JP5857506B2 - Volume measuring device and liquid ejecting device - Google Patents

Volume measuring device and liquid ejecting device Download PDF

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JP5857506B2
JP5857506B2 JP2011169015A JP2011169015A JP5857506B2 JP 5857506 B2 JP5857506 B2 JP 5857506B2 JP 2011169015 A JP2011169015 A JP 2011169015A JP 2011169015 A JP2011169015 A JP 2011169015A JP 5857506 B2 JP5857506 B2 JP 5857506B2
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liquid
frame
water storage
volume
water
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JP2013031544A (en
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康善 ▲濱▼
康善 ▲濱▼
栗原 徹
徹 栗原
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セイコーエプソン株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an excision method, an excision apparatus, and a medical device.

  As an example of a method for excision of an affected part which is a living soft tissue, a liquid jet scalpel which injects a liquid (for example, water), which is a kind of fluid, from a nozzle and excises the affected part (including dissect or crush: debulk) The excision method used is known. The excision method using a liquid jet scalpel is characterized by no thermal damage and high tissue selectivity, and can preserve small blood vessels and nerves. Therefore, this excision treatment is clinically applied mainly to abdominal surgery.

  In Patent Document 1, a spacer that can adjust the distance between the tip of the nozzle and the affected part in a stepwise manner is provided so that an appropriate distance can be maintained between the nozzle and the affected part.

JP-A-5-285152

  However, in the excision method as described above, it is difficult to accurately excise the affected part because the volume of the excised affected part cannot be grasped by ejecting the liquid from the nozzle. That is, the affected part could not be excised with high accuracy with respect to the volume of the affected part to be excised.

  Therefore, an object of the present invention is to improve the accuracy of the excision capacity of an affected area.

The main invention for achieving the above object is:
An injection unit for injecting fluid, a cylindrical frame having an opening for accommodating the affected part on one end side, and supporting the injection unit on the other end side, and supplying liquid to the frame An excision method for an affected area by an excision device comprising: a liquid supply unit to perform drainage to discharge liquid from the frame;
A liquid storage amount storing step for storing a predetermined liquid storage amount of the liquid in the frame;
An abutting step of abutting the one end side of the frame body with an affected part;
A liquid supply step of supplying the predetermined amount of stored liquid into the frame by the liquid supply unit;
A capacity calculating step of calculating the volume of the affected part accommodated in the frame based on the amount of liquid discharged by the draining part during the liquid supplying step;
A resection step of resecting the affected area by ejecting fluid from the ejection section;
Whether the liquid supply step and the volume calculation step are performed at least before and after the excision step, and whether the excision step is continued based on a comparison between a calculation result in each volume calculation step and the volume of the affected part to be excised A judging process for judging
It is the excision method characterized by having.
Other features of the present invention will become apparent from the description of the present specification and the accompanying drawings.

1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a water jet knife 10. FIG. It is a perspective view (cross section) figure of the front-end | tip part of the excision apparatus in this embodiment. It is sectional drawing of the front-end | tip part of the excision apparatus in this embodiment. 4A is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA in FIG. 3, and FIG. 4B is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB in FIG. FIG. 5A to FIG. 5F are schematic views for explaining the excision method using the excision apparatus of the present embodiment. It is the schematic for demonstrating 2nd Embodiment.

  At least the following matters will become clear from the description of the present specification and the accompanying drawings.

An injection unit for injecting fluid, a cylindrical frame having an opening for accommodating the affected part on one end side, and supporting the injection unit on the other end side, and supplying liquid to the frame An excision method for an affected area by an excision device comprising: a liquid supply unit to perform drainage to discharge liquid from the frame;
A liquid storage amount storing step for storing a predetermined liquid storage amount of the liquid in the frame;
An abutting step of abutting the one end side of the frame body with an affected part;
A liquid supply step of supplying the predetermined amount of stored liquid into the frame by the liquid supply unit;
A capacity calculating step of calculating the volume of the affected part accommodated in the frame based on the amount of liquid discharged by the draining part during the liquid supplying step;
A resection step of resecting the affected area by ejecting fluid from the ejection section;
Whether the liquid supply step and the volume calculation step are performed at least before and after the excision step, and whether the excision step is continued based on a comparison between a calculation result in each volume calculation step and the volume of the affected part to be excised A judging process for judging
A resection method characterized by comprising:

  According to such an excision method, the volume of the affected part accommodated in the frame can be accurately obtained by the liquid supply process and the volume calculation process. Further, by performing the liquid supply process and the volume calculation process before and after the excision process, the volume of the affected part excised can be accurately obtained from the difference between the calculation results of the respective volume calculation processes. Therefore, it is possible to improve the accuracy of the excision volume of the affected part by determining whether or not to continue the excision by comparing the value of the capacity of the affected part calculated in the capacity calculating process before and after the excision process with the capacity to be excised. I can plan.

