JP6507480B2 - Variable power optical system and imaging apparatus - Google Patents

Variable power optical system and imaging apparatus Download PDF

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JP6507480B2
JP6507480B2 JP2014067074A JP2014067074A JP6507480B2 JP 6507480 B2 JP6507480 B2 JP 6507480B2 JP 2014067074 A JP2014067074 A JP 2014067074A JP 2014067074 A JP2014067074 A JP 2014067074A JP 6507480 B2 JP6507480 B2 JP 6507480B2
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variable magnification
focal length
conditional expression
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JP2015191058A (en
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智希 伊藤
智希 伊藤
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株式会社ニコン
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The present invention relates to a variable power optical system and the imaging equipment.
  Heretofore, a variable magnification optical system suitable for a photographic camera, an electronic still camera, a video camera or the like has been proposed (see, for example, Patent Document 1).
JP 2012-42557 A
  However, the conventional variable magnification optical system has a problem that the aberration fluctuation at the time of zooming is large. Further, in order to further improve the image quality, it is desirable to provide an image blur correction mechanism for correcting an image blur caused by camera shake or the like.
The present invention has such has been made in view of the problems, while providing an image blur correction mechanism, and to provide a variable power optical system and the imaging equipment having a high optical performance.
In order to achieve such an object, a variable power optical system according to a first aspect of the present invention includes a first lens group having positive refractive power and a second lens having negative refractive power, which are arranged in order from the object side. And a third lens group having a positive refractive power, wherein an interval between adjacent lens groups changes at the time of zooming, and the third lens group is a third lens group arranged in order from the object side And a thirty-second lens unit, wherein the thirty-second lens unit is a single lens , and at least a part of the third lens unit is a vibration reduction lens unit for correcting image blurring. It is configured to be movable so as to have a component in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis, and the following conditional expression is satisfied.
3.60 <f1 / f3 <8.00
2.89 ≦ (−f 32) / f 3 <6.00
2.00 <| f33 | / f3
However,
f1: focal length of the first lens group,
f3: focal length of the third lens group,
f32: focal length of the 32nd lens group,
f33: The focal length of the thirty third lens unit.
A variable magnification optical system according to a second aspect of the present invention has a first lens group having positive refractive power, a second lens group having negative refractive power, and a positive refractive power, which are arranged in order from the object side. And a third lens group, which is substantially composed of three lens groups with the third lens group, the distance between adjacent lens groups changes at the time of zooming, and the third lens group is arranged in order from the object side; It consists of a 32nd lens group and a 33rd lens group, and said 32nd lens group is constituted by a single lens , and at least one copy of said 3rd lens group is used as a vibration reduction lens group for correcting an image blurring. , And movable so as to have a component in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis, and the following conditional expressions are satisfied.
3.60 <f1 / f3 <8.00
2.00 <(−f 32) / f 3 <6.00
However,
f1: focal length of the first lens group,
f3: focal length of the third lens group,
f32: The focal length of the 32nd lens group.
  An imaging apparatus according to the present invention includes any one of the above-mentioned variable magnification optical systems.
According to the present invention, while providing an image blur correction mechanism, it is possible to provide a variable power optical system and the imaging equipment having a high optical performance.
It is sectional drawing which shows the lens structure of the variable magnification optical system which concerns on 1st Example. It is an aberrational figure in the wide-angle end state (f = 18.500) of the variable magnification optical system concerning the 1st example, (a) Aberrations figure at the time of infinity focusing, (b) at the time of short distance focusing (shooting magnification) (c) shows a coma aberration diagram when image blur correction is performed at infinity in-focus (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is an aberrational figure in the intermediate focal distance state (f = 35.000) of the variable magnification optical system according to the first example, (a) Various aberrations when focusing at infinity, (b) when focusing at close distance (C) shows a coma aberration diagram when image shake correction is performed at infinity in-focus (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is an aberrational figure in the telephoto end state (f = 53.500) of the variable magnification optical system according to the first example, (a) Various aberrations when focusing at infinity, (b) when focusing at close distance (shooting magnification (c) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity in-focus condition. It is sectional drawing which shows the lens structure of the variable magnification optical system which concerns on 2nd Example. It is an aberrational figure in the wide-angle end state (f = 18.500) of the variable magnification optical system according to the second example, (a) Various aberrations in focusing at infinity, (b) at focusing in short distance (c) shows a coma aberration diagram when image blur correction is performed at infinity in-focus (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is an aberrational figure in the intermediate focal distance state (f = 34.176) of the variable magnification optical system according to the second example, (a) Various aberrations in focusing at infinity, (b) at focusing in short distance (C) shows a coma aberration diagram when image shake correction is performed at infinity in-focus (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is an aberrational figure in the telephoto end state (f = 53.500) of the variable magnification optical system according to the second example, (a) Various aberrations when focusing at infinity, (b) when focusing at close distance (shooting magnification FIG. 6C is a various aberrations diagram of β = −0.0556), and FIG. 6C is a coma aberration diagram when image blurring correction is performed at infinity focusing (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is sectional drawing which shows the lens structure of the variable magnification optical system which concerns on 3rd Example. It is an aberrational figure in the wide-angle end state (f = 18.477) of the variable magnification optical system concerning the 3rd example, (a) Aberrations figure at the time of infinity focusing, (b) at the time of short distance focusing (shooting magnification) FIG. 7C shows various aberrations that occurred with β = −0.0194, and FIG. 16C showing coma when the image blur correction was performed at infinity focusing (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is an aberrational figure in the intermediate focal distance state (f = 34.000) of the variable magnification optical system according to the third example, (a) Various aberrations in focusing at infinity, (b) at focusing in short distance (C) shows a coma aberration diagram when image shake correction is performed at infinity in-focus (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is an aberrational figure in the telephoto end state (f = 53.500) of the variable magnification optical system according to the third example, (a) Various aberrations when focusing at infinity, (b) when focusing at close distance (shooting magnification (c) shows a coma aberration diagram when image blur correction is performed at infinity in-focus (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is sectional drawing which shows the lens structure of the variable magnification optical system which concerns on 4th Example. It is an aberrational figure in the wide-angle end state (f = 18.500) of the variable magnification optical system concerning the 4th example, (a) Aberrations figure at the time of infinity focusing, (b) at the time of short distance focusing (shooting magnification) FIG. 7C shows various aberrations that occurred with β = −0.0194, and FIG. 16C showing coma when the image blur correction was performed at infinity focusing (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is an aberrational figure in the intermediate focal distance state (f = 34.061) of the variable magnification optical system according to the fourth example, (a) Various aberrations when focusing at infinity, (b) when focusing at close distance (C) shows a coma aberration diagram when image shake correction is performed at infinity in-focus (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is an aberrational figure in the telephoto end state (f = 53.500) of the variable magnification optical system according to the fourth example, (a) Various aberrations when focusing at infinity, (b) when focusing at close distance (shooting magnification FIG. 6C is a various aberrations diagram of β = −0.0556), and FIG. 6C is a coma aberration diagram when image blurring correction is performed at infinity focusing (correction angle θ = 0.30 °). It is a schematic sectional view showing the composition of the camera concerning this embodiment. It is a flowchart for demonstrating the manufacturing method of the variable magnification optical system which concerns on this embodiment.
