JP5982736B2 - Power storage device, power storage method and program - Google Patents

Power storage device, power storage method and program Download PDF

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JP5982736B2
JP5982736B2 JP2011075766A JP2011075766A JP5982736B2 JP 5982736 B2 JP5982736 B2 JP 5982736B2 JP 2011075766 A JP2011075766 A JP 2011075766A JP 2011075766 A JP2011075766 A JP 2011075766A JP 5982736 B2 JP5982736 B2 JP 5982736B2
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charging
battery
power storage
charge
power
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JP2012210130A (en
JP2012210130A5 (en
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阿部 友一
友一 阿部
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ソニー株式会社
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    • B60L11/1844
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • B60L53/63Monitoring or controlling charging stations in response to network capacity
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/007Regulation of charging or discharging current or voltage
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/02Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters
    • H02J7/04Regulation of charging current or voltage
    • H02J7/042Regulation of charging current or voltage the charge cycle being controlled in response to a measured parameter
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/26Rail vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2260/00Operating Modes
    • B60L2260/40Control modes
    • B60L2260/50Control modes by future state prediction
    • B60L2260/58Departure time prediction
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J2310/00The network for supplying or distributing electric power characterised by its spatial reach or by the load
    • H02J2310/40The network being an on-board power network, i.e. within a vehicle
    • H02J2310/48The network being an on-board power network, i.e. within a vehicle for electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/12Monitoring or controlling equipment for energy generation units, e.g. distributed energy generation [DER] or load-side generation
    • Y04S10/126Monitoring or controlling equipment for energy generation units, e.g. distributed energy generation [DER] or load-side generation the energy generation units being or involving electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV], i.e. power aggregation of EV or HEV, vehicle to grid arrangements [V2G]

Description

  The present disclosure relates to a power storage device, a power storage method, and a program.

  2. Description of the Related Art In recent years, secondary batteries that can be repeatedly charged and used as a power source for mobile terminals such as mobile phones and notebook computers have become widespread. On the other hand, from the viewpoint of global environment conservation and CO2 emission reduction, renewable energy power generation utilizing natural energy such as sunlight, wind power, and geothermal heat has attracted attention. Since these natural energies change from moment to moment depending on natural conditions such as sunlight and wind, it is difficult to supply stable electric power. Therefore, attempts have been made to level out output power by combining with a secondary battery and supply stable power.

  Thus, although it is a secondary battery expected to be used in various fields in recent years, there has been a problem that the battery voltage and the battery capacity are reduced due to deterioration during repeated charging and discharging.

  For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a power storage system that prevents charging with an excessive charging current value and extends the life of a storage battery. More specifically, according to the power storage system described in Patent Document 1, based on the remaining capacity of the storage battery, the load power usage pattern, and the power generation prediction pattern, the period during which the amount of charge increases in the power storage system indicates the charging current value. It is determined as a time limit to be limited, and a charging current value within the time limit is calculated. For this reason, it can prevent charging with an excessive charging current value, and can implement | achieve the lifetime improvement of a storage battery.

  Further, for example, Patent Document 2 discloses a method of determining an optimization plan for a charged state of a secondary battery based on a user's schedule. More specifically, Patent Document 2 discloses that a secondary battery is maintained at a full charge only in the vicinity of a period in which a long-time battery drive is planned, and that the connection to an external power source is continued for a long time. A technique for suppressing deterioration due to continuous charging by maintaining the secondary battery lower than full charge is disclosed.

JP 2010-41883 A JP 2004-94607 A

  In the invention described in Patent Document 1, a charging current value is calculated according to a load usage amount and predicted power generation, and a period until the charging amount reaches a predetermined target capacity is determined. In general, one of the causes of the deterioration of the secondary battery is a case where the charging current value is large. The larger the charging current value, that is, the faster the charging, the greater the deterioration of the secondary battery. However, Patent Document 1 does not consider the determination of the charging current value in consideration of the deterioration of the secondary battery.

  In addition, the invention described in Patent Document 2 can avoid a full charge, which is one of the causes of deterioration of the secondary battery, by determining an optimization plan for the state of charge based on the user's schedule. However, even when the user does not use the device for a long time, a high charging rate such as a high charging rate (for example, 80% of the fully charged battery capacity) is maintained, and therefore, the secondary battery deteriorates.

  In addition, a certain charging system starts charging the secondary battery immediately when the user sets the device in the charger, and performs recharging when the remaining amount of the secondary battery decreases due to self-discharge after the charging is completed. Maintaining a high charge rate by supplementing power. However, since it is sufficient for the user to complete charging by the start timing of the secondary battery, maintaining the high charge ratio and repeating self-discharge and recharging unnecessarily deteriorates the secondary battery.

