JP5937900B2 - Caster structure - Google Patents

Caster structure Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5937900B2
JP5937900B2 JP2012139291A JP2012139291A JP5937900B2 JP 5937900 B2 JP5937900 B2 JP 5937900B2 JP 2012139291 A JP2012139291 A JP 2012139291A JP 2012139291 A JP2012139291 A JP 2012139291A JP 5937900 B2 JP5937900 B2 JP 5937900B2
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lock
main
caster
operating rod
elastic
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JP2014000929A (en
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純治 惠谷
純治 惠谷
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ホリエ金物株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a caster structure, and more particularly to a caster structure having a lock device.
Casters are widely used for items that need to be pushed or slid, such as office chairs, furniture, trolleys, hospital beds, etc., and casters are used to support the movement of these casters. It is attached to the bottom of a plurality of legs of an attachment article (hereinafter referred to as “attachment article”).
In many situations of use, the caster needs to have two types of states, locked and unlocked (unlocked). In the unlocked state, the caster has a function of transporting or moving the attached article, and in the locked state, the caster is attached. Has the function to make the stationary and stable.
  Take a mobile bed with casters and carry the patient lying on it for medical care, for example, when performing CT examination, when arriving at the examination device, wake up the patient, or patient However, at this time, in order to prevent a sudden accident, it is necessary to lock the casters to make the movable bed stationary and stable.
Regarding the conventional caster structure, the following patent documents can be cited.
An object of the invention described in Patent Document 1 is to enable the caster body to be used in a good manner for both casters with brakes and casters without brakes.
The structure is such that the brake member support portion is provided at one end portion of the intermediate wall inside the one end portion of the wheel cover in the caster body, and the pivot shaft provided in the intermediate portion of the swing rod of the brake member is supported through the notch of the support portion. By fitting into the part, the brake member can be detachably and swingably supported on the intermediate wall of the caster body without penetrating the wheel cover. One end of the brake member is provided with a detachable braking rod on the wheel web, and the other end is provided with a swing operation portion via a bypass portion that bypasses the intermediate wall and the wheel cover.
An object of the invention described in Patent Document 2 is to provide a caster with a stopper capable of accurate positioning.
The configuration is such that when the sliding portion of the gear stopper is guided along the cam surface of the main body member by the operation of the lever in one direction and fitted into the recessed portion, the gear portion of the gear stopper is elastically biased by the spring. The relative rotation with respect to the main body member of the wheel is restricted by proceeding and meshing with the inner teeth of the wheel, and when the sliding portion of the gear stopper escapes from the recessed portion of the main body member by operating the lever in the other direction, The gear portion of the gear stopper moves backward and escapes from the inner teeth of the wheel so that the wheel is allowed to rotate relative to the main body member.
JP-A-6-55903 JP 2005-178654 A
An object of the present invention is to adopt a configuration different from the conventional caster structure so that the caster can be easily attached to the article to be attached.
It is also an object of the present invention to facilitate connection with an operation portion such as an operation lever provided on the attached article side when the caster is attached to the attached article.
Furthermore, in the present invention, by improving the locking device, it is possible to perform locking in the vertical plane of the side wheel and locking in the horizontal plane of the support shaft in one operation, and the operation for unlocking is also one operation. It becomes the subject to be able to be performed in.
It is also an object of the present invention to make the operation member for locking and unlocking invisible from the outside of the caster and to make its appearance smarter.
