JP6258838B2 - Construction equipment front equipment - Google Patents

Construction equipment front equipment Download PDF

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JP6258838B2
JP6258838B2 JP2014221540A JP2014221540A JP6258838B2 JP 6258838 B2 JP6258838 B2 JP 6258838B2 JP 2014221540 A JP2014221540 A JP 2014221540A JP 2014221540 A JP2014221540 A JP 2014221540A JP 6258838 B2 JP6258838 B2 JP 6258838B2
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boom
arm
cylinder
fixed hydraulic
bent
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JP2016089374A (en
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裕二 前原
裕二 前原
稲元 昭
昭 稲元
駿佑 朝日
駿佑 朝日
裕之 浅野
裕之 浅野
智史 三上
智史 三上
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日立建機株式会社
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  The present invention relates to a front device for a construction machine that is installed in a construction machine such as a hydraulic excavator and is suitably used for earth and sand excavation work, building demolition work, and the like.
  In general, a hydraulic excavator as a representative example of a construction machine is a self-propelled lower traveling body, an upper revolving body that is swingably mounted on the lower traveling body, and can be raised and raised on the front side of the upper revolving body. It is comprised by the provided front apparatus (working apparatus).
  The front device of the hydraulic excavator includes, for example, a boom attached to the upper swing body so as to be able to move up and down, an arm attached to the boom so as to be rotatable, a bucket attached to the arm so as to be rotatable, Operates on the boom cylinder provided between the swing body and the boom, the arm cylinder provided between the boom and the arm, the bucket cylinder provided between the arm and the bucket, and the boom cylinder and the bucket cylinder. And a fixed hydraulic pipe provided along the length direction of the boom for supplying and discharging pressure oil (operating oil) for use (Patent Document 1).
JP 2014-141789 A
  By the way, when a hydraulic excavator is placed on a trailer or the like and transported (transported) on a road, the hydraulic excavator needs to be accommodated within a height limit defined by laws and regulations. That is, when the excavator is transported, the front device is brought into a transport posture on the trailer. Specifically, the arm is folded to the lower side of the boom so that the boom is extended forward. At this time, the highest part of the front device needs to be within the height limit defined by the law. On the other hand, it is desirable that the excavator has a wide work range such as a digging depth, a digging radius, and a digging range from the viewpoint of improving workability.
  Here, in the hydraulic excavator described in Patent Document 1, a fixed hydraulic conduit for supplying and discharging pressure oil to and from the boom cylinder and bucket cylinder is provided on the upper surface side of the arm over the entire length direction of the arm. Yes. In the case of this configuration, if the transportation height is to be suppressed, the work range may be insufficient.
  The present invention has been made in view of the above-described problems of the prior art, and an object of the present invention is to provide a front device for a construction machine that can achieve both a reduction in transportation height and a secure working range. .
A front device of a construction machine according to the present invention includes a boom having a foot portion mounting member attached to a vehicle body of a construction machine on a base end side so as to be able to move up and down and an arm mounting member on a distal end side, and the arm mounting member of the boom An arm having a boom mounting bracket that is pivotably attached to the arm and having a work tool mounting bracket on a distal end side thereof, a work tool pivotally attached to the work tool mounting bracket of the arm, the vehicle body, and a boom. A boom cylinder provided between the arm and the work tool, a work tool cylinder provided between the arm and the work tool, the arm cylinder, and the work tool cylinder. And a fixed hydraulic line provided along the length of the boom for supplying and discharging pressure oil for operation to and from the hydraulic actuator. The boom includes left and right side plates extending in the front and rear directions facing each other in the left and right directions, an upper plate joined to an upper end side of the left and right side plates, and the left and right side plates. Including a lower plate joined to the lower end side of the side plate, is formed as a box-shaped structure having a closed cross-sectional structure, and the boom is a bent portion in which the vicinity of the vehicle body is bent in a mountain shape, between the bent portion to the arm mounting member is configured to include a linear portion extending linearly, and said boom cylinder mounting boss for mounting said boom cylinder to the position of the bent portion provided composed.
In order to solve the above-described problem, a feature of the configuration adopted by the present invention is that the fixed hydraulic line is disposed above the upper plate in a range from the foot part mounting member to the bent part of the boom. The upper plate is disposed on the side of the left and right side plates in a range corresponding to the bent portion of the boom, and the upper plate in a range from the bent portion of the boom to the arm mounting member. in that it is arranged for upward.
  According to the front device of the construction machine of the present invention, it is possible to achieve both the reduction of the transportation height and the securing of the work range.
It is a left view which shows the hydraulic excavator by 1st Embodiment. It is a right view of a hydraulic excavator. It is a top view of a hydraulic excavator. It is a front view of a hydraulic excavator. It is the side view which looked at the boom, the arm, the bucket, etc. from the same direction as FIG. It is the perspective view which looked at the boom etc. from the same direction as FIG. It is the top view seen from the arrow VII-VII direction in FIG. It is an enlarged view of the (VIII) part in FIG. It is sectional drawing seen from the arrow IX-IX direction in FIG. It is an enlarged view of the same position as FIG. 8 which shows the boom by a 2nd Embodiment, a fixed hydraulic pipe line, etc. It is sectional drawing seen from the arrow XI-XI direction in FIG.
