JP6034774B2 - Agricultural support system - Google Patents

Agricultural support system Download PDF

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JP6034774B2
JP6034774B2 JP2013237935A JP2013237935A JP6034774B2 JP 6034774 B2 JP6034774 B2 JP 6034774B2 JP 2013237935 A JP2013237935 A JP 2013237935A JP 2013237935 A JP2013237935 A JP 2013237935A JP 6034774 B2 JP6034774 B2 JP 6034774B2
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grain
information
transport vehicle
position
unit
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JP2015097478A (en
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彰男 団栗
団栗  彰男
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株式会社クボタ
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  The present invention relates to an agricultural support system for guiding harvested grain to a dryer installed in a rice center or a country elevator.

  Grains such as rice and wheat are harvested with agricultural machinery such as combine harvesters, and the harvested cereals are transferred to transport vehicles, then transported to processing facilities such as rice centers and country elevators for shipment at the processing facilities. To be processed. The processing equipment is equipped with a dryer that dries the cereals (koji). After transporting the cereals, the protein content of the cereal is measured with a dryer, and then the cereals are dried with the dryer. .

A technique disclosed in Patent Document 1 is disclosed as a technique for predicting the protein content of a grain before the grain (koji) is put in a dryer.
The method for sorting ginger disclosed in Patent Document 1 is cultivated in each field to be received in a method for setting a threshold and sorting ginger to be received based on the protein content of the ginger based on the threshold. Nitrogen content of rice is measured by photographing the field from above with a camera installed on the ground, and using the measured value of nitrogen content, the protein content at the time of harvesting the ginger harvested from the rice The rate is calculated for each field. Then, using the calculated protein content, create a distribution ratio of the protein content of the ginger in all the fields to be received, and from the distribution ratio of the protein content before harvesting starts in the fields to be received A threshold is set.

Japanese Patent No. 4586482

  However, in Patent Document 1, it is possible to predict the protein content of straw in the field, but when storing the harvested grain in the storage member, the protein content of the grain in the storage member It is difficult to accurately grasp the relationship. That is, after harvesting cereals in the field, the grains are collected by the storage members of the trucks that circulate in a plurality of fields, so it is difficult to accurately maintain the protein content of the cereals stored in each storage member. Is the actual situation.

  Then, in view of the said subject, this invention aims at providing the agricultural assistance system which can grasp | ascertain correctly the relationship between the grain information of the harvested grain and the accommodating member which accommodates this grain.

The technical means taken by the present invention to solve the technical problems are characterized by the following points.
In the invention which concerns on Claim 1, the collection means which collects the grain information regarding the grain harvested with the agricultural machine, the information setting means which sets the identification information which identifies the accommodating member which puts the grain, and the working machine position of the agricultural machine And a position acquisition means for acquiring a transport vehicle position of a transport vehicle that transports the housing member, and an association means that associates the grain information with the identification information based on the work machine position and the transport vehicle position. It is characterized by.

  In the invention which concerns on Claim 2, the said matching means judges whether an agricultural machine and a transport vehicle are adjoining based on the said working machine position when the said grain information was collected, and the said transport vehicle position. And a correlation unit that associates the grain information with the identification information when the determination unit determines that the agricultural machine and the transport vehicle are close to each other.

In the invention which concerns on Claim 3, when the said determination part judges that an agricultural machine and a transport vehicle are approaching by the said determination part, the grain information regarding the grain harvested with the agricultural machine which adjoined, and the said adjacent transport It is characterized by associating with identification information assigned to a housing member mounted on a vehicle.
In the invention which concerns on Claim 4, the data collection apparatus which has a collection means which collects the grain information regarding the grain harvested with the agricultural machine, the working machine position which acquires the grain information collected with the working machine position of the said agricultural machine and the data collection apparatus A first communication terminal having a position acquisition means; information setting means for setting identification information for identifying a storage member that transports the grain; and a transport vehicle position acquisition means that acquires a transport vehicle position of the transport vehicle that transports the storage member. The grain information and the work machine position transmitted from the first communication terminal, the identification information and the transport vehicle position transmitted from the second communication terminal, the grain information and the And a server having association means for associating identification information with each other.

The present invention has the following effects.
According to the first aspect of the present invention, when the grain information of the grain and the position of the agricultural machine (work machine position) are acquired at the time of harvesting the grain by the agricultural machine, the grain is transferred to the accommodation member. If the position of the transport vehicle (transport vehicle position) is acquired, it becomes possible to relate (correlate) the grain information at the time of harvest with the storage member using the work machine position and the transport vehicle position. . That is, it is possible to accurately grasp the relationship between the grain information of the harvested grain and the accommodation member that accommodates the grain, based on the work machine position, the transport vehicle position, the grain information, and the identification information of the accommodation member.

According to the invention which concerns on Claim 2 and Claim 3, if a judgment part can judge that an agricultural machine and a transport vehicle are approaching based on a working machine position and a transport vehicle position, an agricultural machine (for example, a combine) ) Can be regarded as being placed in a storage member loaded on the transport vehicle, whereby the grain information of the grain contained in the storage member can be reliably grasped.
According to the fourth aspect of the invention, the grain information and the position of the agricultural machine (working machine position) when the grain is harvested by the agricultural machine can be easily transmitted to the server by the first communication terminal. Further, the identification information of the storage member and the position of the transport vehicle when the grain is loaded on the transport vehicle can be easily transmitted to the server by the second communication terminal. That is, the server transmits the work machine position, the transport vehicle position, the grain information, and the identification information necessary for associating the storage member with the grain information of the grain contained in the storage member, to the first communication terminal and the second communication terminal. Can be obtained easily. In addition, by using these pieces of information, it is possible to easily relate (correlate) the grain information at the time of harvesting with the identification information of the containing member.

