JP6093508B2 - contact lens - Google Patents

contact lens Download PDF

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Publication number
JP6093508B2
JP6093508B2 JP2012079483A JP2012079483A JP6093508B2 JP 6093508 B2 JP6093508 B2 JP 6093508B2 JP 2012079483 A JP2012079483 A JP 2012079483A JP 2012079483 A JP2012079483 A JP 2012079483A JP 6093508 B2 JP6093508 B2 JP 6093508B2
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pinholes
contact lens
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formed
pinhole
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JP2013210450A5 (en
JP2013210450A (en
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尚樹 井村
尚樹 井村
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尚樹 井村
尚樹 井村
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C7/00Optical parts
    • G02C7/02Lenses; Lens systems ; Methods of designing lenses
    • G02C7/04Contact lenses for the eyes

Description

  The present invention relates to a contact lens, and more particularly to a color contact lens for correcting vision and correcting astigmatism.

  It has become common to use contact lenses to correct vision. A pinhole contact lens is a technology that is said to be effective in correcting vision but has not become widespread. For example, Patent Document 1 listed below discloses an astigmatic contact lens made of an opaque material having a pinhole formed in the center.

  A contact lens having such a pinhole has the following effects. A person's visual acuity changes every moment due to fatigue, stress, hormone secretion, and the like. This variation is not so much noticeable while the eyes have adjustment power, but becomes apparent when presbyopia occurs or eye strain due to OA work is added, making it difficult to determine the contact lens power. However, looking through the pinhole, the range of focus is widened with the same reasoning as when the aperture of the camera is reduced. This is called "depth of focus" or "false adjustment works".

  A general contact lens can only perform refraction correction corresponding to a set power, but a contact lens using a pinhole can realize a refractive correction ability of a set power + α because a false adjustment force works. This pseudo-adjustment power absorbs fluctuations in visual acuity during the day, and a presbyopic person can have a wider range of focus and can obtain a comfortable visual function. From the standpoint of a contact lens manufacturer, there is no need to finely classify the frequency of contact lenses, and there is an advantage that inventory can be compressed and manufacturing equipment can be compressed. Therefore, if a contact lens using a pinhole becomes widespread, it should have a large profit for both users and contact lens manufacturers.

JP-A-8-29740

  However, the contact lens disclosed in Patent Document 1 has the following problems. 1stly, the technique disclosed by patent document 1 does not consider the problem that it may move along the eyeball surface after a contact lens is worn. When the contact lens disclosed in Patent Document 1 is moved from the normal position to another position, there is a problem that light does not normally enter the wearer's eye and the visual acuity is significantly reduced. Secondly, for example, when entering a tunnel while driving a car, the amount of light incident on the wearer's eyes decreases rapidly, and even if the wearer's pupil opens, the amount of light does not increase. In the worst case, there is also a problem that almost nothing can be seen.

  In general, a contact lens is used not only for correcting a refractive state but also for correcting astigmatism. However, in order to correct astigmatism, in many cases, there is a problem that the thickness of the lens is increased and the wearer's feeling of wear is reduced. In particular, contact lenses for correcting astigmatism have the following problems, making it difficult to solve problems during wearing. That is, astigmatism is caused by the directionality of the curvature of the cornea. Therefore, in order to correct astigmatism, it is necessary to wear a contact lens having a direction that cancels this direction. Therefore, in the contact lens for correcting astigmatism, it is necessary to prevent the contact lens from rotating on the eyeball surface during wearing. For this reason, in many contact lenses for correcting astigmatism, the lower part of the lens is made thicker than the other parts so that the contact lens is always in contact with the eyeball in the correct posture. As a result, at the lower part of the lens, the thickness of the lens for correcting astigmatism and the thickness of the lens for preventing rotation are overlapped, so that the lens becomes particularly thick and the wearing feeling becomes very bad. Such a problem is considered to be one factor that hinders the spread of contact lenses using pinholes.

  Accordingly, an object of the present invention is a contact lens for correcting vision using a pinhole, even when the contact lens moves or rotates on the eyeball or when there is a change in ambient brightness. It is to provide a safe contact lens.