  In order to solve the above problems, the first of the present invention is such that side wheels are rotatably provided on both sides of the main body, and a lock device is provided inside the main body. In a caster structure in which locking or unlocking is performed by a locking device, and thereby the rotation of the side wheel is restricted or released, the locking device has an engaging element at one end and a locking structure at the other end The rocking plate is pivotally attached to the main body at an intermediate portion thereof, and the engaging element is provided on the outer annular surface of the shaft center portion in which the shaft hole of the side wheel is provided. The lower end of the operating rod provided so as to penetrate the shaft center portion of the support shaft provided in the vertical direction of the main body portion abuts on the lock structure, The lower end of the operating rod is compatible with the rocking plate lock structure. A cooperating lock part is provided, and by sliding the operating rod downward, the lock part abuts against and presses the lock structure downward, and the rotation of the support shaft in the horizontal plane is restricted, and the swing plate The engagement element moves upward and meshes with the annular tooth portion of the side wheel, so that rotation on the vertical surface of the side wheel is restricted. On the other hand, by sliding the operating rod upward, the lock The vertical movement of the side wheel is caused by the movement of the portion upward and separation from the lock structure, the restriction of rotation of the support shaft in the horizontal plane is released, and the engagement element moving downward and away from the annular tooth portion. The caster structure is characterized in that the restriction on the rotation at is released.
  According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, a first elastic member having a bottom end fixed to the main body and a top contacting the lock structure from below is disposed below the lock structure. It is a caster structure characterized by being made.
  According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the second aspect, a second elastic member is disposed at a lower end of the operating rod, and a top portion of the second elastic member abuts on a support shaft of the main body portion from below. The caster structure is characterized in that a bottom end portion thereof abuts against the lock portion from above, and a downward elastic force of the second elastic member is larger than an upward elastic force of the first elastic member.
  According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first to third aspects, the lock portion provided at the lower end of the operating rod has a pointed tip at one end in plan view. The lock structure of the swing plate has two positioning walls projecting upward, so that the lock portion can be fitted between the positioning walls to fit the lock structure. Thus, the caster structure is characterized in that the rotation of the support shaft in the horizontal plane can be restricted.
  According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the fourth aspect of the present invention, the two positioning walls of the lock structure are formed in an eight shape in plan view, and the distance between the two positioning walls is the closest. Has a first gap corresponding to the tip of the lock part, and at the farthest position there is a second gap corresponding to the opposite side to the tip of the lock part, so that the operating rod slides downward. The caster structure is characterized in that when the lock portion abuts downwardly on the lock structure, the tip end is fitted into the first gap, thereby restricting the rotation of the support shaft in the horizontal plane.
  According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, in the fifth aspect of the present invention, the height of the two positioning walls gradually increases from the portion located in the second gap toward the portion located in the first gap. The caster structure is characterized in that the top surfaces of these two positioning walls are formed into inclined surfaces.
  According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first to sixth aspects, the support shaft includes an upper cylindrical body in an upper portion thereof, a lower cylindrical body in a lower portion thereof, and these upper cylindrical bodies. It consists of an abutting part that extends radially outward from the lower cylinder, and the lower cylinder of this spindle fits into the axial center through hole of the support bearing provided in the vertical direction of the main body And the lower end of the abutting part comes into contact with the upper end of the support bearing part and is united, and the operating rod penetrates the shaft through hole of the support shaft, and the upper end extends above the support shaft. The caster structure is characterized in that the lower end of the caster structure extends to the inside of the main body and cooperates with the lock structure of the swing plate of the lock device.
In the first aspect of the present invention, the engaging element provided at one end of the swing plate is moved to the side wheel by sliding the operating rod downward by the cooperation of the swing plate of the lock device and the operating rod. Locking structure provided at the lower end of the operating rod and at the other end of the swinging plate by engaging with an annular tooth provided on the outer peripheral surface of the shaft center portion to lock the rotation of the side wheel on the vertical surface And the rotation of the operating rod is locked, that is, the rotation of the support shaft in the horizontal plane is locked.
On the other hand, by sliding the operating rod upward, the lock portion at the lower end is separated from the lock structure provided at the other end of the swing plate, and the engagement element provided at one end of the swing plate is the side wheel. It is separated from the annular tooth portion and can be rotated on the vertical and horizontal surfaces of the side wheels.
As described above, the movement of the operating rod in one direction restricts the rotation of the caster on the vertical plane and the horizontal plane, and the restriction can be easily released.
In the present invention, the operating rod is provided so as to penetrate the shaft center portion of the support shaft, and the operating rod for operating the swing plate cannot be visually recognized from the outside, and the appearance of the caster Will be extremely smart.
