JP6425202B2 - Cultivation container for raising seedlings and cultivation method of seedlings of trees - Google Patents

Cultivation container for raising seedlings and cultivation method of seedlings of trees Download PDF

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JP6425202B2
JP6425202B2 JP2014126746A JP2014126746A JP6425202B2 JP 6425202 B2 JP6425202 B2 JP 6425202B2 JP 2014126746 A JP2014126746 A JP 2014126746A JP 2014126746 A JP2014126746 A JP 2014126746A JP 6425202 B2 JP6425202 B2 JP 6425202B2
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main
cultivation container
seedlings
sheet
raising
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JP2016002075A (en
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信昭 伊東
信昭 伊東
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有限会社グリーンサポート
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Description

  TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a technique for a cultivation container for raising seedlings and a method for cultivating seedlings of trees.
Conventionally, various techniques relating to cultivation containers (for example, vinyl pots) for raising seedlings for cultivating tree seedlings are known (see Patent Document 1).
The cultivation container for raising seedlings comprises a main body configured in a bag shape. The soil is put in the main body, and the seedling or the seedling is planted on the soil, for example, the cultivation container for raising seedlings is placed on a tray or the like to raise the seedlings. Seedlings grown and grown in the cultivation container for raising seedlings are planted in any soil.
Unexamined-Japanese-Patent No. 2004-329013
However, in the conventional cultivation container for raising seedlings, the main body has an opening at the top, and the edge of the sheet member folded in half or the edge of the two sheet members is connected to the bottom Some are configured to shrink as you go to
And in such a cultivation container for raising seedlings, a root may grow spirally in the main body. Thus, in the case of a seedling having roots grown spirally in its main body in a cultivation container for raising seedlings, it is likely to be prone to lodging even if it is planted in the soil, so that growth defects may occur. It is necessary to cut and plant seedlings.
In addition, since the main body is constructed by connecting the edge of the sheet member folded in half or the edge of the two sheet members, the bottom of the main body is obtained even if soil is inserted in the main body. In some cases, the posture of the main body may not be stable when soil is placed in the main body and placed in a tray or the like.
  The present invention has been made in view of the circumstances as described above, and can stabilize the posture for raising seedlings and can prevent the roots from spirally growing in the main body. The task is to provide.
  The problem to be solved by the present invention is as described above, and next, means for solving the problem will be described.
That is, according to claim 1, it is a cultivation container for raising seedlings for cultivating tree seedlings, comprising a main body, and raising seedlings in a state in which sowing or planting is carried out on the soil placed in the main body, has an opening in the upper edge portion of the edge or two sheets member of the sheet member folded into two folded is configured by connecting both side edges of the seat member and the lower edge portion And two notches configured to cut out the boundary portion between the two, the notches cut inward from the side edge of the sheet member, and the lower edge of the sheet member And the main body is formed at the side portion constituted by the inner surface of both side edges of the sheet member, the bottom portion connected to the side portion, and the central portion of the bottom portion. It has a bottom hole .
According to a second aspect of the present invention, the main body has a plurality of side holes in the side portion, and the side holes have a plurality of side holes viewed from the center of the main body in the circumferential direction when earth is inserted into the main body. A plurality of pieces are arranged in the vertical direction of the main body .
  In claim 3, the main body is made of a biodegradable material.
  A fourth aspect of the present invention is to cultivate a tree sapling by using the cultivation container for raising seedlings according to any one of the first to third aspects.
The effects of the present invention are as follows.
That is, according to the present invention, it is possible to stabilize the posture of the main body when raising the seedlings, and to prevent the roots from spirally growing in the main body.
The front view of the cultivation container for raising seedlings concerning the embodiment of the present invention. Similarly, the perspective view of the cultivation container for raising seedlings. Similarly, the expansion perspective view of the cultivation container for raising seedlings. The same development view of the main part of the cultivation container for raising seedlings. The same development view of the main part of the cultivation container for raising seedlings. Similarly, a front view of a cultivation container for raising seedlings. Similarly, the perspective view of the cultivation container for raising seedlings. Similarly, the expansion perspective view of the cultivation container for raising seedlings. Similarly, a front view of a cultivation container for raising seedlings. Similarly, a front view of a cultivation container for raising seedlings. The expanded view in other embodiment of the main body of the cultivation container for raising seedlings.
Next, the cultivation container 1 for raising seedlings described in FIGS. 1 to 10 will be described.
In the following, for convenience, the cultivation container 1 for raising seedlings is referred to as "the cultivation container 1".
The cultivation container 1 is for cultivating seedlings of trees (for example, trees for forestry or home use). As shown to FIGS. 1-3, the cultivation container 1 is equipped with the main body 10 comprised by bag shape.
The main body 10 has an opening 11 at the top, and the edges (the side edges and the lower edges) of the two sheet members 12 are connected by welding to form a bag shape. The sheet member 12 is a sheet-like member, and is formed in a substantially trapezoidal shape. The main body 10 is configured to reduce in diameter toward the bottom portion 14 side. For welding, one capable of welding the sheet member 12 can be used, and high frequency welding, heat welding, ultrasonic welding, etc. can be used.
The soil is put into the main body 10 from the opening 11 and in a state where the soil is sown or planted with seedlings, the cultivation container 1 is placed, for example, in a tray or the like to carry out the seedling raising.
Thus, seedlings are grown using the cultivation container 1. The seedlings grown (grown) in the cultivation container 1 will be planted in any soil.
  The main body 10 (sheet member 12) of the cultivation container 1 is made of a biodegradable material (biodegradable plastic) which is decomposed by microorganisms in the soil to be an inorganic substance. The main body 10 is made of, for example, a material containing polylactic acid as a main component.
As mentioned above, in the cultivation container 1 provided with the main body 10 comprised with a biodegradable raw material, the main body 10 is decomposed | disassembled by microorganisms etc. in the earth. For this reason, in the cultivation container 1, when planting is carried out after the seedlings are grown, the cultivation container 1 can be planted together without taking out the seedlings grown from the cultivation container 1 (main body 10).
