JP5978414B1 - Online rental system and online rental method - Google Patents

Online rental system and online rental method Download PDF

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JP5978414B1
JP5978414B1 JP2016069180A JP2016069180A JP5978414B1 JP 5978414 B1 JP5978414 B1 JP 5978414B1 JP 2016069180 A JP2016069180 A JP 2016069180A JP 2016069180 A JP2016069180 A JP 2016069180A JP 5978414 B1 JP5978414 B1 JP 5978414B1
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rental
user
transmitter
current
identification signal
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JP2017182482A (en
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幸孝 吉川
幸孝 吉川
明宏 吉川
明宏 吉川
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株式会社オーガスタス
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Abstract

A rental is performed by transmitting a local identification signal specific to a rental object from a transmitter to a management server via a user's mobile terminal, and a user or other person's fraudulent acts on the transmitter. Automatically detect and reject user requests. A transmitter 30 for transmitting a unique local identification signal is installed in a parking lot 20. The correspondence between the identification signal transmitted from the transmitter 30 and the regular parking lot position corresponding to the transmitter 30 is known. The management server 50 receives the current location of the user from the user's mobile terminal 90. When the distance between the current position of the user and the regular parking position corresponding to the identification signal received by the user's portable terminal 90 from the transmitter 30 is equal to or greater than the reference distance, the management server 50 The rental related request from is not received from the mobile terminal 90 of the user or is received but not processed. [Selection] Figure 2

Description

  The present invention relates to a technology for renting a rental object, which is real estate or movable property, to a user online. In particular, a local identification signal specific to the rental object is transmitted from a transmitter to a management server via a user's mobile terminal. It is related with the technology which rents by doing.

  In recent years, services for renting and returning rental objects to users have become widespread. The rentals cover movable property and also real estate.

  As the rental object as real estate, for example, an accommodation facility (for example, a room in a hotel, a private house that is temporarily rented to another person, a living room such as an apartment house) or a long-term user There is a room of a stay facility (for example, an individual house, an apartment house, etc.), a coin locker, a parking lot (for example, an individual parking space in the same parking lot) and the like.

  Rental objects as movable property include, for example, land, water or flying vehicles (for example, rental cars, rental bicycles, etc.), rental furniture, rental clothing, rental electrical products, rental accessories that are detachably attached to electrical products. There are rental recording media (for example, CDs) on which audiovisual contents are recorded (for example, batteries or chargers), which can be reproduced by the user.

  As a rental object as a vehicle, for example, there is a bicycle. For example, in tourist areas, there are services for renting bicycles to travelers as a means for travelers to travel to their destinations. In urban areas, bicycles are used as a means for commuting and other movements to users. There are services to rent.

  Specific techniques for providing a service for renting and returning bicycles to users have already been proposed.

  For example, Patent Literature 1 discloses a technique for managing each station (a station that lends or returns a bicycle) through communication with an external management center in order to rent a bicycle. This technique assigns a two-dimensional code to each bicycle and displays it on the first print medium, and assigns a two-dimensional code to each station and displays it on the second print medium. A dial lock is locked on each bicycle to store each bicycle, and the user reads the two-dimensional code of the bicycle he wants to borrow and manages the information via the user's portable communication device. It is transmitted to the center, whereby the management center recognizes the current bicycle.

  Patent Document 2 also discloses a technique for managing each station by communication with an external management center in order to rent a bicycle. In this technique, a key is used for each bicycle, and when the management center receives a vehicle number of a bicycle that the user wants to borrow from the user's portable communication device, the bicycle is unlocked to unlock the key of the bicycle. A signal is transmitted to the key, and the key is automatically unlocked when the unlock signal is received.

  Patent Document 3 also discloses a technique for managing each station by communication with an external management center in order to rent a bicycle. In this technology, a stand is installed for each bicycle in the same station, the stand uses a key, and the management center receives a specific communication with the mobile communication device from the user via the mobile communication device. When an operation message indicating a stand is received, an unlock signal for unlocking the key is transmitted to the specific stand, and when the release signal is received, the key is unlocked. And

  Patent Document 4 discloses a technique for renting a bicycle or car parking lot to a user. According to this technology, a parked vehicle is equipped with a beacon device that transmits a local identification signal, that is, a beacon signal, while a parking position management that receives the beacon signal from the beacon device at each parking position in a parking lot. Equipment is installed. The parking position management device identifies a corresponding parked vehicle from the received beacon signal.

JP 2011-248813 A Japanese Patent No. 5008108 Japanese Patent No. 5507916 Japanese Patent Laying-Open No. 2015-153217

  The present inventors conducted various studies on the above-mentioned rental business, and as a result, installed a transmitter that transmits a local identification signal to the rental object, and the transmitter, the user's mobile terminal, We proposed a new technology for rental business using a management server.

  According to the technology, a mobile terminal of a user who is in a rental target receives a local identification signal from a transmitter installed in the rental target. The user wirelessly communicates with the management server via the portable terminal that the user owns, whereby the management server transmits the identification signal received from the transmitter by the user's portable terminal from the portable terminal. It is received substantially in real time in the form of a transmitter ID corresponding to the machine or a rental object ID corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the transmitter. The management server identifies the rental object based on the received ID, and recognizes the time when the ID is received as the rental time when the rental object is lent and as the return time when the rental object is returned.

  However, the present inventors have realized that there is room for improvement in the proposed technique. That is, this technique is based on the premise that the position of the rental object and the position of the transmitter always correspond to each other properly. Therefore, if, for some reason, a certain transmitter is moved from the position of the first regular rental target, if this technology is implemented without knowing that, at least the management server of the user's portable terminal and management server Will mistakenly recognize the rental object in which the transmitter is currently located as the first regular rental object.

  Therefore, when such a characteristic is abused by a user, the following illegal acts can be performed.

  That is, in one example, the user rents a parking lot (where a transmitter is installed) located at a certain position A (that is, enters the parking lot to park his / her vehicle). . In this case, when the user ends the parking, the user should return to the position A from the position B where the user has stayed until then, and leave the vehicle from the position A.

  At this time, the position A is far away from the current position of the user, that is, the position B that is the starting point of the process of returning to the position A, so that it takes a long time for the user to return to the position A. Then, it is easily predicted that the parking time will be increased by the moving time, and that the parking fee will increase.

  Therefore, the user may come up with an illegal act using the above-described characteristics.

  That is, the user enters the vehicle at position A (parking lot), transmits a receipt request to the management server through a transmitter that is normally deployed at the position A, and the management server then parks the vehicle. Allow and start parking time measurement.

  Before leaving from the position A, the user illegally removes the transmitter from the position A while leaving the vehicle at the position A, and holds the transmitter to the position B (another parking place near the user's planned staying position). To the parking lot). When the user moves from the staying position to the position B and issues a request for leaving at the position B, the management server erroneously recognizes the position B as the position A, so that the user is at the position A. It is mistakenly recognized that a shipping request has been issued. That is, the unauthorized user impersonates the management server and impersonates a fair user who returns to the position A and issues a delivery request.

  If such a fraud is not detected by the management server, the calculated parking time is shortened from the true parking time, and the calculated parking fee is reduced from the true parking fee. The user settles the illegally reduced parking fee, then returns to position A and actually leaves his / her vehicle from position A.

  As mentioned above, taking the case of applying to the parking business as an example, we explained that the rental business proposed by the inventors has a problem of impersonation, but the same problem applies to other types of rental business It is easily guessed that it exists.

  Based on the above knowledge, the present invention performs rental by transmitting a local identification signal specific to a rental object, which is real estate or movable property, from a transmitter to a management server via a user's portable terminal. It is a technology that has been made as an issue to provide a technology that automatically detects fraudulent acts of the user or other person on the transmitter and avoids providing rental services to unauthorized users. is there.

In order to realize the technology, according to one aspect of the present invention, there is an online rental system for renting a rental object that is a real estate or movable property to a user online,
If the rental object is real estate, the position of the real estate is the regular rental reference position.If the rental object is movable, the position of the real estate associated with the movable is the regular rental reference position. At least one transmitter, which is a non-contact type or a contact type that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify a corresponding rental object;
A mobile terminal of a user who wishes to use the rental object;
A management server that provides a rental service for the rental object by wirelessly communicating with the mobile terminal of the user;
Including
The user ’s mobile device
A positioning unit that measures the current position of the user on the map;
A receiver for measuring reception of the identification signal from the transmitter;
A storage unit that stores a predetermined correspondence between an identification signal received from the transmitter and geographical coordinates representing the regular rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the transmitter;
Screen,
On the screen, a part of the entire map that changes in accordance with the movement of the user is cut out and displayed as a partial map, and the received position is the regular rental reference position on the partial map. When there is a signal corresponding to the identification signal, the regular rental reference position is also displayed on the screen, and when the user's current position exists on the partial map, the user's current position is also displayed on the screen. A display section to be displayed above;
A request rejection unit that does not send a rental-related request to the management server when the current position of the user and the regular rental reference position are not displayed together on the screen;
An online rental system is provided.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a mobile terminal operated by a user to receive a rental service for a rental object that is real estate or movable property,
A positioning unit that measures the current position of the user on the map;
When the rental object is a real estate, the position of the real estate is a regular rental reference position, and when the rental object is a movable property, the position of the real estate associated with the movable property is a regular rental reference position. At least one transmitter installed at a location, wherein the identification signal is from a non-contact type or a contact type that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify a corresponding rental object A receiving unit for receiving
A storage unit for storing a correspondence relationship between the identification signal received from the transmitter and the geographical coordinates representing the regular rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the transmitter;
Screen,
On the screen, a part of the entire map that changes in accordance with the movement of the user is cut out and displayed as a partial map, and the received position is the regular rental reference position on the partial map. When there is a signal corresponding to the identification signal, the regular rental reference position is also displayed on the screen, and when the user's current position exists on the partial map, the user's current position is also displayed on the screen. A display section to be displayed above;
A request rejection unit for rejecting a rental service request from a user when the current position of the user and the regular rental reference position are not displayed together on the screen;
A user portable terminal is provided.
The following aspects are obtained by the present invention. Each aspect is divided into sections, each section is given a number, and is described in a form that cites other section numbers as necessary. This is to facilitate understanding of some of the technical features that the present invention can employ and combinations thereof, and the technical features that can be employed by the present invention and combinations thereof are limited to the following embodiments. Should not be interpreted. That is, it should be construed that it is not impeded to appropriately extract and employ the technical features described in the present specification as technical features of the present invention although they are not described in the following embodiments.

  Further, describing each section in the form of quoting the numbers of the other sections does not necessarily prevent the technical features described in each section from being separated from the technical features described in the other sections. It should not be construed as meaning, but it should be construed that the technical features described in each section can be appropriately made independent depending on the nature.

(1) An online rental system for renting a rental object, which is real estate or movable property, to a user online,
If the rental object is real estate, the position of the real estate is the regular rental reference position.If the rental object is movable, the position of the real estate associated with the movable is the regular rental reference position. At least one transmitter, which is a non-contact type or a contact type that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify a corresponding rental object;
Management that provides a rental service for the rental object by wirelessly communicating with the portable terminal of the user who desires to use the rental object and having a positioning function for measuring the current position of the user on the map Server and
The correspondence between the identification signal received from the transmitter and the geographical coordinates representing the regular rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the transmitter is known,
The management server
When the distance between the current position of the user and the regular rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the identification signal that the user's mobile terminal is receiving from the transmitter at that time is a reference distance or more, An online rental system including a request rejection unit that does not receive a rental-related request from a user from the user's mobile terminal or receives but does not process the request.

