JP6379549B2 - Timing signal generating apparatus and electronic device - Google Patents

Timing signal generating apparatus and electronic device Download PDF

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JP6379549B2
JP6379549B2 JP2014054798A JP2014054798A JP6379549B2 JP 6379549 B2 JP6379549 B2 JP 6379549B2 JP 2014054798 A JP2014054798 A JP 2014054798A JP 2014054798 A JP2014054798 A JP 2014054798A JP 6379549 B2 JP6379549 B2 JP 6379549B2
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timing signal
gps
value
satellite
position information
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JP2015175823A (en
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洋行 島田
洋行 島田
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セイコーエプソン株式会社
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The present invention relates to a timing signal generating device, and an electronic equipment.

  A GPS (Global Positioning System) that is one of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) using an artificial satellite is widely known. A GPS satellite used for GPS is equipped with an extremely accurate atomic clock, and transmits a satellite signal on which orbit information, accurate time information, and the like of the GPS satellite are superimposed on the ground. A satellite signal transmitted from a GPS satellite is received by a GPS receiver. The GPS receiver is synchronized with a process of calculating the current position and time information of the GPS receiver based on orbit information and time information superimposed on the satellite signal, and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). A process for generating an accurate timing signal (1PPS) is performed.

  Such a GPS receiver is provided with a normal positioning (position estimation) mode that provides position and time based on positioning calculation and a position fixing mode that provides time by fixed position positioning at a known position. It is common.

  In the normal positioning mode, satellite signals from GPS satellites of a predetermined number (minimum of three for two-dimensional positioning or four for three-dimensional positioning) or more are required. Also, the greater the number of GPS satellites that can receive satellite signals, the more accurate the positioning calculation.

  On the other hand, in the position fixing mode, if the position information of the GPS receiver is set, 1 PPS can be generated if the satellite signal from at least one GPS satellite can be received.

  Since the accuracy of 1PPS in the fixed position mode depends on the accuracy of the set position information, it is important to set accurate position information in the GPS receiver. As a method of acquiring accurate position information for setting in the GPS receiver, for example, a method of reading from a map, surveying, or the like can be considered, but the former may be difficult to acquire position information depending on the reception location. The latter has a problem that costs such as cost and time are required.

  In order to solve these problems, Patent Document 1 proposes a method in which the installed GPS receiver itself performs positioning calculation and averages the position information of the positioning result over a predetermined time to determine the position of the receiving point. Therefore, according to this method, it is possible to acquire position information at an arbitrary reception place, and it is possible to reduce costs.

JP-A-9-178870

  However, when some error such as multipath occurs, a large error is included in the position information of the positioning calculation result. Therefore, the method of Patent Document 1 that averages the positioning calculation result obtains the result of averaging. There is a possibility that the error of the position of the reception point becomes large. Therefore, the method of Patent Document 1 has a problem that the accuracy of 1 PPS (timing signal) may be deteriorated depending on the reception environment at the time of positioning calculation. Such a problem is common to not only GPS receivers but also other global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers.

An object of the present invention, even when large errors in the positioning calculation by the deterioration of the reception environment, less affected by large positioning result of the error, timing signal generating device capable of generating an accurate timing signal than conventional it provides, also, is to provide an electronic equipment having excellent reliability with such timing signal generating device.

SUMMARY An advantage of some aspects of the invention is to solve at least a part of the problems described above, and the invention can be implemented as the following aspects or application examples.

[Application Example 1]
The position information generation device of the present invention includes a positioning calculation unit that performs positioning calculation based on satellite signals,
Based on a value within a range of A ± σ / 4, where A is a mode value or median value of a plurality of positioning calculation results of the positioning calculation unit and σ is a standard deviation of the plurality of positioning calculation results. A position information generation unit that generates position information of the reception point;
It is characterized by providing.

  According to such a position information generation device, since the position information of the reception point is generated based on a value within the range of A ± σ / 4, even if the positioning calculation error increases due to deterioration of the reception environment, Generates timing signals that are less susceptible to positioning results with large errors such as irregular data such as multipath, and that uses the average value of multiple positioning calculation results to generate location information for receiving points. can do.

[Application Example 2]
The timing signal generation device of the present invention includes a positioning calculation unit that performs positioning calculation based on satellite signals,
When a mode value or median value of a plurality of positioning calculation results of the positioning calculation unit is A and a standard deviation of the plurality of positioning calculation results is σ, a value within a range of A ± σ / 4 (however, A position information generating unit that generates position information of a reception point based on
A timing signal generating unit that generates a timing signal based on a satellite signal from at least one position information satellite and the position information of the reception point;
It is characterized by providing.

  According to such a timing signal generation device, since the position information of the reception point is generated based on the value within the range of A ± σ / 4, even if the positioning calculation error increases due to the deterioration of the reception environment, Generates timing signals that are less susceptible to positioning results with large errors such as irregular data such as multipath, and that uses the average value of multiple positioning calculation results to generate location information for receiving points. can do.

[Application Example 3]
In the timing signal generation device of the present invention, it is preferable that the position information generation unit includes a selection unit that selects the value used for generating the position information of the reception point from the range.

  Thereby, the position information generation unit can generate the position information of the reception point using the value within the range of A ± σ / 4.

[Application Example 4]
In the timing signal generation device of the present invention, it is preferable that the selection unit selects a value closest to k × A within a range of A ± σ / 4, where k is a coefficient.

  Thereby, the position information generating unit can generate the position information of the reception point relatively easily using the value within the range of A ± σ / 4.

[Application Example 5]
In the timing signal generation device of the present invention, the selection unit is k × B within a range of A ± σ / 4, where B is an intermediate value between the mode value and the median value and k is a coefficient. It is preferable to select the value closest to.

  Thereby, the position information generating unit can generate the position information of the reception point relatively easily using the value within the range of A ± σ / 4.

[Application Example 6]
In the timing signal generation device of the present invention, it is preferable that the selection unit is capable of adjusting the coefficient k.

  Thereby, the value used for generating the position information of the reception point in the position information generation unit can be optimized according to the reception environment.

[Application Example 7]
In the timing signal generation device of the present invention, the selection unit calculates the coefficient k based on at least two values of an average value, a mode value, and a median value of the plurality of positioning calculation results of the positioning calculation unit. It is preferable to adjust.

  Thereby, it is possible to automatically optimize the value used for generating the position information of the reception point by the position information generation unit according to the reception environment using the positioning calculation result.

[Application Example 8]
In the timing signal generator of the present invention, the coefficient k is preferably in the range of 0.7 to 1.3.

  This can reduce k × A or k × B from being outside the range of A ± σ / 4. Therefore, the value used for generating the position information of the reception point in the position information generation unit can be optimized with high accuracy according to the reception environment.

[Application Example 9]
In the timing signal generation device of the present invention, it is preferable that the satellite signal used by the timing signal generation unit to generate the timing signal includes orbit information and time information.
Thereby, a timing signal accurately synchronized with the reference time can be generated.

[Application Example 10]
In the timing signal generation device of the present invention, an oscillator that outputs a clock signal;
A synchronization control unit for synchronizing the clock signal with the timing signal;
It is preferable to provide.

  Thus, by synchronizing the clock signal output from the oscillator with the accurate timing signal, it is possible to generate a clock signal with higher accuracy than the accuracy of the oscillator.

[Application Example 11]
In the timing signal generator of the present invention, the oscillator is preferably a crystal oscillator.

  The crystal oscillator is small and has low power consumption. Therefore, by using a crystal oscillator as an oscillator synchronized with the timing signal, the timing signal generating device can be reduced in size and power consumption. In addition, if a thermostat crystal oscillator is used, a highly accurate timing signal can be generated even when satellite signals cannot be received over a long period of time.

[Application Example 12]
In the timing signal generator of the present invention, the oscillator is preferably an atomic oscillator.

  Atomic oscillators have high long-term frequency stability. Therefore, by using an atomic oscillator as an oscillator to be synchronized with the timing signal, a highly accurate timing signal can be generated even when a satellite signal cannot be received for a long time.

[Application Example 13]
The timing signal generation device of the present invention preferably includes a battery.

  Thereby, each part of a timing signal generation device can be driven by the electric power supply from a battery. Therefore, it is possible to install the timing signal generation device even in a place where there is no external power supply.

