameter of 24.7 μm (fineness of 6.6 decitex) and polyethylene having an average fiber diameter of 11.6 μm (fineness of 1.45 decitex) as fine fibers in the rough layer portion. A non-woven fabric filtering material which was the same as in Example 1 except that the regular fiber made of terephthalate resin was constituted by 50% by weight was used as Comparative Example 3.

実験:微粒子ダスト(カーボンダスト)についての性能評価
得られた不織布濾過材を襞折り構造に形成して枠体を取り付けて、エアクリーナエレメントとし、試験に供した。エアクリーナエレメントについて、JISD1612(自動車用エアクリーナ試験方法)に準じて、カーボンダストについてフルライフの清浄効率(捕捉効率)試験、ダスト捕捉量試験、及び通気抵抗試験を行った。その試験条件を下記に示す。
Experiment: Performance evaluation of fine particle dust (carbon dust) The non-woven fabric filter material obtained was formed into a fold structure, a frame was attached to the air filter element, and an air cleaner element was provided. With respect to the air cleaner element, a full-life cleaning efficiency (capture efficiency) test, a dust capture amount test, and a ventilation resistance test were performed on carbon dust in accordance with JIS D1612 (air cleaner test method for automobiles). The test conditions are shown below.

濾過材有効濾過面積:0.18平方m
試験ダスト:カーボンダスト(軽油燃焼カーボン)
ダスト供給量:カーボンダスト(0.10g/分)
試験流量:4.2立方m/分
通気抵抗:濾過材の上流と下流の間の差圧(試験開始時)
増加通気抵抗が2.94kPaに達したときをフルライフとし、それまでに捕捉したダストの量をフルライフ捕捉量とする。
Filtration media Effective filtration area: 0.18 square meters
Test dust: Carbon dust (light oil burning carbon)
Dust supply: Carbon dust (0.10 g / min)
Test flow rate: 4.2 cubic m / min Ventilation resistance: Differential pressure between upstream and downstream of the filter medium (at the start of the test)
The full life is defined when the increased ventilation resistance reaches 2.94 kPa, and the amount of dust captured up to that point is defined as the full life capture amount.

試験結果を評点で表1に示している。なお、評点は、比較例1の試験値を基準(10点)として、各性能がどの程度向上/悪化したかを、段階的なレベルで示しており、点数が大きいほど好ましい性能(清浄効率が高くなる、微粒子ダストに対するフルライフ捕捉量が増大する(寿命が長くなる)、通気抵抗が減少する)であることを表している。
例えば、清浄効率の評点が10から12に上がることは、清浄効率が75%であったものが85%に向上する程度の改善があったことを表している。
微粒子寿命の評点が10から15に上がることは、微粒子のフルライフ捕捉量が1.5倍に増加することを表している。
通気性能の評点が10から11に上がることは、濾過材の通気抵抗が5%程度改善することを表している。
The test results are shown in Table 1 in terms of scores. In addition, the rating shows the degree of improvement / deterioration of each performance with the test value of Comparative Example 1 as a reference (10 points) at a gradual level. The larger the score, the more preferable performance (cleaning efficiency is It means that the higher the full life trapping amount for the fine particle dust is (the longer the life is), the lower the ventilation resistance is.
For example, an increase in the cleaning efficiency score from 10 to 12 indicates that the cleaning efficiency was improved from 75% to 85%.
An increase in the particle life rating from 10 to 15 means that the full-life trapping amount of particles is increased by 1.5 times.
An increase in the ventilation performance score from 10 to 11 indicates that the ventilation resistance of the filter medium is improved by about 5%.

いずれの実施例においても、比較例1に対し、微粒子ダストに対する清浄効率と寿命の評点が大きく向上しており、両者のトレードオフを克服して両性能を向上できていることがわかる。捲縮した複合繊維を用いた比較例2、粗層に細繊維を導入した比較例3では、あまり性能向上せず、実施例ほどの清浄効率や寿命の向上は見られない。このことから、粗層部における捲縮した複合繊維と、粗層部に配合された細繊維との組み合わせによる相乗的な作用によって、各実施例における清浄効率や寿命の飛躍的な向上がもたらされていることがわかる。 In each of the examples, the cleaning efficiency against fine particle dust and the life rating are greatly improved as compared with Comparative Example 1, and it is understood that the trade-off between the two can be overcome and both performances can be improved. In Comparative Example 2 using the crimped composite fiber and Comparative Example 3 in which the fine fiber is introduced into the coarse layer, the performance is not improved so much, and neither the cleaning efficiency nor the life improvement as in the Example is observed. From this, the synergistic action of the combination of the crimped composite fiber in the rough layer portion and the fine fiber blended in the rough layer portion brings about a dramatic improvement in cleaning efficiency and life in each example. You can see that it is done.