In this respect, it can be said that it has a very smart appearance as compared with the point where the conventional operation pedal, operation pedal, etc. appear outside the caster.
In the second aspect of the present invention, since the first elastic member is disposed below the rocking plate lock structure, the engaging element provided at one end of the rocking plate is always connected to the annular tooth portion of the side wheel. Can be separated.
In other words, in the normal state, the caster according to the present invention can be in the unlocked state, and can be brought into the locked state by performing an operation of pushing down the operating rod.
In the third aspect of the present invention, in addition to the first elastic member of the second aspect of the present invention, a second elastic member is disposed at the lower end of the operating rod, and the elastic force of the second elastic member is applied to the first elastic member. This is larger than the elastic force of the elastic member. As a result, one engagement element of the swing plate is always pushed upward, and is always in mesh with the annular tooth portion of the side wheel.
That is, in a normal state, this locking device is in a locked state, and the unlocked state can be obtained only by sliding the operating rod upward.
In the fourth aspect of the present invention, the configuration of the lock portion provided at the lower end of the operating rod and the rocking plate lock structure is further limited.
That is, the lock portion provided at the lower end of the operating rod has two pointed walls having a pointed tip at one end in a plan view and the rocking plate lock structure protruding upward. In this way, the lock portion operates so as to fit between the positioning walls and conforms to the lock structure, whereby the rotation of the support shaft in the horizontal plane can be restricted.
  According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the fourth aspect of the present invention, the configuration of the two positioning walls of the lock structure is further limited, that is, the two positioning walls are formed in an eight-shape in plan view. The effect is the same as that of the fourth invention.
In the sixth aspect of the present invention, the configuration of the two positioning walls is further limited, that is, the two positioning walls are changed from the portion located in the second gap to the portion located in the first gap. The height of the two positioning walls is formed as an inclined surface.
Thereby, both the lock portion at the lower end of the operating rod and the lock structure of the swing plate can be adapted or engaged more satisfactorily.
In the seventh aspect of the present invention, the structure of the support shaft provided in the vertical direction of the main body is further limited.
That is, the support shaft includes an upper cylindrical body in the upper portion, a lower cylindrical body in the lower portion, and a contact portion that extends radially outward between the upper cylindrical body and the lower cylindrical body. The lower cylindrical body of the support shaft is fitted into the shaft center through hole of the support bearing portion provided in the vertical direction of the main body portion, and the lower end of the contact portion comes into contact with the upper end of the support bearing portion and is united. The operating rod employs a configuration that penetrates the shaft through hole of the support shaft.
Thereby, the upper cylindrical body above the support shaft exhibits the effect that it is easily fixed to the article to be attached to which the caster is attached.
In addition, since the operating rod penetrates the shaft center portion of the support shaft and communicates with the article to be attached, it is possible to simplify the connection and fixing with the connecting rod provided on the article to be attached and the operation portion. It can be done.
It is a perspective view which shows the external appearance of the caster structure which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is an exploded view of the caster structure which concerns on the said embodiment. It is a perspective view which shows the cyclic | annular tooth | gear part of the rocking | fluctuation plate and side ring which concern on the said embodiment. It is a perspective view which shows the lock part and lock structure which concern on the said embodiment. It is explanatory drawing which shows the unlocked state of the caster structure which concerns on the said embodiment. It is explanatory drawing which shows the locked state of the caster structure which concerns on the said embodiment.
Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be given and described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. This will be described below with reference to FIGS.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing an appearance of an embodiment according to a caster structure according to the present invention, and FIG. 2 is an exploded view thereof.
The caster structure according to the present invention includes a main body part 100, a locking device 200 provided inside the main body part 100, side wheels 300 located on both sides of the main body part, a horizontal central shaft 400, a support shaft 600, and an operation.杆 500.
The main body portion 100 includes a main body shaft center portion 110, a support bearing portion 120, and a housing space 130. The housing space 130 is formed inside the main body 100, and the main body shaft center portion 110 has a main body shaft center hole 111. The main body axial hole 111 extends horizontally from one side surface of the main body 100 to the other side surface.