(2) The user's mobile terminal
Receiving the identification signal from the transmitter;
From the received identification signal, specify the geographical coordinates of the regular rental reference position,
Measure the user's current location, thereby obtaining the geographical coordinates of the user's current location,
Based on the acquired geographical coordinates of the regular rental reference position and the acquired geographical coordinates of the current position of the user, it is determined whether the distance is greater than or equal to the reference distance, the distance is the When the distance is longer than a reference distance, the rental-related request is not sent to the management server,
The said request rejection part is an online rental system as described in the (1) term which does not receive the said rental related request from a user's portable terminal as a result, when the said distance is more than the said reference distance.

(3) The user's mobile terminal
Have a screen,
On the screen, a part of the entire map that changes in conjunction with the movement of the user is cut out and displayed on the screen as a partial map,
If the regular rental reference position exists on the partial map, the regular rental reference position is also displayed on the screen,
If the current location of the user exists on the partial map, the current location of the user is also displayed on the screen,
When the current position of the user and the regular rental reference position are not displayed together on the screen, it is determined that the distance is equal to or greater than the reference distance, and the rental related request is not transmitted to the management server. The online rental system described in (2).

(4) The user's mobile terminal
Information for the management server to specify the geographical coordinates of the regular rental reference position from the identification signal received from the transmitter is transmitted to the management server,
Obtaining the geographical coordinates of the measured current position of the user, and transmitting the acquired geographical coordinates of the current position of the user to the management server;
The request rejection unit
From the information received from the user's mobile terminal, identify the geographical coordinates of the regular rental reference position,
Based on the geographical coordinates of the specified regular rental reference position and the received geographical coordinates of the current position of the user, it is determined whether the distance is greater than or equal to the reference distance, and the distance is the reference The online rental system according to (1), wherein when the distance is equal to or longer than the distance, the rental-related request is received from the user's portable terminal, but the rental-related request is not processed.

(5) An online rental method for renting a rental object that is real estate or movable property to a user online,
If the rental object is real estate, the position of the real estate is the regular rental reference position.If the rental object is movable, the position of the real estate associated with the movable is the regular rental reference position. At least one non-contact or contact transmitter that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify the rental object is installed;
The correspondence between the identification signal received from the transmitter and the geographical coordinates representing the regular rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the transmitter is known,
The online rental method is
When the distance between the current position of the user and the regular rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the identification signal that the user's mobile terminal is receiving from the transmitter at that time is a reference distance or more, An online rental method including a request rejection step in which the management server does not receive a rental-related request from a user from the user's portable terminal or receives but does not process the request.

(6) An online rental method for renting a rental object that is real estate or movable property to a user online,
If the rental object is real estate, the position of the real estate is the regular rental reference position.If the rental object is movable, the position of the real estate associated with the movable is the regular rental reference position. At least one non-contact or contact transmitter that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify the rental object is installed;
A user who desires to use the rental object wirelessly communicates with a management server that provides a rental service for the rental object via his / her portable terminal,
The online rental method is
When the mobile terminal of the user at the regular rental reference position effectively receives the identification signal from the transmitter, the management server sends the received identification signal from the mobile terminal to the rental object or the transmitter. A real-time receiving step of receiving substantially in real time in the form of a unique ID;
Based on the received ID, the management server identifies the rental object, and recognizes the time when the ID is received as a rental time when the rental object is lent and as a return time when the rental object is returned. Online rental methods including and.

(7) A program executed by a computer of a user's portable terminal in order to implement the method according to (5) or (6).

  For example, the program according to this section and other sections may be interpreted to mean a combination of instructions executed by a computer to perform its function, or may be processed according to each instruction as well as a combination of these instructions. It is possible to interpret it to include files and data that are included, but it is not limited to them.

  In addition, this program may achieve its intended purpose by being executed by a computer alone, or may be intended to achieve its intended purpose by being executed by a computer together with other programs. Yes, but not limited to them. In the latter case, the program according to this section can be mainly composed of data, but is not limited thereto.

(8) A program executed by the computer of the management server to implement the method according to (5) or (6).

(9) A recording medium on which the program according to item (8) is recorded so as to be readable by a computer.

  This recording medium can adopt various formats, for example, a magnetic recording medium such as a flexible disk, an optical recording medium such as a CD and a CD-ROM, a magneto-optical recording medium such as an MO, and an unremovable storage such as a ROM. However, it is not limited to them.

(10) An online rental system for renting a rental object that is real estate or movable property to a user online,
If the rental object is real estate, the position of the real estate is the regular rental reference position.If the rental object is movable, the position of the real estate associated with the movable is the regular rental reference position. At least one transmitter, which is a non-contact type or a contact type that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify a corresponding rental object;
A management server that provides a rental service for the rental object by wirelessly communicating with a mobile terminal of a user who desires to use the rental object;
The management server is
When the mobile terminal of the user who is in the rental target effectively receives the identification signal from the transmitter, the received identification signal is transmitted from the mobile terminal to the rental target corresponding to the transmitter or the transmitter. A real-time receiving unit that receives substantially real-time in the form of an ID;
Based on the received ID, an information recognition unit that identifies the rental object that the user is actually in, and recognizes the time when the ID is received as the rental time when the rental object is rented and as the return time when the rental object is returned Online rental system including

(11) The information recognizing unit is activated by using, as a trigger, that the user's portable terminal has effectively received an identification signal representing the same ID a plurality of times at different times from the transmitter. Online rental system.

(12) When the user's mobile terminal effectively receives an identification signal representing the same ID a plurality of times at different times from the transmitter, the real-time receiving unit receives the ID represented by the received identification signal. Received from mobile devices in real time,
The online rental system according to (11), wherein the information recognition unit is activated when the real-time receiving unit receives the ID from the portable terminal.

(13) The real-time receiving unit receives the ID represented by the identification signal from the portable terminal substantially in real time each time the user's portable terminal receives the identification signal from the transmitter.
The online rental system according to (11), wherein the information recognition unit is activated when the real-time reception unit receives the same ID from the mobile terminal a plurality of times at different times.

FIG. 1 shows at least one of a plurality of parking lots managed centrally by a parking lot management system according to the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention. It is a top view shown illustratively with a transmitter.

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the parking lot management system shown in FIG. 1, transmitters installed in a plurality of parking lots, portable terminals of a plurality of users in the parking lots, and a remote control center in a management center. It is a perspective view which shows an example of a mode that a management server communicates with each other.

FIG. 3 shows a short-distance one-way communication between one of the transmitters shown in FIG. 2 and one of the user's portable terminals, and a distance between the portable terminal and the management server shown in FIG. It is a figure which represents distance two-way communication each conceptually.

FIG. 4 is a functional block diagram conceptually showing one of the transmitters shown in FIG.

FIG. 5 is a flowchart conceptually showing an example of a program executed by the computer of the transmitter shown in FIG.

FIG. 6A is a plan view showing the plurality of vehicle-specific transmitters shown in FIG. 1 in an enlarged manner together with the plurality of vehicle compartments in which the transmitters are installed one by one. ) Is a plan view showing a single parking lot transmitter shown in FIG. 1 together with one parking lot where the transmitter is installed. The receivable area and effective reception area allocated to the machine are conceptually represented.

FIG. 7 is a functional block diagram conceptually showing the portable terminal of any one of the users shown in FIG.

FIG. 8 is a diagram conceptually showing in a tabular form a parking lot data table stored in the parking lot data memory in FIG. 7 from the beginning or downloaded from the management server or another map database and stored in an updatable manner.

FIG. 9 is a diagram conceptually showing in a tabular form a transmitter data table stored in the transmitter data memory in FIG. 7 from the beginning or downloaded from the management server and stored in an updatable manner.

FIG. 10 is a diagram conceptually showing a parking data table stored in an updatable manner in the user-specific parking data memory in FIG. 7 in a tabular format.

FIG. 11 is a flowchart conceptually showing an example of a program executed by the computer of the user's portable terminal shown in FIG. 7 in order to navigate the user toward the destination.

FIG. 12 conceptually illustrates an example of a warehousing permission determination program executed by the computer of the user's portable terminal shown in FIG. 7 in order to determine whether or not the user is allowed to enter the parking lot. It is a flowchart to represent.

FIG. 13 conceptually illustrates an example of a delivery permission determination program executed by the computer of the user's mobile terminal shown in FIG. 7 in order to determine whether or not the user is permitted to leave the vehicle from the parking lot. It is a flowchart to represent.

FIG. 14 is a flowchart conceptually showing an example of a parking service providing program executed by the computer of the user's portable terminal shown in FIG. 7 in order to provide a parking service to the user.

FIGS. 15A to 15D are plan views illustrating an example of a state in which the navigation image displayed on the screen of the display unit of the user's mobile terminal illustrated in FIG. 7 changes with time.

FIG. 16 is a functional block diagram conceptually showing the management server shown in FIG.

FIG. 17 is a functional block diagram conceptually showing the computer of the management server shown in FIG.

FIG. 18 is a flowchart conceptually showing a part of an example of the parking lot management program executed by the computer of the management server shown in FIG.

FIG. 19 is a flowchart conceptually showing the remaining part of the parking management program shown in FIG.

FIG. 20 is a diagram conceptually showing an example of the usage status management list created by executing step S606 in FIG. 18 and step S617 in FIG. 19 in a table format.

FIG. 21 is a diagram conceptually showing an example of a correspondence table referred to by the management server shown in FIG. 17 when the management server shown in FIG. 17 creates the usage status management list shown in FIG.

FIG. 22 is a conceptual diagram illustrating an example of a parking service providing program executed by a computer of a user's mobile terminal in order to provide a parking service to the user in the parking lot management system according to the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention. FIG.

FIG. 23 is a functional block diagram conceptually showing the computer of the management server in the parking lot management system according to the second embodiment.

FIG. 24 is a flowchart conceptually showing a part of an example of a parking lot management program executed by the computer of the management server shown in FIG.

FIG. 25 is a flowchart conceptually showing the remaining part of the parking management program shown in FIG.

26 (a) and 26 (b) are diagrams conceptually showing several exemplary scenarios for conceptually explaining the execution contents of steps S803-805 in FIG.

FIG. 27 is a conceptual diagram illustrating an example of a parking service providing program executed by a computer of a user's mobile terminal in order to provide a parking service to the user in the parking lot management system according to the third exemplary embodiment of the present invention. FIG.

FIG. 28 shows a short-range one-way communication between a transmitter and a user's portable terminal and a distance between the user's portable terminal and the management server in the parking lot management system according to the third embodiment. It is a figure which represents notionally an example of signal exchange in each of distance bidirectional | two-way communication in time series.

FIG. 29 shows a short-distance one-way communication between a transmitter and a user portable terminal, a user portable terminal and a management server in the parking lot management system according to the fourth exemplary embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a diagram conceptually showing an example of signal exchange in long-distance two-way communication between each other in time series.

  Hereinafter, some exemplary embodiments of the present invention are described in detail based on a drawing.

[First Embodiment]

  First, referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the parking lot management system according to the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention (an example of the above-mentioned “online rental system”, hereinafter simply referred to as “system”). .) 10 is for managing a plurality of parking lots 20 (in FIG. 1, only representative parking lots 20 are shown in FIG. 1) in which a plurality of vehicles can be parked. System.

  In FIG. 1, the parking lot 20 is shown in a plan view. The parking lot 20 has a plurality of vehicle compartments 22 that allow simultaneous parking of a plurality of vehicles. In this parking lot 20, there is a single entry / exit port 24 (which is both an entry / exit port).