  Hereinafter, a case where the front device of a construction machine according to an embodiment of the present invention is applied to a front device of a hydraulic excavator (more specifically, a long front device having a long boom) will be described as an example, with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, this will be described in detail.
  1 to 9 show a first embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 1, a hydraulic excavator 1 as a typical example of a construction machine is used for excavation work of earth and sand. The hydraulic excavator 1 is, for example, a crawler type self-propelled lower traveling body 2, and an upper revolving body 3 that is mounted on the lower traveling body 2 and that forms a vehicle body with the lower traveling body 2, and an upper revolving body 3. And a front device 11 (described later) provided so as to be able to move up and down.
  Here, the upper revolving unit 3 is mounted on the left front side of the revolving frame 4 serving as a support structure, and a driver's seat, various operation levers / pedals (not shown) are arranged inside. A counterweight 6 attached to the rear portion of the swivel frame 4 to balance the weight of the cab 5 and the front device 11, an engine (not shown) provided on the front side of the counterweight 6, A hydraulic pump (not shown) driven by the engine and various hydraulic actuators (for example, left and right traveling hydraulic motors, swing hydraulic motors, boom cylinders to be described later) 27, arm cylinder 28, bucket cylinder 29, etc.), a control valve device (not shown) for selectively supplying / discharging (supplying / discharging), cab 5 and counterweight 6 Engine is provided between, and is configured to include an exterior cover 7 for covering the hydraulic pump or the like.
  Next, the configuration of the front device 11 according to the first embodiment provided in the excavator 1 for performing excavation work of earth and sand will be described.
  A front device 11, also called a work device, is attached to the front side of the upper swing body 3 so as to move up and down. The front device 11 includes a boom 12, an arm 20, a bucket 25, a boom cylinder 27, an arm cylinder 28, a bucket cylinder 29, fixed hydraulic lines 31, 33, 36, and 42, which will be described later. The boom 12, the arm 20, and the bucket 25 operate when the cylinders 27, 28, and 29 expand or contract. The boom 12 and the arm 20 of the front device 11 are based on the state shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, that is, based on the posture in which the arm 20 is folded below the boom 12 and the boom 12 is extended forward (transport posture). The names related to the upper and lower positions will be described.
  The boom 12 is attached to the front side of the revolving frame 4 so as to move up and down. For this purpose, the boom 12 has a foot attachment member 13 attached to the revolving frame 4 so as to be able to be lifted and lowered on the proximal end side, and an arm attachment member 14 to which the arm 20 is attached on the distal end side. Here, the boom 12 is formed in a shape that is bent near one end (proximal end side) in the length direction, that is, in a generally “h” shape (substantially “L” shape) as a whole.
  Specifically, the boom 12 includes a bent portion 15 bent in a mountain shape near the upper swing body 3 and a base end extending linearly between the foot portion mounting member 13 and the bent portion 15. The side straight part 16 and the distal end side straight part 17 as a straight part that extends linearly between the bent part 15 and the arm attachment member 14 and is longer than the proximal side straight part 16 are configured.
  As shown in FIG. 9, the boom 12 is welded to the upper left side of the left and right side plates 12A and 12B and the left and right side plates 12A and 12B extending in the front and rear directions while facing each other in the left and right directions. The upper plate 12C is joined using the means, and the lower plate 12D is joined to the lower ends of the left and right side plates 12A and 12B using the welding means. Thereby, the boom 12 is formed as a box-shaped structure having a closed cross-sectional structure having a hollow inside and a rectangular cross section. In the first embodiment, the boom 12 has been described with an example in which the cross section has a quadrangular cross section. However, the present invention is not limited to this.
  That is, the boom 12 is formed as at least the side plates 12A and 12B constituting the left and right side surfaces and the side plates 12A and 12B as separate members or integral members, and the upper surface is configured between the side plates 12A and 12B. What is necessary is just to have the upper plate 12C. In this case, as the side plates 12A and 12B and the upper plate 12C, not only a flat plate with a cross section as shown in FIG. 9 but also a flat plate with a curved cross section can be used. Further, as the quadrangular shape of the cross section of the boom 12, in addition to the rectangular shape, a square shape of various shapes such as a positive direction and a trapezoidal shape can be adopted. It is good also as a shape. Moreover, as a cross-sectional shape of the boom 12, you may employ | adopt polygons, such as pentagons other than a rectangle, a hexagon, and also an ellipse and a circle. In this case, the member which comprises a side surface in the state which made the boom 12 the transport attitude | position becomes a side plate, and the member which comprises an upper surface becomes an upper plate. Further, for example, when the corners of the side plate and the upper plate are chamfered, the side plate can include the chamfered portion.
  The side plates 12A and 12B of the boom 12 are provided with a cylinder mounting boss 18 for mounting the tip of the rod of the boom cylinder 27 at the position of the bent portion 15. A cylinder mounting bracket 19 for mounting the tube base end of the arm cylinder 28 is provided on the upper plate 12 </ b> C of the boom 12 at a position more distal than the bent portion 15.
  The arm 20 is attached to the tip of the boom 12 so as to be able to move up and down (can swing). For this purpose, the arm 20 has a boom mounting bracket 21 that is rotatably attached to the arm mounting member 14 of the boom 12 on the proximal end side, and a work tool mounting bracket 22 to which a bucket 25 is attached on the distal end side. ing. The arm 20 constitutes a working arm like the boom 12 and is formed as a box-shaped structure having a closed cross-sectional structure having a hollow inside and a square cross section.