  Accordingly, the present disclosure proposes a new and improved power storage device, power storage method, and program capable of performing charge control that suppresses deterioration of a secondary battery and realizes a long battery life.

  According to the present disclosure, a secondary battery, an acquisition unit that acquires charging time information for charging the secondary battery, a charging power value is calculated based on the charging time information, and the calculated charging power value is There is provided a power storage device including a charge control unit that controls to charge the secondary battery.

  In addition, according to the present disclosure, the step of acquiring charging time information for charging the secondary battery, the step of calculating the charging power value based on the charging time information, and the secondary charging with the calculated charging power value. And a step of controlling the battery to be charged.

  In addition, according to the present disclosure, a process of acquiring charging time information for charging a secondary battery, a process of calculating a charging power value based on the charging time information, and the secondary battery using the calculated charging power value. There is provided a program for causing a computer to execute processing for controlling charging of a battery.

  As described above, according to the present disclosure, it is possible to perform charge control that suppresses deterioration of the secondary battery and realizes a long battery life.

1 is an overall view illustrating a power storage system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. 1 is a block configuration diagram of a power storage device according to a first embodiment of the present disclosure. 4 is a flowchart showing a process of a power storage method according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure. It is a figure showing an example of a user's schedule concerning a 1st embodiment of this indication. It is a block block diagram of the electrical storage apparatus which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this indication. It is a figure showing an example of use history concerning a 2nd embodiment of this indication. 6 is a flowchart illustrating a process of a power storage method according to a second embodiment of the present disclosure. It is a block block diagram of the electrical storage apparatus which concerns on 3rd Embodiment of this indication. 14 is a flowchart illustrating a process of a power storage method according to a third embodiment of the present disclosure. It is a general view which shows the electrical storage system which concerns on 4th Embodiment of this indication. It is a block block diagram of the electrical storage apparatus which concerns on 4th Embodiment of this indication. It is a block block diagram of the electrical storage time control apparatus which concerns on 4th Embodiment of this indication. It is a time chart of the electrical storage method concerning a 4th embodiment of this indication.

  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In addition, in this specification and drawing, about the component which has the substantially same function structure, duplication description is abbreviate | omitted by attaching | subjecting the same code | symbol.

The description will be made in the following order.
1. Overview of power storage system 2. Description of each embodiment 2-1. First embodiment 2-2. Second embodiment 2-3. Third embodiment 2-4. Fourth embodiment 3. Summary

<1. Overview of power storage system>
The present disclosure can be implemented in various forms as described in detail in “2-1. First Embodiment” to “2-4. Fourth Embodiment” as an example. In addition, the power storage device described in each embodiment is
A: a secondary battery 210;
B: An acquisition unit (charging time calculation unit 230, charging time input unit 270, or communication unit 280) that acquires charging time information for charging the secondary battery;
C: a charge control unit 250 that calculates a charge power value based on the charge time information and controls the secondary battery to be charged with the calculated charge power value;
Is provided.

  In the following, first, a basic configuration common to the embodiments will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 1 is an overall view illustrating a power storage system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the power storage system according to the embodiment of the present disclosure includes a commercial power supply 10 and a power storage device 20 mounted on the electric vehicle 2. The power storage device 20 is charged by receiving power from the commercial power source 10 and supplies the stored power to each device in the electric vehicle 2. When the charging time is determined, the power storage device 20 charges the secondary battery with a power value necessary for charging the required power amount with the charging time. As a result, the power storage device 20 according to the embodiment of the present disclosure can avoid unnecessarily rapid charging, so that it is possible to suppress the deterioration of the secondary battery and extend the life of the battery.

  Although FIG. 1 shows an example in which the power storage device 20 is mounted on the electric vehicle 2 and power is supplied to each device in the electric vehicle 2, the mounting target and application of the power storage device 20 are not limited to this example. . For example, the power storage device 20 may be mounted on various vehicles such as an electric bicycle, a train, a ship, or an airplane, or may be mounted on a portable device such as a portable PC (Personal Computer) or a mobile phone. Further, the power storage device 20 may supply power to home appliances such as a home display device and an air conditioning device in addition to the mounted vehicles and devices.

  The outline of the power storage system has been described above with reference to FIG. Hereinafter, the first to fourth embodiments according to the present disclosure will be sequentially described in detail.

