JP6257317B2 - Structure construction method and structure disassembly method - Google Patents

Structure construction method and structure disassembly method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP6257317B2
JP6257317B2 JP2013268159A JP2013268159A JP6257317B2 JP 6257317 B2 JP6257317 B2 JP 6257317B2 JP 2013268159 A JP2013268159 A JP 2013268159A JP 2013268159 A JP2013268159 A JP 2013268159A JP 6257317 B2 JP6257317 B2 JP 6257317B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
floor
column
existing
support
frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2013268159A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2015124494A (en
Inventor
清志 矢島
清志 矢島
英樹 市原
英樹 市原
Original Assignee
大成建設株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 大成建設株式会社 filed Critical 大成建設株式会社
Priority to JP2013268159A priority Critical patent/JP6257317B2/en
Publication of JP2015124494A publication Critical patent/JP2015124494A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP6257317B2 publication Critical patent/JP6257317B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Description

  The present invention relates to a structure construction method for constructing a structure and a structure disassembly method for disassembling an existing structure.
  Conventionally, a closed temporary structure covering a work area has been proposed at a construction site for new construction or demolition of a building. (See Patent Document 1).
  For example, in a new construction of a building, the following closed type temporary structure has been proposed (see Patent Document 1). The temporary structure includes a plurality of tower crane masts provided with a self-climbing mechanism, a receiving beam constructed between the self-climbing mechanisms, and a temporary roof provided on the receiving beam. The temporary roof includes a roof frame and a roof sheet stretched on the roof frame.
  According to such a structure, since the work space is surrounded by the temporary structure, it is possible to work in an all-weather environment and to suppress solar radiation, so that the internal work environment can be favorably maintained.
JP-A-7-82897
However, when a high-rise building is constructed using the conventional method described above, there are the following problems.
That is, there is a problem that the height of the tower crane mast is considerably increased and the entire work space is covered with the temporary roof, so that the cost for the temporary material is increased, and as a result, the construction cost is increased.
  An object of this invention is to provide the structure construction method and structure dismantling method which can reduce construction cost, maintaining a working environment favorably.
  The structure construction method according to claim 1 is a structure construction method for constructing a structure (for example, a building 1 to be described later), and a floor frame of a predetermined floor (for example, a rooftop floor) of the structure is used as a main structure. While constructing as a floor structure (for example, a later-described main floor structure 30), at least a part of the structure (for example, a later-described pillar 11) is used as a support (for example, a later-described support 11A). Is constructed to a predetermined height through the permanent floor frame, and supports the permanent floor frame from the support column (for example, steps S1 and S2 described later), and immediately below the permanent floor frame. In the space (for example, work space S described later), the structure is constructed, and a construction step (for example, step S3 described later) for extending the support column upward on the permanent floor frame, The main floor frame is raised along the column. While, repeating step of repeating the construction process (e.g., step S4, S5 will be described later), characterized in that it comprises a a.
According to the present invention, at least a part of the pillar of the structure is used as a support, and the support is constructed to a predetermined height. In addition, a floor frame of a predetermined floor of the structure is constructed as a permanent floor frame, and the permanent floor frame is supported by a support column.
Next, a structure is constructed in the space immediately below the permanent floor frame, and the pillar of the structure is extended upward on the permanent floor frame.
Then, the construction work of the structure is repeated while raising the main floor frame along the column.
  Thus, since the work space is covered with the main floor frame, it is possible to work in an all-weather environment and to suppress solar radiation and to maintain a good internal work environment.
  In addition, the floor frame of the predetermined floor of the structure, that is, the main floor frame was used as a roof covering the work space, and the main column was supported as a support column. Thus, since the work space was covered using the floor frame and the pillar of this construction, temporary materials can be reduced significantly, and construction costs can be reduced.
  The structure dismantling method according to claim 2 is a structure dismantling method for disassembling an existing structure, wherein the floor structure of a predetermined floor of the existing structure is an existing floor structure, and at least a part of the existing structure In the initial step of supporting the existing floor frame from the column, leaving the column up to a predetermined height penetrating the existing floor frame, and the column in the space immediately below the existing floor frame Excluding the existing structure, and disassembling the dismantling step of the struts on the existing floor housing; and repeating the dismantling step while lowering the existing floor housing along the struts; It is characterized by providing.
According to this invention, the floor structure of the predetermined floor of the existing structure is used as the permanent floor structure. Further, at least a part of the pillars of the existing structure is used as a support, and the support is supported by the support with the support remaining up to a height penetrating the floor support.
Next, the existing structure is dismantled in the space immediately below the existing floor frame, and the struts are dismantled on the existing floor frame.
Then, the dismantling work of the structure is repeated while lowering the existing floor frame along the column.
Therefore, there is an effect similar to that of the first aspect.
  According to the present invention, since the work space is covered with the permanent floor frame, it is possible to work in an all-weather environment, and it is possible to suppress solar radiation and to maintain the internal work environment well. In addition, the floor frame of the predetermined floor of the structure, that is, the main floor frame was used as a roof covering the work space, and the main column was supported as a support column. Thus, since the work space was covered using the floor frame and the pillar of this construction, temporary materials can be reduced significantly, and construction costs can be reduced.
