JP6107167B2 - Imaging unit, color measuring device, image forming apparatus, color measuring system, and color measuring method - Google Patents

Imaging unit, color measuring device, image forming apparatus, color measuring system, and color measuring method Download PDF

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JP6107167B2
JP6107167B2 JP2013011570A JP2013011570A JP6107167B2 JP 6107167 B2 JP6107167 B2 JP 6107167B2 JP 2013011570 A JP2013011570 A JP 2013011570A JP 2013011570 A JP2013011570 A JP 2013011570A JP 6107167 B2 JP6107167 B2 JP 6107167B2
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reference
colorimetric
color
value
imaging
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JP2014143618A (en
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大嶺 徹
徹 大嶺
佐藤 信行
信行 佐藤
平田 聡
聡 平田
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株式会社リコー
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Description

  The present invention relates to an imaging unit, a colorimetric device, an image forming apparatus, a colorimetric system, and a colorimetric method, and more specifically, an imaging unit, a colorimetric device, and an image forming apparatus that capture an image without being affected by irregular reflection around a subject. The present invention relates to a color measurement system and a color measurement method.

  Image forming apparatuses such as color ink jet type image forming apparatuses and color electrophotographic image forming apparatuses are offset by advertising media and pamphlets that require a high image but a relatively small number of copies as the image quality improves. It is also used for printing.

  In offset printing that requires high image quality, the color of the printed matter requested by the customer may differ from the color of the print output result that is actually printed out by the image forming apparatus.

  Usually, the customer confirms the color of the printed matter on the display and places an order for printing. However, each image forming apparatus has a color reproduction characteristic specific to each model, which is different from the color confirmed on the display. May result in printing.

  Therefore, conventionally, a technique for performing color reproduction using a color space that does not depend on a device such as a display or an image forming apparatus, such as an L * a * b * color space or an xyz color space, has been used. .

  The image forming apparatus controls the amount of color material and the like in order to output a specified color. For example, in an ink jet image forming apparatus, the output color is controlled by controlling the amount of ink discharged from the ink head by calculating and controlling the amount of ink discharged and the print pattern. In the image forming apparatus, the output color is controlled by controlling the amount of toner adhering to the photosensitive member, the amount of laser beam, and the like.

  However, the amount of the color material, for example, the ink discharge amount of the ink jet image forming apparatus varies depending on the state of the nozzle of the head, the viscosity of the ink, the variation of the discharge drive elements (piezo elements, etc.), Variation in color reproducibility occurs. Further, the ink ejection amount of the ink jet type image forming apparatus changes with time in one image forming apparatus or varies for each image forming apparatus. In other words, variations in the color reproduction of the image occur.

  Therefore, conventionally, in an image forming apparatus, color adjustment processing is performed in order to suppress output variations due to characteristics unique to the device and to improve output reproducibility with respect to input. In this color adjustment processing, for example, first, an image of a reference color patch (reference color patch image) is actually output by the image forming apparatus, and the reference color patch image is measured by the color measurement device. Then, a color conversion parameter is generated based on the difference between the colorimetric value of the reference color patch image measured by the colorimetry device and the colorimetric value of the corresponding reference color in the standard color space, and the color conversion parameter is Set in the image forming apparatus. After that, when outputting an image according to the input image data, the image forming apparatus performs color conversion on the input image data based on the set color conversion parameter, and after color conversion is performed. By recording and outputting an image based on the image data, an output of an image with high color reproducibility can be achieved by suppressing output variations due to characteristics unique to the device.

  In this conventional color adjustment processing, a spectral colorimeter is widely used as a color measuring device for measuring a reference color patch image, and the spectral colorimeter can obtain a spectral reflectance for each wavelength. Therefore, highly accurate colorimetry can be performed. However, since the spectrocolorimeter is an expensive device equipped with a large number of sensors, it is desired to perform highly accurate color measurement using a cheaper device.

Conventionally, a case, a reference pattern used for colorimetry arranged in the case, and a part of the image pickup region are picked up by the reference pattern, and a colorimetric object is picked up in another region. A two-dimensional sensor; an imaging element that is disposed on the optical path of the reference pattern and the colorimetric object and forms an image of the reference pattern on a sensor surface of the two-dimensional sensor; An imaging apparatus comprising: a transmissive member disposed in an optical path between the sensor and the color measurement object and having a refractive index for setting the imaging position of the color measurement object by the imaging element as the two-dimensional sensor surface Has been proposed (see Patent Document 1). In this prior art, the casing is moved on the color measurement target recorded on a sheet or the like, and the reference pattern and the color measurement target in the casing are imaged.

  However, in the related art described in the above publication, the casing of the imaging device is moved on the colorimetric object recorded on paper or the like, and the reference pattern and the colorimetric object in the casing are imaged. There has been a problem that imaging quality deteriorates due to the influence of diffuse reflection by surrounding objects of light irradiated from the light source to the colorimetric object.

  Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to improve the imaging quality of a subject without being affected by irregular reflection around the subject.

In order to achieve the above object, the imaging unit according to claim 1 is disposed in the casing, the casing having an opening, sensor means for imaging a subject outside the casing through the opening, A reference chart composed of a plurality of colors imaged by the sensor means together with a subject, and a reflection suppression means provided on a surface on the sensor means side around the opening of the housing , The casing is characterized in that the outer periphery of the reflection suppressing means is gray over a predetermined range .

  According to the present invention, the present invention can improve the imaging quality of a subject without being affected by irregular reflection around the subject.

1 is a schematic perspective view of an image forming apparatus to which an embodiment of the present invention is applied. The top view of a carriage part. FIG. The top view of an imaging unit. AA arrow sectional drawing of the imaging unit of FIG. BB arrow sectional drawing of the imaging unit of FIG. The top view of a reference | standard chart board. FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a main part of the image forming apparatus. The block block diagram of an imaging unit and a colorimetry control part. The figure which shows an example of the three-dimensional image data when imaging a white reference board as a to-be-photographed object. The figure which shows an example of shading correction data. Explanatory drawing of the acquisition process of the reference | standard colorimetry value and imaging reference RGB value from a reference | standard sheet, and a reference value linear transformation matrix acquisition process. The figure which shows an example of an initial reference RGB value. The figure which shows an example of the image data which imaged the reference | standard chart and the imaging target together. Explanatory drawing of a colorimetry process. Explanatory drawing of the linear conversion matrix production | generation process between reference | standard RGB. The figure which shows the relationship between an initial reference | standard RGB value and the reference | standard RGB value at the time of colorimetry. Explanatory drawing of a basic colorimetry process. FIG. 19 is a diagram showing basic colorimetry processing continued from FIG. 18. The front sectional view of the imaging unit which is not provided with the optical path length changing member. AA arrow sectional drawing of the imaging unit of FIG. 1 is a system configuration diagram of an image forming system to which a color measurement system is applied.

  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In addition, since the Example described below is a suitable Example of this invention, various technically preferable restrictions are attached | subjected, However, The range of this invention is unduly limited by the following description. However, not all the configurations described in the present embodiment are essential constituent elements of the present invention.

  1 to 22 are diagrams showing an embodiment of an imaging unit, a color measurement device, an image forming apparatus, a color measurement system, and a color measurement method according to the present invention, and FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an image forming apparatus 1 to which an embodiment of an apparatus, an image forming apparatus, a color measurement system, and a color measurement method are applied.

  In FIG. 1, an image forming apparatus 1 has a main body housing 2 disposed on a main body frame 3, and a main guide rod in the main scanning direction indicated by a double arrow A in FIG. 4 and the auxiliary guide rod 5 are stretched over. The main guide rod 4 movably supports the carriage 6, and the carriage 6 is provided with a connecting piece 6 a that engages with the sub guide rod 5 to stabilize the posture of the carriage 6.

  In the image forming apparatus 1, an endless belt-like timing belt 7 is disposed along a main guide rod 4, and the timing belt 7 is stretched between a driving pulley 8 and a driven pulley 9. The driving pulley 8 is rotationally driven by the main scanning motor 10, and the driven pulley 9 is disposed in a state where a predetermined tension is applied to the timing belt 7. The driving pulley 8 is rotationally driven by the main scanning motor 10 to rotate and move the timing belt 7 in the main scanning direction according to the rotation direction.

  The carriage 6 is connected to a timing belt 7, and is reciprocated in the main scanning direction along the main guide rod 4 when the timing belt 7 is rotationally moved in the main scanning direction by the drive pulley 8.

  The image forming apparatus 1 houses a cartridge unit 11 and a maintenance mechanism unit 12 at both end positions in the main scanning direction in the main body housing 2, and the cartridge unit 11 includes yellow (Y), magenta (M), and cyan. (C) and the cartridge which each accommodates each ink of black (K) is accommodated so that replacement | exchange is possible. Each cartridge of the cartridge unit 11 is connected to recording heads 20y, 20m, 20c, and 20k (see FIG. 2) of the corresponding color of the recording head 20 mounted on the carriage 6 by a pipe (not shown). The cartridge supplies ink to the recording heads 20y, 20m, 20c, and 20k through a pipe. In the following description, the recording heads 20y, 20m, 20c, and 20k are collectively referred to as the recording head 20.

  As will be described later, the image forming apparatus 1 moves on the platen 14 (see FIG. 2) in the sub-scanning direction (arrow B direction in FIG. 1) perpendicular to the main scanning direction while moving the carriage 6 in the main scanning direction. By ejecting ink onto the recording medium P that is intermittently conveyed, an image is recorded on the recording medium P.

