JP6160985B2 - Cable connector - Google Patents

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JP6160985B2
JP6160985B2 JP2015094422A JP2015094422A JP6160985B2 JP 6160985 B2 JP6160985 B2 JP 6160985B2 JP 2015094422 A JP2015094422 A JP 2015094422A JP 2015094422 A JP2015094422 A JP 2015094422A JP 6160985 B2 JP6160985 B2 JP 6160985B2
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portion
cable
connection
member
connector
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JP2016213020A (en )
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荒井 厚
厚 荒井
朋洋 今村
朋洋 今村
哲也 高木
哲也 高木
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Smk株式会社
Smk株式会社
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本発明は、コンタクト端子にケーブルの芯線を結線したコネクタに関する。 The present invention relates to a connector and connect the core wire of the cable to the contact terminal.

例えば、複数のソーラーパネルを中継コネクタを用いて制御部等とケーブル接続する場合に、これまではソーラーパネル等の設置現場にてケーブルの芯線を専用圧着工具によりターミナルに結線していた。 For example, when connecting the control unit or the like and the cable using a relay connector a plurality of solar panels, hitherto it had connected to the terminal by a special crimping tool the core wire of the cable at the installation site, such as a solar panel.
これでは現場での結線作業が大変であり、特に高所作業になると専用工具等を落下させる恐れもあった。 This is hard to wiring work in the field, there was also a possibility of dropping the dedicated tools and the like and particularly in aerial work.
そこで本出願人は、先にケーブルの結線作業性に優れたコネクタを提案している(特許文献1)。 The present applicant has proposed a connector with excellent connection workability of the cable previously (Patent Document 1).
本発明は、さらに結線作業性の向上を目的に本発明に至った。 The present invention is further achieved the present invention in order to improve connection workability.

特願2013−230744号 Japanese Patent Application No. 2013-230744

本発明は、ケーブルの結線作業性に優れ、接続信頼性の高いケーブル接続用コネクタの提供を目的とする。 The present invention is excellent in connection workability of the cable, and an object thereof is to provide a high connection reliability cable connector.

本発明に係るケーブル接続用コネクタは、コンタクト端子、結線部材及び開放部材をハウジング内に収容してあり、前記結線部材はケーブルの芯線を前記コンタクト端子に弾性付勢力にて直接又は間接的に結線する結線部を有し、前記開放部材は前記結線部材の弾性付勢力に対抗して前記結線部を開放状態に仮保持するためのものであり、前記結線部を開放部材にて開放状態にした状態でコンタクト端子と結線部との間にケーブルの芯線を挿入し、前記ハウジングに設けた開閉自在の上ケースを閉じると前記上ケースに設けた結線作動部が前記開放部材の仮保持状態を解除し、ケーブルの芯線がコンタクト端子に結線されるものであることを特徴とする。 Cable connector according to the present invention, the contact terminals, the wiring member and the opening member Yes accommodated in a housing, the connecting member directly at the elastic biasing force of the core wire of the cable to the contact terminal or indirectly connected has a connection portion for the opening member is provided for temporarily holding the wire connecting portions against the elastic biasing force of the connecting member in an open state and the open state the connecting portion at opening member releasing the core insert the temporary holding state of the connection operation portion is the opening member provided on said case and closing the upper case opened and closed which is provided on the housing of the cable between the contact terminal and the wire connection portion in a state and, the core wire of the cable is characterized in that is connected to the contact terminals.
ここでコンタクト端子には、ソケット端子、プラグ端子等が含まれる。 Here, the contact pin, the socket terminal includes plug pin or the like.
開放部材とは、ケーブルの芯線をコンタクト端子に直接又は間接的に結線する際に、このケーブルの芯線をコンタクト端子と結線部材に設けた結線部材との間に挿入しやすいように、この結線部が芯線に係止しないように結線部材の弾性付勢力に対抗して、開放状態にしておくためのものである。 An open member, the core wire of the cable when directly or indirectly connected to the contact terminal, to make it easier to insert the core wire of the cable between the connection member provided in the contact terminal and the connecting member, the connecting portion There against the elastic biasing force of the connecting member so as not to engage with the core, is for left open.
また、ケーブルの芯線をコンタクト端子に直接又は間接的に結線すると表現したのは、ケーブルの芯線をコンタクト端子に電気接続する際にケーブルの芯線を直接コンタクト端子に接触させる場合のみならず、間に他の端子を挟み込み電気接続する場合も含める趣旨である。 Moreover, was expressed as the core wire of the cable directly or indirectly connected to the contact terminals, not only is contacted directly contact terminal core wire of a cable when electrically connecting the core wire of the cable to the contact terminal, while is to be interpreted as including meaning that the electrically connecting pinching other terminals.
本発明のコネクタは、例えばソーラーパネル等のケーブル接続に用いられるコネクタのみならずケーブルを電気接続するのに用いられる各種コネクタも含まれる。 Connector of the present invention also include various connectors used with cable not only connector used, for example, to a cable connection of the solar panel or the like to electrically connect.