  Another object of the present invention is a contact lens for correcting vision using a pinhole, when the contact lens moves or rotates on the eyeball or when there is a change in ambient brightness. However, it is to provide a contact lens that is safe and does not deteriorate the wearing feeling.

  The contact lens according to the present invention has a first surface formed so as to be aligned with the surface of the eyeball of the wearer, and a second surface on the side opposite to the eyeball of the wearer with respect to the first surface on the side on which light is incident. And an optically transparent lens body having a surface and a light-shielding thin film formed on the second surface. The thin film is divided into a portion formed in a peripheral region from the periphery of the second surface to a predetermined distance and a portion formed in a central region other than the peripheral region. A plurality of pinholes for transmitting light toward the wearer's iris are formed in a portion formed in the central region of the thin film.

  It is known that an image formed on a wearer's retina by light incident on a pinhole becomes clear (a false adjustment force can be obtained). Since a plurality of pinholes are formed, any of the pinholes exists near the center of the eyeball even if the contact lens moves on the eyeball surface. As a result, even if the contact lens moves, the influence on the field of view of the wearer can be reduced. Furthermore, since a plurality of pinholes are formed, a larger amount of light reaches the wearer's eyeball than when there is only one pinhole. For this reason, even when entering a dark place from a bright place, the adjustment by the wearer's iris is effective, and there is little risk that things will become extremely invisible. In addition, since a false adjustment force can be obtained by using a pinhole, effects such as absorption of fluctuations in visual acuity and expansion of a focused range can be obtained. For contact lens manufacturers, it is not necessary to make the lens power division fine, and the economic effect of reducing inventory and manufacturing equipment can be obtained.

  Preferably, the plurality of pinholes includes a first pinhole formed in the center of the central region and a plurality of second pinholes formed separately from each other in the central region.

  Since the first pinhole is at the center of the central region, light is stably incident on the eyeball during normal wearing. Even if the contact lens rotates on the eyeball, the position of the first pinhole does not change, and a stable image can be formed.

  More preferably, the plurality of pinholes are all circular.

  By using a circular pinhole, it is possible to prevent so-called “blurring” of an image from becoming difficult to see.

  The plurality of pinholes may all be the same size.

  More preferably, the plurality of pinholes are arranged so as not to be at the positions of the lattice points of the lattice arranged at predetermined intervals.

  If pinholes are arranged at the lattice point positions of the same lattice, moire may occur depending on the arrangement or pattern of the object, and an image that is difficult to see may be formed. The occurrence of moire can be prevented by making the positions of the plurality of pinholes irregular so that they are not all the positions of the lattice points.

  In a more preferred embodiment, a part of the lens body is an area formed thicker than other areas so that the lens does not rotate unnecessarily during wearing, and a reference area that defines a reference axis for the astigmatic axis I am doing. The plurality of pinholes is an ellipse or a rectangle with rounded corners, and the long axes of the plurality of pinholes have a predetermined relationship with the reference axis defined by the reference region (for example, both coincide, or The major axes of the pinholes are arranged so as to satisfy a predetermined range of angles centering on a direction parallel to the reference axis.

  Astigmatism can be corrected to some extent by inclining a plurality of pinholes by a fixed angle with respect to the reference axis so as to prevent image distortion due to astigmatism. In this case, the lens need not be so thick. Normally, in the case of contact lenses for correcting astigmatism, it is necessary to increase the thickness of the reference area portion in order to form the reference area, but it is not necessary to increase the thickness of the lens so much. The thickness can be made smaller than before. As a result, the effect that the feeling of wearing is improved is obtained.

It is a top view of the contact lens concerning a 1st embodiment of the present invention. It is arrow sectional drawing of the 2-2 line direction of FIG. It is a top view of the contact lens which concerns on the 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a top view of the contact lens which concerns on the 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a top view of the contact lens which concerns on the 4th Embodiment of this invention. It is a top view of the contact lens which concerns on the 5th Embodiment of this invention. It is a top view of the contact lens which concerns on the 6th Embodiment of this invention.

  In the following description and drawings, the same parts are denoted by the same reference numerals. Therefore, detailed description thereof will not be repeated.

