JP5748469B2 - air conditioning system - Google Patents

air conditioning system Download PDF

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JP5748469B2
JP5748469B2 JP2010274777A JP2010274777A JP5748469B2 JP 5748469 B2 JP5748469 B2 JP 5748469B2 JP 2010274777 A JP2010274777 A JP 2010274777A JP 2010274777 A JP2010274777 A JP 2010274777A JP 5748469 B2 JP5748469 B2 JP 5748469B2
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rack
air
information processing
processing equipment
air conditioning
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JP2012032133A (en
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利雄 林
利雄 林
柴田 克彦
克彦 柴田
直樹 相澤
直樹 相澤
寛之 守屋
寛之 守屋
克明 矢部
克明 矢部
浩 高西
浩 高西
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高砂熱学工業株式会社
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  The present invention relates to an air conditioning system.

  With the development of information processing technology, the amount of heat generated by information processing equipment has been increasing. Along with this, the processing amount of the air conditioning system for cooling the information processing equipment is also increasing, and the development of air conditioning technology capable of efficiently cooling the information processing equipment is being carried out.

  For example, Patent Documents 1 and 2 disclose an air conditioning system that adjusts the air flow using a shielding plate or a rectifying plate. Patent Documents 3 and 4 disclose an air conditioning system in which a passage between server racks is divided into a zone in which cool air flows and a zone in which warm air flows. Patent Document 5 discloses an air conditioning system that suppresses variations in the amount of blown air by providing a filter at each outlet provided on the floor.

JP 2009-109045 A JP 2010-54095 A JP 2010-43817 A JP 2008-185271 A Japanese Patent No. 3365526

  In a large-scale information processing facility such as a data center, a number of racks accommodating information processing devices are arranged in a room. In order to distribute the cool air to each information processing device without excess or deficiency, the flow rate of the cool air flowing along the rack row needs to be adjusted appropriately. If the flow rate is slow, the amount of cool air necessary for cooling may not be secured, and if the flow rate is fast, parts with low static pressure may be partially generated, vortices or turbulence may occur, and in some cases, warm This is because the exhaust gas may partially flow out to the cold air supply side. In addition, the flow rate of the cold air flowing along the rack row depends on the positional relationship between the outlet and the rack row from which the cold air blows, so that sufficient air-conditioning air volume cannot be secured due to various restrictions such as the structure of the building. There is.

  Therefore, the present application can distribute the cool air to each rack containing the information processing apparatus without excess or deficiency, regardless of the position of the cool air outlet installed in the room or the amount of the blown air, and even if the wind speed of the cool air is high. It is an object to provide an air conditioning system that can be used.

  In order to solve the above problems, the present invention is such that the inside of an information processing equipment room in which racks accommodating information processing equipment are aligned is divided into a region having a blow-out port from which cool air blows and a region having a suction surface of the rack. And partition with a rectifying member.

  Specifically, an air conditioning system that performs air conditioning of an information processing equipment room in which racks that contain information processing equipment are aligned, the cool air for cooling the information processing equipment installed in the information processing equipment room is provided. There is an air outlet that blows out into the information processing equipment room, a first region that has the air outlet through which cool air blows out inside the information processing equipment room, and an intake surface of the rack that sucks in cold air that cools the information processing equipment A rectifying member that partitions into a second region.

  Here, the rectifying member provides ventilation resistance between the first region and the second region to regulate the flow of cold air so that the cold air is sucked into the air intake surface of each rack substantially evenly. The flow of cool air flowing through the intake side of the rack row is arranged. The rectifying member covers, for example, a passage formed between a pair of rack rows facing each other, and the outside of the passage becomes the first region, and the inside of the passage is the second region. The information processing equipment room is partitioned so that By providing such a rectifying member between the air outlet from which cool air for cooling the information processing equipment accommodated in each rack blows out and the air intake surface of the rack that sucks this cold air, there is an air outlet. The first region functions as a plenum chamber, and the flow of cool air flowing on the intake surface side of the rack row in the second region is arranged. As a result, regardless of the position of the outlet and the amount of blown air, the influence of the flow velocity is alleviated, and the cool air reaches the racks without excess or deficiency.

