JP6567928B2 - Bicycle electric system - Google Patents

Bicycle electric system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP6567928B2
JP6567928B2 JP2015176946A JP2015176946A JP6567928B2 JP 6567928 B2 JP6567928 B2 JP 6567928B2 JP 2015176946 A JP2015176946 A JP 2015176946A JP 2015176946 A JP2015176946 A JP 2015176946A JP 6567928 B2 JP6567928 B2 JP 6567928B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
bicycle
wireless communication
communication unit
electric
housing
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JP2015176946A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2016165991A (en
Inventor
渡会 悦義
悦義 渡会
敬 豊嶋
敬 豊嶋
忠治 黒飛
忠治 黒飛
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株式会社シマノ
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Priority to JP2015044818 priority Critical
Priority to JP2015044818 priority
Application filed by 株式会社シマノ filed Critical 株式会社シマノ
Priority claimed from TW105100530A external-priority patent/TWI655134B/en
Priority claimed from US15/010,329 external-priority patent/US10029754B2/en
Priority claimed from DE102016001333.8A external-priority patent/DE102016001333A1/en
Priority claimed from TW105105454A external-priority patent/TWI658965B/en
Priority claimed from DE102016002298.1A external-priority patent/DE102016002298A1/en
Priority claimed from DE102016002300.7A external-priority patent/DE102016002300A1/en
Priority claimed from ITUA2016A001318A external-priority patent/ITUA20161318A1/en
Publication of JP2016165991A publication Critical patent/JP2016165991A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP6567928B2 publication Critical patent/JP6567928B2/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K23/00Rider-operated controls specially adapted for cycles, i.e. means for initiating control operations, e.g. levers, grips

Description

  The present invention relates to a bicycle electric system.

  For example, Patent Document 1 is known as an electric system for bicycles. In this electric system, all operating devices, control devices, electric components, and a power source are connected by wire.

Japanese Patent No. 5211102

There is a need for a more convenient electric system for connection between an operation device, a control device, an electric component, and a power source and attachment to a bicycle.
An object of the present invention is to provide a bicycle electric system that can contribute to improvement in convenience.

  [1] A bicycle electric system according to the present invention is a bicycle electric system, and includes a first electric component, a second electric component, a first wireless communication unit, a first power source, and a second electric component. A wireless communication unit, wherein the first wireless communication unit and the first power source are electrically connected to at least the first electric component, and the second wireless communication unit includes at least the second The first electric component is communicable with the first wireless communication unit, and the second electric component is communicable with the second wireless communication unit. And at least the first wireless communication unit and the second wireless communication unit are attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component. That.

  [2] According to the bicycle electric system, the first wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the first electric component via a first signal line, and the second wireless communication The part is electrically connected to the second electric component via a second signal line.

  [3] According to the bicycle electric system, the first power source is attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component.

  [4] According to the bicycle electric system, the first power source, the first wireless communication unit, and the second wireless communication unit are attached to different positions in the bicycle.

  [5] According to the bicycle electric system, the first power source, the first wireless communication unit, and the second wireless communication unit are attached to different positions in the bicycle.

[6] According to the bicycle electric system, the first power source is attached to the first electric component or the second electric component.
[7] According to the bicycle electric system, the first power source is attached to the first electric component, and the first power source is electrically connected to the second electric component.

[8] The bicycle electric system further includes a second power source, and the second power source is electrically connected to at least the second electric component.
[9] According to the bicycle electric system, the second power source is attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component.

  [10] According to the bicycle electric system, the first power source, the second power source, the first wireless communication unit, and the second wireless communication unit are mutually connected in the bicycle. Can be attached at different positions.

  [11] According to the bicycle electric system, the first power source and the first wireless communication unit, and the second power source and the second wireless communication unit are different from each other in the bicycle. Attached to.

[12] According to the bicycle electric system, the second power source is attached to the first electric component or the second electric component.
[13] According to the bicycle electric system, at least a part of the first wireless communication unit and a first housing that houses at least a part of the first power source, and at least the second wireless communication A second housing that houses at least a part of the first and second housings, the first housing and the second housing without the first electric component and the second electric component interposed therebetween. Attached to.

  [14] According to the bicycle electric system, the first wireless communication unit includes a first connection portion and a first housing portion, and the first power source includes a second connection portion and a first connection portion. Power from the first power source is supplied to the first wireless communication unit by joining the first connection portion and the second connection portion. The first housing part is constituted by the first housing part and the second housing part.

  [15] The bicycle electric system further includes a second power source, the second power source being electrically connected to at least the second electric component, and the second housing being at least the A second wireless communication unit and the second power source are accommodated.

  [16] According to the bicycle electric system, the second wireless communication unit includes a third connection portion and a third housing portion, and the second power source includes the fourth connection portion and the fourth connection portion. 4, and the third connection portion and the fourth connection portion are joined to supply power from the second power source to the second wireless communication unit. The second housing is constituted by the third housing portion and the fourth housing portion.

[17] According to the bicycle electric system, the shape of the first housing and the shape of the second housing are substantially the same.
[18] According to the bicycle electric system, the bicycle includes a frame body, and at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the frame body.

  [19] According to the bicycle electric system, the frame body includes a chain stay, and at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the chain stay.

  [20] According to the bicycle electric system, the frame body includes a seat tube, and at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the seat tube.

[21] According to the bicycle electric system, the bicycle includes a seat post, at least one of said first housing and said second housing is attached to the Shitoposu bets.

  [22] According to the bicycle electric system, the bicycle includes a front fork, and at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the front fork.

  [23] According to the bicycle electric system, the bicycle includes a hub assembly, and at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the hub assembly.

  [24] According to the bicycle electric system, the bicycle includes a suspension device, and at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the suspension device.

[25] According to the bicycle electric system, the first housing and the second housing are detachably attached to the bicycle.
[26] According to the bicycle electric system, the first housing and the second housing are attached to the bicycle by attachment members.

[27] According to the bicycle electric system, the attachment member includes at least one of an adhesive, a screw, a cable tie, and a double-sided tape.
[28] A bicycle electric system according to the present invention includes a first electric component and a first wireless communication unit, and the first wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the first electric component. The first electric component can communicate with the first wireless communication unit, and the first wireless communication unit is detachably attached to the first electric component.

  [29] In the bicycle electric system, the first electric component includes a first base member that can be attached to the bicycle, and the first wireless communication unit is connected to the first base member. Removably attached.

[30] The bicycle electric system further includes a first power source, and the first power source is attached to the first electric component.
[31] According to the bicycle electric system, the first electric component includes a first base member that can be attached to the bicycle, and the first power source is attached to and detached from the first base member. Installed as possible.

[32] According to the bicycle electric system, the first wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the first electric component via a first signal line.
[33] The bicycle electric system includes a second electric component and a second wireless communication unit, and the second wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the second electric component. Then, the second electric component can communicate with the second wireless communication unit, and the second wireless communication unit is detachably attached to the second electric component.

  [34] According to the bicycle electric system, the second electric component includes a second base member that can be attached to the bicycle, and the second wireless communication unit is connected to the second base member. Removably attached.

[35] The bicycle electric system further includes a second power source, and the second power source is attached to the second electric component.
[36] According to the bicycle electric system, the second electric component includes a second base member attachable to the bicycle, and the second power source is attached to and detached from the second base member. Installed as possible.

[37] According to the bicycle electric system, the second wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the second electric component via a second signal line.
[38] A bicycle electric system according to the present invention includes a first electric component, a second electric component, a first wireless communication unit, a first power source, and a second wireless communication unit. The first wireless communication unit and the first power source are electrically connected to at least the first electric component, and the second wireless communication unit is electrically connected to at least the second electric component. The first electric component can communicate with the first wireless communication unit, the second electric component can communicate with the second wireless communication unit, and The wireless communication unit and the first power supply are attached to the first electric component, and the second wireless communication unit does not go through the first electric component and the second electric component. It is attached to the bicycle.

  [39] According to the bicycle electric system, a shift signal is wirelessly transmitted to at least one of the first wireless communication unit and the second wireless communication unit based on an input from the operation unit and the operation unit. And the third wireless communication unit is attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component.

[40] The bicycle electric system includes a third power source, and the third power source is electrically connected to at least the operation unit.
[41] According to the bicycle electric system, at least a part of the third wireless communication unit and at least a part of the third power source are accommodated, and the first electric component and the second electric component are accommodated. And a third housing that is attached to the bicycle without using an electric component.