本発明はハウジングにケーブルを挿入し、上ケースを閉じるだけで結線が完了する点に特徴がある。 The present invention inserts a cable into the housing, is characterized in that connection by simply closing the upper case is complete.
その態様としては、前記結線部材の結線部は結線方向に弾性付勢された弾性片に形成してあり、前記開放部材は弾性付勢力に対抗して結線部が開放状態になるように前記弾性片を載置することで仮保持できる立設部を有し、前記上ケースに設けた結線作動部は上ケースを閉じると弾性片を立設部から外れる方向に押圧移動させるものである場合を例として挙げることができる。 As the embodiment, connecting portions of the connecting member is Yes formed on the elastic piece is elastically biased in the connection side, wherein the opening member, as connection portions is opened against the elastic biasing force the elastic has a standing portion that can be temporarily held by placing the pieces, the case where connection actuating portion provided in the upper case are those to press moves the elastic piece closing the upper case in a direction out of the standing portion it can be cited as an example.
さらに具体的には、前記弾性片はケーブルの芯線を挿入する開口部を有するとともに開口部の端部に結線部を形成してあり、前記開放部材の立設部に前記開口部の端部に形成した結線部を載置することで開放状態にでき、前記上ケースに設けた結線作動部は上ケースを閉じると前記立設部に載置した結線部を立設部から外れる方向に前記弾性片を押圧移動させるものである態様が挙げられる。 More specifically, the elastic piece Yes forms a connecting portion to the end portion of the opening and having an opening for inserting the core wire of the cable, an end portion of the opening in the erected portion of the opening member the formed connection portion can turn the open state by placing the said elastic the connection operation portion provided on the case connection portion that is placed on the erected portion and closing of the upper case in a direction out of the standing portion embodiment is intended for pressing the moving pieces and the like.

本発明において、前記ハウジングはケーブルを当該ハウジングに挿入した状態を弾性保持するためのケーブル保持部材を有するようにしてもよい。 In the present invention, the housing may have a cable holding member for elastically holding the state of inserting the cable into the housing.
このようにすると、上ケースを閉じる前に不本意にケーブルがハウジングから抜けるのを防止する。 In this way, unintentionally cable before closing the upper case to prevent the escape from the housing.

本発明に係るコネクタは、結線部の弾性付勢力が開放された状態でコンタクト端子と結線部との間にケーブルの芯線を挿入するので容易に挿入でき、その状態でハウジングの上ケースを閉じるだけで開放状態が解除され、結線状態になるので従来の手作業による解除に比較して接続の信頼性が高い。 Connector according to the present invention, since the inserting the core wire of the cable between the contact terminal and the wire connection portion in a state in which the elastic biasing force of the connection portion is opened can be easily inserted, close the upper case of the housing in this state only in the open state is canceled, reliable connection compared to the release traditional manual since the connection state.

(a)〜(d)は本発明に係るコネクタにケーブルを接続する手順を示し、(e)はケーブルの芯線の結線を解除する方法例を示す。 (A) ~ (d) show the procedure for connecting the cable to the connector according to the present invention, illustrating an example method for releasing a connection of (e) is the core wire of the cable. 本発明に係るコネクタに収容された端子類の外観図を示す。 It shows an external view of a terminal class contained in the connector according to the present invention. (a)はコンタクト端子、結線部材及び開放部材を組み合せた後方斜視図を示し、(b)はその上方から見た斜視図を示す。 (A) shows a rear perspective view of a combination of contact terminals, connecting member and opening member, (b) shows a perspective view from above. (c)はコンタクト端子、結線部材及び開放部材の分解図を示す。 (C) shows an exploded view of the contact terminal, connecting member and opening member. 本発明を適用したソケットコネクタにプラグコネクタを嵌合接続する例を示し、(a)は接続前、(b)は接続後を示す。 The plug connector into the socket connector according to the present invention shows an example in which mating connection, (a) shows the pre-connected, (b) shows the post-connection. (a)は本発明に係るコネクタの上ケースを開いた状態を示す。 (A) shows an opened upper case of a connector according to the present invention. (b),(c)は図3に示したソケットコネクタとプラグコネクタとの外観図を示す。 (B), (c) shows an external view of the socket connector and the plug connector shown in FIG.