It is a figure showing the whole agriculture support system composition. It is explanatory drawing explaining the flow from the harvest of grain to drying. (A) An example of a setting screen is shown, (b) It is a figure which shows the table which memorize | stored receipt ID. (A) An example of the first table indicating the work machine position and grain information is shown, an example of the second table indicating the receiving ID and the transport vehicle position is shown, and (c) an average value of the grain information and the receiving ID are stored. It is a figure which shows an example of a table. It is explanatory drawing explaining the harvesting of the grain in several agricultural fields, and collection | recovery of the harvested grain. It is the 1st explanatory view explaining the relation between the protein of the harvested grain, and the protein dried with the dryer. It is the 2nd explanatory view explaining comparison of the protein of the harvested grain, and the protein dried with the drier. It is a figure which shows the whole structure of the agricultural assistance system in 2nd Embodiment. The flow which requests | requires the grain information in the accommodating member conveyed to the processing equipment from a server is shown. It is the figure which put together the relationship of a combine, a server, and processing equipment.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
[First Embodiment]
As shown in FIG. 2, when grains such as rice and wheat cultivated in a field are harvested, the harvested grains are harvested by a combine 2 which is one of agricultural machines, and the harvested grains are a storage member of a truck 3 which is one of transport vehicles. 10 is carried to the processing facility 4 such as a rice center or a country elevator by the truck 3, and drying processing or the like is performed in the processing facility 4. The agricultural support system of the present invention is a system that supports agricultural work from crop harvesting through transportation to drying.

First, the configuration of the combine 2 will be described.
As shown in FIG. 2, the combine 2 includes a driver's seat 13, an engine 14, a threshing device 15 for threshing processing, a grain tank 16 for storing threshed grains, and the like on a machine body 12 having a pair of left and right traveling devices 11. A trimming part 17 for harvesting grain is provided on the front side of the machine body 12.

  This combine 2 is provided with a measuring device that measures the moisture, taste, yield, etc. of grains as farm work information when farm work is performed. Specifically, the measuring device includes a moisture measuring unit 20 that measures the amount of moisture contained in the grain, a taste measuring unit 21 that measures the taste of the grain, and a yield measuring unit 22 that measures the crop yield. I have. The moisture measuring unit 20 and the taste measuring unit 21 are provided inside the Glen tank 16 or around the Glen tank 16. The harvest amount measuring unit 22 is provided in the lower part of the Glen tank 16.

  The taste measuring unit 21 irradiates the grain entering the Glen tank 16 with near infrared light, analyzes the absorption spectrum based on the spectral analysis of the transmitted light, and based on the analysis result, the protein etc. contained in the grain. The amount of component (protein content), that is, the amount of protein is determined. The moisture measuring unit 20 includes a sensor that measures the moisture of the grain using the dielectric constant of the grain, or measures the moisture content (moisture content) of the grain using the electrical resistance of the grain. . The harvest amount measuring unit 22 includes a load cell that measures the weight of the Glen tank 16 and converts the weight of the Glen tank 16 into a harvest amount. The taste measuring unit 21, the moisture measuring unit 20, and the harvest amount measuring unit 22 are not limited to those described above.

In such a combine 2, grains cultivated in the field can be harvested by the harvesting unit 17 and the harvested grains can be stored in the glen tank 16. Moreover, this combine 2 can measure the moisture content, protein content, and yield of the grain immediately after cutting. In addition, the structure of the combine 2 is not limited to what was mentioned above.
Next, the configuration of the processing facility 4 will be described.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the processing facility 4 includes a dryer 4A that dries at least the grain. The dryer 4A mainly includes an input port 30 into which the grains (pox) are input, a storage unit 31 that temporarily stores the grains, and the grains stored in the storage unit 31 are supplied and the supplied grains are used. And a drying unit 32 for drying. Further, the processing facility 4 includes a mechanism 33 that transports the grain input to the input port 30 to the storage unit 31 or returns the grain dried by the drying unit 32 back to the storage unit 31 for circulation.

  Since such a processing equipment 4 includes the above-described dryer 4A, the grain put in (inserted) into the input unit 30 is supplied to the drying chamber 32 while being temporarily stored in the storage unit 31, so that It can be dried by the drying unit 32. Further, by returning the grains dried in the drying unit 32 to the storage unit 31, the grains can be dried while being circulated. The processing equipment 4 includes a hulling machine 4B that grinds the grains dried by the drier 4A, a stone crusher 4C that removes foreign matter, a sorting machine 4D that performs sorting, and a weighing machine 4E that performs weighing. May be.

  Each equipment of the treatment equipment 4 (dryer 4A, hulling machine 4B, stone penetrating machine 4C, sorting machine 4D, weighing machine 4E) is provided with a controller for controlling the setting value set by the controller. Etc. to operate. For example, in the case of the dryer 4A, the protein amount or moisture amount of the grain stuck to the dryer 4A controller is input, or the target moisture amount is input, and then the start switch for starting drying is pressed. To dry the grain.

FIG. 1 shows the overall configuration of the agricultural support system 1. The agricultural support system 1 includes a data collection device (data collection means) 5 and a server 6.
The data collection device 5 collects grain information regarding the grains harvested by the combine 2 and is mounted on the combine 2. The data collection device 5 includes a storage unit 41 that temporarily stores grain information, and an input / output unit 42 that can output the grain information stored in the storage unit 41 to the outside.

The storage unit 41 includes, for example, a non-volatile memory and the like. The amount of protein detected by the protein measurement unit 21, the amount of water detected by the moisture measurement unit 20, and the amount of harvest detected by the yield measurement unit 22 are stored in the storage unit 41. , Stored as grain information. When storing grain information in the storage unit 41, the time when the grain information is acquired and the grain information may be stored in association with each other.
The input / output unit 42 is composed of a communication device that outputs the grain information to the outside using radio. For example, the input / output unit 42 performs wireless communication using Wi-Fi (registered trademark) conforming to the IEEE 802.11 series which is a communication standard. Specifically, the input / output unit 42 converts the data received from the outside into the communication method of the data collection device 5 and outputs the data to the in-vehicle network provided in the combine 2 or the detection device (protein measuring unit 21, moisture measuring unit). 20, the data such as grain information (protein amount, moisture amount, harvest amount) detected by the harvest amount measuring unit 22) is changed to the IEEE802.11 series communication method and output to the outside. That is, the input / output unit 42 outputs data (signal) received from the outside to the main body side of the combine 2 or transmits data (signal) output from the main body side of the combine 2 to the outside.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the agricultural support system 1 includes a position detection device (position acquisition means) 45 that detects the position of the combine 2 (referred to as a work implement position). The position detection device 45 is configured by a device that is mounted on the combine 2 and detects a work machine position (for example, latitude and longitude) based on a signal from a positioning satellite (for example, a GPS satellite). This position detection device 45 is installed around the driver's seat of the combine 2, for example.

