JP6106546B2 - Heat exchanger - Google Patents

Heat exchanger Download PDF

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Publication number
JP6106546B2
JP6106546B2 JP2013144765A JP2013144765A JP6106546B2 JP 6106546 B2 JP6106546 B2 JP 6106546B2 JP 2013144765 A JP2013144765 A JP 2013144765A JP 2013144765 A JP2013144765 A JP 2013144765A JP 6106546 B2 JP6106546 B2 JP 6106546B2
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Prior art keywords
plate
tube
heat exchanger
tank
heat exchange
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JP2015017744A (en
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雅宏 加藤
雅宏 加藤
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カルソニックカンセイ株式会社
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B39/00Evaporators; Condensers
    • F25B39/04Condensers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/0408Multi-circuit heat exchangers, e.g. integrating different heat exchange sections in the same unit or heat exchangers for more than two fluids
    • F28D1/0426Multi-circuit heat exchangers, e.g. integrating different heat exchange sections in the same unit or heat exchangers for more than two fluids with units having particular arrangement relative to the large body of fluid, e.g. with interleaved units or with adjacent heat exchange units in common air flow or with units extending at an angle to each other or with units arranged around a central element
    • F28D1/0435Combination of units extending one behind the other
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/053Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being straight
    • F28D1/0535Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being straight the conduits having a non-circular cross-section
    • F28D1/05366Assemblies of conduits connected to common headers, e.g. core type radiators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/001Casings in the form of plate-like arrangements; Frames enclosing a heat exchange core
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/02Header boxes; End plates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2339/00Details of evaporators; Details of condensers
    • F25B2339/04Details of condensers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D21/00Heat-exchange apparatus not covered by any of the groups F28D1/00 - F28D20/00
    • F28D2021/0019Other heat exchangers for particular applications; Heat exchange systems not otherwise provided for
    • F28D2021/008Other heat exchangers for particular applications; Heat exchange systems not otherwise provided for for vehicles
    • F28D2021/0084Condensers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D21/00Heat-exchange apparatus not covered by any of the groups F28D1/00 - F28D20/00
    • F28D2021/0019Other heat exchangers for particular applications; Heat exchange systems not otherwise provided for
    • F28D2021/008Other heat exchangers for particular applications; Heat exchange systems not otherwise provided for for vehicles
    • F28D2021/0091Radiators
    • F28D2021/0094Radiators for recooling the engine coolant
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/02Header boxes; End plates
    • F28F2009/0285Other particular headers or end plates

Description

本発明は熱交換装置に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a heat exchange device.
ラジエータのタンクとコンデンサのサイドプレートとをろう付けして接合するものが特許文献1に開示されている。   Patent Document 1 discloses a method in which a tank of a radiator and a side plate of a capacitor are joined by brazing.
特開平11−223486号公報Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-223486
ラジエータとコンデンサとを個別に車体などに取り付けると、ラジエータ、およびコンデンサにそれぞれ取付部を設けなければならず、部品点数が多くなり、重量が重くなり、コストが高くなる。また、加工工数が増加し、作業効率が悪い。   If the radiator and the capacitor are individually attached to the vehicle body or the like, the radiator and the capacitor must be provided with mounting portions, respectively, which increases the number of parts, increases the weight, and increases the cost. In addition, the number of processing steps increases and the work efficiency is poor.
これに対して、上記技術を用いると、ラジエータとコンデンサとを接合して車体などに取り付けるので、部品点数を少なくすることができ、上記問題を解消することができる。   On the other hand, when the above technique is used, the radiator and the capacitor are joined and attached to the vehicle body or the like, so that the number of parts can be reduced and the above problem can be solved.
しかし、上記技術では、ラジエータとコンデンサとを別々に組み上げた後に、ろう付けすることでラジエータとコンデンサとを接合しており、接合時の熱変形による歪みによって接合不良が生じるおそれがあり、そのような状態で車体などに取り付けると、ラジエータ、またはコンデンサが不安定な状態で車体に取り付けられることとなる。   However, in the above technology, the radiator and the capacitor are assembled separately, and then the radiator and the capacitor are joined by brazing, and there is a possibility that a joint failure may occur due to distortion caused by thermal deformation at the time of joining. If it is attached to the vehicle body or the like in such a state, the radiator or the capacitor will be attached to the vehicle body in an unstable state.