  Hereinafter, the present embodiment will be described with reference to the drawings. The variable magnification optical system ZL according to the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1, is a first lens group G1 having positive refractive power and a second lens group G2 having negative refractive power, which are arranged in order from the object side. And a third lens group G3 having positive refractive power.
  With this configuration, downsizing of the barrel in the wide-angle end state and securing of a sufficient variable magnification ratio can be achieved.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL according to the present embodiment is perpendicular to the optical axis as at least a part of the second lens group G2 or at least a part of the third lens group G3 as a vibration reduction lens group for correcting image blurring. Movable so as to have directional components.
  With this configuration, the image blur correction mechanism including the vibration reduction lens group can be miniaturized.
  Then, based on the above configuration, the following conditional expression (1) is satisfied.
3.60 <f1 / f3 <8.00 (1)
However,
f1: focal length of the first lens group G1,
f3: The focal length of the third lens group G3.
  Conditional expression (1) defines an appropriate focal length of the first lens group G1 with respect to the focal length of the third lens group G3. By satisfying the conditional expression (1), it is possible to achieve good optical performance and miniaturization of the optical system.
  If the lower limit value of the conditional expression (1) is not reached, the refractive power of the first lens group G1 becomes strong, and it becomes difficult to correct coma aberration, astigmatism and field curvature in the telephoto end state.
  By setting the lower limit value of the conditional expression (1) to 3.80, the effect of the present embodiment can be made reliable.
  If the upper limit value of the conditional expression (1) is exceeded, the refractive power of the third lens group G3 becomes strong, which makes it difficult to correct spherical aberration and coma aberration in the telephoto end state, which is not preferable.
  By setting the upper limit value of the conditional expression (1) to 7.00, the effect of the present embodiment can be made reliable.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL according to this embodiment includes an air gap between the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2, an air gap between the second lens group G2 and the third lens group G3, and a third lens group It is preferable to change magnification by changing the air gap between G3 and the fourth lens group G4.
  With this configuration, it is possible to secure a sufficient variable magnification ratio while suppressing variations in spherical aberration and field curvature at the time of zooming.
  In the variable magnification optical system ZL according to this embodiment, the third lens group G3 is composed of a 31st lens group G31, a 32nd lens group G32, and a 33rd lens group G33, which are arranged in order from the object side. It is preferable that the C.32 lens group G32 be configured as movable as the vibration reduction lens group so as to have a component in a direction perpendicular to the optical axis.
  With this configuration, good optical performance can be realized at the time of image shake correction (vibration reduction). In addition, the image blur correction mechanism can be miniaturized.
  In the variable magnification optical system ZL according to this embodiment, it is preferable that the thirty second lens group G32 have a negative refractive power.
  With this configuration, good optical performance can be realized at the time of image shake correction (vibration reduction).
  It is preferable that the variable magnification optical system ZL according to the present embodiment satisfies the following conditional expression (2).
2.00 <(−f 32) / f 3 <6.00 (2)
However,
f32: The focal length of the 32nd lens group G32,
f3: The focal length of the third lens group G3.
  Conditional expression (2) defines an appropriate focal length of the third lens group G32 with respect to the focal length of the third lens group G3. By satisfying the conditional expression (2), it is possible to achieve good optical performance at the time of image shake correction (vibration reduction) and downsizing of the optical system.
  If the lower limit value of the conditional expression (2) is not reached, the refractive power of the third lens group G3 becomes weak, and it becomes difficult to miniaturize the lens barrel. It is not preferable to intensify the refractive powers of the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 in order to miniaturize the lens because correction of coma aberration, astigmatism and field curvature becomes difficult.
  By setting the lower limit value of conditional expression (2) to 2.50, the effect of the present embodiment can be made reliable.
  If the upper limit value of the conditional expression (2) is exceeded, the refractive power of the third lens group G3 becomes strong, and it becomes difficult to correct spherical aberration and coma aberration in the telephoto end state. In addition, the refracting power of the 32nd lens group G32 becomes weak, and the shift amount at the time of image blur correction (vibration reduction) increases, which makes it difficult to miniaturize the lens barrel, which is not preferable.
  By setting the upper limit value of the conditional expression (2) to 4.00, the effect of the present embodiment can be made reliable.
  It is preferable that the variable magnification optical system ZL according to the present embodiment satisfies the following conditional expression (3).
0.50 <| f31 | / f3 <2.00 (3)
However,
f31: The focal length of the 31st lens group G31,
f3: The focal length of the third lens group G3.
  Conditional expression (3) defines an appropriate focal length of the third lens group G31 with respect to the focal length of the third lens group G3. By satisfying the conditional expression (3), good optical performance and miniaturization of the optical system can be achieved.
  If the lower limit value of the conditional expression (3) is not reached, the refractive power of the third lens group G3 becomes weak, and it becomes difficult to miniaturize the lens barrel. It is not preferable to intensify the refractive powers of the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 in order to miniaturize, because it becomes difficult to correct coma, astigmatism and field curvature.
  By setting the lower limit value of the conditional expression (3) to 0.70, the effect of the present embodiment can be made reliable.
  If the upper limit value of the conditional expression (3) is exceeded, the refractive power of the third lens group G3 becomes strong, and it becomes difficult to correct spherical aberration and coma aberration in the telephoto end state, which is not preferable.
  By setting the upper limit value of the conditional expression (3) to 1.50, the effect of the present embodiment can be made reliable.
  It is preferable that the variable magnification optical system ZL according to the present embodiment satisfies the following conditional expression (4).
1.00 <| f33 | / f3 (4)
However,
f33: The focal length of the 33rd lens group G33,
f3: The focal length of the third lens group G3.
  Conditional expression (4) defines an appropriate focal length of the third lens group G33 with respect to the focal length of the third lens group G3. By satisfying the conditional expression (4), it is possible to achieve good optical performance and miniaturization of the optical system.