  The position detection device 45 may be any device that detects the position of the combine 2 (work machine position). For example, the position detection device 45 has a function of detecting a position by receiving a signal from a GPS satellite or the like. You may comprise with a terminal (a tablet PC, a smart phone which has a telephone function, etc.). In this case, if the operator who operates the combine 2 brings the portable terminal and gets on the combine 2, or installs the portable terminal in the combine 2, the position acquired by the position detection device 45 of the portable terminal Is the work machine position.

  In this embodiment, the position detection device 45 and the data collection device 5 are connected by an in-vehicle network or the like, and the work machine position acquired by the position detection device 45 is stored in the storage unit 41 of the data collection device 5. The When the work machine position is stored in the storage unit 41, the time when the work machine position is acquired and the work machine position may be stored in the storage unit 41, or the grain information acquired simultaneously with the work machine position and the work machine position. May be stored in association with each other.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the agricultural support system 1 includes a communication terminal 7 (referred to as a first communication terminal) that can communicate with the outside. The first communication terminal 7 is capable of wireless communication with the input / output unit 42 of the data collection device 5 by Wi-Fi (registered trademark) compliant with, for example, the IEEE 802.11 series which is a communication standard. Various data (grain information, work machine information, etc.) transmitted from 42 are received, and data is transmitted to the input / output unit 42. The first communication terminal 7 can also perform wireless communication with the server 6 through, for example, a data communication network or a mobile phone communication network.

  The first communication terminal 7 is a fixed communication device installed in the combine 2 or a portable communication device that can be carried. In this embodiment, a mobile terminal that is a mobile communication device is employed as the first communication terminal 7. That is, the 1st communication terminal 7 comprised with the portable terminal is a smart phone (multifunctional mobile phone), tablet PC, etc. with comparatively high computing power, for example. The first communication terminal 7 configured by a portable terminal is assigned to an operator who operates the combine 2. In other words, the first communication terminal 7 can be carried and carried by an operator engaged in harvesting work. The first communication terminal 7 will be described by taking a portable communication device (mobile terminal) as an example, but as described above, fixed communication that is fixed to the combine 2 and moves integrally with the combine 2. It may be a device.

According to the above, since the agricultural support system 1 includes the data collection device 5, it can acquire grain information (water content, protein amount, harvest amount) related to the grain when the grain is harvested by the combine 2. . In addition, since the agricultural support system 1 includes the position detection device 45, the position of the combine 2 (work machine position) when the grain is harvested by the combine 2 can be acquired. Furthermore, since the agricultural support system 1 includes the first communication terminal 7, the worker can acquire the grain information (water content, protein amount, harvest amount) and the work machine position obtained at the time of harvesting the grain. it can.

The grain information and work machine position obtained in this way are processed by the server 6 or the like, and when harvesting the grain in the next year, or when the harvested grain is mounted on a transport vehicle or transported, or the grain Can be used in any agricultural work, such as when drying with a drying device, or when reporting harvesting or drying work.
As shown in FIG. 1, the agricultural support system 1 includes a communication terminal 8 that is assigned to an operator who operates the transport vehicle 3 and can communicate with the outside. In other words, the agricultural support system 1 includes a communication terminal 8 that can be communicated with the outside and is possessed by a worker who is engaged in the transportation work.

The communication terminal (referred to as the second communication terminal) 8 is, for example, a mobile terminal such as a smartphone (multifunctional mobile phone) or a tablet PC having a relatively high computing capability. Wireless communication with a server 6 to be described later can be performed.
The second communication terminal 8 includes a position detection device (position acquisition means) 52 that detects the position of the transport vehicle 3 (referred to as a transport vehicle position). The position detection device 52 detects a position (for example, latitude, longitude) based on a signal from a positioning satellite (for example, GPS satellite), and an operator who operates the transport vehicle 3 brings the second communication terminal 8 together. When the user gets on the work vehicle 3 or installs the second communication terminal 8 in the transport vehicle 3, the position acquired by the position detection device 52 of the second communication terminal 8 becomes the transport vehicle position. Further, the transport vehicle position acquired by the position detection device 52 is stored in the storage unit 53 of the second communication terminal 8. When the transport vehicle position is stored in the storage unit 53, the time when the transport vehicle position is acquired and the transport vehicle position are stored in the storage unit 53.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the processing facility 4 is connected to a data communication network or a mobile phone communication network, and can transmit and receive data to and from the server 6 and the communication terminals 7 and 8 via these communication networks. It has become. For example, in the processing facility 4, the controllers of the facilities are connected to each other by a network (local area network) or the like, and the local area network can be connected to a data communication network or a mobile phone communication network via a router or the like. ing.

  Specifically, the server 6 obtains operation information acquisition means (operation information acquisition) for acquiring information (operation information of the processing facility 4) during operation of the processing facility via the communication network (data communication network or mobile phone communication network) described above. Part) 67. The operation information acquisition unit 67 includes a program stored in the server 6. For example, the operation information acquisition unit 67 periodically requests the processing facility 4 to transmit the operation information, or transmits the operation information to the processing facility 4 in response to a request from the first communication terminal 7 or the second communication terminal 8. Request and obtain operation information from the processing facility 4. The acquired operation information is stored in the server 6.

  The operation information of the processing facility 4 is information during operation of each facility (the drying machine 4A, the hulling machine 4B, the stone penetrating machine 4C, the sorting machine 4D, and the weighing machine 4E) that the processing facility 4 has. When the equipment 4 includes the dryer 4A, the operation information includes the amount of tension (the amount of grain put in the dryer 4A) stuck to the dryer 4A and the moisture of the grain put into the dryer 4A. Amount (wet water content), protein amount of grain put into dryer 4A (stretch protein amount), drying start time when drying of dryer 4A started, drying end time when drying ends, failure of dryer 4A Information, moisture content of the grain being dried by the dryer 4A (dry moisture content), grain temperature, and the like.

The operation information of the processing facility 4 may be any information as long as the processing facility 4 is operating, and is not limited to the information described above. Further, when transmitting the operation information to the server 6, the processing facility 4 desirably transmits identification information (referred to as facility identification information) for identifying each facility to the server 6 together with the operation information.
Now, after harvesting the cereal with the combine 2, the harvested cereal is put into the accommodating member 10 mounted on the transport vehicle 3, and the accommodating member 10 is transported to the processing facility 4, and the cereal is dried by the processing facility 4. It is processed. The housing member 10 is a container or the like.

