JP5887519B2 - Lamp and lighting device - Google Patents

Lamp and lighting device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5887519B2
JP5887519B2 JP2013548663A JP2013548663A JP5887519B2 JP 5887519 B2 JP5887519 B2 JP 5887519B2 JP 2013548663 A JP2013548663 A JP 2013548663A JP 2013548663 A JP2013548663 A JP 2013548663A JP 5887519 B2 JP5887519 B2 JP 5887519B2
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Prior art keywords
base
lamp
light emitting
light
translucent cover
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JPWO2014006901A1 (en
Inventor
高橋 健治
健治 高橋
堀内 誠
誠 堀内
隆在 植本
隆在 植本
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パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社
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Priority to JP2012151049 priority Critical
Priority to JP2012151049 priority
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Priority to PCT/JP2013/004142 priority patent/WO2014006901A1/en
Priority to JP2013548663A priority patent/JP5887519B2/en
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Publication of JP5887519B2 publication Critical patent/JP5887519B2/en
Publication of JPWO2014006901A1 publication Critical patent/JPWO2014006901A1/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/20Light sources comprising attachment means
    • F21K9/27Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with two fittings for each light source, e.g. for substitution of fluorescent tubes

Description

  The present invention relates to a lamp and a lighting device, for example, a straight tube type LED lamp using a light emitting diode (LED) and a lighting device including the same.

  LED is expected to be a new light source in various lamps such as fluorescent lamps and incandescent lamps, which are conventionally known because of its high efficiency and long life, and research and development of lamps using LED (LED lamps) is being promoted. ing.

  As an LED lamp, a straight tube type LED lamp (straight tube type LED lamp) that replaces a straight tube type fluorescent lamp having electrode coils at both ends, or a light bulb type LED that replaces a light bulb type fluorescent lamp or an incandescent light bulb. There are lamps (bulb-shaped LED lamps) and the like. For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a conventional straight tube LED lamp.

JP 2009-43447 A

  By the way, in the straight tube type LED lamp, an LED module including a mounting substrate and a plurality of LEDs mounted on the mounting substrate is used as a light source. And in such an LED module, a light emitting part (area where LED exists) and other non-light emitting part (area where LED does not exist) exist on the mounting substrate. Therefore, the straight tube type LED lamp has a problem that it gives a feeling of being crushed (decrease in appearance display properties) or causes uneven brightness. In particular, when the number of LED modules mounted on the LED module is reduced for the purpose of reducing the cost of a straight tube LED lamp, the problem of uneven brightness is likely to occur because the interval between adjacent LEDs becomes wide. .

  Then, an object of this invention is to provide the lamp | ramp and illuminating device which can suppress a brightness nonuniformity in view of this problem.

  In order to achieve the above object, a lamp according to one embodiment of the present invention is a long lamp, and includes a light emitting module having a light emitting element and a substrate provided with the light emitting element, and the light emitting module includes: A long base having a concave portion provided on the surface, a long translucent cover configured to cover the light emitting module, and the inside of the concave portion or above the concave portion As described above, a diffusing member is provided between the light emitting module and the translucent cover and diffuses light emitted from the light emitting element.

  Here, a stepped portion is formed on a side wall of the recess of the base, and the diffusion member is plate-shaped, and is formed on the stepped portion so as to cover at least a part of the opening of the recess of the base. May be placed.

  Moreover, the said diffusing member is resin and may be provided in the said recessed part so that the said light emitting element may be contact | connected.

  The diffusing member may have a high diffusivity above a portion of the substrate where the light emitting element is provided and a low diffusivity above a portion of the substrate where the light emitting element is not provided.

  Moreover, the side surface of the recess of the base may reflect light emitted from the light emitting element toward the opening of the recess.

  The base may be made of metal, and the diffusion member may be in contact with the base.

  Further, the translucent cover is a cutout cylindrical member having a main opening in which a part of the long cylinder is cut out in the longitudinal direction, and the base is configured to close the main opening. The light cover may be held.

  In addition, a groove for slidably holding the translucent cover may be formed in the base.

  Moreover, the said translucent cover may be comprised from glass or resin, and may diffuse the light emitted from the said light emitting element.

  In addition, a lighting device according to one embodiment of the present invention includes the above-described lamp.

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the lamp | ramp and illuminating device which can suppress brightness nonuniformity are realizable.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a lamp according to a first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3A is an enlarged perspective view of a part of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3B is a perspective view showing a configuration of a modified example of the translucent cover in the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4A is a plan view of the LED module according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4B is a cross-sectional view of the LED module according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view of a part of Modification Example 1 of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 is an enlarged perspective view of a part of a second modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7 is an enlarged perspective view of a part of a third modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 8 is a perspective view of Modification 4 of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of a fourth modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 10 is an enlarged perspective view of a part of Modification 4 of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 11 is a perspective view of Modification Example 5 of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 12 is an exploded perspective view of Modification Example 5 of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 13 is an enlarged perspective view of a part of Modification 5 of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 14 is an enlarged perspective view of a part of a sixth modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 15 is an enlarged perspective view of a part of a modified example 7 of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 16 is a perspective view of a lighting apparatus according to the second embodiment of the present invention.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. Note that each of the embodiments described below shows a preferred specific example of the present invention. Numerical values, shapes, materials, components, arrangement positions and connection forms of components, steps, order of steps, and the like shown in the following embodiments are merely examples, and are not intended to limit the present invention. Therefore, among the constituent elements in the following embodiments, constituent elements that are not described in the independent claims indicating the highest concept of the present invention are not necessarily required to achieve the object of the present invention, but are more preferable. It will be described as constituting a form. In the drawings, elements that represent substantially the same configuration, operation, and effect are denoted by the same reference numerals.