  In addition, the air conditioning system may include a partition member that partitions a path through which cool air sucked into the intake surface of the rack blown out from the air outlet and a path through which exhaust air discharged from the rack flows. . If the path through which the cold air sucked into the intake surface of the rack blown out from the blowout outlet is separated from the path through which the exhaust discharged from the rack flows, the cold air blowing from the blowout outlet will not flow into the path through which the exhaust flows. There is no bypass flow that flows out into the hot aisle without being sucked into the rack, so that the blast power is not wasted, and the pressure difference between the first region and the second region tends to increase. As a result, the airflow resistance of the rectifying member is increased, and the flow of the cold air flowing on the intake surface side of the rack row is more uniform.

  The path through which the cold air flows is formed in the information processing equipment room and a space formed under the floor of the information processing equipment room, and the rectifying member is a pair of rack rows facing the intake surfaces of the racks. It may cover a ventilation path of cool air formed on the floor surface between the floor and the information processing equipment room. It is possible to secure a sufficient space to store the cool air that blows out from the air outlets, not only in the information processing equipment room but also in the space under the floor, so that the cool air blown out from the outlet can be secured. Since the cold air flowing toward the air flow is also rectified by the flow straightening member, the flow of the cold air flowing on the intake surface side of the rack row becomes more uniform.

  The path through which the cold air flows is formed in the information processing equipment room, the path through which the exhaust air flows is a path formed between a pair of rack rows facing the exhaust surfaces, and a ceiling behind the information processing equipment room. It may be formed in the space formed. With such an air conditioning system, most of the space in the information processing device room can be allocated to the first region, and thus the space in which the cold air blown from the air outlets accumulates increases. For this reason, even if the air volume of the cool air increases, the flow of the cool air flowing on the intake surface side of the rack row can be sufficiently adjusted.

  In addition, if the air flow resistance is 5 to 30 times the dynamic pressure of the air outlet, the first region where the air outlet has the air outlet sufficiently functions as a plenum chamber, and the rack row in the second region The flow of cool air flowing through the intake side of the air is arranged, and the cool air reaches each rack without excess or deficiency.

  The rack row aligned with the information processing equipment room has racks arranged at intervals, and at least a part of the rectifying members covers between the racks arranged at intervals. Also good. If the flow straightening member is provided so as to cover the racks arranged at intervals, the flow path of the cold air from the first region to the second region is larger than when the racks are arranged at a small interval. . Therefore, it is possible to prevent the speed of the airflow from being increased and supply the cool air necessary for each rack at a low speed. When the cool air becomes low speed, generation of vortex and low pressure region is prevented, so that there is no possibility that hot air of hot aisle flows backward in the rack and the information processing device is not cooled.

Further, the rectifying member covers the intake surface of the rack row aligned with the information processing equipment room, so that the periphery of the rack row covered with the rectifying member becomes the first region, and the rectifying member and the rectifying member The information processing equipment room may be partitioned so that the second area is between the air intake surfaces of the rack row. If the flow straightening member is arranged so as to cover the intake surface of the rack row, the cooling air from the first region to the second region is smaller than when the flow straightening member is arranged so as to cover the passage between the rack rows, for example. The flow path is large. Therefore, it is possible to prevent the speed of the airflow from being increased and supply the cool air necessary for each rack at a low speed.

  Regardless of the position of the cool air outlet and the amount of blown air, the cool air can be distributed to the racks that accommodate the information processing equipment without excess or shortage even if the wind speed of the cool air is high.