また、実施例1,2,3の比較で、粗層部に低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維をどの程度入れるかが異なっているが、粗層部に低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維を配合することにより、通気性能が効果的に高められることがわかる。また、粗層部に低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維を多く配合する、好ましくは、粗層部に含まれる細繊維の内、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維の配合割合が40重量%を超えるように配合する(実施例1が該当する)と、通気性能と寿命をバランスよく向上できることがわかる。
Further, the comparison of Examples 1, 2 and 3 is different in how much the fine fibers having the core-sheath structure containing the low melting point component are put in the coarse layer portion, but the core sheath containing the low melting point component in the rough layer portion is different. It is understood that the ventilation performance is effectively enhanced by incorporating the fine fibers having the structure. Further, a large amount of fine fibers having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component is mixed in the rough layer portion, preferably, of the fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion, a mixing ratio of fine fibers having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component. It can be seen that when the composition is blended to exceed 40% by weight (corresponding to Example 1), the ventilation performance and the life can be improved in a well-balanced manner.

本発明に係る不織布濾過材は、例えば自動車用エンジンに供給する空気を濾過する用途に使用でき、特にカーボンダストのような微粒子ダストのろ過性能に優れており、産業上の利用価値が高い。 INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY The nonwoven fabric filter material according to the present invention can be used, for example, for the purpose of filtering air supplied to an automobile engine, and is particularly excellent in filtering performance of fine particle dust such as carbon dust, and has high industrial utility value.

1 不織布濾過材
11 粗層部
12 密層部
13 基材層
2 エアクリーナエレメント
21 枠体
22 シール部材
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Non-woven fabric filter material 11 Rough layer part 12 Dense layer part 13 Base material layer 2 Air cleaner element 21 Frame body 22 Seal member

Claims (4)

  1. 上流側に位置する粗層部と下流側に位置する密層部とを有する密度勾配を持った多層構造の不織布濾過材であって、
    前記粗層部及び密層部はドライ層であり、
    粗層部の空間率は90〜99%であり、密層部の空間率は80〜95%であり、
    粗層部の目付が、40〜200g/平方メートルであり、密層部の目付が、70〜300g/平方メートルであるとともに、
    前記粗層部中には、平均繊維径が15〜45μmの捲縮している複合繊維と、
    平均繊維径が5〜20μmであって前記複合繊維よりも繊維径の細い細繊維とが含まれており、
    前記捲縮している複合繊維は、コイル状もしくはスパイラル状の立体捲縮構造を有し、
    前記粗層部における繊維の配合割合が、複合繊維が30〜60重量%であり、細繊維が30〜70重量%であり、
    前記密層部は、ポリエチレンテレフタレート樹脂製のレギュラー繊維により構成されている、
    不織布濾過材。
    A non-woven filter material having a multilayer structure having a density gradient having a coarse layer portion located on the upstream side and a dense layer portion located on the downstream side,
    The rough layer portion and the dense layer portion are dry layers,
    The coarse layer portion has a porosity of 90 to 99%, and the dense layer portion has a porosity of 80 to 95%.
    While the basis weight of the coarse layer is 40 to 200 g / square meter and the basis weight of the dense layer is 70 to 300 g / square meter,
    A crimped composite fiber having an average fiber diameter of 15 to 45 μm in the rough layer portion;
    Fine fibers having an average fiber diameter of 5 to 20 μm and having a smaller fiber diameter than the composite fiber are included,
    The crimped conjugate fiber has a coiled or spiral three-dimensional crimp structure,
    The mixing ratio of the fibers in the rough layer portion, the composite fibers is from 30 to 60 wt%, Ri fine fibers 30 to 70 wt% der,
    The dense layer portion is composed of regular fibers made of polyethylene terephthalate resin,
    Non-woven filter material.
  2. 粗層部に含まれる細繊維には、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維が配合されている、請求項1に記載の不織布濾過材。 The nonwoven fabric filtration material according to claim 1, wherein the fine fibers contained in the rough layer portion are mixed with fine fibers having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point component.
  3. 粗層部に含まれる細繊維の内、低融点成分を含む芯鞘構造の細繊維の配合割合が40〜80重量%である、請求項2に記載の不織布濾過材。 The non-woven fabric filter material according to claim 2, wherein the fine fiber having a core-sheath structure containing a low melting point is contained in the coarse layer in a proportion of 40 to 80% by weight.
  4. 請求項1ないし請求項3にいずれかに記載の不織布濾過材を有する、自動車の内燃機関用もしくは自動車の燃料電池用のエアクリーナエレメント。 An air cleaner element for an internal combustion engine of an automobile or a fuel cell of an automobile, comprising the nonwoven fabric filtration material according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
JP2015248142A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 Non-woven filter material and air cleaner element Active JP6685589B2 (ja)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2015248142A JP6685589B2 (ja) 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 Non-woven filter material and air cleaner element

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2015248142A JP6685589B2 (ja) 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 Non-woven filter material and air cleaner element
CN201611051020.7A CN106955528B (zh) 2015-12-21 2016-11-24 无纺布滤材和空气滤清器滤芯
US15/382,948 US10328370B2 (en) 2015-12-21 2016-12-19 Non-woven filtration material and air cleaner element

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2017113653A JP2017113653A (ja) 2017-06-29
JP6685589B2 true JP6685589B2 (ja) 2020-04-22