  If the lower limit value of the conditional expression (4) is not reached, the refractive power of the third lens group G3 becomes weak, and it becomes difficult to miniaturize the lens barrel. It is not preferable to intensify the refractive powers of the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 in order to miniaturize, because it becomes difficult to correct coma, astigmatism and field curvature.
  By setting the lower limit value of the conditional expression (4) to 2.00, the effect of the present embodiment can be made reliable.
  In the variable magnification optical system ZL according to this embodiment, it is preferable that the thirty second lens group G32 be configured of a single lens.
  With this configuration, decentering coma aberration and image plane fluctuation at the time of image blur correction can be corrected well. In addition, the image blur correction mechanism can be miniaturized.
  It is preferable that the variable magnification optical system ZL according to this embodiment has a stop S, and the stop S moves integrally with the third lens group G3 along the optical axis direction at the time of zooming.
  With this configuration, the lens barrel structure can be simplified, and the lens barrel can be miniaturized.
  It is preferable that the variable magnification optical system ZL according to this embodiment has a stop S, and the stop S be disposed between the second lens group G2 and the image plane I.
  By this configuration, field curvature and astigmatism can be corrected well.
  It is preferable that the variable magnification optical system ZL according to the present embodiment satisfies the following conditional expression (5).
30.00 ° <ωw <80.00 ° (5)
However,
ωw: Half angle of view in the wide-angle end state.
  Conditional expression (5) defines the value of the angle of view in the wide-angle end state. By satisfying the conditional expression (5), coma, distortion and curvature of field can be favorably corrected while having a wide angle of view.
  By setting the lower limit value of the conditional expression (5) to 33.00 °, better aberration correction can be performed. By setting the lower limit value of the conditional expression (5) to 36.00 °, even better aberration correction can be performed.
  By setting the upper limit value of the conditional expression (5) to 77.00 °, better aberration correction can be performed.
  It is preferable that the variable magnification optical system ZL according to the present embodiment satisfies the following conditional expression (6).
2.00 <ft / fw <15.00 (6)
However,
ft: focal length of the entire system at the telephoto end,
fw: focal length of the entire system at the wide-angle end.
  Condition (6) defines the ratio of the focal length of the entire system at the telephoto end to the focal length of the entire system at the wide-angle end. By satisfying the conditional expression (6), the variable magnification optical system ZL can obtain a high zoom ratio, and can correct spherical aberration and coma aberration well.
  By setting the lower limit value of conditional expression (6) to 2.30, better aberration correction becomes possible. By setting the lower limit value of conditional expression (6) to 2.50, it is possible to further correct aberration. By setting the lower limit value of the conditional expression (6) to 2.70, the effect of the present embodiment can be maximally exhibited.
  By setting the upper limit value of conditional expression (6) to 10.00, better aberration correction becomes possible. By setting the upper limit value of the conditional expression (6) to 7.00, even better aberration correction is possible.
  According to the present embodiment as described above, it is possible to realize the variable magnification optical system ZL having high optical performance while being provided with the image shake correction mechanism.
  Next, the camera (image pickup apparatus) 1 provided with the above-described variable magnification optical system ZL will be described with reference to FIG. The camera 1 is, as shown in FIG. 17, an interchangeable lens type camera (so-called mirrorless camera) provided with the above-described variable magnification optical system ZL as the photographing lens 2.
  In the camera 1, light from an object (not shown) is collected by the photographing lens 2, and the object is picked up on the imaging surface of the imaging unit 3 via an OLPF (optical low pass filter) (not shown) Form an image. Then, the subject image is photoelectrically converted by the photoelectric conversion element provided in the imaging unit 3 to generate the image of the subject. This image is displayed on an EVF (Electronic view finder) 4 provided in the camera 1. Thereby, the photographer can observe the subject through the EVF 4.
  When the photographer presses a release button (not shown), the image of the subject generated by the imaging unit 3 is stored in a memory (not shown). In this way, the photographer can shoot a subject with the real camera 1.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL according to this embodiment mounted on the camera 1 as the photographing lens 2 has high image quality while providing an image blur correction mechanism by its characteristic lens configuration, as can be seen from each example described later. It has performance. Therefore, according to the present camera 1, it is possible to realize an imaging device having high optical performance while being provided with an image shake correction mechanism.
  Even when the variable magnification optical system ZL described above is mounted on a single lens reflex type camera having a quick return mirror and observing a subject with a finder optical system, the same effect as the camera 1 can be obtained. Further, even when the above-described variable magnification optical system ZL is mounted on a video camera, the same effect as that of the camera 1 can be obtained.
  Subsequently, a method of manufacturing the variable magnification optical system ZL having the above configuration will be outlined with reference to FIG. First, the first lens group G1 having positive refractive power, the second lens group G2 having negative refractive power, and the third lens group G3 having positive refractive power are provided in the lens barrel. , Each lens is arranged (step ST10). At this time, at least a part of the second lens group G2 or at least a part of the third lens group G3 is a component in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis as a vibration reduction lens group for correcting image blurring (due to camera shake or the like). To be movable so as to have (step ST20). Further, each lens is disposed in the lens barrel so as to satisfy the following conditional expression (1) (step ST30).
3.60 <f1 / f3 <8.00 (1)
However,
f1: focal length of the first lens group G1,
f3: The focal length of the third lens group G3.
  As an example of the lens arrangement in this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1, as the first lens group G1, a negative meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface on the object side and a convex surface on the object side are sequentially arranged from the object side. A cemented lens with the positive meniscus lens L12 is disposed. As the second lens group G2, a negative meniscus lens L21 having a convex surface facing the object side, a biconcave lens L22, a biconvex lens L23, and a negative meniscus lens L24 having a concave surface facing the object side are disposed in order from the object side . As the third lens group G3, a positive meniscus lens L31 having a concave surface facing the object side, a cemented lens of a biconvex lens L32 and a biconcave lens L33, a biconcave lens L34, a biconvex lens L35, and a biconvex lens as the third lens group G3. L36 and a negative meniscus lens L37 with a concave surface facing the object side are disposed. Further, each lens is disposed so as to satisfy the conditional expression (1) (corresponding value of the conditional expression (1) is 4.06).
  According to the method of manufacturing a variable magnification optical system according to the present embodiment as described above, it is possible to obtain a variable magnification optical system ZL having high optical performance while being provided with an image blur correction mechanism.
  Hereinafter, each example according to the present embodiment will be described based on the drawings. Tables 1 to 4 are shown below, and these are tables of each item in the first to fourth examples.
  1, 5, 9, and 13 are cross-sectional views showing the configuration of the variable magnification optical system ZL (ZL1 to ZL4) according to each example. In the sectional views of these variable magnification optical systems ZL1 to ZL4, movement loci along the optical axes of the respective lens units at the time of zooming from the wide angle end state (W) to the telephoto end state (T) are indicated by arrows.