本発明はこのような点に鑑みて発明されたもので、部品点数を少なくして重量を軽くし、コストを抑制し、また加工工数を低減しつつ、コンデンサ、およびラジエータを安定して取り付ることを目的とする。   The present invention has been invented in view of the above points, and it is possible to stably mount a capacitor and a radiator while reducing the number of parts, reducing the weight, suppressing the cost, and reducing the number of processing steps. The porpose is to do.
本発明のある態様に係る熱交換装置は、第1熱交換器と第2熱交換器とを空気の流れ方向に沿って並列に配置する熱交換装置であって、前記第1熱交換器のサイドプレートと、前記第2熱交換器の流体が流れるチューブが連通するタンクとが一体的に形成され、前記サイドプレートは、前記タンクにおける前記チューブが連通する面と同一平面上に延在する。 A heat exchange device according to an aspect of the present invention is a heat exchange device in which a first heat exchanger and a second heat exchanger are arranged in parallel along the air flow direction, and the heat exchange device includes: and the side plate, the second tube heat exchanger of the fluid flows and a tank connected are integrally formed, the side plate, the tube in the tank that Mashimasu extending on a plane the same plane which communicates .
この態様によると、タンクとサイドプレートとを一体的に形成することで、第1熱交換器と第2熱交換器との接合不良を抑制することができ、部品点数を少なくし、重量を軽くし、コストを抑制し、加工工数を低減しつつ、第1熱交換器、および第2熱交換器を安定して取り付けることができる。   According to this aspect, by integrally forming the tank and the side plate, it is possible to suppress poor bonding between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger, reduce the number of parts, and reduce the weight. In addition, it is possible to stably attach the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger while suppressing costs and reducing the number of processing steps.
本実施形態における車両用の熱交換装置の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the heat exchange device for vehicles in this embodiment. 熱交換装置の上端側の拡大斜視図である。It is an expansion perspective view of the upper end side of a heat exchange apparatus. 第1サイドプレート、およびヘッダタンクの水平方向における断面図である。It is sectional drawing in the horizontal direction of a 1st side plate and a header tank. 比較例の熱交換装置の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the heat exchange apparatus of a comparative example. 比較例の熱交換装置の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the heat exchange apparatus of a comparative example. 本実施形態の変形例の熱交換装置の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the heat exchange apparatus of the modification of this embodiment. 本実施形態の変形例の熱交換装置の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the heat exchange apparatus of the modification of this embodiment. 本実施形態の変形例の第1サイドプレート、およびヘッダタンクの斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the 1st side plate and header tank of the modification of this embodiment. 本実施形態の変形例の第1サイドプレート、およびヘッダタンクの水平方向における断面図である。It is sectional drawing in the horizontal direction of the 1st side plate of a modification of this embodiment, and a header tank. 本実施形態の変形例の第1サイドプレート、およびヘッダタンクの斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the 1st side plate and header tank of the modification of this embodiment. 本実施形態の変形例の第1サイドプレート、およびヘッダタンクの水平方向における断面図である。It is sectional drawing in the horizontal direction of the 1st side plate of a modification of this embodiment, and a header tank. 本実施形態の変形例の第1サイドプレート、およびヘッダタンクの斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the 1st side plate and header tank of the modification of this embodiment. 本実施形態の変形例の第1サイドプレート、およびヘッダタンクの水平方向における断面図である。It is sectional drawing in the horizontal direction of the 1st side plate of a modification of this embodiment, and a header tank.
本発明の第1実施形態の熱交換装置1について図を用いながら説明する。   The heat exchange apparatus 1 of 1st Embodiment of this invention is demonstrated using a figure.
図1は、車両用の熱交換装置1の斜視図である。図2は、熱交換装置1の上端側の拡大斜視図である。   FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a heat exchange device 1 for a vehicle. FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of the upper end side of the heat exchange device 1.
熱交換装置1は、ラジエータ2と、コンデンサ3とを備える。ラジエータ2とコンデンサ3とは、走行風の流れ方向に沿って並列に配置される。ここでは、車両に搭載する熱交換装置1について説明するが、これに限られることはなく、ラジエータ2、コンデンサ3など複数の熱交換器を空気の流れ方向に沿って並列に配置されたものであればよい。   The heat exchange device 1 includes a radiator 2 and a condenser 3. The radiator 2 and the capacitor 3 are arranged in parallel along the direction of travel wind flow. Here, the heat exchange device 1 mounted on a vehicle will be described, but the present invention is not limited to this, and a plurality of heat exchangers such as a radiator 2 and a condenser 3 are arranged in parallel along the air flow direction. I just need it.