Therefore, according to the cultivation container 1, when planting seedlings, it is possible to prevent the seedlings from being damaged by taking them out of the cultivation container 1.
In particular, in the case of direct rooted plants, it is useful because it can prevent root damage due to transplantation.
The main body 10 of the cultivation container 1 has two (plural) notches 13.
The notch 13 is configured to cut out the boundary (two boundaries) between the side portion and the bottom portion 14 of the main body 10. The notch 13 is configured to cut out the boundary between the side edge and the lower edge of the sheet member 12. The two notches 13 are disposed to face each other about the axial center of the main body 10. The notch 13 is formed to penetrate the main body 10 (the sheet member 12). The cutout 13 is formed to have a maximum width of about 20 mm to 30 mm.
As described above, in the case of the cultivation container 1 having the two notches 13 configured to cut out the boundary between the side edge and the lower edge of the sheet member 12, the soil is formed in the body 10. When inserted, the bottom portion 14 of the main body 10 is formed in a substantially flat shape, and is configured in a substantially truncated cone shape in which the diameter decreases as the main body 10 goes downward.
For this reason, in the cultivation container 1, when soil is placed in the main body 10, sowing or planting of seedlings is performed and arranged in a tray etc. (seed or sowing or planting of seedlings by putting soil in the main body 10) Can be stabilized and the posture of the main body 10 can be stabilized.
Moreover, in the cultivation container 1, a root can be grown so that it may protrude below from the notch part 13 of the main body 10, and it is useful especially to a direct rooted plant. And by the cultivation container 1 being comprised with the nonwoven fabric of a polylactic acid, the root of a plant receives light in the vicinity of the cultivation container 1, growth of a root is suppressed, and a root grows helically in the main body 10. It can be prevented.
  In addition, as shown in FIG. 4 or FIG. 5, the main body 10 of the cultivation container 1 has the opening part 11 in the upper part, and the sheet member 12 of 1 sheet is folded in half and folded in half. The edges (the side edges and / or the lower edges) of the sheet member 12 may be connected by welding.
As shown in FIGS. 6 to 8, the main body 10 of the cultivation container 1 can also be configured to have a bottom hole 15.
The bottom hole 15 is disposed at the center of the bottom 14 (lower edge) of the main body 10. The bottom hole 15 is arranged to straddle the boundary portion of the lower ends of the two sheet members 12. The bottom hole 15 is formed between the two notches 13. The bottom hole 15 is formed to penetrate the main body 10 (the sheet member 12). The bottom hole 15 is formed to cut out the bottom 14 upward from the lower edge of the main body 10. The bottom hole 15 is formed in the rectangular shape which makes an up-down direction a longitudinal direction. The maximum width of the bottom hole 15 in the lateral direction is about 20 mm to 30 mm.
As described above, in the cultivation container 1 in which the main body 10 has the bottom hole 15, the water in the main body 10 can be discharged from the bottom hole 15.
Therefore, according to the cultivation container 1, the water-draining property in the main body 10 can be improved.
Moreover, in the cultivation container 1, a root can be grown so as to protrude downward from the bottom hole 15 of the main body 10, and the root can be prevented from spirally growing in the main body 10.
In addition, in the cultivation container 1, the shape or the size of the bottom hole 15 can also be changed (for example, it changes into circular shape or elliptical shape (refer FIG. 9)) according to the kind of soil put into the main body 10.
As shown in FIG. 10, the main body 10 of the cultivation container 1 has a plurality of side holes 16.
The side holes 16 are formed to penetrate the main body 10 (the sheet member 12) to project the roots into the seedlings. The side holes 16 are formed to be long and thin. The side holes 16 are formed in a substantially oval shape.
Side holes 16 are disposed on the sides of the body 10. The side holes 16 are disposed on the left and right of the main body 10 (left and right with respect to the central portion in the short direction of the main body 10). The side holes 16 are arranged in the vertical direction. The side holes 16 are arranged to be inclined upward as going from the central side to the side of the main body 10. The side holes 16 are arranged such that the left and right side holes 16 are reversed.
  As described above, in the cultivation container 1 in which the plurality of side holes 16 are arranged in the vertical direction, at the time of raising the seedlings, the portion protruding from the side holes 16 of the root is killed and the side holes 16 are vertically Since they are arranged side by side in the direction, roots will grow to project from the side holes 16 in order from the top, and roots can be made straight. In addition, after planting in the soil, the root near the side hole 16 (the root immediately before protruding from the side hole 16) immediately protrudes from the side hole 16, and Stable growth can be secured.
As shown in FIG. 11, the cultivation container 1 can also be configured to be provided with a protective paper 20.
The protective paper 20 protects the main body 10 made of a biodegradable material from the outside. The protective paper 20 is made of a thin paper material. The protective paper 20 is configured to weaken light incident into the main body 10 so that the roots in the main body 10 weaken the influence of light. The protective paper 20 is disposed outside the main body 10 except for the opening 11 of the main body 10, and is disposed to surround the main body 10 (the side and bottom 14 of the main body 10).
The cultivation container 1 is configured as a double structure of the main body 10 and the protective paper 20 by being provided with the protective paper 20.
As mentioned above, in the cultivation container 1 provided with the protective paper 20 which is made of thin paper material and protects the main body 10 from the outside, the main body 10 is disassembled during seedling raising because the main body 10 is made of biodegradable material. Even when it is fragile, it is possible to prevent the main body 10 from collapsing when the planting of seedlings is performed and the seedlings in the main body 10 being damaged.
Moreover, in the cultivation container 1, since the protective paper 20 is comprised by thin paper material, the protective paper 20 is decomposed | disassembled by microorganisms etc. in the earth. For this reason, in the cultivation container 1, when planting is performed after the seedlings are grown, the cultivation container 1 can be planted together without taking out the seedlings from the cultivation container 1 (the main body 10 and the protective paper 20).
Moreover, in the cultivation container 1, since the protective paper 20 is arrange | positioned so that the main body 10 may be enclosed, the moisture retention in the main body 10 can be improved.
Reference Signs List 1 cultivation container for raising seedlings 10 main body 11 opening 12 sheet member 13 notch 14 bottom 15 bottom hole 20 protective paper

