JP6206860B1 - Waste combustion apparatus and waste combustion method - Google Patents

Waste combustion apparatus and waste combustion method Download PDF

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JP6206860B1
JP6206860B1 JP2017000845A JP2017000845A JP6206860B1 JP 6206860 B1 JP6206860 B1 JP 6206860B1 JP 2017000845 A JP2017000845 A JP 2017000845A JP 2017000845 A JP2017000845 A JP 2017000845A JP 6206860 B1 JP6206860 B1 JP 6206860B1
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JP2018028427A (en
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川 章 一 西
川 章 一 西
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南榛原開発株式会社
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【課題】籾殻を連続的に燃焼させることができる燃焼装置を提供する。【解決手段】籾殻の燃焼装置Fは,内部に籾殻10を収納する収納部11を有する本体1と、収納部11の下方から籾殻10を供給する供給手段と、本体1内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ先端が収納部11内に位置する回転体4と、この回転体4の収納部11に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部4aと、この回転体4の内部に設けられると共に複数の開口部4aに連通する空気通路43と、この空気通路43内に空気を供給する空気供給手段44とを備え、回転体4に取り付けられ収納部11に収納された籾殻10の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを収納部11から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根5と、本体1内に設けられ排出回転羽根5により収納部11から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路6と、この通路6を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを本体1の外へ排出する排出通路とを備える。【選択図】図3A combustion apparatus capable of continuously burning rice husk is provided. An apparatus for burning rice husk F includes a main body 1 having a storage portion 11 for storing therein a rice husk 10, supply means for supplying the rice husk 10 from below the storage portion 11, and hanging in the main body 1. A rotating body 4 that is rotatably attached and has a distal end positioned in the storage portion 11, a plurality of openings 4 a provided on the outer side facing the storage portion 11 of the rotating body 4, and an inside of the rotating body 4. And an air passage 43 communicating with the plurality of openings 4 a and an air supply means 44 for supplying air into the air passage 43, and is attached to the rotating body 4 from the upper surface of the rice husk 10 housed in the housing portion 11. A discharge rotary blade 5 for dropping combustion debris from the combustion of the storage chamber 11 downward, and a passage 6 provided in the main body 1 for guiding the combustion debris dropped from the storage portion 11 downward by the discharge rotary blade 5 downward, This passage 6 The burnt residues derived by and a discharge passage for discharging to the outside of the body 1. [Selection] Figure 3

Description

本発明は、籾殻の燃焼装置、廃棄物の燃焼装置、籾殻の燃焼方法及び廃棄物の燃焼方法に係り、特に、籾殻等の廃棄物を連続的に燃焼させることができる籾殻の燃焼装置、廃棄物の燃焼装置、籾殻の燃焼方法及び廃棄物の燃焼方法に関する。     TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a rice husk combustion apparatus, a waste combustion apparatus, a rice husk combustion method, and a waste combustion method, and more particularly, a rice husk combustion apparatus capable of continuously burning waste such as rice husk, and disposal. The present invention relates to a combustion apparatus for waste, a combustion method for rice husk, and a combustion method for waste.
本件発明者は廃棄物、例えば、籾殻を燃焼処理する手段を種々試みた。     The present inventor has tried various means for combusting waste, for example, rice husk.
しかしながら、籾殻を燃焼によって処理することができないという問題点をあった。     However, there is a problem that rice husks cannot be treated by combustion.
本発明は、上記の問題点を考慮してなされたもので、籾殻等の廃棄物を連続的に燃焼させることができる籾殻の燃焼装置、廃棄物の燃焼装置、籾殻の燃焼方法及び廃棄物の燃焼方法を提供することを目的とする。     The present invention has been made in consideration of the above-mentioned problems, and is a rice husk combustion apparatus, a waste combustion apparatus, a rice husk combustion method, and a waste An object is to provide a combustion method.
請求項1記載の廃棄物の燃焼装置は、内部に廃棄物を収納する収納部を有する本体と、前記収納部の下方から前記廃棄物を供給する供給手段と、前記本体内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が前記収納部内に位置する回転体と、この回転体の前記収納部に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部と、前記回転体の内部に設けられると共に、前記複数の開口部に連通する空気通路と、この空気通路内に空気を供給する空気供給手段とを備え、前記回転体に取り付けられ、前記収納部に収納された前記廃棄物の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを前記収納部から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根と、前記本体内に設けられ、前記排出回転羽根により前記収納部から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路と、この通路を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを前記本体の外へ排出する排出通路とを備え、前記排出回転羽根に目詰まり防止部材を接続し、この目詰まり防止部材を通路内に位置させるものである。 The waste combustion apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a main body having a storage portion for storing waste therein, supply means for supplying the waste from below the storage portion, and hanging in the main body. A rotating body that is rotatably attached and has a distal end located in the storage section, a plurality of openings provided on the outside of the rotating body facing the storage section, and a plurality of openings provided inside the rotating body. Combustion by combustion from the upper surface of the waste, which is attached to the rotating body and is stored in the storage portion, and includes an air passage communicating with the opening of the air passage and an air supply means for supplying air into the air passage. A discharge rotary vane for dropping the waste from the storage portion, a passage provided in the main body and for guiding the combustion waste dropped downward from the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade, and via this passage Led The serial burnt residues and a discharge passage for discharging to the outside of the body, connecting the clogging prevention member to the exhaust rotary blade, is intended to position the clogging prevention member in the passageway.