(First embodiment)
First, the lamp | ramp 10 which concerns on the 1st Embodiment of this invention is demonstrated using FIGS. 1-3A.

  FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing the configuration of the lamp 10 according to the present embodiment with the translucent cover 20 facing up. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the lamp 10 with the base 60 removed, and FIG. 3A shows a part of the lamp 10 with the base 60 removed (end of the lamp 10 in the tube axis direction). FIG.

  As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3A, the lamp 10 is a long straight tube LED lamp used as an alternative illumination to a conventional straight tube fluorescent lamp (straight tube fluorescent lamp). The cover 30, the base 30, the diffusion member 40, the LED module 50, the base 60, and a lighting circuit (not shown) are provided. In the lamp 10, the base 60, the translucent cover 20, and the base 30 constitute a long lamp housing (envelope).

[Translucent cover]
The translucent cover 20 is a long cover member constituting the outer surface of the lamp housing, and protects members provided on the base 30, that is, the LED module 50 and the lighting circuit. The translucent cover 20 is constituted by a cut-out cylindrical member having a main opening 20a formed by cutting out a part of a long cylinder along the long direction (tube axis direction), for example, a substantially semi-cylindrical member. Is done.

  The translucent cover 20 is made of a material that transmits light emitted from the LED module 50 to the outside of the lamp. The translucent cover 20 is made of, for example, a transparent resin material or glass made of acrylic or the like, and can be formed by resin molding a desired transparent resin material.

As the translucent cover 20, for example, a straight pipe (glass pipe) made of soda-lime glass having a silica (SiO 2 ) of 70 to 72 [%], or a straight pipe made of a resin material such as polycarbonate (plastic) Tube).

  The translucent cover 20 includes a light diffusion part having a light diffusion function for diffusing light from the LED module 50. Thereby, the light emitted from the LED module 50 can be diffused when passing through the translucent cover 20. Examples of the light diffusion portion include a light diffusion sheet or a light diffusion film formed on at least one of the inner surface and the outer surface of the translucent cover 20. Specifically, a milky white light diffusing film formed by attaching a resin or white pigment containing a light diffusing material (fine particles) such as silica or calcium carbonate to at least one of the inner surface and the outer surface of the translucent cover 20. There is. As other light diffusion portions, a lens structure provided at least either inside or outside of the translucent cover 20, or a concave or convex portion formed on at least one of the inner surface and the outer surface of the translucent cover 20. There is a department. For example, by printing a dot pattern on at least one of the inner surface and the outer surface of the translucent cover 20 or by processing a part of the translucent cover 20, a light diffusion function (light (A diffusion part) can be provided. Further, by forming the light-transmitting cover 20 itself using a resin material or the like in which a light diffusing material is dispersed, the light-transmitting cover 20 can have a light diffusing function (light diffusing portion). Moreover, as shown to FIG. 3B, you may use the translucent cover 20 whose cross-sectional shape is a polygon. By making the cross-sectional shape of the translucent cover 20A a polygonal shape, it is possible to further have a diffusion function. Thereby, a wider light distribution can be realized.

[Base]
The base 30 is a long rectangular and plate-like support base for holding (supporting) the LED module 50, and the light-transmitting cover 20 covers the main opening 20 a of the light-transmitting cover 20. And integrated. The base 30 has substantially the same length as the entire length of the translucent cover 20 in the longitudinal direction (tube axis direction). The translucent cover 20 may be fixed to the base 30 with an adhesive or the like.

  In the base 30, one surface (front surface) is a mounting surface for mounting the LED module 50 and is covered with the translucent cover 20. The other surface (back surface) of the base 30 is exposed to the outside of the lamp and constitutes the outer surface of the lamp housing.

  A recess 31 extending in the longitudinal direction of the base 30 is formed on the surface of the base 30, and the opening of the recess 31 is covered with a diffusion member 40. The LED module 50 is provided in the recess 31 covered with the diffusion member 40, specifically on the flat bottom surface of the recess 31. Steps 33 extending in the longitudinal direction of the base 30 are formed on the side walls on both sides of the recess 31 that sandwich the LED module 50, and the diffusion member 40 is provided on the step 33.

  On the back surface of the base 30, a groove (slide) extending in the longitudinal direction of the base 30 is formed at an end in the short direction of the base 30 (an end in a direction substantially orthogonal to the tube axis direction on the surface of the base 30). Rail) 32 is formed. The translucent cover 20 is attached in a slidable state with respect to the base 30 by inserting the circumferential end portion 21 into the groove 32. Accordingly, the translucent cover 20 covers not only the surface of the base 30 but also a part of the end face in the short direction of the base 30. The groove 32 of the base 30 may be configured to fit with the end 21 in the circumferential direction of the translucent cover 20.

