JP6178953B1 - Cushioning earthquake-resistant structure of house - Google Patents

Cushioning earthquake-resistant structure of house Download PDF

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Publication number
JP6178953B1
JP6178953B1 JP2016123038A JP2016123038A JP6178953B1 JP 6178953 B1 JP6178953 B1 JP 6178953B1 JP 2016123038 A JP2016123038 A JP 2016123038A JP 2016123038 A JP2016123038 A JP 2016123038A JP 6178953 B1 JP6178953 B1 JP 6178953B1
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elastic
earthquake
corner
elastic tube
house
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JP2017203363A (en
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一夫 有▲吉▼
一夫 有▲吉▼
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一夫 有▲吉▼
一夫 有▲吉▼
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Abstract

[PROBLEMS] Conventionally, earthquake resistant structures of houses have braces on the walls, but cannot withstand the strong destructive force at the time of an earthquake and collapse. Also, in recent years, there is a metal structure, but it cannot withstand the impact of an earthquake, and the welded part comes off and loses its effectiveness. As a result, the house is severely damaged and eventually collapses. A cushioning earthquake-resistant structure that does not include a welded structure is realized. As a result, even a large earthquake with the maximum destructive power can be absorbed without being collapsed, effectively absorbing large earthquake energy and minimizing damage to houses. The present invention can be applied not only to houses but also to multi-story buildings and high-rise houses. [Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a cushioning earthquake-resistant structure for a house.
  Traditionally, earthquake-resistant structures in houses have braces on the walls, but they cannot withstand the powerful destructive forces during an earthquake and collapse. Also, in recent years, there is a metal structure, but it cannot withstand the impact of an earthquake, and the welded part comes off and loses its effectiveness. As a result, the house is severely damaged and eventually collapses.
  Japanese Patent No. 5770923
  It is an object of the present invention to effectively absorb the strong ground energy and minimize the damage to houses.
  FIG. 1 to FIG. 3 of the first embodiment is an example in a one-story building, in which an intermediate portion of a long plate is bent into a round shape to form a corner elastic body, and the elasticity in contact with the round portion of the corner elastic body A tube is formed, and the corner elastic body is applied to the column and beam, the corner of the column and the foundation, and the elastic tube is applied to the corner elastic body, and the bolt or the foundation bolt is passed through, and the other side is applied. A plate is applied and fixed with a W nut, and a central elastic tube is placed where the elastic tube diagonally intersects, and the central elastic tube and the elastic tube at each corner are tied together with a rod. , The nuts were tightened by tightening the W nut.
  FIGS. 4 and 5 of Example 2 are examples of attachment to an attic such as a gymnasium. In order to reduce the weight, the central elastic tube is not provided and the rod is tensioned by elastic tubes at four corners.
  In FIG. 6 of Example 3, a thick long plate is formed in a rice ball shape, the lower end is bent in a relatively round shape, the tip forms a horizontal portion, the horizontal portion is a foundation bolt, and a round shape is formed. The upper part is attached to the pillar through the bolt, the other side is applied with a contact plate and fixed with a W nut, and the uppermost part is attached to the beam via a gap adjusting liner.
FIGS. 7 to 10 of the fourth embodiment are examples in a two-story house. Each of the front doors is provided with an earthquake resistant structure so that minimal damage is caused during an earthquake. The elastic body is formed to enlarge the window, and the joint is riveted as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9 and is formed of a thick long plate so as to maintain the strength and strength. is there.
FIG. 10 shows an embodiment on both sides, which has a structure that can sufficiently withstand a strong earthquake.
In the above, the earthquake-proof structure of the present invention is applied not only to the front, back and both side walls, but also to the partition walls in the room, and gently absorbs the strong energy at the time of earthquake to minimize the damage to the house. Try to keep it.
Also, if the seismic structure is made slightly narrower than the pillars and beams, the wallboard can be struck from both sides of the wall, and wall coating and cloth can be pasted on it, so that the interior and exterior of the house can be finished elegantly. In addition to being able to live with peace of mind in a house where multiple earthquake countermeasures have been implemented.
The corner elastic body, the elastic tube, the central elastic tube, the rod, the rice ball type, the large circular shape, and the large elliptical elastic body constituting the present invention are formed from a material having elasticity and high toughness, The foundation bolt nut is a high steel tension bolt nut.
The above parts are mounted inside the wall and remain sealed for the lifetime of the house and are difficult to inspect. Therefore, stainless steel and steel bars that do not rust are good, and stainless steel pipes are used for the elastic tube and central elastic tube. May be.
Effect of the invention
In FIGS. 1 to 3 of the first embodiment, since the corner elastic body is applied to each corner of the question port, this itself has an earthquake resistance effect.
Furthermore, the elasticity of the corner elastic body is added to the elastic action of the elastic tube attached to the corner elastic body, the rod, and the central elastic tube interposed between the rods. It can absorb allergies and minimize earthquake damage.
  4 and 5 of the second embodiment are attached to the back of the ceiling of a gymnasium or the like, so that the distortion of the ceiling can be gently prevented during an earthquake.
  Since FIG. 6 of Example 3 was formed in a rice ball shape, it can absorb seismic energy effectively.
  Since FIGS. 7 to 10 of the fourth embodiment are applied to the second-floor house, even the second-floor house can be kept to a minimum damage during a large earthquake.
Effect of the invention
  As described above, the present invention is formed of elastic and tough materials for all earthquake-resistant structures such as elastic bodies for corners, elastic tubes, bolt nuts, foundation bolt nuts, central circular tubes, rods, and rice balls. However, since there are no welded parts, even a large earthquake with the maximum destructive force will not collapse, it can absorb strong earthquake energy effectively and minimize damage to the house.
  The present invention can be applied not only to houses but also to multi-story buildings and high-rise houses.
Example 1
Front view Enlarged view of part 1A Left side view of FIG. Example 2
Gymnasium roof illustration Back view of FIG. Example 3
Front view Example 4
Front view of the second-floor house Large circular enlarged front view Large oval enlarged front view Right side view of FIG.
1 to 3 of the first embodiment is a case where the earthquake-resistant structure is implemented in a flat house, and 1 is a corner elastic body attached to each corner of the frontage, and is formed by bending the middle portion of the long plate into a round shape. ing. Reference numeral 2 denotes an elastic tube in contact with the rounded portion of the corner elastic body 1. The elastic tube 2 is disposed at each corner of the front of the corner elastic body 1, and then the elastic tube 2 is applied to the rounded portion of the corner elastic body 1. It passes through the foundation bolt 5, the contact plate 3 is applied to the opposite side, and is fixed with a W nut 6.
Reference numeral 7 denotes a central elastic tube disposed at the center where each elastic tube 2 intersects diagonally. The central elastic tube 7 and each elastic tube 2 are connected to each other by a rod 8 and a W nut 6 is tightened. Lot 8 is nervous.
  4 and 5 of the second embodiment are attached to the attic of the gymnasium, and the rod 8 is tensioned by the elastic tubes 2 at the four corners.
6 of Example 3 is a rice ball type elastic body, and the lower horizontal part is attached to the foundation bolt 5 and the upper part of the bent part is attached to the column by the contact plate 3.
A liner 10 is packed between the rice ball-shaped elastic body 9 and the beam.
  FIGS. 7 to 10 of the fourth embodiment are cases where the second-floor house is used. In order to enlarge the window, a thick long plate is used to form a large circular and large elliptical elastic body, which is attached to the frontage. .
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Corner | angular part elastic body 2 Elastic pipe 3 Base plate 4 Bolt 5 Foundation bolt 6 W nut 7 Central elastic pipe 8 Rod 9 Rice ball type 10 Liner 11 Large-diameter elastic body 12 Large elliptical elastic body