  The parking lot 20 is unmanned, and the parking lot 20 also includes a gate device that opens and closes appropriately to prevent the unauthorized vehicles from coming out from the entrance / exit 24 of the parking lot 20. A car stop device that appears and disappears as appropriate to prevent unfair vehicles from being issued, and a ticketing machine and a checkout machine that issue a parking ticket to the user on condition that the user pays a parking fee are also installed. Absent.

  It should be noted that the term “vehicle” should be interpreted as a term encompassing not only automobiles but also all types of mobile objects such as bicycles and motorcycles.

  As shown in FIG. 1, there are two types of parking sections on the site of the parking lot 20. It is based on a premise of a section for renting the vehicle compartment 22 on a daily basis for each vehicle user (a temporary storage section or a daily renting section) and for each vehicle user. And a compartment for renting the passenger compartment 22 (monthly compartment). Hereinafter, when simply referred to as “parking lot 20”, only the temporary storage section of the parking lot 20 is meant.

  By the way, as a management method of the parking lot 20, a self-supporting management method in which each parking lot 20 is managed independently (individually or self-contained) using only the facilities installed in the parking lot 20. There is a centralized management system that centrally manages the parking lots 20 by communicating with a management server in which a plurality of parking lots 20 are remotely located. The system 10 according to the present embodiment employs the above-described centralized management method as the parking lot management method.

  Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the system 10 includes at least one transmitter (an example of a parking lot side unit) 30 installed in a plurality of parking lots 20 and a plurality of parking lots. And a management server (an example of a center unit) 50 installed in a management center 40 that centrally manages 20.

  In the present embodiment, a plurality of transmitters 30 are installed in the same parking lot 20. These transmitters 30 are installed in common in a plurality of transmitters 30 (transmitters according to vehicle compartments) 30 installed in each vehicle compartment 22 in the parking lot 20 and in a plurality of vehicle compartments 22 in the parking lot 20. And a transmitter (parking lot-specific transmitter) 30.

  Each compartment-specific transmitter 30 is configured to transmit a local identification signal that can identify a parking space ID unique to each compartment 22. In this case, one parking space ID is unique to one vehicle compartment 22 and also unique to one transmitter 30. Of course, if one parking space ID is specified, one parking lot 20 to which the corresponding vehicle compartment 22 belongs is also specified.

  In contrast, the parking lot-specific transmitter 30 is configured to transmit a local identification signal that can identify a parking space ID unique to one parking lot 20. In this case, one parking space ID is unique to one transmitter 30. Of course, if one parking space ID is specified, the corresponding one parking lot 20 is also specified.

  2 and 3 show an example of the parking management system 10 in which one parking lot-specific transmitter 30 is installed for each parking lot 20. Similarly, FIG. 6B shows an example of the parking management system 10 in which one parking lot-specific transmitter 30 is installed for each parking lot 20. On the other hand, FIG. 6A shows an example of the parking management system 10 in which one compartment-specific transmitter 30 is installed for each compartment 22.

  As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, in this system 10, the user uses his / her mobile terminal 90, and a parking lot-specific transmitter installed in one parking lot 20 where the user is currently staying. 30 receives the above-described local identification signal in a contact state or non-contact state with the transmitter 30 (performs short-distance one-way wireless communication), and at a long distance with the management server 50 of the management center 40 Performs two-way wireless communication.

  The user's portable terminal 90 is a device that is carried by the user and has a wireless communication function, such as a mobile phone, a smartphone, a laptop computer, a tablet computer, and a PDA.

  Here, a hardware configuration (refer to FIG. 4) and a software configuration (refer to FIG. 5) will be described for one transmitter 30 representing the plurality of transmitters 30 in FIG. In addition, the transmitter 30 classified by vehicle compartment and the transmitter 30 classified by parking lot have neither a structural difference nor a functional difference.

  First, to explain conceptually, at least one transmitter 30 is installed in each parking lot 20 and locally transmits an identification signal that can identify a parking space ID unique to the corresponding parking lot 20. A contactless or contact communication device.

  The transmitter 30 may be installed on the ground so as not to be mechanically fixed to the ground of the parking lot 20, that is, to be easily removable from the ground, for example. Because the owner of the land operated as the parking lot 20 requested the management company to operate the parking lot 20 for a certain period, there is a possibility that the request may be canceled suddenly.

  In such a case, the management company promptly removes all facilities for the parking service from the parking lot 20, and at that time, in order to minimize the effort for restoring the current situation, the transmitter 30 is simply It can be placed on the ground of the land. Therefore, there is a possibility that the transmitter 30 is installed in a parking lot 20 different from the parking lot 20 that is normally installed due to fraud.

  The transmitter 30 only needs to have at least a transmission function, but may be configured to have a reception function as necessary.

  Next, in order to explain the operation system, the transmitter 30 transmits the unique identification signal actively without using a trigger signal from the outside, locally, and permanently unless the supply power is insufficient. To do.

  The transmitter 30 is a device that is generally known by a name such as a beacon device that transmits a beacon signal as an identification signal or a radio beacon. In one example, the transmitter 30 generates an identification signal indicating a corresponding parking space ID by modulating an original signal, and the generated identification signal is converted into an IR signal, a Bluetooth (registered trademark) signal, an NFC, and the like. (Short-range wireless communication) Transmit locally as a signal.

  Next, the hardware configuration will be described with reference to FIG. 4 which is a functional block diagram. The transmitter 30 includes a computer 104 having a processor 100 and a memory 102 for storing a plurality of applications executed by the processor 100. It is configured as a subject.

  The transmitter 30 further includes a replaceable disposable battery 106 as a power source. Instead of the battery 106, a rechargeable battery or a commercial power source as an external power source can be employed. In the case where the transmitter 30 has a built-in battery, a connection cord with an external power source is not necessary, and the transmitter 30 can be easily transported. This ease, on the contrary, promotes the possibility that the transmitter 30 may be arbitrarily moved from the regular parking lot 20 to another parking lot 20 due to fraud.

  The transmitter 30 further includes a transmitter 108 that generates and transmits an identification signal. The transmitter 108 is operated by the battery 106 and is controlled by the controller 110. The controller 110 is controlled by the computer 100.

  Next, the software configuration of the transmitter 30 will be described with reference to FIG. 5. The processor 100 of the transmitter 30 repeatedly executes the program conceptually shown in the flowchart of FIG.

  When executing this program each time, first, the parking space ID is read from the memory 102 in step S1.

  When this embodiment is implemented so that the parking space ID is used by the parking lot-specific transmitter 30 (see FIG. 6B), the parking space ID is a regular one in which the parking lot-specific transmitter 30 is installed. This is the parking space ID assigned to the parking lot 20.

  When this embodiment is implemented so as to use the vehicle-specific transmitter 30 (see FIG. 6A), the vehicle-specific transmitter 30 is assigned to one regular vehicle room 22 in which the vehicle-specific transmitter 30 is installed. It is a unique parking space ID (which may be commonly assigned to a plurality of vehicle compartments 22, for example, a plurality of vehicle compartments 22 adjacent to each other).

  Subsequently, in step S2, a signal for modulating an original signal (for example, a transport signal) is output to the controller 110 so that the read parking space ID is reflected. The controller 110 controls the transmitting unit 108, and as a result, the transmitting unit 108 generates an identification signal to be transmitted this time. Thereafter, in step S3, the generated identification signal is transmitted locally from transmitting section 108. Then, it returns to step S1.

  Here, in order to explain one function of the user's portable terminal 90 in association with the transmitter 30, the portable terminal 90 receives an identification signal from the transmitter 30 and transmits it to the computer of the portable terminal 90. When a preinstalled program is activated, the received identification signal is demodulated in real time, thereby decoding the parking space ID in real time. The mobile terminal 90 further transmits the decoded parking space ID to the management server 50 in real time.

  Furthermore, the portable terminal 90 received the identification signal and the position of the transmitter 30 when the identification signal was transmitted based on the received identification signal while receiving the identification signal from the transmitter 30. The distance between the mobile terminal 90 and the position of the mobile terminal 90 is also measured.

  That is, the mobile terminal 90 acquires both the parking space ID corresponding to the transmitter 30 and the distance to the transmitter 30 at that time based on the identification signal received from the transmitter 30. It is.

  When the user of the portable terminal 90 approaches the transmitter 30 while holding his / her own portable terminal 90 and makes the portable terminal 90 completely or substantially contact the transmitter 108 of the transmitter 30, the portable terminal 90 is The identification signal can be received from the transmitter 30 in a contact manner.

  On the other hand, when the user of the mobile terminal 90 enters the specific reception area while holding his / her mobile terminal 90, the mobile terminal 90 can receive the identification signal from the transmitter 30 in a non-contact manner.

  As conceptually shown in a plan view in FIGS. 6A and 6B, each transmitter 30 is assigned two types of reception areas. They are a receivable area and an effective receiving area. Each of these areas is generally defined by a circle originating from each transmitter 30, and the receivable area has the maximum reception radius, while the effective reception area has the effective reception radius.

  However, specifically, when the power supply of each transmitter 30 is normal, the receivable area is an area where the identification signal from the transmitter 30 is reachable, that is, as long as it exists in the area. It means an area where the portable terminal 90 can receive the identification signal.

  On the other hand, the effective reception area has an effective reception radius smaller than the maximum reception radius of the receivable area. The maximum reception radius cannot be arbitrarily set, whereas the effective reception radius can be arbitrarily set.

  That is, the maximum reception radius may mean a reception limit determined by hardware, whereas the effective reception radius may mean a reception limit determined by software.

  As described above, the portable terminal 90 measures the distance from the transmitter 30 when the received identification signal is transmitted. The distance measurement may or may not exceed the effective reception radius. When the distance measurement value does not exceed the reception effective radius, the mobile terminal 90 exists in the effective reception area, whereas when the distance measurement value exceeds the reception effective radius, the mobile terminal 90 Is present in the receivable area but not in the effective reception area.

  After receiving the identification signal from the transmitter 30, the portable terminal 90 determines whether or not the distance measurement value is less than or equal to the set value of the effective reception radius. Is currently located within the effective reception area, the portable terminal 90 determines that “the identification signal from the transmitter 30 has been received effectively (hereinafter also simply referred to as“ the identification signal has been received ”)”.

  On the other hand, when the mobile terminal 90 determines that the distance measurement value is larger than the set value, the mobile terminal 90 is currently located outside the effective reception area. It is determined that the signal is not received effectively (hereinafter also simply referred to as “the identification signal is not received”).

  That is, in the present embodiment, when the mobile terminal 90 is located outside the effective reception area, the mobile terminal 90 actually appears even though the mobile terminal 90 receives the identification signal. It is handled on the software that the identification signal has not been received.

  In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 6, the individual performance and relative positional relationship of each transmitter 30 and the above-mentioned are described so that the coverage area and the effective reception area do not overlap with another transmitter 30. The effective reception radius is set.

  Next, the hardware configuration of the user's mobile terminal 90 will be described with reference to FIG. 7 which is a functional block diagram. The mobile terminal 90 includes a processor 130 and a memory for storing a plurality of applications executed by the processor 130. A computer 134 having 132 is mainly configured.

  The portable terminal 90 further includes a display unit (for example, a liquid crystal display) 136 that displays information on a screen (having a window having a finite area that is variable or unchanged), and signals from the transmitter 30 and the management server 50. And a transmission unit 140 that generates a signal and transmits the signal to the management server 50.

  The portable terminal 90 further includes an input unit 150 for inputting data and commands from the user. The input unit 150 includes, for example, an operation unit that can be operated by the user to input desired information (for example, commands, data, and the like) to the mobile terminal 90. The operation unit includes a touch screen that displays icons (for example, virtual buttons) that can be operated by the user, a physical operation unit (for example, keyboard, keypad, and buttons) that can be operated by the user, and voice. There is a microphone to detect, but it is not limited to these.