  On the proximal end side of the arm 20, a cylinder mounting bracket 23 to which the rod tip of the arm cylinder 28 is attached is provided. A cylinder mounting bracket 24 to which the tube base end of the bucket cylinder 29 is mounted is provided on the lower surface on the distal end side of the arm 20.
  The bucket 25 as a work tool is rotatably attached to the distal end portion of the arm 20, that is, the work tool mounting bracket 22 of the arm 20. For example, the bucket 25 scoops up earth and sand and discharges the earth and sand to a predetermined position. For this reason, the rod tip of the bucket cylinder 29 is connected to the bucket 25 via the link mechanism 26.
  The boom cylinder 27 is provided between the swing frame 4 of the upper swing body 3 and the boom 12. The boom cylinder 27 is provided on each of the left and right sides of the boom 12. Each boom cylinder 27 moves the boom 12 up and down (swings) with respect to the revolving frame 4. The base end portion of the boom cylinder 27 is rotatably attached to the front portion of the turning frame 4. The tip of the boom cylinder 27 is rotatably attached to the cylinder mounting boss 18 of the boom 12.
  The arm cylinder 28 is provided between the boom 12 and the arm 20. The arm cylinder 28 moves the arm 20 up and down (swings) with respect to the boom 12. The base end portion of the arm cylinder 28 is rotatably attached to the cylinder mounting bracket 19 of the boom 12. The distal end portion of the arm cylinder 28 is rotatably attached to the cylinder mounting bracket 23 of the arm 20.
  A bucket cylinder 29 as a work tool cylinder is provided between the arm 20 and the bucket 25. The bucket cylinder 29 rotates (swings) the bucket 25 at the tip of the arm 20. The base end portion of the bucket cylinder 29 is rotatably attached to the cylinder mounting bracket 24 of the arm 20. The tip of the bucket cylinder 29 is rotatably attached to a link mechanism 26 connected to the bucket 25 and the arm 20.
  Here, in the embodiment, the boom 12 is a long boom (super long boom) longer than the standard boom. That is, the front device 11 according to the embodiment is configured as a long front (super long front) including a boom 12 and an arm 20 that are specially designed to be long, and a small-capacity bucket 25 for light excavation. As a result, the front device 11 can achieve a longer working radius and excavation length (excavation depth) than a configuration including a standard boom and arm (standard front).
  More specifically, as shown in FIG. 5, the length dimension between the foot mounting member 13 of the boom 12 and the cylinder mounting boss 18 is L1, and the arm mounting member 14 and the cylinder mounting boss 18 of the boom 12 are When the length dimension between them is L2, the length dimension L1 and the length dimension L2 are set in the relationship of the following equation (1).
  More preferably, the length dimension L1 and the length dimension L2 are set in the relationship of the following formula 2.
  Furthermore, in the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 5, the dimension from the attachment part (boom attachment bracket 21) between the arm 20 and the boom 12 to the attachment part (work implement attachment bracket 22) between the arm 20 and the bucket 25 is set. Assuming that A is a dimension from the mounting portion (arm mounting member 14) of the arm 20 and the boom 12 to the cylinder mounting boss 18 of the boom 12, B (= L2), these dimensions A and B are the following numbers: Three relationships are set.
  More specifically, in the state where the boom 12 is most raised, the arm 20 is suspended, and the bucket 25 is scooped up, the lowermost height (the ground height) of the bucket 25 is the loading platform (vessel) of the dump truck. The A dimension and the B dimension are set so as to be higher than the height. Thereby, in a state where the transport vehicle such as the dump truck is brought close to the excavator 1, it is possible to make it easier to load the earth and sand soared by the bucket 25 into the transport vehicle.
  Next, the structure of the fixed hydraulic lines 31, 33, 36, and 42 for supplying and discharging the pressure oil from the control valve device (not shown) to the arm cylinder 28 and the bucket cylinder 29 of the front device 11 will be described. The arm cylinder 28 and the bucket cylinder 29 are arranged at positions farther from the vehicle body (the upper swing body 3 and the lower traveling body 2) than the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 in a state in which the front device 11 is most extended. Compatible with hydraulic actuators.
  To supply the boom 12 with hydraulic oil (hydraulic fluid) for operation to a hydraulic actuator including the arm cylinder 28 and the bucket cylinder 29 (hydraulic actuator at a position farther from the vehicle body than the bent portion 15 of the boom 12). The fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36, and 42 are provided along the length direction of the boom 12. Specifically, the boom 12 has a pair of fixed hydraulic lines 31 and 33 for arm cylinders and a pair of fixed hydraulic lines 36 and 42 for bucket cylinders, each serving as a fixed hydraulic line for work implement cylinders. The boom 12 is provided along the length direction.
  The pair of arm cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 31 and 33 supply and discharge pressure oil to and from the arm cylinder 28. Specifically, one arm cylinder fixed hydraulic line 31 supplies and discharges pressure oil to and from the bottom side oil chamber of the arm cylinder 28. The other arm cylinder fixed hydraulic line 33 supplies and discharges pressure oil to and from the rod side oil chamber of the arm cylinder 28.