本発明に係るコネクタの構造例を以下、ソケットコネクタにて説明するが、本発明は各種コネクタに適用できる。 The structure of the connector according to the present invention will now be described in the socket connector, the present invention is applicable to various connectors.

本発明に係るコネクタ10の断面図を図1に示し、外観図を図4(a)に示す。 The cross-sectional view of the connector 10 according to the present invention shown in FIG. 1 shows an external view in Figure 4 (a).
本発明に係るコネクタ10を構成するコンタクト端子12,結線部材13及び開放部材14の組み合せ構造例及び単品図を図2に示す。 Contact terminals 12 constituting a connector 10 according to the present invention, the combination structure example and separately view of connecting member 13 and opening member 14 shown in FIG.
ハウジング11の内部にこれらの端子類が収容されている。 These terminals such in the housing 11 are accommodated.
図2に示すようにコンタクト端子12にはソケット部12aの後方にプレート状の連結部12bを有し、この連結部12bには後述する開放部材14の基部をガイドする一対の立設片12d,基部の端部を挿入支持する爪部12c及び、開放部材14の係止孔14dに係合する係止爪12eを有する。 Has a plate-shaped connecting portion 12b in the rear of the socket portion 12a to the contact terminal 12 as shown in FIG. 2, a pair of standing piece 12d for guiding the base of the opening member 14 to be described later in the connecting portion 12b, claw portion 12c and the insert supports the end portion of the base, having a locking pawl 12e to engage the locking hole 14d of the opening member 14.
また、ソケット部12aの外周部には、ハウジングに挿入係止するためのランス12fを有する。 Further, on the outer peripheral portion of the socket portion 12a, having a lance 12f for inserting locking the housing.
結線部材13は弾性材で製作され、コンタクト端子12の連結部12bの裏面に重なるベース部13aと、このベース部13aの先端側から裏面に折り返し、さらに先端側を略L字形状に上方に折り返した弾性片13bを有する。 Connecting member 13 is fabricated of an elastic material, a base portion 13a that overlaps the rear surface of the connecting portion 12b of the contact terminals 12, folded to the back side from the front end side of the base portion 13a, and then back the distal end upwardly in a substantially L-shape and having an elastic piece 13b.
弾性片13bは、開口部13cを形成し、この開口部上端部が結線部13dとなり、芯線1aの上側の側部に弾性係止する。 Elastic piece 13b forms an opening 13c, the opening upper end next connection portion 13d, resiliently locking the upper side of the core wire 1a.
弾性片13bは、上縁部が後方に湾曲した曲面部13eとなり、左右のサイド部は後方に折り返すことで強度アップを図っている。 Elastic piece 13b is next curved portion 13e of the upper edge is curved backward, left and right side portions are working to increased strength by folding backwards.
この弾性片13bは、上下方向及び前後方向に弾性変形可能である。 The elastic piece 13b is elastically deformable in the vertical and longitudinal directions.
開放部材14も弾性材で製作され、基部14fから左右一対の立設部14aを有し、その上端部に結線部13dを仮保持するための載置部14bを形成してある。 Opening member 14 is also made of an elastic material, from the base 14f has a pair of standing portions 14a, it is formed with mounting portion 14b for temporarily holding the wire connecting portion 13d at its upper end.
基部14fには、係止孔14dと芯線1aの下部に当接する突起部14eを有する。 The base 14f, has a projection 14e abutting the bottom of the locking hole 14d and the core wire 1a.
本実施例では、開放部材14にも芯線1aと弾性接触するための接触部14cを設けた例になっている。 In the present embodiment, and is an example in which a contact portion 14c for the core wire 1a and the elastic contacts to opening member 14.