[42] According to the bicycle electric system, the shape of the first housing, the shape of the second housing, and the shape of the third housing are substantially the same.
[43] According to the bicycle electric system, the second electric component includes a second actuator, and operates the second actuator based on a signal from the second wireless communication unit.

  [44] According to the bicycle electric system, the first electric component includes a first actuator, and operates the first actuator based on a signal from the first wireless communication unit.

  [45] According to the bicycle electric system, the second electric component includes a second storage unit, and is stored in the second storage unit based on communication with the second wireless communication unit. Update information.

  [46] According to the electric system for a bicycle, the first electric component includes a first storage unit and is stored in the first storage unit based on communication with the first wireless communication unit. Update information.

[47] According to the bicycle electric system, at least one of the first and second electric components is an electric transmission.
[48] According to the bicycle electric system, one of the first and second electric components is an electric front derailleur, and the other of the first and second electric components is an electric rear derailleur.

[49] According to the bicycle electric system, at least one of the first and second electric components is an electric seat post.
[50] According to the bicycle electric system, at least one of the first and second electric components is an electric suspension.

  [51] According to the bicycle electric system, at least one of the first and second electric components is a drive unit including a motor that assists the manual driving force input to the crank.

  The bicycle electric system can contribute to the improvement of convenience.

The side view of the bicycle carrying the electric system of a 1st embodiment. The schematic diagram of the front derailleur of the electric drive system of FIG. The schematic diagram of the rear derailleur of the electric drive system of FIG. The schematic diagram of the 1st housing of FIG. The block diagram of the electric system of FIG. The block diagram of the electric system of 2nd Embodiment. The block diagram of the electric system of 3rd Embodiment. The block diagram of the electric system of 4th Embodiment. The schematic diagram of the front derailleur of 5th Embodiment. The schematic diagram of the rear derailleur of 5th Embodiment. The block diagram of the electric system of 6th Embodiment. The schematic diagram of the front derailleur of the electric system of 7th Embodiment. The schematic diagram of the rear derailleur of the electric system of 7th Embodiment. The sequence diagram of the update process which the electric system of 7th Embodiment performs. The side view of the bicycle carrying the electric system of 8th Embodiment. The schematic diagram of the electrically-driven seat post of 8th Embodiment. The schematic diagram of the front suspension apparatus of 9th Embodiment. The block diagram of the electric system of the modification of 2nd Embodiment. The block diagram of the electric system of the modification of 3rd Embodiment. The block diagram of the electric system of the modification of 3rd Embodiment. The block diagram of the electric system of the modification of 1st Embodiment. The side view of the bicycle carrying the electric system of the modification of 1st Embodiment.

(First embodiment)
The bicycle electric system will be described with reference to FIGS.
The bicycle 10 on which the electric system 30 is mounted includes a vehicle body 12.

  The vehicle body 12 is attached around the axle of the frame main body 14, the handle 16 connected to the frame main body 14, the seat post 18 connected to the frame main body 14, the front fork 20 connected to the frame main body 14, and the rear wheel WR. Hub assembly 22 is provided.

  The frame body 14 includes a down tube 14B that extends forward from the support portion 14A that supports the crankshaft C, a chain stay 14C that extends rearward from the support portion 14A, a seat tube 14D that extends upward from the support portion 14A, and a down tube 14B. A head tube 14E extending upward from the end opposite to the support portion 14A is provided.

  The handle 16 is detachably connected to the head tube 14E. The seat post 18 is detachably connected to the seat tube 14D. The front fork 20 is supported by the head tube 14E and connects the handle 16 and the axle of the front wheel WF. The hub assembly 22 is attached around the axle of the rear wheel WR.

  The electric system 30 includes an electric front derailleur 32 (hereinafter “front derailleur 32”), an electric rear derailleur 34 (hereinafter “rear derailleur 34”), a first wireless communication unit 36, a first power supply 38, and a second wireless communication. Unit 40, second power source 42, operation unit 44, third wireless communication unit 46, and third power source 48. The front derailleur 32 is a first electric component. The front derailleur 32 is an electric transmission. The rear derailleur 34 is a second electric component. The rear derailleur 34 is an electric transmission. The electric component includes an actuator and a mechanical element that operates by driving the actuator.

  The front derailleur 32 is attached to the frame body 14, preferably the seat tube 14D, in the vicinity of the crankshaft C. As shown in FIG. 2, the front derailleur 32 includes a first base member 50, a link member 52, a first movable member 54, a control unit 56, and a first actuator 58.

  The first base member 50 can be attached to the frame body 14 via bolts or the like. The link member 52 connects the first base member 50 and the first movable member 54 so that the first movable member 54 can move relative to the first base member 50. The first movable member 54 supports the chain K (see FIG. 1). The controller 56 moves the link member 52 and the first movable member 54 with respect to the first base member 50 by driving the first actuator 58 connected to the link member 52. The front derailleur 32 changes the transmission ratio of the bicycle 10 by switching the chain K (see FIG. 1) to the plurality of front sprockets SF (see FIG. 1) by driving the first actuator 58.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the rear derailleur 34 is attached to the frame body 14, preferably a derailleur hanger 14 F provided at the rear end of the frame body 14 in the vicinity of the hub assembly 22. As shown in FIG. 3, the rear derailleur 34 includes a second base member 60, a link member 62, a second movable member 64, a control unit 66, and a second actuator 68.

  The second base member 60 can be attached to the frame body 14 via bolts or the like. The link member 62 connects the second base member 60 and the second movable member 64 so that the second movable member 64 can move with respect to the second base member 60. The second movable member 64 supports the chain K (see FIG. 1). The controller 66 moves the link member 62 and the second movable member 64 relative to the second base member 60 by driving the second actuator 68 connected to the link member 62. The rear derailleur 34 changes the gear ratio of the bicycle 10 by switching the chain K (see FIG. 1) to the plurality of rear sprockets SR (see FIG. 1) by driving the second actuator 68.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the first wireless communication unit 36 includes a control unit 70 that performs various calculations, a first connection portion 72, and a first housing portion 74 that houses the control unit 70. . The first connection portion 72 is at least partially exposed from the first housing portion 74.

  The first power source 38 includes a battery 76, a second connection part 78, and a second housing part 80 that houses the battery 76. The battery 76 may be a rechargeable battery or a dry battery. The battery 76 is, for example, a lithium ion battery. The second connection portion 78 is at least partially exposed from the second housing portion 80. The second connection portion 78 has a shape complementary to the first connection portion 72 and is configured to be connectable to the first connection portion 72.

  When the first connection portion 72 and the second connection portion 78 are joined, power from the first power supply 38 is supplied to the first wireless communication unit 36. By joining the first connection portion 72 and the second connection portion 78, the first housing portion 74 and the second housing portion 80 constitute a first housing 82. The first housing 82 accommodates a control unit 70 that is at least part of the first wireless communication unit 36 and a battery 76 that is at least part of the first power supply 38.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the first housing 82 is attached to the frame body 14, preferably the seat tube 14D, in the vicinity of the front derailleur 32. The first housing 82 has a shape corresponding to the shape of the portion to which the first housing 82 of the frame body 14 is attached. The first housing 82 is detachably attached to the bicycle 10 by an attachment member AT shown in FIG. The attachment member AT includes at least one of an adhesive, a screw, a cable tie, and a double-sided tape.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the first housing 82 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, the first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 are attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the second wireless communication unit 40 includes a control unit 84 that performs various calculations, a third connection portion 86, and a third housing portion 88 that houses the control unit 84. . The third connection portion 86 is at least partially exposed from the third housing portion 88.

  The second power source 42 includes a battery 90, a fourth connection portion 92, and a fourth housing portion 94 that houses the battery 90. The battery 90 may be a rechargeable battery or a dry battery. The battery 90 is, for example, a lithium ion battery. The fourth connection portion 92 is at least partially exposed from the fourth housing portion 94. The fourth connection portion 92 has a shape complementary to the third connection portion 86 and is configured to be connectable to the third connection portion 86.

  When the third connection portion 86 and the fourth connection portion 92 are joined, power from the second power source 42 is supplied to the second wireless communication unit 40. The third housing portion 88 and the fourth housing portion 94 constitute a second housing 96 by joining the third connecting portion 86 and the fourth connecting portion 92 together. The second housing 96 accommodates a control unit 84 that is at least part of the second wireless communication unit 40 and a battery 90 that is at least part of the second power source 42. The shape of the first housing 82 and the shape of the second housing 96 are substantially the same.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the second housing 96 is attached to the frame body 14, preferably the chain stay 14C, in the vicinity of the rear derailleur 34. The second housing 96 has a shape corresponding to the shape of the portion of the frame body 14 to which the second housing 96 is attached. The second housing 96 is detachably attached to the bicycle 10 by an attachment member AT shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the second housing 96 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. Therefore, the second wireless communication unit 40 and the second power source 42 are attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34.