  The fixed hydraulic pipes 31 and 33 for arm cylinders are made of, for example, inflexible metal pipes, are arranged on the left side on the base end side of the boom 12, and extend toward the front end side after being bent toward the center. . Here, the tip of one arm cylinder fixed hydraulic line 31 is connected to the bottom side connection port of the tube of the arm cylinder 28 via the arm cylinder side flexible hose 32. The distal end of the other arm cylinder fixed hydraulic line 33 is connected to the tube side rod connection port of the arm cylinder 28 via the arm cylinder side flexible hose 34 and the tube line 35.
  The pair of bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 36 and 42 supply and discharge pressure oil to and from the bucket cylinder 29. Specifically, one fixed hydraulic line 36 for bucket cylinders supplies and discharges pressure oil to and from the bottom side oil chamber of the bucket cylinder 29. The other fixed hydraulic line 42 for the bucket cylinder supplies and discharges pressure oil to and from the rod side oil chamber of the bucket cylinder 29. The fixed hydraulic pipes 36 and 42 for bucket cylinders are made of, for example, inflexible metal pipes and are arranged on the right side at the base end side of the boom 12 and extend toward the front end side after being separated in the left and right directions. ing.
  Here, the tip side of one bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic line 36 is connected to a bucket cylinder side flexible hose 37, another bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic line 38, another bucket cylinder side flexible hose 39, and arm 20. The bucket cylinder 29 is connected to the bottom side connection port of the tube of the bucket cylinder 29 through the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic line 40 and the bucket cylinder side flexible hose 41 provided in the arm 20. The tip of the other bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic line 42 is provided on the bucket cylinder side flexible hose 43, another bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic line 44, another bucket cylinder side flexible hose 45, and the arm 20. The bucket cylinder 29 is connected to the tube-side rod connection port of the bucket cylinder 29 via the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic conduit 46, the bucket cylinder-side flexible hose 47 provided on the arm 20, and the tube conduit 48.
  By the way, when the excavator 1 is mounted on a trailer or the like and transported on a road, the excavator 1 needs to be within the height limit defined by the laws and regulations of the country where the transport is performed. That is, when the excavator 1 is transported, the front device 11 is brought into the transport posture on the trailer. Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the arm 20 is folded to the lower side of the boom 12 (lower plate 12D side) so that the boom 12 is extended forward. At this time, the height H of the highest part of the front device 11 (the ground height of the highest part when mounted on the trailer) needs to be within the height restriction (transportation restriction) defined by laws and regulations. There is.
  On the other hand, the hydraulic excavator 1 desirably has a wide (long) work range such as excavation depth and excavation range from the viewpoint of improving workability. In particular, when the front device 11 is a long front (super long front) provided with a long boom (super long boom), it is important to achieve both a reduction in transportation height and a work range.
  Therefore, in the embodiment, the fixed hydraulic pipelines 31, 33, 36, and 42 are arranged above the upper plate 12C of the boom 12 in the range from the foot mounting member 13 to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12, and the boom In the range corresponding to the 12 bent portions 15, the boom 12 is disposed on the side of the left and right side plates 12 </ b> A and 12 </ b> B, and in the range from the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 to the arm mounting member 14, It is set as the structure arrange | positioned above 12C. More specifically, in the transportation posture shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the fixed hydraulic pipelines 31, 33, 36, and 42 are located on the upper plate 12 </ b> C of the boom 12 in the range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. It is configured to be stored at a position lower than the maximum height position.
  For this reason, as shown in FIG. 7 and the like, the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36, 42 are located on the base end side (vehicle body side) of the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 from the upper plate 12C side of the boom 12 to the left. , The relief portions 31A, 33A, 36A, 42A extending to the side of the right side plates 12A, 12B, and the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 from the tip of the relief portions 31A, 33A, 36A, 42A to the left and right of the boom 12. Laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, 42B extending forward along the side plates 12A, 12B, and laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B on the distal end side (the side away from the vehicle body) of the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. It has return portions 31C, 33C, 36C, and 42C that return to the upper plate 12C side of the boom 12 from the tip of 42B.
  In this case, the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36, and 42 are arranged in parallel in the left and right directions on the sides of the left and right side plates 12A and 12B in a range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. ing. That is, the laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, 42B of the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36, 42 are arranged in parallel in the left and right directions on the sides of the left and right side plates 12A, 12B. As shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 4, and 8, in the transport posture, the height dimension h of the laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, and 42B is set to the maximum height dimension of the upper plate 12C of the boom 12. Lower than H (H> h). In this case, the height dimension h of the laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, and 42B can be set so as not to exceed the maximum height dimension H of the upper plate 12C of the boom 12 due to vibration during transportation.
  Here, the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36 and 42 are fixed using clamp members 51 and 52. In this case, the fixed hydraulic pipelines 31, 33, 36, and 42 are collectively fixed to the upper plate 12 </ b> C of the boom 12 using the first clamp member 51 in a range that is disengaged from the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. Yes. On the other hand, the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36, and 42 are grouped into the left and right side plates 12 </ b> A and 12 </ b> B of the boom 12 using the second clamp member 52 in a range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. Is fixed. That is, the laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, 42B of the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36, 42 are fixed together on the left and right side plates 12A, 12B using the second clamp member 52. .