[Application Example 14]
An electronic apparatus according to the present invention includes the timing signal generation device according to the present invention.
Thereby, an electronic device having excellent reliability can be provided.

[Application Example 15]
The moving body of the present invention includes the timing signal generation device of the present invention.
Thereby, the mobile body which has the outstanding reliability can be provided.

1 is a diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of a timing signal generation device according to a first embodiment of the present invention. It is a figure which shows the structure of the navigation message transmitted from a GPS satellite. It is a block diagram which shows the structural example of the GPS receiver with which the timing signal generation apparatus shown in FIG. 1 is provided. It is a flowchart which shows an example of the process sequence in the normal positioning mode and position fixing mode in the GPS receiver shown in FIG. It is a flowchart which shows an example of the processing procedure of 1PPS output in the GPS receiver shown in FIG. It is a flowchart which shows an example of the process sequence of control of the GPS receiver by the process part of the timing signal generation apparatus shown in FIG. (A) is a table showing the positioning calculation result when the number of GPS satellites is large but the reception intensity is low, and (B) is a table showing the positioning calculation result when the number of GPS satellites is small and the reception intensity is low. It is. In the case shown in FIG. 7 (B), is a table for explaining an average value of the measurement position calculation results, the relationship between the median and the mode and the standard deviation. The average value of the measurement position calculation result is a graph illustrating the relationship between the median and the mode and the standard deviation. It is a figure which shows schematic structure of the timing signal generator which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a flowchart which shows an example of the process sequence of 1PPS selection in the GPS receiver with which the timing signal generation apparatus shown in FIG. 10 is provided. It is a figure which shows schematic structure of the timing signal generation apparatus which concerns on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a flowchart which shows an example of the process sequence of 1PPS selection in the GPS receiver with which the timing signal generation apparatus shown in FIG. 12 is provided. It is a figure which shows schematic structure of the timing signal generation apparatus which concerns on 4th Embodiment of this invention. It is a block diagram which shows embodiment of the electronic device of this invention. It is a figure which shows embodiment of the mobile body of this invention.

  Hereinafter, a position information generation device, a timing signal generation device, an electronic apparatus, and a moving body of the present invention will be described in detail based on embodiments shown in the accompanying drawings.

1. Timing signal generator (position information generator)
<First Embodiment>
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a schematic configuration of a timing signal generation device according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

  The timing signal generation device 1 shown in FIG. 1 includes a GPS receiver 10, a processing unit (CPU) 20, an atomic oscillator 30, a temperature sensor 40, and a GPS antenna 50.

  Note that the timing signal generation device 1 may be partly or entirely physically separated from each other or may be integrated. For example, the GPS receiver 10 and the processing unit (CPU) 20 may be realized as separate ICs, or the GPS receiver 10 and the processing unit (CPU) 20 may be realized as a one-chip IC. .

  The timing signal generator 1 receives a signal transmitted from a GPS satellite 2 (an example of a position information satellite) and generates a highly accurate 1PPS.

  The GPS satellite 2 orbits a predetermined orbit above the earth, and superimposes a navigation message and a C / A code (Coarse / Acquisition Code) on a 1.57542 GHz radio wave (L1 wave) that is a carrier wave (with a carrier wave). The modulated satellite signal is transmitted to the ground.

  The C / A code is for identifying satellite signals of about 30 GPS satellites that are presently present, and is a unique pattern consisting of 1023 chips (1 ms period) in which each chip is either +1 or -1. is there. Therefore, by correlating the satellite signal and the pattern of each C / A code, the C / A code superimposed on the satellite signal can be detected.

  The satellite signal (specifically, navigation message) transmitted by each GPS satellite 2 includes orbit information indicating the position of each GPS satellite 2 on the orbit. Each GPS satellite 2 has an atomic clock, and the satellite signal includes extremely accurate time information measured by the atomic clock. Therefore, by receiving satellite signals from four or more GPS satellites 2 and performing positioning calculation using orbit information and time information included in each satellite signal, a reception point (location where the GPS antenna 50 is installed) Accurate information on the location and time can be obtained. Specifically, a four-dimensional equation having four variables as the three-dimensional position (x, y, z) and time t of the reception point may be established to find the solution.

  When the position of the reception point is known, the satellite signal from one or more GPS satellites 2 can be received, and the time information of the reception point can be obtained using the time information included in each satellite signal. .

  Also, information on the difference between the time of each GPS satellite 2 and the time of the reception point can be obtained using the orbit information included in each satellite signal. A slight time error of the atomic clock mounted on each GPS satellite 2 is measured by the control segment on the ground, and the satellite signal includes a time correction parameter for correcting the time error. By correcting the time at the reception point using this time correction parameter, it is possible to obtain extremely accurate time information.

FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a configuration of a navigation message transmitted from a GPS satellite.
As shown in FIG. 2 (A), the navigation message is configured as data with a main frame having a total number of 1500 bits as one unit. The main frame is divided into five sub-frames 1 to 5 each having 300 bits. Data of one subframe is transmitted from each GPS satellite 2 in 6 seconds. Accordingly, data of one main frame is transmitted from each GPS satellite 2 in 30 seconds.

  Subframe 1 includes satellite correction data such as week number data (WN). The week number data is information representing a week including the time of the GPS satellite 2. The starting time of the GPS satellite 2 is UTC (Universal Standard Time) on January 6, 1980, 00:00:00, and the week starting on this day has a week number 0. Week number data is updated on a weekly basis.

  The subframes 2 and 3 include ephemeris parameters (detailed orbit information of each GPS satellite 2). The subframes 4 and 5 include almanac parameters (general orbit information of all GPS satellites 2).

  Furthermore, at each head of subframes 1 to 5, a TLM (Telemetry) word storing 30-bit TLM (Telemetry word) data, and a HOW word storing 30-bit HOW (hand over word) data, It is included.

  Therefore, TLM words and HOW words are transmitted from the GPS satellite 2 at intervals of 6 seconds, whereas satellite correction data such as week number data, ephemeris parameters, and almanac parameters are transmitted at intervals of 30 seconds.

  As shown in FIG. 2B, the TLM word includes preamble data, a TLM message, a reserved bit, and parity data.

  As shown in FIG. 2C, the HOW word includes time information called TOW (Time of Week) (hereinafter also referred to as “Z count”). In the Z count data, the elapsed time from 0 o'clock every Sunday is displayed in seconds, and it returns to 0 at 0 o'clock on the next Sunday. That is, the Z count data is information in seconds indicated every week from the beginning of the week, and the elapsed time is a number expressed in units of 1.5 seconds. Here, the Z count data indicates time information at which the first bit of the next subframe data is transmitted. For example, the Z count data of subframe 1 indicates time information at which the first bit of subframe 2 is transmitted. The HOW word also includes 3-bit data (ID code) indicating the ID of the subframe. That is, ID codes “001”, “010”, “011”, “100”, and “101” are included in the HOW words of subframes 1 to 5 shown in FIG.

  By acquiring the week number data included in subframe 1 and the HOW word (Z count data) included in subframes 1 to 5, the time of GPS satellite 2 can be calculated. If the week number data is acquired previously and the elapsed time from the time when the week number data was acquired is counted internally, the current week number data of the GPS satellite 2 can be obtained without acquiring the week number data every time. Can be obtained. Therefore, if only the Z count data is acquired, the current time of the GPS satellite 2 can be known roughly.

  The satellite signal as described above is received by the GPS receiver 10 via the GPS antenna 50 shown in FIG.

  The GPS antenna 50 is an antenna that receives various radio waves including satellite signals, and is connected to the GPS receiver 10.

  The GPS receiver 10 (an example of a satellite signal receiving unit) performs various processes based on the satellite signal received via the GPS antenna 50.

  More specifically, the GPS receiver 10 has a normal positioning mode (an example of the first mode) and a position fixing mode (an example of the second mode), and a control command (CPU) ( Depending on the mode setting control command), either the normal positioning mode or the fixed position mode is set.

  The GPS receiver 10 functions as a “positioning calculation unit” in the normal positioning mode, receives satellite signals transmitted from a plurality of (preferably four or more) GPS satellites 2, and includes orbits included in the received satellite signals. Positioning calculation is performed based on information (specifically, the above-described ephemeris data, almanac data, etc.) and time information (specifically, the above-described week number data, Z count data, etc.).