The support bearing part 120 is located above the main body part 100 and has a shaft center through hole 121 extending in the vertical direction. The shaft center through hole 121 is connected to the accommodation space 130.
A lock device 200 is installed in the accommodation space 130, and the lock device 200 includes a swing plate 210, a pedestal 220, and a pin 250.
An engagement element 230 is provided at the distal end of the swing plate 210, and a lock structure 240 is provided at the proximal end.
The pedestal 220 is provided on the main body 100 side and has a rotation shaft hole 221, and this rotation shaft hole 221 is provided in the horizontal direction and is parallel to the main body axis hole 111.
The swinging plate 210 is provided with a shaft attachment plate 211 extending downward on both sides thereof, a rotation shaft hole 212 is provided in the shaft attachment plate 211, and these rotation shaft holes 212 are provided in the pedestal 220. It coincides with the rotating shaft hole 221.
The pin 250 passes through the rotation shaft holes 221 and 212, and the swing plate 210 is supported by the base 220 as a fulcrum and swings.
Therefore, the rocking plate 210 forms a seesaw-like mechanism with the pin 250 as an axis at the base 220 portion, and the engaging element 230 and the lock structure 240 are both ends of such a seesaw mechanism.
There is a side wheel shaft center portion 310 at the shaft center portion of the side wheel 300, and the side wheel shaft center portion 310 has a side wheel shaft center hole 311 that matches the main body shaft hole 111 in the axial direction. An annular tooth 320 is formed around the outer annular surface.
The annular tooth portion 320 is provided with a plurality of tooth spaces 321.
In the present embodiment, the side wheels 300 are provided on both sides of the main body 100. However, as another embodiment, the side wheels 300 may be installed only on one side.
The horizontal central shaft 400 is provided so as to penetrate the main body shaft hole 111 and the side wheel shaft hole 311, and becomes a shaft center during rotation on the vertical surface of the side wheel 300.
Further, the side panel 700 is provided with a plurality of locking hooks 701, corresponding to the plurality of locking grooves 301 provided in an annular shape on the side wheel 300, and the locking hooks 701 and the locking grooves 301 are provided. By engaging, the side panel 700 can cover the outer surface of each side wheel 300.
  Since the engaging element 230 is in the form of an elongated bar parallel to the main body axial hole 111 and its length exceeds the axial length of the main body axial section 110, the main body axial section of the engaging element 230. The portion exceeding 110 can be engaged with the tooth gap 321 to lock the side wheel 300 so that it cannot be rotated on a vertical surface.
The support shaft 600 is provided with an axial through hole 601 that is axially aligned with the axial through hole 121 of the support bearing portion 120 of the main body 100, and can be divided into an upper cylindrical body 610 and a lower cylindrical body 620. In addition, a contact portion 630 protrudes or extends radially outward between the two.
The lower cylindrical body 620 is formed so as to penetrate the shaft center through hole 121 of the support bearing portion 120 and its outer wall align with the inner wall of the shaft center through hole 121, and the contact portion 630 is the support bearing portion 120. Abuts on the top of The upper cylinder 610 is connected to an article to be attached (not shown in the drawing), and the upper edge of the contact portion 630 comes into contact with the article to be attached from below.
The operating rod 500 passes through the shaft through hole 121 of the support bearing portion 120 of the main body 100 and the shaft through hole 601 of the support shaft 600, and is disposed so as to be positioned at the common center position of both. .
The operating rod 500 has a lower end 501 and an upper end 502 located at the lower end thereof. The lower end 501 is located in the accommodation space 130 of the main body 100 and has a lock portion 510 that fits the lock structure 240 of the swing plate 210, and the upper end 502 is located above the support shaft portion 120 and above the support shaft 600. Stretched until extended.