  The first housing 82 and the second housing 96 are attached to the bicycle 10 at different positions. Therefore, the first power source 38 and the first wireless communication unit 36, and the second power source 42 and the second wireless communication unit 40 are attached to the bicycle 10 at different positions.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the operation unit 44 is attached to the handle 16. The operation unit 44 includes a control unit 98 and a plurality of switches 100 electrically connected to the control unit 98. Each of the plurality of switches 100 is associated with a speed change operation of the front derailleur 32 or the rear derailleur 34.

  The third wireless communication unit 46 includes a control unit 102 that performs various calculations, a fifth connection portion 104, and a fifth housing portion 106 that houses the control unit 102. The fifth connection portion 104 is at least partially exposed from the fifth housing portion 106.

  The third power supply 48 includes a battery 108, a sixth connection part 110, and a sixth housing part 112 that houses the battery 108. The battery 108 may be a rechargeable battery or a dry battery. The battery 108 is, for example, a lithium ion battery. The sixth connection portion 110 is at least partially exposed from the sixth housing portion 112. The sixth connection portion 110 has a shape complementary to the fifth connection portion 104 and is configured to be connectable to the fifth connection portion 104.

  By joining the fifth connection portion 104 and the sixth connection portion 110, power from the third power supply 48 is supplied to the third wireless communication unit 46. The fifth housing portion 106 and the sixth housing portion 112 constitute the third housing 114 by joining the fifth connecting portion 104 and the sixth connecting portion 110 together. The third housing 114 accommodates the control unit 102 that is at least part of the third wireless communication unit 46 and the battery 108 that is at least part of the third power supply 48. The shape of the third housing 114 is substantially the same as the shape of the first housing 82 and the shape of the second housing 96.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the third housing 114 is attached to the handle 16 or the frame body 14 in the vicinity of the handle 16. When the third wireless communication unit 46 is attached to the frame body 14, it is preferably attached to the head tube 14E or the down tube 14B. The third housing 114 has a shape corresponding to the shape of the portion to which the third housing 114 of the frame body 14 or the handle 16 is attached. The third housing 114 is detachably attached to the bicycle 10 by an attachment member AT shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the third housing 114 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, the third wireless communication unit 46 and the third power supply 48 are attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34.

The configuration of the electric system 30 will be described with reference to FIG.
Note that the front derailleur 32, the rear derailleur 34, the first wireless communication unit 36, the first power supply 38, the second wireless communication unit 40, and the second power supply 42 are transmitted by power line communication (PLC). It is possible to transmit signal and power. Therefore, the wiring is simple and the convenience is improved as compared with the case where the signal is transmitted through the signal line and the power is transmitted through the power line.

  The first wireless communication unit 36 is electrically connected to the control unit 56 of the front derailleur 32 through the first signal line 116A. The first power supply 38 is electrically connected to the front derailleur 32 via the first wireless communication unit 36. The first power supply 38 supplies power to the first wireless communication unit 36 and the front derailleur 32.

  The second wireless communication unit 40 is electrically connected to the control unit 66 of the rear derailleur 34 via the second signal line 116B. The second power source 42 is electrically connected to the rear derailleur 34 via the second wireless communication unit 40. The second power supply 42 supplies power to the second wireless communication unit 40 and the rear derailleur 34.

  The third wireless communication unit 46 is electrically connected to the operation unit 44 via the third signal line 116C. The third power supply 48 is electrically connected to the operation unit 44 via the third wireless communication unit 46. The third power supply 48 supplies power to the third wireless communication unit 46 and the operation unit 44.

The operation of the electric system 30 will be described.
When the switch 100 is operated, the control unit 98 of the operation unit 44 outputs an operation signal corresponding to the third wireless communication unit 46 via the third signal line 116C. The control unit 102 of the third wireless communication unit 46 wirelessly transmits a shift signal to at least one of the first wireless communication unit 36 and the second wireless communication unit 40 based on the operation signal input from the operation unit 44. Send.

  The control unit 70 of the first wireless communication unit 36 outputs a control signal to the front derailleur 32 when receiving a shift signal including a shift operation of the front derailleur 32 from the third wireless communication unit 46. The control unit 56 of the front derailleur 32 performs a shift operation based on the control signal from the first wireless communication unit 36. That is, the front derailleur 32 operates the first actuator 58 based on the signal from the first wireless communication unit 36.

  The control unit 84 of the second wireless communication unit 40 outputs a control signal to the rear derailleur 34 when receiving a shift signal including a shift operation of the rear derailleur 34 from the third wireless communication unit 46. The control unit 66 of the rear derailleur 34 performs a shifting operation based on a control signal from the second wireless communication unit 40. That is, the rear derailleur 34 operates the second actuator 68 based on the signal from the second wireless communication unit 40.

The electric system 30 has the following effects.
(1) In the electric system 30, wireless communication units 36 and 40 are electrically connected to the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, the wiring between the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34 and the operation unit 44 in the bicycle 10 can be omitted. For this reason, wiring is simplified and it can contribute to the improvement of the convenience of an electric system.

  (2) The first wireless communication unit 36 and the second wireless communication unit 40 are attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, it can suppress that the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34 enlarge.

  (3) The first power supply 38 and the second power supply 42 are attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, it can suppress that the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34 enlarge.

  (4) The electric system 30 includes a second power source 42. For this reason, wiring can be simplified compared with the structure which shares electric power from the 1st power supply 38 to the rear derailleur 34 and the 2nd radio | wireless communication part 40. FIG.

  (5) The first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 are attached in the vicinity of the front derailleur 32. For this reason, the first signal line 116 </ b> A connecting the first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 and the front derailleur 32 can be shortened.

  (6) The second wireless communication unit 40 and the second power source 42 are attached in the vicinity of the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, it is possible to shorten the second signal line 116B that connects the second radio communication unit 40, the second power source 42, and the rear derailleur 34.

  (7) The first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 are accommodated in the first housing 82. Therefore, by attaching the first housing 82 to the bicycle 10, the first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 can be attached to the bicycle 10, and convenience is improved.

  (8) The second wireless communication unit 40 and the second power source 42 are accommodated in the second housing 96. For this reason, since the 2nd wireless communication part 40 and the 2nd power supply 42 can be attached to the bicycle 10 by attaching the 2nd housing 96 to the bicycle 10, the convenience improves.

  (9) The electric system 30 includes a third power supply 48. For this reason, wiring can be simplified compared with the structure which shares electric power from the 1st power supply 38 or the 2nd power supply 42 to the operation part 44 and the 3rd radio | wireless communication part 46. FIG.

  (10) The shape of the first housing 82, the shape of the second housing 96, and the shape of the third housing 114 are substantially the same. Therefore, the first housing 82, the second housing 96, and the third housing 114 can be attached to the bicycle 10 by the similar attachment member AT.

(Second Embodiment)
With reference to FIG. 6, the electric system 30 of 2nd Embodiment is demonstrated. In addition, about the structure which is common in 1st Embodiment, the code | symbol same as 1st Embodiment is attached | subjected and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  The first wireless communication unit 36 includes a control unit 70 that performs various calculations, and a fourth housing 118 that houses the control unit 70. The control unit 70 is connected to the control unit 56 of the front derailleur 32 by the fourth communication line 116D.

  The fourth housing 118 is attached to the frame body 14, preferably the seat tube 14D, in the vicinity of the front derailleur 32. The fourth housing 118 is attached to the bicycle 10 by an attachment member AT. The fourth housing 118 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, the first wireless communication unit 36 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34.

  The first power supply 38 includes a battery 76 and a fifth housing 122 that houses the battery 76. The battery 76 is connected to the control unit 56 of the front derailleur 32 by the first power line 120A. The first power supply 38 supplies power to the front derailleur 32 via the first power line 120A. The first power supply 38 supplies power to the first wireless communication unit 36 via the front derailleur 32.

  The fifth housing 122 is attached to the frame body 14, preferably the seat tube 14D, in the vicinity of the front derailleur 32. The fifth housing 122 is attached to the bicycle 10 by the attachment member AT. The fifth housing 122 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, the first power supply 38 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34.

  The second wireless communication unit 40 includes a control unit 84 that performs various calculations, and a sixth housing 124 that houses the control unit 84. The control unit 84 is connected to the control unit 66 of the rear derailleur 34 by a fifth communication line 116E.

