JP5757148B2 - Negative electrode active material for lithium ion secondary battery and lithium ion secondary battery using the negative electrode active material - Google Patents

Negative electrode active material for lithium ion secondary battery and lithium ion secondary battery using the negative electrode active material Download PDF

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JP5757148B2
JP5757148B2 JP2011099061A JP2011099061A JP5757148B2 JP 5757148 B2 JP5757148 B2 JP 5757148B2 JP 2011099061 A JP2011099061 A JP 2011099061A JP 2011099061 A JP2011099061 A JP 2011099061A JP 5757148 B2 JP5757148 B2 JP 5757148B2
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negative electrode
active material
ion secondary
secondary battery
lithium ion
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JP2012164624A (en
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悠史 近藤
悠史 近藤
雄一 平川
雄一 平川
三好 学
学 三好
村瀬 仁俊
仁俊 村瀬
林 圭一
圭一 林
貴之 弘瀬
貴之 弘瀬
栄克 河端
栄克 河端
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株式会社豊田自動織機
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  The present invention relates to a negative electrode active material for a lithium ion secondary battery and a lithium ion secondary battery using the negative electrode active material.

  A lithium ion secondary battery is a secondary battery having a high charge / discharge capacity and capable of high output. Currently, it is mainly used as a power source for portable electronic devices, and further expected as a power source for electric vehicles that are expected to be widely used in the future. A lithium ion secondary battery has an active material capable of inserting and extracting lithium (Li) in a positive electrode and a negative electrode, respectively. And it operates by moving Li ions in the electrolyte provided between the two electrodes.

  In lithium ion secondary batteries, lithium-containing metal composite oxides such as lithium cobalt composite oxide are mainly used as the active material for the positive electrode, and carbon materials having a multilayer structure are mainly used as the active material for the negative electrode. Yes.

  The performance of the lithium ion secondary battery depends on the materials of the positive electrode, the negative electrode, and the electrolyte constituting the secondary battery. In particular, research and development of active material that forms an active material is being actively conducted. For example, silicon or silicon oxide having a higher capacity than carbon has been studied as a negative electrode active material.

  By using silicon as the negative electrode active material, a battery having a higher capacity than that using a carbon material can be obtained. However, silicon has a large volume change due to insertion and extraction of Li during charge and discharge. Therefore, there is a problem that silicon is pulverized and falls off or peels from the current collector, and the charge / discharge cycle life of the battery is short. Therefore, by using silicon oxide as the negative electrode active material, volume change associated with insertion and extraction of Li during charge / discharge can be suppressed more than silicon.

For example, the use of silicon oxide (SiO x : x is about 0.5 ≦ x ≦ 1.5) as a negative electrode active material has been studied. It is known that SiO x decomposes into Si and SiO 2 when heat-treated. This is called a disproportionation reaction, and if it is a homogeneous solid silicon monoxide SiO with a ratio of Si to O of approximately 1: 1, it will be separated into two phases of Si phase and SiO 2 phase by solid internal reaction. . The Si phase obtained by separation is very fine. Further, the SiO 2 phase covering the Si phase has a function of suppressing the decomposition of the electrolytic solution. Therefore, the secondary battery using the negative electrode active material composed of SiO x decomposed into Si and SiO 2 has excellent cycle characteristics.

By the way, in the negative electrode of a lithium ion secondary battery, an insulating coating called SEI (Solid Electrolyte Interface) is formed on the surface of the negative electrode in the charge / discharge process. This SEI is mainly composed of LiF, LiCO 3 and the like, and these are irreversible materials, and the amount of lithium available for charge / discharge is reduced, resulting in an irreversible capacity.

  Therefore, it has been conceived that the surface of the negative electrode active material is coated with another material so that SEI is not generated in the negative electrode. It has been proposed to coat an amorphous metal compound made of a metal that can be alloyed with lithium. Patent Document 2 below describes that carbon or graphite powder is coated with a coal-based or petroleum-based pitch, the surface pitch is infusible, crushed, carbonized, and graphitized.

Furthermore, as a countermeasure for this initial irreversible capacity, an electrode formation method in which the irreversible capacity is electrochemically charged in advance has been attempted. The electrode formation method is, for example, a method of assembling a half cell using metallic lithium as a counter electrode and electrochemically doping lithium. For example, Patent Document 3 below discloses a negative electrode including a material in which lithium is pre-doped in SiO x by electrochemically contacting a negative electrode and metallic lithium in a battery.