  That is, the image forming apparatus 1 of the present embodiment intermittently conveys the recording medium P in the sub-scanning direction, and moves the carriage 6 in the main scanning direction while the conveyance of the recording medium P in the sub-scanning direction is stopped. While moving, ink is ejected from the nozzle array of the recording head 20 mounted on the carriage 6 onto the recording medium P on the platen 14 to form an image on the recording medium P.

  The maintenance mechanism unit 12 performs cleaning of the ejection surface of the recording head 20, capping, ejection of unnecessary ink, and the like to discharge unnecessary ink from the recording head 20 and maintain the reliability of the recording head 20. Yes.

  The image forming apparatus 1 is provided with a cover 13 that can open and close the conveyance part of the recording medium P. When the image forming apparatus 1 is maintained or when a jam occurs, the cover 13 is opened so that the inside of the main body housing 2 can be opened. Maintenance work, removal of the jam recording medium P, and the like can be performed.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the carriage 6 carries recording heads 20y, 20m, 20c, and 20k. The recording heads 20y, 20m, 20c, and 20k are connected to the corresponding color cartridges of the cartridge unit 11 by pipes, and discharge the corresponding color inks to the opposing recording medium P, respectively. That is, the recording head 20y is yellow (Y) ink, the recording head 20m is magenta (M) ink, the recording head 20c is cyan (C) ink, and the recording head 20k is black (K) ink. Discharge each.

  The recording head 20 is mounted on the carriage 6 so that its discharge surface (nozzle surface) faces downward (recording medium P side) in FIG. 1, and discharges ink onto the recording medium P.

  In the image forming apparatus 1, an encoder sheet 15 is disposed in parallel with the timing belt 7, that is, the main guide rod 4 over at least the movement range of the carriage 6. On the other hand, an encoder sensor 21 for reading the encoder sheet 15 is attached to the carriage 6. The image forming apparatus 1 controls the movement of the carriage 6 in the main scanning direction by controlling the driving of the main scanning motor 10 based on the reading result of the encoder sheet 15 by the encoder sensor 21.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the recording heads 20 mounted on the carriage 6 are each composed of a plurality of nozzle rows 20y, 20m, 20c, and 20k. The recording head 20 forms an image on the recording medium P by ejecting ink from the nozzle row onto the recording medium P conveyed on the platen 14. In the image forming apparatus 1, the upstream recording head 20 and the downstream recording head 20 are mounted on the carriage 6 in order to ensure a wide width of an image that can be formed on the recording medium P by one scan of the carriage 6. ing. In addition, the recording head 20k that discharges black ink has twice the number of recording heads 20y, 6m, and 6c that discharge color ink mounted on the carriage 6 in order to improve the black printing speed. Further, the recording heads 20y and 6m are arranged adjacent to each other in the main scanning direction so that the colors overlap in the reciprocating operation of the carriage 6 and the color does not change between the forward path and the backward path. Has been. The arrangement of the recording heads 20y, 20m, 20c, and 20k of the recording head 20 is not limited to the arrangement shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 2, an imaging unit 30 is attached to the carriage 6, and the imaging unit 30 images a subject in order to measure a subject (colorimetric object) during color adjustment processing described later. To do.

  As shown in FIG. 4 which is a plan view, FIG. 5 which is a cross-sectional view taken along the line AA in FIG. 4 and FIG. 6 which is a cross-sectional view taken along the line BB in FIG. A square box-shaped housing 32 having an open surface on the substrate 31 side is fixed by a fastening member 33.

  The substrate 31 is fixed to the carriage 6 shown in FIG. Note that the housing 32 is not limited to a square box shape, and may be, for example, a cylindrical shape or an elliptical cylinder shape having a bottom surface portion 32a in which openings 32b and 32c are formed.

  The image pickup unit 30 has a surface of the substrate 31 on the side of the housing 32, and an image sensor unit 34 is disposed at the center thereof. The image sensor unit (sensor means) 34 is a CCD (Charge Coupled Device) sensor. And a two-dimensional image sensor 35 such as a CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) sensor and a lens 36.

  In the imaging unit 30, the casing 32 has a lower surface of a surface portion (hereinafter referred to as a bottom surface portion) 32 a opposite to the substrate 31 facing the recording medium P on the platen 14 with a predetermined distance d. In the state, it is attached to the carriage 6. On the bottom surface (opposite surface) 32a, an opening portion 32b and an opening portion 32c each having a substantially rectangular shape are formed side by side with the bottom surface portion 32a having a predetermined width in the main scanning direction with the center line Lo as the center. . As will be described later, the gap d is preferably small in consideration of the focal length with respect to the two-dimensional image sensor 35. However, due to the flatness of the recording medium P, the lower surface of the casing 32 and the recording medium P are separated. The size which does not contact, for example, is set to about 1 mm to 2 mm. The bottom surface portion 32a between the opening 32b and the opening 32c may be subjected to a predetermined surface treatment that absorbs regular reflection light from the illumination light source 37, which will be described later.

  The casing 32 is formed with a recess 32d on the outer surface on the bottom surface 32a side so as to include both the opening 32b and the opening 32c, and further on the outer surface side of the casing 32 than the recess 32d. A recess 32e larger than the recess 32d is formed.

  A reference chart plate (plate-like member) 38 is detachably fitted in the recess 32b so as to cover both the opening 32b and the opening 32c, and in the state of covering and holding the reference chart plate 38, the holding plate 39 is detachably fitted in the recess 32e.

  The opening 32b and the opening 32c are closed by the reference chart plate 38 and the holding plate 39. As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the reference chart plate 38 has a predetermined width in the moving direction of the imaging unit 30 and a predetermined length in the direction orthogonal to the moving direction, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6. A slit (opening) 38a is formed. The holding plate 39 has an opening 39a larger than the slit 38a at a position corresponding to the slit 38a.

  As will be described later, the slit 38a includes a reference color patch KP (see FIG. 12) and a colorimetric adjustment sheet CS (see FIG. 12) of the reference sheet KS (see FIG. 12) that is an imaging target (subject) formed on the recording medium P. 5 and FIG. 15) is used for imaging the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP (see FIGS. 5 and 15). The slit 38a need only be at least large enough to capture all the patch images to be imaged. However, since there is a gap d between the housing 32 and the object to be imaged, a shadow generated around the slit 38a is taken into consideration. Thus, it is formed slightly larger than the size of the imaging region to be imaged.

  As shown in FIG. 6, a reflection suppression unit (reflection suppression means) 40 is provided around the slit 38a on the surface of the reference chart plate 38 on the housing 32 side. In the image forming apparatus 1 of the present embodiment, the reflection is suppressed by being applied to black having a predetermined width. Note that the reference chart plate 38 is a portion facing the opening 32c, and a portion other than the reflection suppressing portion 40 that is provided in black has a color with a low reflectance, for example, a gray color (gray). It may be given. Further, the gray data value may be a color data value that exceeds the maximum value of the color data of the reference chart KC.

  The reference chart plate 38 is formed with a reference chart KC on the inner surface of the housing 32 at a position facing the opening 32b.

  The reference chart KC is compared with the reference color patch KP of the reference sheet KS and the imaged colorimetric value of the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP of the colorimetric adjustment sheet CS that is the image pickup object in the color adjustment process. Photographed together with the reference color patch KP and the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP. That is, the imaging unit 30 performs the colorimetry of the reference color patch KP of the reference sheet KS and the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS that are located outside the housing 32 through the slit 38a of the opening 32c provided in the bottom surface part 32a of the housing 32. The adjustment color patch CP is imaged. Then, the imaging unit 30 compares the color patches on the reference chart KC located in the opening 32b of the bottom surface portion 32a of the casing 32 together with the imaging of the reference color patch KP and the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP. Take an image.

  Note that in the imaging unit 30, the two-dimensional image sensor 35 sequentially scans pixels to read an image. Therefore, strictly speaking, the reference color patch KP of the reference sheet KS and the color measurement adjustment color patch CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS and the reference chart KC are not read together, but the reference color patch KP and the color measurement within one frame. Since the images of the adjustment color patch CP and the reference chart KC can be acquired, they are expressed as “acquire together” or “acquire together” as appropriate.

  As shown in FIG. 7, the reference chart KC has a plurality of reference color patch rows Pa to Pd for colorimetry, a dot diameter measurement pattern row Pe, and distance measurement on the inner surface (upper surface) of the housing 32. A line lk and a chart position specifying marker mk are formed.

  The color measurement patch rows Pa to Pd include a patch row Pa in which YMC primary color patches are arranged in gradation order, a patch row Pa in which RGB secondary color patches are arranged in gradation order, and a gray color. There are a patch array (achromatic color gradation pattern) Pc in which scale patches are arranged in gradation order, and a patch array Pd in which tertiary color patches are arranged. The dot diameter measurement pattern row Pe is a geometric shape measurement pattern row in which circular patterns having different sizes are arranged in order of size.

  The distance measurement line lk is formed as a rectangular frame surrounding the color measurement patch rows Pa to Pd and the dot diameter measurement pattern row Pe. The chart position specifying markers mk are provided at the positions of the four corners of the distance measuring line lk, and are markers for specifying each patch position.

  A colorimetric control unit 106 (see FIGS. 8 and 9) described later identifies the distance measurement line lk and the chart position specifying markers mk at the four corners from the image data of the reference chart KC acquired from the imaging unit 30. The position of the reference chart KC and the position of each pattern are specified.