  The GPS receiver 10 functions as a “timing signal generation unit” in the position fixing mode, receives a satellite signal transmitted from at least one GPS satellite 2, and orbit information and time included in the received satellite signal. Based on the information and the position information of the set reception point, 1 PPS (1 Pulse Per Second) is generated. 1 PPS (an example of a timing signal synchronized with a reference time) is a pulse signal that is completely synchronized with UTC (Universal Standard Time), and includes one pulse per second. As described above, since the satellite signal used by the GPS receiver 10 for generating the timing signal includes the orbit information and the time information, a timing signal accurately synchronized with the reference time can be generated.

Hereinafter, the configuration of the GPS receiver 10 will be described in detail.
FIG. 3 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a GPS receiver included in the timing signal generation device illustrated in FIG. 1.

  A GPS receiver 10 shown in FIG. 3 includes a SAW (Surface Acoustic Wave) filter 11, an RF processing unit 12, a baseband processing unit 13, and a temperature compensated crystal oscillator (TCXO) 14. It consists of

  The SAW filter 11 performs a process of extracting a satellite signal from the radio wave received by the GPS antenna 50. The SAW filter 11 is configured as a bandpass filter that passes a 1.5 GHz band signal.

  The RF processing unit 12 includes a PLL (Phase Locked Loop) 121, an LNA (Low Noise Amplifier) 122, a mixer 123, an IF amplifier 124, an IF (Intermediate Frequency) filter 125, and an ADC (A / D converter) 126. It is configured to include.

  The PLL 121 generates a clock signal obtained by multiplying the oscillation signal of the TCXO 14 that oscillates at about several tens of MHz to a frequency of 1.5 GHz band.

  The satellite signal extracted by the SAW filter 11 is amplified by the LNA 122. The satellite signal amplified by the LNA 122 is mixed with the clock signal output from the PLL 121 by the mixer 123 and down-converted to an intermediate frequency band (for example, several MHz) signal (IF signal). The signal mixed by the mixer 123 is amplified by the IF amplifier 124.

  Since the mixer 123 generates a high-frequency signal in the order of GHz along with the IF signal, the IF amplifier 124 amplifies the high-frequency signal together with the IF signal. The IF filter 125 passes the IF signal and removes the high-frequency signal (precisely, it is attenuated below a predetermined level). The IF signal that has passed through the IF filter 125 is converted into a digital signal by an ADC (A / D converter) 126.

  The baseband processing unit 13 includes a DSP (Digital Signal Processor) 131, a CPU (Central Processing Unit) 132, an SRAM (Static Random Access Memory) 133, and an RTC (Real Time Clock) 134, and an oscillation signal of the TCXO 14 Is used as a clock signal.

  The DSP 131 and the CPU 132 cooperate with each other to demodulate the baseband signal from the IF signal, acquire trajectory information and time information included in the navigation message, and perform processing in the normal positioning mode or position fixing mode.

  The SRAM 133 stores time information and orbit information acquired, position information of a reception point set in accordance with a predetermined control command (position setting control command), an elevation angle mask used in a position fixing mode, and the like. Is. The RTC 134 generates timing for performing baseband processing. The RTC 134 is counted up by the clock signal from the TCXO 14.

  Specifically, the baseband processing unit 13 generates a local code having the same pattern as each C / A code, and performs a process (satellite search) for correlating each C / A code included in the baseband signal with the local code. )I do. Then, the baseband processing unit 13 adjusts the local code generation timing so that the correlation value for each local code has a peak, and when the correlation value is equal to or greater than the threshold, the local code is set as the C / A code. It is determined that the GPS satellite 2 is synchronized (GPS satellite 2 is captured). Note that GPS employs a CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) system in which all GPS satellites 2 transmit satellite signals of the same frequency using different C / A codes. Therefore, it is possible to search for a GPS satellite 2 that can be captured by determining the C / A code included in the received satellite signal.

  Further, the baseband processing unit 13 mixes a local code and a baseband signal having the same pattern as the C / A code of the GPS satellite 2 in order to acquire the orbit information and time information of the captured GPS satellite 2. I do. A navigation message including the orbit information and time information of the captured GPS satellite 2 is demodulated in the mixed signal. Then, the baseband processing unit 13 performs processing for acquiring trajectory information and time information included in the navigation message and storing them in the SRAM 133.

  The baseband processing unit 13 receives a predetermined control command (specifically, a mode setting control command), and is set to either the normal positioning mode or the position fixing mode. In the normal positioning mode, the baseband processing unit 13 performs positioning calculation using orbit information and time information of four or more GPS satellites 2 stored in the SRAM 133.

  Further, the baseband processing unit 13 uses the orbit information of one or more GPS satellites 2 stored in the SRAM 133 and the position information of the reception points stored in the SRAM 133 in the position fixing mode. 1PPS is output. Specifically, the baseband processing unit 13 includes a 1PPS counter that counts the generation timing of each 1PPS pulse in a part of the RTC 134, and uses the orbit information of the GPS satellite 2 and the position information of the reception point. The propagation delay time required for the satellite signal transmitted from the GPS satellite 2 to reach the reception point is calculated, and the set value of the 1PPS counter is changed to the optimum value based on this propagation delay time.

  Note that the baseband processing unit 13 may output 1 PPS based on the time information of the reception point obtained by the positioning calculation in the normal positioning mode, and the positioning calculation may be performed if a plurality of GPS satellites 2 can be captured in the position fixing mode. May be performed.

  In addition, the baseband processing unit 13 outputs NMEA data including various information such as position information and time information as a result of positioning calculation, reception status (number of GPS satellites 2 captured, satellite signal strength, etc.).

  The operation of the GPS receiver 10 configured as described above is controlled by the processing unit (CPU) 20 shown in FIG.

  The processing unit 20 (an example of a satellite signal reception control device) transmits various control commands to the GPS receiver 10 to control the operation of the GPS receiver 10 and outputs 1PPS and NMEA data output from the GPS receiver 10. And receive various processes. The processing unit 20 may perform various processes according to a program stored in an arbitrary memory, for example.

  The processing unit 20 includes a phase comparator 21, a loop filter 22, a DSP (Digital Signal Processor) 23, a frequency divider 24, and a GPS control unit 25. Note that the DSP 23 and the GPS control unit 25 may be composed of a single component.

  The DSP 23 (an example of a “location information generation unit”) acquires NMEA data from the GPS receiver 10 periodically (for example, every second), and includes location information (normal positioning by the GPS receiver 10) included in the NMEA data. The result of the positioning calculation in the mode) is collected to create statistical information for a predetermined time, and based on the statistical information, processing for generating position information of the reception point is performed. In particular, A is a mode value (hereinafter simply referred to as “mode value”) or median value (hereinafter also simply referred to as “median value”) of a plurality of positioning calculation results in the normal positioning mode by the GPS receiver 10. When the standard deviation of the plurality of positioning calculation results is σ, the DSP 23 receives the position of the reception point based on a value within the range of A ± σ / 4 (excluding A, the same applies hereinafter). Generate information. Here, the DSP 23 constitutes a “selection unit” that selects a value used by the DSP 23 to generate position information of the reception point from the above range. The configuration including the GPS receiver 10 and the processing unit 20 constitutes a “timing signal generation device” that generates a timing signal. Note that at least a part of the “selection unit” (configuration having a function of selecting one value within the range of A ± σ / 4) is provided inside or outside the processing unit 20 as a separate body from the DSP 23. May be.

  The GPS control unit 25 (an example of a reception control unit) transmits various control commands to the GPS receiver 10 to control the operation of the GPS receiver 10. Specifically, the GPS control unit 25 transmits a mode setting control command to the GPS receiver 10 and performs a process of switching the GPS receiver 10 from the normal positioning mode to the position fixing mode. Further, the GPS control unit 25 transmits a position setting control command to the GPS receiver 10 before switching the GPS receiver 10 from the normal positioning mode to the position fixing mode, and receives the position information of the reception point generated by the DSP 23. Processing to set in the GPS receiver 10 is performed.

  The frequency divider 24 divides the clock signal (frequency: f) output from the atomic oscillator 30 by f and outputs a 1 Hz frequency-divided clock signal.