<First Embodiment>
1 and 2, the contact lens 30 according to the first embodiment of the present invention is a so-called color contact lens, and a phthalocyanine colorant and anthraquinone are formed on the surface of a transparent contact lens main body 60. And an opaque film 62 made of a polymer colored with a metal colorant or a metal oxide colorant. The surface of the opaque film 62 is divided into a central region 42 and a peripheral region 40. The periphery of the peripheral region 40 and the periphery of the central region 42 are concentric.

  A plurality of pinholes 50, 52, 54, 56 and 58 are formed in the inner region of the central region 42 so as to be separated from each other. In the present embodiment, the pinhole 50 is formed near the center of the central region 42. The pinholes 52, 54, 56 and 58 are arranged inside the central region 42. In the present embodiment, the pinholes other than these pinholes 50 are arranged at equal intervals on a concentric circle with the pinhole 50 as the center.

  The diameter of the contact lens body 60 is typically in the range of about 8 mm to 18 mm. In the present embodiment, the diameter of the contact lens body 60 is about 14 mm. The diameter of the central region 42 is preferably about 4 mm to 14 mm. In the present embodiment, the diameter of the central region 42 is about 9 mm. In this example, the pinholes are all equal in size and have a size of about 0.1 mm to 5 mm. In the present embodiment, the size of the pinhole is about 1 mm.

  Both the front surface (the opaque film 62 side) and the back surface (eyeball side) of the contact lens body 60 are basically part of a spherical surface. In particular, the back surface is formed in a shape that conforms to the shape of the human eyeball surface. Whether or not the contact lens body 60 is optically determined may be appropriately determined according to the condition of the wearer.

  The opaque film 62 is a very thin film formed on the surface of the contact lens body 60. The opaque film 62 may have any color as long as it is opaque at least in the central region 42. Usually, choose a color close to the color of the wearer's eyes. When so-called color contact lenses become widespread as recently, various colors can be selected as the color of the opaque film 62.

  According to the contact lens 30, even if the contact lens 30 moves on the eyeball of the wearer, the pinhole is located near the front of the eyeball unless the movement width is extremely large. Since the light beam passing through the pinhole is thin, the focus shift affected by the curvature of the cornea is small. Therefore, an image with little disturbance and no blur is obtained on the retina. Therefore, it is possible to obtain a contact lens that can obtain a clear image even if it moves on the surface of the eyeball. Furthermore, the range in which pinholes are formed is wider than in the prior art, and the total opening area of pinholes is also large. The amount of light that enters the eyeball increases. Even when it suddenly enters a dark place, it is possible to obtain a brighter image than the contact lens according to Patent Document 1 by adjusting the amount of incident light using the human iris.

  In the above embodiment, the boundary between the peripheral region 40 and the central region 42 is circular. However, the present invention is not limited to such an embodiment. For example, the boundary shape may be a curve other than a circle. The same applies to the second and subsequent embodiments to be described below. Moreover, in the said embodiment, pinholes other than the pinhole 50 are arrange | positioned at equal intervals on a concentric circle, but this space | interval may not be equal intervals. Further, not all pinholes are necessarily concentric.

<Second Embodiment>
In the contact lens 30 according to the first embodiment, the pinholes are regularly arranged on a concentric circle. In such an arrangement, moire can occur depending on the object to be viewed. In order to prevent such problems, pinholes may be arranged irregularly. The term “irregular” here is intended to prevent the occurrence of moire. Since moire is caused by interference of some periodic stripe pattern, pinholes may be formed at positions where periodic arrangement is not achieved. Typically, moire is likely to occur if pinholes are arranged at lattice point positions of a lattice arranged at a constant period. Therefore, the pinhole is arranged so that the pinhole does not become such a lattice point position.

  Referring to FIG. 3, in the contact lens 70 according to the second embodiment of the present invention, an opaque film is formed on the surface of the contact lens body, and the surface of the opaque film is connected to the peripheral region 40. The point divided into the central region 42 is the same as in the first embodiment. The contact lens 70 is different from the contact lens 30 according to the first embodiment in that pinholes 90 to 98 are irregularly arranged in the central region 42. However, also in this embodiment, the pinhole 90 is formed near the center of the central region 42. In other respects, the contact lens 70 according to the second embodiment has the same configuration as the contact lens 30 according to the first embodiment.