  Each patch constituting the reference color patch rows Pa to Pd for colorimetry is a standard color space L * using a spectroscope BS (see FIG. 10), similarly to a reference patch KP of a reference chart KC described later. The color values (L * a * b * values) in the a * b * color space are measured in advance. Each of these patches serves as a reference value for colorimetry of a colorimetric adjustment color patch CP of a colorimetry adjustment sheet CS described later.

  Note that the configuration of the colorimetric patch rows Pa to Pd arranged in the reference chart KC is not limited to the arrangement example shown in FIG. 7, and any patch row can be used. For example, the patch rows Pa to Pd may use patches that can specify a color range as wide as possible, and the YMCK primary color patch row Pa and the gray scale patch row Pc may be used for image formation. It may be configured by patches of colorimetric values of ink used in the apparatus 1. Further, the RGB secondary color patch row Pa of the reference chart KC may be composed of patches of colorimetric values that can be developed with ink used in the image forming apparatus 1, and further, colorimetric values such as JapanColor. May be used.

  The reference chart plate 38 on which the reference chart KC is formed has an opening 32b formed in the bottom surface 32a of the housing 32 and a recess 32d formed on the outer periphery of the surface of the opening 32c on the recording medium P side. It is arranged. Therefore, the reference chart KC is imaged by the two-dimensional image sensor 35 of the image sensor unit 34 at the same focal length as the imaging target such as the recording medium P.

  The reference chart KC is detachably set in an opening 32b formed in the bottom surface 32a of the housing 32 and a recess 32d formed in the outer periphery of the surface of the opening 32c on the recording medium P side. Yes. The reference chart KC is detachably held by a holding plate 39 that is detachably fitted in the recess 32e outside the recess 32d. Therefore, even if dust or the like that has entered the housing 32 adheres to the surface of the reference chart KC, the holding plate 32e and the reference chart plate 38 are removed, and the surface of the reference chart plate 38 on the reference chart KC side is cleaned cleanly. be able to. The reference chart plate 38 can be attached again after cleaning, and the measurement accuracy of the reference chart KC can be improved.

  Returning to FIG. 4 to FIG. As shown in FIG. 4, the imaging unit 30 is on a center line Lo in the sub-scanning direction passing through the center of the image sensor unit 34 and is equally spaced from the center of the image sensor unit 34 by a predetermined amount in the sub-scanning direction. A pair of illumination light sources 37 is disposed on the substrate 31 at a distant position. As the illumination light source 37, an LED (Light Emitting Diode) or the like is used.

  Further, in the imaging unit 30, the arrangement conditions of the opening 32 c of the imaging region and the reference chart KC are arranged substantially symmetrically with respect to the center line Lo connecting the center of the lens 36 and the illumination light source 37. Accordingly, the imaging unit 30 can make the imaging conditions of the two-dimensional image sensor 35 the same in line symmetry, and improve the accuracy of color adjustment processing and colorimetry processing of the two-dimensional image sensor 35 using the reference chart KC. be able to.

  The lens 36 is disposed in the optical path of the reflected light from the subject and the reference chart KC to the two-dimensional image sensor 35, and condenses the reflected light on the two-dimensional image sensor 35. As the lens 36, a single imaging lens may be used, or a plurality of lenses may be used in combination.

  Further, the housing 32 is provided with an optical path length changing member 50 on the bottom surface portion 32a in a state of closing the opening 32c in the housing 32, and the optical path length changing member 50 is disposed around the opening 32c. It is fixed or held on the housing 32.

  The optical path length changing member 50 has a refractive index n, and a light transmitting member having a length Lp in the light transmission direction (hereinafter referred to as a length of the optical path length changing member) Lp is used. And the length Lp in the light transmission direction have an optical path length change amount (image floating amount) C determined by the following equation (1).

C = Lp (1-1 / n) (1)
Then, the optical path length (focal length) L from the imaging surface of the recording medium P to the two-dimensional image sensor 35 of the image sensor unit 34 is given by the following equation (2).

L = Lt + Lp (1-1 / n) (2)
Here, Lt is a distance between the top of the lens 36 on the imaging target side and the imaging surface of the recording medium P.

  The imaging unit 30 then matches the optical path length (focal length) L from the imaging surface of the recording medium P to the two-dimensional image sensor 35 with the optical path length (focal length) from the reference chart KC to the two-dimensional image sensor 35. Further, the refractive index n and the length Lp of the optical path length changing member 50 are set. By setting in this way, the focal position of the reference chart KC with respect to the two-dimensional image sensor 35 of the image sensor unit 34 and the focal position of the subject (imaging surface) can be matched.

  Further, the imaging unit 30 uses the same illumination light source 37 for the illumination light that irradiates the imaging surface of the recording medium P through the optical path length changing member 50 and the slit 38a of the opening 32c and the illumination light that irradiates the reference chart KC. Illumination light. Therefore, the imaging unit 30 can image the reference chart KC and the imaging surface of the recording medium P together under the same illumination conditions. Further, two illumination light sources 37 are arranged on the center line Lo that is a substantially intermediate position between the reference chart KC and the recording medium P, and two illumination light sources 37 are arranged on the object on the center line Lo with respect to the lens 36. Therefore, the imaging unit 30 can uniformly illuminate the imaging area of the reference chart KC and the recording medium P under substantially the same illumination conditions.

  Further, in the imaging unit 30, the arrangement conditions of the slit 38 a of the opening 32 c in the imaging region and the reference chart KC are arranged substantially symmetrically with respect to the center line Lo connecting the center of the lens 36 and the illumination light source 37. Accordingly, the imaging unit 30 can make the imaging conditions of the two-dimensional image sensor 35 the same in line symmetry, and improve the accuracy of color adjustment processing and colorimetry processing of the two-dimensional image sensor 35 using the reference chart KC. be able to.

  The image forming apparatus 1 of the present embodiment is configured as a block as shown in FIG. 8, and includes a central processing unit (CPU) 101, a read only memory (ROM) 102, a random access memory (RAM) 103, and main scanning. A driver 104, a recording head driver 105, a colorimetric control unit 106, a paper conveying unit 107, a sub-scanning driver 108, and the like are provided, and the recording head 20, the encoder sensor 21, and the imaging device mounted on the carriage 6 as described above. A unit 30 and the like are provided.

  The ROM 102 stores programs such as a basic program and a color adjustment processing program as the image forming apparatus 1 and necessary system data.

  The CPU 101 executes basic processing as the image forming apparatus 1 by controlling each unit of the image forming apparatus 1 while using the RAM 103 as a work memory based on a program in the ROM 102. Further, the CPU 101 executes color adjustment processing at the time of image formation based on the colorimetric values obtained by the colorimetric processing in the colorimetric control unit 106 based on the RGB values captured by the imaging unit 30.

  In the control of the carriage 6 and the paper transport unit 107, the CPU 101 controls the driving of the main scanning driver 104 based on the encoder value from the encoder sensor 21 to control the movement of the carriage 6 in the main scanning direction. Further, the CPU 101 controls driving of a paper transport unit 107 such as a sub-scan motor and a transport roller (not shown) via a sub-scan driver 108. Further, the CPU 101 controls the ink ejection timing and the ink ejection amount by the recording head 20 via the recording head driver 105.

  As described above, the imaging unit 30 generates a color measurement value for color adjustment that accurately reproduces the color of image data when recording and outputting an image to a color intended by the user, as described later. The color measurement color patch CP formed by the recording head 20 on the recording medium P is imaged at the time of color measurement, and the captured RGB values are output to the CPU 101.

  The imaging unit 30 and the colorimetric control unit 106 are configured as a block as shown in FIG. The imaging unit 30 includes the illumination light source 37 and the image sensor unit 34, and also includes an image processing unit 110, an interface unit 120, and the like. The image processing unit 110 includes a black level correction circuit 111, an A / D conversion unit 112, a shading correction unit 113, a white balance correction unit 114, a γ correction unit 115, and an image format conversion unit 116. The imaging unit 30 and the color measurement control unit 106 function as a color measurement device as a whole.

  The imaging unit 30 outputs analog RGB image data obtained by the image sensor unit 34 capturing the subject and the reference chart KC together to the image processing unit 110. The image processing unit 110 performs necessary image processing on the analog RGB image data sent from the image sensor unit 34 and outputs it to the colorimetry control unit 106.

  The black level correction circuit 111 receives an analog image signal output from the image sensor unit 34 via an AC coupling capacitor (not shown). The black level correction circuit 111 clamps the image signal when the image sensor unit 34 reads the black color of the reflection suppression unit 40 formed around the slit 38a to a predetermined potential as a black offset level, and sets an appropriate offset. Apply voltage and sample hold. The black level correction circuit 111 converts the image signal into a continuous analog signal by sampling and holding the image signal with a sample pulse, and then outputs the pixel output of each color signal to a certain level, in particular, the A / D converter 112. Amplified to the level of the reference voltage and output to the A / D converter 112.

  That is, the black level correction circuit 111 clamps the black offset level to a predetermined potential by line-clamping the black color of the reflection suppression unit 40, and the reflection suppression unit 40 after digital conversion by the A / D conversion unit 112. Is set to the target black offset level.

  The A / D conversion unit 112 compares the analog image signal input from the black level correction circuit 111 with a reference voltage, converts it into, for example, 8-bit digital data, and outputs the digital data to the shading correction unit 113.

  The shading correction unit 113 corrects the error of the image data caused by the illuminance unevenness of the illumination light from the illumination light source 37 with respect to the imaging range of the image sensor unit 34 with respect to the RGB image data from the A / D conversion unit 112. To the white balance correction unit 114.

