JP6334941B2 - Structure and method for supporting and fixing a planar article on a roof - Google Patents

Structure and method for supporting and fixing a planar article on a roof Download PDF

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JP6334941B2
JP6334941B2 JP2014024971A JP2014024971A JP6334941B2 JP 6334941 B2 JP6334941 B2 JP 6334941B2 JP 2014024971 A JP2014024971 A JP 2014024971A JP 2014024971 A JP2014024971 A JP 2014024971A JP 6334941 B2 JP6334941 B2 JP 6334941B2
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horizontal
roof
fixing
fixed
planar article
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JP2015151719A (en
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誠 奥地
誠 奥地
渉 ▲高▼野
渉 ▲高▼野
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奥地建産株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Description

本発明は、ソーラーパネル(太陽電池パネル/太陽電池モジュール)等の面状物品を屋根上に取り付け、固定するための面状物品の支持固定構造及び支持固定方法並びにこれらに使用する横桟に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a support and fixing structure and support fixing method for a planar article for mounting and fixing a planar article such as a solar panel (solar cell panel / solar cell module) on a roof, and a horizontal rail used for the same. It is.

本願出願人は、これまで突条部が並列する折板屋根の突条部にソーラーパネル等の面状物品を設置するための固定金具や固定構造等に関するものを提案して来たものであるが、従来のものとしては、本願出願人が先に提案した下記特許文献に記載のものを挙げることができる。   The applicant of the present application has so far proposed things related to fixing brackets and fixing structures for installing a planar article such as a solar panel on the protruding portion of the folded plate roof where the protruding portions are arranged in parallel. However, examples of conventional ones include those described in the following patent document previously proposed by the applicant of the present application.

この従来の固定金具は、固定金具の点による支持を線による支持に代え、異なるサイズの面状物品にも対応できるようにしたものである。
その概略構成は、ソーラーパネル等の面状物品をハゼ式折板屋根上に固定する固定金具であって、折板屋根の突条部とハゼ部を挟持する左右一対の長尺状のハゼ部挟持部材と、その上端に固定され、ハゼ部挟持部材の長手方向にその位置を変更できる中間固定部材と、この中間固定部材の上方に位置する面状物品の縁部を押圧、固定する押え部材とから成るものである。
In this conventional fixing bracket, the support by the point of the fixing bracket is replaced with the support by a line so that it can be applied to planar articles of different sizes.
The schematic configuration is a fixing bracket for fixing a planar article such as a solar panel on a goby type folded plate roof, and a pair of left and right elongate goze portions sandwiching the protruding portion and the goby portion of the folded plate roof A holding member, an intermediate fixing member fixed to the upper end of the holding member and capable of changing its position in the longitudinal direction of the gore portion holding member, and a pressing member for pressing and fixing the edge of the planar article located above the intermediate fixing member It consists of.

上記中間固定部材の両側側縁部には、ハゼ部挟持部材の上端の載置部の両側縁部を抱持できる抱持部が形成され、ハゼ部挟持部材の長手方向に摺動可能である。
押え部材と中間固定部材とを螺子によって締着して、押え部材が面状物品の縁部を押圧し、面状物品が押え部材とはぜ部挟持部材との間で固定されるものである。
On both side edges of the intermediate fixing member, a holding part capable of holding both side edges of the mounting part at the upper end of the gore part holding member is formed and is slidable in the longitudinal direction of the gore part holding member. .
The presser member and the intermediate fixing member are fastened with screws, the presser member presses the edge of the planar article, and the planar article is fixed between the presser member and the hanger pinching member. .

特開2012−167498号公報JP 2012-167498 A

上記従来の固定金具においては、そのハゼ部挟持部材として長尺状のものを使用し、このハゼ部挟持部材は、面状物品が並列されて設置される折板屋根の流れ方向のほぼ全体に渡り、その折板屋根の突条部に載置され固定され、面状物品を支持するに際して、従来の点による支持から線又は面による支持へと改良したものであった。   In the above-mentioned conventional fixing bracket, a long member is used as the gore portion holding member, and this goze portion holding member is provided on almost the entire flow direction of the folded plate roof where the planar articles are installed in parallel. It was placed and fixed on the ridge portion of the folded plate roof, and when supporting a planar article, it was improved from the conventional point support to the line or surface support.

しかしながら、現実の施工を繰り返す内に、このハゼ部挟持部材が面状物品の取付範囲の流れ方向の全体に渡り設置する必要性は少ないことが判明した。
即ち、このハゼ部挟持部材は、面状物品の流れ方向設置範囲の全体でなく、その支持部の適宜範囲のみであっても、折板屋根への荷重負担は軽減されうることが判明したのである。
However, it has been found that it is not necessary to install the gore part clamping member over the entire flow direction of the attachment range of the planar article while repeating the actual construction.
That is, it has been found that the load on the folded plate roof can be reduced even if this gore part clamping member is not in the entire flow direction installation range of the planar article but only in the appropriate range of the support part. is there.

そこで、本願出願人は、面状物品を支持する折板屋根の流れ方向の全体に渡りハゼ部挟持部材を設けるのでなく、面状物品の支持部分の適宜範囲にのみハゼ部挟持部材を設け、折板屋根への荷重負担を抑制することをその課題として特願2013−153129号(平成25年7月24日出願)を提出した。   Therefore, the applicant of the present application does not provide the goby part clamping member over the entire flow direction of the folded plate roof that supports the planar article, but provides the gouge part clamping member only in the appropriate range of the support part of the planar article, A Japanese Patent Application No. 2013-153129 (filed on July 24, 2013) was submitted with the task of suppressing the load burden on the folded roof.

本願発明においては、上記先願と異なり、折板屋根に適用されるものでなく、一般のスレート屋根や瓦屋根に適用できる支持固定構造及び支持固定方法を提供することをその第一の課題としている。
更に、面状物品を固定するための固定手段及び固定方法の改良を行い、施工の簡易化・簡略化を図ることをその課題としている。
そのために本願発明においては、その横桟構造の改良を行うことをその課題としたのである。
In the present invention, unlike the above-mentioned prior application, the first problem is to provide a support fixing structure and a support fixing method that can be applied to general slate roofs and tiled roofs, not to folded plate roofs. Yes.
Furthermore, it is an object to improve the fixing means and the fixing method for fixing the planar article so as to simplify and simplify the construction.
Therefore, in the present invention, the problem is to improve the crosspiece structure.

上記課題を解決するために、本発明の第1のものは、ソーラーパネル等の面状物品を各種屋根上に支持し固定する支持固定構造であって、適宜長さの上面開口の略C型チャンネル材形態の屋根固定金具と、この屋根固定金具の長手方向と略直交する方向に配設される横桟と、前記屋根固定金具の長手方向に移動可能で前記横桟を固定できる横桟固定部とからなり、上記横桟は、長尺状のものからなり、その両側の下方基部で上記横桟固定部によって固定され、前記基部の上方両側には凹所がそれぞれ設けられ、これらの凹所には前記面状物品の縁部を嵌め込むことができ、配列される面状物品の最下段及び最上段に位置する横桟においては前記一方の凹所に面状物品の縁部が嵌め込まれ、面状物品の間に位置する横桟においては両側の凹所に前後に隣接する面状物品のそれぞれの縁部が嵌め込まれ、これにより、屋根固定金具を屋根の流れ方向に複数個一列に配列して固定し且つこの列を横方向に適宜間隔を保持して複数列配列して固定し、これらの屋根固定金具に横桟を略直交方向に配列し、これらの横桟の間にソーラーパネル等の面状物品を配列させ、面状物品の縁部を横桟の凹所に嵌め込み、横桟を屋根固定金具に固定することにより、複数の面状物品が屋根上に縦横に配列されて支持固定され、前記横桟固定部が、前記屋根固定金具の内部で移動する下部移動部と、この下部移動部に螺着され、屋根固定金具の上面側に接合する横桟受け部と、前記下部移動部に螺着され、横桟の基部を上から下に押え固定することができる横桟押え部とからなり、更に、面状物品の縁部を横桟の凹所に嵌め込む際に、前記凹所を構成する下面にアース金具を介在させ、このアース金具は、その基端部側に折り返し部が設けられ、この折り返し部が横桟の凹所の下面に嵌合でき、更に、前記折り返し部の内部に突起を設け、横桟の凹所の下面に嵌合させる際にこの突起が下面に傷を付けることができることを特徴とする面状物品の屋根上支持固定構造である。 In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, a first aspect of the present invention is a support and fixing structure for supporting and fixing a planar article such as a solar panel on various roofs, and has an approximately C shape with a top opening having an appropriate length. A roof fixing bracket in the form of a channel material, a horizontal rail disposed in a direction substantially orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the roof fixing bracket, and a horizontal rail fixing that is movable in the longitudinal direction of the roof fixing bracket and can fix the horizontal rail. The horizontal beam is formed in a long shape, and is fixed by the horizontal beam fixing portions at the lower bases on both sides thereof, and recesses are respectively provided on both upper sides of the base. The edge of the planar article can be fitted in the place, and the edge of the planar article is fitted into the one recess in the lowermost and uppermost crosspieces of the arranged planar articles. In the horizontal rail located between the planar articles, The edges of the adjacent planar articles are fitted into each other, whereby a plurality of roof fixing brackets are arranged and fixed in a row in the flow direction of the roof, and a plurality of the rows are maintained at appropriate intervals in the lateral direction. Rows are fixed in a row, and horizontal beams are arranged in a substantially orthogonal direction on these roof fixing brackets. A planar article such as a solar panel is arranged between these horizontal beams, and the edge of the planar article is placed on the horizontal beam. Are fixed to the roof fixing bracket, and a plurality of planar articles are arranged vertically and horizontally on the roof to be supported and fixed, and the horizontal beam fixing portion is arranged inside the roof fixing bracket. A lower moving part that moves, a horizontal beam receiving part that is screwed to the lower moving part and joined to the upper surface side of the roof fixing bracket, and a screw that is screwed to the lower moving part to hold the base of the horizontal beam downward from above It consists of a crosspiece holding part that can be fixed, and the edge of the planar article When fitting into the recess of the beam, a grounding metal is interposed on the lower surface constituting the recess, and the grounding metal is provided with a folded portion on the base end side, and the folded portion is a recess of the horizontal beam. The projection is provided with a projection inside the folded portion, and the projection can scratch the lower surface when fitted to the lower surface of the recess of the horizontal rail. It is a support fixing structure on the roof of an article.

ここで、上記「前後に隣接する面状物品」においての「前後」は、屋根の流れ方向(縦方向)の手前側と奥側を意味し、手前側が「前」、奥側が「後」を意味する(以下同じである。)。
また、この明細書では、上記「前後」について、手前側の「前」を「下」、奥側の「後」を「上」として表現することもある。
更に、この明細書では、屋根の流れ方向を縦方向とし、これと直交する方向を横方向として記載している。
Here, “front and back” in the above “frontal articles adjacent to the front and rear” means the front side and the back side in the flow direction (vertical direction) of the roof, the front side being “front” and the back side being “rear”. Meaning (the same shall apply hereinafter).
Further, in this specification, with respect to the “front and back”, the “front” on the front side may be expressed as “down” and the “rear” on the back side may be expressed as “up”.
Furthermore, in this specification, the flow direction of the roof is described as the vertical direction, and the direction orthogonal to this is described as the horizontal direction.