  The phase comparator 21 compares the phase of the 1PPS output from the GPS receiver 10 with the 1 Hz frequency-divided clock signal output from the frequency divider 24. The phase difference signal as a comparison result of the phase comparator 21 is input to the atomic oscillator 30 via the loop filter 22. The parameters of the loop filter 22 are set by the DSP 23.

  The 1 Hz frequency-divided clock signal output from the frequency divider 24 is synchronized with 1 PPS output from the GPS receiver 10, and the timing signal generator 1 synchronizes this frequency-divided clock signal with UTC with extremely high frequency accuracy. Output to the outside as high 1PPS. In addition, the timing signal generation device 1 outputs the latest NMEA data to the outside every second in synchronization with 1 PPS.

  The atomic oscillator 30 is an oscillator that can output a clock signal with high frequency accuracy using energy transition of atoms. For example, an atomic oscillator using rubidium atoms or cesium atoms is widely known. As the atomic oscillator 30, for example, an atomic oscillator using an EIT (Electromagnetically Induced Transparency) phenomenon (also called a CPT (Coherent Population Trapping) phenomenon), an atomic oscillator using an optical micro double resonance phenomenon, or the like can be used. . The timing signal generator 1 also outputs a clock signal having a frequency f output from the atomic oscillator 30 to the outside.

  The atomic oscillator 30 is configured so that the frequency can be finely adjusted in accordance with the output voltage (control voltage) of the loop filter 22, and as described above, the phase comparator 21, the loop filter 22, the DSP 23, and the frequency divider 24. The clock signal output from the atomic oscillator 30 is completely synchronized with 1 PPS output from the GPS receiver 10. That is, the configuration of the phase comparator 21, the loop filter 22, the DSP 23, and the frequency divider 24 functions as a “synchronization control unit” that synchronizes the clock signal output from the atomic oscillator 30 with 1 PPS. In addition, since the frequency temperature characteristic of the atomic oscillator 30 is not flat by itself, the temperature sensor 40 is disposed in the vicinity of the atomic oscillator 30, and the DSP 23 has a phase corresponding to the detection value (detection temperature) of the temperature sensor 40. By adjusting the output voltage of the comparator 21, the temperature temperature characteristic of the atomic oscillator 30 is subjected to temperature compensation.

  When a situation (holdover) occurs in which the GPS receiver 10 cannot receive a satellite signal, the accuracy of 1 PPS output from the GPS receiver 10 deteriorates, or the GPS receiver 10 stops outputting 1 PPS. . In such a case, the processing unit 20 may stop the process of synchronizing the clock signal output from the atomic oscillator 30 with 1 PPS output from the GPS receiver 10 and cause the atomic oscillator 30 to self-oscillate. In this way, the timing signal generation device 1 can output 1 PPS with high frequency accuracy due to free-running oscillation of the atomic oscillator 30 even when the accuracy of 1 PPS output from the GPS receiver 10 deteriorates. Note that even if a double oven or single oven thermostat crystal oscillator (OCXO) is used in place of the atomic oscillator 30, 1 PPS with high frequency accuracy due to free-running oscillation can be output.

Hereinafter, the normal positioning mode and the position fixing mode will be described in detail.
FIG. 4 is a flowchart showing an example of a processing procedure in the normal positioning mode and the position fixing mode in the GPS receiver shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 4, when the power is turned on (Y in S10), the baseband processing unit 13 is initialized to the normal positioning mode and starts a satellite search for searching for a GPS satellite 2 that can be captured. (S12), it is determined whether the GPS satellite 2 has been captured (S14).

  Specifically, the baseband processing unit 13 demodulates the baseband signal from the IF signal generated by the RF processing unit 12 receiving the satellite signal, and the local pattern having the same pattern as the C / A code of each satellite number. A code is generated, and a correlation value between the C / A code included in the baseband signal and each local code is calculated. If the C / A code and the local code included in the baseband signal are the same code, the correlation value has a peak at a predetermined timing, but if the code is different, the correlation value does not have a peak and is always almost zero. The baseband processing unit 13 adjusts the local code generation timing so that the correlation value between the C / A code and the local code included in the baseband signal is maximized. If the correlation value is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold, the GPS satellite 2 is determined to have been captured. Then, the baseband processing unit 13 stores the captured information (satellite number and the like) of each GPS satellite 2 in the SRAM 133.

  When the baseband processing unit 13 captures at least one GPS satellite 2, the baseband processing unit 13 demodulates the navigation message transmitted from the captured GPS satellite 2, and starts acquiring various information included in the navigation message (S16).

  Specifically, the baseband processing unit 13 demodulates the captured navigation message from each GPS satellite 2 to acquire various information such as time information and orbit information, and stores the acquired information in the SRAM 133.

  Next, the baseband processing unit 13 determines whether or not information of four or more GPS satellites 2 has been acquired (S18). If acquired, the baseband processing unit 13 uses orbit information, time information, and the like included in the navigation message. Then, the position of the reception point is calculated (positioning calculation) (S20).

  Specifically, the baseband processing unit 13 selects four or more GPS satellites 2 from all the captured GPS satellites 2, reads the orbit information and time information of the selected GPS satellites 2 from the SRAM 133, and performs positioning. Perform the calculation. Then, the baseband processing unit 13 stores various information such as the positioning calculation result (reception point position information) and the reception status in the SRAM 133.

  The baseband processing unit 13 determines whether or not the mode is the position fixing mode (S22), and repeats the processes of steps S18 and S20 until the mode is changed to the position fixing mode.

  When the mode is changed to the fixed position mode, the baseband processing unit 13 determines whether or not the information of one or more GPS satellites 2 has been acquired (S24). If acquired, the reception set by the processing unit 20 is determined. Using the position information of the points and the orbit information and time information included in the navigation message, the time of the reception point and the propagation delay time of the satellite signal are calculated (S26).

  Specifically, the baseband processing unit 13 selects one or more GPS satellites 2 from all the captured GPS satellites 2, and time information (Z count data, etc.) of the selected GPS satellites 2 from the SRAM 133. Read and receive time (for example, the start time of the next subframe) is calculated. In addition, the baseband processing unit 13 reads the orbit information of the selected GPS satellite 2 from the SRAM 133 and calculates the position of the GPS satellite 2. Furthermore, the baseband processing unit 13 reads out the position information of the reception point set by the processing unit 20 from the SRAM 133, and uses the GPS satellite 2 position calculation result and the position information of the reception point to determine the position of the GPS satellite 2 and the reception point. The distance between them is calculated, and the propagation delay time of the satellite signal is calculated from the radio wave velocity.

  Next, the baseband processing unit 13 updates the set value of the 1PPS counter using the propagation delay time of the satellite signal (calculation result of step S26) (S28).

  Specifically, the 1PPS counter is a counter that generates a 1PPS pulse when it counts up to a set value, and the baseband processing unit 13 is, for example, the latest reception timing of 1PPS with respect to the reception timing of the head of the next subframe. The set value of the 1PPS counter is updated so that the pulse is generated before the propagation delay time of the satellite signal.

  And the baseband process part 13 judges whether it is a normal positioning mode (S30), repeats the process of step S24-S28 until it changes to a normal positioning mode, and is changed to a normal positioning mode, The process proceeds to step S18.

  FIG. 5 is a flowchart showing an example of a processing procedure of 1PPS output in the GPS receiver shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 5, when the power is turned on (Y in S50), the baseband processing unit 13 initializes the set value of the 1PPS counter provided in the RTC 134 (S52).

  Next, the baseband processing unit 13 determines whether or not it is the timing of the clock edge of the 1PPS counter (S54), and determines whether or not the count value of the 1PPS counter matches the set value at that timing. (S56) If they match, one pulse and NMEA data are output (S58).

  Specifically, the baseband processing unit 13 reads the latest various information stored in the SRAM 133, converts the data into NMEA format data, and outputs the data. Note that the set value of the 1PPS counter is sequentially updated in step S28 of FIG. 4 described above.

  Then, the baseband processing unit 13 counts up the 1PPS counter (S60), and then proceeds to step S54.