  The sixth housing 124 is attached to the frame body 14, preferably the chain stay 14C, in the vicinity of the rear derailleur 34. The sixth housing 124 is attached to the bicycle 10 by an attachment member AT. The sixth housing 124 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, the second wireless communication unit 40 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34.

  The second power source 42 includes a battery 90 and a seventh housing 126 that houses the battery 90. The battery 76 is connected to the control unit 66 of the rear derailleur 34 by the second power line 120B. The second power supply 42 supplies power to the rear derailleur 34 via the second power line 120B. The second power supply 42 supplies power to the second wireless communication unit 40 via the rear derailleur 34.

  The seventh housing 126 is attached to the frame main body 14, preferably the seat tube 14D, in the vicinity of the front derailleur 32. The seventh housing 126 is attached to the bicycle 10 by the attachment member AT. The seventh housing 126 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. Therefore, the second power source 42 is attached to the bicycle 10 without using the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34.

  The fourth housing 118, the fifth housing 122, the sixth housing 124, and the seventh housing 126 are attached to the bicycle 10 at different positions. Therefore, the first power supply 38, the first wireless communication unit 36, the second power supply 42, and the second wireless communication unit 40 are attached to the bicycle 10 at different positions. According to the electric system 30 of the second embodiment, at least the effects (1) and (2) of the first embodiment can be achieved.

(Third embodiment)
With reference to FIG. 7, the electric system 30 of 3rd Embodiment is demonstrated. In addition, about the structure which is common in 2nd Embodiment, the code | symbol same as 2nd Embodiment is attached | subjected and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  The electric system 30 includes a front derailleur 32, a rear derailleur 34, a first wireless communication unit 36, a first power supply 38, a second wireless communication unit 40, an operation unit 44, a third wireless communication unit 46, and a third wireless communication unit 36. Power supply 48 is provided.

  The first power supply 38 includes a battery 76 and a fifth housing 122. The battery 76 is connected to the control unit 56 of the front derailleur 32 by the first power line 120A. The first power supply 38 is electrically connected to the front derailleur 32 via the first power line 120 </ b> A and supplies power to the front derailleur 32.

  The battery 76 is connected to the control unit 66 of the rear derailleur 34 through the third power line 120C. The first power supply 38 supplies power to the rear derailleur 34 via the third power line 120C. The first power supply 38 is electrically connected to the second wireless communication unit 40 via the rear derailleur 34 and supplies power to the rear derailleur 34. According to the electric system 30 of the third embodiment, at least the effects (1) and (2) of the first embodiment can be achieved.

(Fourth embodiment)
With reference to FIG. 8, the electric system 30 of 4th Embodiment is demonstrated. In addition, about the structure which is common in 3rd Embodiment, the code | symbol same as 3rd Embodiment is attached | subjected and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  The electric system 30 includes a front derailleur 32, a rear derailleur 34, a first wireless communication unit 36, a first power supply 38, a second wireless communication unit 40, an operation unit 44, a third wireless communication unit 46, and a third wireless communication unit 36. Power supply 48 is provided.

  The first power supply 38 includes a battery 76 and a fifth housing 122. The battery 76 is connected to the control unit 70 of the first wireless communication unit 36 by the fourth power line 120D. The first power supply 38 supplies power to the front derailleur 32 via the first wireless communication unit 36.

  The battery 76 is connected to the control unit 84 of the second wireless communication unit 40 through the fifth power line 120E. The first power supply 38 supplies power to the rear derailleur 34 via the second wireless communication unit 40. According to the electric system 30 of the fourth embodiment, at least the effects (1) and (2) of the first embodiment can be achieved.

(Fifth embodiment)
With reference to FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, the electric system 30 of 5th Embodiment is demonstrated. In addition, about the structure which is common in 1st Embodiment, the code | symbol same as 1st Embodiment is attached | subjected and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  As shown in FIG. 9, the first housing 82 is detachably attached to the first base member 50 of the front derailleur 32. The first housing 82 and the first base member 50 are attached via, for example, bolts. Therefore, the first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 are detachably attached to the first base member 50.

  As shown in FIG. 10, the second housing 96 is detachably attached to the second base member 60 of the rear derailleur 34. The second housing 96 and the second base member 60 are attached via bolts or the like, for example. Therefore, the second wireless communication unit 40 and the second power source 42 are detachably attached to the second base member 60.

In addition to the effect of (1) of 1st Embodiment, the electric system 30 of 5th Embodiment can have the following effects.
(11) The first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 are attached to the front derailleur 32. For this reason, it can suppress that the front derailleur 32 periphery of the frame main body 14 becomes complicated.

  (12) The first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 are detachably attached to the front derailleur 32. For this reason, only one of the front derailleur 32, the first wireless communication unit 36, and the first power supply 38 mounted on the bicycle 10 can be easily replaced.

  (13) The first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 are attached to the first base member 50. For this reason, compared with the link member 52 and the 1st movable member 54, it can attach stably.

  (14) The second wireless communication unit 40 and the second power source 42 are attached to the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, it can suppress that the rear derailleur 34 circumference of the frame main body 14 becomes complicated.

  (15) The second wireless communication unit 40 and the second power source 42 are detachably attached to the rear derailleur 34. For this reason, only one of the rear derailleur 34, the second wireless communication unit 40, and the second power source 42 mounted on the bicycle 10 can be easily replaced.

  (16) The second wireless communication unit 40 and the second power source 42 are attached to the second base member 60. For this reason, compared with the link member 62 and the 2nd movable member 64, it can attach stably.

(Sixth embodiment)
With reference to FIG. 11, the electric system 30 of 6th Embodiment is demonstrated. In addition, about the structure which is common in 1st Embodiment, the code | symbol same as 1st Embodiment is attached | subjected and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  The electric system 30 includes a front derailleur 32, a rear derailleur 34, a first wireless communication unit 36, a first power supply 38, a second wireless communication unit 40, an operation unit 44, a third wireless communication unit 46, and a third wireless communication unit 36. Power supply 48 is provided.

  The first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power supply 38 are attached to the first base member 50 of the front derailleur 32. The first wireless communication unit 36 and the first power source 38 are built in the first base member 50.

  The first wireless communication unit 36 is electrically connected to the control unit 56 of the front derailleur 32. The first power supply 38 is electrically connected to the control unit 70 of the first wireless communication unit 36, the control unit 56 of the front derailleur 32, and the control unit 66 of the rear derailleur 34. The first power supply 38 supplies power to the control unit 66 of the rear derailleur 34 via the power line 120F. According to the electric system 30 of the sixth embodiment, at least the effect (1) of the first embodiment and the effects (11) and (13) of the sixth embodiment can be achieved.

(Seventh embodiment)
With reference to FIGS. 12-14, the electric system 30 of 7th Embodiment is demonstrated. In addition, about the structure which is common in 1st Embodiment, the code | symbol same as 1st Embodiment is attached | subjected and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  As shown in FIG. 12, the front derailleur 32 includes a first storage unit 136. The information stored in the first storage unit 136 includes identification information and updatable individual information. The identification information includes the model number of the front derailleur 32 and the like. The individual information includes setting information and history information. The setting information is, for example, information regarding the adjustment setting of the front derailleur 32. Information relating to the adjustment setting of the front derailleur 32 includes, for example, position information of the first movable member 54. The position information of the first movable member 54 is stored as an operation amount of the first actuator 58, for example. The history information includes, for example, information indicating whether or not gear shifting has been properly performed, and information indicating whether or not communication with the first wireless communication unit 36 has been properly performed. The control unit 56 may update the history information every time shifting and communication are performed, or may update only when communication is not properly performed.

  As shown in FIG. 13, the rear derailleur 34 includes a second storage unit 138. The information stored in the second storage unit 138 includes identification information and updatable individual information. The identification information includes the model number of the rear derailleur 34 and the like. The individual information includes setting information and history information. The setting information is information relating to the adjustment setting of the rear derailleur 34, for example. Information relating to the adjustment setting of the rear derailleur 34 includes, for example, position information of the first movable member 54. The position information of the second movable member 64 is stored as an operation amount of the second actuator 68, for example. The history information includes, for example, information indicating whether or not gear shifting has been properly performed, and information indicating whether or not the second wireless communication unit 40 has been properly performed. The control unit 66 may update the history information every time shifting and communication are performed, or may update only when communication is not properly performed.