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本発明の第のものは、上記第1の発明において、前記横桟の両側凹所部分の横断面形状が、横に寝かせた略H字形状を有し、両側の凹所が略コ字形状及び略逆コ字形状を呈することを特徴とする面状物品の屋根上支持固定構造である。 According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, the cross-sectional shape of the concave portions on both sides of the horizontal rail has a substantially H-shape laid sideways, and the concave portions on both sides are substantially U-shaped. It is a structure for supporting and fixing a planar article on a roof, characterized by exhibiting a shape and a substantially inverted U-shape.

本発明の第のものは、上記第1又は第2の発明において、最下段の横桟の下側側面部及び横桟受け部を被覆する軒先カバーと、最上段の横桟の上側側面及び/又はその基部を被覆する棟側カバーを設けたことを特徴とする面状物品の屋根上支持固定構造である。 According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the first or second invention, an eaves tip cover that covers the lower side surface and the horizontal beam receiving portion of the lowermost horizontal beam, the upper side surface of the uppermost horizontal beam, A roof-side support fixing structure for a planar article, wherein a ridge-side cover for covering the base portion is provided.

本発明の第のものは、上記第1乃至第の何れかの発明において、最下段に位置する横桟の両端部分、中間部に位置する横桟の両端部分、及び最上段に位置する横桟の両端部分を被覆する端面カバーをそれぞれ設けたことを特徴とする面状物品の屋根上支持固定構造である。 According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first to third aspects of the invention, both end portions of the horizontal rail positioned at the lowermost level, both end portions of the horizontal rail positioned at the middle portion, and the uppermost level An on-roof supporting and fixing structure for a planar article, characterized in that an end surface cover for covering both end portions of the cross rail is provided.

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本発明の第のものは、屋根の流れ方向に屋根固定金具を所定間隔で複数個一列に固定し、且つこの列を横方向に所定間隔にて複数列配列して固定し、これらの屋根固定金具のそれぞれには横桟を固定するための横桟固定部を屋根固定金具の長手方向に移動可能に組み付けておき、これにより最下段に位置する横桟を最下段の前記屋根固定金具に横桟固定部によって固定し、その後、当該横桟の上側側面に設けられている凹所内にソーラーパネル等の面状物品の下方縁部を嵌め込み、次に、当該面状物品の上方縁部に2段目の横桟の下側側面部に設けられている凹所を嵌め込んで横桟固定部によって固定することによって同時に一段目の面状物品が固定され、次に、2段目の面状物品の下方縁部を前記2段目の横桟の上側側面に設けられた凹所に嵌め込んで、その後、3段目の横桟の下側側面の凹所を前記2段目の面状物品の上方縁部に嵌め込んで横桟固定部によって固定することによって同時に2段目の面状物品が固定され、以後これを繰り返すことにより、面状物品を複数列に且つ複数段に配列し固定することができ、前記屋根固定金具は上方が開口した略C型チャンネル材の形態を有する適宜長さのものを使用し、その長手方向を屋根の流れ方向に沿うように配置して固定され、前記横桟固定部は、前記屋根固定金具の内部に配設される下部移動部と、この下部移動部に螺着され屋根固定金具の上面側に接合する横桟受け部と、下部移動部に螺着され横桟の下端側縁部を上から押え固定できる横桟押え部とからなり、最下段の横桟は、最下段の屋根固定金具に略直交方向に配置され、前記横桟受け部と横桟押え部が下部移動部に螺着されることによって固定された後に、面状物品の下側縁部が当該横桟の上側側面の凹所に嵌合され、2段目以降の横桟は、面状物品の上側縁部に2段目以降の横桟の下側側面の凹所を嵌合させた後に当該横桟を前記横桟受け部と横桟押え部を下部移動部に螺着することによって固定すると同時に面状物品が固定され、更に、上記面状物品の縁部を横桟の凹所に嵌め込む際に、前記凹所の下面にアース金具を介在させる工程を付加し、このアース金具は、その基端部側に折り返し部が設けられ、この折り返し部が横桟の凹所の下面に嵌合でき、更に、前記折り返し部の内部に突起を設け、横桟の凹所の下面に嵌合させる際にこの突起が下面に傷を付けることができることを特徴とする面状物品の屋根上支持固定方法である。 According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, a plurality of roof fixing brackets are fixed in a row at a predetermined interval in the flow direction of the roof, and the rows are fixed in a plurality of rows arranged at a predetermined interval in the horizontal direction. In each of the fixing brackets, a horizontal beam fixing portion for fixing the horizontal beam is assembled so as to be movable in the longitudinal direction of the roof fixing metal, so that the horizontal beam located at the lowest level is used as the roof fixing metal plate at the lowest level. After fixing by the horizontal beam fixing portion, the lower edge portion of the planar article such as a solar panel is fitted in the recess provided on the upper side surface of the horizontal beam, and then the upper edge portion of the planar article By inserting the recess provided in the lower side surface of the second horizontal rail and fixing it by the horizontal rail fixing portion, the first-level planar article is fixed at the same time, and then the second step surface The lower edge of the article is a recess provided on the upper side surface of the second horizontal rail. And then the second step at the same time by fitting the recess on the lower side surface of the third-stage horizontal rail into the upper edge of the second-level planar article and fixing it with the horizontal beam fixing part. The planar article can be fixed by arranging the planar article in a plurality of rows and in a plurality of stages by repeating this, and the roof fixing bracket is in the form of a substantially C-shaped channel material having an open top. The lower crossing portion is disposed in the roof fixing bracket, and is fixed with the longitudinal direction arranged along the flow direction of the roof. A horizontal crosspiece receiving portion that is screwed to the lower moving portion and joined to the upper surface side of the roof fixing bracket, and a horizontal crosspiece holding portion that is screwed to the lower moving portion and can hold the lower edge of the horizontal crosspiece from above. The bottom horizontal rail is arranged in a substantially orthogonal direction on the bottom roof fixing bracket. After the horizontal crosspiece receiving portion and the horizontal crosspiece holding portion are fixed by being screwed to the lower moving portion, the lower edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess on the upper side surface of the horizontal crosspiece. The second and subsequent horizontal rails are fitted to the upper side edge of the planar article with a recess on the lower side surface of the second and subsequent horizontal rails. The planar article is fixed at the same time as the presser part is fixed by screwing to the lower moving part. Further, when the edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess of the horizontal rail, the lower surface of the recess is grounded. A step of interposing the metal fitting is added, and this ground metal fitting is provided with a folded portion on the base end side thereof, and the folded portion can be fitted to the lower surface of the recess of the horizontal rail, and further inside the folded portion. A surface shape characterized by providing a protrusion and allowing the protrusion to scratch the lower surface when fitted into the lower surface of the recess of the cross rail This is a method for supporting and fixing an article on a roof.

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本発明の第1のものにおいては、屋根固定金具と横桟と横桟固定部とからなり、屋根固定金具を屋根の流れ方向に複数個一列に配列して固定し、且つこの列を流れ方向と略直交する横方向に複数列配列して固定し、これらの屋根固定金具に横桟を掛け渡して複数段配列して固定することができ、当該横桟の両側にはソーラーパネル等の面状物品の縁部を嵌め込むことができる凹所が形成されているために、面状物品の縁部をその横桟の凹所に容易に嵌め込み、嵌合させることができ、施工作業が極めて簡易となるのである。
また、屋根固定金具は流れ方向に所定長さを有するものでよく、その流れ方向の全体に渡り設ける必要もなく(この発明では横桟が配設される所定流れ方向範囲に設けられていればよい)、省資源に寄与し且つ十分な強度をも有するものである。
In the first aspect of the present invention, a roof fixing bracket, a cross beam, and a horizontal beam fixing portion are arranged, and a plurality of the roof fixing brackets are arranged and fixed in a row in the flow direction of the roof. Can be fixed in multiple rows in a horizontal direction substantially perpendicular to the horizontal crossing. Since the recess that can fit the edge of the shaped article is formed, the edge of the planar article can be easily fitted and fitted into the recess of the horizontal rail, and the construction work is extremely It becomes simple.
Further, the roof fixing bracket may have a predetermined length in the flow direction, and does not need to be provided over the entire flow direction (in the present invention, provided that it is provided in the predetermined flow direction range in which the horizontal rail is disposed). Good), contributes to resource saving and has sufficient strength.

また、横桟固定部が、上面開口の横断面略コ字形状の屋根固定金具の内部で移動する下部移動部と、この下部移動部に螺着される横桟受け部と、前記下部移動部に螺着され、横桟の基部を固定する横桟押え部とからなり、これにより、屋根固定金具の上面に横桟が略直交方向に載置され、上記下部移動部に螺着された横桟受け部と横桟押え部とにより螺子の締着作業によって横桟が固定されることとなる。 Further , the horizontal rail fixing portion has a lower moving portion that moves inside a roof fixing bracket having a substantially U-shaped cross section at the top opening, a horizontal rail receiving portion that is screwed to the lower moving portion, and the lower moving portion. And a horizontal beam presser that fixes the base of the horizontal beam, whereby the horizontal beam is mounted on the upper surface of the roof fixing bracket in a substantially orthogonal direction and is screwed to the lower moving unit. The horizontal beam is fixed by the fastening operation of the screw by the receiving unit and the horizontal beam holding unit.

更に、本発明においては、面状物品の縁部を横桟の凹所に嵌め込む際に、前記凹所の下面となる横桟の基部の上面にアース金具を介在させたことを特徴としており、これにより面状物品と横桟との導電性を良好に確保することができることとなる。
また、横桟は長手方向に長い長尺状のものからなり、その断面形状はその長手方向に連続するため、上記アース金具の取付位置は、その長手方向の任意の位置に取付可能となる。
Further, in the present invention, when fitting the edge of the planar article into the recess of the horizontal beam, a grounding metal fitting is interposed on the upper surface of the base of the horizontal beam which is the lower surface of the recess. As a result, the electrical conductivity between the planar article and the crosspiece can be ensured satisfactorily.
Further, the horizontal rail is formed in an elongated shape that is long in the longitudinal direction, and its cross-sectional shape is continuous in the longitudinal direction, so that the mounting position of the ground metal fitting can be mounted at an arbitrary position in the longitudinal direction.

本発明の第のものにおいては、横桟の構造をより具体化したものであって、即ち、横桟の両側凹所部分の横断面形状が、横に寝かせた略H字形状を有し、両側の凹所が略コ字形状及び略逆コ字形状を呈することを特徴とするものであり、これにより面状物品の角型の縁部が良好に横桟の凹所内に嵌り込むことができるのである。 In the second embodiment of the present invention, the structure of the horizontal beam is more concrete, that is, the cross-sectional shape of the concave portions on both sides of the horizontal beam has a substantially H-shape laid sideways. The recesses on both sides have a substantially U-shape and a substantially inverted U-shape, so that the square edge of the planar article fits well into the recess of the horizontal beam. Can do it.