In the agricultural support system 1, it is a system that can recognize which storage member 10 contains the amount of moisture and the amount of protein contained in the protein. In this agricultural support system 1, based on the grain information acquired at the time of harvesting the grain, the work machine position as the position of the combine 2, the transporter position as the position of the transporter 3, and the identification information for identifying the accommodation member 10. The identification information of the storage member 10 is associated with the grain information of the grain put in the storage member 10, thereby recognizing which storage member 10 contains the grain containing the moisture value and the amount of protein. It has become something that can be done.

Next, the association between the housing member 10 and the grain will be described in detail.
The identification information of the housing member 10 is set by the second communication terminal 8. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 1, the second communication terminal 8 includes an information setting unit 54 that sets identification information of the housing member 10. The information setting unit 54 includes a program stored in the second communication terminal 8. For convenience of explanation, the identification information of the housing member 10 is referred to as a consignment ID.

  Specifically, when the program configuring the information setting unit 54 is started by operating the second communication terminal 8, for example, as illustrated in FIG. 3A, the information setting unit 54 displays the display of the second communication terminal 8. The setting screen Q1 for setting the consignment ID is displayed on the part 55. The setting screen Q1 displays a serial number of the housing member 10 and an input unit 56 for inputting each consignment ID corresponding to each serial number.

  As shown in FIG. 3A, serial numbers 1 to 5 are displayed on the left side of the setting screen Q1, and characters are input to the input units 56 corresponding to the serial numbers 1 to 3 among them. When a registration button displayed on the setting screen Q1 is selected after symbols, numbers, etc. are input, the information setting unit 54 is input to the input units 56 corresponding to serial numbers 1 to 3. The letters, start-ups, numbers, etc. are used as each consignment ID. In the example of FIG. 3 (a), the receiving ID of the first housing member (first housing member) 10A is “00KB1”, and the identification information of the second housing member (second housing member) 10B is “00KB2”. The consignment ID of the 10th accommodating member (third accommodating member) is “00KB3”. The consignment ID set in this way is stored in the storage unit 53 in association with the time at which the transport vehicle position is acquired or the transport vehicle position. That is, as shown in FIG. 3B, the position of the transport vehicle when the information receiving unit 54 sets the consignment ID and the consignment ID are stored in association with each other.

  In the above-described embodiment, the serial number and the input unit 56 are displayed on the second communication terminal 8 by the information setting unit 54, and characters, symbols, numbers, and the like manually input to the input unit 56 are used as the receipt ID. Instead, the information setting unit 54 displays a setting screen Q1 for setting the number of the accommodating members 10 on the second communication terminal 8, and the information setting unit 54 automatically selects the number input on the setting screen Q1. Alternatively, a receipt ID may be generated. In other words, the information setting unit 54 of the second communication terminal 8 automatically creates a consignment ID, and the automatically created consignment ID and the position of the transport vehicle when the consignment ID is created are stored in the storage unit 53. May be.

As shown in FIG. 1, the server 6 includes association means 60 that associates grain information and identification information (consignment ID) based on the work machine position and the transport vehicle position. The association means 60 is composed of a program stored in the server 6.
The associating means 60 includes a determination unit 60A that determines whether or not the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3 are close to each other based on the work machine position and the transport vehicle position, and the determination unit 60A determines whether the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3 Is associated with the grain information and the consignment ID when it is determined that they are close to each other.

Next, the determination unit 60A and the association unit 60B will be described in detail.
In associating the grain information with the consignment ID, the associating unit 60 (server 6) requests the work machine position and the grain information from the first communication terminal 7. For example, associating unit 60 (server 6), as shown in FIG. 4A, the working machine position when combine 2 harvests the grain and the grain information (water content, protein amount, etc.) of the grain at the time of harvest. ) Is acquired.

Further, as shown in FIG. 4B, the associating unit 60 (server 6) associates the identification information (consignment ID) of the housing member 10 with the position of the transport vehicle when the consignment ID is set. 2 tables are acquired.
The determination unit 60A refers to the work machine position of the first table and the transport vehicle position of the second table, and the referred work machine position matches the reference transport vehicle position (work machine). The difference between the position and the transport vehicle position (distance) is within a predetermined workable distance), the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3 are close to each other. It is judged that he was at a distance where the grain harvested by the combine 2 could be stacked.

On the other hand, when the difference (distance) between the referenced work machine position and the referenced transport vehicle position is greater than a predetermined workable distance, the determination unit 60A is not close to the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3. That is, it is determined that the combine 2 is not at a distance that allows the transport vehicle 3 to be loaded with grain.
It should be noted that the workable distance for determining whether or not the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3 are close to each other (whether or not the combine 2 is at a distance at which the transport vehicle 3 can be loaded with grain) is the combine 2 or transport vehicle. The total length of the combine 2 in the state where the unloader (auger) that discharges the grain (slag) is fully extended, and the length of the transport vehicle 3 are desirable. A length obtained by adding the total length may be the workable distance, or the length of the unloader (auger) at the time of maximum extension may be the workable distance, and the setting of the workable distance is not limited to the above.

  For example, as shown in FIG. 4A, the difference between the work machine position W1 having the latitude and longitude “34.560519,135.467627” and the transport vehicle position W2 having the latitude and longitude “34.560518,135.467627” Since it is within the possible distance, the determination unit 60A determines that the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3 are close to each other at the work machine position W1 and the transport vehicle position W2. Note that the determination unit 60A determines that the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3 are close to each other when the work machine position and the transport vehicle position are within the workable distance. It is desirable to determine that the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3 are close to each other when the time during which the transport vehicle position remains at the workable distance continues for a predetermined time (about several minutes) or longer. In other words, when the time during which the work machine position and the transporter vehicle position stay at the workable distance lasts longer than the time necessary for preparation of the discharge work (for example, the time required to extend the unloader from the extended state), It is desirable to determine that the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3 are close to each other.

