JP5698971B2 - Manufacturing method of spacer for optical cable - Google Patents

Manufacturing method of spacer for optical cable Download PDF

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JP5698971B2
JP5698971B2 JP2010293778A JP2010293778A JP5698971B2 JP 5698971 B2 JP5698971 B2 JP 5698971B2 JP 2010293778 A JP2010293778 A JP 2010293778A JP 2010293778 A JP2010293778 A JP 2010293778A JP 5698971 B2 JP5698971 B2 JP 5698971B2
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steel wire
spacer
optical cable
pitch
angle
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JP2012141433A (en
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正樹 世良
正樹 世良
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宇部エクシモ株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a spacer for an optical cable, and more particularly to a manufacturing method including a steel wire straightening step of straightening a steel wire used as a strength member of the spacer in the manufacturing step.

2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, a spacer for carrying an optical fiber is known as a component used when a large number of optical fibers are assembled into a cable. This type of spacer is a spacer in which a tensile body is arranged in the center and a spiral groove that is reversed in either the S direction or the Z direction or the SZ direction for accommodating a plurality of optical fibers is provided on the outer periphery of the spacer. It is formed by the main body.
As a manufacturing method of an optical cable spacer, a spiral groove that is reversed in one direction or SZ direction is usually formed on the outer periphery of a tensile body by melt extrusion molding of a thermoplastic resin, and then cooled and solidified. Obtained. As the strength member, a hard steel wire is generally used, and a material in a state of being wound randomly (not aligned) on the drum is used.

When manufacturing the spacer, the tensile strength body is pulled out using a take-up device while being placed on a drum stand, and is applied with a certain tension using a dancer roller, and the pre-coating extruder or spacer body. Supplied to the coating extruder.
The pre-coating extruder applies a pre-coating with a predetermined outer diameter with a thermoplastic resin in order to improve the groove shape when manufacturing a square groove spacer with a relatively large number of optical fibers. It is used to obtain a pre-coated tensile strength line.
Depending on the shape of the spacer, pre-coating is also performed in stages using a plurality of extruders, and then the spacer body is coated to form the spacer.
In addition, a spacer with a small outer diameter and a small number of cores does not necessarily require a preliminary coating, and the tension body (steel wire) may be directly coated with the spacer body.
In the spacer body coating extruder, a rotary die is used to coat a thermoplastic resin provided with a spiral groove that reverses in one direction or in the SZ direction on a tensile body, and after being cooled, the shape is inspected. After that, it is wound on a product drum.

What is important in the quality required for spacers for optical cables is
(I) The dimensional accuracy of the spiral groove in which the optical fiber is accommodated is good,
(Ii) The smoothness of the inner surface of the spiral groove that comes into contact with the optical fiber is good.
(Iii) When the spiral groove of the optical cable spacer is unidirectionally twisted, the period (pitch) in which the spiral groove rotates once, and in the case of SZ twist, the period (inverted pitch) in which the spiral groove is inverted and the angle of inversion (inverted) Angle) is accurate and consistent, and
(iv) The optical cable spacer is not bent,
And so on. Therefore, in the shape inspection process, the outer diameter, groove width and depth, pitch or reversal pitch and reversal angle, etc. of the optical cable spacer are measured over the entire length, and an alarm is issued immediately when an abnormality occurs. Yes.

In recent years, in order to improve the production efficiency, the speed of the process of housing the optical fiber in the optical cable spacer is increasing, and in order to stably store the optical fiber in the optical cable spacer, the pitch of the spacer body or the reversal pitch and reversal angle. Is required to be accurate. In most cases, the pitch or reversal pitch and reversal angle of optical cable spacers are designed to be within a certain standard range, but if there is a large difference between before and after values (variation), the deviation is corrected. Therefore, since it was necessary to control the production rate, further improvement in production rate could not be expected.
Furthermore, when there was a sudden change in the numerical value, the worst case was that the optical fiber jumped out of the storage groove, and there was a possibility that production would stop due to a trouble.
It can be seen that the stability of pitch or reversal pitch and reversal angle of spacers for optical cables is affected by the characteristics of the tensile strength body that constitutes the spacer body, and is greatly influenced by the residual strain generated especially in the manufacturing process of hard steel wire. ing.

A hard steel wire (hereinafter sometimes simply referred to as a “steel wire”) used for a tensile strength body is provided with a base material of about 5 mm in diameter, which is bundled by skein in a coil shape, and a super steel tip having a target hole diameter. Manufactured by drawing at normal temperature on a wire drawing machine. If the target outer diameter cannot be drawn at once, the intermediate outer diameter may be intermediate drawn. In this manufacturing process, the steel wire drawn from the base metal remains in the drum due to, for example, rotation distortion or bending distortion due to rotation of the base metal during unwinding or load applied to the base metal during wire drawing. Even after being wound up, it is fixed without being eliminated. Further, when the drawn steel wire is wound around the drum, it is wound while being traversed in the winding width direction of the drum. However, since the wire diameter is thin, it is difficult to wind up in an aligned manner, resulting in so-called random winding.
When traversing and winding the traverse, the traverse is intended to reduce the bias of the steel wires to be stacked by moving in the drum width direction beyond the diameter of the steel wire while the drum rotates once. However, the steel wire is wound around the drum in a state where the steel wire is rotated in the longitudinal direction by the force in the reciprocating direction for the traverse.
In addition, the bending rod according to the drum diameter of the drum, or because it is laminated on the already wound steel wire, rotational distortion in the longitudinal direction occurs due to microbending or rolling of the steel wire in a random direction. Is fixed in a state where it is wound on the drum, the distortion is fixed.
When manufacturing a spacer for an optical cable using a steel wire having such a distortion, when forming a spacer main body covering a spiral groove with a unidirectional twist, an abnormal pitch or an SZ twist spiral groove is formed. When coating is performed, a pitch abnormality or a reversal angle abnormality occurs, and it becomes difficult to accommodate the optical fiber in the obtained optical cable spacer.

Several methods have been devised to reduce the residual strain of a hard steel wire used as a tensile strength member for an optical cable spacer, but there are the following problems.
Patent Document 1 proposes to use a hardened steel wire that has been subjected to a blueing treatment, which is a kind of heat treatment, as a high-strength tensile strength wire for a high-strength submarine optical cable. The blueing treatment is also called low-temperature annealing treatment, and it oxidizes the surface to give rust prevention to the steel wire. At the same time, the steel after the blueing treatment is heated and cooled immediately thereafter. Line strength increases. However, on the other hand, it is known that toughness is reduced and reliability and workability with respect to bending and torsional strain are reduced. Blueing steel wire is stronger than unheat-treated steel wire (raw steel wire) and is less susceptible to steel wire distortion due to turbulent winding. It is more difficult to release the blueing steel wire by processing.