  On the other hand, if the count value of the 1PPS counter does not match the set value at the timing of the clock edge of the 1PPS counter, the baseband processing unit 13 does not perform the process of step S58, proceeds to step S60, and sets the 1PPS counter. Counts up (S60), and then proceeds to step S54.

  FIG. 6 is a flowchart illustrating an example of a processing procedure for controlling the GPS receiver by the processing unit of the timing signal generation device illustrated in FIG. 1.

  As shown in FIG. 6, when the power is turned on (Y in S100), the processing unit 20 first resets statistical information of the positioning calculation result (S102).

  Next, the processing unit 20 determines whether or not a predetermined time has elapsed (S104), and determines whether or not it is the timing of 1PPS pulse output of the GPS receiver 10 until the predetermined time has elapsed (S104). (S106) At each timing, NMEA data output by the GPS receiver 10 is acquired, and the positioning calculation result in the normal positioning mode by the GPS receiver 10 is added to the statistical information (S108).

  Then, when the predetermined time has elapsed, the processing unit 20 calculates a value within a predetermined range centered on the mode value or the median value (within the above-described range of A ± σ / 4) from the statistical information of the positioning calculation result. The GPS receiver 10 is selected and set as position information of the reception point in the GPS receiver 10 (S110), and the GPS receiver 10 is set in the position fixing mode (S112).

  Since the accuracy of the position information of the reception point is improved as the predetermined time in step S108 is longer, the predetermined time in step S108 is preferably set to about one day (24 hours), for example.

  In order to clarify the effect of setting a value within the range of A ± σ / 4 as the position information of such a reception point, an experiment was conducted using a GPS simulator and a GPS receiver (actual machine). In this experiment, the simulation is performed by setting the receiving position (latitude, longitude, altitude), the number of captured satellites, and the intensity of the satellite signal in the GPS simulator, and the signal output from the GPS simulator is input to the GPS receiver. The position information (latitude, longitude, altitude) output by the GPS receiver in the normal positioning mode is acquired every second, and the average value, median value, mode value, and each of these and the true position (GPS simulator) The distance to the receiving position set in (1) was calculated.

  FIG. 7A is a table showing a positioning calculation result when the number of GPS satellites captured is large but the reception intensity is low, and FIG. 7B is a positioning calculation when the number of GPS satellites captured is small and the reception intensity is small. It is a table | surface which shows a result.

  In addition, the positioning calculation result shown in FIG. 7 (A) is obtained under the condition that the number of captured GPS satellites is 7 to 8, the intensity of the satellite signal is −145 dBm, and the positioning time is 17 hours. Although a sufficient number of GPS satellites are acquired for positioning calculation, a reception environment where the intensity of the satellite signal is small is assumed. On the other hand, the positioning calculation results shown in FIG. 7B were obtained under the conditions that the number of GPS satellites captured was 3 to 5, the intensity of the satellite signal was −145 dBm, and the positioning time was 16 hours. The satellite signal strength is weak, and it is assumed that the reception environment does not always capture a sufficient number of GPS satellites for positioning calculation.

  The positioning calculation results shown in FIGS. 7A and 7B were the mode value, median value, and average value in ascending order of distance from the true position. From such results, select the mode value or median value of the position obtained by positioning calculation, and set it in the GPS receiver as the position information of the receiving point in the fixed position mode, compared with the case of selecting the average value It can be seen that the accuracy of 1 PPS is improved.

  In other words, if the satellite signal reception environment deteriorates, positioning calculation errors due to multipath and the like increase. Therefore, if the average value of positioning results is set as position information in the fixed position mode, the error may increase. Although it is high, setting the mode value and the median value makes it difficult to be affected by the positioning result having a large error, so that the accuracy of 1 PPS in the position fixing mode can be increased.

  In addition, by calculating the position information to be set in the position fixing mode using the positioning result in the normal positioning mode, it is possible to reduce the cost without being limited by the receiving location.

  As described above, even if the reception environment is deteriorated, by generating the position information of the reception point using the mode value or the median of the multiple positioning calculation results, the average of the multiple positioning calculation results Compared to the case where the position information of the reception point is generated using the value, it is possible to generate accurate position information. As a result, an accurate timing signal can be stably generated regardless of the reception environment.

  Here, as the value used when generating the position information of the reception point, the mode value or median of a plurality of positioning calculation results may be used as the position information of the reception point as it is, but the value close to the mode value or the median value. Even when (a value in a predetermined neighborhood range centered on the mode value or the median value) is used, accurate position information can be generated as compared with the case where the average value is used. Hereinafter, this point will be described.

8, in the case shown in FIG. 7 (B), the table for describing an average value of the measurement position calculation results, the relationship between the median and the mode and standard deviation, FIG. 9, the measurement position calculation result It is a graph for demonstrating the relationship between an average value, a median value, and a mode value, and a standard deviation.

  When the mode value or median value of a plurality of positioning calculation results is A and the standard deviation of the plurality of positioning calculation results is σ, values within the range of A ± σ / 4 are shown in FIGS. As shown, it is closer to the true position value (true value) than the average value of the plurality of positioning calculation results.

  Therefore, by generating the position information of the reception point based on the value within the range of A ± σ / 4, even if the positioning calculation error becomes large due to the deterioration of the reception environment, such as multipath It is difficult to be affected by positioning results with large errors such as irregular data, and it is possible to generate a timing signal that is more accurate than the conventional method using the average value of a plurality of positioning calculation results to generate the position information of the reception point. .

  Here, the positioning calculation result includes information on latitude, longitude, and altitude. Therefore, there are a mode value of latitude information, a mode value of longitude information, and a mode value of altitude information as mode values. Similarly, the median value of latitude information is the median value. , There is a median value of information regarding longitude and a median value of information regarding altitude. In addition, as the standard deviation, there are a standard deviation of information regarding latitude, a standard deviation of information regarding longitude, and a standard deviation of information regarding altitude. When generating the position information of the reception point, A ± σ / 4 when the mode or median is A and the standard deviation is σ for each of the information on latitude, longitude, and altitude of a plurality of positioning calculation results A value within the range may be used.

  In addition, about the information regarding a part of latitude, longitude, and altitude of a plurality of positioning calculation results, when the mode or median is A and the standard deviation is σ, it is within the range of A ± σ / 4. The position information of the reception point may be generated using the value. In this case, with respect to the information regarding the remainder, information obtained by other means may be used for generating the position information of the reception point. For example, a value within the range of A ± σ / 4 may be used for the information regarding latitude and longitude, and a known value or a value based on the detection result of the altimeter may be used as the information regarding altitude.

  As described above, the DSP 23 has a function of selecting a value used by the DSP 23 to generate the position information of the reception point from the range of A ± σ / 4. As a result, the position information of the reception point can be generated using a value that the DSP 23 is in the range of A ± σ / 4.

  The method by which the DSP 23 selects a value from the range of A ± σ / 4 is not particularly limited, and examples thereof include the following first method and second method.

  In the first method, the DSP 23 (selection unit) selects a value closest to k × A within a range of A ± σ / 4, where k is a coefficient. As a result, the position information of the reception point can be generated relatively easily using a value that the DSP 23 is in the range of A ± σ / 4.

  In the second method, the DSP 23 (selection unit) sets the intermediate value between the mode value and the median value to B and sets the coefficient to k, so that k × B within a range of A ± σ / 4. Select the closest value. This also makes it possible for the DSP 23 to generate the position information of the reception point relatively easily using a value within the range of A ± σ / 4.

  Here, when k × A or k × B is within the range of A ± σ / 4, k × A or k × B may be used as it is in the generation of the position information of the reception point by the DSP 23. The positioning calculation result closest to × A or k × B may be used by the DSP 23 to generate position information of the reception point. When k × A or k × B is outside the range of A ± σ / 4, the value closest to k × A or k × B within the range of A ± σ / 4, that is, A + σ / 4 or A-σ / 4 may be used by the DSP 23 to generate the position information of the reception point, or the positioning calculation result closest to A + σ / 4 or A-σ / 4 is used by the DSP 23 to generate the position information of the reception point. Also good.

  The DSP 23 is preferably capable of adjusting the coefficient k described above. As a result, the value used by the DSP 23 to generate the position information of the reception point can be optimized according to the reception environment. Such adjustment may be automatically performed based on the positioning calculation result, or may be manually performed via an operation unit (not shown) provided in the timing signal generation device 1.