With reference to FIG. 14, the update process of the information memorize | stored in the 1st memory | storage part 136 is demonstrated.
In the update process, the external device E and the first wireless communication unit 36 are connected to be communicable. The external device E and the first wireless communication unit 36 are connected to be communicable by wireless communication. For wireless communication, for example, a communication standard of Bluetooth (registered trademark), Wi-Fi (registered trademark), ANT + (registered trademark), or NFC (Near Field Communication) can be adopted. Note that the external device E and the first wireless communication unit 36 can also be connected so as to be communicable by wired communication. Further, the external device E and the first wireless communication unit 36 may communicate directly, and the external device E and the first wireless communication unit 36 communicate indirectly via other electrical components. May be. The external device E includes various electronic devices such as a desktop personal computer, a laptop personal computer, a tablet personal computer, and a smartphone. Examples of other electrical components include an operation unit 44, a cycle computer, a battery unit, and other electric components. Examples of the electric component include a drive unit including a motor that assists the human-powered driving force input to the bicycle 10, an electric seat post, and an electric suspension device.

  When the external device E is connected to the first wireless communication unit 36, it requests identification information from the first wireless communication unit 36 in step S11. The first wireless communication unit 36 that has received a signal for requesting identification information (hereinafter, “identification information request signal”) requests identification information from the control unit 56 in step S12. The control unit 56 that has received the identification information request signal reads the identification information stored in the first storage unit 136 in step S <b> 13 and transmits it to the first wireless communication unit 36. The first wireless communication unit 36 that has transmitted the identification information transmits the identification information to the external device E in step S14.

  The external device E that has received the identification information displays an electrical component corresponding to the identification information received on the display unit (not shown) in step S15. Specifically, the model number of the front derailleur 32 is displayed. At this time, when there are a plurality of electrical components that can communicate with the first wireless communication unit 36, the external device E can also display a list of electrical components that can communicate with the first wireless communication unit 36. When the external device E can also communicate with the second wireless communication unit 40, the external device E displays a list including electrical components that can communicate with the second wireless communication unit 40. You can also.

  The user selects the front derailleur 32 using the operation unit (not shown) according to the display content of the display unit (not shown) of the external device E. The operation unit is, for example, a touch panel provided on the display unit or a keyboard.

  When the front derailleur 32 is selected by the user via the operation unit (not shown), the external device E requests individual information from the first wireless communication unit 36 in step S16. The first wireless communication unit 36 that has received a signal requesting individual information (hereinafter, “individual information request signal”) requests the control unit 56 for individual information in step S17. The control unit 56 that has received the individual information request signal reads the individual information from the first storage unit 136 and transmits it to the first wireless communication unit 36 in step S18. The first wireless communication unit 36 that has received the individual information transmits the individual information to the external device E in step S19.

  The external device E that has received the individual information displays the individual information received in step S20 on a display unit (not shown). The user selects individual information using the operation unit (not shown) according to the display content of the display unit (not shown) of the external device E. When the user performs an operation to change the individual information, the external device E sends a signal (hereinafter referred to as “individual information update request signal”) requesting the update of the individual information to the first wireless communication unit 36 in step S21. Send. The individual information update request signal is a signal including a request for changing the first movable member 54 in the first direction or the second direction in the adjustment setting of the front derailleur 32, for example.

  The first wireless communication unit 36 that has received the individual information update request signal transmits the individual information update request signal to the control unit 56 in step S22. The control unit 56 that has received the individual information update request signal updates the individual information stored in the first storage unit 136 based on the individual information update request signal in step S23. That is, the front derailleur 32 updates information stored in the first storage unit 136 based on communication with the first wireless communication unit 36. Further, the control unit 56 operates the first actuator 58 based on the individual information update request signal in step S23. When the individual information update request signal is the adjustment setting of the front derailleur 32, the control unit 56 operates the first actuator 58 based on the individual information update request. That is, the front derailleur 32 operates the first actuator 58 based on the signal from the first wireless communication unit 36.

  After step S23, the update process is terminated based on the operation of the operation unit (not shown) of the external device E, or at least one of steps S11 to S23 is executed again. For example, when the user performs an operation to update other individual information of the front derailleur 32, the processes in steps S16 to S23 are executed again. Further, when the user further updates the individual information updated in step S23, the processes in steps S21 to S23 are executed again.

  As for the update process of information stored in the second storage unit 138, the same process as the update process of information stored in the first storage unit 136 is performed. For example, when the individual information update request signal is transmitted from the external device E to the second wireless communication unit 40 in the process according to step S21, the second wireless communication unit 40 that has received the individual information update request signal An individual information update request signal is transmitted to the control unit 66. The control unit 66 that has received the individual information update request signal updates the individual information stored in the second storage unit 138 based on the individual information update request signal. The rear derailleur 34 updates information stored in the second storage unit 138 based on communication with the second wireless communication unit 40. Further, the control unit 66 operates the second actuator 68 based on the individual information update request signal. When the individual information update request signal is the adjustment setting of the rear derailleur 34, the control unit 66 operates the second actuator 68 based on the individual information update request signal. That is, the rear derailleur 34 operates the second actuator 68 based on the signal from the second wireless communication unit 40. According to the electric system 30 of the seventh embodiment, at least effects according to (1) and (2) of the first embodiment can be achieved.

(Eighth embodiment)
With reference to FIG. 15 and FIG. 16, the electric system 30 of 8th Embodiment is demonstrated. In addition, about the structure which is common in 1st Embodiment, the code | symbol same as 1st Embodiment is attached | subjected and the description is abbreviate | omitted. In the eighth embodiment, the electric seat post 134 is an electric component.

  As shown in FIG. 15, the electric system 30 is mounted on the bicycle 10 including the vehicle body 130. The vehicle body 130 includes a frame main body 132, a handle 16, a front fork 20, a hub assembly 22, and an electric seat post 134. The frame main body 132 includes a down tube 14B, a seat tube 14D, and a head tube 14E.

  As shown in FIG. 16, the electric seat post 134 includes a first movable member 140, a control unit 142, a first storage unit 144, and a first actuator 146. The first actuator 146 is, for example, an electric motor. The first movable member 140 is, for example, a pinion of a rack and pinion mechanism. The electric seat post 134 is a first electric component.

  The control unit 142 is electrically connected to the first wireless communication unit 36. The control unit 142 can communicate with the first wireless communication unit 36. The first power supply 38 can supply power to the control unit 142. It is preferable that at least one of the switches 100 of the operation unit 44 illustrated in FIG. 5 changes the seat height of the electric seat post 134. The control unit 142 shown in FIG. 16 changes the seat height of the electric seat post 134 by operating the first movable member 140. The electric seat post 134 operates the first actuator 146 based on a signal from the first wireless communication unit 36. When the first actuator 146 is driven, the first movable member 140 operates and the seat height of the electric seat post 134 changes.

  The information stored in the first storage unit 144 includes identification information and updatable individual information. The identification information includes the model number of the electric seat post 134 and the like. The individual information includes setting information and history information. The setting information is, for example, the seat height of the electric seat post 134. The history information includes, for example, information indicating whether or not communication with the first wireless communication unit 36 has been appropriately performed.

  The control unit 142 operates the first actuator 146 based on the signal from the first wireless communication unit 36. For example, when an individual information update request signal for changing the seat height is received from the operation unit 44 or the external device E (see FIG. 15), the first actuator 146 is operated based on the received individual information update request signal. , Change the seat height. According to the electric system 30 of the eighth embodiment, at least effects according to (1) and (2) of the first embodiment can be achieved.

(Ninth embodiment)
With reference to FIG. 15 and FIG. 17, the electric system 30 of 9th Embodiment is demonstrated. In addition, about the structure which is common in 1st Embodiment, the code | symbol same as 1st Embodiment is attached | subjected and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  The vehicle body 130 further includes a front suspension device 148 and a rear suspension device 150. The front suspension device 148 is a first electric component.

  As shown in FIG. 17, the front suspension device 148 includes a first movable member 152, a control unit 154, a first storage unit 156, and a first actuator 158. The front suspension device 148 is, for example, a hydraulic type, and the first movable member 152 is, for example, an electromagnetic valve.

  The control unit 154 is electrically connected to the first wireless communication unit 36. The control unit 154 can communicate with the first wireless communication unit 36. The first power supply 38 can supply power to the control unit 154. It is preferable that at least one of the switches 100 of the operation unit 44 illustrated in FIG. 5 controls the front suspension device 148. The control unit 154 illustrated in FIG. 17 changes the state of the front suspension device 148 by operating the first movable member 152. The front suspension device 148 operates the first actuator 158 based on a signal from the first wireless communication unit 36. When the first actuator 158 is driven, the first movable member 152 operates and the state of the front suspension device 148 changes.