  Also in the contact lens 70 according to the second embodiment, since many pinholes are formed in the opaque film, the pinhole is always located near the front even if the contact lens 70 moves a little on the eyeball. It will be different. Since the number of pinholes is the same as in the first embodiment, the amount of light incident on the eyeball is also large. Since pinholes are irregularly arranged, the possibility of moire is small. Therefore, a clear image can be obtained even when moving on the surface of the eyeball, and a contact lens with less moire can be obtained. The point that a bright image can be obtained even when the wearer suddenly enters a dark place is the same as in the first embodiment.

<Third Embodiment>
Referring to FIG. 4, contact lens 110 according to the third embodiment is different from contact lens 70 according to the second embodiment in that it is formed in the vicinity of the central portion of central region 42 in FIG. In place of the pinhole 90, a pinhole 130 having a diameter larger than that of the pinhole 90 of FIG. 3 is formed, and the size of the pinholes 92 to 98 and the like is replaced with the same pinhole. There are various pinholes 132 to 138. In the present embodiment, the diameter of these pinholes is about 0.5 mm to 8 mm. In other respects, the contact lens 110 has the same configuration as the contact lens 70. In particular, pinholes having a relatively large diameter are gathered in the central portion, but relatively large pinholes are also formed in the peripheral portion.

  According to the contact lens 110, when the wearer wears the contact lens 110 at a correct position, an image of a light beam that has passed through a pinhole near the center can be obtained. Since there are many pinholes having a relatively large diameter at the center, a clearer image than the contact lens 70 according to the second embodiment can be obtained even in a dark place. In addition, since a large number of pinholes are formed and there are relatively large pinholes in the peripheral portion, a clear image can be obtained even when the contact lens 110 moves on the eyeball surface during wearing. This is the same as in the first and second embodiments.

<Fourth embodiment>
Astigmatism has a direction. In order to specify the direction of astigmatism, what is called an astigmatism axis is defined, and it is necessary to prepare a lens for correcting astigmatism after specifying the astigmatism axis. Contact lenses are no exception. Therefore, when correcting astigmatism using a contact lens, it is necessary to prevent the contact lens from freely rotating on the eyeball surface. One of the devices for that purpose is called a prism ballast. Prism ballast is a method of increasing the thickness of the portion of the contact lens that should be positioned at the bottom when worn. By making such a portion, this portion is always stably positioned below the eyeball, and the rotation of the contact lens can be prevented. In the case of astigmatism, the contact lens often has an optical power for forcing astigmatism by the contact lens. For this reason, conventionally, the contact lens is partially thick, which worsens the wearer's feeling of wear along with the prism ballast.

  The contact lens according to the fourth embodiment is for solving such a problem. Referring to FIG. 5, a contact lens 150 according to the third embodiment includes a lens body similar to that of the first embodiment and an opaque film formed on the surface of the lens body. The opaque film is divided into a peripheral region 40 and a central region 42.

  The contact lens 150 is different from the contact lens 30 according to the first embodiment in that the thickness of the lens body in the portion centering on the lower region 164 in FIG. Pinholes 170 to 178 and the like formed inside the central region 42 of the film are elliptical points. The major axis of the elliptical pinhole can be set at any free angle. The astigmatic eye has two astigmatic axes, a strong principal diameter line and a weak principal meridian, and the long axis of the contact lens is selected to have an angle that is orthogonal to the strong principal diameter line of the wearing eye. In the present embodiment, the axial directions of all pinholes are the same.

  When the contact lens 150 according to the fourth embodiment is used, it is not necessary to correct astigmatism with the lens itself, and the thickness of the lens for correcting astigmatism can be reduced. As a result, even if the thickness of the lower portion of the lens is increased due to prism ballast or the like, the thickness of the entire lens does not become excessive, and the wearing feeling can be improved.