本発明の第のものにおいては、最下段の横桟の下側側面部及び横桟受け部を被覆する軒先カバーと、最上段の横桟の上側側面及び/又はその基部を被覆する長尺状の棟側カバーを設けたことを特徴とし、軒先部分と棟側の外観の向上や、この部分の保護を図ったものである。 In the third aspect of the present invention, an eaves edge cover that covers the lower side surface and the horizontal beam receiving portion of the lowermost horizontal beam, and an elongate surface that covers the upper side surface of the uppermost horizontal beam and / or its base. This is characterized by the provision of a ridge-side cover, which improves the appearance of the eaves part and the ridge side and protects this part.

本発明の第のものにおいては、最下段に位置する横桟の両端部分、中間部に位置する横桟の両端部分、及び最上段に位置する横桟の両端部分を被覆する端面カバーをそれぞれ設け、これらの端面部の外観の向上及び保護を図ったものである。
他方、この端部カバーは、左右の両端部に位置する面状物品の横方向の位置決め或いはズレを防止する機能をも発揮するものである。
In the fourth embodiment of the present invention, the end covers that cover the both ends of the horizontal beam located at the bottom, the both ends of the horizontal beam located at the middle, and the both ends of the horizontal beam located at the top It is provided to improve and protect the appearance of these end faces.
On the other hand, this end cover also exhibits the function of preventing the lateral positioning or misalignment of the planar article located at the left and right ends.

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本発明の第の発明においては、面状物品の支持固定方法を特定したものであり、この方法を採用することにより、面状物品は横桟の両側に設けられた凹所の一方又は両方にその縁部が順次嵌め込まれ、容易に面状物品を屋根上の縦横方向に配列し、固定することができることとなるのである。 In the fifth aspect of the present invention, a method for supporting and fixing the planar article is specified, and by adopting this method, the planar article has one or both of the recesses provided on both sides of the horizontal rail. The edge portions are sequentially fitted to the frame, and the planar articles can be easily arranged and fixed in the vertical and horizontal directions on the roof.

更に、第5の本発明においては、屋根固定金具と横桟固定部の構成をより具体化したものであり、これらの構成部材を用いて面状物品を最下段の1段目から上段に掛けて順次配列し固定する方法を具体化したものである。 Furthermore , in the fifth aspect of the present invention, the configuration of the roof fixing bracket and the cross rail fixing portion is made more concrete. Using these components, the planar article is hung from the first level to the upper level. The method of arranging and fixing sequentially is embodied.

また、第5の本発明においては、上記第の発明に対応して、面状物品の縁部を横桟の凹所に嵌め込む際に、前記凹所の下面にアース金具を介在させる工程を付加したことを特徴とし、これにより面状物品と横桟との導電性を向上させ確保したものである。 Further, in the fifth aspect of the present invention, corresponding to the first aspect of the invention, when the edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess of the horizontal rail, a grounding metal is interposed on the lower surface of the recess. Thus, the electrical conductivity between the planar article and the horizontal rail is improved and secured.

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本発明の構成部材となる屋根固定金具の実施形態について図示する説明図であり、その(A)がスレート屋根上に配列固定した状態を示し、その(B)が一つの屋根固定金具を図示したものである。It is explanatory drawing illustrated about embodiment of the roof fixing metal fitting used as the structural member of this invention, The (A) shows the state arranged and fixed on the slate roof, The (B) illustrated one roof fixing metal fitting. Is. 上記屋根固定金具に横桟を固定しようとする状態を図示しており、その(A)が上記屋根固定金具に横桟固定部の一部を組合せようとする状態を示し、その(B)が前記横桟固定部の一部を横桟に固定した状態を示し、その(C)が前記屋根固定金具に横桟を組み付けようとする状態を示している。The state which tries to fix a horizontal beam to the said roof fixing bracket is illustrated, The (A) shows the state which tries to combine a part of horizontal beam fixing | fixed part with the said roof fixing bracket, (B) A state where a part of the horizontal beam fixing portion is fixed to the horizontal beam is shown, and (C) shows a state where the horizontal beam is to be assembled to the roof fixing bracket. 屋根の流れ方向の最下段(軒側)に配置される横桟の固定状態を図示しており、その(A)が横断面説明図、その(B)が棟側から見た斜視説明図である。The fixed state of the crosspiece arranged at the lowest stage (eave side) in the flow direction of the roof is illustrated, (A) is a cross-sectional explanatory view, (B) is a perspective explanatory view seen from the ridge side is there. 前図2及び図3において説明した横桟固定部を図示する分解説明図であり、図2とは異なる斜め前方から見た斜視説明図である。FIG. 4 is an exploded explanatory view illustrating the cross rail fixing portion described in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, and is a perspective explanatory view as seen from an oblique front different from FIG. 2. 本発明の実施形態に係る横桟の凹所内に面状物品の縁部が嵌め込まれる直前の状態を図示する側面説明図である。It is side surface explanatory drawing which illustrates the state just before the edge part of a planar article is engage | inserted in the recess of the horizontal rail which concerns on embodiment of this invention. 軒側第一段目の面状物品Mの上方縁部Eu及び第2段目の面状物品M2の下方縁部Edの両者が固定される状態を図示する本発明の説明図であって、その(A)が第2段目の屋根固定金具において横桟受け部を上方に移動している状態を示し、その(B)は第2段目の横桟が第1段目の面状物品を固定し、第2段目の面状物品を嵌め込む直前の状態を図示している。It is explanatory drawing of this invention which illustrates the state in which both the upper edge Eu of the planar article M of the eaves side 1st step | paragraph and the lower edge Ed of the 2nd stage planar article M2 are fixed, (A) shows a state in which the horizontal crosspiece receiving portion is moved upward in the second-stage roof fixing bracket, and (B) shows that the second-stage horizontal crosspiece is the first-stage planar article. Is shown, and a state immediately before the second-stage planar article is fitted is illustrated. 最上段の面状物品の固定が行われた後に最上段の横桟の棟側の側面部の一部を被覆する棟側カバーを被覆する状態を図示する本発明に係る側面説明図である。It is side surface explanatory drawing which shows the state which coat | covers the ridge side cover which coat | covers a part of side part by the side of the ridge side of the top horizontal rail after fixation of the uppermost planar article. 本発明に係る各横桟の端面部を被覆する端面カバーを図示する説明図であり、その(A)が最下段の横桟の端面カバーを示し、その(B)が中間部の横桟の端面カバーを示し、その(C)が最上段の端面カバーを示している。It is explanatory drawing which illustrates the end surface cover which coat | covers the end surface part of each horizontal rail which concerns on this invention, The (A) shows the end surface cover of the lowest horizontal rail, The (B) is an intermediate | middle horizontal rail. An end face cover is shown, and (C) shows the uppermost end face cover. 横方向に配列される面状物品間に配置される本発明のスペーサ部材を図示した説明図である。It is explanatory drawing which illustrated the spacer member of this invention arrange | positioned between planar articles arranged in a horizontal direction. 本発明に係る上記横桟同士を連結するジョイント部材としての連結棒を図示する説明図である。It is explanatory drawing which illustrates the connection rod as a joint member which connects the said horizontal rails which concern on this invention. 本発明に係るアース金具を図示する説明図であり、その(A)が側面説明図、その(B)が斜視説明図である。It is explanatory drawing which illustrates the earth | ground metal fitting which concerns on this invention, (A) is side surface explanatory drawing, (B) is a perspective explanatory drawing. 本発明に係る支持固定構造をスレート屋根に取り付けた状態を示しており、その(A)が斜視説明図、その(B)が側面説明図である。The state which attached the support fixing structure which concerns on this invention to the slate roof is shown, The (A) is a perspective explanatory drawing, The (B) is side explanatory drawing. 本発明に係る支持固定構造を瓦屋根に取り付けた状態を示しており、その(A)が斜視説明図、その(B)が側面説明図である。The state which attached the support fixing structure which concerns on this invention to the tile roof is shown, The (A) is a perspective explanatory drawing, The (B) is side explanatory drawing. 本発明に係る横桟の他の実施形態を示す断面説明図である。It is a section explanatory view showing other embodiments of a cross rail concerning the present invention.

以下、添付の図面と共に本発明の実施形態について説明する。
図1は、本発明の構成部材となる屋根固定金具について図示する説明図であり、その(A)がスレート屋根上に配列固定した状態を示し、その(B)が一つの屋根固定金具を図示したものである。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is an explanatory view illustrating a roof fixing bracket as a component of the present invention, in which (A) shows a state of being arranged and fixed on a slate roof, and (B) illustrates one roof fixing bracket. It is a thing.

本発明に係るソーラーパネル(太陽電池パネル/太陽電池モジュール)等の面状物品の屋根上支持固定構造は、上記屋根固定金具と、これと略直交に配設される横桟と、この横桟を屋根固定金具に固定する横桟固定部とからなる。
まず、上記屋根固定金具10は、図1(B)からよく解る通り、250mmから300mm程度の長さの略C型チャンネル材の如き形態を有するものからなり、その長条開口部を上に向けて、屋根の流れ方向に沿って配置され複数の螺子11により固定される。
The on-roof supporting and fixing structure for a planar article such as a solar panel (solar cell panel / solar cell module) according to the present invention includes the roof fixing bracket, a horizontal beam disposed substantially orthogonal thereto, and the horizontal beam. It consists of a horizontal beam fixing part which fixes to a roof fixing bracket.
First, as is well understood from FIG. 1 (B), the roof fixing bracket 10 has a shape such as a substantially C-shaped channel material having a length of about 250 mm to 300 mm, and the long opening is directed upward. And arranged along the roof flow direction and fixed by a plurality of screws 11.

図1(A)から解る通り、これら屋根固定金具10は、この実施形態では、スレート屋根Sの流れ方向(縦方向)に3個所所定間隔をもって一列に配列され固定される。
そして、この一列を、屋根の流れ方向と直交する方向(横方向)に、所定間隔をもって4列配列される。
これらの一列に列設される個数、及び横方向の列数は、屋根Sの大きさや、面状物品の配列個数に応じて適宜決定することができる。
As can be seen from FIG. 1 (A), in this embodiment, these roof fixing brackets 10 are arranged and fixed in a line at predetermined intervals at three locations in the flow direction (vertical direction) of the slate roof S.
Then, this row is arranged in four rows at a predetermined interval in a direction (lateral direction) orthogonal to the flow direction of the roof.
The number of rows arranged in one row and the number of rows in the horizontal direction can be appropriately determined according to the size of the roof S and the number of arrayed planar articles.

尚、ここで屋根固定金具10は、上記のように略C型チャンネル材形態を有するものを使用したが、このC型チャンネル材形態は、少なくともその屋根固定金具の上方部分がその形態を有していればよく、その下方分は異なる形態であっても何ら問題はない。
即ち、このC型チャンネル材を上下に抱き合わせた形態(底面部同士を接合した状態)とすることも自由であり、C型チャンネル材の下面の両側に水平方向に延長する延長部を設け、この延長部で屋根部に固定できるように形成することもできる。
Here, the roof fixing bracket 10 has a substantially C-shaped channel material form as described above, but this C-shaped channel member form has at least the upper part of the roof fixing bracket. There is no problem even if the lower part has a different form.
In other words, it is also possible to freely form the C-shaped channel material in the form of tying it up and down (in a state where the bottom surface portions are joined together). It can also form so that it can fix to a roof part with an extension part.