It is sectional drawing of the structure constructed | assembled by the structure construction method which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a flowchart of the procedure which constructs | assembles a structure with the structure construction method which concerns on the said embodiment. It is FIG. (1) for demonstrating the procedure which builds a structure with the structure construction method which concerns on the said embodiment. It is FIG. (2) for demonstrating the procedure which builds a structure with the structure construction method which concerns on the said embodiment. It is a top view of the permanent floor frame used for the structure construction method concerning the embodiment, and a temporary wall. It is sectional drawing of the joint part of the permanent floor frame and support | pillar of the structure construction method which concerns on the said embodiment. It is AA sectional drawing of FIG. It is FIG. (3) for demonstrating the procedure which builds a structure by the structure construction method which concerns on the said embodiment. It is FIG. (4) for demonstrating the procedure which builds a structure with the structure construction method which concerns on the said embodiment. It is sectional drawing of the joint part of the permanent floor frame and support | pillar of the structure construction method which concerns on the said embodiment.
Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a building 1 as a structure constructed by a structure construction method according to an embodiment of the present invention.
The building 1 is a high-rise building having n floors (n is a natural number). Further, the building 1 is a building having three spans in the longitudinal direction and two spans in the short direction in plan view (see FIG. 5).
The building 1 includes a foundation 2 and a building body 10 provided on the foundation 2.
The building body 10 includes a plurality of pillars 11 and a plurality of beams 12 that connect the pillars 11 as a framework, that is, a structure. The building body 10 includes a floor slab 13, an outer wall 14, and the like as non-structural bodies.
The structure construction method of the present invention constructs this building 1.
Specifically, on the ground, the pillar 11 and the beam 12 on the roof floor (n-th floor) of the building 1 are constructed in advance to form a permanent floor frame 30, and a temporary wall is provided on the outer periphery of the permanent floor frame 30. An outer periphery scaffold 40 is provided as a temporary moving enclosure 20. A space surrounded by the moving temporary enclosure 20 is defined as a work space S in which the work for constructing the building 1 is performed.
At this time, a part of the main column 11 is a column 11A, and the movable temporary enclosure 20 is supported by the column 11A.
The building 1 is constructed from the lower layer to the upper layer by performing work in the work space S in the moving temporary enclosure 20 while raising the moving temporary enclosure 20 along the support 11A (see FIG. 4).
  Hereinafter, a specific procedure for constructing the building 1 will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.
In step S1, as shown in FIG. 3, a support 11A is constructed.
That is, first, the foundation 2 is constructed. Next, a part of the pillar 11 is a support 11A, and the support 11A is constructed up to the third floor rising level. In plan view, the four pillars 11 located at the four corners of the building 1 and the two pillars 11 located inside the building 1 are referred to as pillars 11A (see FIG. 5).
In step S2, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the moving temporary enclosure 20 is constructed on the ground.
That is, the moving temporary enclosure 20 is installed, and an elevating device 21 is attached to suspend and support the moving temporary enclosure 20 from the top of the column 11A.
The movable temporary enclosure 20 is composed of a flat plate-like permanent floor frame 30, an outer periphery scaffold 40 provided on the outer periphery of the permanent floor frame 30, and two traveling cranes 50 provided on the upper surface of the permanent floor frame 30. And a ceiling traveling hoist 60 provided on the lower surface of the main floor frame 30.
Hereinafter, a space immediately below the permanent floor frame 30 of the movable temporary enclosure 20, that is, a space surrounded by the permanent floor frame 30 and the outer periphery scaffold 40 is referred to as a work space S. Then, the work space S is located on the first floor and the second floor.
  The main floor frame 30 is a floor frame (R floor) of the building 1 and includes a beam 12 on the R floor and a floor slab 13 on the R floor. A portion (panel zone) through which the column 11 </ b> A penetrates in the main floor frame 30 is defined as a penetration portion 31.
FIG. 6 is a vertical cross-sectional view of the through-hole 31 of the permanent floor frame 30, and FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line AA in FIG.
A cylindrical penetrating jig 32 is attached to the penetrating portion 31, and the column 11 </ b> A is inserted through the penetrating jig 32. The R-level beam 12 reaching the penetrating portion 31 is joined to the penetrating jig 32.
The penetrating jig 32 is provided with a hammer member 33 that can slide in the horizontal direction along the beam 12 of the main floor frame 30. A pair of openings 15 are provided in which the yoke member 33 is locked.
This yoke member 33 is inserted into the opening 15 at the third floor level and locked. Thereby, the movement temporary enclosure 20 is in the state temporarily supported by the support | pillar 11A.
  In addition, a connection member 34 that connects adjacent beams 12 is provided in the vicinity of the penetration portion 31 on the upper surface of the main floor frame 30.
Returning to FIGS. 4 and 5, the outer periphery scaffold 40 is provided with an extension portion 41 extending outward from the main floor frame 30 and an outer peripheral surface of the building 1 provided below the extension portion 41. A frame scaffold 42 covering the frame.
That is, the frame scaffold 42 is suspended and supported by the permanent floor frame 30 via the extending portion 41.
  The frame scaffold 42 is the height of two layers of the building 1. The outer peripheral surface of the frame scaffold 42 is covered with a soundproof panel 43. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the outer peripheral surface of the frame scaffold 42 may be covered with a mesh sheet.
A pair of rails 51 extending in the short direction of the permanent floor casing 30 are provided on both ends in the longitudinal direction of the upper surface of the permanent floor casing 30.
The traveling crane 50 includes a traveling carriage 52 that travels on a pair of rails 51, a crane main body 53 that is turnably provided on the traveling carriage 52, and a crane body 53 that is provided so as to be able to lie down and hook from the tip. And a boom 54 that suspends and supports 55, and a hoisting device 56 that is provided on the crane main body 53 and raises and lowers the hook 55.
According to this traveling crane 50, it is possible to move to an arbitrary position on the rail 51 by driving the traveling carriage 52, and to perform the lifting work on the main floor frame 30.
A rail 61 extending in the longitudinal direction of the permanent floor casing 30 is provided on the lower surface of the permanent floor casing 30.