<2. Description of each embodiment>
[2-1. First Embodiment]
(Block configuration of power storage device 20-1)
FIG. 2 is a functional block diagram illustrating a configuration of the power storage device 20-1 according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure. As illustrated in FIG. 2, the power storage device 20-1 according to the first embodiment includes a secondary battery 210, a battery management unit 220, a charging time calculation unit 230, a storage unit 240, and a charging control unit 250. Each configuration will be described below.

  The secondary battery 210 is a battery that can be used repeatedly by charging. The electric power stored in the secondary battery 210 is converted from direct-current power to alternating-current power as necessary, and supplied to, for example, the electric vehicle 2 on which the power storage device 20-1 is mounted.

  The battery management unit 220 is a detection unit that monitors the secondary battery 210 and detects the remaining battery level of the secondary battery 210. For example, since the voltage of the battery tends to decrease according to the amount of use, the battery management unit 220 may calculate the remaining battery level of the secondary battery 210 from the difference between the measured battery voltage and the voltage at full charge. it can. Alternatively, the battery management unit 220 may measure the input power to the secondary battery 210 and the output power from the secondary battery, and calculate the remaining battery capacity from the difference between the input power and the output power. The battery management unit 220 outputs information on the detected remaining battery level to the charge control unit 250.

  The charging time calculation unit 230 acquires schedule information from the schedule DB (database) 241 stored in the storage unit 240, and calculates the charging time based on the acquired schedule information. The schedule information is schedule information regarding the use of the electric vehicle 2 on which the power storage device 20-1 is mounted. Based on the acquired schedule information, the charging time calculation unit 230 calculates the charging time within a time range in which the electric vehicle 2 is expected not to be used.

  The storage unit 240 stores a schedule DB 241 in which a user registers his / her schedule. In the embodiment according to the present disclosure, a schedule related to the use of the electric vehicle 2 is registered in the schedule DB 241 as an example. The registration of the schedule is performed using an input interface (not shown) such as a keyboard or a mouse. Alternatively, the schedule information may be registered by synchronizing the schedule DB 241 with schedule information input by a user to a PC (personal computer) or a portable terminal.

  The charging control unit 250 calculates a charging power value based on the charging time calculated by the charging time calculation unit 230 and the remaining battery level detected by the battery management unit 220, and the secondary battery 210 is calculated using the calculated charging power value. Control to charge. Specifically, the charging control unit 250 may calculate a power value necessary for charging the required power amount with the charging time calculated by the charging time calculating unit 230. Here, the required power amount may be a difference between the full charge amount and the remaining battery level detected by the battery management unit 220, or the predetermined charge ratio of the full charge amount and the battery management unit 220 may detect the required power amount. It may be a difference from the remaining battery level.

  In the present disclosure, an example in which the charging power value is calculated based on the charging time calculated by the charging time calculation unit 230 and the remaining battery level detected by the battery management unit 220 will be described. Is not limited to such an example. For example, the charging control unit 250 may calculate the charging power value based on the charging time calculated by the charging time calculation unit 230 without using the remaining battery level.

  As a specific example, the charging control unit 250 may set the full charge amount as the required power amount for charging regardless of the remaining battery level. According to this configuration, even when the secondary battery 210 is empty, the secondary battery 210 can be fully charged within the charging time calculated by the charging time calculation unit 230.

  Alternatively, when the power consumption amount at the next use of the electric vehicle 2 can be predicted from, for example, schedule information, it is sufficient that at least the power consumption amount at the next use is charged in the secondary battery 210. The power consumption amount may be used as the required power amount for charging. Alternatively, when the average power consumption or the maximum power consumption by one use of the electric vehicle 2 is known, the charge control unit 250 uses the average power consumption or the maximum power consumption as the required power amount for charging. Also good.

(Operation process of power storage device 20-1)
The configuration of the power storage device 20-1 according to the first embodiment has been described above with reference to FIG. Next, with reference to FIG. 3, an operation process of the power storage device 20-1 according to the first embodiment will be described.

  FIG. 3 is a flowchart illustrating a process of the power storage method according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure. As shown in FIG. 3, first, in step S <b> 201, the battery management unit 220 detects the remaining battery level of the secondary battery 210 and outputs the remaining battery level information to the charging control unit 250.

  Next, in step S <b> 203, the charging time calculation unit 230 acquires schedule information registered in advance by the user from the storage unit 240. Subsequently, in step S205, the charging time calculation unit 230 calculates the charging time from the acquired schedule information. Here, the relationship between the schedule information and the charging time will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 4 is an explanatory diagram illustrating an example of a user schedule according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure. As shown in FIG. 4, the user having this schedule goes to work around 8 o'clock on weekdays and returns home around 20 o'clock. In addition, this user is scheduled to travel by using an electric vehicle from 25th (Saturday) to 26th (Sunday), the scheduled departure time is 7:00, and the scheduled return time is 18:00. On the 23rd (Thursday), there is a plan to go to Shinjuku, but there is no plan to use an electric car (indicated by a dotted line). Such a schedule is registered in advance in the schedule DB 241 by the user as information for predicting a chargeable time when the electric vehicle is not used.