図2は、上記屋根固定金具10に横桟を固定しようとする状態を図示しており、その(A)が上記屋根固定金具に横桟固定部の一部を組合せようとする状態を示し、その(B)が前記横桟固定部の一部を横桟に固定した状態を示し、その(C)が前記屋根固定金具に横桟を組み付けようとする状態を示している。   FIG. 2 illustrates a state in which a horizontal beam is to be fixed to the roof fixing bracket 10, and (A) shows a state in which a part of the horizontal beam fixing portion is combined with the roof fixing bracket, (B) shows a state where a part of the horizontal beam fixing portion is fixed to the horizontal beam, and (C) shows a state where the horizontal beam is to be assembled to the roof fixing bracket.

図2(A)では、屋根固定金具10が屋根Sに固定され、この屋根固定金具10に横桟固定部の横桟受け部21と下部移動部22を適合させようとしている状態である。
即ち、略C型チャンネル材の形態を有する屋根固定金具10の内部に下部移動部22を挿入し、これの上方で、屋根固定金具10の上面の両側の上面部10u、10uに接合するように横桟受け部21を配置して、螺子23によって両者を締着するのである。
In FIG. 2A, the roof fixing bracket 10 is fixed to the roof S, and the horizontal rail receiving portion 21 and the lower moving portion 22 of the horizontal rail fixing portion are being adapted to the roof fixing bracket 10.
That is, the lower moving portion 22 is inserted into the roof fixing bracket 10 having a substantially C-shaped channel material, and is joined to the upper surface portions 10u and 10u on both sides of the upper surface of the roof fixing bracket 10 above this. The horizontal crosspiece receiving portion 21 is arranged and both are fastened by the screw 23.

この締着状態を図2(B)が図示している。
そして、この状態で、図2(C)に図示した通り、横桟受け部21に適合するように、横桟20を屋根固定金具10と直交するように、つまり掛け渡すようにして配置するのである。
この横桟受け部21と横桟20の適合状態については、後に詳説する。
FIG. 2B shows this fastening state.
In this state, as shown in FIG. 2 (C), the horizontal rail 20 is arranged so as to be orthogonal to the roof fixing bracket 10 so as to be fitted to the horizontal rail receiving portion 21, that is, so as to be bridged. is there.
The compatibility of the horizontal crosspiece receiving portion 21 and the horizontal crosspiece 20 will be described in detail later.

図3は、屋根の流れ方向の最下段(軒側)に配置される横桟の固定状態を図示しており、その(A)が横断面説明図、その(B)が棟側から見た斜視説明図である。
横桟20は、長尺状のものからなり、その縦方向中心線で左右対称の形状を有している。
その長さは、各種のものを取り揃えており、短いものは844mm、長いものに至っては2882mmのものを用意している。勿論これら各種の長さのものを適宜選択し、連結して使用することができる。
FIG. 3 illustrates a fixed state of a cross rail arranged at the lowest stage (eave side) in the flow direction of the roof, (A) is a cross-sectional explanatory view, and (B) is viewed from the ridge side. FIG.
The horizontal rail 20 is formed in a long shape, and has a shape that is symmetrical with respect to the vertical center line thereof.
Various lengths are available: 844 mm for short, and 2882 mm for long. Of course, those of various lengths can be appropriately selected and connected to be used.

図3(A)から良く解る通り、この横桟20は、その下方基部の一方の側(この実施形態では左側の軒側)には横桟受け部21の係合受部21tと相互に係合する適合部20tを有し、その下方基部の反対側の他方の側(右側の棟側)には被押え部20rを有する。
これらの適合部20tと被押え部20rは、横桟20の最下端の両側縁部がその役割を担っている。
As is well understood from FIG. 3 (A), the horizontal beam 20 is connected to the engagement receiving portion 21t of the horizontal beam receiving portion 21 on one side of the lower base portion (the left eave side in this embodiment). There is a fitting portion 20t to be joined, and a pressed portion 20r is provided on the other side (right ridge side) opposite to the lower base portion.
These fitting portions 20t and the pressed portion 20r have their roles played by the side edges at the lowermost end of the crosspiece 20.

これらの最下端の両側縁部の上方部分にそれぞれ凹所20h、20hが形成されている。
即ち、これらの両凹所20h、20hは、横桟20の上面部20uと、中央縦方向に延長する中央仕切部20cと、その下方の載置部20sによって形成される。
この凹所20hに面状物品の縁部が嵌め込まれるのである。
Recesses 20h and 20h are respectively formed in the upper portions of both side edge portions of the lowermost end.
That is, these two recesses 20h and 20h are formed by the upper surface portion 20u of the horizontal rail 20, the central partition portion 20c extending in the central vertical direction, and the mounting portion 20s below the central partition portion 20c.
The edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess 20h.

横桟20の棟側で横桟20の基部の被押え部20rを押え固定する横桟押え部24は、図からも判る通り、断面形状がZ字形状のもので、その上方で横桟20の被押え部20rを押圧でき、その下方で屋根固定金具10の内部に位置する下部移動部22と螺子25によって締着され固定されるものである。
このようにして、横桟20が屋根固定金具10に固定された後にこの横桟20の上記凹所20h内に面状物品の縁部が嵌め込まれるのである。
The horizontal beam retainer 24 that holds and holds the pressed portion 20r at the base of the horizontal beam 20 on the ridge side of the horizontal beam 20 has a Z-shaped cross section as can be seen from the figure. The pressed portion 20r can be pressed, and the lower moving portion 22 and the screw 25 located inside the roof fixing bracket 10 are fastened and fixed below the pressed portion 20r.
In this way, after the horizontal rail 20 is fixed to the roof fixing bracket 10, the edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess 20 h of the horizontal rail 20.

尚ここで、横桟20の凹所20hの上下方向の長さ(開口高さ)は、適宜設定することができるが、本実施形態では、その長さを35mmから50mmの間とし、各種の太陽電池モジュールの枠体の厚みに対応できるようにしている。
このようにして、本発明においては、各種様々な太陽電池の取り付けが可能となる。
In addition, although the length (opening height) of the up-down direction of the recess 20h of the horizontal rail 20 can be set suitably here, in this embodiment, the length shall be between 35 mm and 50 mm, and various The thickness of the frame of the solar cell module can be accommodated.
Thus, in the present invention, various types of solar cells can be attached.

尚、この凹所20hの上下方向の長さは、上記範囲に限られず、所望の長さに設計することが可能である。というのも、今後高強度化の太陽電池モジュールが開発され、そのフレーム高さが50mm以上となる場合もあり、或いは薄膜モジュール(フレームレス)への対応をも考慮し、凹所の上下方向長さ或いは横桟の高さは、自由に変更して設計することができるものである。   The length of the recess 20h in the vertical direction is not limited to the above range, and can be designed to a desired length. This is because the solar cell module with higher strength will be developed in the future and the frame height may be 50 mm or more, or the vertical length of the recess will be considered in consideration of the compatibility with thin film modules (frameless). Alternatively, the height of the cross rail can be freely changed and designed.

図4は、前図2及び図3において説明した横桟固定部を図示する分解説明図であり、図2とは異なる斜め前方から見た斜視説明図である。
この図4から良く解る通り、横桟固定部26は、横桟受け部21と、横桟押え部24と、下部移動部22とから構成される。
4 is an exploded explanatory view illustrating the cross rail fixing portion described in FIGS. 2 and 3, and is a perspective explanatory view as seen from an oblique front different from FIG.
As can be clearly understood from FIG. 4, the horizontal beam fixing portion 26 includes a horizontal beam receiving unit 21, a horizontal beam holding unit 24, and a lower moving unit 22.

この下部移動部22を前図2に示した通り、屋根固定金具10の内部に挿入し、その上部に配置する横桟受け部21と螺子23によって螺着され、また横桟押え部24と螺子25によって螺着され、横桟を固定することができる。
この下部移動部22は、開口部が上向きの横断面略コ字形状を有し、その中央部には螺子穴22h、22hが長手方向に2つ列設されている。
As shown in FIG. 2, the lower moving portion 22 is inserted into the roof fixing bracket 10 and screwed by the horizontal crosspiece receiving portion 21 and the screw 23 arranged on the upper portion thereof, and the horizontal crosspiece holding portion 24 and the screw are screwed together. It is screwed by 25 and a crosspiece can be fixed.
The lower moving portion 22 has an approximately U-shaped opening with an upward opening, and two screw holes 22h and 22h are arranged in the longitudinal direction at the center.

横桟受け部21は、図3において説明した通り、横桟の下方基部の一方の側縁部(適合部)を受けることができる係合受部21t、21tを有し、屋根固定金具の上面部に接合する接合部21u、21uを備える構造を有している。
他方、図3において説明した通り、横桟押え部24は、断面略Z字形状の形態を有しており、その下端面24dで下方移動部22と螺着され、その上端面24uにより横桟の他方の側縁部を上方から下方に向かって押圧し固定することができるものである。
As described in FIG. 3, the horizontal beam receiving portion 21 includes engagement receiving portions 21 t and 21 t that can receive one side edge portion (compatible portion) of the lower base portion of the horizontal beam, and the upper surface of the roof fixing bracket. It has the structure provided with the junction parts 21u and 21u joined to a part.
On the other hand, as described with reference to FIG. 3, the horizontal crosspiece holding portion 24 has a substantially Z-shaped cross section, and is screwed to the lower moving portion 22 at the lower end surface 24d, and the horizontal crosspiece by the upper end surface 24u. It is possible to press and fix the other side edge portion from above to below.

図5は、まさに横桟の凹所内に面状物品の縁部が嵌め込まれる直前の状態を図示する側面説明図である。
前図3によって横桟20が屋根固定金具10に固定されたが、この固定された横桟20の凹所20h内に面状物品Mの縁部Eが嵌め込まれるのである。
FIG. 5 is an explanatory side view illustrating a state immediately before the edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess of the horizontal rail.
Although the horizontal beam 20 is fixed to the roof fixing bracket 10 according to FIG. 3, the edge E of the planar article M is fitted into the recess 20 h of the fixed horizontal beam 20.

横桟20の棟側の凹所20hは、横桟20の上面部20uと中央仕切部20cと載置部20sとにより横断面略矩形形状の、つまり略逆コ字形状の四角い窪みから形成されており、この四角い窪み内に面状物品Mの縁部Eが適切に嵌合するのである。
これにより、面状物品Mは、横桟20の凹所20hとの嵌合摩擦により適切にその流れ方向と横方向の動きが制限され、固定されるのである。
この図5では、屋根固定金具10等は、水平に図示しているが、現実には右側の棟側が高く、傾斜しているものである。
The ridge 20h on the ridge side of the horizontal beam 20 is formed by a rectangular recess having a substantially rectangular cross section, that is, a substantially inverted U shape, by the upper surface portion 20u, the central partition 20c and the mounting portion 20s of the horizontal beam 20. Thus, the edge E of the planar article M is appropriately fitted in the square depression.
As a result, the planar article M is appropriately restricted in movement in the flow direction and the lateral direction due to the fitting friction with the recess 20 h of the horizontal rail 20 and fixed.
In FIG. 5, the roof fixing bracket 10 and the like are illustrated horizontally, but in reality, the right ridge side is high and inclined.