  The white balance correction unit 114 corrects the white balance of the RGB image data after the shading correction, and outputs the corrected data to the γ correction unit 115.

  The γ correction unit 115 corrects the image data input from the white balance correction unit 114 so as to compensate for the linearity of the sensitivity of the image sensor unit 34 and outputs the corrected data to the image format conversion unit 116.

  The image format conversion unit 116 converts the image data after the γ correction into an arbitrary format, and outputs it to the colorimetry control unit 106 via the interface unit 120.

  The interface unit 120 is used for the imaging unit 30 to acquire various setting signals, timing signals, and light source driving signals sent from the colorimetry control unit 106, and to send image data from the imaging unit 30 to the colorimetry control unit 106. Interface.

  Then, the shading correction unit 113 may arrange a white reference plate in the imaging region of the slit 38a, and the imaging unit 30 may read the white reference plate together with the reference sheet KS and perform shading correction. In this case, the image data of the white reference plate imaged by the imaging unit 30 can be expressed three-dimensionally as shown in FIG. Note that image data output by the imaging unit 30 is RGB image data, but FIG. 10 shows only one color. In addition, FIG. 10 illustrates image data when only four patches are formed on the reference chart KC for the sake of simplicity.

  The shading correction unit 113 extracts, from the image data output from the image sensor unit 34, image data of a peripheral region of a predetermined color that is a base of correction data. Specifically, the shading correction unit 113 first removes image data in a previously stored region (a predetermined region in the imaging range of the image sensor unit 34) from the image data output from the shading correction unit 113. . In FIG. 10, the bottom surface region is the bottom surface 32a of the housing 32 located between the opening 32b and the opening 32c. FIG. 10 shows a case where the bottom surface portion 32a is subjected to a diffusion process for diffusing the illumination light from the illumination light source 37, but the diffusion process may not be performed.

  Then, the shading correction unit 113 uses the chart position specifying marker mk of the reference chart KC and the like to provide each patch (including the dot diameter measurement pattern row Pe and the distance measurement line lk) provided on the reference chart KC. Specify the position of. The shading correction unit 113 removes the image data of each patch area from the image data output from the image sensor unit 34. The shading correction unit 113 detects the black reflection suppression unit 40 provided around the slit 38 a of the reference chart plate 38. From the image data output from the image sensor unit 34, the black reflection suppression unit 40 and the image data of the area outside the black reflection suppression unit 40 are removed to obtain image data of the white reference plate. Further, the shading correction unit 113 extracts the image data of the peripheral area composed only of the predetermined color area of the reference chart KC as shown in FIG. Note that the shading correction unit 113 compares the image data of the entire imaging range output from the image sensor unit 34 with a predetermined threshold value, and removes the area where the image data is equal to or less than the threshold value, so that the image data of the peripheral area is obtained. May be extracted.

  Based on the extracted image data of the peripheral region, the shading correction unit 113 generates shading correction data by interpolating the image data of each patch region of the reference chart KC, the reflection suppression unit 40, and the white reference plate inside thereof. . Specifically, for example, the shading correction unit 113 obtains an approximate expression obtained by approximating the extracted image data of the peripheral region with a low-order (about 2-3 order) polynomial, and uses this approximate expression for each patch of the reference chart KC. And the black reflection suppression unit 40 and the inner area (white reference plate), and the image data of these areas are interpolated. Further, the shading correction unit 113 interpolates the image data of each patch area of the reference chart KC, the reflection suppression unit 40, and the white reference plate area inside the area using, for example, two-dimensional spline interpolation. Also good.

  Then, the shading correction unit 113 generates shading correction data as shown in FIG. 11 by interpolation of image data, and stores it in the internal storage unit. The shading correction unit 113 performs shading correction of image data output from the image sensor unit 34 using the shading correction data of the internal storage unit when the reference color patch KP is imaged, the colorimetric sheet CS is imaged, and the subject is imaged. I do.

  In the above description, the image data of the peripheral area is extracted by removing the image data of each patch area provided in the reference chart KC from the image data output from the image sensor unit 34. However, when the interval between the patches provided in the reference chart KC is narrow and image data in the area between the patches cannot be appropriately extracted, the distance measurement line is extracted from the image data output from the image sensor unit 34. The image data of the entire region of the reference chart KC surrounded by lk may be removed to extract the image data of the peripheral region.

  In this way, by shading the white reference plate as a subject, shading correction can be performed accurately and easily.

  Further, by providing the black reflection suppression unit 40 around the slit 38a and reading the black reflection suppression unit 40, the black reference correction by the black level correction circuit 111 can be performed easily and appropriately.

  Further, the shading correction unit 113 generates correction data to be used for shading correction using image data of only the white reference plate from which image data around the white reference plate is excluded from the image data output from the image sensor unit 34. ing. Therefore, highly accurate correction data can be acquired, and the correction accuracy of shading correction can be improved.

  The color measurement control unit (calculation means) 106 includes a frame memory 121, a timing signal generation unit 122, a light source drive control unit 123, a calculation unit 124, and a nonvolatile memory 125. The calculation unit 124 includes a color measurement value calculation unit. 126 is provided.

  The frame memory 121 is a memory that temporarily stores the image data sent from the imaging unit 30, and outputs the stored image data to the calculation unit 124.

  As shown in FIG. 12, the non-volatile memory 125 is a colorimetric value L * that is a colorimetric value of a plurality of reference color patches KP arrayed on the reference sheet KS by a spectroscope (colorimetry device) BS. At least one of the a * b * value and the XYZ value (both the L * a * b * value and the XYZ value in FIG. 12) is patched to the memory table Tb1 of the nonvolatile memory 125 as a reference colorimetric value. Stored in correspondence with the number.

  Further, the image forming apparatus 1 stores the reference sheet KS of the image forming apparatus 1 in a state where the reference colorimetric values are stored in the nonvolatile memory 125 in the memory table Tb1 and in the initial state of the image forming apparatus 1. Set on the platen 14. The image forming apparatus 1 controls the movement of the carriage 6 and the imaging reference RGB values obtained by reading the same reference patch KP read by the spectroscope BS in the reference sheet KS by the imaging unit 30 are stored in the nonvolatile memory 125. The memory table Tb1 is stored in correspondence with the patch number, that is, in correspondence with the reference colorimetric value. Further, the image forming apparatus 1 captures each patch of the reference chart KC of the imaging unit 30 together with the reference sheet KS to acquire RGB values. The image forming apparatus 1 stores the RGB value of each patch of the reference chart KC as the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd in the memory table Tb1 of the nonvolatile memory 125 under the control of the calculation unit 124.

  When the image forming apparatus 1 stores the reference colorimetric value, the imaging reference RGB value, and the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd in the nonvolatile memory 125, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 stores the reference colorimetry stored in the nonvolatile memory 125. A reference value linear conversion matrix for mutual conversion is calculated for a pair of XYZ values and imaging reference RGB values, that is, a pair of XYZ values and imaging reference RGB values of the same patch number, and the calculated reference value linear The conversion matrix is stored in the nonvolatile memory 125.

  In the image forming apparatus 1, the above processing is executed in the initial state of the image forming apparatus 1, and the reference colorimetric values, imaging reference RGB values, and initial reference RGB values RdGdBd as execution results are stored in the memory table Tb 1 of the nonvolatile memory 125. Then, a reference value linear transformation matrix is calculated and stored in the nonvolatile memory 125.

  Further, as will be described later, the image forming apparatus 1 according to the present exemplary embodiment includes a color measurement adjustment color patch CP as a subject formed on the recording medium P by the recording head 20 that has changed with time during color adjustment processing, and a housing. The reference chart KC disposed inside the body 32 is imaged together by the image sensor unit 34, and image data including the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP and the reference chart KC is output to the colorimetry control unit 106. The color measurement control unit 106 uses the color measurement adjustment color patch CP captured by the image sensor unit 34 during the color adjustment processing acquired from the imaging unit 30 as a reference color patch (hereinafter referred to as an initial reference color patch) of the reference sheet KS. After being read by the imaging unit 30 and converted into the initial reference RGB values RdGdBd of the patches Pa to Pe of the reference chart KC read and stored together, the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP is applied to the initial reference RGB values RdGdBd. A colorimetric process for obtaining a colorimetric value by taking out a part having linearity and performing a linear conversion is performed.

  That is, the arithmetic unit 124 controls the operation of the colorimetric control unit 106, and the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 executes the colorimetric processing and outputs the colorimetric values that are the results of the colorimetric processing to the CPU 101. To do. The CPU 101 performs color adjustment processing on the image data using the colorimetric values, and controls the recording head 20 based on the color adjustment processed image data to form an image with improved color reproducibility.

  The timing signal generation unit 122 generates a timing signal for controlling the timing of imaging by the image sensor unit 34 of the imaging unit 30 and supplies the timing signal to the imaging unit 30.

  The light source drive control unit 123 generates a light source drive signal for driving the illumination light source 37 of the imaging unit 30 and supplies it to the imaging unit 30.

  The imaging unit 30 and the color measurement control unit 106 function as a color measurement device as a whole.