  Patent Document 2 proposes a method of manufacturing a spacer for an optical cable by heat-treating a tensile strength wire. According to this method, it is described that the tensile strength drawn out from the supply drum is heat-treated before the extruder crosshead is inserted, so that the curl when wound on the supply drum is eliminated. Bending defects are eliminated by heat-treating the hard steel wire fed out from the supply drum under high tension, but this is a method of trying to release the distortion by making the steel wire straight. Therefore, it is effective in restoring the linearity, but is insufficient for eliminating the rotational distortion. As the diameter of the tensile body increases, the heating temperature must be increased in order to obtain equivalent straightness, resulting in high-temperature heat treatment under tension, resulting in reduced steel wire toughness and workability. It was a factor.

  On the other hand, Patent Document 3 proposes a method of manufacturing a high-strength steel wire by suppressing vertical cracks that occur during a twist test of the high-strength steel wire. In this method, a method of eliminating distortion of the tensile body using a straightener has also been proposed. However, this method is a high-strength process in which a steel wire containing a predetermined chemical component is subjected to a heat treatment and a drawing process into a drawn steel wire having a predetermined strength in a manufacturing process of the steel wire itself, and then subjected to a blueing process through a skin pass. It is a manufacturing method of a steel wire. And after performing a skin pass, passing between several rolls with a bending angle of 10 to 30 degree | times, and also carrying out the blueing process at the temperature of 460 degreeC or more after that is also proposed. However, when steel wires wound and stored on a drum are used as tensile strength wires, there is also a springback at room temperature, and as a tensile strength body for optical cable spacers, distortion during the process and after spacer production is completely eliminated. It is not taught to do.

JP-A 61-75312 JP 2008-197486 A JP-A-6-158225

  The present invention has been made in view of such conventional problems. The object of the present invention is to produce steel wire distortion, particularly rotational distortion, which occurs in the manufacturing process of hard steel wire and remains due to drum winding. By using a hard steel wire that eliminates the above as a strength member, and suppressing the sudden change in the pitch of the spiral groove of the spacer body, or the reversal pitch and reversal angle due to the strain of the strength body, light (fiber ) To make the assembly of optical fibers smooth and easy at the time of manufacturing the cable and to improve the productivity of the optical cable.

In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following [1] to [6].
[1] A method of manufacturing a spacer for an optical cable in which a spiral groove for storing an optical fiber core wire is formed around a tensile strength wire made of a steel wire,
The manufacturing method is as follows:
(A) a step of feeding the steel wire wound around the supply drum;
(B) Steel wire straightening process for removal and straightening of rotational distortion of the steel wire,
(C) including a spacer body covering step,
And the said steel wire straightening process (B) consists of either of following (1)-(3),
A method for producing a spacer for an optical cable, wherein the spacer body covering step (C) comprises the following (i) or (ii).
(1) The drawn steel wire is inserted into a straightener having a plurality of rotatable rollers and bent, and then the steel wire is heated to a surface temperature of 400 to 600 ° C., and then the surface of the steel wire. A steel wire straightening step for cooling the temperature to 60 to 100 ° C.
(2) After the heat-treated steel wire is heated to a surface temperature of 400 to 600 ° C., the surface temperature of the steel wire is cooled to 60 to 100 ° C., and the correction angles 2 to 10 are provided with a plurality of rotatable rollers. Steel wire straightening process that is inserted through a straightener and bent.
(3) The drawn steel wire is inserted into a first straightener equipped with a plurality of rotatable rollers and bent, and then the steel wire is heated to a surface temperature of 400 to 600 ° C. A steel wire straightening process in which the surface temperature of the wire is cooled to 60 to 100 ° C., and is inserted into a second straightener having a straightening angle of 2 to 10 ° provided with a plurality of rotatable rollers to be bent.
(I) A spacer body covering step in which a steel wire that has undergone the steel wire straightening step is preliminarily coated with a molten thermoplastic resin, and a molten thermoplastic resin is extruded on the outer periphery to form a spiral groove.
(Ii) A spacer body covering step of forming a spiral groove by extruding a molten thermoplastic resin on the outer periphery of the steel wire that has undergone the steel wire straightening step.
[2] The straightening device in the straightening device in the steel wire straightening process of (1) or the straightening angle with respect to the steel wire in the first straightening device in the steel wire straightening process of (3) is 5 ° to 20 °. Manufacturing method for optical cable spacers.
[3] The method for manufacturing a spacer for an optical cable according to [1], wherein the (B) steel wire straightening step is the straightening step of (3).
[4] The method for manufacturing a spacer for an optical cable according to any one of [1] to [3], wherein the steel wire is a heat-treated or unheated hard steel wire.
[5] The optical cable spacer is an SZ stranded spacer for an optical cable in which the twisting direction of the spiral groove is alternately reversed at a predetermined inversion angle and inversion pitch, and the obtained SZ stranded spacer is obtained as follows. The reversal angle variation rate is 8% or less,
The manufacturing method of the spacer for optical cables in any one of said [1]-[4].
[Inversion angle variation rate (%): The inversion angle was measured in the 10 km section of the obtained SZ spacer, and the maximum value of the inversion angle differences before and after one continuous pitch was determined as the inversion angle of the section. Divide by the average value and display in%. ]
[6] The optical cable spacer is a one-way twist spacer in which the twist direction of the spiral groove rotates in one direction of the S direction or the Z direction at a predetermined rotation pitch, and the obtained one-way twist spacer The method for producing a spacer for an optical cable according to any one of [1] to [4], wherein the variation rate of the rotational pitch obtained as follows is 4% or less.
[Rotational pitch fluctuation rate (%): The rotational pitch was measured in the 10 km section of the obtained unidirectional twisted spacer, and the maximum value of the differences in rotational pitch before and after one continuous pitch was determined as the rotation of the section. Divide by the average value of pitch and display in%. ]

  According to the manufacturing method of the optical cable spacer having the above configuration, the undulation inherent in the steel wire wound around the supply drum can be greatly reduced. It is possible to manufacture a spacer for optical cables having a stable reversal pitch and reversal angle when coating a pitch and a spiral groove of SZ twist, and stable assembly work of optical fiber cores when manufacturing an optical cable, and A spacer with high quality assurance can be provided that can be performed at high speed.

(A) 1st embodiment of the manufacturing method of the spacer for optical cables concerning this invention, (b) It is process explanatory drawing which shows each one Example of the 2nd embodiment. It is sectional drawing of an example of the spacer obtained with the manufacturing method of this invention. (A) It is sectional drawing of the other example of the spacer obtained by the manufacturing method of this invention, (b) One direction spiral spacer, (c) It is a perspective view of a SZ direction spiral spacer. (1) It is explanatory drawing of the aspect of (1) of a steel wire straightening process, (2) aspect of (2) of a steel wire straightening process, and (3) aspect of (3) of a steel wire straightening process. (a) Explanatory drawing which shows an example of the arrangement | sequence of the straightening roller in a steel wire straightener, (b) It is explanatory drawing of the contact condition of a steel wire and a straightening roller.