ラジエータ2は、ラジエータタンク20と、第1コア部21と、第1サイドプレート22とを備える。   The radiator 2 includes a radiator tank 20, a first core portion 21, and a first side plate 22.
ラジエータタンク20は、金属製のプレート23と、樹脂製のタンク本体24と、ラジエータ2、およびコンデンサ3を車体に取り付ける取付部25とを備える。タンク本体24とプレート23とは、プレート23の一部をタンク本体24にかしめることで、一体化される。   The radiator tank 20 includes a metal plate 23, a resin tank body 24, a radiator 2, and a mounting portion 25 for attaching the capacitor 3 to the vehicle body. The tank body 24 and the plate 23 are integrated by caulking a part of the plate 23 to the tank body 24.
第1コア部21は、第1チューブ26と、第1フィン27とを備える。第1チューブ26は、鉛直方向に沿って延設され、端部がラジエータタンク20のプレート23に連通する。第1チューブ26は、水平方向に沿って複数配置され、隣接する第1チューブ26間には、第1フィン27が設けられる。第1コア部21は、例えばエンジンなどを冷却して温度が高くなった第1冷却水(流体)が第1チューブ26を流れ、第1チューブ26の外を流れる空気と熱交換を行うことで、第1冷却水を冷却する。第1フィン27を設けることで、第1コア部21における冷却性能を向上することができる。   The first core portion 21 includes a first tube 26 and first fins 27. The first tube 26 extends along the vertical direction, and the end communicates with the plate 23 of the radiator tank 20. A plurality of first tubes 26 are arranged along the horizontal direction, and first fins 27 are provided between adjacent first tubes 26. The first core portion 21 is configured such that, for example, the first cooling water (fluid) whose temperature is increased by cooling the engine or the like flows through the first tube 26 and exchanges heat with the air flowing outside the first tube 26. The first cooling water is cooled. By providing the first fins 27, the cooling performance of the first core portion 21 can be improved.
第1サイドプレート22は、第1チューブ26の長手方向、つまり鉛直方向に沿って延設され、第1コア部21の両端側に配置される。第1サイドプレート22は、ラジエータタンク20に接合され、第1コア部21を補強する。第1サイドプレート22は、金属製であり、後述するヘッダタンク30と一体的に形成されている。   The first side plate 22 extends along the longitudinal direction of the first tube 26, that is, the vertical direction, and is disposed on both ends of the first core portion 21. The first side plate 22 is joined to the radiator tank 20 and reinforces the first core portion 21. The first side plate 22 is made of metal and is formed integrally with a header tank 30 described later.
コンデンサ3は、ヘッダタンク30と、第2コア部31と、第2サイドプレート32とを備える。   The capacitor 3 includes a header tank 30, a second core part 31, and a second side plate 32.
ヘッダタンク30は、金属製であり、ラジエータ2の第1サイドプレート22と一体的に形成されている。   The header tank 30 is made of metal and is formed integrally with the first side plate 22 of the radiator 2.
第2コア部31は、第2チューブ33と、第2フィン34とを備える。第2チューブ33は、水平方向に沿って延設され、端部がヘッダタンク30に連通する。第2チューブ33は、鉛直方向に沿って複数配置され、隣接する第2チューブ33間には、第2フィン34が設けられる。第2コア部31は、図示しないコンプレッサなどによって加圧された冷媒(流体)が第2チューブ33を流れ、外部を流れる空気と熱交換を行うことで、冷媒を冷却し、液化させる。第2フィン34を設けることで、第2コア部31における冷却性能を向上することができる。なお、第1チューブ26の長手方向と、第2チューブ33の長手方向とは90度異なっており、第1チューブ26と第2チューブ33とが接触する箇所でろう付けにより接合されている。これにより、ラジエータ2の第1コア部21とコンデンサ3の第2コア部31とを接合し、ラジエータ2とコンデンサ3とを接合することができる。   The second core portion 31 includes a second tube 33 and a second fin 34. The second tube 33 extends along the horizontal direction, and the end communicates with the header tank 30. A plurality of second tubes 33 are arranged along the vertical direction, and second fins 34 are provided between adjacent second tubes 33. In the second core portion 31, the refrigerant (fluid) pressurized by a compressor (not shown) flows through the second tube 33 and performs heat exchange with the air flowing outside, thereby cooling and liquefying the refrigerant. By providing the second fins 34, the cooling performance of the second core portion 31 can be improved. The longitudinal direction of the first tube 26 and the longitudinal direction of the second tube 33 are different by 90 degrees, and the first tube 26 and the second tube 33 are joined by brazing at a contact point. Thereby, the 1st core part 21 of the radiator 2 and the 2nd core part 31 of the capacitor | condenser 3 can be joined, and the radiator 2 and the capacitor | condenser 3 can be joined.