The image forming apparatus 1 of this embodiment includes a ROM, an EEPROM (Electrically Erasable and Programmable Read Only Memory) (registered trademark) , an EPROM, a flash memory, a flexible disk, a CD-ROM (Compact Disc Read Only Memory), and a CD-RW ( The colorimetric method of the present embodiment recorded on a computer-readable recording medium such as a Compact Disc Rewritable (DVD), a DVD (Digital Versatile Disk), an SD (Secure Digital) card, or an MO (Magneto-Optical Disc) is executed. By reading the color measurement program and introducing it into the ROM 102 or the non-volatile memory 125, etc., the object and the reference chart are always accurately positioned with a stable positional relationship while preventing the illumination light source 37 from reflecting the illumination light on the object. The image forming apparatus 1 is equipped with a color measuring device including a color measuring unit that executes a color measuring method for imaging. It is. This color measurement program is a computer-executable program written in a legacy programming language such as assembler, C, C ++, C #, Java (registered trademark) or an object-oriented programming language, and is stored in the recording medium. Can be distributed.

  Next, the operation of this embodiment will be described. The image forming apparatus 1 according to the present exemplary embodiment improves the imaging quality of the subject without being affected by irregular reflection around the subject.

  As shown in FIG. 12, the image forming apparatus 1 according to the present embodiment uses the L * a * b * value as a result of color measurement by the spectroscope BS of a plurality of reference color patches arranged and formed on the reference sheet KS. At least one of the XYZ values is stored as a reference colorimetric value corresponding to the patch number in the memory table Tb1 of the nonvolatile memory 125.

  Further, the image forming apparatus 1 is in a state where the reference colorimetric values are stored in the non-volatile memory 125 in the memory table Tb1, and the reference sheet is obtained when the image forming apparatus 1 is in an initial state due to manufacturing, overfall, or the like. KS is set on the platen 14 of the image forming apparatus 1. The image forming apparatus 1 controls the movement of the carriage 6 and images the same reference patch read by the spectroscope BS of the reference sheet KS by the imaging unit 30. Further, the image forming apparatus 1 images each patch (initial reference color patch) of the reference chart KC disposed inside the housing 32 as shown in FIG. 12 together with the reference patch of the reference sheet KS.

  The image forming apparatus 1 outputs an imaging reference RGB value, which is an RGB value obtained by processing the image data obtained by capturing the reference patch of the reference sheet KS by the image processing unit 110, that is, a device-dependent signal depending on the device, to the colorimetric control unit. As illustrated in FIG. 12, the arithmetic unit 124 stores the memory table Tb <b> 1 in the nonvolatile memory 125 in association with the patch number, that is, in correspondence with the reference colorimetric value. The calculation unit 124 further reads the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd, which is the RGB value processed by the image processing unit 110 by reading the initial reference color patch of the reference chart KC, as shown in FIG. To store.

  Note that the calculation unit 124 of the image data of the initial reference color batch of the reference chart KC read by the image pickup unit 30 is a predetermined area of the image pickup area imaged through the slit 38a, for example, an area (measurement indicated by a broken line in FIG. 14). An average value is calculated for each color target area) to obtain an initial reference RGB value RdGdBd. When the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd is calculated by averaging a large number of pixels in the colorimetric object region in this way, the influence of noise can be reduced and the bit resolution can be improved. FIG. 13B is a scatter diagram in which initial reference RGB values RdGdBd are plotted. In FIG. 13A, a reference L * a * b * value Lddbd obtained by converting the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd into an L * a * b * value and a reference XYZ value xdydd obtained by converting the value into an XYZ value are also registered in the nonvolatile memory 125. It shows the state.

  When the image forming apparatus 1 stores the reference colorimetric value, the imaging reference RGB value, and the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd in the nonvolatile memory 125, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 of the calculation unit 124 calculates a reference value linear conversion matrix. And stored in the nonvolatile memory 125. That is, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 converts the XYZ value of the reference colorimetric value and the imaging reference RGB value stored in the nonvolatile memory 125, that is, the pair of the XYZ value and the imaging reference RGB value of the same patch number. On the other hand, a reference value linear conversion matrix for mutual conversion is calculated and stored in the nonvolatile memory 125.

  In this state, in the image forming apparatus 1, the CPU 101 controls the main scanning movement of the carriage 6, the conveyance control of the recording medium P by the paper conveyance unit 107, and the recording head based on image data input from the outside, print settings, and the like. 20, by controlling the ink ejection from the recording heads 20 y, 20 m, 20 c, and 20 k of the recording head 20 while intermittently transporting the recording medium P by controlling the drive of the recording medium 20, the image is recorded on the recording medium P To do.

  At this time, the amount of ink discharged from the recording heads 20y, 20m, 20c, and 20k may change depending on the characteristics unique to the device, changes with time, and the like. When the ink ejection amount changes, the image forming apparatus 1 forms an image with a color different from the color of the image intended by the user, and the color reproducibility deteriorates.

  Therefore, the image forming apparatus 1 executes color adjustment processing for obtaining a colorimetric value and performing color adjustment based on the colorimetric value at a predetermined color adjustment processing timing.

  That is, when the color adjustment processing timing comes, the image forming apparatus 1 forms a plurality of color patches (colorimetric adjustment color patches) CP on the recording medium P by the recording head 20 as shown in FIG. Recorded and output as a sheet CS. This color measurement adjustment sheet CS is obtained by forming and outputting a color measurement adjustment color patch CP, which is a plurality of color patches for color measurement adjustment, by the recording head 20. The color measurement adjustment sheet CS is formed with a color measurement adjustment color patch CP reflecting the output characteristics at the color adjustment processing timing of the image forming apparatus 1, particularly the output characteristics of the recording head 20. Note that the color patch data of the color measurement adjustment color patch CP is stored in advance in the nonvolatile memory 125 or the like.

  Then, as will be described later, the image forming apparatus 1 uses the RGB values obtained by imaging the plurality of color measurement adjustment color patches CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS as color measurement target RGB values (color measurement RGB values). The color target RGB value is converted into an initial reference RGB value RdGdBd. The image forming apparatus 1 uses a reference colorimetric value (distance close to the colorimetric value obtained by converting the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd among the reference colorimetric values registered in the memory table Tb1 of the nonvolatile memory 125 ( Select the neighborhood reference colorimetric value. The image forming apparatus 1 obtains a colorimetric value for converting the colorimetric target RGB value to the selected neighborhood reference colorimetric value, and records the colorimetric value based on the image data after performing color conversion based on the colorimetric value. An image is output by the head 20. In this way, the image forming apparatus 1 improves the color reproducibility of the formed image.

  Therefore, the image forming apparatus 1 performs color measurement processing as shown in FIG. That is, the image processing apparatus 1 sets the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS on the platen 14 or holds the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS on the platen 14 without discharging the sheet when the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS is recorded. The image forming apparatus 1 controls the movement of the carriage 6 and images the plurality of color measurement adjustment color patches CP on the color measurement adjustment sheet CS on the platen 14 together with the imaging unit 30, and uses the imaging unit 30 to perform a reference chart. The KC patch is imaged. When the image forming apparatus 1 images the color measurement adjustment color patch CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS and the patch of the reference chart KC together by the image pickup unit 30, the image processing unit 110 of the image pickup unit 30 causes the image measurement unit 110 to read the color measurement adjustment sheet CS. Necessary image processing is performed on the image data of the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP and the image data of the patch of the reference chart KC. The image processing unit 110 sends the image data (RGB values) of the color measurement adjustment color patch CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS to the color measurement control unit 106 as a color measurement target RGB value, that is, a device-dependent signal depending on the device. Further, the image processing unit 110 sends the image data (RGB values) of the patches of the reference chart KC to the color measurement control unit 106 as the color measurement reference RGB values RdsGdsBds. As shown in FIG. 15, the color measurement control unit 106 temporarily stores the color measurement target RGB values and the color measurement reference RGB values RdsGdsBds in the frame memory 121 (step S11).

  The colorimetric control unit 106 uses the colorimetric value RGB value stored in the frame memory 121 by the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 of the calculation unit 124 to initialize the colorimetric object to be initialized using a reference RGB linear conversion matrix to be described later. Conversion into RGB values RsGsBs (steps S12 and S13).

  The calculation unit 124 of the colorimetry control unit 106 uses the converted initialization colorimetry target RGB value RsGsBs as the colorimetry target RGB value (step S14), executes basic colorimetry processing described later, and performs L * a * b * A colorimetric value is acquired (step S15).

  In the image forming apparatus 1 according to the present exemplary embodiment, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 of the calculation unit 124 obtains the reference RGB linear conversion matrix by processing as shown in FIGS. 16 and 17.

  That is, as shown in FIG. 16, the calorimetric value calculation unit 126 of the calculation unit 124 captures the patch of the reference chart KC together with the reference color patch KP of the reference sheet KS in the initial stage when the imaging unit 30 captures the reference color patch KP. Together with the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd stored in the nonvolatile memory 125 and the color measurement adjustment color patch CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS by the imaging unit 30 during color measurement, together with the patch of the reference chart KC The colorimetric reference RGB values RdsGdsBds stored in the nonvolatile memory 125 are read from the nonvolatile memory 125. The colorimetric value calculation unit 126 obtains a reference inter-RGB linear conversion matrix for converting the colorimetric reference RGB value RdsGdsBds to the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd, and stores the obtained reference inter-RGB linear conversion matrix in the nonvolatile memory 125.

  That is, in FIG. 17, the points indicated by white dots in FIG. 17A are points where the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd is plotted in rgb space, and the filled points are the colorimetric reference RGB values RdsGdsBds as rgb. This is a point plotted in space. As can be seen from FIG. 17A, the value of the colorimetric reference RGB value RdsGdsBds varies from the value of the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd. These fluctuation directions on the rgb space are substantially the same as indicated by arrows in FIG. 17B, but the direction of deviation differs depending on the hue. As described above, the reason why the RGB values fluctuate even when the patches of the same reference chart KC are imaged includes a change with time of the illumination light source 37 and a change with time of the two-dimensional image sensor 35.