It is a block diagram of the data center which concerns on 1st embodiment. It is the figure which showed the path | route through which return air flows. It is a figure showing a course through which cold air flows. It is the graph which plotted the relationship between the speed of cold air, and static pressure. It is the graph which plotted the relationship between the ratio of the static pressure with respect to dynamic pressure, and minimum speed ratio. It is a block diagram of the data center which concerns on 2nd embodiment. It is the figure which showed the path | route through which return air flows. It is a figure showing a course through which cold air flows. It is a block diagram of the data center which concerns on 3rd embodiment. It is the figure which showed the path | route through which return air flows. It is a figure showing a course through which cold air flows. It is a block diagram of the data center which concerns on the modification of 1st embodiment. It is an enlarged view of the part which thinned the rack. It is a figure which shows the example at the time of aligning each rack at intervals. It is a figure which shows the modification which has arrange | positioned the baffle plate in the front surface of the rack. It is a figure which shows the modification which has arrange | positioned the baffle plate in the front surface of the rack. It is a figure which shows the 1st aspect of the baffle plate arrange | positioned in the front surface of the rack. It is a figure which shows the 2nd aspect of the baffle plate arrange | positioned in the front surface of the rack. It is an enlarged view of the modification of the part which thinned the rack.

  FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of a data center 101 in which an air conditioning system 100 according to the first embodiment is arranged. As shown in FIG. 1, the data center 101 has a large number of racks 102, in which server units 103 that accommodate various information processing devices such as servers and communication devices for performing various arithmetic processes and database management are arranged. The server room 103 is provided with a large number of air conditioning units 104 that generate cool air to be supplied to each rack 102.

  Each rack 102 is provided with a cooling fan for cooling the information processing device, and either the front surface or the back surface of the rack is an intake surface, and the other is an exhaust surface. The cooling fan of the information processing device in each rack 102 is controlled in rotational speed so as to change every moment according to the load state and suction temperature of the information processing device accommodated in the rack. Alternatively, it may move at a constant rotational speed. When there is a gap in the rack 102 or between adjacent racks 102 because the information processing device is not installed, it is preferable to prevent the gap with a panel or the like that prevents the warm air from flowing around.

The air conditioning unit 104 includes a cooling coil and an electric fan, and cools the air in the server room 103. Here, in the data center 101 according to the present embodiment, each rack 102 is installed on a floor surface 106 formed by a concrete slab 105B.
Therefore, there is no so-called underfloor space under the floor surface 106. On the other hand, a ceiling board 107 is provided between the concrete slab 105U and the server room 103 to form a double ceiling structure. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 2, the air conditioning unit 104 sucks the exhaust of each rack 102 from the space 108U behind the ceiling formed between the ceiling board 107 and the concrete slab 105U through an opening provided on the upper surface. Cool down. Then, the cooled air is sent into the server room 103 from an outlet provided on the front surface (for example, in the vicinity of the inner wall of the server room 103) as viewed from the end side wall of the rack row 109 in which the racks 102 are aligned. The air conditioning unit 104 may be one in which a coil and a fan are housed in separate casings, and both are connected by a duct. The air conditioning unit 104 may be a ceiling-suspended type or a ceiling-embedded type, or may be installed in a separate room and extended to the server room 103 by a duct only at the air outlet. In this case, the air outlet of the air conditioning unit 104 may be provided on the ceiling board 107 so as to blow out from the ceiling.

  In the data center 101, the directions of the intake surface and the exhaust surface of each rack 102 constituting one rack row 109 are aligned so that the cool air is efficiently supplied to each rack 102. The two rack rows 109 facing each other are arranged so as to face each other on the intake surface or the exhaust surface. By installing each rack 102 in this way, a path through which cool air flows and a path through which warm air flows are alternately formed between the rack rows 109. Hereinafter, a passage through which cool air flows, surrounded by a pair of rack rows 109 facing each other, is referred to as a cold aisle C, and a passage through which warm air surrounded by a pair of rack rows 109, each facing an exhaust surface, is referred to as hot aisle H. .