Claims (4)

  1. It is a cultivation container for raising seedlings, which is provided with a main body and performs raising of seedlings in a state where the seeds or seedlings are planted in the soil put in the main body, for raising seedlings of trees,
    The body has an opening at the top, it is formed by connecting the edge of the edge or two sheets member of the sheet member folded in folio, both side edge portions and below the sheet member Having two notches configured to cut out the border with the edge ,
    The cutaway portion is formed by being cut centrally from the side edge of the sheet member and cut upward from the lower edge of the sheet member,
    The main body has a side portion constituted by an inner surface of both side edges of the sheet member, a bottom portion connected to the side portion, and a bottom hole at a central portion of the bottom portion.
    Cultivation container for raising seedlings.
  2. The body has a plurality of side holes at the side,
    The plurality of side holes are disposed in the circumferential direction as viewed from the center of the main body and in the vertical direction of the main body in a state where earth is put in the main body.
    A cultivation container for raising seedlings according to claim 1.
  3. The body is composed of biodegradable material,
    A cultivation container for raising seedlings according to claim 1 or 2.
  4.   The method for cultivating tree saplings, comprising cultivating tree saplings using the cultivation container for raising seedlings according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
JP2014126746A 2014-06-19 2014-06-19 Cultivation container for raising seedlings and cultivation method of seedlings of trees Active JP6425202B2 (en)

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JP2014126746A JP6425202B2 (en) 2014-06-19 2014-06-19 Cultivation container for raising seedlings and cultivation method of seedlings of trees

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JP6425202B2 true JP6425202B2 (en) 2018-11-21

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Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5210975A (en) * 1992-01-17 1993-05-18 Beckerman Jerold L Seed-sprouting kit
JP3177890U (en) * 2012-06-11 2012-08-23 有限会社竹本園 Nursery pot

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