  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described. Each embodiment shown in the accompanying drawings shows an example of a typical embodiment according to the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not interpreted narrowly.

Embodiments of a method for manufacturing an optical cable spacer and a manufacturing apparatus according to the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to examples and specific examples. FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of a method for manufacturing an optical cable spacer according to the present invention.
In the manufacturing method shown in FIG. 2, the spacer 20 having the cross-sectional shape shown as an example in FIGS. 2 and 3A is manufactured. The spacer shown in FIG. And an adhesive resin layer 25 and a spacer body 24 on the outer periphery of the tensile body. On the other hand, the spacer shown in FIG. 3A has a tensile body 21 at the center, an adhesive resin layer 25 and a preliminary coating layer 26 on the outer periphery, and a spacer body (coating layer) 24 on the outermost periphery. .
The preliminary coating layer 26 is a spacer for an optical cable having a large number of optical fibers, and is provided to make the groove shape rectangular with less rib collapse when manufacturing a rectangular groove spacer. In addition, when using a steel wire as a tensile body, the adhesive resin layer is used to bond the spacer body layer and the steel wire so that the optical fiber protection and support functions can be fully expressed when used as an optical cable spacer. It is a necessary layer.

In the present invention, the strength member 21 is composed of either a heat-treated hard steel wire or an unheat-treated hard steel wire. Examples of the hard steel wire that can be used in the production method of the present invention include a steel wire corresponding to SW-B in (JISG3521). As a heat treatment of steel wire, low temperature annealing treatment, that is, blueing treatment, which is performed to oxidize the surface in order to impart rust prevention to the steel wire, is generally used. To increase. The diameter of the single steel wire is selected from approximately 0.7 to 2.6 mm according to the tensile strength required for the spacer.
The spacer body 24 is formed by extrusion molding of a thermoplastic resin, and has a rib 22 and a spiral groove 23 for housing an optical fiber that opens to the outer periphery.
Further, as shown in FIG. 3B, the spiral groove rotates in a fixed direction of the right twist direction (S direction) or the left twist direction (Z twist direction) along the longitudinal direction of the spacer. It may be a spiral, or may be formed as a so-called SZ spiral that reverses at predetermined inversion angles as shown in FIG. In this case, the inversion angle and its pitch can be set arbitrarily.

  The thermoplastic resin for the spacer body and the thermoplastic resin for the preliminary coating layer used in the spacer manufacturing method of the present invention are not particularly limited, but from the mechanical properties, low cost, low temperature resistance, and use results. And a highly reliable polyethylene resin.

FIG. 1 (a) shows a method for manufacturing a spacer for an optical cable according to the present invention. (I) A steel wire that has undergone a steel wire straightening step is preliminarily coated with a molten thermoplastic resin, and a molten thermoplastic resin is coated on the outer periphery thereof. The first embodiment through the spacer body covering step to form a spiral groove by extrusion, (b) in the figure, (ii) without providing a preliminary coating layer on the outer periphery of the steel wire through the steel wire straightening step, The manufacturing process of the spacer for optical cables by the 2nd embodiment which passes through the spacer main body coating process which extrudes a thermoplastic resin and forms a helical groove | channel is shown.
In addition, in FIG. 1 (a), (b), although the (B) steel wire straightening process has illustrated the case of the aspect of (3), ie, the case where the two straighteners 6a and 6b are used, In the steel wire straightening step, as shown in FIG. 4 (1), when passing through the straightener 6a before the heat treatment [mode (1)], (2) when passing through the straightener 6b after the heat treatment [(2 (Aspect)], (3) Either the first straightener 6a before the heat treatment and the second straightener 6b after the heat treatment [Aspect (3)] may be used.

(A) Steel wire feeding step The steel wire 21 is wound around the drum 3 and introduced into the steel wire straightening step through the storage wire feeding machine 4 and the dancer roller 5. The steel wire drawn out by the storage wire feeder 4 is given a predetermined tension by the dancer roller 5 and guided to the steel wire straightening process.

(B) Steel wire straightening process In the manufacturing method of the spacer for optical cables of this invention, the steel wire straightening process may employ | adopt any of said (1)-(3) aspect, (1) of FIG. As shown in-(3), each aspect differs in the position and / or number of the correctors in the process, the heat treatment after correction, the heat treatment before correction, or the like.

The straighteners 6a and 6b can be of the same structure, and as shown in FIG. 5 (a), a plurality of straightening rollers 601 to 606 are arranged on the roller stand 600, and the straightening roller diameter D and the straightening roller spacing. By adjusting the pitch P, the correction angle θ ° can be adjusted. Straightening and rotational distortion (twisting distortion) by making the diameter D of the straightening roller 10 to 40 times the diameter d of the steel wire to be passed and repeatedly bending the steel wire with a straightener composed of a plurality of straightening rollers. ). If the straightening roller diameter D is larger than this range, the degree of bending treatment is insufficient and ineffective, and if the straightening roller diameter D is smaller than this range, the bending treatment degree is too large and the steel wire may be damaged. In order to fix the position of the steel wire passing through the straightening roller, a semicircular groove can be formed in the steel wire grounding portion of the straightening roller, and the groove radius R is 0.5 of the diameter d of the steel wire. It is preferable to be -1.0 times. If the number of straightening rollers is at least 4 or more, they will be bent alternately, which is effective in reducing the rotational strain (twist strain) of the steel wire, but it is straightened to sufficiently remove the rotational strain. It is preferable that the number of rollers is six or more and an even number is arranged so as to be paired.
This repeated bending is preferably performed uniformly from all directions of the circumference of the steel wire. However, as shown in FIG. 5B, in practice, two sets arranged at right angles to the circumferential direction of the steel wire. Residual strain can be effectively reduced if bending is performed in two directions (x direction and y direction) or more with the straightener.

The straightening angle θ ° is the straightening device according to the above aspect (2), in which the steel wire is heated to a surface temperature of 400 to 600 ° C., and then the steel wire surface temperature is cooled to 60 to 100 ° C. The bending angle θ ° of the second straightening device in the aspect (3) in which the second straightening device is subjected to the bending treatment with the straightening device 1 and then subjected to the same heat treatment and cooling of the steel wire as described above is 2 -10 °. If it is less than 2 °, the effect of the bending treatment is small, and if it exceeds 10 °, a new bending distortion may be caused and the straightness may deteriorate.
On the other hand, the straightening angle θ ° of the straightening device of the aspect (1) or the first straightening device of the aspect (3) to be corrected before the heat treatment of the steel wire is preferably 5 ° to 20 °. 5 to 15 ° is more preferable, and 8 to 12 ° is more preferable.
If the angle is less than 5 °, there is no effect due to the bending treatment, and generally the rotational distortion improves as the bending angle increases. However, if the angle exceeds 20 °, not only the passage of the steel wire in the straightening device deteriorates, but also a new There is a case where the straightness is deteriorated by causing a bending distortion.