  The portable terminal 90 further includes a GPS (satellite positioning system) receiver 152. As is well known, the GPS receiver 152 receives a plurality of GPS signals from a plurality of GPS satellites, and based on the GPS signals, determines the position (latitude, longitude, and altitude) of the GPS receiver 152 on the earth. Measure by triangulation.

  As shown in FIG. 7, the memory 132 has a plurality of data memories including a map data memory 160, a parking lot data memory 162, a transmitter data memory 164, and a user-specific parking data memory 166.

  The map data memory 160 temporarily stores map data downloaded from the management server 50 or another map database (not shown) by the user's mobile terminal 90 according to the user's current location. A map is displayed on the screen of the display unit 136 based on the map data.

  As conceptually shown in FIG. 8, in the parking lot data memory 162, correspondence relationships between a plurality of parking space IDs and a plurality of map coordinates (latitude X, longitude Y) are downloaded from the management server 50 and stored. The The plurality of parking space IDs respectively correspond to the plurality of parking spaces 20 that are centrally managed by the system 10. Each of the plurality of map coordinates represents the longitude and latitude of the ground position of one parking lot 20 (or one compartment 22) to which the corresponding parking space is assigned.

  As conceptually shown in FIG. 9, in the transmitter data memory 164 of FIG. 7, correspondences between a plurality of transmitter IDs and a plurality of parking space IDs are downloaded from the management server 50 and stored. The plurality of transmitter IDs are IDs unique to the plurality of transmitters 30 respectively installed in the plurality of parking lots 20 (or the plurality of vehicle compartments 22 belonging to the plurality of parking lots 20). When the portable terminal 90 receives the identification signal from each transmitter 30, the portable terminal 90 converts the identification signal into any transmitter ID, and further changes the transmitter ID according to the above correspondence relationship. Convert to the parking space ID. Eventually, the identification signal received by the portable terminal 90 from each transmitter 30 identifies any parking space ID (that is, a parking space ID unique to the parking lot 20 where the current transmitter 30 should be installed). become.

  Theoretically, the portable terminal 90 and / or the identification signal received by the portable terminal 90 from each transmitter 30 is directly converted into the parking space ID without going through the conversion to the transmitter ID. It is possible to design an application to be installed on it. However, in practice, designing and maintaining the mobile terminal 90 and / or the application application mounted on the mobile terminal 90 so as to convert the identification signal into the parking space ID via the transmitter ID is necessary for system design and maintenance. Expansion may be easy.

  As conceptually shown in FIG. 10, the user-specific parking data memory 166 in FIG. 7 specifies data for identifying the parking lot 20 that has been stored for each user and for each parking event, and the storage. The time and the leaving time from the parking lot 20 are stored in association with each other.

  In the user-specific parking data memory 166, when the delivery is completed, all the data corresponding to the corresponding parking may be erased, and all the previous data are deleted unless the user performs the erasure operation. All data corresponding to parking may be stored in the user-specific parking data memory 166.

  Next, the software configuration of the user's portable terminal 90 will be described with reference to FIGS. 11 to 14. The processor 130 of the portable terminal 90 executes a plurality of programs. These programs include the navigation program shown in FIG. 11, the warehousing permission / inhibition determining program shown in FIG. 12, the warehousing permission / inhibition determining program shown in FIG. 13, and the parking service providing program shown in FIG.

  First, an example of a navigation program executed by the processor 130 of the user's mobile terminal 90 in order to navigate the user toward the destination (guide the route) will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG. To do.

  This navigation program is repeatedly executed while the operation for parking service is being executed in the portable terminal 90.

  At each execution, first, in step S101, the current position (longitude and latitude) of the user is measured based on the GPS signal received from the outside by the GPS receiver 152.

  Next, in step S <b> 102, the measured user position is set as a reference position (display reference point position (latitude and longitude)) referred to by the processor 130 in order to display the map on the screen of the display unit 136. .

  Subsequently, in step S103, a portion of the entire map having a size that can be displayed at once in the window and having the reference position is a map display range (that is, of the entire map, The area displayed at each moment in the window).

  When the user moves on the ground with time, the reference position moves with time so as to follow the ground. As a result, as the user moves, the display range of the map also moves on the entire map with time. As a result, the map image displayed in the window also changes with time.

  Thereafter, in step S104, the entire map is downloaded from the map data server, or a partial map of a certain size including the user position is downloaded from the map data server, and in any case, the downloaded map data Is temporarily stored in the map data memory 160. Further, a portion of the stored map data corresponding to the display range of the map is read from the map data memory 160 as current display data.

  Subsequently, in step S105, the parking lot data table is downloaded from the management server 50, and the downloaded parking lot data table is temporarily stored in the parking lot data memory 162. As illustrated in FIG. 8, the parking lot data table represents a correspondence relationship between a plurality of parking space IDs and a plurality of map coordinates. Each map coordinate is one parking lot 20 (or one vehicle compartment 22) specified by the corresponding parking space ID. Therefore, a plurality of map coordinates mean the geographical coordinates (longitude and latitude) of a corresponding plurality of parking lots.

  Thereafter, in step S106, the partial map represented by the read map data (the current display data) and the measured user position (for example, an icon representing the current position of the user) are displayed on the screen. And a plurality of the read out parking lot positions (for example, as icons representing the respective positions of the plurality of parking lots) are displayed together in an overlay state.

  In the exemplary scenario shown in time series in FIG. 15, first, as shown in FIG. 15A, a partial map, an icon representing the user position, and an icon representing the parking lot P1 are displayed on the screen. Displayed at the same time. The parking lot P1 is currently displayed on the screen among the plurality of actual parking lots 20, and may or may not match the regular parking lot P2 described later.

  From this state, when the user approaches the parking lot P1, the parking lot P1 relatively approaches the user. Next, as shown in FIG. A map, an icon representing the user position, and an icon representing the parking lot P1 are simultaneously displayed on the screen, and the distance between the user position and the parking lot P1 is shorter than that in FIG.

  While the user position is relatively movable on the partial map, the parking lot P1 is fixed on the ground and cannot be relatively moved with respect to the partial map, so FIGS. 15 (a) and 15 (b). In both cases, the relative positional relationship between the parking lot P1 and the partial map is the same.

  This completes one execution of the navigation program.

  Next, an example of a warehousing permission determination program executed by the processor 130 of the user's portable terminal 90 in order to determine whether or not to allow the user to enter the parking lot 20 by referring to FIG. Will be explained.

  This warehousing permission / inhibition determination program is also repeatedly executed while the operation for parking service is being executed in the portable terminal 90.

  At the time of each execution, first, in step S201, whether or not the warehousing flag (not shown, stored in the memory 132) that is on when the warehousing has already been performed and is otherwise off is off. Is determined. Since it is off this time, the determination is YES.

  Next, in step S <b> 202, it is determined whether or not the mobile terminal 90 has effectively received an identification signal from the transmitter 30.

  If the mobile terminal 90 is currently located outside the receivable area, the mobile terminal 90 cannot receive any identification signal from the transmitter 30, and therefore the determination in step S202 is NO. In this case, one execution of this warehousing permission / inhibition determination program is immediately terminated.

  On the other hand, when the mobile terminal 90 is currently located within the receivable area, the mobile terminal 90 can receive the identification signal from the transmitter 30. In this case, in step S202, the distance to the current transmitter 30 is measured based on the received identification signal. In step S202, it is further determined whether or not the distance measurement value is smaller than the set value, that is, whether or not the mobile terminal 90 is currently located within the effective reception area. If the distance measurement value is greater than or equal to the set value, the determination in step S202 is NO, and one execution of the warehousing permission / inhibition determination program immediately ends.

  On the other hand, when the mobile terminal 90 is currently located within the effective reception area, the determination in step S202 is YES because the distance measurement value is smaller than the set value.

  In the present embodiment, the management server 50 is not actually designed to directly confirm the fact that the mobile terminal 90 has effectively received the identification signal from the transmitter 30. However, the management server 50 has received an access request from the mobile terminal 90 on the premise of a protocol or fact that the mobile terminal 90 does not make an access request to the management server 50 unless the identification signal is effectively received from the transmitter 30. Only from this fact, the fact that the mobile terminal 90 has effectively received the identification signal from the transmitter 30 is estimated.

  Therefore, the management server 50 is actually equivalent to performing the operation | movement for confirming the fact that the portable terminal 90 received the identification signal from the transmitter 30 effectively.

  If the determination in step S202 is YES, in step S203, the received identification signal is demodulated, whereby the transmitter ID represented by the identification signal is decoded. That is, the current transmitter 30 is specified.

  Subsequently, in step S204, a legitimate parking space ID corresponding to the decoded transmitter ID is obtained by referring to the transmitter data table shown in FIG. Thereby, the parking space ID for specifying the regular parking lot P2 (which is an example of the “regular rental reference position” described above) where the transmitter 30 of this time is to be installed is acquired.

  As a result, the current regular parking lot P2 is identified, and consequently the location or geographical coordinates of the current regular parking lot P2 are identified. The transmitter 30 of this time may be installed in the actual parking lot 20 that is geographically coincident with the regular parking lot P2 as planned, and actually differs from the regular parking lot P2 geographically. There is a possibility that it is installed in another actual parking lot 20.

  After that, in step S205, whether or not the specified regular parking lot P2 matches the actual parking lot 20 currently displayed on the screen, that is, the regular parking lot P2 this time is It is determined whether or not the current user position is displayed on the same screen.

  In the example shown in FIG. 15C, the current regular parking lot P2 is geographically coincident with one of the actual parking lots 20, so that the current regular parking lot P2 is displayed together with the current user position. It is displayed on the same screen.

  In this example, the distance between the user position and the current regular parking lot P2 is shorter than any of the examples shown in FIGS. 15 (a) and 15 (b), but this is the example shown in FIG. 15 (c). Is an example that is established while this warehousing permission / inhibition determination program is substantially executed (the determination in step S202 is YES). In this case, the current position of the user is The warehousing permission / inhibition determination program is substantially not executed (the determination in step S202 is NO), and as a result, the current position of the user is closer to the current regular parking lot P2. Because it will be.

  By the way, thanks to the GPS function of the user's mobile terminal 90, the current geographical position of the user can be known, and if the identity of the transmitter 30 that has transmitted the signal received by the user's mobile terminal 90 is known (identified). Thus, the geographical position of one regular parking lot P2 corresponding to one selected parking lot 20 selected for use by the user this time among a plurality of actual parking lots 20 can be known. Originally, the selected parking lot 20 and the regular parking lot P2 are geographically coincident with each other, and the regular parking lot P2 and the user's current location are geographically coincident with each other. The selected parking lot 20 is geographically coincident with each other.

  On the other hand, the fact that the current position of the user and the current regular parking lot P2 are displayed on the same screen is because the magnification at which the map is displayed on the screen may be a variable value. Although the distance between two points is not unambiguous, you can think of them as representing a closer distance to each other than if they were not simultaneously displayed on the same screen .

  Schematically, when the current location of the user and the current regular parking lot P2 are displayed on the same screen, the current location of the user and the current regular parking lot P2 are “close to each other”. It is possible to determine that there is a geographical positional relationship. That is, the determination as to whether or not the current position of the user is close to the current regular parking lot P2 is made using each geographical coordinate as a medium.

  On the other hand, due to the locality of the identification signal of the transmitter 30, the user's mobile terminal 90 cannot receive the identification signal from the transmitter 30 unless the distance from the transmitter 30 is a short distance. Therefore, by the combination of the user's portable terminal 90 and the transmitter 30, the user is currently closest to the plurality of transmitters 30 from the signals received by the portable terminal 90 from the transmitter 30 (others not shown) A transmitter 30) that is closer than any of several other transmitters 30 installed in the parking lot 20 is identified. This identification is done without mediating geographic coordinates.