また、請求項2記載の廃棄物の燃焼方法は、収納部に下方から逐次供給する廃棄物を前記廃棄物の上面から燃焼する廃棄物の燃焼方法であって、前記上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを排出回転羽根で前記収納部から前記収納部の外へ排出して連続的に廃棄物を燃焼させるものであり、前記排出回転羽根に目詰まり防止部材を接続し、この目詰まり防止部材を通路内に位置させるものである。 The combustion method according to claim 2 waste described, a combustion method of waste combustion sequentially supplied waste from below in the housing portion from the upper surface of the waste, burnt residues by combustion from the top surface Is discharged from the storage portion to the outside of the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade, and the waste is continuously burned , and a clogging prevention member is connected to the discharge rotary blade, and the clogging prevention member is passed through the passage. It is located inside .
また、請求項3記載の廃棄物の燃焼装置は、内部に廃棄物を収納する収納部を有する本体と、前記収納部の下方から前記廃棄物を供給する供給手段と、前記本体内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が前記収納部内に位置する回転体と、この回転体の前記収納部に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部と、前記回転体の内部に設けられると共に、前記複数の開口部に連通する空気通路と、この空気通路内に空気を供給する空気供給手段と、前記回転体に取り付けられ、前記収納部に収納された前記廃棄物の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを前記収納部から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根と、前記本体内に設けられ、前記排出回転羽根により前記収納部から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路と、この通路を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを前記本体の外へ排出する排出通路とを備え、前記収納部は下方に行くにつれて縮小する形状であり、前記通路は上面が開口し、前記収納部の外側を覆うと共に、前記収納部に沿う覆い部材との間に形成された隙間であり、燃焼カスが前記通路の出口側から搬出通路に導かれ、前記搬出通路は前記通路の下に位置しているものである。 According to a third aspect of the present invention , there is provided a combustion apparatus for waste, wherein a main body having a storage portion for storing the waste therein, supply means for supplying the waste from below the storage portion, and hanging in the main body. The rotating body is rotatably mounted, the tip of the rotating body is located in the storage section, a plurality of openings provided on the outer side of the rotating body facing the storage section, and the rotating body. an air passage communicating with said plurality of openings, the air supply means for supplying air to the air passage, mounted on the rotating body, the combustion by combustion from the upper surface of the housing has been the waste into the housing part A discharge rotary vane for dropping the waste from the storage portion, a passage provided in the main body and for guiding the combustion waste dropped downward from the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade, and via this passage Led And a discharge passage for discharging the serial burnt residues out of the body, wherein the housing portion is shaped to reduce as going downward, together with the passage upper surface is open, covers the outside of the housing part, the housing The combustion waste is led from the outlet side of the passage to the carry-out passage, and the carry-out passage is located below the passage .
また、請求項4記載の廃棄物の燃焼装置は、内部に廃棄物を収納する収納部を有する本体と、前記収納部の下方から前記廃棄物を供給する供給手段と、前記本体内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が前記収納部内に位置する回転体と、この回転体の前記収納部に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部と、前記回転体の内部に設けられると共に、前記複数の開口部に連通する空気通路と、この空気通路内に空気を供給する空気供給手段と、前記回転体に取り付けられ、前記収納部に収納された前記廃棄物の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを前記収納部から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根と、前記本体内に設けられ、前記排出回転羽根により前記収納部から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路と、この通路を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを前記本体の外へ排出する排出通路とを備え、前記通路は、上面が開口すると共に、前記収納部と該収納部の外側を覆う覆い部材との間に形成された隙間であり、前記搬出通路は前記通路の下に位置し、 前記通路の出口側は前記通路の入口側に比べ、勾配が緩やかに形成されて、燃焼カスが前記通路の出口側から搬出通路に導かれているものである。 According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a combustion apparatus for waste, wherein a main body having a storage portion for storing waste therein, supply means for supplying the waste from below the storage portion, and hanging in the main body. The rotating body is rotatably mounted, the tip of the rotating body is located in the storage section, a plurality of openings provided on the outer side of the rotating body facing the storage section, and the rotating body. an air passage communicating with said plurality of openings, the air supply means for supplying air to the air passage, mounted on the rotating body, the combustion by combustion from the upper surface of the housing has been the waste into the housing part A discharge rotary vane for dropping the waste from the storage portion, a passage provided in the main body and for guiding the combustion waste dropped downward from the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade, and via this passage Led And a discharge passage for discharging the serial burnt residues out of the body, said passage is, the upper surface is open, be a gap formed between the cover member covering the outside of the housing part and the housing part The carry-out passage is located below the passage, the outlet side of the passage has a gentler slope than the inlet side of the passage, and combustion debris is guided from the outlet side of the passage to the carry-out passage. It is what.