  A partition plate 110 that separates the hot aisle H and the cold aisle C is provided between both ends of the two rack rows 109 sandwiching one hot aisle H, or between the rack row 109 and the ceiling board 107. This partition plate 110 shields the flow of air. In addition, when the height of each rack 102 is the same height as the ceiling board 107, the partition plate 110 arrange | positioned between the rack row | line | column 109 and the ceiling board 107 is unnecessary. Since the upper part of the hot aisle H in the ceiling board 107 is open, the warm air in the hot aisle H surrounded by the partition plate 110 flows to the space 108U behind the ceiling without going around to the cold aisle C side. become.

  Further, a rectifying plate 111 for adjusting the flow of the cold air blown from the air conditioning unit 104 is provided between both ends and the upper end of the two rack rows 109 sandwiching one cold aisle C. Here, the cold aisle C between the two rack rows 109 has a floor surface closed with a floor material, and the other three surfaces are rectified in such a manner as to straddle the aligned side end surfaces of the opposite rack rows 109 and the top surface. As a mesh. The rectifying plate 111 has a high flow velocity of the air blown from the air conditioning unit 104, so that static pressure is reduced or turbulent flow is formed on the intake surface side of the rack 102, which causes poor suction of cold air into the rack 102. It is installed for the purpose of preventing the occurrence, and as shown in FIG. 3, a cold air having a substantially uniform flow rate flows through the cold aisle C. The rectifying plate 111 may be anything that can cause a ventilation resistance in the passage of the cold air flowing from the air conditioning unit 104 to the cold aisle C. For example, a filter, a punching plate, a wire mesh, a cloth, or a laminate thereof, and an air conditioning A register or the like used for an outlet can be applied. Since the cold aisle C is covered with the rectifying plate 111, the server room 103 functions as a plenum chamber for supplying cold air into the cold aisle C substantially evenly.

  The rectifying plate 111 is preferably selected so that the airflow resistance is about 10 to 30 times the dynamic pressure (air outlet of the air conditioning unit). The reason is as follows.

In the practical range, the shape of the velocity distribution of the cold air passing through the current plate is generally similar regardless of the flow rate if the ratio of static pressure and dynamic pressure is constant. In other words, the shape of the cold air passing through the current plate is similar. The shape of the velocity distribution is determined by the ratio between the static pressure and the dynamic pressure. Here, when the plenum chamber is considered as a continuous branch pipe of the pipe line and the loss of friction or the like in the plenum is ignored, the following equation is established.

  By calculating sequentially from the above formulas (1) and (2), it is possible to obtain the distribution of the blowing speed and static pressure at an arbitrary position. Taking into account the resistance coefficient of the rectifying plate and calculating the relationship between the cooling air speed and the static pressure for each virtual plenum chamber whose dimensions are arbitrarily set, for each ratio (Pr) of the static pressure to the dynamic pressure, the calculation result FIG. 4 shows a graph in which is plotted. Here, in the graph of FIG. 4, the speed ratio shown as the vertical axis is the ratio of the speed at the specific position to the average speed of the cool air (speed ratio = position speed / average speed), and the distance ratio shown as the horizontal axis The ratio of the specific position to the total length (distance ratio = position / full length). Accordingly, if the speed ratio is close to 1 in any of the distance ratios 0 to 1, the speed variation is small. As shown in FIG. 4, when the ratio of the static pressure to the dynamic pressure is small (that is, when the value of Pr is small), the variation in the blowing speed of the cold air is large, and when the ratio of the static pressure to the dynamic pressure is large (that is, , When the value of Pr is large), it can be seen that the variation in the blowing speed of the cold air becomes small. From this, it can be seen that the higher the ratio of the static pressure to the dynamic pressure, the more uniform the velocity distribution of the cold air passing through the rectifying plate, and the cold air flow of the cold aisle C is arranged.