  Information stored in first storage unit 156 includes identification information and updatable individual information. The identification information includes the model number of the front suspension device 148 and the like. The individual information includes setting information and history information. The setting information is information relating to the state of the front suspension device 148, for example. The state of the front suspension device 148 includes, for example, a displacement amount of the suspension with respect to an applied load. The hydraulic front suspension device 148 correlates with the hydraulic pressure. The history information includes, for example, information indicating whether or not communication with the first wireless communication unit 36 has been appropriately performed.

  The control unit 154 operates the first actuator 158 based on the signal from the first wireless communication unit 36. For example, when an individual information update request signal for changing the state of the front suspension device 148 is received from the operation unit 44 or an external device E (see FIG. 15), the first actuator 158 is based on the received individual information update request signal. To change the state of the front suspension device 148. According to the electric system 30 of the ninth embodiment, at least effects according to (1) and (2) of the first embodiment can be achieved.

(Modification)
The description regarding each said embodiment is an illustration of the form which the electric system of the bicycle according to this invention can take, and it does not intend restrict | limiting the form. The electric system for a bicycle according to the present invention can take a form in which, for example, the modifications of the above-described embodiments described below and at least two modifications not contradicting each other are combined.

  -The 1st power supply 38 of 2nd Embodiment can also be attached to the front derailleur 32. FIG. For example, as shown in FIG. 18, the first power supply 38 can be incorporated in the first base member 50 (see FIG. 2) or the first movable member 54 (see FIG. 2) of the front derailleur 32. In this case, the fifth housing 122 can be omitted. The first power supply 38 can also be attached to the outer surface with bolts of the front derailleur 32 or the like.

  -The 2nd power supply 42 of 2nd Embodiment can also be attached to the rear derailleur 34. FIG. For example, as shown in FIG. 18, the second power source 42 can be incorporated in the second base member 60 (see FIG. 3) or the second movable member 64 (see FIG. 3) of the rear derailleur 34. In this case, the sixth housing 124 can be omitted. The second power source 42 can also be attached to the outer surface of the rear derailleur 34 with a bolt or the like.

  The first power supply 38 of the third embodiment can be attached to the front derailleur 32. For example, as shown in FIG. 19, the first power supply 38 can be incorporated in the first base member 50 (see FIG. 2) or the first movable member 54 (see FIG. 2) of the front derailleur 32. In this case, the fifth housing 122 can be omitted. Further, the first power supply 38 can be attached to the outer surface of the front derailleur 32 with a bolt or the like.

  -The 1st power supply 38 of 3rd Embodiment can also be attached to the rear derailleur 34. FIG. For example, as shown in FIG. 20, the first power supply 38 can be incorporated in the second base member 60 (see FIG. 3) or the second movable member 64 (see FIG. 3) of the rear derailleur 34. In this case, the fifth housing 122 can be omitted. The first power supply 38 can be attached to the outer surface of the rear derailleur 34 with a bolt or the like.

  In the fifth embodiment, the second housing 96 can be fixed to the rear derailleur 34. In other words, the second wireless communication unit 40 can be attached to the rear derailleur 34 in a non-detachable manner. In addition, the second wireless communication unit 40 can be attached to the second base member 60 in a non-detachable manner. In addition, the second power source 42 can be attached to the second base member 60 in a non-detachable manner. When the rear derailleur 34 is the first electric component and the front derailleur 32 is the second electric component, the first housing can be attached to and detached from the rear derailleur 34 and the second housing can be fixed to the front derailleur 32. it can.

  In the seventh embodiment, the first storage unit 136 and the second storage unit 138 can store the shift order as individual information. When a signal for changing the gear ratio γ is received from the operation unit 44, the control unit 56 and the control unit 66 operate at least one of the first actuator 58 and the second actuator 68 based on the gear shift order. The speed change order is, for example, the first order in which the speed change ratio of the bicycle 10 determined by both the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34 is increased, and the speed change ratio of the bicycle 10 determined by both the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34. Preferably includes a second order of progressively smaller. When the control unit 56 and the control unit 66 receive a signal for increasing the transmission ratio of the bicycle 10 from the operation unit 44, the control unit 56 and the control unit 66 determine whether or not to operate the first actuator 58 and the second actuator 68 according to the first order. To decide. Whether the control unit 56 and the control unit 66 operate the first actuator 58 and the second actuator 68 according to the second order when receiving a signal for reducing the speed ratio of the bicycle 10 from the operation unit 44. To decide. In this modification, the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34 operate the actuators 58 and 68 based on the communication with the wireless communication units 36 and 40.

  In the above modification, the shift order stored in the first storage unit 136 can be updated via the first wireless communication unit 36 using the external device E. In addition, the speed change order stored in the second storage unit 138 can be updated via the second wireless communication unit 40 using the external device E. In this modified example, the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34 update information stored in the storage units 136 and 138 based on communication with the wireless communication units 36 and 40.

  -In 7th Embodiment, the setting information of permission of continuous shift as individual information can be memorize | stored in the 1st memory | storage part 136 and the 2nd memory | storage part 138. FIG. The continuous shift permission setting information is a setting as to whether or not to permit a plurality of stages of shift based on the time when the corresponding switch 100 is pressed based on the time when the switch 100 is pressed. . The electric system 30 can update the setting information for permission of continuous shift stored in the storage units 136 and 138 from the external device E via the wireless communication units 36 and 40 to permit or disallow. .

  In the seventh embodiment, the first storage unit 136 and the second storage unit 138 can store a shift prohibition period as individual information. The shift prohibition period is a period in which the shift operation is prohibited after the shift operation is executed. The electric system 30 can update the shift prohibition period stored in the storage units 136 and 138 from the external device E via the wireless communication units 36 and 40.

  In the seventh embodiment, speed limit information as individual information can be stored in the first storage unit 136 and the second storage unit 138. The speed limit information includes at least one of an upper limit and a lower limit of the shift speed. The electric system 30 automatically controls the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34 based on the speed limit information. It should be noted that the period in which the front derailleur 32 and the rear derailleur 34 are controlled by the electric system 30 can be limited to when the traveling of the bicycle 10 is started. The electric system 30 can update the speed limit information stored in the storage units 136 and 138 from the external device E via the wireless communication units 36 and 40.

  -In 7th Embodiment, the cycle computer provided with a control part and a memory | storage part can also be electrically connected to the 1st radio | wireless communication part 36 or the 2nd radio | wireless communication part 40. FIG. For example, setting information for turning on or off a beep is stored as individual information in the storage unit of the cycle computer. Further, for example, setting information for display time on the display unit of the cycle computer is stored as individual information in the storage unit of the cycle computer. The display time is a time for displaying various information on the display unit when the operation unit of the cycle computer is not operated. The control unit of the cycle computer is stored in the storage unit of the cycle computer based on the individual information update request received from the external device E via the first wireless communication unit 36 or the second wireless communication unit 40. Update information.

  In the seventh embodiment, steps S16 to S19 can be omitted. In this case, the external device E reads the individual information corresponding to the identification information received from the storage unit of the external device E or the Internet in step S20, and displays the read individual information on the display unit.

  -In 7th Embodiment, the process of step S11-S14 and the process of step S16-S19 can also be performed simultaneously. For example, when receiving the identification information request signal from the external device E, the first wireless communication unit 36 and the control unit 56 transmit the individual information together with the identification information to the external device E. The external device E displays the individual information received based on the operation of the operation unit on the display unit.

  In the seventh embodiment, the drive unit can be the first electric component. The drive unit includes a first actuator that assists the manual driving force input to the bicycle 10, a first control unit, and a first storage unit. The first actuator is, for example, an electric motor. That is, the drive unit includes a motor that assists the manual driving force input to the crank. The drive unit operates the first actuator based on the signal from the first wireless communication unit 36. For example, when a signal for turning on the first actuator or increasing or decreasing the driving force of the first actuator is input from the operation unit 44, the control unit 56 determines the first actuator based on the signal. Stop driving or change torque.

  In the above modification, the first storage unit 136 can store start mode setting information as individual information. The start mode setting information is a setting as to whether or not to drive the first actuator when the bicycle 10 starts running. Alternatively, it is a setting as to whether or not to permit the gear position when the bicycle 10 starts running to be controlled to a predetermined number. The electric system 30 can update the setting information for permission of continuous shift stored in the storage unit 136 from the external device E via the wireless communication unit 36 to be permitted or not permitted.

  In the electric system 30 including the drive unit, it is possible to set whether or not the light is connected to the bicycle 10 using the external device E and the first wireless communication unit 36.