また、請求項5記載の廃棄物の燃焼装置は、内部に廃棄物を収納する収納部を有する本体と、前記収納部の下方から前記廃棄物を供給する供給手段と、前記本体内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が前記収納部内に位置する回転体と、この回転体の前記収納部に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部と、前記回転体の内部に設けられると共に、前記複数の開口部に連通する空気通路と、この空気通路内に空気を供給する空気供給手段と、前記回転体に取り付けられ、前記収納部に収納された前記廃棄物の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを前記収納部から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根と、前記本体内に設けられ、前記排出回転羽根により前記収納部から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路と、この通路を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを前記本体の外へ排出する排出通路とを備え、前記排出回転羽根は、前記収納部の上端縁より上方にあって前記収納部の上端縁の外側に、前記通路の上面の開口部が位置しているものである。 According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a combustion apparatus for waste, wherein a main body having a storage portion for storing waste therein, supply means for supplying the waste from below the storage portion, and hanging in the main body. The rotating body is rotatably mounted, the tip of the rotating body is located in the storage section, a plurality of openings provided on the outer side of the rotating body facing the storage section, and the rotating body. an air passage communicating with said plurality of openings, the air supply means for supplying air to the air passage, mounted on the rotating body, the combustion by combustion from the upper surface of the housing has been the waste into the housing part A discharge rotary vane for dropping the waste from the storage portion, a passage provided in the main body and for guiding the combustion waste dropped downward from the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade, and via this passage Led And a discharge passage for discharging the serial burnt residues out of the body, said discharge rotary blade, there above the upper edge of the housing portion, on the outside of the upper edge of the receiving portion, of the upper surface of the passage The opening is located .
請求項1記載の廃棄物の燃焼装置によれば、内部に廃棄物を収納する収納部を有する本体と、前記収納部の下方から前記廃棄物を供給する供給手段と、前記本体に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が前記収納部内に位置する回転体と、この回転体の前記収納部に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部と、この回転体の内部に設けられると共に、前記複数の開口部に連通する空気通路と、この空気通路内に空気を供給する空気供給手段とを備え、前記回転体に取り付けられ、前記収納部に収納された前記廃棄物の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを前記収納部から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根と、前記本体内に設けられ、前記排出回転羽根により前記収納部から下方へ導かれた前記燃焼カスを受け入れ、導く通路と、この通路を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを前記本体の外へ排出する排出通路とを備えているため、つまり、収納部に下方から逐次供給する廃棄物を前記廃棄物の上面から燃焼する廃棄物の燃焼装置であって、前記上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを排出回転羽根で前記収納部から前記収納部の外へ排出して、廃棄物を連続的に燃焼させることができ、排出回転羽根に目詰まり防止部材を接続し、この目詰まり防止部材を通路内に位置させるため、通路内へ燃焼カスが詰まるのを防ぐことができる。 According to the combustion apparatus of claim 1 waste, comprising: a body having an accommodating portion for accommodating the waste therein, a supply means for supplying the waste from the bottom of the housing portion, so as to droop in the body A rotating body whose tip is positioned in the storage section, a plurality of openings provided on the outer side of the rotating body facing the storage section, and provided inside the rotating body, An air passage communicating with the plurality of openings, and an air supply means for supplying air into the air passage, are attached to the rotating body, and are generated by combustion from the upper surface of the waste housed in the housing portion. A discharge rotary blade that drops combustion debris downward from the storage portion, a passage that is provided in the main body and that receives and guides the combustion debris guided downward from the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade, and through this passage Lead A waste passage for discharging the waste from the upper surface of the waste. The combustion waste from the upper surface is discharged from the storage portion to the outside of the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade, and the waste can be continuously burned , and the discharge rotary blade has a clogging prevention member. Since the clogging prevention member is connected and positioned in the passage, it is possible to prevent the combustion debris from being clogged into the passage.
また、請求項記載の廃棄物の燃焼方法によれば、収納部に下方から逐次供給する廃棄物を前記廃棄物の上面から燃焼する廃棄物の燃焼方法であって、前記上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを排出回転羽根で前記収納部から前記収納部の外へ排出するため、廃棄物を連続的に燃焼させることができ、排出回転羽根に目詰まり防止部材を接続し、この目詰まり防止部材を通路内に位置させるため、通路内へ燃焼カスが詰まるのを防ぐことができる。 Further, according to the waste combustion method according to claim 2, the waste is burned from the upper surface of the waste by sequentially supplying the waste that is sequentially supplied to the storage unit from the lower side. Since the combustion debris is discharged from the storage unit to the outside of the storage unit by the discharge rotary blade, the waste can be continuously burned, and a clogging prevention member is connected to the discharge rotary blade, and this clogging prevention member Therefore, it is possible to prevent clogging of combustion debris into the passage.
また、請求項の廃棄物の燃焼装置によれば、通路は、上面が開口すると共に、収納部と該収納部の外側を覆う覆い部材との間に形成された隙間であり、前記通路の出口側は前記通路の入口側に比べ、勾配が緩やかに形成されているため、燃焼カスが通路の出口側で詰まるのを防ぐことができる。 Further, according to the combustion device of the waste according to claim 4, passing path, the upper surface is opened, a gap formed between the cover member covering the outside of the housing part and the housing part, said passage Since the outlet side of the passage is formed with a gentler slope than the inlet side of the passage, combustion debris can be prevented from clogging on the outlet side of the passage.