In the aspect (1) of the steel wire straightening process, as shown in FIG. 4 (1), the steel wire 21 is bent at room temperature by the straightener 6a, and then the steel wire is passed through the high-frequency heating device 7, The steel wire detected by the radiation thermometer 8b is subjected to a heat treatment for setting the surface temperature of the steel wire detected by the radiation thermometer 8a to 400 to 600 ° C., and then passed through the cooling device 9 to cool the steel wire. The surface temperature is set to 60 to 100 ° C. and used for the preliminary coating process or the spacer body coating process.
The heat treatment after the bending process with a large strain by the straightener 6a having a relatively large correction angle is inherent in the reshaped steel wire in combination with the tensile stress applied by the dancer roller 5 in the feeding process. It is possible to relieve the strain that occurs, stabilize the structure inside the steel wire, improve straightness, and eliminate the slight undulation remaining.
The surface temperature after the heat treatment following the bending treatment by the straightening device 6a is 400 to 600 ° C., more preferably 430 to 400 ° C. from the viewpoint of stabilizing the structure inside the steel wire, improving straightness and removing residual distortion. It is 580 degreeC, Most preferably, it is 440-570 degreeC.

In the aspect (2) of the steel wire straightening process, as shown in FIG. 4 (2), the steel wire 21 is passed through the high-frequency heating device 7 without being inserted into the straightener and is detected by the radiation thermometer 8a. The surface temperature of the wire is subjected to a heat treatment of 400 to 600 ° C., subsequently guided to the cooling device 9, the steel wire is cooled and the surface temperature of the steel wire detected by the radiation thermometer 8 b is set to 60 to 100 ° C., Thereafter, it is bent by the straightening device 6b and used for the preliminary coating process or the spacer body coating process.
Bending with a straightener after heat treatment changes the internal structure of the steel wire by heat treatment to give straightness, and then rearranges the strain by bending treatment (bending) with a straightening roller, improving straightness And to eliminate residual distortion. In the present invention, the effect of eliminating distortion is also exhibited in the aspect of (1), but the effect of improving the straightness and removing the residual distortion is larger in the aspect of (2) corrected after the heat treatment, It is more preferable because slight undulation remaining in the steel wire can be eliminated.

Further, before the heat treatment and after the heat treatment, the straightening device is inserted and the bending treatment is performed. In the mode (3), the effects (1) and (2) are synergized to most effectively eliminate the distortion. can do.
In the aspect (3) as well, when correction is performed by the corrector 6b after the heat treatment, as described above, it is appropriate to bend the correction angle to be 2 ° to 10 °.
If it is less than 2 °, there is no effect by bending, and if it exceeds 10 °, the straightness of the obtained steel wire may be deteriorated. If the straightening of the high-temperature steel wire is performed immediately after the heat treatment, the straightening roller may be abnormally heated and damaged, so the surface temperature of the steel wire is measured using a cooling device 9 such as a cooling water tank immediately before the straightening device. It is necessary to lower the temperature to 60 ° C. to 100 ° C. by detection at 8b. If it is this temperature range, the surface temperature of the steel wire is lowered to room temperature and the effect of reducing rotational distortion is more easily obtained than when correcting, and the possibility that the distortion will reappear due to the springback is reduced. When low-temperature cooling water is used for the cooling device, the cooling distance can be shortened, but the hard steel wire becomes brittle and it becomes difficult to remove the strain. It is preferable to use hot water having a temperature not higher than that and gradually cool it to form a steel wire having a so-called annealing structure. Also in the above aspects (1) and (2), the cooling after the heat treatment is a steel wire having a so-called annealed structure, so that the steel wire surface temperature is adjusted to 60 ° C to 100 ° C.

(I) Spacer body coating (first embodiment)
The steel wire that has undergone the steel wire straightening process is a known method in which the outer circumference of the steel wire 21 is pre-coated with a molten thermoplastic resin, and the molten thermoplastic resin is extruded on the outer circumference to form a spiral groove. Coating can be performed. In the case of manufacturing an SZ spacer, the pre-coated steel wire is gripped and twisted without alternately rotating and rotating the crosshead die covered with the spacer main body. The method disclosed in (1) may be used.

(Ii) Spacer body coating (second embodiment)
Moreover, the steel wire which passed the steel wire straightening process can extrude a molten thermoplastic resin directly on the outer periphery of the steel wire 21 by a well-known method, and can form a helical groove | channel. In the case of manufacturing SZ spacers, a special feature according to the present applicant, which grips and twists a steel wire that has undergone a steel wire straightening process without alternately rotating and rotating the crosshead die covered with the spacer body. The method disclosed in Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2006-133753 may be used.

  The spacer covered with the spacer body is taken up by the take-up machine 13 through the cooling water tank 12 and the various inspection layer devices 14, and is wound on the drum.

In the manufacturing method of the optical cable spacer of the present invention, the rate of change of the inversion angle obtained as follows of the SZ twist spacer in which the twisting direction of the spiral groove of the optical cable spacer is alternately inverted at a predetermined inversion angle and inversion pitch. Can be 8% or less.
[Inversion angle variation rate (%): The inversion angle was measured in the 10 km section of the obtained SZ spacer, and the maximum value of the difference in inversion angles before and after one continuous pitch was determined as the inversion angle of the section. Divide by the average value and display in%. ]

In the manufacturing method of the optical cable spacer of the present invention, the optical cable spacer is a unidirectional twist spacer in which the twist direction of the spiral groove rotates in one direction of the S direction or the Z direction at a predetermined rotation pitch as follows. The obtained variation rate of the rotation pitch can be 4% or less.
[Rotational pitch fluctuation rate (%): The rotational pitch was measured in a 10 km section of the obtained unidirectional twisted spacer, and the maximum value of the rotation pitch differences before and after one continuous pitch was determined as the rotation of the section. Divide by the average value of pitch and display in%. ]

  Although the manufacturing method of the spacer for optical cables of this invention is demonstrated by the more concrete suitable manufacturing Example below, this invention is not limited by the Example described below.

<Evaluation of steel wire as tensile strength>
(1) The straightness of the steel wire was evaluated by measuring the height (mm) of the arc when the steel wire was cut into a length of 1 m and made to be convex upward on the horizontal plate.
(2) The amount of rotational strain of the tensile body is evaluated by bending the end of the steel wire wound around the drum about 100 mm to 90 ° with respect to the longitudinal direction of the steel wire and pulling out 10 m in the open state. The rotation angle (rotation) from the initial position of was measured.