  Specifically, in the schedule example shown in FIG. 4, 34 hours from 20:00 on the 22nd (Wednesday) to 8:00 on the 24th (Friday) are expected as the chargeable time of the power storage device 20-1. . For this reason, the charging time calculation unit 230 may calculate (determine) the charging time within a range of 34 hours in which charging is expected. Similarly, the power storage device 20 has 9 hours from 20 o'clock on Friday, 24th to 7 o'clock on Saturday, 25th and 14 hours from 18:00 on Sunday, 26th to 8 o'clock on Monday, 27th. Therefore, the charging time calculation unit 230 may calculate the charging time within the range of each chargeable time.

  Further, in the schedule example shown in FIG. 4, assuming that the power storage device 20-1 is charged at home, the time when the electric vehicle 2 on which the power storage device 20-1 is placed is placed at home can be charged. Expect. Here, for example, assuming that charging can be performed while the electric vehicle 2 is placed at the workplace, a part of the time zone in which the work schedule is included can be predicted as the chargeable time. .

  In addition, the charging time calculation unit 230 may calculate the charging time of the electric vehicle not only from the schedule information of one user but also from the schedule information of a plurality of users. For example, recently, a car sharing service in which a plurality of members use a single car is widely used. In such a service, in order for a user to use a car efficiently, the usage time of the car is previously set. be registered. Therefore, the charging time calculation unit 230 may calculate the charging time of the car to be car-shared based on the usage time information of a plurality of persons registered in the car sharing service.

  Here, returning to the description of the operation of power storage device 20-1 with reference to FIG. 3, in step S <b> 207 following S <b> 205, charging control unit 250 calculates the charging power value based on the charging time calculated in step S <b> 205. calculate.

  A specific example of the calculation of the charging power value performed by the charging control unit 250 will be described. As an example, a required power amount that is a difference between the remaining battery level and the target charge amount is C (kWh), a charge time is t (h), and a charge voltage is V (V). In this case, the lowest charging current required for charging the required electric energy is represented by C * 1000 / t / V (A). For example, assuming that the required electric energy C for charging from an empty state to full charge is 21 (kWh), the charging time t is 14 (h), and the charging voltage V is 100 (V), the charging current is 21 * 1000. / 14/100 = 15 (A) is calculated. If the charging time t is 7 (h), the charging current is doubled 30 (A). In this way, charging is performed using the time that is expected to be chargeable, so that the charging current can be kept low, so that deterioration of the battery can be suppressed.

  Subsequently, in step S209, the charging control unit 250 charges the secondary battery 210 with the charging power value calculated in step S205.

  Furthermore, in step S211, the charging control unit 250 may repeatedly determine whether to recalculate the charging power value. This assumes that the remaining battery level information detected in step S201 and the charging power value calculated in step S207 are not in theory. In general, the characteristics of a secondary battery depend on the type of battery, the degree of deterioration, temperature, usage, and the like, and it is difficult to accurately calculate the remaining battery capacity and to perform charging control as scheduled. Therefore, by repeatedly reviewing the charging power value, charging is completed within the charging time. Step S211 may be executed at predetermined time intervals. If recalculation is to be performed, the process returns to step S201; otherwise, the process proceeds to step S213.

  Next, in step S213, the charging control unit 250 determines whether or not charging is finished. When the charging is finished, the power storage process shown in FIG. 3 is finished. If the charging is not yet finished, the process returns to step S209 and the charging is continued.

  The power storage process described above may be triggered by a case where the secondary battery 210 is in a chargeable state. For example, when the power storage device 20-1 is mounted on the electric vehicle 2, the power storage device 20-1 detects that a charging plug is connected to the electric vehicle 2 and starts a power storage process using this as a trigger. Also good. For example, in the schedule example shown in FIG. 4, when the user returns home at 20:00 on Wednesday (Wednesday) and connects the charging plug to the electric vehicle 2, the next scheduled use time is 8:00 on Friday (24th). That is, 34 hours from 22 o'clock (Wednesday) 20 o'clock to 24 o'clock (Friday) 8 o'clock is predicted as a chargeable time.