In this excision method, the liquid storage amount storing step stores the predetermined liquid storage amount for each inclination of the frame body with respect to a predetermined direction, and the liquid supply step stores the frame body in the contact step. It is desirable that the predetermined liquid storage amount of liquid corresponding to the inclination of the frame body with respect to the predetermined direction when contacting the liquid is supplied into the frame body.
According to such an excision method, when the frame body is brought into contact with the affected part, even if the frame body is inclined in a predetermined direction, a liquid with a predetermined liquid storage amount corresponding to the angle can be supplied into the frame body. Thereby, the exact capacity | capacitance of an affected part can be measured irrespective of the inclination of a frame.

In this excision method, it is preferable that the liquid supply step performed after the excision step is performed after the liquid in the frame is discharged by the drainage part.
According to such an excision method, the volume of the affected area can be measured without removing the frame from the affected area, so that the volume of the affected area before and after the excision process can be compared more accurately.

In this excision method, it is preferable that the method further includes a position adjustment step of adjusting the position of the injection unit with respect to the affected part before executing the excision step.
According to such an excision method, since the distance between the affected part and the injection part can be appropriately maintained, the accuracy of the excision depth, the excision range, the excision capacity, and the like can be improved.

An injection unit for injecting fluid;
An opening for housing the affected part on one end side, and a frame for supporting the injection part on the other end side;
A liquid supply unit for supplying liquid into the frame;
A drainage part for discharging liquid from the frame;
A predetermined storage amount storage means for storing a predetermined storage amount of the liquid in the frame;
Contact means for contacting the one end side of the frame body with an affected part;
Liquid supply means for supplying the predetermined liquid storage amount of liquid into the frame body by the liquid supply unit;
Capacity calculating means for calculating the capacity of the affected area accommodated in the frame;
An ablation device characterized by comprising:
Moreover, the medical device provided with the said cutting device becomes clear.

  In the following embodiments, a case where a liquid pulse jet knife (hereinafter also referred to as a water jet knife) that intermittently ejects a liquid (for example, water), which is a kind of fluid, and excises an affected part will be described as an example. .

=== First Embodiment ===
As will be described later, the excision apparatus according to the present embodiment includes a water jet knife 10, a water amount adjustment unit 20, and a water storage unit 30. Hereinafter, each configuration will be described with reference to the drawings.

≪About the structure of the water jet knife≫
FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a water jet knife 10 in the present embodiment. In FIG. 1, the water jet knife 10 is roughly configured to include a micropump 110, an outlet flow channel connection pipe 300 connected to the micropump 110, and a connection flow channel pipe 200 connected to the outlet flow channel connection pipe 300. ing.

  The micropump 110 includes an inlet channel body 120 provided with an inlet channel 122 into which a fluid flows, a pump chamber body 130 having a pump chamber 132 configured by tightly fixing a diaphragm 131, The actuator unit 150 includes an actuator 151 that changes the volume.

  The inlet channel body 120 has a substantially cylindrical shape in plan view, and is formed by projecting a pipe-shaped inlet connecting pipe 121 having an inlet channel 122 drilled in one side surface. It circulates in the flow path chamber 123. The distal end portion of the inlet channel 122 is connected to a pump (not shown), and a liquid such as water or physiological saline (water in this embodiment) is supplied. The inlet channel chamber 123 is circulated to the pump chamber body 130, and a check valve 125 is fixed to the outlet channel side of the pump chamber body 130. The opening of the inlet channel chamber 123 opposite to the check valve 125 is hermetically fixed to the periphery of the inlet channel chamber 123 by a fixing means such as adhesion, welding, or screwing. .

  A stepped O-ring box 126 is formed on the outer peripheral portion of the inlet channel body 120 on the check valve side, and a stepped fixing portion 127 into which the pump chamber body 130 is press-fitted outside the O-ring box 126. Is formed.

  In the pump chamber body 130, a pump chamber body side outlet channel 301 that flows into the inlet channel chamber 123 is formed on the opposite side of the inlet channel 122 described above. A shallow recess is formed in the pump chamber body 130 on the opposite side of the inlet channel chamber 123, and a diaphragm 131 is fixed to the periphery of the opening of the recess. A space formed by the recess and the diaphragm 131 is a pump chamber 132.

  Further, the outlet channel connecting pipe 300 is provided with a connecting pipe side outlet channel 302 having the same diameter, which communicates with the pump chamber body side outlet channel 301. The pump chamber body side outlet channel 301 and the connecting pipe side outlet channel 302 are collectively referred to as an outlet channel.