  In this way, the colorimetric values are measured using the colorimetric target RGB values when the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP of the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS is imaged in a state that changes when the same reference chart KC patch is imaged. Therefore, an error may occur in the colorimetric value by the amount of variation.

  In view of this, the image forming apparatus 1 according to the present exemplary embodiment uses the estimation method such as the least square method between the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd and the colorimetric reference RGB value RdsGdsBds to initially set the colorimetric reference RGB value RdsGdsBds. A reference RGB linear conversion matrix to be converted into a reference RGB value RdGdBd is obtained. The image forming apparatus 1 captures the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP of the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS by the imaging unit 30 using the reference RGB linear conversion matrix and stores the colorimetry target RGB stored in the nonvolatile memory 125. The value is converted into an initialization colorimetric target RGB value RsGsBs. The image forming apparatus 1 uses the converted initialization colorimetric object RGB value RsGsBs as a colorimetric object RGB value, and executes basic colorimetry processing described later to obtain an L * a * b * colorimetric value.

  This linear conversion matrix between RGB may be not only a first-order but also a higher-order nonlinear matrix. If the nonlinearity is high between the rgb space and the XYZ space, a higher-order matrix can be obtained. , Conversion accuracy can be improved.

  The imaging unit 30 images the reference color patch KP of the reference sheet KS as the subject and the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP of the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS through the opening 32c formed in the bottom surface part 32a. At this time, the imaging unit 30 images the patch of the reference sheet KS disposed in the opening 32b of the bottom surface portion 32a of the housing 32 together. Therefore, the imaging unit 30 can always capture the reference color patch KP of the reference sheet KS and the color measurement adjustment color patch CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS with the patch of the reference sheet KS as the subject with the same positional relationship. It is possible to take an image in a stable state.

  Furthermore, the imaging unit 30 includes an optical path length in the optical path between the reference color patch KP of the reference sheet KS as the subject and the color measurement adjustment color patch CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS and the two-dimensional image sensor 35 through the opening 32c. A changing member 50 is provided. This optical path length changing member 50 is an optical path length (focal length) L from the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP of the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS that is the subject to the image sensor unit 34 and the optical path length from the reference chart KC to the image sensor unit 34. The refractive index n and the length Lp are set so that (focal length) Lc matches. Accordingly, the focal position of the reference chart KC with respect to the image sensor unit 34 and the focal position of the subject (the reference color patch KP of the reference sheet KS and the color measurement adjustment color patch CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS) can be matched. As a result, the reference color patch KP of the reference sheet KS, the colorimetry adjustment color patch CP of the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS, and the reference chart KC to be compared with these are always stably imaged with high accuracy and the same accuracy. be able to.

  In addition, the imaging unit 30 uses illumination light from the same illumination light source 37 as illumination light that irradiates the imaging surface of the recording medium P through the optical path length changing member 50 and the slit 38a and illumination light that irradiates the reference chart KC. is there. Therefore, the imaging unit 30 can image the reference chart KC and the imaging surface of the recording medium P together under the same illumination conditions. Further, two illumination light sources 37 are arranged on the center line Lo that is a substantially intermediate position between the reference chart KC and the recording medium P, and two illumination light sources 37 are arranged on the object on the center line Lo with respect to the lens 36. Therefore, the imaging unit 30 can uniformly illuminate the imaging area of the reference chart KC and the recording medium P under substantially the same illumination conditions.

  Further, in the imaging unit 30, the arrangement conditions of the slits 38 a in the imaging region and the reference chart KC are arranged substantially symmetrically with respect to the center line Lo connecting the center of the lens 36 and the illumination light source 37. Accordingly, the imaging unit 30 can make the imaging conditions of the two-dimensional image sensor 35 the same in line symmetry, and improve the accuracy of color adjustment processing and colorimetry processing of the two-dimensional image sensor 35 using the reference chart KC. be able to.

  In addition, the imaging unit 30 has a reflection suppressing portion 40 formed around the slit 38a. Therefore, the imaging unit 30 can capture an image while suppressing the influence of irregular reflection of the illumination light emitted from the illumination light source 37 onto the colorimetric object, improving the imaging quality and improving the accuracy of the color adjustment process and the colorimetric process. This can be further improved.

  Furthermore, as described above, in the imaging unit 30, the reflection suppressing unit 40 is black. Therefore, the imaging unit 30 can further suppress the influence of the irregular reflection of the illumination light, and can perform black reference correction easily and inexpensively using the black color of the reflection suppressing unit 40.

  Then, the image forming apparatus 1 obtains the initial color measurement target RGB value RsGsBs as described above, and executes the basic color measurement process as shown in FIGS. That is, the image forming apparatus 1 uses the reference colorimetric values registered in the memory table Tb1 of the non-volatile memory 125, and a reference in the vicinity that is close in distance to the colorimetric value converted to the colorimetric target RGB value. A colorimetric value (neighboring reference colorimetric value) is selected, and basic colorimetry processing is performed to obtain a colorimetric value for converting the colorimetric object RGB value into the selected neighboring reference colorimetric value. The image forming apparatus 1 improves the color reproducibility of the image formed by the image forming apparatus 1 by outputting an image by the recording head 20 based on the image data after performing color conversion based on the colorimetric value. Let

  That is, as shown in FIG. 18, the image forming apparatus 1 captures the color measurement adjustment color patch CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS, obtains the initial color measurement target RGB value RsGsBs as described above, and determines the color measurement target RGB. The value is stored in the nonvolatile memory 125 (step S21). Next, the image forming apparatus 1 uses the reference value linear conversion matrix (step S22), converts it into a first XYZ value (step S23), and stores it in the nonvolatile memory 125 (step S24). For example, in FIG. 18, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 converts the RGB values (3, 200, 5) of the imaging unit 30 into the first XYZ values (first colorimetric values) of (20, 80, 10). And stored in the nonvolatile memory 125.

  The colorimetric value calculation unit 126 refers to the first XYZ value by referring to the memory table Tb1 of the nonvolatile memory 125 or using a known conversion formula (first L * a * b * value (first colorimetric value). ) (Step S25) and stored in the nonvolatile memory 125 (step S26). For example, in FIG. 16, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 converts the first XYZ value (20, 80, 10) into the first L * a * b * value (75, −60, 8) that is the imaged colorimetric value. doing.

  Next, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126, as indicated by the L * a * b * space in FIG. 18, is a reference for color patches of a plurality of colors registered in the memory table Tb1 stored in the nonvolatile memory 125. A colorimetric value (L * a * b * value) is searched. The colorimetric value calculation unit 126 is a color patch that is close to the first L * a * b * value in the L * a * b * space among the reference colorimetric values (L * a * b * values). A set of (neighboring color patches) is selected (step S27). For example, the diagram of the L * a * b * space in FIG. 18 shows a diagram in which 60 color patches are selected and plotted on the L * a * b * space. For example, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 selects a patch having a short distance in the first L * a * b * value and the reference colorimetric values (L * a * b * values) of a plurality of color patches. Calculate the distance to all points. After calculating the distance, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 calculates the reference L * a * b * value of the color patch that is close to the first L * a * b * value that is the first colorimetric value (in FIG. 18, The hatched reference L * a * b * value) is selected.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 19, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 refers to the memory table Tb1, and sets the imaging reference RGB values paired with the first L * a * b * values of the selected set, that is, A combination of the imaging reference RGB value (selected RGB value) and the reference XYZ value having the same patch number as the first L * a * b * of the selected set is selected (step S28). The colorimetric value calculation unit 126 obtains a selected RGB value linear conversion matrix for conversion between the pair of imaging reference RGB and reference XYZ of the selected combination (selected set) using the least square method. The colorimetric value calculation unit 126 stores the obtained selected RGB value linear conversion matrix in the nonvolatile memory 125 (step S29).

  The colorimetric value calculation unit 126 captures each colorimetry adjustment color patch CP of the colorimetry adjustment sheet CS that is a colorimetry object by the imaging unit 30 and converts the colorimetry object RGB value digitally converted to the selected RGB value linearly. A second XYZ value that is a second colorimetric value is obtained using the conversion matrix (step S30). The colorimetric value calculation unit 126 converts the obtained second XYZ value into a second L * a * b * value using a known conversion formula (step S31), and obtains it as a final colorimetric value (step S32). ).

  The colorimetric value calculation unit 126 performs image adjustment based on the image data that has been color-converted using the obtained colorimetric value, and drives the recording head 20 based on the image data that has undergone image adjustment to form an image.

  In other words, the image forming apparatus 1 according to the present embodiment captures and acquires a plurality of color measurement adjustment color patches CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS reflecting the output characteristics of the recording head 20 at the color adjustment processing timing. A first L * a * b * value when the reference sheet KS is imaged in the initial state using the reference value linear conversion matrix is obtained for the colorimetric object RGB values. The image forming apparatus 1 determines the distance to the first L * a * b * value in the L * a * b * space among the reference L * a * b * of the plurality of color patches registered in the memory table Tb1. Select a pair of patches with a close reference L * a * b * value. The image forming apparatus 1 converts the colorimetric target RGB value corresponding to the selected reference L * a * b * value into an L * a * b * value using the selected RGB value linear conversion matrix, thereby obtaining the L * The a * b * colorimetric value is obtained. Then, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126 performs image adjustment based on the image data subjected to color conversion using the obtained colorimetric value, and drives the recording head 20 based on the image data subjected to image adjustment to form an image. To do.