  The upper end 502 is connected to the article to be attached. For example, if a screw thread is provided on the upper end 502, a connecting rod provided with a female thread portion corresponding to this thread on the side of the article to be attached (the other end is operated on Etc. provided with a lever or the like) and the operating rod 500 can be connected to the attached article side.
  An interlocking device for simultaneously switching the locked and unlocked states of a plurality of casters can be provided on the mounted article side. For example, a plurality of operating rods 500 such as switches and levers that can be pulled up and down can be provided at the same time. Can be pulled and slid up or down. Those skilled in the art are familiar with such an interlocking device and will not be described again here.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the rocking plate and the annular tooth portion of the side wheel according to the above embodiment, and FIG. 6 is an explanatory view showing the locked state of the caster structure according to the above embodiment.
As shown in these drawings, when the operating rod 500 slides downward, the lock portion 510 exerts a downward force, contacts the lock structure 240 from above, and presses it.
At the same time, the engaging element 230 meshes upward with the tooth groove 321 of the annular tooth portion 320 according to the seesaw principle. This is the locked state.
FIG. 5 is an explanatory view showing an unlocked state of the caster structure according to the embodiment.
As shown in this figure, when the operating rod 500 slides upward, the lock portion 510 moves upward, away from the lock structure 240, and the engaging element 230 moves downward, away from the tooth groove 321. This is the unlocked state.
  It should be noted that since the engaging element 230 falls when the lock portion 510 moves away from the locking structure 240, if the weight of the engaging element 230 can be made heavier than the locking structure 240 by design, the seesaw In this principle, the engagement element 230 will naturally fall unless a special downward acting force is applied to the lock structure 240. This is the unlock structure in the normal state.
In this preferred embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 2, 5 and 6, the lock / unlock state is regulated by using two elastic members 260 and 520.
A first elastic member 260 is disposed below the lock structure 240. A lower end portion of the first elastic member 260 is fixed to the main body 100, and a top portion of the first elastic member 260 is in contact with the lock structure 240 from below. .
A second elastic member 520 is interposed at the lower end 501 of the operating rod 500. The top of the second elastic member 520 abuts the lower end of the support shaft 600 from below, and the lower end of the second elastic member 520 is locked. It abuts on the portion 510 from above.
The downward elastic force of the second elastic member 520 is greater than the upward elastic force of the first elastic member 260. Therefore, the lock portion 510 is affected by the downward elastic force and always presses the lock structure 240 downward, and the engagement element 230 is always engaged with the tooth groove 320 upward. This is a lock structure in a normal state, and it is necessary to pull up the operating rod 500 upward to release the lock.
In another embodiment, only the first elastic member 260 may be installed and the second elastic member 520 may be removed. The lock structure always rises under the influence of the upward acting force of the first elastic member, and the engaging element always leaves the tooth space downward. This is the unlocking structure in the normal state, and the operating rod must be pressed downward to lock the caster.
In the present embodiment, the first and second elastic members 260 and 520 are coil springs, but in other embodiments, elastic members having the same effect may be used.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing the lock portion and the lock structure according to the embodiment.
As shown in FIGS. 3, 4, and 6, when the lock portion 510 and the lock structure 240 are fitted or engaged with each other, the rotation of the caster in the horizontal plane can also be restricted.
As shown in FIG. 4, the lock portion 510 has a pointed end 511 and a blunt end 512, and the horizontal cross section has a water droplet shape.
  The lock structure 240 has two positioning walls 241 corresponding to the lock portion 510 and projecting upward, and when viewed from the top, the two positioning walls 241 have an eight-shaped shape. There is a first gap 242 corresponding to the tip 511 at a portion where the distance between them is closest, a second gap 243 is located at a portion where the distance is farthest, and the positioning walls 241 are located in the second gap, respectively. The height gradually increases from the portion toward the portion located in the first gap, that is, the top surface of the positioning wall 241 is an inclined surface 244.
When the operating rod 500 slides downward, the lock portion 510 contacts the lock structure 240 downward, the pointed end 511 is located in the first gap 242, and the opposing blunt end is located between the second gap 243. At this time, the positioning wall 241 restricts the rotation of the tip 511 and restricts the rotational movement of the operating rod 500 and the caster in the horizontal plane.