  The base 30 also functions as a heat radiating body (heat sink) for radiating heat generated in the LED module 50. Therefore, the base 30 is preferably made of a highly heat conductive material such as metal, and a long aluminum substrate made of aluminum can be used as the base 30. In addition, you may comprise the base 30 with resin.

  Further, the inner surface of the recess 31 of the base 30 may be coated with a reflective film material. For example, the reflective surface can be formed by coating the entire surface of the base 30 with a white resin and a metal film. Further, the reflective surface can be formed by other surface finishing. In this way, by forming the reflection surface on the inner surface of the recess 31 of the base 30, the light emitted from the LED module 50 can be reflected to the translucent cover 20 side by the reflection surface, and the light from the lamp 10 can be extracted. Efficiency can be improved.

  Further, although the recess 31 is formed continuously in the longitudinal direction of the base 30 on the surface of the base 30, it may be provided intermittently. For example, the recess 31 may not be provided in a portion where the diffusion member 40 is not provided.

[Diffusion member]
The diffusion member 40 is a long rectangular diffusion plate for diffusing light from the LED module 50, and is provided in the recess 31 of the base 30 so as to cover the upper side of the LED module 50. The upper side of the surface (front surface) opposite to the one surface (back surface) facing the LED module 50 of the diffusing member 40 is covered with the translucent cover 20. The diffusing member 40 is configured to have a uniform value along the longitudinal direction and the short direction of the base 30 with respect to the diffusion rate of the LED module 50 with respect to the light.

  The diffusing member 40 is formed of a translucent material that transmits light from the LED module 50 to the translucent cover 20. The diffusing member 40 may be configured to include a light diffusing portion having a light diffusing function for diffusing light from the LED module 50 using, for example, a transparent resin material or glass made of acrylic or the like as a base material. it can. Examples of the light diffusion portion include a light diffusion sheet or a light diffusion film formed on at least one of the front surface and the back surface of the base material (the diffusion member 40). Specifically, there is a milky white light diffusion film formed by adhering a resin or a white pigment containing a light diffusion material (fine particles) such as silica or calcium carbonate to at least one of the front surface and the back surface of the substrate. As other light diffusion parts, there are a lens structure provided in at least one of the inside and the outside of the base material, or a concave or convex part formed in at least one of the front surface and the back surface of the base material. For example, the substrate can be provided with a light diffusion function (light diffusion portion) by printing a dot pattern on at least one of the front and back surfaces of the substrate or by processing a part of the substrate. . Further, the base material itself can be molded using a resin material or the like in which a light diffusing material is dispersed, whereby the base material can have a light diffusing function (light diffusing portion). Note that the diffusing member 40 may be made of the same material as the translucent cover 20.

[LED module]
The plurality of LED modules 50 are light sources of the lamp 10, and are placed side by side in the longitudinal direction of the base 30 in the recesses 31 of the base 30 so as to be overlapped and covered by the translucent cover 20 and the diffusion member 40. Has been. Each of the plurality of LED modules 50 is fixed to the base 30 with an adhesive or a screw. The detailed configuration of the LED module 50 will be described later.

[Base]
The pair of bases 60 is formed in a substantially bottomed cylindrical shape, and forms the outer surface of the lamp housing, and is formed at both ends of the integrated translucent cover 20 and base 30 (both ends in the tube axis direction). Part). The pair of caps 60 covers the openings at both ends (both ends in the tube axis direction) of the cylindrical member formed by integrating the translucent cover 20 and the base 30. The base 60 on one side of the cylindrical member is provided with a pair of power receiving pins 61, and the ground pin 62 is provided on the base 60 on the other side.

  The pair of power receiving pins 61 are conductive pins made of a rod-shaped metal material. The pair of power receiving pins 61 are configured to be attached to a lighting fixture, and receive power for lighting the LEDs 53 of the LED module 50 from a power supply device (lighting fixture) outside the lamp. Direct current power is supplied to the lighting circuit in the lamp via the pair of power receiving pins 61. The lighting circuit rectifies input DC power and outputs a desired voltage for energizing the LED 53.

  The earth pin 62 is a conductive pin made of a single rod-shaped metal material. Similarly to the power receiving pin 61, the earth pin 62 is also configured to be attached to a lighting fixture. Therefore, if the connection part (connection part in a socket) with the earth pin 62 in a lighting fixture is a ground terminal, when the lamp | ramp 10 is mounted | worn with the said lighting fixture, the earth pin 62 will become a grounding potential.

  When the lamp 10 is mounted on an existing fluorescent lighting fixture, the lighting fixture and the ground pin 62 are not connected to the ground, and the ground pin 62 is attached to attach the lamp 10 to the lighting fixture. Functions as a pin. Therefore, the ground pin 62 is not necessarily made of metal. Further, the number of the ground pins 62 is not limited to one and may be two.