  In addition, in the case of a lithium ion secondary battery using silicon oxide as the negative electrode active material, there is a problem in that battery characteristics deteriorate when a high temperature storage test is performed. This is thought to be due to the fact that part of SEI elutes into the electrolyte during high-temperature storage and SEI is generated again on the surface of the exposed negative electrode active material, resulting in an increase in the amount of SEI. Yes.

Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2001-102047 JP-A-10-294111 JP 2009-076372

  However, in the method of coating with an amorphous metal compound, since the metal compound has a large electric resistance, there is a concern that the load characteristics are deteriorated. Moreover, in the negative electrode coated with graphite, there is a concern that the effect of suppressing the generation of SEI is small because the graphite itself has low insulation.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and its main object is to provide a negative electrode active material for a lithium ion secondary battery that can reliably suppress the formation of SEI, and to use the negative electrode active material. It is to provide a lithium ion secondary battery.

The negative electrode active material for a lithium ion secondary battery of the present invention that solves the above problems is characterized by particles made of silicon oxide represented by SiOx (0.3 ≦ x ≦ 1.6) and a resin film that covers the surface of the particles If, Tona is, the resin film is in Rukoto such a resin containing a carboxyl group.

Further, the lithium ion secondary battery of the present invention that solves the above problems is characterized by: particles made of silicon oxide represented by SiOx (0.3 ≦ x ≦ 1.6), and a resin film covering the surface of the particles. Do Ri, resin coating is to using a negative electrode formed by forming a negative electrode active material that Do a resin containing a carboxyl group.

The negative electrode active material for a lithium ion secondary battery of the present invention comprises particles made of silicon oxide represented by SiO x (0.3 ≦ x ≦ 1.6) and a resin film covering the surface of the particles. That is, since an insulating coating is formed in advance on the surface of the particles that are the negative electrode active material, the generation of SEI such as LiF and LiCO 3 is suppressed. Therefore, according to the lithium ion secondary battery of the present invention, the irreversible capacity of the negative electrode can be reduced, the initial efficiency is improved, and the cycle characteristics are also improved.

It is sectional drawing which shows typically the negative electrode active material which concerns on one Example of this invention. 6 is a graph showing results of initial charge / discharge tests of lithium ion secondary batteries according to Example 1 and Comparative Example 1.

The negative electrode active material for a lithium ion secondary battery of the present invention comprises a particle made of silicon oxide represented by SiO x (0.3 ≦ x ≦ 1.6), and a resin film covering the surface of the particle, and a resin It forms a powder that is an aggregate of particles coated with a coating. The particles made of silicon oxide are composed of SiO x decomposed into fine Si and SiO 2 covering Si by a disproportionation reaction. When x is less than the lower limit, the Si ratio increases, so that the volume change during charge / discharge becomes too large, and the cycle characteristics deteriorate. When x exceeds the upper limit value, the Si ratio is lowered and the energy density is lowered. A range of 0.5 ≦ x ≦ 1.5 is preferable, and a range of 0.7 ≦ x ≦ 1.2 is more desirable.

In general, when oxygen is turned off, it is said that almost all SiO disproportionates and separates into two phases at 800 ° C. or higher. Specifically, the raw material silicon oxide powder containing amorphous SiO powder is subjected to heat treatment at 800 to 1200 ° C. for 1 to 5 hours in an inert atmosphere such as in a vacuum or an inert gas. A silicon oxide powder containing two phases of an amorphous SiO 2 phase and a crystalline Si phase is obtained.

Further, as a particle made of silicon oxide, a particle in which a carbon material is compounded at 1 to 50% by mass with respect to SiO x can also be used. By combining carbon materials, cycle characteristics are improved. If the composite amount of the carbon material is less than 1% by mass, the effect of improving the conductivity cannot be obtained, and if it exceeds 50% by mass, the proportion of SiO x is relatively decreased and the negative electrode capacity is decreased. The composite amount of the carbon material is preferably in the range of 5 to 30% by mass, more preferably in the range of 5 to 20% by mass with respect to SiO x . In order to combine the carbon material with SiO x , a CVD method or the like can be used.

  The particles made of silicon oxide preferably have an average particle size in the range of 1 μm to 10 μm. When the average particle size is larger than 10 μm, the charge / discharge characteristics of the lithium ion secondary battery are deteriorated. When the average particle size is smaller than 1 μm, the particles are aggregated to become coarse particles when coated with the resin. Charge / discharge characteristics may deteriorate.