Therefore, the rotational motion on the vertical surface of the caster is restricted and the rotational motion on the horizontal surface is also restricted.
Also, in different situations, the tip 511 does not necessarily fit directly into the first gap 242 when the locking portion 510 abuts the locking structure 240 downward.
For example, since the blunt end 512 cannot enter the first gap 242 even if it is pressed above the first gap 242, the caster can still rotate to the horizontal plane at this time. When the end 512 moves down along the slope 244, the tip 511 climbs up the slope 244 at the same time, so that the tip 511 finally enters the first gap 242.
Therefore, the caster undergoes a very limited rotation in the horizontal plane, and finally, the rotational movement in the horizontal plane is also restricted.
In this embodiment, the lock structure 240 and the lock portion 510 are compatible with each other. Therefore, when the caster is attached to the article to be attached, the lock operating rod 500 is fixed and smoothly connected without special measures. It is possible to attach.
However, as another embodiment, the axis close to the upper end of the operating rod can be designed as a semicircular column or a similar shape, thereby using an articulating rod adapted to such a shape. It can also be connected and fixed to and assembled.
As mentioned above, although embodiment of this invention was described, in this invention, various design changes can be performed as follows.
The size of the caster body and side wheels can be freely changed.
The shape of the rocking plate of the locking device can be freely changed in design, and it is only necessary to have engaging elements and locking structures at both ends.
The design of the swing plate mounting method can be freely changed.
The number of teeth of the annular tooth portion provided on the outer peripheral surface of the axial center portion of the side wheel can also be set freely.
The design of the form of the support shaft can also be changed in various ways, and the position, shape, and size of the contact portion can be freely designed.
In particular, the upper cylindrical body of the support shaft is attached to the mounted article side, and the design of the form can be freely changed.
Furthermore, the thickness and length of the operating rod penetrating the axis of the support shaft can be freely designed.
  As described above, the contents of the present invention are disclosed in the above-described preferred embodiment, but the present invention is not limited to this embodiment, and those skilled in the art can understand the gist of the present invention. While various changes and modifications can be made within the scope, the protection scope of the present invention is described in the claims and has a limited scope.
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 100 ... Main body part, 110 ... Main body axial center part, 111 ... Main body axial center hole, 120 ... Support bearing part, 121 ... Shaft center through-hole, 130 ... Storage space, 200 ... Locking device, 210 ... Swing plate, 211 ... Rotating shaft hole, 220 ... Pedestal, 221 ... Rotating shaft hole, 230 ... Engaging element, 240 ... Locking structure, 241 ... Positioning wall, 242 ... First gap, 243 ... Second gap, 244 ... Inclined surface, 250 ... Pin, 260 ... First elastic member, 300 ... Side wheel, 301 ... Locking groove, 310 ... Side wheel shaft center part, 311 ... Side wheel shaft center hole, 320 ... Annular tooth part, 321 ... Tooth Groove, 400 ... horizontal central axis, 500 ... working rod, 501 ... lower end, 502 ... upper end, 510 ... lock part, 511 ... pointed end, 512 ... blunt end, 520 ... second elastic member, 600 ... support shaft, 601 ... axis Through-hole, 610 ... upper cylinder, 620 ... lower cylinder 630 ... contact portion, 700 ... side panel, 701 ... locking hooks

Claims (4)

  1. Side wheels are rotatably provided on both sides of the main body, and a lock device is provided inside the main body, and the locking device is locked or unlocked by the operation of the operating member, whereby the side wheels are rotated. In caster structures that are regulated or deregulated,
    The locking device (200) includes an oscillating plate (210) having an engaging element (230) at one end and a locking structure (240) at the other end, and the oscillating plate (210) Is pivotally attached to the main body (100)
    The engaging element (230) meshes with an annular tooth portion (320) provided on the outer annular surface of the axial center portion (310) provided with the axial center hole (311) of the side wheel (300). It is possible,