図1は、本発明の一実施例の廃棄物の燃焼装置(籾殻の燃焼装置)を組み込んだ装置の概略的正面一部断面図である。FIG. 1 is a schematic front sectional view of an apparatus incorporating a waste combustion apparatus (chaff combustion apparatus) according to an embodiment of the present invention. 図2は、図1の概略的平面図である。FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of FIG. 図3は、図1の一部である廃棄物の燃焼装置(籾殻の燃焼装置)の概略的正面一部断面図である。FIG. 3 is a schematic front partial cross-sectional view of the waste combustion apparatus (chaff combustion apparatus) which is a part of FIG. 1. 図4は、図3の概略的平面図である。FIG. 4 is a schematic plan view of FIG. 図5(a)(b)(c)は、図3の排出回転羽根、目詰まり防止部材の作用を説明するための概略的断面図である。5A, 5B, and 5C are schematic cross-sectional views for explaining the operation of the discharge rotary blade and the clogging prevention member of FIG. 図6は、図1と異なる他の実施例の概略的正面一部断面図である。FIG. 6 is a schematic partial front sectional view of another embodiment different from FIG.
本発明の一実施例の廃棄物の燃焼装置及び廃棄物の燃焼方法を図面(図1乃至図5)を参照して説明する。
The combustion method of burning instrumentation 置及 beauty waste waste of one embodiment of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings (FIGS. 1 to 5) will be described.
図3に示すFは廃棄物の燃焼装置(例えば、籾殻の燃焼装置)で、廃棄物の燃焼装置(例えば、籾殻の燃焼装置)Fは、内部に廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10を収納する収納部11を有する本体1を備えている。廃棄物10は、籾殻以外に、剪定枝を粉砕したもの、枯れ草を粉砕したもの、剪定枝及び枯れ草を粉砕したもの、家畜の糞尿を乾燥したもの等がある。
収納部11は、例えば、略逆円錐台形状をなし、上部が開放され、内壁面11aは耐火性を有している。
図2に示す2は、収納部11の下方から廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)を供給する供給手段で、供給手段2は、例えば、ホッパー3内の廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)をスクリューコンベヤー21で、接続通路22を介して収納部11の下方から廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)を供給する。
接続通路22は、ホッパー3と収納部11の下方を接続するもので、内部にスクリューコンベヤー21が設けられている。
3 is a waste combustion apparatus (for example, rice husk combustion apparatus), and the waste combustion apparatus (for example, rice husk combustion apparatus) F stores waste (for example, rice husk) 10 therein. A main body 1 having a storage portion 11 is provided. In addition to rice husks, the waste 10 includes pulverized pruned branches, pulverized dead grass, pulverized pruned branches and dead grass, and dried livestock manure.
The storage portion 11 has, for example, a substantially inverted truncated cone shape, an upper portion is opened, and the inner wall surface 11a has fire resistance.
2 shown in FIG. 2 is a supply means for supplying waste (for example, rice husk) from the lower side of the storage unit 11, and the supply means 2 is for example supplying the waste (for example, rice husk) in the hopper 3 with a screw conveyor 21. Then, waste (for example, rice husk) is supplied from below the storage unit 11 through the connection passage 22.
The connection passage 22 connects the hopper 3 and the lower part of the storage unit 11, and a screw conveyor 21 is provided therein.
また、図3に示す4は、本体1内を垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が収納部11内に位置する回転体で、回転体4は、ギヤ−モータ40により駆動されるチェーン41により回転するスプロケット42によって回転するようになっている。
回転体4の収納部11に臨む外側に複数の開口部4aが設けられ、回転体4の内部には空気通路43が設けられ、空気通路43は複数の開口部4aに連通するようになっている。
また、図3に示す44は空気通路43内に空気を供給する空気供給手段で、例えば、空気を吸引ファンによって空気通路43内に供給している。44Aはエアーチャンバーで、エアーチャンバー44Aを介して空気を回転体4内の空気通路43内に導くようにしている。また、空気供給手段44による送風通路Pは、中途で分岐し、送風通路P1はエアーチャンバー44A内へ、送風通路P2は収納部11内へ、それぞれ導かれるようになっている。また、図3に示す50は、収納部11を支持する支持部材である。なお、図5においては、送風通路P2、支持部材50は、省略している。
Also, 4 shown in FIG. 3 is a rotating body that is rotatably attached so as to hang down in the main body 1, and whose tip is located in the storage portion 11. The rotating body 4 is a chain driven by a gear-motor 40. It is rotated by a sprocket 42 rotated by 41.
A plurality of openings 4a are provided on the outer side facing the storage portion 11 of the rotating body 4, an air passage 43 is provided inside the rotating body 4, and the air passage 43 communicates with the plurality of openings 4a. Yes.
3 is an air supply means for supplying air into the air passage 43. For example, air is supplied into the air passage 43 by a suction fan. Reference numeral 44A denotes an air chamber which guides air into the air passage 43 in the rotating body 4 through the air chamber 44A. Further, the air passage P by the air supply means 44 is branched in the middle, and the air passage P1 is led into the air chamber 44A, and the air passage P2 is led into the storage portion 11, respectively. Further, 50 shown in FIG. 3 is a support member that supports the storage portion 11. In addition, in FIG. 5, the ventilation path P2 and the support member 50 are abbreviate | omitted.