  As described above, the imaging unit 30 of the image forming apparatus 1 according to the present exemplary embodiment includes the housing 32 having the slit (opening) 38a and the image sensor unit (sensor means) that captures an object outside the housing 32 through the slit 38a. ) 34, a reference chart KC composed of a plurality of colors arranged in the housing 32 and imaged by the image sensor unit 34 together with the subject, and the surface on the image sensor unit 34 side around the slit 38a of the housing 32 And a reflection suppressing portion (reflection suppressing means) 40 provided in the.

  Therefore, it is possible to suppress the influence due to the irregular reflection of the illumination light irradiated to the subject from the illumination light source 37 of the image sensor unit 34, and it is possible to capture the subject with high accuracy and improve the imaging quality of the subject.

  In addition, the image forming apparatus 1 of the present embodiment includes an imaging unit that images an arbitrary subject together with a reference chart KC composed of a plurality of colors, the subject captured by the imaging unit, and the imaging data of the reference chart KC. A colorimetric apparatus including a colorimetric control unit (calculation unit) 106 that calculates a colorimetric value of a subject, and includes the imaging unit 30 as the imaging unit.

  Therefore, the influence of the irregular reflection of the illumination light irradiated on the subject from the illumination light source 37 of the image sensor unit 34 can be suppressed, and the subject can be imaged with high accuracy, and the imaging quality of the subject can be improved and highly accurate. Can measure color.

  Furthermore, the image forming apparatus 1 according to the present exemplary embodiment is an image forming apparatus that forms an image using image data that has been color-adjusted based on the colorimetric values measured by the colorimetric device. The above colorimetric device is provided.

  Therefore, the influence of the irregular reflection of the illumination light irradiated on the subject from the illumination light source 37 of the image sensor unit 34 can be suppressed, the subject can be imaged with high accuracy, color measurement can be performed with high accuracy, and a high quality image can be obtained. Can be formed.

  In addition, the color measurement device of the image forming apparatus 1 according to the present embodiment is formed on the reference chart plate (predetermined plate member) 38 together with the reference chart KC composed of a plurality of colors, and is subjected to reflection suppression processing by the reflection suppression unit 40 around. An imaging process step of imaging an arbitrary subject through a given slit (opening) 38a to obtain the RGB value of the reference chart KC and the RGB value of the subject, and each color of a reference color patch composed of a plurality of colors A reference colorimetric value, which is a colorimetric value in a predetermined color space independent of the device, and an RGB value of each color of the reference color patch acquired by imaging the reference color patch as the subject in the imaging processing step. Related to an imaging reference RGB value and an initial reference RGB value that is an RGB value of the reference chart KC acquired by imaging in the imaging processing step together with the reference color patch A reference value storage processing step stored in the non-volatile memory (reference value storage means) 125, a colorimetric RGB value acquired by imaging a predetermined colorimetric subject in the imaging processing step, and the colorimetry A colorimetric RGB value storage processing step for storing a colorimetric reference RGB value, which is an RGB value of the reference chart KC imaged together with the image of the subject for measurement, in a nonvolatile memory (RGB value storage means for colorimetry) 125; Using the reference RGB linear conversion matrix generating step for generating a reference RGB linear conversion matrix for converting the colorimetric reference RGB value into the initial reference RGB value, and using the reference RGB linear conversion matrix, the colorimetry RGB value conversion processing step for converting RGB values for initialization into colorimetric RGB values for initialization, and a reference for converting the imaging reference RGB values into the reference colorimetric values A reference value linear conversion matrix calculation processing step for calculating a linear conversion matrix, and using the reference value linear conversion matrix, the initialization colorimetric RGB values converted in the RGB value conversion processing step are converted into colorimetric values. An imaging colorimetric value calculation processing step to obtain an imaging colorimetric value, and a patch selection process for selecting a predetermined number of the reference color patches that are close in distance from the imaging colorimetric value and the predetermined color space from the reference color patch An RGB selection processing step for selecting, as a selected RGB value, the colorimetric RGB values corresponding to the selected predetermined number of the reference color patches, and a selection RGB for converting the selected RGB values to the reference colorimetric values A selected RGB value linear conversion matrix calculating step for calculating a value linear conversion matrix, and using the selected RGB value linear conversion matrix In addition, a colorimetric method including a colorimetric value conversion processing step of converting the RGB value of the colorimetric subject acquired in the imaging processing step into a colorimetric value is executed.

  Therefore, the influence of the irregular reflection of the illumination light irradiated on the subject from the illumination light source 37 of the image sensor unit 34 can be suppressed, and the subject can be imaged with high accuracy, and the imaging quality of the subject can be improved and highly accurate. Can measure color.

  Further, in the image pickup unit 30 of the image forming apparatus 1 of the present embodiment, the reflection suppression unit 40 is a black surface provided on the surface on the image sensor unit 34 side around the slit 38a.

  Accordingly, it is possible to easily and inexpensively suppress the influence of the irregular reflection of the illumination light irradiated to the subject from the illumination light source 37 of the image sensor unit 34, and to image the subject with high accuracy at a low cost. By using it for the reference correction, the black reference correction can be easily and appropriately performed.

  Further, in the imaging unit 30 of the image forming apparatus 1 of the present embodiment, the casing 32 is provided with a gray outer periphery of the reflection suppressing unit 40 over a predetermined range.

  Therefore, the reflected light from the periphery of the slit 38a can be further reduced, and the subject can be imaged with higher accuracy.

  Further, in the imaging unit 30 of the image forming apparatus 1 of the present embodiment, the gray color on the outer periphery of the reflection suppressing unit 40 is a color data value that exceeds the maximum value of the color data of the color of the reference chart KC.

  Therefore, the gray area, the reference chart KC, and the black area around the slit 38a can be divided by the color data threshold value, and shading correction can be performed in the gray area. As a result, the color measurement accuracy can be further improved when color measurement is performed using the imaging unit 30.

  Further, in the imaging unit 30 of the image forming apparatus 1 of the present embodiment, the slit 38a and the reference chart KC are provided side by side with a predetermined interval on a reference chart plate (plate member) 38 that is detachably attached to the housing 32. It has been.

  Therefore, the reference chart KC and the periphery of the slit 38a can always be kept in a normal state, and the subject can be imaged with higher accuracy.

  In this case, the imaging unit 30 changes the optical path length as shown in FIGS. 20 and 21 when the focal distance to the image sensor unit 34 of the subject such as the reference chart KC and the recording medium P can be ignored with accuracy. The member 50 may not be provided. Also in this case, as shown in FIG. 21, a black or other reflection suppressing portion 40 is provided around the slit 38 a formed in the reference chart plate 38. 20 and 21, the same components as those in FIGS. 4 to 6 are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is omitted.

  In this way, the influence of the reflected light around the slit 38a on the captured image can be prevented even more inexpensively and reliably.

  The optical path changing member is not limited to the one provided only on the opening 32c (slit 38a) side, and may be provided on the opening 32b side.

  Further, in the above-described embodiment, the slit 38a which is an opening is formed in the reference chart plate 38 to which the reference chart KC is applied. However, the slit 38a needs to be formed in the reference chart plate 38. Absent. For example, the slit 38a may be formed directly on the bottom surface 32a of the housing 32 independently of the reference chart plate 38, or may be formed on a plate member provided in the opening 32c.

  In the above description, the color measurement process is performed by the color measurement control unit 106 of the image forming apparatus 1. However, the color measurement process does not need to be executed inside the image forming apparatus 1. For example, FIG. As shown, an image forming apparatus 210 is connected to an external apparatus 220 as an image forming system (colorimetry system) 200, and image data captured by the image forming apparatus 210 is output to the external apparatus 220. The external device 220 performs color adjustment processing that includes colorimetric processing, and outputs the color-adjusted image data to the image forming device 210. The image forming device 210 forms an image based on the image data from the external device 220. May be.

  That is, the image forming apparatus 210 includes an engine 211, an operation display unit 212, an I / F unit 213, other I / F units 214, and the like, and each unit is connected by a bus 215. In addition, the external device 220 can use, for example, a computer having a normal hardware configuration and software configuration, and includes a color adjustment program including a color measurement program that executes a color adjustment process accompanying the color measurement process of the present invention as software. The color adjustment process accompanied by the colorimetric process is executed by introducing. The external device 220 includes a CPU 221, a memory unit 222, an image processing unit 223, a communication I / F unit 224, an I / F unit 225, and the like, and each unit is connected by a bus 226. The memory unit 222 includes a ROM 227, a RAM 228, a hard disk (HDD) 229, and the like.

  The image forming apparatus 210 is connected to the external apparatus 220 via a line 230 by an I / F unit 213. The line 230 is a dedicated line, a network such as a LAN (Local Area Network), the Internet, and the like, and is wired. Or wireless.

  The image forming apparatus 210 forms and outputs an image on a recording medium with the engine 211 based on the image data sent from the external apparatus 220 under the control of the external apparatus 220. The engine 211 forms an image on a recording medium by an ink ejection method or the like, and the operation display unit 212 includes various operation keys and a display such as an LCD (Liquid Crystal Display), which are necessary for the operation of the image forming apparatus 210. Various operations are performed by the operation keys, and various information notified from the image forming apparatus 210 to the user is displayed on the display. The other I / F unit 214 is used for connecting an expansion unit.