  Therefore, when the current position of the user and the current regular parking lot P2 are displayed on the same screen, the current regular parking lot P2 and the current selected parking lot 20 may match each other.

  Based on such knowledge, as shown in FIG. 15C, when the current regular parking lot P2 is displayed on the same screen together with the current user position, the determination in step S205 is YES. Become. Subsequently, in step S206, it is determined that the current transmitter 30 is deployed in the current regular parking lot P2, and it is eventually determined that the deployed position of the current transmitter 30 is normal.

  Thereafter, in step S207, the user is permitted to enter the selected parking lot 20 this time. Subsequently, in step S208, a warehousing button operated by a user requesting warehousing at the current selected parking lot 20 (for example, touched) is a character, symbol, image, or the like associated with a physical button. A virtual button to be displayed (or another warehousing icon may be used) is displayed on the screen as illustrated in FIG. 15C.

  In this embodiment, only when there is a possibility that the current regular parking lot P2 and the current selected parking lot 20 match each other, the warehousing button is displayed on the screen, and the user can input a warehousing request. It becomes.

  For example, in the example shown in FIG. 15C, the regular parking lot P2 and the current position of the user are displayed on the screen at the same time. This is because the selected parking lot 20 may be the regular parking lot P2, and the transmitter 30 of this time may be provided in the regular parking lot P2. Therefore, the deployment position of the transmitter 30 this time may be normal.

  Therefore, in this example, the warehousing button is displayed on the screen, so that the user can input a warehousing request, and the user can use the actual parking lot 20 corresponding to the regular parking lot P2. it can.

  This completes one execution of the warehousing permission / inhibition determination program.

  On the other hand, if the current regular parking lot P2 is not displayed on the screen, the determination in step S205 is NO, and the current transmitter 30 is deployed in the current regular parking lot P2 in step S209. It is determined that it is not performed, and it is determined that the deployment position of the current transmitter 30 is abnormal.

  Thereafter, in step S210, the user is prohibited from entering the current parking lot 20. In this case, the warehousing button is not displayed on the screen. Therefore, it is impossible for the user to input a warehousing request.

  The situation of abnormal deployment of the transmitter 30 occurs when the transmitter 30 is moved from the regular parking lot P2 to another actual parking lot 20 by some illegal act. In this case, after that, in the actual parking lot 20, even if the user tries to enter the warehouse using the transmitter 30, the user cannot receive the entry request to the management server 50, and therefore receives the parking service. Can not.

  For example, in the example shown in FIG. 15D, the actual parking lot P3 and the current position of the user are displayed on the screen at the same time, but the regular parking lot P2 is not displayed. This is because the selected parking lot 20 may actually be the parking lot P3 but may not be the regular parking lot P2, and the transmitter 30 of this time may not be deployed in the regular parking lot P2. Therefore, the deployment position of the transmitter 30 this time is abnormal.

  Therefore, in this example, the warehousing button is not displayed on the screen, and therefore it is impossible for the user to input a warehousing request, and the user cannot use the actual parking lot P3. When the warehousing button is not displayed, it is prohibited to provide a parking service to the user and even the user even issues a warehousing request.

  This completes one execution of the warehousing permission / inhibition determination program.

  Next, a delivery permission determination program executed by the processor 130 of the user's mobile terminal 90 in order to determine whether or not to allow the user to leave the parking lot 20 by referring to the flowchart of FIG. An example will be described.

  This delivery permission / inhibition determination program is also repeatedly executed while the operation for parking service is being executed in the portable terminal 90.

  At each execution, first, in step S301, whether or not the warehousing flag is turned on, that is, whether or not the current user has entered any parking lot 20 and the current parking service has already started. It is determined whether or not. If it is assumed that the warehousing flag is off (before warehousing) this time, the determination in step S301 is NO, and one execution of this warehousing permission / inhibition judging program is immediately terminated.

  On the other hand, this time, if it is assumed that the warehousing flag is on (has been warehousing), the determination in step S301 is YES.

  Subsequently, in step S302, similarly to step S202 in FIG. 12, it is determined whether the portable terminal 90 has received the identification signal from the transmitter 30 effectively. Thereafter, in step S303, the received identification signal is demodulated in the same manner as in step S203 in FIG. 12, whereby the transmitter ID represented by the identification signal is decoded. As a result, the current transmitter 30 is specified.

  Subsequently, in step S304, a legitimate parking space ID corresponding to the decoded transmitter ID is obtained by referring to the transmitter data table shown in FIG. The Thereby, the regular parking lot P2 of this time is specified.

  Thereafter, in step S305, the data indicating the parking lot is read from the user-specific parking data memory 166 storing the user-specific parking data table in FIG. It is specified as a parking lot.

  Subsequently, in step S305, it is determined whether or not the regular parking lot P2 and the incoming parking lot are inconsistent with each other. For example, it is determined whether or not the parking space ID corresponding to the regular parking lot P2 and the parking space ID representing the storage parking lot are inconsistent with each other.

  When there is a discrepancy, the user is in the garage parking lot but the transmitter 30 installed there is not regular for the garage parking lot, and the user is in a parking lot different from the garage parking lot. There may be a case where the transmitter 30 installed there is legitimate for the other parking lot.

  In any case, when the regular parking lot P2 and the incoming parking lot are not inconsistent with each other, that is, when the regular parking lot P2 and the incoming parking lot match each other, the determination in step S306 is NO. Subsequently, in step S307, it is determined whether or not an incoming parking lot (this time geographically coincides with the regular parking lot P2) is displayed on the screen together with the user position. The determination is YES.

  Thereafter, in step S308, it is determined that the current transmitter 30 is deployed in the garage parking lot, and eventually, it is determined that the deployed position of the current transmitter 30 is normal.

  Subsequently, in step S309, the user is permitted to leave the parking lot. Thereafter, in step S310, an exit button (which is touched) operated by a user requesting exit from the entrance parking lot (this is a virtual displayed with characters, symbols, images, etc. reminiscent of physical buttons). (Although it is a target button, other delivery icons may be used) are displayed on the screen according to the example shown in FIG.

  This completes one execution of the warehousing permission / inhibition determination program.

  On the other hand, when the warehousing parking lot (this time geographically coincides with the regular parking lot P2) is not displayed on the screen together with the user position, the determination in step S307 is NO. Subsequently, in step S311, it is determined that the current transmitter 30 is not deployed in the garage parking lot, and it is eventually determined that the deployed position of the current transmitter 30 is abnormal.

  Thereafter, in step S312, the user is prohibited from leaving the parking lot. In this case, the exit button is not displayed on the screen. For this reason, it is impossible for the user to input a shipping request. At this time, a warning message such as “

  This completes one execution of the warehousing permission / inhibition determination program.

  If the regular parking lot P2 and the incoming parking lot are inconsistent, the determination in step S306 is YES, and the process proceeds to step S312 without going through step S311, or as a result. Is not displayed on the screen, and therefore it is impossible for the user to input a shipping request.

  This completes one execution of the warehousing permission / inhibition determination program.

  Next, an example of a parking service providing program executed by the processor 130 of the user's portable terminal 90 shown in FIG. 7 in order to provide the user with a parking service will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

  This parking service providing program is also repeatedly executed while the operation for parking service is executed in the portable terminal 90.

  At the time of each execution, first, in step S401, it is determined whether or not the warehousing button has been operated, that is, whether or not the current user has requested warehousing to any of the parking lots 20. If it is assumed that the warehousing button has been operated this time, the determination in step S401 is YES. At this time, the current session, that is, one-way bidirectional communication with the management server 50 for the user to use the current parking service is started (login to the management server 50).

  Next, in step S <b> 402, the user's member ID is transmitted to the management server 50. Thereafter, in step S403, the user password is transmitted to the management server 50.

  Subsequently, in step S <b> 404, the current request from the user, i.e., a warehousing request for entering a certain parking lot 20 is transmitted to the management server 50. Thereafter, in step S405, a unique chassis number (for example, a 4-digit number attached to a so-called license plate) attached to the vehicle that the user wants to park is transmitted to the management server 50. This step S405 can be omitted.

  Subsequently, in step S <b> 406, the specified parking space ID is transmitted to the management server 50. Thereafter, in step S407, a reply from the management server 50 is awaited. As will be described later, the returned data includes parking start data indicating that processing for warehousing of the vehicle has started (parking has started).

  If there is a reply from the management server 50, in step S <b> 408, the returned data includes the parking start data this time, so that it is determined that parking has started. Subsequently, in step S409, the warehousing flag is turned on, and in step S410, warehousing data related to warehousing such as data for identifying the parking lot 20 that has been warehousing is recorded in the memory 132. Thereby, the user can start parking his / her vehicle in the current parking lot 20.

  This completes one execution of the parking service providing program. As a result, one-way bidirectional communication with the current session, that is, the management server 50 for entering the current parking lot 20 ends (logout from the management server 50).

  On the other hand, if the determination in step S401 is NO because the warehousing button has not been operated, it is determined in step S411 whether or not the warehousing button has been operated. If the exit button is not operated, the determination is NO, and one execution of the parking service providing program is immediately terminated. However, if the exit button is operated, the determination in step S411 is performed. Yes.

  In this case, steps S412-S420 are executed in accordance with the above-described steps S402-S410.

  Specifically, the member ID of the user is transmitted to the management server 50 in step S412. Thereafter, in step S413, the user password is transmitted to the management server 50.

  Subsequently, in step S <b> 414, a current request from the user, that is, a delivery request for requesting delivery of the vehicle from a certain parking lot 20 is transmitted to the management server 50. Thereafter, in step S415, a unique chassis number (for example, a 4-digit number attached to a so-called license plate) attached to the vehicle that the user wants to park is transmitted to the management server 50. Note that step S415 can be omitted.

  Subsequently, in step S416, the specified parking space ID is transmitted to the management server 50. Thereafter, in step S417, a reply from the management server 50 is awaited. As will be described later, the returned data indicates parking end data indicating that the process for leaving the vehicle is started (parking is finished), payment details indicating the settlement by the user after leaving, and the like. Contains data.

  If there is a reply from the management server 50, in step S418, since the returned data includes the parking end data this time, it is determined that the parking has ended. Subsequently, in step S419, the warehousing completed flag is turned off, and further in step S420, the outgoing data related to the outgoing is recorded in the memory 132.

  Subsequently, since the payment details are returned from the management server 50 in step S412, the returned payment details are displayed on the screen of the display unit 136 of the portable terminal 90.

  This completes one execution of the parking service providing program. As a result, the current session, that is, one-way bidirectional communication with the management server 50 for delivery from the current parking lot 20 ends (logout from the management server 50).

  Next, the hardware configuration of the management server 50 will be described with reference to FIG. 16 which is a functional block diagram. The management server 50 includes a processor 160 and a memory 162 that stores a plurality of applications executed by the processor 160. The computer 164 is mainly configured.

  The management server 50 further generates a signal by displaying a display unit (for example, a liquid crystal display) 166 that displays information, a receiving unit 168 that receives a signal from the portable terminal 90, and transmits the signal to the portable terminal 90. And a clock 172 that measures the current time. This management server 50 does not directly receive from the transmitter 30, but in effect via the mobile terminal 90.

  Next, the software configuration of the computer 164 of the management server 50 will be conceptually described with reference to FIG. 17 which is a functional block diagram.