また、図3に示す5は、回転体4に取り付けられ、収納部11に収納された廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを収納部11から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根で、排出回転羽根5は、例えば、図4に示すように、複数設けられ、ゆっくりと、例えば、1分間に3〜4回程度、回転している。
また、図3に示す6は、本体1内に設けられ、排出回転羽根5により収納部11から下方へ落とされた燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路で、通路6は、収納部11の外側に設けられ、通路6の上端面は開放している。そして、通路6内には、目詰まり防止部材7が位置し、目詰まり防止部材(例えば、チェーン、棒状部材等)7は、排出回転羽根5に接続され、排出回転羽根5の回転により回転して、通路6内へ燃焼カスが詰まるのを防ぐようにしている。
Further, 5 shown in FIG. 3 is a discharge rotary blade that is attached to the rotating body 4 and drops combustion debris caused by combustion from the upper surface of waste (for example, rice husk) stored in the storage unit 11 downward from the storage unit 11. For example, as shown in FIG. 4, a plurality of discharge rotary blades 5 are provided and are slowly rotated, for example, about 3 to 4 times per minute.
Further, 6 shown in FIG. 3 is a passage provided in the main body 1 to guide the combustion residue dropped downward from the storage portion 11 by the discharge rotary blade 5, and the passage 6 is provided outside the storage portion 11. The upper end surface of the passage 6 is open. A clogging prevention member 7 is located in the passage 6, and the clogging prevention member (for example, a chain, a rod-like member, etc.) 7 is connected to the discharge rotary blade 5 and is rotated by the rotation of the discharge rotary blade 5. Thus, the combustion debris is prevented from clogging into the passage 6.
また、図2に示す8は、通路6を介して導かれた燃焼カス(廃棄物が籾殻の場合、籾殻を低温で完全燃焼して生じる燃焼カスは、非晶質で溶解性が高く、重金属など有害物質をほとんど含まず、ケイ酸質肥料となる。)を本体1の外へ排出する排出通路で、排出通路8内には、スクリューコンベヤー81が設けられ、燃焼カスは排出通路8に設けられた
排出口80を介して排出通路8内に取り入れられ、スクリューコンベヤー81によって、本体1の外へと排出するようになっている。
100はクリンカー(焼塊)を本体1の外へ排出するクリンカー排出通路で、クリンカー排出通路100内には、スクリューコンベヤー101が設けられている。100aは、クリンカー排出通路100の排出口である。
図3に示す102は、バーナーで、バーナー102は、廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10を着火するもので、着火後は、通路103を介して燃焼している廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10へ空気を送るようにしている。
なお、本体1内の燃焼ガスは、第1の排気ダクト91、ボイラ92、第2の排気ダクト93、サイクロン94、第3の排気ダクト95を介して外気へ放出するようにしている。
Also, 8 shown in FIG. 2 is combustion debris guided through the passage 6 (when the waste is rice husk, the combustion debris produced by complete combustion of the rice husk at low temperature is amorphous and highly soluble, heavy metal Is a discharge passage for discharging silicic fertilizers to the outside of the main body 1. A screw conveyor 81 is provided in the discharge passage 8, and combustion waste is provided in the discharge passage 8. It is taken into the discharge passage 8 through the discharged outlet 80 and discharged to the outside of the main body 1 by the screw conveyor 81.
Reference numeral 100 denotes a clinker discharge passage for discharging the clinker (burned ingot) to the outside of the main body 1, and a screw conveyor 101 is provided in the clinker discharge passage 100. Reference numeral 100 a denotes a discharge port of the clinker discharge passage 100.
Reference numeral 102 shown in FIG. 3 denotes a burner, and the burner 102 ignites the waste (for example, rice husk) 10. After ignition, the burner 102 burns through the passage 103 to the waste (for example, rice husk) 10. I try to send air.
The combustion gas in the main body 1 is discharged to the outside air through the first exhaust duct 91, the boiler 92, the second exhaust duct 93, the cyclone 94, and the third exhaust duct 95.
従って、廃棄物の燃焼装置(籾殻の燃焼装置)F[廃棄物の燃焼方法、籾殻の燃焼方法]によれば、内部に籾殻を収納する収納部11を有する本体1と、収納部11の下方から廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10を供給する供給手段2と、本体1内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が収納部11内に位置する回転体4と、この回転体4の収納部11に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部4aと、この回転体4の内部に設けられると共に、複数の開口部4aに連通する空気通路43と、この空気通路43内に空気を供給する空気供給手段44とを備え、回転体4に取り付けられ、収納部11に収納された廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを収納部11から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根5と、本体1内に設けられ、排出回転羽根5により収納部11から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路6と、この通路6を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを本体1の外へ排出する排出通路8とを備えているため、つまり、収納部11に下方から逐次供給する廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10を廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10の上面から燃焼する廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10の燃焼装置Fであって、前記上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを排出回転羽根5で収納部11から収納部11の外へ排出して、廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10を連続的に燃焼させることができる。     Therefore, according to the waste combustion device (rice husk combustion device) F [waste combustion method, rice husk combustion method], a main body 1 having a storage portion 11 for storing rice husk inside, and a lower portion of the storage portion 11 Supply means 2 for supplying waste (for example, rice husk) 10, a rotating body 4 that is rotatably mounted so as to hang down in the main body 1, and whose tip is located in the storage portion 11, A plurality of openings 4 a provided on the outer side facing the storage portion 11, an air passage 43 provided inside the rotating body 4 and communicating with the plurality of openings 4 a, and supplying air into the air passage 43 And a discharge rotating blade for dropping combustion debris from combustion from the upper surface of the waste (for example, rice husk) 10 attached to the rotating body 4 and stored in the storage unit 11 downward from the storage unit 11. 5 and provided in the main body 1 A passage 6 for guiding the combustion residue dropped downward from the storage portion 11 by the discharge rotary blade 5 downward, and a discharge passage 8 for discharging the combustion residue guided through the passage 6 to the outside of the main body 1. In other words, a combustion apparatus for waste (for example, rice husk) 10 that burns waste (for example, rice husk) 10 that is sequentially supplied from below into the storage unit 11 from the upper surface of the waste (for example, rice husk) 10. F, combustion waste from the upper surface can be discharged from the storage unit 11 to the outside of the storage unit 11 by the discharge rotary blade 5 to continuously burn the waste (for example, rice husk) 10. .