  When such adjustment is automatically performed based on the positioning calculation result, the DSP 23 described above based on at least two values of the average value, the mode value, and the median value of the plurality of positioning calculation results of the GPS receiver 10. The adjusted coefficient k is adjusted. Thereby, it is possible to automatically optimize the value used by the DSP 23 to generate the position information of the reception point according to the reception environment using the positioning calculation result. For example, the difference between the mode and the median, the difference between the mode and the average, the difference between the median and the average, the ratio between the mode and the median, the ratio between the mode and the average Alternatively, a table in which the correspondence between the ratio between the median value and the average value and the coefficient k is set is stored in advance in a memory (storage unit) (not shown), and the difference between the mode value and the median value, the mode From the result of the difference between the value and the mean, the difference between the median and the mean, the ratio between the mode and the median, the ratio between the mode and the mean, or the ratio between the median and the mean The coefficient k is adjusted using the above table.

  The coefficient k is preferably in the range of 0.7 to 1.3. This can reduce k × A or k × B from being outside the range of A ± σ / 4. Therefore, it is possible to optimize the value used by the DSP 23 for generating the position information of the reception point with high accuracy according to the reception environment.

  As described above, by generating position information of a reception point using a value within the range of A ± σ / 4, even if a positioning calculation error increases due to deterioration of the receiving environment, positioning with a large error is performed. A timing signal that is less affected by the result and more accurate than the conventional one can be generated.

  In the present embodiment, the clock signal output from the atomic oscillator 30 is synchronized with accurate 1PPS, so that a clock signal with higher accuracy than the accuracy of the atomic oscillator 30 can be generated. Further, when the accuracy of 1 PPS output from the GPS receiver 10 is deteriorated, or when the GPS receiver 10 stops outputting 1 PPS (that is, at the time of holdover entry), the clock signal output from the atomic oscillator 30 is set to 1 PPS. By stopping the synchronizing process and causing the atomic oscillator 30 to oscillate by itself, at least 1 PPS with frequency accuracy of the atomic oscillator 30 can be output.

  Since 1PPS output from such a timing signal generation device 1 has extremely high accuracy, it can be used as, for example, a clock input signal of a time server that manages computer time.

  The atomic oscillator 30 has high long-term frequency stability. Therefore, by using the atomic oscillator 30 as an oscillator synchronized with the timing signal, a highly accurate timing signal can be generated even when the satellite signal cannot be received for a long time.

Second Embodiment
FIG. 10 is a diagram showing a schematic configuration of a timing signal generation device according to the second embodiment of the present invention.

  This embodiment is the same as the first embodiment described above except that the number of GPS antennas and GPS receivers and the configuration of the processing unit are different.

  In the following description, the second embodiment will be described with a focus on differences from the above-described embodiment, and description of similar matters will be omitted. In FIG. 10, the same reference numerals are given to the same configurations as those in the above-described embodiment.

  A timing signal generating apparatus 1A shown in FIG. 10 includes two GPS receivers 10A and 10B, a processing unit (CPU) 20A, an atomic oscillator 30, a temperature sensor 40, and two GPS antennas 50A and 50B.

  As shown in FIG. 10, the GPS antenna 50A is connected to the GPS receiver 10A, and the GPS receiver 10A receives the satellite signal transmitted from each GPS satellite 2 via the GPS antenna 50A. Various processes similar to those performed by the GPS receiver 10 of the first embodiment are performed.

  Similarly, the GPS antenna 50B is connected to the GPS receiver 10B, and the GPS receiver 10B receives the satellite signal transmitted from each GPS satellite 2 via the GPS antenna 50B, and the first embodiment described above. Various processes similar to those of the GPS receiver 10 of the embodiment are performed.

  Here, the two GPS antennas 50A and 50B are installed at the same place (precisely, substantially the same place which can be said to be substantially the same). Accordingly, the two GPS receivers 10A and 10B output the same or substantially the same position information.

  Similar to the processing unit 20 of the first embodiment, the processing unit 20A includes a phase comparator 21, a loop filter 22, a DSP 23, a frequency divider 24, and a GPS control unit 25, and further includes a selection switch 26 and a failure determination unit 27. It is configured to include.

  The failure determination unit 27 performs a process of determining whether each of the set of the GPS antenna 50A and the GPS receiver 10A and the set of the GPS antenna 50B and the GPS receiver 10B has failed. For example, the failure determination unit 27 detects the failure of the GPS antennas 50A and 50B by monitoring the output currents of the GPS antennas 50A and 50B, and monitors the output signals (1PPS and NMEA data) of the GPS receivers 10A and 10B. By doing so, a failure of the GPS receivers 10A and 10B can be detected.

  The selection switch 26 selects and outputs either 1PPS output from the GPS receiver 10A or 1PPS output from the GPS receiver 10B based on the determination result of the failure determination unit. 1 PPS output from the selection switch 26 is input to the phase comparator 21.

  The DSP 23 periodically acquires (for example, every second) NMEA data from the GPS receivers 10A and 10B, and the position information included in each NMEA data (positioning in the normal positioning mode by the GPS receivers 10A and 10B). (Calculation results) are collected to create two pieces of statistical information for a predetermined time, and based on the average value, mode value, or median value of each of them, processing is performed for generating position information of two reception points.

  The GPS control unit 25 transmits various control commands to the GPS receivers 10A and 10B, and controls the operations of the GPS receivers 10A and 10B. Specifically, the GPS control unit 25 transmits a mode setting control command to the GPS receivers 10A and 10B, and performs a process of switching the GPS receivers 10A and 10B from the normal positioning mode to the position fixing mode. The GPS control unit 25 transmits a position setting control command to the GPS receivers 10A and 10B before switching the GPS receivers 10A and 10B from the normal positioning mode to the position fixing mode. Processing for setting the position information of the reception point in the GPS receivers 10A and 10B is performed.

  FIG. 11 is a flowchart illustrating an example of a processing procedure of 1PPS selection in the GPS receiver included in the timing signal generation device illustrated in FIG. 10.

  As shown in FIG. 11, when the power is turned on (Y in S200), the processing unit 20A first starts as a GPS receiver as 1 PPS for oscillation control of the atomic oscillator 30 (1 PPS input to the phase comparator 21). 1PPS output by 10A is selected (S202).

  Next, the processing unit 20A determines that the GPS receivers 10A and 10B are out of order (S204), and determines whether only the GPS receiver 10A is out of order (S206).

  If it is determined in step S206 that only the GPS receiver 10A has failed, 1 PPS for controlling the oscillation of the atomic oscillator 30 is switched to 1 PPS output by the GPS receiver 10B (S208). Thereafter, the processing unit 20A determines a failure of the GPS receiver 10B (S212).

  Then, it is determined whether or not the GPS receiver 10B has failed (S214). If the GPS receiver 10B has not failed, the process proceeds to step S212, and steps S212 and S214 are performed until the GPS receiver 10B fails. On the other hand, if the GPS receiver 10B fails, the atomic oscillator 30 is switched to free-running oscillation (S216).

  On the other hand, when it is determined in step S206 that the GPS receiver 10A is in a state other than the failure, the processing unit 20A determines whether both the GPS receivers 10A and 10B are defective (S210). ), If both the GPS receivers 10A and 10B are out of order, the process proceeds to step S214, and steps S204, S206, and S210 are repeated until both of the GPS receivers 10A and 10B fail, If both of the GPS receivers 10A and 10B fail, the atomic oscillator 30 is switched to free-running oscillation (S216).

  Note that, when one or both of the GPS receivers 10A and 10B fail, the processing unit 20A may output a failure notification signal for notifying the failure to the outside. For example, if information corresponding to the failure notification signal is displayed on an external monitor, the user can recognize the failure and replace the failed part.

  As described above, the timing signal generation device 1A according to the second embodiment operates the GPS receiver 10B in the same manner as the GPS receiver 10A, and when the GPS antenna 50A or the GPS receiver 10A fails, the phase comparator The 1PPS input to 21 is quickly switched from 1PPS output by the GPS receiver 10A to 1PPS output by the GPS receiver 10B. In this embodiment, there are two sets of GPS receivers and GPS antennas, but three or more sets may be used.