Next, when the determining unit 60A determines that the combine 2 and the transport vehicle 3 are close to each other, the associating unit 60B determines the grain information about the grain harvested by the close combine 2 and the close transport vehicle 3 The identification information assigned to the mounted accommodation member 10 is associated.
As described above, for example, as illustrated in FIG. 4A, the determination unit 60A determines that the work machine position W1 and the transport vehicle position W2 are close to each other, and thus the association unit 60B reaches the work machine position W1. The grain information previously stored in the grain tank 16 (the grain information in the range V1) is extracted from the first table. Specifically, since it is considered that the discharging operation for discharging the grain stored in the glen tank 16 to the storage member 10 of the transport vehicle 3 at the work machine position W1 is performed, the work machine position W1 is set to the work machine position W1. It is assumed that the grain stored in the grain tank 16 of the combine 2 is discharged to the storage member 10 corresponding to the transport vehicle position W2, and the grain information of the range V1 acquired before reaching the work machine position W1 It is supposed to extract from one table. As shown in FIG. 4 (a), a signal indicating that the grain tank 16 has started to be fed, that is, a signal indicating that cutting has been started (for example, flag F) is stored in correspondence with the position of the work implement. It is desirable to extract the grain information from the work machine position W1 to the work machine position W3 corresponding to the flag F from the first table.

  In addition, the associating unit 60B extracts identification information (consignment ID in the range V1) corresponding to the transport vehicle position W2. And as shown in FIG.4 (b), the grain information of the range V1 extracted from the 1st table and the receipt ID of the range V2 extracted from the 2nd table are matched. For example, the associating unit 60B has a protein amount of 6.7 to 6.8% and a moisture amount of 24.5 to 26.2%, and “00KB1,“ 00KB2 ”,“ 00KB3 ”that are consignment IDs. Associate.

As described above, the first receiving member 10A having the receiving ID “00KB1”, the second receiving member 10B having the receiving ID “00KB2”, and the third receiving member 10 having the receiving ID “00KB3”.
It can be seen that C contains grains having a protein content of 6.7 to 6.8% and a moisture content of 24.5 to 26.2%.
The associating unit 60B stores the grain information and the consignment ID associated in the associating unit 60B in the server 6. When the grain information and the receipt ID are stored in the server 6, as shown in FIG. 4C, it is desirable to store the average value of the grain information and the receipt ID in association with each other.

  As described above, according to the agricultural support system 1, it is only necessary to acquire the work position of the combine 2 at the time of harvesting the grain and the position of the transport vehicle 3 at the time of setting the receiving ID, and which grain is to be stored which member. 10 can be grasped. As shown in FIG. 5, for example, in a situation where grains are harvested in a plurality of fields, the harvesting work is performed with the combine 2A in the field A, and the harvesting work is performed with the combine 2B in the field B. In addition, it is assumed that grains harvested in the field B are collected by one transport vehicle 3A. In this case, the transport vehicle 3A collects the grain harvested by the combine 2A around the field A in the fourth housing member 10D and then collects the grain harvested by the combine 2B around the field B in the fifth. Even if collected in the storage member 10E, the grain information (water content, protein amount, harvest amount, etc.) of the grain stored in the fourth storage member 10D and the grain information (water content) of the grain stored in the fifth storage member 10E. Amount, protein amount, yield, etc.) can be distinguished from each other.

  Now, the second communication terminal 8 includes request means (first request unit 61) for making a request to the server 6. The first request unit 61 is composed of a program stored in the second communication terminal 8. The first request unit 61 requests grain information corresponding to the consignment ID set by the information setting unit 54 after the consignment ID is set by the information setting unit 54. For example, as described above, after setting the receipt IDs “00KB1”, “00KB2”, and “00KB3” in the information setting unit 54, the request unit 61 sends a request for the receipt ID and the grain information to the server via the communication network. Go to 6. When the grain information corresponding to the consignment ID transmitted from the second communication terminal 8 is stored, that is, when the association with the grain information has been completed by the associating means 60, the server 6 is shown in FIG. As shown in c), the receipt ID and the grain information are transmitted to the second communication terminal 8.

As shown in FIG. 6, after acquiring the receipt ID and the grain information, the second communication terminal 8 displays the receipt ID and the grain information (protein amount, moisture amount).
Thus, since the 2nd communication terminal 8 can acquire the grain information corresponding to the receiving ID set by itself, the component value of the protein of the grain which each accommodating member 10 mounted in the transporter 3 accommodates (Protein amount) and water content can be grasped. Therefore, before the grain in the storage member 10 is dried in the processing equipment 4, that is, before the grain is put into the dryer 4A, the protein component value and moisture content of the grain to be put into the dryer 4A are grasped. can do.

  Further, the first request unit 61 of the second communication terminal 8 requests the operation information of the processing facility 4 from the server 6. For example, when the transport destination (for example, the name or address of the facility) of the accommodation member 10 is input to the second communication terminal 8, the first request unit 61 sends a signal requesting the input transport destination and operation information to the server 6. Send to. The server 6 has a facility database in which facility identification information is associated with the name and address of the facility, and the facility identification information is extracted based on the transport destination transmitted from the second communication terminal 8. Operation information corresponding to the identification information is transmitted to the second communication terminal 8. For example, when the transport destination is the dryer 4A, the server 6 stores operation information such as the amount of tension, the amount of tension, the amount of protein, the drying start time, the drying end time, the amount of dried moisture, and the grain temperature. 2 Transmit to the communication terminal 8. And the 2nd communication terminal 8 will display operation information on the display part 55, if the operation information of 4 A of dryers transmitted from the server 6 is received.

In place of the server 6, an equipment database is provided on the second communication terminal 8 side, and when requesting operation information to the server 6, the equipment identification information is extracted from the equipment database, and the extracted equipment identification information and A request for operation information may be transmitted to the server 6.
Thus, since the second communication terminal 8 can acquire the operation information of the dryer 4A, at least the operation information necessary for drying the grain (for example, the amount of moisture and the amount of protein added), Based on the obtained operation information of the dryer 4A, it is possible to know in advance which dryer 4A should put the grain being transported.

For example, as shown in FIG. 6, the transport vehicle 3 on which the first accommodation member 10 </ b> A to the third accommodation member 10 </ b> C are moving toward the processing facility 4 having three dryers 4 </ b> A. To do. The operator who drives the transport vehicle acquires the operation information (the amount of protein loaded, the amount of treated water, etc.) of the first to third dryers 4A-3 by the first request unit 61 of the second communication terminal 8. As shown in FIG. 6, the operation information and the grain information corresponding to the consignment ID can be displayed on the display unit 55 of the second communication terminal 8.