  In addition, a concave portion 133 having a diameter substantially the same as the step diameter of the fixing portion 127 described above is formed at the joint portion between the inlet channel body 120 and the pump chamber body 130, and a ring-shaped O-ring is formed in the O-ring box 126. 230 is attached. In this state, the fixing portion 127 of the inlet channel body 120 and the concave portion 133 of the pump chamber body 130 are press-fitted and fixed, and the O-ring 230 is pressed to prevent fluid leakage.

  The joining of the inlet channel body 120 and the pump chamber body 130 is not limited to press-fitting and can be fixed by adhesion or screwing.

  An actuator unit 150 is mounted on the diaphragm 131 side of the pump chamber body 130.

  The actuator unit 150 includes a cylindrical casing 152, a lid member 154 that closes one opening of the casing 152, an actuator 151 whose end is fixed to the inner surface of the lid member 154, and an actuator 151. And an upper base 155 fixed to the other end portion. And while the edge part on the opposite side to the cover member 154 of the housing | casing 152 presses the diaphragm 131, the outer peripheral part is press-fitted in the concave fixing part formed in the pump chamber body 130, and it fixes integrally. .

  At this time, the upper surface of the upper base 155 in the drawing is in close contact with the diaphragm 131. Although not shown, a hole penetrating from the inside to the outside is provided on the side surface of the casing 152, and a lead wire is provided through the hole, and is also connected to an external control circuit that is not shown. The actuator 151 is a piezoelectric element that expands and contracts in the longitudinal direction. When the pulsed voltage is applied from the external control circuit, the actuator 151 expands and contracts. When the actuator 151 expands, the diaphragm 131 is pushed and bent to increase the volume of the pump chamber 132. When it is reduced and contracted, it is pulled back to its original state, and the volume of the pump chamber 132 is increased. An AC voltage may be applied as the applied voltage.

  The outlet channel connecting pipe 300 is provided with a connecting channel pipe fixing hole 304 into which a later-described connecting channel pipe 200 is press-fitted and fixed. One end of the connection channel pipe 200 is press-fitted into the connection channel pipe fixing hole 304. Further, the outlet channel connecting pipe 300 is fixed to the pump chamber body 130 by press-fitting the opposite end portion of the connecting channel pipe fixing hole 304 into the outlet channel fixing portion 134 protruding from the pump chamber body 130.

  The connection channel 201 is provided with a connection channel 201 that circulates with the outlet channel described above. The connection channel tube 200 is formed of a highly rigid metal material. A nozzle 210 having an opening 211 through which fluid is ejected is press-fitted at the tip of the connection flow channel pipe 200.

  The nozzle 210 (corresponding to the ejecting section) is provided with an opening 211 that is continuous with the fluid introduction path 212 so that the fluid is not dispersed when the fluid is ejected to one tip, and the ejection direction is constant. ing. Further, the other end portion is provided with a tapered hole 213 which is continuous with the fluid introduction path 212 and has a wide tip side. Further, the outer peripheral edge of the opening 211 is smoothly rounded by chamfering or arcing.

  The connection channel 201 has a diameter of 1 mm to 3 mm, which is larger than the diameter of the outlet channel, and the thickness of the connection channel pipe 200 that is the outer shell of the connection channel 201 is set to 0.1 mm to 1 mm. ing. Therefore, the outer diameter of the connection flow path pipe 200 is 5 mm at the maximum. Moreover, when the distance from the contact part of the end part of the connection flow path pipe 200 and the outlet flow path connection pipe 300 to the inlet of the opening 211 is a connection flow path, and this length is L, L is 100 mm to The range is set to 200 mm.

  In such a water jet knife 10, the actuator 151 expands and contracts in the direction of the pump chamber 132 by applying a pulsed drive signal to the actuator 151. At this time, the pressure under the check valve 125 fluctuates, the check valve 125 opens and closes, and the fluid flows into the sub pump chamber 132. Then, due to the volume change of the pump chamber 132, the fluid in the pump chamber 132 is sent to the pump chamber body side outlet channel 301, the connection pipe side outlet channel 302, and the connection channel 201 and is ejected from the nozzle 210.

  The water jet knife 10 has an advantage that excision can be performed even if the amount of fluid used is small because a pulse flow for intermittently ejecting fluid is realized. In this embodiment, the fluid is intermittently ejected, but the present invention is not limited to this, and the fluid may be ejected continuously.