  As described above, according to the timing signal generation device 1A of the second embodiment, the plurality of GPS antennas 50A and 50B installed in the same place and the satellite signals received by the GPS antennas 50A and 50B are processed. A plurality of GPS receivers 10 </ b> A and 10 </ b> B are provided, and a failure of the currently selected GPS antenna and GPS receiver set is detected and switched to another GPS antenna and GPS receiver set. Therefore, even when a failure occurs in the set of the selected GPS antenna and GPS receiver, high-precision 1PPS output can be continued.

  In addition, the timing signal generation device 1 </ b> A of the second embodiment can exhibit the same effects as the effects of the timing signal generation device 1 of the first embodiment described above.

<Third Embodiment>
FIG. 12 is a diagram showing a schematic configuration of a timing signal generation device according to the third embodiment of the present invention.

  This embodiment is the same as the first embodiment described above except that the number of GPS antennas and GPS receivers and the configuration of the processing unit are different.

  In the following description, the third embodiment will be described with a focus on differences from the above-described embodiment, and description of similar matters will be omitted. In FIG. 11, the same reference numerals are given to the same configurations as those in the above-described embodiment.

  The timing signal generator 1B shown in FIG. 12 includes three GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C, a processing unit (CPU) 20B, an atomic oscillator 30, a temperature sensor 40, and three GPS antennas 50A, 50B, and 50C. Has been.

  As shown in FIG. 12, the GPS antenna 50A is connected to the GPS receiver 10A, and the GPS receiver 10A receives the satellite signal transmitted from each GPS satellite 2 via the GPS antenna 50A, and Various processes similar to those of the GPS receiver 10 of the embodiment are performed.

  Similarly, the GPS antenna 50B is connected to the GPS receiver 10B. The GPS receiver 10B receives the satellite signal transmitted from each GPS satellite 2 via the GPS antenna 50B, and the GPS antenna 50B of the first embodiment. Various processes similar to those performed by the GPS receiver 10 are performed.

  Similarly, the GPS antenna 50C is connected to the GPS receiver 10C. The GPS receiver 10C receives the satellite signal transmitted from each GPS satellite 2 via the GPS antenna 50C, and the GPS antenna 50C of the first embodiment. Various processes similar to those performed by the GPS receiver 10 are performed.

  This embodiment differs from the second embodiment in that the three GPS antennas 50A, 50B, and 50C are installed at different locations. Therefore, the three GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C output different position information. For example, if three GPS antennas 50A, 50B, and 50C are respectively installed on the north side, south side, and east side of the building, the reception status of the satellite signals is different, and the one that can receive the satellite signals most easily depending on the time zone. Change. Therefore, as time passes, the superiority or inferiority order of accuracy of 1 PPS output by the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C also changes.

  Similar to the first embodiment, the processing unit 20B includes a phase comparator 21, a loop filter 22, a DSP 23, a frequency divider 24, and a GPS control unit 25, and further includes a selection switch 26.

  The DSP 23 periodically acquires (for example, every second) NMEA data from the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C, and includes position information (normal positioning by the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C) included in each NMEA data. The result of the positioning calculation in the mode) is collected to generate three statistical information for a predetermined time, and based on the mode value or median value of each, the processing for generating the positional information of the three reception points is performed.

  Further, the DSP 23 performs GPS based on predetermined parameter information (for example, the number of captured GPS satellites and the received intensity of satellite signals) included in the NMEA data acquired from the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C, respectively. The accuracy of 1PPS output from the receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C (UTC (Universal Standard Time) synchronization accuracy with 1 second) is compared. For example, if the number of GPS satellites captured by the DSP 23 is the same, the accuracy of 1 PPS is higher as the received intensity of the satellite signal is larger, and the number of GPS satellites captured is greater if the received intensity is comparable. It can be determined that the accuracy of 1 PPS is high.

  The selection switch 26 selects and outputs one of 1PPS output from the GPS receiver 10A, 1PPS output from the GPS receiver 10B, and 1PPS output from the GPS receiver 10C according to the comparison result of the DSP 23. 1 PPS output from the selection switch 26 is input to the phase comparator 21.

  In the present embodiment, after the DSP 23 controls the selection switch 26 to select 1 PPS, the DSP 23 monitors the NMEA data output from the GPS receiver that outputs the selected 1 PPS, and the difference from the previous time is less than the threshold value. If larger, the process of comparing the accuracy of 1PPS output from the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C is performed again.

  The GPS control unit 25 transmits various control commands to the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C, and controls the operations of the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C. In the present embodiment, the GPS control unit 25 transmits a mode setting control command to the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C, and performs a process of switching the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C from the normal positioning mode to the position fixing mode. Do. The GPS control unit 25 transmits a position setting control command to the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C before switching the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C from the normal positioning mode to the position fixing mode. A process of setting the position information of the generated three reception points in the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C is performed.

  FIG. 13 is a flowchart illustrating an example of a processing procedure of 1PPS selection in the GPS receiver included in the timing signal generation device illustrated in FIG.

Processing unit 20B, as shown in FIG. 1 3, when the power supply is turned on (S300 of Y), the determination whether or not a predetermined time has elapsed until a predetermined time elapses (S302), a predetermined time has elapsed In this case, first, based on the NMEA data output from the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C, the accuracy of 1PPS output from the GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C is compared (S304).

  Next, the processing unit 20B selects the most accurate 1PPS as the 1PPS for controlling the oscillation of the atomic oscillator 30 (1PPS input to the phase comparator 21) (S306).

  Next, the processing unit 20B calculates the difference between the NMEA data newly output by the GPS receiver that outputs the selected 1PPS and the previous NMEA data (S308).

  Then, the processing unit 20B determines whether or not the difference calculated in step S308 is larger than the threshold (S310). If the difference is equal to or smaller than the threshold, the processing unit 20B proceeds to step S308, and the difference is larger than the threshold. Until this happens, the process in step S308 and the determination in step S310 are repeated. On the other hand, if the difference is larger than the threshold value, the process proceeds to step S304, and the processes after step S304 described above are performed again.

  As described above, the timing signal generation device 1B according to the third embodiment similarly uses the three GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C connected to the three GPS antennas 50A, 50B, and 50C installed at different locations. If the 1PPS having the highest accuracy is selected as the 1PPS input to the phase comparator 21 and it is determined that the accuracy of the currently selected 1PPS has deteriorated, the 1PPS having the highest accuracy is selected again. In this embodiment, there are three sets of GPS receivers and GPS antennas, but two sets or four or more sets may be used.

As described above, according to the timing signal generating device 1B of the third embodiment, a plurality of GPS antennas 50A installed in different locations from one another, 50B, 50C and the respective GPS antennas 50A, 50B, 50 C is received A plurality of GPS receivers 10A, 10B, and 10C for processing the satellite signals respectively are provided, and the most accurate 1PPS is selected from a plurality of 1PPS output by the plurality of GPS receivers and output. Therefore, even if the reception environment such as the reception intensity, the number of visible satellites, and the multipath changes with the passage of time, the highly accurate 1PPS output can be continued.

  In addition, the timing signal generation device 1B of the third embodiment can achieve the same effects as the effects exhibited by the timing signal generation device 1 of the first embodiment described above.

<Fourth embodiment>
FIG. 14 is a diagram showing a schematic configuration of a timing signal generation device according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention.

  This embodiment is the same as the first embodiment described above except that a crystal oscillator is provided instead of the atomic oscillator and a battery is mounted.

  In the following description, the fourth embodiment will be described with a focus on differences from the above-described embodiment, and description of similar matters will be omitted. Moreover, in the figure, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the structure similar to embodiment mentioned above.

  The timing signal generator 1C shown in the figure includes a crystal oscillator 30C and a battery 60.

  The crystal oscillator 30C is configured so that the frequency can be finely adjusted according to the output voltage (control voltage) of the loop filter 22. The crystal oscillator 30C is configured by the phase comparator 21, the loop filter 22, the DSP 23, and the frequency divider 24. The output clock signal is completely synchronized with 1 PPS output from the GPS receiver 10.