  Even when such an elliptic pinhole is used, other effects are the same as those of the first to third embodiments except that astigmatism can be corrected.

<Fifth embodiment>
In the fourth embodiment, the pinhole has an elliptical shape. In general, it seems that the shape of the pinhole should be closer to the shape of the pupil (ie circular). This is similar to the phenomenon that in a camera lens, the “blur” of the obtained image becomes beautiful when the aperture (aperture) through which the light beam passes is circular, and the “blur” becomes unfavorable when the aperture shape is angular. It is. If an ellipse is used as the pinhole shape, the impression of the image formed on the retina is improved. However, the shape of the pinhole is not limited to an ellipse. For example, a large number of rectangular pin holes 210 to 218 with rounded corners may be formed in the central region 42 of the opaque film as in the contact lens 190 shown in FIG. Even if such a pinhole is used, astigmatism can be corrected and the impression of the obtained image does not deteriorate.

  Note that the pinhole shape is not limited to, for example, the above-described ellipse or a rectangle with rounded corners because of the characteristics of the contact lens that can be removed. For example, when a pinhole having a star shape or polygonal shape is used, an image with an unusual impression can be obtained.

<Sixth Embodiment>
In the contact lenses according to the fourth and fifth embodiments, the directions of the major axis and the minor axis of the elliptical or rounded rectangular pinhole were the same in any pinhole. However, the present invention is not limited to such an embodiment. The direction of the astigmatism axis may be slightly different depending on the measurer, and two or more astigmatism axes may be mixed in the initial stage of cataract. Therefore, it can be considered that it is not necessary to make all the major axis and minor axis directions of the pinhole coincide.

  Referring to FIG. 7, in the contact lens 230 according to the sixth embodiment, the axial directions of rectangular pinholes 250 to 268 with rounded corners formed in the central region 42 all coincide. Instead, some pinholes are formed in different directions from other pinholes. For example, the pinhole 262 and the pinhole 264 are formed so that their major axes are at an angle α (≠ 0). By doing so, it is possible to obtain a contact lens whose appearance is not greatly deteriorated even if there is some error in the measured value of the astigmatism axis or a plurality of astigmatism axes are mixed.

  However, as the angle α approaches 90 degrees, the astigmatism correction effect approaches zero. Therefore, the deviation of the pinhole axis should be kept within a certain range. For example, it is conceivable to change the axial direction of the pinhole within a range of about ± 5 degrees around the measured value of the astigmatic axis. In this case, it is also one idea that the average of the pinhole axial directions (short axis or long axis direction) is equal to the measured value of the astigmatism axis.

  Of course, in this embodiment, pinholes of various sizes may be used.

<Effect of Embodiment>
As described above, according to the present invention, it is possible to provide a contact lens that can obtain a bright image even if it moves suddenly in a dark place in a contact lens for correcting vision, even if it moves on the surface of the eyeball. . Furthermore, in the case of a contact lens for correcting astigmatism, the wearing feeling can be improved.

  In the above embodiment, the peripheral region of the contact lens is made completely opaque. However, the present invention is not limited to such an embodiment. For example, the periphery of the peripheral region 40 can be made translucent and opaque as it gets closer to the central region 42. Alternatively, it is possible to reduce the size of the peripheral region 40 and make the entire peripheral region 40 translucent.

  In the above embodiment, pinholes are formed in the opaque film. However, the present invention is not limited to such an embodiment. A similar effect can be obtained by making only the pinhole portion of the opaque film translucent.

  In the contact lens according to the above embodiment, a relatively large number (for example, 20 or more) pinholes are formed in the central region 42. However, the present invention is not limited to such an embodiment. For example, if the number of pinholes is two, the problem when the contact lens moves in a certain direction on the eyeball surface can be improved. If the number of pinholes is five or more, the problem at the time of moving the contact lens can be improved regardless of the moving direction of the contact lens.

  In the contact lens according to the above embodiment, the density at which pinholes are formed (or the area ratio of the pinhole portion to the opaque portion) is not particularly problematic. That is, in any case, the pinholes are formed at a substantially constant density in the central region 42. However, the present invention is not limited to such an embodiment. For example, the density at which pinholes are formed may be increased at the center, and the density may be decreased toward the periphery.