≪About the configuration of the water volume adjustment unit and the water storage unit≫
FIG. 2 is a perspective (cross-sectional) view of the distal end portion of the excision device in the present embodiment. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the distal end portion of the excision apparatus according to this embodiment. 4A is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA in FIG. 3, and FIG. 4B is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB in FIG. The excision apparatus according to this embodiment includes a water amount adjustment unit 20 and a water storage unit 30 around the tip of the connection flow channel pipe 200 (the end on the nozzle 210 side) in the water jet knife 10. In the following description, the upstream side in the water flow direction when water is jetted from the nozzle 210 is the upper side, and the downstream side (tip side) is the lower side. Further, a direction orthogonal to the vertical direction is defined as a horizontal direction.

<Water adjustment unit>
The water amount adjustment unit 20 of the present embodiment includes a water supply pipe 21, a suction pipe 22, a positioning plate 23, a bottom suction pipe 24, a drain pipe 25, a backflow prevention valve 26, and a bellows 28.

  The water supply pipe 21 (corresponding to a liquid supply unit) supplies liquid (water in this embodiment) from a water supply pump (not shown) to a water storage tank 35 in the outer wall 32 described later. The suction pipe 22 sucks the liquid in the water storage tank 35, the excision piece of the affected part, blood, etc., and sends it to a drain pump (not shown). As shown in FIGS. 2, 4A and 4B, the water supply pipe 21 and the suction pipe 22 are provided concentrically so as to surround the connection flow path pipe 200 (nozzle 210) in the order of the water supply pipe 21 and the suction pipe 22. It has been. Moreover, the water supply pipe 21, the suction pipe 22, and the positioning plate 23, which will be described later, constituting the water amount adjustment unit 20 are provided so that the relative positions in the vertical direction do not change. And according to expansion / contraction of the bellows 28 which will be described later, it is possible to move up and down while maintaining the respective positions, and the water supply pipe 21, the suction pipe 22 and the positioning plate 23 move in synchronization. . Further, the connection channel pipe 200 (and the nozzle 210) can be adjusted in the vertical direction (moved in the vertical direction) independently of these (the water supply pipe 21, the suction pipe 22, and the positioning plate 23). It has become. Hereinafter, the connection channel pipe 200 (nozzle 210), the water supply pipe 21, the suction pipe 22, and the positioning plate 23 are also referred to as a vertical movement unit.

  The positioning plate 23 is provided at the lower end (tip) of the water supply pipe 21 and the suction pipe 22 on the inner peripheral side of the water supply pipe 21. That is, the positioning plate 23 is provided below the nozzle 210 so that the nozzle 210 does not protrude beyond (below) the nozzle. A hole through which the liquid ejected from the nozzle 210 passes is provided in the center portion of the positioning plate 23. The positioning plate 23 has a contact sensor (not shown) at the lower end, and the position of the affected part is detected by this contact sensor. And when excising the affected part, based on the detection result of this contact sensor, the vertical movement part is positioned with respect to the affected part.

  The bottom suction tube 24 is provided so that the tip is close to the bottom (lower end) of the outer wall 32. The bottom suction pipe 24 sucks the liquid in the water storage tank 35 at a position near the bottom of the outer wall 32 and sends it to a drain pump (not shown).

  The drain pipe 25 is for discharging (sucking) the water in the water storage tank 35. The drainage pipe 25 is provided so that the tip is located above the water storage tank 35, and when the water in the water storage tank 35 exceeds this position, the water in the water storage tank 35 is discharged and a drainage pump (not shown). Send to. A backflow prevention valve 26 is provided at the tip (lower end) of the drain pipe 25. The backflow prevention valve 26 is for preventing the water once discharged from flowing back into the water storage tank 35.

  The bellows 28 is a bellows-like tube member and can be expanded and contracted in the vertical direction. As shown in FIG. 2, the bellows 28 is connected between the drain pipe 25 and the suction pipe 22, and connects the flow path of the drain pipe 25 and the flow path of the suction pipe 22. The bellows 28 is connected between the bottom suction tube 24 and the suction tube 22, and the flow path of the bottom suction tube 24 and the flow path of the suction tube 22 are connected. Thereby, all of the suction pipe 22, the bottom suction pipe 24, and the drain pipe 25 can discharge the liquid (water etc.) of the water storage tank 35. That is, the suction pipe 22, the bottom suction pipe 24, and the drain pipe 25 correspond to a drainage part. Note that the suction pipe 22, the drain pipe 26, and the positioning plate 23 can be moved in the vertical direction according to the expansion / contraction of the bellows 28. On the other hand, the vertical positions of the bottom suction pipe 24 and the drain pipe 25 are fixed.

<Water storage unit>
The water storage unit 30 (corresponding to a frame) of the present embodiment includes a position control unit 31, a fixing flange 31a, an outer wall 32, a fixing flange 33, an opening 34, and a water storage tank 35.