また、この図5においては、最下段の横桟20の部分であり、その横桟20の軒側には軒先カバー12を設けている。
この軒先カバー12は、横桟20と同様の長尺状のものからなり、横桟20の軒側と、横桟受け部21の軒側、そして屋根固定金具20の軒側端面部の一部を被覆することができ、横桟20の中央仕切部20cと横桟受け部21の軒側部位で固定されるものである。
Further, in FIG. 5, the eaves cover 12 is provided on the eaves side of the horizontal beam 20 which is the portion of the lowermost horizontal beam 20.
The eaves edge cover 12 is formed in a long shape similar to the horizontal beam 20, and the eave side of the horizontal beam 20, the eave side of the horizontal beam receiving portion 21, and a part of the eave side end surface portion of the roof fixing bracket 20. Can be covered and fixed at the eaves side portion of the central partition portion 20c of the horizontal rail 20 and the horizontal rail receiving portion 21.

図6は、軒側第一段目の面状物品Mの上方縁部Eu及び第2段目の面状物品M2の下方縁部Edの両者が固定される状態を図示する説明図であって、その(A)が第2段目の屋根固定金具において横桟受け部を上方に移動している状態を示し、その(B)は第2段目の横桟が第1段目の面状物品を固定し、第2段目の面状物品を嵌め込む直前の状態を図示している。   FIG. 6 is an explanatory diagram illustrating a state in which both the upper edge Eu of the eave-side first-stage planar article M and the lower edge Ed of the second-stage planar article M2 are fixed. , (A) shows a state in which the horizontal beam receiving portion is moved upward in the second-stage roof fixing bracket, and (B) shows that the second-level horizontal beam is the surface shape of the first level. A state immediately before the article is fixed and the second-stage planar article is fitted is illustrated.

この図6に示した屋根固定金具10は、軒側から第2段目のもので、屋根固定金具10と横桟固定部(下部移動部22と横桟受け部21と横桟押え部24)は、前記第1段目のものと同一構成、同一構造である。
まず、第2段目の屋根固定金具10に横桟固定部の下部移動部22を屋根固定金具10内に挿入し、横桟受け部21と螺子23によって締着する。この際に螺子23の締着は完全には行わずに緩めに締め付け、下部移動部22と横桟受け部21とが屋根固定金具10の長手方向に移動できる状態に仮止めするのである。
The roof fixing bracket 10 shown in FIG. 6 is the second stage from the eaves side, and the roof fixing bracket 10 and the horizontal beam fixing portion (the lower moving portion 22, the horizontal beam receiving portion 21, and the horizontal beam holding portion 24). Have the same structure and the same structure as those of the first stage.
First, the lower moving part 22 of the horizontal beam fixing part is inserted into the roof fixing metal 10 in the second stage and is fastened by the horizontal beam receiving part 21 and the screw 23. At this time, the screw 23 is not completely tightened but loosely tightened, and the lower moving portion 22 and the horizontal rail receiving portion 21 are temporarily fixed in a state in which they can move in the longitudinal direction of the roof fixture 10.

この状態で、下部移動部22と横桟押え部21とを上方(棟側)に移動し行き、第1段目の面状物品Mの上方縁部Euに2段目の横桟20の下側側面の凹所20hを面状物品Mの上方縁部Euに嵌め込み、螺子23を完全に締め付ける。
その後、横桟押え部24を同様に螺子によって固定して第2段目の横桟が固定される。
In this state, the lower moving unit 22 and the horizontal beam holding unit 21 are moved upward (toward the building side), and below the second horizontal beam 20 on the upper edge Eu of the first-level planar article M. The recess 20h on the side surface is fitted into the upper edge Eu of the planar article M, and the screw 23 is completely tightened.
Thereafter, the horizontal beam holder 24 is similarly fixed by screws to fix the second horizontal beam.

その後、第2段目の面状物品M2の下方縁部Edを横桟20の上方側凹所20h内に嵌め込むのである。
以上の作業工程を繰り返すことにより、第2段目から以降の中間部の面状物品が順次固定されるのである。
Thereafter, the lower edge Ed of the second-stage planar article M2 is fitted into the upper recess 20h of the horizontal rail 20.
By repeating the above work steps, the planar article in the intermediate portion from the second stage is sequentially fixed.

この間、面状物品Mと横桟20との間では、何ら螺子等の固定部材を使用することなく、横桟20の凹所20h内への面状物品Mの縁部Eの嵌め込み作業のみで両者の固定が実現され、その作業が極めて簡単なものとなると共に、両者の確実な固定も実現されるものである。   During this time, between the planar article M and the horizontal rail 20, only the work of fitting the edge E of the planar article M into the recess 20h of the horizontal rail 20 is performed without using any fixing member such as a screw. The fixing of both is realized, the work is extremely simple, and the both are securely fixed.

図7は、最上段の面状物品の固定が行われた後に最上段の横桟の棟側の側面部の一部を被覆する棟側カバーを被覆する状態を図示する側面説明図である。
この図で示したものは、前図6(B)で図示したもので、その上段の面状物品を排除したものと同じとなる。
FIG. 7 is an explanatory side view illustrating a state in which a ridge-side cover that covers a part of the side surface portion on the ridge side of the uppermost horizontal rail after the uppermost planar article is fixed is illustrated.
What is shown in this figure is the same as that shown in FIG. 6B, and is the same as that obtained by eliminating the upper surface article.

即ち、最上段の横桟20であるために、この横桟20が一番上に配置され、この最上段の横桟20の棟側の側面部の外観向上と、横桟20の基部の保護等の目的のために棟側カバー14を設けたものである。
この棟側カバー14は、横桟20と同様の長尺状のものから成り、その基部、即ち被押え部20r、凹所20hの載置部20s及び中央仕切部20cの一部を被覆することができ、その中央仕切部20cの下部に螺着され、固定されるものである。
勿論、この棟側カバー14は、横桟20の棟側側面部の全体を被覆できる形態のものを採用することも自由である。
In other words, since it is the uppermost horizontal beam 20, this horizontal beam 20 is arranged at the top, and the appearance of the side surface of the uppermost horizontal beam 20 on the ridge side is improved and the base of the horizontal beam 20 is protected. For example, a ridge side cover 14 is provided.
The ridge-side cover 14 is formed of a long shape similar to the horizontal rail 20, and covers the base, that is, the pressed portion 20r, the placement portion 20s of the recess 20h, and a part of the central partition portion 20c. It can be screwed and fixed to the lower part of the central partition 20c.
Of course, the ridge-side cover 14 may be of a form that can cover the entire ridge-side side surface of the horizontal rail 20.

図8は、本発明に係る各横桟の端面部を被覆する端面カバーを図示する説明図であり、その(A)が最下段の横桟の端面カバーを示し、その(B)が中間部の横桟の端面カバーを示し、その(C)が最上段の端面カバーを示している。
(A)図に示す端面カバー16は、最下段の横桟の端面部分を被覆することができ、より詳しくは、軒先カバー12と、横桟20、そして面状物品Mの横桟20への嵌合部分を被覆できる形状を有し、横桟20の端面部に螺着されるのである。
FIG. 8 is an explanatory view illustrating an end surface cover that covers the end surface portion of each horizontal rail according to the present invention, in which (A) shows the end surface cover of the lowermost horizontal rail, and (B) is an intermediate portion. The end cover of the horizontal rail is shown, and (C) shows the upper end cover.
(A) The end surface cover 16 shown in the figure can cover the end surface portion of the lowermost horizontal beam. More specifically, the eaves cover 12, the horizontal beam 20, and the planar article M to the horizontal beam 20 are covered. It has a shape that can cover the fitting portion, and is screwed to the end surface portion of the horizontal rail 20.

同様に、(B)図に示す端面カバー17は、中間部に位置する横桟20の端面部分を被覆することができ、この端面と流れ方向前後に隣り合う面状物品Mの横桟20への嵌合部分を被覆することができ、横桟20の端面に螺着される。   Similarly, the end surface cover 17 shown in FIG. (B) can cover the end surface portion of the horizontal beam 20 located at the intermediate portion, and to the horizontal beam 20 of the planar article M adjacent to this end surface in the front-rear direction. Can be covered, and is screwed to the end face of the crosspiece 20.

同様に、(C)図に示す端面カバー18は、最上段の横桟20の端面と、面状物品Mの横桟20への嵌合部と、棟側カバー14の端面部を被覆することができ、横桟20の端面に螺着されるものである。   Similarly, the end surface cover 18 shown in FIG. (C) covers the end surface of the uppermost horizontal rail 20, the fitting portion of the planar article M to the horizontal rail 20, and the end surface portion of the ridge-side cover 14. And can be screwed onto the end face of the horizontal rail 20.

図9は、横方向に配列される面状物品間に配置されるスペーサ部材を図示した説明図である。
このスペーサ部材19は、略L字形状を有する金属製のものから成り、粘着両面テープや螺子によって横桟20に固定されるものであり、その横桟20から略直角方向に延長する部分がスペーサの役目を果たし、左右横方向に配列される面状物品Mの隙間を規定し、面状物品の横方向の動きを規制できるものである。
FIG. 9 is an explanatory diagram illustrating spacer members arranged between planar articles arranged in the lateral direction.
The spacer member 19 is made of a metal member having a substantially L shape, and is fixed to the horizontal beam 20 by an adhesive double-sided tape or screw. A portion extending from the horizontal beam 20 in a substantially right angle direction is a spacer. The gap between the planar articles M arranged in the horizontal direction can be defined, and the lateral movement of the planar articles can be regulated.

図10は、上記横桟20同士を連結するジョイント部材としての連結棒を図示する説明図である。
この連結棒28は、アルミ製の所定長さの丸棒から成り、それぞれの横桟20の端部に設けられている3つの穴部に相互に嵌入されて相互に連結されるものである。
FIG. 10 is an explanatory view illustrating a connecting rod as a joint member for connecting the horizontal rails 20 to each other.
The connecting rod 28 is made of a round bar of a predetermined length made of aluminum, and is inserted into three holes provided at the ends of the horizontal rails 20 to be connected to each other.

即ち、これらの連結棒28が隣接する横桟20、20のそれぞれの端部の穴部に嵌入されて隣接する横桟20、20同士が連結されるのである。
これにより、各種の長さを有する横桟20を適宜選択して所望の長さの横桟20として連結して形成することができる。
That is, these connecting bars 28 are fitted into the holes of the end portions of the adjacent horizontal rails 20 and 20 so that the adjacent horizontal rails 20 and 20 are connected to each other.
Thereby, the horizontal beam 20 having various lengths can be appropriately selected and connected as a horizontal beam 20 having a desired length.

尚、横桟の端部に設けたこれらの穴部は、屋根上に設置された横桟の左右両端部では螺子による端面カバーの螺着用の穴部として使用される。
また、ジョイント部材として上記のように棒状の連結棒を用いたが、このジョイント部材としては、横桟の中央開口部(孔部)20jの形状に合致する横断面形状を有し、その内部を空洞とした筒形形状の部材を利用して相互に横桟を連結することもできる。
In addition, these hole parts provided in the edge part of a horizontal rail are used as a screwing hole part of the end surface cover by a screw in the right and left both ends of the horizontal rail installed on the roof.
Moreover, although the rod-shaped connecting rod was used as the joint member as described above, this joint member has a cross-sectional shape that matches the shape of the central opening (hole) 20j of the horizontal rail, and the inside It is also possible to connect the cross rails to each other using a hollow cylindrical member.