  The resin coated on the particles made of silicon oxide is not particularly limited as long as it is electrically insulating and can move lithium ions. The amount of the resin film formed is desirably in the range of 1 to 100 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the silicon oxide particles. When the amount of the resin coating formed is less than 1 part by mass, it is difficult to coat the entire surface of the particles made of silicon oxide, and SEI may be generated on the surface where the particles made of silicon oxide are exposed. On the other hand, when the amount of the resin coating formed exceeds 100 parts by mass, the resistance due to the resin coating increases and the battery characteristics may deteriorate.

  Resins that can form resin coatings include fluoropolymers such as polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), rubbers such as styrene butadiene rubber (SBR), imide polymers such as polyimide, and alkoxysilyl groups. Examples thereof include resin, polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, and polyitaconic acid. A copolymer of acrylic acid and an acid monomer such as methacrylic acid, itaconic acid, fumaric acid or maleic acid can also be used. Among them, a resin containing a carboxyl group such as polyacrylic acid is particularly desirable, and a resin having a higher carboxyl group content is more preferable.

  When polyacrylic acid is used, those having an average molecular weight of 100,000 to 5,000,000 are preferred, and those having 600,000 to 1,000,000 are particularly desirable.

  In order to form a resin coating on particles made of silicon oxide, a method of mixing a silicon oxide powder in a solution in which a resin is dissolved in a solvent, thoroughly stirring, and then drying the solvent can be employed. In order to dry the solvent, it may be simply heated, but it is also preferable to use a spray drying method or the like.

  This resin can also constitute a part or all of the binder when forming the negative electrode. However, since the slurry used for forming the negative electrode generally contains a conductive additive such as carbon powder in addition to the negative electrode active material, a resin film is formed on the entire surface of the particles made of silicon oxide simply by mixing. It may be difficult to form. Therefore, the silicon oxide powder is first mixed in a solution in which the resin for forming the resin film is dissolved in a solvent, and after stirring well, the conductive additive and the remaining binder components are added, and further kneaded to prepare a slurry. desirable.

  The other component of the negative electrode active material for lithium ion secondary batteries of this invention is not specifically limited, A well-known thing can be used.

The negative electrode of the lithium ion secondary battery of the present invention comprises a negative electrode active material comprising a particle made of silicon oxide represented by SiO x (0.3 ≦ x ≦ 1.6) and a resin film covering the surface of the particle. Formed. The negative electrode includes a current collector and an active material layer bound on the current collector. The active material layer is made by adding an active material, a conductive additive, a binder resin, and an appropriate amount of an organic solvent as necessary, and mixing them into a slurry. A roll coating method, a dip coating method, a doctor blade method, a spray coating method, It can be produced by applying on the active material by a method such as curtain coating and curing the binder resin. In the active material layer, particles made of silicon oxide having a resin film are contained as a negative electrode active material.

  A current collector is a chemically inert electronic high conductor that keeps current flowing through an electrode during discharging or charging. The current collector can adopt a shape such as a foil or a plate, but is not particularly limited as long as it has a shape according to the purpose. As the current collector, for example, a copper foil or an aluminum foil can be suitably used.

  The conductive assistant is added to increase the conductivity of the electrode. Carbon black, graphite, acetylene black (AB), ketjen black (KB), vapor grown carbon fiber (VGCF), etc., which are carbonaceous fine particles, are used alone or in combination as a conductive additive. Can be added. The amount of the conductive aid used is not particularly limited, but can be, for example, about 20 to 100 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the active material. If the amount of the conductive auxiliary is less than 20 parts by mass, an efficient conductive path cannot be formed, and if it exceeds 100 parts by mass, the moldability of the electrode deteriorates and the energy density decreases. Note that when the silicon oxide combined with the carbon material is used as the active material, the amount of the conductive auxiliary agent added can be reduced or eliminated.

  The binder resin is used as a binder for binding the active material and the conductive additive to the current collector. The binder resin is required to bind the active material or the like in as small an amount as possible, and the amount is preferably 0.5 wt% to 50 wt% of the total of the active material, the conductive additive, and the binder resin. When the amount of the binder resin is less than 0.5 wt%, the moldability of the electrode is lowered, and when it exceeds 50 wt%, the energy density of the electrode is lowered. In addition, various resin mentioned above can be used as binder resin.