  The position control unit 31 is provided on the upper end side of the outer wall 32. Further, the position control unit 31 supports the position of each member of the vertical movement unit so as to be movable in the vertical direction, and supports the drain pipe 25 and the bottom suction pipe 24. Furthermore, the position control unit 31 has an angle sensor (not shown), and detects an angle (vertical direction or inclination with respect to the horizontal direction) when the water storage unit 30 is installed (contacted) on the affected part. Can do.

  The fixing flange 31 a is formed of a soft soft material and is provided below the position control unit 31. And the fixing flange 31a fixes each member in the position, when the position of an up-and-down moving part is changed.

  The outer wall 32 is an outer frame portion of the water storage unit 30 and is formed in a cylindrical shape having a circular cross section. A water storage tank 35 is formed inside the outer wall 32. In the present embodiment, the outer wall 32 is made of a transparent material. Thereby, the amount of water in the outer wall 32 (water storage tank 35) and the state of the affected part can be visually recognized from the outside of the outer wall 32.

  The fixing flange 33 is provided along the periphery of the outer wall 32 on the lower end side of the outer wall 32, and an opening 34 is formed inside thereof. The fixing flange 33 is made of a soft soft material and serves as a contact portion when the water storage unit 30 is brought into contact with the affected part.

≪About excision method≫
FIG. 5A to FIG. 5F are schematic views for explaining the excision method using the excision apparatus of the present embodiment. For simplification of description, the vertical moving parts are collectively shown in each drawing. Moreover, the connection flow path pipe | tube 200 (nozzle 210) of the up-and-down movable part is shown with the broken line. In the drawing, the hatched portion is the affected area, and the volume to be excised in the affected area is obtained in advance by another method (for example, a three-dimensional image of CT imaging).
As will be described later, the excision method of this embodiment includes a water storage amount storage step, an abutment step, an affected part volume measurement step, an excision step, and a determination step as will be described later. Hereinafter, it demonstrates according to the order of a process. The affected part volume measurement step corresponds to a liquid supply step and a volume calculation step.

<Water storage process>
First, a predetermined amount of water stored in the water storage tank 35 in the water storage unit 30 is obtained. At this time, the vertical movement unit is moved upward so that the lower end of the vertical movement unit is substantially equal to the lower end of the drain pipe 25. Then, water is supplied from the water supply pipe 21 to the water storage tank 35 with the lower end (opening 34) of the outer wall 32 closed with a lid or the like (FIG. 5A). When the water surface reaches the lower end (predetermined water storage line) of the drain pipe 25, water can no longer be stored in the water storage tank 35, and the water in the water storage tank 35 is drained from the drain pipe 25 to a pump (not shown). . At this time, a predetermined amount of water is obtained from the amount of water stored in the water storage tank 35. This predetermined water storage amount is stored in advance in a storage medium such as a memory.
In addition, in this embodiment, although the up-and-down moving part is moved until it becomes the same position as the lower end (predetermined water storage line) of the drain pipe 25, it is not restricted to this. For example, the lower end of the vertical movement unit may be located above the predetermined water storage line, or the lower end of the vertical movement unit is arranged below the predetermined water storage line, and the water storage at that time The amount may be obtained as a predetermined water storage amount. However, in the latter case, it is necessary to arrange the up and down moving part at that position also in the measurement of the volume of the affected part described later.

<Contact process>
The flange 33 on the lower end side of the water storage unit 30 (outer wall 32) is brought into contact with the affected part (FIG. 5B). Thus, the affected part is accommodated in the water storage tank 35 through the opening 34. When there is a liquid in the water storage tank 35, the liquid in the water storage tank 35 is sucked in advance by the bottom suction pipe 24.

<Affected volume measurement process 1>
First, the flange 33 on the lower end side of the water storage unit 30 (outer wall 32) is brought into contact with the affected part (FIG. 5B). Thus, the affected part is accommodated in the water storage tank 35 through the opening 34. When there is a liquid in the water storage tank 35, the liquid in the water storage tank 35 is sucked in advance by the bottom suction pipe 24.

Subsequently, in a state where the water storage unit 30 is in contact with the affected part, a predetermined amount of water obtained in advance is supplied into the water storage tank 35 from the water supply pipe 21 of the vertical movement unit. At this time, when the water surface reaches a predetermined water storage line, the water in the water storage tank 35 is discharged from the drain pipe 25 (FIG. 5C). By supplying a predetermined amount of water, the amount of drainage discharged from the drainage pipe 25 corresponds to the volume of the affected part stored in the outer wall 32. Thus, the volume of the affected part in the water storage tank 35 is measured (estimated) by measuring the amount of water discharged from the drain pipe 25.
Thereafter, the liquid in the water storage tank 35 is discharged from the bottom suction pipe 24.