  The engine 211 includes a carriage that moves in the main scanning direction similar to that described in the above embodiment, and the imaging unit 30 is attached to the carriage. The image forming apparatus 210 forms the color measurement adjustment color patch CP on the recording medium based on the color patch data of the color measurement adjustment color patch CP sent from the external apparatus 220 under the control of the CPU 221 of the external apparatus 220. Thus, the colorimetric adjustment sheet CS is generated. The image forming apparatus 210 reads the color measurement adjustment color patch CP of the generated color measurement adjustment sheet CS with the imaging unit 30 and transmits it to the external apparatus 220 via the I / F unit 213.

  The external device (calculation means) 220 stores in the hard disk 229 or the ROM 227 an image formation control program for controlling the operation of the image forming apparatus 210, a color adjustment program for performing color adjustment processing involving colorimetric processing of the present invention, and necessary data. Has been. In the external device 220, the CPU 221 controls the image forming apparatus 210 based on a program in the ROM 227 or the hard disk 229, thereby executing basic processing as the image forming apparatus 210 and color adjustment with colorimetric processing according to the present invention. Execute the process.

  The hard disk 229 stores the above program and various data necessary for executing color adjustment processing. In particular, the hard disk 229 includes at least one of L * a * b * values and XYZ values of the color measurement results of the plurality of reference color patches KP arranged in the reference sheet KS described in the above embodiment. When the reference patch KP of the reference sheet KS is read by the imaging unit 30 of the image forming apparatus 210, together with the imaging reference RGB value, the reference value linear conversion matrix, the neighborhood point table and the selected RGB value linear conversion matrix, and the reference sheet KS The initial reference RGB value RdGdBd of each color patch of the read reference chart KC and the colorimetric reference RGB value RdsGdsBds of the reference patch of the reference chart KC read together when the colorimetric adjustment color patch CP of the color measurement adjustment sheet CS is read. And the colorimetric reference RGB value RdsGdsBds are converted into the initial reference RGB value RdGdBd. Reference RGB between linear transformation matrix is stored.

  The communication I / F unit 224 is connected to an image processing apparatus such as a scanner apparatus, a composite apparatus, or another external apparatus via a line such as a network, and receives image data that causes the image forming apparatus 210 to output an image. The I / F unit 213, the I / F unit 224, and the line 230 function as a communication unit as a whole.

  The image processing unit 223 performs various image processes necessary for forming and outputting the image data with the engine 211 of the image forming apparatus 210.

  As described above, the CPU 221 controls the operation of the image forming apparatus 210 and also executes a colorimetric process executed by the calculation unit 124 of the colorimetry control unit 106, in particular, the colorimetric value calculation unit 126. Ask for. The CPU 221 performs color adjustment on the image data based on the obtained colorimetric value, and outputs it to the image forming apparatus 210.

  In the image forming system 200 of FIG. 22, the operation of the image forming apparatus 210 is controlled by the external apparatus 220. However, the form of the image forming system 200 is not limited to this form. For example, in the image forming system 200, the image forming apparatus 210 itself includes a controller such as a CPU, and the image forming operation itself is controlled only by the colorimetric processing for obtaining a colorimetric value or the colorimetric measurement. The external device 220 may execute only the color adjustment process including the process.

  As described above, when color adjustment processing including color measurement processing or color measurement processing is executed at least by an external device of the image forming apparatus 210, the color reproducibility can be appropriately improved at low cost even in the inexpensive image forming apparatus 210. it can.

  The invention made by the present inventor has been specifically described based on the preferred embodiments. However, the present invention is not limited to that described in the above embodiments, and various modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention. It goes without saying that it is possible.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Image forming apparatus 2 Main body case 3 Main body frame 4 Main guide rod 5 Sub guide rod 6 Carriage 6a Connection piece 7 Timing belt 8 Drive pulley 9 Driven pulley 10 Main scanning motor 11 Cartridge part 12 Maintenance mechanism part 13 Cover 14 Platen 15 Encoder Sheet 20, 20y, 20m, 20c, 20k Recording head 21 Encoder sensor 30 Imaging unit 31 Upper cover 32 Housing 32a Bottom portion 32b Opening portion 32c Opening portion 32d Recessed portion 32e Recessed portion 32f Communication port 33 Fastening member 34 Image sensor portion 35 Two-dimensional Image sensor 36 Lens 37 Illumination light source 38 Reference chart plate 38a Slit 39 Holding plate 39a Opening portion 40 Reflection suppression portion 50 Optical path length changing member 101 CPU
102 ROM
103 RAM
104 Main Scan Driver 105 Recording Head Driver 106 Colorimetry Control Unit 107 Paper Transport Unit 108 Sub Scan Driver 110 Image Processing Unit 111 Interface Unit 112 A / D Conversion Unit 113 Shading Correction Unit 114 White Balance Correction Unit 115 γ Correction Unit 116 Image Format Conversion unit 121 Frame memory 122 Timing signal generation unit 123 Light source drive control unit 124 Calculation unit 125 Non-volatile memory 126 Colorimetric value calculation unit 200 Image forming system 210 Image forming apparatus 211 Engine 212 Operation display unit 213 I / F unit 214 Others I / F unit 215 Bus 220 External device 221 CPU
222 Memory unit 223 Image processing unit 224 Communication I / F unit 225 I / F unit 226 Bus 227 ROM
228 RAM
229 Hard disk 230 Line P Recording medium Lo Center line KS Reference sheet KP Reference color patch CS Color measurement adjustment sheet CP Color measurement adjustment patch KC Reference chart Pa to Pd Reference color patch array Pe Dot diameter measurement pattern array lk Distance measurement line mk Chart position specifying marker Tb1 Memory table

JP 2012-063270 A

Claims (8)

  1. A housing having an opening;
    Sensor means for imaging a subject outside the housing through the opening;
    A reference chart composed of a plurality of colors arranged in the housing and imaged by the sensor means together with the subject;
    Reflection suppression means provided on a surface on the sensor means side around the opening of the housing;
    Equipped with a,
    The housing is
    The outer periphery of the reflection suppressing means is gray over a predetermined range,
    An imaging unit characterized by that.
  2. The reflection suppressing means is
    The imaging unit according to claim 1, wherein the imaging unit is a black surface provided on the housing surface on the sensor means side around the opening.
  3. The gray color
    3. The imaging unit according to claim 1, wherein the color data value exceeds a maximum value of the color data of the color of the reference chart.
  4. The opening and the reference chart are:
    The imaging unit according to any one of claims 1 to 3 , wherein the imaging unit is provided on a plate-like member that is detachably attached to the housing, with a predetermined interval.
  5. Imaging means for imaging an arbitrary subject together with a reference chart composed of a plurality of colors;
    Calculation means for calculating a colorimetric value of the subject based on the subject imaged by the imaging means and imaging data of the reference chart;
    A colorimetric device comprising:
    As the imaging means, colorimetry apparatus characterized by an image pickup unit as claimed in any one of claims 4.
  6. An image forming apparatus that forms an image using image data that has been color-adjusted based on a colorimetric value measured by a colorimeter,
    An image forming apparatus comprising the color measuring device according to claim 5 as the color measuring device.
  7. Imaging means for imaging an arbitrary subject together with a reference chart composed of a plurality of colors;
    Calculation means for calculating a colorimetric value of the subject based on the subject imaged by the imaging means and imaging data of the reference chart;
    Communication means for connecting the imaging means and the calculation means;
    A colorimetric system comprising:
    As the imaging means, colorimetry system characterized by comprising an imaging unit as claimed in any one of claims 4.
  8. Along with a reference chart composed of a plurality of colors, an arbitrary subject is imaged through an opening formed on a predetermined plate member and subjected to reflection suppression processing in the periphery, and the RGB value of the reference chart and the RGB value of the subject are obtained. An imaging process step to obtain;
    A reference color measurement value that is a color measurement value in a predetermined color space that is independent of each color device of a reference color patch composed of a plurality of colors and the reference color patch are captured and acquired in the imaging processing step as the subject. Reference value storage is performed by associating an imaging reference RGB value that is an RGB value of each color of the reference color patch with an initial reference RGB value that is an RGB value of the reference chart acquired by the imaging processing step together with the reference color patch. A reference value storage processing step stored in the means;
    Colorimetric RGB values obtained by imaging a predetermined colorimetric subject in the imaging processing step and colorimetric reference RGB values that are RGB values of the reference chart imaged together with the colorimetric subject imaged Colorimetric RGB value storage processing step of storing the colorimetric RGB value storage means
    A reference RGB linear conversion matrix generation processing step for generating a reference RGB linear conversion matrix for converting the colorimetric reference RGB values into the initial reference RGB values;
    RGB value conversion processing step for converting the RGB values for colorimetry into RGB values for initialization colorimetry using the reference RGB linear conversion matrix;
    A reference value linear conversion matrix calculation processing step for calculating a reference value linear conversion matrix for converting the imaging reference RGB values into the reference colorimetric values;
    An imaging colorimetric value calculation processing step that converts the initialization colorimetric RGB values converted in the RGB value conversion processing step into colorimetric values using the reference value linear conversion matrix as imaging colorimetric values; ,
    A patch selection processing step of selecting, from the reference color patch, a predetermined number of the reference color patches that are close in distance to the imaged colorimetric value in the predetermined color space;
    An RGB selection processing step of selecting the colorimetric RGB values corresponding to the selected predetermined number of the reference color patches as the selected RGB values;
    A selection RGB value linear conversion matrix calculation processing step for calculating a selection RGB value linear conversion matrix for converting the selected RGB value into the reference colorimetric value;
    A colorimetric value conversion processing step for converting the RGB value of the colorimetric subject acquired in the imaging processing step into a colorimetric value using the selected RGB value linear conversion matrix;
    A colorimetric method characterized by comprising:
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