  It is desirable that lithium be pre-doped in the silicon oxide constituting the negative electrode in the lithium ion secondary battery of the present invention. In order to dope lithium into the negative electrode, for example, an electrode formation method in which a half battery is assembled using metallic lithium as the counter electrode and electrochemically doped with lithium can be used. The doping amount of lithium is not particularly limited, and can be in the range described in Patent Document 3, for example.

  The positive electrode, electrolyte solution, and separator which are not specifically limited can be used for the lithium ion secondary battery of this invention using the above-mentioned negative electrode. The positive electrode may be anything that can be used in a lithium ion secondary battery. The positive electrode has a current collector and a positive electrode active material layer bound on the current collector. The positive electrode active material layer includes a positive electrode active material and a binder, and may further include a conductive additive. The positive electrode active material, the conductive additive, and the binder are not particularly limited as long as they can be used in the lithium ion secondary battery.

Examples of the positive electrode active material include metallic lithium, LiCoO 2 , LiNi 1/3 Co 1/3 Mn 1/3 O 2 , Li 2 MnO 2 , and sulfur. The current collector is not particularly limited as long as it is generally used for the positive electrode of a lithium ion secondary battery, such as aluminum, nickel, and stainless steel. As the conductive auxiliary agent, the same ones as described in the above negative electrode can be used.

The electrolytic solution is obtained by dissolving a lithium metal salt as an electrolyte in an organic solvent. The electrolytic solution is not particularly limited. As the organic solvent, an aprotic organic solvent such as propylene carbonate (PC), ethylene carbonate (EC), dimethyl carbonate (DMC), diethyl carbonate (DEC), ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC) or the like is used. Can do. As the electrolyte to be dissolved, a lithium metal salt soluble in an organic solvent such as LiPF 6 , LiBF 4 , LiAsF 6 , LiI, LiClO 4 , LiCF 3 SO 3 can be used.

For example, an organic solvent such as ethylene carbonate, dimethyl carbonate, propylene carbonate, and dimethyl carbonate is mixed with a lithium metal salt such as LiClO 4 , LiPF 6 , LiBF 4 , LiCF 3 SO 3 at a concentration of about 0.5 mol / l to 1.7 mol / l. A dissolved solution can be used.

  A separator will not be specifically limited if it can be used for a lithium ion secondary battery. The separator separates the positive electrode and the negative electrode and holds the electrolytic solution, and a thin microporous film such as polyethylene or polypropylene can be used.

  The lithium ion secondary battery of the present invention is not particularly limited in shape, and various shapes such as a cylindrical shape, a stacked shape, and a coin shape can be adopted. Regardless of the shape, a separator is sandwiched between the positive electrode and the negative electrode to form an electrode body, and the space between the positive electrode current collector and the negative electrode current collector to the positive electrode terminal and the negative electrode terminal is used for current collection. After connecting using a lead or the like, the electrode body is sealed in a battery case together with an electrolytic solution to form a battery.

  Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to examples.

<Preparation of negative electrode for lithium ion secondary battery>
First, SiO powder (manufactured by Sigma-Aldrich Japan, average particle size 5 μm) was heat-treated at 900 ° C. for 2 hours to prepare SiO x powder having an average particle size of 5 μm. By this heat treatment, if the ratio of Si to O is a homogeneous solid silicon monoxide SiO of approximately 1: 1, it is separated into two phases of Si phase and SiO 2 phase by the internal reaction of the solid. The Si phase obtained by separation is very fine.

That is, the obtained SiO x powder is an aggregate of SiO x particles 1 shown on the left side of FIG. 1, and this SiO x particle 1 has a structure in which fine Si particles 11 are dispersed in a SiO 2 10 matrix. ing.

Next, polyacrylic acid (“H-AS” manufactured by Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.) was mixed with N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) at 8% by mass and dissolved to prepare a polyacrylic acid solution. In 380 parts by mass of this polyacrylic acid solution, 48 parts by mass of the above-mentioned SiO x powder were mixed and well kneaded using a kneader.

During this kneading, the entire surface polyacrylic acid solution SiO x particles 1 surface is attached as shown in Figure 1, after drying by coating the current collector described below, as shown on the right side of FIG. 1, SiO x A thin resin film 2 made of polyacrylic acid is formed on the surfaces of the particles 1.