  Further, the target power amount information used when the charge control unit 250 calculates the charge power value in step S207 is not limited to the full charge amount information. For example, based on the user's schedule information, how many hours the electric vehicle 2 is used next may be extracted, and the target power amount may be determined according to the time. For example, if the next time for using the electric vehicle 2 is short, the charging amount may be 80%. In this case, the end criterion for charging is when the remaining battery level reaches 80%, and it is determined whether charging has ended based on this end criterion.

  In the above specific example, the process of suppressing the charging power by changing the charging current according to the charging time by setting the voltage to 100 (V) has been described, but the power storage process according to the embodiment of the present disclosure is not limited thereto. For example, the charging voltage may be selected (a charging method is selected).

  For example, it is assumed that the electric vehicle 2 is designed to be rechargeable from three power sources of single-phase 100V, single-phase 200V, and three-phase 200V (rapid charging). In this case, the power source and the charging time are related, and the charging time becomes longer in the order of single phase 100V> single phase 200V> three phase 200V (rapid charging). On the other hand, the degree of deterioration of the battery increases in the order of single phase 100V <single phase 200V <three phase 200V (rapid charging). Therefore, in order to extend the life of the battery, it is better to charge it with a single-phase 100V as much as possible. Accordingly, the charging control unit 250 automatically selects a power source having a low voltage according to the charging time calculated from the user's schedule information, so that the deterioration of the battery can be achieved without impairing the user's convenience. Can be prevented.

[2-2. Second Embodiment]
Next, the power storage device 20-2 according to the second embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. In the first embodiment, the charging time is calculated from the user's schedule information. In the second embodiment, the charging time is calculated based on the user's usage history.

(Block configuration of power storage device 20-2)
First, the configuration of the power storage device 20-2 according to the second embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 5 is a block configuration diagram of a power storage device according to the second embodiment of the present disclosure. As illustrated in FIG. 5, the power storage device 20-2 includes a secondary battery 210, a battery management unit 220, a charging time calculation unit 230, a storage unit 242, a use start time prediction unit 260, and a charging control unit 250.

  The storage unit 242 stores a usage history DB 243. In the usage history DB 243, usage history information of the power storage device 20-2 is registered. For example, in the usage history DB 243, usage history information of the electric vehicle 2 on which the power storage device 20-2 is mounted is automatically registered as shown in FIG.

  The use start time prediction unit 260 acquires user use history information from the storage unit 242, and predicts the next time to start using the electric vehicle 2 based on the use history information. In addition, the use start time prediction unit 260 outputs information on the predicted use start time to the charging time calculation unit 230.

  The charging time calculation unit 230 calculates the time until the use start time predicted by the use start time prediction unit 260 or a part of the time until the use start time as the charge time. As described in the first embodiment, the charging control unit 250 charges the secondary battery 210 based on the charging time calculated by the charging time calculation unit 230 and the remaining battery level detected by the battery management unit 220. To control. Since the details of the detailed charging control have already been described in the first embodiment, detailed description thereof will be omitted here.

  According to the configuration of the second embodiment, in addition to the effect of suppressing the deterioration of the secondary battery similar to that of the first embodiment and realizing a long battery life, the schedule information and the like are explicitly shown. It is possible to save the user's trouble of inputting into the.

(Operation process of power storage device 20-2)
The configuration of the power storage device 20-2 according to the second embodiment has been described above with reference to FIG. Subsequently, an operation process of the power storage device 20-2 according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 7, first, in step S <b> 221, the battery management unit 220 detects the remaining battery level of the secondary battery 210 and outputs the remaining battery level information to the charge control unit 250.

  Next, in step S <b> 223, the use start time prediction unit 260 acquires use history information from the storage unit 242. Subsequently, in step S225, the use start time prediction unit 260 predicts the use start time based on the acquired use history information.

  Next, in step S227, the charging time calculation unit 230 calculates the charging time based on the use start time predicted in step S225. The charging time may be a time from the charging start time to the use start time, or may be a part of the time from the use start time.

  As described above, in the present embodiment, instead of schedule information that the user must explicitly input, the usage history of the device that is actually stored and that is actually equipped with the power storage device is used. It is possible to calculate the charging time without time and effort.

  For example, it can be seen from the usage history information shown in FIG. 6 that the electric vehicle 2 is used mainly on weekdays in a fixed pattern of 8 o'clock to 8:30 and 19:30 to 20:00. Therefore, when the electric vehicle 2 is ready to be charged, for example, at 20:00 on Thursday, the use start time prediction unit 260 determines that the next time the use of the electric vehicle 2 starts from the above pattern is 8:00 on the next day. Can be predicted. Therefore, the charging time calculation unit 230 may calculate the time from 20:00 to next 8 o'clock as the charging time.