<Evaluation of optical cable spacer>
(1) As an evaluation of the stability of the quality of the spacer for optical cables, the process capability index (Cp value) was used. In the quality control department, the ability to produce products within the defined standard limits is called process capability, and the numerical value of the process capability is called the process capability index. As the process capability index (Cp value), a value obtained by (standard upper limit value−standard lower limit value) / (6 × standard deviation σ) is used. In general, it is considered that defective products do not occur when this value is 1.33 or more.
(2) As an evaluation of sudden fluctuations (variations) in the physical property values of optical cable spacers, before and after, one reversal angle measurement value by one reversal adjacent to each other or one pitch length measurement value by one rotation The difference was continuously calculated, and the maximum value (maximum fluctuation range) was evaluated.
The evaluation of the optical cable spacer is performed over the 10 km length of the obtained product, and the one provided with a spiral groove that rotates in one direction is provided with a spiral groove that reverses the (spiral) pitch in the SZ direction. Was evaluated at the reversal angle.
The pitch in the optical cable spacer is a periodic length for one rotation of the spiral groove rotating in one direction, and the measured value is expressed by the product of the line speed and the one rotation time, and every rotation. Is calculated. The reversal angle is the rotation angle of the spiral groove that reciprocally reverses to SZ, and is calculated each time it is reversed.
Further, the fluctuation ratio was a percentage ratio of a value obtained by dividing the maximum fluctuation width of the reversal angle or pitch length by the average value in the manufactured spacer 10 km section.
Fluctuation rate (%) = (maximum fluctuation range / average value) x 100