The obtained kneaded product was mixed with 34.4 parts by mass of graphite powder as a conductive additive and 2.6 parts by mass of ketjen black (KB) powder to prepare a slurry. The composition ratio of each component in the slurry is SiO x powder: graphite powder: ketchen black: polyacrylic acid = 48: 34.4: 2.6: 15 as a solid content. This slurry was applied to the surface of an electrolytic copper foil (current collector) having a thickness of 20 μm using a doctor blade to form a negative electrode active material layer on the copper foil.

  Then, it dried at 80 degreeC for 20 minute (s), and the organic solvent was volatilized and removed from the negative electrode active material layer. After drying, the current collector and the negative electrode active material layer were firmly and closely joined with a roll press. This was heat-cured at 200 ° C. for 2 hours to form a negative electrode having an active material layer thickness of about 15 μm.

  Note that a negative electrode doped with lithium may be used as the negative electrode.

<Production of lithium ion secondary battery>
A lithium ion secondary battery (half cell) was produced using the electrode produced by the above procedure as an evaluation electrode. The counter electrode was a metal lithium foil (thickness 500 μm).

The counter electrode was cut to φ13 mm, the evaluation electrode was cut to φ11 mm, and a separator (Hoechst Celanese glass filter and celgard2400) was sandwiched between them to form an electrode body battery. This electrode body battery was accommodated in a battery case (CR2032 coin cell manufactured by Hosen Co., Ltd.). Also, in the battery case, a nonaqueous electrolyte in which LiPF 6 was dissolved at a concentration of 1M was injected into a mixed solvent in which ethylene carbonate and diethyl carbonate were mixed at a 1: 1 ratio (volume ratio), and the battery case was sealed, A lithium ion secondary battery was obtained.

[Comparative Example 1]
N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and polyamideimide-silica hybrid resin as binder resin (Arakawa Chemical Industries, solvent composition: NMP / xylene = 4/1, cured residue 30.0%, silica in cured residue : 2% (all ratios are mass ratios), viscosity 8700 mPa · S / 25 ° C.) was dissolved. This solution was mixed with the same SiO x powder as in Example 1, graphite powder as a conductive aid, and ketjen black (KB) powder to prepare a slurry. The composition ratio of each component in the slurry is SiO x powder: graphite powder: ketchen black: binder resin = 48: 34.4: 2.6: 15 as a solid content. This slurry was applied to the surface of an electrolytic copper foil (current collector) having a thickness of 20 μm using a doctor blade to form a negative electrode active material layer on the copper foil.

  Then, it dried at 80 degreeC for 20 minute (s), and the organic solvent was volatilized and removed from the negative electrode active material layer. After drying, the current collector and the negative electrode active material layer were firmly and closely joined with a roll press. This was heat-cured at 200 ° C. for 2 hours to form a negative electrode having an active material layer thickness of about 15 μm.

  Using this negative electrode, a lithium ion secondary battery was produced in the same manner as in Example 1.

<Charge / discharge characteristics of lithium ion secondary battery>
A charge / discharge test was performed on the fabricated lithium ion secondary battery, and the results are shown in FIG. In the charge / discharge test, the battery was charged at a constant current of 0.05 mA up to a discharge end voltage of 0.01 V under a temperature environment of 25 ° C. up to a discharge end voltage of 0.01 V, and then discharged at a constant current of 0.05 mA up to a charge end voltage of 2 V. went. “Charge” is the direction in which the active material of the evaluation electrode occludes Li, and “discharge” is the direction in which the active material of the evaluation electrode releases Li.

  The charge / discharge curves for the first cycle of the lithium ion secondary batteries of Example 1 and Comparative Example 1 are shown in FIG. The initial discharge capacity at 1V and the initial discharge capacity at 2V were read from FIG. 2, and the initial efficiency was calculated. The results are shown in Table 1. The initial efficiency is a value obtained as a percentage of a value obtained by dividing the initial discharge capacity by the initial charge capacity ((initial discharge capacity) / (initial charge capacity) × 100).

  In FIG. 2, compared with the discharge curve of Example 1, the voltage of the discharge curve of Comparative Example 1 is gradually decreased. This indicates that in the lithium ion secondary battery of Comparative Example 1, SEI was generated on the negative electrode. Also, from Table 1, the lithium ion secondary battery of Example 1 shows a higher initial efficiency than that of Comparative Example 1, which is considered to be an effect due to the suppression of SEI generation in the negative electrode.