  Next, in step S229, the charging control unit 250 calculates a charging power value based on the charging time calculated in step S227.

  Subsequently, in step S231, the charging control unit 250 charges the secondary battery 210 with the charging power value calculated in step S229.

  Furthermore, in step S233, the charging control unit 250 may repeatedly determine whether or not to recalculate the charging power value. If recalculation is to be performed, the process returns to step S221; otherwise, the process proceeds to step S235.

  Next, in step S235, the charging control unit 250 determines whether or not the charging is finished. When the charging is finished, the power storage process shown in FIG. 7 is finished. If the charging has not been completed yet, the process returns to step S231 and is charged again.

[2-3. Third Embodiment]
Next, the power storage device 20-3 according to the third embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. In the first embodiment, the charging time is calculated from the user's schedule information. However, in this embodiment, the charging time input by the user himself / herself is used, so that the charging time calculation process based on the schedule information is not required. Therefore, according to the power storage device 20-3 according to the present embodiment, it is possible to cope with a case where sudden charging becomes necessary.

(Block configuration of power storage device 20-3)
First, the configuration of the power storage device 20-3 according to the third embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to FIG. As illustrated in FIG. 8, the power storage device 20-3 includes a secondary battery 210, a battery management unit 220, a charging time input unit 270, and a charging control unit 250.

  The charging time input unit 270 receives the charging time information input by the user and acquires the charging time information. Further, the charging time information input from the charging time input unit 270 is output to the charging time control unit 250.

  As described in the first embodiment, the charging control unit 250 charges the secondary battery 210 based on the charging time input to the charging time input unit 270 and the remaining battery level detected by the battery management unit 220. To control. Since the details of the detailed charging control have already been described in the first embodiment, detailed description thereof will be omitted here.

  According to the third embodiment, even when suddenly or suddenly charging is performed, the secondary battery 210 can be quickly and unnecessarily rapidly input by the user explicitly inputting the chargeable time. Can be prevented from being charged.

(Operation process of power storage device 20-3)
Next, an operation process of the power storage device 20-3 according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 9, first, in step S <b> 241, the battery management unit 220 detects the remaining battery level of the secondary battery 210 and outputs the remaining battery level information to the charge control unit 250.

  Next, in step S243, charging time information is input from the charging time input unit 270 by the user.

  For example, parking of a commercial facility can be considered as a place for charging the electric vehicle 2 in addition to a house and a battery station. In such a case, while the user is using the commercial facility, the electric vehicle 2 parked in the parking can be charged, which has a great merit for the user. The user inputs the charging time from the charging time input unit 270 in consideration of how long the user stays in the commercial facility. Thereby, a secondary battery can be charged with the charging power value according to stay time.

  Next, in step S245, the charging control unit 250 calculates a charging power value based on the charging time calculated in step S243.

  Subsequently, in step S247, the charging control unit 250 charges the secondary battery 210 with the charging power value calculated in step S245.

  Furthermore, in step S249, the charging control unit 250 may repeatedly determine whether to recalculate the charging power value. If recalculation is to be performed, the process returns to step S241; otherwise, the process proceeds to step S251.

  Next, in step S251, the charging control unit 250 determines whether or not charging is finished. When the charging is finished, the power storage process shown in FIG. 9 is finished. If the charging has not been completed yet, the process returns to step S247 and is charged again.

[2-4. Fourth Embodiment]
Next, a power storage device 20-4 according to the fourth embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. First, a power storage system in which the power storage device 20-4 is used will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 10, the power storage system according to the present embodiment includes a power storage device 20-4a mounted on an electric vehicle 2a, a power storage device 20-4b mounted on an electric vehicle 2b, a charging time control device 30, and a portable terminal 50. Are connected via the network 40.

(Block configuration of power storage device 20-4)
Next, the configuration of the power storage device 20-4 according to the fourth embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to FIG. As illustrated in FIG. 11, the power storage device 20-4 includes a secondary battery 210, a battery management unit 220, a communication unit 280, and a charge control unit 250.

  The communication unit 280 is connected to the charging time control device 30 via the network 40 and receives charging time information from the charging time control device 30. In addition, the communication unit 280 outputs the received charging time information to the charging control unit 250. Note that the communication unit 280 may be connected to the network 40 by a wireless communication function such as a wireless LAN (Local Area Network) communication function or a 4G communication function, or may be connected to the network 40 by wire.

  Since the other configuration has already been described in the first embodiment, a description thereof is omitted here.