なお、本実施形態では、第1チューブ26と第2チューブ33とが接触する箇所でろう付けにより接合されることでコア全体の強度を上げる適用例を示したが、第1チューブ26と第2チューブ33とは必ずしもろう付けにより接合する必要はない。更に第1チューブ26と第2チューブ33とは必ずしも接触する必要はなく、第1チューブ26と第2チューブ33とは互いが隙間を空けた非接触状態で直交配置されていても良い。   In the present embodiment, the application example in which the strength of the entire core is increased by joining by brazing at the place where the first tube 26 and the second tube 33 are in contact with each other is described. It is not always necessary to join the tube 33 by brazing. Furthermore, the first tube 26 and the second tube 33 are not necessarily in contact with each other, and the first tube 26 and the second tube 33 may be arranged orthogonally in a non-contact state with a gap therebetween.
第2サイドプレート32は、第2チューブ33の長手方向、つまり水平方向に沿って延設され、第2コア部31の両端側に配置される。第2サイドプレート32は、ヘッダタンク30に接合され、第2コア部31を補強する。   The second side plate 32 extends along the longitudinal direction of the second tube 33, that is, along the horizontal direction, and is disposed on both ends of the second core portion 31. The second side plate 32 is joined to the header tank 30 and reinforces the second core portion 31.
図3に第1サイドプレート22、およびヘッダタンク30の水平方向における断面図を示す。本実施形態では、1枚の金属の板を曲げ加工し、筒状に曲げた板の端部をろう付けすることで図3に示すような筒状のヘッダタンク30と、第1サイドプレート22とを一体的に形成する。   FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the first side plate 22 and the header tank 30 in the horizontal direction. In the present embodiment, a cylindrical header tank 30 as shown in FIG. 3 and the first side plate 22 are formed by bending a single metal plate and brazing the ends of the cylindrical plate. And are integrally formed.
本実施形態では、金属製の第1サイドプレート22、ヘッダタンク30、第1コア部21、第2コア部31、第2サイドプレート32などをろう材を配置して組み付けた後に、加熱炉に入れて加熱し、ろう材を溶融させて各部品をろう付けする。このようにして、ラジエータ2とコンデンサ3とを一体化する。   In the present embodiment, the first side plate 22 made of metal, the header tank 30, the first core part 21, the second core part 31, the second side plate 32, and the like are placed and assembled in a heating furnace. Put and heat, melt the brazing material and braze each part. In this way, the radiator 2 and the capacitor 3 are integrated.
本実施形態を用いずにラジエータ40とコンデンサ41とを一体化せずに、ラジエータ40とコンデンサ41とを車体にそれぞれ取り付ける場合には、図4に示すようにラジエータ40の取付部42、コンデンサ41の取付部43がそれぞれ必要になり、部品点数が多くなり、重量が重くなる。また、ラジエータ40およびコンデンサ41を個別に構成した後に車体に取り付けることになるので、加工工数が多くなり、作業効率が悪くなる。さらに、各取付部42、43を設けるためのスペースが必要となり、熱交換装置45を小型化することができない。   When the radiator 40 and the condenser 41 are respectively attached to the vehicle body without integrating the radiator 40 and the condenser 41 without using the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. Mounting parts 43 are required, which increases the number of parts and the weight. Further, since the radiator 40 and the capacitor 41 are individually configured and then attached to the vehicle body, the number of processing steps is increased, and the working efficiency is deteriorated. Furthermore, a space for providing the mounting portions 42 and 43 is required, and the heat exchange device 45 cannot be reduced in size.
また、図5に示すように、個別に構成したラジエータ50とコンデンサ51とを接続部材52を介して一体化することもできるが、この場合には接続部材52が必要となり、部品点数が多くなり、重量が重くなる。また、加工工数が多くなり、作業効率が悪くなる。また、接続部材52を設けるためのスペースが必要となり、熱交換装置53を小型化することができない。   In addition, as shown in FIG. 5, the separately configured radiator 50 and the capacitor 51 can be integrated via the connection member 52, but in this case, the connection member 52 is necessary, and the number of parts increases. , Heavier. In addition, the number of processing steps increases, and the working efficiency deteriorates. Moreover, the space for providing the connection member 52 is needed, and the heat exchange apparatus 53 cannot be reduced in size.