Example 1
The optical cable spacer having the cross-sectional shape shown in FIG.
In this embodiment, the number of spiral grooves is three, and the outer diameter of the SZ groove having an inversion angle of 295 ° (standard range ± 20 °) and an inversion pitch of 175 mm (standard range ± 20 mm) is determined by the crosshead die of the extruder. A spacer body of 0.0 mm was coated.
The second embodiment shown in FIG. 1B is the same as that shown in FIG. 1B except that a hard steel wire 21 having an outer diameter of 1.6 mm that has not been bluing is used as the strength member 21 and the steel wire straightening process is changed to the mode shown in FIG. In the process of the embodiment, the straightening device 6a was passed at a production rate of 30 m / min, and the straightening roller angle was adjusted so that the steel wire straightening angle was 10 °. The straightener 6a used had a roller diameter of 22 mm and a groove radius R of 1 mm, and 3 to 6 rollers were installed as shown in FIG. Then, the steel wire 21 to which a tension of 63.4 MPa is applied by the dancer roller 5 is passed through the straightening device 6a at room temperature, continuously through the high-frequency heating device 7, and at the exit of the high-frequency heating device, a radiation thermometer The output of the high-frequency heating device was set so that the surface temperature of the steel wire detected by 8a was 450 ° C.
Subsequently, after passing the hot water cooling tank 9 at 60 ° C. and setting the surface temperature of the steel wire detected by the radiation thermometer 8b to 60 ° C., the hot air heating tank 10 is continuously adjusted so that the steel wire temperature becomes 80 ° C. 2 and introduced into a crosshead die (rotary die comprising a nozzle having three protrusions) of a melt extruder 11b having a spacer cross-sectional shape mold shown in FIG. An innermost layer 0.1 mm thick adhesive resin (manufactured by Nihon Unicar Co., Ltd., GA-006) and a high-density polyethylene (manufactured by Prime Polymer Co., Ltd., HI-ZEX6600MA) as a forming resin of the spacer body 24 are extruded into a plurality of layers. An optical cable spacer 20 having an SZ inversion groove was continuously produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 9.2 mm, and the rotation property was 15 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 6.02 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, an inversion angle Cp value of 1.68, a maximum fluctuation amount of 18 °, and a fluctuation ratio of 6a%. And had a stable SZ groove locus.
The optical cable spacer having such an SZ groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of optical fiber ribbons in the practical evaluation of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Example 2
In Example 1, insertion into the straightener 6a before passing through the high-frequency heating device 7 is not performed, and the steel wire straightening process is performed as the mode of (2) as shown in FIG. In the same manner as in Example 1, except that the correction angle of the straightening device 6b having the same structure as that of Example 1 was adjusted to 2 ° after passing through the high-frequency heating device 7 and the hot water cooling tank 9. Then, the steel cable was passed at a temperature of 60 ° C. to produce an optical cable spacer having an SZ inversion groove.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 4.5 mm, and the rotation property was 4 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 6.01 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, an inversion angle Cp value of 1.71, a maximum fluctuation amount of 10 °, and a fluctuation ratio of 3. It was 4% and had a stable SZ groove locus.
The optical cable spacer having such an SZ groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons at the time of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Example 3
The steel wire straightening process is the mode of (3) shown in FIG. 4 (3), and after passing the straightening device 6a high-frequency heating device 7 and the hot water cooling tank 9 under the same conditions as in Example 1, the straightening device 6b An optical cable spacer having an SZ inversion groove was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the correction angle was adjusted to 2 ° and the steel wire was passed through at a temperature of 60 ° C., that is, further passed through the corrector 6b. .
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 3.0 mm, and the rotation property was 0 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 6.03 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, an inversion angle Cp value of 1.77, a maximum fluctuation amount of 8 °, and a fluctuation ratio of 2 It was 0.7% and had an extremely stable SZ groove locus.
The optical cable spacer having such an SZ groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons at the time of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Comparative Example 1
An SZ reversal groove is provided in the same manner as in Example 3 except that the correction angles of the straightening device 6a before passing through the high-frequency heating device 7 and the hot water cooling tank 9 in Example 3 and the straightening device 6b after are set to 30 °. An optical cable spacer was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 14.3 mm, and the rotation property was 30 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 6.02 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, and a Cp value of the inversion angle of 1.22, but the maximum fluctuation amount was 32 ° and the fluctuation ratio. Is 10.8%, and the straightness and rotation of the steel wire are inferior to those of Examples 1 to 3, and as a result, the variation rate of the spacer becomes large and a stable SZ groove locus cannot be obtained. It was.
When this optical fiber spacer is assembled into a cable, if the optical fiber ribbons are gathered at a high speed, the position of the groove suddenly changes, causing trouble.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Comparative Example 2
In Example 1, after passing the high-frequency heating device 7 and the hot water cooling tank 6 under the same conditions as in Example 1 except that the straightener 6a is not passed and the bending process is not performed, the same manner as in Example 1 is performed. An optical cable spacer having an SZ inversion groove was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 14.0 mm, and the rotation property was 30 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 6.02 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, and a Cp value of the inversion angle of 1.41. The ratio is 8.1%, and the straightness and rotation of the steel wire are inferior to those of Examples 1 to 3, and as a result, the fluctuation ratio of the spacer is large and a stable SZ groove locus cannot be obtained. It was.
The optical cable spacer having such an SZ groove locus causes troubles when the optical fiber ribbons are gathered at a high speed when the cable is formed, and the groove position is suddenly changed.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.
Comparative Example 3
The steel wire of Example 1 is used, and the processing of the steel wire straightening process of Example 1, i.e., the straightening device 6a, the heat treatment device 7 and the cooling device 9 are not passed through. The steel wire was preheated in the hot air heating tank 10 so that it would be 80 ° C. as it was, and was introduced into a crosshead die provided with a die having a spacer cross-sectional shape to produce an optical cable spacer having an SZ inversion groove.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 225 mm, the rotation was 90 °, and extremely large warpage and rotation were inherent.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 6.03 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, a Cp value of the inversion angle of 0.95, a maximum fluctuation amount of 35 °, and a fluctuation ratio of 11.9%, and the straightness and rotation of the steel wire were extremely inferior to those of Examples 1 to 3, and as a result, the variation rate of the spacer was large and a stable SZ groove locus could not be obtained. .
The optical cable spacer having such an SZ groove locus frequently causes troubles due to sudden changes in the groove position when the optical fiber ribbons are gathered at a high speed.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Example 4
As in Example 1, except that a blueing-treated steel wire was used as the tensile body, and the output was set so that the surface temperature of the high-frequency heating device 7 was 550 ° C. at the outlet of the high-frequency heating device. Thus, an optical cable spacer having an SZ inversion groove was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 11.5 mm, and the rotation property was 40 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 6.01 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, an inversion angle Cp value of 1.41, a maximum fluctuation amount of 18 °, and a fluctuation ratio of 6a%. And had a stable SZ groove locus.
The optical cable spacer having such an SZ groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons when the cable is formed.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Example 5
SZ was performed in the same manner as in Example 2 except that the steel wire 21 subjected to the blueing treatment was used and the output was set so that the surface temperature of the steel wire was 550 ° C. at the outlet of the high-frequency heating device 7. An optical cable spacer having an inversion groove was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 6.0 mm, and the rotation property was 30 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 6.02 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, an inversion angle Cp value of 1.55, a maximum fluctuation amount of 11 °, and a fluctuation ratio of 3. It was 7% and had a stable SZ groove locus.
The optical cable spacer having such an SZ groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons at the time of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Example 6
SZ was performed in the same manner as in Example 3 except that the steel wire 21 subjected to the blueing treatment was used and the output was set so that the surface temperature of the steel wire was 550 ° C. at the outlet of the high-frequency heating device 7. An optical cable spacer having an inversion groove was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 4.6 mm, and the rotation was 15 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 6.03 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, an inversion angle Cp value of 1.58, a maximum fluctuation amount of 10 °, and a fluctuation ratio of 3.4. %, And had an extremely stable SZ groove locus.
An optical cable spacer having such an SZ groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of optical fiber ribbons in cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Comparative Example 4
Similar to Comparative Example 2 except that the blueing-treated steel wire was used and the output was set so that the temperature of the steel wire was 550 ° C. at the outlet of the high-frequency heating device, that is, passed through the straightener. Without making it, the high-frequency heating device 7 and the cooling device 9 were passed through to produce an optical cable spacer having an SZ inversion groove.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 15.6 mm, and the rotation property was 86 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 6.01 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, and a Cp value of the inversion angle of 1.38. The ratio is 9.5%, and the straightness and rotation of the steel wire are inferior to those of Examples 4 to 6, and as a result, the fluctuation ratio of the spacer is large, and a stable SZ groove locus cannot be obtained. It was.
The optical cable spacer having such an SZ groove locus causes a trouble because a sudden groove position variation occurs when the optical fiber ribbons are gathered at a high speed.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Comparative Example 5
An optical cable spacer having an SZ inversion groove was produced in the same manner as in Comparative Example 3 except that a blueed steel wire was used, that is, without passing through the straightening device 6a, the heat treatment device 7 and the cooling device 9.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction of the crosshead die was 35 mm, and the rotation property was 90 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 6.03 mm, an average inversion angle of 295 °, an average inversion angle pitch of 175 mm, and a Cp value of the inversion angle of 1.34. The ratio is 7.5%, and the straightness and rotation of the steel wire are inferior to those of Examples 4 to 6, and as a result, the fluctuation ratio of the spacer is large, and a stable SZ groove locus cannot be obtained. It was.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Example 7
An optical cable spacer in which the cross-sectional spacer groove shown in FIG. 3A rotates Z is manufactured by the following method.
In this example, except that the steel wire straightening process of (B) was changed, it was manufactured according to the process shown in FIG. 1 (a), that is, the first embodiment. That is, it was set as the manufacturing method including the said (i) process of providing a spacer main body coating | coated through the preliminary coating of a steel wire after a steel wire straightening process.