  Each reference numeral to FIG. 1 according to the first embodiment is used independently for each embodiment in order to avoid complication of explanation due to the increase of the number of digits of the reference code. Therefore, even if the reference numerals in common with the drawings according to the other embodiments are given, they are not necessarily common to the other embodiments.
  In each embodiment, the d-line (wavelength 587.5620 nm) and the g-line (wavelength 435.8350 nm) are selected as calculation targets of the aberration characteristic.
  In [Lens data] in the table, the surface number is the order of the optical surfaces from the object side along the traveling direction of light, r is the radius of curvature of each optical surface, and D is the next optical surface from each optical surface (or The surface distance which is the distance on the optical axis up to the image plane), νd denotes the Abbe number based on the d-line of the material of the optical member, and nd denotes the refractive index for the d-line of the material of the optical member. (Variable) indicates a variable surface distance, the radius of curvature “∞” indicates a plane or an aperture, and (aperture S) indicates an aperture stop S. The refractive index (d line) "1.000000" of air is omitted. When the optical surface is an aspheric surface, “*” is attached to the left of the surface number, and the paraxial radius of curvature is shown in the column of radius of curvature r.
In [aspheric surface data] in the table, the shape of the aspheric surface shown in [lens data] is shown by the following equation (a). Here, y is the height in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis, X (y) is the displacement in the optical axis direction at the height y (sag amount), r is the radius of curvature of the reference spherical surface (paraxial radius of curvature), κ Represents a conical constant, and An represents an nth-order aspheric coefficient. Note that "E-n" indicates "x 10 -n ", for example "1.234 E-05" indicates "1.234 x 10 -5 ".
X (y) = (y 2 / r) / [1+ {1-κ (y 2 / r 2 )} 1/2 ] + A4 × y 4 + A6 × y 6 + A8 × y 8 + A10 × y 10 (a)
  In [Various data] in the table, f is the focal length of the whole lens system, Fno is the F number, ω is the half angle of view (unit: °), Y is the image height, TL is the total length of the lens system (on the optical axis) Bf indicates the back focus (the distance from the lens last surface to the image plane I on the optical axis).
  In [Variable distance data] in the table, the focal length f of the entire system in the wide-angle end state, the intermediate focal length state and the telephoto end state when focusing on an infinite distance object and a near distance object (shooting distance R = 1.0 m) Alternatively, the imaging magnification β and the value of each variable interval are shown. D0 is the distance from the object plane to the first plane, and Di (where i is an integer) indicates the variable distance between the ith plane and the (i + 1) plane.
  In [Lens group data] in the table, the initial surface number of each group (the surface number on the most object side) is shown on the initial surface of the group, and the focal length of each group is shown on the group focal length.
  In [Conditional expression corresponding value] in the table, values corresponding to the above conditional expressions (1) to (6) are shown.
  Hereinafter, in all the specification values, “mm” is generally used unless otherwise specified for the focal length f, radius of curvature r, surface distance D, other lengths, etc. listed, but the optical system is proportionally expanded. Alternatively, since the same optical performance can be obtained by proportional reduction, it is not limited to this. Also, the unit is not limited to "mm", and other appropriate units can be used.
  The description of the tables so far is common to all the embodiments, and the description below is omitted.
(First embodiment)
A first embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 4 and Table 1. The variable magnification optical system ZL (ZL1) according to the first example, as shown in FIG. 1, includes a first lens group G1 having positive refractive power, which is arranged in order from the object side along the optical axis; It comprises a second lens group G2 having a refractive power and a third lens group G3 having a positive refractive power.
  The first lens group G1 is composed of, in order from the object side, a cemented lens of a negative meniscus lens L11 with a convex surface facing the object side and a positive meniscus lens L12 with a convex surface facing the object side.
  The second lens group G2 is composed of, in order from the object side, a negative meniscus lens L21 with a convex surface facing the object side, a biconcave lens L22, a biconvex lens L23, and a negative meniscus lens L24 with a concave surface facing the object side Configured
  The third lens group G3 is composed of a 31st lens group G31, a 32nd lens group G32, and a 33rd lens group G33, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  The 31st lens group G31 is composed of a front group G3F having positive refractive power and a rear group G3R, which are arranged in order from the object side. The front group G3F (focusing group) includes a positive meniscus lens L31 having a concave surface facing the object side. The rear group G3R is composed of a cemented lens of a biconvex lens L32 and a biconcave lens L33, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  The 32nd lens group G32 (anti-vibration lens group) is composed of a biconcave lens L34. The third lens group G33 is composed of a biconvex lens L35, a biconvex lens L36, and a negative meniscus lens L37 with a concave surface facing the object side, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  An aperture stop S for determining the F number is provided in the third lens group G3.
  The image plane I is formed on an imaging device (not shown), and the imaging device is configured of a CCD, a CMOS or the like.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL1 according to Example 1 changes the air gap between the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 and the air gap between the second lens group G2 and the third lens group G3. Thus, zooming from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state is performed. At this time, with respect to the image plane I, the first lens group G1 moves monotonously to the object side. The second lens group G2 moves along the optical axis so as to draw a convex locus on the image side. The third lens group G3 moves monotonously to the object side. The aperture stop S moves monotonously to the object side together with the third lens group G3 during zooming.
  In detail, in the variable magnification optical system ZL1 according to the first example, the air interval between the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 is enlarged, and the air between the second lens group G2 and the third lens group G3 is By changing the lens groups G1 to G3 along the optical axis so as to reduce the distance, the magnification change from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state is performed.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL1 according to the first example performs focusing by moving the front group G3F of the third lens group G3, that is, the positive meniscus lens L31 having a concave surface facing the object side, along the optical axis direction. The positive meniscus lens L31 moves from the object side to the image side when changing from a state in which an object at infinity is in focus to a state in which a near object is in focus, as shown by the arrows in FIG. .
  When an image blur occurs, the 32nd lens group G32, that is, the biconcave lens L34, is moved as a vibration reduction lens group so as to have a component in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis. I do.
  Table 1 below shows values of respective items in the first embodiment. The surface numbers 1 to 25 in Table 1 correspond to the optical surfaces m1 to m25 shown in FIG.
(Table 1)
[Lens data]
Face number r D ν d nd
1 41.994 1.800 23.80 1.846660
2 31.917 6.967 67.90 1.593190
3 1604.312 D3 (variable)
4 79.168 1.500 32.35 1.850260
5 11.927 5.219
6-52.994 1.000 42.73 1.834810
7 32.701 0.418
8 22.013 4.124 23.80 1.846660
9-31.216 0.747
10-21.084 1.000 42.73 1.834810
11 -79.290 D11 (variable)
12 -459.370 1.607 49.62 1.772500
13-32.039 D13 (variable)
14 ∞ 2.000 (aperture S)
15 11.1.86 6.181 82.57 1.497820
16 -23.884 0.800 23.80 1.846660
17 299.776 2.028
18-1480.750 0.800 49.62 1.772500
19 47.464 1.000
20 76.691 6.975 38.03 1.603420
21 -38.339 0.200
22 83.747 2.496 50.27 1.719990
23 -62.763 2.711
24-9.776 1.000 42.73 1.834810
25-16.921 Bf