That is, according to the lithium secondary battery of each example, since the resin film made of polyacrylic acid is formed on the surface of the SiO x particles as the negative electrode active material, the generation of SEI in the negative electrode is suppressed, and as a result The initial efficiency is considered to have improved.

<Preparation of negative electrode for lithium ion secondary battery>
6.7 parts by mass of polyacrylic acid (“H-AS” manufactured by Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.) and 10 parts by mass of polyamideimide silica resin (“H900-2” manufactured by Arakawa Chemical Industries) were prepared in the same manner as in Example 1. 83 parts by mass of SiO x powder was mixed and well kneaded using a kneader. At this time, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) was mixed for viscosity adjustment. By this kneading, the resin solution adheres to the entire surface of the SiO x particles.

The obtained kneaded product was mixed with graphite powder as a conductive additive and Ketjen black (KB) powder to prepare a slurry. The composition ratio of each component in the slurry is SiO x powder: graphite powder: Ketjen black: polyacrylic acid: polyamideimide = 50: 37: 3: 4: 6 as a solid content. This slurry was applied to the surface of an electrolytic copper foil (current collector) having a thickness of 20 μm using a doctor blade to form a negative electrode active material layer on the copper foil.

  Then, it dried at 80 degreeC for 20 minute (s), and the organic solvent was volatilized and removed from the negative electrode active material layer. After drying, the current collector and the negative electrode active material layer were firmly and closely joined with a roll press. This was heat-cured at 200 ° C. for 2 hours to form a negative electrode having an active material layer thickness of about 15 μm.

<Preparation of counter electrode active material for lithium ion secondary battery>
A molten salt raw material was prepared by mixing 0.30 mol of lithium hydroxide monohydrate LiOH.H 2 O (12.6 g) and 0.10 mol of lithium nitrate LiNO 3 (6.9 g). The precursor (1.0g) was added here as a metal compound raw material, and the raw material mixture was prepared. Below, the synthesis | combining procedure of a precursor is demonstrated.

0.67 mol of Mn (NO 3 ) 2 · 6H 2 O (192.3 g), 0.16 mol of Co (NO 3 ) 2 · 6H 2 O (46.6 g), and 0.16 mol of Ni (NO 3 ) 2 · 6H 2 O (46.5 g) was dissolved in 500 mL of distilled water to prepare a metal salt-containing aqueous solution. While stirring this aqueous solution with a stirrer in an ice bath, 50 g (1.2 mol) of LiOH.H 2 O dissolved in 300 mL of distilled water was added dropwise over 2 hours to make the aqueous solution alkaline. A hydroxide precipitate was deposited. The precipitation solution was aged for 1 day in an oxygen atmosphere while being kept at 5 ° C. The obtained precipitate was filtered and washed with distilled water to obtain a precursor of Mn: Co: Ni = 0.67: 0.16: 0.16.

The obtained precursor was confirmed to be composed of a mixed phase of Mn 3 O 4 , Co 3 O 4 and NiO by X-ray diffraction measurement. Therefore, the transition metal element content of 1 g of this precursor is 0.013 mol. At this time, assuming that all of the precursor transition metals were supplied to the target product, (Li of target product) / (Li of molten salt raw material) was 0.0195 mol / 0.4 mol = 0.04875.

  The raw material mixture was put in a crucible and vacuum-dried at 120 ° C. for 12 hours in a vacuum dryer. Thereafter, the dryer was returned to atmospheric pressure, the crucible containing the raw material mixture was taken out, immediately transferred to an electric furnace heated to 450 ° C., and heated in an oxygen atmosphere at 450 ° C. for 4 hours. At this time, the raw material mixture melted to form a molten salt, and a black product was precipitated.

Next, the crucible containing the molten salt was taken out of the electric furnace and cooled at room temperature. After the molten salt was sufficiently cooled and solidified, the crucible was immersed in 200 mL of ion exchange water and stirred to dissolve the solidified molten salt in water. Since the black product was insoluble in water, the water became a black suspension. Filtration of the black suspension yielded a clear filtrate and a black solid residue on the filter paper. The obtained filtrate was further filtered while thoroughly washing with ion exchange water. The black solid after washing was vacuum-dried at 120 ° C. for 6 hours and then pulverized using a mortar and pestle. XRD measurement using CuKα rays was performed on the obtained black powder. According to XRD, the obtained compound was found to have a layered rock salt structure. The average valence analysis of ICP and Mn confirmed that the composition was 0.5 (Li 2 MnO 3 ) · 0.5 (LiCo 1/3 Ni 1/3 Mn 1/3 O 2 ).