In the eighth embodiment, the electric seat post 134 can be the second electric component.
In the ninth embodiment, a rear suspension 150 device can be employed instead of the front suspension device 148. Further, the rear suspension device 150 may be employed as the second electric component. Alternatively, the rear suspension device 150 can be a first electric component, and the front suspension device 148 can be a second electric component. Also, the suspension device including the front suspension device 148 and the rear suspension device 150 can be used as the first electric component.

  In each embodiment, the operation unit 44 can include a storage unit. The storage unit of the operation unit 44 stores setting information that defines the relationship between each switch 100 and the types of the derailleur 32 and 34 and the shift operation as individual information. The control unit 56 of the operation unit 44 updates the information stored in the storage unit of the operation unit 44 based on the individual information update request received from the external device E via the third wireless communication unit 46. .

  In the seventh to ninth embodiments, the first electric component and the second electric component transmit the number of errors as history information to the external device E based on the signals from the wireless communication units 36 and 40. You can also Moreover, it can replace with the number of errors, and can read the frequency | count of operation | movement of the electric component as historical information.

  In the ninth embodiment, setting information that defines the relationship between each switch 100 and the type of the front suspension device 148 and individual information can be stored in the storage unit of the operation unit 44 as individual information. Examples of the setting information include mode setting information. The mode is for setting a control mode of the front suspension device 148. The control mode includes, for example, a fork mode, a shock mode, an up mode, a trail mode, and a down mode.

  -The operation part 44 of each embodiment can also be changed into the operation part 128 shown in FIG. The operation unit 128 includes a third wireless communication unit 46 and a third power supply 48. The third wireless communication unit 46 and the third power supply 48 are attached to the handle 16 via the operation unit 44. In this case, the fifth housing portion 106 and the sixth housing portion 112 can be omitted.

  -The control part 98 of the operation part 44 of each embodiment can also be abbreviate | omitted. In this case, each switch 100 and the control unit 102 of the third wireless communication unit 46 are connected by a communication line. When the switch 100 is operated, the control unit 102 of the third wireless communication unit 46 controls at least one of the first wireless communication unit 36 and the second wireless communication unit 40 based on the operated switch 100. A shift signal is transmitted wirelessly.

  The third power supply 48 can be omitted. In this case, it is possible to employ a configuration in which power is supplied to the control unit 98 in accordance with the operation of the switch 100 by including a piezoelectric element in the switch 100. Based on the supply of power due to the operation of the switch 100, the control unit 98 transmits an operation signal to the control unit 102.

  A plurality of operation units 44 in each embodiment can be provided. In this case, one operation unit 44 can be associated with the front derailleur 32 and the other operation unit 44 can be associated with the rear derailleur 34. In this case, one third wireless communication unit 46 and one third power supply 48 connected to the plurality of operation units 44 may be provided. For each operation unit 44, the third wireless communication unit 46 and A third power supply 48 may be provided.

  The first housing 82 of the first embodiment can be attached to the chain stay 14 </ b> C, the seat post 18, the front fork 20, or the hub assembly 22. Further, at least one of the fourth housing 118 and the fifth housing 122 of the second to fourth and sixth embodiments is attached to the chain stay 14C, the seat post 18, the front fork 20, or the hub assembly 22. It can also be attached.

  The second housing 96 of the first embodiment can also be attached to the seat tube 14D, the seat post 18, the front fork 20, or the hub assembly 22. Further, at least one of the sixth housing 124 and the seventh housing 126 of the second to fourth and sixth embodiments is attached to the chain stay 14C, the seat post 18, the front fork 20, or the hub assembly 22. It can also be attached.

  -The electric system 30 of the 1st-7th embodiment can also be mounted in the bicycle 10 provided with the vehicle body 130 shown in FIG. The vehicle body 130 includes a frame main body 132, a handle 16, a seat post 18, a front fork 20 including a front suspension device 148, a hub assembly 22, and a rear suspension device 150. The frame main body 132 includes a down tube 14B, a seat tube 14D, and a head tube 14E. In this case, the first housing 82 can be attached to the front suspension device 148 or the rear suspension device 150. Further, the second housing 96 can be attached to the front suspension device 148 or the rear suspension device 150.

  The first wireless communication unit 36 of each embodiment can be electrically connected to the rear derailleur 34, and the second wireless communication unit 40 can be electrically connected to the front derailleur 32. In this case, the rear derailleur 34 corresponds to a first electric transmission, and the front derailleur 32 corresponds to a second electric transmission.

  -The front derailleur 32 of each embodiment can also be changed into the electric transmission incorporated in 14 A of support parts. For example, the electric transmission can include a planetary gear mechanism that includes a plurality of sun gears and includes a restriction mechanism that selects and restricts rotation of the plurality of sun gears. In this case, in the seventh embodiment, the adjustment setting of the front derailleur 32 is performed by adjusting the operation amount of the restriction mechanism.

  The rear derailleur 34 of each embodiment can be changed to an electric transmission built in the hub assembly 22. For example, the electric transmission can include a planetary gear mechanism that includes a plurality of sun gears and includes a restriction mechanism that selects and restricts rotation of the plurality of sun gears. In this case, in the seventh embodiment, the adjustment of the rear derailleur 34 is performed by adjusting the operation amount of the restriction mechanism.

  -The electric system 30 of each embodiment can also be applied to the bicycle 10 provided with the motor which assists the manual driving force input into the crankshaft C. FIG.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Bicycle, 14 ... Frame main body, 14C ... Chain stay, 14D ... Seat tube, 18 ... Seat post, 20 ... Front fork, 22 ... Hub assembly, 30 ... Electric system, 32 ... Front derailleur (first electric transmission) , First electric component), 34 ... rear derailleur (second electric transmission, second electric component), 36 ... first radio communication unit, 38 ... first power source, 40 ... second radio communication unit , 42 ... second power source, 44 ... operation unit, 46 ... third wireless communication unit, 48 ... third power source, 50 ... first base member, 52 ... link member, 58 ... first actuator, 60 ... second base member, 68 ... second actuator, 72 ... first connection portion, 74 ... first housing portion, 78 ... second connection portion, 80 ... second housing Part 82 ... first housing 86 ... third connection part 88 ... third housing part 90 ... battery 92 ... fourth connection part 94 ... fourth housing part 96 ... second Housing 114, third housing 116 A, first signal line 116 B, second signal line 148, front suspension device (suspension device) 150, rear suspension device (suspension device) 136, first Storage unit, 138... Second storage unit.

Claims (51)