  As shown in FIG. 9, the second clamp member 52 includes a pipe screw seat 52A, a fixing bolt 52B, a support member 52C, a clamping member 52D, and a bolt / nut 52E. The pipe screw seat 52A is formed in a substantially prismatic shape, and is fixed to the side plates 12A and 12B of the boom 12 using, for example, welding means. Thereby, the piping screw seat 52A is provided so as to protrude from the side plates 12A and 12B of the boom 12 in the lateral direction (left and right directions). The pipe screw seat 52A is provided with two female screw holes (not shown) into which the fixing bolt 52B is screwed.
  The support member 52C is formed as an L-shaped bracket, and is fixed to the pipe screw seat 52A using a fixing bolt 52B. The support member 52C includes a fixed portion 52C1 fixed to the pipe screw seat 52A, and a laterally extending portion of the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 36 (33, 42) together with the holding member 52D which is bent about 90 ° with respect to the fixed portion 52C1. And a pipe line receiving portion 52C2 for holding 31B and 36B (33B and 42B). An insertion hole (not shown) through which the bolt of the bolt / nut 52E is inserted is formed in the pipe receiving portion 52C2.
  The clamping member 52D is provided on the upper side of the pipe receiving part 52C2 of the support member 52C so as to face the pipe receiving part 52C2. The clamping member 52D clamps the laterally extending portions 31B and 36B (33B and 42B) of the fixed hydraulic pipelines 31 and 36 (33, 42) using bolts and nuts 52E with the pipeline receiving portion 52C2. is there. The holding member 52D is provided with pipe receiving surfaces 52D1 and 52D2 which are curved along the outer peripheral surface of the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 36 (33, 42) side by side in the left and right directions. The clamping member 52D is formed with an insertion hole (not shown) through which the bolt of the bolt / nut 52E is inserted.
  The bolt / nut 52E is inserted into the insertion hole of the pipe receiving part 52C2 and the holding member 52D, and the fixed hydraulic pipe is formed by the pipe receiving part 52C2 of the support member 52C and the pipe receiving surfaces 52D1 and 52D2 of the holding member 52D. The nuts are screwed together with the paths 31, 36 (33, 42) sandwiched in the upward and downward directions. As a result, the laterally extending portions 31B and 36B (33B and 42B) of the fixed hydraulic pipes 31 and 36 (33 and 42) are restrained by the second clamp member 52 at the sides of the left and right side plates 12A and 12B. can do.
  The front device 11 of the excavator 1 applied to the first embodiment has the above-described configuration, and the operation thereof will be described next.
  First, the operator can travel the lower traveling body 2 by getting on the cab 5 and operating a traveling operation lever / pedal among various operation levers / pedals. Further, the operator can operate the boom 12, the arm 20, and the bucket 25 of the front apparatus 11 by operating the operation lever for work, and can perform, for example, excavation work of earth and sand.
  On the other hand, when the hydraulic excavator 1 is placed on a trailer or the like and transported (transported) on the road, the hydraulic excavator 1 is placed on the trailer and the front device 11 is brought into the transport posture. That is, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the arm 20 is folded to the lower side of the boom 12 (the lower plate 12D side), and the boom 12 is extended forward, so that the front device 11 is brought into the transport posture. At this time, the maximum height dimension H of the upper plate 12C in the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 becomes the maximum height of the excavator 1 in the transport posture.
  Thus, in the first embodiment, the fixed hydraulic pipelines 31, 33, 36, and 42 are within the range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 (laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, and 42B). Are arranged on the left and right side plates 12A and 12B. For this reason, the laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, and 42B of the fixed hydraulic pipelines 31, 33, 36, and 42 can be lowered to the lower side in the transport posture. Thereby, the transport height of the hydraulic excavator 1 (front device 11) can be suppressed.
  On the other hand, the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 can be raised upward in the transportation posture, and the angle formed by the boom 12 and the arm 20 in the transportation posture can be increased accordingly. Here, when the state of the transport posture is the maximum extension state of the boom cylinder 27, the angle formed between the boom 12 and the arm 20 when the boom cylinder 27 is in the minimum contraction state can be increased. Maximum working radius and excavation depth can be increased.
  In other words, since the angle formed by the boom cylinder 27 in the fully extended state can be increased, the work range can be increased while the size of the boom cylinder 27 remains the same (even if the size of the boom cylinder 27 is limited). . Furthermore, since the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 can be raised, the length of the boom 12 as a whole and the length of the arm 20 as a whole can be increased, and the working range can be increased from this aspect as well. As a result, it is possible to achieve both a reduction in transportation height and a secure working range.
  Moreover, the laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, and 42B are fixed to the boom 12 by arranging the laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, and 42B to the sides of the left and right side plates 12A and 12B. The piping screw seat 52A can be provided on the left and right side plates 12A, 12B. In this case, compared with the configuration in which the pipe screw seat is provided on the upper plate 12C at the bent portion 15 of the boom 12, the pipe screw seat 52A is fatigued or damaged due to the bending of the boom 12, and is screwed into the pipe screw seat 52A. The possibility that the fixing bolt 52B is loosened or dropped off can be reduced.
  On the other hand, the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36 and 42 are disposed above the upper plate 12 </ b> C of the boom 12 in the range from the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 to the arm attachment member 14. For this reason, for example, in the range from the bent portion 15 to the arm mounting member 14, it is not necessary to avoid an obstacle such as a headlamp as compared with the configuration in which the left and right side plates 12A and 12B are arranged. The paths of the hydraulic lines 31, 33, 36, and 42 can be simplified. In addition, by disposing the upper plate 12C above the upper plate 12C, it is possible to make it difficult for the fixed hydraulic pipelines 31, 33, 36, and 42 to interfere (contact) with surrounding earth and sand during excavation and the like.