  In this case, the amount of protein in the first dryer 4A-1 and the third dryer 4A-3 is 7.3% and 7.1%, respectively, and the first accommodating member 10A and the first This is different from the protein amount (6.76%) of the grains contained in the second housing member 10B and the third housing member 10C. On the other hand, the amount of protein incorporated in the second dryer 4A-2 is 6.8%, and the accommodation member 10 (the first accommodation member 10A, the second accommodation member 10B, and the third accommodation member 10C) being transported. It is very close to the amount of protein. Therefore, when the first housing member 10A, the second housing member 10B, and the third housing member 10C are dried by the dryer 4A, the second grain that is close to the protein amount of the grain in the housing member 10 is dried. The operator can grasp that it is desirable to dry with the dryer 4A-2 by looking at the consignment ID and the grain information displayed on the second communication terminal 8.

In the above-described embodiment, the operation information of the processing facility 4 is acquired by the second communication terminal 8 and the operation information is displayed to determine the dryer 4A for the grain in the housing member 10, but the server 6 The dryer 4A may be determined by and notified to the second communication terminal 8. Next, the transport destination of the storage member 10 by the server 6, that is, the guidance of the dryer 4 will be described.
The server 6 includes a dryer guide means (dryer guide unit) 66. The dryer guide unit 66 includes a program stored in the server 6.

The dryer guide unit 66 is a means for guiding the dryer 4A for drying the harvested straw (cereals), and the operation information acquired by the operation information acquisition unit 67 and the characteristics of the grains acquired by the data collection device 5 (for example, Based on the grain characteristics shown in FIG. 4 (c), the dryer 4A for charging the straw is guided.
As shown in FIG. 6, an operator who operates the transport vehicle 3 is provided in the second communication terminal 8 in a situation where the transport vehicle 3 is moving toward the processing equipment 4 having three dryers 4 </ b> A. It is assumed that the receipt ID (00KB1 to 00KB3) of the housing members 10A to 10C is transmitted to the server 6 by operating the buttons. Then, the operation information acquisition unit 67 of the server 6 requests the operation information of the dryer 4 </ b> A from the processing facility 4 after receiving the consignment ID transmitted from the second communication terminal 8.

In response to the request from the operation information acquisition unit 67, the processing facility 4 transmits, for example, the amount of protein in the dryer 4A as operation information to the server 6 (operation information acquisition unit 67). That is, the processing equipment 4 uses the server 6 (operation information acquisition unit 67) to calculate the amount of protein to be applied at the time when the cereal (cereal) is being dried by the dryer 4 when the cereal is applied. ).
The dryer guide unit 66 receives the operation information from the operation information acquisition unit 67 and acquires the grain information for each consignment ID shown in FIG. 4 from the server 6. Then, the dryer guide unit 66 extracts the amount of protein loaded in each of the dryers 4A from the operation information of the dryer 4A, and approximates (approximates) the amount of protein loaded in each dryer. Extract grain information.

  For example, the amount of protein inserted from the operation information is 7.3% for the first dryer 4A-1, 6.8% for the second dryer 4A-2, and 7.7 for the third dryer 4A-3. In the case of 1%, the dryer guide unit 66 performs the drying process with a protein amount closest to the protein amount corresponding to the receiving ID (00KB1 to 00KB3) of the receiving members 10A to 10C. To the second communication terminal 8 that it is suitable for drying the grains in the housing members 10A to 10C.

Moreover, as shown in FIG. 7, when the grain information of each of the housing members 10A to 10C is different, the dryer guide unit 66 performs guidance as shown below.
When the amount of protein in tension was 7.1% for the first dryer 4A-1, 7.5% for the second dryer 4A-2, and 8.0% for the third dryer 4A-3, The machine guide 66 uses the first dryer 4A-1 indicating 7.1% as the transport destination (drying destination) of the housing member 10A having the receipt ID “00KB1” and the receipt ID “00KB2”. A certain storage member 10B is also transported (dried).
Moreover, the dryer guide part 66 makes the 2nd dryer 4A-2 which shows 7.5% the conveyance destination (drying destination) of the accommodation member 10C whose consignment ID is "00KB3".

  It should be noted that it is desirable that the grains that are being dried (in operation) by the dryer 4A and the grains that are put in later are not mixed with each other. For example, when the grains are ranked according to the amount of protein (when divided into layers), the dryer guide unit 66 has the same amount of protein so that the grains having different ranks are not continuously pasted. The dryer 4A is guided to the housing member 10 in which the grain is put.

Further, when the transport destination of the storage member 10 is guided by the dryer guide unit 66, the yield (weight) of the storage member 10 and the “acceptable weight of the basket (acceptable weight)” of the dryer 4A are taken into consideration. It is desirable to do.
For example, the dryer guide unit 66 acquires 0.85 (t) as the yield (weight) of the consignment ID (00KB1) and acquires 0.72 (t) as the yield (weight) of the consignment ID (00KB2). Suppose that 0.98 (t) is obtained from the grain information as the yield (weight) of the receipt ID (00KB3). In addition, it is assumed that the dryer guide unit 66 acquires 2.00 t as the “acceptable weight of the basket (acceptable weight)” of the first dryer 4A-1 extracted from the operation information.

  At this time, the dryer guide section 66 obtains the yield (0.85t) of the receipt ID (00KB1) and the yield (0.72t) of the receipt ID (00KB2) extracted as the receipt ID corresponding to the first dryer 4A-1. The total (1.57 t) is obtained, and this total (1.57 t) is compared with 2.00 t which is the acceptable weight. As a result of the comparison, the total yield (1.57t) is smaller than the acceptable weight (2.00t) and can be attached to the first dryer 4A-1. For (00KB1) and consignment ID (00KB2), the display unit 55 such as a monitor of the second communication terminal 8 displays a display for instructing the first dryer 4A-1.

  In addition, when the “acceptable weight of the soot (acceptable weight)” of the second dryer 4A-2 extracted from the operation information is 0.80 t, the consignment corresponding to the second dryer 4A-2 first is received. The yield (0.98t) of the consignment ID (00KB3) extracted as the ID is compared with the acceptable weight (0.80t). As a result of comparison, the yield (0.98 t) is larger than the acceptable weight (0.80 t), and the entire amount of the consignment ID (00KB3) cannot be pasted into the second dryer 4A-2. Therefore, the dryer guide unit 66 displays an indication that the entire amount cannot be put into the dryer 4A or that only 0.80 t can be received by the second dryer 4A-2 with respect to the receipt ID (00KB3). The information is displayed on the display unit 55 such as a monitor of the second communication terminal 8.