  As described above, the lamp 10 employs a one-side power feeding method, and power for lighting the LED module 50 is fed from a pair of power receiving pins 61 provided only at one end of the lamp 10. It is configured.

  Next, the configuration of the LED module 50 will be described with reference to FIGS. 4A and 4B.

  4A is a plan view (top view) showing the configuration of the LED module 50, and FIG. 4B is a cross-sectional view of the LED module 50 cut along the line A-A 'of FIG. 4A.

  As shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B, the LED module 50 is a COB (Chip On Board) type light emitting module, and is a line light source that emits light in a line shape. The LED module 50 includes a mounting substrate 52, a plurality of LEDs 53 arranged on the mounting substrate 52, a sealing member 51 for sealing the LEDs 53, a wiring 54, an electrostatic protection element 55, an electrode terminal 56, And a wire 57 such as a gold wire.

  The mounting substrate 52 is an LED mounting substrate for mounting the LEDs 53, and is, for example, a long rectangular substrate. The mounting substrate 52 is made of, for example, a glass composite substrate (CEM-3 or the like), a glass epoxy substrate (FR-4 or the like), a substrate made of paper phenol or paper epoxy (FR-1 or the like), polyimide, or the like. A flexible substrate having flexibility can be used. As the metal base substrate, for example, an aluminum alloy substrate, an iron alloy substrate, a copper alloy substrate, or the like can be used.

  When the length in the longitudinal direction (length of the long side) of the mounting substrate 52 is L1 (mm) and the length in the short side direction (length of the short side) is L2 (mm), the mounting substrate 52 is, for example, A substrate having L1 = 580 mm, L2 = 16 mm, and a thickness of 1.0 (mm) can be used.

  Each of the plurality of LEDs 53 is an example of a light emitting element, and is directly mounted on the mounting substrate 52. The plurality of LEDs 53 are arranged in a line (in a straight line) along the longitudinal direction of the mounting substrate 52. Each LED 53 is a bare chip that emits monochromatic visible light, and is die-bonded on the mounting substrate 52 by a die attach material (die bond material). As each LED 53, for example, a blue LED chip that emits blue light can be used. As the blue LED chip, for example, a gallium nitride based semiconductor light emitting device having a center wavelength of 440 nm to 470 nm, which is made of an InGaN based material, can be used.

  In the plurality of LEDs 53, a p-side electrode and an n-side electrode for supplying current are formed on the upper surface of the chip, and each of the p-side electrode and the n-side electrode and the wiring 54 are wire-bonded by a wire 57. .

  The sealing member 51 is a phosphor-containing resin including a phosphor that is a light wavelength converter, and converts the wavelength of the light from the LED 53 and collectively seals all the LEDs 53 on the mounting substrate 52. Protect. The sealing member 51 has a substantially semicircular dome shape with a convex cross section, and is formed linearly along the arrangement direction of the LEDs 53 so as to cover all the LEDs 53 on the mounting substrate 52.

  The linear (stripe-shaped) sealing member 51 is formed closer to one long side than a straight line passing through the center of the mounting substrate 52 in the short direction. Further, the sealing member 51 is formed without interruption from the end surface of one short side of the mounting substrate 52 to the end surface of the other short side. As the sealing member 51, for example, when the LED 53 is a blue LED, a phosphor-containing resin in which YAG (yttrium, aluminum, garnet) -based yellow phosphor particles are dispersed in a silicone resin can be used. In this case, since the yellow phosphor particles are excited by the blue light of the blue LED to emit yellow light, white light is emitted from the sealing member 51 by the excited yellow light and the blue light of the blue LED. . The sealing member 51 may also contain a light diffusing material such as silica.

  The wiring 54 is a metal wiring made of tungsten (W), copper (Cu), or the like, and is patterned in a predetermined shape to electrically connect the plurality of LEDs 53 to each other. Further, the wiring 54 is patterned so as to electrically connect the plurality of LEDs 53 and the electrostatic protection element 55 and also to the electrode terminals 56.

  The electrostatic protection element 55 is, for example, a Zener diode, and prevents the LED 53 having a low reverse withstand voltage from being destroyed by static electricity having a reverse polarity generated on the mounting substrate 52.

  The electrode terminal 56 is a power supply / reception unit (external connection terminal) that receives DC power from the outside and supplies DC power to the LED 53, and is electrically connected to the wiring 54. When the DC voltage received by the electrode terminal 56 is supplied to the LED 53, the LED 53 emits light, and desired light is emitted from the LED 53. The two electrode terminals 56 are offset to one long side of the mounting substrate 52 with the sealing member 51 as a reference. The element array of the LED 53 and the sealing member 51 are provided so as to pass through the center in the width direction of the mounting substrate 52, and the two electrode terminals 56 are disposed on the long side facing the mounting substrate 52 through the sealing member 51. You may form in each.

  In the adjacent LED modules 50, the electrode terminals 56 are electrically connected by a connection wiring (not shown). Thereby, the some LED module 50 (LED53) is connected in series. The connection wiring for connecting the electrode terminals 56 to each other can be constituted by a conductive member such as a lead wire made of a conductive wire coated with an insulating film, for example.