[Various data]
f 18.500 35.000 53.500
Fno 3.747 4.644 5.669
ω 39.556 21.350 14.391
Y 14.250 14.250 14.250
TL 88.166 99.495 109.353
Bf 17.445 26.392 35.677

[Variable interval data]
(Infinity) (shooting distance 1 m)
Wide-angle end Middle Telephoto end Wide-angle end Mid Telephoto end
f, β 18. 500 35.000 53. 500-0.0196-0.0365-0.0554
D0 0.000 0.000 0.000 911.8 900.5 890.6
D1 1.086 12.752 18.159 1.086 12.752 18.159
D11 15.129 5.845 1.011 15.637 6.644 2.065
D13 3.924 3.924 3.924 3.416 3.125 2.871

[Lens group data]
Group number Group initial surface Group focal length G1 1 83.101
G2 4-15.594
G3 12 20.444

[Conditional expression corresponding value]
Conditional Expression (1): f1 / f3 = 4.06
Conditional Expression (2): (−f32) /f3=2.91
Conditional Expression (3): | f 31 | / f 3 = 1.02
Conditional Expression (4): | f33 | / f3 = 3.59
Conditional Expression (5): ω w = 39.556
Conditional Expression (6): ft / fw = 2.89
  From Table 1, it can be seen that the variable magnification optical system ZL1 according to the first example satisfies the conditional expressions (1) to (6).
  FIG. 2 is an aberration diagram in the wide-angle end state (f = 18.500) of the variable magnification optical system ZL1 according to the first example, (a) various aberrations when focusing on infinity, (b) shows near distance focusing (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0196). 3A and 3B are aberration diagrams at the intermediate focal length state (f = 35.000) of the variable magnification optical system ZL1 according to the first example, and FIG. 3A shows various aberrations at the time of infinity focusing, and FIG. (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0365). FIG. 4 is an aberration diagram in the telephoto end state (f = 53.500) of the zoom optical system ZL1 according to the first example, (a) various aberrations in in-focus at point, (b) shows near-field focus (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0554). In this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 2C, 3C, and 4C, the optical performance at the time of image stabilization is an image height of 10.00 in the upper and lower plus or minus centering on the image height y = 0.0. It shows in the coma aberration figure corresponding to.
  In each aberration diagram, FNO is an F number, NA is a numerical aperture of a light beam incident on the first lens group G1, A is a light beam incident angle, that is, a half angle of view (unit: °), H0 is an object height (unit: mm), Y represents an image height, d represents an aberration at d-line, and g represents an aberration at g-line. Those not described in d and g show an aberration at the d-line. In the spherical aberration diagram, the solid line indicates the spherical aberration and the broken line indicates the sine condition. In astigmatism diagrams, a solid line indicates a sagittal image plane, and a broken line indicates a meridional image plane. In coma aberration diagrams, a solid line indicates meridional coma. The description of the above aberration diagrams is the same as in the other examples, and the description thereof is omitted.
  It is understood from the respective aberration diagrams shown in FIGS. 2 to 4 that the variable magnification optical system ZL1 according to Example 1 has good imaging performance with various aberrations corrected well from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state. . In addition, it can be seen that high imaging performance is obtained also at the time of image shake correction.
Second Embodiment
The second embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. 5 to 8 and Table 2. As shown in FIG. 5, the variable magnification optical system ZL (ZL2) according to the second example has a first lens group G1 having a positive refractive power, which is arranged in order from the object side along the optical axis; It is comprised from the 2nd lens group G2 which has refractive power, and the 3rd lens group G3 which has positive refractive power.
  The first lens group G1 is composed of, in order from the object side, a cemented lens of a negative meniscus lens L11 with a convex surface facing the object side and a positive meniscus lens L12 with a convex surface facing the object side.
  The second lens group G2 is composed of, in order from the object side, a negative meniscus lens L21 with a convex surface facing the object side, a biconcave lens L22, a biconvex lens L23, and a negative meniscus lens L24 with a concave surface facing the object side Configured
  The third lens group G3 is composed of a 31st lens group G31, a 32nd lens group G32, and a 33rd lens group G33, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  The 31st lens group G31 is composed of a front group G3F having positive refractive power and a rear group G3R, which are arranged in order from the object side. The front group G3F (focusing group) includes a positive meniscus lens L31 having a concave surface facing the object side. The rear group G3R is composed of, in order from the object side, a cemented lens of a double convex lens L32 and a negative meniscus lens L33 with a concave surface facing the object side.
  The 32nd lens group G32 (vibration reduction lens group) is composed of a negative meniscus lens L34 with a convex surface facing the object side. The thirty third lens group G33 is composed of a biconvex lens L35 and a negative meniscus lens L36 with a concave surface facing the object side, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  An aperture stop S for determining the F number is provided in the third lens group G3.
  The image plane I is formed on an imaging device (not shown), and the imaging device is configured of a CCD, a CMOS or the like.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL2 according to the second example changes the air gap between the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 and the air gap between the second lens group G2 and the third lens group G3. Thus, zooming from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state is performed. At this time, with respect to the image plane I, the first lens group G1 moves monotonously to the object side. The second lens group G2 moves monotonously to the object side. The third lens group G3 moves monotonously to the object side. The aperture stop S moves monotonously to the object side together with the third lens group G3 during zooming.
  Specifically, in the variable magnification optical system ZL2 according to the second example, the air gap between the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 is enlarged, and the air between the second lens group G2 and the third lens group G3 is By changing the lens groups G1 to G3 along the optical axis so as to reduce the distance, the magnification change from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state is performed.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL2 according to the second example performs focusing by moving the front group G3F of the third lens group G3, that is, the positive meniscus lens L31 having a concave surface facing the object side, along the optical axis direction. The positive meniscus lens L31 moves from the object side to the image side when changing from a state in which an object at infinity is in focus to a state in which a near object is in focus as shown by the arrows in FIG. .
  When an image blur occurs, the third lens group G32, that is, the negative meniscus lens L34 with the convex surface facing the object side, is moved as an anti-vibration lens group so as to have a component in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis. Perform image stabilization (vibration reduction).
  Table 2 below shows values of respective items in the second embodiment. The surface numbers 1 to 23 in Table 2 correspond to the optical surfaces of m1 to m23 shown in FIG. 5.
(Table 2)
[Lens data]
Face number r D ν d nd
1 45.608 1.800 23.80 1.846660
2 33.721 6.519 67.90 1.593190
3 45648.551 D3 (variable)
4 45.310 1.500 32.35 1.850260
5 11.154 5.514
6-66.392 1.000 42.73 1.834810
7 28.177 0.200
8 19.025 4.190 23.80 1.846660
9 -36.189 0.897
10-20.633 1.000 42.73 1.834810
11 -125.484 D11 (variable)
12 -244.725 1.512 42.73 1.834810
13-35.967 D13 (variable)
14 ∞ 2.000 (aperture S)
15 11.692 7.246 82.57 1.497820
16-15.635 0.800 23.80 1.846660
17-55.007 2.028
18 119.072 0.800 55.52 1.696800
19 30.792 1.886
20 46.232 7.366 34.92 1.801000
21 -29.295 2.129
22 -9.299 1.000 35.72 1.902650
23-17.109 Bf

[Various data]
f 18.500 34.176 53.500
Fno 3.606 4.649 5.743
ω 38.474 21.695 14.318
Y 14.250 14.250 14.250
TL 84.418 96.972 109.393
Bf 17.330 26.452 35.995

[Variable interval data]
(Infinity) (shooting distance 1 m)
Wide-angle end Middle Telephoto end Wide-angle end Mid Telephoto end
f, β 18.500 34.176 53.500-0.0196 -0.0358-0.0556
D0 0.000 0.000 0.000 915.6 903.0 890.6
D3 1.003 12.242 19.287 1.003 12.242 19.287
D11 12.973 5.166 1.000 13.423 5.869 1.977
D13 3.717 3.717 3.717 3.266 3.013 2.739

[Lens group data]
Group number Group initial surface Group focal length G1 1 89.519
G2 4-14.853
G3 12 18.756