Accordingly, it is possible to guide so as to charge only the cocoon having substantially the same protein content, that is, the cocoon having substantially the same characteristics, into the dryer 4A.
Here, when the “acceptable weight of the soot (acceptable weight)” of the first dryer 4A-1 extracted from the operation information is 0.90 t, the yield (0.85 t) of the consignment ID (00KB1) And the yield (0.72 t) of the receipt ID (00KB2) cannot be accepted at the same time. Accordingly, the dryer guide unit 66 indicates that either the receipt ID (00KB1) or the receipt ID (00KB2) can be received by the first dryer 4A-1 in the second communication terminal 8. It is displayed on the display unit 55 such as a monitor. Then, for the consignment ID that could not be received, the dryer guide unit 66 performs the drying process earliest when the transport vehicle 3 arrives at the processing facility based on the operation information of the other dryer 4A. The finished dryer 4A is determined, and the dryer 4A with the shortest waiting time is guided.

  Alternatively, if both the yield (0.85t) of the receipt ID (00KB1) and the yield (0.72t) of the receipt ID (00KB2) cannot be received at the same time, the dryer guide unit 66 first receives the receipt ID. The yield (0.85t) of (00KB1) and the yield (0.72t) of the receipt ID (00KB2) are compared, and the receipt ID (0.90t) close to the acceptable weight (0.90t) of the first dryer 4A-1 The display unit 55 such as a monitor of the second communication terminal 8 displays a display for instructing insertion into the dryer 4A with respect to the yield (0.85t) of 00KB1). For the receipt ID (00KB2), as described above, the dryer guide unit 66 determines the dryer 4A that has completed the drying process earliest when the transport vehicle 3 arrives at the processing facility, and waits the longest. Guide the dryer 4A with less time.

  As a result, the remaining weight that can be attached to the first dryer 4A-1 becomes 0.05t (0.90-0.85), and the remaining weight when the consignment ID (00KB2) is attached is 0.18t. (0.90-0.72), the dryer 4A can be operated (operated) in a state where the capacity of the first dryer 4A-1 is satisfied, and the operating efficiency of the first dryer 4A-1 ( High operating efficiency) can be maintained.

As described above, according to the agricultural support system 1, when harvesting grains, the grain information and the work machine position can be acquired by the data collection device 5 and the position detection device 45 mounted on the combine 2. Can be stored in the server 6. Further, when the grain is transported by the transport vehicle 3, the position detection device 52 and the information setting unit 54 can acquire the transport vehicle position and the identification information (reception ID) of the housing member 10, and the transport vehicle information and The consignment ID can be stored in the server 6. Then, on the server 6 side, the storage member 10 mounted on the transport vehicle 3 and the storage member 10 of the storage member 10 are determined based on the grain information and work machine position obtained at the time of harvesting, and the transport vehicle position and the load receiving ID obtained at the time of transshipment of the grain. Can relate to grain information. And after conveying the accommodating member 10 to the predetermined processing equipment 4 and sticking it to the dryer 4A of the processing equipment 4, the amount of protein, the amount of water, etc. obtained by grain information are inputted into the controller of the dryer 4A. It can drive by.
[Second Embodiment]
In the second embodiment, as shown in FIG. 8, the processing facility 4 is provided with a computer (management computer) 62 in which each facility of the processing facility 4 is connected via a local area network or the like. In the second embodiment, a configuration different from the first embodiment will be described.

  The management computer 62 is a computer capable of managing and controlling the processing facility 4 and can transmit and receive data to and from the server 6 via a data communication network or a mobile phone communication network. In other words, the management computer 62 is a computer that manages and controls at least the dryer 4A, and is configured as a part of the dryer 4A or a part of the processing equipment 4.

The management computer 62 includes means for requesting operation information for each facility (second request unit 63) and grain information acquisition means (grain information acquisition unit 64) for acquiring grain information from the server 6. The second request unit 63 and the grain information acquisition unit 64 are configured by a program or the like stored in the management computer 62.
The 2nd request | requirement part 63 requests | requires operation information with respect to the controller of each installation regularly. For example, the 2nd request | requirement part 63 requests | requires operation information with respect to the controller of 4 A of dryers at least, and acquires operation information via the controller of 4 A of dryers. The management computer 62 periodically transmits the acquired operation information to the server 6. The server 6 stores the acquired operation information as an operation history.

  The grain information acquisition unit 64 requests grain information from the server 6 when operating a predetermined facility, for example, when operating a predetermined dryer 4A. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 9, when the transport vehicle 3 loaded with the first housing member 10A, the second housing member 10B, and the third housing member 10C arrives at the processing facility 4, the grain information acquisition unit 64, the server 6 is requested for grain information (grain information) corresponding to the first housing member 10A, the second housing member 10B, and the third housing member 10C (S1). The server 6 manages the grain information corresponding to the first accommodation member 10A, the second accommodation member 10B, and the third accommodation member 10C and the receiving ID of the accommodation member in response to a request from the grain information acquisition unit 64. 62 (S2). Thereby, the management computer 62 can acquire that the protein amount is 6.76% and the moisture amount is 25.32% as the grain information.

The management computer 62 includes setting means (setting unit) 65 for setting the processing equipment 4, that is, each equipment. The setting unit 65 is configured by a program stored in the management computer 62.
The setting unit 65 sets the dryer 4A corresponding to the grain information using the grain information obtained by the request of the grain information acquisition unit 64. For example, as shown in FIG.
After acquiring the protein amount (6.76%) and the moisture amount (25.32%) as grain information of 0A, the second housing member 10B, and the third housing member 10C (S2), the first housing member 10A, When pasting the grains of the second storage member 10B and the third storage member 10C into the second dryer 4A-2, the management computer 62 obtains the amount of protein (6.76%) and the amount of moisture (25.32%). ) Is sent to the dryer 4A to set the dryer 4A (S3). That is, the setting unit 65 sets the dryer 4A based on the amount of protein or moisture contained in the grain information. Thus, since the setting of the dryer 4A is performed based on the protein amount and the water amount obtained at the time of harvesting, the dryer 4 side is dried without measuring the protein amount and the water amount after the grain is put on the side. Processing can be performed.