  As shown in FIG. 17, the management server 50 includes a warehousing processing unit 200 for processing warehousing of vehicles and a warehousing processing unit 202 for processing warehousing of vehicles.

  The management server 50 further includes a parking fee calculation unit 210 that calculates a parking fee to be paid by the user who parked the vehicle, and a settlement processing unit 212 that allows the user to pay the parking fee.

  Specifically, the parking fee calculation unit 210 calculates the length of the elapsed time from the entry time to the exit time as the length of the user's parking time. The amount of the parking fee is set to increase according to the length of the parking time, and the relationship is stored in advance in the memory 162 as a fee table (not shown).

  The parking fee calculation unit 210 further calculates the amount of the current parking fee by referring to the fee table based on the calculated length of the parking time.

  Further, the settlement processing unit 212 collects the current parking fee from the user by performing bank settlement, credit settlement, prepaid settlement or the like for the current user.

  Next, the software configuration of the management server 50 will be described in more detail with reference to FIGS. 18 and 19. The processor 160 of the management server 50 includes a plurality of programs stored in the memory 162, as shown in FIG. The parking lot management program (program for entering and leaving) conceptually represented in the flowchart in FIG. 13 is repeatedly executed.

  Each execution of the parking lot management program is started in step S601 shown in FIG. 18, and in this step S601, the type of the current request issued from the user to the management center 40 via the portable terminal 90 is determined. Information for specifying whether the request is an entry request or an exit request, the chassis number, and the parking space ID, together with a member ID and a password assigned in advance for the current user in real time (user's mobile terminal 90 receives the identification signal from the transmitter 30 or substantially the same time as the time when the identification signal was converted into the parking space ID. These data are stored in the memory 162 in association with each other for later access.

  In order to enjoy the parking service provided by the system 10, the user is required to register in advance as a member, and at that time, register the password necessary for subsequent personal authentication. It is requested.

  Next, in step S602, it is determined from the collation result between the received member ID and password and the registered information whether or not the personal authentication for the current user is successful. If the personal authentication is successful, it is determined in step S603 whether or not the current request from the user is a warehousing request.

  If the current request is an outgoing request, the determination is no, and then the process proceeds to the step group shown in FIG. 19. If the current request is an incoming request, the determination is yes and step S604 is performed. Migrate to

  In step S604, the current time is measured using the clock 172, and the user's entry time (parking start time) is recorded in the memory 162 as the same time as the current time.

  This step S604 is the time when the management server 50 received the parking space ID from the portable terminal 90 in step S601 (this is the time when the portable terminal 90 effectively received the identification signal from the transmitter 30 during the user warehousing process). It is executed promptly (one minute or before a time longer than necessary has elapsed). Therefore, the warehousing time is recognized as a time substantially coincident with the time when the portable terminal 90 effectively receives the identification signal from the transmitter 30 in the warehousing process of the user.

  That is, in this step S604, it is almost at the time when the management server 50 receives the parking space ID from the portable terminal 90, that is, at the time when the portable terminal 90 effectively receives the identification signal from the transmitter 30 in the warehousing process of the user. Based on the matching time, the user's warehousing time is recognized.

  Subsequently, in step S605, the user is allowed to enter (park) the vehicle in the current parking lot 20. As a premise, it is recognized that the user is actually in the parking lot 20 having the parking space ID at the warehousing time.

  Thereafter, in step S606, the parking lot 20 corresponding to the parking space ID is acquired in accordance with the correspondence relationship table shown in FIG. 21, whereby the current parking lot 20 is specified. In step S606, the current warehousing time and the parking lot 20 are further stored in the memory 162 in association with the current member and chassis number in preparation for later use.

  Specifically, in this step S606, the usage status management list shown in FIG. 20 is created. More specifically, in this step S606, triggered by the occurrence of an event of warehousing for a certain user, for each parking service, a parking space (parking lot 20), warehousing time, shipping time, A data block (for example, a linked data string) in which information (member ID) for identifying the user and the chassis number are associated with each other is created. A plurality of data blocks corresponding to a plurality of parking services are listed, thereby creating a usage status management list.

  As illustrated in FIG. 21, the correspondence relationship between the plurality of parking space IDs and the plurality of parking lots 20 is recorded in the memory 162 in advance. Therefore, if the current parking space ID is specified at each time point, the location of one corresponding parking lot 20 is specified.

  In the example of the usage status management list shown in FIG. 20, a plurality of data blocks are arranged in time series. For example, in the example shown in FIG. 20, a plurality of data blocks are arranged in ascending order of warehousing time.

  In the example shown in FIG. 20, in the first data block from the top, the vehicle (chassis number: 0123) was received at 10:00 on January 20 for the member “Tanaka” in the parking lot A. Indicates that the vehicle has not been issued yet (parked).

  In the second data block from the top, the vehicle (chassis number: 1234) was received at 9:00 on January 20th for the member “Suzuki” in the parking lot B, but the vehicle was still out. It means not (parked).

  In the third data block from the top, the vehicle (chassis number: 2345) is received from the parking lot C at 8:00 on January 20 with respect to the member “Kato” at the parking lot C. It indicates that the car was issued at 17:00 on March 20 and the parking fee was paid.

  In the fourth data block from the top, the vehicle (chassis number: 3456) is received from the parking lot D at 8:00 on January 19th for the member “Kobayashi”. It indicates that the car was issued at 12:00 on March 19 and the parking fee was paid.

  Subsequently, in step S <b> 607 of FIG. 18, the above-described parking start data indicating that parking has started is transmitted to the user's portable terminal 90. With the above, the execution of the part of the parking lot management program for entering the vehicle is completed.

  On the other hand, if the current request issued by the user is an exit request, the determination in step S603 in FIG. 18 is NO, and the process proceeds to step S608 shown in FIG. In step S608, the current time is measured using the clock 172, and the user's departure time (parking end time) is recorded in the memory 162 as the same time as the current time.

  This step S608 is the time when the management server 50 received the parking space ID from the portable terminal 90 in step S601 (this is the time when the portable terminal 90 effectively received the identification signal from the transmitter 30 during the user's leaving process). It is executed promptly (one minute or before a time longer than necessary has elapsed). Therefore, the delivery time is recognized as a time that substantially matches the time when the mobile terminal 90 effectively received the identification signal from the transmitter 30 during the user's delivery process.

  That is, in step S608, the time when the management server 50 receives the parking space ID from the portable terminal 90, that is, the time when the portable terminal 90 effectively receives the identification signal from the transmitter 30 in the user's leaving process. Based on the matching time, the user's delivery time is recognized.

  Subsequently, in step S609, by referring to the usage status management list, it is determined whether or not the parking space ID at the time of delivery matches the parking space ID at the time of entry of the same user. If they do not match, the determination in step S609 becomes NO, and in step S610, there is a possibility that there is some abnormality in the data received this time from the user, or the user is staying in the wrong parking lot 20. As described above, re-input of data to the user, that is, retry of communication with the management server 50 is required. This is the end of the execution of this parking lot management program.

  On the other hand, when the parking space ID at the time of leaving coincides with the parking space ID at the time of warehousing by the same user, the determination in step S609 is YES, and then in step S611, the user determines that the parking space 20 is It is allowed to leave from. As a premise, it is recognized that the user is actually in the parking lot 20 having the current parking space ID at the measured delivery time. Thereafter, in step S 612, the warehousing time for the vehicle that is the current evacuation target is read from the memory 162.

  Subsequently, in step S613, the length of the elapsed time from the entry time to the exit time is calculated as the length of the current user's parking time. Thereafter, in step S614, the amount of the current parking fee is calculated by referring to the fee table based on the calculated length of the parking time. Thereafter, in step S615, the calculated parking fee is paid to the current user, and the current parking fee is collected from the user.

  Subsequently, in step S616, a message indicating that the delivery has been completed and the payment details for the current parking fee are transmitted to the user's portable terminal 90.

  Thereafter, in step S617, the usage status management list is updated so that data representing the delivery time is reflected. This is the end of the execution of the part of the parking lot management program where the vehicle is unloaded.

[Second Embodiment]

  Next, the parking lot management system 10 according to the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 22 to 26. However, since this embodiment has many elements in common with the first embodiment described above, only different elements will be described in detail, and the common elements will be referred to using the same name or the same reference numerals. The duplicated explanation is omitted.

  As described above, in the first embodiment, the current position of the user and the current regular parking lot P2 (which is an example of the “regular rental reference position” described above) are displayed on the screen of the user's portable terminal 90. When not displayed together, the distance D between the current position of the user and the current regular parking lot P2 in the portable terminal 90 is equal to or greater than the reference distance (for example, the current transmitter 30 is current regular The mobile terminal 90 rejects the input of the warehousing request or the warehousing request from the user (each of which is an example of the aforementioned “rental-related request”), thereby The warehousing request or the warehousing request from the user is not transmitted to the management server 50. Therefore, the management server 50 does not receive an entry request or an exit request from the user from the user's portable terminal 90.

  On the other hand, in this embodiment, the management server 50 receives the user's current position and transmitter ID or parking space ID from the user's portable terminal 90, and then receives the received user's current position (latitude and longitude). And the distance D between the position (longitude and latitude) of the current regular parking lot corresponding to the received transmitter ID or parking space ID is calculated.

  Further, when the calculated distance D is equal to or greater than the reference distance Dth, the management server 50 determines that the current transmitter 30 (located at a position that is completely or substantially the same as the current position of the user) is the current regular parking. It is determined that it is not deployed in the car park P2, and the processing of the warehousing request or the warehousing request from the user received from the user's portable terminal 90 is rejected, thereby invalidating the warehousing request or the warehousing request from the user. That is, the warehousing request or the evacuation request from the user is discarded without being processed.

  Therefore, in this embodiment, the processor 130 of the user's portable terminal 90 performs the warehousing permission / inhibition determination program (FIG. 12), the warehousing permission / inhibition determination program (FIG. 13), and the parking service providing program (FIG. 14). Instead, the main program shown conceptually in the flowchart of FIG. 22 is repeatedly executed.

  The processor 130 of the user's portable terminal 90 further executes a navigation program that is basically common to the navigation program shown in FIG.

  However, this navigation program in the present embodiment is different from the navigation program in the first embodiment, and although not shown, the map, the several parking lot positions, and the user positions are displayed on the screen. The warehousing button and the warehousing button are always displayed, and if the warehousing button is operated by the user, the warehousing request is transmitted to the management server 50, while if the warehousing button is operated by the user, the warehousing request is transmitted to the management server. 50.

  The processor 130 of the user's mobile terminal 90 further refers to several data tables stored in the memory 132, namely the parking lot data table shown in FIG. 8 and the transmitter data table shown in FIG. To do.

  As shown in FIG. 22, at the time of each execution of the main program in the present embodiment, first, in step S701, the user's mobile terminal 90 transmits the transmitter in the same manner as in step S202 of FIG. 12 or step S302 of FIG. It is determined whether or not the identification signal is effectively received from 30. If it is received effectively, the determination is YES, and one-way bi-directional communication with the management server 50 for the user to use this parking service is started (to the management server 50). Login).

  Next, in step S <b> 702, the member ID of the user is transmitted to the management server 50. Thereafter, in step S703, the user password is transmitted to the management server 50.

  Subsequently, in step S <b> 704, the current request from the user is transmitted to the management server 50. Specifically, when the user operates the warehousing button on the screen, a warehousing request for warehousing the vehicle to the parking lot 20 is transmitted to the management server 50. On the other hand, when the user operates the exit button on the screen, an exit request requesting exit of the vehicle from the current parking lot 20 is transmitted to the management server 50.

  Thereafter, in step S <b> 705, a unique chassis number assigned to the vehicle that the user wants to park (for example, a four-digit number attached to a so-called license plate) is transmitted to the management server 50. This step S705 can be omitted.