更に、この筒形形状の部材は、必ずしも筒体形状でなく、プレート部材を筒形に折曲したものでもよく、その外形形状が横桟の中央開口部の断面形状と合致する形状のものであればよい。
以上のような各種のジョイント部材を使用することにより、横桟の連結部の強度を向上させ、またこの横桟の連結部分の高さを斉一にすることができることとなるのである。
Further, the cylindrical member is not necessarily a cylindrical body, but may be a plate member bent into a cylindrical shape whose outer shape matches the cross-sectional shape of the central opening of the horizontal rail. I just need it.
By using the various joint members as described above, the strength of the connecting portion of the horizontal rail can be improved, and the height of the connecting portion of the horizontal rail can be made uniform.

図11は、本発明に係るアース金具を図示する説明図であり、その(A)が側面説明図、その(B)が斜視説明図である。
このアース金具30は、その基端部側(図中右側)に折り返し部30kが設けられ、この折り返し部30kが横桟20の凹所20hの下面を構成する載置部20sの縁部に嵌合できる。
FIGS. 11A and 11B are explanatory views illustrating a grounding metal fitting according to the present invention, in which FIG. 11A is a side view and FIG. 11B is a perspective view.
The grounding bracket 30 is folded portion 30k is provided at its base end side (right side in the figure), the edge of the mounting portion 20s of the folding-back portion 30k constitute the bottom surface of the recess 20h of the rungs 20 Can be mated.

この折り返し部30kが横桟20の載置部20sの縁部に嵌合することによりこのアース金具30が横桟20に取り付けられ、横桟20の凹所に面状物品の縁部が嵌め込まれることにより面状物品の枠部と横桟20との導電性が確保され、アース機能を保証するのである。
尚、このアース金具30は、横桟20の載置部20sの縁部の所望の位置に取り付けることができる。即ち、横桟20は、その横断面形状が同一の長尺状のものから構成されているためである。
The ground metal fitting 30 is attached to the horizontal beam 20 by fitting the folded portion 30k to the edge of the mounting portion 20s of the horizontal beam 20, and the edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess of the horizontal beam 20. As a result, the conductivity between the frame portion of the planar article and the crosspiece 20 is ensured, and the grounding function is ensured.
In addition, this earthing | grounding metal fitting 30 can be attached to the desired position of the edge part of the mounting part 20s of the horizontal rail 20. FIG. That is, the horizontal rail 20 is constituted by a long shape having the same cross-sectional shape.

図12は、本発明に係る支持固定構造をスレート屋根に取り付けた状態を示しており、その(A)が斜視説明図、その(B)が側面説明図である。
この図では、面状物品Mを横方向に4列、縦方向に2段設けており、配列された面状物品の一番右に位置する面状物品の横方向長さは、その他の面状物品の長さの半分程度のものを使用し、固定している。
図では、理解容易化のために、面状物品Mはその枠部のみ示し、太陽電池部分の図示は省略している。
FIG. 12 shows a state in which the support fixing structure according to the present invention is attached to a slate roof, in which (A) is a perspective explanatory view and (B) is a side explanatory view.
In this figure, the planar articles M are provided in four rows in the lateral direction and in two stages in the longitudinal direction, and the lateral length of the planar article located at the rightmost of the arranged planar articles is the other plane. About half the length of the shaped article is used and fixed.
In the figure, for easy understanding, the planar article M shows only its frame portion, and the solar cell portion is not shown.

これらの図から解る通り、屋根固定金具10は、屋根Sの流れ方向に3個一列に配列し、この一列を横方向に4列配列し固定している。
このように配列された屋根固定金具10の上に横方向に3本横桟20が配列され、これらの横桟20によって面状物品Mが支持され固定されるのである。
(B)図からは、横桟部分の端部に設けられている端面カバー16、17、18の固定態様を見て取ることができる。
As can be seen from these drawings, three roof fixing brackets 10 are arranged in a row in the flow direction of the roof S, and this one row is arranged in four rows in the horizontal direction and fixed.
Three horizontal bars 20 are arranged in the horizontal direction on the roof fixture 10 arranged in this way, and the planar article M is supported and fixed by these horizontal bars 20.
(B) From the figure, the fixing mode of the end surface covers 16, 17 and 18 provided at the end portions of the cross rails can be seen.

図13は、本発明に係る支持固定構造を瓦屋根に取り付けた状態を示しており、その(A)が斜視説明図、その(B)が側面説明図である。
この図においても前図12で図示した通り、面状物品Mを横方向に4列、縦方向に2段設けており、配列された面状物品の一番右に位置する面状物品の横方向長さは、その他の面状物品の長さの半分程度のものを使用し、固定している。
図では、理解容易化のために、面状物品Mはその枠部のみ示し、太陽電池部分の図示は省略している。
FIG. 13 shows a state where the support fixing structure according to the present invention is attached to a tile roof, in which (A) is a perspective explanatory view and (B) is a side explanatory view.
Also in this figure, as illustrated in FIG. 12, the planar articles M are provided in four rows in the horizontal direction and two stages in the vertical direction, and the lateral side of the planar article located at the rightmost side of the arranged planar articles. The direction length is about half of the length of other planar articles, and is fixed.
In the figure, for easy understanding, the planar article M shows only its frame portion, and the solar cell portion is not shown.

これらの図から解る通り、屋根固定金具10は、瓦屋根Skの流れ方向に3個一列に配列し、この一列を横方向に4列配列し固定している。
この例では、屋根固定金具10を支持し、固定する支持固定金具として特殊な形態のものを使用している。
As can be seen from these drawings, the roof fixtures 10 are arranged in three rows in the flow direction of the tile roof Sk, and this row is arranged in four rows in the horizontal direction and fixed.
In this example, a special fixture is used as a support fixture for supporting and fixing the roof fixture 10.

即ち、この支持固定金具は、瓦屋根Skの瓦の下部で瓦支持部にその固定部が固定され、その固定部から瓦の外部に延長し、その先端部に本発明に係る屋根固定金具を支持し固定することができる形態のものから成る。この支持固定金具の詳細は、本願においては省略する。   That is, the support fixing bracket is fixed to the tile support portion at the lower portion of the tile of the tile roof Sk, extends from the fixing portion to the outside of the tile, and the roof fixing bracket according to the present invention is attached to the tip portion thereof. It consists of a form that can be supported and fixed. Details of the support fixture are omitted in the present application.

以上の支持固定金具によって支持固定され、配列された屋根固定金具10の上に横方向に横桟20が3段に配列され、これらの横桟20によって面状物品Mが支持され固定されるのである。
(B)図からは、横桟部分の端部に設けられている端面カバー16、17、18の固定態様を見て取ることができ、この端面カバーは前図12のものと同一である。
The horizontal beams 20 are arranged in three stages in the horizontal direction on the roof fixing metal fixtures 10 that are supported and fixed by the above-described support fixing brackets, and the planar article M is supported and fixed by these horizontal rails 20. is there.
(B) From the figure, it can be seen that the end face covers 16, 17 and 18 provided at the end portions of the crosspieces are fixed, and this end face cover is the same as that shown in FIG.

以上、本発明に係る面状物品の支持固定構造について説明したが、本発明に係る支持固定方法は、以下の通りとなる。尚、ここでは軒側を下(側)、棟側を上(側)として記載する。
スレート屋根又は瓦屋根上で、屋根の流れ方向に屋根固定金具10を所定間隔で複数個一列に固定する。
As mentioned above, although the support fixing structure of the planar article which concerns on this invention was demonstrated, the support fixing method which concerns on this invention is as follows. Here, the eave side is described as the bottom (side), and the ridge side is described as the top (side).
On a slate roof or a tile roof, a plurality of roof fixing brackets 10 are fixed in a row at a predetermined interval in the flow direction of the roof.

固定に際しては、適宜屋根の形態に応じてそれに適合する所望の固定金具を使用することができる。
前記一列に配列した屋根固定金具10の列を流れ方向と直交する横方向に複数列配列して固定する(図1)。
At the time of fixing, a desired fixing fitting suitable for the form of the roof can be used as appropriate.
A plurality of rows of the roof fixtures 10 arranged in a row are arranged in a horizontal direction orthogonal to the flow direction and fixed (FIG. 1).

それぞれの屋根固定金具10には、横桟20を固定することのできる横桟固定部26を組み付けておく。
最下段に位置する横桟20を最下段の屋根固定金具10に前記横桟固定部26によって固定する(図2及び図3)。
Each roof fixing bracket 10 is assembled with a horizontal beam fixing portion 26 that can fix the horizontal beam 20.
The horizontal rail 20 located at the lowest level is fixed to the roof fixing bracket 10 at the lowest level by the horizontal rail fixing portion 26 (FIGS. 2 and 3).

当該横桟20の上側側面に設けられている凹所20h内にソーラーパネル等の面状物品Mの下方縁部を嵌め込む(図5)。
この際に、横桟20の凹所20hの下方の載置部20sにアース金具30を介在させることも自由である(図11)。
The lower edge of the planar article M such as a solar panel is fitted into the recess 20h provided on the upper side surface of the horizontal rail 20 (FIG. 5).
At this time, it is also free to place the grounding metal 30 in the mounting portion 20s below the recess 20h of the horizontal rail 20 (FIG. 11).

次に、当該面状物品Mの上方縁部に2段目の横桟20の下側側面に設けられている凹所20hを嵌合させて横桟固定部26によって固定することによって同時に一段目の面状物品Mが固定される。
次に、2段目の面状物品Mの下方縁部を前記2段目の横桟20の上側側面に設けられた他方の凹所20hに嵌合させる(図6)。
その後、3段目の横桟20の側面の下側の凹所20hを前記2段目の面状物品Mの上方縁部に嵌合させて横桟固定部26によって固定することによって同時に2段目の面状物品Mが固定される(図7)。
Next, the recess 20h provided on the lower side surface of the second-stage horizontal beam 20 is fitted to the upper edge of the planar article M and fixed by the horizontal beam fixing part 26, so that the first level is simultaneously achieved. The planar article M is fixed.
Next, the lower edge portion of the second-stage planar article M is fitted into the other recess 20h provided on the upper side surface of the second-stage horizontal rail 20 (FIG. 6).
Thereafter, the lower recess 20h on the side surface of the third-stage horizontal rail 20 is fitted to the upper edge of the second-stage planar article M and fixed by the horizontal rail fixing portion 26, so that two steps are simultaneously achieved. The planar article M of eyes is fixed (FIG. 7).

以後これを繰り返すことにより、面状物品Mを複数列・複数段配列し固定することができるのである。
更に、最下段の横桟20の下側の側面部等を被覆出来る軒先カバー12を付加し、最上段の横桟20の上側の側面部等を被覆出来る棟側カバー14を付加することもできる(図5及び図7)。
Thereafter, by repeating this, the planar articles M can be fixed in a plurality of rows and stages.
Furthermore, an eaves edge cover 12 that can cover the lower side portion of the lowermost horizontal beam 20 and the like, and a ridge side cover 14 that can cover the upper side surface and the like of the uppermost horizontal beam 20 can also be added. (FIGS. 5 and 7).