<Resection process>
Next, the vertical movement part (excluding the connection flow path pipe 200) is lowered until it is detected by the contact sensor mounted in the vicinity of the positioning plate 23, the stop position is calculated from the lowered distance, and the reference position P (affected part) Record as surface). Thereafter, the connection channel pipe 200 is lowered by a preset distance from the reference position P as a base point and stopped, thereby adjusting the distance between the nozzle 210 and the affected part (FIG. 5D). At this time, the amount of drainage drained by lowering the up / down moving part (the amount of drainage corresponding to the capacity of the up / down moving part) is recorded and subtracted from the predetermined amount of water stored in the affected part volume measuring step 2 described later. Then, water is ejected from the nozzle 210 to excise the affected part. By adjusting the position of the nozzle 210 in this way, it is possible to maintain an appropriate distance between the position of the nozzle 210 and the affected part, and it is possible to improve the accuracy of the excision depth, the excision range, the excision capacity, and the like.

  Further, in parallel with the excision of the affected part or after the excision of the affected part, water and excised material are aspirated from the suction tube 22.

  After excising the affected part, the vertically moving part is raised, and the water in the water storage tank 35 is discharged from the bottom suction pipe 24 (FIG. 5E). Thus, by discharging the water in the water storage tank 35 from the bottom suction pipe 24, it is not necessary to remove the water storage unit 30 from the affected area. Since the water storage unit 30 is not removed from the affected area, the displacement of the affected area when it comes into contact with the affected area again, and the volume measurement error due to the intrusion of foreign matter other than the affected area into the water storage tank 35 are suppressed. Can be accurately compared.

<Affected volume measurement process 2>
Subsequently, in a state where the water storage unit 30 is in contact with the affected area, the predetermined amount of water obtained in advance is supplied from the water supply pipe 21 to the water storage tank 35 as in the case of the affected area capacity measuring step 1 described above. Also at this time, when the water surface reaches the predetermined water storage line, water is discharged from the drain pipe 25 (FIG. 5F).
Also in this case, similarly to the diseased part volume measuring step 1, when a predetermined amount of stored water is supplied, the amount of discharged water corresponds to the volume of the affected part stored in the outer wall 32 (the affected part volume after resection). become. Thus, the volume of the affected part in the water storage tank 35 is measured (estimated) by measuring the amount of water discharged from the drain pipe 25.

<Judgment process>
The volume of the affected part obtained from the difference between the capacity of the affected part obtained in the affected part volume measuring step 1 before resection and the capacity of the affected part obtained in the affected part capacity measuring step 2 after resection is obtained. By comparing this difference (removed capacity) with the previously determined capacity to be removed, it is determined whether or not to continue the resection.
When the excision is insufficient, the excision process for excising the affected part (FIG. 5D) is performed again, and then the volume of the affected part is measured (referred to as the affected part capacity measuring step 3). From the difference between the affected area volume measuring step 3 and the affected area volume measuring step 2 before excision (in this case, the volume measurement before excision), the volume of the additionally affected area is obtained. Then, the amount of excision excised in the first excision step, the added value of the excision amount excised in the second excision step, and the volume to be excised determined in advance are compared. Thereafter, similarly, the affected part is excised until the excision of the volume to be excised is completed.

  As described above, in the present embodiment, the predetermined water storage amount in the water storage tank 35 of the water storage unit 30 is obtained and stored in advance. Then, the volume of the affected part is measured before and after the affected part is excised. In measuring the volume of the affected area, first, the flange 33 of the water storage unit 30 is brought into contact with the affected area, and a predetermined amount of water is supplied from the water supply pipe 21 to the water storage tank 35. By supplying the predetermined amount of stored water, the volume of the affected area can be determined by measuring the amount of water drained from the drain pipe 25. Then, the difference between the volume measurement results of the affected part before and after the excision of the affected part is compared with the previously obtained capacity to be excised to determine whether or not the affected part is to be excised continuously. By doing so, the volume of the excised affected part can be accurately grasped, so that the accuracy of the excised volume of the affected part can be improved.

=== Second Embodiment ===
In the embodiment described above, when the water storage unit 30 is installed (abutted) on the affected area, the axial direction (vertical direction) of the cylinder of the outer wall 32 is parallel to the vertical direction (90 degrees with respect to the horizontal direction). It was assumed. However, in practice, it cannot always be installed such that the axial direction is parallel to the vertical direction. This 2nd Embodiment demonstrates the case where the water storage unit 30 is installed (contact | abutted) in the affected part in the state inclined with respect to the perpendicular direction. In addition, since the structure of the excision apparatus is the same as 1st Embodiment, description is abbreviate | omitted.