  Here, in order to determine the airflow resistance necessary for the current plate that is practically appropriate in the air conditioning system 1 according to the present embodiment, the horizontal axis is the ratio of the static pressure to the dynamic pressure (Pr), and the vertical axis is the minimum speed ratio. FIG. 5 shows a graph in which is plotted. Here, the minimum speed ratio is a value of the smallest speed ratio in the range of the distance ratio 0-1. As shown in FIG. 5, the minimum speed ratio increases rapidly as the ratio increases when the ratio (Pr) of static pressure to dynamic pressure is less than 10, gradually decreases between 10 and 30, and is less than 30. It can be seen that it gradually rises as it grows larger. From this result, it can be seen that when the ratio of the static pressure to the dynamic pressure (Pr) is less than 10, the ventilation resistance is too small, and when it is more than 30, the ventilation resistance is too large. Therefore, it turns out that it is preferable to select a rectifying plate whose ventilation resistance is about 10 to 30 times the dynamic pressure (air outlet of the air conditioning unit). It should be noted that the rotational speed of the fan of the air conditioning unit may be controlled according to the differential pressure so that the rectifying plate or the like is not abnormal due to the differential pressure due to the ventilation resistance. However, since it is sufficient that the minimum speed ratio is 0.9 or more, if the ratio of the static pressure to the dynamic pressure (Pr) is 5 or more, there is no practical problem.

In the air conditioning system 100 according to the present embodiment, the flow of cold air blown from the air conditioning unit 104 is adjusted by the ventilation resistance by the rectifying plate 111, and the cold air flows substantially uniformly in each rack 102. For this reason, the outlet of the air conditioning unit 104 can be arranged at an arbitrary position. In addition, the area of the blowout port can be increased, and the amount of cool air blown out can be increased while keeping the air supply rate uniform and low.

  FIG. 6 is a configuration diagram of the data center 201 in which the air conditioning system 200 according to the second embodiment is arranged. In the data center 201, as in the data center 101 according to the first embodiment, a large number of racks 202 are arranged in the server room 203, and the server room 203 is provided with an air conditioning unit 204.

  The air conditioning unit 204 is substantially the same as the air conditioning unit 104 according to the first embodiment, but the suction side is partially different. The data center 201 according to the present embodiment has a double ceiling structure by the ceiling board 207, and a space 208B is formed between the floor surface 206 on which the rack 102 is installed and the concrete slab 205B, thereby forming a double It has a floor structure. Therefore, in the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 7, the exhaust of each rack 202 is sucked and cooled from the space 208U behind the ceiling from the opening provided on the upper surface of the air conditioning unit 204, and the air conditioning according to the first embodiment. In addition to the system 100, a configuration is adopted in which cool air flows from the underfloor space 208 </ b> B to the cold aisle C through a mesh-like grating that forms the floor surface 206. A rectifying plate 211 is attached to the floor surface portion of the cold aisle C in the grating forming the floor surface 206. Therefore, the cold air flowing into the cold aisle C from the space 208B under the floor is also rectified.

  The air conditioning system 200 according to the present embodiment is the same as the air conditioning system 100 according to the first embodiment, except that not only the space 208U behind the ceiling but also the space 208B under the floor is used. In the air conditioning system 200, the flow of cold air blown from the air conditioning unit 204 is adjusted by the rectifying plate 211, and the cold air flows substantially uniformly in each rack 202 as shown in FIG. For this reason, the outlet of the air conditioning unit 204 can be arranged at an arbitrary position. Therefore, it is possible to enlarge the area of the outlet, and it is possible to increase the amount of cool air blowing while maintaining the air supply speed at a uniform and low speed.

  FIG. 9 is a configuration diagram of the data center 301 in which the air conditioning system 300 according to the third embodiment is arranged. In the data center 201, as in the data center 101 according to the first embodiment and the data center 201 according to the second embodiment, a large number of racks 302 are arranged in the server room 303, and the server room 303 is provided with an air conditioning unit 304. It has been.

  The air conditioning unit 304 is substantially the same as the air conditioning unit 104 according to the first embodiment, but a part of the suction side is different. The data center 301 according to the present embodiment has a double floor structure in which a space 308B is formed between the floor surface 306 on which the rack 302 is installed and the concrete slab 305B, but a ceiling board is provided. There is no double ceiling structure. Therefore, in the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 10, the air-conditioning unit 304 is configured to suck and exhaust the exhaust of each rack 302 from the space 308 below the floor from the opening provided on the lower surface.