  In the manufacture of the lamp 10 having the above configuration, first, after the LED module 50 is disposed on the surface of the base 30, the diffusion member 40 is disposed. And after inserting both ends 21 of the circumferential direction of the translucent cover 20 in the groove | channel 32 of the both ends surface of the transversal direction of the base 30, and hooking the translucent cover 20 in the groove | channel 32, it is. The translucent cover 20 is attached to the base 30 by sliding in the tube axis direction. Then, the base 60 is attached to both ends of the integrated base 30 and the translucent cover 20 in the tube axis direction. The translucent cover 20 may be fitted onto the base 30 so as to be pushed in from above the base 30 without sliding.

  As described above, the lamp 10 according to the present embodiment is a long lamp, and includes the LED module 50 including the LED 53 and the mounting substrate 52 provided with the LED 53, and the recess 31 provided with the LED module 50. Is provided with a long base 30 formed on the surface. The lamp 10 further includes a long translucent cover 20 configured to cover the LED module 50, and the LED module 50 and the translucent cover 20 so as to be positioned inside the recess 31. And a diffusion member 40 that diffuses light emitted from the LEDs 53.

  With such a configuration, the diffusing member 40 can be disposed in the vicinity of the LED module 50, and most of the light emitted from the LED module 50 can be diffused and guided to the translucent cover 20, thereby suppressing uneven brightness. Can do. In addition, since the LED module 50 is provided in the recess 31 of the base 30, the lamp 10 can be downsized.

  Further, in the lamp 10 of the present embodiment, the step portion 33 is formed on the side wall of the recess 31 of the base 30, and the diffusion member 40 is plate-shaped and covers at least a part of the opening of the recess 31 of the base 30. Thus, it is placed on the step portion 33.

  With such a configuration, the diffusing member 40 can be disposed on the base 30 only by placing the plate-like diffusing member 40 on the stepped portion 33, so that the diffusing member 40 can be easily installed. Can do. Moreover, since the diffusing member 40 has a plate shape, it becomes easy to process the diffusing member 40 so as to have a diffusing function.

  Further, in the lamp 10 of the present embodiment, the base 30 is made of metal, and the diffusing member 40 is in contact with the base 30.

  With such a configuration, even when the heat of the LED module 50 is transmitted to the diffusing member 40 and the temperature of the diffusing member 40 rises, the heat of the diffusing member 40 can be radiated to the base 30, so the diffusing member due to heat 40 warpage can be suppressed.

  Further, in the lamp 10 of the present embodiment, the translucent cover 20 is a notched cylindrical member having a main opening 20a in which a part of the elongated cylinder is notched along the longitudinal direction. The translucent cover 20 is held so as to close the main opening 20a.

  With such a configuration, a part of the base 30 is exposed to the outer surface as a part of the lamp housing, so that the heat of the LED module 50 can be efficiently radiated to the outside of the lamp via the base 30.

  In the lamp 10 of the present embodiment, the base 30 is formed with a groove 32 that holds the translucent cover 20 so as to be slidable.

  With such a configuration, it is easy to attach the translucent cover 20 to the base 30, so that the lamp 10 can be easily manufactured.

  Moreover, in the lamp 10 of this embodiment, the translucent cover 20 is comprised from glass or resin, and diffuses the light emitted from LED53. That is, the translucent cover 20 has a light diffusion function.

  With such a configuration, the light of the LED module 50 can be diffused not only by the diffusing member 40 but also by the translucent cover 20, so that luminance unevenness can be further suppressed.

  In the lamp 10 of the present embodiment, the diffusing member 40 is configured to have different values for the diffusivity with respect to the light of the LED module 50 along at least one of the longitudinal direction and the lateral direction of the base 30. May be. For example, the diffusion member 40 has a high diffusion rate above the portion of the mounting substrate 52 where the LED 53 is provided (the LED upper portion), and above the portion of the mounting substrate 52 where the LED 53 is not provided (the non-LED upper portion). The diffusion rate may be low. In such a configuration, in the diffusing member 40, the base material has a light diffusing function only in the upper part of the LED, or the base material contains more light diffusing material in the upper part of the LED than in the non-upper part of the LED. Can be realized.

  Further, in the lamp 10 of the present embodiment, the diffusing member 40 is partially provided only in the upper part of the LED, and may not be provided above the non-upper part of the LED.

  Further, in the lamp 10 of the present embodiment, the translucent cover 20 may not include the light diffusing portion when a sufficient effect is obtained by the diffusing member 40 with respect to the light diffusing function of the LED module 50.

(Modification 1)
Next, a first modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view of a part (end portion in the tube axis direction) of the lamp 10A of the present modification example with the base 60 removed.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the lamp 10 </ b> A of the present modification example is the first in that the diffusing member 40 is provided on the base 30 so as to be positioned above the recess 31, not inside the recess 31. Different from the lamp 10 of the embodiment. Specifically, the lamp 10 </ b> A of the present modification differs from the lamp 10 of the first embodiment in that the diffusing member 40 is provided on the surface of the base 30 so as to cover the opening of the recess 31. .