  6A and 6B are schematic diagrams for explaining the second embodiment. 6A is a diagram when the water storage unit 30 is installed in parallel to the vertical direction, and FIG. 6B is a diagram when the water storage unit 30 is installed obliquely with respect to the vertical direction. In addition, the part shown with the arrow of a figure has shown the movable range of the up-and-down moving part.

  In FIG. 6A, the lower end of the drainage pipe 25 is at the same position as the lower ends of the up-and-down moving part (ie, the lower ends of the water supply pipe 21 and the suction pipe 22) (similar to the first embodiment). In this case, the position of the lower end of the drain pipe 25 is a predetermined water storage line.

  On the other hand, in FIG. 6B, the position of the lower end of the drain pipe 25 and the position of the lower end of the up-and-down moving part (that is, the lower end of the suction pipe 22) are different. In this case, as shown in the figure, it is desirable to obtain the predetermined water storage amount by using the position of the lower end of the vertical movement part (suction pipe 22) as the predetermined water storage line. This is because, when calculating a predetermined water storage line for each angle α, which will be described later, if the vertical movement part is located below the predetermined water storage line, the capacity of the vertical movement part below the predetermined water storage line is determined when measuring the capacity. This is because it is necessary to subtract, and it is necessary to record all the capacity for each angle α, which increases the recording capacity. Therefore, it is desirable to obtain the predetermined water storage amount by using the position of the lower end of the vertical movement part (suction pipe 22) as the predetermined water storage line. In addition, when the lower end of the vertically moving portion is a predetermined water storage line and the lower end of the drain pipe 25 is positioned above the predetermined water storage line, the water storage unit 30 having a concentric shape is connected to the cylindrical shaft. The drain pipe 25 is rotated at the center so that the lower end of the drain pipe 25 is below the predetermined water storage line.

  In the case of FIG. 6B, the predetermined water storage line changes depending on the magnitude of the angle α. Therefore, in the second embodiment, when the above-described calculation of the predetermined water storage amount is performed, a predetermined water storage line (predetermined water storage amount) is obtained in advance for each value of the angle α. When measuring the volume of the affected area, a predetermined water storage line (predetermined water storage amount) is determined from the detection result of the angle α by an angle sensor (not shown), and water of the predetermined water storage amount is supplied to the water storage tank 35. At this time, the volume of the affected part is measured by measuring the amount of water discharged from the suction tube 22. In this way, the volume of the affected area can be accurately obtained regardless of the angle α.

  When obtaining the predetermined water storage amount for each angle α, a predetermined water storage line (predetermined water storage amount) is actually measured for each angle α, and a table summarizing these results may be prepared in advance. Or you may obtain | require the predetermined water storage line (predetermined water storage amount) according to angle (alpha) for every angle (alpha) by calculation. Moreover, in this embodiment, although the up-and-down moving part (and connection channel pipe 200) is arrange | positioned at the uppermost side of the movable range, an up-and-down moving part (and connection channel pipe 200) is arranged more than this. It may be arranged on the lower side to calculate the predetermined water storage amount. In this case, a predetermined water storage amount is calculated for each position of the up and down movement unit (lower end position), and in the volume measurement of the affected part, the up and down movement unit is arranged at the same position so as to supply a predetermined amount of water. do it.

  Thus, in 2nd Embodiment, the predetermined water storage amount about every angle (alpha) with respect to a horizontal direction is calculated | required previously, and the water of the predetermined water storage amount according to angle (alpha) when the water storage unit 30 is installed in an affected part is supplied. . By doing so, the volume of the affected area can be accurately measured regardless of the angle α, and the accuracy can be improved. In the present embodiment, the angle α with respect to the horizontal direction is obtained, but the angle with respect to the vertical direction may be obtained.

=== Other Embodiments ===
The above-described embodiments are for facilitating the understanding of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the present invention. The present invention can be changed and improved without departing from the gist thereof, and it is needless to say that the present invention includes equivalents thereof.

<About fluid ejection device>
In the above-described embodiment, the liquid pulse jet knife (water jet knife 10) that intermittently ejects liquid by changing the volume of the pump chamber 132 has been described as an example. However, the present invention is not limited thereto. However, other fluid ejecting apparatuses can also be applied. For example, the present invention can be applied to a liquid pulse jet knife that intermittently ejects liquid by thermally expanding a fluid using laser induction or a heating element. Further, the liquid is not limited to being intermittently ejected, and the liquid may be continuously ejected, or the liquid is not water but other liquid such as physiological saline or blood, A gas such as water vapor or nitrogen may be injected.