これに対して本実施形態では、第1サイドプレート22とヘッダタンク30とを一体的に形成することで、取付部の数を少なくすることができ、また接続部材52を用いずにラジエータ2とコンデンサ3とを一体化することができ、部品点数を少なくし、重量を軽くすることができる。また、加工工数を少なくし、作業効率を向上させることができる。また、熱交換装置1を小型化することができる。   On the other hand, in the present embodiment, the first side plate 22 and the header tank 30 are integrally formed, so that the number of attachment portions can be reduced, and the radiator 2 can be used without using the connection member 52. The capacitor 3 can be integrated, the number of parts can be reduced, and the weight can be reduced. In addition, the number of processing steps can be reduced and work efficiency can be improved. Moreover, the heat exchange apparatus 1 can be reduced in size.
さらに、第1サイドプレート22とヘッダタンク30とを一体的に形成することで、ラジエータ2とコンデンサ3との接合不良を抑制し、ラジエータ2およびコンデンサ3を車体に安定して取り付けることができる。   Further, by forming the first side plate 22 and the header tank 30 integrally, it is possible to suppress a poor connection between the radiator 2 and the capacitor 3 and to attach the radiator 2 and the capacitor 3 to the vehicle body stably.
なお、第1サイドプレート22とヘッダタンク30とを1枚の金属の板を加工して形成したが、複数の部品によって形成してもよい。   The first side plate 22 and the header tank 30 are formed by processing one metal plate, but may be formed by a plurality of components.
また、樹脂製のタンク本体24を用いたラジエータタンク20を用いたが、図6に示すように金属製のラジエータタンク20を用いてもよい。また、図7に示すように金属製のラジエータタンク20と、コンデンサ3の第2サイドプレート32とを一体的に形成してもよい。これによっても本実施形態と同様の効果を得ることができる。   Further, although the radiator tank 20 using the resin tank main body 24 is used, a metal radiator tank 20 may be used as shown in FIG. Further, as shown in FIG. 7, the metal radiator tank 20 and the second side plate 32 of the capacitor 3 may be integrally formed. Also by this, the same effect as this embodiment can be obtained.
また、第1サイドプレート22とヘッダタンク30とを一体的に形成し、さらにラジエータタンク20と第2サイドプレート32とを一体的に形成してもよい。これにより、ラジエータ2とコンデンサ3とをさらに安定して車体に取り付けることができる。   Alternatively, the first side plate 22 and the header tank 30 may be integrally formed, and the radiator tank 20 and the second side plate 32 may be integrally formed. Thereby, the radiator 2 and the capacitor | condenser 3 can be attached to a vehicle body more stably.
また、第1サイドプレート22とヘッダタンク30とを図8A、図8Bに示すように形成してもよい。図8Aは、第1サイドプレート22およびヘッダタンク30の斜視図であり、図8Bは水平方向における断面図である。ここでは筒状に曲げた板の端部を外側に曲げて接合し、ヘッダタンク30を形成している。   Further, the first side plate 22 and the header tank 30 may be formed as shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B. 8A is a perspective view of the first side plate 22 and the header tank 30, and FIG. 8B is a cross-sectional view in the horizontal direction. Here, the header tank 30 is formed by bending and joining the ends of the plates bent into a cylindrical shape outward.
さらに、図9A、図9Bに示すように端部に突部60を形成し、突部60を孔61に挿入してもよい。図9Aは、第1サイドプレート22およびヘッダタンク30の斜視図であり、図9Bは水平方向における断面図である。さらに、図10A、図10Bに示すように第1サイドプレート22を構成する箇所の一部をヘッダタンク30側に折り曲げて、曲げ部62によって筒状に曲げた板の端部を外側から押さえてもよい。図10Aは第1サイドプレート22およびヘッダタンク30の斜視図であり、図10Bは水平方向における断面図である。これらにより、筒状となった板のスプリングバックを防止し、ろう付けを行った際の接合不良を抑制することができる。   Furthermore, as shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B, a protrusion 60 may be formed at the end, and the protrusion 60 may be inserted into the hole 61. 9A is a perspective view of the first side plate 22 and the header tank 30, and FIG. 9B is a cross-sectional view in the horizontal direction. Further, as shown in FIGS. 10A and 10B, a part of the portion constituting the first side plate 22 is bent to the header tank 30 side, and the end of the plate bent into a cylindrical shape by the bent portion 62 is pressed from the outside. Also good. 10A is a perspective view of the first side plate 22 and the header tank 30, and FIG. 10B is a cross-sectional view in the horizontal direction. By these, it is possible to prevent the spring-back of the cylindrical plate and to suppress poor bonding when brazing is performed.