なお、上述した実施例においては、通路6内に目詰まり防止部材7(図5参照)を位置させて、燃焼カスが通路6内で詰まるのを防ぐようにしたが、本願発明にあっては、これに限らず、図6に示すようにしても良い。
即ち、通路6は、上面が開口すると共に、収納部11と該収納部11の外側を覆う覆い部材6’との間に形成された隙間であり、回転体4に連通するように空気吐出パイプ7Aが取り付けられ、空気吐出パイプ7Aの先端が通路6内に臨むように位置させるようにする。
その結果、空気吐出パイプ7Aの先端からの空気圧(空気は、回転体4内の空気通路43、排出回転羽根5の通路51を通って空気吐出パイプ7Aに導かれる。)により、燃焼カスが通路6内で詰まるのを防ぐことができる。
また、図6に示すように、通路6の出口側(出口側の角度をX)は通路6の入口側(入口側の角度をY)に比べ、勾配が緩やかに形成されて(X>Y)、燃焼カスが通路6の出口側から搬出通路80に導かれるようにしても良い。
その結果、燃焼カスが通路6の出口側で詰まるのを防ぐことができる。
なお、図6においても、上述の実施例と同様、収納部11の下方から廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10を供給する供給手段2により接続通路22を介して収納部11の下方から廃棄物(例えば、籾殻)10を供給し、本体1内の燃焼ガスは、第1の排気ダクト91、ボイラ92、第2の排気ダクト93、サイクロン94、第3の排気ダクト95を介して外気へ放出するようにしている。図6においては、供給手段2、ホッパー3、スクリューコンベヤー21、接続通路22、第1の排気ダクト91、ボイラ92、第2の排気ダクト93、サイクロン94、第3の排気ダクト95を省略している。
In the embodiment described above, the clogging prevention member 7 (see FIG. 5) is positioned in the passage 6 to prevent combustion debris from clogging in the passage 6, but in the present invention, Not limited to this, it may be as shown in FIG.
That is, the passage 6 is a gap formed between the storage portion 11 and the covering member 6 ′ covering the outside of the storage portion 11 with an upper surface open, and is connected to the rotating body 4 so as to communicate with the rotating body 4. 7A is attached, and it is made to position so that the front-end | tip of the air discharge pipe 7A may face in the channel | path 6. FIG.
As a result, combustion debris passes through the air pressure from the tip of the air discharge pipe 7A (air is guided to the air discharge pipe 7A through the air passage 43 in the rotating body 4 and the passage 51 of the discharge rotary blade 5). 6 can be prevented from clogging.
In addition, as shown in FIG. 6, the exit side of the passage 6 (exit side angle X) has a gentler slope than the entrance side of the passage 6 (inlet side angle Y) (X> Y). ), Combustion debris may be guided from the outlet side of the passage 6 to the carry-out passage 80.
As a result, it is possible to prevent the combustion residue from clogging at the outlet side of the passage 6.
In FIG. 6 as well, as in the above-described embodiment, the waste (for example, rice husk) 10 is supplied from below the storage unit 11 via the connection passage 22 by the supply unit 2 that supplies the waste (for example, rice husk) 10. For example, the rice husk 10) is supplied, and the combustion gas in the main body 1 is discharged to the outside air through the first exhaust duct 91, the boiler 92, the second exhaust duct 93, the cyclone 94, and the third exhaust duct 95. I am doing so. In FIG. 6, the supply means 2, the hopper 3, the screw conveyor 21, the connection passage 22, the first exhaust duct 91, the boiler 92, the second exhaust duct 93, the cyclone 94, and the third exhaust duct 95 are omitted. Yes.