  With such a configuration, it is not necessary to provide a stepped portion for placing the diffusion member 40 on the side wall of the recess 31 of the base 30, so that the processing of the base 30 can be facilitated. Therefore, the manufacture of the lamp 10A can be facilitated.

(Modification 2)
Next, a second modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 6 is an enlarged perspective view of a part (end portion in the tube axis direction) of the lamp 10B of the present modification example with the base 60 removed.

  As shown in FIG. 6, the lamp 10 </ b> B of this modification has a tapered shape in which the recess 31 of the base 30 is widened toward the opening, and the side surface of the recess 31 of the base 30 is inclined with respect to the bottom surface of the recess 31. This is different from the lamp 10 of the first embodiment.

  With such a configuration, the light of the LED module 50 can be reflected toward the opening of the concave portion 31 by the side surface of the concave portion 31 of the base 30, so that the light extraction efficiency of the lamp 10B can be improved. Moreover, the light distribution of the LED module 50 can also be controlled by adjusting the inclination angle of the side surface of the recess 31 of the base 30.

(Modification 3)
Next, a third modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 7 is an enlarged perspective view of a part (end portion in the tube axis direction) of the lamp 10C of the present modification example with the base 60 removed.

  As shown in FIG. 7, the lamp 10 </ b> C of the present modification is the same as the lamp 10 of the first embodiment in that the diffusing member 40 is made of resin and is provided in the recess 31 of the base 30 so as to contact the LED 53. Different.

  With such a configuration, the diffusing member 40 can be provided so as to surround the entire circumference of the LED 53. Therefore, most of the light from the LED 53 can be diffused and guided to the translucent cover 20, so that the luminance unevenness can be further suppressed.

  Moreover, since it becomes unnecessary to provide the level | step-difference part for mounting the diffusion member 40 in the side wall of the recessed part 31 of the base 30, the process of the base 30 can be made easy. Therefore, the manufacture of the lamp 10C can be facilitated.

(Modification 4)
Next, a fourth modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

  FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing the configuration of the lamp 10 </ b> D of the present modification with the translucent cover facing up. 9 is an exploded perspective view of the lamp 10D with the base 60 removed, and FIG. 10 shows a part (end in the tube axis direction) of the lamp 10D with the base 60 removed. It is the expanded perspective view.

  As shown in FIGS. 8 to 10, in the lamp 10 </ b> D of this modification, a groove 32 extending in the longitudinal direction of the base 30 is formed not on the back surface of the base 30 but on the end surface in the short direction of the base 30. This is different from the lamp 10 of the first embodiment.

  With such a configuration, since the entire back surface of the base 30 can be exposed to the outer surface as a lamp housing, the heat of the LED module 50 can be radiated to the outside of the lamp through the base 30 with high efficiency. .

(Modification 5)
Next, a fifth modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

  FIG. 11 is a perspective view showing the configuration of the lamp 10E of the present modification with the translucent cover facing up. 12 is an exploded perspective view of the lamp 10E with the base 60 removed, and FIG. 13 shows a part (end in the tube axis direction) of the lamp 10E with the base 60 removed. It is the expanded perspective view.

  As shown in FIGS. 11 to 13, the lamp 10 </ b> E according to the present modification has a groove 32 extending in the longitudinal direction of the base 30 on the surface of the base 30 instead of the back surface of the base 30. Different from the lamp 10 of the first embodiment.

  With such a configuration, since the entire end surface and back surface in the short direction of the base 30 can be exposed to the outer surface as a lamp housing, the heat of the LED module 50 can be efficiently transmitted through the base 30 to the outside of the lamp. Can dissipate heat.

(Modification 6)
Next, a sixth modification of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 14 is an enlarged perspective view of a part (end portion in the tube axis direction) of the lamp 10F of the present modification example with the base 60 removed.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the lamp 10 </ b> F of this modification includes a diffusing member 40 </ b> F instead of the sealing member 51 and a phosphor layer 70 instead of the diffusing member 40 in the lamp 10 shown in FIG. 3A.

  The diffusing member 40F is made of, for example, a translucent resin, and is formed so as to seal the LED 53. The diffusion member 40F has a light diffusion function. For example, the diffusing member 40F can have a diffusing function by containing light diffusing fine particles in the translucent resin or providing minute irregularities on the surface of the translucent resin.

  The phosphor layer 70 is a remote phosphor and is provided at a position away from the LED 53. The phosphor layer 70 is, for example, a phosphor plate including a phosphor that converts the wavelength of the light of the LED 53.

  Thus, by separating the phosphor layer 70 from the LED 53 (light emitting unit), it is possible to suppress a decrease in phosphor conversion efficiency due to a temperature rise.

  In the present modification, a surface mount device (SMD) type LED element that does not have a phosphor-containing resin (phosphor layer) may be used as the LED 53.

(Modification 7)
Next, modified example 7 of the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 15 is an enlarged perspective view of a part (end part in the tube axis direction) of the lamp 10G of the present modification example with the base 60 removed.