ハウジング11は、図1,4に示すようにハウジング本体部11aと、このハウジング本体部を収容した下ケース11bと上ケース11cを有する。 The housing 11 includes a housing body portion 11a as shown in FIGS. 1 and 4, the lower case 11b and the upper case 11c which accommodates the housing body.
ハウジング本体部11aの内部には、コンタクト端子12,結線部材13及び開放部材14を図2(a)に示した組み合せ状態にて収容され、このハウジング本体部11aの上部には挿入された芯線1aを確認するための開口された窓部11jを有する。 Inside the housing body portion 11a, the contact terminal 12, is housed the connecting member 13 and the opening member 14 in the illustrated combined state FIG. 2 (a), the core wire 1a in the upper inserted in the housing body portion 11a having the opened window portion 11j to confirm.
下ケース11bには、一辺が軸部11dで回動自在に連結された上ケース11cをハウジング本体部11aの上部を塞ぐように閉じると、この結線作動部11fが窓部11jを経由してハウジング内部に突入する。 The lower case 11b, Closing the casing 11c on one side are rotatably connected with the shaft portion 11d so as to close the upper portion of the housing body portion 11a, the connecting operation unit 11f is via the window portion 11j housing It enters the inside.
上ケース11cと下ケース11bとの開閉は、爪部11hと係止部11gとの係合による。 Opening and closing of the upper case 11c and a lower case 11b is due to the engagement between the claw portion 11h and the engaging portion 11g.
また、下ケース11bに設けたケーブル1の挿入孔11eには、バネ材からなるケーブル保持部材15を設けることでケーブル1を挿入し、結線前にこのケーブルが抜け方向に移動するのを防止している。 Further, the insertion hole 11e of the cable 1 which is provided in the lower case 11b, and insert the cable 1 by providing the cable holding member 15 made of a spring material, and prevented from moving in the direction missing this cable before connecting ing.
ハウジング本体部11aの後部は、ケーブル1の外周部に当接するシール片16aを設けたシール部材16にて塞がれている。 Rear portion of the housing body portion 11a is closed by the sealing member 16 provided with abutting sealing piece 16a on the outer periphery of the cable 1.
ハウジング11のソケット収容部11iの外周部には、Oリング17を取り付けてある。 The outer peripheral portion of the socket housing portion 11i of the housing 11, is attached an O-ring 17.
これにより、相手側コネクタとの間をシールする。 Thus, sealing between the mating connector.

次に、図1に基づいて結線手順を説明する。 Then, the connection procedure will be described with reference to FIG.
図1(a)の状態は、上ケース11cが開き、弾性片13bの開口部13の上端部に設けた結線部13dが、開放部材14に設けた左右一対の立設部14aの上端部の載置部14bに載置され、開放状態に仮保持されている。 State of FIG. 1 (a), opens the upper case 11c, connection portion 13d provided at the upper end portion of the opening portion 13 of the elastic piece 13b is, the upper end portions of the pair of left and right standing portions 14a provided on the opening member 14 It is placed on the placing portion 14b, and is temporarily held in the open state.
この状態で、ケーブル1の芯線1aをコンタクト端子12と結線部13dとの間に開口部13cから挿入したのが、図1(b)の状態である。 In this state, it was inserted through the opening 13c between the core wire 1a of the cable 1 the contact pins 12 and the connecting portion 13d is in the state of FIG. 1 (b).
この時点では、芯線1aに開放部材14の接触部14cが弾性接触し、ケーブル1の被覆部はケーブル保持部材15にて弾性保持され、シール片16aにて外周部がシールされている。 At this point, the contact portion 14c of the open core 1a member 14 elastically contacts the coating of the cable 1 is elastically held by the cable holding member 15, the outer peripheral portion is sealed by the sealing piece 16a.
次に、上ケース11cを閉じると図1(c),(d)に示すように、結線作動部11fが窓部11jを経由して進入し、結線作動部11fの先端斜面部が弾性片13bの上端部の曲面部13eに摺接することで、弾性片13bが後方に移動し、載置部14bに仮保持されていた結線部13dがこの載置部14bから外れる。 Then, closing the upper case 11c FIG. 1 (c), the (d), the connection operation portion 11f enters via the window portion 11j, the tip slope portion of the connection operation portion 11f elastic piece 13b by sliding contact of the curved surface portion 13e of the upper portion, the elastic piece 13b moves rearward, connection portion 13d which has been temporarily held in the mounting portion 14b is disengaged from the mounting portion 14b.
これにより、弾性片13bが弾性復帰力により下方に戻り、結線部13dが芯線1aの上側の側部に係止し、結線される。 Thus, the elastic piece 13b returns downward by the elastic restoring force, connection portion 13d is engaged with the upper side of the core wire 1a, is connected.
ケーブル1をコネクタ10から取り外したい場合には、図1(e)に示すように上ケース11cを開き、窓部11jからドライバー等の工具2の先を差し込み、弾性片13bを上方に引き上げ、結線部13dを開放部材14の載置部14bに載置させればよい。 If you want to remove the cable 1 from the connector 10, open the upper case 11c, as shown in FIG. 1 (e), insert the Former tool 2 such as a screwdriver through the window 11j, pulling the elastic pieces 13b upward, connection the section 13d may be caused placed on the placing portion 14b of the opening member 14.