[Conditional expression corresponding value]
Conditional Expression (1): f1 / f3 = 4.77
Conditional Expression (2): (−f 32) / f 3 = 3.19
Conditional Expression (3): | f 31 | / f 3 = 1.00
Conditional Expression (4): | f33 | / f3 = 8.00
Condition (5): ω w = 38.474
Conditional Expression (6): ft / fw = 2.89
  From Table 2, it can be seen that the variable magnification optical system ZL2 according to the second example satisfies the conditional expressions (1) to (6).
  FIG. 6 is an aberration drawing of the zoom optical system ZL2 according to the second example at the wide-angle end (f = 18.500), (a) various aberrations at infinity focus, (b) near-field focus (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0196). FIG. 7 is an aberration diagram in the intermediate focal length state (f = 34.176) of the variable magnification optical system ZL2 according to the second example, (a) various aberrations when in infinity focusing, (b) at a short distance (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0358). FIG. 8 is an aberration drawing of the zoom optical system ZL2 of the second example at the telephoto end (f = 53.500), (a) various aberrations in in-focus condition, (b) shows the close distance (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0556). In this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 6C, 7C, and 8C, the optical performance at the time of image stabilization is an image height 10.0 of up and down plus and minus centering on the image height y = 0.0. It shows in the coma aberration figure corresponding to.
  From the respective aberration diagrams shown in FIG. 6 to FIG. 8, it is understood that the variable magnification optical system ZL2 according to the second example has various imaging characteristics well corrected from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state and has high imaging performance. . In addition, it can be seen that high imaging performance is obtained also at the time of image shake correction.
Third Embodiment
The third embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. 9 to 12 and Table 3. The variable magnification optical system ZL (ZL3) according to the third example is, as shown in FIG. 9, a first lens group G1 having a positive refractive power and arranged in order from the object side along the optical axis; It comprises a second lens group G2 having a refractive power and a third lens group G3 having a positive refractive power.
  The first lens group G1 is composed of a cemented lens of a negative meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface facing the object side and a biconvex lens L12, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  The second lens group G2 includes, in order from the object side, a negative meniscus lens L21 having a convex surface facing the object side, a biconcave lens L22, and a positive meniscus lens L23 having a convex surface facing the object side. The object side surface of the negative meniscus lens L21 is aspheric.
  The third lens group G3 is composed of a 31st lens group G31, a 32nd lens group G32, and a 33rd lens group G33, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  The 31st lens group G31 is composed of a front group G3F having positive refractive power and a rear group G3R, which are arranged in order from the object side. The front group G3F (focusing group) includes a biconvex lens L31. The rear group G3R is composed of, in order from the object side, a cemented lens of a double convex lens L32 and a negative meniscus lens L33 with a concave surface facing the object side.
  The 32nd lens group G32 (vibration reduction lens group) is composed of a negative meniscus lens L34 with a convex surface facing the object side. The thirty third lens group G33 is composed of a biconvex lens L35 and a negative meniscus lens L36 with a concave surface facing the object side, which are arranged in order from the object side. The object side surface of the negative meniscus lens L34 is aspheric. The object side surface of the negative meniscus lens L36 is aspheric.
  An aperture stop S for determining the F number is provided in the third lens group G3.
  The image plane I is formed on an imaging device (not shown), and the imaging device is configured of a CCD, a CMOS or the like.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL3 according to the third example changes the air gap between the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 and the air gap between the second lens group G2 and the third lens group G3. Thus, zooming from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state is performed. At this time, with respect to the image plane I, the first lens group G1 moves monotonously to the object side. The second lens group G2 moves monotonously to the object side. The third lens group G3 moves monotonously to the object side. The aperture stop S moves monotonously to the object side together with the third lens group G3 during zooming.
  In detail, in the variable magnification optical system ZL3 according to the third example, the air gap between the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 is enlarged, and the air between the second lens group G2 and the third lens group G3 is By changing the lens groups G1 to G3 along the optical axis so as to reduce the distance, the magnification change from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state is performed.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL3 according to the third example is configured to perform focusing by moving the front group G3F of the third lens group G3, that is, the biconvex lens L31 along the optical axis direction. As shown in, when changing from focusing on an object at infinity to focusing on a near object, the biconvex lens L31 moves from the object side to the image side.
  At the time of image blurring, the thirty second lens group G32, that is, the negative meniscus lens L34 with the convex surface facing the object side, is moved as an image stabilizing lens group so as to have a component in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis. Perform image stabilization (vibration reduction).
  Table 3 below shows values of respective items in the third embodiment. The surface numbers 1 to 22 in Table 3 correspond to the optical surfaces m1 to m22 shown in FIG.
(Table 3)
[Lens data]
Face number r D ν d nd
1 54.753 1.500 23.80 1.846660
2 38.695 5.554 67.90 1.593190
3-34295.201 D3 (variable)
* 4 78.694 0.160 38.09 1.553890
5 98.152 1.200 42.73 1.834810
6 10.847 3.606
7-970.417 1.000 42.73 1.834810
8 23.052 1.059
9 17.651 2.718 25.45 1.805180
10 124.240 D10 (variable)
11 756.198 1.530 44.80 1.744000
12-42.339 D12 (variable)
13 ∞ 2.000 (aperture S)
14 10.744 4.744 82.57 1.497820
15-14.187 0.800 32.35 1.850260
16-36.052 2.298
* 17 61.167 0.800 49.26 1.743200
18 25.724 3.680
19 40.116 2.98 36.40 1.620040
20-27.927 2.317
* 21-8.706 1.000 31.27 1.903660
22 -17.386 Bf

[Aspheric surface data]
Fourth plane κ = 1.0000
A4 = -8.92993E-06
A6 = -3.84277E-08
A8 = 5.03368E-10
A10 = -1.64069E-12

17th plane κ = 1.0000
A4 = 4.87068E-06
A6 = -6.89267E-08
A8 = 0.00000 E + 00
A10 = 0.00000 E + 00

Plane 21 == 1.0000
A4 =-3.24561E-05
A6 = -9.10280E-07
A8 = 2.25192 E-08
A10 = -6.24358E-10

[Various data]
f 18.477 34.000 53.500
Fno 3.630 4.663 5.630
ω 39.444 21.946 14.295
Y 14.250 14.250 14.250
TL 74.395 88.467 104.339
Bf 17.318 26.476 34.918

[Variable interval data]
(Infinity) (shooting distance 1 m)
Wide-angle end Middle Telephoto end Wide-angle end Mid Telephoto end
f, β 18.477 34.0000 53.500-0.0194 -0.0355-0.0552
D0 0.000 0.000 0.000 925.6 911.5 895.7
D3 1.000 14.075 25.532 1.000 14.075 25.532
D10 13.187 5.026 1.000 13.679 5.760 2.066
D12 3.919 3.919 3.919 3.428 3.185 2.852

[Lens group data]
Group number Group initial surface Group focal length G1 1 110.968
G2 4 -16.768
G3 11 18.415