(Block configuration of charging time control device 30)
Next, the configuration of the charging time control device 30 according to the fourth embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to FIG. As illustrated in FIG. 12, the charging time control device 30 includes a charging time calculation unit 330, a storage unit 340, and a communication unit 380.

  Similar to the charging time calculation unit 230 described in the first embodiment, the charging time calculation unit 330 acquires schedule information from a schedule DB (database) 341 stored in the storage unit 340, and based on the acquired schedule information. To calculate the charging time. The charging time calculation unit 330 outputs the calculated charging time information to the communication unit 380.

  The storage unit 340 stores a schedule DB 341 in which the user has registered his / her schedule. For example, the schedule information may be registered by synchronizing the schedule DB 341 with the schedule information input to the mobile terminal 50 by the user.

  Communication unit 380 is connected to power storage device 20-4 via network 40, and transmits charging time information. In addition, the communication unit 380 may be connected to the mobile terminal 50 via the network 40 to acquire schedule information.

(Charge control operation process)
The configuration of the power storage device 20-4 and the charging time control device 30 has been described above with reference to FIGS. Next, an operation process of charge control by the power storage device 20-4 and the charge time control device 30 according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 13 is a time chart of the power storage method according to the fourth embodiment of the present disclosure. As shown in FIG. 13, first, in step S <b> 300, battery management unit 220 of power storage device 20-4 detects the remaining battery level of secondary battery 210 and outputs remaining battery level information to charge control unit 250.

  On the other hand, in step S301, the charging time calculation unit 330 of the charging time control device 30 acquires schedule information from the storage unit 340, and calculates the charging time based on the acquired schedule information.

  Next, in step S303, the charging time control device 30 transmits the charging time calculated in step S301 from the communication unit 380. Charging time control device 30 may transmit charging time information in response to a request from power storage device 20-4.

  Next, in step S305, the charging control unit 250 of the power storage device 20-4 calculates a charging power value based on the charging time information transmitted from the charging time control device 30 in step S303.

  Subsequently, in step S307, the charging control unit 250 charges the secondary battery 210 with the charging power value calculated in step S305.

  Although not shown in FIG. 13 after the start of charging in step S307, the processing in steps S209 to S213 in FIG. 3 showing the operation processing of the first embodiment may be performed.

  Thus, in this embodiment, schedule information used when calculating the charging time is managed on the network. As shown in the first embodiment, in the case of the power storage device 20-1 having the charging time calculation unit 230 and the storage unit 240 that stores the schedule DB 241, it is necessary to individually register the use schedule of each device in each device. And it takes time to input. On the other hand, the charging time calculation unit 330 and the storage unit 340 that stores the schedule DB 341 are included in the charging time control device 30 that can be connected to the network, so that a plurality of power storage devices can share a schedule, and a user can It is only necessary to register the schedule in the charging time control device 30 that collectively manages the use schedule of the power storage device.

  Further, since the charging time control device 30 can be accessed by the portable terminal 50, the power storage process can be remotely controlled. For example, the user can change the schedule from the outside and control the charging time of the electric vehicle 2 at home.

<3. Summary>
As described above with reference to the embodiments, according to the power storage system according to the present disclosure, when the charging time is determined, the secondary battery has a low power value necessary for charging the required amount of power with the charging time. To charge. Thereby, since the electrical storage apparatus 20 by this indication can avoid quick charge more than needed, it is possible to suppress deterioration of a secondary battery and to extend the lifetime of a battery.

  In addition, although the preferred embodiment of this indication was described in detail, referring an accompanying drawing, this technique is not limited to this example. It is obvious that a person having ordinary knowledge in the technical field of the present disclosure can come up with various changes or modifications within the scope of the technical idea described in the claims. Of course, it is understood that it belongs to the technical scope of the present disclosure.

  For example, you may combine the structure of said each embodiment. Specifically, for example, in the calculation of the charging time, when the schedule information is insufficient, it may be determined from the usage history, or when the user inputs the charging time, this may be used. In addition, the power storage device according to the first embodiment and the third embodiment may include a communication unit, and the user may transmit schedule registration and charging time input from the mobile terminal.