The overhead traveling hoist 60 includes a traveling carriage 62 that travels along the rail 61 and a hoisting device 63 that is provided on the traveling carriage 62 and moves up and down the hook 64.
According to the overhead traveling hoist 60, the traveling carriage 62 can be driven to move to an arbitrary position on the rail 61, and the lifting work can be performed in the work space S.
  As shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the elevating device 21 includes a support jig 70 attached to the upper end of the support 11 </ b> A, a suspension member 71 attached to the support jig, and a connecting member 34 of the moving temporary enclosure 20. And a hydraulic jack 72 attached to the top and pulling the suspension material 71.
The support jig 70 includes a jig main body 73 into which the upper end of the support 11 </ b> A is inserted, and an extending portion 74 provided on the jig main body 73 and extending substantially horizontally.
The suspension member 71 is attached to the tip of the extension portion 74.
  According to the lifting device 21, the movable temporary enclosure 20 can be moved up and down along the support column 11A by driving the hydraulic jack 72.
In step S3, the building 1 is constructed in the work space S as shown in FIG.
Specifically, the building 11 is constructed up to the floor level of the second floor, that is, the pillars 11, the second-floor floor beams 12, the second-floor floor slab 13, and the outer wall 14 to the second-floor floor level other than the column 11 </ b> A. .
  In the construction work, a carry-in entrance (not shown) is provided in the building 1 or in the outer periphery, and materials are carried in and attached from the carry-in entrance using the overhead traveling hoist 60 or the like.
Moreover, in step S3, as shown in FIG. 8, the support | pillar 11A is extended upwards on the permanent floor frame 30. As shown in FIG. Here, the support 11A is extended to the 4th floor rising level.
Specifically, first, the support jig 70 is removed using the traveling crane 50. Next, the pillar 11A is extended upward by joining the pillar member for one node to the pillar 11A using the traveling crane 50. Then, using the traveling crane 50, the support jig 70 is fitted again on the upper end of the support 11A.
In step S4, as shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, the moving temporary enclosure 20 is raised by one layer.
Specifically, the pulling member 33 is pulled out from the opening 15 at the lower level of the third floor beam, and then the hydraulic jack 72 of the lifting device 21 is driven to pull the suspension member 71 downward. Thereby, the movement temporary enclosure 20 raises. Thereafter, the yoke member 33 is inserted into the opening 15 at the lower level of the fourth floor beam.
Further, the work space S is located on the second and third floors by the movement of the movable temporary enclosure 20.
  In step S5, steps S3 and S4 are repeated as one set, and the construction work of the building 1 is performed from the lower floor to the upper floor while raising the moving temporary enclosure 20 along the column 11A.
According to this embodiment, there are the following effects.
(1) Since the work space S is covered with the main floor frame 30 and the outer periphery scaffold 40, it is possible to work in an all-weather environment, to suppress solar radiation, and to maintain a good internal work environment. Moreover, since the noise and dust generated inside can be prevented from leaking to the outside, the influence on the surrounding environment can be reduced.
  In addition, the roof frame on the roof floor of the building 1, that is, the permanent floor frame 30 was used as a roof covering the work space S, and the permanent column 11 was used as the support column 11 </ b> A to support the permanent floor frame 30. As described above, since the work space S is covered by using the main floor frame 30 and the pillars 11, temporary materials can be greatly reduced, so that the construction cost can be reduced.
  It should be noted that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and modifications, improvements, etc. within a scope that can achieve the object of the present invention are included in the present invention.
  For example, although the moving temporary enclosure 20 is applied to the construction of the building 1 in the present embodiment, the moving temporary enclosure of the present invention can also be applied to the dismantling of an existing building.
  Further, in this embodiment, some pillars 11, that is, four pillars 11 located at the four corners of the building 1 and two pillars 11 located inside are the pillars 11A. Absent. For example, all the pillars 11 may be the pillars, and the positions and the number of pillars used as the pillars may be appropriately determined based on the weight of the main floor frame 30 and the outer periphery scaffold 40.
Moreover, in this embodiment, although the permanent floor frame 30 was comprised by the beam 12 and floor slab 13 of one layer, ie, the R floor, it is not restricted to this. For example, the permanent floor frame may be composed of two layers, that is, the nth and Rth floor beams 12 and the floor slab 13.
In the present embodiment, the frame scaffold 42 has six steps. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the number of steps of the frame scaffold may be set as appropriate.
  Moreover, in this embodiment, although the movement temporary enclosure 20 was constructed | assembled on the ground, you may construct the movement temporary enclosure 20 not only in this but on an upper floor.
  In the present embodiment, the outer periphery scaffold 40 is provided as a temporary wall. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the temporary wall may be configured by a frame and a net stretched on the frame, or may not be provided with a temporary wall. Good.
  Moreover, in this embodiment, although the traveling crane 50 and the overhead traveling hoist 60 were provided as the lifting equipment, it is not always necessary to provide these lifting equipment.
  In the present embodiment, the moving temporary enclosure 20 is temporarily supported on the support 11A by the yoke member 33, but the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, the moving temporary enclosure 20 may be always suspended and supported by the suspension member 71 without providing the yoke member.
S ... Work space 1 ... Building (structure)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Building main body 11 ... Pillar 11A ... Column 12 ... Beam 13 ... Floor slab 14 ... Outer wall 15 ... Opening 20 ... Moving temporary enclosure 21 ... Lifting device 30 ... Main floor frame 31 ... Penetration part 32 ... Penetration jig 33 ... Member 34 ... Connecting member 40 ... Peripheral scaffold (temporary wall)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 41 ... Extension part 42 ... Frame frame scaffold 43 ... Soundproof panel 50 ... Traveling crane 51 ... Rail 52 ... Traveling carriage 53 ... Crane body 54 ... Boom 55 ... Hook 56 ... Hoisting device 60 ... Ceiling traveling hoist 61 ... Rail 62 ... Traveling carriage 63 ... Winding device 64 ... Hook 70 ... Support jig 71 ... Suspension material 72 ... Hydraulic jack 73 ... Jig body 74 ... Extension part