On the floor surface 306 of the hot aisle H, a mesh-like grating 312 is provided so that the air of the hot aisle H flows into the space 308B below the floor while allowing passage of people and the like. Is installed. A partition plate 310 that separates the hot aisle H and the cold aisle C is provided between both ends and between the upper ends of the two rack rows 309 sandwiching one hot aisle H. The partition plate 310 blocks the air flow so that the hot air of the hot aisle H does not flow to the cold aisle C. Since the floor of the hot aisle H communicates with the space 308B under the floor by the grating 312, the warm air in the hot aisle H surrounded by the partition plate 310 flows to the space 308B under the floor without going around the cold aisle C side. become.

  The air conditioning system 300 according to the present embodiment is the same as the air conditioning system 100 according to the first embodiment, except that the space 308B under the floor is used instead of the space behind the ceiling. In the air conditioning system 300, the flow of cold air blown from the air conditioning unit 304 is adjusted by the rectifying plate 311 so that the cold air flows substantially uniformly in each rack 302 as shown in FIG. For this reason, the outlet of the air conditioning unit 304 can be arranged at an arbitrary position. Therefore, it is possible to enlarge the area of the outlet, and it is possible to increase the amount of cool air blowing while maintaining the air supply speed at a uniform and low speed. Note that the air conditioning unit 304 may be provided under the floor so that the cold air is blown out from the air outlet provided in the floor surface 306.

  In addition, about each embodiment, the baffle plate may protrude in the longitudinal direction or height direction of a channel | path, without aligning with the upper end of a rack row | line | column, or a side end. In that case, the overhanging portion can be made of a non-breathable plate material. Moreover, in each said embodiment, although it does not touch about providing the common port for getting in and out of the cold aisle C, you may provide a common door in a baffle plate. In this case, it is desirable that the door is also made of a baffle plate, and if the door is formed with a frame along the end of the rack row, the flow of cold air is hardly disturbed. In addition, it is desirable to design the columns, frame members, door knobs, and the like that support the plate so as not to disturb the uniformity of the cold air flow. In addition, when using cloth or a thing similar to this as a baffle plate, an opening / closing part may be formed with a fastener and this may be used as a passing port.

  In each of the above embodiments, the rack row in which the racks are arranged without gaps is arranged in the server room. However, in each embodiment, some of the racks may be thinned out. A modification in which the rack 102 of the first embodiment is partially thinned is shown in FIG. When thinning out the rack 102, anti-falling metal fittings, rails for carrying-in installation, positioning marks, and the like may be formed along, for example, rows in anticipation of future expansion.

  In this modification, a part of the racks 102 in the rack row 109 arranged in the server room 103 (here, the third rack row 109 extending in the longitudinal direction when viewed from the air conditioning unit 104 on the right side of FIG. 12). The rack 102) is thinned, and a space S is formed in the thinned portion. On the rear side of the space S (on the hot aisle H side), a partition plate that shields the flow of air from the space S to the hot aisle H for the same purpose as the partition plate 110 that separates the hot aisle H and the cold aisle C. 110x is provided. Further, similarly to the rectifying plate 111, a rectifying plate 111 x that adjusts the flow of cool air that blows out from the air conditioning unit 104 is provided above the space S.

  FIG. 13 shows an enlarged view of a portion where the rack 102 is thinned out. In this modified example, since the rectifying plate 111x is provided above the space S where the rack 102 is thinned out, the flow path of the cold air is larger than when the rack 102 is not thinned out as shown in FIG. Accordingly, it is possible to prevent the speed of the airflow from being increased and supply the necessary cool air to each rack 102 at a low speed. When the cool air becomes low speed, generation of a vortex or a low pressure region is prevented, so that there is no possibility that the hot air in the hot aisle H flows backward in the rack 102 and the information processing device is not cooled. Such an aspect can be similarly applied to the second embodiment having a double floor structure and the third embodiment having a double floor structure and a single ceiling structure.