In addition, this technique can also take the following structures.
(1) a secondary battery;
An acquisition unit for acquiring charging time information for charging the secondary battery;
A charge control unit that calculates a charging power value based on the charging time information and controls the secondary battery to be charged with the calculated charging power value;
A power storage device.
(2) The power storage device further includes a detection unit that detects a remaining battery level of the secondary battery,
The power storage device according to (1), wherein the charging control unit calculates a charging power value based on a difference between a remaining battery level of the secondary battery and a target charging amount and the charging time information.
(3) The power storage device according to (2), wherein the charge control unit calculates a charge power value necessary to satisfy the difference.
(4) The power storage device further includes a storage unit that stores user schedule information,
The power storage device according to any one of (1) to (3), wherein the acquisition unit calculates the charging time information based on schedule information stored in the storage unit.
(5) The power storage device
A storage unit for storing a usage history of the power storage device;
A prediction unit that predicts a use start time at which the user starts using the power storage device based on a use history recorded in the recording unit;
Further comprising
The power storage device according to any one of (1) to (4), wherein the acquisition unit calculates the charging time information based on a use start time of the power storage device predicted by the prediction unit.
(6) The power storage device according to any one of (1) to (5), wherein the acquisition unit receives charge time information from a user.
(7) The power storage device according to any one of (1) to (6), wherein the charging control unit selects a charging method according to the charging time information and the charging power value.
(8) The power storage device according to any one of (1) to (7), wherein the acquisition unit receives charge time information calculated by the charge time control device based on user schedule information.

2, 2a, 2b Electric vehicle 10 Commercial power supply 20, 20-1, 20-2, 20-3, 20-4 Power storage device 210 Secondary battery 220 Battery management unit 230 Charging time calculation unit 240, 242 Storage unit 241 Schedule DB
243 Usage history DB
250 charging control unit 260 use start time prediction unit 270 charging time input unit 280 communication unit 30 charging time control device 330 charging time calculation unit 340 storage unit 341 schedule DB
380 Communication unit 40 Network 50 Mobile terminal

Claims (9)

  1. A secondary battery mounted on an electric vehicle ;
    An acquisition unit for acquiring charging time information for charging the secondary battery;
    A charge control unit that calculates a charging power value based on the charging time information and controls the secondary battery to be charged with the calculated charging power value;
    A detection unit for detecting a remaining battery level of the secondary battery;
    With
    The charge controller is
    Based on schedule information of a plurality of users sharing the electric vehicle, determining a charge amount required for the next use in the power storage device;
    The determined required charge amount is set as a target charge amount, a charge power value is calculated based on the difference between the target charge amount and the remaining battery level of the secondary battery and the charge time information, A power storage device that controls charging to be terminated when the target charging amount is reached while recalculating a charging power value.
  2. The power storage device according to claim 1, wherein the charge control unit calculates a charge power value necessary to satisfy the difference.
  3. The power storage device further includes a storage unit that stores user schedule information,
    The power storage device according to claim 1, wherein the acquisition unit calculates the charging time information based on schedule information stored in the storage unit.
  4. The power storage device
    A storage unit for storing a usage history of the power storage device;
    A prediction unit that predicts a use start time at which a user starts to use the power storage device based on a use history stored in the storage unit;
    Further comprising
    The power storage device according to any one of claims 1 to 3 , wherein the acquisition unit calculates the charging time information based on a use start time of the power storage device predicted by the prediction unit.
  5. The power storage device according to any one of claims 1 to 4 , wherein the acquisition unit receives charging time information from a user.
  6. The power storage device according to any one of claims 1 to 5 , wherein the charge control unit selects a charge method according to the charge time information and the charge power value.
  7. The acquisition unit receives the charging time information calculated on the basis of the schedule information of the charging time control device the user, the power storage device according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
  8. Obtaining charging time information for charging a secondary battery mounted on an electric vehicle ;
    Calculating a charging power value based on the charging time information;
    Controlling to charge the secondary battery with the calculated charging power value;
    Detecting a remaining battery level of the secondary battery;
    Including
    The controlling step includes
    Based on schedule information of a plurality of users sharing the electric vehicle, determining a charge amount required for the next use in the power storage device;
    The determined necessary charge amount is set as a target charge amount, a charge power value is calculated based on the difference between the target charge amount and the remaining battery level of the secondary battery and the charge time information, A power storage method for controlling charging to be terminated when the target charging amount is reached while recalculating a charging power value.
  9. Processing for obtaining charging time information for charging a secondary battery mounted on an electric vehicle ;
    Processing for calculating a charging power value based on the charging time information;
    Control to charge the secondary battery with the calculated charging power value;
    A process of detecting the remaining battery level of the secondary battery;
    To the computer,
    The process to control is
    Based on schedule information of a plurality of users sharing the electric vehicle, determining a charge amount required for the next use in the power storage device;
    The determined necessary charge amount is set as a target charge amount, a charge power value is calculated based on the difference between the target charge amount and the remaining battery level of the secondary battery and the charge time information, A program for controlling charging to be terminated when the target charging amount is reached while recalculating the charging power value.
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