In this example, the number of spiral grooves was five, and a spacer body having an outer diameter of 8.8 mm having a Z rotation groove with a rotation pitch of 500 mm (standard range ± 25 mm) was produced by a crosshead die of an extruder.
Using a hard steel wire having an outer diameter of 2.6 mm that has not been bluing as a tensile body, at a production rate of 15 m / min, in the steel wire straightening process of the embodiment of FIG. The roller angle was adjusted so that the steel wire straightening angle θ of the straightening device 6a in FIG. The straightener 6a used had a roller diameter of 34 mm and a groove radius R of 1.4 mm, and 3 to 6 rollers were installed.
Then, the steel wire 21 is passed through the straightening device 6a at room temperature, continuously through a high-frequency heating device, and the output is set so that the surface temperature of the steel wire is 450 ° C. at the outlet of the high-frequency heating device 7. It was. Subsequently, after passing through a hot water cooling tank 9 at 60 ° C. so that the surface temperature of the steel wire becomes 60 ° C., preheating is performed in the hot air heating tank 10 so that the steel wire temperature becomes 80 ° C. Lead to a pre-coating extruder equipped with a cross-head die, adhesive resin (GA-006, manufactured by Nihon Unicar Co., Ltd.) on the innermost periphery, and linear low density polyethylene resin (prime polymer) as pre-coating resin on the outer periphery NEO-ZEX2015M, manufactured by the company, and a steel wire having an adhesive resin layer 25 having an innermost layer thickness of 0.1 mm and a pre-coating layer 26 having an outer diameter of 6.35 mm, immediately cooled in a cooling water tank 12a did.
Next, preheating is performed in the hot air heating tank 10b so that the surface of the preliminary coating layer becomes 80 ° C., and a cross head die (a rotating die including a nozzle having five protrusions) including a die having a spacer cross section is provided. Introduced into the spacer body covering extruder 11b, high-density polyethylene (HI-ZEX6600MA manufactured by Prime Polymer Co., Ltd.) is extruded as a spacer body forming resin on the outer periphery of the steel wire to produce the optical cable spacer 20 having a Z rotation groove did.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 6.3 mm, and the rotation was 5 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 8.78 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, a pitch Cp value of 1.52, a maximum fluctuation amount of 17 mm, and a fluctuation ratio of 3.4%. It had a groove trajectory.
The optical cable spacer having such a Z-groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons at the time of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Example 8
In Example 7, the insertion into the corrector 6a before passing through the high-frequency heating device is not performed, and the high-frequency heating device 7 and the hot water cooling tank are the same as in Example 7 in the mode (2) shown in FIG. 9 is adjusted so that the correction angle θ of the straightening device 6b is 2 °, and is passed through the steel wire at a temperature of 60 ° C. A spacer was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 4.5 mm, and the rotation was 4 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 8.77 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, a pitch Cp value of 1.59, a maximum fluctuation amount of 8 mm, and a fluctuation ratio of 1.6%. It had a groove trajectory.
The optical cable spacer having such a Z-groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons at the time of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Example 9
As a steel wire straightening process of the mode of (3) shown in FIG. 4 (3), the straightening angle of the straightening device 6b is passed through the straightening device 6a, the high-frequency heating device 7 and the hot water cooling tank 9 as in the seventh embodiment. An optical cable spacer having a Z-rotating groove was prepared by adjusting θ to be 2 ° and passing it at a steel wire temperature of 60 ° C.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 3.0 mm, and the rotation was 0 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 8.78 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, a pitch Cp value of 1.6 a, a maximum fluctuation amount of 7 mm, and a fluctuation ratio of 1.4%, which is extremely stable. It had a Z groove trajectory.
The optical cable spacer having such a Z-groove locus is very suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons when forming a cable.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Comparative Example 6
In Example 7, the insertion into the corrector 6a before passing through the high-frequency heating device 7 is not performed, and after passing through the high-frequency heating device 7 and the hot water cooling tank 9, a Z rotation groove is provided in the same manner as in Example 7. An optical cable spacer was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 15.6 mm, and the rotation was 55 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 8.78 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, and a pitch Cp value of 1.41, but the maximum fluctuation amount was 32 mm and the fluctuation ratio was 6.4%. The straightness and rotation of the steel wire were inferior to those of Examples 7 to 9, and as a result, the variation rate of the spacer was large, and a stable Z groove locus could not be obtained.
When the optical fiber spacer having such a Z-groove locus is assembled into a cable at the time of high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons, there is a sudden change in the position of the groove.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Comparative Example 7
The steel wire of Example 7 was used, and the steel wire straightening step, that is, the bending process by the straightener, the steel wire heating step, and the cooling step were not performed in Example 7, and the others were the same as in Example 7, that is, the steel wire. Is preheated in a hot air heating tank 10 so as to reach 80 ° C., and a pre-coating layer is provided in the same manner as in Example 7, and further introduced into a crosshead die provided with a die having a spacer cross-sectional shape to introduce a Z rotation groove. An optical cable spacer having the following characteristics was prepared.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 94 mm, the rotation was 180 °, and extremely large warpage and rotation were inherent.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 8.78 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, and a pitch Cp value of 1.01, but the maximum variation was 35 mm and the variation rate was 7%. The straight running property and the rotation property were extremely inferior to those of Examples 7 to 9, and as a result, the variation rate of the spacer was large, and a stable Z groove locus could not be obtained.
When the optical fiber spacer having such a Z-groove locus is assembled into a cable at the time of high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons, there is a sudden change in the position of the groove.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Example 10
Example 7 and Example 7 except that a steel wire having a diameter of 2.6 mm subjected to blueing treatment was used as the tensile strength wire, and the output was set so that the temperature of the steel wire was 550 ° C. at the outlet of the high-frequency heating device. Similarly, an optical cable spacer having a Z rotation groove was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 11.5 mm, and the rotation was 45 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 8.77 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, a pitch Cp value of 1.42, a maximum fluctuation amount of 16 mm, and a fluctuation ratio of 3.2%. It had a groove trajectory.
The optical cable spacer having such a Z-groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons at the time of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Example 11
Similar to Example 8 except that the same steel wire as Example 10 subjected to the blueing treatment was used and the output was set so that the temperature of the high-frequency heating device 7 was 550 ° C. at the outlet of the high-frequency heating device. Thus, an optical cable spacer having a Z rotation groove was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 6.0 mm, and the rotation was 20 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 8.78 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, a pitch Cp value of 1.45, a maximum fluctuation amount of 12 mm, and a fluctuation ratio of 2.4%. It had a groove trajectory.
The optical cable spacer having such a Z-groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons at the time of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Example 12
The same steel wire as in Example 10 subjected to the blueing treatment was used, and the output was set so that the temperature of the high-frequency heating device 7 was 550 ° C. at the outlet of the high-frequency heating device. Thus, an optical cable spacer having a Z rotation groove was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 4.6 mm, and the rotation was 10 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer has an average outer diameter of 8.78 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, a pitch Cp value of 1.48, a maximum fluctuation amount of 6 mm, and a fluctuation ratio of 1.2%. It had a groove trajectory.
The optical cable spacer having such a Z-groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons at the time of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Example 13
In Example 12, an optical cable spacer having a Z-rotating groove was produced in the same manner as in Example 12 except that the straightening angle θ of the straightening device 6b in the steel wire straightening process was set to 6 °.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before the introduction to the pre-covering crosshead die was 5.2 mm, and the rotation property was 8 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 8.78 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, a pitch Cp value of 1.44, a maximum fluctuation amount of 5 mm, and a fluctuation ratio of 1.0%. It had a groove trajectory.
The optical cable spacer having such a Z-groove locus is suitable for high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons at the time of cable formation.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Comparative Example 8
Similar to Comparative Example 6, except that the same steel wire as Example 10 subjected to the blueing treatment was used and the output was set so that the temperature of the high-frequency heating device 7 was 550 ° C. at the outlet of the high-frequency heating device. That is, an optical cable spacer having a Z rotation groove was produced in the same manner as in Example 7 except that it was not inserted into the corrector.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 15.6 mm, and the rotation was 85 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 8.80 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, and a pitch Cp value of 1.41, but the maximum fluctuation amount was 32 mm and the fluctuation ratio was 6.4%. The straightness and rotation of the steel wire were inferior to those of Examples 10 to 12, and as a result, the variation rate of the spacer was large, and a stable Z groove locus could not be obtained.
In the optical cable spacer having such a Z-groove locus, when the optical fiber ribbons are gathered at a high speed at the time of cable formation, troubles occur due to sudden groove position fluctuations.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Comparative Example 9
The same steel wire as in Example 10 subjected to the blueing treatment was used, and in Example 10, the steel wire straightening process, that is, the bending process by the straightener, the steel wire heating process, and the cooling process were not performed at all. In the same manner, that is, the steel wire is preheated in the hot air heating tank 10 so as to reach 80 ° C., a pre-coating layer is provided in the same manner as in Example 7, and a crosshead die having a die having a spacer cross-sectional shape is also provided. And a spacer for an optical cable having a Z rotation groove was produced.
As a result, the straightness of the steel wire immediately before introduction into the pre-covering crosshead die was 35 mm, and the rotation was 90 °.
The obtained optical cable spacer had an average outer diameter of 8.78 mm, an average rotation pitch of 500 mm, and a pitch Cp value of 1.35, but the maximum variation was 24 mm and the variation rate was 4.8%. The straightness and rotation of the steel wire were inferior to those of Examples 10 to 12, and as a result, the variation rate of the spacer was large, and a stable Z groove locus could not be obtained.
When the optical cable spacer having such a Z-groove locus is assembled into a cable at a high-speed assembly of the optical fiber ribbons, troubles occur due to sudden groove position fluctuations.
These production conditions and results are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