図3及び図4(b),(c)には、プラグコンタクト22を有するプラグコネクタ20を本発明に係るソケットコネクタ10に係合接続する例を示す。 3 and FIG. 4 (b), (c) shows an example that engages connected to a socket connector 10 according to the present invention the plug connector 20 having a plug contact 22.
プラグコネクタ20のハウジング21の嵌合部21aに、ソケットコネクタ10のソケット収容部11iを挿入嵌合することで、Oリング17が嵌合部21aの内周面との間をシールする。 The fitting portion 21a of the housing 21 of the plug connector 20, by inserting fitting the socket housing portion 11i of the socket connector 10, O-ring 17 seals between the inner peripheral surface of the fitting portion 21a.
また、図4(b),(c)に示すようにコネクタ間にもロック爪11kと係止部21bとが設けられている。 Further, FIG. 4 (b), and a locking pawl 11k and the locking portion 21b is also provided between the connector as shown in (c).

1 ケーブル1a 芯線10 コネクタ11 ハウジング11a ハウジング本体部11b 下ケース11c 上ケース11f 結線作動部11j 窓部12 コンタクト端子13 結線部材13b 弾性片13c 開口部13d 結線部14 開放部材14a 立設部15 ケーブル保持部材 1 cable 1a core 10 connector 11 housing 11a housing body portion 11b lower case 11c on the case 11f connection operation section 11j window portion 12 contact terminals 13 connected member 13b resilient piece 13c opening 13d connecting portions 14 and releasing member 14a erected portion 15 cable holding Element

Claims (2)

  1. 結線作動部(11f)を設けた上ケース(11c)と、 Connection operation portion and upper case provided with a (11f) (11c),
    ハウジング(11)内に収容されたコンタクト端子(12)、結線部材(13)及び開放部材(14)とからなり、 Housing (11) accommodated in the contact terminal in (12), becomes from a connecting member (13) and opening member (14),
    結線部材(13)は、弾性片(13b)を有し、 Connection member (13) has resilient piece (13b),
    弾性片(13b)には、ケーブル(1)の芯線(1a)を挿入する開口部(13c)を有し、 The elastic piece (13b), has openings for inserting the core wire (1a) of the cable (1) to (13c),
    開口部(13c)の上端部には、結線部(13d)を有し、 The upper end portion of the opening portion (13c), has connection portion (13d),
    開放部材(14)は、結線部(13d)を載置することで、弾性片(13b)の結線方向の弾性付勢力に対抗して結線部(13d)を開放状態に仮保持する立設部(14a)を有し、 Opening member (14), by placing connecting portion (13d), the standing portion for temporarily holding connecting portions against the elastic biasing force of the connection direction of the elastic pieces (13b) and (13d) to open has a (14a),
    結線部(13d)を開放状態にした状態でコンタクト端子(12)と結線部(13d)との間に芯線(1a)を挿入し、 Insert the core wire (1a) between the connection portion and the contact terminal while the (13d) to the open state (12) connecting portion and (13d),
    上ケース(11c)を閉じると、結線作動部(11f)が立設部(14a)に載置した結線部(13d)を立設部(14a)から外れる方向に弾性片(13b)を押圧移動させて仮保持状態を解除し、弾性片(13b)の弾性付勢力にて芯線(1a)をコンタクト端子(12)に直接又は間接的に結線することを特徴とするケーブル接続用コネクタ。 Closing the upper case (11c), pressed and moved in the direction deviating connection portion connecting actuating portion (11f) is mounted on the standing portion (14a) and (13d) from the standing portion (14a) elastically piece (13b) is allowed to release the temporarily held state, the cable connector, characterized in that the core wire (1a) of an elastic biasing force directly or indirectly connected to the contact terminals (12) of the elastic piece (13b).
  2. ハウジング(11)はケーブル(1)をハウジング(11)に挿入した状態を弾性保持するためのケーブル保持部材(15)を有することを特徴とする請求項1記載のケーブル接続用コネクタ。 Housing (11) is a cable connector according to claim 1, characterized in that it has a cable holding member (15) for elastically holding the state of inserting the cable (1) to the housing (11).
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