  Subsequently, in step S706, the received identification signal is demodulated in the same manner as in steps S203 and S204 of FIG. 12, whereby the transmitter ID represented by the identification signal is decoded.

  Furthermore, in this step S707, by referring to the transmitter data table shown in FIG. 9, a regular parking space ID corresponding to the decoded transmitter ID is acquired. Thereby, parking space ID which specifies the regular parking lot P2 where this transmitter 30 should be installed is acquired.

  Subsequently, in step S <b> 707, the acquired parking space ID is transmitted to the management server 50.

  Thereafter, in step S708, as in step S101 of FIG. 11, the current position of the user is measured using the GPS signal, or by the latest execution of the plurality of executions of step S101 of FIG. The current location of the identified user is reused.

  In any case, subsequently, in step S709, the acquired current position of the user is real-time in the management server 50, that is, immediately after the user's current position is measured by the portable terminal 90 (for example, 1 Sent so that there is no waiting time longer than a minute).

  Thereafter, in step S710, a reply from the management server 50 is awaited. If there is a reply, it is determined in step S711 whether the returned data is the parking start data. If it is the parking start data, the user can start parking his / her vehicle in the current parking lot 20. Immediately thereafter, one execution of this program ends. As a result, one-way bidirectional communication with the current session, that is, the management server 50 for entering the current parking lot 20 ends (logout from the management server 50).

  On the other hand, if the returned data is not the parking start data, the determination in step S711 is NO, and in step S712, it is determined whether the returned data is the parking end data. . If it is parking end data, the payment details returned from the management server 50 are displayed on the screen of the display unit 136 of the portable terminal 90 in step S713.

  This completes one execution of the parking service providing program. As a result, the current session, that is, one-way bidirectional communication with the management server 50 for delivery from the current parking lot 20 ends (logout from the management server 50).

  FIG. 23 conceptually shows a functional block diagram of the computer 164 of the management server 50 in the present embodiment. As compared with FIG. 17, the computer 164 of the management server 50 in the present embodiment can be seen that a request rejection unit 220 is added to the computer 164 of the management server 50 in the first embodiment.

  24 to 25 show a parking lot management program corresponding to the parking lot management program (FIGS. 18 to 19) executed by the computer 164 of the management server 50 in the first embodiment, and the management server shown in FIG. What is executed by the 50 computers 164 is conceptually represented in the flowchart.

  Since the parking lot management program of FIGS. 24 to 25 has steps common to the parking lot management program of FIGS. 18 to 19, the common steps will be briefly described, and only different steps will be described in detail.

  At the time of each execution of the parking lot management program of FIGS. 24 to 25 of the present embodiment, first, step S801 is executed. This step also includes data representing the current position (latitude and longitude) of the user from the user's portable terminal 90. Except for the fact that it is also received, it is common to step S601.

  Next, in step S802, in the same manner as in step S602, it is determined from the collation result between the received member ID and password and the registered information whether or not the personal authentication for the current user has been successful. The If the personal authentication fails, one execution of this parking lot management program is completed.

  If the personal authentication is successful, steps S803 to S807 are executed as a group of steps unique to the present embodiment.

  Specifically, first, in step S803, the geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude) of the current regular parking lot P2 corresponding to the received parking space ID are referred to the parking lot data table of FIG. To be acquired. Next, in step S804, the distance D between the two points is calculated based on the acquired geographical coordinates (longitude and latitude) of the regular parking lot P2 and the received user position (longitude and latitude). .

  Subsequently, in step S805, it is determined whether or not the calculated distance D is equal to or less than the reference distance Dth. That is, since the distance D is equal to or less than the reference distance Dth, the actual parking lot 20 where the user is currently coincides with the current regular parking lot P2, and the current transmitter 30 becomes the current regular parking lot P2. Since there is a possibility that it is deployed or the distance D is longer than the reference distance Dth, the user's actual parking lot 20 does not match the current regular parking lot P2, and the current transmitter It is determined whether there is a possibility that 30 is located in a parking lot 20 different from the current regular parking lot P2.

  If it is assumed that the distance D is equal to or less than the reference distance Dth this time, the determination in step S805 is YES, and in step S806, the actual parking lot 20 where the user is currently coincides with the current regular parking lot P2. Parking service is permitted. In this case, the process proceeds to step S808.

  On the other hand, this time, if it is assumed that the distance D is longer than the reference distance Dth, the determination in step S805 is NO, and in step S807, the actual parking lot 20 where the user is actually present is the current regular parking lot P2. Parking service is prohibited. In this case, one execution of this parking lot management program is completed.

  If the parking service is permitted, it is determined in step S808 whether the current request from the user is an entry request or an exit request, in the same manner as in step S603.

  If the current request is a warehousing request, the determination in step S808 is YES, and then steps S809-S812 are executed in the same manner as steps S604-S607.

  On the other hand, if the current request is a shipping request, the determination in step S808 is NO, and then steps S813 to S822 in FIG. 25 are executed in the same manner as steps S608 to S617.

  Here, with reference to FIG. 26, the principle of determining permission or disapproval of entry or exit in the above-described parking lot management program will be described.

  FIG. 26A shows a scenario in which the transmitter 30 is installed in the parking lot 20 that is the regular parking lot P2. In this scenario, the user is in the regular parking lot P2, and the user's mobile terminal 90 receives the identification signal from the transmitter 30 that is deployed in the regular parking lot P2 as scheduled.

  In this scenario, when the management server 50 calculates the distance D1 between the current location of the user and the regular parking lot P2 corresponding to the current transmitter 30 (the user's portable terminal 90 receives the signal), the distance D1 is less than or equal to the reference distance Dth. Therefore, the management server 50 determines that the current parking lot 20 corresponds to the regular parking lot P2 and that the user is in the regular parking lot P2. Therefore, in this scenario, the management server 50 permits entry and exit.

  On the other hand, FIG. 26B shows a scenario in which the transmitter 30 is deployed in an unauthorized parking lot P3 that is a parking lot 20 that is not a regular parking lot P2. In this scenario, the user is in the unauthorized parking lot P3, and the mobile terminal 90 of the user receives an identification signal from the transmitter 30 that is unplanned in the unauthorized parking lot P3.

  In this scenario, when the management server 50 calculates the distance D2 between the current location of the user and the regular parking lot P2 corresponding to the current transmitter 30 (the user's portable terminal 90 receives the signal), the distance D2 is longer than the reference distance Dth. Therefore, the management server 50 determines that the current parking lot 20 corresponds to the unauthorized parking lot P3 and that there is a user in the unauthorized parking lot P3. Therefore, in this scenario, the management server 50 prohibits entering and leaving.

  As is clear from the above description, in the present embodiment, in the computer 164 of the management server 50, a part of step S801 in FIG. 24 that receives the user position from the user's portable terminal 90, and steps S803 to S807, The portion that executes the above constitutes an example of the request rejection unit 220 in FIG.

[Third Embodiment]

Next, a parking lot management system 10 according to a third exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. However, since this embodiment has many elements in common with the second embodiment described above, only different elements will be described in detail, and the common elements will be referred to using the same name or the same reference numerals. The duplicated explanation is omitted.
To give permission.

  In the present embodiment, as in the first and second embodiments described above, the user's mobile terminal 90 receives a unique local identification signal for each parking lot 20 from the transmitter 30 and receives the identification signal. The parking space ID is converted into the parking space ID, and the mobile terminal 90 of the user transmits the parking space ID to the management server 50 in real time. This is, in effect, a unique local identification signal for each parking lot 20. This is equivalent to the management server 50 receiving in real time via the portable terminal 90.

  In this way, thanks to the transmission of the identification signal from the transmitter 30 to the management server 50 via the portable terminal 90, the user can check the specified parking at any specified time. It becomes possible for the management server 50 to recognize that it is in the parking lot 20.

  By the way, in the above-described first and second embodiments, an identification signal indicating a parking space ID of a user's portable terminal 90 is effectively received only once, and the portable terminal 90 receives the identification signal only once. The corresponding parking space ID is transmitted to the management server 50.

  On the other hand, in this embodiment, whenever the portable terminal 50 receives the identification signal, the identification signal is converted into a parking space ID and transmitted to the management server 50, and the management server 50 has the same parking space ID. Is received a plurality of times, and after confirming the identity of the parking lot 20 where the user is staying (that the user continues to stay in the same parking lot 20), the warehousing or leaving of the vehicle is processed.

  In the present embodiment, the user's mobile terminal 90 executes programs that are common to some programs in the second embodiment, and the management server 50 is also common to the parking lot management program in the second embodiment. Execute the program to be executed.

  However, with respect to the parking lot management program, in this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 27, step S706a is executed by the user's portable terminal 90 as compared with the parking lot management program (FIG. 22) in the second embodiment. It is added to transmit the parking space ID to the management server 50 only after confirming that the identification signal has been received from the transmitter 30 for the second time and confirming it.

  The parking lot management program of the present embodiment is the same as step S701 existing in the parking lot management program (FIG. 22) in the second embodiment. In this embodiment, this step S701 is executed to confirm that the user's portable terminal 90 has received the identification signal from the transmitter 30 for the first time.

  In FIG. 28, the contents of short-distance one-way wireless communication between the transmitter 30 located in the same parking lot 20 and the user's portable terminal 90 are conceptually represented in time series. The transmitter 30 continues to transmit the same identification signal to the portable terminal 90.

  The identification signal transmitted by the transmitter 30 represents the parking space ID, but may also represent other information (for example, an estimated value of the remaining battery capacity built in the transmitter 30) at the same time. The parking space ID is invariable in time, while other information (for example, the estimated battery remaining amount) may be variable in time. Therefore, strictly speaking, it cannot be said that the identification signal transmitted from the transmitter 30 is unchanged in time.

  However, as long as the parking space ID is focused, the identification signal is not changed in time. In any embodiment in this specification, since only the parking space ID is focused, the embodiment is not focused. For the purpose of illustration, it can be said that the identification signal is invariant in time.

  By the way, the identification signal is not physically observed as a plurality of signals when it is a continuous wave, whereas it is observed as a plurality of signals when it is an intermittent wave. However, even a continuous wave can be understood as a plurality of periodic signals arranged in time series as long as the identification signal is periodic. Therefore, for convenience of explanation, as conceptually shown in FIG. 28, the identification signal should be understood as a plurality of individual signals arranged in time series regardless of whether they are continuous waves or intermittent waves. Is possible.

  FIG. 28 also conceptually shows the contents of long-distance two-way wireless communication between the user's portable terminal 90 and the remote management server 50.

  When the user's portable terminal 90 is currently located within the effective reception area, a first reception confirmation (this is an example of a “first reception event”) is performed in relation to the transmitter 30. Thereafter, the current session, that is, one-way bidirectional communication with the management server 50 for the user to use the current parking service is started.

  This time, assuming that the mobile terminal 90 is continuously present in the same effective reception area of the same parking lot 20 during the current session, the mobile terminal 90 has the same parking space ID as the previously received identification signal. Therefore, after a certain time span elapses, a second reception confirmation (this is an example of a “second reception event”) is performed in relation to the transmitter 30.

  By the way, the fact that “the mobile terminal has received the identification signal representing the same parking space ID again during the same session” means that “the user who has the mobile terminal 90 has one parking lot 20 specified by the identification signal. The fact that they stayed continuously for a certain time span can be inferred with high accuracy. However, when the mobile terminal 90 receives the identification signal from the transmitter 30 once and transmits the parking space ID corresponding to the identification signal to the management server 50, the same inference is performed only with low accuracy. Can not.