以上、本発明の実施形態について説明したが、上記実施形態は本発明の適用例の一部を示したに過ぎず、本発明の技術的範囲を上記実施形態の具体的構成に限定する趣旨ではない。   The embodiment of the present invention has been described above. However, the above embodiment only shows a part of application examples of the present invention, and the technical scope of the present invention is limited to the specific configuration of the above embodiment. Absent.
1 熱交換装置
2 ラジエータ(放熱器)
3 コンデンサ(凝縮器)
20 ラジエータタンク(タンク)
22 第1サイドプレート(サイドプレート)
26 第1チューブ(チューブ)
27 第1フィン(フィン)
30 ヘッダタンク(タンク)
32 第2サイドプレート(サイドプレート)
33 第2チューブ(チューブ)
34 第2フィン(フィン)
60 突部(係合部)
62 曲げ部(係合部)
1 Heat exchange device 2 Radiator (radiator)
3 condenser (condenser)
20 Radiator tank (tank)
22 First side plate (side plate)
26 First tube (tube)
27 First fin (fin)
30 Header tank (tank)
32 Second side plate (side plate)
33 Second tube (tube)
34 Second fin (fin)
60 Projection (engagement part)
62 Bending part (engaging part)

Claims (5)

  1. 第1熱交換器と第2熱交換器とを空気の流れ方向に沿って並列に配置する熱交換装置であって、
    前記第1熱交換器のサイドプレートと、前記第2熱交換器の流体が流れるチューブが連通するタンクとが一体的に形成され
    前記サイドプレートは、前記タンクにおける前記チューブが連通する面と同一平面上に延在することを特徴とする熱交換装置。
    A heat exchange device that arranges the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger in parallel along the air flow direction,
    A side plate of the first heat exchanger and a tank through which a tube through which the fluid of the second heat exchanger flows are integrally formed ,
    The side plate, the heat exchange device wherein the tube in the tank, characterized in Rukoto that Mashimasu extending on a plane flush communicating.
  2. 請求項1に記載の熱交換装置であって、
    前記第1熱交換器の流体が流れるチューブが連通するタンクと、前記第2熱交換器のサイドプレートとが一体的に形成されることを特徴とする熱交換装置。
    The heat exchange device according to claim 1,
    A tank in which a tube through which a fluid of the first heat exchanger flows is formed integrally with a side plate of the second heat exchanger.
  3. 請求項1または2に記載の熱交換装置であって、
    前記第1熱交換器の流体が流れるチューブが連通するタンクと、前記第2熱交換器のタンクとの少なくとも一方のタンクは、金属製の板が曲げ加工されて形成され、曲げ加工された前記金属製の板がスプリングバックすることを防止する係合部を備えることを特徴とする熱交換装置。
    The heat exchange device according to claim 1 or 2,
    At least one of the tank through which the tube through which the fluid of the first heat exchanger flows and the tank of the second heat exchanger is formed by bending a metal plate, and the bent A heat exchange device comprising an engagement portion for preventing a metal plate from springing back.
  4. 請求項1から3のいずれか一つに記載の熱交換装置であって、
    前記第1熱交換器の流体が流れるチューブと、前記第2熱交換器のチューブとが接合されることを特徴とする熱交換装置。
    The heat exchange device according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    A heat exchange apparatus, wherein a tube through which a fluid of the first heat exchanger flows and a tube of the second heat exchanger are joined.
  5. 請求項1から4のいずれか一つに記載の熱交換装置であって、
    前記第1熱交換器の隣接するチューブ間と、前記第2熱交換器の隣接するチューブ間との少なくとも一方にフィンを備えることを特徴とする熱交換装置。
    The heat exchange device according to any one of claims 1 to 4,
    A heat exchange apparatus comprising: fins between at least one of the adjacent tubes of the first heat exchanger and between adjacent tubes of the second heat exchanger.
JP2013144765A 2013-07-10 2013-07-10 Heat exchanger Expired - Fee Related JP6106546B2 (en)

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CN102267206B (en) * 2011-07-11 2013-05-22 李超 Pressure beam for lacing bar type vulcanizing machine

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