  As shown in FIG. 15, the lamp 10 </ b> G of the present modification includes the phosphor layer 70 </ b> G instead of the diffusion member 40 and the sealing member 51 in the lamp 10 shown in FIG. 3A, and replaces the translucent cover 20. A translucent cover 20G is provided.

  The phosphor layer 70G is configured such that a part of the long oval cylinder is cut out along the long direction (tube axis direction), and the cross-sectional shape is, for example, a shape obtained by halving the vertical ellipse. Is done. The phosphor layer 70G is provided so as to cover the LED 53 so as to be separated from the LED 53. The phosphor layer 70G includes a phosphor that converts the wavelength of the LED 53 light. Thus, the light distribution angle can be widened by making the cross-sectional shape of the phosphor layer 70G a vertically long semi-ellipse.

  The translucent cover 20G is configured such that a part of the long oval cylinder is cut out along the long direction (tube axis direction). For example, the cross-sectional shape is a half of the vertically long oval. It is configured. The cross-sectional shape of the translucent cover 20G and the cross-sectional shape of the phosphor layer 70G can be similar to each other. Thus, the light distribution angle can be widened by making the cross-sectional shape of the translucent cover 20G a vertically long semi-ellipse. The translucent cover 20G can be made of the same material as the translucent cover 20.

  In this way, a lamp having a wide light distribution angle can be realized by making the cross-sectional shapes of the phosphor layer 70G and the translucent cover 20G into a vertically long semi-ellipse.

  In FIG. 15, there is a space area between the phosphor layer 70 </ b> G and the LED 53, but this space area may be filled with a translucent material such as a transparent resin.

  In this modification, at least one of the translucent cover 20G and the phosphor layer 70G functions as a diffusing member.

  For example, when the translucent cover 20G is made to function as a diffusing member, a diffusing function is added to the translucent cover 20G by adding a light diffusing material, performing uneven processing, or making the cross-sectional shape polygonal as described above. Can be given.

  Further, when the phosphor layer 70G functions as a diffusion member, for example, a light diffusing material may be contained in the phosphor layer 70G. It should be noted that the phosphor layer 70G can also have a diffusion function by forming an uneven shape on the inner surface or outer surface of the phosphor layer 70G.

(Second Embodiment)
Next, an example in which the lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention is applied to a lighting device will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 16 is a perspective view showing a configuration of a lighting apparatus according to the second embodiment of the present invention.

  As illustrated in FIG. 16, the lighting device 100 according to the present embodiment includes the lamp 10 according to the first embodiment and a lighting fixture 110. Such a lighting device 100 is mounted on a ceiling or the like via a fixture.

  The lighting fixture 110 includes a pair of sockets 120 that are electrically connected to the lamp 10 and hold the lamp 10, a fixture body 130 to which the socket 120 is attached, and a circuit box (not shown). The inner surface of the instrument body 130 is a reflecting surface 131 that reflects light emitted from the lamp 10 in a predetermined direction (downward in FIG. 16). The circuit box houses therein a lighting circuit that supplies power to the lamp 10 when a switch (not shown) is in an on state and does not supply power in an off state.

  As described above, since the lighting device 100 according to the present embodiment uses the lamp 10 according to the first embodiment, it is possible to suppress luminance unevenness. In addition, you may use the lamp | ramp of each modification of 1st Embodiment.

  As mentioned above, although the lamp | ramp and lighting device which concern on this invention were demonstrated based on embodiment, this invention is not limited to these embodiment. The present invention includes various modifications made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the present invention. Moreover, you may combine each component in several embodiment arbitrarily in the range which does not deviate from the meaning of invention.

  For example, in the above embodiments and modifications, the LED is exemplified as the light emitting element. However, a semiconductor light emitting element such as a semiconductor laser, an EL element such as an organic EL (Electro Luminescence) or an inorganic EL, or other solid light emitting element is used. It may be used.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment and modification, although the electric power feeding system was mentioned as the single-side electric power feeding system, it is good also as a both-sides electric power feeding system which makes a nozzle | cap | die of both sides into a receiving pin. In this case, the power receiving pin on one side and the power receiving pin on the other side may be configured as one pin, and both the power receiving pin on one side and the power receiving pin on the other side receive a AC power supply from both sides as a pair of power receiving pins. Any configuration may be used. In addition, the pair of power receiving pins and the ground pins are not limited to the rod-shaped metal, and may be configured by a flat metal or the like.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment and the modification, although it was set as 1 pin-2 pin nozzle | cap | die structure which made one side out of the two nozzle | cap | die 60 1 pin (1 pin) and the other 2 pins (2 pins), A two-pin to two-pin base structure in which each of the two bases 60 has two pins (two pins) may be used. In addition, as a 2-pin base, a G13 base can be used. Further, as the base 60, an L-shaped pin base of a straight tube type LED lamp compliant with JEL801 standardized by the Japan Light Bulb Industry Association may be used.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment and modification, although the nozzle | cap | die 60 was comprised so that DC power might be received, you may comprise so that AC power may be received. When the base 60 receives AC power, the lighting circuit incorporated in the lamp 10 includes a circuit that converts AC power into DC power.