  In the first embodiment, in the transport posture, the laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, and 42B of the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36, and 42 are lower than the maximum height position of the upper plate 12C of the boom 12. It is configured to fit in the position. That is, the relationship between the height dimension h and the height dimension H is H> h. For this reason, the maximum height position of the upper plate 12C of the boom 12 becomes the maximum height position in the transportation posture. Thereby, the height dimension H of the bent part 15 of the boom 12 can be increased to the upper limit of the transport height stipulated by regulations, and the maximum working radius and excavation depth of the front device 11 are increased accordingly. be able to. As a result, it is possible to achieve both higher levels of restraining the transportation height and securing the work range.
  In the first embodiment, the front device 11 is a long front (super long front), that is, the boom 12 is a long boom (super long boom), thereby obtaining a deeper excavation performance than a standard front (boom). I am trying to do it. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 5, the length dimension L1 and the length dimension L2 of the boom 12 are set to the relationship of the above-described formula 1 (more preferably, the above-described formula 2). Yes. For this reason, the working range required for the super long front can be further expanded while the transport height of the hydraulic excavator 1 equipped with the super long front falls within the height limit stipulated by laws and regulations.
  In the first embodiment, the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 36 and 42 are arranged on the left side of the boom 12 in the range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. The right side plates 12A and 12B are arranged side by side in the left and right directions. In this case, the curvature radii of the two fixed hydraulic conduits 31, 33, 36, 42 (laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, 42B) bent along the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 can be made the same in both. For this reason, only the axial force can be applied to the fixing bolt 52B of the pipe screw seat 52A based on the bending of the boom 12.
  That is, it is possible to arrange both fixed hydraulic pipes (laterally extending parts) in parallel in the upward and downward directions, but in this case, the radius of curvature of the respective fixed hydraulic pipes (laterally extending parts) is different. Become. Further, when a force in a direction to bend the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 is applied, a bending stress larger than that on the upper side is applied to the fixed hydraulic pipe line (laterally extending portion) disposed on the lower side, and a shearing force is applied to the fixing bolt. There is a fear.
  On the other hand, in the first embodiment, both the fixed hydraulic lines 31, 33, 36, 42 (laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, 42B) are arranged in parallel in the horizontal direction. The same bending stress can be applied, and it can be constructed advantageously in strength. In addition, the bending of the two fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36, 42 (laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, 42B) can be minimized, and the piping cost can be suppressed.
  Furthermore, since the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 36 and 42 are arranged side by side, in addition to improving the appearance, both the fixed hydraulic lines 31, 33, 36, 42 can be assembled to the boom 12 together, facilitating the assembling work, reducing the man-hours, and improving the assembling workability. Further, it is possible to secure an empty space below (or above) the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 36 and 42 that are arranged side by side. It is possible to easily arrange the hydraulic pipeline.
  As shown in FIG. 4, when the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic pipelines 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipelines 36 and 42 are arranged side by side, both the fixed hydraulic pipelines 31, 33, 36 are arranged. , 42 is positioned on the inner side of the outermost portion D in the left and right direction of the joint portion between the rod of the boom cylinder 27 and the cylinder mounting boss 18. Configure. Thereby, it is possible to prevent the fixed hydraulic pipelines 31, 33, 36, and 42 from interfering (contacting) with the surrounding earth and sand during excavation and the like.
  In the first embodiment, the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 36 and 42 are combined into the boom 12 using the first and second clamp members 51 and 52. The configuration is fixed. More specifically, the laterally extending portions 31B, 33B, 36B, and 42B) that are in the range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 among the two fixed hydraulic pipelines 31, 33, 36, and 42 are the second clamps. The member 52 is used and fixed to the left and right side plates 12A and 12B of the boom 12 together. For this reason, the number of parts can be reduced, and the structure can be reduced.
  In the first embodiment, the relationship between the dimension A of the arm 20 and the dimension B of the boom 12 is set to the above-described equation (3) (A ≦ B). In this case, since the arm 20 can be shortened, the maximum height H in the transport posture can be lowered. In addition to this, the position of the bucket 25 on the front side of the excavator 1 can be increased, and the loading property with respect to a transport vehicle such as a dump truck can be improved.
  Next, FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 show a second embodiment of the present invention. A feature of the second embodiment resides in that an additional fixed hydraulic line is provided as a fixed hydraulic line in addition to the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic line and the work tool cylinder fixed hydraulic line. In the second embodiment, the same components as those in the first embodiment described above are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof is omitted.
  In the second embodiment, in addition to the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 36 and 42, other hydraulic actuators different from the arm cylinder 28 and the bucket cylinder 29 are supplied with pressure oil. An additional fixed hydraulic line 61 is provided. As a hydraulic actuator to which pressure oil is supplied through the additional fixed hydraulic line 61, a hydraulic actuator for a quick hitch for attaching / detaching a work tool (for example, bucket 25), or a mower when a mower is attached as a work tool. For example, a hydraulic actuator for tilting (swinging) can be used.