Claims (4)

  1. An elastic tube in contact with the rounded portion of the corner elastic body is formed by bending the middle part of the long plate into a round shape, the corner elastic body is applied to the corner of the column and the beam, and the elastic tube is attached to the corner elastic body. Pass the bolts through, hit the opposite side with a backing plate and fix it with a W nut, apply the corner elastic body to the corner of the column and foundation, hit the elastic tube to the corner elastic body, Pass the bolt, fix it with the W nut through the backing plate , fix the base side with the W nut through the base bolt, and place the central elastic tube at the intersection of the elastic tube diagonally, the center A cushioning earthquake-resistant structure for a house, characterized in that an elastic tube and an elastic tube attached to a corner elastic body are crossed with a rod and the rod is tightened by tightening a W nut.
  2.   A thick long plate is formed in a rice ball shape, both lower parts are bent in a round shape so as to contact the pillar and the foundation, the lower horizontal part is fixed to the foundation bolt and the W nut, and the part that hits the pillar is the opposite side A cushioning earthquake-resistant structure for a house, characterized in that a base plate is applied to the bolt and passed through a bolt, fixed with a W nut, and the uppermost part is attached to the beam via a gap adjusting liner.
  3.   2. The cushioning earthquake resistant structure for a house according to claim 1, wherein a large circular elastic body or a large elliptic elastic body is formed as the central elastic tube in order to enlarge a window.
  4. Corners elastic body according to claim 1, wherein the elastic tube, caul, central elastic tube, or a feature in that billing rice ball type long plate of claim 2, and the wear plate is formed slightly smaller width than the pillars and beams The cushioning earthquake-proof structure for a house according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
JP2016123038A 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 Cushioning earthquake-resistant structure of house Active JP6178953B1 (en)

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JP2016123038A JP6178953B1 (en) 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 Cushioning earthquake-resistant structure of house

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JP2017203363A JP2017203363A (en) 2017-11-16

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Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0544496B2 (en) * 1987-05-06 1993-07-06 Asahi Chemical Ind
JPH04261935A (en) * 1991-02-18 1992-09-17 Keeyoo:Kk Joint structure for wooden structure
JP4077146B2 (en) * 2000-08-01 2008-04-16 新一 砂原 Curved elastic joint construction method that integrates the backbone of buildings
JP2002327497A (en) * 2001-05-01 2002-11-15 Shoichi Maekawa Brace for wooden building construction method, and wooden building construction method employing the brace
JP4489548B2 (en) * 2003-09-04 2010-06-23 正雄 林 Vibration absorber and earthquake-resistant mechanism
JP4177776B2 (en) * 2004-03-18 2008-11-05 株式会社北栄建設 Seismic reinforcement
JP4195462B2 (en) * 2005-09-14 2008-12-10 昌幸 伊藤 Steel leaf spring damping method
KR101188784B1 (en) * 2011-02-09 2012-10-10 조선대학교산학협력단 Circular brace and Construction method using that
JP5770923B1 (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-08-26 一夫 有▲吉▼ Cushioning seismic structure of building

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