  Moreover, in said embodiment and modification, although the LED module was set as the COB type structure which mounted LED directly on the board | substrate, it is not restricted to this. For example, an SMD type LED element in which an LED chip is mounted in a cavity (concave portion) of a resin-molded container and a phosphor-containing resin is enclosed in the cavity is used as a light emitting element. You may use the LED module comprised by mounting two or more on a board | substrate.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment and modification, although three LED modules are provided in the lamp | ramp, it is not restricted to this. For example, one LED module may be provided. Further, the length and shape of the mounting substrate of the LED module, the number of LEDs to be mounted, and the like may be appropriately changed.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment and modification, although the translucent cover was comprised by substantially semi-cylindrical shape, it is not restricted to this. For example, the translucent cover may have a cylindrical shape in which the main opening is not formed. In this case, at least one end portion of the translucent cover needs to be an open end opening. For example, the base is mounted with a diffusion member, an LED module, a lighting circuit, and the like, and the electrical connection is also completed. After that, it is inserted from the end opening of the translucent cover and accommodated in the translucent cover.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment and modification, although the sealing member collectively sealed all LED on a mounting board, it is not restricted to this. For example, a plurality of sealing members may be provided in an island shape on one mounting substrate, and each of the plurality of sealing members may individually seal one or a plurality of LEDs. In this case, since uneven brightness easily occurs, the effect of suppressing uneven brightness by the diffusing member becomes significant.

  The present invention is useful as a lamp using a light emitting element such as an LED, for example, a straight tube lamp, and can be widely used in an illumination device including the lamp.

10, 10A, 10B, 10C, 10D, 10E, 10F, 10G Lamp 20, 20A, 20G Translucent cover 21 End 30 Base 31 Recess 32 Groove 33 Stepped portion 40, 40F Diffusion member 50 LED module 51 Sealing member 52 Mounting board 53 LED
54 Wiring 55 Electrostatic Protection Element 56 Electrode Terminal 57 Wire 60 Base 61 Power Receiving Pin 62 Earth Pin 70, 70G Phosphor Layer 100 Illuminating Device 110 Illuminating Device 120 Socket 130 Device Main Body 131 Reflecting Surface

Claims (12)

  1. A long lamp,
    A light emitting module having a light emitting element and a substrate provided with the light emitting element;
    A long base on which a concave portion provided with the light emitting module is formed on the surface;
    An elongated translucent cover configured to cover the light emitting module;
    A diffusion member provided between the light emitting module and the translucent cover so as to be positioned inside or above the concave portion and diffusing light emitted from the light emitting element by the contained fine particles. ,
    The back of the base is exposed outside the lamp,
    A stepped portion is formed on the side wall of the recess of the base,
    The said diffusion member is a plate-shaped member which directly faces the said light emitting module, and is mounted on the said level | step difference part so that at least one part of opening of the recessed part of the said base may be covered.
  2. The lamp according to claim 1, wherein the diffusing member has a high diffusivity above a portion of the substrate where the light emitting element is provided and a low diffusivity above a portion of the substrate where the light emitting element is not provided. .
  3. Side of the base of the recess, the lamp according to claim 1 or 2 for reflecting light emitted from the light emitting element to the opening of the recess.
  4. The base is made of metal,
    The diffusing member, a lamp according to any one of claims 1 to 3, in contact with the base.
  5. The translucent cover is a cutout cylindrical member having a main opening in which a part of the long cylinder is cut out along the lengthwise direction,
    The base, the lamp according to any one of claims 1 to 4 for holding the light-transmitting cover so as to close the main opening.
  6. The lamp according to claim 5 , wherein a groove for slidably holding the translucent cover is formed on the base.
  7. The lamp according to claim 6 , wherein the light-emitting element is located at the same position as the groove or closer to the opening side of the recess than the groove in the vertical direction of the substrate.
  8. The lamp according to claim 6 or 7 , wherein the groove is formed on a side surface of the base.
  9. The lamp according to claim 6 , wherein the groove is formed on a back surface of the base.
  10. The translucent cover is made of glass or a resin containing fine particles, diffuses light emitted from the light emitting device by the particles, and any one of claims 1 to 9 cross-sectional shape has a polygonal shape Lamp according to item.
  11. The lamp according to any one of claims 1 to 10 , wherein a rear surface of the base constitutes an outer surface of a lamp housing.
  12. An illuminating device comprising the lamp according to any one of claims 1 to 11 .
JP2013548663A 2012-07-05 2013-07-03 Lamp and lighting device Active JP5887519B2 (en)

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JP2015173090A (en) * 2014-02-21 2015-10-01 光栄ライティング株式会社 Led illumination mounting structure
JP2016018593A (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-02-01 三菱電機株式会社 Illumination lamp and lighting device
JP2016038947A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-03-22 三菱電機株式会社 Light diffusion unit, lamp, and lighting device
KR101582770B1 (en) * 2015-03-26 2016-01-21 (주)엠이씨 Light source unit and lighting apparatus having thereof

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JP2016015336A (en) 2016-01-28
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JPWO2014006901A1 (en) 2016-06-02
CN203743910U (en) 2014-07-30

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