また、横桟20の両端部分を被覆する端面カバー16、17、18を付加するのも自由である(図8)。
以上のようにして屋根上にソーラーパネル等の面状物品を流れ方向に複数段、横方向に複数列配列し固定することができるのである(図12及び図13)。
Moreover, it is also free to add end surface covers 16, 17, and 18 that cover both end portions of the horizontal rail 20 (FIG. 8).
As described above, planar articles such as solar panels can be arranged and fixed on the roof in a plurality of rows in the flow direction and in a plurality of rows in the horizontal direction (FIGS. 12 and 13).

図14は、本発明に係る横桟の他の実施形態を示す断面説明図である。
この横桟は、その凹所20h、20hの中央に位置する中央仕切部20cの部分で分割されており、その横桟上方部分20xと横桟下方部分20yとの2つの部分から構成されている。
FIG. 14 is an explanatory cross-sectional view showing another embodiment of the cross rail according to the present invention.
The horizontal rail is divided by a central partition portion 20c located at the center of the recesses 20h and 20h, and is composed of two parts, an upper horizontal rail portion 20x and a horizontal rail lower portion 20y. .

横桟上方部分20xは、中央の中央仕切部20cと上端の上面部20uと下端の螺着部20zからなり、この下端の螺着部20zで螺子27により横桟下方部分20yの基部20bに固定される。
従って、横桟下方部分20yの凹所を構成する載置部20sの中央仕切部20cの側には前記横桟上方部分20xの螺着部20zが入り込む凹所が形成されている。
The upper part 20x of the horizontal rail is composed of a central central partition 20c, an upper surface part 20u at the upper end, and a screwed part 20z at the lower end. The screwed part 20z at the lower end is fixed to the base 20b of the lower part 20y of the horizontal beam by the screw 27. Is done.
Therefore, a recess into which the threaded portion 20z of the upper portion 20x of the horizontal rail enters is formed on the side of the central partition portion 20c of the mounting portion 20s constituting the recess of the lower portion 20y of the horizontal rail.

以上の2分割横桟の施工手順は、予め横桟上方部分20xと横桟下方部分20yとを螺子27で螺着固定しておけば、上記の横桟の施工手順と同一となる。
また、面状物品を設置固定しつつ施工する際には、最下段の横桟にあっては、横桟下方部分を屋根固定金具10に固定した後に、横桟上方部分20xを螺着固定し、その後に面状物品の下方縁部を嵌め込むことが出来、中間に位置する横桟にあっては、下側に位置する面状物品の上方縁部に横桟下方部分20yを適合させて固定し、その後に横桟上方部分20xを螺着固定し、その後に上方に位置する面状物品の下方縁部を嵌め込んで施工することができる。
この2分割横桟を使用することにより凹所の上下方向の長さを調整することができる。
The construction procedure of the above-mentioned two-piece horizontal beam is the same as the above-mentioned procedure for horizontal beam if the upper part 20x of the horizontal beam and the lower part 20y of the horizontal beam are screwed and fixed in advance with the screw 27.
In addition, when installing while fixing the planar article, after fixing the lower part of the horizontal beam to the roof fixing bracket 10 in the lowermost horizontal beam, the upper part 20x of the horizontal beam is screwed and fixed. Then, the lower edge portion of the planar article can be fitted, and in the horizontal rail located in the middle, the lower portion 20y of the horizontal rail is adapted to the upper edge portion of the planar article located on the lower side. After fixing, the upper part 20x of the cross rail is screwed and fixed, and then the lower edge of the planar article positioned above can be fitted and installed.
The vertical length of the recess can be adjusted by using this two-divided horizontal beam.

以上、本発明の実施形態について説明したが、本発明においては、下記の通りその実施形態を種々設計変更することができる。
先ず、本発明に係る支持固定金具及び支持固定方法においては、スレート屋根、和瓦屋根、及び平瓦屋根等の各種の屋根にソーラーパネル等の面状物品を設置し支持固定することができる。
As mentioned above, although embodiment of this invention was described, in this invention, the embodiment can be variously design-changed as follows.
First, in the support fixing metal fitting and the support fixing method according to the present invention, a planar article such as a solar panel can be installed and supported and fixed on various roofs such as a slate roof, a Japanese tile roof, and a flat tile roof.

屋根固定金具の長手方向長さは適宜所望の長さに設定して、屋根の長手方向に適宜間隔を設けて配列し固定することができる。即ち、屋根の流れ方向の全体に渡る長さを有する必要はないものである。
また、その形態も全く自由に設計することができる。
上記実施形態においては、略C型チャンネル材形態のものを利用したが、その内部に下部移動部を挿入でき、その上方部で横桟受け部と横桟押え部を螺着して、横桟を固定出来る形態であればよい。
The length of the roof fixing bracket in the longitudinal direction can be set to a desired length as appropriate, and can be arranged and fixed at an appropriate interval in the longitudinal direction of the roof. That is, it is not necessary to have a length over the entire flow direction of the roof.
Moreover, the form can also be designed completely freely.
In the above embodiment, a substantially C-shaped channel material is used, but the lower moving part can be inserted therein, and the horizontal beam receiving part and the horizontal beam holding part are screwed at the upper part to As long as the shape can be fixed.

横桟受け部の形態も種々設計変更可能であり、屋根固定金具の上面部でその長手方向に移動可能、摺動可能の形態を有し、横桟の一方の側縁部を受けることのできる係合受部を有していればよい。
横桟押え部の形態も、下部移動部と螺着でき、横桟の他方の下端側縁部を押え固定できる形態のものであればよい。
The design of the shape of the crosspiece can also be changed in various ways. It can be moved in the longitudinal direction on the top surface of the roof fixing bracket, and has a slidable form, and can receive one side edge of the crosspiece. What is necessary is just to have an engagement receiving part.
The form of the horizontal crosspiece pressing part may be any form that can be screwed to the lower moving part and can hold and fix the other lower end side edge of the horizontal crosspiece.

同様に、横桟の形態も、長尺状のものであって、その下方基部の一方の側縁が上記横桟受け部と適切に適合又は係合でき、他方の側縁部で前記横桟押え部によって押えられ固定される形態であって、その上部両側に凹所が設けられた形態であれば具体的な形状は適宜変更することが可能である。   Similarly, the shape of the horizontal beam is also long, and one side edge of the lower base thereof can be appropriately fitted or engaged with the horizontal beam receiving portion, and the horizontal beam is formed at the other side edge. The specific shape can be appropriately changed as long as it is a form that is pressed and fixed by the presser part and that has recesses on both sides of the upper part.

更に、その横断面形状も各種の形態に設計変更することができ、上記実施形態のように、その両端面部にジョイント部材又は螺子が挿入又は螺着される3つのタッピング孔を設け、その中央部にはジョイント部材が挿入される開口部を設けているが、このジョイント部材が挿入される中央部の開口部の断面形状も適宜任意に設計変更することができる。
同様に、ジョイント部材も棒状の連結棒ばかりでなく、横桟の中央開口部に挿入できる同一断面形状の筒形形状の部材から形成されているものであってもよいものである。
Furthermore, the cross-sectional shape can be changed to various forms, and as in the above-described embodiment, three tapping holes into which joint members or screws are inserted or screwed are provided in the both end surface portions, and the central portion thereof is provided. Is provided with an opening into which the joint member is inserted, but the cross-sectional shape of the opening at the center part into which the joint member is inserted can be appropriately changed in design.
Similarly, the joint member is not limited to a rod-shaped connecting rod, but may be formed from a cylindrical member having the same cross-sectional shape that can be inserted into the central opening of the cross rail.

軒先カバーについても、これが、最下段の横桟の下側側面、横桟受け部及び屋根固定金具の端面の全てを被覆できるものであってもよいし、これらの一部を被覆するものであってもよい。
棟側カバーも同様である。
As for the eaves edge cover, this may cover all of the lower side surface of the lowermost horizontal beam, the horizontal beam receiving portion and the end surface of the roof fixing bracket, or a part of these. May be.
The same applies to the wing-side cover.

横桟の凹所の下面を形成する載置部に設けるアース金具も適宜自由に設計変更でき、アース金具の折り返し部の内部に突起を設け、横桟の凹所の載置部に嵌合させる際にこの突起が載置部に傷を付けることができる形態とし、この傷を付けることにより載置部の塗装部に傷を形成してより導電性を向上させる構成とすることも自由である。   The grounding fitting provided on the mounting part that forms the lower surface of the recess of the horizontal rail can also be freely changed in design as appropriate, and a protrusion is provided inside the folded part of the grounding metal to be fitted into the mounting part of the recess of the horizontal rail. In this case, it is possible to form the projections so that the mounting portion can be scratched, and by applying the scratches, the coating portion of the mounting portion can be scratched to improve the conductivity. .

横桟の端面カバーの形状も、適宜横桟の端面部分の形状に適合させるように設計変更することが可能であり、スペーサ部材の形態も自由に設計変更でき、横桟を連結するジョイント部材に係る連結棒の長さ及び横断面形状も自由に設計することができる。
尚、本発明においては、屋根固定金具、横桟固定部、アース金具、及びスペーサ部材としては鋼製のものを使用し、軒先カバー、棟側カバー、端面カバー、横桟、及び連結棒はアルミ製のものを使用しているが、その素材は必要に応じて適宜選択して使用することができる。
The shape of the end cover of the horizontal beam can also be redesigned to fit the shape of the end surface part of the horizontal beam as appropriate, and the shape of the spacer member can also be freely changed, making it a joint member that connects the horizontal beam The length and cross-sectional shape of such a connecting rod can also be designed freely.
In the present invention, the roof fixing bracket, the horizontal beam fixing portion, the earth metal fitting, and the spacer member are made of steel, and the eaves cover, the ridge side cover, the end surface cover, the horizontal beam, and the connecting rod are made of aluminum. Although the product made from is used, the raw material can be suitably selected and used as needed.

以上、本発明は、各種形態の屋根上に適宜長さの屋根固定金具と、横桟と、横桟を前記屋根固定金具に固定する横桟固定部を用いて、ソーラーパネル等の面状物品の上下の縁部を前記横桟の両側面に設けた凹所に嵌め込むことにより簡単に面状物品を取り付け、固定することができる極めて著大な効果を発揮する支持固定構造及び支持固定方法、並びにこれらに用いる極めて特徴的な形態を有する横桟を提供することができたものである。   As described above, the present invention provides a planar article such as a solar panel using a roof fixing bracket having an appropriate length on a roof of various forms, a horizontal rail, and a horizontal rail fixing portion that fixes the horizontal rail to the roof fixing bracket. A support fixing structure and a support fixing method that exhibit a very significant effect that can easily attach and fix a planar article by fitting upper and lower edges of the same into recesses provided on both side surfaces of the horizontal rail. In addition, a horizontal crosspiece having a very characteristic form used for these can be provided.