Family

ID=59064968

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2015248142A Active JP6685589B2 (ja) 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 Non-woven filter material and air cleaner element

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US10328370B2 (ja)
JP (1) JP6685589B2 (ja)
CN (1) CN106955528B (ja)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2018203178A (ja) 2017-06-08 2018-12-27 株式会社アルファ 電動ステアリングロック装置
WO2019200641A1 (zh) * 2018-04-17 2019-10-24 华南理工大学 高效低阻微纳米纤维微观梯度结构过滤材料及其制备方法
CN108611759A (zh) * 2018-05-10 2018-10-02 上海润东无纺布制品有限公司 一种针刺热熔两面过滤布及制造工艺

Family Cites Families (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5732610B2 (ja) * 1976-11-26 1982-07-12
US5622772A (en) * 1994-06-03 1997-04-22 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Highly crimpable spunbond conjugate fibers and nonwoven webs made therefrom
US5597645A (en) * 1994-08-30 1997-01-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven filter media for gas
JPH10273870A (ja) * 1997-01-30 1998-10-13 Unitika Ltd Composite nonwoven fabric and method for producing the same
US6649547B1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2003-11-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Integrated nonwoven laminate material
JP4446579B2 (ja) * 2000-09-28 2010-04-07 日本バイリーン株式会社 開孔不織布及びその製造方法
JP2005349389A (ja) 2004-05-14 2005-12-22 Tigers Polymer Corp エアフィルタ
JP2006118062A (ja) * 2004-10-19 2006-05-11 Teijin Fibers Ltd Woven knitted fabric with reduced porosity when wet, method for producing the same, and textile product
US20090165235A1 (en) * 2006-01-16 2009-07-02 Kinsei Seishi Co., Ltd. Sheet-like water-disintegratable cleaner
BRPI0707753A2 (pt) * 2006-02-13 2011-05-10 Donaldson Co Inc trama de filtro compreendendo fibra fina e particulando reativo, adsortivo ou absortivo
CN101680185B (zh) * 2007-04-17 2011-11-23 帝人纤维株式会社 湿式无纺布及过滤器
US8632613B2 (en) * 2007-12-27 2014-01-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for applying one or more treatment agents to a textile web
EP2343406B1 (en) * 2008-10-29 2013-12-18 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Crimped composite fiber, and non-woven fabric comprising the fiber
JP6055313B2 (ja) * 2013-01-09 2016-12-27 呉羽テック株式会社 不織布濾材

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US10328370B2 (en) 2019-06-25
JP2017113653A (ja) 2017-06-29
US20170173510A1 (en) 2017-06-22
CN106955528B (zh) 2020-10-09
CN106955528A (zh) 2017-07-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10080985B2 (en) Multi-layered filter media
US20200009486A1 (en) Composite filter media utilizing bicomponent fibers
US10758858B2 (en) Waved filter media and elements
US8728212B2 (en) High efficiency low pressure drop synthetic fiber based air filter made completely from post consumer waste materials
US20150129486A1 (en) Multi-layer, fluid transmissive fiber structures containing nanofibers and a method of manufacturing such structures
AU2011220735B2 (en) Fine fiber liquid particulate filter media
US6183536B1 (en) Enhanced performance vacuum cleaner bag and method of operation
Hutten Handbook of nonwoven filter media
KR101315000B1 (ko) 기체 스트림으로부터 미립자 물질을 여과하기 위한 여과매질
DE602004009463T2 (de) Air filter for turbine inlet
US7097694B1 (en) High performance, high efficiency filter
KR101803590B1 (ko) 여과 부재의 여과 매체, 여과 부재 및 여과 매체를 제조하기 위한 방법
US6322615B1 (en) High efficiency permanent air filter and method of manufacture
US6372004B1 (en) High efficiency depth filter and methods of forming the same
US6966939B2 (en) Multi-layer filter structure and use of a multi-layer filter structure
JP4944540B2 (ja) フィルタエレメント、その製造方法、並びに使用方法
KR101700455B1 (ko) 개선된 먼지 로딩 용량 및 다습 환경에 대한 개선된 저항을 갖는 공기 여과 매체
CA2428868C (en) Air laid/wet laid gas filtration media
US9718020B2 (en) Waved filter media and elements
EP1236494B1 (en) Composite filter and method of making the same
DE19920983C2 (de) Zwei- oder mehrlagiges Filtermedium für die Luftfiltration und daraus hergestelltes Filterelement
CN101939072B (zh) 熔喷过滤介质
US8172092B2 (en) Filter having melt-blown and electrospun fibers
US7137510B1 (en) Filter element
US20160256805A1 (en) Filter Medium, Method for Producing a Filter Medium and a Filter Element Having a Filter Medium

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20180830

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20190529

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20190604

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20190613

A02 Decision of refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A02

Effective date: 20191203

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20200110

A911 Transfer of reconsideration by examiner before appeal (zenchi)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A911

Effective date: 20200120

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20200331

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20200331

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 6685589

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150