  The manufacturing method of the optical cable spacer having the above-described configuration can greatly reduce the undulation inherent in the steel wire wound around the supply drum, so that the unidirectional twisted spiral groove with a small pitch variation rate over the entire length, Alternatively, since an optical cable spacer having an SZ-twisted spiral groove with a small variation rate of the reversal angle can be manufactured, it can be effectively used as a method for manufacturing an optical cable spacer capable of improving the assembly speed of optical fiber core wires. it can.

3 Supply drum 5 Dancer rollers 6a and 6b Straightener 7 High-frequency heating devices 8a and 8b Radiation thermometer 9 Cooling devices 10a and 10b Preheating tank 11a Preliminary coating extruder 11b Spacer body coating extruders 12a and 12b Cooling water tank 13 Take-out machine 14 Inspection process 15 Winder 20 Spacer 21 Strength body (steel wire)
22 Rib portion 23 Spiral groove 24 Spacer body coating layer 25 Adhesive resin layer 26 Preliminary coating layer 600 Stand 601 to 606 Straightening roller

Claims (5)

  1. A method for producing a spacer for an optical cable in which a spiral groove for storing an optical fiber core wire is formed around a tensile strength wire made of a steel wire,
    The manufacturing method is as follows:
    (A) a step of feeding the steel wire from a supply drum wound while the drawn steel wire is traversed in the winding width direction of the drum;
    (B) the rotation of the steel wire at 45 ° or less as defined below, and straightness is less 11.5 mm, the steel wire straightening process for the removal of rotational distortion and ShinTadashi, and [rotation Property: The rotation angle at a length of 10 m when the steel wire is placed in a straight line in a free state.
    Straightness: The height of the arc when a steel wire is cut to a length of 1 m and placed on a flat plate in a free state. ]
    (C) including a spacer body covering step,
    And the said steel wire straightening process (B) consists of either of following (1)-(3),
    The method for producing a spacer for an optical cable, wherein the spacer body covering step (C) comprises the following (i) or (ii).
    (1) the fed steel wire, e Bei rotatable plurality of rollers, after bending and treated inserted into the bracket of the correction angle is 5 ° to 20 ° with respect to the steel wire, the surface temperature of 400 to the steel wire A steel wire straightening step in which heat treatment is performed at 600 ° C., and then the surface temperature of the steel wire is cooled to 60 to 100 ° C.
    (2) After the heat-treated steel wire is heated to a surface temperature of 400 to 600 ° C., the surface temperature of the steel wire is cooled to 60 to 100 ° C., and the correction angles 2 to 10 are provided with a plurality of rotatable rollers. Steel wire straightening process that is inserted through a straightener and bent.
    (3) the fed-out steel wire, e Bei rotatable plurality of rollers, after bending processed by inserting the first orthesis corrective angle is 5 ° to 20 ° with respect to the steel wire, the surface of the steel wire Heat treatment is performed at a temperature of 400 to 600 ° C., after which the surface temperature of the steel wire is cooled to 60 to 100 ° C. and inserted into a second straightener having a correction angle of 2 to 10 ° provided with a plurality of rotatable rollers. Steel wire straightening process to be bent.
    (I) A spacer body covering step in which a steel wire that has undergone the steel wire straightening step is preliminarily coated with a molten thermoplastic resin, and a molten thermoplastic resin is extruded on the outer periphery to form a spiral groove.
    (Ii) A spacer body covering step of forming a spiral groove by extruding a molten thermoplastic resin on the outer periphery of the steel wire that has undergone the steel wire straightening step.
  2.   The manufacturing method of the spacer for optical cables of Claim 1 whose said (B) steel wire correction process is the correction process of said (3).
  3. The method of manufacturing a spacer for an optical cable according to claim 1 or 2 , wherein the steel wire is a heat-treated or unheated hard steel wire.
  4. The optical cable spacer is an optical cable SZ twist spacer in which the twist direction of the spiral groove is alternately reversed at a predetermined reverse angle and reverse pitch, and the reverse angle of the obtained SZ twist spacer obtained as follows: The maximum fluctuation amount is 20 ° or less, and the fluctuation rate of the inversion angle is 8% or less.
    The manufacturing method of the spacer for optical cables in any one of Claims 1-3 .
    [Maximum amount of change in reversal angle: The reversal angle was measured in a 10 km section of the obtained SZ spacer, and the maximum value (unit: “°”) among the reversal angle differences before and after one continuous pitch.
    Fluctuation rate of reversal angle (%): The reversal angle was measured in a 10 km section of the obtained SZ spacer, and the maximum value of the reversal angle difference before and after one continuous pitch was determined as the reversal angle of the section. Divide by the average value and display in%. ]
  5. The optical cable spacer is a one-way twist spacer in which the twist direction of the spiral groove rotates in one direction of the S direction or the Z direction at a predetermined rotation pitch, and the following one-way twist spacer is obtained. The variation rate of the rotation pitch obtained in this way is 4% or less.
    The manufacturing method of the spacer for optical cables in any one of Claims 1-3 .
    [Rotational pitch fluctuation rate (%): The rotational pitch was measured in a 10 km section of the obtained unidirectional twisted spacer, and the maximum value of the rotation pitch differences before and after one continuous pitch was determined as the rotation of the section. Divide by the average value of pitch and display in%. ]
JP2010293778A 2010-12-28 2010-12-28 Manufacturing method of spacer for optical cable Active JP5698971B2 (en)

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