  Here, the additional fixed hydraulic line 61 is arranged on the left and right side plates 12A and 12B of the boom 12 over the entire length direction of the boom 12. In this case, the additional fixed hydraulic line 61 is located above and below the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 36 and 42 at least in a range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. Arranged in parallel in the direction. Specifically, the additional fixed hydraulic line 61 is located below the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 36 and 42 in a range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. Is arranged.
  In the second embodiment, as shown in FIG. 11, one additional fixed hydraulic line 61 is provided on each of the left and right sides. For example, two additional fixed hydraulic lines 61 are provided on the left and right sides. It is good also as a structure provided above (plural). In this case, a plurality of additional fixed hydraulic lines are arranged in parallel in the left and right directions below the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 36 and 42.
  The arm cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 31 and 33, the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 36 and 42, and the additional fixed hydraulic pipe 61 are arranged so that the second clamp member 62 is provided within a range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. The left and right side plates 12A and 12B of the boom 12 are fixed together. The second clamp member 62 includes a pipe screw seat 62A, a fixing bolt 62B, a support member 62C (fixing part 62C1, pipe receiving part 62C2), a holding member 62D (pipe receiving surfaces 62D1, 62D2), an additional holding member 62E, It is configured by bolts and nuts 62F. The piping screw seat 62A, the fixing bolt 62B, the support member 62C, and the clamping member 62D of the second clamp member 62 are the piping screw seat 52A, the fixing bolt 52B, and the supporting member of the second clamp member 52 according to the first embodiment. 52C and the clamping member 52D are the same.
  The additional clamping member 62E is provided on the lower side of the pipe receiving part 62C2 of the support member 62C so as to face the pipe receiving part 62C2. The additional clamping member 62E clamps the additional fixed hydraulic pipeline 61 with a bolt / nut 62F between the pipeline receiving portion 62C2. The additional clamping member 62E is formed with a pipe receiving surface 62E1 that is curved along the outer peripheral surface of the additional fixed hydraulic pipe 61, and an insertion hole (not shown) through which the bolt of the bolt / nut 62F is inserted.
  The bolt / nut 62F is inserted through the insertion holes of the pipe receiving portion 62C2, the clamping member 62D, and the additional clamping member 62E, and the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 36 (33, 42) are formed by the support member 62C and the clamping member 62D. The nut is screwed in a state where the additional fixed hydraulic pipe 61 is sandwiched between the support member 62C and the additional clamping member 62E. As a result, the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 36, 42 and the additional fixed hydraulic pipe 61 are connected to the second clamp on the side of the left and right side plates 12A, 12B. The members 62 can be restrained together.
  In the second embodiment, the fixed hydraulic pipes 31, 33, 36, 42, 61 are supported by the side of the left and right side plates 12A, 12B using the second clamp member 62 as described above. However, the basic action is not different from that of the first embodiment described above.
  In particular, according to the second embodiment, the additional fixed hydraulic line 61 has the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic lines 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipe in a range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. It arrange | positions in parallel with the paths 36 and 42 in the up and down direction. For this reason, the additional fixed hydraulic line 61 can be easily fixed.
  That is, the additional fixed hydraulic pipeline 61 is fixed together with the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic pipelines 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipelines 36 and 42 at the side of the left and right side plates 12A and 12B. Can do. Thereby, each fixed hydraulic pipeline 31, 33, 36, 42, 61 can be assembled | attached to the boom 12 collectively, and an assembly work can be facilitated, a man-hour reduction, and the improvement of assembly workability | operativity can be aimed at.
  In the first embodiment, the case where the work tool of the front device 11 is the bucket 25 has been described as an example. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, a work tool other than the bucket 25 such as a grapple may be used as the work tool of the front device. The same applies to the second embodiment.
  In the first embodiment, an example in which the fixed hydraulic pipe is configured by two types of fixed hydraulic pipes, arm cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 31 and 33 and bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 36 and 42, is described. And explained. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and, for example, the fixed hydraulic line may be configured by one type of fixed hydraulic line, or three or more types of fixed hydraulic lines. In this case, one or a plurality of types of fixed hydraulic pipes are arranged on the left and right side plates in a range corresponding to the bent portion of the boom. Further, in the case of a plurality of types of fixed hydraulic pipes, these fixed hydraulic pipes can be arranged in parallel in the left and right directions on the sides of the left and right side plates. The same applies to the second embodiment.
  In the first embodiment, the case of the arm cylinder 28 and the bucket cylinder 29 has been described as an example of the hydraulic actuator to which the pressure oil is supplied through the fixed hydraulic line. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, the hydraulic actuator is arranged at a position farther from the vehicle body than the bent portion of the boom in the state where the hydraulic actuator other than the arm cylinder and the work tool cylinder, that is, the front device is extended to the maximum If it is a hydraulic actuator, various hydraulic actuators can be adopted. The same applies to the second embodiment.
  In the first embodiment, the arm cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 31 and 33 and the bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic pipes 36 and 42 are arranged on the left side of the boom 12 in the range corresponding to the bent portion 15 of the boom 12. The case where it is configured to be supported (fixed) by the right side plates 12A and 12B has been described as an example. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, the fixed hydraulic line may be supported (fixed) on the upper plate or the lower plate other than the left and right side plates within a range corresponding to the bent portion of the boom. That is, the fixed hydraulic line may be supported (fixed) on any part of the outer surface of the boom as long as it can be arranged on the left and right side plates within the range corresponding to the bent part of the boom. is there.