F 廃棄物の燃焼装置(籾殻の燃焼装置)
1 本体
2 供給手段
4 回転体
5 排出回転羽根
6 通路
8 排出通路
10 廃棄物(籾殻)
4a 開口部
11 収納部
43 空気通路
44 空気供給手段
F Waste combustion equipment (rice husk combustion equipment)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Main body 2 Supply means 4 Rotating body 5 Discharge rotary blade 6 Passage 8 Discharge passage 10 Waste (rice husk)
4a Opening part 11 Storage part 43 Air passage 44 Air supply means

Claims (5)

  1. 内部に廃棄物を収納する収納部を有する本体と、
    前記収納部の下方から前記廃棄物を供給する供給手段と、
    前記本体内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が前記収納部内に位置する回転体と、
    この回転体の前記収納部に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部と、
    前記回転体の内部に設けられると共に、前記複数の開口部に連通する空気通路と、 この空気通路内に空気を供給する空気供給手段とを備え、
    前記回転体に取り付けられ、前記収納部に収納された前記廃棄物の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを前記収納部から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根と、
    前記本体内に設けられ、前記排出回転羽根により前記収納部から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路と、
    この通路を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを前記本体の外へ排出する排出通路とを備え、
    前記排出回転羽根に目詰まり防止部材を接続し、この目詰まり防止部材を通路内に位置させる
    ことを特徴とする廃棄物の燃焼装置。
    A main body having a storage portion for storing waste inside;
    Supply means for supplying the waste from below the storage unit;
    A rotating body that is rotatably mounted so as to hang down in the main body, and whose tip is located in the storage unit;
    A plurality of openings provided on the outer side facing the storage portion of the rotating body;
    An air passage that is provided inside the rotating body and communicates with the plurality of openings; and an air supply means that supplies air into the air passage.
    A discharge rotary blade attached to the rotating body and for dropping combustion debris from the upper surface of the waste stored in the storage unit downward from the storage unit;
    A passage which is provided in the main body and guides the combustion residue dropped downward from the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade;
    A discharge passage for discharging the combustion debris guided through this passage to the outside of the main body,
    A waste combustion apparatus, wherein a clogging prevention member is connected to the discharge rotary blade, and the clogging prevention member is positioned in a passage .
  2. 収納部に下方から逐次供給する廃棄物を前記廃棄物の上面から燃焼する廃棄物の燃焼方法であって、
    前記上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを排出回転羽根で前記収納部から前記収納部の外へ排出して連続的に廃棄物を燃焼させるものであり、
    前記排出回転羽根に目詰まり防止部材を接続し、この目詰まり防止部材を通路内に位置させる
    ことを特徴とする廃棄物の燃焼方法。
    A waste combustion method for burning waste sequentially supplied from below into a storage unit from the upper surface of the waste,
    Combustion waste from the upper surface is discharged from the storage unit to the outside of the storage unit with a discharge rotary blade, and the waste is continuously burned .
    A waste burning method, wherein a clogging prevention member is connected to the discharge rotary blade, and the clogging prevention member is positioned in a passage .
  3. 内部に廃棄物を収納する収納部を有する本体と、
    前記収納部の下方から前記廃棄物を供給する供給手段と、
    前記本体内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が前記収納部内に位置する回転体と、
    この回転体の前記収納部に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部と、
    前記回転体の内部に設けられると共に、前記複数の開口部に連通する空気通路と、 この空気通路内に空気を供給する空気供給手段と、
    前記回転体に取り付けられ、前記収納部に収納された前記廃棄物の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを前記収納部から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根と、
    前記本体内に設けられ、前記排出回転羽根により前記収納部から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路と、
    この通路を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを前記本体の外へ排出する排出通路とを備え
    前記収納部は下方に行くにつれて縮小する形状であり、
    前記通路は上面が開口し、前記収納部の外側を覆うと共に、前記収納部に沿う覆い部材との間に形成された隙間であり、
    燃焼カスが前記通路の出口側から搬出通路に導かれ、前記搬出通路は前記通路の下に位置している
    ことを特徴とする廃棄物の燃焼装置。
    A main body having a storage portion for storing waste inside;
    Supply means for supplying the waste from below the storage unit;
    A rotating body that is rotatably mounted so as to hang down in the main body, and whose tip is located in the storage unit;
    A plurality of openings provided on the outer side facing the storage portion of the rotating body;
    An air passage which is provided inside the rotating body and communicates with the plurality of openings, and an air supply means for supplying air into the air passage ;
    A discharge rotary blade attached to the rotating body and for dropping combustion debris from the upper surface of the waste stored in the storage unit downward from the storage unit;
    A passage which is provided in the main body and guides the combustion residue dropped downward from the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade;
    A discharge passage for discharging the combustion debris guided through this passage to the outside of the main body ,
    The storage portion is shaped to shrink as it goes downwards,
    The passage is a gap formed between an opening at an upper surface, covering the outside of the storage unit, and a covering member along the storage unit,
    Combustion waste is guided from the outlet side of the passage to a carry-out passage, and the carry-out passage is located below the passage .