  The positive electrode active material prepared as described above, acetylene black as a conductive additive, PVdF as a binder, and PVP (polyvinylpyrrolidone (manufactured by BASF)) as a weight ratio are 88: 6: 5.88. : Mixed at a ratio of 0.12. Next, this mixture was applied to an aluminum foil as a current collector. Then, it vacuum-dried at 120 degreeC for 6 hours or more, and formed the positive electrode whose thickness of an active material layer is about 54 micrometers.

<Production of lithium ion secondary battery>
A lithium ion secondary battery was produced using the negative electrode and the positive electrode produced by the above procedure.

7.5 mm 2 The positive electrode was cut to negative electrode 8.06Mm 2, and an electrode assembly battery was sandwiched between them a separator (manufactured by "celgard2400" Celgard Inc.). The electrode body battery was accommodated in a laminate. In addition, a non-aqueous electrolyte in which LiPF 6 is dissolved at a concentration of 1 M is injected into a mixed solvent in which ethylene carbonate and diethyl carbonate are mixed at a volume ratio of 3: 7, and the laminate is sealed in the laminate cell. An ion secondary battery was obtained.

[Reference Example 1]
Polyamideimide silica resin (“H900-2” manufactured by Arakawa Chemical Industries, Ltd.) as a binder resin was dissolved in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP). This solution was mixed with the same SiO x powder as in Example 1, graphite powder as a conductive aid, and ketjen black (KB) powder to prepare a slurry. The composition ratio of each component in the slurry is SiO x powder: graphite powder: ketchen black: binder resin = 50: 37: 3: 10 as a solid content. This slurry was applied to the surface of an electrolytic copper foil (current collector) having a thickness of 20 μm using a doctor blade to form a negative electrode active material layer on the copper foil.

  Then, it dried at 80 degreeC for 20 minute (s), and the organic solvent was volatilized and removed from the negative electrode active material layer. After drying, the current collector and the negative electrode active material layer were firmly and closely joined with a roll press. This was heat-cured at 200 ° C. for 2 hours to form a negative electrode having an active material layer thickness of about 15 μm.

  A lithium ion secondary battery was produced in the same manner as in Example 1 except that this negative electrode was used.

<High temperature storage characteristics of lithium ion secondary batteries>
The lithium ion secondary batteries of Example 2 and Reference Example 1 were fully charged, and the discharge capacities at 1C were measured to determine the discharge capacities before storage. The battery was then fully charged again and subjected to a storage test for storage at 80 ° C. for 5 days, and then the discharge capacity at 1C was measured to determine the discharge capacity after storage. Then, 100 × discharge capacity after storage / discharge capacity before storage was calculated as a storage characteristic value, and the results are shown in Table 2.

From Table 2, the lithium ion secondary battery according to Example 2 shows high discharge capacity even after storage at high temperature, and is excellent in discharge characteristics. This is considered to be an effect due to the formation of a polyacrylic acid film on the surface of the SiO x powder, which is the negative electrode active material.

1: SiO x particles 2: Resin coating 10: SiO 2 11: Si

Claims (5)

  1. A particle composed of a silicon oxide represented by SiOx (0.3 ≦ x ≦ 1.6), and a resin film covering the entire surface of the particle,
    The resin film is made of polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, polyitaconic acid, or a copolymer of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, itaconic acid, fumaric acid, or maleic acid. Negative electrode active material for ion secondary battery.
  2.   2. The negative electrode active material for a lithium ion secondary battery according to claim 1, wherein the resin film is made of polyacrylic acid.
  3.   3. The negative electrode active material for a lithium ion secondary battery according to claim 1, wherein the particles made of silicon oxide are particles in which a carbon material is compounded at 1 to 50 mass% with respect to the SiOx.
  4.   A lithium ion secondary battery using a negative electrode formed from the negative electrode active material according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
  5. The polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, or polyitaconic acid, or a copolymer of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, itaconic acid, fumaric acid, or maleic acid constitutes a binder that forms the negative electrode. 4. The lithium ion secondary battery according to 4.
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