  The embodiment disclosed herein is merely an example, and the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment. The scope of the present invention is indicated by each claim of the claims after taking into account the description of the detailed description of the invention, and all modifications within the meaning and scope equivalent to the wording described therein are included. Including.

30, 70, 110, 150, 190, 230 Contact lens 40 Peripheral area 42 Central area 50, 52, 54, 56, 58, 90, 92, 94, 96, 98, 130, 132, 134, 136, 138, 170 , 172, 174, 176, 178, 210, 212, 214, 216, 218, 260, 262, 264, 266, 268 Pin hole 60 Contact lens main place 62 Opaque film

Claims (6)

  1. A first surface formed to match the surface of the eyeball of the wearer, and a second surface on the side opposite to the eyeball of the wearer with respect to the first surface on which light is incident. A transparent lens body,
    A light-shielding thin film formed on the second surface,
    The thin film is divided into a portion formed in a peripheral region from the periphery of the second surface to a predetermined distance, and a portion formed in a central region other than the peripheral region,
    In the portion formed in the central region of the thin film, a plurality of pinholes for transmitting light in the iris direction of the wearer are formed,
    The lens body is formed so as not to rotate the lens unnecessarily during wearing, and to define a reference axis for the astigmatic axis,
    The plurality of pinholes have a shape having a major axis and a minor axis, and are arranged in a direction to reduce astigmatism ,
    Of the plurality of pinholes, at least two pinholes are arranged so that straight lines extending from each other have a long axis,
    The plurality of pinholes are arranged such that an average of straight lines obtained by extending the major axis of each pinhole, or an average of straight lines obtained by extending the minor axis of each pinhole, and the astigmatic axis coincide with each other. lens.
  2. The contact lens according to claim 1, wherein geometric shapes of the plurality of pinholes are equal to each other.
  3. The plurality of pinholes includes a first pinhole formed at a center of the central region and a plurality of second pinholes formed separately from each other in the central region. The contact lens according to claim 1 or 2.
  4. The contact lens according to claim 2, wherein all of the plurality of pinholes have the same size.
  5. 4. The contact lens according to claim 2, wherein sizes of at least two of the plurality of pinholes are different from each other.
  6. The contact lens according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of pinholes are arranged at positions that do not form lattice points.
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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101530503B1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2015-06-19 보에 테크놀로지 그룹 컴퍼니 리미티드 Thin film transistor and manufacturing method thereof and display device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101504243B1 (en) 2014-02-20 2015-03-19 이학준 Soft contact lens having effect of pinhole
KR101515519B1 (en) * 2014-05-19 2015-04-28 염두성 The method of manufacturing a contact lens of the Pinhole effects
JPWO2016125808A1 (en) * 2015-02-03 2017-11-16 株式会社ジンズ Focus adjustment auxiliary lens

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JPS61153027U (en) * 1985-03-13 1986-09-22
WO1993003409A1 (en) * 1991-08-09 1993-02-18 Capricornia Contact Lens Pty. Ltd. Toric lens with axis mislocation latitude
US5786883A (en) * 1991-11-12 1998-07-28 Pilkington Barnes Hind, Inc. Annular mask contact lenses
JPH11242191A (en) * 1998-02-24 1999-09-07 Hitoshi Toyama Bifocal contact iris
US7628810B2 (en) * 2003-05-28 2009-12-08 Acufocus, Inc. Mask configured to maintain nutrient transport without producing visible diffraction patterns
BR112012008083A2 (en) * 2009-08-13 2016-04-19 Acufocus Inc hidden intraocular lenses and implants
JP4828000B2 (en) * 2009-10-20 2011-11-30 株式会社ユニバーサルビュー Soft contact lens
JP5922024B2 (en) * 2009-10-27 2016-05-24 エージェンシー フォー サイエンス, テクノロジー アンド リサーチ Fast response photochromic nanostructured contact lens

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101530503B1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2015-06-19 보에 테크놀로지 그룹 컴퍼니 리미티드 Thin film transistor and manufacturing method thereof and display device

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