  The crystal oscillator 30C is small and has low power consumption. Therefore, by using the crystal oscillator 30C as an oscillator synchronized with the timing signal, the timing signal generating device 1C can be reduced in size and power consumption. Further, if a thermostatic chamber type crystal oscillator is used as the crystal oscillator 30C, a highly accurate timing signal can be generated even when a satellite signal cannot be received over a long period of time. Note that the atomic oscillator 30 of the first embodiment described above may be used in place of the crystal oscillator 30C.

  The battery 60 supplies power to each part of the timing signal generation device 1C. Thereby, each part of the timing signal generation device 1 </ b> C can be driven by the power supply from the battery 60. Therefore, it is possible to install the timing signal generation device 1C even in a place where there is no external power supply.

2. Next, an embodiment of an electronic device of the present invention will be described.
FIG. 15 is a block diagram showing an embodiment of the electronic apparatus of the present invention.

  15 includes a timing signal generation device 310, a CPU (Central Processing Unit) 320, an operation unit 330, a ROM (Read Only Memory) 340, a RAM (Random Access Memory) 350, a communication unit 360, and a display unit 370. It is comprised including.

  The timing signal generation device 310 is, for example, the timing signal generation device (1, 1A, 1B, or 1C) according to any of the first to fourth embodiments described above. Received, generates a highly accurate timing signal (1PPS) and outputs it to the outside. Thereby, the electronic device 300 with higher reliability at a lower cost can be realized.

  The CPU 320 performs various calculation processes and control processes in accordance with programs stored in the ROM 340 and the like. Specifically, the CPU 320 synchronizes with the timing signal (1PPS) and the clock signal output from the timing signal generation device 310, performs various processes according to the operation signal from the operation unit 330, data communication with the outside In order to perform the process, a process of controlling the communication unit 360, a process of transmitting a display signal for displaying various information on the display unit 370, and the like are performed.

  The operation unit 330 is an input device including operation keys, button switches, and the like, and outputs an operation signal corresponding to an operation by the user to the CPU 320.

  The ROM 340 stores programs, data, and the like for the CPU 320 to perform various calculation processes and control processes.

  The RAM 350 is used as a work area of the CPU 320, and temporarily stores programs and data read from the ROM 340, data input from the operation unit 330, calculation results executed by the CPU 320 according to various programs, and the like.

  The communication unit 360 performs various controls for establishing data communication between the CPU 320 and an external device.

  The display unit 370 is a display device configured by an LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) or the like, and displays various types of information based on a display signal input from the CPU 320. The display unit 370 may be provided with a touch panel that functions as the operation unit 330.

  Various electronic devices are conceivable as such an electronic device 300, and are not particularly limited. For example, a time management server that realizes synchronization with a standard time (time server), time management that issues time stamps, and the like Examples include devices (time stamp servers) and frequency reference devices such as base stations.

3. Mobile Object FIG. 16 is a diagram showing an embodiment of a mobile object of the present invention.

  A moving body 400 shown in FIG. 16 includes a timing signal generation device 410, a car navigation device 420, controllers 430, 440, 450, a battery 460, and a backup battery 470.

  As the timing signal generation device 410, the timing signal generation device 1 of each of the above-described embodiments can be applied. For example, when the moving body 400 is moving, the timing signal generation device 410 performs a positioning calculation in real time in the normal positioning mode and outputs 1 PPS, a clock signal, and NMEA data. In addition, for example, when the moving body 400 is stopped, the timing signal generation device 410 performs the positioning calculation a plurality of times in the normal positioning mode, and then obtains the mode value or the median value of the plurality of positioning calculation results as the current position. Set as information and output 1PPS, clock signal and NMEA data in fixed position mode.

  The car navigation device 420 displays the position, time, and other various information on the display using the NMEA data output from the timing signal generation device 410 in synchronization with the 1PPS output from the timing signal generation device 410 and the clock signal. .

  The controllers 430, 440, and 450 perform various controls such as an engine system, a brake system, and a keyless entry system. The controllers 430, 440, and 450 may perform various controls in synchronization with the clock signal output from the timing signal generation device 410.

  Since the moving body 400 of the present embodiment includes the timing signal generation device 410, high reliability can be ensured both during movement and during stoppage.

  As such a moving body 400, various moving bodies can be considered, and examples thereof include automobiles (including electric automobiles), aircraft such as jets and helicopters, ships, rockets, and artificial satellites.

  As described above, the position information generation device, the timing signal generation device, the electronic device, and the moving body of the present invention have been described based on the illustrated embodiments, but the present invention is not limited to these.

  In addition, the present invention can be replaced with an arbitrary configuration that exhibits the same function as that of the above-described embodiment, and an arbitrary configuration can be added.

  Moreover, you may make it this invention combine suitably the arbitrary structures of each embodiment mentioned above.

  Further, for example, in the timing signal generation device of the third embodiment described above, a backup set may be provided for each set of the GPS antenna and the GPS receiver, as in the second embodiment.

  Further, in each of the above-described embodiments, the timing signal generation device using GPS is taken as an example, but a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) other than GPS, for example, Galileo, GLONASS, or the like may be used.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Timing signal generator 1A ... Timing signal generator 1B ... Timing signal generator 1C ... Timing signal generator 2 ... GPS Satellite 10 ... GPS receiver 10A ... GPS receiver 10B ... GPS receiver Machine 10C ... GPS receiver 11 ... SAW filter 12 ... RF processing section 13 ... Baseband processing section 20 ... Processing section 20A ... Processing section 20B ... Processing section 21 ... Phase comparator 22 ... Loop Filter 23 DSP
24 ... Frequency divider 25 ... GPS controller 26 ... Selection switch 27 ... Failure determination part 30 ... Atomic oscillator 30C ... Crystal oscillator 40 ... Temperature sensor 50 ... Antenna 50A ... Antenna 50B ... Antenna 50C ... Antenna 60 ... Battery 122 ... LNA
123 ... Mixer 124 ... IF amplifier 125 ... IF filter 126 ... ADC
131 ... DSP
132 ... CPU
133 ... SRAM
134 ... RTC
300 ... Electronic equipment 310 ... Timing signal generator 320 ... CPU
330 ... operation unit 360 ... communication unit 370 ... display unit 400 ... moving body 410 ... timing signal generation device 420 ... car navigation device 430 ... controller 440 ... controller 450 ... controller 460 ... battery 470 Battery for backup

Claims (13)

  1. A positioning calculation unit that performs positioning calculation based on satellite signals;
    When a mode value or median value of a plurality of positioning calculation results of the positioning calculation unit is A and a standard deviation of the plurality of positioning calculation results is σ, a value within a range of A ± σ / 4 (however, A position information generating unit that generates position information of a reception point based on
    A timing signal generating unit that generates a timing signal based on a satellite signal from at least one position information satellite and the position information of the reception point;
    A timing signal generating device comprising:
  2. The timing signal generation device according to claim 1 , further comprising: a selection unit that selects the value used for generating the position information of the reception point from the range by the position information generation unit.
  3. The timing signal generation device according to claim 2 , wherein the selection unit selects a value closest to k × A within a range of A ± σ / 4, where k is a coefficient.
  4. The selection unit selects a value closest to k × B within a range of A ± σ / 4, where B is an intermediate value between the mode value and the median value and k is a coefficient. 3. The timing signal generation device according to 2.
  5. The selection unit includes a timing signal generating device according to claim 3 or 4 is adjustable the coefficient k.
  6. The timing according to claim 5 , wherein the selection unit adjusts the coefficient k based on at least two values of an average value, a mode value, and a median value of the plurality of positioning calculation results of the positioning calculation unit. Signal generator.
  7. The coefficient k is a timing signal generating device according to any one of claims 3 to 6 in the range of 0.7 to 1.3.
  8. The satellite signals said timing signal generator is used to generate the timing signal, claims 1 contains orbit information and time information 7 timing signal generating device according to any one of.
  9. An oscillator that outputs a clock signal;
    A synchronization control unit for synchronizing the clock signal with the timing signal;
    A timing signal generation device according to any one of claims 1 to 8 .
  10. The timing signal generator according to claim 9 , wherein the oscillator is a crystal oscillator.
  11. The timing signal generator according to claim 9 , wherein the oscillator is an atomic oscillator.
  12. Timing signal generating device according to any one of claims 1 to 11 comprising a battery.
  13. An electronic apparatus characterized by comprising a timing signal generating device according to any one of claims 1 to 12.
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