[Conditional expression corresponding value]
Conditional Expression (1): f1 / f3 = 6.03
Conditional Expression (2): (−f 32) / f 3 = 3.28
Conditional Expression (3): | f 31 | / f 3 = 0.93
Conditional Expression (4): | f33 | / f3 = 7.37
Conditional Expression (5): ω w = 39.444
Conditional Expression (6): ft / fw = 2.90
  From Table 3, it can be seen that the variable magnification optical system ZL3 according to the third example satisfies the conditional expressions (1) to (6).
  FIG. 10 is an aberration drawing of the zoom optical system ZL3 of the third example at the wide-angle end (f = 18.477), (a) various aberrations at the time of infinity focusing, and FIG. (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0194). FIG. 11 is an aberration drawing of the zoom optical system ZL3 of the third example at an intermediate focal length state (f = 34.000), (a) various types of aberration upon focusing at infinity, (b) at a short distance (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0355). FIG. 12 is an aberration drawing of the zoom optical system ZL3 of the third example at the telephoto end (f = 53.500), and (a) various aberrations at the time of infinity focusing, (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0552). In this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 10 (c), 11 (c) and 12 (c), the optical performance at the time of image stabilization is an image height 10.0 of up and down plus and minus centering on the image height y = 0.0. It shows in the coma aberration figure corresponding to.
  From the respective aberration diagrams shown in FIG. 10 to FIG. 12, it is understood that the variable magnification optical system ZL3 according to the third example has various imaging characteristics well corrected from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state and has high imaging performance. . In addition, it can be seen that high imaging performance is obtained also at the time of image shake correction.
Fourth Embodiment
The fourth embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. 13 to 16 and Table 4. The variable magnification optical system ZL (ZL4) according to the fourth example, as shown in FIG. 13, includes a first lens group G1 having a positive refractive power, which is arranged in order from the object side along the optical axis; The second lens group G2 having refractive power, the third lens group G3 having positive refractive power, and the fourth lens group G4 having positive refractive power.
  The first lens group G1 is composed of a cemented lens of a negative meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface facing the object side and a biconvex lens L12, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  The second lens group G2 includes, in order from the object side, a negative meniscus lens L21 having a convex surface facing the object side, a biconcave lens L22, and a positive meniscus lens L23 having a convex surface facing the object side. The object side surface of the negative meniscus lens L21 is aspheric.
  The third lens group G3 is composed of a 31st lens group G31, a 32nd lens group G32, and a 33rd lens group G33, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  The 31st lens group G31 is composed of a front group G3F having positive refractive power and a rear group G3R, which are arranged in order from the object side. The front group G3F (focusing group) includes a biconvex lens L31. The rear group G3R is composed of a cemented lens of a biconvex lens L32 and a biconcave lens L33, which are arranged in order from the object side.
  The 32nd lens group G32 (vibration reduction lens group) is composed of a negative meniscus lens L34 with a convex surface facing the object side. The third lens group G33 is composed of a biconvex lens L35 and a biconcave lens L36 that are arranged in order from the object side. The object side surface of the negative meniscus lens L36 is aspheric.
  The fourth lens group G4 is composed of a biconvex lens L41.
  An aperture stop S for determining the F number is provided in the third lens group G3.
  The image plane I is formed on an imaging device (not shown), and the imaging device is configured of a CCD, a CMOS or the like.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL4 according to the fourth example includes an air gap between the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2, an air gap between the second lens group G2 and the third lens group G3, and a third lens. By changing the air gap between the group G3 and the fourth lens group G4, zooming from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state is performed. At this time, with respect to the image plane I, the first lens group G1 moves monotonously to the object side. The second lens group G2 moves monotonously to the object side. The third lens group G3 moves monotonously to the object side. The fourth lens group G4 moves monotonously to the object side. The aperture stop S moves monotonously to the object side together with the third lens group G3 during zooming.
  In detail, in the variable magnification optical system ZL4 according to the fourth example, the air interval between the first lens group G1 and the second lens group G2 is enlarged, and the air between the second lens group G2 and the third lens group G3 is By moving each of the lens groups G1 to G4 along the optical axis so that the distance between the third lens group G3 and the fourth lens group G4 is reduced, and the distance between the third lens group G3 and the fourth lens group G4 is increased, the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state Perform scaling up to.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL4 according to the fourth example is configured to perform focusing by moving the front group G3F of the third lens group G3, that is, the biconvex lens L31 along the optical axis direction. As shown in, when changing from focusing on an object at infinity to focusing on a near object, the biconvex lens L31 moves from the object side to the image side.
  At the time of image blurring, the thirty second lens group G32, that is, the negative meniscus lens L34 with the convex surface facing the object side, is moved as an image stabilizing lens group so as to have a component in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis. Perform image stabilization (vibration reduction).
  Table 4 below shows values of respective items in the fourth embodiment. The surface numbers 1 to 23 in Table 4 correspond to the optical surfaces m1 to m23 shown in FIG.
(Table 4)
[Lens data]
Face number r D ν d nd
1 67.912 1.500 42.73 1.834810
2 44.077 4.405 67.90 1.593190
3 -288.500 D3 (variable)
* 4 33.454 1.200 42.73 1.834810
5 10.199 4.749
6-36.627 1.000 50.27 1.719990
7 36.778 0.404
8 19.164 2.419 23.80 1.846660
9 95.617 D9 (variable)
10 89.310 1.766 65.44 1.603000
11-30.641 D11 (variable)
12 2. 2.000 (aperture S)
13 9.587 3.001 58.54 1.612720
14 -1767.044 1.000 23.80 1.846660
15 20.932 2.301
16 151.332 1.699 82.57 1.497820
17 24.318 1.805
18 16.814 3.077 69.89 1.518600
19 -24.653 1.282
* 20-12.479 1.000 35.72 1.902650
21 194.680 D21 (variable)
22 41.253 2.502 23.80 1.846660
23 -90.972 Bf

[Aspheric surface data]
Fourth plane κ = 1.0000
A4 = -1.31511E-05
A6 = -1. 12654 E-07
A8 = 7.35232 E-10
A10 = -2.69203E-12

Twentieth plane == 1.0000
A4 = -1.69994E-04
A6 = -2.07858E-06
A8 = 6.76235E-09
A10 = -8.84176E-10

[Various data]
f 18.500 34.061 53.500
Fno 3.568 4.700 5.851
ω 39.495 21.888 14.364
Y 14.250 14.250 14.250
TL 74.382 87.897 104.318
Bf 17.380 27.437 37.937

[Variable interval data]
(Infinity) (shooting distance 1 m)
Wide-angle end Middle Telephoto end Wide-angle end Mid Telephoto end
f, β 18.500 34.061 53. 500 -0.0194 -0.0355-0.0556
D0 0.000 0.000 0.000 925.6 912.1 895.7
D3 1.000 12.962 22.438 1.000 12.962 22.438
D9 14.194 5.413 1.000 14.671 6.042 1.837
D11 3.342 3.342 3.342 2.865 2.712 2.504
D21 1.346 1.617 2.481 1.346 1.617 2.481

[Lens group data]
Group number Group initial surface Group focal length G1 1 112.838
G2 4-17.024
G3 10 20.227
G4 22 33.817