Claims (2)

  1. A structure construction method for constructing a structure,
    A floor frame of a predetermined floor of the structure is constructed as a permanent floor frame, and a punching member is provided on the permanent floor frame, and at least a part of the columns of the structure is used as a column to form an opening in the column. the building of this設床precursor to penetrate a predetermined height, that engaged by inserting the bolt member into the opening of the strut, the initial step of supporting the present設床precursor from said strut Te,
    In the space directly below the permanent floor case, the structure is constructed, and on the permanent floor case, a construction step of extending the support column upwards;
    By pulling out the pinning member from the opening, the locking of the pinning member and the column is released, and the permanent floor frame is lifted along the column with a jack, and the pinning member is extended to the extended column. A structure construction method comprising: a repetition step of repeating the construction step while supporting the permanent floor frame from the support by inserting and re-engaging the opening .
  2. A structure dismantling method for dismantling an existing structure,
    The floor structure of a predetermined floor of the existing structure is used as an existing floor structure, and a punching member is provided on the existing floor structure, and at least a part of columns of the existing structure is used as a support, and an opening is formed in the support. An initial step of supporting the existing floor frame from the column by inserting and locking the pinning member in the opening of the column, leaving up to a predetermined height penetrating the existing floor frame,
    In the space immediately below the existing floor case, the existing structure is dismantled except for the support column, and the dismantling step of dismantling the support column on the existing floor case;
    By pulling out the bolt member from the opening, the locking of the pin member and the column is released, the jack is lowered along the column with a jack, and the pin member is inserted into the column opening. And repeating the dismantling process while supporting the existing floor frame from the support by re-engagement, and a structure dismantling method comprising:
JP2013268159A 2013-12-26 2013-12-26 Structure construction method and structure disassembly method Active JP6257317B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2013268159A JP6257317B2 (en) 2013-12-26 2013-12-26 Structure construction method and structure disassembly method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2013268159A JP6257317B2 (en) 2013-12-26 2013-12-26 Structure construction method and structure disassembly method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2015124494A JP2015124494A (en) 2015-07-06
JP6257317B2 true JP6257317B2 (en) 2018-01-10