  In the first embodiment, the case in which nothing is arranged above the upper plate 12C of the boom 12 in the range of the bent portion 15 of the boom 12 has been described as an example. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, if it can be accommodated within the height limit stipulated by laws and regulations, a fixed conduit such as a grease supply conduit for supplying grease to the sliding portion can be used as a boom. It is good also as a structure arrange | positioned above 12 C of upper boards over the whole length direction of the boom 12 containing the 12 bending parts 15. FIG. The same applies to the second embodiment.
  In the first embodiment, as an example, the upper and lower ends of the left and right side plates 12A and 12B of the boom 12 are welded and joined to the lower surface of the upper plate 12C and the upper surface of the lower plate 12D. explained. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, the left and right ends of the upper plate and the lower plate may be welded to the left and right side plates. The same applies to the second embodiment.
  In the first embodiment, the case where the boom 12 and the arm 20 are long fronts (super long fronts) as compared with the standard specification has been described as an example of the front device 11. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the front device may be a standard specification front equipped with a standard specification boom and arm. The same applies to the second embodiment.
  In each embodiment, the crawler-type hydraulic excavator 1 is described as an example of the construction machine. However, the present invention may be applied to a wheel-type hydraulic excavator and widely applied to various construction machines including a front device. Can do. Furthermore, each embodiment is an exemplification, and it is needless to say that partial replacement or combination of configurations shown in different embodiments is possible.
1 Excavator (construction machine)
2 Lower traveling body (car body)
3 Upper swing body (car body)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 11 Front apparatus 12 Boom 12A Left side board 12B Right side board 12C Upper board 12D Lower board 13 Foot part attachment member 14 Arm attachment member 15 Bending part 17 Front end side linear part (linear part)
18 Cylinder mounting boss 20 Arm 21 Boom mounting bracket 22 Work tool mounting bracket 25 Bucket (work tool)
27 Boom cylinder 28 Arm cylinder 29 Bucket cylinder (work implement cylinder)
31, 33 Arm cylinder fixed hydraulic line 36, 42 Bucket cylinder fixed hydraulic line (work tool cylinder fixed hydraulic line)
31B, 33B, 36B, 42B Horizontally extending portion (range corresponding to the bent portion of the boom)
51 1st clamp member 52,62 2nd clamp member

Claims (4)

  1. A boom having a foot part mounting member attached to the vehicle body of the construction machine on the base end side so as to be able to move up and down, and an arm mounting member on the tip side;
    An arm having a boom mounting bracket rotatably attached to the arm mounting member of the boom and having a work tool mounting bracket on the distal end side;
    A work tool rotatably attached to the work tool mounting bracket of the arm;
    A boom cylinder provided between the vehicle body and the boom;
    An arm cylinder provided between the boom and the arm;
    A work tool cylinder provided between the arm and the work tool;
    A fixed hydraulic line provided along a length direction of the boom for supplying and discharging pressure oil for operation to and from a hydraulic actuator including the arm cylinder and the work tool cylinder;
    The boom includes left and right side plates that extend in the front and rear directions while facing each other in the left and right directions, an upper plate that is joined to an upper end side of the left and right side plates, and the left and right side plates. and a lower plate which is joined to the lower side, is formed as a box-like structure forming a closed cross section,
    The boom has a bent portion near the vehicle body is bent in the chevron shape, between the bent portion to the arm mounting member is configured to include a linear portion extending linearly,
    And, in the front device of the construction machine, the boom is provided with a cylinder mounting boss for attaching the boom cylinder to the position of the bent portion.
    The fixed hydraulic line is disposed above the upper plate in the range from the foot part mounting member to the bent part of the boom, and in the range corresponding to the bent part of the boom, the left, is disposed on the side of the right side plate, the front device for a construction machine in the range from the bent portion of the boom to said arm mounting member is characterized in that it is disposed above the upper plate.
  2. In the transport posture in which the arm is folded to the lower plate side of the boom and the boom is extended forward, the fixed hydraulic line is stored at a position lower than the maximum height position of the upper plate. a construction machine front device according to claim 1 you.
  3. The length between the foot portion mounting member of the boom and the cylinder mounting boss and L1, if the length between the arm attachment member of the boom and the cylinder mounting boss was L2, these the length L1 and length L2, construction machine front device according to claim 1 or 2 you wherein it is set to 2.0L1 ≦ L2 ≦ 3.7L1 the relationship.
  4. The fixed hydraulic line is constituted by at least a fixed hydraulic lines arm cylinder for supplying and discharging hydraulic oil to the arm cylinder, the implement cylinder fixed hydraulic lines for supplying and discharging pressure oil to the working implement cylinder And
    The arm cylinder fixed hydraulic line and the work tool cylinder fixed hydraulic line are parallel to the left and right sides of the left and right side plates in a range corresponding to the bent portion of the boom. construction machine front device according to claim 1, 2 or 3 you, characterized in that it is arranged.
JP2014221540A 2014-10-30 2014-10-30 Construction equipment front equipment Active JP6258838B2 (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0510045Y2 (en) * 1987-12-02 1993-03-11
JPH04130349U (en) * 1991-05-24 1992-11-30
JP2004156299A (en) * 2002-11-06 2004-06-03 Hitachi Constr Mach Co Ltd Working device of construction machinery
US20040096308A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2004-05-20 Hsun Lee Mechanical operating arm device having solid pawls

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