  1. A bicycle electric system,
    A first electric component;
    A second electric component;
    A first wireless communication unit, a first power source,
    A second wireless communication unit,
    The first wireless communication unit and the first power source are electrically connected to at least the first electric component,
    The second wireless communication unit is electrically connected to at least the second electric component;
    The first electric component is capable of communicating with the first wireless communication unit,
    The second electric component can communicate with the second wireless communication unit,
    The bicycle electric system, wherein at least the first wireless communication unit and the second wireless communication unit are attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component.
  2. The first wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the first electric component via a first signal line;
    2. The bicycle electric system according to claim 1, wherein the second wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the second electric component via a second signal line.
  3.   The bicycle electric system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the first power source is attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component.
  4.   The bicycle electric system according to claim 3, wherein the first power source, the first wireless communication unit, and the second wireless communication unit are attached to the bicycle at different positions.
  5.   4. The bicycle electric system according to claim 3, wherein the first power source, the first wireless communication unit, and the second wireless communication unit are attached to different positions in the bicycle. 5.
  6.   The bicycle electric system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the first power source is attached to the first electric component or the second electric component.
  7. The first power source is attached to the first electric component;
    The bicycle electric system according to claim 6, wherein the first power source is electrically connected to the second electric component.
  8. A second power source,
    The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the second power source is electrically connected to at least the second electric component.
  9.   The bicycle electric system according to claim 8, wherein the second power source is attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component.
  10.   The first power source, the second power source, the first wireless communication unit, and the second wireless communication unit are attached to the bicycle at different positions. Bicycle electric system.
  11.   The bicycle according to claim 9, wherein the first power source and the first wireless communication unit, and the second power source and the second wireless communication unit are attached to the bicycle at different positions. Electric system.
  12.   The bicycle electric system according to claim 8, wherein the second power source is attached to the first electric component or the second electric component.
  13. A first housing that houses at least a part of the first wireless communication unit and at least a part of the first power source;
    A second housing that houses at least a part of the second wireless communication unit,
    The bicycle electric system according to claim 5, wherein the first housing and the second housing are attached to the bicycle without the first electric component and the second electric component.
  14. The first wireless communication unit includes a first connection portion and a first housing portion,
    The first power source includes a second connection portion and a second housing portion,
    The first connection portion and the second connection portion are joined to supply power from the first power source to the first wireless communication unit, and to the first housing portion. The bicycle electric system according to claim 13, wherein the first housing is constituted by the second housing portion.
  15. A second power source,
    The second power source is electrically connected to at least the second electric component;
    The bicycle electric system according to claim 14, wherein the second housing accommodates at least the second wireless communication unit and the second power source.
  16. The second wireless communication unit includes a third connection portion and a third housing portion,
    The second power source includes a fourth connection portion and a fourth housing portion,
    The third connection portion and the fourth connection portion are joined to supply power from the second power source to the second wireless communication unit, and to the third housing portion. The bicycle electric system according to claim 15, wherein the second housing is constituted by the fourth housing portion.
  17.   The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 13 to 16, wherein a shape of the first housing and a shape of the second housing are substantially the same.
  18. The bicycle includes a frame body;
    The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 13 to 17, wherein at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the frame body.
  19. The frame body includes a chain stay,
    The bicycle electric system according to claim 18, wherein at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the chain stay.
  20. The frame body includes a seat tube,
    The bicycle electric system according to claim 18, wherein at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the seat tube.
  21. The bicycle includes a seat post;
    Said first housing and at least one of said second housing, said Shitoposu attached to preparative bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 13 to 17.
  22. The bicycle includes a front fork;
    The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 13 to 17, wherein at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the front fork.
  23. The bicycle includes a hub assembly;
    The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 13 to 17, wherein at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the hub assembly.
  24. The bicycle includes a suspension device;
    The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 13 to 17, wherein at least one of the first housing and the second housing is attached to the suspension device.
  25.   The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 13 to 24, wherein the first housing and the second housing are detachably attached to the bicycle.
  26.   The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 13 to 25, wherein the first housing and the second housing are attached to the bicycle by an attachment member.
  27.   27. The bicycle electric system of claim 26, wherein the mounting member includes at least one of an adhesive, a screw, a cable tie, and a double-sided tape.
  28. A first electric component;
    A first wireless communication unit,
    The first wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the first electric component;
    The first electric component is capable of communicating with the first wireless communication unit,
    The first wireless communication unit is a bicycle electric system detachably attached to the first electric component.
  29. The first electric component includes a first base member attachable to the bicycle,
    The bicycle electric system according to claim 28, wherein the first wireless communication unit is detachably attached to the first base member.
  30. A first power source;
    30. The bicycle electric system according to claim 28 or 29, wherein the first power source is attached to the first electric component.
  31. The first electric component includes a first base member attachable to the bicycle,
    31. The bicycle electric system according to claim 30, wherein the first power source is detachably attached to the first base member.
  32.   The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 28 to 31, wherein the first wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the first electric component via a first signal line.
  33. A second electric component;
    A second wireless communication unit,
    The second wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the second electric component,
    The second electric component can communicate with the second wireless communication unit,
    33. The bicycle electric system according to claim 28, wherein the second wireless communication unit is detachably attached to the second electric component.
  34. The second electric component includes a second base member attachable to the bicycle,
    The bicycle electric system according to claim 33, wherein the second wireless communication unit is detachably attached to the second base member.
  35. A second power source,
    34. The electric system of claim 33, wherein the second power source is attached to the second electric component.
  36. The second electric component includes a second base member attachable to the bicycle,
    36. The bicycle electric system according to claim 35, wherein the second power source is detachably attached to the second base member.
  37.   37. The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 33 to 36, wherein the second wireless communication unit is electrically connected to the second electric component via a second signal line.
  38. A first electric component;
    A second electric component;
    A first wireless communication unit;
    A first power source;
    A second wireless communication unit,
    The first wireless communication unit and the first power source are electrically connected to at least the first electric component,
    The second wireless communication unit is electrically connected to at least the second electric component;
    The first electric component is capable of communicating with the first wireless communication unit,
    The second electric component can communicate with the second wireless communication unit,
    The first wireless communication unit and the first power source are attached to the first electric component,
    The electric system for a bicycle, wherein the second wireless communication unit is attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component.
  39. An operation unit;
    A third wireless communication unit that wirelessly transmits a shift signal to at least one of the first wireless communication unit and the second wireless communication unit based on an input from the operation unit;
    The third wireless communication unit according to any one of claims 1 to 27 and 33 to 38, wherein the third wireless communication unit is attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component. Bicycle electric system as described.
  40. A third power source,
    40. The bicycle electric system according to claim 39, wherein the third power source is electrically connected to at least the operation unit.
  41.   It accommodates at least a part of the third wireless communication unit and at least a part of the third power source, and is attached to the bicycle without passing through the first electric component and the second electric component. 41. The bicycle electric system according to claim 40, further comprising: a third housing.
  42.   42. The shape of the first housing, the shape of the second housing, and the shape of the third housing are substantially the same, and directly or indirectly citing claim 13. The bicycle electric system described in 1.
  43.   The second electric component includes a second actuator, and operates the second actuator based on a signal from the second wireless communication unit. The electric system for a bicycle according to one item.
  44.   The bicycle according to any one of claims 1 to 43, wherein the first electric component includes a first actuator, and operates the first actuator based on a signal from the first wireless communication unit. Electric system.
  45.   The second electric component includes a second storage unit, and updates information stored in the second storage unit based on communication with the second wireless communication unit, and The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 33 to 42.
  46.   The first electric component includes a first storage unit, and updates information stored in the first storage unit based on communication with the first wireless communication unit. The electric system for a bicycle according to any one of the above.
  47.   47. The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 1 to 27 and 33 to 46, wherein at least one of the first and second electric components is an electric transmission.
  48. One of the first and second electric components is an electric front derailleur;
    48. The bicycle electric system according to claim 47, wherein the other of the first and second electric components is an electric rear derailleur.
  49.   47. The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 1 to 27 and 33 to 46, wherein at least one of the first and second electric components is an electric seat post.
  50.   47. The bicycle electric system according to any one of claims 1 to 27 and 33 to 46, wherein at least one of the first and second electric components is an electric suspension.
  51.   47. At least one of the first and second electric components is a drive unit that includes a motor that assists a human-powered driving force input to a crank, and is any one of claims 1-27 and 33-46. Bicycle electric system.
JP2015176946A 2015-03-06 2015-09-08 Bicycle electric system Active JP6567928B2 (en)

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JP2015044818 2015-03-06
JP2015044818 2015-03-06

Applications Claiming Priority (19)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW105100281A TW201632401A (en) 2015-03-06 2016-01-06 Bicycle electrical system
TW105100530A TWI655134B (en) 2015-03-06 2016-01-08 After the electric bicycle derailleur
TW107147636A TW201919946A (en) 2015-03-06 2016-01-08 Electric bicycle rear derailleur
US15/010,329 US10029754B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-01-29 Bicycle electrical system
DE102016001333.8A DE102016001333A1 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-02-05 Electric bicycle component arrangement
CN201610090317.8A CN105936316A (en) 2015-03-06 2016-02-18 Bicycle electrical system
DE102016001909.3A DE102016001909A1 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-02-18 Electric bicycle system
TW105105454A TWI658965B (en) 2015-03-06 2016-02-24 Bicycle electrical component
DE102016002300.7A DE102016002300A1 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-02-26 Electric bicycle component
DE102016002298.1A DE102016002298A1 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-02-26 Electric bicycle rear derailleur
ITUA2016A001318A ITUA20161318A1 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-03-03 An assembly of electrical components of bicycle
ITUA2016A001321A ITUA20161321A1 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-03-03 Electric Bicycle component
ITUA2016A001315A ITUA20161315A1 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-03-03 Rear derailleur electric bicycle
ITUA2016A001313A ITUA20161313A1 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-03-03 bicycle electrical system
TW105106791A TW201632403A (en) 2015-03-06 2016-03-04 Electric bicycle component assembly
CN201610125414.6A CN105936323B (en) 2015-03-06 2016-03-04 Electric bicycle derailleur
CN201910404395.4A CN110271636A (en) 2015-03-06 2016-03-04 Electric bicycle derailleur
CN201610127723.7A CN105936324B (en) 2015-03-06 2016-03-07 Bicycle electrical components component
CN201610127515.7A CN105936327B (en) 2015-03-06 2016-03-07 Bicycle electrical components

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JP2019085053A (en) 2017-11-09 2019-06-06 株式会社シマノ Shaft member of wheel mounting tool, and wheel mounting tool

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CN105936316A (en) 2016-09-14

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