  Here, “a certain time span” specifically means, for example, a time interval from the time when the first reception confirmation is performed to the time when the second reception confirmation is performed. However, the time interval can have, for example, 1 second as a lower limit or 5 seconds as an upper limit. For example, in the example in which the time interval is set to 1 second, the user receives the parking service to stay in the same parking lot 20 and within the effective reception area of the transmitter 30 for at least 1 second. It becomes the condition for.

  Thus, in the present embodiment, the process of the user's mobile terminal 90 and the process of the management server 50 are partially performed in parallel with each other.

  According to the present embodiment, the user can perform an operation for entering or leaving the vehicle more quickly than when the processing of the user's portable terminal 90 and the processing of the management server 50 are performed in series. .

[Fourth Embodiment]

Next, the parking lot management system 10 according to the fourth exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. However, since this embodiment has many elements in common with the third embodiment described above, only different elements will be described in detail, and the common elements will be referred to using the same name or the same reference numerals. The duplicated explanation is omitted.
To give permission.

  In the third embodiment, as shown in time series in FIG. 28, the process of the user's mobile terminal 90 and the process of the management server 50 are partially performed in parallel with each other.

  However, in this aspect, considering that the management server 50 normally processes a plurality of sessions related to parking with a plurality of users (each session is a series of interactive operations) collectively, The processing load on the management server 50 tends to increase.

  On the other hand, in this embodiment, as shown in time series in FIG. 29, the process of the portable terminal 90 and the process of the management server 50 are performed in series.

  Specifically, after the first reception event that the management server 50 has received the identification signal from the transmitter 30 has occurred, the identification signal representing the same parking space ID from the transmitter 30 to the portable terminal 90. Until the second reception event occurs, the mobile terminal 90 does not perform substantial communication until the second reception event occurs, and only after the second reception event has occurred, the mobile terminal 90 responds to the second reception event. Substantial communication (one session) with the terminal 90 is started, and then the parking space ID corresponding to the identification signal is received from the portable terminal 90.

  According to this embodiment, the management server 50 can perform necessary processing without waiting for the appearance of an event that is temporally affected by the operating state of the mobile terminal 90 after one session is started. Therefore, the management server 50 does not have to worry about interruption of processing due to the convenience of the mobile terminal 90, and it becomes easy to complete the processing with high efficiency.

  According to some embodiments described above, a transmitter 30 that transmits a unique local identification signal is installed in the parking lot 20. The correspondence between the identification signal transmitted by the transmitter 30 and the regular parking lot position corresponding to the transmitter 30 is known. The management server 50 receives the current location of the user from the user's mobile terminal 90. When the distance between the current position of the user and the regular parking position corresponding to the identification signal received by the user's portable terminal 90 from the transmitter 30 is equal to or greater than the reference distance, the management server 50 The rental related request from is not received from the mobile terminal 90 of the user or is received but not processed.

  Therefore, according to these embodiments, a rental service is obtained by transmitting a local identification signal specific to the parking lot 20 to be rented from the transmitter 30 to the management server 30 via the user's portable terminal 90. Is provided to the user, but the fraudulent behavior of the user or others with respect to the transmitter 30 is automatically detected, and then the request from the user is rejected.

  By the way, in some embodiments described above, when the user's portable terminal 90 receives the same identification signal from the same transmitter 30 a plurality of times, the user's portable terminal 90 accesses the management server 50 for the first time. The mobile terminal 90 may be designed so that the management server 50 permits the rental service, and the management server 50 receives the same parking space ID from the user's mobile terminal 90 a plurality of times. When received, the management server 50 may be designed such that the management server 50 permits the rental service.

  In the latter possibility, the management server 50 directly confirms reception of the same parking space ID multiple times, that is, reception of the same identification signal multiple times.

  On the other hand, in the former possibility, the management server 50 cannot directly confirm the reception of the same identification signal multiple times. However, when the management server 50 receives the same identification signal from the transmitter 30 a plurality of times, it is combined with the user's portable terminal 90 designed to access the management server 50 and transmit the parking space ID for the first time. If the management server 50 is known to be used, the management server 50 can indirectly confirm the reception of the same identification signal a plurality of times with a single reception of the parking space ID.

  Therefore, in any possibility, as a result, the management server 50 permits the rental service when the condition that the user is continuously in the same parking lot is satisfied.

  In addition, some embodiments described above are some specific examples when the present invention is applied to a rental service for renting a parking lot as real estate, but instead, The present invention can be applied to a rental service that rents another real estate, for example, a rental warehouse, a rental room, etc., or a movable property such as a vehicle (automobile, bicycle, motorcycle, etc.) It can be applied to rental services.

  As mentioned above, although several embodiment of this invention was described in detail based on drawing, these are illustrations and are based on the knowledge of those skilled in the art including the aspect as described in the above-mentioned [summary of invention] column. The present invention can be implemented in other forms with various modifications and improvements.

Claims (8)

  1. An online rental system for renting rental objects that are real estate or movable property to users online,
    If the rental object is real estate, the position of the real estate is the regular rental reference position.If the rental object is movable, the position of the real estate associated with the movable is the regular rental reference position. At least one transmitter, which is a non-contact type or a contact type that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify a corresponding rental object;
    A mobile terminal of a user who wishes to use the rental object ;
    A management server that provides a rental service for the rental object by wirelessly communicating with the user's mobile terminal ,
    The user ’s mobile device
    A positioning unit that measures the current position of the user on the map;
    A receiver for measuring reception of the identification signal from the transmitter;
    A storage unit for storing a predetermined correspondence between an identification signal received from the transmitter and a geographical coordinate representing the regular rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the transmitter ;
    Screen,
    On the screen, a part of the entire map that changes in accordance with the movement of the user is cut out and displayed as a partial map, and the received position is the regular rental reference position on the partial map . If there is one corresponding to the identification signal, the normal rental reference position is also displayed on the screen, when the current position of the user is present on the partial map may be the screen the current position of the user A display section to be displayed above ;
    A request rejection unit that does not send a rental-related request to the management server when the current position of the user and the regular rental reference position are not displayed together on the screen ;
    Online rental system including
  2. The online rental system according to claim 1, wherein the rental object is an accommodation facility, a stay facility, a coin locker, a parking lot, a vehicle, furniture, clothing, an electrical product or an accessory thereof, or a recording medium .
  3. A mobile terminal operated by a user to receive a rental service for a rental object that is real estate or movable property,
      A positioning unit that measures the current position of the user on the map;
      When the rental object is a real estate, the position of the real estate is a regular rental reference position, and when the rental object is a movable property, the position of the real estate associated with the movable property is a regular rental reference position. At least one transmitter installed at a location, wherein the identification signal is from a non-contact type or a contact type that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify a corresponding rental object A receiving unit for receiving
      A storage unit for storing a predetermined correspondence between an identification signal received from the transmitter and a geographical coordinate representing the regular rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the transmitter;
      Screen,
      On the screen, a part of the entire map that changes in conjunction with the movement of the user is cut out and displayed as a partial map on the screen, and the regular rental reference position is displayed on the partial map. If there is a signal corresponding to the received identification signal, the regular rental reference position is also displayed on the screen. If the user's current position exists on the partial map, the user's current position is displayed. A display unit for displaying the position on the screen;
      A request rejection unit for rejecting a rental service request from a user when the current position of the user and the regular rental reference position are not displayed together on the screen;
      Mobile terminal for rental service including
  4. The rental service user portable terminal according to claim 3, wherein the rental object is an accommodation facility, a stay facility, a coin locker, a parking lot, a vehicle, furniture, clothing, an electrical product or an accessory thereof, or a recording medium.
  5. An online rental method for renting a rental object that is real estate or movable property to a user online,
    If the rental object is real estate, the position of the real estate is the regular rental reference position.If the rental object is movable, the position of the real estate associated with the movable is the regular rental reference position. At least one non-contact or contact transmitter that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify the rental object is installed;
    A mobile terminal of a user who desires to use the rental object and a management server that provides a rental service for the rental object communicate wirelessly,
    The user of the portable terminal, the identification signal received from the transmitter, a predetermined correspondence between the geographic coordinates representing the normal rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to said transmitter memory And
    The online rental method is
    A positioning process in which the user's mobile terminal measures the current position of the user on the map;
    A receiving step in which a user's mobile terminal measures reception of the identification signal from the transmitter;
    The mobile terminal of the user cuts out a part of the entire map that changes in conjunction with the movement of the user on the screen and displays it as a partial map, and the normal rental reference position is displayed on the partial map. If there is a signal corresponding to the received identification signal, the normal rental reference position is also displayed on the screen. If the user's current position exists on the partial map, the user's current position is displayed. A display step of displaying the current position on the screen;
    A request rejection step of not transmitting a rental-related request to the management server when the user's mobile terminal does not display the user's current position and the regular rental reference position together on the screen;
    Including online rental methods.
  6. A method of operating a mobile terminal operated by a user to receive a rental service for a rental object that is real estate or movable property,
      If the rental object is real estate, the position of the real estate is the regular rental reference position.If the rental object is movable, the position of the real estate associated with the movable is the regular rental reference position. At least one non-contact or contact transmitter that locally transmits an identification signal that can directly or indirectly identify the rental object is installed;
      A mobile terminal of a user who desires to use the rental object and a management server that provides a rental service for the rental object communicate wirelessly,
      The user's mobile terminal stores a predetermined correspondence between the identification signal received from the transmitter and the geographical coordinates representing the regular rental reference position corresponding to the rental object corresponding to the transmitter. And
      The method is
      A positioning process in which the user's mobile terminal measures the current position of the user on the map;
      A receiving step in which the user's mobile terminal receives the identification signal from the transmitter;
      The mobile terminal of the user cuts out a part of the entire map that changes in conjunction with the movement of the user on the screen and displays it as a partial map, and the normal rental reference position is displayed on the partial map. If there is a signal corresponding to the received identification signal, the normal rental reference position is also displayed on the screen. If the user's current position exists on the partial map, the user's current position is displayed. A display step of displaying the current position on the screen;
      A request rejection step for rejecting a rental service request from the user when the user's current location and the regular rental reference location are not displayed together on the screen;
      A user portable terminal operating method including:
  7. The program executed by the computer of a user's portable terminal in order to implement the method of Claim 5 or 6 .
  8. A recording medium on which the program according to claim 7 is recorded so as to be readable by a computer.
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JP6181336B1 (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-08-16 俊之介 島野 Sharing system
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP6140354B1 (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 株式会社オーガスタス Object identification system and parking lot management system
JP6186487B1 (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-08-23 株式会社オーガスタス Search system, parking lot management system, and search method
JP6181336B1 (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-08-16 俊之介 島野 Sharing system
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JP6186529B1 (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-08-23 株式会社オーガスタス Parking lot management system and parking lot management method
JP6186531B1 (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-08-23 株式会社オーガスタス Parking lot management system
JP6305602B1 (en) * 2017-04-28 2018-04-04 株式会社オーガスタス Object identification method and parking lot management method
JP2019008514A (en) * 2017-06-23 2019-01-17 株式会社パークランド Method and system for managing rental object
JP6285599B1 (en) * 2017-06-23 2018-02-28 株式会社パークランド Method and system for managing rental objects
JP2018092591A (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-06-14 株式会社オーガスタス Object specification system
JP6216478B1 (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-18 株式会社オーガスタス Parking lot management system
JP2018092590A (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-06-14 株式会社オーガスタス Parking lot management system
JP6253841B1 (en) * 2017-09-22 2017-12-27 株式会社オーガスタス Parking lot management system
JP2018160238A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-10-11 株式会社オーガスタス Object specification method and parking lot management method

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