    The lock structure (240) is in contact with the lower end of an operating rod (500) provided so as to penetrate the shaft center portion of the support shaft (600) provided in the vertical direction of the main body (100),
    The lower end of the operating rod (500) is provided with a lock portion (510) which is compatible with the lock structure (240) of the swing plate (210) and cooperates,
    By sliding the operating rod (500) downward, the lock portion (510) is pressed against the lock structure (240) downward, and the rotation of the support shaft (600) in the horizontal plane is restricted, and When the engaging element (230) of the swing plate (210) moves upward and meshes with the annular tooth portion (320) of the side wheel (300), the rotation of the side wheel (300) on the vertical surface is performed. On the other hand, by sliding the operating rod (500) upward, the lock part (510) moves upward to move away from the lock structure (240), and the spindle (600) rotates in the horizontal plane. Is released, and the engagement element (230) moves downward and is separated from the annular tooth portion (320), thereby releasing the restriction of rotation on the vertical surface of the side wheel (300),
    A lock portion (510) provided at the lower end of the operating rod (500) has a pointed tip (511) at one end in a plan view, and the lock structure (240) of the swing plate (210) ) Has two positioning walls (241) projecting upward, whereby the lock portion (510) operates so as to fit between the positioning walls (241) to operate the lock structure (240 ),
    The two positioning walls (241) of the lock structure (240) are formed in an eight figure in plan view, and at the position where the distance between the two positioning walls (241) is the closest, the tip of the lock portion ( 511) corresponding to the first gap (242), and at the farthest distance, there is a second gap (243) corresponding to the opposite side of the tip (511) of the lock portion (510), thereby When the operating rod (500) slides downward and the lock portion (510) contacts the lock structure (240) downward, the tip (511) is fitted into the first gap (242), This restricts rotation of the spindle (600) in the horizontal plane,
    The two positioning walls (241) are formed so as to gradually increase in height from a portion located in the second gap (243) toward a portion located in the first gap (242). A caster structure characterized in that the top surfaces of the two positioning walls (241) are formed as inclined surfaces (244) .
  2.   Below the lock structure (240), a bottom end portion is fixed to the main body portion (100), and a top elastic member (260) that abuts the lock structure (240) from below is disposed. The caster structure according to claim 1.
  3.   A second elastic member (520) is disposed at the lower end of the operating rod (500), and the top of the second elastic member (520) abuts on the support shaft (600) of the main body (100) from below, The bottom end portion is in contact with the lock portion (510) from above, and the downward elastic force of the second elastic member (520) is larger than the upward elastic force of the first elastic member (260). The caster structure according to claim 2.
  4. The support shaft (600) has an upper cylindrical body (610) in the upper part thereof, a lower cylindrical body (620) in the lower part thereof, and the upper cylindrical body (610) and the lower cylindrical body (620). It consists of a contact part (630) extending radially outward,
    The lower cylindrical body (620) of the support shaft (600) is fitted into the shaft center through hole (121) of the support bearing portion (120) provided in the vertical direction of the main body (100), and the contact portion (630 ) Is brought into contact with the upper end of the support bearing portion (120) and united,
    The operating rod (500) passes through the shaft through hole (601) of the support shaft (600), and its upper end extends above the support shaft (600), and its lower end is the main body (100). The caster structure according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the caster structure extends in the interior of the lock mechanism and cooperates with a lock structure (240) of the swing plate (210) of the lock device (200).
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4768787A (en) * 1987-06-15 1988-09-06 Shira Chester S Golf club including high friction striking face
JP5848401B2 (en) * 2014-06-10 2016-01-27 株式会社日乃本錠前 Caster with stopper
JP2016199130A (en) * 2015-04-09 2016-12-01 株式会社日乃本錠前 Double-wheel caster brake gear

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JP4984055B2 (en) * 2007-03-19 2012-07-25 ハンマーキャスター株式会社 caster
JP4418989B1 (en) * 2008-09-17 2010-02-24 ハンマーキャスター株式会社 caster

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