Family

ID=53535416

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2013268159A Active JP6257317B2 (en) 2013-12-26 2013-12-26 Structure construction method and structure disassembly method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP6257317B2 (en)

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07122288B2 (en) * 1988-03-12 1995-12-25 道夫 倉持 Assembly and dismantling method of multi-story building using self-lifting jack-up device
DE4294070T1 (en) * 1991-11-29 1994-12-01 Neighbours Method and device for building multi-storey buildings
JP3185122B2 (en) * 1993-06-16 2001-07-09 株式会社竹中工務店 All-weather construction method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2015124494A (en) 2015-07-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP5914203B2 (en) Disassembly method, disassembly assistance device
JP3881343B2 (en) Method and apparatus for disassembling cylindrical structure
JP6503716B2 (en) Demolition system and demolition method
JP6474151B2 (en) Dismantling system and dismantling method
JP5345331B2 (en) How to dismantle a skyscraper
JP6257317B2 (en) Structure construction method and structure disassembly method
US10829927B2 (en) Vertical slip form construction system with multi-function platform, and method of constructing a building therewith
JPH05133016A (en) Peripheral supporting self-rising type building engineering method
JP6391134B2 (en) Dismantling method and dismantling system
JP2018096163A (en) Method of constructing building
JP6967383B2 (en) How to dismantle an existing structure
JP6893188B2 (en) Demolition system and demolition method of existing structures
JP2018150144A (en) Construction method of building
JP2017031676A (en) Earthquake resistant reinforcement method and reinforcement device of existing building
JP6228774B2 (en) Wind generator construction method
JP5948828B2 (en) Lifting device used for assembling cargo lift for building demolition work, cargo lift for building demolition work, and assembling method thereof
JP2016145477A (en) Demolition system and demolition method
JP5894851B2 (en) Support mechanism for construction elevator mast, construction elevator, and extension method for construction elevator mast
JP6893136B2 (en) Demolition system for existing structures
JP6418825B2 (en) Jack reaction force support member and building dismantling method using the reaction force support member
JP2019015150A (en) Demolition method of existing structure
JP2016145497A (en) Demolition system and demolition method
JP6438931B2 (en) Temporary column, temporary column installation structure, and roof frame construction method
JP6391135B2 (en) How to install temporary pillars
JP6059176B2 (en) Mobile lifting scaffold for assembling temporary elevated jetty

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20160914

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20170623

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20170703

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20170830

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20171204

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20171205

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 6257317

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150