[Conditional expression corresponding value]
Conditional Expression (1): f1 / f3 = 5.58
Conditional Expression (2): (−f 32) / f 3 = 2.89
Conditional Expression (3): | f 31 | / f 3 = 0.92
Conditional Expression (4): | f33 | / f3 = 2.97
Conditional Expression (5): ω w = 39.495
Conditional Expression (6): ft / fw = 2.89
  From Table 4, it can be seen that the variable magnification optical system ZL4 according to the fourth example satisfies the conditional expressions (1) to (6).
  FIG. 14 is an aberration drawing of the zoom optical system ZL4 of the fourth example at the wide-angle end (f = 18.500), (a) various aberrations at infinity focus, (b) near-field focus (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0194). FIG. 15 is an aberration drawing of the zoom optical system ZL4 of the fourth example at an intermediate focal length state (f = 34.061), (a) various types of aberration upon focusing at infinity, (b) at a short distance (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0355). FIG. 16 is an aberration drawing of the zoom optical system ZL4 of the fourth example at the telephoto end (f = 53.500), wherein (a) shows various aberrations when in focus at infinity, and FIG. (C) shows a coma aberration diagram at the time of image blur correction (correction angle θ = 0.30 °) at infinity focusing (focusing magnification β = −0.0556). In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 14C, 15C, and 16C, the optical performance at the time of image stabilization is an image height 10.0 of up and down plus and minus centering on the image height y = 0.0. It shows in the coma aberration figure corresponding to.
  From the respective aberration diagrams shown in FIG. 14 to FIG. 16, it is understood that the variable magnification optical system ZL 4 according to the fourth example has good imaging performance with various aberrations corrected well from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state. . In addition, it can be seen that high imaging performance is obtained also at the time of image shake correction.
  According to each of the above embodiments, it is possible to realize a variable power optical system having high optical performance while being equipped with an image blur correction mechanism.
  Each of the above-described examples shows one specific example of the variable magnification optical system according to the present embodiment, and the variable magnification optical system according to the present embodiment is not limited to these. In the present embodiment, the following contents can be appropriately adopted within the range in which the optical performance is not impaired.
  In the numerical value example of the present embodiment, the three-group and four-group configuration is shown, but the present invention is also applicable to other group configurations such as five-group. For example, a lens or lens group may be added to the most object side, or a lens or lens group may be added to the most image side. In addition, the lens group indicates a portion having at least one lens separated by an air gap that changes at the time of zooming or focusing.
  In this embodiment, a single or a plurality of lens groups or a partial lens group may be moved in the optical axis direction to provide a focusing lens group for focusing from an infinite distance object to a near distance object. This focusing lens group can also be applied to auto focusing, and is also suitable for motor driving (using an ultrasonic motor or the like) for auto focusing. In particular, it is preferable to set at least a part of the third lens group G3 as a focusing lens group.
  In the present embodiment, the lens group or the partial lens group is moved so as to have a component in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis, or is rotated in an in-plane direction including the optical axis It may be a vibration reduction lens group that corrects image blur. In particular, at least a part of the third lens group G3 is preferably used as a vibration reduction lens group.
  In the present embodiment, the lens surface may be formed as a spherical surface, a flat surface or an aspherical surface. When the lens surface is spherical or flat, it is preferable because lens processing and assembly adjustment become easy, and degradation of optical performance due to processing and assembly adjustment errors can be prevented. When the lens surface is aspheric, the aspheric surface is an aspheric surface formed by grinding, a glass mold aspheric surface formed of glass by a mold, and a composite aspheric surface formed of resin on the surface of glass. It may be any spherical surface. The lens surface may be a diffractive surface, and the lens may be a gradient index lens (GRIN lens) or a plastic lens.
  In the present embodiment, the aperture stop S is preferably disposed in or near the third lens group G3, but the lens frame may substitute for the role without providing a member as an aperture stop.
  In the present embodiment, each lens surface may be provided with an anti-reflection film having high transmittance over a wide wavelength range in order to reduce flare and ghost and achieve high optical performance with high contrast.
  The variable magnification optical system ZL of this embodiment has a variable magnification ratio of about 2 to 7.
ZL (ZL1 to ZL4) Variable magnification optical system G1 First lens group G2 Second lens group G3 Third lens group G4 Fourth lens group S Aperture stop I Image plane 1 Camera (imaging device)
2 Shooting lens (variable magnification optical system)

Claims (11)

  1. It has a first lens group having positive refractive power, a second lens group having negative refractive power, and a third lens group having positive refractive power, which are arranged in order from the object side,
    During zooming, the distance between adjacent lens groups changes,
    The third lens unit includes a 31st lens unit, a 32nd lens unit, and a 33rd lens unit, which are arranged in order from the object side.
    The thirty second lens unit is composed of a single lens,
    At least a part of the third lens group is configured to be movable as a vibration reduction lens group for correcting image blur so as to have a component in a direction perpendicular to the optical axis,
    A variable magnification optical system characterized by satisfying the following conditional expression.
    3.60 <f1 / f3 <8.00
    2.89 ≦ (−f 32) / f 3 <6.00
    2.00 <| f33 | / f3
    However,
    f1: focal length of the first lens group,
    f3: focal length of the third lens group,
    f32: focal length of the 32nd lens group,
    f33: The focal length of the thirty third lens unit.
  2.   2. The variable magnification optical system according to claim 1, further comprising a fourth lens group on the image side of the third lens group.
  3. Substantially three lenses of a first lens group having positive refractive power, a second lens group having negative refractive power, and a third lens group having positive refractive power, arranged in order from the object side Consists of groups,
    During zooming, the distance between adjacent lens groups changes,
    The third lens unit includes a 31st lens unit, a 32nd lens unit, and a 33rd lens unit, which are arranged in order from the object side.
    The thirty second lens unit is composed of a single lens,
    At least a part of the third lens group is configured to be movable as a vibration reduction lens group for correcting image blur so as to have a component in a direction perpendicular to the optical axis,
    A variable magnification optical system characterized by satisfying the following conditional expression.
    3.60 <f1 / f3 <8.00
    2.00 <(−f 32) / f 3 <6.00
    However,
    f1: focal length of the first lens group,
    f3: focal length of the third lens group,
    f32: The focal length of the 32nd lens group.
  4. 4. The variable magnification optical system according to claim 3, wherein the following conditional expression is satisfied.
    1.00 <| f33 | / f3
    However,
    f33: focal length of the third lens group,
    f3: focal length of the third lens unit.
  5.   The zoom lens according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the thirty-second lens unit is configured to be movable as the vibration reduction lens unit so as to have a component in a direction perpendicular to the optical axis. Optical system.
  6.   The variable magnification optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the thirty second lens group has a negative refractive power.
  7. The variable magnification optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the following conditional expression is satisfied.
    0.50 <| f31 | / f3 <2.00
    However,
    f31: focal length of the 31st lens group,
    f3: focal length of the third lens unit.
  8. Have a stop,
    The variable magnification optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 7 , wherein the stop moves along the optical axis direction integrally with the third lens group at the time of zooming.
  9. The variable magnification optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 8 , which satisfies the following conditional expression.
    30.00 ° <ωw <80.00 °
    However,
    ωw: Half angle of view in the wide-angle end state.
  10. The variable magnification optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 9 , wherein the following conditional expression is satisfied.
    2.00 <ft / fw <15.00
    However,
    ft: focal length of the entire system at the telephoto end,
    fw: focal length of the entire system at the wide-angle end.
  11. An imaging apparatus comprising the variable magnification optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 10 .
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PCT/JP2015/001718 WO2015146176A1 (en) 2014-03-27 2015-03-26 Variable power optical system, imaging device, and variable power optical system production method
EP15770184.8A EP3125011B1 (en) 2014-03-27 2015-03-26 Variable power optical system, imaging device, and variable power optical system production method
CN201910777692.3A CN110596873A (en) 2014-03-27 2015-03-26 Variable magnification optical system and imaging device
CN201580016772.7A CN106133578B (en) 2014-03-27 2015-03-26 Variable-power optical system and photographic device
US15/256,738 US10466454B2 (en) 2014-03-27 2016-09-06 Zoom optical system, imaging device and method for manufacturing the zoom optical system
US16/599,107 US20200041772A1 (en) 2014-03-27 2019-10-10 Zoom optical system, imaging device and method for manufacturing the zoom optical system

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