  For example, as shown in FIG. 14, the rack row 109 may be provided with a large number of spaces S by arranging the racks 102 at intervals. If a large number of the spaces S are provided in this way, the flow path of the cold air is further increased as compared with the modified example in which the spaces S are irregularly provided, and the necessary cold air is supplied to each rack 102 at a low speed. Can do.

  Further, in each of the above embodiments, the current plate is provided between both ends or between the upper ends of the two rack rows sandwiching the cold aisle C. However, in the server room, the area where the air-conditioning unit outlet is located and the air intake surface of the rack If it partitions into a certain area | region, the baffle plate of each embodiment may be arrange | positioned so that the front surface (intake surface) of a rack may be covered, for example. FIG. 15 shows a modification in which the rectifying plate 111 according to the first embodiment is arranged on the front surface of each rack 102.

  In this modified example, the rectifying plate 111 is installed so as to cover the front surface, which is the intake surface of the rack row 109 arranged in the server room 103. The rectifying plate 111 is installed so as to be slightly separated from the air intake surface of the rack 102, thereby dividing the server room 103 into an area where the air outlet of the air conditioning unit 104 is provided and an area where the air intake surface of the rack 102 is provided. ing. As a result, it is possible to prevent the speed of the airflow from being increased and supply the necessary cool air to each rack 102 at a low speed. The distance between the rectifying plate 111 and the air intake surface of the rack 102 is determined as appropriate so that the cool air flowing into the rack 102 is substantially uniform. Such an aspect can be similarly applied to the second embodiment having a double floor structure and the third embodiment having a double floor structure and a single ceiling structure.

  Even if some of the racks 102 are thinned out and the space S is provided, the rectifying plate 111 can be disposed on the front surface of the rack 102. The configuration in this case is shown in FIG.

  In this modification, as shown in FIG. 16, some racks 102 are thinned out, and a space S is formed in the thinned portion. A partition plate 110x is provided behind the space S (hot aisle H side), and a rectifying plate 111x is provided above the space S. Even if the rack row 109 is configured in this way, the front side of the rack row 109 including the space S is covered with the rectifying plate 111 to prevent the airflow from being increased in speed, and the cool air necessary for each rack 102 is reduced in speed. Can be supplied at. Further, as shown in FIG. 14, the rack row 109 may be provided with a large number of spaces S by arranging the racks 102 so as to be spaced apart from each other.

  15 and 16, when the rectifying plate 111 is installed so as to cover the front surface which is the intake surface of the rack row 109, for example, the rectifying plate 111 is formed in a rectangular shape as shown in FIG. Alternatively, the rectifying plate 111 may be arched as shown in FIG. That is, the rectifying plate 111 may have any shape as long as it covers the intake surface of the rack row 109.

  Note that the space between the intake surface of the rack 102 and the rectifying plate 111 may be omitted, for example, or in the case where the rack housing projects beyond the intake surface, A rectifying material may be bridged along.

  Moreover, in each said embodiment, although the baffle plate is mentioned as an example of a baffle member, as a baffle member, for example, if it is a net-like baffle such as a filledon filter and a saran net used in room air conditioners, etc. Because it is soft, it has excellent workability. Which material is applied as the rectifying member is appropriately determined according to the required strength, the air volume of the air conditioning unit, the flow rate of the cold air, and the like.

As shown in FIG. 13, the rectifying plate 111x may be provided on the upper side of the space S from which the rack 102 is thinned, as shown in FIG. It is possible to open and receive the supply of cold air, and the straightening plate 111x may be stretched along the cold aisle C side of the space S, for example, along the intake surface of the rack. Even in this case, as in the case where the rectifying plate 111x is provided on the upper side of the space S, it is possible to prevent the air flow from being increased in speed and supply the necessary cool air to each rack 102 at a low speed. Such an aspect can be similarly applied to the second embodiment having a double floor structure and the third embodiment having a double floor structure and a single ceiling structure.