  4. 内部に廃棄物を収納する収納部を有する本体と、
    前記収納部の下方から前記廃棄物を供給する供給手段と、
    前記本体内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が前記収納部内に位置する回転体と、
    この回転体の前記収納部に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部と、
    前記回転体の内部に設けられると共に、前記複数の開口部に連通する空気通路と、 この空気通路内に空気を供給する空気供給手段と、
    前記回転体に取り付けられ、前記収納部に収納された前記廃棄物の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを前記収納部から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根と、
    前記本体内に設けられ、前記排出回転羽根により前記収納部から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路と、
    この通路を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを前記本体の外へ排出する排出通路とを備え
    前記通路は、上面が開口すると共に、前記収納部と該収納部の外側を覆う覆い部材との間に形成された隙間であり、
    前記搬出通路は前記通路の下に位置し、 前記通路の出口側は前記通路の入口側に比べ、勾配が緩やかに形成されて、
    燃焼カスが前記通路の出口側から搬出通路に導かれている
    ことを特徴とする廃棄物の燃焼装置。
    A main body having a storage portion for storing waste inside;
    Supply means for supplying the waste from below the storage unit;
    A rotating body that is rotatably mounted so as to hang down in the main body, and whose tip is located in the storage unit;
    A plurality of openings provided on the outer side facing the storage portion of the rotating body;
    An air passage which is provided inside the rotating body and communicates with the plurality of openings, and an air supply means for supplying air into the air passage ;
    A discharge rotary blade attached to the rotating body and for dropping combustion debris from the upper surface of the waste stored in the storage unit downward from the storage unit;
    A passage which is provided in the main body and guides the combustion residue dropped downward from the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade;
    A discharge passage for discharging the combustion debris guided through this passage to the outside of the main body ,
    The passageway, the upper surface is opened, a gap formed between the cover member covering the outside of the housing portion and the housing portion,
    The carry-out passage is located below the passage, and the outlet side of the passage is formed with a gentler slope than the inlet side of the passage,
    Combustion waste is led from the outlet side of the passage to the carry-out passage.
  5. 内部に廃棄物を収納する収納部を有する本体と、
    前記収納部の下方から前記廃棄物を供給する供給手段と、
    前記本体内に垂下するように回転自在に取り付けられ、先端が前記収納部内に位置する回転体と、
    この回転体の前記収納部に臨む外側に設けられた複数の開口部と、
    前記回転体の内部に設けられると共に、前記複数の開口部に連通する空気通路と、 この空気通路内に空気を供給する空気供給手段と、
    前記回転体に取り付けられ、前記収納部に収納された前記廃棄物の上面からの燃焼による燃焼カスを前記収納部から下方へ落とす排出回転羽根と、
    前記本体内に設けられ、前記排出回転羽根により前記収納部から下方へ落とされた前記燃焼カスを下方へ導く通路と、
    この通路を介して導かれた前記燃焼カスを前記本体の外へ排出する排出通路とを備え
    前記排出回転羽根は、前記収納部の上端縁より上方にあって
    前記収納部の上端縁の外側に、前記通路の上面の開口部が位置している
    ことを特徴とする廃棄物の燃焼装置。
    A main body having a storage portion for storing waste inside;
    Supply means for supplying the waste from below the storage unit;
    A rotating body that is rotatably mounted so as to hang down in the main body, and whose tip is located in the storage unit;
    A plurality of openings provided on the outer side facing the storage portion of the rotating body;
    An air passage which is provided inside the rotating body and communicates with the plurality of openings, and an air supply means for supplying air into the air passage ;
    A discharge rotary blade attached to the rotating body and for dropping combustion debris from the upper surface of the waste stored in the storage unit downward from the storage unit;
    A passage which is provided in the main body and guides the combustion residue dropped downward from the storage portion by the discharge rotary blade;
    A discharge passage for discharging the combustion debris guided through this passage to the outside of the main body ,
    The discharge rotary blade is located above the upper edge of the storage unit ,
    A waste combustion apparatus , wherein an opening on an upper surface of the passage is located outside an upper end edge of the storage portion .
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108730991A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-02 王玲 A kind of consumer waste incineration environment-friendly processing unit

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JPS5694126A (en) * 1979-12-28 1981-07-30 Hiroshi Tsunakawa Stove using rice hull
JPS56149518A (en) * 1980-04-21 1981-11-19 Satake Eng Co Ltd Granular material combustor
JPS57148109A (en) * 1981-03-07 1982-09-13 Satake Eng Co Ltd Combustion equipment for granular material
JPS5866231U (en) * 1981-10-28 1983-05-06
JPS6143067Y2 (en) * 1982-12-10 1986-12-05
JP2009162414A (en) * 2007-12-28 2009-07-23 Miike Iron Works Co Ltd Combustion furnace
JP2009198112A (en) * 2008-02-22 2009-09-03 Kaneko Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd Chaff combustion method and its device
WO2013088478A1 (en) * 2011-12-15 2013-06-20 株式会社 M&W Continuous combustion device for solid fuel
JP2016217636A (en) * 2015-05-21 2016-12-22 伊藤 鋼一 Biomass fuel incineration furnace

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5694126A (en) * 1979-12-28 1981-07-30 Hiroshi Tsunakawa Stove using rice hull
JPS56149518A (en) * 1980-04-21 1981-11-19 Satake Eng Co Ltd Granular material combustor
JPS57148109A (en) * 1981-03-07 1982-09-13 Satake Eng Co Ltd Combustion equipment for granular material
JPS5866231U (en) * 1981-10-28 1983-05-06
JPS6143067Y2 (en) * 1982-12-10 1986-12-05
JP2009162414A (en) * 2007-12-28 2009-07-23 Miike Iron Works Co Ltd Combustion furnace
JP2009198112A (en) * 2008-02-22 2009-09-03 Kaneko Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd Chaff combustion method and its device
WO2013088478A1 (en) * 2011-12-15 2013-06-20 株式会社 M&W Continuous combustion device for solid fuel
JP2016217636A (en) * 2015-05-21 2016-12-22 伊藤 鋼一 Biomass fuel incineration furnace

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