<About the liquid supplied to the water storage unit 30>
In the embodiment described above, water is supplied to the water storage unit 30 when calculating the predetermined water storage amount and measuring the volume of the affected area, but liquid other than water may be supplied. Further, the predetermined water storage amount may be the maximum water storage amount that can be stored in the water storage unit 30.

<About the outer wall 32>
Although the outer wall 32 of the embodiment described above has a cylindrical shape with a circular cross section, it is not limited thereto. For example, the cross section may be an elliptical or polygonal cylindrical shape. In this case, the water supply pipe 21 and the drain pipe 22 may be matched with the shape of the outer wall 32, or may be arranged concentrically as in the above-described embodiment.

  In the above-described embodiment, the outer wall 32 is formed of a transparent member, but is not limited thereto. For example, the outer wall 32 may be formed with a translucent member. However, the use of a transparent member makes it easier to visually recognize the state in the water storage tank 35 (such as the appearance of the affected area after excision and the amount of liquid).

10 water jet knife, 20 water quantity adjustment unit,
21 water supply pipe, 22 suction pipe, 23 positioning plate,
24 Bottom suction pipe, 25 Drain pipe, 26 Backflow prevention valve,
28 bellows, 30 water storage units,
31 position control unit, 31a fixing flange,
32 outer wall, 33 fixing flange,
34 opening, 35 water storage tank,
100 micropump,
120 inlet channel body, 121 inlet connecting pipe, 122 inlet channel,
123 inlet channel chamber, 124 sealing plate, 125 check valve,
126 O-ring box, 127 fixing part,
130 pump chamber, 131 diaphragm,
132 pump chamber, 133 recess,
150 actuator unit, 151 actuator,
152 housing, 154 lid member, 155 upper base,
200 connection channel pipe, 201 connection channel,
210 nozzle, 211 opening, 212 fluid introduction path,
213 taper hole, 230 O-ring,
300 outlet channel connecting pipe, 301 pump chamber body side outlet channel,
302 Connection pipe side outlet flow path, 304 Connection flow path pipe fixing hole

Claims (5)

  1. A cylindrical frame having an opening;
    A liquid supply unit for supplying liquid into the frame;
    A drainage section for draining liquid from the frame body;
    A storage amount storage means for storing a predetermined storage amount of the liquid in the frame;
    Capacity measuring means for measuring the volume of the affected area accommodated in the frame through the opening, and
    The volume measuring means is configured to determine whether the liquid is discharged from the drainage part when the predetermined liquid storage amount of liquid is supplied into the frame while the frame is in contact with the affected part. A volume measuring device that measures the volume of an affected part contained in a frame .
  2. The capacity measuring device according to claim 1,
    The volume measuring device, wherein the liquid storage amount storage means stores the predetermined liquid storage amount corresponding to the inclination of the frame .
  3. The capacity measuring device according to claim 1,
    The volume measuring device, wherein the predetermined liquid storage amount changes according to an inclination of the frame body .
  4. The capacity measuring device according to claim 2 or 3,
    A capacity measuring device having an angle sensor for detecting the inclination of the frame .
  5. An ejection part having an opening for ejecting liquid;
    A capacity measuring device according to any one of claims 1 to 4,
    The liquid ejecting apparatus, wherein when the liquid is ejected from the opening, the opening is disposed inside the frame, and the liquid in the frame is discharged by the drainage unit .
JP2011169015A 2011-08-02 2011-08-02 Volume measuring device and liquid ejecting device Active JP5857506B2 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2011169015A JP5857506B2 (en) 2011-08-02 2011-08-02 Volume measuring device and liquid ejecting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2011169015A JP5857506B2 (en) 2011-08-02 2011-08-02 Volume measuring device and liquid ejecting device

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JP5857506B2 true JP5857506B2 (en) 2016-02-10

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Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0576540A (en) * 1991-09-18 1993-03-30 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Water jet knife
JPH05285150A (en) * 1992-02-10 1993-11-02 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Water jet operating device
JPH05285152A (en) * 1992-04-09 1993-11-02 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Water jet operating device
JPH07313517A (en) * 1994-05-16 1995-12-05 Sentinel Medical Inc Fluid jet surgical instrument for extraction and removal of tissue and method
US6827701B2 (en) * 2001-07-17 2004-12-07 Kerberos Proximal Solutions Fluid exchange system for controlled and localized irrigation and aspiration
JP5267020B2 (en) * 2008-09-30 2013-08-21 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Fluid ejecting apparatus, driving method of fluid ejecting apparatus, and surgical instrument

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