100, 200, 300 ... air conditioning system 102, 202, 302 ... rack 103, 203, 303 ... server room 104, 204, 304 ... air conditioning unit 110, 210, 310 ... partition plate 111 , 211, 311 ... Rectifying plate C ... Cold aisle H ... Hot aisle

Claims (8)

  1. An air conditioning system for air conditioning an information processing equipment room in which racks containing information processing equipment are arranged,
    An air outlet that is installed apart from the rack in the information processing equipment room and blows out cold air for cooling the information processing equipment laterally toward the rack in the information processing equipment room;
    Installed in the information processing equipment room, the information processing equipment room is a first area where the air outlet from which cool air blows out , and an intake surface of the rack that sucks in the cold air that cools the information processing equipment , and is aligned A second region having a suction surface of a rack row in which cold air is sucked by each cooling fan forming a suction surface in each rack, and is formed to be surrounded by the first region in the information processing device room A rectifying member that partitions into a second region .
    Air conditioning system.
  2. A partition member that divides a path through which cool air sucked into the intake surface of the rack blown out from the air outlet and a path through which exhaust exhausted from the rack flows;
    The air conditioning system according to claim 1.
  3. The rectifying member covers a passage formed between a pair of rack rows facing the intake surfaces of the rack, so that the outside of the passage becomes the first region and the inside of the passage becomes the second region. Partitioning the information processing equipment room,
    The air conditioning system according to claim 1 or 2.
  4. The path through which the cool air flows is formed in the information processing equipment room and a space formed under the floor of the information processing equipment room,
    The rectifying member covers a cold air passage formed from a floor under the floor to the information processing equipment room, which is formed on a floor surface between a pair of rack rows facing each other.
    The air conditioning system according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
  5. The path through which the cool air flows is formed in the information processing equipment room,
    The path through which the exhaust flows is formed in a passage formed between a pair of rack rows facing the exhaust surface and in a space formed in the back of the ceiling of the information processing equipment room.
    The air conditioning system according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
  6. The rectifying member has a ventilation resistance of 5 to 30 times the dynamic pressure of the air outlet.
    The air conditioning system according to any one of claims 1 to 5.
  7. The rack row aligned with the information processing equipment room has racks arranged at intervals,
    At least a part of the rectifying member covers between racks arranged at intervals.
    The air conditioning system according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
  8. The rectifying member is provided at least at the end in the longitudinal direction of the rack row aligned with the information processing equipment room.
    The air conditioning system according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
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JP6117500B2 (en) * 2012-08-24 2017-04-19 高砂熱学工業株式会社 Air conditioning system for information processing equipment room and reduced flow reduction device
JP6442138B2 (en) * 2013-11-26 2018-12-19 高砂熱学工業株式会社 Air conditioning system for rooms containing heating equipment

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JPS5915519B2 (en) * 1980-10-15 1984-04-10 Nippon Telegraph & Telephone
JPH01142354A (en) * 1987-11-30 1989-06-05 Hitachi Reinetsu Kk Ceiling blow-off structure for air-conditioning room
JP2913989B2 (en) * 1992-03-24 1999-06-28 株式会社日立製作所 Electronics and computers using the same
US6034873A (en) * 1998-06-02 2000-03-07 Ericsson Inc System and method for separating air flows in a cooling system
JP4633407B2 (en) * 2004-08-27 2011-02-23 株式会社Nttファシリティーズ Air conditioning system for computer room
CA2655305C (en) * 2006-06-15 2014-08-26 Valan R. Martini Energy saving system and method for cooling computer data center and telecom equipment
GB2444981A (en) * 2006-12-19 2008-06-25 Ove Arup & Partners Internat L Computer cooling system
US7430118B1 (en) * 2007-06-04 2008-09-30 Yahoo! Inc. Cold row encapsulation for server farm cooling system
JP2009134522A (en) * 2007-11-30 2009-06-18 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd System for cooling electronic appliance

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JP2014185848A (en) 2014-10-02
JP2012032133A (en) 2012-02-16

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