  In the second embodiment, the dryer 4A side acquires the protein amount and the moisture amount as the grain information and sets them using the crop information. However, the dryer 4A is set using the harvest amount as the grain information. You may go. For example, the grain is stored in the container (the storage member 10) of the transport vehicle 3, and the harvest amount of the grain (one container) is obtained in advance (when the grain is discharged from the grain tank 16 to the container). When the harvest amount corresponding to the container is obtained by the management computer 62 (grain information acquisition unit 64) via the server 6, the setting unit 65 sends the harvest amount included in the grain information to the dryer 4A. The dryer 4A is set as the amount of tension. Thus, since the setting of the dryer 4A is performed based on the harvest amount obtained at the time of harvesting, the drying process can be performed without measuring the amount of tension on the dryer 4 side.

  As described above, according to the agricultural support system 1, as shown in FIG. 10, the grain information when the grain is harvested by the combine 2 is transmitted from the data collection device 5 to the first communication terminal 7 (S 10), and the first communication is performed. The terminal 7 receives the grain information and transmits it to the server 6 (S11), and stores the grain information in the server 6 (S12). On the other hand, the processing facility 4 side requests the grain information from the server 6 storing the grain information (S13), and further, after being transmitted from the server 6 to the processing facility 4 side in response to this request. (S14) uses the grain information to set the processing equipment 4 (S15), so the grain information of a series of flows (work) from the harvesting of the grain through the transportation of the grain to the drying of the grain is obtained. Each process can be performed smoothly by making effective use.

  In the second embodiment, the setting of the processing equipment 4 has been described with reference to the example of the dryer 4A. However, for the other equipment, the hulling machine 4B, the stone penetrating machine 4C, the sorting machine 4D, and the weighing machine 4E. You may set using grain information. In the first and second embodiments, the grain information collected by the data collection device 5 and the work machine position obtained by the position detection device 45 are transmitted to the server 6 via the first communication terminal 7. However, instead of this, a communication device different from the first communication terminal 7 may be provided in the combine 2, and the grain information, the work machine position, and the like may be transmitted to the server 6 via the communication device. Even in this case, it is desirable that the communication device has a function of connecting to the server 6 via a data communication network or a mobile phone communication network.

  In the second embodiment, the management computer 62 is provided. However, the function of the management computer 62 may be provided in the second communication terminal 8 or the controller of each facility. In other words, the second request unit 63, the grain information acquisition unit 64, and the setting unit 65 described above may be provided in the second communication terminal 8 or the controller of each facility. In such a case, when the storage member 10 is carried into the processing facility 4, the grain information (for example, the amount of protein) is transmitted to the server 6 using the second communication terminal 8 assigned to the worker who transported the storage member 10. When the amount of protein and the amount of water are acquired, the setting of the dryer 4A is set by transmitting the amount of protein and the amount of water from the second communication terminal 8 to the dryer 4A. You may go.

The embodiment disclosed this time should be considered as illustrative in all points and not restrictive. The scope of the present invention is defined by the terms of the claims, rather than the description above, and is intended to include any modifications within the scope and meaning equivalent to the terms of the claims.
In the embodiment described above, when the dryer 4A side, that is, the management computer 62 that manages the dryer 4A acquires the grain information, the management computer 62 (dryer 4A) transmits the grain information to the server 6. Instead of this, the operation information may be transmitted from the server 6 side to the management computer 62 (dryer 4A) periodically or irregularly. That is, the grain information acquisition unit 64 of the management computer 62 acquires the grain information when the management computer 62 or the like receives the grain information to which the grain information is transmitted from the server 6 regularly or irregularly. The acquired grain information is stored in the management computer 62. Then, the setting means (setting unit) 65 uses the grain information acquired by the grain information acquisition unit 64 when the grain is dried by the dryer 4A, that is, the grain information stored in the management computer 62. Set 4A.

1 Agricultural support system 2 Agricultural machinery (combine)
3 Truck (truck)
5 Data collection device (collection means)
6 Server 7 First communication terminal 8 Second communication terminal 10 Housing member 45 Position detection means 52 Position detection means 54 Information setting means 60 Association means 60A Determination section 60B Association section

Claims (4)

  1.   Collecting means for collecting grain information relating to grains harvested by the agricultural machine, information setting means for setting identification information for identifying the accommodating member into which the grain is to be stored, a work machine position of the agricultural machine and a transporter for transporting the accommodating member An agricultural support system comprising: position acquisition means for acquiring the position of the transport vehicle; and association means for associating the grain information with the identification information based on the work machine position and the transport vehicle position.
  2.   The association unit is configured to determine whether an agricultural machine and a transport vehicle are close to each other based on the work machine position and the transport vehicle position when the grain information is collected; and the determination unit The agricultural support system according to claim 1, further comprising: an association unit that associates the grain information with the identification information when it is determined that the agricultural machine and the transport vehicle are close to each other.
  3.   The associating unit assigns the grain information about the grain harvested by an adjacent agricultural machine when the determining unit determines that the agricultural machine and the transporter are close to each other and a storage member mounted on the adjacent transporter. The agricultural support system according to claim 2, wherein the identification information is associated with each other.
  4. A data collection device having a collection means for collecting grain information on the grain harvested by the agricultural machine;
    A first communication terminal having a work machine position acquisition means for acquiring the work machine position of the agricultural machine and the grain information collected by the data collection device;
    A second communication terminal having information setting means for setting identification information for identifying the accommodating member that conveys the grain, and a transport vehicle position acquiring means for acquiring a transport vehicle position of the transport vehicle that transports the accommodating member;
    Associating means for associating the grain information with the identification information based on the grain information and the work machine position transmitted from the first communication terminal and the identification information and the transport vehicle position transmitted from the second communication terminal. A server having
    An agricultural support system characterized by comprising:
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JP2002186348A (en) * 2000-12-20 2002-07-02 Yanmar Agricult Equip Co Ltd System for transporting grains to grain storage facility
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JP2005278539A (en) * 2004-03-30 2005-10-13 Mitsubishi Agricult Mach Co Ltd Yield-measuring system in combine harvester
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