10 屋根固定金具
20 横桟
20h 凹所
20c 中央仕切部
20s 載置部
20u 上面部
20x 横桟上方部分
20y 横桟下方部分
20z 螺着部
21 横桟受け部
21t 係合受部
21u 接合部
22 下部移動部
23、25、27 螺子
24 横桟押え部
26 横桟固定部
28 連結棒
30 アース金具
30k 折り返し部
M 面状物品
S、Sk 屋根
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Roof fixing bracket 20 Horizontal beam 20h Recess 20c Center partition part 20s Placement part 20u Upper surface part 20x Horizontal beam upper part 20y Horizontal beam lower part 20z Screw part 21 Horizontal beam receiving part 21t Engagement receiving part 21u Joining part 22 Lower part Moving part 23, 25, 27 Screw 24 Lateral beam holding part 26 Lateral beam fixing part 28 Connecting rod
30 Grounding bracket
30k folded part M planar article S, Sk roof

Claims (5)

  1. ソーラーパネル等の面状物品を各種屋根上に支持し固定する支持固定構造であって、
    適宜長さの上面開口の略C型チャンネル材形態の屋根固定金具と、この屋根固定金具の長手方向と略直交する方向に配設される横桟と、前記屋根固定金具の長手方向に移動可能で前記横桟を固定できる横桟固定部とからなり、
    上記横桟は、長尺状のものからなり、その両側の下方基部で上記横桟固定部によって固定され、前記基部の上方両側には凹所がそれぞれ設けられ、これらの凹所には前記面状物品の縁部を嵌め込むことができ、配列される面状物品の最下段及び最上段に位置する横桟においては前記一方の凹所に面状物品の縁部が嵌め込まれ、面状物品の間に位置する横桟においては両側の凹所に前後に隣接する面状物品のそれぞれの縁部が嵌め込まれ、
    これにより、屋根固定金具を屋根の流れ方向に複数個一列に配列して固定し且つこの列を横方向に適宜間隔を保持して複数列配列して固定し、これらの屋根固定金具に横桟を略直交方向に配列し、これらの横桟の間にソーラーパネル等の面状物品を配列させ、面状物品の縁部を横桟の凹所に嵌め込み、横桟を屋根固定金具に固定することにより、複数の面状物品が屋根上に縦横に配列されて支持固定され、
    前記横桟固定部が、前記屋根固定金具の内部で移動する下部移動部と、この下部移動部に螺着され、屋根固定金具の上面側に接合する横桟受け部と、前記下部移動部に螺着され、横桟の基部を上から下に押え固定することができる横桟押え部とからなり、
    更に、面状物品の縁部を横桟の凹所に嵌め込む際に、前記凹所を構成する下面にアース金具を介在させ、
    このアース金具は、その基端部側に折り返し部が設けられ、この折り返し部が横桟の凹所の下面に嵌合でき、
    更に、前記折り返し部の内部に突起を設け、横桟の凹所の下面に嵌合させる際にこの突起が下面に傷を付けることができることを特徴とする面状物品の屋根上支持固定構造。
    A supporting and fixing structure for supporting and fixing a planar article such as a solar panel on various roofs,
    A roof fixing bracket in the form of a substantially C-shaped channel material with an appropriately long top opening, a horizontal rail disposed in a direction substantially orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the roof fixing bracket, and movable in the longitudinal direction of the roof fixing bracket It consists of a horizontal beam fixing part that can fix the horizontal beam at
    The horizontal beam is formed of a long shape, and is fixed by the horizontal beam fixing portions at the lower bases on both sides thereof, and recesses are respectively provided on both upper sides of the base, and the recesses are provided with the surface. The edge of the planar article can be fitted, and the edge of the planar article is fitted into the one recess in the bottom and upper horizontal rails of the arranged planar articles. In the crosspiece located between the respective edges of the planar articles adjacent to the front and rear in the recesses on both sides,
    As a result, a plurality of roof fixing brackets are arranged and fixed in a row in the flow direction of the roof, and the rows are arranged and fixed in a plurality of rows at appropriate intervals in the horizontal direction. Are arranged in a substantially orthogonal direction, and a planar article such as a solar panel is arranged between these horizontal rails, and the edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess of the horizontal rail, and the horizontal rail is fixed to the roof fixing bracket. By this, a plurality of planar articles are arranged and supported and fixed vertically and horizontally on the roof,
    The horizontal rail fixing portion is moved to the lower moving portion that moves inside the roof fixing bracket, the horizontal rail receiving portion that is screwed to the lower moving portion and is joined to the upper surface side of the roof fixing bracket, and the lower moving portion. It consists of a horizontal beam presser that is screwed and can hold the base of the horizontal beam from the top down.
    Furthermore, when the edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess of the horizontal rail, the grounding metal is interposed on the lower surface constituting the recess,
    This grounding fitting is provided with a folded portion on the base end side, and this folded portion can be fitted to the lower surface of the recess of the horizontal rail,
    Further, a protrusion is provided inside the folded portion, and the protrusion can damage the lower surface when fitted to the lower surface of the recess of the horizontal rail. .
  2. 前記横桟の両側凹所部分の横断面形状が、横に寝かせた略H字形状を有し、両側の凹所が略コ字形状及び略逆コ字形状を呈することを特徴とする請求項1に記載の面状物品の屋根上支持固定構造。   The transverse cross-sectional shape of the concave portions on both sides of the horizontal rail has a substantially H-shape laid sideways, and the concave portions on both sides exhibit a substantially U-shape and a substantially inverted U-shape. 2. A structure for supporting and fixing a planar article on a roof according to 1.
  3. 最下段の横桟の下側側面部及び横桟受け部を被覆する軒先カバーと、最上段の横桟の上側側面及び/又はその基部を被覆する棟側カバーを設けたことを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の面状物品の屋根上支持固定構造。 An eaves edge cover that covers the lower side surface and the horizontal beam receiving portion of the lowermost horizontal beam, and a ridge side cover that covers the upper side surface of the uppermost horizontal beam and / or the base thereof are provided. Item 3. A structure for supporting and fixing a planar article on a roof according to item 1 or 2 .
  4. 最下段に位置する横桟の両端部分、中間部に位置する横桟の両端部分、及び最上段に位置する横桟の両端部分を被覆する端面カバーをそれぞれ設けたことを特徴とする請求項1乃至の何れか1項に記載の面状物品の屋根上支持固定構造。 2. An end cover for covering both end portions of the horizontal beam located at the lowermost level, both end portions of the horizontal beam positioned at the middle portion, and both end portions of the horizontal beam positioned at the uppermost level are provided. The support fixing structure on the roof of the planar article according to any one of items 1 to 3 .
  5. 屋根の流れ方向に屋根固定金具を所定間隔で複数個一列に固定し、且つこの列を横方向に所定間隔にて複数列配列して固定し、
    これらの屋根固定金具のそれぞれには横桟を固定するための横桟固定部を屋根固定金具の長手方向に移動可能に組み付けておき、
    これにより最下段に位置する横桟を最下段の前記屋根固定金具に横桟固定部によって固定し、その後、当該横桟の上側側面に設けられている凹所内にソーラーパネル等の面状物品の下方縁部を嵌め込み、
    次に、当該面状物品の上方縁部に2段目の横桟の下側側面部に設けられている凹所を嵌め込んで横桟固定部によって固定することによって同時に一段目の面状物品が固定され、
    次に、2段目の面状物品の下方縁部を前記2段目の横桟の上側側面に設けられた凹所に嵌め込んで、その後、3段目の横桟の下側側面の凹所を前記2段目の面状物品の上方縁部に嵌め込んで横桟固定部によって固定することによって同時に2段目の面状物品が固定され、
    以後これを繰り返すことにより、面状物品を複数列に且つ複数段に配列し固定することができ、
    前記屋根固定金具は上方が開口した略C型チャンネル材の形態を有する適宜長さのものを使用し、その長手方向を屋根の流れ方向に沿うように配置して固定され、
    前記横桟固定部は、前記屋根固定金具の内部に配設される下部移動部と、この下部移動部に螺着され屋根固定金具の上面側に接合する横桟受け部と、下部移動部に螺着され横桟の下端側縁部を上から押え固定できる横桟押え部とからなり、
    最下段の横桟は、最下段の屋根固定金具に略直交方向に配置され、前記横桟受け部と横桟押え部が下部移動部に螺着されることによって固定された後に、面状物品の下側縁部が当該横桟の上側側面の凹所に嵌合され、
    2段目以降の横桟は、面状物品の上側縁部に2段目以降の横桟の下側側面の凹所を嵌合させた後に当該横桟を前記横桟受け部と横桟押え部を下部移動部に螺着することによって固定すると同時に面状物品が固定され、
    更に、上記面状物品の縁部を横桟の凹所に嵌め込む際に、前記凹所の下面にアース金具を介在させる工程を付加し、
    このアース金具は、その基端部側に折り返し部が設けられ、この折り返し部が横桟の凹所の下面に嵌合でき、
    更に、前記折り返し部の内部に突起を設け、横桟の凹所の下面に嵌合させる際にこの突起が下面に傷を付けることができることを特徴とする面状物品の屋根上支持固定方法。
    A plurality of roof fixing brackets are fixed in a row at a predetermined interval in the flow direction of the roof, and a plurality of rows are fixed at a predetermined interval in the horizontal direction and fixed.
    In each of these roof fixing brackets, a horizontal beam fixing portion for fixing the horizontal beam is assembled so as to be movable in the longitudinal direction of the roof fixing bracket,
    As a result, the horizontal beam located at the lowest level is fixed to the roof fixing bracket at the lowest level by the horizontal beam fixing part, and then the planar article such as a solar panel is placed in the recess provided on the upper side surface of the horizontal beam. Fit the lower edge,
    Next, the concave portion provided on the lower side surface of the second-stage horizontal rail is fitted into the upper edge of the planar article, and is fixed by the horizontal rail fixing portion at the same time. Is fixed,
    Next, the lower edge portion of the second-stage planar article is fitted into the recess provided on the upper side surface of the second-stage horizontal rail, and then the concave portion on the lower side surface of the third-stage horizontal rail is inserted. The second-stage planar article is fixed at the same time by fitting the place into the upper edge of the second-stage planar article and fixing it with the cross rail fixing part,
    Thereafter, by repeating this, the planar articles can be arranged and fixed in multiple rows and multiple rows,
    The roof fixing bracket uses an appropriate length having a shape of a substantially C-shaped channel material having an open top, and is arranged and fixed so that its longitudinal direction is along the flow direction of the roof,
    The horizontal rail fixing portion includes a lower moving portion disposed inside the roof fixing bracket, a horizontal rail receiving portion that is screwed to the lower moving portion and is joined to the upper surface side of the roof fixing bracket, and a lower moving portion. It consists of a horizontal beam presser that is screwed and can hold the bottom edge of the horizontal beam from above.
    The lowermost horizontal rail is arranged in a substantially orthogonal direction to the lowermost roof fixing bracket, and is fixed by screwing the horizontal beam receiving portion and the horizontal beam holding portion to the lower moving portion, and then the planar article. The lower edge of the side is fitted into the recess on the upper side surface of the cross rail,
    For the second and subsequent horizontal rails, a recess on the lower side surface of the second and subsequent horizontal rails is fitted to the upper edge of the planar article, and then the horizontal rail is pressed against the horizontal rail holder and the horizontal rail holder. At the same time, the planar article is fixed by screwing the part to the lower moving part,
    Furthermore, when the edge of the planar article is fitted into the recess of the horizontal rail, a step of interposing a ground metal fitting on the lower surface of the recess is added,
    This grounding fitting is provided with a folded portion on the base end side, and this folded portion can be fitted to the lower surface of the recess of the horizontal rail,
    Further, a method for supporting and fixing a planar article on a roof, characterized in that a projection is provided inside the folded portion, and the projection can damage the lower surface when fitted to the lower surface of the recess of the horizontal rail. .
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